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sam'l w.meltoh,editor. 1 Independent Journal: For the Promotion ol' the Political, Social, Agricultural and Commercial Interests of the South. |?2peeabhcm,in advabce
lewis m. GRIST, Proprietor. ) r ' _ I g VOL. 4. YORKVILLE, S. C., THURSDAY, NOYEMBEE 18, 1858. NO. 46. I % Chilling Ikon). THE DSN Of ROBBERS Soon after the close of the last war bebetween Great Britiaoand the United States, Thomas, Stogdon, a tobacco planter living in the western part of Virginia, started ou a journey for the purpose of transacting some private business which required has attention in one of the north eastern counties of that State. His route lay across one of the loftiest spurs of the Blue Ridge, the longest and most picturesque mountain range in the South. As the times were troubled, and the passage across the mountains considered dangerous on account of the robbers who infested them, Mr. Stogdon went not only well mounted but well armed?a brace of trusty * - * 1? horsemen's pistols being carried, according to the custom of the day, in front of the rider and attached to the forepart of the saddle. The third night after leaving home he stopped at a roadside inn, distant about five miles from the base of the mountain. On dismounting, he observed that one of his horse's shoes had been lost, and directed another to be put on at the shop attached to the inn. He rose early the next morning and resumed his journey, with a view of obtaining a morning prospect of the mountain and the scenery of the subjacent country, which he had heard was very fine. His horse soon began to limp, and was quite lame when he reached the base of the mountain. Supposing that the shoe had been unskilfully put on at the inn, he stopped at a blacksmith's shop, near the foot of the ridge, and had the horse's foot examined After diligent scrutiny, the workman said that the lameness was not produced by the shoe, whioh was properly adjusted and fastened to the hoof. At tbe request of Mr. Stogdon, the smith examined all the shoes, but could find no onnso for lameness in the fit or make of any one of them. Hi9 quick eye, however, detooted a ring of ruffled or lifted hair runuing around one of the hind legs of the horse, just above the fetlock. Raising the hair, he observed that the flesh was bloody and much swollen. On more careful examination he disoovered that a small cord of silk had been tied so tightly around the leg that it had out into the flesh, producing inflammation of the part and, doubtless, also the lameness of the horse. The discovery at once excited the suspicion of the workman, who was both honest and shrewd. Calling the attention of the traveller to the coid. which he speedily detaohed from the leg of the horse, he expressed his apprehension that foul play of some sort was meditated. A few years before, he related, a riderless horse had come down from the mountains and was found to be lame from a similar cause, a tight silken cord having cut in almost to the bone of the animal's leg. The owucr had never been heard cf, and it was believed that he had been murdered aud his body concealed in the mountain. She smith suggested to Mr. Stogdon the precaution of examining the priming and loading of his pistols. On examination the flints and priming in the pans were found to he in proper condition, but tho loads had boon withdrawn from both barrels, and wads of cloth substituted in their place. The suspicions of Mr. Stogdon were fully aroused bv these proofs of a premeditated design of some sort upon him. He was a bold, brave man, however, and did not once think either of chauging his route or of abandoning his jouruey across the mountains. Carefully reloading and testing the reliability of his pistols, he bade adieu to his honest counsellor, after suitably rewarding him for his labor and advice, and rode off. The morning was already far advanced when he began .to ascend the mountain.? The road, for several miles, wound along iu southern side, midway between the base and the summit. The prospect was grand and beautiful beyond his most sanguine anticipations. To the right the mountain sauk down by degrees, abrupt or regular, to the margin of the champaign country below, which stretched out as far as the eye could reach and was covered with tobacco farms, corn fields, dwellings, and all the diversified ob jeots peculiar to a Virginia landscrape. Oc the left the Blue Ridge rose up like a mightj arch springing to meet and support the sky exhibiting, iu rich profusion, all the granc and most of the beautiful features of moun tain scenery. Delighted with the scene, and absorbec with the emotions which it inspired, Mr fctogdon rode slowly forward, recalliug onl; occasionally, and for a moment, the suspi cions excited by the events of the morning After running for nearly five miles aloDg thi side of the mountain, the road, by an abrup turn, struck towards the summit, through i 1 cl.,r>tor) lln deep gorge, wtiose jaggeu siuca o.?w- ,.r wards to great heights on either hand. Shut out of the prospect of the subjacCD oountry, and hennued iu by steep acclivities Mr. Stogdon reverted uiore frequently to tin mysterious developments which had