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% (raps and Jacts. There were 1,291 deaths from violenc in New York last year. Several hundred small-pox deaths hav< taken place in the city of Mexico. The Auburn, (N. Y.,) shoe factorie make over one thousand shoes per hour. It is reported that a large portion o Helena, Arkansas, has^een destroyed by fire The North Carolina Legislature ha passed & law for the protection of mocking bird nests. Benjamin Macon, a Trial Justice ii Chester county, has been removed by Gover nor Scott. The snow blockade reports from th< Pacific Railroad are more discouraging thar ever. James H. Taylor, a member of the firn of G. W. Williams, & Co., died suddenly ii Charleston one day last week. A bill is before the Utah Legislatun providing that boys of fifteen and girls o twelve may marry, with the consent of thei: parents. Thomas Scott is reported to receivi $150,000 a year as the sum of his united sala rics from the different railroads under hi: control. The Georgia National Bank, at Atlan Ui, has been attached for refusing to pay on< hundred and twenty thousand dollars deposi ted by Gov. Bullock as State funds. The infidels of Massachusetts have sub scribed thirty thousand dollars for the erec tion of a building for their use in Boston, to b< named Painc's Memorial Hall. One hundred prisoners and two hun dred witnesses are at Jackson, Miss., in attend ance on the ku-klux trials, which are aboui commencing. The Second Adventists have aetiniteij settled on 1873 as the time for the end of th< world. This is about the one thousand eighi hundred and seventy-third time they havf fixed the date. Five thousand eight hundred and fiffy Illinois soldiers were killed during the war and nineteen thousand four hundred anc twelve died of disease, making the proportion of deaths to the enlistments one to six. A California genius, having discoverec that a man's life is prolonged Dy sleeping with his finger tips touching his toes, has in vented a machine to hold the man in tha position. Cincinnati is said to be the most densely populated city of the United States, having thirty-six thousand people to the square mile while New York has but twenty-three thou sand. Bristol in Tennessee and Virginia which is almost evenly divided among the twi States, is an anomaly among towns. Thi State lines pass through the centre of the mail street. The population is three thousand. A slight shock of an earthquake wa felt at several points in Mississippi recently At Fayette, in Jefferson County, it was so se vere as to leave a large crack in the walls o the College. Savannah River was very high at Au gusta, on Friday, but stopped at twenty-eigh feet, after sending the water through severe streets of the city and creating much uneasi ncss. A part of Hamburg was submerge< and the inhabitants compelled to leave. The people of Charleston are considers bly excited over a proposition made bv thi Central Georgia Railroad, to lease the Soutl Carolina Railroad. The Charleston peopl are impressed with the idea that it is a schemi to divert trade to Savannah and other point in Georgia. It has been decided in New York ty the commission of appeals in the case of Raw son against the Pennsylvania Railroad Com pany, that the limitation of a liability to om hundred dollars for loss of baggage is not a con tract, and awarded the plaintifffour thousam dollars damages for her baggage lost by th< defendant. The first State election in this impor taut political year will be held in New Hamp v ii 1 n,i /?-*?- 1 T> 1.1. _ n i! snire on me izm 01 iuarcn. joy me ouusu tution of the State an absolute majority of al the votes cast is necessary to elect, and a there are again four tickets in the field?Re publican, Democratic, Labor-Reform, am Prohibition?it is possible that the choice o Governor will be thrown into the Legislature as it was last year. -? It is said the southern members of Con gress intend to iusist upon the continuance o the income tax on the ground that but little o that tax is paid by southerners, and that th< greater portion of it falls upon the people o the eastern States, who are able and ought t< be made to bear the tax. It is further sai( that the southern members will effect a com promise with the members from the West ant Northwest, by which the latter will vote t< continue the income tax, and the southeri members will in return support measures ii the interest of the West and Northwest. A poor negro, named Harris, who hat been smitten by the small-pox, entered th< town of Flint, in Michigan, and instead o meeting with humane treatment, was thrus into a railway car going south. Having nc money to pay his fare, and admitting to th< conductor that he had the small-pox, he wai put off*the train to perish in the cold. He se out in the night, through bitter cold weather for the village of Holly, but was driven awa] by an officer at the muzzle of a loaded pistol Sick, starving, freezing and exhausted, h< made his way through the soow to Pontiac where he was graciously permitted to die ir an old shed. It is worth while to know how to stoj bleeding from the nose when it become excessive. If the finger is pressed firrah upon the little artery which supplies blood U the side of the face affected, the result is ac coraplished. Two small arteries, branching up from the main arteries on each side of th< neck, and passing over the outside of the jav bone, supply the face with blood. If the nos< bleeds from the right nostril, for example pass the finger along the edge of the righ jaw till the beating of the artery is felt Press hard upon it, and the bleeding will cease Continue the pressure five minutes, until th< ruptured vessel in the nose has time to con tract.?Knoxville Chronicle. The number of mercantile failures it the United States during 1871 is reported a 2,915, the aggregate amount of liabilities be ing 885,252,000. In 1870 there were 3,553 failures, aggregating $88,242,000 liabilities and in 1869 there were 2,795 failures, witl S75,054,000 liabilities. The maintenance o these high figures shows the demoralizatioi subsisting in the commercial economy ofth< country, and which, in view of abundant crop and good average prices, with a steady devel opment of the general industries of the coun try, can oe attnnutea only to an irreaeemaDii currency. This pest subjects all comraeroia ventures to contiugences against which ordi nary foresight and prudence prove unavailing The result is shown in the formidable list o business failures, of which each brings in it train a series of embarrassments and losse which it is difficult to estimate. The celebrated lady physician, Mis Fowler, in practice at Orange, N. J., was re cently married, and