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Yorkville enquirer. [volume] (Yorkville, S.C.) 1855-2006, January 21, 1858, Image 1

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jno. i. miller & co., Proprietors, j An Independent Journal: For the Promotion of the Political, Social, Agricultural and Commercial Interests of the South. {lewis n.GBisT,Pubii?her.
VOL. 4. YORKYILLE, S. C., THTJE8DAY, JANUARY 21,1858. 3STO. 3.
Original f aelrg.
~ - ir
For tlie YorkviUe Euquirer.
I MISS THEE.
TO IMMOGENE IN DEATH.
BY MBS. M. W. STRATTOX.
I miss the-' still, above my path
One heavy cloud forever rests,
Tho' other ties my bosom hath
The vanished one seems dearest?best.
I miss thee still when day is done
And night in darkness shrouds the scene,
I gnze upon God's starry throne.
And deem thee there my Immogene.
I miss thee when the lighted room?
The cheerful hearth?the merry crowd,
Would seem to banish all of gloom,
And almost shriek thy name aloud.
I miss thee when my muse has caught
Some happy thought, or word, or line,
For all my hand has ever wrought
Was dear to thee because 'twas mine.
I miss thee, and it seems relief
Into my verse to weave thy name,
For this my first, and deepest grief
Aught less than music seems too tame.
I miss thee, and in coming years
A bending form with silvered hair,
Tho' many a tie her life-path cheers
Will weep for one no longer there.
I miss thee, yet can be content
When reason soothes my anguish keen,
Thy summons home was kindly sent,
And God has blest my Immogene.
Columbia, Dec. 5th, 1857.
IHisffllaiifous-ilfabing
REMARKABLE DOGS. |
The dog has been, time out of wind, the
friend of man, and the faithful and viligant
protector of his person and property. Numberless
anecdotes fyear witness to his memory
of persons, places, and favors?his
bravery, his fidelity, aud his quick appreciation
of the difficulties of a portion, and
more than instinctive power of subjecting
circumstances to his purposes. A dog who
acted as lead r to a blind begger in New
Orleans remembered not only the route taken
by his master through the different streets
of the city, but also every house where contributions
were given at regular intervals,
on two or three days of the week. It was
noticed by a lady, one of the beggar's patrons,
that the dog brought his master to her
house regularly on Mondays, Wednesdays,
and Saturdays,stoppiug ou no other day of the
week; while on Tuesdays and Fridays, but
on no other days, he was seen to stop at the
next house These were the days on which
those patrons were accustomed to contribute
to the necessities of the dog's master.?
What almanac did he consult to ascertaiu the
day of the week ?
A gentleman, living near a country town
in Indiana, was lately called to town to see
a sick relative- Ilis dog, a large Newfoundland,
accompained him. On returniug
home, the master, anxious to receive daily
accounts of his sick friend, wrote a uote of
inquiry, tied it about Boxer's neck, and
told him what to do, pointing along the road
in the direction of the house. Boxer, after
a few moments of study, started off on his
errand, and faithfully performed it. For a
period of three weeks he made two daily
calls at the house of sickness, and bore to
his master the letter there giveu him.
A more singular instance 01 sagucuj is
told of a large mastiff in an English market-town.
Hover had the misfortune to run
a thoru into his foot. The matter was neglected
by his master's family until the foot
was largely swolleu and extremely painful.
The master returning from a journey just at j
this time took Hover to a surgeon, who ex- j
tracted the thorn and hound up the foot,
directing that he be brought back next
morning for a further examination of the
injured limb. This was done. Hut there- j
after the dog went regularly every morning
to the surgeon's office, scratched at the door |
till he was admitted, and then presented
his foot for examination. Finally he was
cured, and the surgeon ; lifting up the foot,
said, 'Rover, your foot is well ; you need
nit conic any more.' This Hover,however did
not understand but continued to come
evidently regarding the surgeon's words in
the light of valuable professional advice.?
One morning, however, he declined to leave
the office alone, talciug hold of the surgeon's
coat to induce him to come also. Following
him to the door, the surgeon found there
another lame dog which Hover had brought
along, but which the servant, on admittiug
Rover, had shut out, not considering him a
proper patient. The good-natured surgeon
took the dog iu, and performed what was
necessary for a cure; the two dogs appearing
every morning until the stranger was cured.
Hut this was not the end of the matter.?
Hover brought to the surgeon's office every
lame dog he found, on the street, and as all
were well treated and none proved uugrateful,
he shortly found himself, when ou the
street, the centre of an admiring and grateful
concourse of dogs, who followed hitu
wherever he weut, and by barks and the
waging of their tails endeavored to show
"o O
their gratitude to their benefactors?obtaining
for him among the townspeople considerable
notoriety, and the sobriquet of 'Doctor
Dog-star.'
