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jno.i.miller &co.,proprietors.j An Independent Journal: For the Promotion of the Political, Social, Agricultural and Commercial Interests of the South. jlewism. grist,pubii.tier.
VOL. 4. YORKVILLE, S. C., THURSDAY, JAyOABY 7, 1858. ^O. 1. Original poffni. | For the Yorkville Enquirer. THE GRAVE OF COL. WILLIAMS. Upon a sunny slope the hero sleeps, The green grass waring o'er his silent grave. And the grand mountain with its craggy steeps Dyed in the blood his heart so freely gave, Like a bold and independent thoughts Rising proudly 'gainst the distant sky, And breathing of thedays when heroes fought Till Freedom's bannerproudly waved on high. No monumental urn contains his dust, No pillared dome high rises o'er his grave, No art-triumphant, animated, bust, Marks the last resting of the bold and brave. Behind him rolls Broad River's dashing tide, * - L-1.1 A..1 Ann no If WOl! rArO /\3 UUiU ttllU 1CIWCIIV39 4?3 *v v? v* jv. v, While round his feet the sullen waters glide, Of Buffalo that chafes her sounding shore. I trod upon the banks of creek and river, In childhocd's davs?nor deemed a hero slept, The dreamless slumber that awakens never, Beneath the sod on which I careless stept; And as I loitering watched the dashing wave That eddied 'round the rocks an > pebbly strand, I little thought heroic Williams' grave Had marked this spot as consecrated land. The careless angler lingering in the shade, The sportive trout was all I sought or Saw, Or truantfancy, by some love betrayed, Felt not as now a reverential awe: But now I pause?a proud and stalwart form, A noble hero rises in my view, And where careers the battle's wildest storm, * - * 1 _ ? 1 see mm move?mesoui ui vamr iruc. And o'er the hallowed dust I lightly tread, 'Tis glory's grave, I mark it with a tear, And envy such a fame-encircled bed To the heroic sleeper's houored bier. Go visit it ye pilgrims, 'tis a shrine, Where glows the patriot's warmest, purest, fire, Where nature wears a beauty most divine, And bids the soul to loftiest deeds aspire. Miscellaneous Heabing AN ACT To raise. Supplies for the pear commencing in October, one thousand right hundred atid fifty-seven. I. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives, now met and sitting in General Assembly, and by the authority of the same, That a tax for the sums, and in the manner hereinafter mentioned, shall be raised and paid into the public treasury of this State, for the use and service thereof, that is to sav : sixty cents, ad valorem, on ' sales of goods, wares and merchandise, em- [ bracing all the articles of trade for sale, bar- j ter or exchange, (the products of this State, and the unmanufactured products of any of; the United States or Territories thereof ex-1 cepted,) which any persou shall have made j from the first day of January, of the present! year, to the first day of January, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred ; and fifty-eight, either on his, her or their i capital, or borrowed capital, or on account of I any person or persons, as agent, attorney or ; consignee; twenty-five cents upon every ! hundred dollars of the amount of sales of! goods, wares and merchandise whatever, i which any transient person, not resident in j this State, shall make in any house, stall or j public place; teu dollars per day for repre-' sen ting publicly, for gain and reward, any play, comedy, tragedy, interlude or farce, or j other employment of the stage, or any part therein, or for exhibiting wax figures, or other j shows of any kind whatsoever, to be paid j into the hands of the Clerks of the Court j respectively, who shall be bound to pay the I same into the public treasury, except iu cases j where the same is now reouired bv law to 1 i y | be paid to corporations or otherwise. II. That all taxes levied on property, as j prescribed in the first section of this Act, ' shall be paid to the tax collector for the tax j district in which said property is located j III. In making assessments for taxes on the value of taxable property used iu manu- > facturing or for railroad purposes, within this j S tate, the value of the machinery used there- j every hundred dollars of the value of nil the lands granted in this State, according to the existing classification as heretofore established ; seventy cents per head on all slaves; two dollars on each free negro, mulatto or mestizo, between tbe ages of fifteen and fifty years, except such as shall be clearly proved to the satisfaction of the Collector to be incapable, from maims or otherwise, of procuring a livelihood ; twelve-and-a-half cents, rv1 valorem, on every hundred dollars of the value of all lots, lands and buildings, within any city, town, village or borough, in this State; fifty cents per hundred dollars on factorage, employments, faculties and professions, including the profession of dentistry, (whether in the profession of law, the profits be derived from the cost of suit, lees, or other sources of professional income,) excepting clergymen, schoolmasters, schoolmistresses and mechanics, and on the amouut of commissions received by vendue masters and commission merchants ; twenty-five cents per hundred dollars on the capital stock paid in on the first ot October, one thousand eight hundred and fifty-seven, of all banks which for their present charters have not paid a bonus to the State; fifty cents on every hundred dollars used or employed in this State by any agent of any bank of issue out of this State, between the first of October, one thousand eight hundred and fifty-sis, j and the first of October, one thousand eight | hundred and fifty-seven, iu effecting loans j or discounts, and dealing iu exchange or , notes; twenty cents per hundred dollars ou j the capital stock of all incorporated GasLight Companies; one per cent, on all pre-; niiums taken in this State by incorporated iusurance companies, and by the ageucies of j insurance companies, and under writers, j without the limits of this State; fifteen cents j on everv hundred dollars of the amount of in shall nut be included, but only the value of lots and building, as property merely. IV. That the Tax Collectors in the several districts and parishes in this State, in their returns hereafter to be made, be and they are hereby required and enjoined, to state the precise amount of taxes collected by them for the purpose of supporting the police of the said several districts and parishes aforesaid, statiug the rates per centum on the amounts T>f the State tax collected for said district and parish police purposes ; and the Comptroller General shall return the same in his report. V. That free negroes, mulattoes and mes-. tizoes, be and they are hereby required, to make their returns and pay their taxes, during the month of March. VI. That the lots and houses on Sullivan's Island shall be returned to the Tax Collector of the tax district in which they are situate, in the same manner as other town lots and houses, and shall be liable to the same rates of taxation. VII. The Comptroller General is directed to cause certificates for six percent, stock, to be issued in the usual form, to the Blue Ridge Railroad Company, and to the Bank of the State, in substitution for any of the Bonds of the State which have been heretofore issued, and payable at the same time, whenever the said Bonds shall be delivered up and cancelled; and a seperatc account shall be kept of all the Bonds and Stock issued for account of the erection of the Capitol, and for account of the Blue Ridge Railroad Company, and the interest upon the Bonds and Stock issued to the Railroad Company shall be paid by the Bank in the same manner as the interest upon other public debts; and the interest upon the Bonds and Stock, issued for the erection of the Capitol, shall be paid at the treasury. In the Senate House, the twenty-first day of December, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and fifty-six, and in the eighty-first year of the sovereignty and independence of the United States of America JAMES CHESNUT, Jr., President of the Senate. JAMES SIMONS, Speaker House o f Representatives. THE THINGS THAT WE EAT. It is a subject of sensible rema#k by all who properly consider the matter, that scruples and prejudices by which we endeavor to thwart the dispensations of Providence are more than idle. One of the most absurd of these is the fancy some people have for dc priving themselves of the materials which have been placed at our disposal for the purpose of food. Many persons appear really to esteem it a virtue to condemn themselves to entire abstinence from animal food. Others regulate their diet according to notions, which examination in the light of science ivould speedily explode. A prejudice against fish has been at times general; and during the prevalence of chol;ra. especially, the public could not be per-1 >uaded that the danger lay, not in eating fish, jut in eating it when not perfectly fresh.? Jne ill effect ascribed to fish is the produc:ion or augmentation of skin diseases. This is supposed by many to have been the origin Df the partial prohibition among the Jews; whereas, it is more probable that, like other laws regulating their diet, it was framed with the view of keeping the Hebrews a distinct nation. An old Roman law prohibited the use of poultry ; and a reference to Apicius, the great oracle of Roman cookery, will show how much our modern bill of fare is limited by prejudice. They considered delicacies many things we could not be induced to taste. On the other hand, pork, which is among us a favorite meat, has been the abomination of Eastern nations. The two national dishes of China are dried sharks' fins and birds' nest soup, the nests being formed of a seaweed coated with a gelatinous ! matter deposited by a species of barnacle. | The old Britons denied themselves, hare, 1 goose and fowl. Blackbirds were classed by Cranmer among choice articles of food, and cranes, herons and curlews were eaten in the middle ages. If we look at the habits of various nations with regard to diet, we can hardly discover anything belonging to the animal or vegetable kingdoms that has not been, at one time or another, used as food. Experience also has taught us what kinds of food are most nutritious, and science has explained why they are so. The first great principle