come ti light at the blacksmith's shop, and bicami both alert aod cautious in his movements.? Arranging his pistols so that they could b easily withdrawn from the holsters, he urge< his horse to a quicker pace, as soon as b entered the gloomy avenue of the narrot gorge. He had gone about a mile wheu he saw some fifty yards ahead of him, a large boulde or earthy ridge, shooting nearly across th avenue, and leaving only a space, broaenough for the road bed, between its edg and the steep side of the gorge. It was spot favorable for an attack by surprise, an* Mr. Stogdon surmised, at once, and if on was meditated upon him, it would be mad at that poiut. Checking the pace of his horse therefore, he rode slowly forward and enter ed the narrow pass. lie had scarcely reached the middle of the defile, which was about twenty yards in length, when two men rushed from behind the farther side of the boulder into the road aod stood, with levelled guns, ] only a few yards distant from Mr. Stogdon. ; His horse, frightened at the sudden appear; ancc of the men, whose blackened faces and j shaggy clothes made then look hideous ; enough to startle both rider and steed, shied i aud refused to go forward. _l The robbers advanced and demanded, as they approached, the purse and the valuables of the traveller, promising to spare his life, if he would surrender them without noise or resistance. Without making any reply, Mr. Stogdon quickly drew forth a pistol from the holster. A derisive smile passed over the faces of his assailaots at eight of the weapon. It was levelled and fired at the nearest robber, who fell dead upon the spot. The other, startled at the report, and terrified by the fall of his companion, instead of firing his j gun dropped it and fled in the direction from j which he had come. Before Mr. Stogdon could draw and prej senthis other pistol, the robber had turned | the corner of the boulder and was out of sight. I Urging his horse forward with some difficulty, for the dead body of the robber lay in the road, and the animal could scarcely be made j to pass it, he discovered ajateral gorge enj teriug, from behind the boulder, the one ; along which the highway ran. Hoping to J overtake the escaped robber, he entered this gorge and rode some distance along its rocky bottom. The scene was wild and dreary, presenting whatever is grand and impressive in a mountain solitude. The deep basin of the gorge, covered with rock and tangled undergrowth, and shaded almost to gloom by the dense, overhanging forest, seemed a fit retreat for marauding bands. It required no common nerve to penetrate alone into its recesses in pursuit of a robber. But the blood of the traveller was up, and he little heeded the risk he was ruouing. As he could neither see Dor hear anything -- - - %* n. i _ to direct him in the pursuit, Air. aiogaon checked his horse and remaining motionless for a short time, sheltered, .by the accidental screen of a low bushy tree, from observation in the direction the gorge receded from the road. The song of the mountain birds and the low murmur of tiny waterfalls, were the only sounds he heard. The robber had vanished, like a shadow, and neither eye nor ear could tell the direction he had gone. Having made up his mind to abandon the pursuit, .Mr. Stogdoo was in the act of turning his horse's head towards the road, when he caught, through the branches of the tree in front of him, the glimpse of a man running rapidly up the side of the gorge, some distance further up the defile. As pursuit on horseback up the steep acclivity was impossible, he remained in his position and watched, as well as he could, the movements of the treating figure, which he had no doubt was that of the fugitive robber. Climbing from crag to crag, the robber i stnnned at length in front of two ledges of r i rock which projected from the mountain, a few feot apart, thus making an entrance or pass-way into the side of the defile. He looked earnestly for a moment in the 'direction he had come, and then, entering between the rocks, disappeared from the sight of the traveller. Convinced that he had discovered the den of the robbers, Mr. Stogdon at once decided to return to the blacksmith-shop at the base of the mountain, and give information to the neighborhood. Makiug a careful ocular exploration of the surrounding scenery, and j fixing in his mind as many objects as he i could, which might serve to identify the spot >! where the robber had disappeared, ho turn| ed his horse's head, and soon reached the i narrow pass in the main road. The body i j of the dead robber lay as it fell, with the ; blood puddled around it. Forcing his horse with difficulty to pass it, he rode with a rapid [ pace, and soon reached the shop, where he . found several of the neighboring planters ; and the smith still busy with speculation up[ on the mysterious developemeuts which the | latter had witnessed in the morning. Mr. Stogdon related to his eager and woni dering listeners his adventure in the raoun tain, the death of one robber and the probai i ble discovery of the place of retreat of per > ! haps many more. In a few hours the ! news spread through the neighborhood, and - j brought together a oompany