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fctaps and Jarts.
Farmers in Western Texas are employing Mexicans to work for the year. A Tolland, Ct., woman was born and married and died in the same room. It is estimated that 7,000,000 hogs will be packed this year in the United States. There are 23,600,000 cattle in the United States. In Noxubee, Miss., it costs $750 for a liquor license. Laborers get eleven cents a day in Brazil. The horses in the United States are valued at six hundred aud sixty millious of dollars. Sixteen ex-Confederate army officers hold situations on the Union PaciBc Railroad. Our country, it is said, has had but one black-eyed President. That was Gen. Harrison. A native of Kentucky, whose name is Grant, wishes to change his name to Jeff. Da- j vis. Paul H. Hayne has taken charge of the literary department of the Rome (Ga.) Courier. The Governor of Florida thinks trial by jury is a useless institution and recommends its abolition. A cow on the plantation of Mr. John Roberts, in Terrell county, Ga., became the mother of five calves at one birth. They claim to have a man in the Alabama Legislature whose eloquence is like liquid gold. Legislators usually prefer it solid. It is estimated that a total of 7,000,000 bales of cotton, valued at $400,000,000 in gold, is now consumed every year in Europe and the United States. Two years ago, Texas had 511 miles of railroad in operation. She now has 1,257, and it is confidently expected that 500 miles more will be finished during the present year. After twenty-three years of wedded life, Nancy Kyle, of Middletown, Connecticut, sues her husband for wages as housekeeper, claiming fifteen dollars a month for the full period. A memorial has been presented to the Legislature of Texas asking the passage of a law making the seller of liquors responsible for all damages done by the intoxicated person. The Congressional Printer has beeu directed to hurry up the printing and the binding of the "Pub. Docs." ordered by Congress, so that they can be all done and sent away under franks before the 1st of July. An exasperated Michigan editor says: "It is disgusting to see young girls parade the streets of a modest and unassuming little country village, with a tuckupbehindwiggledaruphoolativeness, larger than they are." So great has been the oppression of the negro aud carpet-bag government in Louisiana and New Orleans, that the debt of that city is one-fourth of her assessed property. Since 1867, the real estate of the city has declined more than thirty per cent, in value. . Tho Pvnr?iiQ from TTUnrirto ia trflf-ViPrinor force. It is said that more than 100 families, the heads of which are principally well-to-dp farmers, have emigrated from Sumter and the surrounding counties. Some of them are settling in Georgia, some in Tennessee, and some in North Carolina. They are driven forth by odious laws and oppressive taxation. One Joe Ware was so deeply in love with a young lady, whom he often visited, that at last he offered her his heart and hand. She replied that in offers like these her mother cautioned her to beware. "Your mother was right," said her lover. "Be ware by all means; but let it be Mrs. Joe Ware." She rested her head on his shoulder, and the contract was sealed. This yarn is told of a Topeka lady who wrote to a matrimonial agent for a husband. The agent transferred the letter to a crusty old bachelor, who, in replying to it, accidentally substituted for his own photograph that of a pet ourang outang. The lady answered : "There is certainly not much personal beauty about you, but you appear to have an honest, manly face. I accept." The New York Commercial Advertiser, remarks: "Ifyou had avoided rum," said a wealthy though not intelligent grocer to his npitrhhnr. "vnnr enrlv hfthita inrbistrv aiul intellectual abilities would now have permitted you to ride in your carriage." "And if you had never sold rum for me to buy," replied the bacchanal, "you would have been driver." An unsophisticated maiden in Illinois has invented a simple but ingenious device of securing by one operation both a husband and a fortune. She offers herself as a prize to be raffled for?100,000 tickets to be issued, at SI each, reserving to herself the right to reject the holder of the lucky number on payment jof 8500. A man in Detroit was recently found in the street quite overcome by whisky, and had to be carried home on a sleigh. A boy, who supposed the man was dead, ran on and informed his wife, who met the crowd at the gate, and, in broken accents enquired of one of the men, "Do you think I ought to present his life insurance policy to the agent this afternoon ?" She seemed quite disappointed when she learned the truth. The latest novelty is the invention of fire-proof paper shutters made of