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Jtaaps and |atfs.
Frederick Douglass, being at St Louis < the 7th inst, was refused admission by every b tel in the city, and had to go to a private hous "You want nothing, do you?" said Pa "Bedad, an' if it's nothing you want, you'll find in thcjug where the whiskey was." His Excellency Governor Orr left Columb on Saturday morning last for Anderson, where 1 may be addressed until further notice. Santa Fe. Mexico, is said to be so healthy nlaoe that people only die there of old age or whi ley. John Chinaman in Paris furnishes a meal a very low price to working men, but there is an u happy suspicion of rats! At a fashionable Church in New York tl contribution plates are carried round by young 1 dies, to the great benefit of the treasury. A resolution has been introduced into tl United States Senate, declaring the pardons her tofore granted by the President null and void. Artists have adoDted different emblems charity. We wonder none of them ever thoug] of a piece of India rubber, which gives more ths any other substance. ? A man was asked what induced him to mal a law student of his son. "Oh, he was always lying little cuss, and I thought I would humor h leading propensity." Some sensible chap says truly, that a pers< who tries to raise himself by scandalizing other might just as well sit down on a wheelbarrow, ar undertake to wheel himself. It is not work that kills men; it is worry. Wo; is healthy; you cannot put more on a man than 1 can Lear. It is not the revolution that destro, the machinery, but the friction. A New Orleans paper suggests, as a part the plan of reconstruction, "a Department for tl Elevation of the African Intellect to the Caucasii Standard." Our exchanges through the Middle and Wes era States give very favorable reports of the whe crop. The prospect at this season of the year wi never better. The members of Congress in Washingfc have been holding a Temneranee Meeting. Ten peranee is a characteristic of the present Congre ?it is as temperate as a whirlwind. A white man of the age of fifty was marrit to a negro woman of Courtlandt, Ala., a few da; ago. fie was ducked in a pond and sent off 1 railroad by some person or persons unknown. A Montgomery correspondent has had long talk with the spirits of Lincoln and Boot! through a medium practicing in the capital of A1 bama. He ascertained that the ex-President ai the ex-actor are on the best terms. A man died recently in Shrewsbury, Mass who had become so advanced in his second chil hood, that, for some time, he had persisted in ca lying to bed with him each night a rag doll whu belonged to one of his grandchildren. -?The Spring elections in the the States beg with New Hampshire, on the second Tuesday March. Connecticut follows on the first Mondi in April and Rhode Island on the next Wedne day m the same month. A suit was lately brought in the Superi Court of Georgia for the repayment of a debt whit had already been cancelled in Confederate scri] The jury dismissed the case, directing each par to pay an equal proportion of the costs. Twenty-five years ago woollen rags we: worth $20 a ton, and were used for manure. Th< now sell in England for $200 per ton, to be ma< again into cloth. The shoddy consumption < < England was estimated in 1862 at sixty-five millic pounds annually. It is not great wealth or high station whi( makes a man happy. Many of the most wretc ed beings on earth have both; but it is a radia: sunny spirit, which knows how to bear little tria and enjoy little comforts, and which thus extrac happiness from every incident of life. A Turin Journal states there is a family that city, consisting of five persons, who for tl last year have lived upon cat s flesh. The elde boy, twelve years old, does the hunting and pr vides for the household. The feline race is grad ally disappearing from the neighborhood Mr. Bright, in one of his late speeche said that one-half of Scotland is owned by tweh persons, and one half of England by one nundre and fifty. Thus the people are nobody, and a fe individuals everybody. No wonder the aristocra< fight so desperately against any popular movemen ?? Hi a Honor Mr. Justice Inelis has decline to accept the Professorship tendered' him bv tl Board of Trustees of the University of Soul Carolina. Upon an examination of the questioi he has concluded that there is a constitutional ol stacle in the way of holding a Professorship and Judgeship. A most singular lawsuit is now on trial i Albany, N. Y. Two young men, each married bi a few weeks, got sick of their wives, and propose to "swap/' and very singularly, the women coi 9ented. But the husband of the homeliest promi ed to pay $30 "to boot," and, as he has neglect* to hand over, the suit is brought to recover tl money. Apian has been brought forward in the Ne York Legislature, which combines originality ar a practical bearing. Hitherto universal custom h been to license the seller and regulate the sale spirituous liquors; the new plan proposes to go the root of the matter and to license the drinker nil self, requiring five free-holdere to sign the applic tion for a license to buy, and imposes a heavy fi: upon anybody who sells to an unlicensed person. In the Kentucky Legislature the House h passed by a vote of 56 against 23 a joint resoluti* that the people of Kentucky are unutterably o posed to the movement in Congress to place tl people of the Southern States under military rul the tendency whereof is to military despotismcontrary to the spirit of union, and subversive the principles whereon the Government was fou ded; and they utter their solemn protest again all such congressional action. The bill to enfranchise the colored men Tennessee has passed both Houses and become law. They are still excluded from holding offi and serving on juries. The way in which disfra chisement of ex-rebels works in Tennessee is illu trated in one case at Nashville. One of the large business firms in the State2 paying thousands dollars in taxes, employs six white men and oi negro porter. The negro alone can vote, and 1 fought on the Southern side and helped in tl bloody work at Fort Pillow. A London paper notices a curious mispri in one of the editions of the New Testament prir cd at Oxford, where the word glad was convert* into dad. The person who detected the error r ceived the reward of one guinea which the Oxfoi er r 1_ _ j: t. j press oners lor sueu u uiswvci^'. xc?? an cauuuh naiy fact that, with this standing offer of a rewar and all the vigilance of readers, Sunday scho teachers and scholars, this error of a single lett is the onlv one that has been detected in upwa of sixty different editions. The largest room in the world, under a si gle roof unbroken by pillars or other obstructior is at St Petersburg, Russia. It is 650 feet length, and 150 in breadth. By daylight it is us for military displays, and a battalion can easi manoeuver in it. In the evening it is often co verted into a vast ball-room, when it is warmed I sixteen prodigious stoves, and 2,000 wax tapers a required to light it properly. The roof of tl great structure is a single arch of iron, the ba alone on which it rests weighing 12,830,000 pounc On a trial for an assault, at the assizes, sor years since, a medical witness, in giving his e^ dence, informed the court that on examining t prosecutor, he found him suffering from a sevc contusion of the integuments under the left orb with great extravasation of blood and ecchymo in the surrounding cellular tissue, which was ir tumefied state. There was also considerable abi sion of the cuticle. Judge?You mean, I suppo that the man had a black eye? Witness?