of forty or fifty i j men at the shop. It was decided, without f j a dissenting voice, to ascend tho mountain , I and storm the den of the robbers. Guns, I: axes, dogs and conveyances were soon pro ! vided, and the line of march speedily com| tuenced. I j The cavalcade, moving with celerity and j in silence, soon reached the spot where the f | dead robber still lay. The black coating " i being wiped from the face, the body was re j cognised at once as that of the landlord of e j the hotel at which Mr. Stogdon had staid the 1 j night before The suspicions of the neigha borhood, long entertaiued, as to his charac ter, were now completely confirmed. He was the confederate of a band of robbers, t and his hotel wae an outpost where plans were , concocted und the selected victims disarmed e | and sent helpless to be robbed aud murdered o j in the mountain. e The body was placed upon a baggage cart " and sent, with proper explanations, in the e | care of a servant, to the family at the hotel, d So secretly had his connection with the robe bers been maintained, that the return of the v corpse, and the developments which followed, were the first intimation which his wife and ') children bad of his criminal associations. r After the brief delay occasioned by the e examination and removal of the body of the d robber, the company proceeded, under the o direction of Mr. Stogdon, along the lateral a gorge towards the place where the confederd ate robber had disappeared between the pro6 jeoting ledges of rocks. At a point opposite e the supposed cave they dismounted, and, se'? curing their horses among the bushes, began > climb op tbe steep acclivity. Id a few ! moments arriving by different routes, the , men and dogs were all assembled at the de-1 signuted point. The evidences of human , inhabitancy were unmistakable. The groud ! immediately in front of the rocks was trodden and hard. Worn paths branched off in several directions from the spot. The entrance, a narrow passage between the two projecting rocks, ran inwardly, and the avenue, except for a few feet at the opening, was dark and entirely impenetrable to the eye. It led evidently into a cave or subterranean shelter of some sort, which the company prepared at once to explore. Pry branchs of tree and dead undergrowth were gathered, tied into bundles and lighted with fire kindled by flint and tinder. With these for torches, six of the more resolute men entered the opening between the rocks, j ? !il. il? fkn infortAr fn I WIUJ I IIU VIl*w Ul VTAftVIUllUg Vlitf lUkviivt kv which it led. The passage was so narrow that only two could walk abreast. Two men in front bore torches, as did the two in the ! rear. The middle couple carried muskets heavily charged. As they advanced the passage rapidly widened, and the roof sprang up to a great height overhead. They had gone about twenty paces from the entrance when a blaze of light, accompanied by the almost simultaI neous report of flrearms, flashed forth from j a distant, interior point of the cave. The ! two men in front fell to the earth. Pisi charging their muskets in the direction of the flash, the others retreated from the cave, dragging their fallen companions after them, one of whom was seriously wounded and the other entirely dead. Enraged at the spectacle of blood and death, the besiegers began more resolutely the work of assault upon the cave, for such it was now ascertained to be, and of considerable dimensions, too. An effort was made to induce the dogs to enter. The more resolute advanced a few paces, and then ran . back in apparent alarm. The majority stood I at the entrance and barked, but could not be enticed, by words or blows, to go further. Another expedient was tried. A large tree was cut down and riven into bolts of considerable length and thickness. A double row of these timbers was placed upright across the entrance passage, some twenty feet from the opening, and securely wedged and braced, so as to form a powerful barricade or wall. The powder in all the horns and flasks, except a few rounds reserved in each, was poured iu a pile ou the ground near to the the upright timbers. Another barricude, similar to the inner one, was constructed in front and close 1o the powder, a train being first laid from the pile, through ' a notch in the timbers, to the outer edge of the barricade. A line of dry leaves was formed, extending froru the powder several feet ouside the entrance. The crowd having retired to a safe distance, or hid behind trees and rocks, the train of leaves was fired by a man who quickly gained the shelter of a large tree close by the cave. Iu a few moments a terrific explosion fairly shook the mountain and filled the air with sulphurous vapor. A s tiff breeze, blowing directly into the mouth of the cave, soon dissipated the smoke, when it was fouud that both barricades had been thrown down by the concussion, but the sides and roof of the cave remained uuharmed. Night was now corning on. A detachment of the men was sent back to the settlement for provisions and such materials as would be Deeded in the execution of the next plan of assault which it was decided to pursue. The rest remained as a guard over the now imprisoned