in regard to food sectns to be that, as the constituents of the blood may be arranged in the four classes of water?salts ?substances containing nitrogen, as the albumen and fibrin of the muscles, and substances containing no nitrogen, as fat?so in food the same four constituents should be present, for the substances cannot be converted into each other. All four are contained in animal and vegetable food, and in milk. The similarity, in composition, between fat and the sugar and starch which form the chief part of vegetables, has long been kuown to be very close, but it is also discovered that vegetables contain a substance identical with the albumen and fibrin of the blood. These elements, however, are in diffcreut proportions in different substances. From the fables, that Hercules lived on beef and figs, and that Chiron fed Achilles, in his infancy, upon the marrow of lions and bulls?we sec that the ancients had a correct notion of the value of animal food. To do work, food rich in nitrogen is requisite.? ITi'rhfvcf in this sr?ah> stand the flesh of the mammalia; that of a darker color is rather more nutritious thau white meat; the flesh of birds and fish is less uutritious than that of animals. Neither albumen nor fatty substances are alone capable of affording proper nourishment. Animals fed on fresh butter, lard and fat, have died starved, though in a remarkable state of embonpoint. It is probable that fat and other non-nitrogenous substauces merely serve for the purpose of respiration by means of their carbon. The effect of an abundance of fatty and vegetable food in producing fat, is familiar to every t owner of live stock. Fowls are fattened for i the London market by being confined in the c dark, and crammed with a paste made of s oat meal, mutton suet and molasses, or coarse f sugar mixed with milk. On this diet they t are ready in a fortnight, but cannot well be c kept longer. The influence of externd tern- s perature, excess of food, and want of exer- t cise upon the c.ondition of the liver, is seen c in that especial delicacy?foie gras. The o goose destined to furnish the luxury is shut f up in a basket where it cannot move, kept in fl a room highly heated and assiduously stuffed t . with food. There is a hole in its prison li through which it pokes its head to get at a v trough of charcoal and water. In a month c the liver has acquired the requisite size and e true flavor. There are some human beings ii who subject themselves to a similar discip- n line?a course of cramming and stuffing, a heated rooms and an idle life. They would tl do better, if instead of taking medicines for tl dyspepsia, they would give full play to the n faculties of mind and body, and proportion a their food to the requirements of nature, a without any experiments in the way of de- a parture from the ordinary experience of men si in regard to suitable variety for the table.? ii Man is an omnivorous animal?neither a o vegetarian nor a muttonarian?and the per- tl mission given by Divine Providence to "slay n and eat," as well as to use the fruits of the vt field for food, is significant of the certainty it that our health and comfort will be best pro- s; moted by a complianoe with this wise provi- u sion.?A/cic York Express. si si A WORD TO BOYS. t( Now, boys, we are going to give you a bit at of advice, and we want to talk with you as n if you were all our brothers, (what a young n army we should have,) and we wish you to * give attention till the lecture is done, aod ai we dismiss you with a benediction. A We want to talk to you about your eveu- ai ings; Where do you spend them ? how do ai you spend them? Are you in the streets? bi are you at the theatre or the ball room?? a< Are you meetiug each other at corners of T lanes and alleys, or by the doors of country ct shops, and there indulging in conversation tl far from instructive, or using coarse and sin- tl ful language ? Or are you in your pleasant gi homes, sitting by cheerful fire-sides, intently tl engaged in reading some instructive volume, n< which a master mind has prepared for the ei purpose of benefitting his fellows ? si If the former, we almost despair of your ra becoming tolerable men, or useful citizens; c< if the latter, you may be pursuing the up- a ward path to usefulness, honor and fame. fc Precious hours are these evenings that b< you are thoughtlessly wasting; they are fast la fleeting, and never will they return again.? n< How that inquiring mind might be strength- w ened by the discipline of connected study ta planned by a judicious parent or teacher. m Think of it, boys. What if you have a fo deficient education ; go to work and study, cl A college will not make you students, or m men of sturdy intellect. Make yourselves ! of You can do it?you alone have the power, m Determine that you will be known, that your influence shall be felt, and it shall unto you even be as you will. Discipline your minds, learn something every evening. Fix w some historical fact upon your meinery?solve t0 some problem in mathematics?learn the & boundary of some State or country, get by m heart one rule of grammar, or study thor- ^ oughly a few definitions; only persevere, ar and you will soon be astonished at your suecess. Such exercise will strengthen your g' memory, invigorate your intellect, open up of delightful fields of thought, and give your imagination the right kind of food, healthy fu and agreeable. & Then, by-aud-by, do you think you will n< regret that you have thus spent your time, I' when you gather arouud your own firesides tl men of genius and letters ? When instead w of a few slang words, coarse anecdotes, in- fu delicate mirth and boisterous sociability, you ta 1 can converse about the world of letters, learn some new theory of scientific importance? sa listen to, and join in argument, advance if opinions, and feel yourself indeed a man ! 