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Scraps # Jacis.
In London, 200 persons commit suicide annually. There is a manufactory of Porcelain Teeth in Philadelphia, which turns out 700 daily, and its yearly sales are $350,000. The Senior Exhibition of Erekine College will occur on Thursday evening, the 5th of April. From stagnant powers is bred the riolenee of Sooiety; from stagant sympa fchies the malice, hatred, and revenge?a very social chain. A Southerner, who resides in Detroit, Mioh., has opened an agenoy in that city to enable fugitive slaves in Canada to return, if they wish, to their owners in the Southern States. Many of the fugitives are said to be in a starving condition, and would willingly return if they had the means. Tho Committee to whom was referred the expediency of a subscription by the city of Columbia to the Columbia and Hamburg Railroad Company, have had the same under consideration, and recommend that the city authorities be requested to subscribe 300,000 to the capital stock of the Company. There will be in Charleston, during the session of the Democratic Convention, a 'Convention of Southern Inventors,' for the purpose of forming an annual Union? Inventors who design attending, may have suitable bcgrd secured in advance, by addressing 'Dodge's Machinery Agency, Institute Hall, Charleston, S. C.' Sinoe 1841, twenty British and American steamers have been utterly wrecked, involving the loss of $15,930,000, and the frightful loss of 2807 lives. This appalling list begins with the President, and anAa with llift TTunnarian. How manv a heart retains the memory of these sad events. It is a remarkable fact that the first case that ever occurred under the fugitive slave act of 1793, was that of Glen. Washington. In the year 1796 he had a negro woman that ran away from him, *and went to New England. In a letter to Mr. Whipple of one of the New England States, he demanded her restoration under the act passed but three years before, but it was refused, and he lost his negro. John C. Terrel, at Bennettsville, found guilty last Fall, of poisoning his uncle, has been sentenced to be haDged, on "KVi/toTT IrtfcH Anri? Wp learn from the Son of Temperance, that Terrel, "in reply to usual question as what he had to says asserted his innooence of crime, and requested the Judge to give him as much time as possible. He was deeply affected, even to tears." We have heard, of late, a great deal of complaint by farmers from different sections, in regard to ibad wheat crops?all killed up?won't make enough to support their own families, &c.' This is all talk, as we have it from a reliable gentleman of this District, that such is not the case. He informed us that his wheat crop looked more promising by 800 bushels than last year.? We also hear that the crop prospects in North Carolina promise a bountiful harvest. We, who have been acquainted with these current rumors for the last ten years understand them.?Lancaster Ledger. The Annual Commencement of the Medical College of South Carolina took place on the 10th instant. We learn from the Courier, that the class in attendance on the lectnres now terminated, amounted to two hundred and forty-eight students from South Carolina, North Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Florida, Mississippi, Connecticut, Virginia,. Texas and Kansas. The numbers of candidates for the degree of Doctor of Medicine was one hundred and nineteen.? Among the list of graduates, we recognize name of Mr. W. Edward Erwin of Yorkville. John Williams, Esq., Representative from Lancaster District, communicates to the Lancaster Ledger his views of the intent and constructions of the Act of 1859 coDoerning licenses for itinerant traders.? Some of our North Carolina friends have believed, or some persons interested in diverting trade from South Carolina, have affected to believe that this Act applied to North Carolina negroes and venders of North Carolina produce. Mr. Williams, concurring with all the members of the Legislature whose opinions have reached us, regrets this construction and limits the Act to Northern dealers and sellers, by samples, &c.? Charleston Courier. If the clothes which cover the body are damn, the moisture which they con tain has a tendency to evaporate by the heat communicated to it by the body. The heat absorbed in the evaporation of the moisturo contained in the clothes must be, in part, supplied by the body, and will have a tendency to reduce the temperature of the body in an undue degree, and thereby to produce cold. The effect of violent labor or exercise is to cause the body to generate heat much faster than it would do in a state of rest. Hence we see why, when the clothes have been rendered wet by rain or perspiration, the taking of cold maay be prevented by keeping the body in a state of^ exercise or labor till the clothes can be | changed or till they dry on the person, for; in this case the heat carried off by the moisture in evaporating, is amply supplied by the redundant heat generated by labor or exercise. A case of robbery occurred at the n? '?1 /vr? mnrnino Unanesu-'u JHUICI uu uavuiu?^ uivmiug, which, very forlnnately, was discovered, and the thief detected, a few hours afterwards. Capt. Tbos. Wilkes, of Chester District, who was stopping at the hotel, purchased two gold watches and some articles of jewerly at the auction store of Mr. S. Rosenblath on the evening previous. Before going out on Saturday, Capt. Wilkes locked the articles in his trunk. About ten o'olock a man called into Mr. Rosenblath's store and offered the watches for sale. The watches were at once recognized by the proprietor of the store, who sent for a policeman and had the party detained until Capt. Wilkes was brought forward.? The Captain at first was inclined to believe that there was some mistake, as he was positive he had secured the articles in his trunk; but, on visiting the hotel, he found the articles were missing. The thief was much frightened at his arrest, and turned deadly pale. The robber, who gave his name as George W. Wallace, and hails from New York, was then taken to the Guard House and committed to jail for trial under warrant issued by Magistrate Kirk-J wood.? Charleston Mercury. ftorMe ^ntpttrtr edited bt SAM'Ii W. MELTON .WK. W. BAST. 0 i CONTBIBDTDIQ KDITOB J JA8, "WOOD DAVIDSON. .. Colombia, S. C. YORKVILLE, S. C. THTTR8DAY MOEKIN0, MABCH 22, 1860. Special Notice.?All communications, on matters connected with the paper, should be addressed to "The Yobkville Ebquibeb;" and nnt tn fKo Pr1itnr? rvrPrnnriAtnr nArsnnn.ll v. Per sods desiring prompt attention to their favors, most bear this in mind. JSf Capt. D. D. Moore, Maj. Myles Smith, Samuel O. Brown, J. L. Thompson, and Samuel J. Kuykendal, of York; John B. Allen, Post Master at Chester, S. C.; Joseph Walker, 120 Meeting-street, Charleston, S. C.; and William D. Cook, of Bennettsville, are authorized agents of the Enquirer. TO ADVERTISERS. Oar advertising friends will place ns under especial obligation by Bending in their favors as early as Monday or Tuesday of each week. FAVORS. We are indebted to Messrs. Boyck, Logan and others, for various Congressional speeches. CHEESE. We have received a specimen of excellent cheese from W. D. & J. C. Miller's Grocery. The article is good. Give the Messrs. Miller a call. ITINERANT TRADERS. We rgfer the reader to the "Card" of the MA.Vktin+a nwxA Knomooo man nf *)llO TvlftPP rp]a- I tive to the law in regard to itinerant traders, to