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Scraps & Jfads.
On the 12th ult., eighty-two men left San Antonio, Texas, under Capt. French to join Gen. Walker. Colonel Fremont is busily engaged in New York preparing the reports of his last three expeditions for publication. Mr. Alfred Glascock, a Fauquier farmer, living near Broad Run Station, Virgin- j ia, lately slaughtered a hog which weighed 607 lbs, nett! Who has a hog to equal that? Ex-President Pierce stated to a deputation of Tennesseeans, who called upon him on Friday, it was his intention, at as early a day as possible, to visit the South. The Sydney (Australia) Morning Herald states that a nugget of gold was recently found at Louis Creek, the value of which is estimated at ,?20,000. It is said to be the largest ever found and weighs 5 cwt. An extensive planter who has recently examined a large number of plantations in the parish of St. Mary's La., assures the New Orleans Bee that the prospect of the next sugar crop is magnificent, and was never finer than at present. The Boston Post says that the draft of Washington's farewell Address, in his own hand writing, has recently been stolen from the State Department at Washington, and efforts to recover it have been unsuccessful. Aquaker in business in Fhiiacteipnia, disliking the "Esq." to his name, advised a Southern correspondent to direct his letters without any tail, and received a reply superscribed " Amos Smith, without any tail, Philadelphia. Ex-Secretary Dobbin left Portsmouth, Va., Wednesday morning for home, accompanied by Hon Mr. Winslow, of North Carolina, and his attending physician. He was quite ill, and unable to respond to a public reception which had been prepared for him at Weldon, North Carolina. The office of Secretary of State, now filled by Mr. Cass, has been occupied by the following distinguished gentlemen since the formation of the government: Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, James Monrop, John Quincy Adams, Henry Clay, Martin Van Buren, Edward Livingston, John C. Calhoun, John M. Clayton, Daniel Webster, James Buchanan and William L. Mar cy. The Chester Standard says that the family of Geo. W. Curtis, of Chesterville, were poisoned last week, and that oue of them, an iufant, lost its life in consequence. Some tea had been made of a root, supposed to be sassafras, and of this the family partVo rrtnt was Riihsnnuentlv found IUUIX y IjUb iftIV 4VWV UMW ^ ^ to be jessamine. A negro gave it to a nephew of Mr. Curtis, but be cannot be identified. In Africa, one of the most common and terrible kinds of punishment inflicted upon disobedient boys is to rub red pepper into their eyes. Their screams and yells un-; der the operation are savage beyond description, and it is a wonder that their sight is | not entirely destroyed. Adult offenders arc 1 sometimes subjected to a still severer pun- j ishment. They are made fast in the roof of a house, and thoroughly smoked with pep- j per. There lives near Cassville, (la., one; John Hawes; 234 years old, the Standard , says the oldest man in America. He was! born in Virginia, migrated to South Carolina ; " near a hundred years ago, and was in thir- J teen different battles in the war of Indepen-1 dence. He has lived for most part on the frontier; his diet is mush and milk for break- j. fast and supper, and the fle-h of wild animals for the mid-day meal. He attributes i his long life, first, to an unwavering trust in I Providence?second, to simplicity of diet? and, third, to always keeping out of debt. A duel occurred on the 7th inst., at Mobile, between James 0. Nixon, Esq., of the New Orleans Crescent, and Mr. Breckeuridge was shot through both thighs, and the left one broken. Mr. Nixon was unhurt. Mr. Breckenridge, our readeas will recollect, fought a duel with Mr. Leavenworth, of New York, in 1855, at Niagara Falls, where Mr. Breckenridge was shot through the calf of the 165*, and Mr. Leav- j enworth was shot through both thighs, break- j ing the left one. Mr. Breckenridge, it will iJ be seen, received a wound similar to the one 1 he inflicted upon his former antagonist. We recently mentioned a coal pit ac- j cident in North Carolina, by which several | ?wai-o L-IllorJ Thp Pnvpttpville Ob- I ^CIOUUD nv?W A ?W ?. ?j . ^ _ , server says in relation thereto : " The ac-1 cident occurred in the nigh shaft. The six men had just descended the shaft, and stepped inside, when the foul air ignited, and in its force hurled one man into the shaft, down which he fell and was killed. Another was thrown into the large reservoir of water, and was drowned. Three others were burned to a crisp, mutilated and mangled?while the sixth owes his preservation to a large spike nail, on which his clothos caught, and pre- * vented his being hurled down the shaft, which is some 200 feet deeper than the vein of coal at which they are now working." The Washington Union reporting the first " Reception" of Mr. Buchanan, speaks thus : The spacious apartments of the Executive Mansion were filled on Friday evening with a deuse crowd of ladies and gentlemen, who were individually presented by Marshal Hoover to President Buchanan, and cordially received. Miss Lane, a niece of the President, who will dispense the hospitalities of the Executive Mansion, also received the salutations of the throng, and those present of the gentlemen who compose the new Cabinet were warmly congratulated by their numerous friends. Prominent among the distinguished citizens was ex-President Pierce, who was no less an object of respectful at. tention than when, but a few days since, he was "at home" in the brilliant saloonsWell has a distinguished writer, in contrasting our system of government with that of the powers of the Old World, dwelt upon the simplicity of these Executive receptions, as compared with the ceremonials of the most petty German courts. The gaudy equipages and bedizened servants, the splendidly uniformed soldiery, the prescribed costumes and formal announcements by liveried officials?so novel to a transatlantic spectator?all are wanting here. Yet no court in Christendom can present such a variety of character, of intellect, or of costume, as was seen in the "East Room" on Friday evening, forming a human panorama which no limner can adequately reflect, as the varied tide of humanity circled peacefully around, and quietly dispersed when the band >truok up the well