Newspaper Page Text
Minnesota expects to yield fifteen million
bushels of wheat this year. A farmer in Smyrna, Del., is reported, to hare sold his strawberry crop of four acres for four thousand dollars, the purchaser to do the picking. A clergyman in New York created a sensation, by taking from his pocket a morning newspaper anareading the*news, while in the pulpit waiting for service time. The Southern Baptist Convention, at its late sessions, named Saturday before the fourth Sunday in June next, as a aay of general prayer and humiliation throughout the Southern Churches. The Washington Star says that "the Radical Committee, with whom the matter was left for decision, have come to the conclusion that there is . no necessity for a meeting of Congress in July," The last man in Tennessee who sold a negro slave at auction, and took in payment therefor Confederate money, is now one of the Radical candidates for Congress. The will of Shuball Hutchins, a prominent merchant of Providenoe. R L, who died in that city recently, bequeaths $10,000 for the education and improvement of the negroes of the South. Harvest reports from England are generally favorable. Aooording to the latest advices from France, the weather continues fine, and the accounts from the Departments respecting the crops are in a high degree satisfactory. The average depth of the Atlantic ocean is estimated at 25,000 feet, and of the Pacific at 20,000. The deepest water in the Atlantic is off the island of St Helena, which has been sounded 37,000 feet, or over five miles. A Connecticut man was arrested at Pittsfield . on Wednesday, charged with eloping and living in criminal connection with his stepmother. The matter was compromised by the son's paying the father $50 and a silver watch, and retaining the woman. . The Richmond Eiiguirer has discovered what is wrong with Horace Greeley and Gerritt Smith. It says: "The demon of fanaticism which has ravened within them has been sated by indulgence, and they are now as gentle as full fed beasts of prey." The London tailors are now sending to this oountry with their coats, little glass bottles with pins attached, to hold the flowers, which would otherwise be stuck in the button hole. By the use "Ll i?moter nf nniirfie the U1 U1WO UUIUG0 uucu vvivu nxwi, v. flowers can be kept fresh. The following is one of the new articles of the Maiyland Bill of Rights: "Article 24. That slavery shall not be re-established in this State, but having been abolished under the policy and authority of the United States, compensation in consideration thereof is due from theU. States." Archbishop Purcell, of Cincinnati, who soon goes to Rome, will cany with him, as a gift to the Pope, a beautiful silver model of the yacht Henrietta, her careo consisting of $50,000 in gold pieces. The gift is to be presented to His Holiness, as a memento from the citizens of Cincinnati. Houston, Texas, can boast of a negro debating society of rather exclusive pretensions. At a recent meeting, the sable orators unanimously "resolved that all white men, worth five thousand dollars and over, should be considered as equals and treated with every consideration." If the mileage question is not changed, the delegate to Congress from the newly acquired Russian Territory will be entitled to $20,000, which, added to his salary, would make his compensation equal to that of the President of the United States. It is generally believed that this will make politics among the Esquimaux a very lively business. A Washington correspondent of the New York Tribune shows that the expenses of the War Department, including the freedman's Bureau, for the last two months and seven days, amount to within a fraction of twenty-six millions of dollars, or, for the year, from a hundred and twenty to a hundred and fifty millions. It is repdlrted that the United States Judge for the District of Texas has decided that the order of General Griffin, requiring jurors to take the ironclad oath, is illegal and unauthorized, and that the Federal and State laws regulating the qualifications of the jurors should govern practice in the oourts. Three dogs in the neighborhood of Kenton, Ohio, a few days ago, killed forty sheep, worth from $4 to 5 per head. To test "the guilt of one of the dogs, he was taken into a doctor s office, chloroform administered, an opening made and his stomach examined. Wool being found in that organ, they concluded not to sew nim up again. There are 730,000 more males than females in the United States. In the Western States, this is particularly the case. Illinois has an excess of 92,000, Michigan of 40,000, Wisconsin of 43,000, and so on. In New England, on the contrary, there is an almost innumerable number of attractive and unattractive spinsters, of a certain and uncertain age. 4 1 i - - j _ l.ii. r A lady in wis city nas received a letter iruxu Hon. Horace Greeley, written a few days since, as we are confidently assured, enclosing a letter to be sent to John C. Breckenridge, urging him to return to America and go to work, notwithstanding what the fools may say about him. We have this from a reliable source, and simply give it as a news item, without comment?Washington Republican. The Washington Chronicle is authorized to state that Chief Justice Chase has completed, except in four or five cases, his nominations and recommendations for registers in bankruptcy. The whole power of the appointment is with the courts to which his nominations and recommendations have been addressed. It is useless, therefore, to address any further communications to the Chief Justice on the subject In remarking yesterday upon the reported failure of Fraser, Trenholra & Co., of Liverpool, late Confederate agents, we stated that the Government would not De a loser, and that the firm had given bonds, with adequate security, to pay the United States claim, in case it should be legally established. We learn that this is not so, and that the Government has no security whatever, as the matter is now supposed to stand.?National Intelligencer. The Paris papers say that the story about the new French gun which shoots people without powder or smoke is auite true. The weapon is really a sling, improved up to the nineteenth century standard. Bullets are placed in a circular groove on a disc of Steele, which, driven by a wheel of much greater diameter, revolves at a prodigious pace, ana hurls out the bullets at the rate of about three hundred per minute. They strike as hard as rifle balls. ??The Queen of Spain, on Good Friday, after having attended divine services in the royal chapel, washed and kissed the feet of twelve poor old men; and the King did the same for as many more. AH of them were supplied with new clothes, and afterwards conducted to tables on which a plentiful repast was spread out for their use. after which they were, it is presumed, told to make themselves scarce. This farce has been gone through with annually for centuries. In the United States District Court, at Charleston, a bill of complaint has been filed by District Attorney Corbin against the members 01 the finn of John Fraser & Co., charging them with violation of the laws of the United States in their blockade running operations, and claiming that, in other respects tney are aooountapie to tne government. Judge Bryan, upon hearing the billj granted an injunction restraining the parties disposing of any real estate now held Dy them. Alluding to the failure of Fraser, Trenholm & Co., the New York Independent says that "from the known large assets