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A female writer says the "nation wants a man." The Post thinks she has confounded her own personal want with that of the nation. A Catholio priest created a sensation in a street railroad car in St. Louis recently, by knocking down and beating a fellow passenger, whose blasphemous and obscene language shocked his morality. Ex-Vice President Stephens is expected back at Washington next week to counsel with his friends upon the reconstruction policy of the President, and the political o<ia nf TlflmArtPihfl norft? tn tffhinh WUVIK7V VI VUV A/VIWWIMV*V vj j *v >i M??H he is now said to be devotedly attached. We have heard a pood many touching expressions of filial affectioD, but none equal to the following, which a western man really gave vent to not long since: "My father was the only man I ever allowed to be sassy to me without licking him." A single firm in New York has sold 15,000 bushels (60 lbs. each) of canary seed within the past two years. So far as we know, this is used exclusively for bird feed, and indicates the extent to whioh caged birds are kept in this country. Sales of other large houses have very likely been equally great. Mr. Truman, a correspondent of the New York World, in a late artiolc on the present condition of the Southern States, says : "It is my belief that the South?the great substantial and prevailing element? 1 is more loyal now than it was at the end of the war; more loyal to day than yesterday, I and that it will be more loyal to morrow i than to-day." General Howard, in a Hpeech at the anniversary of the American Congregational Union, in New York, on Thursday, referred to the presents received by Generals Grant, Sherman and Meade, and said that if fifty thousand dollars were presented to him he should feel it his duty to give it all ! for the service of the Lord Jesus. Who 1 will subscribe? A correspondent at Washington writes: "It is said that the Governors of! two or three Northern States who are friendly to the President?and among them the Governors of Pennsylvania and Ohio? will not call the Legislatures together for the purpose of ratifying the constitutional amendments proposed by the Reconstruction Committee, preferring to wait until k" #?11 elentinns. when a nonular test UlVVt VUV ** V?wvw.*r-?J ? | I of the Dew issues can be obtained The number of schools established by the various Freedmen's Associations, j East and West, for the education of the freedmen at the South, is 307, taught by 773 teachers, and having 40,744 pupils. The amount of money collected for their support last year was 8402,928; value of ; supplies oolleoted, 8367,709; money and supplies from abroad, 884,597; value of supplies shipped, 8489,255; money expended, 8328,670. The Washington correspondent of the Baltimore Sun says: The political movement in favor of electing General ' Grant as the next President has met with wonderful success. The Rebulicuns of all shades accept the proposition as the best, if 1 not only mode, of securing their desired 1 ends. That is the compromise to be offered ( to the eleven Southern States. The Re publicans are to have the Presidency for the ( next term, and the South may have resto ' rafinn and renresentation. i -~f The Internal Revenue Bureau, acting ] under the general law, requires all citizens j of the South to render income returns for the year 1864, as well as for 1865. Some of the rebel officers residing in Alexandria, ( Va , are startled by the calls of the asses- 1 sors upon them to furnish the required 1 statements, and are surprised that the ra- f tioiis received by them in the Confederate army arc estimated at forty cents per day. One of them expressed his readiness to pay ' his taxes in Confederate money, but this < was declined. I The body of Preston KiDg, late t Collector of the Port of New York, who, it will be remembered, committed suicide in November last by jumpiog off a Hobo- ( tnn forrc hnat into the river, was discovered I < WW * / / . last week, while drifting iu through the \ gup of the Atlantic dock, Brooklyn. The j remains were fully identified by several gentlemen connected with the Custom ' House as being those of Mr. King, and the ' articles found in the pockets of his cloth i ing establishes the identity beyond a doubt ^ The Boston Bulletin states that five or six cargoes of French flour are now on the way to this country?sent out, not be- ! cause it is particularly needed here, but as j a speculative adveDture This French 11 flour, it is said?being of a grade corres-!, ponding to medium and good Western? j. will readily command ten dollars per barrel, ! or upwards, in the American market; at which figure it will net a profit of at least five shillings sterling, or anour one aonar and twenty ce^ts per barrel to the importer, after paying the custom house duty j of 20 per cent, gold premium, freight charges, &c. General Henry A Wise delivered a