known signal. edited by SAM'L W. MELTON.....JOHN L. MILLER. J. H. BLACK. YORKVILLE, S. C. THURSDAY MORNING, MARCH 19, 1857. PERSONAL. The Co-partnership heretofore existing between Miller & Melton, having been dissolved, it is necessary that the business of the firm should be i 1 nr. ??.,?i? imnn oil wlio know them cioseu. we cmucoiij iiw|/v w.. ? .. selves indebted, will settle up immediately. Don't think, kind reader, because you owe a small amount that the call is not intended for you; it is addressed particularly to all who are in arrears. If we can get all the small amounts that are due, it will be something considerable to us. L. M. Gmst, at the Enquirer office,-is authorized to make settlements, and we trust our patrons will respond to the call we have made upon them. jagf In order to correct misunderstanding, we would state, in terms, that Miller, Melton and Black are Co-Proprietors and Co-Editors of the Enquires. The style of the firm hnsbeen adopted with a view solely to our own convenience. ?6?* Mr. Boyce has our thanks for Congresional Documents. PARAGRAPHS ON POLITICS. A runnijjg commentary, on the outside page, will enable the reader to form an enlightened opinion in regard to the members of Mr. Buchanan's Cabinet. While we do not permit ourselves to indulge unlimited confidence in either the men or the measures of the Federal Government, wc are free to believe that, regarding strictly the personnel of the Administration, the South can find no serious ground of complaint. In point of ability, it is at least equal to any Cabinet which has, of late years, controlled the destinies of the government. Gen. Cass and Mr. Cobb are men of largo experience and profound attainments in \ the science of politics?not inferior, in these respects, to either of ihe Secretaries who occupied their respective positions in Mi'. Pierce's Cabinet. In the hour of trial, we could rely upon -/either the one nor the other to maintain an ultra Southern creed: hut, candidly, we had no reason to expect that Mr. Buchanan would invite into his household any strict adherent of the States Rights school; and that he has done so in the instance of Gov. Floyd, and perhaps others, furnishes matter for ngreeable surprise. The Cabinet has more of the Southern Hurturc than we anticipated : and as far as it is possible for the course of events to be controlled, we may indulge a hope that, during ! the career of its rule, the interests of the South will suffer no serious detriment. Elements no doubt exist, within and without the CouncilChamber, to disturb, to perplex, and eventually to over-fciirow; but of tlu.se wo shall not speak, now. Verily, all good auspices appear to attend the beginning of this new rule! Scarcely a single untoward event has occurred to mar its great good fortune. The leader has the confidence of his party and the respect of his foes. The past has arranged, perfected and placed in his grasp all the elements of success; the future seems to have j in reserve a period of "calm tranquility," in which these great agencies may do their great work, and illustrate the brightest chapter of American history. The principles of the Compromise of 18-30, confirmed by the Kansas-Nebraska bill, carried into action in the Territory of Kansas, approved by the people in the Presidential election, re-af- i firmed in the Inaugural, and now settled and es- j tab'.ished as the law of the land by the high be- ' host of the Supreme Court, must be regarded for the time as the sufficient shield and protection of of the Constitution and the Union against the only enemies who threaten the integrity of the government. Upon the ground, thus boldly assumed and consistently held and defended, the victory has been complete. Such is the picture which the country is called upon to regard ; such the revealing of the horoscope a confiding people have i cast into the future. We will not say that, in our j honest opinion, these happy auspices merely op- j pear to exist; that these high hopes arc upon the j Burface; that below are unrest, discontent and revolution. The prospect is too fair to be marred by a vague and uncertain prophecy; let us look upon the future in all the singular beauty and attractiveness of its outward adornings; forget the lessons of the past, and be happy. The extra session of the Senate ended on Saturday last. It did little towards developing the designs of the Administration in regard to federal patronage. In some quarters it is asserted that Mr. Buchanan will hold to the principle, if it may be so called, of "rotation in office;" and proceed to vacate all the offices of the government in order to fill them with his particular partisans.? We have seen no indications of the adoption of this disreputable and unworthy policy; nnd we earnestly hope that public expectation to that end will be signally disappointed. That cold-blooded formula?"to the victors belong the spoils"?too . long a settled principle, contains the Pandora's j box from which has sprung a great burden of evil for years suppressing the best energies of the people. To it can be traced the centralizing tendency of the government, and all the tyrannical abu- t ses of party power. Mr. Buchanan has it in his power to uisrcgara entirely tnis cusgraceiui anu baneful precedent; and, despite the importunities of a vile horde of office-seekers, we have sufficient confidence in the integrity of his purposes to believe that he will execute this important trust ! with an eye single to the public good, and in a manner nearly in keeping with the practice of the early fathers of the Republic. Only a few nominations were confirmed by the Senate. The session was signalized by the adoption of the Dallas-Clarendon treaty. The vote was 32 j yeas to 15 nays. Certain amendments were added which will be the subject of negotiation ; but it is understood that these are not of vital purport, and offer no serious obstacle to an amicable adjustment. This Central American entanglement will yet prove unfortunately for the country. The treaty in the first instance should never have been confirmed. It gave to the United States no practical advantage, and involved the surrender of a : policy, long since declared, which will yet be re- i quired for our self-defence in respect of our pe- ; culiar right of jursdiction over the affairs of the Continent. When a palpable misunderstanding a rose as to the purport