But as Doctor Dogstar was in reality a
skillful physician, that which was at first an
anuoyancc attracted public attention to him,
and ultimately aided in securing him success
in his profession.
The fierceness of the bull dog was wel'
illustrated by a horribly cruel experiment
tried, for a wager, some years ago, in the
north of England. A young man, confident
in the ferocity of his dog, laid a
wager that at separate times, he would cut
off the animal's feet, aud that after every
aBmmammmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmm
amputation it would attack a bull who was
brought for the purpose. True to its natural
ferocity the dog inattentive to the injury it
had received, continued with equal eagerness
to assault the bull, even after its four
feet, wore cut off.
The terrier is known to be among the
most sagacious of his tribe There is a wellauthenticated
story of a small terrier which
used some years ago before the days ol
Western railroads, to accotnyany its master,
a country merchant, on his semi-annual
trips to Cincinnati, from which his village
was distant uearly 60 miles. The hotel
where the merchaut put up was guarded by
.a large and savage dug. Having occasiou,
on one of these visits, to pass over into
Kentucky on a journey of some weeks, the
merchant left his terrier in care of the landlord
of the hotel. On his return he inquired
for the dog, and was told that it had disappeared.
The day after his departure the
large house-dog had fallen upou the little
terrier, and so injured it that it could scarce
walk. After two days of careful nursing
under the landlord's direction the terrier
had strayed away no one knew whither.?
Eight days thereafter it returned to the hotel,
accompained by a very large dog, when
the two forthwith fell upon tho terrier's
former enemy and gave him so unmerciful
a drubbing that he was long ur.abie to move.
Thereupon the two again disapeared, and,
had not been seen since. On returning
home, the terrier was almost the first to
greet the merchant. On inquiry, he was
told that the little animal had returned
home, looking bruised and ill at ease, and
that the following day he had again disappeared.
At the same time a neighbor missed
a very large Newfoundland, which he
prized much. In a few days the two dogs
had suddenly returned, and no one had
thought farther of their absence. It was
I fViA mnrAViarif'c forripr hnil nrn.
V f lugub bUUU VIIW UJVi vuuuv w *W Uvva v
cured the neighbor's Newfoundland to aid
him in getting his revenge.
Judge Ilaliburtou tells a story showing
that dogs are susceptible to the passion of
jealously, doing to George's Island, he
took with him two dogs?a Newfoundland
and a small terrier called Tit. Tit, being a
slender, clean, and dandyish dog, soon became
a favorite among the Judge's friends,
and was often admitted in the parlor when
the shaggy Newfoundland, wet and dirty,
was excluded. The consequence was that
Thunder became jealous, and refused to
associate with Tit, punishing severely any
attempt at familiarity on the part of the little
favorite. As their master, however,
would suffer no quarreling, Thunder contented
himself, when in his company, with
treating Tit with silence contempt. One
day having beeu on an excursion with the
dogs, the Judge missed the terrier.
"Thunder was close at my heels," says
he, "and when I whistled for the other,
wagged his tail and looked up in my face,
as if he would say, Never mind that t'oulich
dog ; I am here, and that is enough?or is
there any thing you want me to do?
'Searching in vain for Tit, I happened to
ask a sentry if he knew where he was.
'Yes, Sir; lie is buried in the beach.'
'lluried in the beach ? said I. with great
anger. 'Who dared to kill him ? Tell me
sir immediately.'
'The large dog did it, Sir. lie eDt'ced
him down to the shore by playing with him,
pretending to crouch and then ruu after?
sometimes retreating from and then chasing
the small dog. When he got him near the
beach he throttled him instantly, and then
scratched a hole in the saud aud buried aim,
covcriug him up with gravel. After that
lie went to the water, and with paws washed
his head aud face, aud thou returning to the
barracks.'
'On searching in the spot designated,Tit's
dead body was fouud. Meantime Thunder,
who had watched our proceedings from a
distance, as soon as he saw the body exhumed
plunged into the harbor and swaui across
to the town, where he hid himself for several
days, till he thought the matter was blowu
over, when lie approached me with anxious
faceaud cautious mien, evidently fearful of
puuisiuent.'
I A touching instance of tenacious memory
! in a large mistiff is within the knowledge
*
; of the writer of this. The dog had lost a
j master to whom he had been much attached.
llis master's portrait was hung in the par!
lor of oue of his sous, into whose possession
j Watch also came ; and the dog's favorite
| resting-place was on the parlor carpet, just
i below this portrait, which he evidently reI
cognized, and looked up to with a touching
' uft'ectiuu. One day, many mouths after
i his master's decease, repairs being
| made, the portrait was takeu down and
i placed upon the floor; and presently Watch
I was found standing close to it, fondly lickI
ing the face of the picture; aud no iuduce!
ments would persuade the faithful brute to
I relinguish his place, or permit the portrait
! to be touched by the workmen who had
takeu it down. He quitted his post only
; when ordered by the master of the house.