robbers. Building a large fire near the entrance of the cave, the watched and slept by turns until niorning At daylight the recruiting party returned, i bringing more men, provisions for man and I horse, ?Dd materials for the further prosecu| tion of the assault upon the cave. After eating a hasty meal and feeding their horses, the assailants collected a large quantity of wood, green and dry, and then, beginning as far inwardly in the entrance to the oave as they could venture to go, they, piled it up in successive layers, interspersing dried tobacco stalks and leaves, and sulphur in great abundance, among the wood, until a small space only was left between the i top of the pile and the roof of the passage. ! The outer cud of the heap was then set on fire. A strong wind, still blowing directly iDto the mouth of the cave, spread the flames rapidly through the pile, and drove the smoke, in a densccolumn, into the cave, the narrow avenue between the wood and the roof serving as a flue to conduct it to the interior. No voice or sound came from the cave or, ; if any was uttered, it was lost in the roar of ; the fire, which blazed, and crackled, and i flamed in the narrow passage until it glowed | and shot forth sparkles and smoke like the | crater of a volcano during an eruption. For j several hours and the fire raged with unabaI ^Inlonno frnch flip] hfiintr r?nnst:intlfl sun vuu ??vo.. - - ? r- r plied from the adjacent wood. The smoke, having lilled the cave, streamed outia dense ! masses and floated off in the direction of" ! the wind to the upper heights of the moun: tain. j At length the fire was permitted to burn | down. A stream of water issuing close by, from the side of the mountain, furnished the ready means for cooliDg the rocks and extinguished the suioulderiog embers. But it was not until a late hour in the evening that the smoke had escaped from the cave sufficiently to permit ao eutrance to be made, i With lighted torches, and armed with 1 guns and pistols, the crowd crept cautiously I into the gloomy cavern. The passage which [ led to it, widening rapidly as they advanced, : spread out into a spacious room. Into this < ante-chamber several small lateral fissures or . i apartments opened. The cave, though pro. duced by some convulsions of nature, possi essed the regularity and the proportions almost of a work of art. The floor, the sides i and the roof were all of solid rock. The * torch-light) reddening the smoke, and reMMBI fleeted feebly from the rocky surface, lit up the gloom with an obscure radiance, which increased the hotror of the place. The crowd, advancing und dispersing with apprehensive look and cautious steps, looked amid the smoke and the sullen light, like a phan- J torn host returning to their covert in the mountain from the glare of the outer day. I In the large room, casks", boxes and barrels were found, filled with meat, flour and eatables of various kinds. In the lateral fissures, beds, guns, ammunition, cooking utensils, table furniture, and, in short, almost everything necessary to the rude comfort and convenience of a subterranean dwelling, were arranged insomethinglikehou.sei u -1 fri.1 i j j: noid Oraer. me ucau uuuies ui live muu, of an old womaD, and of a bay, apparently Bfteen or sixteen years old, lay scattered through the several apartments, livid and discolored in the face, and mo9t hideou9 to look upon. After making a full exploration of the cave, and removing from it every article of value, the crowd withdrew, leaving the bodies of the robbers as they found them, unburied and unrecognised. The cave which had been their abode thus became their sepulchre and to this day the tradition of the assault upon the robbers den lives in the memory of the people in that section of the Old Dominion. Ipstellaiwros Urabing. From the Eagle and Enquirer. HOME. I'll think of home, my own sweet home, Although I am far away : I'll think of the land from which T roamed, One cold December day. 1 hear the songs of the warbling birds As they warble amidst the bowers, And compnre their notes to those of home, Amidst my own sunny flowers. I think I see the faces and hear the voices Of those I love and revere. It is my parents at home and my sweet little sisters, Whom in my heart I'll ever hold dear. Then raise your voices, ye gentle Muses. And sing to the four winds of the earth? Sing a requiem to the graves of those I love, And to the land which gave me birth. A MATTOF LUCK. In connection with some comments on the recent illness of Gen. Cass, the Washington correspondent of the New York Times gives the following pretty faithful picture of the Veterad Secretary of State : General Cassis a wonderful old man. He j bno nnt onrvivpd bis immnrtalitv. He WAS I born a soldier, became a pedagogue, and graduated as a backwoodsman. Taking to politics as his natural element, and to office as his inheritance, he emerged from frontier life as a Cabinet Minister, and in due course of progression bccams a courtier. Through his varied experiences, caution, timidity, the middle safe course, have been guiding stars to General Cass and his chosen pathway.? Adulation has always been a stepping stone to his nmbition. While quietly