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"', .'"" .*"*', rv~ '" - "" '* r y %. sf**tr ' V' v , " W< * < - '-r*. r 1. '/; V..\*" v.: > * t> V : :. * / jj I _ i-gi- ? ~~~ -???^" ^ ^ ?^. ~" ^ ._^ ' willLm wBIBAST.}FroPrietOP8- %* |nbepenirent Jfamilg $efospaper: Jfor % promotion of tjje political, Social, ?,grienltural anb dommereial Interests of % j&ontjr. |$2 pbb ykab, in advance. , [ * ' .... ..? r"' VOLUME 8 YORKVILLE, SOUTH CAROLINA, THURSDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 6, 1862. , NUMBER 6. ?" ? * : : . - - ' ' ^ ' * ?. A 18 ISSUE]) EVERY THURSDAY H0RHIN6, AT Two Dollars a year, in Advance. THRHE COPIES, 95 35, 10 COPIES, 915, And an Extra Copy to the person making a Clnb of Ten?the money to be paid in Advance.. ADVERTISEMENTS Will be inserted at One Dollar per square for the first, and Firry CENTS for each subsequent insertion (less than three months.) A Square consists of the space occupied by 10 lines of this size type ;100 words, or one inch space. Mo Advertisement considered less than a square. fy All Advertisements not having the number of insertions marked on the margin, will be continued until forbid and charged accordingly. jy Quarterly, Semi-Annual or Yearly contracts will be made on liberal terms?the contracts, however, mnst in all cases be confined to th? immediate business of the firm or fndividnalcontracting. , Semi-Monthly, Monthly, or Quarterly Advertisements, will be charged one Dollar per square for each insertion. For Advertising Estrays Tolled, 82; to be paid by the Magistrate. Citations, 82 25; to be paid in advance by the person applying. Noticesof Application to the Legislature, 85; to paid by the person handing in the advertisement. Insolvent Debtors Notice, 88 ; payable In advance. Attachment Notices,88; to be paid for by the Attorney in the ^caso. Business Cards, of a half-square or less, will be inserted at 85 per year. For each additional line, 81. J - - ? 1 Wl. . nt f Announcements ounarnogcrn u* ucamn , mvmwov. as Meetings published GRATIS and solicited. Tributes of Respect rated as advertisements.. Obituary Notice* exceeding one square in length, charged for the overplus at regnlar advertising rates. . . *?* Personal Communications, when admissible ; communications of limited or individual interest, or recommendations of Candidates for offices of honor, profit or trast. will be charged for at from 3 to 10 cents per line. Affairs at Savannah. Id common with oar entire male population, we spent nearly the whole of yesterday in the streets. It was a day of intense interest. We saw no panic or undue excitement, notwithstanding the perils that seemed well calculated to appal a people who are not resolved to defend their homes to the last. The events of Monday we reoorded in oar last issne. Early yesterday morniDg, it was discovered, by aid of the glass, that the enemy* bad brought forward aDd anchored a fleet of gun-boats at the mouth of Wall's Cut, on the South Carolina side, just back cf the obstructions, and about two miles from the main ohannel of the mi " ? -v - i?n -f rrr;i?: river, xne neec an cue ueau ui n uunu^ton Island remained in statu quo, and within a mile and three-quarters of the river.? It consists now of seven guu-hoats, whilst . the fleet on the Carolina side numbers six. It will thus be seen that each commands the channel, and they are armed with guns of the longest range. They are also about opposite each other, thus exposing vessels to a double broadside attaok. Under this state of facts it became evident that the duty of most pressing importance was to furnish Fort Pulaski, now about to be cut off, with an ample supply of provisions to subsist the garrison through all probable fature contingencies. Accordingly, everything being made ready, between 9 and 10 o'clock yesterday morning, the steamer Ida, steamer Bartow and a flat, laden with supplies, left the wharf for the fort, with the Confederate steamer Savannah, Com. Tatnal; Resolute, Capt. Jones; and Sampson, Capt. Kannard, as esoort.? The fleet proceeded down the river, the transports in advance and the armed steamers a short distance in the rear. On Hearing the point in the river commanded by the Federal gun-boats, our fleet confidently expected the enemy to open upon them, but they passed in silence; not a shot was fired, the Yankees supposing that they would all get below, when they would run j into the river and so permanently oat them I off from the city. In this, however, they were disappointed. Having escorted the transports beyond the reach of harm, the Savannah and Resolute tacked about and made for the city, leaving the Sampson to see the unarmed steamers safe to the fort and back again. No sooner had the two steamers turned their bows up stream than the Federal fleets, seeing they were about to be cheated, opened a terrific fire upon them, which was gallantly returned A regular battle ensued, and for forty minutes the shot and shell rained around our little fleet, the latter often exploding directly over them, and the solid shot passing within a few feet of the men on deck. The fleet kept up a return fire with its rifled cannon and other guns of long range, but with what effect could not be ascertained over the wide space of marsh that intervened on either side.? Many of the enemy's shot passed some distance over and beyond our vessels. Strange as it may appear, not a vessel or a man on our side was damaged. The fleet rode safely through the fire. The fort is now fully prov:sioned for six months. An officer now at the fort writes us under date of yesterday : "All we ask is, if we are cut off, deliver us as soon as possible. We will hold ont as long as mortals can stand hunger. They cannot take the fort by any attack ; we can only be starved out. It rests with our friendsin Georgia?on the main?to deliver us from this thraldom. This may not reach you, but if it does, tell our friends , in Savannah and the interior that we are here to hold the fort, and as long as there is a morsel left we will defend it. Georgia never disgraced herself in Virginia and mast not do it at home." The return trip of the Sampson and the two unarmed steamers wa8 p.s perilous as that of their predecessors. The Yankee fleets poured