be foand in oar advertising columns. In another part of the paper, we publish a communication from Col. McCaw ; and, also, a letter from Col. Memminqer of Charleston, on the same subject. PUFFED t We acknowledge ourselves indebted to Dr. Griffin's Drug establishment, for a bunch of fragrant, reai Havana, Rio Hondos. They are a very perceptible shade above the quality ruling in this market; and for their excellent flavor as * ' well as to encourage the introduction of a good article, the'loversof the weed should make them fire and fall back,' speedily. Try them. They are good. MILITARY PARADE. On Thursday evening last, our usually quiet town was enlivened by a joint parade of the Jasper Light Infantry and the Cadets of the) King's Mountain Military School, as a battalion, under command of Maj. M. Jenkins. The two companies met at the Male Academy, at the upper end of the town, in full uniform; and marched down Congress street to martial strains of music, and on to the parade ground of the Jaspers, near the Female College. Capt. Coward commanded the Cadets, and Capt. E. B. I Clinton, by request, the Light Infantry. On the field, the Battalion were divided into eight companies ; Capt. Cowabd acting as Adjutant, and the companies severally commanded by Capt. E. B. Clinton, and Lieuts. C. A. Skabrook, E. M. Law, B. K. Thomas, I. N. Withers, W. B. Metts, J. M. Schnibble, and S. Lkgabe. The battalion halted at the Palmetto Hotel on their way to the field; and Maj. Jenkins despatched Messrs. Cowabd and Metts to call on Judge Qloveb for a speech. His Honor appeared on the porch, and in a few striking remarks addressed the companies. In the conclusion of his remarks he turned to the Cadets, and paid a handsome tribute to the system of military education. He illustrated his opinion, by reference to Sparta and Athens. In Sparta the sole aim of education was to make a good soldier; and she had produced only a Lconidas. Athens com bined the cultivation of the arts and sciences, with the development of a martial spirit; and she had left much for posterity to admire aDd reverence. The battalion returned through Congress Street and disbanded at the Military Academy. There was a good number of the citizens of York present, and the display ,bad a fine effect on our town and community. We heard of an influential citizen of Rock-Hill saying that he intended to go home and use every exertion to get up a company there; and we hope he will succeed. Wc confess, our bosom swelled with sympathetic emotions; and we wished that every district in the State and the Sguth might have its volunteer companies. STRIKES FOR HIGHER WAGES AT THE NORTH. For the last week or two our exchanges have been bringing us detailed accounts of auother strike for higher wages by the cordwaiuers, or shoe makers of New England; the excitement spreading as far westwnrd as Ohio and Indiana. Massachusetts, the hot bed of negro philanthropy, is especially represented in this strike.? While our slaves are reposing securely and contentedly on the bounty of their masters, her liOueSv D??i poverij-?inv;?wi:ii muurcru arc crjriug: 'Bread, bread, or we suffer.' A civil war?a war in which the pocket is the heart aimed at; the conflict between labor and capital, as Mr. Seward expresses it?has broken out among those who would sow the seeds of discord in the soil of our 'peculiar institution.' Let us look a little more closely iuto this matter. Let us take the words of a laborer, as they fell from his lips hot and burning in a New York meeting, to raise funds to help the Lynn strikers. They speak more eloquently than we can. He says: Our society, or civilization, is divided into three classes, as we may say. One of these we | must denominate the Kings, or whatever else i you are pleased to term them ; this is a class I (tiof ia horn to nnaspss wealth withont toil or I labor; they recline upon their silken couches, j and enjoy all the pleasures and all the luxuries i of life without one single moment of useful lai bor ; they are called capitalists ; they are possessed cf money, wealth, houses and lands?all of it property derived from the labor of the poor. There is another class called business men, commercial men, bosses, dealers, speculators, shavers. This class is a sort of foreman for the kings or capitalists. They receive their power from the first class, who supply them with the sinews of war which they use for the employment of the labor of the poor working masses ; and for the services which these foremen render to the capitalists, as their servants or stewards, they receive large profits and wages, and if they are successful in their swindles?as they very frequently are?then they are develintn t }< full KlAtrn Itoonto rvf tVio ? ?*o t nlaoa upcw IUVU IUW IUU utvnu uvuuvj ui iu\3 UiPVUIiCO. They then abandon themselves to the enjoyment of their fortunes, and at their death leave their children in the possession of immense wealth, and the means of leading a life of indolence and uselessness to themselves and to everybody else; while the third class, which is the laboring class from whom all the wealth and luxury originally sprung, are left to drag out their lives in penury and misery, and oft times die before they have completed one half of their existence, in want of the simplest necessaries, without which human nature must give way. The men who do all the labor aro bought aud sold, plundered and robbed out of the fruit of their industry, and yet they quietly submit to their horrid fate." l The cordwainers have organized themselves j into bodies iu various towns; have suspended work, and go about the streets, inarching to the sound of music ; harangue each other on their rights and their hardships, and declare they will work no more without higher wages. The ne cesaity which prompts to each outbreaks, must be strong and -urgent. Speaking of the Lynn strikers one says that he knows that they are terribly oppressed. They themselves, in a letter, say: 'The low prices for whioh we have been obliged to work during the past few winters have tended to reduoe us to a state of poverty, and any funds sent to us will be gladly welcomed and gratefully received.' We will not here discuss the question, are these strikes justifiable. 'Necessity knows no lawand when the poor laborer has a wife and ohildren dependent on him for bread, if his low wages will not buy the necessaries of life for his family, the never-failing instincts of his nature will cry out against his oppressor. But ' * A- A 1 il ikftoa WAW. we aesire 10 contrast ine vuduiuuu u? ??