Hogs seem to find a peculiar aud gratifyj
ing excitement in a fire scene. There are
I numerous instances ou record throughout
] the couutry, of dogs, generally power; ul
fellows, attaching themselves quite naturally
j to a lire company, aud displaying, on oc>
j casions of conflagration, the greatest euthuj
siasui. In front of an engine-house in
i Brooklyn, Long islaud, may be seeu, in!
closed iu a glass case, the stuffed remains oi
| a dog who was loug u cherished member ol
i the company, the first ou the alert, and tin
i most lively and good-tempered iu times ul
trial and danger. Ouc of the engine com
pauies of Philadelphia had long a dog a
tuoug their number. Hover's name wa;
called at every roll-call, and Hover hi 111.-el
was always cared tor, as his sterling ([Uali
tiea of vigilance, activity, and tailtitulnes:
deserved.
'Hill,' a dog belonging to a 'Gre-eseapt
man' in the east of Loudon, is not only tin
Grst to discover a Gre iu his neighborhood
i but also Miust in the advance to the rcsI
cue. Bill is a terrier, about six years old.
He is generally the first to notice an alarm
of fir.', and immediately barks loudly for as'
sistauce, when the fire-escape is putin motion.
If it beat night, Hill seizes a lantern
! in his mouth and runs before to light the
way. No sooner is the escape fixed against
i the burning building than a race commences
between the dog and his master as to who
, shall get first to the top?the master going
up the ladder, while the dog works his way
up inside the canvass. No sooner is a
window opened than in dashes Bill, examining
the bed and every corner of the rooms
for the inmates, and barking loudly for assistance
if he finds any one. In this way
the noble animal has actually aided his
master in saving no less than seventy-two
lives at various fires.
Bill's first essay in this department was
unfortunate for him. The flooring gave
way beneath him, and he fell through the
flames into a cellar, where he was afterwards
discovered in a butt of water, which
though it prevented his being buried, was
hot enough to scald off his coat. On another
occasion Bill helped his master to save
five persons from one house. One man was
lost. Bill again fell through the floor and
after the fire was extinguished, was found
in the cellar with the body.
It is worthy of remark that Bill has never
been forced into, or instructed in, his
present business. It is his natural bent,
and he uses his own best judgment in the
various emergencies of his fireman's life .
ROBERT BURNS.
The great poet of Scotland was born in a
clay-built cottage, raised by his father's
hands on the banks of the Doon, in the district
of Kyle, and county of Ayr, on the
2oth day of January, 1759. As a natural
mark of the event, a sudden storm at. the
same moment swept the land, and the gajjlc
wall of the dwelling gave way, the babe was
hurried through a storm of wind and sleet
to the shelter of a securer hovel. lie was
the eldest boru of three sons and three
daughters; his father William Burns, had J
come from Kinkardineshire, married Agnes
Brown, a young woman of the neighborhood,
and settled on the "banks of the Doon,"
where he followed the profession of gardner.
Among the bonnic winding banks,
IiAma TA.\/\r* ?>nno tttIriinrr olnow
..liv-.v ^uv.. IUUO V.V...,
Whore Bruce once ruled the martial ranks,
And shook his Carrick spear.
The early childhood of Bums was spent
between this neighborhood and that of the
town of Ayr; and "here awa, there avva,"
the inspired child, following his ffcuius upon
the mountain side, or among the wooded
paths along the riverside, was imbibing never-dying
images of humor and pathos.
The elder Burns wasasilent, austere, well
informed man; his wife was of a mild mood, i
blest with a singular fortitude of temper,
and loved, while busied in her household
concerns to sweeten the bitter moments of
life by chanting the songs and ballads of her
country, of which her store was great.?
When the poet was six years old his parents
were induced to remove to Mount Oliphant,
a farm belonging to the laird of Doouhclm.
After a residence here of six years the laird
died?and then many terms never intended
to be called for by the generous laird were
exacted so harshly by his factor that the
family were obliged to relinquish the farm
and seek shelter on the grounds of Lachloa,
some teu miles off, in the parish of Tarboltou.
When, in after days, men's characters
were in his hands, the poet gave his factor
a lasting touch, for his iusokmcc and wrong,
in the poem of the "T'"a Dogs."