voyaging about Northern lakes, making treaties with Indians, Gen. Cass was writing private letters to Mr. Clay, congratulating him on his vindication from Mr. Buchanan's charges of corruption. I hawe been told by his companion in these excursions among the dreary vrilds of the Northwest that never did a word escape him in those exciting times indicating a preference for a man or party. In private he congratulated Mr. Clay, because Mr. Clay had the actual power; but he knew that Jackson was the man for the coming time, and reserved himself. True to the in medio tutissim?x, when Jackson removed the deposits, Secretary Cass paced the floor of his private office in an nnnnv nf rlnilht. The thunders of the OD ? ? position and the terrors of impeachment were above and before him. He dared say neither yea nor nay. Jackson knew his man and sent Gen. Cass to Paris. Ilere was another iustance of his unfailing luck and his tact. Jackson would have crushed to powc:er another man who had hesitated in that emergency, but !be only introduced Gen. Cass to Louis Phillippe. His whole life has becD luck. When he left Detroit to take the War Department, he gave orders to his agent to sell a large tract of land adjoining the town. He was to sell it for 830,000. After some time the agent wrote that he had been offered 833,000.? Gen. Cass instantly replied, "Don't sell till further orders." He would have quickly taken his own fixed price, but being offered more, be must look further. The propertyis now covered by the best part of a flour- j ishing city and is worth 83,000,000. Gen. j ; Cass is a millionaire. While Governor and j Indian Agent, enjoying an excellent salury, \ j he so managed his accounts as to strike a j I balance against the Government of 807,000. J I He patiently waited nearly two years, and one fine morning during the halcyon days of John Tyler, walked up to the Treasury presented his claim, and brought away the 807,000 in gold. Ctr.^;nnQ a/ihnl?irlv ho writPRwell. and kJtUUlUUO uuu uvmv.wiijj mm\j . >?? has a taste for classical and elegant things. In Paris, he turned diplomacy over to his j secretaries, and wrote a book of elaborate : eulogy on Louis Phillippe, which is really a very fine biographical memoir. To further, j employ his leisure, he took possession of the flag ship of the American squadron in the Mediterranean, ard with his family explored the blue JEgean, and meditated amidst the ruins of Greece, Italy aud Ionia. He exploded, by a protest, the Quintuple Treaty and returned homo to quarrel with Mr. Webster, invent non-intervention, and run for the Presidency. In this last enterprise Gen. Cass' luck failed him for the first time in his life. His star paled before the meteor of Buena Vista. Yet it was characteristic of the canny thrift of this veteran politician, that pending the contest with General Taylor, he had appointed a locum tcnens to keep his seat in the Senate warm, and when he wished to retuu to it he had this old conveniency appointed to the care of aLight-Houseon Lake Michigan, j Obedient to his will, the Michigan Legisla- j ture promptly returned him to his old posi- j tion. Personally, Gen. Cass is an exemplary man of the world. He is very rich, and is careful of his own. No man looks better after his own household. Politically, he is an infidel. lie believes nothing; that is, he has no convictions. In his lukewarm, lan- i guid way, he doubless regards the Democrat- i ic party as the best able to govern the country, but he adheres to it only hecause he ( feels it to be safe and profitable to belong to the strong side. A MANUFACTURING VILLAGE. People who imagine that a single, isolated manufactory, here and there, is the best that Ln rtn n ?%VAiIiinn 1 n tlin t lino OTTrtn flt me k.'uuui van piuuuvc iu kuai 11 utj v?vu c.v ; its best, will be agreeably disappointed to i hear of an entire village in Alubama devoted exclusively to manufactures. It is called Scottsville, and is situated in the Northwestern portion of Bibb county, uear the | river Cahawba, between Centreville and Tus- i caloosa, and to the South-eaat of the latter | place some fifty or sixty miles. < The editor of the Selma (Ala.) Sentinel i has been traveling, recently, in the neighbor- ! hood of Scottsville, and from what he heard < of it, was induced to visit what he calls this ; thriving manufacturing little village. j Scottsville was originally known as the Tuscaloosa Manufacturing Company. It was incorporated by the Alabama Legislature < in 1837, with a capital stock of $36,000, i which sum was quickly subscribed by a number of capitalists in Tuscaloosa. i In May, 1837, the mills got to work, ma- i king coarse cotton cloths, but for some years they made no money. The company and the locality soon changed names and man- i agement; the latter coming into the hands : of Mr. Scott as principal owner and director i and the place itself took the name of Scottsville. lie immediately went to work making improvements and additions to the buildings and machinery, and the mills soon paid dividends. The first $2,200, realized in 1841 was expended in a family of negroes to work in the factory. This family has so increased that the company values them at 