lecture in the Baptist Church, last week, : at Alexandria, for the benefit of the female t orphan asylum of that city, to a crowded ! audience. Mr. Wise indicated his inten- 1 tion to stand by Virginia ; that he would : not move one step from her soil; that he i bad taken no test oaths, and no power on earth could make him take any. He had always obeyed the Consitutiou of the United States, but when the United States I called on hiui to suppress insurrection, and Virginia to repal invasion, it became a oon 3ict of sovereignty, and ho was not individually responsible for oboyiug the call of his State. I A Paris letter, speaking of the drama, tells the following story of a new play, of a decidedly sensational character : "A new drama, entitled 'The Life and Death of Abraham LiDooln,' has just been produced at the Mulhouse theatre. The author, Monsieur ReubeD, sketches the martyr Presi dent's humble career in the first aot, and his barrister's experience in the second. In the third act Mr. Lincoln is at the White House, and Booth is a suitor for the hand of his niece, but, beiDg refused, becomes his mortal enemy. The last scene depicts the President in bin box at Ford's theatre, wit. ' nessing tbe tragedy of 'King Lear/ a pistol I shot is heard, then sic seinper tyrannis/ , Booth jumps on the stage," eto. , The records of the Comptroller of the Currency Bureau show that there are sixteen hundred and fifty national banks in tbe United States, with an aggregate authorized capital of $414,921,479. Tbe total circulation of such institutions amounts to $271,- ' 588,775, which is seoured by bonds in the i possessions of the Treasury Department, valued at 8322,768,850. About three hun- ? dred and ninety of these banks have been, by direction of tbe United States Treasur- 1 er, constituted "Designated National De- I positories," for the reoeption of public j funds held by paymasters, quartermasters, collectors of oustoms and internal revenue, and other officers of the Government As 1 - " i i _ . _ n i n_? 1 security ior sucn deposits, uenerai opiuner 1 has iu keeping bonds amounting to over thirty-six millions of dollars! The national banks have lost favor with commercial and business men in New York. These olasses prefer private banks and bankers fo; the transaction of their business. grttquim. YORKVILLE, S. C. , THURSDAY MORNING, MAY 24, 1866. 1 OUR TERMS?IN ADVANCE. ' THREE DOLLARS AND FIFTY CENTS per year; ' TWO DOLLARS R>r six months; ONE DOLLAR for , three months?payable in "greenbacks." When payment Is made in specie,TWO DOLLARS AND FIFTY CENTS ' per year; ONE DOLLAR AND TWENTY-FIVE CENTS j for six months: SEVENTY-FIVE CENTS for three months. Single copies, TEN CENTS. > ft?*Com, Flour, Wheat, Racon, Lard, Firewood, Ac.,' t will lie received for Subscription, Advortisingor Job-Work, at market prices. 1 0(7-The paper will be discontinued on the expiration of the time for which payment has been made. Subscribers who find a (X) cross mark on the wrapper or margin of their paper, will understand that the time paid for has expired. 0(7- Mr. JOHN' R. ALLEN, Post Master, at Chester C. H.,is our authorized agent for Chester District. 0C7-Col. T. P. SLIDER, at the Mills House, is our sole agent in Charleston, for receiving advertisements and subscriptions for the Enquirer. ENQUIRER CLUB RATES. PER YEAR?IN ADVANCE. IN SPECIE. IN "GREENBACKS." 3 COPIES,.. 9 4 AO 9 C 00 5 COPIES,... 8 75 13 50 10 COPIES,... 17 00 35 00 and an extra copy to the person making a club of ten. . 1 After a club has been returned and the money paid, the person making the club ^ may add as many more subscribers at the rate of the original club, as is desired. ?>>?? ? X. ( Subscribers who find a (X) cross mark on \ the wrapper or margin of their paper, will 1 understand that the time paid for has ex pired. i CASH ! We wish it distinctly understood taht our terms for subscription, advertising and job .work are cash. N0 >m> ? \ THE FREEDMAN'S BUREAU. f Generals Steedman and Fullerton, of F .v- n 3 ? 1 * l?1 :?j f ine reuerai /\rujyt iihviuj; uut?u uppuiuicu by the Seoretary of War to visit the South, fi ind investigate and report upon the operations and workings of the Freedman's Bureau, are now upon their mission in this State. Their report upon Virginia and J^orth Carolina has already reached Washngton, and discloses an amount of iniquity ^ >n the part of the officials in charge of some )f the agencies, equalled only by the exjloits of the thieving Treasury Agents so ong among us. The report certainly teils itrange stories of some of these Bureau ^ officers, and has created such a flutter among them as has not been seen or heard jf at any time, under the present order of ' :bing8. Strange to say, the report charges 1 hese officials with cruelty to the negro? ? hat he is driven to labor with ball and :hain, to work plantations run by the offi?n?u nf tKo T^nrofin nn anonnnf :hat the laborers on such plantations are ^ fed on Government rations, drawn prom>s* 6 mously, and no account or charge made of :he same?and that extortion and cruelty ire in many instances?cases of which are ^ jiven?practised upon the unsuspecting ne- 0 b gro. The Report urgently condemns the Bureau, in both Virginia and North Carolina, 8 as a nuisance, operating harmfully, by reason of its mal-administration, to both employer and employee. It recommends the withdrawal of all the agents, as a measure of practical policy for the country and econ omy to the Government. These officers, we are glad to observe, are sifting the abuses of the IJureuu to their real causes. That they ha?e not come for a whitewashing report is already evident. This is, however, a little strange. The ultra radicals and friends of the Bureau, both in and out of Congress, have been promising the country a truthful showing when 1 these Commissioners made their report.? So, they have reported in part, and we hope ' their former friends will now standby them ? and support their claims to veracity. The State of affairs in South Carolina, it * is said, is equally objectionable, so far as the ? Bureau is concerned No report has yet 1 boon published from this State, but we are ' gratified that an impartial and working commission is searching out its abuses. It t is needless to premise that they will succeed i in fiuding them abundantly. * General Howard, the Grand Head Cen- j tre of the Bureau, has become highly in- . dignant at the lo9S of character his proteyc t is about to suffer, and loses his dignity as f well as his temper, in his reoently publish- 1 ed letters upon the subject. The happiest ? thing that could result to the country from I i this expose, would be to kick Howard and ' v the miserable crew of agents aDci officials under him, into the middle of some unknown hereafter. EX-PRESIDENT DAVIS. We publish to-day, a draft of the indictment against Ex-President Davis, upon which the grand jury of the United States Circuit Court at Norfolk, found a true bill, [t is now tolerably oertain that Mr. Davis will be tried upon that indictment, in Richmond, next month. Congress having performed the legislation necessary, to change the sitting of the Court to that city, Chief Justice Ciiase consents to preside over this Court, provided the President will, by proclamation, relieve the Bench from any inter Terence by the military; upon the just, ground that the dignity of a oivil tribunal jannot be properly maintained in a district fvhere military law is supreme. The President is expected to aooedc to this wish, ind the belief is general that Mr. Davis will, then and there, be put upon his trial. The indictment, it will be observed, contains but one general speoifioation; that of treason and rebellion, committed in RichBond, Va., on the 15th day of June, 1864. The indictment is pronounoed by legal gentlemen, to be a weak affair, being almost an jxact copy from Chitty by Wharton, in bis "precedents of indiotments." Even ;hose most anxious to see this eminent Statesman the victim of judicial murder, jntertain but little hope of his conviction, mder the form of this instrument. As to the punishment of the crime charged in this indictment, Congress has already nade special provision. By the Act of July L7th, 1862, Sec. 5, iu declared that, "If iny person shall hereafter incite, set on foot, i6sist or eDgage in an; rebellion or insur ection agaiDst the authority of the United states, or the laws thereof, or shall give aid >r comfort thereto, or shall engage ia or ?;ive aid and comfort to any such existing ebellion or insurrection, and be oonvicted ibereof, suoh person shall be punished by mprisonment for a period not exceeding ten fears, or by a fine, not exceeding ten thousind dollars, and by the liberation of all his ilaves, if any he ha-so; or by both ofisaid mnishments, at the discretion of the dourt." This modifies, in a very material vay, the punishment of treason and rebelion. Although the Act referred to is not is clear in many parts as it might be, still t will be very difficult for any judge to sen ence to death, any person convicted under . Mr. Davis' health is said to be on a f apid decline. His faithful consort is now , vith him, and his medical attendant, Dr. ( Graven, is spoken of in high terms of , >raise lie is said to be well pleased at he prospect of a speedy trial, aod is con | ident of a favorable issue. ' ***** | THE "SITUATION." The proceedings of Congress for the nast 1 reek, have presented nothing of material aterest to the country. Speech making eeras to have principally occupied its mem- 1 ers, and these speeches probably (we have ot taken time to read any of thern), con- ' ain the usual amount of electioneering 1 waddle that certain members always Gud ' l necessary to send out to their constitents during the session. 