-Y< Judge?Then why not say so at once? The origin of the portrait for the Goddess Liberty upon our coins is of great interest. 3 Spencer, the inventor^of Spencer's Lathe, used the American Bank Note Company, was the art who cut the first die for our American coin. J cut an exact medallion of Mrs. Washington, t wife of General Washington, and the first few coi were struck with her potrait When Gen. Was ington saw them he was displeased, and request the figure to be removed. Mr. Spencer altered t features a little, and putting a cap upon its hoc called it the Goddess of Liberty. A well-authenticated case of spontaneo combustion occurred in Columbus, forty miles sou of Indianapolis, Friday morning. Andrew Nol a German, very intern iterate in his habits, was found dead in his shop, his lips entirely burnt away, _ leaving a ghastlv hole; nis tongue charred to a crisp. ~~ His nose was also burned, as if by fire coming out >n of his nostrils, and his clothes were burning when ?* found. No other part of the body save the aire passages were burned. Physicians who examined X. the body pronounced it a clear case of spontaneous it combustion." It is supposed that the fire was communicated by attempting to light a cigar. ia Strong as the radical party is in the present le Congress; it will be much more powerful in the next, which meets on the 4th of March. In the a Senate there will be but five democrats proper; ? Messrs. Saulsburv and Riddle, of Delaware; Mr. Hendricks, of Indiana: Mr. Guthrie, of Kentucky, and Mr. Buckalew, of Pennsylvania. The democrats, on national questions, will, however, be reD" inforced by seven conservatives; Messrs. Johnson and Swann, of Maryland; Davis, of Kentucky; ie Norton, of Minnesota; Patterson, of Tennessee; a- Doolittle, of Wisconsin, jind Dixon, of Connecticut, making twelve in all. The radical strengtn win dc forty, and adding Nekraska, forty two. thus giving them much more than a three-fourtns majority. In the house, which, excluding the southern States, is composed of 191 members, there will be 29 vaof cancies in consequence of no elections having as yet ht been held in several of the States. It will stand in on the 4th of March, 120 radicals to 37 democrats, giving the republicans more than a three fourths ce vote, and if the present representation in the States a to elect is not changed, the radical strength will not jg be diminished. It will thus be seen that the radical party for the next two years will have absolute Q control of the government? Wilmington Dispatch. s ?he IJarMIr <?ttquim. rk ? ko pt1ttarq j-8 JAS. E. WILSON .'. JAS. F. HART. of YORKVILLE, S. C.: in THURSDAY MORNING, FEB'Y 28, 1867. it- Cash.?It must be distinctly understood that at our terms for subscription, advertising andjobjg work, are cash, in advance. X.?The paper will be discontinued on the expiration of tne time for which payment has been >n made. A Subscriber finding a (X) cross-mark on a. the wrapper or margin of his paper, will undergg stand that the time paid for has expired. >(J A SERIOUS EVIL. ps One result of the unsettled condition of this )y State, during and immediately after the war, was to develope and encourage a good deal of previousa ly latent rascality. This was first manifested, soon b, after Lee's surrender, in the introduction of a sea ries of "charges," as they were delicately termed, upon Confederate stores of all descriptions. The soldiers who had fought the battles of the South J;' thought, and with reason, that they had the best claim to inherit this property, on the death of the . Afonv nfVViocf. vindirvifprl their claim ?|j \JUmCUCXOVJ1 A'AUUJ V* VMVW ? ? by force of arms, and secured a fair share of the jn public plunders a large portion being obtained by in that class of warriors known as "hospital rats," iy many of whom made their first charge at that time. !S* And they performed their task so well as to elicit the very general opinion, that if these veterans w could have been led to the sterner charges of the : battle field, the war might have resulted differently ly. Had this temporary disregard of the distinction between meum and tuum stopped with the atre tacks on government property, no great harm would ;y have followed ; as much of this plunder was afterle ward disgorged, under the skillful pressure of Yanof kee agents, in search of public and confiscated prop)U erty. But the ease with which the spoils of the Commissary, Quartermaster and Surgeon were "captured," induced some enterprising warriors? j and some non-combatants also, to try their hand on jg private property. As a consequence, many things, ts horses and cotton in particular, began to disappear so frequently that owners found it necssary to stand in guard over their property, in order to save it. le After the authority of the United States began st to be firmly established, and a few offenders had ?" been either caught and punished, or run out of the u" country, property became a little more secure; though, to this day, many persons keep their cotton ^ snugly stowed away under or inside of their houses. ^ A still further improvement in the state of affairs, w has been brought about by the opening of the ;y courts, and the regular working of their machine* ry for the detection and punishment of crime. But >d the seeds of demoralization, sown in a lawless period le of war and disorder, are still bearing their legitimate fruit While high-handed robberies and jb wholesale plundering have almost ceased, petty a thefts are still in vogue, if not actually increasing in frequency. at The statement might shock Mr. Sumner, but itis jt nevertheless true, that the most of the depredations id now committed can be traced to free American citia zensof African descent. White men, havingfound out the danger of the business, have, as a general rule, quit stealing, and negroes have taken it up as a profession. It is a sad truth that few freedmen . . * J i-r-ji w can De irusieu even 10 ieeu nurses, iui km ui >u?i id stealing the com given them for that purpose, as Possessing by nature a dull moral sense, and ?f stimulated by the example of white men as above t0 described, they are still further encouraged to steal, by the absence of a fear of punishment. As they ae confine their thefts to articles of small value, the expense and trouble of prosecuting them is more than the damage in each case is worth; though 3n their petty larcenies amount in the aggregate to a p- heavy loss. ae Our people should take some pains by concerted e> action in this matter, to stop these little rascalities, ^ which are fast growing to be an intolerable nuisn_ ance. At present, everything eatable must be kept gt under lock and key. Hogs and sheep are never safe two hundred yards from the bed-room of their of owner, and some of our farmers prefer keeping a their hogs in a half-starved condition, as being less ee likely to fall victims to midnight prowlers. As for D" fowls, the sanctity of the