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jno. l. miller & co? proprietors. | Aii Independent Journal: For the Promotion of the Political, Social, Agricultural and Commercial Interests of the South. Juwn it mm, tarn*.
I VOL 3. YOEKVILLE, S. C., THURSDAY, MARCH 19, 1857. NO. IX
I ----- -- - ?r
THE BELL SONG. r
For full five hundred years I've swung .
In my old gray turret high,
Aud many a different theme I've sung, }'
As tlm time went stealing I>y: tl
I've pealed the chant of a wedding morn : j(
'Ere night I have sadly toll'd,
To say that the bride was coming love-lorn.
To sleep in the church yard mould! I n
Ding, dong, tny careless song: j
Mcrrv and sad. but neither long !
. - I e
For full five hundred years I've swung k
In my uncient turret high. j j
And many a different theme I've sung.
As the time went stealing by: ' u
I've swelled the joy of a country's pride, i ]
For a victory far-off won? j p,
Then changed to grief for the brave that died, j
'Ere tny mirth had well begun ! I n
Ding, dong, my careless song: j p
^ Merry or sad, l?ut neither long. i j]
Forfnll five hundred year? I've swung j a
In my breezy turret high, j ti
k And many a different theme I've sung, j r
f As the time went stealing by : i ,
I have chimed the dirge of a nation's grief, "
On the death of a dear-loved King? fi
Then merrily rung for the next young chief: L,
As told, I can weep or sing!
Ding, dong, my careless song:
Merry or sad, but neither long. fl
i For full five hundred ycni* I've swung,
In my crumbling turret high ;
'Tis time my own death-song was sung, c
And with truth, before I die!
I never could love the themes they give
My tyranized tongue tq tell? 8
One moment for cradle, the next for grnve: f.]
They've worn out the old church bell!
Ding, dong, my changeful song:
Farewell now, and farewell long. n
_ [ < n
fjattitl Jlflairs. i
From the Charleston Courier. j [}
UFE IN WASHINGTON. I
L The morning of the 4th of March opened a
V with a bright sunshine, so bright that the ,
air felt almost like summer. Everything
seemed to smile a welcome to the venerable
man who was on this day to take the high c
place he is to fill among us.
The sun made a bright path for him?in ?
the broad wavy public grounds, the fresh ^
turf diffused its tribute of welcome?little
winged people wet their gay wings, and sang
# with bursts of gladness?brooks frolicked
and jostled their tiny drops together, and
leaped and sparkled a gay welcome?sprout- c
ing leaves seemed to deepen their delicate r
emerald tint, and rustle and kiss each other a
' lovingly for joy;?even the violets shook off ?
their winter slumbers, and opened thcirbright 11
eyes to greet him. Every ripple, every murmuring
breeze, and sweet feathered thing,
seemed to rejoice in the coming event.
Our city also exhibited signs of joyful pre- k
paration. No one seemed to betake himself F
to his customary employment. In the public '
bnildinofs was not heard the accustomed hum
^ I 11
B and bustle of business. The closed doors,
^ the silence around, attested the absence of |1
the employees. The streets were early filled j j;
' with government clerks, standing in groups,
talking merrily to each oilier on what ap- c
pcared to be a subject of joyous import. The
juvenile population seemed also astir at an s
uuusual hour. At almost every turn might j v
t bo seen fresh nursery maids, and playful j j1
^ children, dancing, and prattling, and clapping
their tiny hands, as if in expectation of ^
some coining event of joyful excitement.?
Servants uud runners at the hotels wore an c
unusual air, walking to and fro, or sitting |
with limbs carelessly crossed, as if detained i '
out of doors in expectation of some coming i1
circumstances. It was like the commence- i e
ment of some holyday, when indolence pre-; a
cedes enjoyment. By nine o'clock all Wash- j t
ingtou was alive. Trains of cars poured j k
rapidly in, filled with strangers from differ-' r
ent cities. Crowds suddeuly, aud as if by i a
. magic, appeared emerging from every cor- j c
ner, and l'enusylvauia Avenue was soon fill-: >'
Bp ed with well dressed pedestrians, on the look- I
" out for the procession. From the "White j *
House" to the Capitol, windows, balconies I *
nnd Tnnfs were thronged v;ith animated thons- I 0
ands. At private windows stood lovely wo- j'
men with wreaths aud boquets of flowers, a
while above the thronged streets?from the s
public buildings?from the turrets of the j'
Capitol, floated flags,.as for a victory. Wash-! iDgton
opened thus her arms to receive the | <
man wha>e clcctiou had been a triumph over j <
I Northern fanaticism. . j J
About 12 o'clock the discharge of cannon !
announced the "move" of the procession.? J
Aristocratic equipages with diplomats aud J'
officers in unform, or beautiful women on i(
their way to the "east-wing," in advance of 1
the cavalcade, passed rapidly along. Detach- J
ments of the police were active in regulat- '
ing the movement.- of the crowd of pedes- JJ
triaus in waiting, whom it was difficult to j
^ keep within due bonds. At length the mus- j
ic became audible in the distance, increasing j?
