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Jtoajrji and Jarta.
A negro was killed in Lumpkin County. Ga., by a sentinel of the Loyal League, who haa been instructed to shoot any one who tried to pass. -?The witty editor of the Louisville Journal tys that the troubled waters around the White ouse must be very shallow, as the radicals expect to get Johnson out and Wade in. A flock of pigeons, covering a space of twelve and a half miles in length and fifty feet in breadth, passed over Wellsville, Tioga county, Pa., one day last week. An Arkansas coroner recently charged a jury that thev were to ascertain whether the deceased came to nis death by accidence, by incidence, or by incendiary. The jury found: Death by accidence in the shape of a Bowie-knife. Hon. John Forsvtb, in a recent letter from Washington, says if the Democrats, in the July convention, make a wise and prudent selection of their candidate for the Presidency, there is every reason to hope they will sweep the country. The Brownsville (Texas) Raixchero announces that Mignel Lopez, Maximilian's betrayer, has been arrested and imprisoned for not complying with an order from the government to leave Mexican territory. Some of the leading New York hotels rent for enormous sums. The Astor House, it is said, when re-opened, is to rent for $55,000 a year; the St Nicholas pays $78,000; the Metropolitan $75,000, and the ruth Avenue nearly $80,000. ?- An intelligent lad of six summers^ the son of a Down East senator, recently visitea xoe insane asylum at Augusta, Me., ana told his inquiring father on his return, that they were making speeches just like the Legislature! An old ladyt of Randolph County, Missouri, has been exhibiting a patchwork cotton quilt, composed of seven thousand five hundred different pieces, all veiy neatly stitched and all done by hana. The New Haven Rtgixter says the "burying of the hatchet" by General Grant and Butler is denied. The report arose merely from a casual remark by the latter that he would like to bury a hatchet in the head of the former, which is a very different thing "when you come to look at it." Two men, in an open boat, have been picked up, says an Havana despatch, and it is thought they are deserters from some of the prisons in Florida. It will be remembered, in this connection, that St Leger Grenfel recently escaped with some soldiers from the Dry Tortugas. The Pacific Railroad has climbed to the summit of the Rocky Mountains, and begun its decent on the Pacifio slope. ' A dispatch from the Chief Engineer of the work announces the laying of the rails upon the summit, with benefitting ceremonies on the 16th of April. Several negroes have declared themselves candidates for Congress in Virginia. Dr. Bayne, in the Norfolk district; Jones, in the Richmond district; and Norton, in the Wiliiamsborg district, are already candidates; and, as the negroes preponderate in those districts over the whites, it is not impossible for such men to be elected. A Jersey City paper states that two men in rtn fVo nocillf nf fllA rAOPnf lUAb Uljr iiifluo a vu ?uv ivww? v. ?w .w^?. election, one betting the sum of five dollars against the wife of the other. The man who pot up the money won, and demanded the wife. The husband was inclined to pay his bet, but the lady demurred, and drove the claimant from the house # with great vigor. France is thought to have reached the height of perfection as a military power. One million three hundred and fifty thousand men, or nearly the whole of the able-bodied male population of the country, may now be said to be under arms. This force, according to the report just presented by Marshal Niel to the Emperor, is made up of eight hundred thousand regulars and five hundred and fifty thousand of the National Guard. The oyster statistics of the Chesapeake are S'ven by a Baltimore paper. It appears that the besapeake Bay and its tributaries now yield eleven million bushels of these delicious bivalves annually. Over two-thirds of the trade goes to Baltimore. Seventy houses are engaged in the business, which gives employment to fifteen thousand persons?men, women and children. There are seventeen hundred boats, averaging fifty tons each, and about three thousand canoes, engaged in dredging and tonging for oysters. The New York Sun says: "The feat hds been practically accomplished of sending two telegraphic dispatches at tne same time from opposite directions, over the same wire, on long distances. It will prove of great value in the construction of new lines, making only a single wire necessary, and saving the sixty or seventy dollars a mile which would be required for a second wire. It will also increase greatly the actual working power of existing companies." _ The most infamous frauds were perpetrated in many counties at the Arkansas election. At ClarksviDe, for instance, ninety-nine votes were returned against the constitution?since then the affidavits of one hundred and eighty have been taken of those who voted against it. One of the registers is known to have voted twice, and was seen to tear up Conservative tickets from the militaiy ballot-box. Negroes were permitted to vote two or three times, ana even negro women appeared dressed in men's clothes and deposited votes. Forney, who has clamored so savagely for the impeachment of the President, is now under impeachment himself. A senatorial committee is to investigate the mysterious disappearance of $40,000 public money in the custody of this chevalier dvidustrie. Forney says the money was stolen by his uncle, old Mr. Wagner. The old man. denies it It is evident, from what occurred in the Senate about the matter recently, that Cameron, who knows both men, and is a good judge of rogues, believes that Forney is the thief. The Mississippi River, near Vicksburg, is said to be threatening to change its channel. The point on the Louisiana shore of the river opposite* that city is being gradually worn away, whilst a sandbar is being formed near the Vicksburg shore, and it is feared the river will ultimately break a new channel and close up Vicksburg harbor altogether. The press of that city are in serious alarm, and advise that piles be driven and boat-loads of stone sunk so as to prevent any further crevasse, and force the river back to its old channel. There is some talk in New York about a race across the Atlantic between the City of Paris (Inman) and the Cuba (Cunard). The latter is considered the crack boat of the English line, while the City of Paris claims to have made the quickest western passage ever accompnsnea teignt aays twenty-two ana a half hours.) Mr. Cunard is said to have made a wager that the Cuba will arrive out first Both wuaeofa sailed on Saturday; withiir a few minutes of each other, amidst much excitement on the part of their respective partisans on the wharves. In Paris, the "Hotel des Invalides" contains Napoleon's veterans, and at present there are in it about nine hundred and forty inmates who served under Napoleon I. Of that number more than a hundred and fifty have lost limbs, and a few ore blind. One has lost both fore arms, and uses with surprising dexterity a couple of hooks fastened to his stumps. About sixty wear the military medal, and nearlv two hundred are decorated with the Cross of the Legion of Honor. There are thirty inmates whose services date from the first republic. One of them?a survivor of the crew of the Scipion, blown up in 1793?has been in