is now Mrs. Ormsby She is a sister of Fowler, the phrenologist, an< has met with extraordinary success as a raed ical practitioner of the homoeopathic school Her income from her practice has for year past been from fifteen to twenty thousam dollars per year. She treats patients of botl sexes, has the names of over six hundred fam ilieson her practice books, and does more busi ness than all the half dozen male doctors of th place put together. In carrying on her pre fession she drives between forty and lift; miles every day. She is remarkably success ful as a doctor. She is a handsome womai of forty, clear-headed, light-hearted, strong willed, vivacious and intellectual. Her hut band is a New York merchant. I ?At a meeting of horticulturists in II- ] linois strong ground was taken against the: ; destruction of partridges. To show how I e useful this bird is, it was stated that a flock of partridges was seen running along the rows of corn just sprouting, and seeing them engaged in something which was believed j to be pulling up the young plants, one of 3 them was killed and its "crop'' examined, which was found to contain one cutworm, f twenty-one striped bugs, and over one hundred L chinch bugs. Another member related that he s had addnnted measures to Drotect the bird. and that they had become so numerous and tame that hundreds of them, after snow falls, i could be seen in his barnyard with the fowls, - where they were fed. As a result of their presence upon his premises, his wheat crops 3 were unusually abundant, while in many other i places not far off the chinch bug and other insects had destroyed half the crop. 1 ?bc a . YORKVILLE, S. C.: . THURSDAY MORNING, FEB. 15,1872. ? Watch the Figures.?The date on the "addresslabel" shows the time to which the subscription is paid. If subscribers do not wish their papers dis continued, the date must be kept in advance. Cash.?It must be distinctly understood that t our terms for subscription, advertising and jobwork, are cash, in advance HOME. . God in his providence has so ordained it, j that every animate creature has its particular locality?its home. In fact, there is no ner cessity to limit the declaration to animal , creatures. Everything in the animal, vege1 table and mineral kingdoms has its local hab1 itation. There are tropical fruits and vegetables ; fruits and vegetables which flourish and grow in the temperate zones; and berries ' whose home is in a soil covered by polar t snows and ice. The gold of the earth has its veins, so has the iron, the coDDer. the lead and I " "" "" "* ' 'LA ' j the coal. The wide ocean is free to the finny I tribe, but each species has its own home in !> the mighty deep. So of the wild beasts of " the forest Each has its particular locality which it instinctively claims as its own. To ' these creatures, led and guided only by B instinct, this place is dear. There they live j and rear their offspring, and there they die. From these indications of Providence, as s manifested in and by these irrational crea tures, every member of the human* family ? may clearly learn his duty. It is not, on the one hand, to shut himself up in a cave like a monk of the dark ages, and thus cut himself t off from all intercourse with his fellow man ; 1 nor, on the other hand, is it his duty to spend - his life, like some of the ancient barbarous J tribes, in wandering from place to place with no fixe4-abode. Every man should feel that it is his duty to have a home?a place, how? ever insignificant and poor it may appear in e the eyes of others?a home to him ; a e place where he can live and rear his children, s and then lie down and die and be buried, and his children can visit his graye and 7 moisten the cold clod that conceals his mor* tal remains with the tear of affection. B Socially this a matter of vital moment. _ The man who tents, like a Sythian, at a place 1 only for a night or a year, never can feel all e the sacred responsibilities that the permanent nitizen oupht to feel. His emotions never - can rise higher than those of an honest hireling. His frequent removes have a tendency | to sunder all the ties that bind him to any 3 particular spot. Most solemnly then would we urge every 1 individual to secure for himself and family a ' home. No sacrifice is too great to be made '' that this object may be secured. We are not urging individuals to make sacrifices to get f rich. We are not advising men to rise early f and retire late, toiling all the long day that 2 they may amass a fortune; biTt we do most f certainly advise every man to toil and labor 3 and economise, that he may secure a house * and home of his own for himself, and for his j little ones, in the event he should be called from j time to eternity whilst they are in their ini fancy. 1 In some countries this would be, to many individuals, a difficult undertaking. In our J county any industrious, able-bodied and eco? nomical man can accomplish this end. This is not saying every man can get rich. All } that is urged, is that each family in the land 2 make an effort to secure a permanent home. s If every family in the land owned and possess-1 t ed a home, it matters not how humble it | > might be, it would be a benefit to the county 7 in many respects. Such a state of things I would give permanancy to society, and inspire thousands of individuals with a self-respect i which in their present circumstances they can not well have. Not only so, but others would } have a respect for them which they now do 3 not have. This is not all. If every family 7 was the sole possessor of a home, it would inl finitely increase the wealth of the nation. , The family which changes its abode every e January has but little energy to make, and 9 less to economize. The gatherings of the s summer are broken, or lost, or thrown away '? during the move of the winter. * THE ALABAMA CLAIMS. g It seems that much discontent in England . has resulted from the publication of the printed case of the American government as prel sented to the Geneva commission on the Alat bama claims. The story in brief is, that the j" American government is too exacting and too extravagant in its demands, by lugging !