WU until vehement shouts and cheers aunouneed , j
f that it was near at hand. As soon as the i
cheers of people, louder almost than the j
salvos of artillery which signalized the first 11
movements of the procession were heard, all j <
strained their eyes "at the advancing pa- !:
gcant." The nodding mass of gorgeous uni- <
forms, with their glitter, was most imposing, ;
when viewed advancing from a distance, 1
.v .i i?j. i
witn me ueaus oi me cneenng muiiuuue m
tervening. The neck of every gazer stretch- 1
ed from balcony and window, as the tramp '
of horses' feet became plainly audible. i <
First came the six Marshals in rich badges i t
of orange-colored silk. Then came the "Fly- ! <
ing Artillery," from Forte McIIcnry, drawn ! t
by some sixty horses. At a little interval 1
from these followed whole squares of milita- ]
ry, their arms polished like mirrors; their 1
march regular, and their mcin erect, look- !'
? in"1 neither to the right nor to the left. The ''
cheerful looks of these gallant bands appear- '
ed to sympathise with the occasion ; while <
r their mein betrayed that discipline, that liar- '
raony of order like men who had taken an 1
apprenticeship of arms. Following these,
rawn by two spendid greys, caracoling, so .
s to exhibit, if such a thing, were possible, i
are as well as pride of their burden, eatne ?
n open carriage. The horses were of the i
arest. breed, their beautiful limbs seeming !
a disdain the grouud and court the air, and j
et at the slight touch of the driver, when ,
lie procession closed, they paused motion- j
;ss, as if suddenly transformed into stone.?
is this vehicle passed on, the sound of the j
lusic was drowned by cheers that seemed
> shake our city to its centre. Superb flnwrs
fell in and around this equipage, handerchiefs
and banners waved from every win-!
ow, and amidst flashing" uniforms and ex- I
' S |
lting music?such as might have hailed an ,
uuperor?the President elect of a nation of
reemen passed along. It was impossible j
ot to discern in the acclamations of the peo- j
lc an enthusiasm, ardent and genuine, of j
tie description that does not come at a emi, |
nd which it would be impossible to emm- ,
?rfcit. The prancing of the horses, the
inging of the hoofs upon the stones, the j
azzle of the uniforms, and the tossing to and j
ro of the standards, presented one of the j
ayest and most brilliant spectacles. Nothing j
ould exceed the bustle, the animation, the i
ow and flush of life, as the multitude swept j
Within au hour, the vast miscellaneous j
rowd were at the capitol gates, marshalled j
a long lines on cither side?leaving abroad j
pace in the centre?awaiting the order of j
heir leader to enter. The music struck up j
louder and gladder strain as the appointed j
larshals made way with difficulty for the |
lore distinguished to enter within the gates
rst. The rush and press to obtain aaniitince,
was such that scarcely were these admitted,
ere the crowd poured headlong in,
nd took their way to the East Front of the
lapitol, which was to be the scene of the
aauguration ; here a platform was erected i
ver the steps of the East wing. On this, j
ut high enough to be in sight of all the j
oncourse, was placed a table, on which clear |
nd prominent was a copy of the Holy Bible.
Ground this were the high officers of the I
ountry,aud seated around were all the markj
c ? I
U pursuiuij^cd UI UUI Uiljf tuu juuiiViOj ou- |
retaiies, foreign legations from the lofty j
ank of full minister to the inferior grade of
ttache. The nodding of plumes?the gliter
of jewels?presented a scene that none
ould behold without a sparkling eye and a
The space below the platform had been
rowded for several hours previous to its arival,
by such persons as were not entitled to
ppointed and special seats. As the crowd
oiircd in, stream after stream, a murmur of
inpatient expectation began to agitate the
luman mass. There was a struggle to gain
ccess to the oue particular spot round which
he crowd was wedged thick and dense.?
lome pressed confusedly on each other, yet
(reserved a wonderful good humor. "While
hey were pushing?scrambling?the hubtub
suddenly ceased, as a commanding fig-1
tre, with slow and majestic steps, came to j
he front of the platform. Ilis whole ap- j
tea ranee was on a noble scale; he seemed
bruicd for prominence; and to his conspieu- ;
us positiou was as well proportioned us a ;
edur tree to Mount Lebanon,?a "grand .
eigneur"'?to the Manor born. His head J
ras bared, and as he looked steadfastly ;
round, the high and thoughtful repose nfi
lis majestic countenance, its deep and sol- j
mn gravity, hushed the impatient crowd.? |
'here was a second of intense (juiet, then !
beer after cheer rent rhe air.