the hotel since 1806. He lost both his legs on that occasion, and has contrived to live without them seventyfive years. He is now ninety-two, and still hale and hearty. The statement that Congress will take a recess about the time of the Chicago Convention is Dot credited by the Baltimore Sun. It says: "Senator Sherman has solemnly warned the majority in Congress that they dare not go before die people vised some acceptable system in regard to the finances and the public debts; and tne question of internal taxation is one of scarcely less importance. Then the fight on the tariff will be more bitter than ever this year. Most of the large appropriation bills are yet to be acted upon. From this it will be readily seen that there is plenty before Congress to keep it hard at work for three months to oome without taking recesses to attend political conventions." The Boston Post, the leading Democratic paper of New England, is definitely out in favor of the nomination of General Hancock for the Presidency. It says that "he combines for the position solid qualities of character and the propitious aids of fortune in a striking degree.'' One of the General's chief merits, in the eye of the Post, is its belief that "he yrps the right arm of the Army of the Potomac" inim last ana greatest campaign. His policy in New Orleans, and his letter to the Governor of Texas, settle the preferences of the Post in his favor. The journal named is shrewd in political forecast and circumspect in making its "jumps." So far as the New England Democracy are concerned, the nomination of its chief organ has a good deal of significance. > The Euphradian Society of the University of South Carolina have unanimously expelled Thomas J. Robertson and Franklin J. Moses, Jr., who, in the language of the resolutions, adopted on the occasion, "have proven false to their own race, unloosed every tie of honor, every golden chord of virtue, and left the remaining fragments to trail in the dust under foot, or stifiea in their throats the smooth flow of eloquence by the repeated utterance of base and subtle falsehoods, and have, in all these respects, lowered their dignity and station as true gentlemen of Carolina; and whose names are no longer an ornament to, or a jewel in, the honorary roll of this Society, but, as it were, two black stains upon that otherwise unblemished roll, as yet, of brothers true and faithful to their vow." YORKVILLE, S. C.: THURSDAY MORNING, APRIL 30,1868. Cash.?It must be distinctly understood that oar terms for subscription, advertising and job, work, are cash, in advance. X.?The paper will be discontinued on the expiration of the time for which payment has been made. A Subscriber finding a (X) cross-mark on the wrapper or margin of his paper, will understand that the time paid for has expired. RELIGIOUS SERVICES. . ' We are requested to state that under an order of Bethel Presbytery, the ceremony of installation of the Rev. Heniy R. Dickson, to the pastorate of the Yorkville Presbyterian Church, will take place on Saturday morning, May 2d. The Rev. S. L. Watson, Rev. J. N. Craig, and Rev. W. W. Carothere will assist in the exercises. On Sunday following the celebration of the Lord's Supper will take place, in which the members of other christian denominations, are invited to participate. SOUTHERN ELECTIONS. North Carolina.?The latest advices indicate that the Constitution in North Carolina has b^n adopted by a small majority. The Legislature wilh be about equally divided between the Conservatives and Radicals. But one Conservative Congressman has been elected?Hon. Nat Boyden. Georgia.?The returns from Georgia are more encouraging. Gen. John B. Gordon has, very -_-i.-i.i_ i. I?.?j n ?J proDaoiy, uetu eiecieu uruvemui, mm *uc wiow tution defeated. The contest has been very close. Louisiana.?The city of New Orleans 'aas gone democratic by a small majority. The Constitution has been adopted, and the Radicals control the State. THE DISTRICT NOMINATION. The meeting on Tuesday last nominated for the several District offices, a list of candidates who, in point of character, ability, and fitness, are eminently qualified for the duties they will have to perform. Some of these nominees, are the present incumbents of the offices which the people re-, quest them to continue to fill. They were elected to these offices a little more than a year since, for the full term of four years, and must now either be re-elected, or give place to inexperienced successors. They have given, so far as we can learn, universal satisfaction to the people of the District, by the manner in which their duties have been discharged, during the short time they have been in office.? We hope the people will say that they shall continue in office until their original time is filled. The nominees for Commissioners and Coroner, are men of unquestionable qualifications and suited in every way for these positions. The office of County Commissioners will be an important one, as the incumbents are required to exercise the taxing power. Let us resolve to elect the whole ticket. ? ? CONSERVATIVE UNION CLUBS. On Monday last, the citizens of Bethany met and organized a Conservative Union Club, with the following persons as officers: President?William McGill. Vice-Presidents?Myles Smith, E. Fewell. Secretary?Dr. A. P. Campbell. A similar Club was organized at Bethel on Sat urday last, and the following persons selected as tue officers: President?A. A. McKenzie. Vice-Presidents?J. C. Phillips, J. D. P. Currence, and W. E. Campbell. Secretaries?Dr. J. B. Hunter, J. L. Adams. Treasurer?W. W. McElwee. Harmony and interest characterized the meetings, and a determination was manifested to work earnestly in the disenthralment of the State from Radical rule. By an advertisement in to-day's paper it will be observed that a meeting is to be held at Rock-Hill, on Saturday next, for the purpose of organizing a Club. Steps have been taken at Clay Hill with the same view. ? * DEMOCRATIC VICTORIES. Although professing no great admiration for the course pursued by the leaders of the Democratic party, before and since the close of the war, we must nevertheless feel that if any helping hand is ever extended to us from beyond the Potomac, it must be tendered by that party. We are cheered of late by intelligence of fresh victories won by this party in almost every Northern State. Last week the great State of Michigan, styled by the party the back bone of radicalism, voted for certain State officers, and the result is a democratic gain to such an amount as to give the party just hopes of a complete victory in the next election. Chicago, the third city in size in the Union, another radical stronghold, and the place where the republican nominating Convention sits in May, last week elected a Democratic Mayor. New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Kentucky, Maiyland, New Jersey, Connecticut, Maine and California, have all gone Demo-eratic in the past twelve months. Add to these the States about to be re-admitted, and that will eventually be controlled by the Democrats, and we have Virginia, North Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Florida, Arkansas and Texas; and if the people will exert themselves, South Carolina and Mississippi. These States alone casting a solid vote for the Dem ocratic presidential nominee, would be able to secure his election, if we have estimated correctly the aggregate number of