Besides such instructions as Burns recei|
ved from his parents, he was aided by one
! John Murdoch, student in divinity, who undertook
to teach arithmetic, grammar. French !
and Latin, to the hoys of Luchlea, and the i
sons of five neighboring farmers. Murdoch
was "an enthusiast in learning, much cf a ,
| pedant, and a judge of genius. He thought j
wit should be always laughing. lie taught i
llobert the names of different objects in j
Latin and French, the grammar of the En- j
glish tongue, and the natural order of prose I
and poetic composition. Hums was even in |
those days a sort of enthusiast iu all that!
I concerned Scotland. He read of the bloody j
! struggles of his country for freedom and ex- j
j istence, till a ''Scottish prejudice,'' he says, ;
! "was poured into my veins, which will boil j
i there till 1 die." liurns lifts himself from j
! the studies which made hiln a poet. "In 1
my boyish days," he says to Moore, "lowed \
' much to au old woman (Jenny Wilson) who j
; resided iu the family, remarkable for her *
credulity.and superstitiou. She had I sup- j
! pose the largest collection in the country of i
tales and song, concerning devils, ghosts, j
fairies, brownies, witches, warlocks, spunk !
i ies, elf candles, dead light apparitions, gi- \
; ants, enchanted towers, dragons and truui-1
pery. His mother, too, uuconsciously led '
j him to the muse; she used to sing to liiin a j
strange ballad called "The life and ages of;
i
: Man," which was iu his mind when he wrote !
I "Man was made to Mourn."
j He found other teachers of a tenderer na-/
!J tureand softer influence. "You know" he j
<' says to Moore, "our country custom of coap-!
ling mau and woman together as partners in !
' 1 the labors of the harvest. In my fifteenth I
! autumn my partner was a bewitching crca-1
i turc a year younger ttian myseir, ana, uni
. wittingly to herself, initiated me in that Je
| delicious passion which, in spite of acid dis1*1
appointment, and book-wortn philosophy, I
fj hold to be the first of human joys. How
! ! she caught the contagion I cannot tell ; I
t" never expressly said I loved her. Indeed, I
; did not know why I liked so much to loiter j
- i behind with her, when returning in the even- i
> | ings from our labor; why the tones of her
j voice made my heart-strings thrill, and my
| pulse beat when 1 fingered over her little
s j hand to pick out thistle stings." Thus with
! him began love a verse. Through such ini
j stinct in after years were composed some of
: ' his best songs; such as Uoutiic Lesley,"
, j "Highland Mary," "Duncan Gray," "John
Anderson my Joe," Fairest Maid on Devon's
Banks," "Ye Banks and Braes," "Had I a
Cave on some Wild Distant Shore," "Bonnie
Jean," "Auld Lang Syne," etc.
On his father's death, Burns took the
farm of Mossgiel,and with his mother, sister,
and brother Gilbert, managed it with care
and frugality. His wages were fixed at about
thirty-five dollars a year, out of which
he bought books. Farmer Attention, the
proverb says, is a good farmer; but Burns
was only such by starts. Though excelling,
reaping, mowing, &c., he would stop to write
a poem on the sheep that he was about to
shear, or a song on that girl among his reap
ers who had the whitest* hand. There was
in preservation a memorandum-book containing
his earliest verses. Though a poet at
sixteen, he seems to have made not oven his
brother confidant until his judgment had
ripened with manhood. In this book were
some of his best compositions, mixed up with
maxims, observations, hints for his own guidance.
The first words noted are stanzas on
his fair companion of the harvest field; among
the last is the matchless lyric, "Green
Grow the Rushes, 0." To him the stubble
field was musing ground, and the walk behind
the plow a twilight saunter on Parnassus.
With his thoughts thus laboring on,
in two years, from the summer of 1784 to
the summer of 1786, Burns composed the
greater part of his poems. The failure on
this farm, his engagement with Jean Armour,
the publication in 1786 of his first volume
at Kilmarnock, his setting out for the West
Indies, changed in direction to Edinburg,
the friends made and his literary fame there,
t-:- i X- ,L. v-a C?,n? ?.?_
ins tour iu me i>uriii ?> eai, uuauj, mo ittum
to Mossgiel, all the weH-koown particulars
of his life brings us to his marriage
with Jean Armour ; the happiness and reconciliation
of their families, and his new
plans for settlement in life.
With his young wife, a punch bowl of
Scottish marble, an eight day clock, a new
plough, a beautiful heifer, two thousand dollars
in his pocket, a resolution to toil, and a
hope of success, Burns set up his staff on the
farm of Ellinland, on the banks of thcNith,
about six miles from Dumfries. Here he
produced, in asingleday, "Tam O'Shanter."
He wrote few poems after his marriage, but
he composed many songs, the sweet voice of
Mrs. Bums and the craving of Johnson's
Museum account for their number but not
for their variety. Here also he wrote "Mary
in Heaven," "Willie brewed a peck o'
maut," "The Deil's awa wi' the Exciseman."