810,000, and most of them are now working in the factory, and are very useful. The company have made several purchases of negroes with the profits of the factory, and negro labor is much employed by them. The principal mill is a large brick building of three stories, with two wings, filled with the best machinery and employing over one hundred hands, of whom three-fourths are females. A large overshot wheel, driven by water, is the principal motor of the machinery. There are about 25,000 spindles and 50 looms at work. Wool and cotton are both spun. The consumption of cotton averages 35;000 pounds per month, and 61,000 worth of yarns in the same time, together with a large quantity of linseys and a superior article of cotton sewing thread. In 1841, the sum of 640,000 capital stock had been paid in. Every year since then a dividend of ten per cent, has been declared, which has been laid out in buying negroes, land, &c., adding to the buildings and machinery in the village, until the capital stock has increased to 6117,000, of which 825,000 is in negroes and about 810,000 in goods in the company's store. The company owns 3,000 acres of land and all the buildings on the place, which consist of the factory, a large hotel, the store, blacksmith, carpenter, whcelright, and boot and shoe shops, a saw mill, grist mill, large , flouring mill, a church and a large number of cottages. No liquor is permitted in the village, and the company will not sell an inch of its land to any one. Its stock has long been over par, and its dividend this year will be at least twelve per cent. j So much for enterprise, governed by steadiness, perseverance and skill. New Orleans Picayune. | The Oldest Bible on the Continent. ?The articles which have lately appeared from time to time in the Free Press, in regard to old Bibles, have had the effect to bring to our notice one of the rareet and most valuable specimens of biblical literature in the world. This is a volume of six hundred pages, containing the whole Bible in the Latin language. It belongs to the Ilev. Dr. Puffield, of this city. The book is made entirely of vellum, and the printing is all done by hand with pen and ink. Every letter is perfect in its shape, and cannot be distinguished, by any imperfections in form, from the printed letters of the present day. The shape of the letter is, of course, different from those now in use, but in no other case can they bo distinguished from printed matter. The immense amount of ???? Kfl rtnnrtn!rnrl fVin foot fViof 1UUUI Uiaj uc VUUVWiTtu IIVUI iuv uiui there are two columns on each page, each of which lacks only about six letters of being as wide as the columns of this paper. They will average sixty lines to the column. The columns numbering one thousand two hundred, we have about seventy thousand lines in the whole book. Nothing short of a lifetime could accomplish such a work. The date of this book is A. D. 930. It was, consequently, made five hundred and sixty years before printing was invented, and is nine hundred and twenty-eight years old. There is probably nothing on this continent, in the shape of a book, equal to it in age.? The vellum upon which it is printed is of the finest kind, and is made of the skin of young lambs and kids, dressed and rubbed with pumice stone until it is very thin. It is somewhat thicker than common paper, being a medium between that and the drawing paper now in use. The veins in the skio arc distinctly visible in many places. A pencil mark was drawn by the operator to guide the construction of each line. Many pages have these lines visible on the whole surface, no effort having been made to rub them oat. Two liaee ruaoiog up tad dowa divide the columns with mathematical accuracy. At the beginning of each chapter, highly colored ornamental letters are placed. These arc the only marks of the division of chapters. There are no sub-divisions into verses, the chapters running through in one paragraph to the end, and no descriptive headings. This invaluable relic was presented to Dr. Duffield, by Lewis Cass, jr., our minister resident at Rome He procured it of a Greek monk, who brought it from the Greek convent of St. Catharine, at the foot of Mount Siuai. Mr. Cass befriended this monk, who was in trouble ; and he, in return, presented him with the volume which we have described. According to his story, it is the work of one of the ancient monk scribes in the convent above named. When it became L?nnn?n fViof Mi? Pnoo nroo tnoHi nr? trifll if q uu n i j tnai 4 \jura n uo pui ktii^ r* ivm ivj and that it was going out of the country, the round sura of three thousand dollars was offered him by the monks of the city of Rome. This was of course refused, for the pleasure of placing so inestimable a relic in the hands of one who can appreciate its value so well as our learned divine, Dr. Duffield. At the time of the late fire in the doctor's bouse, this book was thrown into the street amoDg others, and came very near being lost. It was picked up on the sidewalk by one who recognised it as one of Dr. Duffield's most valuable relics, and preserved it.?Detroit Free Press. The Newspaper, the Representative of the Age.?The Hon. Caleb Cushing, in spcakiog