1 That grave and dignified body?the Utii- j ' ed StatesSeuate?entirely lest its equunim- i ty a few days since, when the veto message f the Colorado bill was handed in. Unale to muster the requisite two thirds vote, o pass it over the veto, it was snubbed by > ^ refusal to consider. This violation of Joostitutiooal usage, was intended as an af- '' ront to the person ana motives of the bxcutive The Senate Military Committee have re- I . lorted a bill to provide for the publication ; if an official history of the rebellion The , ' 1 1 ill will, no doubt, paRs; and aspirants for j he appointment of editor of this work are j lready numerous. We do not know ; whether Charles A. Goodrich is one of j* he number or not; but his antecedents as ; , manufacturer of good, saleable clap trap, I re such as to render his chances highly fa- j orable, if his name should be offered for j he place ' The Committee sent by the House to inrestigate the causes of the Memphis riot, j lave departed upon their mission. The N. j fork News thinks this Committee is sinel-j ing after something else, and bas received j ] nstructions from 'i had Stevens to reDort i - r - , i ipon their return, the following programme is the result of their labors : 1 First. That the riot was premeditated. \ second. That it was incited by tjie Southirners' hatred to the negroes. Third, j That peculiar venom was exhibited against j hose negroes who had served in the Fed- : ;ral armies. Fourth. That none but "ex- j cbel.s" took part against the blacks Fifth, rtmt the municipal authorities made no ifforts to protect the blacks. Sixth. That 10 earnest efforts have beeu made to briug I he guilty to justice. Seventh. That there ! s no public sentiment in the South that | viil demund and enforce the protection of j < he bhek from outrage. Eighth. That I urther legislation by Congress is required ! t o protect the blacks from rapine and butoh j iry. Ninth. That the animus ot the |1 lurning of the churches and sohools was j1 liabolical. Tenth. A schemo of some sort ! i or still further oppressing the poople, not 1 inly of Memphis, but of the entire South. \ churming programme, isn't it 1 And the v vorst of it is that it may be oarried out. c THjS COLORADO BILL. The veto message of the President upon the bill to admit Colorado as a State in the ] Union, is a brief and forcible argument, < explaining on just grounds, his objections ( to its becoming a law. Colorado is a new territory, containing a population of about 30,000 persons, and statistics show that this population is constantly and rapidly decreasing. The inducements to emigrate to the neighboring territories, richer in mineral and agricultural wealth, are daily reducing this small population. The inhabitants of the territory are also equally divided on the question of admission as a State. The President also objects to a Congressional representation for this small body of people, while older States that founded the Government and unheld it in its infanov. are excluded. There was a trick in the passage of this bill by Congress, which the veto may operate to defeat. By the addition of its two Republican members to the United States Senate, that body would no longer stand in fear of these occasional vetoes, that often spoil its best arrangements for party ascendancy. The three votes Colorado would, if admitted, give in the Electoral College, would be just so many for the Republican candidate for the Presidency, in 1869. We commend not only the just reasoning and forcible logic of tbe message, but the foresight which elicited it. AUSTRIA AND ITALY. The German difficulty seems tube hatching an unhealthy brood of new complications that are likelv to result in bloodshed The . I more pacific state of affairs between Austria at)d Prussia, is now disturbed by the hostile attitude cf Italy towards the former power. Austria oow declares that she cannot, disarm 1 under the menaces and preparations of Ita 1 ly to attack Venitia;?an Italian province ^ under-the control of the Austrian Govern- k ment. Prussia, in the meantime anxious J for an onthreak. and plad of anv onnortuni- ( ? ? , 0 ? ?J -rr ty to precipitate it, charges bad faith and duplicity upoD the part of Austria iu not disarming, and continues her warlike preparations on the Austrian frontier. The position of affairs in Italy is extremely critical, and it is asserted that hostilities will likely ensue unless an early arrangement be effeoted Armaments, troops, pro visions, trains, and all the munitions of war, are being sent to the line of the Min> cio ; and affairs wear an aspect of the most serious alarm. Italy seems now to be the principal aggressor She covets the fair domains of Venitia, which the incomplete aess of the late Italian war failed to wrest from the grasp of Austria. Further than this, her cause of quarrel is unknown.? rhat she is determined to strike a blow at | her old antagonist unless speedily arrested, is apparent. The latest news indicates also, an alliance between Prussia and Italy, in view of war t with Austria. Prussia aims at the Duchies ] f wrested from Denmark, and while Italy strikes for Venitia, she will move an army \ c dto a position where it can deal Austria a ( heavy blow from the rear. f France occupies an anomalous attitude 1 in the quarrel. Her sympathies aie evidently with Prussia and Italy, and if the j auttlc goes against them, she will endeavor i ;o strip the victory of any of its fruits i She is interested in preserving the integri- ' ;y of the Italian Kingdom, as well as that >f Prussia. The 'balance of power'?that , Tuitful source of European quarrel, that 1 in hundred conferences have failed to ad- B lust, will be her pretence for interfering. 