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VOLUME 7. YORKYTTT.F,, REPUBLIC OF SOUTH CAROLINA, THURSDAY MORNING, JANUARY 3,1861. ' NUMBER!
% Jlttos flf % Jag.
People of South Carolina,
THURSDAY, DEC'B. 20, 1800.
FOURTH DAY'S PROCEEDINGS.
The Convention met at 12 o'clock, m.,
and after prayer by the Rev. Mr. English,
Delegate from Samter, the roll was called,
and the journal of yesterday's proceedings
read and adopted.
Messrs. Conner, Means, McQueen, Gadberry,
Spratt, Thomson*, Dunovant, Buchanan
and Wardlaw, desired that their
names should be reoorded on the minutes
as having been present on the day previous.
They had been detained by the press
at tbe door, which was so great that the
several members had been detained over
one hoar at the door.
The President announoed the following
A Committee to draft the summary of
the causes which justify the secession of
South Carolina?Messrs. C. Gr. Memminger,
P. H. Wardlaw, R. W. Barnwell, J.
P. Richardson, B. H. Rutledge, J. E. Jenkins,
B. F. Dnnkin.
A Committee to consider so m uch of the
Message of the President of the U. States
as relates to claiming the property of the
United States within the limits of South
Carolina?A. G. Magratb, L. M. Keitt,
J. P. Carroll, W. W. Harlee, J. H. Wilson,
R. G. M. Dunovant, W. H. Campbell,
J. P. Reed, Wm. Hopkins, William S.
Lyles, G-. W. Seabrook, J. J. Ingraham,
and E. M. Clark.
Committee on our Relations with other
Slaveholding States?T. J. Withers, J. H.
Means, John L. Manning, John Townsend,
Henry C. Young, Alexander Mazyck, L.
M. Ayer, Wm. B. Wilson, T. R. English,
Simeon Fair, R. J. Davant, J. M. Gadberry,
C. St. P. Bellinger.
Committee on our Foreign Relations?
W. P. Miles, J. H. Adams, W. H. Gist,
F. D. Richardson, L W. Spratt, Isaac W.
Hayne, T. L. Gourdin, A. W. Burnet, G.
Manigault, Edward Noble, J. L. Orr, J
J. Pope, E. W. Charles.
Committee on Commercial and Postal
Arrangements.?B. F. Dunkin, Edward
MoCrady, H. W. Conner, R. Gourdin,
J. H. Nowell, T. D. "Wagner, Hfe. Gregg,
J. J. P. Smith, John Jenkins, W. Middleton,
A. H. Brown. E. M. Seabrook, R.
" F. Simpson.
Committee on the Constitution of the
State.?D. L. Wardlaw, J. N. Whitner,
T. W. Glover, I. W. Hayne, R. DeTreville,
J. A. Dargan, ThomSs Thomson,
John Buchanan, A. C. Spain, H. Mclver,
T. C. Perrin, W. D. Johnson, J. B. Kershaw.
Cashier.?R. C Logan.
Deputy Cashier.?J. G. Pressley.
Mr. Rhett. Mr. President, I beg leave
to offer the following resolution :
Resolved, That a committee of thirteen
be appointed to report to this Convention
an Ordinance proposing and providing for
the assembling of a convention of the several
seceding States of the United States,
to form a constitution for the Southern
Mr. Wardlaw. I move that it be re
ferred to the Committee on slaveholding
Mr. Inolis. I ask leave to offer the following
The Committee appointed to prepare a
? * J* A l t_ _ _ J _ _ J !
arait 01 an urainance proper 10 oe aaopieu
by the Convention, in order to effect the
secession of South Carolina from the Federal
Union, respectfully report that they
have had the matter referred to under consideration,
and believing that they will
best meet the exigencies of the great occasion,
and the just expectations of the Convention
be expressed in the fewest and
simplest words possible, consistent with
perspicuity, is all that is necessary to effect
and no more. So, excluding everything,
however proper in itself or fitting to the
occasion, but which may be effected by
distinct ordinance or resolution, we submit
for consideration the following Ordinance :
AN ORDINANCE TO DISSOLVE THE UNION BETWEEN
THE STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA AND
OTHER STATES UNITED WITH HER UNDER THE
COMPACT ENTITLED "THE CONSTITUTION OF
THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA."
We, the People of the State of South
Carolina, in Convention assembled, do declare
and ordain, and it is hereby declared
That the Ordinance adopted by us iD
Convention, on the twenty-third day of
May, in the year of our Lord one thousand
seven hundred and eighty-eight, whereby
the Constitution of the United States of
America was ratibea, and also, all Acts and
parts of Acts of the General Assembly of
this State, ratifying amendments of the
said Constitution, are hereby repealed; and
that the union now subsisting between
South Carolina and other States, under
.the name of "The United States of Amerit
ca," is hereby dissolved.
Mr. Heed. Mr. President, I move that
the formal ratification of that ordinance
take place this afternoon, at seven o'clock
p. m., in Institute Hall.
Mr. Miles. Mr. President, I would
move as an amendment that the ordinance
be at once put upon its passage?(That's
it. Yes, let's have the vote now)?and
then after we have passed it, we can pro
A a i!r_ !i a monnor
ueea to ran ly it iu a luimm uauu^.
Mr. T. R. English. I would state that
by direction of the committee, I had the
ordinance placed last night in the hands of
the printers for the purpose of having a sufficient
number printed for the use of the
members of the Convention. They are now
in possession of the Clerk.
A Delegate. I move, sir, that the vote
on the passage of the Ordinance be taken
by ayes and noes.
Mr. Withers. Mr. President, if the
terms of this Ordinance, when it has been
read and investigated, be satisfactory to each
and every member of this body, then there
is no occasion for any amendment to it.?
[That's so.] Then, sir, as a member of
this body, I beg to submit that the ayes
and noes be taken without one word of debate.
[Voioes "good," and applause.]