1> Xo, no; you will look back upon these w now despised hours as stepping-stones to for- tl tune, perhaps greatness. Then give up your ct | idle companions, and make some happier by sc I your presence. Head to tnat aged man, j p' ; whose eyes have long been too dim to scan ! ai ; the lettered page, and his beaming smile | & shall repay you tenfold. Spur the younger i th I oues of the household to action, by innocent | h< rivalry with them, thus striving to benefit j al i others as well as yourself. # Be not content to I in idleness, but set your mark high, and of then climb the rugged hill of Parnassus, j di ! crying, "Excelsior, excelsior." j 01 O/ice Branch, j ? ? ?.? ! in i THE PHILOSOPHY OF NOSES. j m 1 A first division of noses, includes all that j w are iu proportion to the face, too small, /. e., j of all such as arc decidedly less than one-third w of the length of the face, or less long than ce the forehead is deep. The varieties of these to are numerous in the snub, flat, retrousse, | and up-turuned, or celestial noses. The j w natural types to which they are generally J hi : referable are either the little noses of chil- | drcn, or the flat broad noses of negroes; and ! : it is consistent with this that in uien of j o' civilized races all such noses indicate de- I o1 : fectivc intellectual power; and do so with a j j certainty of symbolism which nothing but j 31 excellence in the form of the head, as in the ! : case of Socrates, can neutralize. They tell ! ft of au unfinished intellectual dcvelopement; | " 1 aud the lower and flatter, and more snub , a they arc, the more certainly do they indicate ; h | feebleness and meanness of intellect, and of 1h | a mind in which bad temper more than good judgment will have sway. It is not quite j w ! so with woman. In them the whole orgaui- a: zation, in its gradual develmcnt, diverges | y j less than that of men does, from the almost h i similar form which they both have in early y j childhood. The retention, therefore, of the c , little child-like-nose implies no such grave p j defect in the woman's mind. If her head ti >e well formed, such a nose may express iavietc, or, perhaps smartness of wit und lexterous intelligence. But even in woman uch noses need lo be associated with good eatures. If they are not they add much o the expression of insignificance or even of oarseness. The thicker and larger form of nub nose in either sex commonly indicate he predominence of the material sensuous haracter ; and a turn-up nose with wide bvious nostrils is an open declaration (so ar as nose can makeone)ofan empty and inlafced mind ; of a mind in which there is but he spurious imitation of that strength and oftier pride which the wide nostrils in a rell-formed nose iuight indicate. Large loses, in men, are generally good signs; specially, they add emphasis to the good adication of a well-formed head; but they lust not be too fleshy or too lean. If they re long (vet short of being snout like,) hey mark, as prolongations of the forehead, he intelligent, observant and productive ature of the refined mind. If Roman, rched high and strong, they are generally ssociated with a less developed forehead nd a larger hind-head; and they disclose trength of will and energy, rather than atellectual power; they show also the want f that refinement which is indicated by be straighter nose. The Jewish or ha whose commonly signifies shrewdness in orldly matters; it adds force to the roeanig of the narrow concentrative forehead prubolical of singleness of object; and its sualiy narrow nostrils wear the unfailing gn of caution and timidity. The Greek, :aight nose 'indicates refinement of charac;r,' love for the fine arts, and Idles letters, jtuteness, craft, and preference for indirect ither than direct action. 'Perpendicular oses,?that is such as approach this form, * * suppose a mind capable of acting ad suffering with calmness and energy.'