> thern hirelings with that of our slaves. These hirelings, from the position they occupy, are a continual prey to the capitalists. The bond of union between them is plunder on the one part and the simple desire of subsistence on the other. The capitalist pays so much to each laborer, who out of this pittance must meet all the wants of himself and family. This pay is in money, and amounts to about one dollar per day. This is barely snfficient, under ordinary circumstances, to keep them living and out of debt. Hence in times of pressure?such as a strike, a money panic, or when provisions are run up by their scarcity?these hirelings are at the mercy of those who hire them, or the public at large. A merchant of New Tork addressed a letter to the meeting mentioned above, and proposed to give one thousand dollars to aid the Lynn strikers; ana a large suoscnpuon was raised for the same purpose at the meeting.? That was its object; and its necessity grew out of the avowed poverty of the cordwainers. Unless assisted by others, they could not hold out in their demand for higher wages ; and would have to yield to their 'bosses' and serve them again for a mere song. For the capitalist can subsist on his capital, independent of the labor| er, longer than the hireling can on his wages, ; being dependent on his labor for life and on the capitalist for employment. Such is the extent of this mutual plunder and dependence, that the laborers of Massachusetts have been advised for self-protection to organiie stock companies; make their own shoes ; supply the trade in all nf AnvinimtKomooIrrpa And thllfi realize I pane VI VV v.. , the marketable value of their industry and toil. At the South there are never any such congests between labor and capital. The master being compelled to take care of hie slave, at all times and under all circumstances, the slave never feels that anxiety about himself, bis wife and his children, which keep9 Northern society in a ferment. The free-negro at the South and the cordwainers of Massachusetts are in nyich the same condition ; because they are both poor, and are debarred by their oondition from the protective arm of capital. We make this comparison in all charity ; yet the slave feels that he is above the free-negro, and would pity the cordwaioer if he knew his distresses. He is without care and thought for himself at all times. The greatest shook in the marts of trade, and the greatest famine in the harvest fields, never reach him. He is fed, protected, provided for and made to work?all that his rude nature re quires to make him happy. The richer his master becomes, the better contented he is, because his home aDd living are the more certainly secured to him; while the richer the capitalist becomes at the North, the greater is his power to plunder the cordwainers, and the more grinding is their poverty. Whoever contemplates slavery at the South in this light, must be stolid indeed, if he does not see in it the finger of Ood writing down peace and prosperity to society.? It is the essence of the Scripture truth : 'The rich and the poor meet together; the Lord is J the maker of them alj the only state in which j lilt? wmicuinu anvi uv?iv v?u ?* ?? wg-.-v. peace and mntnal advantage. COURT WEEK. The Court of Common Pleas adjourned on Saturday last. After a week of assiduous labor, hut little impression was made on the old docket; which induced Judge Glover to order an Extra Court for the 3rd Monday in July next. J. Newton Floyd was convicted of petit larceny, and sentenced to pay a fine of $50, and receive twenty lashes in two installments. Ten lashes are to be administered on the first Monday in April; the other ten on the first Monday in June. We append the list of the jurors drawn for the Extra and Fall Term: Petit Jcrobs?Extra Term.?Daniel Nichols, J. H. Barry, Wm Agnew, A. G. Floyd, J. L. Barron, J. R. Hall, R. F. Hall, J. J. Watson, M. Jenkins, E. M. Anders, Joseph Thomas, Wm Anderson, R. E. Adams, C. W. Moore, John Morris, Smith Patterson, C. G. Hopper, A. C. Bigger, W. A. Graham, A. S. Wallace, Esq., Dr. Wm Moore, Hugh Venable, H. P. Hopper, J. H. Glenn, F. A. Love, J. B. Venable, Col. W. J. Bowen. Mitchel Bradley. R. J. Adams, J. R. Semblcr, Wm Agurs, Maj. Myles Smith, Dr. J. G. Davis, J. W. Steele, John H. Adams, John Jennings, W. J. Cherry, Hugh Tate, Wm Love, (C. F.) A. D. Harvey, W. Bratton Steele, John Hart, Capt A. I. Faris, D. A. Gordon, J. L. Wright, E. M. Byers, Wm Oates, A. J. Chambers. Grand Jurors?October Term.?James J. Moore, Wm E Wilsou, Wm B. Daniel, Isanc Summerford, A. Shillinglaw, A. F. Branch, D. J. Jackson, James M. Williams, W. B. Jackson, (A. C.) W. A. Latta, Zimri Young, D. F. Jackson, Joseph Miller, A. P. Johnston, Robert Love, (C. F.) J. B. Fcwell, D. McKnight, Capt. James Jackson, Wm Berry, (F. C.) Wm Lynn, J. M. Morrow, John Culp, Lawson Jenkins, C. S. Cline. Petit Jurors?October Te?Rm.?J. E. JefT Toeksnn Miles Johnston. W. N. Jack son, Elias M. Jackson, John 0. Jackson, L. P. Brannon, John Barron, Jr., S. C. Youngblood, Joseph Adams, Dr. J. F. Lindsay, Hugh Bor ders, Hugh Hartness, J. R. McKnight, Samuel Black, James Ash,, Lawson D. Goore, W. Akens, W. S. Pratt, J. H. Hemphill, John Faris, J. L. McCorkle, J. F. White, Esq., Dr. C. L. Clawson, Joseph Miller, Esq., J. H. Abernathy, Win Moss, j N. B. Craig, Col Cad Jones, J. B. Jackson, (B. D.) Hugh Love, H. M. Jackson, P. H. Lindsay, S. Tillotson Neely, J. N. Steele, Mathew Knox, J. M. Howe, James Adams, J. A. Steele, J. H. Anthony, A. Hullender, H. A. Wallace, J. A. May, Givens Gallagher, J. W. Avery, A. Barker, John M. Moore, Jackson Dover. EDITORIAL. INKLINGS, On the 14th of this month, Stephens and Hazlett, the last of the Harper's Ferry insurrectionists, were executed at Chorlestown, Virginia. The town was thronged with persons to witness the scene. They were cheerful to the last. Their bodies were forwarded to Marcus Spring, South Amboy, Now Jersey. Both were spiritualists; and both declined the services of the ministry on the occasion. We don't suppose there w any irony in the following truly Pennsylvanian item from Washington. But it looks irony, reads irony, and sounds as irony as the 'clanking of chains.' Here it is: "It is reported from Washington that a portion of the Pennsylvania members have agreed to * ? - ^ ? w Ji recommend 10 me i_ommuiee uu uuya uuu Means to fix specific duties on iron at the following rates : On pig iron $7 per ton ; railroad iron SI2 per ton ; common bar iron S15 per ton; fine bar iron 1 cent per pound; boiler iron 1J cents per pound ; Russian sheet iron 2J cents per pound. These are the principal descriptions, though scrap and other classes of iron are to be provided for." A writer in the New York Herald, who has recently spent two months at the South in travelling through Virginia, North and South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Tennessee and Kentucky, concludes his article thus : "After a pleasant stay of five or six days at Louisville I determined to return home, and after making a few stoppages in Ohio and Pennsylvania, I found myself once more in the bosom of my family. Daring my trip, whioh occupied t nearly tiro months, I visited about a dozen cot- \ ton and rioe plantations in Sooth Carolina, Geor- . gia and Alabt.ma, and I am free to admit that a happier and more contented and better oared for 8 set of negroes than those I came in contact with, < I never saw. There seemed to be a bond of affection, as it were, existing between the matter and his Blave that puzzled me a little atfir~t; bat as I travelled farther and saw more, my surprise wore off. I talked a good deal with the slaves about their condition, and I do not remem- J ber that I oame across a single one who was discontented or unhappy. To my mind, the negro , slaves of the States through which I travelled ( are the happiest people on the face of the globe ; and for the life of me I cannot see how some ' writers can have the conscience to misrepresent the facts as they have done." < The last number of the South Arkansas ? Democrat, edited by our 'old confrere,' Josiph 1 H. Black, bri ngs as the following item in regard to oar former townsman, 8. W. Grows.? The well wishes of the Senior, to whom he was ' a personal friend, go with him: "We see by the last number of the Warren Sunbean that oar old friend (old in friendship, 1 not in years) 8. W. Girens, Esq., is announced i to represent