| in claims for prolongation of the war, and in f direct injuries by transferring American ship1 ping to foreign hands, which is only a renewi al of Mr. Sumner's absurd claim for conses quential damages, that every body thought had been dropped. At the meeting of the ~ British Parliament on Monday, the Queen's J speech was read, and in alluding to this sub ject, Her Majesty says that the case of the United States laid before the Geneva arbitraf tion in pursuance of the treaty, includes 8 claims which are understood by her not to be 3 within the province of the arbitrators, and adds that on this subject a friendly communition has been made to the United States. So that the war between this country and Eng- i 1; land, which the newspapers have been inau- j -1 gurating for a week past is more remote than j ' the beligerent editorials would indicate. It ? I is quite reasonable to suppose that England j 1 i would be as lar irom committing a wrong aou , r i as the United States government; and when -1 the point at issue is properly understood by 1 e | the deliberative English, who are more slow [ at driving a bargain than the cute 'Y ankees" y j with whom they are now dealing, the "tempest H in a tea-pot" will calm down, and we will still; p. enjoy that traditional "peace" which President J. I Grant is from time to time represented as so ' , earnestly desiring. I FAILURE OF THE AMNESTY BILL. I The general amnesty bill which has been "considered" with so much patriotic zeal in j the Senate for the past few days, has finally been lost It was killed by Sumner's supplemental civil rights bill, as many persons now say they knew it would be. But whether Sumner killed amnesty by accident or design, is a question not yet determined. It is doubtless well enough. The two bills do not belong to- : gether, nor could they be made to work harmoniously as one. And besides, the one re-1 quired a two-thirds vote and not the appro-1 val of the President, and the other a majority | vote and the President's approval. VVlthholding amnesty from the excluded class only exhibits the uarrow and selfish feelings of the majority; while the effort to enact so-called civil rights laws by which the negro is elevated in social position to equality with the whites, also exhibits the groveling natures of these same law-makers. Senator Robertson of this State, now declares his intention to urge the immediate consideration of the civil rights bill, believing it can be passed in a much better form than when tacked to the amnesty bill. Of course it can. It can be passed in any form that malevolence and vindictiveness may see proper to dictate?not that we charge these attributes to Senator Robertson?and then we may expect a sort of "amnesty" measure so encumbered and vague as to signify nothing. PROCEEDINGS OF CONGRESS. In the Senate, on the 5th, Ransom's credentials, as Senator from North Carolina were referred to the committee on elections. Amnesty was again resumed. Mr. Carpenter offered a substitute for Sumner's civil rights bill, striking out all reference to churches and jurors, and applying only to inns, corporations, &c., that were maintained at the public expense. Bitter personal discussion ensued between Sumner and Carpenter. The debate lasted all day without a vote. In the House, a new amnesty bill was passed. It excludes persons who resigned from the army or navy or Congress to serve the Confederacy. Several other bills, not of general interest, were offered. In the Senate, on the 6th, Mr. Fenton presented a petition of over one thousand leading merchants protesting against the seizure of private books and papers by Government officials. The protest of the South Carolina Legislature against the reduction of duty on rice was presented. Mr. Sherman reported a bill making it an offense punishable by one year's imprisonment and 81,000 fine, for any private corporation, firm, or individual, to issue any obligation or promise to pay to be used or intended to be used as a circulating medium or currency; also, requiring the Secretary of the Treasury to retire monthly three millions of three per cent, certificates in addition to the amount now authorized to be re tired. This act makes the retirement obligatory upon the Secretary. Amnesty was discussed to adjournment. In the House a number of unimportant bills were introduced, and the education bill was discussed until adjournment. On the 7th, the Senate passed an appropriation bill of $30,000,000 for pensions. The consideration of amnesty was resumed. Mr. Carpenter's substitute for Mr. Sumner's amendment was rejected, yeas 17, nays 35. Mr. Sherman moved to strike out the seventh section of Sumner's amendment, which would repeal or annul all laws, whether State or national, which discriminate against race or color by the use of the word "white." After some discussion, Mr. Sumner, at the request of friends of the bill, consented that the section should be stricken out. Mr. Harlan objected to the striking out of the section without a a vote. In the House, amendments to the education bill were voted on. Two important ones were adopted: One, on motion of Mr. Goodrich, of New York, to distribute the fund on the basis of illiteracy, and the other, on motion of Mr. Hereford, of West Virginia, to the effect that the free schools contemplated in the bill need not necessarily be mixed schools. The last amendment was adopted by a vote of 114 yeas to 80 nays. The Republicans, in order to get rid of this last amendment, then turned in favor of one of kIn Amanrlokln nnr] tilt? SUUSlItUtCS WIIIUII iO 11U L niiicuuuuiv, uuu the question was at that stage when the House adjourned. On the 8th, amnesty occupied the time of the Senate. In the House, Hoar's education bill, distributing the fund in proportion to illiteracy, and not requiring compulsory mixed schools, passed to a third reading. The fund provided for in this bill is to arise from the sale of public lands. In the Senate, on the 9th, the adoption of Mr. Sumner's civil rights bill as an amendment to the amnesty bill came to a vote, which stood 28 to 28 (eight Senators being paired off) when the Vice-President gave his casting vote in favor of the amendment, and it was adopted. The bill was then further amended by excluding from the benefits of amnesty all who should not take oath that they had not been members of the ku-klux. With this amendment the bill was put on its passage and the vote stood yeas 33, nays 19?thus failing of the requisite two thirds, and did not pass. In the House a number of private bills were passed, and Mr. Edwards, democrat, sitting member from the third Arkansas district, was declared not entitled to his seat, which was awarded to his contestant, Mr. T>~11~. ?.,io itUa tttqa attrswn *n I JJU11CO, ic^uuiiwaii, nuv n?w onv/iu ?u? On the 10th, the Seuate was not in session. House proceedings unimportant. The proceedings of the Senate on Monday, the 12th, were unimportant. In the House a bill was introduced allowing criminals to testify in their own behalf at their own request, with a proviso that a failure shall not be construed as an evidence of guilt. The bill passed by 143 to 43. Young, of Georgia, offered a resolution instructing the judiciary committee to report a bill removing political disabilities from all who had applied, which was adopted. NORTH CAROLINA NEWS. ? T. W. Kerr's tobacco factory, at Salisbury, was burned last week. Loss 815,000. ? Cumulative suffrage is now allowed the citizens of Wilmington, by recent act of tho Legislature. ? Troop C. of the 7th cavalry, now stationed at Rutherfordton, is to be removed to Lincolnton in a few days. ? Edgecombe county claims to produce Vmndi-o/lfti norf rtf nil flifl fftt.tnn UllC'l T> KJ UUUU1V/UVU V v> ! WMV wwa??w?