their iron hail and fire upon the little craft, but with all steam on and hurling defiant shots at the enemy in re- J fcnrn. thev Dassed erallantiv for two miles or , more under the missiles of the enemy. In . good time, they all came up to their wharves and were welcomed by the immeuse crowds i that filled up the dock and balconies through- j out the day. The Sampson passed through a terrible , ordeal, but without serious damage. She \ was struck by four English rifle shells, two passing through her, a third lodging on her | deck, and a fourth exploding in her store room, breaking up things generally, but damaging no one. Her machinery was ( unhurt and she plowed gallantly through. ( About the time the steamers left the fort, three shots were fired from the Yankee battery at Tybee in the direction of Pulas ki, but they all fell short. s This feat of provisioning Fort Pulaski is one of the most brilliant of the war. It i placed a large aud noble garrison above i want, and was accomplished under a fire I from the enemy as terrific as any on record. All honor to our glorious little navy, its i lion-hearted commander, and the gallant officers and men who sail under his flag! Our friends abroad will feel anxious to know the prospect before us. Our con elusion, from the present status of affairs is, that notwithstanding the* Federal vessels are still beyond the obstructions, the removal of the latter is but a work of time.? This done, they can readily come in on the high tide and take their position in the main channel of the river. This will place them some five miles below the oity, the passage to whioh will be disputed desperately by Fort Jackson, three miles below, a formidable earthwork on the opposite side of the river, and oar -gallant little navy.? We hope these will be sufficient to repel the invaders, and if not, we shall be prepared to give them a strong fight on their approach to the city. Arrangements are ?!.!" nnM.no/> onrl mill hoi prugressiug IUI vuio put pwt ?uu *?* ? w ready in time. They may shell as for several hoars aad set the towa oa fire in a camber of places, but we apprehend no serious oonsequences in these respects. It is the opinion of able military men, who are entirely familiar with the situation, that the city cannot be taken, if its inhabitants will bat stand firmly to their posts and do their dnty. All depends upon this, and we should make up our miuds to look the danger sternly in the face and prepare to meet it with all the means that God has placed in our power. It is no time for idlers, cavillers or croakers?the sooner such people get out of the city the better it will be for us.?Savannah Republican, 29 th ult. The News thinks that the Burnside fleet is intended for Savannah STorah McCartey?A Reminiscence of the Missouri Campaign. During the stay of Col. Jones in Nashville, we had the pleasure of many fireside talks with him upon affairs in the West, which he disousses with ready frankness, interspersed with many aneodotes and illustrations. Tfcese stories have led us to believe that, thus far, Missouri has the better of other seats of hostility for the real romance of war. Most assuredly the fight there has been waged with fiercer earnest than almost anywhere else. The remote geography of the country, the rough, unhewn oharaoterof the people, the intensity and ferooity of the passions excited, and the general nature of the complicity reduced to a warfare essentially partisan and frontier, gave to its progress a wild aspect, peculiarly susceptible of deeds, and suggestive of thoughts, of romantic interest.? None of these struck us more forcibly than the story of Norah MoCartey, the Jeanie Deans of the West. She lived in the interior of Missouri? a little, pretty, blaok eyed girl, with a soul as huge as a mountain, and a form as frail as a fairy's and the courage and pluck of- a buccaneer into the bargain. Hor father was an old man?a Secessionist. She had but a single brother, just growing from boyhood to youthhood, but sickly and lame. The family had lived iu Kansas during the troubles of '57. when Norah was a mere girl of 14, or thereabouts. But even then her beauty, wit, and devil-may-care spirit were known far and wide : and many were the stories told along the border, of her sayings and doings. Among other charges laid to her door, it is said that she broke all the hearts of the young bloods far and wide, and tradition does even go so far as to assert that, like Bob Acres, she killed a man once a week, keeping a private church yard for the purpose of decently burying her dead. Be this as it may, she was then, aod is now, a dashing, fine looking, lively girl, and a prettier heroine than will be found in a novel, as will be seen if the good natured reader has a mind to follow us down to the bottom of this column. Not long after the Federals came into her neighborhood, and after they had forced her father to take the oath, which he did partly because he was a very old man, unable to take the field, and hoped thereby to save the security of his household, and partly because he could not help himself; not long after these two important events in the history of our heroine, a body of men marched up one evening, whilst she was on a visit to a neighbor's, and arrested her siokly, weak brother, bearing him off to Leavenworth City, where he was lodged in the military guard house. It was nearly night before Nofah reached home When she did so, and discovered the outrage which had been perpetrated and the grief of her old father, her rage knew noboands. Althoagh the mists were falling, and the night was closing in dark and dreary, she ordered her horse to be re saddled, put on a thiok surtout, belted a sash round her waist, and sticking a pair of ivory handled pistols in her bosom, started off after the soldiers. The post was many miles distant. But that she did not regard Over hill, through marsh, under cover of the darkness, she galloped on to the headquarters of the enemy. At last the call of a sentry brought her to a stand, with a hoarse? "Who goes there ?" "No matter," she replied, "I wish to see Col. Prince, your commanding officer, and instantly, too " Somewhat awed by the presence of a young female on horseback at that late hour, and perhaps struck by her imperious tone of command, the Yankee guard, without hesitation, conducted her into the fortifioa- i tions, and thence to the quarters of the Colonel commanding, with whom she was left alone. "Well, madam," quoth the Yankee offi-. i cer, with bland politeness, "to what have I i the honor of this visit?" i "Is this Colonel Prince?" replied the !