A Delegate. Mr. President, I move,
sir, if it be in order now, that immediately
on action being taken on the Ordinance,
that the Convention take a recess. [Oh, no!]
Another Delegate. Let us dispose of
the Ordinance first, and not indicate the
course of things by any other motion than
that now before the Convention.
The President. The question is on the
passage of the Ordinance. Is the Convention
ready for the question ?
Mr. Wardlaw. Mr. President, I move
that this Ordinance be printed and made
the special order for to-morrow at 1 o'clock.
I think we are acting with indecent haste.
We are not a set of boys who feel it necessary
to rush at once into action without even
any formal deliberation. For myself, I am
as willing to vote upon this measure as any
member upon this floor. I am ready to vote
upon it to-day; but let * s, at least, show
that we are men, and act with the forms
usually observed in all deliberative bodies.
Mr. Parker. Mr. President, it appears
to me, sir, with great deference to the opinions
that have been expressed, that the public
mind is fully made up to the great occasion
that now awaits us. It is no spasmodic
effort that has come suddenly upon us;
but it has been gradually culminating for
a long series of years, until at last it has
come to that point when we may say the
matter is entirely up. I hope, therefore,
that the Ordinance which has just been
read to the Convention will be considered,
as has been suggested, without delay, and ^
without unnecessary loss of time.
Mr. ingli8. Mr. President, if there is
any gentleman present who wishes to debate
this matter, of course this body will
hear him; but as to delay for the purpose of
a discussion, I for one am opposed to it.?
As my friend (Mr. Parker) has said, most
of us have had this matter under consideration
for the last twenty years, and I presume ,
we have by this time arrived at a decision
upon the subject. Of course such propos- ^
itions are always open to debate; but for
my own part I feel no disposition to delibe
rate any further. I am ready now to cast
my vote in the affirmative.
Mr. Spain. Mr. President, I am as ready
as any member to record my vote; but
it has been suggested that perhaps it would ^
be better to delay formal action for some
fifteen minutes, in order that the Ordinance
may be distributed and read by members, '
which might facilitate business. If, therefore,
I am in order, I now move a suspension
of the business proceedings of the Con- .
vention for fifteen minutes, for that purpose.
I make the motion in justice to wiser
heads than mine. [Cries of "Oh, no."]
The question being taken on the motion,
it was disagreed to.
Mr. W. F. DeSaussure. Mr. President,
we are now approaching the final act
of this Ordinance of Secession, and I think
it ought to be oonsumated before a most
august assemblage, and with all possible
solemnities. I concur with the honorable
gentleman who spoke this morning, that
we ought not to have the appearance of
haste, but at the same time no one desires
to delay the ratification longer than may '
be necessary to do it according to the true
form aod ceremony. I therefore move the
adoption of the following resolutions: (
Resolved, That a message be sent to his
Excellency the Governor, and to both
branches of the Legislature, inviting their
attendance at the Institute Hall, at 12 o'clock,
to-morrow, and that this Convention j
march in procession, to-morrow, to the Institute
Hall, and then at 12 o'clock, in the J
presence of the constituted authorities of .
the State, and of the people, ratify the Ordinance
of Secession. ("That's it.")
Resolved, That the President of this
Convention invite a member of the Reverend
Clergy to attend at Institute Hall tomorrow,
at 12 o'clock, and on the ratification
of the Ordinance, to return thanks to
Almighty God on behalf of the people of
this State ; and to invoke his blessing upon
this, our proceeding.
Resolved, That the passage of the Ordinance
be proclaimed by a salvo of artillery,
and by the ringing of the bells of the city;
and that the citizens be invited to an expression
of their thankfulness and joy on
the passage of this great act of deliverance
and liberty, and such other demonstrations
as to them may seem appropriate.
Mr. Withers. Now, Mr. President, I
have no objection to accepting that. All I
desire to submit to the Convention is, that
we ought not to hasten matters.
Mr. Simons. Mr. President, an Ordinance
has been proposed by the Committee,
and with all due deference to the gentleman
from Richland, I must submit that
we are not to know beforehand what the
action of this body is to be. I regard it to
be our first duty to pass the Ordinance of
Secession ; and then the mere form of ratification
can be observed afterwards. We
cannot undertake to make any arrangements
for the ratification of that which has
not yet received the sanction of this body. 1
I see no propriety in postponing action on
this Ordinance. It is for that purpose that 1
we appointed a Committee of able men,
who have carefully considered the terms in
which that Ordinance shall be framed, and
in language not one word too much, or not
one word too little. They have declared
before us in this very act, and I am prepared
now, with all the solemnity of so
solemn an act, and with all the dignity
which becomes so momentous an occasion,
to cast my vote for the passage of the Ordinance.
Mr. Duncan. Mr. President, I concur
in the sentiments of the gentleman who
has just taken his seat, and I also concur
in the resolutions offered by Mr. DeSaussurej
but I conceive them to be now out
of place. The vote should first be taken
upon the passage of this Ordinance, aud I
move that this vote be taken by ayes and
A Member. Mr. President, what is the
| motion before the body ?
I The President. The motion first to be
considered is the one to immediately vote
j upon and adopt the Ordinance. The ayes
|and noes have been called for?do seven
members rise ?
A number of gentlemen rising, the President
directed the Clerk to call the roll.?
The roll being called, the Ordinance was
passed with not a dissenting voice; as follows:
\dams, James II. Garllngton, H. W. Noble, Edward
Mlison, R. T. Gelger, J. C. Nowell,J. L. "
\ppleby, D. C. Gist, William H. CP Hour, J. S.
\tkinson, S. T. Glover, T. W. Orr, James L. .
\yer, L. M. Goodwin, E. W. Palmer, J. S. A
Barnwell, R. W. Gourdin, R. N. Parker, F. S. .t
Barron, A. I. Gourdin, T. L. Perrin,Tlios. C. fclJ
Barton, D. R. Green, H. D. Pope, J. D. (Jj
Beaty, T. W. Gregg, Maxcy Porcher, F. J.