* raised in the United States. ? R. C. Swain, formerly of North Carolina, a son of ex-Governor Swain, was recently killed by being run over by a train of cars near Freeport, Illinois. ? Revenue officers last week seized 704 boxes of tobacco, belonging to various parties ! in Person county, for alleged violations of ' the revenue laws. ? The building of the N. C. Military Insti- j tute in Charlotte, was recently sold at auc- J tiou, for $13,150. The purchasers are L. W. i Sanders, J. H. Carson and S. B. Alexander. ! ? A destructive fire occurred in the town of Smithville, last Tuesday morniug, by which about 816,000 worth of property was destroyed. Insurance 89,000. Fire thought to be accidental. ? On the 7th instant a fire broke out in the barber shop of Jerry Bethel in Charlotte, but it was promptly extinguished, after which a difficulty arose between the white and colored firemen, which came near proving serious. ? The Wilmington Journal says that in addition to the 250 tons of railroad iron already received, another cargo of 200 tons, is daily expected, ail of which will be shipped to /-ii t-ii. ... ri.i u:_ iL? r?:_ Vjimrioue, uiu, vuiuiuuiu, iur mc utatcm uivision of the W., C. & R. R. R. ? C. M. Douglass, of Wiunsboro, S. C., a studeut at Davidson College, dropped dead on Sunday morning last. The Charlotte Democrat says that a minute before death he was in a lively conversation with a fellow student. ? Henry C. Clapp, who was acting as deputy Superior Court Clerk, in Guilford county, was recently detected in the practice of cutting witness' tickets from the clerk's books, endorsing the names of witnesses to whom they were due, and then disposing of them for what he could obtain. He has run away. ? The Legislature adjourned sine die at noon last Monday. The Republicans claim limb nit; ui't re-uiairiuuug uie uutkc 10 j?%iuuture, the apportionment bill before Congress not having yet become a law. It is also claimed that a technical informality voids Ransom's election to the Senate. ? The Supreme Court decides the act of the Legislature of the 6th of April, 1871, conferring powers on the President of the Senate and Speaker of the House to appoint railroad directors unconstitutional, aud sustains the Governor in his appointments. This decision is also construed to sustain the lease of the Central railroad. + EDITORIAL INKLINGS. Adjournment of the Legislature. No day has yet been determined upon for the adjournment of the Legislature. The Senate, some time ago, adopted a resolution to adjourn to-morrow. When this resolution came up in the House, its consideration was appointed for yesterday. The indications at present are that the happy event will be postponed until about the first of March. The Taxes for 1872. The Columbia correspondent of the Charleston Courier, in relation to the taxes for the year 1872, says: "There seems to be a growing dispositioni* the House to reject the joint resolution drered by Mr. Hunter to levy a tax of l&roills on the dollar. In fact, Hunter declares himself opposed to it and states openly that it was given to him by a prominent State official, and that he introduced it, not knowing its provisions. The assessment for the coming year will probably be fixed at 12 or 15 mills. Will not be a Candidate. Tom Scott, the great rai'road man of Pennsylvania, and the head of a ring which leases all the railroads that arc to let, was in Greensboro, N. C., a few days ago. On being asked if he expected to be a candidate for President at the approaching election, he replied that he did not desire the Presidency, but was willing to lease the U. S. Government for a period of 999 years, pay off the national debt, and ten per cent, to the stockholders. ,This ought to induce Grant & Co. to "trade." A Woman in the Pulpit. Quite a sensation was produced in Brooklyn, New York, a few days ago, by the appearance of a female preacher in the pulpit of Rev. Dr. Cuyler's Presbyterian church. The woman preacher is a maiden lady, named Sarah F. Smiley, a native of Philadelphia, aged about 30 years. She started out as a preacher about four years ago, under the auspices of the Society of Friends. In 1869, she visited Great Britain and held meetings in the Orkney Islands, and in Scotland, where she preached in churches of the various denominations without exciting comment; but her appearance in a Presbyterian church in Brooklyn, raised some doubts araoug the members as to the propriety of such an act, and the matter was taken before the Presbytery of Brooklyn. After a session of several days, the Presbytery decided not to censure Dr. Cuyler on this occasion, but resolved to call the attention of the Presbyterian churches to the resolution of the Synod of 1832, which declared that women should not preach in their churches. Major Brlgrgs, Speech. On the outside of this issue we print from the Columbia Phcenix, the speech of Maj. Briggs,oneofthe representatives from this county, delivered in the House of Representatives last week. In relation to the speech, we take the following from the Columbia correspondence of the Charleston Courier: "A very spirited debate took place in the House to-day on a Joint resolution by Mr. Briggs, offered some time ago, providing for the employment of three attorneys at law for the purpose of making a thorough examination and investigation of all the accounts, vouchers and other transactions of the Financial Board and the Financial Agent of the State, in the city ofNew York, and instituting such legal proceedings as may be proper for any illegal or unauthorized action on the part of either or all the members of said Board, or said Finan cial Agent, and to prefer indictments against eitner or all of said parties for embezzlement, or other fraudulent misapplication of funds belonging to the Slate. Mr. Briggs read a written speech in support of the resolution, in which he denounced the members of the Financial Board, and charged them with having over-issued State bonds to the amount of six millions. He stated that he proposed for the Legislature to retain the services of Messrs, W. D. Wilkes, of Anderson, D. T. Corbin, of Charleston, ana C. D. Melton, of Columbia. At the conclusion of his remarks, Singleton, Byas, Hunter and Thompson seized the opportunity to air their eloquence, after which the resolving clause of the resolution was stricken out. by a vote 40 yeas to 38 nays, much to the disgust of its author." A Liberal Congressman. One of the most remarkable bills ever submitted to Congress was presented on Tuesday of last week by Mr. Perce, of Mississippi^ It has provoked a vast amount of ridicule, and provides that the government shall appropriate two hundred millions for the settlement of the public lands and the education of the People, in fact giving them everything needed to keep house and go to farming, except we proverbial mule, which ought to be included with the 40 acres. Out of the proposed fund any landless citizen who desires to settle on the public lands is to be furnished transportation thereto and the following articles: Fifty dollars' worth of building material, one plow, one pickaxe, one hoe, one shovel, one axe, one kotnbaf 1ftfi nminda r\f asserted cut nails. 