Bradley county in the lower house of the next Legislature. If elected, we can Touch for the s.bility and conscientiousness which he will bring to bear in the discharge of his duties. No mail ever, had a better heart, and AristidoB himself bad not more integrity of character than has our old confrere S. W. Givens.? Success attend him." Improvements in the manufacture of 'inof > Kotra tonrlerl tf\ HSminiaK DUUUiOUU U* 4VOVU, umv ? ? ?? ? WU..U.WH rather than increase the horrors of war. They make nations more respeotfnl to each other.? Rodman's cannon then, which is described below, is, we judge, a 'charitable institution' : "The monster cannon designed by Major Rodman, United States Army, and recently cast at the Fort Pitt Works, Pittsburg, is now being bored. The g;m weighs some forty-eight thousand pounds. It has a bore of fifteen inches diameter and thirteen feet nine inches in length. It has twenty-live inches of solid metal at the breech, making its extreme length fourteen and a half feet. At the breech the outside diameter is four feet; E.t the muzzle, twenty-eight and nine-tenth inches. It will'project a ball of four hundred and twenty-one pounds a distance 01 uve or six miles, with a tolerably acourate range of foar miles. No gun approaching it in size or weight has ever before been cast. The largest English gnns are made of iron stares, banded together. Some brass pieces of greater length hare been cast, but no gun of more than twelve inch lore." " We take this item from the Columbia Guardian. Is there no hope for that chaos of a country? The Government, it is said, have prepared ample instructions for our minister to Mexico, covering any emergency that may arise. It is believed here that both the Spanish and French governments are aiamg me miramuu party, ?uu hence the contemplated movement of Miramon to blockade Vei*a Cruz and other ports on the Gulf of Mexico. It is said there have been two or three Spanish ships sent to the Gulf from Cuba, undoubtedly to assist Miramon in carrying out these measures. A New Orleans telegram of the 19th instant, brings us the fcrther news that a United States war steamer has actually captured a Mexican vessel on the gulf, and carried it into that port as a prize. Whether this has been done by authority of the If. States Government, is not announced. Mirauok has made his contemplated attack upon Vera Cruz, but was repulsed by the Liberals. On account of the border troubles Gen. 8am. Houston, Governor of Texas, has not waited for the U. States to protect the frontier; but has organized an expedition against the Indians, which is to be commanded by Gen. Bubuibon. Increase of population is generally taken now, as a criterion of the prosperity of nations. If this be the onse, the subjoined statistics are food for some reflection : "In the six New England States the whites from 1790 to 1850, a period of sixty years, increased nearly 2$ for one; the colored race increased only one third in the same period. The inorease of the whites has been nine times greater than that of the blocks, and this, notwithstanding the influx of the fugitive and manumitted slaves, and the emigration of the whites to other portions of the United States, which probably more than overbalanced the immigration of foreigners. In the six Southern States from Delaware to Georgia, inclusive, for the same period the whites have increased nearly 2} for one, and the slaveB a fraction more, and this, notwithstanding the manumission of the slaves and the deportation of others to the more Southern States, where their labor was more productive. These are facts, and the inference is irresistible. that the neero race in the six Southern Stvtes, under the fostering care of their masters, stimulated by their own interest, has inoreased near eight times as fast as the same race in the six New England States, when left dependant on its own resources, struggling for life amid a superior race, although aided by charity and under the fostering euro of the philanthropists of the day. We clip the following paragraph from No. X. article of 'Domestic Industry' in the Charleston Mercury. These able and timely papers are designed to encourage the 8outh to give her patronage to Southern imports and domestic industry. They enforce the duty well. The author says Charleston can undersell New York. Hear his argument; keeping in mind that the Charleston and New York jobbers stand in the same relation to importing and manufacturing agents. "We will now try to illustrate the subject by following a Southern merchant to New York, where he may desi re to purchase an assorted stock of goods, amounting to from 10 to 30 or $50,000 ?even the last named sum will not procure him admission into an importing or agents' stook.? If he insists on buying from such houses, the price will be fixed, at much higher rates than the jobbing merchant pays, and ihe custom of not breaking packages will almost invariably rule him out, and he is of necessity thrown into the hands of the-, jobbing merchants of New York, the keenest aud most adroit dealers known in the world?men who live by their wits, and who cannot sustain themselves except by exorbitant profits. Just for a moment look at things as they really ore. A jobbing merchant in New York, paying from fifteen to thirty thousand dollars a year for store rent, clerk hire from one to six thousand dollars a year, having two or three partners in the concern, each living in palaces, at the most princely expenditure. Compare this picture with the same class of merchants in Charleston, where the most commodious and best located stores rent from fifteen hundred to two thousand dollars, and where clerks are now Ko<Tfrin<r for aitnn.tlnns. willing to nn.v thpir own ""tsb'-o ? ~o -- i---v board, work and receive no pay for the first year or two, while the most expert receive for their services but from $500 to $2,000 a year. Can you not see the Charleston jobber is able to sell cheaper than the New Yorker ? Merchants of the city, town, village and country consider, and say whether you have not been treading unprofitable paths, and, if persevered in, will not ultimately lead your country to ruinl" [Advertisement | TO THE PUBLIC. That the present crisis in our political and civil affairs, demands wise and prudent action in both the constituent and representative, will be admitted by all considerate men among us. A wise choice, in selecting those who are to act for us, is made our fiist great duty. The undersigned, (whose names t.re left with the proprietor of the Enquirer) residing in different sections of thr District, not claiming any right to dictate to their fellow citizens, but exercising merely the privilege, common l;o every citizen, of consulting in reference to common interest, and submitting the result of their deliberations to the public, would respectfully nominate A. S. Wallace, Esq., as a fit and proper person for the responsible position of a Representative in the House of Representatives of the Legislature of South Carolina. Of mature age, self-made and self-reliant, with considerable political experience, of unfailing energy of character, and identified with the great mass of the people in all their chief interests ; believing such to be the true character of A. S. Wallace, Esq., we know not where a bet er selection of a Representative can be made. ?e do, therefore, hope he will suffer his name to >e need in the mode indicated, confident that the iame may meet the approbation of an