Bethea, A. W. Gregg, William Press!ey, J. G. Si
Bollinger, C. St. P. Grisham, W. S. Quattiebaum, Paul
Bobo, S. Hammond, A. J. Rainey, Samuel Ul
Bouneau, P. P. Hanekel, T. M. Reed, J. P. i.:
Brabham, J. J. Harllee, W. W. Rhett, R. B. sr., 11
Brown, A. H. Harrison, James Rhodes, George ]g
Brown, C. P. Hayne, I. W. Richardson, F. I).
Buchanan, J. Henderson, E. R. Richardson, J. P. tr
Burnet, A. W. Honour, J. H. Robinson, D. P.
Sain, W. Hopkins, William Rowell, W. B. 811
Salhoun, John A. Hunter, William Rutledge, B. H.
Caldwell, Joseph Hutson. W. F. Scott, ?. B. 111
Campbell, W. H. Inglis, John A. Seahrook, E. M.
lHarn, M. E. Ingraltam, J. J. Seabrook, G. W. sr.
Carlisle, James H. Jackson, S. Sessions, B. E.
Carroll, J. P. Jeffries, James Shingler, J. M. ,
^aughinan, H. J. Jenkins, John Shingler, W. P. CD
Bauthen, W. C. Jenkins, J. E. Symons, T. Y.
Charles, E. W. Johnson, W/D. Simpson, R. F.
Hhesnut, James jr. Keltt, E. M. Smiley, J. C. te
Hhcves, Eangdon Kershaw, J. B. Smith, J. J. P.
Blarke, E. M. Kilgore, B.F. Snowden, P. G. DC
Conner, H. W. Klnard, J. P. Spain, A. C. .
Crawford, R.L. Kinsler, J. H. 8pratt,L. W. 10
Curtis. William Eandnun. J. G. Springs, A. B.
Jarpui, J. A. I, aw ton, B. W. Stokeo, P. ?*
iavant, R. J. Lewis, A. F. Sims, J. S. Jj(
Javis, if. C. Logan, R. C. Thomson, R. A.
ieSausstire, W. F. Lyles, W. S. Thomson, Thomas qj
JeTrevlUe, R. AlcCrady, Edward Tlmmons, J. M.
Jozier, A. W. Mclver, Henry Tompkins. James
luncan, Perry E. AleKee, John Townsend, John o,
)unkin, B. F. AIcLeod, A. Wagner, T. D.
Junovant, A. Q. Magrath, A G. Wannamaker, Jno. n,
Jnnovant, R. G. M. Manlganlt, G. Wardlaw, D. L.
Jupre, D. ' Maiming, John L. Wardlaw. F. H. B
Sasley.W. K. AInuIdin, B. F. Watts, VV. D. .
3111s, W. J. Maxwell, John Weir, Thomas, sr. 01
3nglish, T. R. Mayes, AT. P. Whitner, J. N. l
Svans, C. D. Mozyck, Alexander Williams, J. D. uf
Pair, Simeon Means, John 11. Wilson, I. D.
Finley, W. P. Mcnimlnger, C. G. Wilson, J. H.
Flud, Daniel Middleton,J. Izard Wilson, W. B. tl
Forster, A. M. Middleton, W. Withers, T. j.
Foster, B. B. Miles, W. P. Woods, Richard B|
Frampton, J. E. Moore, Thos. W. Young, Henrj'C.
Furman, J. C. Moorman, R. Air. President. 10
Sadberry, Jas. AI. "
Mr. Pressley. I move that the reso- a
lutiocs just offered, be now taken up and g(
Mr. Miles. I beg the gentleman to
withdraw his resolution for a moment, to
allow me to offer a resolution, to which I
am sure there will not be a dissenting vJce.
Mr. Pressley. I will, with pleasure, cj
for that purpose.
Mr. Miles then moved that the vote j
just taken, be telegraphed to the South
Carolina members of Congress at Washington
by the Clerk of the Convention.
Mr. McIver. Let the Ordinance be ce
telegraphed with the vote.
Mr. Miles. I accept of that amend- .
The motion was agreed to unanimously.
Mr. Hayne. I beg leave to offer the gj
following resolution : nj
Resolved, That thb Ordinance be en.
grossed on parchment, under the direction .
)f the Attorney General, and signed by ^
the President of this Convention and mem- ^
oevs of the same at Institute Hall, and that
it be deposited in the archives of the State.
Mr. DeSaussure. Is it intended that ^
this should constitute the last of the se
ries of resolutions, and if it is, I move to _
lmend by inserting "three Solicitors" af- ,j?
ter the word "Attorney General." R
Mr. Hayne. I accept of that amend- 0f
The President. The question now
recurs on the series of resolutions intro- hi
luced by Mr. DeSaussurc. C,
Mr. Orr. What is the hour fixed. ]v]
Mr. Reed. I hope the vote will first be o
iaken on the last resolution, relative to en- vf
grossing the Ordinance. bi
A Delegate. Can the vote be divided ? 0f
The President. Yes, sir. of
Mr. Orr. We didn't all understand &
the resolution. Let it be read again.
The Clerk then commenced the reading 80
jf the resolutions as follows : cc
"Resolved, That a message be sent to
Elis Excellency, the Governor, and both
branches of the Legislature, inviting their aI
attendance at Institute Hall, at 12 o'clock ^
to-morrow; and thatthis Convention march tn
in procession to-morrow to the Institute cj
Hall, and there, at 12 o'clock, in the pre- tb
sencc of the constituted authorities of the c.?
