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Yorkville enquirer. [volume] (Yorkville, S.C.) 1855-2006, August 01, 1867, Image 4

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?MiM0fflu* ffepartmcnt.
The man who "Dreampt I dwelt in
Marble Halls/' has opened a marble quarry
there, and is doing a thriving business
in getting out grave stones.
The author of "Carry me back to Old
Virginia," has opened a livery stable, and
is. carried back in his own conveyance whenever
he wants to be.
The man who sang "I am Lonely since
my Mother died," isn't quite so lonely now.
The old man married again, and his stepmother
makes it lively enough for him.
The author of "Life on the Ocean Wave"
is gratifying his taste for the sea by tending
a saw mill. He tit'# be on the water.
The one who gave "The Old Folks at
Home" to the world, has recently taken
them to the poor-house, as they were getting
The author of "Shells of the Ocean" is
in the clam business.
The man who wanted to "Kiss him for
his Mother," attempted to kiss his mother
for him the other day, and gave him a walloping
"for his mother."
The one who wailed so plaintively, "Do
they miss meat home?" was missed the
other day, together with a neighbor's wife.
TTz? .a miaaarJ hir a. wiffl and Bev6n children.
The author of "Three blind mice" has
started a menagerie with them.
The man who wrote "Five o'clock in the
morning/' found that no saloons were open
at that early hour where he could get his bitters,
so he lies abed rather later now.
"Give me a cot in the valley I love," has
got a cot in the infirmary. Mien Cot!
The man who sighed, "Take me home to
die/' took Dr. Kerr's System Renovator,
and is now a "Fineould Irish Gintleman."
"Meet me by moonlight alone," has left
off meat and taken to drink.
The author of "Roll on silver moon,"
has opened a ball alley. Silver moon can't
roll on his alley without paying for it.
The disconsolate one who sings, "Have
you seen my Maggie ?" has heard of her.
Another fellow informs him, through the
music store, that "Maggie's by my side."
"I'd offer thee this hand of mine," has1
been sued for breach of promise.
*^)h Susanna,has settled with her at
length, and don't owe Susanna any more.
The author of "Old Arm Chair" is still
in the furniture business.
The one who pleaded "Rock me to sleep,
mother, rock me to sleep," has at length
been gratified. His mother yielding to his
repeated solicitations, picked up a rock and
rocked him to sleep. He hasn't woke up
. The one who asked, "Who will care for
. mother now?" has finally concluded to take
care of the old woman himself, as no one
else seems inclined to.
One of Dodge's Museum's old and valuable
correspondents, Mr. Lord, who is now
residing in Illinois, was a short time since
traveling from Jacksonville to Peoria, in
that State, and as he was passing a small
hut on the road side, he noticed a shaggyheaded
boy, about eight years of age, with
large eyes and no hat, dressed in a worn
out pair of father's trowsers, trying to balance
himself on the splintered top of a hickory
More for the purpose of breaking the
monotony of riding all day without speaking,
than to gain information, Mr. Lord
reined his horse up to the fence, and exclaimed
"My little boy, can you tell me how far
it is to Sanagomon Bottoms?"
\ "Bout six miles I reckon."
v "Bo you live in that house ?" inquired
"I reirfe^n," was the reply.
"Do youen^syjvourself out here in the
woods ?"
"A heap." \
"What ails your pahts?" says Lord.
''Tore e'm'," was the laconic answer.
finding that he had hofrl of a genius that
could not be pumped, M/r. Lord turned his
horses head to depart, but in his turn was
now hailed by the boy}, "who in a comical,
half reluctant tone ex/claimed:
"What mout your jhame be ?"
i tt .1
"juora, was tne repiy
"You seem pleased," said Lord, "perhaps
you nevef heard tJne name before !"
"Yes I have,!' replied the youngster;
"I've heard pa^p read about you !"
Lord pu!t sp/urs to his horse, and says that
even the sacred thoughts to which the incidents
gayp.'rise, were not sufficient to keep
him fropa snickering throughout the rest of
the jo>dfney.
/ !An Out-Traveled Traveler ?They
have out at Atlanta a hotel keeper named
S Thompson, who is considered rather sharp
at a joke, but he sometimes meets his match,
as the following story goes to prove:
A traveler called very late for his breakfast,
and the meal was hurriedly prepared.
Thompson feeling that the food was not
quite up to the mark, made all sorts of apologies
around the eater, who worked away in
silence, never raising his head beyond the
affirmative influence of his fork,. or by any
act even acknowledged the presence of mine
host. This sulky demeanor rather vexed
the landlord, who changing the range of
his battery, stuck his thumbs in his armholes
and said: "Now, mister, confound
me if I hain't made all the apologies necessary,
and more too, considering the breakfast
and who gets it: and I tell you, I have
seen dirtier, worse looking, and a devil of a
sight smaller breakfasts than this is, several
The weary, hungry one laid down his
tools, swallowed the bite in transitu, and
modestly looking up at the fuming landlord,
exclaimed: "Is what you say true ?"
"Yes, sir." "Well, then, I'll be blamed if
you hain't out-traveled me!" said he.
An nld Confederate veteran is res
ponsible for the following: He says while
campaigning in Virginia, in 1862, being
somewhat of a buttermilk ranger, he strayed
off ahead of the column, and stopped at
a cabin to get some refreshments. While
there, the column came up, and while filing
past, the old dog "Beve" dashed out to the
fence, barking furiously. A little towheaded,
shirt-tail urchin drawled out "mammy,
call JBeve?don't let him bite the army!"