intelligent lonstituency. SEVERAL VOTERS. York District, March 15, 1860. CONTBEBTTTOBIAL. Buonlc. There is a new masonic book shortly to be published in Philadelphia by Leon Hyneman, entitled The World's Masonic Register. Spiritualism. The Spiritualists have started a new weekly irgan in New York. It is called the Herald of Progrtu, and is edited by the celebrated clair- 1 yoyant Andeiw Jackson Davis. WHo wrote It j The following exquisite lines hare lingered in 4 oar memory for years. There are events in 1 many a life that recall the startling?puzzling? ' bewildering?thought. The gem is exquisite 1 and complete. We have more than once been asked, and oftener made the inquiry ourself, Who wrote it ? and nobody seems to know. Will somebody tell ns ? The lines are these . "How often is our path Crossed by some being, whose bright spirit sheds A passing gladness o'er it, but whose course Leads down another cnrrent, never more To blend with ours; vet far within our souls, Amidst the rushing of the busy world, Dwells many a secret thought, which lingers still Around that image I" The heart that knows aught of solitude will be called many times in life to mnse upon the painful mystery. But ponder well; see if there is not a living hope veiled beneath it, or lingering somehow about it; like a faint voice barely caught by the desert-traveller, and it almost makes his heart afraid. Howard H. Caldwell. TUa CahUsmi M*otonr\f HiftKmnnil 1U< UVW<K7?WlH...Jf , Virginia, edited by Jno. R. Thompson, makes the following brief bat be&utifal notice of oar friend's death : 'It is with sinoere sorrow that we have learned the early death of Howard H. Caldwell of South Carolina. The Beaatifal has lost a gifted interpreter, and in his grave is baried the promise of great future distinction. The poems which this lamented young man has left behind him attest tho loftiness of his aim and the purity uf his nature. He was true to his vocation, and had bis life been prolonged, we oannot doubt that he would have won the ear of all who are sensible to the voice of Poetry. As it is his memorv will lonir bo fragrant in the South embalmed in verses which are odorous of Southern woods and streams. The murmur of the breeze as it stirs the pineB of Carolina, will be a fitting requiem for the dead, as the roses of returning Spring bloom over his resting-place? Call it not vain?they do not err Who say that when the poet dies, Mute nature mourns her worshipper And celebrates his obsequies." To Thee. 'Twas years ago.;, not ere I'd heard thy name And gazed upon thy pure divinity Of loveliness; nor ere I'd oaught from thine Own princely presence somewhat of that dear Bewildering witchery that makes it now My life of life to be near thee; but years Ago, that one?some ohanoe remarker of Life's daily things?in passing told me, thou Watt all unlike the many whom he knew; Thy thought* were not for all; thy torrowt and Thy joys were thine alone, at leatt the many Knew them not ; thou hadst no confidante Who shared thine inner life ana mingiea in Thy being's oxen peculiar dream. Ob! could I tell thee all the joy his casual words Conveyed 1?the solemn joy, life-deep, intense, And still, and wondrous as a trance, the wild And hope-like, secret, nameless joy, that I Had seen aright and rightly had divined The sacred spell that made and makes thee all Thou wast and art?the soul thy form revealed To me?thy spirit's self that beamed through all Thou didst and all thou wast?the oneness that Was only thine to me?the (?dare I say My very thought at once??the) mink-ness of Thine own peculiar soul. He spake?that chance Remarker of the daily things of life? He spake, and went his daily way; and I Went mine, apart, to hope. His thoughts went forth Again to other things of life; and mine Went forth to thee?in after years, to thee? In all the weariness and dreariness And bitterness of lonely life, to thee? In all the ills and well of stranger-life, To thee?in all the rapture of my soul's Divinest dream of dreams, to thee?in all That I have lived that aught of goodness knew Or hope or prayer, to thee?in thoughts of Heaven And in its one eternal Hope, to thee. Scraps. rrenuce says: "We hare heard of but one old woman that 'kissed her cow,' bnt there are thousands of young ones that kiss very great calves." The best remedy for fits that we have seen is the following : "Buy your olothes at a slopshop, and you will never have a fit afterwards? never." TKo wAiiner man who asked the doctor J o ? what was the cause of the rush of blood to his head is considered to have been sold when the doctor replied: *"It is nothing but an effort of Nature. Nature, you know, abhors a vacuum." The Man about Town considers it a capital sell. Books. Hawthorne has just got off a new novel?,lThe Marble Faun, or the Romance of Monte Bent."? The scene is Roman, and a vast amount of accurate information thereabouts is incidentally thrown in. Those who admire Hawthorne at all, usually admire him vastly. To us, there is a strange fasoinfetion in his genius ; but we do not find much pleasure in his books. He iB placed by some at the head of American romance-writers. TVio firot prtitinn of >>P.daar Pae and hi* Crit tea" is exnusted, we learn from a private source. Harper's Weekly of the 17th contains a fine critique on it, appreciative and sensible. The book is published by Rudd and Carleton of N. York ; and they are about getting ready a second edition. Miohelet's La Femme is thus handled without gloves by the Southern Literary Messenger : "It is the most grossly carnal, the most rhapsodically mawkish, and the most shockingly materialistic treatise on the relations between the sexes that even the French language can show, and we are sorry to see the English language prostituted in its reproduction." La Femme is said to be spicy; the notice is, decidedly. Has everybody read Deulah by Miss Evans of Mobile? If not everybody ought to do so at once. It is the most striking fiction that has appeared in a long time. It is far ahead of and _1 ik* ?S/]A mAtfAln ?UA? AMA /1A':1M auove kuc uuc ui uv*cia luui uic uaiijr everywhere. It is perhaps the most striking and clever book that the Sooth has produced in its line in the last ten years; and its success has been so marked that few reading people would not feel uncomfortable if obliged to oonfess that they had not read Beulah yet. Is it not so ? At length we see what we have long been looking for in vain?a first rate American edition of Bulwer. Messrs. J. B. Lippincott & Co., of Philadelphia, have just issued a handsome library edition of The Caxlons, which is the opening of a series of twenty volumes. The Caxtons is in two fine Volumes, in first-rate style in every respect; and at very reasonable rates, varying with different styles of binding. It is a perfect luxury to read such print; and the pages have a countenance of English refinement about them. | Whoever wants an excellent edition 01 nniwer an now get one, without going to the inoonve- <j lient expense of importing a London set; and ( his is decidedly better than the popular London a ioutledge edition in nearly the same style. We 2 lave examined both. We commend it to our a Mends. If the whole set equal the Caxtons in t ityle?and why not??it will be in every respect ] i desirable thing to have. We, personally, re* i jard Eulwer as the greatest novelist in the lan- i jnage; and we say so remembering Scott, and s til the old English novelists too, and Dickens, and Ainsworth, and Thackeray, and Maryatt, and i Cooper, and everybody else that we know. Personal. Mr. Spdroion, the famous, is in Paris, preaching in the American Chapel, the Chapel of the Reformed Church, and other English:language localities there. He is oat and out against Unitarianism. After a fervent invocation to all sects uid peoples to unite in charity and love, he branches off on a coarse tirade against a sect and a people? 