iron and Daner duId. Various tests, it is stated, have I I 4 4 ' been made, all of them highly satisfactory. The principle involved is based 011 the fact that the sheet-iron covering is so thin that it cannot expand, and heat generates carbolic acid gas by contact with the pulp, thus preventing combustion. The shutters are light and simple. A resident of Xewburyport, Massachusetts. whose house is infested with rats, has a novel method of capturing them. On retiring at night he sets his traps, which consists of a number of lines, to which are attached tomcod hooks covered with bits of meat. These are suspended a few inches above the floor and connected by a cross line, to which is attached a line running to his bedside, which rings a small bell when a rat is caught. The rats go for the bait, the bell rings and the watcher enters with a club and exterminates them. The editor of the Lancaster, Pa., Express, tells thisstory, but he never writes under oath: "A wife of nearly ten years, having given her servant a holiday, was attending to culinary matters herself, and hearing her husband coming iu the kitchen thought she would surprise him as soon as he entered the door by throwiug her hands over his eyes and imparting a kiss on his brow as in the days of the honeymoon. The husband returned the salute with interest, and said, as he disengaged her hands, 'Mary, darling, where is your mistress ?' The wife discharged 'Mary, darling,' the next day, and has adopted a new plan of 'surprising' her husband." TTI.?.oino /'RiiaoIo,l tho nmmnn JL LI UIC uaiaui^ ^Anuooiwy miv nviuvu j court more generally than the men. When j a young woman falls in love with a man she j is not the least ashamed to go to his father's house and reveal her passion in the most ten- j der and pathetic manner, and to promise the j most submissive obedience if he will accept j her as a wife. Should the insensible man pre-1 tend any excuse she tells him she is resolved never to go out of the house till he gives his ! consent, and accordingly, taking up her lodgings, remains there. If he still obstinately 1 refuses her, his case becomes exceedingly dis-1 tressing. Xhe church is commonly on her I side, and to turn her out would provoke her 1 kindred to revenge her honor, so that he has i no method left but to betake himself to flight j till she is otherwise disposed of. I A correspondent gives to the Hopkinsville New Era the following as a speech made by General Jackson, when he was yet a poor I back-woods lawyer in Tennessee and unknown to fame. He was employed to prosecute a . negro for the murder of another in a fit of! jealousy, and in his speech to the jury was the i ; following paragraph: "No more shall the j voice of the poor murdered man be heard in the songs of the merry corn huskings. No more shall he pluck the snowy cotton boll. No more shall the forest resound with the j echoes of his hunting horn as with his dogs he j chased the 'possum and the 'coon. No more i shall his nimble feet keep time to the music . of the banjo as he patted juba and cut the i pigeon wing. That voice ouce so joyful is , now hushed in death. Those limbs once so i agile are now rigid and still. His body now | lies upon the blood-stained turf, with his big toe pointing up to the blue arched vault of j heaven." Ike forlmUe inquirer. YORKVILLE, S. C.: THURSDAY MORNING, FEB. 27? 1873. Watch the Figures.?1The dcitcou the "address 1UUC1 SllUWfl tllU Wlllli; tu ? iltv.ll 111C i|;iK/it JO paid. If subscribers do not wish their papers discontinued, the date miutt be kept in advance. Cash.?It must bo distinctly understood that our terms for subscription, advertising and jobwork, are cash, in advance JOB PRINTING. Having determined to devote more attention hereafter to job printing than we have done in the past, we would inform the public that our office is now well supplied with new type of the latest styles, and the best machinery in use; and with a choice stock of inks, cards, papers, &c., we are prepared to execute as good work as can be done anywhere in the United States. Orders for Ball Tickets, [Freight Billheads, Bank Notices, Labels, Bonds and Coupons, I Law Blanks, Bill Heads, j Law Briefs, Business Cards, ! Letter Circulars, Certificates of Deposit, : Letter Headings, Certificates of Stock, iMemorandum Billheads Checks, :Note Circulars, Deposit Tickets, [Note Headings, Drafts and Notos, Programmes, Envelopes, Policies, Fired; Life Ins., Election Tickets, ,Shinplasters, Festival Tickets, Wedding Cards, will receive prompt attention, and satisfaction as to quality of work, guaranteed in every instance. Particular attention given to fine work in colors. PROCEEDINGS 1)F CONGRESS. In the Senate, on the 18th, Sawyer, from the Committee on Education and Labor, reported, with amendments, the