Never was there a more striking subject j
rviinfpr irnniiiQ tlum flip SPPtlO Ovhih- ,
k" r ? >r~ I
tel. The tall, erect figure of the President i
lcct, dressed with his habitual precision in |
suit of black, towering above the crowding j
hroug of his applauding countrymen. Above j
lis head, the sweeping arches of the capitol j
ose, grand and high; the dome looming j
gainst the deep, blue sky : the bright sun I
astiug the whole edifice into the strongest |
elief of light and shade, while far in the j
iack ground rose that marble anthill, des-1
ined, we fear, like the Cathedral of Cologne, [
lie Church of St. Genevieve, and the Palace j
i the Louvre, to be immortal in incomplete- j
icss. Pirn in the distance rose the spires J
nd roofs of our city, while below, bathed in j
unlight, and canopied by the limpid sky, !
ay the capitol grounds in all their beauty. 1
Ground breathlessly reposed the uiouuun nts
>f his country's greatness. Stately group*
>f sculpture looked mutely down from their
jedcstals. Before him grandly rose the
itatue of Washington, in all its marble maesty?the
uplifted arm seeming unconsciousy
to point, with greater significance, above,
ireenough's noble group, with its stony figires,
rose one above the other, like some
slumbering monster, while the rugged and
laughty brow of the God of War, and the
till form of the Goddess of Peace, looked
rom their niches upon the imposing scene.
An inexplicable sensation of solemnity and
rraodcur seemed to elevate the speaker, as
lis eye rested upon the sea of human faces
Although but a short distance from where
:ie stood, we could only hear the faint sound
)f his voice as he commenced his inaugural
uldress; we could only perceive in the sub.lucd,
yet moving sea of human beings tiiat
pread around, tiie eltect created upon an
who drank in the stream of his thoughts.?
At length a cheer, more earnest, more proonged
than the first?betokened the close of
lis speech. The Chief .Justice in his robes
)f State approached with the Bible, and in
i solemn and commanding voice the Presilent,
in the presence of the breathless thousinds,
solemuly pledged himself to support
he Constitution and protect the rights of the
people. The upraised eye?the uplifted
hand?the quiet dignity of the whole form
lushed as it were in a solemn sympathy with
the act. After a minutes pause the crowd
broke iu all directions, and poured down the
ivenue in various knots and groups, each
testifying the strong impression made upon
the multitude by the address.
In the evening there was a tine display of
lire works though we fear we can not convey !
on paper any adequate idea of I hoir iriagical !
splendor, or sparkling, flashing beauty, asi
.seen from the witfibtws of <>ur private resi ,
donees. The more public streets were throng- i
cd with a dense mass, swarming round and 1
round like ants upon an ant-hill?or when I
one looked at the whole mass rather than its j
individual particles, like some great cauldron ,
slowly boiling up to the brim and subsiding j
again. From different portions of Pcnnsyl-!
vania Avenue, with hissing sounds and bursts ;
of light almost blinding, fiery serpents sprang !
into the pure atmosphere, with the grace and i
lightness of winged arrows, mocking the
stars with their transient brilliancy, and then j
falling back in clusters of slurry showers ? !
An assembly general of all the "i'tiut/ntui" I
in the world ou the "milky vay'' suddenly j
fallen from the sky, arc the only things we j
cau compare this magical and fairy-like dis-,
play to. They succeeded each other, too, j
with wonderful rapidity and precision. Their ;
color varied iu ascending, and sometimes j
the motion was changed, and they seemed
to chase each other with dazzling brightness
and raniditv. Now it was a star, whirling
round and round like a crown of living diamonds;
then showos of illuminated flowers,
came flickering before our eves.
It was like the effect produced by a sud-1
deu burst of music. We will not enter into
u matter of fact explanation of these beautiful
illusions, for we dislike the spirit that
pleases itself by tracing effects to causes,
where the only result of the research must j
be the utter annihilation of all romance, and j
the extinction of all wonder. In our life we j
never could endure to know the machineries !
of objects that are to us the wonders of the j
earth. We turn away from explanations!
and demonstrations: these murderers of all i
poetry and romance, with our fingers in our j
ears. No, let us be a child still. Let a steamboat
be still to us a sort of monster-fish, that I
moves of its own accord, its paddle fins; let j
a railway train be still to us a dragon, which j
issues from the tunnelled bowels of the earth, [
snorting smoke and fire from the nostrails of I
its huge metalic head ; let silks and paper, j
and all the rest of the magical manufactories;
of the day be still to us the products of mag-1
And now, dear readers, of the "Courier," i
we must part. Our voice may never again I
reach you in your distant homes. We have j
gone into stifling mob3, in overheated rooms, |
where we have been elbowed, suffocated, and ;
wearied that we might present you with pic- j
turcs of "fashionable life," as it exists in j
the metropolis of the nation.
But there is another phase of /(/*? here j
that we have not presented to you. There J
is a holy "domestic life"?there are quiet
homes and cosy parlors?"homes" where
abide the deepest springs of social life?
' /tomrji" where gentle memories steal upon
us with the shadows of the twilight, and forever
tapestry the walls?quiet firesides, that
tlin wliivl nf miv lifo lipr<? rnnnnt nnernao.h
upon?a phase of life utterly unknown to
the temporary dwellers at our hotels.