'Alas for the'rarity Of Christian charity Under the sun!" Miko is the name of the Emperor of celestia China; and a nobleman of the realm recently lost his head for naming his Celestiality in a book, that being impious treason?they say Madame Inbsb-Fabri is the prima donna recently arrived in New York from Europe. It is hoped, by those who may know all about it, that she will meet the exnectations that have come ahead of her; unlike Picolomini, Speranza, Caradori, Colson, and many others in the last few years. So be it. J. W. D. Columbia, S. C. [Advertisement.) Mutrt. Editors:?The political crisis throngh which we are about to pass, admonishes ns that we shonld exercise great care in the selection of those who are to represent us in both branches of the Legislature. Having full confidence in the ability and integrity of the two gentlemen now before the people as Candidates for the Senate, we intend no disparagement to either by bringing forward the name of Edward Moobe, Esq., for the same distinguished position. It is true, he does not possess the negative merit of having done nothing for the past four vears: but on the contrary, has "borne the heat and burden of the day," and is not amenable to the charge?"why stand ye here all the day idle?" York appreciates his services, and would regard his promotion to the Senatorship, as a fitting reward. Mr. Moore is bold, fearless and independent in the exposition of his views, and enforces them with a zeal and ability worthy the highest enconinms; while his fidelity and devotion to the interests of his constituents, elicits oar warmest gratitude. He is endowed with many qualifications necessary for a Senator. His talent, patient and laborious research, sound judgment, and nice discrimination, point to him as the man, and we hope he will accede to the wishes of his friends and consent to the nomination. YORK. [Advertisement.] Editor*: We will also crive our opia ion: that J. D. Sma.br, Esq., being an obserring intelligent planter, is well qualified to represent the District in the next Legislature. In suffering his name to be used as such, at the call of his country, Mr. 8mabr will gratify the people of S. & W. YORK. For the Yorkville Enquirer. MILITARY MEETING. Pursuant to a call, a goodly number of the officers of the 34th Regiment, S. C. M., assembled at the Lyceum Hall on the 13th instant.? On motion, Col. J. Fitchet was called to the chair, and E. B. Clinton requested to act as secretary. The chairman explained the object of the meeting, which was to select a suitable parade ground for the 84th Regiment. ? .. ? *?-! ' V , . Un motion or Aiaj. oacssou, it wan uuammonsly adopted that a member from each company be appointed by the chair, to make the selection. The following officers were appointed: Chairman?Maj. M. Jenkins, Jasper Light Infantry ; Capt. A. Neeland, King's Mountain Light Infantry: Capt. Beamgnard, Union Light Infantry ; South Battalion, Beat No. 3, Lieut. J. Neil; No. 2, Lieut. J. M. Smarr; No. 3. Capt. S. E. Carroll; No. 4, Lieut. R. McConnell. North Battalion, Beat No. 1, Captain Black; No. 2, Lieut. Wm. CaveDy; No. 3, Capt. H. S. McCarter; No. 4, Capt. M. Darwin. The aboye committee are requested to report at the convening of the next Court Martial, of which the Colonel will notify them. On motion of Lieut. Bigham the meeting adjourned. J. FITCHET, Chairman. E. B. Clinton, Secretary. The committee appointed to select the parade gronnd are hereby requested to assemble at the Lyceum Hall, at one o'clock, on next sale-day, M. JENKINS, Chairman. CHESTER CORRESPONDENCE. Chester, March 20, 1360. Messrs. Editors: We have had another dull business week ; only a few bales of cotton sold. We quote from 6 to 10} cts. extremes. Flour at retail is advancing ; $3 50 for superfine, and $3 75 for choice family brands, are now about the rates from stores ; none arriving in wagons. Corn $1 10 to $1 15 at retail; stock very light; none arriving. The prices for the leading articles in the Grocery trade remain about as last reported. Coffee: 14 to 15 cts. for Rio; 20 cts. for Java. Sugar : 10 to 11 cts. for New Orleans; West India, Refined, 11} to 12} cents. New Orleans Molasses, by the barrel 60 to 62} cents; Retail 65 cents per gallon. West India, 40 cents per gallon. Onr merchauts are receiving their spring stock of goods from Charleston; and so far as I have observed, the style and price will compare well with any spriDg goods ever brought to this t saw Hfime of the handsomest and best English prints opening on yesterday, that I have ever looked at. No doubt they will go off like 'hot cakes' next week, when our town will be crowded with people from the country, who will be in attendance at Court. The King's Mountain Railroad will no doubt run extra trains, as usual <jn such occasions ; which will enable your District to pay us a visit, and give the non-intercourse trade a trial. All that is necessary is a fair trial, to show up the false idea that the South cannot import and sell goods as cheap and cheaper than New York. If enormous profits are not made by N. York jobbers, how can they afford to pay suoh exorbitant rents for their stores ? The rent, alone, of some of them?the finestand best located?is not less than $20,000 per annum. The amount of store rent, clerk hiro, taxes and every item ot expense, is double that paid by Charleston jobbers. The fact is, the Charleston market is the better of the two, and should be patronized by our own State. Speaking of patronizing home trade and domestic industry, brings to my mind the articles now being published in the Charleston Mercury and Courier, coming under the title of "Southern Patronage to Southern Imports and Domestic Industry." If those articles were generally and i carefully read by every man and woman at the South, the false notion about running after ; goods to New York, would soon 'wind up.' It ; the consumers were correctly informed on the , subject, the merchants would soon 'fall into line,' or be left in the back ground. I would suggest that, in addition to the En WiasB, every man in York subscribe for the 'harleaton Mercury or Courier. By clubbing ,nd sending $20, five copies of the 'tri-weekly ilercury' will be sent for one year ; and I can i .ssare those who will take it for that length of tme, that they will never do without it again.? 