Here at the end cf the third year prosperity
deserted him again, and having been appointed
to the excise, he bid adieu to the plough
and sickle and commenced a town life at
Dumfries. From this day his downward
course may be dated; politics, fondness for
society, the absence from home required by
his new calling, and the irregularities which
grew upou him, through these causes, ruined
his health and prevented an effort made to
better himself Burns died at Dumfries on
21st July, 1798. On the fifth of June, a
marble monument was erected. In April,
1834, the body of Mrs. Burns was laid beside
her husband. Dumfries and its churchyard
have become a shrine. The "Brigs of
Ayr" will stand side by side, and the Brig
O'Doou still coutaius the keystone of its arch
where
" honest Tarn O'Slmnter,
As lie frne Ayr a night did canter,"
lost the tail of his gray mare Meg. Alioway
kirk is now desolate and roofless, the four
walls only standing with the small bell swinging
in the east end. In the churchyard lies
the father of the poet, with this epitaph by
the sou?
Oil, ye, whose cheek the tear of pity stains,
Draw near with pious reverence and attend :
Here lie the loving husband's dear remains,
The tender father and the gen'rous friend,
The pitying heart that lelt tor human woe,
Tlie dauntless near; mat icareti no uuin.-ui prim*, i
The friend of man, to vice alone a foe,
For e'en his failings leaned to virtue's side.
The old cottage is now an ale-house, and j
contains sundry humble relics and tokeus
connected with Burns. The monument to
his memory above alluded to was raised by
national subscription. Five acres of hill
and dale were purchased ori the banks of the
Boon?not far from cottage, brig, and kirk,
and this structure erected. A full-length
statue of the poet, of the Flaxtuau, adorns
the building, and the grounds are kept tastefully
cultivated?the whole was inaugurated
a few years ago by Prof. Wilson and a host |
of other admirers.
THE BIBLE FOR EVERYTHING, j
Br. Ilall, in his Journal of Jfm/th for j
May, speaking of the iuiportuucc of inhab-'
iting houses in their structure and situation j
favorable to health, refers as follows to the
Bible:
"There is more sound practical hygiene,
on this subject of healthy houses, in the j
fourteenth chapter of Loviticus, from verse
thirty-four, than in all the skulls of all the I
health commissioners and common couueils
of all the cities of Christendom. Pity it is
that we don't read our Bible more?that!
great book, which contains the leading priu- j
ciples of what is indisputably good, and true J
in all that really pertains to human liappi- j
ness ; and pity is it, that the Sunday uewspapcr,
and the trashy weekly, and the euticing
story-book, for childhood and hoary
age, on subjects pertaining to the world, and
party preaching, aud infidel peripatetic lecturers,
with their new-fangled crudities for ;
human amelioration, and their insane theo- j
ries for elevating the masses?pity is it. we
say, that all these things so attract our attention,
that the Bible, the best book of all,
aud the wisest, true in ail its theories, aud
in all its practices safe, has become a sealed
book to the uiaDy, and any other volume on
the centre or side-table is soouer opened than
it. 0 ! hie to the "old paths" and to times
of laug-syue, when the Saturday afternoon
Bible class was the thing talked of u prepared
for during the week; its leader, a
William Wallace, and then a John McFarlaud,
a pupil of the elder Mason. Aud
these suuio youthful Bible learners, the men
of their generation, where are they now ??
What are they doing ? Why, they arc scattered
through this whole land, East and
West, aud in other lauds, leading tnen everywhere,
as secretaries, as professors of colleges,
as influential editors, clergymen of
mark, and higher still, as missionaries to the
distant heathen, and the privy counsellors of
kings! Let us tell you, reader, a Bible
man?a man whose principles are founded
on Bible teachings?is a man everywhere,
whether a shoeblack or an emperor; more,
the only man who can be safely trusted, in
all God's universe."
BROTHERLY AFFECTION.
In the reign of Queen Anne, a soldier
belonging to the marching regiment which
was quartered in the city of Rochester, was
taken up for desertion, and, being tried by
a court martial, was sentenced to be shot.?
The Colonel and Lieutenant Colonel, being
at the time in London, the command of the
regiment descended to the Majos, a most
inhuman man. The day on which the deserter
was to be executed having arrived,
ftio rnrrimnrit n? iisiihI nn snnh nnnnsinns was
drawn oat to see the execution.
It is the custom, on these occasions, to
draw lots from the several corporals, for this
disagreeable office; and when every one expected
to see these lots.as usual, they were
astonished to find that the Major had given
orders that the prisoner should die by the
hands of his own brother, who was a private
in the same company, and who, when the
cruel orderarrived, was taking leave of his
unhappy brother, and with tears fa?t flowing,
that expressed the anguish of his soul,
was hanging for the last time, about his
neck.