If we have contributed one moment of
happiness to your winter hours?if we have
relieved a passing hour of solitude or disoom- j
fort?shortened a dreary evening, or made '
a rainy day more endurable?we are repaid.
We speak not here of the greater happiness
in the evidence we have before us, that our
inmost thoughts have found their echo in
far away hearts, kindling pleasant emotions,
and warming generous aspirations.
>1. J. W.
MR. BUCHANAN'S CABINET.
The Baltimore Sun of Saturday has the i
following sketches of the gentleman named,
which is tolerably impartial:
"t < in i'ii/ IjiU'IH ( WjW,
>>f MicJii'i/mi ?General Casss was born at
Kxeter, New Hampshire. I lis ancestors
were amongst the first settlers in that part of j
the country, and his father bore a commission
iti the revolutionary anyy. and was present
at the battles of Bunker liill, Saratoga,
Princeton, Trenton, Monmouth and Germantown.
He was afterwards a Major in Wayne's
army, and died near Zanesville, Ohio, iu j
18-10. His son, Lewis Cass, was educated !
at the academy of Kxeter, and studied law I
at Marietta, Ohio, uudcr the late Governor'
Meigs. Ho was admitted fothebarin l*d2, |
and in 1S(.M?, more tl.au fifty years ago. was j
elected a member of the Ohio, Legislature.
In 1*12 he volunteered ins .-ervices in the i
( force wiiieh Was called out to join the army j
i under Hen. Hull, and marched to Bay ton, j
where he was elected colonel of the third '
regiment of Ohio volunteers, lie was the'
; first man, with his detachment, to invade ;
Canada. He subsequently, being promoted j
to a brigadier general, joined Gen. Harrison,
and crossing Lake Krie with him after Per-;
j ry's victory, was present in the pursuit of!
; Proctor, and participated in the triumphs of j
i the Moravian towns. The North western .
i; campaign being happily terminated, Gen. J,
I Pass was left in command of Michigan and !
! the upper provinces of Canada. His head- j
i (juarters were at Detroit, and he thus became
j the military guardian of a people over whom :
I lie was soon after (October ( , 1*1 8,) called
to preside as civil Governor. In 1815, afI
tor the termination of the war, General Cass
1 moved his family to Detroit,
j During the time that lie was governor of
the Territory of Michigan, lie negotiated no
j less than twenty-one treaties with the Indians.
In the expeditions necessitated by
I them he encountered more perils and had
occasion for the display of more firmness
and intrepidity than any man ever engaged
in this service. In 1882, Gen. Cass was
called to the administration of the War Derailment
bv Gen. Jacksi u. In 1835 or
i [ /
1*3G, in consequence of ill health, he rei
tired from this position, much to the regret
! of (Jen. Jackson, who tendered him the
; mission to Franco, where he added to his
fame in defeating the quintuple treaty
through which Fngland desired to search the
vessels of all nations traversing the ocean.
In 1S45, after his return from France, he
was elected to the Uuited States Senate from
Michigan, and in 1848 nominated tor the ,
presidency, but defeated. He was one of,
the leading friends of the corn promise of i
]8i\0. and subsequently ably supported the
Kansas-Nebraska measure. On the 4th inst. |
his term expired in the 1 nitcd States Sen
ate, and he was succeeded by a republican, j
Although seventy years of age. Hen. ('ass
is apparently younger than most tnen at six- |
ty, and there is no doubt, from his intellectual
and bodily vigor, that his administration
of the State Department will fully sustain j
his high previous reputation.
Srcrrlnry of thr Treasury?//on. Iloic- I
rV Col,I,, tf Crnryin.?The Secretary of i
tho Treasury was born at Cherry Hill, Georgia.
in ]*~>5. He is the son of Col. John
A. Cobb, who, when quite a hoy, removed |
from Greenville, North Carolina, with his'
father, llis mother, Sarah It. Cobb, was \ i
the daughter of the late Thomas Roots, of j <
Fredericksburg, Virginia. Jn the year:
18:14, when only nineteen, Mr. Cobb grad- i
uatcd at Franklin College, Georgia, and in !
the following year he married Mary Ann, i i
daughter of the late Col. Zachariah Lamar, j i
of Millcdgeville, Georgia, by whom lie has i
had six sons, three of whom arc dead, the 11
two youngest dyiugat Washington city da- i
ring the first session of the thirtieth Congress.
It may not be uninteresting to mention
that his uncle, Howell Cobb, after whom '
he was named, represented a district of j;
Georgia in the Congress of the United States j
during the last war with Great Britain, and !
his cousin, Thomas Cobb, was not many 1
years since a United States Senator from the .
same State. In I >*80 Mr. Cobb was admit- j
ted to the bar, and at once gave such evi-!
deuce of talents, character and attainments j
?rarely possessed by one of his age?that |
in the ensuing year he was elected by the |
Georgia Legislature solicitor general of the I
western circuit. Having early in life ob- j
tained political fame asa Jackson or "Union" j
Democrat, in 1842 Mr. Cobb was elected on 1
a general ticket to the Congress of the Uni-.
ted States, it being his first service in any |
legislative body. Since that time he has '
been frequently re-elected. He has served j
fur one term as (Jovernor of his native State, !
and as Speaker of the I. nitcd States House '
of Representatives, and in every position has ;
been noted for his industry and ability.