of the treaty, it should : have been promptly abrogated. Instead, the : Dallas-Clarendon treaty was negotiated, declara- [ tory of the very features in the previous Conven- j tion which are proved to be obnoxious to our interests; and at last, this ill-advised agreement has been, with immaterial modifications, deolared to be the law of the land. This, we think, is deeply to be regretted. In regard to the new 1 treaty with Mexico, negotiated hy Mr. Forsvtli, 1 no action has been taken. In many respects it is t said to be highly conservative of our interests ; < but the unprecedented feature, providing for a loan < of fifteen millions of money to Mexico, is deemed 11 sufficient for the rejection of the entire docu- !' ment. i The important measure of the regular ses- , sion is that modifying the Tariff. It will mate- < rially affect tl.e country in more respects than one. i To those who have marked wkh regret the pro*.' | gross of brihery and corruption, it will be the 11 harbinger of a return to pristine purity in our ! i National Legislature. A surplus revenue, in the 11 keeping of partisan leaders, is a positive and ag* I1 gressive evil, which would corrupt the most pat- j i riotic body of Legislators who ever assembled in 11 the Amphyctrionic Council, or wore the grave and J solemn air of the Roman Senate. By the new i tariff, this surplus will be diminished ; the coun- j try will be relieved of a burden of taxation a- I < mounting to fourteen millions of dollars ; a new impetus will be given to commercial enterprise, . and our people may enjoy, in come degree, an era of wealth and plenty?a fcretaste, for a time at least, of the enriching blessings of free trade. The manufactuics of England and France will j come in fairer competition with Northern industry; I and we shall experience less of the high-handed, wholesale extortion which has so long crippled the industrial energies of the Southern people. True,* the gratification which this legislation should impart, is diminished by the fact that the , evil is only mitigated, and not thoroughly eradicated. The odious principle of protection, against | which the South has long raised her voice, still re- j mains?a deforming feature in our governmental I system. But the idea that the interests of one section arc to be forever sacrificed to promote the j prosperity of another section, is too glaring and j repulsive to be permanently entertained by the ad- j vocates of truth and justice ; and we gladly re- J cognize in the new tariff schedule amensure right- | ly to be regarded the precursor of practical and radical reform. The decision of the Supreme Court, in the Died Scott case, attracts the attention of all parties?a source of congratulation to the lovers of the Union and the friends of the South, nnd the object of direst animadversion on the part of | the Black Republicans. It seems to have struck ter- j ror along theis path. The Jftrald, and arch-enemy ' of the South, has the boldness to admit that, "at | a single Mow, it shivers the anti-slavery piauorm of the lair, great Northern Republican 'party into atoms." We are tempted to copy a large sample of its hypocritical stuff. " It is of more vital importance," says the Herald, "in reference to the settlement of the slavery question than any or all the other arts and proceedings upon this subject ?legislative and judicial, State or Federal?since the organization of the General Government.? This supreme and final tribunal in the interpretation of the constitution and the laws, has decrc d that negrossormcn of the African race, whether bond or free, arc not citizens of the United States by the Federal Constitution ; that the ordinance of 1787 was superseded by the Constitution; that the Missouri Compromise of 1820 was an unconstitutional act: that slaveholders have the right I to carry their slaves into the Territories; that the legal condition of a slave in a ?lave State is j not nffected by his temporary sojourn in a freo j State; and that Congress has 110 power over the question ol' slavery in a Territory, and cannot ! delegate any power over the subject to the Terri- ! torinl Legislatures. The importance and compre- : hensive bearings of these decisions cannot be ovcresti mated?they coverall the disturbing party and sectional issues upon the slavery controversy, and strike nt the root of the mischief in every case." But the masses of the Northern people do not seem to be so dreadfully nffected. They know full well that this decision has touched a vulnerable point, and placed them nt great disadvantage.? They do not surrender, however. The Abolition presses publish in extenxo the opinions of the dissenting Justices, while the decision of the ChiefJustice nnd the opinions of those assenting thereto arc studiously avoided. The New York Assem- j bly immediately considered a resolution offered j for a Joint Committee to take the case in special charge. In the Massachusetts Legislature, an order was adopted "instructing the Committee on Federal Relations to consider the expediency of instructing our Senators and requesting our Representatives in Congress to propose an amendment of the Constitution of the United States electing judges of the supreme and inferior courts by the people for a term of years." The proposition for an elective Judiciary has been seriously mooted; and everywhere, throughout the North, ngitators nre arranging a plan of bitter warfare against the hitherto incorruptible tribunal before which they 1 have been so completely discomfittcd. The old issues must be thrown aside, and a new platform ^ erected, prominent amongst the features of which is to be a deadly hostility to the Supreme Court. So early, and so skillfully, arc the counsels taken for the great and decisive struggle of 18C0. COURT WEEK. The sessions of the Court, Inst week, were con- \ tinued until a late hour on Saturday evening. It t was an unusually dull and tedious term; and it is ' j saying much for the good temper and kind heart- , ednessofhis Honor, Judge wnitxeb, when we i write that he presided, not only with dignity | but, with a most exemplary patience. This is a quality rarely to be found upon the Bench, and ] therefore deserving especial commendation. While ] others command our admiration for splendid at- j tainments and profound learning in the law, , Judge Whitnf.ii receives the homage of both head and heart, and truthfully