>rave girl quietly. I - t. ? j 1 r vyj "It is, ana yourseu : i "No matter. I have come here to eu- i juire whether you have a lad by the name if McCartey a prisoner ?" < "There is suoh a prisoner." "May I ask, for why?" "Certainly ; for being suspeoted of trea- / lonable connection with the enemy." "Treasonable ooaneotion with the enemy ! Why, the boyissiokand lame. He i is, besides, my brother; and I have come : to ask his immediate release." The Yenkee officer opened his eyes, was i torry he oould not comply with the request i of so winning a suppliant, and must really I beg her to desist and leave the fortress. i "I demand his release," cried she, in | reply. 1 "That you cannot have," returned he, i "the boy is a rebel and a traitor, and unless ! you retire, madam, I shall be forced to ar- I rest you on a similar suspicion." 1 "Suspicion ! I am a rebel and a traitor, I too, if you wish. Young McCartey is my i brother, and I don't leave this tent until he i goes with me. Order his instant release, i or (here she drew one of the aforesaid ivory < handles out of her bosom and levelled the < muzzle of it directly at him,) I will put an ounce of lead in your brain before you can < call a single sentry to your relief." i A pioture that! There stood the heroic girl, eyes flashing fire, cheeks glowiDg with earnest will, lips firmly set with resolution, and a hand outstretched with a loaded pistol ready to send 1 the contents through the now thoroughly ^ frightened, startled, aghast soldier, who cowered, like blank paper before the flames, under her burning stare. "Quick !" she repeated. "Order his release, or you die." It was too much. Prince could not stand it. He bade her lower her infernal weapon , for God's sake, and the boy should be forthwith liberated. "Give the order first," she replied unmoved. And the order was given, the lad was brought out;, and drawing his arms in hers the gallant sister marched out of the place, with one band grasping one of his, and the other hold of her trusty ivory-handle. She mounted her horse, bade him get up behind and rode off, reaching home without accident before midnight. Now that is a fact stranger than fiction, whioh shows what sort of metal is in our women of the muoh abused and traduced ninotopnfii npnftirr ? Xrnsh.)])Ufi HanHP.r. The Fishing Creek Disaster. The Nashville Banner says : Of the charges alleged against General Crittenden we shall say but little at this time, when his conduct is involved in so much mystery and popular odium. We were supplied night before last with a story from a soldier just arrived, of the most startling oharacter. Our informant spoke with great precision and clearness But we suppressed any allusion to what he was kind enough to communicate?doubtless with the siooerest oonfldence in the perfect accuracy of his faots?because we should not 1 forgive ourself if we initiated the circula- | tion of an afterwards establisbed'error, tra- ' ducive of a soldier's fair, good name; and moreover should deserve the severest public censure besides. Gen. Crittenden will doubtless appear before a court martial, which will determine the right and wrong of the matter. If he is found guilty of conduct unbecoming ao officer and a gen tleman, he will receive the amplest justice ; of a code never too lenient. If he is not guilty, surely no one wishes to condemn | hitn unjustly. And more'thao all, we are not willing to add fuel to the flame of indignation, which already completely over- , whelm him from highway and byway, before we are thoroughly apprised of the official facts in the case. When we are so ap- j prised we shall not be behind-hand in a | proper, outspoken course. , But meanwhile, in continuation, of this j point, it is to be remarked, that there arc ( certain undeniable faots in relation to Gen ( Crittenden, which throw as much responsi- ( bility upon the authorities who commissioned him as they are calculated to cast oblo- } quy upon himself. We allude, of course, ^ to his reputed and well established intern- j wnitnnAn \Tmiiffan K/-vrr? ^nouroinrr nfhnr_ pui auuv;. uiaiigi uyn uwowiTiug u?"v? wise?no matter how able and accomplished as a military leader?no matter how commendable for qualities of mind and heart, too often most eminent in the persooof just such men?no matter what influence is brought to bear upon the President, if he knew the fact, as we are now assured of it, he merits the severest reproval for commissioning him. Of course all this will bo understood hereafter, when au investigation brings to light everything relating to the unfortunate affair. Taking nothing for granted, therefore?except the melancholy reflection above stated?until definitely posted, let us occupy ourselves with endeavoring to learn some useful lessons from the sad event, and retrieving immediately the disaster, if such it may be called, to our arms. A Description of the Confederate Floating Battery Merrimac. A Norfolk correspendent gives the following interesting particulars of the "Nor. folk Turtle," the Merrimac : Yesterday, at dress parade, orders were read out for all who wished to volunteer for six months' service aboard the Merrimao, to report themselves at headquarters. From this the inference is, that she will soon be ready for sea. The Yankees, fully apprised of everything going on with us, are on the look-out for her, and arc pre- 2 pared to have a lively time with her should ^ I* it LI 1- 1- . L she attempt to iorce tne Diocuaae, as soe e certainly will. Inasmuch as the Lincoln- c ites are already fully posted in regard to her, there can be nothing faulty in giving you a slight idea of the nondescript craft. J Once she'was the pride of the Federal t navy, and considered the finest of her olass e afloat. Being at the Gosport Navy Yard c when the frightened Hessians fled from d that institution, they attempted to destroy d her, but