? . nose slightly befied at its end, extends ad coroborates the indication of the nalytic forehead. Such noses, large and road pointed, are frequent in men with ;ute practical knowledge of the world.? he same befied end is often seen in the igitative or wide-nostrilled nose, wide at le end, thick and broad, indicating a mind lat has strong powers of thought, and is iven to close and serious meditation. With icse symbols, Lavater's dicta fall in : 4 A ase whose ridge is broad, no matter wheth straight or curved, always announces iperior faculties. But this form is very ire.' And agaiD, <A small nostril is the irtain sign of a timid spirit.' In a woman large nose is of more uncertain augury; ir it is apt to extend into caricature. If it 3 well-formed and finely modeled, a rather rge nose, and especially one which is ;arly straight, or slightly arched, is, in a oman, often characteristic of excllent men1 power. But any of the more peculiarly ale forms of nose, if large and coarsely rmed in woman, denote a too masculine laracter; and those that of ill omen in en, much worse in women, since.the evil ' being inappropriate is added to that of alformation.? Quarterly Review. ALL ABOUT MARRYING. The world is just now in the midst of its edding season, and it is a favorable time whisper a word in the ears of the ittering expectants. It is really not so uch an object for jesting as for serious lought. We look upon it in that light, id have saved some capital reflections from ie Sandusky Register, and for which we ve credit to the graceful and practised pen Mr. Victor: It is a mournful feet that this world is ill of young men that want to marry and ire not. Deny this, as some will, it is jvertheless true, as we can easily show.? 3 this town, for instance, there are some lirty or forty young men, well to do in the ay of salaries and business, yet who reuse to take the step which they all want to ke, but do not; aud why? Now the first question to be asked by any ine man is, can I properly support a wife I take one ? Then he counts the cost of ving as the woman of his preference would ish, and lo 1 he finds to his amazement lat his income is vastly too small to support ren a modest modern establishment, and Qnrlilanrwl Ktt r)in roflor?finn lin lunges into labor and courts business with i assiduity that takes away his health rentually, in hope of attaining income lat shall enable hiin to marry and have a :>tne of his own. And this is the secret of 1 the hard unending toil of young men of i -day who are fast approaching thirty years ; age?this is the the reason of so maoy j isappointed men and waiting woman, deny j hide it as you may. But, says some good woman, you do us justice, for any woman who truly loves a ! an will adapt herself to his circumstances ith the greatest pleasure. But what man j ' any sensitiveness, or high sense of honor, j ould take a woman from easy circumstan- j is and a pleasaut and well-furnished home j i adorn his housework, as the first principles ! : economy would demand of him ? Few ! ill do it j for though the woman signifies er willingness to take up with such ex;riencc, we arc all such creatures of cirlmstances that there would be complainings i her part, eventually, and sickness from rer exertion, and unhappincss from many ires?all of which would render marriage i aything else but pleasant. And so the young men wisely think, pre- j irring a few years more of single loneliness, ' i order to obtain money enough to support' modest house of between twelve and fifteen : undred dollars a year, where she must do j or nron wnrlf Now, what is the remedy ? Plainly that! 'omen must fit themselves to be such wives ! 9 the youDg men must have. Else the i oung men must fit themselves to be such ] usbands as the women want, and spend the cry choicest years of their life in the easelcss toil, breaking down health, hapiuess, energy, only to give themselves up o marriage when the best of mpnhood is gone. The woman must choose for themselves, which it shall bo, for the matter is solely in their hands. Let mothers say to their daughters, put on that calico gown, go into your household and fit yourselves to become a wife and a mother; let the young women cheerfully consent to such service, and instead of lavishing all thought, and time and money upon the adornment of the body, seek to nccustom the hands to proper industry, and to school the mind to proper tastes?then there will ho no longer complaints that young men 'cannot afford to marry,' and we shall have beautiful, modest wives and loving husbands, and life shall once more have something of the truthfulness and virtue which it had in the days of our blessed fathers and mothers, and when | it was woman's ambition to become the head I-*'* i 1.1 .1 or tne nouse, ana tnc motner or noDie children. "Double Narrative of the Creation in Genesis."?Professor J. W. Gibbs, of Yale College, the distinguished orientalist and scholar, has contributed to the New Englandcr an article with the above title, in which he shows that the beginning of Genesis contains two accounts of the Creation; the one extending to the third vere of chapter second, inclusive, and the other to the end of chapter third. The first section, according to this division, has a visible unity, it being the history of seven successive days. . The second section has also an unity of its own. The beginning and end of it both refer to the Gardeu of Eden. The second section has a distinct superscription, Geo. 2 : 4. Compare similar superscriptions, Gen. 0:1, 20: 1, 11 : 10, 30 : 1; but see also Gen. 10: 20, 31, 32, 30 : 30, Ps. 72: 20. Sometimes we find double titles. See Gen. x, xvi.? In the first section the Deify is called E/ohim (God) thirty-five times, and by no other name. In the second section