State and people, ratify the Ordinance of A
A Delegate. "Sign" the Ordinance, bi
instead of "ratify." tt
Another Delegate. Strike out the
word "March." [Laughter.] w
The President. It has been moved by w
the gentleman from Charleston, that the
word "ratify" in the last line of the reso- a
lutioD be stricken out, and the word "sign,"
Mr. English. I would enquire if the u
seal of the State has not to be affixed before g
the Ordinance can be ratified or signed ? jj
Mr. Reed. I move to strike out "to- tt
morrow at 12 o'clock," and insert "this af- Q
ternoon at 4 o'clock." Q
Several Voices. "Oh, no." d,
Other Voices. At 7 o'clock.
Mr. Reed. I am willing to say seven, w
but it struck me that it had better be done ai
before night. V(
Several Relegates. Seven o'clock, tt
Mr. Reed. Very well. If gentlemen 0*
desire me to say seven I will do so. I wish tj
to have this great act consummated in one C(
J ' V*
EVENING SESSION. Z?
The President called the Convention to Si
order at G* a. m. m
The Doorkeeper. A message from the ce
Senate and House of Representatives.
MESSAGE FROM THE SENATE. as
Mr. President, I am instructed by the o'
President of the Senate of the State of S. ar
Carolina, to signify the acceptance of your H
invitation to attend upon the ratification of
the Ordiuance of Secession from the late at
Confederacy of the Union. sa
MESSAGE FROM tiie nOUSE.
Mr. President, I am directed by the H. sc
of Representatives of the State of South pi
Carolina, to state to this body that they tb
have accepted your invitation to attend up- m
on the ratification of the Ordiuanee of Se- of
The Convention then rose and joined in H
the procession to the Institute Hall. The ei
nrocession moved down Broad to Meeting tb
street, and up Meeting to the Institute Hall, ol
Bonfires were kindled and fireworks were w
being set off on all sides. At the foot of v?
the staircase the Delegates were joined by pi
the members of the Senate and House of ai
Representatives, and the procession then al
moved into the Hall. se
The President and Clerk of the Conven- hi
tion, the President and Clerk of the Senate, qi
the Speaker aod Clerk of the House of Rep- ei
resentatives, the Governor and suite, and P
the Rev. Dr. Bachman were seated upon p:
the stage. The exercises were opened with d<
prayer by the Rev Dr. Bachman. at
The President then asked : Are th9 At- ui
rney-General and Solicitors ready to re>rt?
The Attorney General replied: The
ttorney General and Solicitors to whom
ie Convention committed an Ordinance to
ssolve the compact between the State of
outh Carolina and other States, known
iider the name and title of the Constitn
on of the United States of America, beg
ave to report that they have performed
ie duty assigned to them, and herewith
ibmit the Ordinance, engrossed in such
anner as seemed suitable to the gravity
' the subject and the occasion.
The President then, in the presence of
ie assembled audience, read the Ordiince,
and scarcely bad he finished before
rrific thunders of applause burst from the
;ating hearts of the people. After the
ud and long continued cheering had subded,
the President called upon the mem* ??
*rv Anma frtuwftvrl on/1 oi/vn fV?n Of/li.
;io iu uwujg iui natu auu vuu
While engaged in this, the people of
outh Carolina who had assembled on the
itside of the Hall, jammed the streets.?
onfires were kindled and fireworks shot
F; bands of soldiers passed and re-pa?sed
;fore the Hall.
Throu ghout the signing of the Ordinance,
le vast multitude testified their hearty
)proval in loud and long continued cheerg,
and when the President of the Con;ntion
pronounced these words: "The
rdiuanoe of Secession has been signed
id ratified, and I proclaim the State of
juth Carolina an Independent Commonealtb,"
the tumultuous enthusiasm that
isued leggars description.
As soon as order was restored, on moen
of Mr. Magrath, the Convention ad irned
till to-morrow morning, at 12 o'ock.
After the Ordinance had been signed,
H. Means, Secretary of State, received
e same into his custody. Gen. W. E.
artin, as Clerk of the Senate, by request
' the President of the Convention, pro:eded
to the street, and read the Ordiince
to the immense ooncourse in Meetg-street,
and concluded by holding up
e parchment to the crowd, and calling
oon them to give three cheers for the
jparate Commonwealth of South Carolil.
This was responded to in the most
ithusiastic manner by the assemblage?
ho then gave three cheers for Gen. W.
. Martin, and three more for the Conven3n,
and then dispersed.
From tlie Charleston Mercury, Dec. 21, I860.
'HE !JOTH OP DECEMBER, I860.
Inscribed among the calends of the world
-memorable in time to come?the 20th
ty of December, in the year of our Lord
$60, has become an epoch in the history
' the human race. A great Confederated
cpublio, overwrought with arrogant and
rannous oppressions, has fallen from its
gh estate amongst the nations of the earth.
Doservative liberty has been vindicated,
obocratic license has been stricken down,
rder has conquered, yet liberty has survid.
Right has raised his banner aloft, and
dden defiance to Might. The problem
self-government under the check-balance
slavery, has secured itself from threatened
South Carolina has resumed her entire
? --? ?? ?a*><1 a V? n a kft
iveruij.;u jiuhci, uuu, uujuatnitu, uuo ucime
one of the nations of the earth.
On yesterday, the 20th December, 1860,
ist before one o'clock, p. m., the Ordinice
of Secession was presented by the Comittee
on "the Ordinance," to the Convenon
of the people of South Carolina. Presely
at seven minutes after one o'clook,
le vote was taken upon the Ordinance?
ich man's name being called in order.?
s name by name fell upon the ear of the
lent assembly, the brief sound was echoed
ick, without one solitary exoeption in
lat whole grave body?Aye!
At 1.15 o'clock, p. m., the last name
as called, the Ordinance of Secession
as announced to have been passed, and
ie last, fetter had fallen from the limbs of
brave, but too long oppressed people.
The Convention sat with closed doors.
ut upon the announcement outside, and
pon the Mercury bulletin board, that
outh Carolina was no longer a member of
it Federal Union, loud shouts of joy rent
le air. The enthusiasm was unsurpassed.
Id men went shouting down the streets,
annon were fired, and bright triumph was
epicted on every eountenance.