failed in the undertaking. Act- p ing on the hint of the New Orleans "Tur- a tie," the Government determined to make o a Norfolk Turtle of the Merrimac, and fi workmen have been busily engaged on her e for nearly six months, and a striking met- 1; amoiphosis they have effected in her gene- c ral appearance. n From a first-class frigate she is razeed e down till the surface she presents above ii water is no greater tnau of an ordinary ca- o nal boat, and on that surface no balls nor u shells can take effect. Three feet below ti her water lines the iron plating, four inches a thick, on solid oak twenty-eight inohesin ti thickness, commences and runs upward d from each side, sloping like the roof of a c house, and being, in fact, an iron roof on v a floating bouse. No spars, no masts, no e upper works of any kind are in sight. Even li the chimneys are on spiral springs, "quashible" without injury, and the only way of getting into her is through a small hatoh- r way, to which is an iron door fastening immovably on the inside, so that the enemy r bad as well attempt to board a loggerhead a turtle as her. Her armament consists of ( three heavy guns on each side and one at a bow and stern. The iron oleaver in front ? is supposed capable of dividing a Yankee \ ship in two equal portions with great 1 nicety and despatch. To all appearances t she is a most formidable institution, and < whether she prove a success or not, the t Yankees are greatly exercised on her ac- i jount, and the very name of Merrimao is i x terror to them. i Prom the Southern Field and Fireside. Ta Davi^aw TtnV\*tAei \i/ofawnwArtf ^ x \J XVOUUOi X V7XUJUO X' OUliVO ft ?Wt yx VV? Take one'pound of wheat bran and one junce of glue, and boil them in three gallons-of water, in a tin vessel, for half an hour. Now lift the vessel from the fire and ?et it aside for ten minutes; daring this period the bran will fall to the bottom, leaving a olear liquid above, whiohis to be poured off, and the bran to be thrown awa'y. One pound of bar soap, cut into small pieoes, is now to be dissolved in it.? The liquor may be put on the fire in a tin pan, and stirred, until all the soap is dissolved. In another vessel one pound of alum is dissolved in a half a gallon of water. This is to be added to the soap brau liquor while it is boiling, and all is well stirred. This forms the water-proofing liquor. It is used while cool. The textile fabric to be rendered water proof is immersed in it, and pressed between the hands until it is perfectly saturated. It is now wrung, to squeeze out as much of the free liquor as possible?then shaken or stretched, and hung up to dry in a warm room, or in a dry atmosphere out doors When dry, the fabric or cloth so treated will repel rain and moisture, but allow the air or perspiration to pass through'it. The alum, gluten, gelatine and soap nnite together, and form an insoluble compound which ooats every fibre of the textile fabric, and when dry repels water like the natural oil in the feathers of the duck. There aj$ various substances which are soluble iu water singly, but when combined form insoluble compounds, and vice versa. Alum, soap and gelatine are soluble in wa- , . :__i_ u.i t : i_m? ' tcr Biufc^iyj uuii iurux iuouiuuic uum^uuuua ^ when united chemically. Oil is insoluble io water singly, but oombined with caustic, j 3oda, or potash, it forms soluble soap.? Such are some of the useful curiosities of ( chemistry. From my Receipt book. C. H. CRANE. j jMonterey, Butler County, Alabama. To Cotton Planters. 1 The subject of a full com crop caDnot be J too constantly kept before the people. Let 1 it be a matter of conscientious patriotism ' with every cotton planter to contribute as ' largely as he can in this way to the com- ' mon good. The annexed extract from the I Augusta Constitutionalist, presents a speoial 1 view which no true son of the South can 1 overlook: ( "We ask the ootton planters, is it just, ( is it politic, to repeat the experience of the ( last two years ? Is it not hazarding a wide * spread dissatisfaction among our soldiers, 1 if not a disbanding our armies, thus, by a ' jhort sighted avarice, or from a want of ( sufficient energy to ohange from the beaten track, or from apprehensions of a plethora f of provisions, to go on planting cotton, and * neglecting to raise corn and meat? The * poor soldier has a right, while in bis com- 6 fortless tent, or standing guard in the icy 1 night air and amidst the howling tempest, * to calculate that his fellow oitizens, pursu- ( ing their peaceful avocations on their snug 1 Dlantations and farms, should give a thought ^ bo his helpless family. He has a right to * jxpeot that in pitching their crops, the aim 8 should be not to keep corn and meat at sxtortionate prices, but to make them a- * bundant and cheap. He has a right to ex- J pect that bountiful nature is not to be so c hampered that she can only dole out in 1 scant supply just-enough food to prevent a famine, and at prices requiring every feeble f musc'e of helpless women and children to a be strained to get money enough to buy that v food. He has a right to expeot that the e fortunate owners of lands and negroes will 6 patriotically band all their energies and re- a sources to fill the land with plenty, and a make its defence a cheap and cheerful task, o Fo the poor?especially to those who have ' ;iven up to the publio defenoe the stout irms of husbands, and fathers, and sons, ;his war has been a sore trial. With bacon o it thirty cents a pound, and corn meal at a I dollar and a half a bushel, and other articles c m proportion, and clothing proportionably o ligb, they must be endowed with an ex- I ;raordinary share of patriotism if they do lot sometimes sigh for the return of their v latural proteotors, aud even use their in- t luence to dissuade them from re-enlisting, r "These high prices endanger the organi- t ;ation and efficiency of our armies. This ti dew of the case should be deeply ponder- c id by our cotton planters in pitching their 1; irops." a 3 V&* A capital story is told of General j( renkins, of Virginia, to this effeot: In ^ he Presidential canvass of 1860, the Gen- ? ral had issued a number of posters, an e :? >k.