of the firm in this country, it is very generally expected that the suspension will be only temporary. The firm bought immense amounts of property in Charleston, ana large tracts of land in South Carolina, during the war, paying for them in Confederate currency, and in this way acquired vast wealth for a merely nominal consideration. It is asserted that from one-half to twothirds of Charleston is owned by the firm. Reports also state that, last year, they paid taxes upon $14,000,000 property in South Carolina." A Brooklyn paper asserts (we don't believe it) that the Brooklyn ladies indulge in dram drinking at their dressmakers, and gives the following explanation of terms: "Moire antique." old rye; "white satin." London gin; "gingham," Bourbon whiskey; "alapaca," Santa Cruz rum; "delaine," Jamaica rum; "tarletan," Scotch whiskey; "poplin," Irish whiskey; "silk," S. O. P.; "barege," sherry; "plain merino," XX ale; "all-wool plaid," 'alf-an'-'alf. Mixed drinks are distinguished by the styles of trimmings. A 1 'gingham flounced' means Bourbon sour: '^spotted silk is a mint julep; a "poplin gored" is synonymous with hot whiskey, etc. ??The Columbia Phoenix says: "We understand that the Columbia and Augusta Rail Road, in conformity with their charter, intended yesterday morning, to lay a crossing over the South Carolina Rail Road track. The officials of the latter company (as a suit is pending as to the validity of the charter of the former, infringing upon the vested rights of the latter,) nave adopted a novel procedure to baffle the efforts of the new company, in laying down their crossing connection. Early yesterday morning, they started an engine near the disputed point, and singular enough, it has been plying all day yesterday, but never out of sight of the aforesaid intended intersection. Both parties, we learn, are in earnest, and the result will be looked to with interest" A gentleman who lately visited the tomb of Abraham Lincoln says: "It is not quite two years since I visited here before, yet how changed the scene! Then Lincoln's praises were on everybody's lips; his virtues eveiy one seemed to extol; id front; of the vault in which lay his remains, an armed sentinel stood guard day and night; the vault inside was strewn with flowers, brought there every day by ladies from the city. But no word of praise is now heard; his virtues are forgotten; lV- J io Vionrrl nfl mOPfi: HO ' mc trump ui tuc ^cuuuw? xu ? , ? flowers are scattered over his tomb?not one even planted there. During the half-hour that I sat on " the hill above the tomb, not one came to visit it 1 although there were perhaps five hundred arouna ] the grounds and in the park adjoining. In a word, there is nothing to remind the visitor who it is that sleeps within the tomb, except the simple word 'Lincoln' cut on the stone door in letters. i (Sfowjittw,; editors: i JAS. E. WILSON JAS. F. HART. ' YORKVILLE, S. C.i ! THURSDAY MORNING, JUNE 6, 1867. 1 Cash.?It must be distinctly understood that ( our terms for subscription, advertising and jobwork, are cash,'in advance. . 1 X.?The paper will be discontinued on the expi- j ration of the time for which pavment has been made. A Subscriber finding a (&) cross-mark on the wrapper or margin of his paper, will under- i stand that the time paid for has expired. TO POSTMASTERS. i We have lately had many complaints from sub- \ scribers, about the irregularity with which they get < their papers. Sometimes they fail to get them at all, and at others, they get them several days after y they are due. We feel certain that the fault is ? - ' ?1_1. P not with us; indeed it is almost impossiDie ior u t paper to be overlooked or omitted. Every pack- ( age is counted after the pnpers have been directed, and the number of papers must correspond with r the number of subscribers at each post-office, be- ? fore the package is put up. If a paper fails to [ reach its destination, it must be miscarried by the a mails or lost at the subscriber's post-office. ' The latter case may occur by the delivery of the } paper to some third person, who is to hand it to the subscriber. "We must request post-masters to be more particular in giving the Enquirer out for distribution. Unless a subscriber gives his con- ^ sent for some one else to get it from the office, we a would prefer that it lie at the office till he calls for c it in person. If he does give this consent, the * third party is the one to whom he ought to look -* for his paper. 4 a REGISTRATION OF VOTERS. f Whatever differences of opinion exist in the 1 South, as to voting for or against a Convention, j the people and their advisers seem to be united as v to the importance of every qualified voter register- t ing his name before the proper officers, and thus j becoming ready to exercise his right of suffrage in c whatever way his sense of right may dictate as ( best for the interests of the people at large. The t act of registering is a duty of the highest impor- s tance, and we hope that no one, not disfranchised, r will suffer the time to pass without obtaining his t certificate from the registering officer. t There will probably arise other issues, besides the one of "Convention" or "No Convention," to f be decided at the ballot-box, before these requisites e are dispensed with. If Conventions are held, and j1 new Constitutions adopted by them for those States, T these instruments are not complete until referred to T the voters of each State for ratification, liegister- ] ed voters are then to determine whether or not t such instruments shall be the laws of their respcc- v tive States. If repugnant to their opinions or de- ^ fective, they may reject them even after their a a doptiou in Convention, and thus have the privi- ji lege of calling for the making of new ones. 1 It is reasonable to suppose that there is no citizen of the country who does not feel an interest j upon the subject of th<? laws under which he is to ( live, and the selection of proper persons to make y such laws for him. That interest cannot be ex- t pressed in any effective way in our country, except a at the ballot-box, and not there unless the person y feeling it is a registered voter. The abstract from the opinion of the Attorney- s Tvnkiiclinrl in this issue. defines who are. c VJCIICICM) |/UI/1(CUVU VMM# WWV.VJ ... f and who are not capable of taking the oath requi- ? red of those registering to vote. We would sug- J gest a careful examination of this opinion. It explains satisfactorily, we think, the terms of the act 'j of Congress as to all persons, except a few District a officers in each State ; and a definition of the t status of these under the act, is promised shoctly. This opinion further decides that the conscience of i the person applying for registration, must deter- r mine him as to whether or not he can take the i oath required of him, and that it is not left to the a dictation of the registers. Let ail who can con- c scientiously do so, go and register at their proper pre- c cincts in July next. It is clear, from this opinion, i that no person is disfranchised who did not hold j office before the war; and that many are not dls- f franchised who were in office before the war. c ; NEGRO EDUCATION. There is no doubt that the white people of the ^ South have had their interest in Negro education * much weakened, by the manner in which the Radi- t cal party have taken up the enterprise. With no " real friendship for the negro, and only desirous of using him as a tool, the Radical party wish to con- ^ duct