votes they cast. We believe, from the facts presented almost every week, in these Northern election returns, that if the Democratic party will put a suitable man in nomination in July next, a man that can unite the conservative elements North and South, against whose past political course no cavil can arise, and whose present views accord with the principles of the party, that such a man can be elected to the Presidency, if the party but exercise a little more than its usual energy in the campaign. We believe, further, that the Southern States, or most of them, when relieved of the bayonet rule, can and will carry the Democratic ticket successfully. There need be no occasion then for despair. In every State election North, within the past twelve months if we remember rightly, the Democratic nominees, if not elected, have closed a vast amount of distance formerly standing between them and their radical opponents. Whatever help we receive outside of our own efforts must come from this party, and the promise of its speedy reception is by no means groundless. We mention these cheering facts, not that we rely upon them, exclusively, but that we should thereby be stimulated to exertion in our own behalf. We are not .utterly helpless. The radical storm has spent its fury upon us, and we have passed the crisis. Henceforth we must work more energetically for our disenthralment, than we ever did for our independence. Our allies are strong, and their strength is daily increasing. We can win our ; own laurels of victory if we but try. Oar duty is before us- -'Shall we remain idle or not ? 'T m ? /'" THE NOMINATING MEETING. Under the call of the Conservative Union Club of Yorkville, a public meeting of delegates and citzens was held in the Court House, on Tuesday last, the 28th instant, for the purpose of nominating candidates for District offioers. On motion, Dr. R. T. Allison was called to the Chair, and J. H. Fayssoux and J. C. Chambers, were appointed Secretaries. The Chairman stated the object of the meeting, when, On motion of John S. Bratton, Esq., the Chair was authorized to appoint a Committee of fifteen persons to make nominations for the offices of Sheriff, Clerk of Common Pleas Court, Judge of Probate, County Commissioners and Coroner. The Chair then received the names of delegates from the several election precincts; when delegations from Boydton, Bethany, Bethel, Blairsville, Clay Hill, Fort Mills, McConnellsville, Bock Hill, Wylie'sStore and Yorkville, presented their names. The Chairman then announced the follomng persons as the Committee on nominations: John S. Bratton, James McElwee, J. D. Currence, William McGill, Dr. Jno. G. Black, Calvin Whisonant, J. F. Workman, J. H. Faulkner, CoL H 1 Wflf!n? T n Wifhp.rsnoon. R. A Black, C. K. Williams, J. B. Whitesides, J. H. Adams, Iredell Jones. The Committee retired, and after a brief absence reported the following nominations, whioh were unanimously approved: For Sheriff?R. H. Glenn. Judge of Probate?F. C. Harris. Clerk of Court?J. F. Wallace. Coroner?J. Ed. Jefferys. County Commissioners?B. F. brigq8, Calvin Whisonant and Peter Garrison. On motion, the following resolution was adopted; Resolved, That the present nominating Committee be requested to serve as such until the day of election, in order to fill any vacancies that may occur in the ticket nominated this dav, and to make nominations for any further offices that may be provided to be filled on the same day of election as officers above nominated; and in such contingency will call a general District meeting through the Yorkville Enruirer, or otherwise, in order that such addjtional nomination may be submitted to said meeting for its action. Vthe election in the state. / The Radicals have carried this State by an overwhelming vote, as indicated in our la.it issue. This is nothing more than was expected, aud so palpable was the oertainty of this result, that but little effort was made to prevent it in maty of the Districts. There are, however, certain crumbs of comfort mixed with the chagrin of our humiliation that we chronicle for the refreshment of our readers." In the Districts of Horry, Lancaster, Spartanburg, Oconee, (new) Pickens and Anderson, the Conservative ticket has won the day. And this, too, under the Congressional proscription of white men not allowed to register. In Marion, the Conservatives were heaten onlv thirteen votes : and in York only about sixty. In bgth of these Districts, success was within Teach of the Conservatives, and their defeat was the result of their own negligence. In several other Districts the vote was a close one. The crumbs of comfort we would then offer to the people^of the State are these: The results of the election have shown us that should we be compelled, for any length of time, to exist under this monstrous iniquity in the shape of a government, that we have it in our power to control the legislation of the State, to cast the presidential vote, and to do much towards ameliorating the asperities of our present anomalous condition. The resalts convince us that virtue, intelligence, and the prestige of the white race, can be made to outweigh the brutish ignorance that have, in this instance, carried the "carpet-baggers" into power. We are satisfied from the figures in this election, so far as officially given, that if the white people of the State but will it, and will at once effect an efficient organization of their numbers, they can, heroafter, control the State elections. J CONGRESSIONAL NEWS. In the House, on the 21st instant, Mr. Robinson offered a resolution recalling the managers and abandoning impeachment. The Speaker declared that it was a question of privilege, but under the ruling of the Speaker the majority of the House could refuse to consider even a question of privilege. The House refused to entertain the resolution by a strict party vote. The Postoffice Committee were directed to inquire into the expediency of the government securing the control of the telegraph lines. An amendment to the Bankrupt Law, extending the time to January, 1869, for such as cannot pay fifty per cent., was passed and sent to the Senate. In the Senate, on the 24th, just before adjournment, the President's secretary arrived with a number of messages. Immediately after the adjournment an excited crowd gathered around, and the messages were opened amid apparently intfense anxiety, showing that the President's action is still recorded as nf some moment The President has withdrawn the nomination of Ewing, and nominated General J. M. Schofield, commander of the First Military District, as Secretary of War, vice Stanton, to be removed. Gen. Schofield'snomination canses various speculationsfirst, that the olive bran^Jj is held out to the Conservative senators; second, a compromise lietween Johnson and Grant. But the affair is still a State secret. Johnson appears not to have consulted even the members of his Cabinet about the nomination. MERE-MENTION. The Appeal Court is now in session at Columbia. On Wednesday ot last week, J. S. R. Thomson, Esq., of Yorkville, was examined and admitted to practice law in the Courts of this State. A number of stalks of winter wheat grown in Georgia, already headed, have been on exhibition at the New York Produce Exchange. A patch of wheat on one of the lots in Yorkville, his commenced "heading." "The prisoners in the Mississippi penitentiary are hired out to the planters under sufficient guards. In this way room is obtained for the fresh convicts. A movement is on foot in Newberry District, to procure white laborers from the North. In New York, the Legislature has passed a bill empowering railroad conductors to make arrests, and giving them the authority of special policemen, the better to preserve order on their railway trains. Chinese coolies drown themselves at Havana at the rate of . . 