> ?..i.i i. ? , luuuuiug tuat uc wuuiu opcaa. uij ouuu a q lay in the valley of One year after n late the Yankees held possession of the ]} >laoe, and thinking to have some rare sport p t the expense of our hero collected some t( f the bills, and changing the 0 in 1860 to J igure 1, announced him to Bpeak on the h vening of the same day a twelve month C ater. Jenkins heard of it. He called his ? aen together and said, "Boys, I am an- (( lounced to speak in P to-night at h arly candle light; although the enemy are h n possession, I must not break the appoint- 0 sent. Will you see me through it ? A bi inanimous huzza responded in the affirma- _ ive, and to horse, and away went the band nd its gallant leader. Tbey dashed into he village, had a eharp bit of a skirmish, tl [rove the Yankees off, and the road being tear, our hero made his speech 1 That a] ras certainly a good joke, but we are rath- n r inclined to think the Yankeedoodles m iughed on the wrong side of their mouths. n< A Rich New Year's Gift. The Washington correspondent ot Forley's Philadelphia Press, writes: It is stated, by those who know, that anong the papers taken in the hoase of that idroit and fearless rebel, Mrs. Rose 0. H. Ireenhow, are a number of most interesting ind piquant epistles from many distinguished individuals. Mrs. Greenhow isthe vidow of the well known explorer, Robert 5V. Greenhow, who resided iif this oity for i long time, and afterwards removed to California, where he died. She returned ;o Washington subsequent to his death, and ffas engaged in proseouting certain claims :n which her husband was interested, altersatoly appealing to Congress and the United States Supreme Court. A handsome ? _ _ 11 ? 1 . person, pleasing address, good education, ind great conversational powers, gave her considerable influence in certain circles here ind elsewhere, and as she was strongly pro slavery, made her a special favorite of tbo 3outhern statesmen, and all those who sympathized with them. Thus, she not only ittended to her own affaiis, but took|charge jf the affairs of others. Mrs. Greenhow was much more popular with the gentlemen than with the ladies. Her residence was the resort of most of those now in arms against the Government, ind if their tender missives to this fashionable and dashing intrigante ever see the light of day, some amusing results will ensue. I give it as the mere rumor, that among her correspondents are the venerable and virtuous ex-President of the United States, James Buohanan, apd the equally virtuous, but not quite so venerable, President of the so-called Southern Confederacy, Jefferson Davis. I have not seen their letters, which are supposed to be unJer the lock and key of the Secretary of War, but it is suggested that these two apostles of Secession more than once prove that they were not insensible to the great influenoe af Mrs. G. Messrs. Breckinridge and Lane, (Joe Lane,) are also said to figure in this interchange of opinions, and the polished in/) /vvonafnl Vonrtott QnmP of hlfl ohni ilJV* ? - J ? ? ? jest contributions to the collection Geo. Cameron, however, is so prudent and cau;ious in regard to these letters, that I presome they will nevei be permitted to see die vulgar light of day. The Female Pbisonees In WashinqroN?From the special Washington correspondence of the Philadelphia Press, unier date of the 17th, we make the following extract: On Saturday afternoon, at 5 o'clock, the female traitors confined in the Sixteenth itreet prison, were by order of Provost Marshall Porter, removed to the Old Capitol Prison, where quarters had been provided for them. Before entering the carriage that was to convey them to their new quarters, the prisoners took an appropriate farewell of all their guards?Mrs. Greenhow saying to one of the soldiers : ??Good bye, sir; I trust that in the future you may have a nobler employment than that of guarding defenceless women." Baxier ind Mrs. Geenhow then advanced to Lieut. Sheldon, who had charge of the prison quarters and thanked him for the uniform jourtesy and kindness he had shown them iurine their confinement; while little Rose 3-reenhow, who, at the request of her uother, will be imprisoned with her, threw ler arms around the lieutenant's neck and jmbraced him. When Rose Greenhow entered the prison it Old Capitol Hill, she naively remarked ;o Lieut. Wood : ''You have got one of ;he hardest little rebels here that you ever iaw." But, said she, "if you get along pvith me as well as Lieut Sheldon, you will lave no trouble." Mrs. Greenhow then ;urning to her daughter, said to her, "Rose, ?ou must be careful what you say here."? Rose, however, did not seem to think that he ogution was at all necessary, and that ihe Would fare well in her new quarters. The prisoners are quartered on the scorn d floor, in the North-east end of the jail. Each room is furnished with a round table, wo chairs and a bed?comfortable, though lot extravagant in style. The prisoners ire incarcerated in seperate rooms, and to Urs. Greenhow was given the ohoice of her iccommodations?the daughter being prodded for in the same room with her mother. Each of the apartments contains a ;reat Are. In faot, their accommodations re of the most comfortable charaoter, and, lthough not so rich in adornment as those f the Sixteenth street prison, still they rill have.no cause of complaint. Incident on Board the Trent.?An fficer of the Trent, believed to be Mr. 0. \ Savage, of Belfast Ireland, communi- i ates to the News Letter the following in- i ident, which happened at the time of Lieut. Fairfax's visit: While all the confusion and excitement ras at its full height, I was struok by a 1 hiok set, elderly gentleman, sitting on the 1 ail of an arm-chair, attentively listening 1 c all that was going forward on the quar- ' sr deck, but never altering his position ; ' oolly puffing his cigar, he seemed perfect- 1 1 indifferent to everything and every body 1 round him. He went to the companion- 1 'ay once, and unseen as he thought, quietly I joeened a outlass. That, sir, was a man, ( 'ho, in a practical way, has done the ( Torthern oause more harm than any one 8 l8e. Had they only known who they left 1 ehind they would have been biting their c ails through with vexation. I firmly be- 1 eve they would have dispensed with the r resence of at least two of the delegates, ' ) have known the man was on board. I r id not know at the time who he was, but v ave since learned. (Supposed to be the u aptain of the Sumter or Jeff. Davit.)