Lewis bill for the promotion of education in the southern States. As amended, the bill provides for distributing two millions of dollars in those States, in the ratio of their population, for the education of childreu from six to sixteen years of age, irrespective of color or condition. The House bill declaring that the exemptions al lowed by the bankrupt law shall be the amounts allowed by the constitution and laws of each State in 1871, and that such exemptions be valid against debts contracted before the adoption of such State constitution, as well as to those contracted afterward, and against liens by judgment or decree of any State Court, was taken up and passed. In the House, Mr. Poland, of Vermont, Chairman of the Credit Mobilier Committee, made a long report, reciting in detail all the facts in evidence as against each one of the members implicated. The Speaker was entirely exculpated from all connection with the matter, he having declined to take any interest in the Credit Mobilier stock. In regard to Dawes, Garfield, Kelly, Bingham and Schofield, the facts in each are stated with more or less severe criticism on their action, and commending to the consideration of members approached under like circumstances, the letter of the venerable Senator Bayard, of Delaware, declining to take a pecuuiary interest in any matter that might come before him as a legislator. In regard to Ames and Brooks, their conduct is severely reprobated, and resolutions of expulsion in reference to them are reported to the House. The report having been read, further action on it was postponed until Tuesday next. In regard to the Senators involved, the report states that the evidence implicating them has been sent to the Senate for its action. In the Senate, 011 the 19th, Mr. Wilson introduced a bill authorizing the President to appoint three commissioners to revise the bankrupt law and report amendments thereto, _.L L C iL. n wiuuii was icierieu tu ilie v^uiuiuittee uu uic | Judiciary. The House bill removing the political disabilities of ex-Governor Smith? "Extra Billy"?passed. The House was occupied with military matters. A bill was passed to prevent the promotion of any officer who is addicted to the use of ardent spirits or deleterious drugs. In the Senate, on the 20th, the bill reported by Mr. Carpenter, from the special committee on Louisiana matters, declares the election in that State held on the 4th of November last to be null and void, and reinstates in office the State officers and Legislature who held their position at that time. It further requires a new election to be held for State officers and members of the Legislature on the 2d Tuesday of next May, and directs Wot, B. Woods?United States Circuit Judge for Louisiana?to proceed to Louisiana and appoint citizens of different politics to be State registrars, who shall cause a new registration to be made of all legally qualified voters of the State, commencing March 18, and ending 10 days prior to the date of election. These State registrars are to appoint two supervisors of registration for each parish except Jefferson and Orleans, for which a greater number are to be appointed, and in each parish the ! registrars are to be divided in politics. The President is empowered to employ the military and naval forces, on the application of the ! Governor of the State or the United States | Circuit Judge, to carry out the provisions of this act and enforce judicial process, and $200,000 is appropriated to defray the expenses of registration and election. In the House, the bill to adjust the war claims of 1812, wherein Virginia, Tennessee, Maryland, North Carolina and other States have claims aggregating to three and five-eighths millions, was rejected j by yeas, 90; nays, 118. Fernando Wood, arose to a question of privilege, looking to the j impeachment of Vice-President Colfax. The j resolution refers the report of the investiga-: ting committee of the Credit Mobilier to the Committee on the Judiciary, "with instruc- j tious to report articles of impeachment against Schuyler Colfax, Vice-President of the United j States, if in its judgment there is evidence im- j plicating that officer in the case that warrants impeachment." The speaker ruled that it | was a privileged motion, and that it was with j the House to decide whether the impeachment resolutions should be considered at this time. A vote was then taken by yeas and nays, and the House refused to consider by a i vote of 105 to 109. Six of the votes in favor of considering, were Republicans?Butler, Farnsworth, Beatty, of Vermont, Porter, Smith and Stevenson, of Ohio. In the Senate, on the 21st, Mr. Robertson presented a resolution of the South Carolina Legislature, that the withdrawal of Federal troops would endanger the peace of that