his education principally with a view to fu- y ture effect at the ballot-box. Before he is master of the alphabet, they seek to instil into his mind the political .principles of their party, and above all, to impress upon him a due sense of his obliga- j tion to them for his freedom. In doing this, it becomes necessary to throw the blame of his former slavery entirely upon Southern men, and to make them appear as monsters in negro eyes.? This kind of education has had its due effect in the larger cities, as shown in the desire of the negroes to insult their former masters, who are, after all, the very men these same negroes would apply to for help in pecuniary trouble. Another effect of these teachings is to be found in the relutance of many Southern men to assist in educating the colored race. But where the negroes have not been tampered with in this way, they are j making a better use of their freedom than their so- \ called liberators intended. So far from studying < politics to benefit the Radical party, the negroes ] are mostly laboring to make a living. Most of | them feel the want of education, and many of them j have learned to read ? some, to write also. But the great majority of adult negroes are content i with this, feeling instinctively that they are too far ; advanced in life to undertake a thorough education, and too poor to lose time from the field, even for j so laudable a purpose. By this conduct, they j show themselves wiser than their professed friends . of the Radical persuasion, who are striving to turn , out ageneration of Solons, after six months' school- j ing at the educational mill. , So far as we can learn, the great desire of the i freedmen, as to education, it is to give it the go ( by personally, and to let their children commence 1 the task in earnest. To do this, they seem willing ] to make any sacrifice, and they deserve the cordial i assistance of our white people. This we believe ' they will receive in time, if Radical emissaries do not succeed better than we anticipate, in foment- : ing strife between the races. At present, the whites have to struggle against the same difficui- i ties which deter the negroes, in the education ol their own children. The whites are not now able to help the negroes to any great extent, beyond advice and verbal encouragement But notwithstanding the present poverty of the country, the importance of this subject is begin: aing to press upon the public mind. Our people feel that a race which is privileged to exercise the highest rights of freemen, ought tojbe educated up to that point which will enable them to make a wise use of these rights. An ignorant race cannot be educated in a day, perhaps not in a generation; but the sooner they begin to grow in knowledge, the sooner will they become fitted for their new position. Some of our people have already begun to act in this matter. We have heard of two schools for negro children, soon to be started in this district, under the control of Southern teachers. One ol these was materially assisted, in getting ground ind means for building, by citizens of this town. We hope to hear of more schools of this character. A.8 for free schools, on the Northern plan, with white and black mingled, neither race here approves of them. MORE MILITARY OFFICERS. General Schofield has issued an order, direcrecting the appointment of Military Commissioners in the sub-districts of Virginia, who are to have jommand of the police, sheriffs and constables, ind to exercise the powers of magistrates. Their iuty is to take jurisdiction in all cases where they may have reason to believe that justice is not done. The professed object of this order is to give adequate protection to all persons, in their rights of person and property, in all cases where the civil luthority fails to protect them. If the civil authority is not competent to do this, there is no use for civil officers; if it is competent, there is no need of military officers. To have both it once involves the State in an unnecessary expense, and multiplies occasions for collision. A ;ivil tribunal, subject to military interference, is a mockery of trial. Its decisions are liable to be set iside at the pleasure of the Commissioner, whenjver he thinks that "justice has not been done." iVhy not take all cases to him at once, and save .he numerous appeals from the lower to the high;r power? The reason is this. Gen. Schofield does not vish to set aside the civil authorities. Oh; no!? 'Trial by civil courts will be preferred, where here is satisfactory evidence that justice will be lone." 'He wishes to "aid" the civil authorities ?not to suspend them. But it strikes us as a cuious kind of aid, to leave them all the labor of trial, ind only come to their assistance when they make a jlunder. In fact, it is very similar to the sort of iid a horse receives from his driver; he must 'gee," "haw," "back," or "g'lang," whenever lis "assistant" thinks he is going wrong. HOW TO PREVENT WANT. The last Legislature of Georgia appropriated 5100,000 to purchase corn for the indigent widows md orphans of deceased soldiers, and disabled solliers of that State, whose helplessness and want endered it necessary for the State to support them. 3ut the destitution in the State has been so great hat many persons, not entitled to relief under the ippropriation, have applied to uovernor jenkins br corn. The letters received by the Governor iam been so numerous that he is compelled to urolish an address to the people of Georgia, in phich he explains to them (evidently with pain) hat he is powerless to relieve any but those ex>ressly named in the act The address is a noble locument, but as it concerns only the people of Jeorgia, it is not published in this paper. But here is one portion of it which is so true and of uch universal application, that we give it to our eaders. In speaking of the great scarcity of food, he Governor is led to inquire into its cause, and o poin t out how to prevent it in future. He says: In this connection, I trust I shall be pardoned br making a suggestion. We are an impoverishd people; a large amount of property wiped out, nd what remains, depreciated in present value by he ravages of war. On the restoration of peace, pe had to begin life anew, and to begin it with a ery inadequate supply of bread?the staff of life. ?wo crops gathered since the cessation of hostiliies, have been decidedly short?inadequate to the pants of our people. Last year the suffering was Teat, this year it is far greater. All that the State jrovernmcnt, and the United States Government, ,nd the ever-memorable charities of benevolent ndividuals have done, will fall short of full relief, fellow-citizens how long shah this continue ? Bcievc me, it will continue and grow more stringent, mtil there shah be raised on the soil of Georgia, 11 one year, enough of bread to feed ah her people. )f this result, there is 110 hope this year, next ear, nor within ten years, unless those who till he soil, plant in cereals and other articles of food t sufficient breadth of land, to secure this result pith moderately unpropitious seasons. This is a irompting of interest, it is the dictate of patriotism. This once accomplished, we can make a fair tart, and, with the blessing of God, take care of lurselves. But this, I fear, is not being done; I Teatly fear there is too mucn land devoted to Coton, Cotton, COTTON. There would be hope br this State, if thousands of acres of cotton were iow ploughed up and the ground devoted to corn. Phere is yet