? E fpon questioning him as to his motives for a mching the outlass, his answer was, that E e intended to out down the Lieutenant, 1 ad ne been reoognized. He was not only ne left behind; several others would have een, I believe, aooeptable at Washington -one or two of whom took to their beds \ ] 16^ The Cleveland Plaindealer says of i le new Secretary of War: c We know Edward M. Stanton, the new p ppointee, well. He has more of the Bo- c aparte in his composition than any other fa tan in America. The army will move on c ow, even if it goes to the devil. p Spies in the Valley.?We understand thai two deserters from the Northern arm; ti oame into General Jaokson's line jost about (e the time of the evacuation of Romney, and E reported that the movements of oar army were discovered by a spy, who was in Win- ai ohester and breakfasted at the Washington oi Qonse the morning beforeonr army advan- m oed. Tbe deserters say that the spy report- b< ed the same night to the Yankee comman- ti der Gen. J.'s numbers, his supposed desti- 01 nation and the amount of provisions he was si to take with him, whereupon the order was m given to fall back across the Potomac.? vi While going about Winchester a few days n: since, these men met with and arrested an- o other Bpy, with whom they had been ao- ri quainted while in the Northern army.? a They are now, we understand, engaged in h pointing out the Union men, whom they a knew to be bail fellows well met with the b Hessians while they were about Romney a and in the vicinity, but who are now, that our troops have the upperhand* the strong- o est Southern.men in the laud, if you will just listen to them. By means of these deserters, our men have already succeeded 1 in securing several of these double-faced 11 gentlemen, and are daily arresting others. The spy that they arrested was, we learn, to be nung, and we suppose before this has tested the strength of Southern hemp.? Had it not been for the discoveries made F by these spies, it is said General Jackson * would have taken the enemy by surprise and F bagged a goodly number, if not the whole i of them. This circumstance should show 8 our people that they cannot be too much on 1 the alert, nor too suspicious of strangers.? 1 We have not a doubt thct s^ies abound * plentifully throughout the South, and hence 1 the citizens should feel it their solemn duty 6 to make every stranger give a good account 1 of himself and his business. ) Lynchburg Republican. j The Alabama Fike. t The State of Alabama is arming her i troops for coast service with a very effective a weapon. The Mobile correspondent of the Memphis Appeal thns desoribes it: "We are arming our men with a weapon E new in this war and in modern warfare gen- x erally, but a most effective weapon, as it 8 will com Del the Southern soldier to his best fighting points' and throw the Northerner ? on his worst, tojwit: hand-to-band fighting, t This weapon is the pike; a large nnmber I having been and still being mannfaotared c under an appropriation of the State Legis- * lature. The Alabama pike consists of a t keen, two edged, steel head, like a Bowie- c knife blade, near afoot and a half long, c with a sickle-like ho<5k, very sharp, bending v back from near the sooket. This is intend- t ed for cutting the bridles of cavalrymen or ~ pulling them off their horses, <Jr catching ( hold of the enemy when they are running c away. This head is mounted on a shaft of " tough wood about eight feet long. A gleam- I iDg row of these fearful implements of slaughter, beaming down upon them at the v pas de charge, would strike the terror of c tea thousand deaths Xo the apprehensive v souls of Butler's Yankees. It can scarcely be doubted that we would have won m<?re, and more decided victories than we have, ' had there dot been an ounce of gun- I powder, exoept for artillery uses in the Confederacy. Then the Southrons must have c come to close quarters, and their superior v physical prowess and nerve would have ? made their victories deadly and decisive. Affairs at Pensacola?Be-Enlistment. 1 - ? . c -The Warrenton ^Jb'lonaa; correspondent of the Mobile Advertiser and Register announces the esoape of more negroes from Poosacola to Fort Piokena. Several oompaniea of the 1st Alabama 0 regiment (which wa9 one of the first regi- r ments to enlist) have been discharged, their c term of service being up. The remaining ? companies go out in March. Sever^ ef- 11 forts have been made, but with poor sucoess, ? to induce the men to re-enlist. Several days ago, however, Gen. Bragg appealed to their patriotism with stirring earnestness. He said he would rather have one such ^ regiments of veterans than three regiments ^ of raw recruits During that day an effort R was made to re-organize the regiment.? j Three companies, Captains Clark's, Smith's a and Posey's?declined to re-organize in a this regiment. The seven other companies ^ furnished a small number each, about 250 in all. This number will probably be in- ^ creased to 300 or 350 in a few days. It is n expected to fill up the regiments by reoruits. > ? The troops at Pensacola have had a hard time of it, and want to go home to rest. ^ At present, says the correspondent, the ^ sickness and mortality among the new reg- ^ iments is startling. C( Supplies of Railroad Equipments. p1 ?The Southern State* had gotten into the 8e habit of relying on the North for almost averything necessary for keeping up our rg railroads, as they did about nearly all their j wants, and consequently some temporary inconvenience is felt since we have deteririned to separate from them. We are ce ?lad to learn, however, that a movement is - > . ? -1 ? low aguaieu w wage uo punuaucuujr iuuo* ^ )endent"as to all the important railroad e- ^ juipments. We have seen a circular from Colonel Fontaine, chairman of a Committee p] ippointed for the purpose, calling a general oQ neeting of the railroads of the Confederaiy in this city on the 15th of February, to ake into consideration the establishment of ^ oiling'mills