On his knees did the poor fellow beg that
he might not have a hand in his death ; and
the poor prisoner, forgetting for a moment
his petition to Heaven, begged to die by
any hands than those of his brother. The
unrelenting officer, however, could not be
prevailed on to revoke his cruel order, though
entreated to do so by every officer in the
regiment ; on the contrary, he swore that
the brother and he only, should be the
executioner, if it were only for exarapl s
sake, to make justice appear more terrible.
When much time had been lost, in fruitless
endeavors, to soften the rigor of this inhuhuman
sentence, the prisoner prepared to
alio anil tlio krntlmv frt t]|f> ionor
The Major, strict to the maxims of cruelty,
stands close, to see that the piece is
properly loaded ; which, being done, he
directs that the third motion of his cane
shall be the signal of fire. Accordingly, at
the third motion of the cane, the Major,
instead of the prisouer, received the bullet
through his own heart, and fell lifeless to
the ground.
The man no sooner discharged the piece,
than throwing it on the ground, he exclaimed
: He that can give no mercy, no
mercy let him receive. Now, I submit; I
had rather die this hour for that man's
death, than live a thousand years and take
away the life of my brother.'
No one seemed sorry for this unexpected
justice on the inhuman Major, and the man
being ordered into custody, many gentlemen
present, who bad been witnesses to the whole
affair, joined to entreat the officer to defer
the execution of the other brother, till the
Queen's pleasure should be known.
The request being complied with, the
City Chamber, that very night, drew up a
feeling and pathetic address to her Majesty,
setting forth the cruelty of the deceased
officer, aud humbly entreated her Majesty's
pardon for both the brothers.
The brothers were pardoDed, aud discharged
from the army.
? -?
Orioin of Odd-Fellows.?It has been
supposed by many that the origin of the society
of Odd-Fellows?or rather the organization
of that association?was of comparatively
modern date. They will be somewhat
surprised, however, says the Cincinnati
Times, "to learn that its origin dates as far
back as the time of Nero, and was established
by the Iloman soldiers in the year 55.?
At that time they were callad -Fellow Citizens.'
The present name was given to them
' y Julius Cicsar, twenty-four years aftcri
j .1? ?!i_j
warns ; ana mey were su eaueu uuiu mc singular
character of their meetings; and from
their knowing each other by night or day by
means of mystical signs and language. At
the same time he presented them with a dispensation,
engraved ou a plate of gold, bearing
different emblems of morality. In the
fifth century the Order was established in
the Spauish dominions, and in Portugal in
the sixth century. It did not reach France
and England until the eleventh century. It
was then established in the latter country by
John DeNeville, who, assisted by five
Knights from France, formed a Grand Lodge
in London. This ancient fraternity has now
its lodges in every quarter of the globe, and,
by its usefulness and benevolent character,
commands the respect and countenance of
all who are acquainted with its nature and
purposes." Those upon whose information
reliance may be placed give credit to Baltimore
for first introducing Odd Fellowship
into the United States, and to Grand Sire
Thomas Wildic, belongs the honor.
Cash System.?The popular DrugHouse
of J. C. linker & (Jo., rbiiadeipma, nave
abolished the system of credits in the management
of their business. Experienced
and discerning business meu all over the
country are strongly iuclined to the same
determination, and we confidently expect
the present financial troubles will result in
a complete change in the present and former
modes of business. Trust is unpopular
even in the country, Our shoe-makers
blacksmiths, printers, doctors, carpenters,
&c., Sic., have hated him for many long
year, and they only need a few bold adventurers
to encourage them to give him an
open and palpable cut. Pay-as-you-go, on
the contrary, is toasted on all sides, and is
bound to become a universal favorite.?
Salisbury Watchman.
Penny Wise and Poind Foolish.? i
The latest illustration of this maxim is a
case which occurred in the commercial circles
of Cleveland, Ohio, a few days ago.?
An ancient broker of that city, who knows
how to save even the shadow of a continen'
tal dime, having reflected upon the tariff
adopted by the express companies for the
transportation of money packages, and the
great certainty and dispatch arrived at in
their delivery, resolved ou a plan of paying
less than the regular fees. The rates for
money packages are calculated upon the value
of the contents, as marked upon the outaide
of the envelope. lie enclosed 82,820
in an envelope, and having been very careful
to mark it "81,500" on the outside, paid*
the rates on the latter sum to the express
company. The package was unfortunately
lost. The banker did not dare to claim the
whole contents, 82,320, and the company,
with its usual promptness, paid over the amount
registered. The package, as we are
informed, turned up at last, through the efforts
of the company's agents, and its contents
disclosed. As the comnanv had made
good the loss, the merchant had to suffer to !
the tunc of SS50.