deserves the regard I \ which all men accord to the affuhle, pntient, earn- I ( est, conscientious and impai tial Judge. Ilisaimjj seems always to be, not the display of legal acu- i < men, but the dispensing of exact justice; nnd as far ; as human frailty will permit, his effort is always ] successful. When such is his manner upon the , Bench, we can readily point to his position in the esteem of the people?it cannot be mistaken. The regular business of the term began on Tuesday, with the case of "The State vs W. A. 1 Latta," for Nuisance, in which the prosecution ' was successful. Then came the case of "The State vs John B. Wylie," for Larceny?verdict 1 "not Guilty." Wednesday, the case of "Wylie vs McConnell," involving the value of a wngonload of corn, occupied the day, and was at last determined for the Plaintiff?Mr. Smith for Wylie, and Messrs. Williams aud Bcntty for McConnell. Thursday, the Court took "Leech vs Moss" in charge, which occupied the remainder of the week, j The point of dispute was a certain "McCurdy corner," involving about one acre of land, worth, ^ at the top of the market, four dollars and fifty cents ! But the case had been three terms on the Docket; a large number of witnesses had been in constant attendance ; and the costs had reached J a figure (at least $800,) which, although the real j matter of dispute was excessively trifling, made i it quite an important issue as to which party i should foot-up the bill. Court and Jury and Sur- i vcyors and witnesses and parties and lawyers? j Messrs. Williams & Beatty and Melton for the | Plaintiff, and Messrs. Wilson and Dawkins for de- j i fendant?dived fiercely into the mysteries of old grants, courses and distances, marks and corners, i red oaks and black-oaks, and all tho interminable 1 windings and meanderings of plots and counter- < plots, and continued to flounder about therein for i three whole days. Saturday night, the Jury took i the concern in charge solus, and in less than half i an hour returned a verdict for the Plaiiftiff. With < [his the Court ended?having determined during Llie week a quantity ot' litigation amounting in value to about one hundred and fifty dollars?not sufficient to defray one day's expenses of Judge and Jury. No one can answer for it, of course. The cases were on the Docket and demanded trial: and the Court could not proceed more rapidly.? And yet, the people may rightly complain that, an account of a mean, contemptible and utterly unworthy spiiit of contention for which some party is responsible, the public good has been seriously prejudiced?rights worthy to be determined have been delayed, and the public purse henvi ly and unjustifiably taxed. 1'arties who encourage and parties who indulge such petty litigation aught to be thrown out of Court, unceremoniously The result of these proceedings will be indicated to the reader, by a reference to the advertisement, in another column, ordering an Extra Term of the Court, on the Third Monday in July. The amount of litigation yet on the Dockets is heavy; and Judge WniTNER has very properly determined to to make short work of it all. We have procured for the information of those interested the names of persons to besummond as Petit-Jurors:? G. R. Ratchford, Jacob B. Moore, G. Ross Whisenant, Lewis Bowlin, William Horton, M. H. Currence, Rev. S. L. Watson, Robert Harshaw, G. D. Hood, J. L. Crawford, Isaac Garrison, Audrew Lathem, A. McDowell, Capt. John Ilartness, William White, James M. Erwin, John S. Brntton, A. W. Beard, II. M. Jackson, D. J. Jackson, L. L. Packard, John Rainey, Thomas Mullinax, Noah Hardin, William Minter, Clemmy Moss, Eli A. Ross, William Boggs, Sam'l Laughridge, Dr. J. R. Bratton, II. M. White, Joseph M. Boggs, Allen M. Holt, John Nelson, Dr. W. R. McNeel, John Quinn, Mnj. M. Whitesidcs, T. C. Henry, John B. Ewann, Alien Robertson, S. W. Burton, Joseph Leech, John J. Joue3, William Latta, sr., James T. Foreman, William E. Wilson, Wm. B. Daniel, Mathew White. While in the humor, we may with propriety nppend, also, the list of Grand and Petit Jurors, to be summoned for the regular Fall Term. It runs as follows:? Grand JrnORs :?P. r,. Sandifer, L. P. Sadler, James II. Crawford, Martin Mullinax, Dr. J. S. Croshy, II. W. Campbell, John H. Crawford, Francis Armstrong. Thomas Dow.lle, James Jefferys, Esq., J. L. Boyd, R. S. Blake, Dr. John Hall, Hamilton Wilson, W. S. Beard, Dr. A. J. Barron, Joseph Feemstcr, Thomas N. Pettus, John Janes, Thomas T. Gwinn, S. C. Johnston, Win, Uata, Archibald flnrron, James Dickey. Petit Jrnoits:?James C. Poop, Rob't J. Harper, Dr. Wm. Moore, Alexander Hill, .las. W. Floyd, Rev. R. A Ross, John T. Strait, J. A. Steele, Wm. Rhea, James L. Strait, John McFadden, Sam'l Stele. N. A. Steele, James Crawford. Benjamin Moss, James Williford, Wm. Nelson, James Poag, Wm. W. Crawford. Joseph Douglass, Wm. N. Nelson, Dr. Crosby, C. S. Cline, John Jennings, Alex. II. Barnett, Thomas Palmer, Wm. P. Barry, James B. Steele, Rob't Cairnes, B. F. Rawlinson, James L. Bennett, Naca Riggins, I. N. Sadler, J. B. Mintz, James Wallace (B. S.), J. W. Avery, J. R I'atton, Daniel Nichols, Thomas Spencer, I). N. Mitchell, Rev. R. V. Russell, II. H. Simril, Hance Neoly, I). G. Wallace, A. J. Mathews, R. H. Workman, Jno. McCarter, Jno. J. Plcxico. THE HOME CIRCLE. The March number of this pleasant and useful Monthly is now on our table. It opens with an article on the ''Female Pioneers of Methodism" which will be found interesting to the[members of that denomination. The Circle will be found a genial home companion, and as such we commend it to our renders. It is published at the low rate of ?