1. tl. xt \r i- nv twenty a wee*. juie iur&, it//iw unuiks that General Hancock would be the strongest candidate the Democrats could nominate for the Presidency. Libby prison has been sold at auction. Lake Charaplain is still covered with ice. The temperance men in England are agitating the question of a law compelling all liquor sold to be taken hofhe and shared fairly with the family. ""At thefuneral of Father Taafe, which recently took place in Lawrence, Mass., eight hundred ladies wore black dresses and white veils to their waists. The Natural Bridge of Virginia is advertised for sale by public auction. A sub-marine diver in Illinois estimates that he has spent three years of his life under water. Mr. Nicholson, of North Oxford, Massachusetts, killed four hundred feet of black snakes in an old cellar near his house recently. Gilbert Pillsbury, a Northern "carpet-bagger," has been nominated as the Radical candidate for Mayor of Charleston. The Conservatives are floundering about without any method, and a half dozen different persons are suggested for the position. The result is easily predicted. Hon. Chauncey Jerome, of New Haven, whose clocks have made his name known world-wide, died on Monday of last week, after a brief illness, in the seventy-sixth year of his age. If Adam had asked Eve for a kiss, could the latter, without profanity, have replied, "I don't care, Adam, if you do?' "The public buildings in Washing-1 ton city have cost over $150,000,000. ' The | Ohio Legislature has passed a law which prohibit any person from voting that has a visible admixture of negro blood. Hon. W. C. Rives, formerly United States Minister to France and Senator from Virginia, died at Charlottesville, on Saturday lMt'""""Qeq. D. E. Sicldes, delegate ! at large for New York," is named in many quarters for the post of President of the Republican Chi- i cago Convention. Colored Conservative Clubs, 1 composed of the more sensible and discerning freed- < men, are organizing in Richland and other interior * districts. "'General Sherman has been before tho Congressional Committee on Indian Affairs to. i impress them with the idea that it is both cheap- i er and more humane to feed the Indians than to fight them."""'"""The Philadelphia Press of the i 14th, is dressed in mourning, because Mr. John- 1 son became President on that day three yearn ago. HEW ADVEBTlflEMEHTS. T. M. Dobson <fc Co.?Tin-Ware. 44 " ' 44 ?Shoes. - ! ' 44 44 44 ?Coffee and Sugar.; i 44 44 . 44 ?New Orleans Molasses. : 44 44 44 ?Stop Them. '. '' j 44 44 44 ?Molasses Gates. J 44 4 4 44 ?Cotton Cards. i 44 44 44 ? Brades' Crown Hoes. " " ' ?Rifle Powder. " ' ? ' ? -Indigo. Thomson <fe Jefferya, Assignees?In Rankruptcy? / In the Matter of A. F. McConnell. E. P. Castles, A. E. Carroll, LawBon H. Caveny,' Joseph N. Steele, Abner HAmbright, David 1 SL Russell. i J. S. R. Thomson, "Assignee?In Bankruptcy? ' In the Matter of H. W. Wilson. Public Meeting at Rock Hill. W. B. Metts, Assignee?In Bankruptcy?In the Matter of James B.. Steele. EDITORIAL INKLINGS. Radicalism in a Horry. : According to the Charleston correspondent of the Washington Chronicle, South Carolina is to be re-constructed at an early day. He says: "The Governor will be inaugurated on the 12th of May, at which time the Legislature will assera- i ble. Pursuant to the constitution, United States Senators will be elected on the 16th of May. Dr. A. G. Mackey, president-of the late Constitutional Convention, will leave the city for Washington on next Saturday, in order to deliver to the Pfesiden^df the United States an engrossed copy of the opiiatitution which has just been ratified." ' The South Carolina Railroad. Several weeks ago, the South Carolina Railroad determined to issue tickets for twenty-five dollars, to cover one thousand miles of travel over the above road. This has been done to induce 1 merchants and others to .give to Charleston that 1 trade which has tor various reasons, been turned to other places. With reference to the scheme, i the Mercury says: ( J "Twenty-five dollars for a thousand miles is only two-and-a-half cents a mile, instead of six cents; < the usual charge for way passengers. By the use i of this ticket, a merchant living a hundred miles , from Charleston, and who is in tho habit of coming to Charleston five times a year, at an expense for railroad fare of sixty dollars, could come twelve times for . the same money. The importance of1 this saving need scarcely be explained to business i men familiar with tlje advantage of a frequent re- i newal of their stock." The tickets can be procured in Columbia, at the ticket office, or by addressing L. C. Hendricks, Charleston. Maj. Lee and the Penitentiary. i The Military Commission, appointed by Gen. 1 Canby, to investigate charges preferred against Maj. Lee, the Superintendant of the Penitentiary, of harsh and cruel treatment of convicts, has concluded its labors and rendered a decision. The Commission aoquitted Maj. Lee of the charges, and Capt. Caziarc, the Adjutant-General of Gen. Canby, informs Maj. Lee of?the fact, after the following fashion: "Sib: I am instructed by the Major-General Commanding to inform you that the Special Commission, appointed^ Special Orders No. 60, [Pat. ( IV.,] of March 12, 1868, to examine into, ana report upon, the charges of cruel and harsh treatment of convicts, preferred against Thomas B. ( Lee, Superintendent of the Penitentiary of South Carolina, has reported that the charges of cruel and harsh treatment made against nim are unfounded, and they regard the administration of Thomas B. Lee, as Superintendent of the South Carolina Penitentiary, as humane and efficient. This finding has been approved by the Commanding General, who directs that no further action be taken upon the petition for your removal." "Will the President be Convicted ?" This is now the question of absorbing interest. Speculation is rampant as the trial draws to a close, and the friends of the accused and his op ponents are each attempting to show that ne win or will not be convicted, as their inclinations prompt. The Washington correspondent of the Baltimore Gazette furnishes the following on the , subject: , In view of the intense interest manifested over 1 the whole country to anticipate, as far as possible, < the result of the impeachment trial, your corres- ' pondent has prepared an analysis of the votes of < those ten senators upon whom it is conceded will ' depend the acquittal $>r conviction of President ' Jolinson. The following thirty-one senators are 1 regarded as open and avowed advocates qf convic- 1 tiou, regardless of their oaths, and without any ' reference to the law and the facts, viz: Cameron, 1 Cattell, Chandler, Cole, Conkling, Conness, Cra- 1 gin, Drake, Edmunds, Ferry, Frelinghuysen, Har- 1 Ian, Henderson, Howard, Howe, Morgan, Morrill, ' Jof Maine). Morrill (of Vermont), IVlorton, Nye, ' Patterson, (of New Hampshire), Poraeroy, Ram- < sey. Stewart, Sumner, Thayer, Tipton, Wade, ? Wilson, Williams and Yates. These thirty-one j