he is called .Jehovah E/ohim (Eord God) nineteen times, and by no other name, where the writer speaks in his own person. There are three instances in which the woman or serpent speaks, and the Deity is called E/ohim, Gen. 3,1, 3, 5. The Professor judges that the writer of the first section had digested plans before him, and he notes a rythuiusand uniformity in the construction of his sentences, contrasting with the more simple and artless style of the second section. The writer of the second often finds occasion to go back, in order to mention circumstances which he had omitted in their proper place. After noticing the formation of man, and being about to place him in the garden of Eden, he goes back to describe the planting and location of that garden, chap. 28,15. Man is placed in Eden, and the temptation is at hand; the sacred penman goes back to notice the origin of the woman, as she was a partner with him in the transgression.? This agaiu leads the writer to describe the occasion of her being created, chapter 2, 18-25. Prof. Oibbs notices some apparent inconsistencies. In the first section, man appears to be created at the same time with woman, Gen. 1: 26,27. In the second, he is formed from the dust, chap. 2 : 7, 4 : 19, and woman afterwards, 2 : 22. In the first section, plants arc produced by the mere will of God, and before the creation of man, Gen. 1:11, 26. In the second, plants appear to originate from natural causes and from humaD culture, chap. 2 : 5, 8. In the first section, the earth has more of Neptunian origin, Gen. 1:2. In the second, more of a vulcation, chap. 2 :5, 6. These circumstances, the Professor thinks, are capable of a plausible solution. He also notices some refutations. The separa tion of the 7th day from the 1st chapter, to which it properly beloDgs, has had, in several respects, he thinks, an injurious tendency, lie does not see how the truth of this theory can well be denied, nor does he deem it inconsistent with the Divine authority which we wish to attach to the Bible. ?? - - - - ? ? Manners?Male and Female.?Who can tell why women are expected, on pain of censure and avoidance, to conform to a high standard of behavior, while men are indulged in another a great deal lower? We never could fully understand why men should be tolerated in the chewing of tobacco, in smoking, and in spitting every where almost, and at all times, whereas a woman caunot do any of these things without exciting aversion and disgust. Why ought a man be allowed to be 60 self-indulgent, putting his limbs and persou in all manner of attitudes, hi /ever uncouth and distasteful, merely because such vulgarities yield him temporary ease, while a woman is always required to preserve an attitude, if not of positive grace, at least of decency and propriety, from which if she departs, though but for an instant, she forfeits respect, and is iustantly branded as a low creature! Can any body say why a man, when he has the tooth-ache, or is called to suffer in any other way, should be permitted, as a matter of course, to groan and bellow, and vent his feelings very much in the style of an animal not endowed with reason, while a woman similarly suffering must bear it in silence and decorum ? Why should men as t * i . 11 1 a Class naDltuany, ana as a raauer 01 ngiu, boldy wear the coarsest qualities of human nature on the outside, and swear and crowd and fight and brutify themselves, so that they are obliged to be put into separate pens in the cars on railroads, and at the depots, while women must appear with an agreeable countenance, if not in smiles, even when the head, or perhaps the heart aches, and are expected to permit nothing ill-tempered, disagreeable or even unhappy to appear outwardly, but to keep all these concealed in their bosoms to suffer as they may, lest they might otherwise lessen the cheerfulness of others ? These are a few suggestions only among many we would bint to the stronger and I # ~ " ' 1 | more exacting sex to be reflected on for the j :! improvement of their tastes and manners, i In the mirror thus held up before them, i they cannot avoid observing the very different standards by which the standard of the two sexes is constantly regulated. If any reason can be assigned why one should always be a lady and the other hardly ever a gentleman, we hope it will be done.? Xirwar/: Advertitrr. Unfortunate Rencontre.?A difficulty occurred on the 24th inst., at a public meeting in Brunswick, Glynn county, Ga., between J. \V. Moore, Esq., the representative to the Legislature, and Col. Carey W. Styles, late of this Stato, and formerly editor of the Edgefield Informer. The meeting was called by Mr. Styles, who was , the conservative candidate for Mayor, and who announced that he would discuss "men and measures." The meeting was a crowded one, and in the course of his remarks, Mr. Styles denounced the "AcademyBill," ?which, it seems, Mr. Moore had supported in tViA T.orviclofnra?