- W) per annum, at Nashville, Tennessee. CtODEY'S LADY'S BOOK. The April No. of this elegant fashionist is now before us. It is too well known to the ladies generally to require a special notice. The present numbpr is not inferior to its predecessors and is particularly interesting to newly married folks : as we notice specimens of "Baby Shoes" and a series of articles entitled "IIow to cut and contrive childretisclothes &c. "Oodey" makes upa real IV/emrctim for the benefit of all the ladies?married, single and expectant; and all the ladies ought to have a copy. Send us $4?and we shall expend the moieties to the very best advantage. THE WEATHER. After a most pleasant February, warm, genial and vernal, March has come in with chilling sevoritv. Thenast week, however, cannot be more expressively described than by saying it was "coquetish." A few hours of pleasant weather would suddenly be succeeded by extreme cold; and on Friday last a heavy sleet whitened our streets and house-tops, and brought winter again in fiercest blast. Fears were entertained by the lovers of peaches and peach juice, that their favorite fruit was nipped in the bud ; but we think there is still a prospect for a plentiful crop. Just now, the sun shines brightly; and we indulge the hope thnt Spring has visited us in her best and most constant mood. THE MAILS* A new Post Office has been established at Grand IJill, five miles west of Yorkville on the Adair's Ferry road, and J. Rcfcs Mef.k appointed Postmaster. It has been placed upon the Shelby Route, ind will be supplied by the mail which leaves this place every Thursday morning. This office, contacted as it will be by a thoroughly competent ind obliging Postmaster, will prove to be a valuable desideratum. A new office has also been established in Union District, called Cedar Bluff, and S. Bmrsns appointed Postmaster ; to be supplied by the route punning from Yorkville, via Unionville, to Cross Anchor. We nre pleased to learn that the Route from this place to Camden has passed into the charge if Mr. Jefferson Tomlin, who, we nre sure, will perform the service iu a mnnner more satisfactory to the country offices. As soon as possible, the Schedule will be changed so thnt the carrier will leave Yorkville on Thursday, instead of Wedntslay mornings. THE SOUTH CAROLINA RAILROAD. This incorrigible nuisance has ngnin commenced a ecrics of antics, the performance of which is conducted very greatly to our annoyance. Four weeks ago, a lot of paper for our office was consigned to the care of the Railroad Agent in Char-, leston, and lias not since been heard from. A neighboring institution has been brought to a dead halt, for want of a box of books which Mr. Caldwell has had in charge foran equal length of time. A friend complains tnat mo vunipn.ujr uypiupriated a barrel of potatoes, ordered six weeks ago for horticultural purposes. But we pause; if all the crimes of this villainous concern were recordM^our paper would become a regular Sessions Docket. Now, seriously, wo dislike to lose our paper; and wfe have malice enough, if it isn't delivered up, to prosecute Mr. Caldwell and his road for Grand Larceny. We can not afford to lose that paper, Mr. C.; so stand and deliver! foreign news. There are a few items of interest in tho European News. The Chinese war now being waged between Great Britain and China, has some opposition in Parliament. Other nations, generally, think the war likely to do more harm than good, is it will probably counteract the commercial influence which China has so long resisted and which only of late years began to gain a foothold. The settlement pending between England and Persia is still incomplete. Spain has awakened up from i Rip Van Winkle slumber and is about to pounce on Mexico to avenge the outragos inflicted on Spanish citizens in the latter State. An imposing force is Jo he sent to Mexico, and energetic meas' arcs taken to obtain redress. Fears were entertained at Madrid of another insurrection. France j is assuming a new attitude in relation to non-Eu| ropean powers. Hitherto she has psrmitted Engj land and Russia to divide the spoils of Asia withi ont opposition ; hut hereafter she will interfere | either to prevent aggressions or to claim n lion's ! share. So runs the ' latest from Europe." BEAUTY. A strange subject for an editorial!?yet could wc do justice to this attractive theme, it might elicit j as much attention and useful reflection, as any subject t<. which we could direct the mind of the render. The good old fashion of treating a subject, is to give, in the first place, its definition; but in this ense it must be dispensed with, as every person who essays to treat this subject, furnishes a different one. The main point of dispute, however, is?whether beauty, abstractly considered, consists in certain properties in ex tor mil objects or in certain rjualities of the mind ? Without pausing to solve this question, which legitimately belongs to the metaphysician, we proceed cursorily, to notice ilie ubiquity and prevalence of beauty in the outward world, and the adaptation of mind, in a normal state, to such external phenomena. In the second place, we wish to impress upon our readers the advantages of cultivating n taste for the beautiful; the benefits of which are too often ignored hy so-called practical and narrow minded men. As to the universality of beauty, whether considered as a property of matter or a condition of mind, we have but to "knit up" for a moment "the ravelled slenvc of care," and cast our eye avound us, to witness the presence of this prevading element. Perhaps we will find it blooming out in the gorgeous tints of the rose; blushing in the softer hues of the mod.est violet,, "half hidden from the eye," or glowing on the radiant brow of lovely woman. It may be seen in the triumphant display of art?in the Madonna or chiseled Venus de Midici; in the conceptions of Raphael orAngclo; and the landscapes of Claude Lorraine. It spreads its bright wings j over the ocean when the waves wear their tiara of ! stars, and the moon presses her pale lips on the j soothed and gentle billows. It gleams out from i each tiny flower, each sparkling stream, each ! morning sunburst or mellow sunset. Wherever ! God has set signet, there is Beauty! But there is another species of beauty, which, though more shadowy aud impalpable, exerts perhaps, a more potent influence over the mind and heart of the looker-on, than the lovely phenomena of the universe;?we allude to beauty of conduct or moral beauty. Would it not be well if the taste for the beautiful were more assiduously j cultivated, and that it were made a rule of conj duct, a monitor of propriety, a constant regulator I of our intercourse with the world? What a fns| cinating system might be built upou this foundaI tion ! Suppose for a moment, the effect of a close j and dilligent study, a high appreciation of, at.d a j devoted attachment to, the beautiful. The dei votee would then be an ardent admirer of his Goddess, in whatever phase she might manifest herself. He would not only cherish for the floweret, ! the mantling cheek of woman, the pleasant and variegated landscape, a poet's love and a poet's reverence; but ho would likewise appreciate that propriety of conduct which so much adorns humanity, that gracefulness and suavity of manners, ^ the austere beanty of morality, and that loftier ; phase of loveliness?'