Secretary of War?Hon. John B?rl- j
anon J'Voyft, of Virginia.?The Secretary !
or war tins long Dcen a prominent politician ;
in the Western part of Virginia, ami is a i
State Rights Democrat of the school of strict j:
construction. Ho has filled the office of'
Governor of the State, and during the last i'
election was a Democratic Presidential c1 jj
tor. Governor Floyd's public service has ,
been exclusively confined to the State, and j
his appointment to the Cabinet, is his first introduction
to the Cabinet councils. Although,
owing to the fact of his being Gov- |
ernor of Virginia, Mr. Floyd could take no i
part in the discussions on the compromise
measures of 1850, yet he was known to be j
an ardent opponent of them, whilst ho did '
not concur in the views of the politicians in !
South Carolina, who advocated secession as I
a necessary consequence of thera. During i1
every Providential campaign since 1830, Mr.
Floyd has been an active supporter of the j
Democratic candidates. Personally, Gov.:1
Floyd is exceedingly popular in his State, j
lie is a fluent speaker on the stump, posses- j
ses considerable talent aud versatility, and
from his experience in various public offices
will no doubt be found fully competent for
the duties of his new position. Governor
Floyd is between 45 and 50 years of age,
and is in the undiminished enjoyment of.
Secret<n i/ </ th<- AW//?/sitae Tokci/* of \
(Vnnrctiriit.?The new Secretary of the j
Navy is well known as the late Tuned States.
Senator from Connecticut, and as a sound '
national man. He was for a short period ;
Attorney General of the United States, un- j
der President Polk, having succeeded Mr.
Clifford, when he was sent as commissioner
to Mexico. Personally, he is exceedingly
popular and accomplished. He is over 50
years of age.
Secretary of the. Interior?lion. Jacob
Thompson, <f Mississippi.?The Secretary
of the Interior has been a member of the ;
House of Representatives foi Mississippi du- j"
rinir several Congresses. He is an able spea- j
kcr on the floor and quite an industrious J
member in reference to every measure of!
practical importance before the House, j
He is a free trader, a State Bights Southern :
Democrat, but by no means a secessionist, j
Mr. Thompson was one of the candidates
for Congress on the State ticket in Mississip-!
pi in the contest between the compromise :
and anti-compromise parties of 1>*50, which !
immediately succeeded that agitation. On j
that Mr. Thompson was defeated, and has
never since been a candidate for public po- i
sition. lie is a man of some eloquence, ,
good practical abilities, and is between forty i
'and forty-five years of age.
Postmaster (itneral-?Aaron 1 'enable
IJromi, of Tennessee.?The Postmaster General
was born in Brunswick county, Virginia,
in the year 1705. Ilis father was an old i
revolutionary soldier, having enlisted at a !
very early age in the continental army, lie j
participated tn the battle of Trenton, and en- j
countered the hardships of the encampn^M
at Valley Forge. Governor Brown was eel- j
ilrvif-nrt 5n MV.rfti Pnrnlinn. flud . ftiatfill Jit'
Chapel Hill, in 1814, in the sniue' class;
with Senator Manguui and ex-Gov. Manly,
of that State.
lie sat iu the Tennessee Legislature until
18i>9, when he was elected to Congress, and
held that position until 1745, when he declined
a re-election, and ran a successful
race for Governor against E. II. Foster, a
man of great popularity. Since 1847, Gov.
Frown has held no public office, but was a
Presidential Elector in 1848 and 1852. He
was also chairman of the committee on resolutions
in the Baltimore Convention of 1852,
and he had the honor to report the platform
then and there adopted. He is a fine stump
orator, and a State Rights man of the strict
constructionist school. In character, he i
said to resemble Mr. Ma.sou, who wa.s Sec
rotary of the Navy under Mr. Polk. II
combines suavity of manner with unblem
ished character, great industry and talent
Paring the last campaign he labored vcr;
zealously for the success of the Ttemocratii
nominees. It was to Gov. Brown, when i
member of Congress, some twelve or thir
teen years ago, that Gen Jackson addresse<
his celebrated letter in favor of the onnexa
tion of Texas. Gov. Brown is in his P>2<
year, but owing to his active and tempernti
habits, is generally taken to be ten year
Affonui/ General?Jeremiah S. Mack
0/ Prnuxt/Iranin.-r-Tlic Attorney General
ship bos fallen into able hands. Judgi
lilaek is considered to bp among one of th<
most accomplished and able jurists in I'enn
sylvnnia. He was formerly one of the His
trict Judges of that State, but on the lav
requiring all judges to be elected by thi
people going into effect, he was chosen on<
of the State Supreme Court Judges. He 1
in the prime of life, not over years o
age, and universally esteemed for the purit;
of his public and private character.