But before the Great Seal of the State
as affi xed to the Ordinance of Secession,
id the names of the Delegates to the Conintion
were signed, it was proposed that
lis ceremony should be postponed until 7
clock that evening: when the Convenon
should re-assemble and move in proission
from the St. Andrew's Hall, where
ley then sat, to the great Secession Hall;
id that there, before the assembled citims
of the State, the Great Seal of the
tate should be set, and each signature
ade. The proposition was favorably relived.
At (U o'clock p. m., the Convention resembled
at St. Andrew's Hall. At 6|
clock p. m., they formed in procession
id moved forward in silence to Secession
The building was filled to overflowing,
id they were received by some three thou,nd
people in the Hall.
The Convention was called to order. The
ene was one profoundly grand and imressive.
There were a people assembled
trough their highest representatives?men
ost of them upon whose heads the snows
' sixty winters had been shed?patriarchs
t age?the dignitaries of the land?the
igh Priests of the Church of Christ?rev end
statesmen?and the wise judges of
te law. In the midst of deep silence, an
d man, with bowed form, and hair as
hite as snow, the Rev. Dr. Bachman, adincecl
forward, with upraised hands, in
ayer to Almighty God, for His blessing
id favor in this great act of his people,
iout to be consummated. The whole asimbly
at once rose to its feet, and with
its off, listened to the touching and eioaent
appeal to the All-Wise dispenser of
rents. At the close of the prayer, the
resident advanced with the consecrated
irchment upon which was inscribed the
icision of the State, with the Great Seal
tached. Slowly and solemnly it was read
ato the last word?"dissolved"?when
men ooold contain themselves no longer,
and a shout that shook the very building,
reverberating, long-continued, rose to Heaven,
and ceased only with the loss of breath
In proud, grave silence, the Convention itself
waited the end with beating hearts.
The President then requested the Delegates
(by previous decision) to step forward
as they were called in the alphabetical order
of the Districts which they represented,
and sign the Ordinance. Two hours were
occupied in this solemn ceremony?the
crowd waiting patiently the end. As the
Delegation from St. Phillip's and St. Miobael's
came forward, again the Hall was
filled with applause. And as the Hon. R.
B Rhett advanced to the parchment, the
seouts became deafening, long-continued,
tptil he had seated himself, signed and retired.
It was a proud and worthy tribute,
gracefully paid, and appreciated. The
same special compliment was paid to our
Ex-Governor Gist, who recommended in his
message to the extra session, the immediate
secession of South Carolina from the
At the close of the signatures the President,
advancing to the front of the platform,
announced that the Seal of the State
had been set, the signatures of the Convention
put to the Ordinance, and he thereby
proclaimed the State of South Carolina a
separate, independent nationality.
To describe the enthusiasm with which
this announcement was greeted, is beyond
the power of the pen. The high, burning,
bursting heart alone can realize it. A
mighty voice of great thoughts and great
emotions spoke from the mighty throat of
one people as a unit.
The State of South Carolipa has recorded
herself before the universe. In reverenoe
before God, fearless of man, unawed
by power, unterrified by clamor, she has cut
the Gordian knot of colonial dependence
upon the North?cast her fortune upon her
right, and her own right arm, and stands
ready to uphold alike her independence and
her dignity before the world. Prescribing
to none, she will be dictated to by none :
willing for peace, she is ready for war.?
Deprecating blood, she is willing to shed it.
Yalueing her liberties, she will maintain
them. Neither swerved by frowns of foes,
nor swayed by timorous solicitations of
friends, she will pursue her direct path, and
establish for herself and for her posterity,
her rights, her liberties and herinstitutions.
Though friends may fail her in her need,
though the connon of her enemies may
belch destruction among her people, South
Carolina, unawed, unconquerable, will still
hold aloft her flag, "Animis Opibusque
From the Charleston Mercury.
OUB HA KB OR DEFENCES.
Fort Sumter.?Fort Sumter is built
upon an artificial island, at the entrance of
our harbor. The foundation being of stone,
it must be of the strongest nature. That
portion of the fort above the water-line is
of brick and concrete of the most solid
character. Its plan is a truncated pentagon,
with one side parallel to the adjoining
shore, thus presenting an angle to the
j channel. Of the truncated angles the
eastern, western and northern are simply
formed into Pan-coupees, whilst the other
two are formed of two small faces, making
an aDgle of about fifteen degrees with the
sides of the pentagon. At each intersection
of the small faces is a sally-port. The
height of the parapet above the water-line
is sixty feet. On the eastern and western
(sides are the barracks for the privates, mess
ball, kicchen, &c. On the southern side
are the officers quarters, which are umsnea
[in very handsome style.
It is mounted with the heaviest guns of
the United States service, arranged in
three tiers, the two lower being Casemates
and the upper Barbette guns. The Casemate
guns are those which are fired from
an embrasure in the Scarp Walls, and are
protected from the enemy's shells by an
arched bomb-proof covering overhead; the
Barbetle, those which fire over the parapet,
which exposes the Cannoniers to the fire
of the enemy, although, in this instance,
the height of the ramparts is so great that
there is comparatively no danger from the
(shot of an enemy's fleet. The armament
! consists of 140 pieces, placed in the following
order: The heaviest guns, such as
[the 32 and 64 pounders, on the first tier;
24 and 32 pounders on the second tier;
Columbiads (8 and 10 inch) and heavy sea
coast mortars on the top of the ramparts.
The heaviest pieces are turned toward
the harbor, the lighter toward the land
side; which side is further protected by
musketry, for which loop-holes are cut in
the Scarp Wall. The number of each kind
of gun is about thirty 64-pounders; the
same number of 32-pounders; forty 24pounders;
ten of eachoalibre of Columbiad ;
ten 13-inch and ten 10-inoh mortars, cana
ble of throwing about four thousand (4000)
pounds of shot and four thousand three
hundred (4300) pound of shell at each discharge.