in different sections, for ma- ^ :mg rails, boiler plates, and other things ^ equired for our roads. These are articles Qe rhich only need a little enterprise to manifacture here as successfully as they are nade anywhere, and we trust there will be da fall meeting, and that tbey will resolve to aoi oake the South independent not only of toi he North, but of the whole world. Sn Richmond Dispatch. wt co Small Pox at Washington.?The ioj Vashington correspondent of the New wr fork Post, says the spread of the Small Pox rei and about that city has alarmed the tei ivil and military authorities. Army and en icopleare being vacoinatcd, but vaccine th< natter is scarce. Cases ip Washington of lave multiplied to such an extent that the ne tewspapers have been requested to put we teople on their guard. thi Improbability op an Advance op se Grand Army.?Tht Washington < iditoriai) correspondence of the N. York < 'xpras says: \ Your readers may set their minds at rest i jont any advance movement of the army f : the Potomao. Officers and their regilents and divisions may receive orders to i 3 in readiness to move at a moment's no- ( ce. Gen. McClellan's 24 baggage wag- < as, including arrangements for eating and 1 eeping, with well matched bright bays, ( lay be in good running trim, bat an ad- j anoe movement of the army of the Poto- I lac at present and for 90 days to come, is 1 at of the question. The winter of this I sgion has jnst commenced, and the roads i re in a frightful condition. A piece of I ard ground upon whioh to manoeuvre an < rmy of 25,000 men can scarcely be foond etween this and Riohmond. This state of flairs, it is feared, may prevail at the West, rhere the grand army has so auspiciously ommenced active operations. Ex-Pbesident TYLfca.?>The N. York lerald, of the 22d instant, has a long edtorial upon the death of Ex-President Ty;r, from which we make the following exract: Mr. Tyler's coarse in advocating rebelion has long since alienated from him all tereonal sympathy and respect?that dne o age alone excepted, To the nsaal comlarative obsoarity which awaits the ExPresidents of this Repnblio, and to the hades of deolining years, Mr. Tyler added he darker gloom of treason, and closed his ife in the capital of the rebels, surrounded >y armed traitors, and making the last wea y days of his long life infamous by earnsstiy assisting a wretched attempt to break ip the Government of that country over vbose destinies he had once presided, and n whose service he had enjoyed at least of icial honors. He died, therefore, unnourned and unhonored, and the interest* ng reminiscences which his career suggests ilone make his death noticeable. The Defeat in Kentucky.?The Richnond correspondent of the Charleston Merury, referring to the defeat in Kentuoky,' ays : The Enquirer makes the defeat the text if a sermon to the "parlor beros and paper igers," who advocate the aggressive policy. 't says nothing about the "defensive" wisiom^bf selecting a known drunkard for a dajor-General. How happened this disaser? Zollicoffer was pre eminently calm, tool and intrepid. He did not bring this iruel thing to pass, but gave bis life to present it. Who did ? I answer?and I want he answer to go to the whole Confederacy ?George Crittenden. Major-General George (Crittenden?turned four times out if the United States army for drunkenness ?who lay drunk a week, at theSpottswood Hotel, after he had received his commission ?who lay drunk another week, iu Knoxrille, on his way to assume command?he irdered the rash attack, which has cost us re koow not yet how dearly. Cotton Cards.?A correspondent, wriing to us on businees appends the following >ostcript to bis Jetter : P. S.?Why don't your enterprising nerohants and capitalists start a cotton and tool card faotory ? Cards are $6 a pair, ,nd scarce at that. Goods would not be lalf what the; are if farmers coald get ards, as the; would make their own olo hiog, and the factories could manufacture loth for the soldiers. Yours, &c., D. E. R. We understand that the manufacture of his useful artiole would have been oomcenced ere this, if the neoessar; machine; could have been obtained; but this ould not be done ver; convenient!;, on acount of the blockade. Some of our captalists, however, might make some arrangelentsfor procuring such machineiy abroad. 1 t would prove to be a ver; profitable in- 1 estment.? Constitutionalist. 1 i Jonathan Won't Peed Sambo.?The i ollowing is an extraot from a letter from a i ighl; respectable and intelligent gentle- < tan in Savannah to his friend in this cit;. < 'rom it, it will be seen that the Yankees t re tired of their bargain in "contrabands," ? nd find that the Union sentimentin South t Carolina is all a m;th: "The negroes are returning in a ver; , estitute condition to their masters. - Sher- j lan sent word to General Lee that the ne- , roes were starving and asked for provis- } ins Gen. Lee replied that if the negroes ere returned to their masters, the; would ^ e cared for Two hundred were said to j ave returned in a bod; last week. The < esertion of Beaufort and the burning of a jtton on the sea islands has convinced Du- ] ant and Sherman that there is no Union ( intiment here."?Raleigh Register. Richmond, Jan. 28.?Congress to-da; 1 inioved secrec; from the Military Bill. t [t provides for the re-organization of oom- t inies, battalions and regiments, authori- o ng that in all oases of an election for offi- D ts, it shall be filled by regiments and bat- 0 lions, as the case may be. In case vaoan- tl ss occur after organization, the offices o all be filled by promotion. h Officers may also be appointed by the S esident to raise regiments, battalions and ?: mpanies, but suoh officers are not to reive pay or compensation until the organ- ^ ition of their commands. If they fail in ^ o months from date of appointment to a ise regiments, battalions or companies, as j s case may be, their appointment is to ^ M0, ? ir The Second Stone Fleet.?On Satnr- ^ y last, the weather having moderated, ne of the steamers of the Lincoln fleet fe ved to a position on or near the Battle Xi ake Shoal several of their old hulks, gt lich were soon afterwards sunk. They p< tinned this work up to yesterday even- ? 