senatorial judges are regarded here as mere politi- i cians and ready tools of party?that class of men at which Stevens felt confident he would not shake ' his finger in vain, when he told them they dare not oppose impeachment ' But there are within the ranks of the dominant 1 party in the Senate ten other senators who are re- 1 garded as statesmen as well as politicians, and 1 whose votes are by no means certain for conviction?senators who are believed to be determined to consult only their own consciences in arriving J at a just conclusion upon the law and the facts ! submitted to the court The names of these ten ! senators are Anthcmy, Fessenden, Fowler, Grimes, 1 Ross, Sherman, Sprague, Trumbull, Van Winkle 1 and Willey. Any seven of these Republicans vo- ! ting with the twelve Democrats will defeat im- 1 peachment and secure the acquittal of Andrew j Johnson. Henci it becomes interesting to ascer- 1 tain precisely how these ten senators have been voting on all numerous propositions pro and con ' submitted to the court \ The correspondent of the Gazette, goes on and ( gives the following analysis of the votes of .the , "doubtful" Senators. The first column represents j the number of times they have voted in favor of i the President; and the second column the number < of times against him. Here is the analysis: Liberal. Radical. 1 Anthony 22 7 i Fessenden.; 24 5 ( Fowler 27 3 . Grimes 23 3 Ross 19 10 Sherman 17 13 Sprague 16 19 i Trumbull 23 7 Van Winkle 25 5 _ . Willey ' 17 11 ( The correspondent then remarks: tlIt is diffi- , cult to read the record of the ten Senators named, i and conclude that the President is to be convicted.'' < Not Generally Known.?Martin "Van Buren ' is the only man who held the office of President, * Vice-President, Minister to England, Governor of i his own State, and member of both Houses of * Congress. Thomas H. Benton is the only man < who held a seat in the United States Senate for < thirty consecutive years. The only instance of 1 father and son in the United States Senate at the 1 same time, is that of Hon. Henry Dodge, Senator ? from Wisconsin, and his son, Augustus C. Dodge, ? Senator from Iowa. General James Shields is the only man who ever represented two States in the United States Senate. At one time he was Sena- s tor from Illinois and subsequently from Minnesota, i John. Quincy Adams held positions under the e Government during every Administration from t that of Washington to that of Polk, during which c be died. He had been Minister to England, mem- i ber.of both houses of Congress, Secretary of State f and President of the United States. He died c while a member of the House of Representatives. I COLUMBIA CONTRIBUTORIAL MY JA8. WOOD DAVIDSON. COLUMBIA, SOUTH CABOLIBA, 27TH APBii* 1868. Shirts. * The style of fastening the shirt behind is being ntroduced in New York. It leaves the bosom ieater, and is economical both in buttons and pa:ience. At the University. Prof. Sachtleben, in deference to many requests, repeated his Lecture on the First Part of Faust, in the chapel of the University last Thursday night We spoke of the merits of the performance upon its hrst delivery.. Baltimore Leader. ,Southern Society which wc advised our readers we considered the best literary weekly -published in the South, has just been merged into the Baltimore Leader. It maintains its list of contributors, its high1 character of matter, and its free and independent tone. The news department is enlarged ; the management a shade more political cnan Dei ore; ana ine corresponueneo ih as spicy as ever, and fuller. The price is six cents a number; two dollars for six months; or three dollars a year. The address is No. 20, South Street, Baltimore.? It contains eight pages. Keronine Explosions. Pare Kerosine will not explode. That which we buy and burn as Kerosine is sometimes explosive through impurities. Even this impure article will not explode if the lamp is carefully filled before lighting and not suffered to burn too low. There are two times of danger. One is upon lighting a lamp not full of fluid; the other is upon moving a lamp that has burned down low. In the former case the lamp may explode at rest; in the latter it will not explode unless moved about or put into a current of air, which is the same thing. The cause of this change in the contained gas is the admixture with air which is let in either slowly during the day or by means of moving the lamp or the air about it. The best, because the safest, time to fill lamps is in the morning when they are cool, and there is no fire about. Fo? tho Yorkvllle Enquirer. CLARK'S FORK CONSERVATIVE CLUB. At a meeting of a portion of the citizens of Clark's Fork, held at Allison's Store, on Saturday, the 25th instant, S. (J. Brown, Esq., was called to the Chair, and J. A. Hope requested to act as Secretary, when the following preamble and resotion was adopted: Whereas the present condition of our political affairs demands the hearty, cordial, and united action and co-operation of every conservative citizen of the District; and whereas the conservative people of the town of Yorkville, and other portions of the District have united themselves into organizations for the nnrnose of carrvincr out the views and principles of the Conservative' Union Party of the United States; and whereas the members of this meeting are desirous of assisting in the furtherance of the principles of said party, therefore, be it, Resolved, That we do organize ourselves into a society, to be known and designated as the "Conservative Union Club of Clark's Fork." On motion', a Committee was appointed to nominate permanent officers of the Club, which resulted in the nomination and election of the following persons: President?S. G. Brown. Vice-President? Calvin Whisonant Secretary?J. A. Hope. Treasurer?J. L. Davies. Corresponding Secretary?J. C. Chambers. On motion, it was agreed that the Club meet onoe each week. On motion, the resolutions of the Conservative Union Club, of Yorkville, in relation to the colored people of the District, were adopted, as expressive of the sense of the Club. 8. G. BROWN, Chairman. J. A. Hope, Sea-etary. # THE BANKRUPT LAW. On Wednesday of last week, the House of Representatives passed an amendment to the Bankrupt law extending the time for the operation of the fifty per cent clause, until the 1st of January, 1869. The following is the text of the Bill as sent to the Senate: A bill in amendment of an act entitled "An Act to establish a uniform system of Bankruptcy throughout the United States," approvedMarcn 2, eighteen hundred and sixty-seven. Be it enacted, &c., That the provisions of the to/tnnsl /On,ioa svP ftio fhirtv-third RAotinn nf snid JViVUlIVl ViUUUV VI VMV ?"?? VJ ?