hen-roost has been so frcquently broken into, that many good ladies, who 0f once took pride in the feathered pets, have conclude ded not to make any effort to raise chickens this ie year. We know of several forlorn flocks of ganders, who have become involuntary communities of widowers by the ravages of freedmen, who preQt fer the female of this species for cooking purposes. These are but a few examples of little rascalities, e_ which could be almost indefinitely multiplied, but -d they are sufficient to show how the country must ii- suffer, if this evil is not checked. Unless this prod, pensity to steal is quenched in some way, no man can call his field, garden, orchard, potato-patch, corn-crib or smoke-house, or his eatable live-stock of any description, strictly his own. The surest remedy is for every one, who loses 1S anything of the kind, to exert himself with energy in to discover the thief, and when discovered, to puned ish him to the extent of the law, although it cost dy something to do this. Many persons do not even take the trouble to look for their lost property, p thinking it will do no good. But as long as freed ^5 men are allowed to steal wun impunity, it is oncrtrs ing them a premium to live without work, and of Is. course they will prefer it. By the time a few of Qe them have been consigned to the jail or the peni,'i tentiary for their dexterity, the rest of them will he see the propriety of subsisting by more honest !.re means. Our people sometimes encourage stealing, withj a out being aware of it, by buying poultry, eggs and [ a- other little articles of country produce from freedse, men. It would be a safe estimate to say that one 2s. half of the articles thus bought are stolen. As many of our farmers refuse, in their contracts, tc of allow the raising of fowls to freedmen, those whe wish to put an end to this particular class of thefts, Z can easily do so to the extent of refusing to buy sucli je things from freedmen, without the consent of theii he employers. ins A good crop year may perhaps relieve our peo'h pie to some extent, by suptilying the freedmen witli plenty to eat of their own, and thus removing the temptation to steal food from others. But as none of them, that we know of, are suffering from want ug of food, a mere abundance will not probably remove th the desire to steal, which is, in many instances, a te, hereditary and constitutional part of their nature. THE TERMS OF RE-ADMISSION. Gov. Oer's movement to secure the re-admission of the South into the Union has produoed at least one solid result This result is not exactly an j acceptance of the proposition he offered; that was too lenient to please the Radical leaders. But the concessions it proposed have, as usual, encouraged them to impose upon us more huiui'iating conditions, in return for the privilege of representation in Congress. In this instance, however, the conditions have the merit of bearing the official pledge of the National Government, that their acceptance by any excluded State will be received as a final settlement, by which such State will be at once restored to all its rights as a member of the Federal Union. After nearly two years of angiy debate and vacillating legislation, Congress has at last produced its ultimatum, for our consideration. This is Mr Sherman's bill, which we publish in an other column, as it finally passed both Houses. The substance of this law, (for it may as well be considered a law) is that the States named therein shall be divided into military districts, under the authority of officers of the U. S. Army not under the rank of Brigadier-General, and shall remain in the status of military provinces, until they shall have complied with the terms prescribed therein for their restoration to the position of States. These terms are: 1st, Negro Suffrage. 2d, A constitution framed in accordance with that of the United States, and by a convention elected by all the male citizens of the State, twenty-one years old and upward, without regard to color. 3d. The adoption of the Constitutional amendment which has already been once rejected by these States. 4th, The disfranchising of our leaders, civil and military, during the war, and the disqualifying them Dm holding any office whatever. [t is doubtful whether any Southern State is so tious to get back into the Union as to accept these terms. They are offered the choice between oppression and self-degradation. As a citizen of South Carolina, we prefer to try military law for a while, rather than comply with any one of the conditions. The last, in particular, is most odious. By it, we are required to condemn those whom we always found true in the hour of peril, and whose guidance is now more imperatively needed than ever before. Martial law has many evils, but they are small, compared with those which would flow fiom the state of things contemplated by this law. With fully one half of our voters ignorant of their responsibilities, and with our best and most capable men excluded from holding positions of trust, we would become the misgoverned subjects of imbecile and depraved officials. A constitution framed by such a mongrel gang of Statesmen as alone could be elected under this bill, would be a burlesque upon governments. An officer of the army, who ? * * v II has a character to sustain, would be a more rename ruler than such as these. At all events, the experiment of military gov-1 eminent can be tried; if it proves too hard to bear, the other alternative Is always in our power. Meanwhile, a firm refusal on our part to accept this sefrtlement may cause it to be withdrawn. The present unsettled state of the country is seriously injuring the North, though it presses harder upon the South. If we can stand it awhile, they must, for their own interest, retract from their position. Nor can we be forced into accepting it, so long as we put up with military authority, which we consider the less of the two evils. J TREASON, "SO-CALLED." The five young men from Rome, Georgia, confined in the Atlanta jail for the crime of displaying a Confederate flag in the performance of a tableau, have been released by order of General Thomas. The understrapper who wrote the letter ordering their discharge from custody, one Gen. Wm. D. Whipple, takes advantage of the occasion, to lay down the law on the treason of such exhibitions. It seems that the result of the war has decided the rebellion to have been a "huge crime, embodying all the crimes of the decalogue," and therefore, it becomes criminal to show any honor or respect to its emblems. Under this view of the wickedness of rebellion, it is outrageous conduct in any of its late supporters to flaunt the odious flag in the faces of the good loyalists who fought so hard and suffered so much to conquer it. No such shocking exhibitions of moral depravity will hereafter be permitted. As the indignant vindicator of loyalty has based the criminality of rebellion upon its failure, his logic would warrant the conclusion that rebellion would have been all right, if it had only succeeded. T ? 4-U?4- /.aua nrooont Wnillfl VlJLVP XII bliai 1/11V piVOVMW MWIW.W ?? vw.