-The beauty of holiness." Such thoughts rise in our mind whenever we witness an exhibition of rudeness or boorislmess. Whenever we see a man, made in the image of God, obscuring all his "original brightness" and t swaggering about the streets "with a brick in his hat'' (as might have been witnes-ed in Yorkville last week), we involuntarily wish that he could behold himself; to travesty Burns, "0 wad some power the gifrie gie him, To sec himself as others see him." There is in such a spectacle something so repulsive to the sight, so offensive to correct taste, that smacks so loudly of the brute, that we feel the strongest temperance lecture which could be made to him, would be to draw a representation of the inebriate to amuse his sober hours. We would suggest to the "Dry Council," the propriety of having an ambrotype taken of every man found drunk in the streets of Yorkville, and then exhibiting them in some conspicuous place, like a string of rats or blind puppies exposed for sale in Pckin?as the most powerful promoter of good order and gentlemanly manners. There was no little wisdom in the custom among the Spartans of intoxicating their slaves in order to disgust their children at 6uch a beastly spectacle. The difference between a drunk nnd sober man is the difference between Miranda and Caliban?between Heaven and Hell. So wide is tbo contrast, that | we have often wondered how any one could so i brutalize himself. It can only be done by a process of induration, of inhumanisution, by which every flower of the heart is crushed out and all appreciation of the beautiful lost, j But what shall we say of those who persist in I making and selling this mutilator of all that is at! tractive or fascinating in humanity ? It is not 1 enough to SKCtCU them Wnue uerc on uanu, cnjuyi ing their ill-gotten gains?some arabrotypist should shndow forth their prospective contortions i amid the indescribable horrors of "the home of I the damned-'' But it is not only to the inebriate, we would J prescribe a cultivation of the taste for the beau! tiful; it would be found a source of pleasure and ! profit to men in all the avocations of life. It would enable the farmer to adorn his premises with taste and elegance. It would teach him to spare the natural groves, and we would no longer witness the barbarous custom of destroying beauI tiful shades, to plant in their place sickly and | drooping exotics. In a word, it would teach him, j almost without expense, to cast around home a blandishment, which would be a pcrrennial fountain of innocence and joy. It would teach conductors 0" railroads, to answer polite interrogatories in a courteous manner, instead of assuming the air of a millionaire and the impertinence of a coxcomb. It would restrain attornies from asking crrolevant questions, and likewise, from exhibiting their wit (or want of wit) at the expense of a defenceless witness. It would prevent scurrilous personalities from disgracing the columns of a newspopcr or magazine, and enable truth to shine out splendidly through a cloudless atmosphere. Illiberal abuse, dishonest criticism and envious sarcasm, would | no longer fill their poges with uncouth witnesses ! of the degradation of man. It would tutor the blooming belle, to adjust her charms to the best advantage, instead of distorting a graceful and symmetrical figure into unnatural proportions. It is seldom that the useful and j the beautiful diverge. No one, we presume, of J correct taste, over admired the late fashion of dij initiative bonnets and expansive hoops. Besides, i the fashion renders a being naturally beautiful, j intelligent and interesting, as vain in appearance as the brainless peacock. We should, perhaps, notice the magical effect that, a taste for the beautiful would have on that j unfortunate class, who have contracted the habit | of deforming their conversation with profanity or obscenity. It is almost as much a mystery as the case of the inebriate, how any one can destroy the beauty and harmony of language, by profane ejaculations and uncouth slang. We wonder how Omar could destroy the most magnificent library iu the world, and how Alaric could deface the : proudest monuments of art; bat is it not equally i astonishing how members of refined society will persevere in a habit so repugnant to good taste,? i to say nothing of it as a nroral evil? Tobacco chewers too would be improved, if | their notions of the elegant and beautiful, were I somewhat enlightened. But it seems a pity to, interrupt the extremely social habit of spitting at the firc-plncc and into other people's faces. We began, as we thought, on essay on beauty; but it has turned out a sermon on the "ugly"?so let it be. THE LIBERTY OP THE PRESS. Our readers will remember the issue made some time since between Dr. Gibbes, editor of the South Carolinian, and E. J. Anthur, Mayor of Columbia, as to the right of attending and reporting the proceedings of the public meetings of the City Council. Dr. Gibbes was ejected by the order of the Mayor, and brought an action of ' As.wult and Battery vi et arm is," in order to try the issue. The case was tried last week before Judge Withers, and averdict was given against the Mayor and likewise against the officer who executed his orders. We give a short extract from the charge of His Honor to the jury, in which the f reedom or the i'ress is pointedly nnd amy vindicated:? "It is a matter of common right in every corporator to attend a public meeting of the local legislature of the city of Columbia." * * "It is matter of common right, in every species of our elective representative governments, that the voter shall be allowed, upon condition of good behavior in his demeanor, to hear the public debates and witness the public prooceedings of his representatives engaged in public trusts. "To exclude a reporter and to exclude a corporator is not one and the same thing. To eject a corporator from a public meeting merely bt cause it is suspected, or avowed by bim, that he means 1 to publish a report of its proceedings, is not lawful. Yet if such corporator has shown by previconduct that he calumniates, asperses, or misrepresents the Council, and