> ? ? v. act shall not apply to the cases of proceedings in bankruptcy commenced prior to the first day of January, eighteen hundred and sixty-nine, and the time during which the operations of the provisions of said clause is postponed shall be extended until said first day of January, eighteen hundred and sixty-nine. And said clause is hereby amended so as to read as follows: In all proceedings iu bankruptcy commenced after the first day of January, eighteen hundred and sixty-nine, no discharge shall be granted to a debtor whose assets shall not be equal to fifty per centum of the claims proved aeainst his estate upon which he shall be liable as the principal debtor, unless the assent in writing of a majority in number and value of his creditors to whom he shall have become liable as principal debtor, and who shall have proved their claims, be Sled in the case at or before the time of the hearing of the application for discharge. Sec. 2. And be it further euacted, That said ict be further amended as follows: The phrase "presented or defended" in the fourteenth section of said act shall read "prosecuted or defended the phrase "nor resident debtors" in line five, section twenty-two, of the act as printed in the Statutes at Large, shall read: "norresidentcreditors that the word "or" in the next to the last line of the thirty-ninth section of the act shall read "and that the phrase "section thirteen" in the fortysecond section of said act shall read "section eleven," and the phrase "or spends any part thereof in gaming" in the forty-fourth section of said act ihiul read, "or shall spend any part thereof in gaming;" and that the words "with the senior register or" and the phrase "to be delivered to the register," in the forty-soventh section of said act be stricken out Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That registers in bankruptcy shall have power to administer eaths in all cases, and in relation to all matters in which oaths may be administered by commissioners of the Circuit Courts of the United States, and roch commissioners may take proof of debts in bankruptcy in all cases, subject to the revision of such proofs by the register and by the Court, according to the provisions of said act Mr. Paine, of Wisconsin, also gave notice that - " ' 1- i- I- _ <1 I ill enort would soon De maae to mane me provisions of the bill absolute for the discharge of debtirs, no matter what proportion of their indebtedness they may be able to pay. A Story for the Impeachment Court.?The LVew York Herald gives the impeachers the beneit of the following case in point: "There was a man before an Irish jmy on his trial for murder. .It was a bull of a trial; for the lefence produced in court, alive and well, the man ivko was said to have been killed. But the trial Event on, and the iury went out, and, not to be launted by any such little fact as the presence alive if the man who should have been dead, they Drought the prisoner in guilty. "How's this?" says the judge; "there has been no murder; the nan is alive in court." "Wel^ your Honor," said :he foreman, "the jury is convinced that the prismer did not murder this man.; but lie is a dpngerius person. I am sure he killed my gray mare, ind we believe that hanging him is necessary to ;he peace of the country. That Irish jury is litting in the chamber of the United States Sentte." Affairs in Virginia.?Gen. Schofield has islued an order stating that Congress having made 10 appropriation to defray the expenses of the elsction in Virginia, for the ratification or rejection if the constitution, the election will not take place in the 2d of June, as provided by the Convention, inless Congress should make an appropriation beore that time. If the election does not tike place in that day. Congress will doubtless substitute a ater day, of which due notice will be given. THE IMPEACHMENT THIAL. j Washington, April 20.?The House proceeded 1 to the Court of Impeachment. The managers in- 1 troduced documentary evidence. Blodgett's in- ' dictmentwas offered. Butler offered Blodgett's ' answer. Evarts objected, aa Blodgeit was not on trial here. Butler proceeded to state orally what 1 h( :ntended to prove?Chase ordered it reduced 1 to writing. Butler protested, Chase persisted, 1 and Butler is now writing. J The Senate refused to admit Blodgett's papers. 1 Butler, appealing for Blodgett, said he had never 1 been able to get his case before the Senate. Jus- ! tice should be done him now. Blodgett was only captain of a rebel militia company, and an unwil- 1 ling captain, Blodgett would swear. Blodgett was < known in Augusta; he was ejected by his neigh- : bora to make a constitution for' Georgia. He was made Mayor of Augusta by Pope. Butler did not ( doubt that when Georgia was admitted, Blodgett 1 would take his seat here with the proudest or us. \ Butler then offered the nomination of -Sherman 1 and Thomas for the brevet general-ship, claiming J that it was admissible under the tenth artiale. The < Senate refused by a vote of fourteen to thirty-five. 1 Both parties announced the evidence closed,? A Chase ordered the prosecution to proceed with the 1 argument Boutwell, not being ready, asked an ! adjournment to Tuesday. The defence asked until Wednesday, in view of Stanberry's sickness.? 1 Jtfoutwell seconded the reauest, and alter hearing and rejecting an appeal from Logan to print his argument, the court adjourned to Wednesday. Washington, April 21.?The pressure upon uncommitted senators to induce them to convict the President is tremendous, and comes from all guarters. The apprehensions of the Peaident's friends are increasing. Washington, April 22.?In the High Court of Impeachment this morning resolutions were passed allowing unlimited speeches, oral and written, by the managers and counsel for the defence. These speeches will probably prolongthe trial ten days. The gallery is crammed, and IJoutwell is about commencing. ^ Later.?Curtis has announced that it is doubts ful whether Stanberry will be able to take any further part in the trial. Groesbeck will follow Boutwell. When the Senate adjourned, Boutwell was on the thirty-seoond page of his fifty-page speech. ... The resolution adopted by the Senate this morning provides that as many of the managers and counsel for the President as desire to do so be permitted to file arguments, or to address the Senate orally. Mr. Boutwell, in opening, said that the Chief Magistrate of the principal republic of the world was on trial, not for the purpose of punishment, but for the safety of the State. The issue between the President and the representatives were technical and limited?namely, whether the former had violated the constitution and the Iswb in removing Stanton and appointing Thomas. H-. maintained that the sovereignty rested with the people who vested it in Congress: whereas the executive and judiciary are denied all discretionare or implied power. Congress can adapt the ady ministration to the condition of the national lifeD?rtcn/lnnf mnof erlminiofflN tllO lftV O* TTUCI^ttO liiC JL ICOiUOlJV uuuou wminiuiyw*i vmv ?wn wj he finds it, without questioning the legislative wiss dom. The President can make no inquiry regarding the constitutionality of the law, ana he can neither plead nor prove good motives for nullifying it The President having violated the law, the Senate can enter into no inquiry as to its constitutionality. He denied that the President desired to bring the question before the courts. His real object was to seize the offices of the government, and by their influence to reconstruct the Union in the interest of the rebellious States. No criminal had ever been arraigned who offered a more unsatisfactory excuse for his crime. Stanton's suspension and Grant's appointment, was an acknowledgement of the legality of the Tenure-of-offioe > law, behind which the President could not go. The subsequent effort to remove Stanton was unauthorized by the Constitution and violative of the the President's oath of office. This required a verdict of guilty under the first article. The Cabinet advice was no excuse. It was the advice of servants to their masters. . '. Boutwell then