_*ia it a avefam nf r?nn_ Ill b 11 Vs JJVglCiai'Ul V WO "" a OJOIVUI VI vvufiscation and spoliation," applying to it the term "dishonorable," and other epithets of that character. The correspondent of the Savannah Republican, who was present, and whose statements, that paper says, may be relied upon, says: At this stage of the speech, Mr. Moore interrupted the speaker by rising, with his I hand in his vest, and saying, " Tf you say that T havo done anything dishonorable, it is a falsehood." "Whereupon, Mr. Styles, having ceased, turned in the direction of Mr. Moore, hurled back the falsehood in stronger language, and placed his hand upon his pistol. Mr. Moore retorted, and drew a pistol. The next moment both gentlemen levelled their pistols and fired, without effect. Then commenced a scene of confusion, which it would be impossible to describe, but which you may imagine when you learn the fact that many persons were sitting between the combatants. The firing continued between the gentlemen above mentioned, and others, until six or sevcu shots were discharged. Our worthy Mayor, James Houston, being one of the persons who fired at Mr. Styles. All at once, Mr. Moore was heard to ut ter groans and cries of distress. The lights were struck out, and the writer made all possible haste to leave, with the most of the crowd. Mr. Moore was discovered to be shot in the abdomen, and died in about one hour afterwards. The next morning, Mr. Styles surrendered himself to the Sheriff, and now awaits his examination befor Judge Cochren. Beautiful Illustration ?An eloquent New England orator lately delivered the following : "I was told to-day a story so touching in reference to this that you must-let me tell it. It is a temperance case, but it will illustrate this just as well. It is the story of a mother on the green hills of Vermont, holding by the right hand a son, sixteen years old, mad with love of the sea. And, as she stood by the garden gate on a sunny morning, she said : 'Edward, they tell me?for I never saw the ocean?that the great temptation of the seaman's life is drink. Promise me that before you quit your mother's hand, you will never drink.' 'And,' said he, (for he told me the story) 'I gave her the promise, and I went the broad globe over?Culcutta, the Mediterranean, San Francisco, the Cape of Good Hope, the North Pole, and the South Sea?I saw them all in forty years, and I Dever saw a glass filled with sparkling liquor that ray mother's form by the garden gate, on the green hill-side of Vermont, did not rise before me; and to-day at sixty, my lips are innocent of the taste of liquor. (Applause.) Was not that sweet evidence of the power of a single word? Yet that was but half. 'For,' said he, 'yesterday there came into my counting room a young man of forty, and asked me, 'Do you know me ?' 'No.' (Well,' said he, <1 was once brought drunk into your presence on shipboard ; you were a passenger; the captain kicked me aeide ; you took me to your berth and kept me there until I had slept off the intoxication ; you then asked me if I had a mother; T anlJ T nflnav 1/nnrw q wrrvr/3 frnm liac lirta 1 oa,u a uc?c? ?????? ?"??* "p" > you told me of yours at the garden gate, and to-day I am the master of one of the finest packets in New York, and I come to ask you to call and see me.' How far that little candle throws its beams! That mother's word on the green hillside of Vermont! Oh, God be thanked for the almighty power of a single word I" , The Dead Mother.?Look there 1 in J that corpse you see the cold, dead body of one of the best and godliest of mothers it was ever our privilege to know. She had a son; he was the stay of her widowhood; so : kind, so affectionate, so loving. Some are taken away from evil to come, laid in the lap of mother earth, safe btneath the grave's green sod, they hear not and heed not the storm that rages above. Si'ch was not her happy fortune. She lived to see that son a disgrace, and all the promises of his youth blighted and gone, he was drawn into the habits of intemperance. On her knees she pleaded with him, on her knees she prayed for him. How mysterious are the ways of Providence ! She did not live tosee him changed, and with such thorns in her pillow, such daggers, planted by such a hand, in her heart, she could not live, she sank under *' ?? ? j j a vvwrtlan lnnrf tnese grieus, auu uicu ui * uiuscu m,?n,? We told him so. With bitter burning tears he owned it, charging himself with his mother's death?confessing himself a mother's murderer. Crushed with sorrow, and now all alone, he went to see the body. Alone beside that cold, dead, unreproaching mother he knelt down and wept out in terrible remorse. After awhile he arose. Unfortunately?how unfortunate that a spirit bottle should have bean left there !?his eye fell on the old teaptar. You hare seen the * . iron approach the magnet Call it spellfascination, call it anything bad, demoniacal, but as the iron is drawn by the magnet, or as a fluttering bird, fascinated by the burning eye and glittering skin of the serpent, walks into its envenomed expanded jaws, so was he drawn to the bottle. Wondering at his delay, they entered the room, and now the bed holds two bodies?a dead mother, and her deaddrunk son.?Dr. Gvthrie. Parchment from Paper.?The days of sheepskin, as a material for writing on, seem to be numbered, and it is probable, too, that it will be degraded from its dignity of