Jjfif A "big sister" teaching her little
brother mental arithmetic, said: "Now,
Charles, suppose you have twenty sugar
plums, and you want to divide them into
* four parts. You give baby five and me five,
what would you do with the other ten ?"?
"Suck 'em," was the reply.
Miscellaneous Reticles.
From the New York Ledger.
Tender-hearted, loving old Walter Scott
Qne of the few great men whose goodnes
equalled his greatness. One of the fei
great men whose "greatness" did not be
take him from out the domesticity <ef hi
own home, to find that "congeniality" whic;
by modern tongues and pens is so mud
prated about. To this hale, strong, gooi
old man, wife and children, his old doj
Camp, and his pleasant talks and ramble
with them, was "congeniality." Hi* "ge
nius" had the true ring to it; and thoug]
* ' ' i x- i T
fie fiaa dot; oeeu nuwtui, tu uavc uccu iu
different to his fame as an author, he ha<
too much heart to starve that, for his head
In his large, green-morocco-elbow-chair
in his*"den," as he called it, in Edinburg
he sat, and in ofte year, at fifty-two year
of age, wrote his three novels-; "Quentii
Di\rward," "Peverill of the Peak," "St
Roman's Well," besides other things.?
Sometimes, when the inspiration was lack
ing, he would start up from his writing
desk, saying, "I can make nothing of al
this to-day, come Maida, you thiefwoulc
ramble out with his dog to a house, wher<
lived a dear little precious child "by th<
name of Marjorie Fleming. "White as t
frosted plumcake," he exclaimed, as on<
snowy morning he took his plaid and weni
to her house, of which as a privileged frienc
he had a door key. In Sir Walter and th<
hound went, shaking off the snow in th(
lobby. Marjorie ! Marjorie!" the old mar
would shotlt, "Where are ye, my bonnie
wee creedle doo ?" In a moment a little
eager, bright-eyed child of seven leaped in
to his arms, he kissing her face all over.?
"Come in, Wattie," the mother would say.
"No, no; I am going to take Marjorie hon
wi me,- and you may come to your tea, ir
Duncan Ray's sedan, and bring the bairr
home in your lap." "Tak' Marjorie and il
onding-a-snaw I" said Mrs. Keith. "Hool
awa ! look here," said Sir Walter, and he
held up the corner of his plaid sewed up so
as to make a bag. "Tak' your lamb,"
said Mrs. Keith, laughing at the ingenious
contrivance ; and so Marjorie, well wrapped,
was put into the plaid bag, and Scott
strode off through the snow with her, the
dog Maida gamboling after.
When he reached his own "den," he
would take out the warm, rosy little creature,
and for three hoars the two would
make the house ring with laughter. Mar
king the fire burn brightly, he would set
Marjorie in his big green morocco chair,
and standing sheepishly before her, begin
to say his lesson to her, and this was his
"Won-ers, two-ery, tick-ery, seven;
Alibi, crackabi, ten and eleven;
Pen, pan,?musky, dan;
Tweeale-um, twoddle-um, twenty-wan;
Eerie, orie, ourie;
He pretended great difficulty in saying
if.; and little Majorie would rebuke him
with comical gravity, treating him like a
little child. Then Sir Walter would read
ballads to her, in his own glorious way, till
the two were wild with excitement. Then
he would take her on liis knee and make
her repeat Shakspeare, which she did in a
most wonderful manner. Scott used to
say that he was amazed himself at her power
over him, and that these recitals of her's
affected him as nothing else ever did.
One night, in Edinburgh, little Majorie
was invited to a Twelfth-Night supper at
Scott's. All his friends had arrived but
this little dearest friend of all; and all was
dull because Scott was dull. At last he exclaimed,
impatiently, "where's that bairn ?
What can have come over her? I'll go
myself and see?" and he was getting up,
and would have gone, when the bell rung?
and in came Duncan Ray, and his henchman,
Tougal, and the sedan-chair, which
was brought right into the lobby, and the
top raised. And there, in its darkness and
dingy old cloth, sat bright little Majorie,
with her gleaming eyes, dressed in white;
and Scott bending over her in ecstas}7.?
"Sit ye there, my daute, till they all see
you!" he cried, calling out to his guests.
Then he lifted the child and, perching her
on his shoulders, marched with her to his
seat and placed her beside him;?and then
began the night. And such a night! Those
who knew Scott best, said it was never
equalled. Majorie and he were the stars.
She gave them all her little speeches and
songs which Sir Walter had taught her?
he often making blunders on purpose, while
showing her off, for the fun of hearing her
grave rebukes.
One year after this, when Marjorie was
eight years old, she went to bed apparently
well, but suddenly awoffe her mother with
the cry, "My head ! my head !" Three
days after this, she died of water on the
brain. Scott's grief may be imagined ?
when those deep-set, brooding eyes were
closed, and the sweet mobile mouth, so like
his own, had, for the first time, for him no
smile or geeting!