400 UailVtiVV) AWV ^IVMMWW V* MWV. - ? ? f pounds of flour, fifty pounds of bacon, ten pounds of coffee, five pounds of tea, one hundred pounds of corn meal, same of salt, fifteen bushels of seed wheat and five of corn, four of seed potatoes, and one dollar's worth of assorted garden seeds. The fund for this appropriation, which is intended, of course, for the colored people of the South, is to be derived from an equitable assessment of all the property of the people in the United States ; but after a period of five years the landowners are to commence to pay back ten per centum a year on the amount thus loaned. They are prohibited from using intoxicating liquors while accepting these lands. | TX)CAL ITEMS. NEW ADVERTISEMENTS. Aun H. Poag, Executrix?Sale of Choses in Action. R. W. Brice?Administrator's Notice. $.'$000 Wanted. Adickes A Black?.Spectacles and Nose Glasses. J. S. R. Thomson and T. S. Jefferys, AssigneesNotice of having tiled tinal accounts as Assignees of the estate of W. B. Daniels. ; T. S. Jetferys and James Mason, Assignees?Notice of the Third General Meeting of Creditors in the Matter of Allen Robertson, Bankrupt. J S. B. Hall, Judge of Probate?Citation?W. B. Williams, Applicant?Alfred Stilwell, deceased. | R. H. Glenn?Sheriff's Sale. T. M. Dobson A Co.?Look the Post Office?Bargains! Bargains!!?Just Arrived?20th of February?Notes and Accounts?Our Gro1 i? n a_. n i cenes?wmier udoud?onum. I Carroll, Clark ?fe Co., Agents at Yorkville?Carolina Fertilizer, j S. B. Hall. Judge of Probate?Citation?W. C. Caveny, Applicant?Margaret McSwain, deceased. CITIZEN'S SAVINGS BANK. We are informed that the deposits made in the Yorkville branch of the Citizen's Savings Bank, for the month of January, footed up the handsome sum of $116,500. PUBLIC DOCUMENTS. We are indebted to Hon. A. S. Wallace for a copy of the Report of the Comissioner of Agricnlture for 1870; Congressional Directory of the present session of the 42nd Congress, and several other valuable documents. ILLIICIT DISTILLING. On Thursday last, Wm. Stewart, Jackson Stewart, Moses Gordon, John Gordon, W. J. Trent, David Wells and Moore McSwain, all of this county, were arrested by a U. S. Deputy Marshal on a charge of illicit distilling, and brought before U. S. Commissioner Poinier at this place for examination. After a hearing of the case, Wells and McSwain were discharged from further arrest, and the others, in default of bail, were committed to prison. TOBACCO SEIZURES. A raid was made on several of the merchants of Yorkville by U. S. revenue officials, I a few days ago, and several small lots of to bacco were seized for alleged non-compliance with revenue regulations. The tobacco was confiscated, notwithstanding the fault did not rest with our merchants. There is no disposition on their part to evade the regulations of the revenue department, but as these regulations are changed so often, it is difficult for the merchants to know when they, or the itinerant traders from whom they generally Jjjj^their supplies, are transgressing. THE MILITARY PRISONERS. On Thursday afternoon last, the following York county prisoners were returned from Columbia for inprisonraent here until their cases are disposed of: R. T. Riggins, W. H. White, J. F. Little, M. S. Bowen, and R. P. Caldwell, white; and Sam Stewart and Frank Fewell, colored. J. S. Miller, who was tried at the recent term of the U. 8. Circuit Court, has also been sent here to serve out his term of imprisonment, which will expire on the 28th of March next. Including those returned from Columbia, there are now 22 military prisoners in confinement here. Corporal Corban, of company B, 18th infantry, has been relieved as jailor at this post, and ordered to report to his company at Columbia. He is succeeded by Sergt. McNeill, of company C, 18th regiment Since Corporal Corban has had charge of the prison, commencing with the first arrests made, on the 19th of October last, there have been in his custody at different periods, 196 men, all of whom, so for as we have learned, speak in the highest terras of his kinkness toward them, and of his efforts to render their prison life as aereeable as circumstances would permit. And in thus expressing the sentiments of those who have had intercourse with him, we would fain indulge the hope that his successor will display the same characteristics in the discharge of his unpleasant duties. . THE CIRCUIT COURT. At the time the Enquirer went to press last week, the Court was engaged in the trial of the case against William H. Snider, charg, ed with aD assault with intent to kill Tom Johnson, colored. On Thursday morning the jury rendered a verdict of "not guilty." F. M. Galbraith, charged with assault and battery on Frank E. Smith pleaded guilty, and was sentenced to pay a fine of $10 and costs of suit. Robert Neely, charged with assault and battery on Hannah Neely pleaded guilty. He was sentenced to pay the costs of suit or be imprisoned in the county jail for two weeks. , He chose the latter alternative, and is now a boarder at "Glenn's Hotel," at the public expense. John Adams, convicted of larceny, was sentenced to two year's hard labor in the penitentiary. "Major" Joseph Carter and his band, whose "ku-klux" exploits will be remembered by our readers, were arraigned for trial, on the charges of burglary and larceny. A nolle prosequi was entered as to Nick alias John Jackson, one of the number. All of the other defendants pleaded guilty, and made statements to the Court for the purpose of mitigating ' * ?? T 1. i~1 sentence. "Major oosepn verier, iuc iwuu of the band, was sentenced to five years' hard labor in the penitentiary; "Captain" Jefferson Jackson, to three years' hard labor in