time for it. The present cry for bread imong substantial farmers admonishes all to do his. There can be but little doubt that Gov. Jenkins s right, in charging Southern destitution upon the nania for raising cotton. Nearly everybody adnits that the South ought to raise as much grain is will feed her whole population. But when it omes to practice, the great majority devote their mtire energy to making a large crop of cotton, ilanting only so much corn as they think will be equired tor their own inaiviauai use. nopes are requently expressed that there will be a plentiful orn orop made this year. But if the men who ltter this wish are asked, "How many acres have 'ou in corn ?" it will often be found that they have jlanted about enough to cover their usual annual vants, and will have none to sell, even if the seaon should prove most favorable. The true renlering of the wish for abundant corn crops is, in nany cases, this: "I hope /, my self individually y rill make plenty of corn, so that I won't have to >uy it next year." This conduct does not always arise from sclfishicss ; it is frequently due to a misty idea that there s "money" in cotton, and none in anything else. Because cotton rose to thirty cents, specie, soon ifter the surrender, many people have an abiding :onfidence that it will somehow get back to that jrice. They forget that it rose because it was scarce, and also because it was doubtful whether it jould be made with free labor. As soon as it bcame evident thatfreedmen would work, cotton beran to fall. Nor do we know any cause to make it ise again, except a short crop, and our people are loing their best to prevent that. MERE-MENTION. The Memphis Avalanche says that R. B. Carpenter, of Covington, Kentucky, has been appoin?(] a Register of Bankruptcy in the State of South Carolina. Horace Greeley writes in a business etter to J. R. Stevens, of Rome, Georgia: "I wish :hc South was as free from danger in respect to famine and other evils, as from confiscation.' In Alabama 70,000 white persons have been admitted to the poor list. In North Carolina not less than 20,000 have asked for assistance, while in Georgia perhaps not less than sixty thousand have asked for help. By the census of Virginia, appearing in the Richmond papers, the white voters have i majority of 50,000, but a large proportion of this number are disfranchised by the Reconstruction act. A movement is on foot in Vicksbprg tc send negro Congressmen from Mississippi. Sc says a correspondent of the New Orleans Crescent. "The Salisbury Banner says that the County of Forsythe sold enough dried blackberries last year to pay its taxes. General Pope has issued an order, forbidding the Mobile police from wearing an uniform in imitation "of that worn bj "the late rebel army."' "Shad have been selling for four cents apiece at Hartford, CoDP, A French chemist has discovered the art of changing beef, at a slight expense, into chicken meat, 02 that of any poultry or game. It is effected by ini jecting the freshly-killed meat with certain lhjuids. [ Last week, the Board of Aldermen of New Orleans adopted an ordinance appropriating $60,000 i for the maintenance of schools for colored chil: dren. Somebody in the Chicago Times nomi inates Mr. Davis for President, and Mr. Greeley, i for Vice.,,"/""*The Commissioner of Internal Revenue is authority for the statement that less . than half a million of the entire population of . the United Staes have incomes exceeding $600 a year. To dye your moustaches. First cover them all over with molasses, then shake a little stove blacking on them; or, if you wish to color them "auburn," use brick dust Wisconsin takes the lead in the woman suffrage movement? ' her Senate having concurred, by a vote of 19 to 9, with the Assembly resolution proposing to amend * the constitution so as to extend suffrage to all persons over the age of 21 years. St John's Lodge, of Freemasons, in Scotland, recently celebrated the 809th anniversary of its existence. A Utica man says the surest way to disperse a mob is to announce that a collection will be taken. The effect is wonderful. Sir Archibald Alison, the historian, is dead. Bennett gravely asserts nntinnol /InVit mntr rPnilfUfltpd bftOJlllSC tllUll UUb UHHVUIM UV/k/V 1X1UJ w Jeff. Davis was bailed. 'Setting a man-trap,' is the title given to the picture of a pretty young lady arranging her curia in a mirror. Rev. Hemy Ward Beecher recently delivered a discourse in his Chtirch in Brooklyn, New York,1 in which he strongly defended the release of Jefferson Davis. His remarks created considerable sen sation among his Radical friends. Collector Crane, of the fifth North Carolina District, reports that during the past week he has seized twenty distilleries engaged in the illicit manufacture of whiskey and apple brandy. An invention has been made at Hartford, Conn., for burning water. The flame is of wonderful intensity, and can be produced in three minutes. It is governed by a thumb-screw, and can be applied to any purpose as easily as any other fire. "The Methodist Church in the United States has upwards of fifty thousand German members, more than half of whom have preaching in their own language. The New York Herald says Mr. Davis is about to purchase a country seat near Montreal, with $50,000 recently presented to him by sympathizers. The Agricultural Bureau has very favorable reports of the winter wheat crop throughout the country. "There is a printing office at the Paris Exposition, under the patronage of the Empress, the compositors in which are all women. Hon. Jefferson Davis remains so secluded in Montreal that no one has seen him on the streets to identify him. Gen. Sickles and a portion of his staff are in Raleigh. He has issued an order, requiring the evacuation of the Executive Mansion and its delivery into the keeping of Governor Worth. "A correspondent says that the marriage contract in Chicago is treated as of far less importance and solemnity than a note of hand for $10. DMTIflADTlt 1WITT twna ?il/l 1 uniAu I Attention Conscripts I The Attorney-General, in his "opinion" of the Reconstruction Acts, looks with pitying eye upon that class of Confederate warriors known as "conscripts." He decides that however often they may have popped caps at the Yankees, they have never "engaged" in rebellion. Their opposition to the progress of the "old flag" was due to circumstances entirely beyond their control, and he evidently thinks they were more sinned against than sinning. Conscripts who held office before the war, are not dis-franchised, in Mr. Stanbury's opinion, and can swear they never engaged in rebellion. The Reliable Gentleman. This mysterious personage has been discovered at last. He is a correspondent of the New York Herald,?the same who described the Mobile riot He saw the whole scene, of course, as he crawled under the table as soon as the firing commenced, and in company with the heroic Judge Kelley, remained there until the arrival of the militaiy bad restored order and calmed down his excited mind. The Mobile Renter asserts that "Herald" could not possibly have seen anything besides the feet of the table which covered his retreat, his vivid description of the row to the contrary notwithstanding. Mr. Stephens Set Right. On the fourth page of this number of the Enquirer, is a letter to a Cincinnati paper, purporting to give thfe substance of a conversation held by the writer with Hon. A. H. Stephens. Since the outside of the paper was printed, we learn from the Augusta Chronicle, that Mr. Stephens