It may be well that Walter Scott thought
remorsefully afterwards, that the delightful
hours which he passed with this gifted
child, and which brought such delicious
rest and refreshment and vitality to him,
were the exciting cause of disease to her
little brain. It is more than fifty years
since she was laid in her little grave; but
her childish poems, yellow with time, are
still preserved, in her little crqmped handwriting
by, those who held her dear. All
who read this, and who have known such
children, know how. greit is the tcmptatn
Vioo+nn tlio Hlr?cenminrr r?f Qiir?)i n. Kilfl
" ""V " "~v"
of promise, instead of waiting for nature's
own safe, sweet, and grateful unfolding.?
Many a mother has wept her heart out over
a little grave where she has learned too
late this lesson.
? ?
Why Texas is Called the "Lone
Star."?Mr. Smith was Provisional Governor
of the embryo Republic, or State,
or Territory of Texas. While acting as
Provisional, it became necessary to send
some official document to New Orleans.?
The gentleman who was to take the document
insisted that it should have some
kind of a seal. The Provisional Government
had adopted none. Just then some
one observed a five pointed brass button on
the Governor's old overcoat. It was cut
off instanter, and used as a State seal. Arrived
at New Orleans, the newspaper reporters
seeing the impression of the five
pointed brass button on the wax, made it
an emblem of the Lone Star Republic.
JUgf* Bad luck is simply a man with his
hands in his pockets, and his pipe in his
mouth, looking on to see how it will come
out. Good luck is a man of pluck, with
his sleeves rolled up and working to make
it come right.
^gwfultol department,
Editors Southern Cultivator: Physiolo
! gists are perfectly agreed that all animali
s from the lowest to the highest, are propa
w gated by eggs.- Man himself forms no ex
h- cep'ion. The common idea of an egg is
8 derived from that of a bird, but a very limith
ed observation will show, that what are oh
b viously the eggs of othes kinds of animals,
i differ in many particulars from that of the
g bird?those instances of fishes, frogs, ins
sects, &c., &c. The egg may vary very
k much in regard to certain accessory parts,
h such as the "white" and the shell, or out
side envelope ; it may vary as regards size
1 ?the rule being, the longer the young ie
. dependent for its growth upon the materi,
als of the egg, the larger the egg will be ;
, in the last place, it may vary as to whether
/lAtinlnRnH P.nm tta ocrcr wVtf?n
s tile JHJUUg 19 UC?ClVJJtu UVUi XIV n
i the latter is still within the parent, as in
. the case of quadrupeds, or whether devel
opement takes place after the egg is ex.
truded from the parent, as^in birds and
r most reptiles. But however much the dif1
ferent animals vary in the points above
1 mentioned, there are two things always
i present in every egg, parts from which the
; young more immediately begins its growth,
i and which may be regarded as the essential
; portions of the egg?these are the yolk
t with its investing membrane, and a little
1 round bag or cell contained within it, called
? the germinative vesicle. In the higher ani>
mals, where the young embryo soon derives
i its support from the blood of its parent,
; the yolk is quite small, and the egg itself,
, therefore, is not large, but it can be found
. without difficulty. Every one who has seen a
- hog spayed, will remember how similar the
. part taken from the sow is, to the part in a
l chicken, where the immature eggs are to
i be seen. This organ is known as the "ovai
ry"?the eggs are developed within its tis;
sues, and as they reach a certain degree of
; maturity escape, and are ready to be im>
pregnated shortly after, by the spermatic
i fluid of the male.
Just before or about the time of its esi
cape from the ovary, certain changes begin
. within the egg, which continue up to a cer,
tain point, and then cease if impregnation
i does not happen; or which are superseded
by new developments, if it is impregnated.
! The nature of this article will not permit a
? - *i .1. \ _ _
detail oi tnese cnanges, nor is it necessary
for our present purpose. The point ire
. wish to present being, that it seems alto;
gether probable, nay almost certain, that
the sex of the offspring depends upon the
extent of the internal changes of the egg
; after its escape from the" ovary, and previous
to the act of impregnation: if only a
slight extraovarion maturation has taken
place when the sexual intercourse first occurs,
a female offspring result; if a greater
maturation has occured, a male is produced.
In the cow, for example, the egg escapes
from the ovary soon after the signs of
"heat" manifests themselves?if, therefore,
the bull is admitted to her as soon as she
will receive him, a heifer is the result; if
at a later period, the other sex is produced.
Some facts illustrating-this, were recorded
paany years ago?thus, if impregnation is
delayed in the queen bee, beyond the twenty-eigth
day of her whole existence, she
will lay eggs which produce males or drones
only; if before that time, her eggs will
give birth to "workers," (which are undeveloped
females) and queens. Again, Mr.
Knight, a celebrated English Physiologist,
mentions an experiment which he says had
been frequetly tried in his day, that in
birds, if the female is denied intercourse
with the male until nearly the time of laying,
the proportion of males among the
offspring is very large?generally six out of
seven. In the case of birds, the eggs of a
"litter" arc developed successively, and if
the male is kept from the female, up to
within a short time of her laying, the first
developed eggs will have reached that degree
of maturation before impregnation,
which will insure male offspring ; whereas,
those developed later, will have an opportunity
of being impregnated before reaching
that stage.
Within a few years past, systematio experiments
on this point, among higher animals,
as the cow, have been made in Europe,
and the results are very striking. I
have not, at this moment, the record before
me, and cannot give the experiments in detail
; but by bringing the sexes together
early or late, after the beginning of heat,
the sex of the offspring, whether female or
male, seems to have been determined at
will, in every instance. It is very desirable
that our farmers, who have the opportunity
should repeat these experiments, that a
question of so much practical importance
may be fully settled, and certain points,
such as the exact time when the eggs cease
to produce females, and begin to form males
may be ascertained. J.