5, when they had placed five of their eoks'on the bottom and had four others idy, whioh were no doubt filled with w*r : on Sunday night. The purpose of the emy appeared to be to throw obstacles in Jr e way of vessels coming in or going oat this port, whioh may have to pass in the ighborhood of the Battle Snake. There tfa ire three steamers and a bark blockading vt is port yesterdayCharleston Courier, w t&* In the North Carolina Convention, in Tuesday of last week, Col. Brown, of 3aawell, introduced an ordinance to givefo volunteers for the war, twenty-five dollars wunty, in addition to the fifty dollars of 'ered by the Confederate Government The Convention has also passed an ordilanoe providing that the interest attached " ;o the three millions of treasury notes or* lered to be issued at the last session, shall )e stricken oat. We learn that about 8325,)00 of these interest bearing notes hate ilready been issued by the Treasury, and by the ordinance just passed, these notes will be eontinaed in circulation and the interest paid on them at maturity. The main reason for striking out the interest was, that the banks declined to receive the interest bearing notes. J Essie Fremont and old Blair.? Mrs. Jessie Benton Fremont, while on her reoent visit to Washington to ferret out the origin of the hostility which manifested itself towards her husband, had an inter- - - * view with the President, daring whioh Mr. Blair, sr., father of the' Postmaster General, and Frank P. Blair, were present Mr. Blair turned to Mrs. Fremont and said: "Mrs. Fremont, allow me to say to yoa that in *my judgment, madam, your husband's household at St Loois, and this intermeddling with the affairs of the State is, to say the least of it, in very- bad taste_ on yonr part; and, in conclusion, I wish yon to understand that here is where we make men and nnmake them." To whieh Mrs. Fremont instantly replied: "Bfh. Blair, permit me to say to yon that I have seen some men of.your making, and if they are the best yon ean do I would advise you to quit the business." Military Movements at the North. ?No military movements have been made by the enemy since oar last advices. Model lan, who was represented as being ready and eager for a forward move, has declined making the same until he hears from the Bnrnside expedition. The hat is, the fell are or the JHarnsiae expedition has not only affected the plans of. the enemy on the Potomac, bat everywhere else. Not even hi* financial affairs have been spared, and,-is we mention elsewhere, the banks refuse to loan their funds to a Government whose hopes are tied to so uncertain an event.as the 8acce88 of the Bnrnside expedition.? Norfolk Day Book. a Fbom Below ?We learn that there are five steam gnn-boats at Old Point for which orews oannot be obtained, owing to a fear that they will be sent to Hatteras. This point, the ooonpation of whioh was so rejoiced over by the Northern forces and people, has turned out to be a bitter not. Its exposed condition to wind and wave, the prevalence of small pox and other considerations of a-disagreeable character, have placed the acquisition in such bad repute among the Feds, that crews cannot even be obtained for their gnn-boats, fearful lest they may be sent to face all .these evils.? Norfolk Day Book. Re-Volunteebing.?A friend writes from Centreviile, Vs., of date the 17 th, iinin*. urnnaMAnMa flvnifnmonf Mttino 0<V1U5J VW?W?UViMVIV W?.W4WU4WU|r^VWM#^ , up about re-volunteering; at first cot many ^ were disposed to it, bat it is gradually growing in favor. I suppose that half the regiment at least will re-volunteer here.--* So yoa may look for the boys home soon, if they are not again disappointed in their furloughs." : The reader will understand that the at* losion is to the two months' furioaghs promised to those who volunteer for the war? said furloughs to begin as soon as the men are aooepted in the renewed service ? Egedfield Advertiser. ~< w. Nassau, N. P.?As the name of this place frequently occurs in items of impo*$^ case news, id maj oe tacerestujg do some of our readers to know-its locality. It is the chief seaport towo of the Bahama (British West India) Islands, lying opposite the Southern coast of Florida?being "the capital of New Providedce Island. It has i convenient harbor, opening into the main }bannel that makes in from the waters of ihe Gulf of Mexico, through tho Bahamas the outer ocean. It is a town of oonsiderible trade, possessing about 10,000 inhabitants. & Salt.?We don't think there will be nuoh more difficulty experienced from an nadequate supply of salt : our people are naking it all along the ooest, and apparent* y of excellent quality. Hardly a day passes on which we do not ;et a fresh sample of salt from some parties ust entering upon the making of it. To lay we have specimens of coarse and fine alt, made by Captain T. W. Gore at Little liver, S. C. It is a niee article as any >ody need want.? Wilmington Journal. Important Military Change.?The ? iiohmond Dispatch says it has reliable an* hority for making the following statement ien. Beauregard, the distinguished officer >f the Army of the Potomac, takes oomsand of the Army at Columbus, Ky., and Hen. Gustavus W. Smith succeeds him in he position he has so long and acceptably ocupied. At Columbus, we understand, e is subordinate to no one excqtt Gen. A. idney Johnston. This chaoge goes into ffect without delay. 19* Mrs. Ingersoll, who visited Charles* >n recently, by way of Fortress Monroe, > take some clothing to her son, who is prisoner, and donations to others from r* __ A i ? _1 1_ Licmgan, wno are oonnnea were, puoshes a card in the Detroit Free Press, staig that she was everywhere treated with le greatest kindness and consideration. Good Credit.-?The bonds pi our Conideraoy stand very high with capitalists, i New Orleans sales of the Confederate ook have been made at two and a half jr cent: premium, and in Richmond one 5r cent. 19* Gov. Moore, of Louisiana, has veed the bill passed by the Legislature, adinoing to the planters of that State a loan 'ten millions of dollars in the form of reaaury notes. MfiP Secretary Memminger has declined le offer made by Gov. Brown, of an adtQoe of one or two million dollars of the ar tax assumed by the State of Georgia.