On the terra parade plain are situated
two furnances for heating shot. The magazines
are situated on the inner sides of the
sally ports, and contain, at present, 40,000
R)s. of powder, and a proportionate quantity
of shot and shell. The landing to the
Fort is on the southern, or land side, and
is formed by a wharf projecting towards
the shore, and also extending the length of
This Fort would be nearly impregnable
if finished and properly manned. It is at
present so far completed that, with a little
temporary work, it could be made so strong
as to defy any attack by a fleet of large
vessels. Its weakest point is on the southside,
of which the masonry is not only
weaker than that of tho other sides, but it is
not protected by any flank fire, which
would sweep the wharf. Once landed, an
entrance may, at the present state of the
construction, be easily made; for the blinds
of the lower embrasures, though six inches
in thickness, may yet be easily blown away,
and even if this was impossible, scalling
ladders can reach those of the second tier
which are protected in this manner.
This concludes the brief sketoh of a fort,
which is a most perfect specimen of civil
and military engineering. The whole work
has been conducted in a manner that reflects
the highest credit upon the engineers and
is worthy to occupy the prominent position
that it holds. In conclusion, we take occasion
to allude to one point of especial
beauty?the construction of the arohes?of
which there are nearly every variety?the
"Full Centre," tL; "Segment," the "Groined,"
the "Askew," and the "Rampant"?
and to add that the walls at their base are
12 feet thick, and at the top 8$ feet thick.
Fort Johnson.?The position of this
old fort, which is of the utmoBt importance
as a connecting point in the defence of the
Harbor, has been considered by the highest
military authority, as the key to all the
defensive works in the Harbor. Against
the attack of forces by land, or a boat attack
by the Stono River, it must be considered
an essential element of defense.?
So soon, then, as the State of South Carolina
assumes the control of the Harbor fortifications,
no time should be lost before a
permanent fortification is commenoed here,
if time does not admit of a substantial work
hnincr Vmilf. ft fipM.wnrlr nf flftrt.h nnri t.im.
" b J - ?
ber to mount sixty guns, could be erected
in a very short time, which would offer a
respectable defense against any probable
laud-attack, and furnish at the same time a
heavy battery against shipping.
The Inner Defences of Our Harbor.?Castle
Pinokney is a small work,
situated on the southern extremity oi
"Shute's Folly Island," between the Hog
and Folly Channels. Though in itself nol
a very considerable military work, yet from
its position, commanding as it does the
whole line of our eastern wharves, it becomes
of the utmost importance for it to be
held by the State authorities. It is, ic
fact, the immediate outwork of the city,
useful to annoy an invading fleet should il
pass the outer forts, and to render theii
landing very difficult, if not impossible.
In its plan it presents to the South s
semi-circular face; the eastern and westerr
faces are formed by the line of rampari
following the direction of the tangent tc
the circular arc at its extremity, and for ?
distance of twenty yards; the northern side
is plane; at both the northeastern anc
northwestern angles are semi-circular bas
tions, the outer extremities of the arcs be
ing tangent respectively to the eastern anc
i J c l mi
westeru euuea ui tuc luxti. lucre aic tm
rows of guns?the lower being in casemate!
(bomb proof,) the embrasures for whiot
are about seven feet above low water mark
and the upper being en barbette. Th<
height of the rampart is twenty, and th<
width thirty-two feet; the width of th<
outer wall and of the parapet is six feet
the depth of the casemates is twenty feet
height ten ; the diameter (east and west
of the Castle is 170 feet.
The entrance is on the northern side; 01
either side of which are the officers ant
privates' quarters, mess room, &c. Thi
ascent to the barbette is made in the north
eastern and northwestern corners of thi
terre-paradeplein. In the centre of th
latter is the furnace for heating shot.
Around the foot of the scarp wall is i
break-water, about twelve feet in width
horizontally, whioh has its western side ex
tended in a tangent direction to the south
to form the landing. The landing is pro
tected by the fire of several gnns sweepinj
The armament of this Castle consists o
about twenty-five pieces, 24 and 32 poun
ders; a few sea coast mortars, and six Gol
umbiads?the latter not being mounted ?
In the magazine is a sufficiency of ammuni
tion, including shot and loaded shell.
This work has been of late put in a
thorough repair as possible. Owing to th>
want of ventilation and the reverberatioi
of the sound, in an engagement, the lowe
tier of guns would soon become useless
and the occupants would be obliged to re
sort entirely to the barbette guns and mor
tars. In this case, the exposure to th<
enemies' direct shot would not be great
for the DaraDet is hierher than the hulks o
[ ~ t * CJ
most ships, and much higher than the ad
joining shore. As to its importance, al
though if we possessed Forts Sumter anc
Moultrie, it would be of comparatively lit
tie use; yet if an enemy possessed it, it
proximity to the city would enable the gar
rison to damage Charleston seriously.
Shute's Folly Island.?In consider
ing the subject of still further defences foi
the inner harbor of Charleston, it has seem
ed to us that "Shute's Folly Island," upot
the south point of which Castle Pincknej
now stands, is susceptible of being greatlj
improved without much engineering skill
Earthern batteries for 50 or more guns
could be erected along the shore, and b<
completely protected*by the Castle. Thii
would entirely prevent any passage by smal
craft through Hog Island Channel int<
Haddril's Point.?Though not indis
pensable, a small battery of say 10 or 15
?uns, at some well selected point of th<
Haddrill's Point shore, would be a valua
ble auxilliary to the other important de
fences of the harbor.
The East Bay Battery Sea Wall
?Behind the new stone sea wall on the
East Bay Battery there is ample space foi
?0 r, 1. mnrn rrnna in Lartinfte Prttllr
be promptly mounted on timber platforms,
From this strong point a large oirole of the
inner harbor could be protected, including
the entrance to the Ashley River.