I-- ?? mil - ?
Lockjaw.?It is well known that this is
j one of the most painful complaints that flesh
! is heir to, and frequently baffles the power
of medical skill to cure. It may be produced
in various ways, but most frequently by runDing
nails into the feet. We have known it
to be caused by simply running a pin into
the toe; again by cutting the wrist with
: glass, and other ways. The following, con- i
tributed by the Baltimore Sun for the benefit
of its readers, may be worth remembering,
i I have noticed lately several deaths by lockjjaw,
and for the information of all I will i
| give a certain remedy. "When any one runs
a nail or any other sharp instrument into aDy
part of the body, take a common smoke pipe,
fill it well, then take a cloth or silk handkerchief,
place it over the bowl of the pipe,
and blow the smoke through the stem into
the wound; two or three pipe fulls will be
sufficient to set the wound discharging. I
have tried it myself, and five others, and
found it gave immediate relief. If the
wound has been some days standing, it will
open again if the tobacco is good. Try it
any one who may chanee to get such a
wound.
Newspapers.?Judge Longstreet, the
newly elected President of the South Carolina
College, thus sets forth the value of a newsj
paper :?
Small is the sum that is required to pat:
ronize the newspaper, and most amply re|
munerated is the patron. I carc not how
I humble and unpretending the gazette which
: he takes, it is Dext to impossible to fill it
! fifty-two times a year, without putting into
J it something that is worth the subscription 1
; price. Every parent whose son is off from
! home, at school, should supply him with a i
paper. 1 still remember what difference
j there was betweeu those of my schoolmates
| who had, and those who had not access to
{ newspapers. Other things being equal, the '
i first were decidedly superior to the last in 1
| debate and composition at least. The reason 1
j is plain, the have command of more facts! 1
j Youth will pursue a newspaper with delight, 1
I wheu they will read nothing else.
Formidable Preparations.?Advices j
from Washington represents that Brigham
and his followers, will have to yield in the
spriug. Gen. Scott is busily engaged with
; Gov. Floyd, the .Secretary of War, in arI
ranging the campaign against the Mormons.
. Orders are issued and will be despatched
immediately for the First cavalry and the 1
I Sixth Infantry, now in Kansas, and the
j Seventh Infantry, now in Texas, to hold
\ themselves in readiness to march by the first
of April to reinforce the army in Utah.?
| Troops from the Pacific side will also be
; ordered. The War Department has determined
on sending immediately large reinforcements
to the army now serving in Utah.
This force will be composed of both cavalry
and infantry, with two light batteries of artillery.
It is expected they will concentrate
at Fort Leavenworth and take up their line
of march at an early day.
SSrThe Legislature of Tennessee has
passed a bill declairing that, the banks of
that State shall resume specie payments on
the 1st Jonuary, 1859, at which time they
are to issue no notes below ten dollars. No
bank, broker, or insurance company dealing
in money is permitted hereafter to pay out
| for circulation the notes of any bank not
I i I? rv 1 E??l, choll
cuartereu uy icuucsacc , auu uu uu.ua. OUuw
pay out any notes except its own ; nor shall
it sell or dispose of gold or bank notes for
any premium or discount. No dividends
shall be paid during expansion, except the
profits arising from the Bank of Tennessee,
and no interest shall be paid on deposits of
any kind.
?
Newspaper Quarrels.?The Boston
! Transcript very justly says : In our view
j of the matter there are but few editors who
I have indulged in personal controversy, and
! at its close could truly say that they had
j neither lost their self-respect nor fallen in the
j estimation of judicious friends. We know
I that the best men in the editorial profession
j have looked back upon their personal quarI
rels and newspaper squabbles as the least
profitable portion of their lives. We do not
apprehend the public really take any more
interest in the altercations of editors than
they do in the disputes between persons In
other walks of life.
Hoops.?There were two million pounds
of whalebone in the United States when the
hnnn fashion came in vocue, and this was sel
w
ling at about 60 cents per pound. Since
January 1, 1857, tbe imports of this article
reached one million eight hundred thousand
pounds, yet there is now little or no'stock in
the market. What remained in the seaboard
cities has been nearly all bought up at 81,20
per pound.
Impressive Words of ft en. Shields.
?A volunteer in the Mexican war, writing
from Baltimore to the National Iutelligcnccr,
says :
May I ask a small space in the columns of
your paper for the purpose of laying before
its readers the few words that escaped the
lips of General James Shields when he was
being carried off the field of battle at "Cerro
Gordo," Mexico ??supposed at the time
to be mortally wounded and dying, having
been shot through the body with an "escopcta"
ball. I was one of the party that assisted
in conveying him from the field, and the
words are as vividly impressed upon my mind
as if they had just met my ears. They were
these:
"Men, I am of no further use to ray country
! You are. Lay me down and let me
die; I might as well die here as to be taken
off to die. You are all strong, able-bodied
men?able to do your country some service.