She who sleeps upon my heart
. Was the first to win it ;
She who dreams upon my breast
Ever reigns within it.
She who kisses oft my lips,
Wakes their warmest blessing,
She who rests within my arms
Teels their closest pressing.
Other days than these shall come
Days that may be dreary?
Other hours shall greet us yet . w
Hours that may be weary:
Still this heart shall be thy throne,
Still this breast shall be thy pillow;
Still these lips shall meet thin" oft
As billow meeteth billow.
Sleep, then, on my happy heart,
Since thy love has won it?
Dream, then, on my loyal breast.
None but thou hast done it :
And when age our bloom shall change,
With its wintry weather,
May we in the self same grave
Sleep and dream together.
From the Augusta Constitutionalist.
READING WRITTEN SERMONS.
There are in the United States, perhaps
sixty-nvc tnousana places or worsnip ueiong
1042; to our different denominations; of Kvau
gclical Christians. To minister to the con
grcgations who frequent these churches, ii
holy things, there are nearly fifty thousar.c
clergymen?a majority of them men of learn
ing, of piety, and of zeal, who have volun
tarily consecrated their lives to their calling
and, by careful and elaborate preparation
have fitted themselves for its duties. Thcsi
fifty thousand ministers, thus devoted ant
thus prepared, have the privilege to addresi
millions of hearers, every Sabbath during
the year?to make direct personal appeals ti
them, and to present, an e.r statemon
of the claims of the religion of the Bible
No class of public speakers have equal fa
cilities afforded them, or speak under circum
stauces so favorable to the attainment o
their objects. The*law protects them b;
recognizing the Sabbath as a civil as well a
a divine institution, and hy enacting penal
ties against secular employments upon tha
day, and against the interruption of religiou
observances. Public opinion aids them b;
giving its tremendous and overwhelming
sanction, to the propriety and importance o
the duties in which they are engaged and o
the results which they seek to accomplish
A vast systcm'of agencies, organized by thi
Churches in subordination to the Pulpit, fo
the diffusion of, religious truth aids them
and they have the additional and importan
advantage of addressing audiences, prcdis
nosed by a thousand influences of education
association, prejudice and policy, to givi
them a respectful hearing, and receive with
out argument or question, the message o
glad tidings which they bring. What i
great power ought the Pulpit to be, in evan
gelizing the world ; and yet how inadequat
are the results it accomplishes, when we con
sider the tiiuc, the talent, the learning am
the zeal which it employs, and the circuin
stances under which its ministrations are per
These remarks are suggested by an article
in the February number of the Southeri
Jjitcrary Messenger, entitled "The Ineffi
ciency of the Pulpit." It is an able am
caustic paper, presenting with great strengtl
and truthfulness, many objections to thi
modes in which all the Evangelical Church
es of this country employ the instrumental!
ty of preaching, and giving reasons for thi
fact apparent to every reflecting man, tha
the Pulpit does not make the impressioi
which it ought upon the public mind. Thi
following extract from that article present
one of the principal causes, operating agains
the efficiency of the Pulpit and the progres
of our Churches. The reference in this ex
tract is to the Presbyterian and Episcopa
Churches particularly, but its point shouh
be felt wherever written sermons are rent
from the desk:
Oue of the chief obstacles in these church
es to a more rapid and marked success, lies
*r?/\ Vtnlinrra tn ih o rlinmnto* cf iliel* iivflnrli
TTC UCJ IWVVrJ iu mv WI?W. WV?Vf vy ViVVVf v?v.v
i'/iy. Eleven thousand Presbyterian an<
Episcopal sermons are delivered every week
and /<oie are they delivered ? Accustomet
as we arc to good speaking in this country
let any one saunter, some Sunday, into (fo:
example) a Presbyterian church. Afte
hearing the choir sing a hymn or two, anc
one very short, and one enormously low
prayer, the preacher commences the mail
service of the occasion. He is boxed up ii
a pulpit. He would think it sacrilege if hi
omitted to take a text, and accordingly i
text he takes?applying naturally, or in thi
way of a conceit, to his subject. With thi;
placarded thus in imagination above him
and which, according to his taste, he recur
to constantly as a sort of refrain?he launch
s i es out into his discourse, which will be sen
' sible, or decorous, or fanciful, or vapid; but
e' always formal. The sermon is written out.
- j The speaker has come there with a discourse
. i in his pocket, and its apothegems and itsapy
j peals he gives over to his auditors, whenever
c i he cai) lay his finger on them. On their
x | part, the congregation come to hear a ser-1
mon ; yes, they come to hear a sermon; a
1 j certain amount is to be dispensed, and a gen-1
eral assent to be returned, and the church
1 breaks up, and all go home. The sermon is
2 criticised; the sentiments may be applauded;
s and it is considered very good advice; and
there the matter ends.
. i Not one heart has been touched?not one
. I emotion awakeued?not one resolution adoptr>
ed. Not a human being, it may be, but, in
2 a general way, has assented to, or admired
- the sermon; not one who, especially, and
- with a personal application, has grappled
j with its thoughts in his heart.