of the progress of the age, says: Take, as exhibitor and, at the same time, as illustrative of this fact, that familiar thing, a newspaper, a rare luxury of the rich once, now the necessary of universal daily life, of the mental life of men, as much as food and drink are of the physical life. How various are the contents of that diurnal sheet; how extensive is the knowledge it imparts ; how vast is the field of its action and its usefulness ! Whatever wants there may be in the human breast, it shows how they may be sat isfied. If it be, as Cowper says, "the herald of a noisy world," with "Mews from all nations lumberiDg at his back," so it is with the silent monitor of the erring, the solace of the sorrowful, the companion of the solitary, and the messenger to all of thoughts and of reflection. When Sbakspeare, with not unlaudablc estimation of his own art, said of playing?"Whose end, both at first and now, was, and is, to hold as 'twere*the mirror up to nature, to show virtue her own features, scorn his own image, and the very age and body of time its form and pressuro"?how felicitously, though unknowingly, did he not represent the uses of the newspaper press at the present timo!? Faults it has in ample nnmber and degree, undoubtedly; for whatever men do, in their highest as well as their lowest works, testifies to the imperfections of our nature; and the press, with its very short-comings, is, indeed, the mirror of each passing day, and, of course, with its wisdom and its folly, its virtues and its vices, and all there is of nnrl onll nf Or?m 11 vA an/1 All UICUUCU guuu uuu Wll^ \J4 V? UiU(.w muvi riman, in the waysof the world. And how the steam engine and' the rail car, and the ocean ship, aod the telegraph, conspire to accumulate and to diffuse the mass of intelligence in that newspaper sheet! *Let ns add, as another sign of the advanced state of our society, that the knowledge and scholarship manifested in the columns of the higher class of the newspaper press, whether in Europe or America, are equal now to the famous literary authorship of other times. What a reputation was attained by Junius on account of a few newspaper articles in the London Public Advertiser! And yet many a leading column of the better journals of Eugland, Fra.ice, Germany, Spain, Italy, and the United States, comes before us day by day, and passes off without our special note, and with no individual fame to its author, though it be higher in composition and purer in spirit tban is anything of the hand of Junius. Singular Metamorphosis and Curious Results.?About four years since, says a California paper, a man from the Eastern States came to this country to engage in mining. He went up to Tuolumne, and commenced laboring in a claim on Wood's Creek. In a short time his hair (which was of a light brown, or auburn color), commenced to fall off, and soon there was not a solitary hair to be discovered on any part of his body! He was as guiltless of hirsute covering as a marble statue. Singular to relate, the man's general health was good during the time of this peeliog. But what is more remarkable, the general physical appearance of the man began to change rapidly. He was originally "long, lank and lean but now he began to assume Falstaf fian proportions. Although a large boned person when he came to this country, he only weighed about 1G0 pounds, but in seven months after bis arrival at the mines, his weight was upwards of 300 pounds. All these things must have an end, and so did our hero's increase in size come to a stop.? Then it was that his hair began to grow.? But now, strange to say, his hirsute appendages, instead of auburn color, were coal black. Instead of sandy whiskers he had whiskers as black as jet, and so on. Our readers will naturally think the individual, after undergoing all these transformations, had grown out of the recollection of his friends. And so he had, as the sequel will show. Now the hero of this transformation, when he left his house, left behind a wife whom he loved as the apple of his eye. After residing here about three years, be sent for her. She came full of love and affection to meet herlong absent lord. When the steamer arrived a very large man, with very black hair and whiskers, met her and claimed her as bis wife. She repudiated him. He remonstrated and explained. She would not hear to him, for she had heard of the wickedness of this country, and she was oauiiou*. She endeavored foe two noatbs to find her husband that bad left her, then gave him up for dead, and returned to her home sorrowful and broken hearted. The metamorphosed husband is still here, and | bitterly does he curse the change in his fortunes which so altered the complexion of his personal affairs that even his own wife cannot recognize him. At present there is not < the least prospeet of his losing his superabundant flesh, or of his hair changing color. DON'T BE DISCOURAGED. Don't be discouraged, if in the outset of life things do not go smoothly. It seldom happens that the hopes we cherish of the future are realized. The path of life, in the prospect, appears smooth and legel enough ; but when we come to travel it, we find it up hill, and generally rough. The