%. been "patriots," and the honest wearers of the blue would have had the "monstrous crime" transferred to their loyal shoulders. This is clear reasoning, and all rebel wretches who have been guilty of the villainy of failing to whip out a countless horde of patriots, many of whom could not speak the language of the country they defended so gloriously, must abstain from public veneration of so contemptible an object as a conquered flag. It may be a waste of ink to protest against the injustice of branding our whole people as criminals, for having dared to uphold their rights by the sword. Still, it is impossible to read such a small-souled production as Gen. Whipple's letter, without the resistless impulse to deny its truth.? A just cause cannot become wrong because it fails, or might would become right; whereas, in this sad world, these two powers are oftener opposed than working in unison. Our dead heroes are not criminals, because they died for a mined cause; nor will the world accept for them the epitaph of "traitor," which such mushroom patriots as Whipple, would inscribe upon it. As for the flag, on which the rials of his wrath are poured, it holds a place in the Southern heart, from which it is not in the power of military satraps to tear it. That flag represents the blasted hopes of eight millions of the living, and recalls the heroism of thousands of the honored dead. It floats no more in victory upon the battle cloud, but a halo of glory from scores of hard won fields surrounds it. Consecrated by the noblest blood of this land, it is, and forever will be, dear to our hearts, however faithful we may be to the government we now acknowledge. Nor is there any good reason why its appearance upon the mimic scenes of the stage should offend the eyes of the sternest loyalist that lives. The proudest of its adversaries was forced to respect it in the day of battle, and we think that an honorable foe would look upon it as a memento of glorious deeds and stirring scenes. Indeed, no Federal officer or soldier should blush, or shrink from looking on that flag, unless he belong to the large class of Union soldiers, to wLrmi fLo veil whir-h heralded its annroach was usually the signal for an exhilarating foot-race, in which loyalty vigorously held the front. WASHINGTON NEWS. The Eliot bill for the government of Louisiana and the Stevens' Reconstruction bill have both I been supplanted by the Sherman bill, which has . passed both houses. Asa matter of vital interest to our readers, we give it in full elsewhere. It now only needs the approval of the President to become I a law, and failing in that, it will certainly be passed over his veto. The opinion is beginning to gain ! ground, that 3Ir. Joiinson will not refuse his sanci tion to this measure. The correspondent of the ? Charleston News asserts that the President will > not only sign this bill, but will also entirely aban, don his reconstruction policy and sustain that of i Congress. It will be a heavy loss to the South, if her chief bulwark against Congressional aggressions should desert her at this perilous crisis. The Supreme Court, however, yet remains as the i last breakwater to resist the flood of fanaticism, but s that may be also swept away by the still rising ! tide. The prospect of re-establishing the Union, ; upon the basis of equality and solid peace, is now t darker than it has ever been, since our armies laid i down their arms. The impeachment furor has almost died out, very little space being allowed it in our exchanges. The National Intelligencer attributes the main cry for impeachment to the lobby, which is full of agents for manufacturers who are trying to frighten the President into approving the Tariff bill. The project seems, by tracit consent, to have been laid over for the consideration of the next Congress, as it is now certain that the present Congress will not have time even to inaugurate the movement The Senate amendments to the bankrupt bill have not yet been' adopted by the House. A conference committee, from both Houses, has been appointed, whose duty it is to get it into some shape that will be acceptable to both. The South Carolina murder committee have reported, on the evidence of General Schofield, Thomas, Wood and Beard, that punishment for crimes against soldiers, Union men and freedmen cannot be relied on, either from jurors or magistrates. Rebels are getting worse instead of better, in this respect .The Committee, therefore, suggest military rule as the only remedy for the alleged evils. The House has passed a bill, authorizing the retirement of $140,000,000 Compound Interest Treasury Notes and the issuing of $100,000,000 legal tender notes to replace the former. In the Senate, Mr. Yates of Illinois, presented a petition from 4,000 citizens of Charleston, S. C., asking for a territorial government for South Carolina. The House Judiciary committee has reported a bill providing that property confiscated by Confederate authorities may be restored to the former owner, on his making-firoof of his title to the same before any Federal court and commissioner. Also a bill to confirm sales by tax commissioners for South Carolina, to persons in the army, navy or marine corps. " . Surratt was brought into Court on the 23d; he pleaded "not guilty," and was then recommitted. Nebraska has adopted universal suffrage; Tensee has done the same, which fact was telegraphed to Washington by jubilant governor Brownlow. The President has commenced feeding the House of Representatives, in alphabetical order. At last accounts, he had issued rations as far down as the letter F. This is considered-a matter of high importance, by some correspondents, who would perhaps like to be included in the list of Mr. Johnson's polite invitations to dinner. It makes little difference to us where congressmen feed, or indeed, whether they get any thing at all to eat. THE BANKRUPT BILL. In our last issue, we published this bill as it passed the House of Representatives during the last session of Congress. We now give place, in another column, to the same bill as it recently passed the Senate. The latter is a voluminous document of sixty-eight pages, and would occupy too muoh of our space, if printed in full. We, therefore, take from the Charlotte Times a condensed synopsis of its con tents. Neither of the bills can become a law, as the matter now stands; for the reason that neither of them has passed both Houses. A oommittee of conference has been appointed to adjust the difference between the Senate and the House. The result will probably be a modified form of the bankrupt bill, combining some of the provisions of both the now conflicting bills. Congress has but a short time left, to act upon this matter; if the bill does not receive the sanction of both Houses by the 3d of March, the bankrupt bill will be dead, unless the new Congress takes it up from the beginning, and passes it LINCOLN IN HEAVEN. Some enthusiastic admirer of Mr. Abraham Lincoln, once irreverently known as "Old Abe," has, in the spirit, visited that glorious world which is supposed by his followers to be the present abode of the departed joker. This magnificent flight of fancy has resulted in a picture representing Abe's arrival in Heaven, and his reception there by George Washington, who appears to have been specially detailed to welcome" the ' ist of the martyrs. The meeting occurs outside of the pearly gates, as there is no scenery to the picture, except