2 IIow poor, to such a listener, such a speechb
making as this !?after listening to the fervid
s appeals in the forum, where every sentence
" ' - ' 1 - 1- x.
t sinves lowaras a uiars?or 10 me vurieu,
y easy, familiar, elocation of the stump !
Perhaps our adventurer has found his way
i into an Episcopal church. Thei^ is a deathlike
propriety. All is still as the grave. It
is a "dim religious" edifice. There is
stained glass, and lofty groined arches ?
: People step about as if the ground was haunted.
A genteel, grave sexton moves mysteriously
from pew to pew. There are solemn
texts staring out from the walls. The great
emblem of Christianity is there broadly
prominent, and now ingeniously evolved.?
Fashionable ladies and gentlemen?no one
knows how?gradually fill the church. A
solemn form comes silently forward in a stately
robe, and, amid multitudinous folds, dramatically
kneels in prayer. A strain of
dream-like music breathes through the spacious
aisles. And presently, "The Lord is
in his Holy Temple, let all the earth keep
silence before him," from a clear, chaste
voice, initiates the pageant. The different
parts of the service are then more or less
devoutly gone through?one of the most
splendid and imposing rituals that the imagination
has ever conceived, and one the
most calculated to touch and impress the imaginative
heart- A hymn is then read from
the chancel, and sung in the gallery ; and
j then twenty-five minutes are devoted to the
reading of a perfectly unexceptionable and
, elegant production.
And that is the trumpet-call eNt uttered
- "in the wilderness"?and which was thun
dered at Cesaraea before Felix and Drusilla
1 touching that "righteousness, temperance
1 and judguieut to come !"
This is the dainty method by which the
- tremendous import of the gospel?like ar,
row root to the dying?is communicated to
, the mawkish stomachs of the higher sociei
ty. ^ ,
1 How often is a true, manly, straightfori
ward address heard in such a pulpit ?
I Such are no highly colored pictures of
) the preaching we hear in Presbyterian and
t Episcopal churches. Of minor points we
. will not just now speak. We commenced
- by speaking of the sennov. Here, as we
- have said, lies, we believe, one of the great
f and main obstacles to the success of these
f churches. It is in the mode of preparation,
s and delivery, of these sermons, that is to be
- found in a great measure, we think, the source
t of that barrenness of results which characs
terizes this preaching. The Sunday address
p is prepared in the closet as a paper to be
* read, or as a discourse to be declaimed from
f a manuscript, and the mind becomes directf
ed rather at a certain abstract theme, than
. on the audience itself as a body of living
e men to be incited to real action.
r The great question to be decided is, wheth,
er written xcrirwns are effective ? Wc ast
sumc, for such is the case, that the organi
zations in question do write their sermons.
, We know the vast difference of opinion that
e exists on this subject. We know how many
- of the most highly intelligent advocate it a
f priori But our convictions are not at all
a the less implicitly established ; we are, al
most without a wavering of opinion, decie
sively fixed in our conclusion, that MS. ser
- uions arc the bane of these churches?and
J hang up on their ministries like a pestilen
tial vapour, when it behooves that they
- should be breathing the free and open air.?
It is like the dry and sickly temperature of
6 a close and heated room, when what iswanted
is the pure and life-fraught warmth of
i- the light from Heaven.
3 We assent fully to these conclusions of the
ti writer in the Messenger. A sermon written
e out in the closet, and read from the desk,
- may be entertaining and instructive, and dis
play learning, piety and feeling, but it oane
not accomplish the results of effective public
t speaking. It cannot have the appropriatea
ness, the directness, the spontaneousness of
e feeling and of expression, if we may use
s the term, of extemporary speaking, andcant
not, therefore, have the eloquence, upon
s which the effect of public speaking depends.
But, this is not a question for argument.?
1 The statistics of the churches in which the
3 custom of reading sermons most generally
3 prevails, show that their additions per annum
are in the proportion of one or two only
- to each minister! Without argument, it is
, clear that auy mode of preaching which is
- so inefficient?so barren of results?ought
3 to be abandoned.
J __ J,#l> ~
I Names of the days of the week.?
, Is it not strange that Christians should
r have been found in the universal use of
r names of pagan deities?as the following in1
teresting items of history show :
j In the museum of Berlin, remarks a wrii
ter in a Newark coteroporary, in the hall dei
voted to northern antiquitiel, they have the
g representation of the idols from which the
i names of the days of our week are derived,
u From the idol of the Sun comes Sunday.?
s This idol is represented with his face like
f the sun, holding a burning wheel, both hands
8 on his breast, signifying his course around
- the world. The idol of the Moon, from
which comes Monday, is inhabited in a short
coat, like a man, but holding the Moon in
his hands. Tnisco, from whence cometh
Tuesday, was one of the most ancient and
popular gods of the Germans, and is reptesen
ted in his garments of skin, according to
their peculiar manner of clothing. The
third day of the week, dedicated to his worship?Wooden?from
His image was prayed to for victory. Tbor,
from whence Thursday, is seated on a bed
with twelve stars overhead, holding a hammer
in his right hand. Friga, from whence
we have Friday, represented with a drawn
sword in his right hand, and a bow in bis
left. He was the giver of peace and plenty.