1 n politics and commercial affairs they can find lothing superior to the Mercury; while on lite ary subjects and general news, it is equal to 1 iny paper in the United States. While I am writing to urge the claims of do* < nestic industry, my ears are enjoying the sound < >f the manufacturing machinery of the tin shop i )f our worthy townsman, Axdbioh, who is tuning out tin ware of every variety and of the best i rind. , Merchants can be famished at the short- 1 !8t notice; and those reqairing guttering or tin ooffing can be promptly supplied. He also pats ip lightning rods, equal to any of the itinerant ;ents. I was surprised to bear, some time ago, :hat a Chesetr merchant was selling New York :in ware. But, no doubt, Mr,. Aldbioh will fill ill the orders now, since our merohants hare set the ball of non-interoourse in motion. I will gire you a list of those engaged in manufacturing in Chester District, one of these days. _ > J. *. ' For the Yorkville Enquirer. TO THE PUBlalC. Messrs. Editors : You will please do me the kindness to publish the letter which I send you, from Hon. C. 0. Memmingeh, giving bis opinion and construction of the recent act of the legislature, granting license to itinerant salesmen or travelling agents. This Act has produced much unnecessary excitement from its supposed ambiguity. But I hope, for the good of the district and the State, that the opinion of one so distinguished, as a lawyer and statesman, as Mr. MEMJttitOfE, will satisfy the public that the Act, instead of being injurious, will operate to the best interest of 8. Carolina. The recent Act, as its name and meaning import, was intended to reach a class of persons who for a number of years, have visited our 9tAt* with aamnlna and nattems of (roods manU factured at the North. By exhibition of these patterns or samples, they sell, without paying any tax, goods and articles identioal with those which oar merchants and citizens return to the tax-oollector, as taxable property. And by comingin contact with our peculiar institutions, they avail themselves of the opportunity to excite the slaves to insubordination and insurrection, by means of incendiary pamphlets,' Ac. Against snch a class, I suppose, no true Southron won Id hesitate to pass the severest laws. They are designated, in the words of the Act, as having no permanent and established place of business and stock of goods, within the State, out of which a tax may be levied. To reach them, we now reqaire that they shall pay for a license, and give security that they will pay the tax on the amount of goods sold by them ; and that they will not interfere with our negroes. These are the two conditions of the statute, from which its spirit may be drawn. How then can it apply to the produce of Virginia and N. ~ ?* ?- ? a uarouna, such ?? curu, uum, " u^<?v, wu?v?w, oats, potatoes &c., upon which the legislature imposes no tax ? And, how can it apply to the people of these two States, who are equally interested with us in the maintenance and strengthening of the institution of slavery! The ambiguity in the Act, if any exist, consists in the construction of the words, itinerant salesman or travelling agent, as distinguishable from the words, hawkers and peddlers, against whom a law was passed in 1843, and to which the recent Act has no connection or reference. Under the Act of 1843, a person, to become a hawker or peddler, must be a resident of the State ten years, and 4- n Mtn ftf fiffrr rlnllfiva lirtAltflA ir IU&C VUl) av IUV l?VV VI Ui?I V.VHHIW) w ..W~HV *v trade in each district of the State. Bat this Act does not apply to the class of persona contemplated by the Act of the last Legislature. Hence the necessity of an Act reaching the-agents of houses in Northern cities, selling goods by samples 01 patterns in onr State. ? -So confident am I of its want of applicatioz to onr neighbors of North Carolina and Virginia selling their produce in oar markets, that da ring Chart Week, I encouraged a Tobacconisl to retail in the usual way, by promising t< indemnify, in the event he were prosecuted undei the provisions of the recent Act. He retailed until his stock was exhausted. I have thns it a condensed form, given my views of the Act, and refer your readers to the letter of Mr. Mem mingbr. Reppectfullyj Yours, R. G. McCAW. COL. MEMMINGER'8 LETTER. Charlestom, March 9, 1860. My Dear Sir: I have just received yours ol the 5th inst., in which you request my opinion as to the effect of the Act of the last Session, upot the citizens of North Carolina and Virginia whc bring into our State for sale, their corn, flour, tobacco and other products. The Act seems to be very sweeping in its provisions, because of its using the general terms " other persons" and "otherwise." But the context shows that these words are really to be construed in a limited sense. "Three features are added to these "other persons," to complete the description. They have no permanent place of business, no stook of goods in the State, and they are liable to pay a tax. The words are "It shall not be lawful for any petty chapman, " itinerant salesman, travelling agent, or other " person, not having any permanent and estab" fished place of business, and stock of goods " within the State, out of which the tax may be " levied, to carry on trade and make contracts " for sales, by means of samples or patterns, or " otherwise, without first procuring from one of " the Treasurers, as herein provided, a license " to carry on such trade as itinerant salesman." These persona are required to apply for a license, and the terms of application and of the license add other features to the description.? The applicant must set out a description of hit trade. The license must specify the nature o) the trade, and the bond which is required is " conditioned that he will make a true rctnrn to " the Tax Collector of the District in which the " sales may be made, showing the amount of " the Tax to lepdii by him for one year from the " date of the license, and will pay such amount " as soon as it may become due, &c." These provisions imply two things; first, that * *? *- ? ? - UI?A?ant tvorln* nort. Ilie party its to engage iu itiuuaua wauv, ondly, that he is to sell something upon which a tax is laid. The first provision, therefore, limits the general words "other persons" to persons ejiudem generis with the chapmen, itinerant salesmen and traveling agents, with whom they are connected. The second provision tarns as to the tax Act, to ascertain upon what sales the State has laid a tax. There we find that an express exception from taxes is made in favor ol " the products of this State and the unmanofac" tured products of any of the United States or " Territories." This exception embraces the identical products which form the subject ol your enquiry; and the tax Act of last year in relation to the tax imposed on sales both by permnnpnt and transient nersons. uses fexcept as tc amount) the same language which has been used in preceding years. No new tax has been laid, and if the products to which you refer paid no tax last year, there is no ground for holding them liable this year. It is equally manifest that the persons intended to be reached by the act are of a peculiar character. They were to be of the intineranl class mentioned in the title of the Act. From such, mischiefs have been fonnd to arise, anc the law intended to guard against these. Bofori these itinerants are permitted to have free ao' cess to our people, some of our citizens must an< swer for them. Bat to our own neighbors wh< have been selling us their agricultural productt ' for many years we would offer the kindliest bos pitality. If the words of the Act be strained s< as to embrace them, they would reach our owi planters selling their own produce, and woulc 1 make unlawful even an ordinary sale of a horse. [ or negro, or any arncte or commodity. I am, therefore, of opinion that the Act doe: not extend to the wagons which bring to. youi village for sale floor, corn, tobacco, apples, po : tatoes and other products from the neighboring i States. Very Truly, Yours, C. G. MEMMINGER, Col. R. G. McCaw, \ Yorkville, S. 0. J \ dr For the Yorkvffle Enquirer. THE LATE OEI. JOHN A. ALSTON. The sad intelligence