To Prevent Cattle from jumping
Fencies.?The following singular statement
was made at a late meeting of the
American Institute Farmers' Club at New
To prevent steers from jumping fences
ciip off the eyelashes of the under lids with
r _ _ l jl _ r . J!
a pair 01 scissors, ana ine aointy or apposition
to jump is as effectually destroyed as
Sampson's power was by the loss of his
locks. The animal will not attempt a fence
until the eyelashes are grown again. Of
this we are informed by Samuel Thome,
the great breeder of Duchess county, who
assured us that he had tested it upon a pair
of very breachy oxen. It was of great
value to him, and he hopes it will be tried
by others.
? ?
To Drive Away Cockroaches.?A
respectable professional gentleman says he
has discovered that spirits of turpentine is
an effectual remedy against the depredations
of cockroaches. Thus put a little of
it upon the shelves and sides of your book
cases, bureaux, or the furniture, in which
they take shelter ; which may be done with
a feather, and these troublesome insects
will soon cpit, not only the furniture, but
the room. The remedy is simple, and easily
obtained by every person who wishes it.
It is not unpleasant to the smell, soon evaporates,
and does no injury to the furniture
or clothing. This is a valuable discovery,
if it proves as effectual in all cases as our
informant assures us it did in his house.
gSg0* According to Mr. Laws' estimate,
the manure from a ton of wheat straw is
worth $2 68, while that from a ton of clover
is worth $9 64.
JJ?"* The roots of plants absorb oxj'gen,
the leaves carbonic acid gas ; feed the roots,
and the leaves will take care of themselves.
been intended for some important lesson,
We were surprised at his cavilling with suet
: sacred truths. We had conversed an horn
or two when the son, who was an attentive
f listener, said: "Well there are many things
3 in the Bible which I don't believe, either:
5 That father has made a sceptic, perhaps an
? infidel, of that bov. Parents be careful,
, t&* pome iitclf.
It was a principle of the illustrious Plato
3 that whatever instruction or education was
bestowed upon youth, should tend to "mak(
them better." Whatever stopped short oi
J this, was of little worth. Pericles had "fill
ed Athens with temples, theatres, statues
and public buildings ; beautified it with the
most famous monuments, and set it off with
' ornaments of gold. He had drawn into it,
whatever was curious in sculpture, painting
r and architecture, and "yet,'.' said Plato,
, "can we name a single man, citizen or for
eigner, bond or free, beginning with his
own children, whom Pericles maae wiser or
i better by his care ?" t
The sentiment of this heathen philosopher,
is well worthy the consideration of
' those Christian people, who so eagerly
follow after the customs of a vain world in
j-x 1
can uv again, expenditures upon wonts 01
art, hoping that their "love for the beautiful"
will be a sufficient apology for thus
expending the Lord's substance. The man
of cultivated taste naturally desires that
his children shall share in his refined pleasures,
that they, too, shall become admirers
of painting, and sculpture and music.
But the wise Christian will guard, in all
those right enjoyments, against anything
that may endanger the child's moral safety.
Let his walls be hung with paintings which
awaken noble, holy, generous thoughts,
and not those, however beautiful, which
tend to drag the soul earthward. Let the
music to which he listens be as exquisite as
you please; but let *it be pure, and free
from the contaminating influence of the
theatre and opera. But with all, teach
him that recreation is not the sober business
of life; that he has earnest work to do
in the world, whatever his station.
With all Pericles' care and labor, he but
made the Athenians effeminate, idle busybodies,
fond of luxury, and reckless with
regard to expenditures. So, too great an
indulgence in luxuries of art will lead our
children to form similar characters. Who
would not rather wear John Howard's
nrAnrn fA rlotr fVion ontt lonmla on orlmi_
WV"UWUO'J1 . M ""J ??!?.ring
world has twined for its favorite painters
or sculptors ?
One cold day, says' Mrs. Ashworth, a
young man was seen going from Rochdale,
England, towards Marsland work-house
with an old man on his back. The young
man's strength being exhausted, he sat
down the old man in a sitting posture on
the famous milkstone. While both were
resting, the old, man began to weep bitterly
"You may cry as hard as you like," said
the young man, "but to the work-house you
shall go, if my legs can carry you, for I
will not be burdened with you any "longer."
"I am not weeping because thou art taking
me to the work-house, my son, but because
of my own cruelty to thy grand-father.
Twenty-five years since, this very day,
I was carrying him on my back to the workhouse,
and rested with him on this very
stone. He wept, and begged I would let
him live with me the few days he had to
life, promising to rock and nurse the little
children, and to do anything that he could.
I mocked his sorrow, turned a deaf ear to
his cries and tears, and took him to the
work-house. It is the thought of such
cruel conduct to my poor old dead father
that makes me weep."
The son was amazed, and said,?
"Get on my back, father; I'll take you
home again; for if that be the way, my turn
_:n ... :j. i? :_i.J. ?
win ue UCAI, it BtJums IU uu tteigui, IUI
weight. Get on my back, and you shall
have your corner, and rock the little children."