'j Eogland alone, of all the great Powers, iiuch to her credit, remains passive. She is not likely to be drawn into the difficulty 1 it all, unless new complications, now un- * foreseen, should arise, which may necessi- I ate action on her part. There is much r hostility?a general thirst for war? k jreat interests to be won, and it will scarce- j y be averted j i 1 SANTA ANNA. Many of our readers will remember the t 3onspicuous part played by this character ; i several years since, as President, Dictator : I and General of the Mexican Republic.? : 1 Some will no doubt be surprised to know, j [ ! L that after a lapse of eighteen years, be has ! a now turned up in New York city, whither j 1 he comes on a State mission. Banished, | r proscribed and hunted from Mexico, after; the close of one of the late revolutions in 1 I c that country, he sought refuge in the Island : j, jf St. Thomas, where be has remained to j r watch for that tide in the affairs of his own c juuntry, that would waft him into power \ ind the favor of its Deonle again When i ? ' ' 1 p Maximilian w#s about to step upon an iiu- L perial throne in Mexico, this political syco- j phant was uuccasiug in bis devotions to the v oyul pageantry of the new empire. lie ^ jow turns up iu New York, it is said, as a . partizan of Juarez, and the leader in a' g :onspiracy to overthrow the present. Gov- a irnment. ti Last but not least, it is said that Secreta- c y Sfward is on his way to New York, for he purpose of holding a conferenoo with his political trickster. What does it all 0 nean ? ' It - . 5 lgk.Tbe Augusta Chronicle says a white V voman applied for admission into a negro 5 hurehand was refused. at LOCAL MATTERS. I I NEW ADVEBTISEMENT8. F\ M. Galbraith?U. S. Internal Revenue. Carroll, Clarlf Jc Co.?To relieve Doubt, f. A. Carroll?Notice to persons to pay. 5. R. Ratchford?Flour. " " ?Rice. ' " ?Liverpool Salt. " " ?Soda Biscuit and Crackers. " " ?Bacon. " " ?Bagging, Rope, &e. " " ?Mill Saws and Scythe Blades. " " ?Tin Ware. " " ---TSverythlng in the Dry Goods and Grore ry line. Urs. Rachel Earlcs?.950 Reward. A Nuisance. It is not unusual to hear, at almost any bour of the day or night, the firing of guns ind pistols in this town. Not unfrequaAtly the olose whistling of a bullet remind.' one of past adventures on a picket line., and }uiokens his pace (as it used to do there)to some safer retreat. This practice should be stopped. Their is, or was at least, aD or dinance of the Towo Council prohibiting, under certain penalties, the firing of a gun jr pistol within the corporate limits. Safety, and the good order of the town require its observance, or speedy re-enactment. Will qot our "city" guardians take this subject under consideration and act upon it? We have been shot at before, and so far as we are individually concerned, feel ao inclination for further experiments upon the probabilities and improbabilities of a Jtray pistol ball. We advise all who have doubts to satisfy upon this subjeot, to go to Glerniany or Mexico and test for themselves. But serioasly, the indiscriminate firing >f gum in this town is ao evil, and a reproach to its good name. We are satisfied thut the town marshal, by searohing out and reporting offenders, would speedily correot the evil. Are we not justified in asking ;hat something be done in this matter? - * - - EDITORIAL INKLINGS. It will be remembered by some of the -eaders of the Enquirer, that a man by he name of Crozier, was murdered at dewberry S. C., last summer, by United States colored troops. The Philadelphia Ledger furnishes the following with referiooe to the investigation of the matter: "Lieutenant Colonel Trowbridge, com nanding Thirty-third United States Colored roops, put to death, withoat trial, a man lamed Calvin Crozier for the alleged nrurier of a private in the regiment named Mills. After Crozicr's death it appeared ;hat Mills was not killed, and a military jourt of inquiry was called to pass upon rrowbridge's conduct. The court acquitted trim of all blame, and Mills, (he man said :o be mardered, was in court alive at the .ime, had his wound examined by the uembers of tho court, and yet was never jailed to testify by the judge advooate of he court. General Devius reviewed the :ase and sent it buck to