a boundless collection of vapor. In the centre of this clouded vision is an opening, where Washington appears, holding a black wreath above the head of Lincoln: The last-named celestial gazes upon the countenance of his illustrious predecessor in office, with a melancholy expression which betrays no joy at the happy termination of his career, but rather suggests the idea of his having got to the wrong place. Above the portraits of the two Presidents is another opening cloud, which reveals a host of gathering angels, who hover in silent rapture above the thrilling scene. This bold conception has been photographed for the use of the faithful, either to be carried on their persons as a talisman against evil, or to ornament patriotic albums. But it will not be veiy extensively sold in this latitude, where the opinion has generally prevailed, that Mr. Lincoln took the "lower route," after he crossed the Jordan on his journey to the unseen world. It will be a pleasing surprise to all who had erroneously taken this view of the case, to learn that he has actually reached Canaan's blissful shores in safety, and is now the honored guest of no less a person than George Washington. Far be it from us to say he is not or ought not to be there; we have not the presumption to pronounce on his or any other man's final destiny.? But such difficulties lie in the way of attaining that holy rest, even for the best of men, that the artist who can picture Abraham Lincoln as received by welcoming angels, possesses a bolder and more vivid imagination than we dare pretend to. The highest reception we could venture to claim for him would be an escort from the host of "boys in blue," who proceeded him to the grave. Whether or not their shoulders will sprout angelic wings, is an open question. MERE-MENTION. Rev. A. A. Porter, of York District, has taken charge of the Presbyterian Church, at Spartanburg, C. H. A meeting of the Stockholders in the King's Mountain Iron Company is appointed to be held at Yorkville, on Friday, the 1st of March next ""The Reverend Spurgeon is announced as coming to New York. Mr. Kent, of Natchez, was astonished the other day by receiving a bill of lading for ten boxes of torn cats.? It should have been tomato catsup. No less than 47,468 children were registered in England in 1864 as born out of wedlock. An exchange says the scalping Indians in the West are collecting their poll-tax." M. Le Verrier, the great French astronomor, thinks there will be another shower of meteors next August The American Institute has decided to hold a world's fair at New York in 1876, beginning on the 4th of July, the centennial of the signing of the Declaration of Independence The Galveston Civilian, referring to the immigration of frecdmen to Texas, "Wo wnnM rntnpr spa nni> uuiii vjuui^ia, tmyo. ?? v ?ivi-v. sober and industrious white man come to Texas than forty thousand freedmen." W. W. Holden, editor of the Raleigh Radical Standard, and General Robert Anderson, of Fort Sumter notoriety, are in Washington. Parson Brownlow threatens to retire to private life. Private life will suffer. New York City is a wicked place but the Bible House there prints 1,119,259 Bibles per annum. A wine merchant occupies an entire page with his advertisement in the London Times. New York State is said to contain about three hundred and fifty newspapers, exclusive of those published in New York City; from the numerous presses of which it is probable that some two hundred more are issued. A child thus defines gossip: It's when nobody don't do nothing and somebody goes and tells of it. Cotton isn't king, and corn isn't king. Brains arc king, and industry is prime minister. While man walks two yards, the invisible agent of the electric telegraph would encircle our globe eleven times. St. Elmo, Miss Evans' last novel, is being dramatized for the Macon, (Ga.,) theatre. JOSEPH IS ALIVE. >. ^ Ex-Governor Brown of Georgia, the veritable I Joseph E., whose name used to fill our newspa- c pera, in war times, as the great "soldier's friend," i ever anxious to do something for them, has turned c up again. He had so entirely disappeared beneath a the surface of political affairs, that he was gener- I ally supposed to have been effectually demolished > by the overthrow of his little throne in Milledge- t ville. This is a mistake. He is out in a three-column letter, in the Atlanta papers, advising the c people of Georgia to accept the terms offered them t by the Sherman bilL e This is the same man who gave aid to the enemy throughout the war, by his vigorous opposition c to every measure of the Confederate government, ^ on account of his fiery zeal for State-Rights. We A have not seen his letter, nor do we care to peruse ? it, nauseated as we once were with his egotistical productions, but we confess to a little curiosity to know how much of States' Rights Joseph discov- c ere in that bill. He ruined his State once by his incessant brayings in favor of the doctrine; now he recommends an abject swallowing of dirt to get ? out of the difficulties into which his efforts, and those of similar demagogues, have brought us. It j is to be hoped that men of this class have lost their j influence in the South. They might, at least, wait till those in whom our people have confidence, have j spoken, before they volunteer their "advice."? j This is no time to listen to the voice of small-fry t oracles; we want to hear from our best and wisest 1 men on this question, and Joseph cannot fairly j be counted among their number. EDITORIAL INKLINGS. The "Black Crook" style of exhibitions for ' the amusement of the public is gradually crowding s out those of more modest character, in New York. The correspondent of the Charleston Mercury J states that there are but two places of amusement j in that amusement-seeking city, which can claim , respectability for their entertainments. Ladies < who have not yet lost the Habit of blushing are i learning to spend their spare evenings at the art galleries, and in private entertainments, where their modesty is not constantly in danger of being shocked. * 1 This is a melancholy illustration of the down- 1 ward tendency of morals in the present progressive 1 age. If decent entertainment paid the managers * of theatres &c., it would certainly be furnished. j The inference is plain, that the large majority of 1 those who visit these places in New York, do not 1 want amusement, unless it is flavored ny indecency, ^ both in costume and dialogue. The House Journal announces a new sensation as arranged to take place at the mansion of a fashionable gentleman of New York. This is to be a grand ball, at which the "German" will be danced, in costumes marking the various changes in dress, during the interval between the twelfth and eighteenth centuries. Some of the costumes are to come from Paris. As the present tendency of New York taste is towards extreme simplicity in dress, the originator of this novel idea should go a little further back. To be complete, the array of costumes should begin with the evening "full dress," of Adam and Eve, which do not vaiy materially from the universally admired "Black Crook" style. It should also include some of the prominent fashions indulged in by Noah and his unfortunate cotemporaries. Of course, the guests will