Thepreciousness of little things was never
more beautifully expressed than in the
following morceau by B. F. Taylor :
Little martin boxes of homes are generally
the most happy and cozy; little villages
are nearer to being atoms of a shattered
paradise than anything we know of;
and little fortunes bring the most content,
and little hopes the least disappointments.
Little words are the sweetest to hear ;
little charities fly furthest, and stay longest
on the wing; little lakes are the stillest,
little hearts the fullest, and little farms the
best tilled.' Little books are the most read,
and little songs the most loved. And when
nature would make anything especially rare
and beautiful, she makes it little?little
pearls, little diamonds, little dews.
Everybody calls that little that they love
best on earth. We once heard a good sort
of a man speak of his little wife, and we
fancied that she must be a perject little bijou
of a wife. We saw her, and she weighed
210; we.were surprised. But then it was
no joke; the man meant it. He could put
his wife in his heart and have room for oth
er things beside; and what was she but
precious, and what was she but little.?Multum
in Parvo?much in little?is the great
beauty of all we love best, hope for most
and remember the longest.
There was once a man who had an only
son, to whom he was very kind, and gave
everything that he had. When his son
grew up and got a house, he was very unkind
to his poor old father, whom he refused
to support, and turned out of the
house. The old man said to his grandson,
"Go and fetch the covering from my bed,
that I may go and sit by the wayside and
beg." The child burst into tears, and ran
for the covering. He met his father, to
_ji_? i i nt? ?:?
wnorn ue saiu. "i am guing i,u iciun me
rug from my grandfather's bed that he
may wrap it around him and go a-begging ?"
Tommy went for the rug, and brought it to
his father, and said to him, "Pray, father,
Qut it in two; the half of it will be large
enough for grandfather, and perhaps you
may want the other half when I grow a
man and turn you out of doors. The
words of the child struck him so forcibly,
that he immediately ran to his father, and
asked forgiveness, and was very kind to him
till he died.
That Boy Probably Lost.?While in
one of our country towns, not long since,
wc were invited to tea, and to spend the
night with one of our prominent church
members and officers. The brother had a
son of some fifteen years old, who is a little
orator and a bright student. The conversation
turned during the evening on the
great topics related in some of the first
chapters of the Bible, such as the garden of
Eden, the fall of man, the temptation, etc.
The father believed that there was nothing
real in the history referred to, but that it
was all merely figurative, but might have
' w
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November 29.186(1. 32 tf
I>r, C. F. Panknin,
January 24 39 ly*
has ever been, a true Carolina paper, in the
hands of Carolinians, and an exponent of the prevailing
sentiments of the people.
As an advertising medium it offers advantages
that cannot well be surpassed. Its circulation extends
throughout the whole South as well as
through the Northern and Northwestern States,
and is rupidly and steadily increasing.
THE MERCURY contains all the latest Dohti
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and attractive form, and will be found to
be all that it claims?a live Southern newspaper.
jf&- Terms of Subscription for Daily, per annum,
$8.00: for Tri-Weekly, per annum, $4.00.
Conducted by
F. W. DAWSON, Assistant Editor.
Marcli 28 48 tf
Chester, S. C.
MANUFACTURERS and Dealers in NEW and
Plates for Bureaus, Ac.
Constantly on hand COFFIN MATERIAL, oi
the best quality. They are prepared to furnish
COFFINS at a lew hours' notice. Cane-Seat Chairs
p^r- Shop and Ware-Room in the old Thespian
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November 20 32 tf
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pound in Barter, T. M. DOfeSON <fc CO.
Juno 13 7 tf
I For the information of our readers, we re-pnb
, lish, the ''Reconstruction Act," the VPropoeec
Constitutional Amendment," "An Act to Prescrilx
' an Oath of Office," and the "Supplement to th<
* Stevens-Sherman Shellabarger Bill," all of whicl
' we will keep standing until an opportunity shsl
, have been presented for obtaining the neoessarj
information which these papers contain:
An Act to provide for the more efficient govern
mont of the rebel States.
[Passed over the President's Veto, March 2d, 1867..'
Whereas, no legal State governments or adequate
protection for life or property now existf
in the rebel States of Virginia, North Carolina
South Carolina, Georgia, Mississippi, Alabama
Lousiana, Florida, Texas, and Arkansas; one
whereas, it is necessary that peace and good order
should be enforced in said States.until loyal
and Republican State Governments can be legally
established: Therefore,
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives
of the United States of America in
Congress assembled, That said rebel States shab
be divided into military districts and made sub
1 ject to the military authority of-the United States,
as hereinafter prescribed, and for that purpose
Virginia shall constitute the first district; North
i Carolina and South Carolina the second district;
, Georgia, Alabama, and Florida, the third district:
Mississippi and Arkansas the fourth district; ano
t ?1-1 j m oau
UUUlHIttUtt mill ItAttB tuv HIU1DV11V/V*
Sec. 2. And be it farther enacted, That it shaU
be the duty of the Presideut to assign to the command
of each of said districts an officer of the
( army, not below the rank of Brigadier general,
and to details sufficient military force to enable
, such officer to perform his duties and enforce hi*
authority within the district in which he is assigned.
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted. That it shalj
be the duty of each officer assigned as aforesaid
to protect all persons in their rights of person and
' property, to suppress insurrection, disorder and
violence, and to punish or cause to be punished
all disturbers of the public peace and criminals,
and to this end he may allow local civil tribunal*
to take jurisdiction of and to try offenders, t>r,
when in his judgment it may he necessary for the
trial of offenders, he shall have power to organize
, military commissions or tribunals for that purpose,
and all interference, under color of State
authority, with the exorcise of military authority
under this act, shall be null and void.
Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That all persons
put under military arrest by virtue of .this
act shall he tried without unnecessary delay, and
no cruel or unusual punishment shall pe inflicted;
and no sentence of any military commission oi
tribunal hereby authorized, affecting the life oi
liberty of any person, shall he executed until it la
approved by the officer in command of the district,
and the laws and regulations of the government
of the army shall not be effected by this act. except
in so tar as they conflict with Its provisions.
Provided, That rfo sentence of death, under the
provisions of this act, shall he carried Into effect
without the approval of the President.
Sec. 5. Ana be it further enacted, That when
the people of any of said rebel States shall have
formed a constitution of government in conformiawith
the Constitution of the United States in
respects, framed by a convention of delegates
elected by the male citizens of said State, twentyone
years old and upwards, of whatever race, color
or previous condition, who have been resident in
said State for one year previous to the day of such
election, except such as may be disfranchised for
participation in the rebellion, or for felony at common
la^; and when such constitution snail provide
that the elective franchise shall be enjoyed by
all such persons as have the qualifications nerein
stated for electors of delegates; and when such
constitution shall be ratified by a majority of the
persons voting on the question of ratification, who
are qualified as electors for delegates; and when
'such Constitution* shall have been submitted
to Congress Ibr examination and approval, and
Congress hhall have approved the same; and
when the said State, by a vote of its Legislature,
elected' undersaid constitution, shall have adopted
the amendment to the constitution of the United
States, proposed by the Thirty-ninth Congress,
and known as article fourteen; and wnen said article
shall have become a part of the constitution
of the United States, said State shall be declared
entitled to representation in Congress, and Senators
and Representatives shall be admitted therefrom,
on their taking the oath prescribed by law;
and then and thereafter toe preoedhta| sections of
thisactshall be inoperative in said'Sttte. .Provided,
That no person excluded froch, the prailege
of holding office by said amendmeuto the consatution*Mu&United
States shall befqgible io election
as a hiembcr of the convention fp frame a
constitution for any of said rebel States, nor shall
any snch person vote for members of sncn convention.
- -: St.Sec.
6. And be it further enacted, That until
the people of said Tebel States shall be by law admitted
to representation in the Congress of the
United States, any civil government which may
exist therein shall be'deemed provisional only,
and in aU reeMseta BQhiect to the parainounf authority
of theUnited State* at any t&ne to abolish,
modify, control or supersedlMho same; aa& in all
elections to any office under such provisional governments
all persons shall be entitled to vote, and
none others, who are entitled to vote nnder the
provisions of the fifth section of this act; and no
person shall be eligible to any office.: under snch
provisional governments who would" be disqualified
from holding office under the provisions of
the third article of said constitutional amendment.
. Speaker of the House of Representatives.
President of the"Senttte, pro tern.
The following is the Constitutional Amendment
referred to in the 4th sectiomof the "Reconstruc?
on Act." jjfe .
Section 1. All persons born or naturalized uf the
United States ana subject to the jurisdiction thereof
are citizens of the United States and of the State
wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforco
any law which shall abridge the privileges
or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor
shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty
or property, withoutdue process of law, nor deny
to any person within its jurisdiction the equal
protection of the laws.
Sec. 2. Representatives shall be apportioned among
the several States according to their respective
numbers, counting the whole number of persons
in each State excluding Indians not taxed.?
But when the right to vote at any election for the
choice of electors for Presidentand Vice President
of the United States, Representatives in Congress,
Executive and Judicial Officers of a State, or the
members of the Legislature thereof; is denied to
any of the male inhabitants of sach State, being
twenty-one years of age and citizens of the United
States, or in any way abridged except for participation
in rebellion or other crime, the basis of representation
therein shall be reduced in the proportion
which the number of such male citizens shall
bear to the whole number of male citizens twentyone
years of age in such State.
Sec. 3. No person shall be a Senator or Representative
in Conggess, or elector of President and
Vice-President, or hold any office, civil or military,
nnder the United States or under any State,
who, having previously taken an oath as amem
ber of Congress, or as an officer of the United
States, or as a member of any State Legislature,
or as an Executive qr Judicial Officer of any State
to support the Constitution of the United States,
shall have engaged in insurrection or rebellion against
the. same, or given aid and comfort to. the
enemies thereof. But Congress may, by a vote of
two-thirds of each House, remove such disability.
Sec. 4. The validity or the public debt of the
United States authorized by law, including debts
incurred for payment of pensions and bounties for
services in suppressing insurrection or rebellion,
shall not be questioned. But neither the United
States nor any State shall assume or pay any debt
or obligation incurred in aid of insurrection or rebellion
against the United States, or any claim for
the loss or emancipation of any slave; but all such
debts, obligations and claims, shall be held illegal
and void.