the court to he aeard over again, but the court persisted io tjj fVirmnr rmininn f.hnf Trnwhridce was free ~ -w?w* ~r a~ :roui all blame, and be was released from irrest. We clip the following from theCharotte Democrat in reference to the scarcity )f money : The complaint about the scarcity of mon ;y is now general in the South. It seems hat it will take what little money is left to jay taxes?Government, Stato, County and ["own. The people ought to hold to a strict iccount those who have the levying of taxes is well as those who control the spending if public monies. But one reason of the icarcity of money is the purchase of large juantities of goods from the North by the Southern people. The most of the money jaid to our people for cotton has been scot jack to the North to pay for dry goods, 'finery," &e Since the close of the war, f the southern people?and especially the emale portion?had denied themselves of luxuries" to some extent, or at least only Durcbased what way actually necessary, all vould have been better off to day, and greenjacks and bluebacks would be more ubuod mt?the cry of "no money" would not be 10 often beard. Let us all learn something j rom experience. I)r. F Olin Danelly, editor of I he Middle Georgia News, who is on a trip j o the North, has written a letter to his pa j ier from Weldon, Nortlf^ Carolina In 1 eferunce to two of the Rail-roads in this | Rate, he says: "No night trains run on the South Caro j ina railroad. The able and energetic Su- ( jeriutendent of this road, II. T. Peake, has. ;onc North to regulate a through schc-> tale for passengers. The plan proposed is, j hat sleeping cars shall start from Mobile, i Via., and be sent through to Wilmington, 1 *1. C., and then change from thence to j Vcquia Creek or Portsmouth, furnishing I ;reut accommodation to through passengers i iy this route from the South. This is an j dmirablc idea and oasily executed Mr. Jeake is subs'tituting white labor on his oad as far as possible, and thinks it great j y to the interest of the road to abandon j reed laborers. The negro hands have i aused them much trouble by committing! hefts, and within a few days have C03t the j oad 8G,000 as damages. There are some lew curs OQ the road, manufactured ?u Charleston. Nearly the entire track is laid Iowd with new iron, and the prospect for ;ood comfortable travelling on this road is i iow a fixed fact." "The Charlotte railroad is running ttirough 71th the exception of the break at the Catawba rivor. Fare 88 00 for 110 miles nd 25 cts. extra for the transfer of baggage i t the river. Tho oars are filthy and the i ire ao extortion. The new iron bridge j cross the Catawba is a beauty. It is of, he Fink patent and was constructed by ? J Iniith." ?? ? ? Post-offices Re-opened?The Post-. iaster General has, during the last month, | rdcred Postoffices to bo re opened as fol)ws : Iu Virginia, 43; North Carolina, 0; South Carolina, 9; Tennessee, 28; | ^est Virginia, 5 ; Georgia, 16; Mississippi, 1; Alabama, 14 : Louisiana, 16; Arkan-1 is, 9; Texas, 57. Total, 286. ' (gaufriktmat BY JAS. WOOD DAVIDSON. COLUMBIA. S. C.. MAY 21. 1866. The Charlotte R. R. This road, upoD th.A completion of the Catawba bridge, ran through its entire '?ngth, we are advised, on Thursday, the 17i*i instant. Pollard's History. The work we spoke of last week as in press, from the pen of Pollard, is not the one that the author, himself, now publishes; but is a republication, us we stated, of the First and Second years of the War. Pollard himself, however, is now publishing, through Treat & Co , of New York, a work entitled The Lost Cause. This is uot a rehash of his former history, but is a de novo work, and is the one in wbiob tbe author desires to present himself to the public.? It is the one which we desire to recommend to war-history readers. It is published by subscription, but will, of course, sooo be thrown upon tbe general book market. The Fair in Winnsboro'. This affair came off on Thursday and Friday of last week. It was held in behalf of the Episcopal Church, (in that town), that was burnt by Sherman's soldiers. The fair was not crowded the first evening, on account of the floods of rain that poured down all day. But, notwithstanding that, the evening was a good success. The materiel of the fair was excellent, though the profusion was not very great. Everything was handsome and in style. There were visitors from Columbia, Spartaoburg, Charlotte, Salisbury, aod several other distant points It is estimated thai the fair took in over a thousand dollars, though the nett profits must be considerably under that amount, as many of the articles were purchased for the occasion, and sold at moderate advances on market prices. The fair, as a whole, may Bo regarded as a success. The University of S. C. The change from a College to a Univer sity has had, and must continue to have, two bad results. The former of these is upon the institution itself, as