the penitentiary; "Lieutenant" Green Hampton, to one year's hard labor in the penitentiary. "Privates" R. Rawlinson and Jack Wallace were sentenced to imprisonment in the county jail, the former for two months, and the latter for one month. Causey Blair alias Causey Simril, was convicted of petit larceny, and sentenced to six months' imprisonment in the penitentiary at hard labor. ^ f Peter Culp, convicted of the murder of his i wife, near McConnellsville, in May last, was sentenced to be hanged on the second Friday ^f-March next. In passing sentence on ' His Honor Judge Thorn .is said : Peter Culp: You have been found guilty of the murder of your wife. T' j manner in which this horrid deed was d me, precludes from my feelings all sympathy for your condition. You went with her on that fatal morning into the field as if to work, and soon after you sent away the only witness who was present, upon a pretensive mission. When alone with her whom you had agreed to protect and defend through good and evil report, whose joys and whose sorrows you bad agreed to share until death should part you, yon brought upon her a violent death, by five successive blows with the hoe with which she was assisting you to earn your support. Any one of these blows was sufficient to have pro1 - - - ? i i ? i t?.i _ duced deatn, out movea ana seaucea oy me j instigations of the devil, which possessed you, you repeated the unnecessary assaults, until that devil in tender mercy withheld your arm. ! You then attempted to conceal your crime ; and account for her death in other ways than j what was true, until remorse unsealed your i lips and you confessed your guilt. I Instead of the love you promised, you gave | this poor woman anger; instead of a heart j uxurious with kindness, you gave her one | black with malice; instead of a mutual and reciprocal life, you have given her death ; and instead of the hand you pledged in marriage, you have given her the hand which dealt the fatal blow. In a few short weeks you will be called to | , rejoin this woman in the realms to which you ' have sent her. You will meet her as your acj cuser, before a Judge in whose sight repentance is sufficient for pardon. I warn you to prei pare for that meeting. She may forgive you ; J He certainly will if you carry before him a i changed and contrite heart. Let your last days, then, be devoted to conj stant prayer for mercy from Him, who can ! punish more terribly for this crime than the [ sentence I am now required, by law, to impose | upon you. You will be taken from the place | you now stand to the common jail, for York county, and there safely kept until the second Friday in March, when you will be taken thence by the sheriff of the county, to the j usual place of execution, and then between I the hours of 12 m., and 2 p. no., you shall be I hung by the neck until you are dead ! dead!! I J 1 ? I I A J .L. T I 1 : ueau ::: ana may me uuru uuve ujciujt J upon your soul. 1 \ ^"Immediately preceding theWjotirnment of the Court on Friday last, the following preamble and resolutions were adopted in relation to the death of J. Bolton Smith, Esq., late a member of the Yorkville Bar: Whereas, since the last Term of this Court, the Supreme Law-giver of the Universe, has summoned to his Courts the oldest member of this Bar, J. BOLTON SMITH, Esq. And whereas wo are desirous of awarding to our deceased brother the just meed of praise for his legal learning and fidelity to the interests of his clients, as well as to express our regrets for his death, and our sympathy for his family, 1st. Therefore, be it Resolved, That in the demise I of J. BOLTON SMITH, Esq., this Bar has lost an i able Counselor, and this community a long trusted adviser. 2nd. That we sympathize with his family in their loss. 3rd. That theso resolutions be published in the YorkvilleENQUiRBK, a copy sent to the widow of our late brother, and his Honor, the Circuit Judge, be requested to order them recorded upon the Journals of the Court. The Freedman's Bnrean. Mr. Cobb, of North Carolina, has introduced in the House of Representatives, a bill to abolish the bureau of refugees, freedmeu and abandoned lands. The bill proposes that the bureau shall be discontinued after June 30,1872, and that all agents, clerks and other employes then on duty shall be discharged, except such as shall be retained by the Secretary of War for the purposes of this act- Section two provides that the laws pertaining to the collection and payment of bounties to colored soldiers shall be carried into effect by the Secretary of War, who may employ such clerical force as may be necessary for the purpose. Section three grants the present commissioner, under the direction of the Secretary of War, such time as may be necessary to settle the legal claims against the bureau and to perfect the records of the same. Section four appropriates $100,000 to carry into effect the provisions of the pre ceding section. Section five continues the freedman's hospital in the District, under the control and supervision of three persons, to consist of the surgeon general, the Governor of the District and the surgeon in charge of the hospital. Section six appropriates $70,000 for the support of the hospital for the fiscal year ending June 30,1873. The bill was referred to the committee on freedmen's affairs. south carolinTlegislature. Monday, February 5, 1872. In the Senate, the following communication was received from Treasurer Parker, and referred to the Committee on Finance: I have the honor to inform you that the appropriation made during the present session of the General Assembly, for the paymentof the per diem and mileage of mem bora, pay of attaches, and incidental expenses for the sessions of 1870-71, and 1871-72, are exhausted. As far as I can learn, there are yet outstanding certificates to the amount of one hundred and ten thonaand ($110,000) dollars of session of 1870-71, held by the various banks and banking institutions of this place, which have been carried for a year. The importance of making an early approEriation for the payment of the above can hardly e over-estimated. In addition to the amount above stated, there are numbers of certificates issued during the present session yet unpaid, which, together with those drawn to pay to the 16th instant, will, in my opinion require a sumof at least two hundred and fifty thousand ($250,000) dollars to meet. Of the sum due for taxes for the present fiscal year, about one-half of the amount nas been colfTectea, while the time for payment, without pen alty, expired on January 10. I would respectfully suggest that some measures be adopted to provide a revenue sufficient to meet the above ana other demands on