Sec. 5. The Congresashall have power to enforce
by appropriate legislation the provisions of this
The following is the oath of office referred to in
the 5th section of the "Reconstruction Act," and
also in the 6th of the Supplementary Bill:
Be it enacted, That hereafter any person elected
or appointed to any office of honor or profit under
the government ol the United States, either in the
civil, military or naval department of the public
service, except the President of the United States,
shall before entering' upon the duties of such office,
and before being entitled toany of the salary or other
emolument thereof, take and subscribe the following
oath or affirmation: "I, A. B, do solemnly
swear (or aiiii m) that I have never voluntarily
Kama n??wa TT fl ainoo T Kqtto Kaon o
LrUl lit Ul uio u^niuoK WW v* mi o?**w a mn? ? v wvvu u *->*v
izen thereof; that I have voluntarily given no aid,
countenance, counsel or encouragement to persons
engaged in armed hostility thereto; that I have never
sought nor accepted, nor attempted to exercise
the functions of any office whatever, under any authority,
or pretended authority, in hostility to the
United Statc-s; that I have not yielded a voluntary
support to any pretended government, power or
constitution within the United States, hostile or inimical
thereto; and I do further swear (or affirm)
that to the best of my knowledge and ability, I will
support and defend the constitution of the United
States against all enemies, foreign and domestic;
that I will bear true faith and allegianoe to the same;
that I take this obligation freely, without any mental
reservation or purpose of evasion, and that I will
well and faithfully discharge the duties of the office
on which lam about To enter. So help me God,"1
which oath, so taken and signed, shall be preserved
among the files of the Court, Housesof Congress, or
the department to whioh said officer may appertain.
And any person who may falsely {ake Said
oath shall be guilty or perjury, and on conviction,
in addition to the penalties now prescribed for that
offence, shall be deprived of his office, and rendered
incapable, forever after, of holding any office or
place under the United States.
Approved July 2,1862. ',r4* > '
. AN" ACT supplemental to an Act entitled Ah JkfA
to provide lor the more efficient government of
1 the rebel States, passed March 2, 1867, and to 1ki
i Be it enacted, Ac., That before the first day of,
i September, 1867, the commanding general In each
1 district denned by the Art to provide for &u more
r March 2,^67. shall cause a regfetr^^io ^e made
of the male citizens of the United States, twentyone
years Of age, and upwards, resident In each
county or parish in the State or States, included
in his district, which registration will include only
1 those persons who are qualified to vote tor dele
gates Dv the Act aforesaid, and who shall have tai
Ken and subscribed the following, oath or affirma,
tion: '
. "I, , do solemnly swear, or affirm,'"In the
I presence of Almighty God, that I am a citizen of
; the State of??; that 1 have resided in said State
i ior mourns nexi preceding una uay, ?mu now
reside in the county of , or the parish of ,
in said State, as the case may be; t^at I am twen
ty-one years oldthat I have not been disfraai
cnisedfor participation in any rebellion Or evil
I war against the United States, nor for felony com
mittea against the laws of any State or of theUni,
ted States t that I have never been^ member of
> any State Legislature, or held anyExecutive or
l Judicial Office in any State, and afterwards engaged
; in insurrection and rebellion against the United
; States, and given aid or comfort to the enemies
[ thereof; that Lhave never taken an oath as a member
of Congmn of the . U. S., or as an officer of
I the United States, or aa .a member, of any Stats
Legislature, or as on Executive or Judicial Officer
i of any State, to support the Constitution of the U.
, States, and afterwards engaged in insurrection or
> rebellion against the United States or given aid or
i comfort to the enemies thereof; that I will faith
fully support the Constitution and obey the laws
of the United States, and will, to the best of .my
i ability, encourage others so to do, So help ms
I God."
i which oath or affirmation may be administered by
i any registering officer.
i Sec. 2. That after thecompletlon ofthe registra,
tion hereby provided for in any State at such time
i and place therein as the commanding general shall
, appoint and direct, of which at least thirty day's
? public notice shall be given, an electipn shall be
> held of delegates to a convention for the purpose of
establishing a constitution and civil government
i for such State, loyal to the Union; saia convention
' In each State, except Virginia, tOdohAist of the same
number of members as the most numerous branch
of the State Legislature of such State Jn.tha year
i 1860, to be apportioned among the several districts,
1 counties, or parishes of suchSiaieby thecommsnd;
ing general, giving to each, representation in the
ratio of voters registered as aforesaid- as nearly as
r may be. The convention in Virginia consist
i oftne same number of memberem represented the
territory now constituting Virginia in the most
i numerous branch of the Legislature.of said Stats
in the year 1860, to be apportioned as aforesaid.
Sec. 8. That at such election the registered voters
of each State shall vote for or against a convention
to form a constitution thereof under thisect Thus#
voting in favor of such a convention shall' have
written or printed on the ballots by which they
vote for delegates as aforesaid; the words "for a convention
and thofte voting aeainstshch a convention
shall have written or printed on such tatyots
the Words "against a conventioh."^ The persons
appointed to superintend said election, and to make
return of the votes given thereat, as bgreia provided,
shall count and make .return oflhaaotaa
given for and against a convention; and thecommanding
general, to whom the iame:fthall have
been returned, shul ascertainhnri
vote in each State for and against a convention. IT
a majority oi the votes ffven on that question
shall be for a convention, then a oonyention^hiffl
be. held, aa hereinafter provided; bat if a majority
of said voted shall be against a convention, then no
convention shall be heff xxndcrthia act: Provided,
That snch convention shall not he held unlets a
majority of ffi?such registered voters shall have
voted on the question of holding such convention.