an educating agent. The removal of all standard of scholarship, by removing all requisition for an outrauoe, brings together a heterogeneous collection of students with different and ill assorted preparations; and the result is that a uniform system of instruction operates unequally, so that a part at least, by necessity, must be imperfectly instructed. The nat ural and universally known principle in youth-uature?that of evading the unpleasant and laborious departments?will also operate to cripple the usefulness of the institution. Youths, if left to choose their own studies, will, by a law which .every teacher perfectly understands, avoid those very departments whioh they most need.? We say nothing of the embarrassments that must beset the faoully iu their efforts to systematic o the recitations and studies of two or three hundred students (for we hope the number will reach those figures) with their unequal and heterogeneous attainments Under the circumstances, it be comes apparent uiiu me insuiuuou, uuiwunstanding it has one of the ablest faculties iu the South, will ere loDg become a respectable asylum to which genteel idlers may take refuge in their escape from an education. The second bad -esult of which we spoke, is upon >:,e academies and high schools throughout the State In removing all requirement from the entrance into the U niversity, the Legislature ha9 dealt a fatal blow to liberal education in the academic grade of schools. We speak as a teacher of a classical school, as we hare a right to speak; and we use the word fatal advisedly. The ooly requirement for admission into the University of South Carolina today is, that the. applicant be fifteen i/ears of ajc. We write with the Act before us Now, the effect of this one chronological condition to entrauoe into the University, upon the high schools, is to deprive the teacher of all control over the studies to be pursued by his students; and its effeot upon the boys is, that they neglect all the severer and really disciplinary studies for those of a lighter and easier character, because they cau enter the University when they reach fifteen without any preparation at all ? It is what boys consider a glorious license to do nothing; and every intelligent teacher knows how boys will improve such an opportunity. But the difficulty is not without remedy. We are speaking of remedy for the schools, for they are our immediate concern. We shall as frankly suggest our plan for remedy, as we have our views upon the disease. There ate two thiugs that may be done. 1st. ? Let the two years, koowu as Freshman and Sophomore in the college, be restored, admitting upon the same requirements as formerly, and pursuing the same studies with the same examinations; and then let the choice of studies beyond those two yeurs be optional. 2?Or, let a high standard of admission into the University ne aaoptea, punusnea, and enforced, which shall rerjaire all students to have pursued a given course of preparatory studies, about equal to that for- | rnerly required for Freshman class in the college, before admitting them into the University at all. Then, when admitted, some classification of them would be possi- ; ble; and the stimulus be left to the teachers of high schools It is nonsense to say that ecooomy j requires the University form of instruc- ! tion to be continued. The faculty can give colby late instruction for a thousand dollars a year, just as well as tuey can give University instruction at the same price. We conjure our people to reflect upon these matters, and not blindly follow ill iter- ; ate demagogues who know no more about edueatiou thao they do about Heaven. tegf" The Senate has passod the West Foiut Appropriation Bill, it contaius a provision prohibiting the appointment of any cadet who served in the army or navy of the Confederacy. The Consular and Diplo- j i matic Appropriatoin Bill was also passed. ' MERE-MENTION. All Federal soldiers buried near Salisbury, N. C , who were Masons, are buried in a separate enclosure, each grave having its headboard bearing the square arid compass, as well as the Dame, company and regiment of the dead. It is stated that Gen. Fisk has ordered the negro schools and churches, recently destroyed at Memphis, to be immediately rebuilt at the expense cf the city The property in South Carolina, it is reported, which was 8400,000,000 in 1860, is reduced to 850,000.000.? Causes, emancipation of slaves and the havocs of war. Captaiu J. M. Hudson, of Philadelphia, will attempt to cross the ocean in a metallic life bout, twenty-six feet long and six feet wide, ship rigged, and with but one companion Gen Bradley T. Johnson, formerly of Maryland, but now of North Carolina, has been pardoned. The United States Chamber of Commerce remonstrates against the proposed iucreased tax en ootton, and says that it would be detrimental not only to the Sooth ern States, but lo the interests 01 tne wuoie country. The State Senate of Massachusetts has patsed, to be engrossed, a bill punishing by line of fifty dollars, the exclusiou of persons of color from plaoes of amusement, public conveyances, &o.