wish to be instructed, as well as amused, and the researches of their host ought to be conducted with a view to their edification in both respects. A Washington letter writer states that A. T. Stewart, the dry-goods millionaire, has been for several days in that city, attempting to defeat the bankrupt bill. His reason for fighting this measure is, that he has more than a million owing to him in the South, which he will lose, if the bill becomes a law. As this gentleman is worth fifty millions, he might afford to lose one, for the benefit of a people whose custom helped so largely to build up his extensive fortune. But if he finds it impossible to exist on forty-nine millions, he ought to go to work and make the odd million, which he can easily do in a few weeks. The debt which the South owes him may be very properly classed as "desperate." Whether the bill becomes a law or not, his prospect for getting that million is rather hopeless, unless he consents to take Confederate currency. The South is virtually bankrupt, though Congress may refuse its graciom consent to admit the fact, and it will require a real genius to get money where none exists. The carcase has been pretty well picked by the Butlers, Shermans and other vultures of war; and the crows whom Stewart represents are very likely to lose their share of the feast. John H. Surratt arrived at Washington on the 19th instant, and was escorted to the city jail by three carriage loads of guards. A large crowd of spectators had been gathered together, by curiosity to look upon a person now famous as a State prisoner. The falsehood and peijury of the witnesses, whose evidence murdered his mother, has j been made plain enough to convince the most skep- s tical, of her innocence of complicity in the crime laid to her charge. But the idea has taken a firm a hold on the Northern mind that J. Wilkes Booth ^ was the tool or leader in a conspiracy to kill Mr. ^ T ' ' ^ .1 ' - J..!. -11. Liincoin. un cms supposition, it is aesirame to a slay as many victims as possible, to appease that injuredghost. Therefore, Surrattis to be executed, f if evidence of any sort can be tortured into conviction of guilt on his part,?that is, if there is time ~ to do this before the threatened crash of our gov- r eminent. A thirst for blood is characteristic of such revolutions as the one now in progress in this t countiy, and the feverish anxiety for some new horror, which betrays itself in Radical papers, meas- * ures, and speeches, bodes no good to the new prisoner. All accounts unite in describing Surratt as dignified, composed and firm in his bearing, given t to few words, and non-committal in what he says, a He continues to wear the uniform of the Papal I Zouaves, in which organization he was serving at I the time of his arrest, or as it may more properly be called, his capture. He is now confined in an f iron-clad cell of the Washington jail, where we will c leave him for the present. c Mr. Jacob Waddell, a school-teacher of Lin- ? coin Co., Georgia, furnishes the Augusta Chronicle with an account of a visit, which he lately received \ from a United States Commissioner of the Bureau a of Education. Mr. W. was hearing the recitation of the first arithmetic class, at the time his dis- ? tinguished visitor entered. After the ceremonies ^ of self-introduction had been performed, the Cap- s tain was offered the class-book, to give him an op- e portunity of testing the proficiency of the scholars, v in arithmetic. This he declined, preferring to ex- ? ercise them by problems of his own invention, and he began with the following question : ^ "A regiment is composed as follows: threetenths of the men are Germans, two-fifths are s Irish, one-tenth Canadians, and two hundred and f forty are Americans! What is the strength of the regiment ?" The head of the class, Curtis Lamar, formerly y one of Stonewall Jackson's boys, replied, "That a depends upon the man who leads them." Mr. * Waddell ordered Lamar to his seat and passed the question to the next in order, who happened to be [ a young scion of "Emerald Isle" stock, fourteen r years of age, and rejoicing in the name of Michael ? O'Reilly. Mike's answer was prompt; "480."? t "How do you make it?" asked the Captain, "I can't see it" "I only count the Irish," replied ? Mike. This response awakened the indignation of c the "Educational" gentleman, who made his exit, r threatening to report Mr. W. to the Bureau, as a teacher of treason, and it is to be presumed that he a will be careful about entering the treason-tainted ? atmosphere of Southern school-rooms, for the fu- j. ture. J. Southern boys usually have as much politeness .c as any boys in the world; but they detest humbug, ? and are, withal, very quick to detect it. In this J instance, the Educational Inquisitor was more anx- L ious to display his own importance as a military ^ character, than to ascertain the boys' knowledge y of arithmetic; and he received two answers which fi rere strictly correct If he never knew it before, le has now learned that the strength of a regiment loes depend upon its commander, and also, that a so mongrel a regiment as he described, the Irish onstitute its fighting strength. The ^Education J Burea* should select better informed inspectors, >efore they send them to examine our soldier boys, rho are now finishing the education interrupted >y the war. A writer in the New York News winds up ? lissertation on the present fashions for ladies witl he following axioms, which are intended as gen :ral rules applicable to all fashions and at all times No. 1. Let no thin ladies, who possess that pe uliar arrangement of the upper part of the thorax mown as "salt cellars," wear low dresses. No. 2. Let no ladies who have the misfortum 0 possess red, bony or masculine arms, ever in lulge in short sleeves. Let them have long ones wen though they "wear their hearts upon them.' No. 3. No thin ladv should wear her hair fixed in her cheeks in bandeaux; and? No. 4. No fat ?excuse me?no lady of the far md forty category should indulge in the prevail ng "ebouriffe fashion, whioh makes her look lik< 1 mad poodle. The Newberry Herald furnishes the follow ng summary in reference to the South Carolina ilailroad: The South Carolina Railroad prospers finely.\.n incredible amount of labor was done last year * " 1 * -C ? a? ? ? ?? ?Ua*.JA/] A#* AAfnakoa n \ll toe rainineauuus are utucuucu lu. m mum u he swamps piled and filled in) bridges and tres les built; cross ties and rails laid down, workshop epaired; cottages and tanks erected, and work 01 ;he Camden branch vigorously pushed on. In i ihort time the officers vnil have the proud satisfac ion of discovering their roads complete from en< jo end. The labors of the last year were herculean rhe receipts amounted to $1,312,783 52. Ex pen ics, including interest on foreign debt, $924,906 80 Net income $387,821 60, or 6 per cent on the capi ial stock. Bond debt $3,534,798 92, of which $2. 