never said the things Attributed to him by "Mac." It therefore appears that the aforesaid "Mac" has favored the public with a fabulous narrative or as some people would say?has lied. As we do not wish to misrepresent Mr. Stephens, we make this statement, hoping that the correction will meet the eye of all who read the slander. Racing Extra-ordinary. The N. 0. correspondent of the Charleston Courier mentions a trial race between the steam fire-engines of New Orleans. The engines were drawn by horses?distance one mile, and the winning engine went over the distance in five minutes and three-seconds, beating the next engine only six seconds. The hand engines also had a race, to run a half mile and play. The successful competitor was Perseverance, No. 13, which made the distance and threw water in two minutes, forty-six and a half seconds. If the New Orleans firemen can always make such quick time, the citizens of that city need not be over uneasy about fires. Colored Jnror9. Gen. Griffin, by his strict construction of the test oath, has nearly excluded white men from the jury-box in Texas. A jury was required in Houston, a few days ago, and of course freed men were in demand. But when brought into court, many of them said that they, being Southern men, could not take the oath required of them by Gen. Grif? * mi :j:? T..J _1.ma.11.. Dn s orders, xne presiuiug uuuge bk-ihiou^ icmoved their scruples, by telling them that they were not citizens until 1866, and were therefore not disqualified by acts of hostility, voluntary or involuntary, prior to that time. We -wonder how tlmt rule would have worked in the case of a rebel soldier, who was under age when the war ended. Military Professorships. The Baltimore Sun hears that the Secretary of War proposes to detail competent officers from the army, to teach military science in every college which will make provision for a military branch of education. The five graduates in each class, who excel their class-mates in military scholarship, are to be commissioned as officers in the army. If there were any lack of military scholarship in the country, this plan would be a good one. But the present generation of Americans can furnish veteran officers for forty years to come, if they arc needed?which we devoutly hope may not he the case, i If the Secretary will include a quartermaster's department, although most too old to go to college, we will become a student, for our most anxious dei sire, in case of another war, is to be an A. Q. M. "Buttons?not bullets," will be the only standard under which we can be induced to enlist again. . Beecher in Tears. < We see it stated that Mr. Beecher, appealing to his people for the Southern relief fund, said: ic\r ?-i. *MT? Cr?.? Vftfl wfnwiflil -Arnnm n SlStUf) l'lry. OlOWCj una juou xwvm uvu aivui c* i two months journey in Florida and Georgia. I i have heard from her lips tales of suffering among > the educated and cultivated, that would melt your > hearts, could I relate them as she told them to me." The great philanthropist has improved, since his i "bread" speech at the Cooper Institute. He has i actually defended the release of Mr. Davis, and i now kis eyes glisten with tears for the distresses of i the South. He is little accustomed to the melting mood, and we fear he will be at his old triaks be fore his cheeks are fairly dry. Insulting the South . and blowing the horn of the Mayflower filibusters ; have become a second nature to him, and he is too old to beoome a permanent friend to our people. Bat as he is soon going to Palestine with that gentle lamb, General Sherman, his budding charity J towards mankind may not die at once. The General can, if he will, tell tales of Southern woe, that will far eclipse anything that Mrs. Stowe can tell, i with all her talents for word painting. We hope j Mrs. Beecher will not fail to pack up a plentiful , supply of pocket-handkerchiefs in her husband's trunk; for when Sherman and he meet in condo- ' Ience for Southern distresses, they will flood the j wide Atlantic with their tears. Kachel weeping ( for her children will be nowhere, in comparrisom i Set at Liberty. 1 John E. Hayes, editor of the Savannah Re- j publican, has been in "durance vile" for some J time, as a penalty for publishing certain articles ( reflecting on the political conduct of one of the lo- < cal great men of Savannah, which articles were con- ] sidered libellous, by the Courts. Gov. Jenkins has pardoned him, and his editorials no longer bear I the doleful caption, "Editorial Rooms, Chatham i County Jail," which have lately graced the col- 1 umns of the Republican.' It is stated that Mr. < Hayes has been appointed Commissioner of the i Court of Claims for Georgia. 1 We congratulate our respected cotemporary on < his change of base. We differ from him in toto, on ] most of the prominent issues of the day, but we < do not therefore feel disposed to rejoice in his mis- ] fortunes. But we must be allowed to express the 1 hope that he will hereafter feel a little sympathy 1 with "rebels," who?like himself?are sometimes I "pardoned" for offences for which they feel in their < souls they need no pardon. Unconscious of guilt, 1 and guilty only by the verdict of opponents, the < asking of forgiveness is a sore trial to many a high- ] souled political sinner, "so-called." i "The Church of the Strangers." < This is the title of a congregation organized 1 in New York, under the pastoral charge of Rev. Charles F. Deems, D. D., of North Carolina. It j is intended to provide a place of worship, which ] strangers in New York can attend without fear of 1 hearing political discussions. The congregation is ] composed of members of different Protestant de- 1 1 -* ?*- 11- it. M \ nominations, ana not, as is usuuny uie w?oc, ca- ^ clusively of one denomination. Visiting clergymen ( of all Protestant churches are invited to officiate, i but no sectarian or political discourses will be allow- < ed. The place of worship is the large chapel of the University, immediately west of the New York ( Hotel, where service is held every morning and ( and night Dr. Deems, the pastor, invites stran- ( gers in the city, who may be sick or in distress, to j call upon him for pastoral service, either in per- t son or by letter, at his residence, No. 221, West i 34th Street j This appears to be a truly Christian enterprise, and one which is much needed in a city always i so crowded with visitors. Strangers are often in distress, and they will feel more at ease in apply- 1 ing for help and advice to a church expressly in- 1 tended for them, than they would in calling upon j one which is principally local in its sympathies.? , Its freedom from sectarianism is a feature in the i public services of the "Church of the Strangers," i which will recommend it to the attention of visi- ^ tors to New York. A Credit Business. We have heard much of the hard times in i the country and the consequent difficulty in getting credit. But the following dialogue, taken from an exchange, would prove that it is not very t difficult to get credit in some places: "How's trade, squire?" "Wall, cash trade's s kinder dull, now, major." "Dun anything terday?" c "Wall, only a leetle?on credit. Aunt Betsy f Pushard has bort an egg's worth of tea and got ] trusted till her speckled pullet lays." \ Military Arrest. r The Raleigh Sentinel says: I We learn from the Wilmington Dispatch, that J a Mr. Buckhcad, nephew of Elder Buckhead, of the Methodist Church, a divine well known in this e State, has been carried to that