For find's sake. lav me down and co to vnur
* ; ?0 ? O- m
duty."
This brave hero ancf accomplished gentleman
has just been elected one of the United
States Senators from Minnesota.
AN*ACT
To alter and amend the lair in relation to
the Qualification of Jurors.
I. Be it enacted by the Senate and House
of Representatives, now met and sitting in
General Assembly, and by the authority of
the same, That every persou who may be entitled
by the Constitution of this State to
vote for Members of the State Legislature,
and who shall have paid, the year preceding
the sitting of the court, at which a new jury
list shall be made, a tax of any amount
whatever, for property held in his own right,
shall be liable to serve as a Petit or Common
Pleas Juror.
II. That all clauses of Acts heretofore 1
passed, repugnant to the provisions of this
Act, be and the same are hereby repealed. ,
"A Bio Gun.'*?A monster has been
tried at Woolwich, England, successfully, \
with 70 lbs , of powder, though its full
charge is 300 lbs. The shell is one yard in
diameter, and, uncharged as it was in the
e&puniiicut; it IUIU up PIWIIV^ UIIU pm-n i>ug
earth as high as a small house, and filled the
air for a radius of 200 yards with earth,
stones and roots of trees. The monster is
compounded of wrought and cast-iron, in
separate pieces, tightly hooped together.?
At the fifth round the middlering gave way
partially, and thus interrupted the practice;
but it was successfully shown that it couK
throw a shell weighing a ton and a half.
Ciiang and Eng.?The Siamese Twins
were takeu down to Louisville, the other
day, to-be shown there. The showman who
had charge of them gave the conductor but
one ticket for the two. The conductor demanded
two tickets, as they were two persons.
He replied that they never yet had
bought more than one. Conductor must
have another. Said the showman, "I
bought the ticket for Eng., Chang can take
care of himself; you can put him off the
cars." As Chang could not go off without
Eng, whose ticket was paid for, the conductor
submitted with as good grace as he
could.
A Significant Fact.?The recent census
of the State of New York gives 1,706,288
males, and 1,724,653 females. The
widowers number 35,397 ; the widows 85,182.
Nearly an equal number of males and
females, but 60,000 more widows than widowers!
An exchange paper sajs: This
great disparity proves more conclusively and
strikingly, after the manner of the fable,
that, whatever amusement marriage may afford
to the women, it is death to the men !"
Why Cats Wash tiif.ir Faces.?A
cat once caught a sparrow, and was about to
devour it, but the sparrow said, 'No gentleraau
eats till he has first washed his face.'?
The cat, struck with this remark, set the
sparrow down, aud began to wash his face
with his paw, but the sparrow flew away.?
^ ? 1- J 1 ! J /A
ltus vexed puss exiremejy, aua uesaiu, -as
long as I live I will eat first and wash nay
face afterwards.' Which all cats do even to
this day.
The Jefferson II raid carries its antipathy
to banks further than any other antibank-rag-amuffin
in the State. The editor
will take "hides, peltries, eggs, snake skins,
hog meat, live bull frogs, possum dogs, coon
skins, old boot legs, jack kuives, tallow,
beeswax, copper, lead, gold and silver, in
fact anything except paper money,'' for dues
to the office.
When Feuelon was almoner to Louis
XIV, his Majesty was astonished tofind, one
Sunday, instead of a numerous congregation,
only him and the priest. "What is the reason
of this ?" asked the King. "I caused
it to be given out, sire," returned Fenelon,
"that your Majesty did not attend chapel
to-day, that you might know who came to
worship God, and who to flatter the King."
A New Paper.?The prospectus of a
new paper to be called the "Conservatist,"
and published at Newberry, appears in the
papers of that town. It will make its appearance
about the first of February, and is
to be ed'ted by Wm. F. Nance, Esq., a gen?.!
- ? oKi 1 If T7 hi f* Vl lifpfA.
lieilJciiJ ui awauvm^ugvu
ry attainments, and an intimate acquaintance
with the political history of the country.
Hon. M. L. Bonham.?This gentleman
arrived at home last Sunday. We regret
to learn he has bad a severe attack of rheumatism?and
under the advice of his physician,
expects to remain at home a week or
so to recover. He is much better already,
and we sincerely hope will be able, in a '
short time, to return to his post in Congress.
?Edgefield Advertiser.' . * *
I?" Dr. A. Jones, ex-President of Texas,
committed suicide at Houston, on the 8th
instant, by blowing out his brains.

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