Seater, from whom is Saturday, has this appearance
of perfect wretchedness; he is thin
visaged, long-haired, with a long beard. Ho
carries a pail of water in his right hand,
f~J - > ? ? . *
triumph, coofouud skepticism and melt, the
hearts of its votaries into a confession, that
the work is of God?no cunning devised
fable of man, but the power of God unto
This working of grace is extraordinary,
not only on account of the Divine unction
which attends the word preached, but also,
in the fact that no stranger, however well
skilled in detecting denominational peculiar*
ities, coming to the Church could toll who is
Episcopalian, Presbyterian, Baptist or Methodist.
Think of a scene presented daily and
nightly, to the eye of the observer. Members
cfevery Church, headed and encouraged
by the example of their respective Pastors,
literally leading through crowds of weeping
and kneeling penitents, pointing them to
"the blood of the Lamb, which taketh away
the sins of the world," and among them all,
there is rejoicing?Loud shouts of holy triumph,
over the conversion of a sinner. At
this scene hardened skepticism stands abashed,
cover its retreat from the displays of Divine
power, with its own peculiar cry, of
" Too miich excitement." We offer no apol
ogy for this lengthy notice of the great work
of God in Fincastle. It is of more importance
to the county, the State, Heaven and
Earth, time and eternity, than pages of politics,
tale? and tragedies of blood. "Come
Beware of Office.?Some one, who has
evidently seen not a little of the ways of the
world, gives the following wholesome advice
in relation to accepting public office. "We
commend its considerate perusal to that large
class of hungry expectants id every community
that seem to do an immense business on
very small intellectual capacity :
"When a wild animal once tastes human
flesh, nothing can ever after, says Buffon,
dissuade him from human slaughter. When
a politician once obtains a public office, no
persuasion can ever induce him to go to work
?at anything but a nomination for another
and another, during the term of his natural
existence. If you want to spoil a good citirtn
?aam oaanwa Vtim a in f)lA
illcu iui icu jcaioj ovuuic uiiu a wivu ?u VMv
Custom House. He will never be socially a
well man afterwerds. Send him to Congress
and you ruin him for life. He may carry
around placards and tickets at the polls, accept
a subordinate situation in the police, or
run errands for the door keeper of a political
meeting house, but he will never have independence
enough to emancipate himself from
his morbid appetite for the "spoils," and go
to work like au honest man and a Christian."
J6T " Can you tell me where Mr. Smith
are a good many of that name in these parts;
my name is smith."
" Why, I don't know his tother namebut
he's a sour, crabbed, and a cross sort of
a fellow, and they oall him Crab Smith/'
f( Oh! I suppose I'm the man 1"
' ;Av *-? i *' > ,V
wherein are fruits and flowers.
THE UNITY OF THE BIBLE.
As in Beethoven's matchless music tlfore
ruhs one idea, worked out through all the
changes of measure and of key, now almost
hidden, now breaking out in rich natural
melody, whispered in the treble, murmured
in the bass, dimly suggested in the prelude,
but growing clearer and clearer as the work
proceeds, winding gradually baok until it
ends in the key in which it began, and do- .
ses in triumphant harmony; so throughout
the whole Bible, there runs one great idea
?man's ruin by sin, and his redemption by
grace; in a word, Jesus Christ, the Saviour.
This runs through the Old Testament, that
prelude to the New, dimly promised at the
fall and more clearly to Abraham; typified
in the ceremonies of the law; all the events
of sacred history paving the way for his coming;
his descent proved in the genealogies
of Ruth and Chronicles; spoken of as Sbiloh
by Jacob, as the Star by Balaam, as the
Prophet by Moses; the David of the Psalms;
the Redeemer looked for by Job; the Beloved
of the Song of Songs. We find id the
sublime strains of tbe lofty Isaiah; in tne
writings of the tender Jeremiah ; la the ,
mysteries of the contemplative Ezekiel; in
the visions of the beloved Daniel; the great
idea growing clearer and clearer as the time
drew on. Then the full harmony broke out
in the song of the angels, "Glory to God in
the highest; on earth peace, good-will towards
men." And Evangelists and Apostles
taking up the theme, the strain closes in
the same key in which it began; the devil,
who troubles the first paradiec, forever excluded
from the second; man restored to the
favor of God; and Jefcus Christ the key-note
of the whole.
The Revival Still Progressing.?
Under this caption, the Fincastle (Va.)
Democrat of Thursday, has the following :
A very extraordinary religious excitement
pervades our town. Scarcely a family in
the town or its suburbs fail, at this time to
participate in the feast of pardoning love.?
The royal proclamation of mercy to fallen
man, has gone forth from Ambassadors of
Christ, and is responded to by scores of
weeping penitents crowding to the altar of
mtivar vchnro HfPnPS and shnnts of holv
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