of this brother's departure has reached me through the secular press.? He died at, or near Winnsboro, S. C.; but his home, for many years past was at Ebenezer, Fork District. I first met him in the Spring of *57. I had heard of him as a teacher, and as a laborer in temperanoe reform, and longed for an opportunity of knowing him. This was afforded me, under unexpected bdtsingalarly interesting circumstances. Being iu attendance at a three-days meeting in the early inmmer of '67, at Sock Hill near his residence, we met It was on this wise: On Saturday, brother KfflTLaa delivered one of J his earnest, telling exhortations; and penitents J being invited to kneel for prayer, I saw a vener able but quiet looxing geuuemao Boiuy, out. wmi evident emotion, get down at his seat in the midst of the awe-strook congregation. Upon inquiry I was told "That is Gen. Alsto* !" The service ended, he retired, and much surprise and intereet was felt by bis friends sod the brethren.? At night be was back agaip, but now was quite near the pulpit, and bis son Bobert was observed at bis side. When penitents were again called, they both together promptly bowed down and gave themselves to the service of God-; both at once joined the church. Robert was baptised the next morning. His father spoke in love-feast of his late but happy return to God, and to the church of his choice; and on that same day received the communion, to the astonishment but gratification of all his friends. He became an active, working, praying man at once; and without improper hesitation assumed the duties of class-leader, to the joy and profit of his brethren. It was refreshing to witness the lively apd profound interest exhibited by his numerous friends. On passing through Yorkville, after the meeting , closed, I was called upon by an old friend of hia ?a gentleman of much intelligence and high position?one, too, who had late in life surrendered to his Saviour, who demanded to know if the report was true, that hia old friend Geo. A. was converted ; and when aesnred of the fact, he s&t down and wept for joy, being unable to master his emotions. He was thus greatly esteem* ed by his friends! _.v, * In September of the same year, I was codncting a camp-meeting on the same circuit, at Concord, not far from his residence; andin doe time the admirable old gentleman made his appearance attended by his son, and a number of his students from the Academy. He at once took his appropriate place among the worshipping throng, and was prompt to spmpathile with the penitents, and especially with yoong men, in some of whom he was pecnfiarly interested.? The profound attention he gave to the preaching, his hearty participation in songs aed prayers, bis direct and intelligent enquiries in private among the preachers, alt gave nomlst&keable evidence that'old things, bad passed away and all things had become new.' It was to me.a great satisfaction to be with him alone, an4 * charming pleaanra to lit with him in the midst of his interesting dopteotie oir cle. Mrs. A. already belonged to a sister church, and his daughter just then io her teens soon fol lowed her father- and brotiyr into the church, and bis was thus become fa household of faith,' All, I trust, wili ere long follow him, as he followed Christ, and regain him 'in tfc* eternal heavens!' -v c+14. I beg to put on record this tribute of unfeigned rcapeot for one whose public character, personal worth, and /ate but happy oonrersion to God, entitle him to: aa honored place in our memory. Gen. Alstoit was no common man.? In hia personal bearing, and his easy, gpacefol utterance in prayer, he reminded me of our honored Bishop Capers. There was a serenity, a : z ats m&s -si L~ ?^3vL canaor wm an uncuou ou uis vpinv wm wc remembered by those who knew.him best. Saeh was the impression made upon my mind and heart by a few ooeasional communings with him. Bat he-is gone, his work is done, sad we can only reflect with mournful bat-grateful interest upon the grace of God which brought him to our acquaintance, and, we bare no doubt, has .introduced him to the innumerable multitude of the first born written iu heaven U Though he came actively and usefully into the oboroh late'in life?whioh none regreted haore more than he did?yet he entered-witk his whole heart, and also brought his well-trained son along with him, and in leas thau two years gate that boy-to the work of the Ministry sod to the fellowship of the itininerancy in the South Carolina Conference. His works shall thus follow ! him and praise him. J. W. JL i Pot the Yorkville Enquirer.'' ' PDBLICROAM. Musts. Editors: The remarks of your correspondent, "J. It ," in the last frrotna**, upon "Pablio Roads" and the means cf improving | them, hare naturally started a discussion of , grave moment to every planter and farmer of i York District. It has been often said and well said, that the roads of a country are a mark.of the degree of its civilization; and this is eminently true, wheu we consider how vast is the importance of the facilities for marketing and intercourse, to the prosperity of say section. It were, indeed, idle to demonstrate to any pDe, who has experienced the great difficulty; and oftimes impossibility of getting produce to market daring the rainy win ter season, that improved roads are absolutely necessary to the comfort, convenience and prosperity of the oountay. ( ( To those '-old fogies" who are contest to over ' strain their males and wagons and then get to market when prices have declined,and who will submit, either patiently or gramblingly, to loss ' and inconvenience, satisfying their want of eneri gy and go-aheaditiveness, with the sapient reason that onr roads suited our anoestors and should therefore suit us, we need not speak of the advantages of improvement and the necessity of noited, energetic action; but with due deference, we mnatetep gently by and leave them . to undisturbed repose in their self-created Rip 1 van-winkle-dorn. Those, however, who are eager to take advantage of the improvements suggested by the discoveries of science and of art, ' should determine upon progress; and wisely deciding between the improvements possible, adopt | the snrest and intrinsically most economical way of attaining the object of oar desire. By making i the best disposition possible of the limited means placed in the control of the Commissioners, by [ the recent road law, a steady though slow progress may be made towards a substantial and permanent good. ! Your correspondent states truly, the little benefit, nay, positive disadvantage of the usnal methods of working our clay-roads; bat having t settled the point that a road-bed of clay will not | do, he seems to discourage the only practicable , methods of overcoming the difficulty, and leaves - us with the enquiry what other method will do. ' Upon a subject so extended as a consideration of j the various methods of making and repairing : roads, I fear to launch; and dismissing all others, > I approach at once to that which, it seem* to | me, the recent law has rendered practicable. Here and there, along onr roads, nature has interspersed sections of good and comfortable road5 ways: from the observation of which we find p two elements necessary, namely : comparative I level, and a surface, whether of sand or other material, impervious to the wheel; and as we'approximate this combination, we obtain a good road. When the bed is sufficiently level, a surface of sand or gravel properly diffused will fur