^ A revolving boat, which rolls over and over in the water, while the passengers remain stationary, is making experiments in Baltimore haibor. General Canby, at New Orleans, has ordered all civilians held for trial in his department by the military, to be turned over to the civil authorities. A case has been decided in Baruwell District to the effect that when a freedman violates his contract, he looses the share of the crop he was eutitiod to unde.* the contract The ladies of Raleigh, N. C , paid a floral tribute to the dead soldiers buried near that city, on Thursday last, and festooned the grave of Audrow Johnson's father, to testify their respect for the President, and their gratitude for the magnanimous policy which he has adopted towards our unhappy section The mortality in Charleston, for the eleven months just ended, foots up, whites, 560, blacks,' 1,503 Govern or Browulow is goiug North to consult the lexicographers for the coinage of new words wherewith to reply to Prentice A negro divorce ense is going on. in St. Lonis, and is very racy?especially the odor in the court room. Mexican advices announce the death of Ex-Governor Allan, of Louisiana He died from a wound received during the war. Santa Anna, the Mexican patriot, is described as a fine looking gentleman, 68 years of age, with dark brown hair, and apparently enjoying the best of health. The papers say that several cargoes of negroes arrived in Cuba lately. Tbad. Stevens, stated iD the House of Representatives the other day, that be had been "credibly informed that, with free labor, cotton could be produced for one ceol a pound !" Did you ever? Bishop Wightman has been appointed to preside at the Auoual Meeting of the South n 1 . n _ * L!.L ! . A . ^ ^ _ Uarouna uonierence, wuicu iaiu ouuvooo at Marion, on the 7th of November next. General Cary, of temperance notoriety, was leoturing in Chicago, at last accounts. General Stoneman's report of the Memphis riot has reached Washington. He oharges the negroes with originating it. An order has been published under instructions from the President, forbidding Raphael Semmes from exercising any oivil or political office of trust, until pardoned by the President. It will be remembered that Admiral Semmes was, a short timesinoe, elected Judge of the Probate Court of Mobile. Gen. Joseph E. Johnson has been elected President of the Alabama and Tennessee River Railroad. He is not to receive a less salarj than six thousand dollars per aonuin. From the Richmond Christian Advocate. The Methodist General Conferenoe. The Acts of the General Conference of the Methodist Episoopal Church, at its recent session at New Orleans, may be summed up in the following items: 1. The name of the Churoh it was resolved to change to Episcopal Methodist Church, provided that three-fourths of all the members of the several Annual Conferences shall coucur therein. 2. Lay Representation?four laymen, one of whom may be a local preacher, (to be elected by the District Stewards or in . such way as the Annual Conferences may direct,) to each Presiding Elder's District in the Annual Conferences; and an equal number of laymen aud clergymen as representatives to the General Conference, excepting the number be odd, then the advantage of tbo odd number to be given to the clerical portion?>the lay members of the Annual Conference to elect the lay representatives to the Gcucral Conference, aud the clerical members to elect the clerical representatives. Upon the request of one fifth of the Gcucral ponfereoce, the laymen and the clergymen ean form two distinct houses, when a concurrent majority will be accessary to pass any law. This action, however, is subjeot to the same confirmation and approval ot three fourths of all the preachers in the several Annual Conferences. 3. The limit of the Pastorate has been extended from two to four years. 4. A system of Church meetings was adopted, to be held onoe a month if praoticabie, otherwise once a quarter?to be presided over by the preacher iu charge. The object of it is to put the membership more thoroughly in connection with the enterprises of the Church. 5. The probationary system has been abrogated?members are to be received formally by the preacher in charge, acooiding to tbe form of the baptismal service, or siine other form in an appendix to the Discipline 6. Class meeting is placed upon the same footing with prayer-meeting, and is no longer a lest of membership. 7. The missionary society is divided into a Domestic and a Foreign Missionary Society, with distinct Board Secretaries and Treasuries?tbe former located at Nashville, and the latter at Baltimore 8. Everyfhing in the Discipline in regard to the men aid women sitting apart in the churoh, has been taken out.