Sec. 4. That the commanding general of each
district shall appoint snch loyal officers or persona
as may be necessary, not exceeding three in each
election district. In any State, to tnakennd complete
the registration, superintend the election,
and moke return to him of the. votes, lists or
voters and of the persons elected as delegates bv
a plurality of tha votee cast at said election; and
upon receiving said 'retains he shall open the
same, ascertain the persons elnted as delegates
according to the returns of the officers who con- ? >
ducted said election, and make proclamation
thereof; and if a majority of the votes given .on
that question shall be for a conventiop, the commanding
genera] within sixty days from the date
of election, shall notity the delegates to assemble
in convention at a time and ptace-tcbo mentioned
in the notification, and said convention, when
organized, shall proceed .to form a Constitution
and civil government according to the'provisions
of this act, and the act to which it is supplementary
; and when the same shall have been so] framed,
said Constitution shalf be -en Emitted by thh
convention for ratification to the persons registered
under the provisions of this act, at an election
to be conducted by die officers, or persona
appointed by the commanding general as,'hereinbefore
provided, and to be held after the expiration
of thirty days from the date of notice thereof
to be given by said convention, and the returns
thereof shall be made to the commanding! general
of the district , . , , .
Sec. 5. That if. according to said returns, the
constitution shall be ratified by a majority of the
votes of the registered electors qualified as herein
specified, cast at Mid election, at least' one-half
of all the registered voters voting upon the question
of such ratification, the president of the con-" '
vention shall transmit a copy of the same, duly,
certified, to the President or the United States,
who shall forthwith transmit the same to Congress,
if then in sosaion, and if not in session,
then immediately upon its next assembling; aha
if it shall moreover appear to Congress that the
election was one at which all the registered and
qualified electors in the State had an opportunity
to vote freely and without restraint, fear or the
inflnence of fraud, and if Congress snail be satisfied
that such constitution meets the approval of
a Uiajuiwjr ui wo ^UUXUldU eiBCTDIB 111 tne state,
and if the said constitution shall be declared by
Congress to be in conformity with the provisions
of thoact to which this is supplamentaiy, and the
other provisions of said act shall have been complied
with, and the said 'constitution shall be approved
by Congress, the State shall be declared
entitled to representation, and Senators and Representatives
shall be admitted therefrom as herein
provided. .
| Sec. 6. 'Chat all elections in the States mentioned
in the said "Act to provide for the more efficient
government pf the rebel States," shall, during
tne operation of said act, be by ballot; and all
officers making the said registration of voters and
conducting said elections shall, before entering
upon the discharge of their duties, subscribe an
oathjhithftilly to perform the duties of their said
office, and the oath preecribedby the act approved
July 2,1862, entitled "An act to prescribe an oath
of offices" Provided, That if any person shall
knowingly and falsely take' and subscribe any
oath in this act prescribed, such person so offending
and being thereof duly convicted, shall be
subject to the pains, penalties and . disabilities
which by law are provided for. the punishment of
the crime of wilful and corrnpt penury.
Sec. 7. That all expenses incurred by the several
commanding generals, or by virtue or any orders
issued or appointments maae by them under or by v
virtue of tnls Act, shall be paid out of any moneys
in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated.
Sec. 8. That the Convention for each State shall
prescribe the fees, salary, and compensation to be
paid to all delegates aha other officers and agents
nereinauthorlzed or necessary to carry into effect
the purposes of this Act, not herein otherwise provided
for, and shall provide for the levy and collection
of such taxes on the property In such State
as may be necessary to pay the same.
Sec. 9. That the wora "article" in the sixth section
of the Act to which this , is supplementary,
shall be construed tdmean "section."
VALUE OF COafisuKRAxjs uunEKHtf
ANNEXED is a table showing the value of "Con^r
federate currrency" in United States currency
for the last four years?deputed from the average
monthly rates of the respective currencies, in gold,
at New York, Richmond and Augusta. , ..
As the rate of stamp duty upon documents executed
during the late war is based upon the value
of the consideration in United States currency, this
table will be found very convenient in flying that
table showing the relative value of "confederate"
asdu, 8. cubbknct fobfoubteabs.
" A . -ife
Month. 1862, 1863. 1864. 1965.
Value in Value in Value in Value in
Con. cur- Con.cur- Con. cur- Con cur- ,
ZlOtUrit rency of rency ofrency ofrencv of
month of ^?.8, |iintj.s. $linU.S.$linU.S.
.cur'cy. cur'cy. cur'cy. cur'cy.
January..? .'. $5100 $13.50 $28.90
February? 2.19 '1h79 26.20
March 2.90 14.87 84.90
April 8.28 12.88
May 8.87 10i65
June ......... 4.85 8.12 .,.......
July 6.89 7.79
August 10.53 - 8.85
September.. $2.19 9.71 10.50
October 1.95 9.70 12.80
November.. -2.29 9.90 12.65
December... 2228 12.60 18.26
To ascertain the valueof a given amount of Confederate
currency, divide the number of dollars by
the figures in the column opposite the date sought
for, and the quotient will be the amount in United
States currency.
X City Printers, NO HI East-Bay, Charleston,
South Carolina.
.Terms.?Daily, one year, $10; Daily, 8 months, ,
$5; Daily, three months, $2 60s Tri-Weekly, one
year, $8; Tri-Weekly, six months, $4.
par The Proprietor of the EKquirer is the Agent
of the "Cbttrie^forVorkville. He will take
pleasure in Ibrwardfegsubecriptions.
January 3 36 tf

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