212,944 46 is payable in London. Foreign bona holders have accepted terms of renewal Of th< lomestic debt, there remain $133,687 50, a balano )f past due bonds and interest, which is nearly al n the hands of parties willing to renew. THE BANKRUPT BILL. We have before us a copy of the bankrupt bill is it passed the Senate a few days ago, and as i iow stands in the House of Representatives. It i i document of sixty-eight pages, and therefore, o ar too great length for our columns; but in viev )f the transcendant importance of the measure, wi lave prepared the following abstract of its con ents: _ Section 1. Clothes the United States Distric Courts with jurisdiction in cases of bankruptcy. Sec. 2. Gives circuit courts of the United State reneral superintendence and jurisdiction, and au ihorizes them to act as courts of equity. Sec. 3. Provides for the appointment by the dis rict courts of one or more registers in bankruptcy n each congressional district, to assist the judge Sec. 4. Defines the powers of the register it bankruptcy to make adjudication of bankruptcy, ti secure the surrender of any bankrupt, to adminis or oaths, take proof of debts, &c. Sec. 5. Authorizes the judges of the distric ,-ourts to direct the attendance of the register a mch place as they may deem proper, and empow irs the judges to remove the register and fill va jancies. Sec. 6. Authorizes suitors to appeal from th egisters to the judges in cases of dispute as to th aw. Sec. 7. Provides for compulsory attendance o parties and witnesses. Sec. 8, 9, 10. Provides for appeal and prescribe rules of practice. Sec. 11. Prescribes the method of availing o ;he act Any debtor whose debts, provable under thi ict, amount to over three hundred dollars, ma; petition the district judge of his district, stating hi Insolvency, his willingness to surrender his estate ind a schedule under oath of his debts and wit] nventoiy, also under oath, of his assets. Sue! petition shall be an act of bankruptcy, and th petitioner be adjudged a bankrupt Tne judg ihall thereupon issue a warrant, (or the register i ihere be no opposing party,) directed to the Unite States marshal of saia district, authorizing him t lublish the necessary notices, to wit: 1. That varrant in bankruptcy has been issued. 2. Tha ill payments, of -debts to such debtors are forbiddei 1. That a meeting of the creditors to prove debt ind choose assignees, will be held in a court c Dankruptcy. not less than ten nor more than ninet lays after the issuing of the warrant These notices are to be published in a new* nape ind served on each creditor. Sec. 12. Provides for a meeting of creditors, a vhich a register shall preside. Sec. 13. Prescribes that the majority in interes >f the creditors shall choose one or more assignees vho, if approved by the judge, shall be qualified oi jiving bond. Sec. 14. Directs that the judge, (or if there b< 10 opposing interest the register) shall convey ti he assignee or assignees the entire real and person 11 estate of the bankrupt, but from this assignmen ire excepted household and kitchen furniture, ant uch other articles as the assignee may indicate tot exceeding five hundred dollars in value, th< rearing apparel of the bankrupt and his family lis uniform and arms, and any other property here iter exempt from attachments or levy by Uuitet jtates laws. Sec. 15, 16, 17, 18. Present the duties ant lowers and the methods of proceeding of the as ignees. Sec. 19. Authorizes creditors to assert and provt ,ny contingent claim they may have against th< >ankrupt as drawers, endorser, surety, bail o; guarantor, or as tenant Sec. 20. Provides for set-ofis in all cases of prob ble claims. Sec. 21. Prohibits any creditors of the bankrup rom suing him after he avails himself of the act Sec. 22. Provides the method of proving claim: -that is by procuring legal evidence before ani egister in his district, or if the creditor is a non esident, before a United States commissioner. Sec. 23, 24, 25. Respect details of practice ii he presentation and proof of claims. Sec. 26. Authorizes the examination of th< >ankrupt on oath by the courts, as to his debts anc ssets, and requires his wife to attend and givt ividence, if necessary. Sec. 27. Prescribes that all creditors, who prove heir debts, shall share alike except that wages tc in amount not exceeding fifty dollars, for service jerformed in the preceding six months, shall be >aid in full. Sec. 28. Prevents.the priority of debts. Sec. 29. Allowsthe bankrupt, after six month rom the adjudication of bankruptcy, or if no debti >r assets within sixty days, to apply for his dis; harge, which the court, after due notice, shali ;rant, if the bankrupt has honestly exhibited his ondition. Sec. 30. Prohibits a second bankruptcy, unless >y consent of creditors?except where the assets mount to seventy per cent or the debts. Sec. 31 to 39. Concerts details, pronounces a;ninst frauds and the like. Sec. 36. Provides for involuntary bankruptcy, leclaring that an absconding debtor who makes asignments to defraud, against whom an unsatisfied xecution for over one hundred dollars stand, rho makes an asignment to give preference to speial creditors, or who has suspended for fourteen lays the payment of his commercial paper shall, n the petition of any creditor, be a4juaged a bankupt. The remaining sections, eleven in number precribe the proceedings in such case and the various ees and costs. Raise Provisions.?The New Orleans Pica'une} in remarking upon the policy of devoting less ttention to the cultivation of cotton and more to he raising of provisions, says: In the name of common sense let our planting >eople grow their own corn, and make their own read and meat. Do this firet, and give up the ex>lru^r?rl Jno *Viof "nftf+An ia Irinor " AnH wVlPD fivuv/u iuvui trouv wbiva w iuug* ** mv? lorne wants are supplied then grow cotton, and hen the country will grow richer. If the whole South could be induced to adopt a elf-sustaining policy bv making their own food and aiment, and give the balance of their time to the ulture of cotton, no people on earth would be a* ich as we would soon be. A season is past, and another crop of cotton if dded to the records; but as far as its visible effect* an be seen on the wealth of the Southern country, t had as well not have been made. A million bale* lave been counted, worth a hundred million of dolare. But it has gone?gone glimmering to helj ither people and enrich other pockets. There if lothing left of it No more money is in the Soutl ban before it was gathered. Some may ask, when 3 it ? We point them to the huge heaps of freighi nd produce daily loaded at the wharf, and which, he moment they touch the shore, are wheeled a ray to the railroads and coast steamers to feed th< arming people. l6cal items. i \ % t FEW ADVEBTI8EMEFT8. i F. C. Harris, O. Y, D.?Citation?R. E. Gettys, Applicantr? Daniel McElmoyle, Deceased. T. M. Dooson A Co.?Hoes, i 14 44 44 ?Grindstones. , 44 44 y -Blind-Bridles. | 44 44 44 ?Brooms. 44 44 44 ?DrawingChains and Hames. 44 44 ?Coffee Mills, Ac. ? ? ? ?Tea Kettles, Ac. 44 ?Wagon Whips, Ac. 1 Joseph Herndon?Tan-Bark Wanted. John A. Wagener?8. C. Bureau of Immigration. Ervin Wood?