city in irons, from South Carolina, having been tried by a Military Commission in that State for participation in some ? disturbance. His sentence was not read to him 1 until his arrival thcre; when it was divulged that 0 he was to be confined in Fort Macon at hard labor 1 for seven years. The public would be glad to j know the offence, as such a punishment seems a J most extraordinary one for a simple "participation J in a disturbance.' The N. C. Baptists and the Freedmen. j . The North Carolina Baptist State Convention, lately in session at Wilmington, has adjourned to meet at Goldsboro, on the Wednesday before the third Sabbath in October next. Previous to ( adjournment, the Convention adopted the follow- T ing resolutions, with reference to colored members n of their church: 1. That they be encouraged in all casos to form ' separate organizations. t 2. That our brethren generally should recognize c and assist them in doing this, and in preserving 6 Gospel order, and in establishing and keeping up 1 day schools, and such other institutions as have for s their object to promote the spiritual and intellectu- ( al well-being of the race. ? 3 That our Pastors may labor usefully in giving j instruction to colored brethren, who have already * entered the Ministry, or who may have it in con- j teraplation. 1 Jefferson Davis' Plantation. ' The following details, concerning the planta- j tion that belonged to Mr. Jefferson Davis, will prove interesting. They are obtained from a South- 1 era correspondent to the New York Express: "I mentioned in my letter below Yicksburg, that J I passed Joe and Jeff. Davis' farms. In speaking J or the matter, in conversation with 'a resident citx- : zen, he told me that President Davis and his broth- " er's farms had been confiscated by the Govern- J ment and sold to a negro, a former slave of Jeffer- f son Davis, for $400,000, on ten years' time, and [ that the negro would clear this year $80,000 on the * land. The negro is said to be quite an enterpris- 8 ing man, and is working a large force to great ad- 8 vantage. I do not find here on this whole trip I one man in ten of Southern birth or sentiment? 1 The whole country seems to be in the hands of , Northern men and foreigners. Even the negroes \ talk a lingo that I can scarcely understand." President Johnson on his Travels. Mr. Johnson left Washington on the even- r ing of Saturday the 1st instant, and reached Rich- i mond early on Sunday morning, making his head- i quarters at the Spottswood Hotel At some of tho 4 stations between Washington and Richmond, he was met by the people of the neighborhoods, but t instead of getting speeches from the President, ] they only received his "thanks for the compliment"" c ?a favor which was fairly earned by those who : turned out to meet him during the night On Sun- 1 day morning Mr. Johnson went to church, as eve- " rybody ought to do, and in the afternoon he re- ( ceived a number of visitors, ao everybody ought not ( to do, receiving visitors on S mday being the exclusive privilege of great men. He was to leave Richmond, for Raleigh, at 4 r o'clock Monday morning, and we presume is now i in the latter city. The Sentinel publishes the fol- ? lowing as the programme for his reception at Ral- t eigh: ' ^ j _ He will be received at the Depot in this City, on | his arrival on Monday afternoon; by the Mayor and j citizefas, and by the Military with the usual cour- , tesies and honors. He will thence be escorted to j the Yarborough House, where and when Governor ( Worth will extend to him, in a brief address, the , hospitalities of the State and its Capital. The ex- } ercises at the City Cemetery, connected with the ( erection of the monument to the father of thePres- j dent, will commence at 11 o'clock, on Tuesday s morninsr. Bv previous arrangement, the Hon. D. j L. Swain, President of the University, will deliver an address on the occasion. . The Ramie. : Some six weeks ago, we published an article from the New Orleans Picayune, giving some account of this new plant, which produces a fibre similar to cotton, but much stronger. As this plant produces five crops per year, in Mexico, it has a decided advantage over cotton; and if it will i do the samo here, there is a fair prospect of its superseding cotton in the South. The picayune gives the following particulars of the Ramie, Roots set out on the 23d of March have sent up vigorous shoots, which are now five inches high. It shows strong tendency to spread, and imitating in this respect the low-growing wild rose called ''Bridal Rose," having a leaf quite like it.when small, and of like color?a bright light green.? These roots were nearly a month in sprouting.? The ground was a tenacious clay, so that a sandy soil is by no means essential to its growth. Roots planted in other places somewhat later are also coming up. There will, evidently, be no difficulty in raising it . " " ' The specimens of fabrics made from the ramie have been received in Cuba?both those of ramie alone and those of ramie and wool united?and the Diario; of Havana, says they leave nothing more to be desired. They have also received in Havana seeds of the plant which have been furnished by the Society of Acclimation of Paris. Whether these seeds will germinate as readily as the plant grows from roots, remains to be seen. A further supply is expected from Vera Cruz, as soon as the siege of that city is sufficiently at an end to enable them to be obtained. The price of the roots is one . dollar each, or one hundred for ninety dollars. Horace Greeley at Bay. The "Union Leacue" of New York, through their chairman, John Jay, summoned Mr. Greeley to appear before them and explain his conduct in becoming a bondsman for Sir. Davis. This proceeding somewhat ruffled Mr. Greeley's usually serene temper, and he wrote a wrathful answer to the summons of the League. His letter shows the >ld philosopher in a new light, as it contains more ire than he is generally supposed to possess. He contents himself with a defence of his consistency, proving from the Tribune, that he has always favored clemency to the South. In addition, he distinctly informs them that he favors a still more extensive clemency than has yet been granted, and in conclusion declines to appear before the League. His letter is too long to please the general reader, cr we would publish it infufl. But there are some 1 parts of it too spicy to be overlooked, and we annex a specimen or two. Speaking of his advocacy of -pardon to rebels, just after Lincoln's death, be says: At once, a concerted howl of denunciation and j rage was sent up from every side against me by he little creatures whom God, for some inscruta- . lie purpose, permits to edit a majority of our minor iournals, echoed by a yell or "Stop my pa- ' per! from thousands of imperfectly instructed 1 eaders of The Tribune. One impudent puppy < vrote me to answer categorically, whether I was or 1 vas not in favor of hanging Jeff. Davis, adding hat I must stop his paper if I were not I Scores , volunteered assurance that I was defying public cpinion?that most of my readers were against me ' ?as if I could be induoea to write what they wish- j >d said, rather than what they needed to be told, i [ never before realized so vividly the baseness of he editorial vocation according to the vulgar conception of it. The din raised about my ears now s nothing to that I then endured and despised. J irn humiliated by the reflection that it is (or was) , n the power of such insects to annoy me, even by ' ire