the drum-head. Paper-makers have succeeded in making from rags a very exact imitfttinn nf mrehmpnt hut a still hptt*r imitation has been produced almost by accident. It has been found that common unsized paper, if immersed in a solution of acid?three parts of water to one of acid? and suffered to remain there for three minutes, becomes, when taken out and well washed in cold water, almost exactly like parchment. It shrinks somewhat, but is increased fully eightfold in strength, while no change in its weight takes place A number of scientific men in this city, professional and amateur, have been experimenting on it, and with the most astonishing results. It has been brought before the Academy of Natural Sciences and the Franklin Institute, and the accomplished gentlemen of these institutions confess that they are wholly unable to account for the change that is produced in the paper by this very simple process. The only thing known is that the change takes place, and that the commonest kind of paper acquires all the properties of parchment.? There must care be taken in its preparation, and the paper before drying must be ironed, or calendered; but nothing else is nedessary. South Carolina College.?We are glad to give expression to tho belief that this cherished institution is in the soun jest condition. It has now a roll of 203 students \ and this number will be increased in * January. The catalogue for 1858 will probly reach 215, and probably more. The spirit of the young gentlemen is of the most commendable character, aod we know that the College will open iD January under the most favorable auspices. Who will not rejoice r We cannot disguise our neartteit pleasure at the striking exhibition of the public favor and confidence. We miss from the list of its Trustees the names of Col. Wade Hampton, Senior, Col. W. C. Preston and Gen. Gillespie. These gentlemen have been connected with the College since its infancy, and none have rendered more faithful and efficient service. They have voluntarily retired from all active participation in its management, but we know that their interest will continue unabated to the last. A link which cements our College with the past has thus been broken, and it now becomes our duty to cherish the recollection of their valuable service, and to hold up to those who come after them the bright example of their patriotic devotion.? Carolinian. Health and Beauty in Woman.? At eighteen, said a foreigner, & young American woman is the prettiest in the world; but at thirty, mon J)ieu, she is already old and ugly. Though there were some of a Frenchman's exaggerations in the remark, there was also a substance of truth. Why is it that the beauty of our females fades so soon ? Or, to go at once to the real issue? for beauty is only permanent wnere tnere is health?why is it that our women, as compared with the women, of other temperate climates, are so delicate and fragile ? The answer may be made in a few words. It is because they neglect air and exercise. Weakness, lassitude, and a fading complexion, as inevitably follow indolence and confinement as tbe wilting of a plant results from its deprivation of light. It is a law of our existence, that we must take daily exercise if we would continue health. It is a fact in physiology, that a pure atmosphere is indispensable to a vigorous vitality. All the refinement of civilization, all the resources of science, have failed to supply a substitute for fresh air and exercise. The poor and rich stand on the same platform in reference to this necessity of our nature.? The lady in silks and satins can buy no cosmetic so efficacious as the sunshine and breeze which are poured out at every step of her humble sister. Source of Fat.?During the course of the past year, experiments have been made in France on a number of ducks, to prove that the fat may exceed the quantity which could be referred to the food, they were supplied with. Some were fed on rice,' a substance which contains only few parts of fat ' 1 ' J Ai*' ?MAA n ID a luousauu. vyiuciu 1CU UU live mm a certain amount of butter added. ' At the end of the experiment, the first were as lean as when first placed upon the diet; the latter, in a few days, became positively balls of fat. Other experiments were made on pigs. It was found as the result of several trials, that there was sometimes more fat produced than was contained in the food on which they were fed. Food which, given alone, has not the properties of fattening, when mixed with a fatty matter acquires the property to an as tonishing degree; and fattening articles of food, which do not contain much fat, always abound with its chemical constituents, the principal of which is azote, and from whence the fat acquired is certainly derived. 1ST " You will loss nothing in the'long run," said an eminent divine, from the pulpit, "by being kind, affectionate and cheerful." Before night the eminent divine flogged six of his children within an inoh of their lives, and gave his wife a tremendous - - .j "blowing up," because she had forgotten to sew a string on his night oap. " tST. Houses enongh have been bpilt in Chi- ' eago, within a year, to reach 17 miles.' A