"We are Odt of the Union.?And we
thank God and South Carolina for it. We
are no longer under the dominion of the
North. The step which South Carolina has
so boldly and gallantly taken, is fraught
with more and greater benefits to the hu.
man race than any one thing since the coming
of Christ. It will give more force and
power to the truth that "man is capable of
self government j" it will inaugurate the
system of "Free Trade" all over the world,
and will lead to the overthrow of all those
devices by which labor has been made subservient
to power and robbed of its reward
by cunning and designing men; it will establish
the principle that governments are
formed for the protection of the rights of
every citizen, and not as an engine by
which the rights of the many are to be
seized for the benefit of the few. It is the
dawn of the great political and moral millennium,
whioh will extend its influence to
all the world and to all future generations.
It is the beginning of the time and the
state of things for whioh we have long
hoped and labored, and which we thaDk God
we have lived to see.
C dumbus ( Ga.) Corner Stone.
"IfiE FOREIGN" PRESS.
For ihe instruction of our readers, we
shall give, so far as our space permits, extracts
from the comments and remarks of
the press on the secession of South Carolina.
We begin with the New York Tribune
of the 21st instant, which says:
"The Kingisdead; long live the King."
"The Union is dissolved; long live the
Union !" A star the less in our firmament,
, or rather, South Carolina thinks so.
According to the general expectation,
that State has gone outof the Union, but if
. we do not forget that it is not the first time
. she has done so, we shall tremble the less.
. We remember when she was ready to go to
the death for Gen. Hamilton's sugar, when
it was said of her, dulce et decorum eit pro
, nnlrirt. rnnr!. " Rut it was sweeter vet to
. come back, and she came back. She may
[ do so again. It is so easy to pass resolu,
tions; so difficult to execute them. Her
s first act of sovereignty is rather ludicrous.
; She asks the Government from which she
secedes to conduct for her her postal sys.
However, she has gone, and if she is
? gratified by the manner of her going, the
, gratification is one which nobody, we fancy
; will grudge her. If she chooses to be
, without the advantages of the Union, whioh
, her sister States enjoy and will continue to
. enjoy, the loss is hers, and the advantages
, ?so far as the saving of some heavy ex,
pense is concerned?are ours. How in any
other sense she is to get. out of the Union,
t it is not easy to see. Her Commissioners
. will presently appear at Washington, and
will have the honor, doubtless, of dining
t with the old public functionary, wbo still
, holds high court in the White House.?
l Thnv mav wait nnnn flnnoraas hut (Inn.
} gress has no authority to treat with them
t upon the subject of dissolution. What,
3 then, can they do ? Like the French King
I who marched up the hill with twice ten
thousand men, and then marched down
again, they can return to Charleston and
j report jprogress. Only let the State con}
tinue to pay the regular duties on imports,
3 and keep her hands off the forts, and she
3 can secede as long as she pleases.
* * * *
I Some feeling was excited in the House
3 of Representatives at Washington yester3
day by a resolution, offered by Mr. Delano,
. of Massachusetts, inquiring of the.Presi'
dent whether a statement made in the S.
v Carolina Convention, to the effect that notice
had been given him that a re-inforce3
ment u Fort Moultrie would be the signal
j for an attack, was true. What with Mr.
3 Clarke's resolutions in the Senate, which
were again brought up yesterday, and the
e urging of this similar inquiry in the House,
e it is not improbable that Mr. Buchanan
will yet be compelled to explain and dea
fend his do-nothing policy in regard to the
. The Riohmond Dispatch says :
t The solemn aot of the secession of a sovi
ereign State from the American Union has
y been accomplished. With unutterable sadness
we are compelled to speak of the A,f
merican Union as a thing THAT WAS. It
; exists no more. One of its brightest stars
has disappeared from that resplendent gal_
axy which has so long lighted up the Westem
heavens, and to which the oppressed of
all nations looked for hope and deliverance,
s It is but one star, and vet how soon othe
ers may follow none can tell. The golden
q cord is broken. The falling of a single
r pearl from the silken thread gives reason
i, to fear that the rest are not secure?that
i- soon the ground may be strewn with the
- scattered gems, one is but a single uome
monwealth, and new States may be added
f to the Union, but they will not be of the
f old thirteen. One of our old Revolution*
. ary comrades, and one of the bravest ar.d
. best, who never, in those days of trial and
i of peril, deserted a friend nor tamed his
. back upon a foe, has gone out from among
9 us, and stands alone. Where shall we sup*
. ply the vacant place 1
The Baltimore Sun says:
The result has been generally anticipated
r by our readers, and the act itself only ful
fills general expectation. It has a signifi>
cance, however, which it is impossible to
J regard without deep emotion; and unless
J there is an instant return to the obligations
of the Constitution and the equality of the
i rights of the States, this secession of South
' Carolina is the beginning of the end.
3 The fact that this "Sovereign Conven1
tion" has been elected directly by the peo>
pie ; that none but delegates pledged to secession
were chosen, and no others entered
- the canvass; that upon assembling the act
' of secession is promptly adopted so soon as
' as it is presented, and that by a unanimous
vote, shows the deep aod settled purpose
with which the State resents the indignity
of sectional lawlessness to which she has
i This act of South Carolina will unques
tionably impart a quickening impulse to
1 other Southern States, and there remains
no hope now bat in an unconditional return
' to the Constitution, aod an ample recogni>
tion of the rights of the South by the people
of the North of the restoration of the
Union?as it was.
! The Effect in Philadelphia.?If
! any South Carolinians flattered themselves
! that the Secession Ordinance was going to
1 create panic and alarm at the North, they
' have been mistaken. To-day everybody is
cheerful as nsual, and there is a general
' feeling that the secession is only nominal.
[ At the stock board there was greater animation,
and a better feeling than has been
1 known for a long time, with a general advance
in the prices in most of the stocks.
Philadelphians do not believe that the Union
can be so easily destroyed.?Bulletin,
24 th inst.