discussed the constitution and the practice of removals, closing his argument with the assertion that none of/he predecessors of Mr. Johnson, from General Washington to Mr. Lincoln, had ever claimed the power to remove a civil officer during a session of the Senate, without its consent. He also argued that the Tenure-of-office act was constitutional, and covered Stanton's case. He said the President seems to have been under the influence of a criminal purpose to destroy Grant as well as remove Stanton, ana attempted to carry out his purpose by various and traitorous methods, attempting to seduce Generals Thomas and Sherman. There is no reason, he said, to suppose that the present Secretary of the Treasury would not yielu to any scheme Johnson might undertake. He then reviewed the President's reconstruction policy, and said: "The House has brought this criminal to your bar upon the conviction that the country was in peril, and with equal confidence in his guilt, and it is in your disposition to administer exact justice between him and the people of the United States. His conviction is the triumph of l A l, 3 _A l! T J. 4. A - law, 01 oraer ana or jusuce. a uu uutj iwr u moment, contemplate an acquittal. It is impossible. Therefore, I ao not look beyond. But, senators, tbe people of America will never permit an usurping executive to break down the securities for liberty provided by the constitution. The cause of the country is in your hands. Your verdict of 'guilty' is peace to our beloved land." Washington, April 23.?The high Court reassembled at eleven A. M., and Mr. Boutwell concluded his speech. Thomas A. R. Nelson, of counsel for the President, then made an extempore argument. He alluded to the magnitude of the occasion, and feared a lack of ability on his part properly to treat it. The managers charged Johnson with an evil nature and wickedness, have characterized him as even-thing, from a political criminal to a common sooi... Nelson gave the President's biography in refutation of these aspersions. He felt that he was not addressing senators as politicians, but as judges who would rise ^bovc prejudice or party, and was confident that outside pressure would be indignantly repelled. If he believed conviction a foregone conclusion, humble as he was, he would scorn to address them. Nelson cited the resolutions offered by the President and adopted by Congress immediately after the Bull 1 Run disaster, declaring the purposes of the war, which ordinance was still unrepealed. To these 1 resolutions Johnson was faithful. Lincoln's policy 1 after Lee's surrender was based upon those resolu- ! tions, which Johnson had faithfully carried out Congress claimed power in the reconstruction acts : by implication. The President had a right to his 1 own opinion, and honesty and integrity of motive must be presumed in such a case. Nelsonclaimed that Congress had justified the President'spolicy in the primary recognition of Virginia. He also argued the judicial character of the Senate, and de- : nounced the claims of the managers that the Senate was a law unto itself and could convict on com- * mon fame, as dangerous to the country. In closing, he denounced, as grossly improper, the managers' cry that the people demanded conviction, and that the public pulse beat fitfully while it was delayed. The court then adjourned. 1 Washington, April 24.?The court meets here- ' after at noon. Mr. Edmunds moved that the sen- 1 atorial speeches on the final vote be published by i the official reporters. Sumner objected and the ' motion goes over. Mr. Nelson resumed his argu- < ment, and continued throughout the day. lie kept the senators and galleries interested through- j out, the attention becoming closer as the argument neared its end. His points were well made, 1 and in some cases were startling. Mr. Groesbeck 1 speaks to-morrow. The end will not be reached i in less than two weeks. A pointed part of Nelson's argument implicates 1 four of the managers in an affair which interrupted 1 the relations between the President and Judge 1 Black. 1 Washington, April 25.?In the Impeachment 1 Court, Sumner proposed two additional rules? 1 first, that Chase shall ask each Senator "How do 1 you vote?" and he shall reply, "Guilty" or "Not 1 I Guilty;" and second, that upon conviction it shall < be the duty of the presiding officer to order the convict's removal forthwith. Objection was raised, and the matter goes over to Monday. ! Mr. Groesbeck then opened his argument for < the defence. He held that the body he was ad- < dressing was a court, arguing from the constitution, 1 which permitted neither bills of attainder nor irre- < sponsible tribunals, especially such as were laws < unto themselves. Lincoln's plain violation of the ] constitution "had been ratified by Congress because i his motives were good. He then proceeded to ar- i gue that the first and eighth articles rested on i whether the President haa a right to remove Stan- I ton and give Thomas an ad interim appointment i He argued that he had. Had Lincoln lived, and I had the Tenure-of-Office bill been passed in oppo- i sition to Lincoln, Lincoln, under its provisions, I during his second term, could have legally removed I a Cabinet officer appointed by himseaduring his < first term, and that Stanton had infinitely less 1 claim to the tenure under Mr. Johnson's term. i Mr. Groesbeck was suffering from bronchitis; i ui adjournment was proposed, but Mr. Groesbeck feared a few day's delay would not help him, and isked to be allowed to proceed, though the circumstance oopapelled him to make important omissions to hie-argument : >.* The President, having consulted advisors indicated by the constitution, was guiltless of crime. It was comparatively useless to urge the unconstitutionality of the act with thoeewho framed it, but , minting its constitutionality, be denied the President's criminality. The President's oath of office required him to maintain the Constitution. Minor ameers swore only to support it Answering Mr. BontweH; that ther President was bound to execute ill laws, Mr.. Groesbeck inquired about the Preaiieut'$4uiywben JheJ&jpreme ?porthad declared i law unconstitutional Groesbeck asked whether therPresidentwas to be aonvicted and deposed because he had acted on the interpretation saoctioped bkhu, constitutional idvisers, "by the thirty-eighth Congress, by the Supreme Court, and the uniform- practice of the government The evidence showed the President acted in the public interest iir removing Stanton. Groesbeck contended that the President's acquiescence in the Tenore-of-offioe bill as long as possible, was a point in the President's favor. As Groesbeck proceeded be# recovered his voice and held the floor and galleries spefl-bound. Concluding, be expressed his confidence on the final result, and characterized the precedents of convictions referred to by the managers as rather beacon lights of warning than examples for guidance. In conclusion, he propcrunoed a glowing eulogism upon Johnson4 s life, character and services. WAsmmwi un nuauna. "Leo," the Washington correspondent of the Charleston Courier, furnishes the following Batch of rumors and speculations-in regard to things in Washington, present and prospective. He writes under date of the 20th instant: , , . President Johnson's administration will close and Senator Wade's commence on the 1st of May, according 'to present appearances. Nothing but some