the Treasurer. The report of the Committee on County Offices and Officers on the House bill to provide for the election of County Treasurers and Auditors was read, and the bill and substitute recommended by the committee taken up, and, after debate, was indefinitely postponed. Yeas, 16; nays, 7. Report (favorable) of Committee on Agriculture on bill to promote the interests of agriculture in this State. The report was read and the bill indefinitely postponed. The Senate proceeded to the consideration, out of its order, of the report of the Committee on Finance on the bill to amend an act providing for the assessment and taxation of property, passed December 15, 1868, and all acts amendatory thereto; was read, and on motion of Mr. Whittemore was amended by the insertion of the following section, to be known as section 3, and then passed to a third reading: Section 3. That all lands which have been forfeited to this State under the provisions of the act providing for the assessment and taxation of property, passed September 15, 1888, and other acts amendatory thereto, shall be advertised by the County Auditor, in manner provided by section 107 of said act, and sold by the County Treasurer to the highest bidder, and the County Auditor shall execute a warranty deed to the purchaser. The proceeds of the sale, after deducting fees allowed by law, and paying the county the amount of taxes and penalties due from such land, shall be forwarded to the State Treasurer by the County Treasurers, and shall be credited to the county from which it is received, on account of the forfeited lands. Messrs. Whittemore and Hayne gave notice that on the third reading of the above bill, they would move to make sundry amendments. Mr. Johnston introduced the foUowing resolution ; Whereas, the State Treasurer, in a communicant., imo infm-moH >hn Snnaffl that the annroDria tions are exhausted, and the Treasury is without money to meet the pay certificates of the members of the General Assembly, Resolved, That the Senate adjourn sine die. Mr. Johnston moved that the rule be suspended, and the resolution considered immediately. Objection being made, the resolution *\tes ordered for consideration to-morrow. Mr. Hayne moved that the vote whereby the Senate referred the communication from the State Treasurer to the Committee on Finance be rescinded, and that the communication be taken up for consideration. Agreed In the House, the unfinished business of Saturday, at the hour of adjournment, being the consideration of a bill to charter the Spartanburg and Augusta Railroad Company, was resumed. The bill was read the second time and ordered to ben engrossed. Mr. L. Cain, introduced a bill compelling Representatives to reside in the county from ' * ? *' T. ;j__ a.1 wnicn mey were eieciea. 11 pruviues iuat it shall be incumbent upon every Representative to reside in the county from which he is elected, as long as he shall represent the said county. In default thereof it is made the duty of the Speaker to declare the seat of such member vaci nt, and to order an election to fill such vacancy. Notice was received from the Senate of the indefinite postponement of a bill from the House entitled "A bill to provide for the elec: tion of County Treasurers and Auditors." i Tuesday, February 6,1872. j In the Senate, Mr. Whittemore reported i favorably upon bills to amend an act proviI ding for general elections, and the manner of conducting the same. Ordered for consideration to-morrow. Report (unfavorable) on a bill to regulate the granting of licenses to retail spirituous li quors, was read and ordered to lie over for a second reading. In the House, a special message was read j from Governor Scott The following extracts are of special interest to the tax payers: i The deficit, in meetiog the expenses of the State | Government during this period, has not been proI vided for as required by the Constitution. This I failure to comply therewith has been the primary cause of our financial embarrassment, and to delay longer to discharge this public duty, from fear of a complainton the part of the taxpayer, is only I to increase the financial embarrassment, while it will in no way lessen the complaint of high taxation. Long experience should have convinced the General Assembly that the complaint is not regulated by the rate per cent, levied upon the taxable property of the State. For in the year 1870, when the entire tax for Statepurposes was but five mills on the dollar's valuation of taxable property, the complaints were as loud and earnest as though it j had been five times that amount. The failure to " ?* - -'? ? oa will cover deflcien levy sucn a iair rauj ui ? ces and meet the future legitimate current expenses of the State Government, together with a sufficient amount to pay the interest on the public debt, amounting to fl 1,994,908.98, the last item alone requiring about four mills on the dollar, ' must produce discontentment and contined embarrassment. In addition to the above, there will be a deficiency for the present fiscal year, the amount of which should be determined at once by the Committee on Ways and Means. I would, therefore, earnestly recommend that this subject be acted upon at once, and the necessary means provided by proper legislation. Wednesday, February 7th, 1872. In the Senate, Mr. Corbin introduced the following resolution, which was adopted : 1. That the cause of justice imperatively demands an increase of United States Courts in this State. 2. That a new United States district judge is imperatively demanded in the Western district of this State. 3. That there should be a now judicial circuit created out of the States of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, and a circuit judge appointed thereto. 4. That the Congress of the United States be respectfully requested to take immediate steps to carry out the foregoing resolutions. 