tending to discover with surprise something , hat I have Jor years been publicly, emphatically j proclaiming. t * * # * * # ] Gentlemen, I shall not attend your meeting. I | lave an engagement out of town, and shall Keep ; t. I do not recognize you as capable of judging, )reven fully apprehending me. You evidently egard me as a weak sentimentalist, misled by a naudlin philosophy. I arraign you as narrowninded blockheads, who would like to be useful to i great and good cause, but don't know how.? (four attempt to base a great, enduring party on he hate and wrath necessarily engendered by a )loody civil war, is as though you should plant a ;olony on an iceberg which had somehow drifted nto a tropical ocean. * * * * * * I ask nothing of you, then, but that you proceed o your end by a direct, frank, manly way. Don't liac off intoa mild resolution of censure, but move he expulsion which you purpose, and which I deorve. if I deserve any reproach whatever. All I are for is, that you make this a square, stand-up ight, and record your judgment by yeas and nays. ! care not how few vote with me, nor how many rote'against me; fori know that the latter will epent it in dust and ashes, before three years have jassed. Understand, once for all, that I dare you ind defy you, and that I propose to fight it out on he line that I have held from the day of Lee's urrender. ? * * * # # * I give you fair notice that I shall rn^ge the reinfranchisement of those now prescribed for rejellion, so soon as I shall feel confident that this course is consistent with the freedom of the blacks ind the unity of the Republic, and that I shall denand a recall of all now in exile only for participa,ing in rebellion, whenever the country shall have' >een so thoroughly pacified that its safety will not hereby be endangered. And so, gentlemen, homing that you will henceforth comprehend me iomewhat better than you have done, I am &Cm Horace Greeley. FENIAN PREPARATIONS FOR WAR. If accounts in the New York papers are to be iredited, the Fenians are making extensive prepa ation for military action somewhere, according to tccounts, in Canada. In one foundry in that city, t is stated that since January, 1866. they have )een manufacturing large numbers or twelve and wenty-four pounders, of bronze metal, of ten hunIred or twelve hundred pounds weight each, and ihells of various sizes; at the rate of two hundred jer day. Besides this, three or four tons of grape md canister shot have been manufactured daily, >r, since the receipt of the contract, over two thouand tons. Three or four United States service ield cannon have also been made. The howitzers lave been principally made at other foundries.? kbout tweuty or thirty twelve pounders, or Napoeon guns, have also been made during the past 'ear. These are manufactured of bronze metal or irass, and weigh about seven hundred pounds each, rhey are to be drawn by four horses. In New York city alone, the Fenians are said to lave stored away artillery and ammunition enough o supply 100,000 men for six months. The arms, rhicn have cost half a million of dollars, are those ? ;inds whose excellence has been established by ac- t ualuse. They have cannon which, mannea by 1 hree men, will throw eight shot or shell per min- s ite. Torpedoes of the most destructive descrip- e ion are among the munitions, to be used for har- i uir niimnsfis. as are also 10,000 spherical shells, 1 !0,000 grenade shells and about fortv tons of grape ud canister, hand grenades, Ac. (Hie cost of the .mmunition has been at least $1,000,000. A dis jatch from St Alban's, Vermont, to the N. Y. Herald, dated24th ult, says: "There is a very general rumor here that a grand ?enian movement on Canada is shortly to be made i-om this point It is not expected, however, to ake place for two or three weeks, or perhaps even onger. There are at present a great many stran;ers here, wL. se only occupation seems to be standng at the street corners. They are mostly young ncn, and from the reticence of their manners ana heir military appearance, many of them are bus)ected of being Fenians. It is undoubtedly true hat considerable quantities of arms and ammuniion have been secreted near here by the Fenians, 't is believed that these stores have invariably been soncfeateA7 on the Canadian: side of the border? Those who are generally regarded as good authorty in Fenian matters, say th..t, the present demonitration is only inteuded as a feint, at least at this joint. When the Fenian forces are actually needid they wilf be massed at .some place nearer Oglensburg?probably Malone." REPUDIATION. The proposition to repudiate the United States lational debt is apparently becoming more popular n the Western States. A public speaker in Iowa laid lately, that the people are not responsible for he debt ] that they are not bound to pay it by the :onstitution. because it was contracted in a war to jverthrow tne constitution; that they are not bound n pay it by the theory of the government, because t was contracted ia its destruction; that they are lot bound by the laws of civilized warfare to pay t, because those laws were violated at every step if the war; that they are not bound in justice to ?ay the debt, because they received nothing in reurn for it but the destruction of property, obliga- ] ion, and security; and that they are not boundin lonor, because it was contracted without their con- ' sent He says, also, that no such debt ever has jeen paid l no such debt can be paid; no such lebt ought to be paid; no such debt will be paid; 1 tud that repudiation is a fitting conclusion to a war ivhich has destroyed everything, and now justly , includes by destroying the destroyer. There is no doubt that the people of the West 1 ire restive and uneasy. Their burden of taxation 1 a greater, proportionately, than that of New Eng- 1 and. They made no gigantic fortunes by govern- 1 nent contracts. They nave nothing to compensate ] Tor the losses of the war; and thev remember that the terrible doctrine has been laid down that the 1 tvill of the people is a higher law than tradition, iuty, or constitutional obligation.?Mercury. 1 . i t? F _ ] single thistle, dock, or ipullen, if allowed to perfect its seeds, and to disseminate them withjuthindrance, broadcast over the soil, will entail a < task ofworlf which it will requre much painful labor to perform. _ ... LOCAL ITEMS. - ' SEW ADVUrcBOCESTS. T. S. Jefferys, Agent?Underwriter's Agency. F. G. Harris, 0. Y. D.?Citation?Myles Smith, Applicant?H. S. McCarter, Deceased. R. H. Glenn, S. Y. D.?Sheriff's Sale. Dr. John May?An Invitation^ " 44 41 ?Again. T. M. Dobson <fe Co.?Ground Coffee. 41 44 44 ?Imperial Tea. 44 44 44 ?Olive Soap. ; 44 44 44 ?Good Bacon. 44 44 44 ?Tobacco. 44 44 44 ?Liverpool Salt. 44 44 44 ?Country Flour. 