journey is a laborious one, and whether poor or wealthy, high or low, we shall find it so to our disappointment, if we have built upon any other __1 1.a5 m_ J _1 L.a caicuiauon. ao euuure cueenuuy wuui n mast be, and to elbow our way as easily as $3 we can, hoping for little, yet striving for B much, is perhaps the trac plan. Bat don't be discouraged, if occasionally yoa slip by H the way, and your neighbors tread over you nj a little; in other words, don't let a failure ffl or two dishearten you. Accidents happen, n miscalculations will sometimes be made, things will often turn out differently from our expectations, and we may be the sufferere. It is worth while to remember that fortune is like the skies in April, sometimes cloudy, and sometimes clear and favorable; and it would be folly to despair of again seeinp the sun, because to-day is stormy; so it is equally unwise to sink into despondency when fortune frowns, since, in the common course of things, she may be surely expected to smile again. And again; don't be discouraged if you are deceived in the people of the world. It often happens thatmen wear borrowed characters, as well as borrowed clothes, and sometimes those who have long stood fair before the world are rotten to the core. From sources such as these, you may be most unexpectedly deceived, and you will naturally feel sore under such dc cepttons?but to these you must become used. If you fare as most pcoplo do, they will loose their novelty before you grow grey, and you will learn to trust men cautiousty, and examine their character closely, before you allow them opportunities to injure you. Don't be discouraged under any. circumstances; go steadily forward. Katbbr consult your own conscience than theopini<mof men, though the last is not to be disregard.? Be industrious?be frugal?be bonest-^Jeal in perfect kindness with all who come ha, your way, exercising a neighborly and obli-\ ging spirit in your whole intercourse; and if you do not prosper as rapidly as your neighbors, depend upon it yon will be as happy.?Shelhyvilk Expositor. The Turn of Life.?From forty to sixty, a man who has properly regulated himself may be considered as in the prime of life.? His matured strength of constitution renders , him almost impervious to the attacks of disease, and experience has given his judgment the soundness of almost infallibility. His mind is resolute, firm, and equal; all his functions aro in the highest order; he assumes the mastery over business; builds up a competence to the foundation he has laid in early manhood, and passes through a period of life attended by many gratifications. Having gone a year or two past sixty, be arrives at a critical period in the road of ex isience ; me river or aeatn nows Between him, and he remains at a stand still. But athwart this river is a viaduct called "The Turn of Life," which, if crossed in safety, leads to the valley of "old age," round which the river winds and then flows beyond without boat or causeway to effect its passage. The bridge is, however, constructed of fragile materials, and it depends upon how it is trodden, whether it bend or break. Gout, apoplexy, and other bad characters also are in the vicinity to waylay the traveller, and thrust him from the pass; but let him gird up his loins and provide himself , with a fitting staff, he may trudge on in safety with perfect composure. To quit metaphor, "The Turn of Life," is a turn either , into a prolonged walk or into the grave.? The system and powers having reached their utmost expansion, now begin either to close , like flowers at sunset, or break down at once. One injudicious stimulant?a single- fatal excitement, may force it beyond its strength ?whilst a carefal supply of props, and the withdrawal of all that tends to force a plant, will sustain it in beauty and in vigor until night has entirely set.?Science of Life. Folly oe Atheism.?I had rather believe all the fables in the Legend, the Talmud and the Koran, than that this universal frame is without a mind. God never wrought miracles to convince Atheists, because His ordinary works are sufficient to convince them. It is true that a little philosophy inclineth men's minds to Atheism; but depth in philosophy bringeth them back to religion; for while the mind of man looketh upon second causesscattered, it may sometimes rest on them, and go no further; : but when it bcholdeth the chain of them confederate and linked together, it must needs fly to Providence and Deity. Lord Bacon. The Toad ?Like all the reptiles the toad 1 -Lf_ U..4 ihn oflct nrtTTnlnrvn in nor_ cnauges us skid, uui iucu?o?wm.v.v/^u ?d mier foand, although those of the serpents are common enough. The reason why it is not found is this: the toad is an economical animal, and does not choose that so mnch substance be wasted. So after the skin has been entirely thrown off, the toad takes its old coat in its two fore-paws, and dexterously rolls it, and pats it, and twists it, until the coat has been formed into a ball. It is then taken between the paws, pushed into the month, and swallowed at a gulph like a big piil. The tadpole does the same. 9ST The surest way to hit a woman's heart i is to take aim kneeling.