$20 Reward. ' W. B. Williams, Dep. CoL?Sale of Whiskey. Armstrong, Cator A Co., Baltimore, Md.?Spring , Importation, 1867. Homesley A Asher?How to Live Cheap. * ? J. Ed. Jefferys, Secretary?Mackey Chapter, No. ( 15, R. A. M. ! RETUEF WEEK. I The Return of cases issued to the Spring Term of the Circuit Court, was closed on Saturday, the r 93/1 instant, and footed un ahout 420. This is a * much smaller return than was expected, and exhibits a liberal spirit of forbearance on the part of creditors. The Spring Term of the Court begins on the 11th of March, and will be occupied during the entire week with the accumulated business on the dockets. Judge Munro is expected to pre># side. 1 FA8THG AST) PRAYER. g This day, (Thursday, the 28th) by a resolution 3 of the General Assembly of the Presbyterian i Church, is appointed as a day of fastingand pray er. This solemnity is deemed appropriate in view | of the perilous condition of the ooun y; and it being the day appointed by the Assembly for ser1* vices in behalf of the youth in schools and colleges, 1 the occasion will be devoted to a two-fold object Services will be held in the Presbyterian Church - at this place, under the charge of Rev. Henry e R. Dickson. e , J OUR PRIZES. The prizes offered by the Proprietor of the En- ' quirer for the largest club of subscribers obtained by any one person, are secured and may be inspect^ ed by any one interested. The "Cotton Planter" g is a novelty in the way of a labor-saving machine; ^ opening the furrow, drilling the seed with mathef matical precision, and covering?all the work of one man and horse. Urn "Corn Planter" performs the ? rm an _n n same omce in corn planting. xne uorn oneiier is pronounced, by those familiar with such articles, t to be a superb specimen. Pill up your lists by three o'clock, p. in., on Monday next, and comb pete for the prizes, marriage8 a5d deaths. - . We have recently received several notices of marf riages and deaths which we have not published, J for the reason that the announcements were not acj companied by the name of a responsible person k known to us. We Solicit notices of marriages or deaths when they occur, and will publish them gra* tuitously, but in every case they must be accompanied by the name of some person with whom we ~ are acquainted. The name of the person sending the notice is not desired for publication, but as an e evidence of good faith and to shield us from ime position. f the ambonst ^ Our formers have been favored with a season of 9 unusually fine weather for preparing the soil for f the coming crop. The Spring has already begun, even here under the breath of the mountain dews, s and the opportunities for out-door work have been y uninterrupted for several weeks. We know that 8 there is left enough of life and energy in our peojj pie, to turn this occasion to one of profit to them[j selves and the country. We are firm believers in e the potency of Labor to cure our evils, remove e discontent, and wipe away the sorrow and calamities of the past Labor provides food for both mind and body; and there is virtue, peace and tt happiness to be found in the soil if we but dig for it it with a hearty good will, and a determination to l succeed. Labor is King, and the sooner he is ? enthroned in his majesty and recognized as the true sovereign of our destinies, the sooner will dis? annear the shadows that hanc over our own hearth ,r stones. . A REMARKABLE LETTER. >L I The Hon. George S. Hillard having been solicitt ed to deliver an opinion as to the policy of a Demoi, cratic Convention, replies in a letter full of wisdom a and sagacity. Few will fail to recognize its pith and pungency, its crisp language and compact s thought We take great pleasure in re-producing 3 it: ^ Boston, Januaiy 29, 1867. m t My Dear Sir:?I have received your letter on 1 the proposed Democratic Convention, and will say, , in reply, with entire frankness, that I am not m 2 favor of the proposed Convention, and I will state , some of my reasons. In the first place. I think the Democratic party 1 has not the confidence of the country; whether rightfully or wrongfully, I do not say; but of the 1 fact, there can be no question. Second. I have no faith in Conventions. They are generally'controlled by the least wise among 3 their body. They are excitable mobs, and in every 2 Convention there are a few men who are wiser than r all the rest, but these men are controlled, and do not control. The course of the Democratic Conven tion in 1864, in my judgment, lost McClellan his election. The Convention last summer at Philat delphia, did no good at all, to say the least And the dangers of Conventions are increased in times s so excitable and electrical as ours. j "Non taJU auzllU, non defenzorlbim Utla Tempiu eget." What we need now is patience, inflexible, invinj cible patience, that endures and waits. The country is sick with the disease of Radicalism, and this 5 is what the faculty call a self-limited disease, and [ must run its course, and cannot be checked by med; icaments. My life upon it, should this Convention meet, it will not part without doing or saying , something to give aid and comfort to the enemy. \ The country now is too prosperous for any change , in its policy. Nine men out of ten have no other ^ \ test of the wisdom of any set of public measures than its effect upon their pockets. When the tide shall have turned from flood to ebb?when the i seven years of plenty shall have been succeeded by 5 seven years of famine, we may hope for a better . day, but not till then. Yours, faithfully, I G. S. HTLLAKD. ' IMPORTANT DECISION. i We learn from a Mobile paper that Judge Gates, i oi ix?uiaiana, nas rendered a decision which may be of importance to many former slave-holders, should it become a precedent for the courts in other States. He says, that the logical sequence of the action of the State in emancipating slaves must be. that when the right of property in that which had heretofore been treated as such by the laws is desstroyed, the laws to regulate the rights of parties to that property, and to enforce payment of obl!gai tions given for it, must "follow the fate of the property itself, and all contracts based upon these laws be annulled* The Judge further holds that the tenure by which this species of property was held, was different i from that by which all other property is held. It was not based, he says, on natural law; and the right of liberty was a pre-existing right which belonged to the person held as a slave, however much i public policy and the supposed interest of the coun- d ? try may have prevented the enforcement of that right by the person claiming it But when the ; sovereign power of the State intervened to recogi nize and enforce that right, it cannot be said that theproperty was destroyed by any fortuitous event i He aads, that Governments cannot say a tract of [ land which is property by the laws of nature, shall no longer be property, but that a slave, once ernani cipatea, can, Dy no subsequent act of the Governi ment, be legally held as a slave. If this ruling prei vails throughout the courts of the South, notes or ) other obligations given for slaves will be knocked into a cocked hat i * * ' j a recent meeting of the Ohio Dental , Association, Dr. Wm. Hernott, of Zanesville, desi cribed a very interesting ease of a restoration of a lost nose and upper lip carried away by a shell at > Mission Ridge, and their places were supplied by 5 means of vulcanized rubber. The artificial nose is i secured in position by a pair of spectacles and an i elastic ligature, while the lip is supplied with a t moustache, thus concealing from a casual observer , all appearance of art ; JSrThe chimes for St Michael's Church have arrived at Charleston. A \