All Hail South Carolina !-?The
' gallant position of Sonth Carolina speaks to
the brave, generous, true?they will bear
i no yoke, submit to no aggression. It does
i our soul good to see the little State stand
up and defy the world as to the justice of
i their cause ! When other states have faltered,
Carolina was always true. In all
i the wars, her little flag has soared above
; others, it has always been covered with glo
?- ? ry,
and now in the prond temple of Liberty
in a Sonthern Confederacy, her name
will first be written. Over her will dwel^
through all years of history, a cloud of imperishable
honor.?Columbus ( ??a.) Times.
The following Ordinance, offered by.' ^
Chancellor B. F. Dankin, has been passed ?
and ratified by the Convention, and is now
in force in and for the State of South Caro- , x?
Iina- ' *
We commend it to all citizens anil to :
An Ordinance to make provisional Postal
Arrangements in South Carolina. .
Whereas, the State of South Carolina
owes it to her own citizens, and to those.of
other States, that, as one of the contracting^-^
parties, she should not prevent or interrupt
the performance of the pending contracts
for carrvine and delivering- of the mails. - Ja
made by the United States while South
Carolina was one of said States,
We, the State of South Carolina, in
yention assembled, do declare and. ordai^^f' il
and it is hereby declared and ordained, that
the existing postal contracts and arrangements
shall be oontfnned, and tho^persons
charged with the duties^tiiereof shall continue
to discharge said duties until postal,
treaty or treaties shall be concluded, W .
until otherwise ordered by this Convention.^*
IMPORTANT ORDINANCE. Jjjj
The following Ordinance was adopted by
the Convention, on Wednesday,* 26th nit.,
during their secret session: ^
THE STATE OP SOUTH CAROLINA.;. *
At a Convention of the people of the
State of South Carolina, begun and frghfcu
at Columbia, on the seventeenth daycf D&cember,
in the year of our Lord I860, and
thence continued by adjournment to Charles- ^ ;
ton, and there by divers ^jeurnhsonts to
the 26th day of December, in" the same c
An Ordinance io- make JProvitional Ar~ \
rangements for the continuance gj :
mercial Facilities in South Carolina.
Whereas, It is-due to oar late confederates
in the political Union known as the
United States of America, as also'to the ' :
citizens of South Carolina, engagedin coo);
merce, that no abrupt or sudden change be
made in the rate'of duties upon imports in- f *
to this State to secure any advantage in
trade to her own norfcs. above those of anv
of the slaveholding States, her lata coBfed-A-sr^JJ
erates iff the said Union;and whereas, this i '
Ordinance, for the considerations indicated,
is designed to be provisional merely?
Therefore, we, the people of Sontb-CHklr *
a, in Convention assembled, do declarf - 2
and ordain, and it is hereby declared and i
1st. That all citizens of this State)
at the date of the Ordinance of Secession,
were holding office connected with the Cos- *
toms under the General Governmeofe^Ltbe
United States within' the limits
Carolina", be, and they, are hereby, appointed
to hold, under the Government of this <
State?exclusive of aDy further connection
whatever with the Federal Government^
the United States?the same offices they
now fill, until otherwise directed, and to
receive the same pay and emoluments for
their services. Tbat until this Convention,
or the General Assembly, shall otherwise
provide, the Governor shall "appointta all
vacancies which may occur in sach offices.
3. That, until otherwise provided by this
Convention, or the General^Awefoblj^the*** \
revenue, collection and navigation"
the United States, spfjirasthey-may be^g
plicable, be, and they are hereby, adopted
and made the laws of this State,Baving that
no duties shall be collected upon imports
from the States forming the late Federal
Union known as the United States of America,
nor upon the tonnage of vessels '. ;
owned in whole or in part by the citizens
of the said States; and saving and excepting
the Act of Congress, adopted the third-day .J" of
March, 1857, entitled an Act, authorizing
the deposit of papers of foreign vessels
with the Consuls of their respective nations,
which said Aot is hereby declared to
be of no force within the limits of ibis
4th. That all vessels built -in South (pfe srolioa,
or elsewhere, and .owned to the amount
of one-third by aV citizen of South
Carolina, or of any, .of the Slave holding
Commonwealths of North America, and
commanded by a citizen thereof, and no
other shall be registered as vessels of
South Carolina under the au^Lority of theCollector
and naval offiber.
5th. That all the omcial aota of tqe officers
aforesaid in which it is usual and
proper to set forth \Ee authority under ?
which they act, or the style of documents
issued by them, or any of/th^m, shall be
in the name of the State of South Carolina.
6th. That all moneys hereafter collected
by any of the officers ^foresaid shall after
deducting the sums necessary for fhe compensation
of officers and other expenses,
be paid inta the Treasury of the State.of *
South Carolina, for the nse of the'said
State subject to the order of tins Convention,
or the General Assembly.
7th. That the officers aforesaid shairrotain
in their hands all the property of the
United States ia their possession, custody
or control subject*^ the disposal of this
State, who will account for the same upon
a final settlement with the Government of
the United States.
Done at Charleston, the 26th day of De
oember, in'the year of our Lord, 1860.
D. F. JAMISON, President.
B. F. Arthur, Clerk.
Disunion?Civil War.?Events crowd
thick and fast upon as. Soath Carolina
has passed the Ordinance of Secession.?
Mr. Lincoln's home organ has issued a pronnnciamentoof
coercion. What madness!
The President is between two fires?one
party striving to urge him into declaring
ntrtv orMinof Qnnfli f^afnlino ^L?aaf
T7B& ngaiuov uv/uvu voivuua auuvuui vuioav*
ning to impeach him if he does! Why
don't he arouse himself to the ezigenoies of
this startling crisis, and "swear by the Eter- ^
nal," if necessary, that this shall remain a
white man's government ? It would thrill
the country like an electrio shock, and reveal
at once, in all its horrible forms, the
issue that the free negro maniacs have forced
upon us. Well said by the New York Day