misleads the people, their constituency, it would present a question of some difficulty to say. whether he might not, or ought not, to be excluded. It is not this case, upon the evidence, and need not be decided. Any corporator who attends may give unfair or false verbal accounts of proceedings, and the difference between him and the owner of a paper is only that the latter may give his account a wider scope nnd more permament from. But if under guise of the Liberty of the Press, a common calumniator seeks in character of corporator to malign maliciously and to misrepresent fraudulently the acts and debates of a public body of any sort, it would be difficult for him, if that fact were made to appear, to show a right to damages, if he be foiled in such a purposb. To assume beforehand that this will be done, however, would amount to a censorship over speech or the press. "Without some legal and satisfactory reason adduced to the contrary, Dr. Gibbes had a right to publish a true account of the public proceedings." This decision is highly gratifying to us on two accounts. It will have a tendency to restrain the encroachments on the Liberty of the Press, which have for sometime been gaining ground in this "land of the free." Private individuals, to gratify personal pique and obtain a momentary revenge, seek to trammel the rights of the press and place the incubus of an oppressive precedent upon the shoulders of posterity. Every such attempt should be vigilantly resisted; for, the surest pre lude to abject slavery and national degradation, is a legalized infringement on the freedom of opinion and a censorious espionage over the right of publication. In the second place, it is highly gratifying, that Dr. Gibbes has cotne off conqueror; inasmuch as he nobly bore the brunt of a contest in which the press at large is incidentally though vitally concerned. His bold and manly bearing, resulting in such a signal vindication of right, cannot be too highly commended. MERE-MENTION. The lovers of good poetry will not neglect to enjoy the olever contribution by Mrs. Stratton, in another column." On the first page, we publish a spirited account of the inauguration ceremonies, from the pen of the favorite correspondent, M. J. W. Everybody will regret to learu from the closing paragraph, that Miss W's pen-sketches have been finished.? We trust the Courier will not pcrmitsuch a sweettonid harp to remain unstrung. "A bird that can sing and Wun't sing, ought to be made sing," by some sort of ipeans. We notice the Prospectus of the Rutherford, N. C., Democrat, to be published by J. Forrest Gowan and Alex. D. Tumbro?price $2.-' The United States Senate, at its next session, will be composed of thirty-seven Democrats, twenty Republicans, and five Americans. The seats of Messrs. J. D. Bright and Graham N. Fitch, Senators from Indiana, are contested. The feud between the Wise and Hunter parties in Virginia grows more violent; and promises to furnish the main issue at the next general election in the Old Dominion, Such a division in the State Rights ranks is deeply to be regretted. The last account from Walker states that his forces had made their way up the San Juan River, with only a slight loss. They succeeded in capturing considerable quantities of arms, ammunition and provisions, ! and took possession of the steamboat J. W. Scott. Articles on the wheat crop from N. York," West Tennessee, Georgia, and Virginia, agree, in representing the indications as exceedingly prom! ising. In some sections, the unusual severity of j the winter has left the crop somewhat backward ; | but generally, a larger quantity than usual has I been sown, and, unless the season is utterly untoi ward, the yield will be greater than has ever been j known in the country. The idea of female I doctors progresses Southward. At the recent com! mencement of the Philadelphia Female Medical College, the degree was conferred upon Mrs. Lucy M. Petersilia, of Raleigh, N. C. It affords rather an unfavorable symptom of the good health of tho body politic, to learn that the good old Democratic State of New Hampshire has gone j for tho Republicans, "horse, foot and dragoons." ' At the recent eloction for Governor, Hale received a large majority; and the new Legislature 125 ! Republicans were elected to 52*Democrats. "The war has just begun." The Carolinian states j that the new bridge over the Congaree, built with , a draw so as to enable steamboats to pass, has : been completed. The boats will resume their ! trips at an early day. Wake up, Mr. Caldwell! ' The telegraph furnishes a number of items from Washington, dated March 11th, which we j string together verbatim : Lord Napier arrived here this afternoon and took lodgings at Willard's Hotel. He was unattende J except by a page.? j General Scott paid his respects to the new Secretary of War to-day. It is understood he is about ! to remove his residence here. Judge Black assumed the position of Attorney General to-day. A , slight fall of snow commenced this afternoon, but , melted as it fell. The weather is quite mild. All the South Carolina Congressional delegation, ox cepting Mr. Oit, arc opposed to the principle of rotation in office. For the eleven federal offices in that State there are only two applicants. The present Postmaster at Charleston is the second one who has held that station since the organization of the Government. Ex-President Pierce has gone to Virginia to visit a number of personal friends. The probability is that the Senate will adjourn on Saturday, fine die. The Cabinet had another long session to-day. It is a singular fact that the number of Jews in the world?about three millions?has remained the same as in the palmiest days of Judea. In Europe, 1,915,900; in Asia, 738,000; in Africa, 504,000; in America, 57,000. An exchange adds: "This extraordinary fixedness in the midst of almost universal increase is doubtless not without a reason, if we are i even to look for it among the mysterious opera tions which have preserved Israel a separate race throughout eighteen hundred years. Col. Orr passed through Columbia last week, on his way homeward, and was welcomed with a serenade by the students of the College. We are much gratified to notice that general consent indicates him a| thb next Speaker. Mr. Boyce has also returned to his home in Fairfield, in excellent health and spirits. The New York Herald congratulates