5. That the Governor do forward a coj>y hereof to the President of the Senate, and also a copy to the Speaker of the House of Representatives of the Congress of the United States. A bill to amend an act providing for the general elections, and the manner of conducting the same was passed to a third reading. a k:ii nartnin officers dealing in A Ulli |71^VV>UU vv? w certain securities and evidences of debt, was laid on the table. In the House, Mr. White introduced a joint resolution to require the land commissioner to issue titles to actual settlers upon public lands, which provides that the land commissioner is empowered and directed, on application of all actual settlers upon the public lands of the State, to issue full and legal titles to the same without any further payment, the State to thereby quit all further claim to the said lands, and vest full rights and titles in such actual settlers, their heirs and assigns forever. Thursday, February 8,1872. In the Senate, a joint resolution was introduced to authorize the payment of commissioners and mauagers of elections at special elections during the year 1871. Also, a bill to provide for special elections, and the manner of conducting the same. In the House, a bill to authorize the formation of, and incorporation of the Spartanburg and Aiken Railroad, passed to a third reading, and was ordered to be sent to the Senate. The Governor sent to the Senate and House, the following communication from the State Auditor in relation to the sale of the SpartanL J t>_:I ^ . DUTg auu UU1UU ivtuauau . Governor: Iliave the honor to report that, in compliance with instructions received from your Excellency, I proceeded to Union C. H. on Monday, the 5th instant, for the purpose of protecting the interest of the State at the sale of the Spartanburg and Union Railroad, advertised to take place that day. I was informed by your Excellency that the amount of liabilities of the State on account of this Road was $619,500, and directed to bid to that amount. Upon the road being offered for sale, the terms were read by the referee, Mr. Baxter, requiring $25,000 to be paid in cash, and the balance in three equal annual installments. The road was bid off by myself on account of the State at $610,000. Upon my tendering my warrant upon the State Treasurer to the amount of $25,000, it was refused upon the ground that said warrant was not cash, and consequently the terms of sale were not complied with. The question was then asked if by cash was meant gold or silver. The reply was United States and National Bank Notes. The referee proceeded with a resale of the property. I protesting against such action through Col. J. D. Pope, who, under your Excellency's direction, acted as my legal adviser, claiming that the property belonged to the State, and that said action, on their part, was illegal. Notwithstanding my protest, however, the referee proceeded with the sale, refusing to accept my bid on behalf of the State; and the bid finally reached $275,000, at which figure it hung for nearly half an hour, the auctioneer being just upon the point of striking the property on at that figure when at this juncture some gentlemen, bankers at Union Court House, came to me and offered to advance $25,000 upon my warrant, providing that I would pay them for such advance. I baa no time to consider, as the property was then called for the last time, but acting upon the legal advice of Col. J. D. Pope: stated to the referee that I would raise the required, amount, and he accepted my bid. Meanwhile in consulting with the gentlemen, who had offered to make the necessary advance to prevent the sacrifice of the interests of the State, I found that their terms did not present a very flattering prospect for the interests which I represented; they requiring a bonus of $10,000 for the use of the $25,000 for twenty-four hours. These very modest and moderate terms, I of course rejected, and upon the road being struck off the slate for the second time at $450,000,1 was obliged to say that the gentlemen, who had offered to advance tne necessary funds, had refused to do so. The property was put up for the third time for sale, and was finally stricken off to H. G. Worthington, for the sum of four hundred and fifty thousand ($450,000) dollars. Upon the adjustment of the settlement on account of this purchase?both Col. Pope and myself attending?Mr. Worthington tendered two certified checks, amounting to twenty-five thousand ($25,000.00) dollars, upon banks in this city, which were accepted?both Col. Pope and myself protesting, and claiming that such action was no more cash payment than was the warrant which I had tendered. I would say in closing, that Col. J. D. Pope?to whom lam under many obligations for the mterest which he exhibited, and the advice which he gave me in this matter?expressed himself to me as satisfied that it is in the power of the State to set aside this sale; firstly, upon the ground that there is no legal right by which the State can be required to pay any amount of money in cash, in excess of the bill of costs, which must be made out and presented. Secondly, that the warrant which I tendered, which was refused, wasas much cash, under the law, as the certified checks which were received. Friday, February 9,1872. The proceedings of either House present nothing of general public interest outride of orders for tne consideration of bills on Monday, 12th, to which day both Houses adjourned. Monday, February 12,1872. In the Senate, a bill to authorize and require the county commissioners of York coun ty to change the location of the Armstrong Ford Road, received a first reading and was ordered for a second. A concurrent resolution was received from the House, requesting the Senators now representing the State of South Carolina in the Congress of the United States to resign their Sositions. After debate, participated in by Eessrs. Leslie, Johnston, Corbin, Nash and Swails, was postponed and made the special order for Wednesday, at 1 p. m. Ik the House, a bill to authorize the county commissioners of York county to change the location of the Armstrong ford road, was read a third time and passed and returned to the Senate. Mr. Bowley offered the following joint resolution, which was adopted, yeas 70, nays 9 : "Whereas, we the representatives of the people of South Carolina, in the interest of liberty and equality, recently passed a concurrent resolution, instructing our Senators and requesting our Representatives in Congress to vote for the passage of the supplementary civil rights bill, then pending iu the United States Congress; and whereas it appears that the Hon. F. A. Sawyer and the Hon. T, ; J. Robertson, did, notwithstanding such instruc; tions, vote against said bill?thereby proving I fbflmonl<rAn a ikn In tbom 1 mojiivwivco rWJJTtJUUW lu bliC blUOb i uuuocu iu vuvu? I by the Republican majority of this State?and I showing that they are opposed to the principles ! of liberty and the equality of all men. Therefore, be it ! "Resolved by the House of Representatives, the j Senate concurring, that the said F. A. Sawyer and I the said T. J. Robertson be requested to resign their seats in the United States Congress forthwith, i "Resolved, That the Clerk of the House be in; structed to provide certified copies of this pream[ ble and resolutions to said Senator and to our j Representative in Congress, and the President of I the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Repi rciontatives ofthe United States Congress."