44 ' 44 ?Muscovado Molasses. James Pagan?Notice to Planters. ? BEGI8TEB IS BAffKBUPTCY. ' We are pleased to learn that Chief Justice Chase has nominated our townsman, Wm. I. Clawson, Esq., for Register in Bankruptcy for this Congressional District The nomination has been confirmed by the United States District Judge. XU2DEB. About two weeks ago, some concern was excited by the disappearance of a negro boy, living with a Mr. Stewart, on .the east side of the Catawba river, in this District" Recently, a letter was put in circulation, purporting to have been received from Columbia, S. C., stating that the missing boy had been shot in that place, while attempting to steal some property. This circumstance aroused suspicion, and the colored man who pretended to have received the letter, was at once apprehended. In his examination before a magistrate, he denied, for awhile, any knowledge of the missing boy; but afterwards acknowledged that he had been murdered by two other negroes on Friday night, the 24th of May, who knocked him in the head with an axe, and that the body had been thrown into the Catawba river. The body had not been found at last accounts. , Such are the circumstances, as we gather them from outside parties. It is also stated that jealousy constituted the motive for the crime, and that the statements of the boy accuse#1 implicated others in it We have not learned that any further arrests have been made up to this writing. The freedmen in the vicinity where this outrage was committed, evinced a laudable determination to hunt up the guilty parties, and were anxious to idminister speedy justice to the prisoner already in arrest, by swinging him to the nearest tree. Correspondence of the Cbcitecton Mercury. FROM WASHINGTON. Washington, May 28.?In my. letter of tip 22d, I alluded very briefly to the financial situation* of the government- Since that date I have conversed with several well informed financiers, who, Prom daily experience, are able to judge of the probable effect of the great reduction ot receipts from internal revenue, during the current fiscal rear, and they gave it as their opinion that, whether an absolute panic in trade circles takes place or not within the ensuing six months, the Secretary ., of the Treasury will find himself unable, ere the lapse of that time, to meet the current demand upon his Department In passing the appropriation bills at the last session of Congre&j, and in all provisions for the payment of interest on the public iebt, the receipts from internal revenue have been inticipated, and assumed as a basis whereon to parcel out the public funds. The duties on imports, or customs, as they are called, oeing paid in rold, they have been left out of the calculation for liquidation of current expenses, and set apart al- < most exclusively, to pay off the interest on the gold bearing securities, audio meet requisitions from ibroaa, in the way of consular and diplomatic expenses, to say nothing of the seven millions which nrill soon change hands on the Russian treaty pur ;hase. # , ?' These facts, taken in connection with the existing deficit in internal revenue receipts, will compel i resort to either one of two modes of relief. The Secretary has already run to the end of his official rope, in the matter of issuing paper promises to pay, interest bearing or non-interest bearing, and therefore the difficulty will, of necessity, be referred to OongreaB; and there the same facts that now confront the Secretary and thepublic will 3tare honorable members in the face. Tne treasury . must have sufficient funds to meet the demands' upon it, and if these funds cannot be procured by internal taxation, resort must be bad to the printing presses, and more "promises" of some land must be issued. I will uot attempt to anticipate the result of such a step backwards. Aside, howsver, from the temporary inconvenience Which it ivould inevitably occasion, it might be the means )f restoring the Union on a proper basis and earing the country. TALK ABOUT A JULY SESSION. It is extremely difficult to collect from the variey of opinion that now prevails here, anything re lable concerning a session of Congress in July. I lave taken it for granted all along, that a quorum of he two Houses will not assemble this summer. I un still of that opinion. Nevertheless, it IB comnon talk on the streets, that Mr. Boutwell, a jrominent member of the House, now here with he JW* iry Committe. ha, ;vssured bis friends, hat there will be a mid-summer session, and he s so strongly convinced of the fact, that he has nade arrangements for remaining here through- > mt the ummer. It is quite possible, however, hat his anxiety to succeed in the impeachment jroject, has so blinded his vision, that he cannot lee anything else; and therefore1, his opinions raght to be taken with many "grains or allowtnoe.'' Several other Representatives are now in he city, and they do not seem to "coincide irith tfr. Boutwell on the July session question. A few veeks will doubtless suffice to determine the mater definitely. IMPEACHMENT TESTIMONY. The Star Chamber (Judiciary) Committee is [till in session, working regularly six hours, taking estimony on the impeachment question. For the ast week or ten days the President has not fared 10 badly. Unfortunately for the committee they tummoned a number of gentlemen whose testimoly was direct^ opposite to that given by other james on previous occasions, ana wmcn uncontraiicted might have militated somewhat against the Sxecutive. Hie reliable oharacter of most of the asfc witnesses, however, and the unrehabietoeas of heir swift predecessors, being known to the comnittee will tend to set things about right, and to serve the cause of truth much better than we had eason to hope for before such a committee. Chief lustice Chase was among the witnesses examined >n Saturday last, with reference to the applications dledged to nave been made to him to hold court for he trial of Jefferson Davis. So far as I can learn, he main point upon which "the impeachers" rely n support of a bill of impeachment against the President, is contained in the testimony relative so the surrender of railroads, rolling stock, &c., fee., in the South to certain private individuals or sorporationa. If the committee should continue n session a-month or two longer, even this straw rift be taken from their grasp by sotttc additional estimony. ANOTHER PURCHASE. The latest sensation hereabouts is a rumor that 3ecretary Seward is negotiating with the British Government for the acquisiton of the British Northwest Territory, which would give the expansive "Yankee nation" an unbroken overland route to the Polar regions. If the purchase is redly to be made it will become & serious question, after a while, whether, in our desire for territorial expansion, we haven't placed ourselves in the pontoon of the man who won the elephant It may read very well in the newspapers, and look very leautiful on the map, wrought np in fine oolors, int when you come to .count the cost, especially vitfi an almost bankrupt Treasury, the acquisition rill lose some if not all its charms, even among the and grabbers and squatters of the North. PERSONAL. General Thomas, of the Departmentof the Tenlessee, is in town, and had a long interview with General Grant this morning. . It is rumored that tie will supersede Sheridan m command of District NO. 5. . ; ' w General Joe Johnston, late of the Confederate lrmy, was in town to-day. twite UIVJU* ruK fUHOHASE (TP SLAVES VOID. rhe Supreme Court of Louisiana has decided that notes given in consideration for the purchase of slaves are null and void, the case coming up on an appeal from the District Court, in which a contrary decision wiui rendered. The court held that freedom was a pre-existing right, and slavery a violation ofthat right; the contracts for the sale of slaves did have the sanction of the law, but that when that sanction ceased, the contract oeased also; that a mortgage of the slave to secure the payment of his price was a part of the same transaction and became null in the same manner; that the prohibition against laws impairing the value of oontracts does not apply to the sovereign power, and that its fiat is potent to release the contractors as well as to set the slave free.