the country upon the fact that the new Cabinet is reliable and sound and subslaii' tial; that is to say, worth in the aggregate four millions and a half! Gen. Cass is put down for two millions; Cobb, $500,000; Thompson, one million; Floyd, $500,000; andToticey, Black and Brown, $500,000. These figures except in the ^ instance of Gen. Cass, may be classed among the I doubtful. An excited gentleman announced H to the Connecticut Legislature, a steamboat ex- ^ plosion, as follows: "Sister Meaker and ledgers of the membislature, the Elliver Ollsworth has biled her buster. Roger A. Pryor, Esq., has withdrawn from the Richmond Enquirer, and proposes issuing a new paper at Richmond, to be entitled "The South." Senator Toombs, in behalf of the citizens of Savannah, presented a beautiful service of plate to ex-President Pierce. Maj. William S. Lyles, has been named as a candidate for the Senate in Fairfield. Gen. Packer, the Democratic nominee for Governor of Pennsylvania, is & printer by traded The two United State Senators and the Chief Justice, were also formerly printers. Hon. Jere. Clemens, of Alabama, author of "Bernard Lile," is writing another under the title of "Mustang Gray." F. F. Warley has withdrawn from the Darlington Flag. He made a capital editor; and Messrs. Calvo and Rugg will find that, in dispensing with his services, they have chosen the most unprofitable alternative. In regard to the submarine telegraph enterprise, the Nat. Intelligencer has the following sentences: "The Secretary of the Navy, some days fl ago sent orders to the Navy Yard in Brooklyn to fit ^ out at once the United States steamers Niagara and Mississippi, to proceed to England to assist in laying down the submararine telegraph cable be- % tween Newfoundland and Ireland. The Niagara is the largest steam vessel of war in the world. . She is a propeller. The Mississippi is the most 1 poworful paddle wheel steamer in our Navy. The English Government will furnish also two large ships of the same character. The Niagara will receive on board at London or Liverpool one-half of the cable, and the other half will be put on board tho English naval propeller. The four ships will then proceed together to the middle of the Atlantic, where the ends of tbe cable will be joined, and the propellers will then start in opposite directions?the one for Newfoundland and the other for Ireland?each attended by a paddle-wheel , ?< * *1.. ? aicauicij su kunt, IU tooc ui uiviucuv, IUC pupr lers may be taken in two and proceed on the voyage. A large portion of the new cable is already made, and it is being manufactured, in two separate establishments, at the rate, jointly, of thirty miles per day. Hopes are entertained by those most interested that it will be stretched across the Atlantic, connecting the two hemispheres, towards ^ the latter part of June next. There is much anx- j iety to know the practicability and final suecess ( of this gigantic enterprise. For the Yorkville Enquirer. LINKS ON THE DEATH OV A CHILD. BY MBS. M. W. 8TBATT05. Unfeeling Death! coula'st thou not find Some old and withered tree, , Round which no flowers of hope entwined ? To droop in agony? Some leafless trunk, whose useless life * In loneliness had passed? Who, weary of its earthly strife, Sinks thankfully at last? Some broken spirit, passion-tost, Upon life's stormy sea? Who health, and hope, and fortune lost, Would gladly welcome thee ? Ton bending form whose part is played? Whose story's nearly told? Who droops in sunshine, or in shade, ^ Would scarcely oall thee cold. Yon aged Pauper, crouching down j Upon his scanty bed? For whom ail faoes wear a frown, Feels envy of the dead; ? | If memory brings from vanished years J A single ray of light, jJ The present quenches it with tears, ] Before it glads his sight. But this dear child, whose cloudless brew, j wnose orignt ana gteetui eye, -1 W hose sweet smile haunts our memory now, Could'st thou not pass it by ? .J This little bud which seemed to grow In beauty every day? This plant we tended, valued so, How could'st thou take away ! Perhaps the shaft was mercy-sent? The blow in kindness given; ^ * A Our Father knew the bud he lent Would blossom best in Heaven. Columbia, March 7th 1857. For the Yorkville Enquirer. THE YORKVILLE PRODUCE MARKET. Messrs. Editors:?In the last issue of your paper there is a communication from ''King's Mountain, N. C." in which it is rather insinuated that the Yorkville Produce Merchants do not "bid up." Now, as this rather reflects on the produce buyers, it is only fair that they should, be heard in j their own defence. * j jl Suppose then, that we take up the various arti- ' cles of country produce in detail, and compare ouf , figures here, with the Columbia and Charleston markets, as these are the places to which we generally ship our produce, and by whose prices we ought to be governed. Cotton.?Charleston quotations, llf to 13J; York, 11 to 12.80. To ship cotton from .here to Charleston and sell it, costs nearly one cent per pound. All persons acquainted with the course of our markets, know^that they have been at least one J of a cent too high on good cotton, and more than that on inferor. We almost invariably pay too much for inferior cottons, and our best cot- 1 tons range generally a full quarter under the highest Charleston quotations. So that instead of not "bidding up," we are in reality J of a cent over our proper limits, and the market must actually advance before our cotton will even pay out. Flour.?Very little coming in at present?is depressed and prices nominal. The receipts in February were heavy, and were freely taken by the trade at $3.50 per sack, cash. Columbia J wholesale price, $3.50 to $3.75; Charleslon, } $3.75 to $3,87. It costs 35 cents per sack to lay j it down in Columbia; consequently flour shipped there would loose, counting the expense of selling j at from 25 to 50 cents per sack; Charleston would be worse. If your correspondent thinks that we do not "bid up" on this leading article of North Carolina produce, he will confer a favor by either taking it himself at cost, or pointing out to us a market where we can dispose of it without loss. Corn is bringing from 80 to 83 cents by the quantity, nett cash ; cost 14 cents per bushel (besides sacks) to lay it down in Columbia?worth there 94 cents; Charleston 78 to 85 cents. J Bacon and Lard.?Charleston quotatio ns, 10 to B . I