interposition, little short of miraculous, can prevent it. The speeches of the counsel, commencing to-morrow, ww be closed next Monday, the 27tn.. Three days for the discussion of the senate in secret session, the speeches limited to fifteen minutes, will bring thrbody to a vote on the Articles of Impeachment If any of the eleven articles be sustained, it will have the same eff&ct as if all were sustained. The first eight articles mean the same thing, and according to the brief and compact argument of Mr. Manager Wilson, the Court cannot look Beyond the fact proved, that the President, with whatever intend assumed to violate the Tenure-of-Office law.,' This sudden political revelation creates very little public excitement AIT parties are looking beyond the impeachment and its results, to the pending Presidential election. The struggle between the Conservatives on one side, and the Radicals on the other, will develop all the energy and capacity possessed by party politicians. Upon some of the great questions, such as finance and the tariff,. the parties are so mixed that they present no distinct issue. The question of negro supremacy in the Government is the vital issue of the contest. General Grant, if he -should be olected, -will, it is supposed, conform Impolicy to that whichmay be manifested by the elections of members of the House of Representatives. But the Radicals will, at any rate, keep the Senate for some time, and it is their boast, that their laws imposing negro suffrage upon the Sooth cannot be repealed for five or six years to come. . - *1 ' One resnlt of Mr. Wade's accession to the Presidency, will be the immediate passage by Congress, ; of more Reconstruction Acts of the most stringent and oppressive character, and also of the SumnerStevens Bills, forcing negro suffrage .upon all the States. The condition of the unreconstructed States will be the chief subject ofauariety under the new Administration. The "Radicals have pledged themselves through the cotlntiy, that all% disorders in the South shall cease and industry and prosperity be restored South and North, as soon as President Johnson shall be removed. If they cannot fulfil their engagement, theyyrill have to answer for it to the people, at the polls in November. The great desire or the party' now is that the Southern States shall accept Radical Constitutions and be iepresented in the Radical interest in due time, to-take part in the next Presidential election. How far they are to lip uglified in, this, is very doubtful. Georgia. Virginia and North Carolina, aiid several other States will, perhaps, reject the Constitutions framed by their respective Conventions. ". # ' The Constitution framed for Virginia, is believed to be utterly impracticable. The State Government cannot be carried on under its provisions.? The required iron-clad oath will secluae competent men from State, and municipal office, in eveiy district and county in the State. Some of the evils, naturally resulting from an election by the Senate of one of its own members, as acting President, begin to manifest themselves. Bargaining and intrigue for office, are alreac(y actively employed. The Radical Senators, who make Mr. Wade acting President, will control him. They can direct all the appointments, and of coarse dictate to him his line of action on every subject If he offend a majority of the Senate they can elect another President pro tern, in his place, whereupon Mr. Wade will resume his seat as a Senator from Ohio, and his successor as President pro tem. of the Senate, will succeed him as acting President of the United States. _ ^ .'.. "BEHIND THE SCENES." This (says the Washington Express, of the 17th instant) is the title of a book by "Mrs. Keckley, for thirty years a slave, bat more recently modiste and friend to Mrs. Lincoln," which will shortly be published. It is pretty liberally interspersed with miscellaneous scan. maa.t and will be a rich morsel for scandal-mongers. We are treated with displays of feminine jealousy on the part of Mrs. Lincoln, and of the moral and religious character of her husband. Mrs. L's opinions of generals and statesmen are given. She Bays of Chief Justice Chase, then Secretary of the Treasury, in conversation with her husband, that "he is anything for Chase. If he thought he could make anything by it, he would betray you to-morrow." Of Mr. Seward: "It makes me mad to see you sit still and let that hypocrite Seward twine you around his finger as if you were a skein of thread." Gen. MeClellan she pronounces to be "a humbug." Gen. Grant even is not exempt from the withering criticism of this worthy lady. "Yes, he generally manages to claim a victory, but such a victory! ( He loses two men to the enemy's one. He has no management, no regard for life. If the war should continue four years longer, and he should remain in power, he would depopulate the North. I could fignfc an army as well myself. According to his tactics there is nothing under the heavens to do but to march a new line of men up in front of the rebel breastworks, to be shot down as fast as they take their position, and to keep marching until the enemy grows tired of the slaughter. Grant, I repeat, is an obstinate fool and a butcher." She further adds that "should Grant ever be elected President of the United States she would desire to leave the country, and remain absent during his term of office." So the General will have, at all events, one most decided opponent in bi$ Presidential schemes. Mrs. Keckley, further on, tells us of her mistress that "search the world over, and pou will not find her counterpart" On Mrs. Lincoln's departure from the White House, subsequent to the death of her husband, Mrs. Keckley Informs us that lady "owed different store bills amounting to $70,000," and that "Mr. Lincoln knew nothing of these bills, and the only happy feature of his assassination was that he died in ignorance of them." This secret is disclosed in regard to Mrs. Lincoln's debts "in order to explain why she should subsequently have labored under pecuniary embarrassments." We are also told the well-worn story of Mrs. Lincoln's "old clothes" experiences, with the addition of many private facts connected with that delectable adventure; while, in an appendix, a series of letters from the widow of the deceased President, purely private rnd unhesitatingly confidential, are published to prove the authenticity of what has been said in the preceding chapters. Thad. Stevens and the Masons.?Thad. Steven's schemes and efforts have not always proved successful. A story is told of his experience in :he Pennsylvania Legislature, many years ago, when the anti-Masonic fever raged throughout the wuntry. Mr. Stevens had introduced a resolution if inquiry into the subject of Masonry, which was passea by the House and a Committee appointed with power to send for persons and papers. A lumber of well-known Masons were summoned to ittend the "High Court" then in session, and a borough investigation was to be had in the premses. The fearful rights and ceremonials were to ie laid bare to the world, and the black monster, Masonry, was to receive its death blow. Thad. ~ % Stevens was the St George who was to annihilate die fiery dragon. On the day appointed for the - commencement of the trial, evexy member was in lis seat The first and only witness examined was i well-known Master of a Masonic Lodge, who was nterrogated aefbltows; "What are the initial pro^