State. It was referred to the Military Committee. The post-office appropriation was resumed. Among the amendments reported by the Committee is one prohibiting the transmission of any free matter. The provision for the transmission of obscene matter was adopted. House proceedings unimportant. Senate proceedings on the 22nd unimportant. In the House, the sundry appropriations bill was taken up and passed, and the river and harbor bill discussed. Various sums are appropriated by this bill for the improvement of southern harbors and waters. It failed to pass by a two-thirds vote?yeas, 101; nays, 62. The proceedings of the Senate on the 24th were unimportant. The river and harbor bill, making appropriations for the improvement of rivers and harbors in the South, passed in the House. The Judiciary Committee re .L.i .i i .? *i.? pun Ml lib LllUjr IlttYU IIU JUI 12U1UL1U11 1U l/lic Colfax, Ames and Brooks connection with the Credit Mobilier, because the former was not Vice-President, nor Ames nor Brooks members of the present Congress when the questionable transactions occurred. LEGISLATION. Perhaps no people, either in the past or present, have been the subjects of so much legislation as the people of the United States. The constitution of the United States, and the constitutions of the several States are buried beneath legislative enactments and repeals of legislative enactments, until nobody can find them. Thomas Jefferson said: "We have too much legislation in this country." If such was the case in the days of the author of the Declaration of Independence, it certainly is true at the present time. The mania for enacting new laws and repealing bid ones has been steadily on the increase for many years, and to-day it amounts to a perfect furor. Every individual who is so fortunate as to get a seat in a State legislature, seems to act as if he felt that it was morally binding upon him either to have some new law passed, or at least that some clause or section of an existing law be amended or changed in some way or other. One legislature builds up and another tears down, and the result is that no one, not even lawyers, know what is law. In one of the old Grecian States the senator who proposed a new law had to do it with a halter around his neck. If his proposed law failed to pass, he was hanged immediately. Senators aud legislators were exceedingly cautious about proposing either new laws or changes in the old ones. We do not advocate the inauguration of such a custom in our country. The comparative newness of our country and the recent political changes, as well as the general progressiveness of our people, need more legal changes and legal enactments than old countries which have be- ] come well established in every thing. Where, however, is this thing of law making to stop? If the thing goes on for a few years in the future as it has done in the past, we will have a law for every thing. Legislative enactments will invade the privacy of the domestic hearth on/1 fro rnnln lin/lnt* fKa innliannkln rmlitc "uu " 1UV/1 "o"1^ of individuals. Law will murder justice on; the farm, on the public highway, and on the very threshold of the forum. Legal enactments will become what the illustrious Cicero says about them?dark and mysterious phrases and sentences, which even the learned will not bfc able to expound. TJie number of laws is no evidence of a well governed and happy people. On the contrary, it is an infallible evidence of the very opposite state of things. If there were no thieves in a country, there would be no need for laws to punish roguery. This is not all. There is, in some men, and it would appear not a few, a kiud of moral, social and political insanity which prompts them to do what is forbidden, and not to do what is enjoined. Again, whenever a legal enactment infringes upon what men regard as .their rights, they feel that it is a virtue to violate it. So it is, that naturally a bad law produces disorder and confusion ; hence no law at all is better than a bad law. Justice is more endangered by too much legislation than by too little. A law-ridden people must always be an oppressed people. Laws are indications of social disease. Law makers are physicians, whose business it is to heal these social disorders. Legislative en'actnients are the remedies, but the less medicine that can be used the better it is for all. SOUTH CAROLINA NEWS. ? The annual sales of cotton in Columbia now average only about ten thousand bales. ? The Governor has appointed James M. Hope and Thomas G. Gulp, of York county, notaries public. rvm i o -n 1 /? i 1 , i ? ine poor nuuse.oi Jbcigeneia county is advertised for sale by the Sheriff*. ? There are only ninety-five delinquent taxpayers in Abbeville. ? Efforts are soon to be made to establish a Presbyterian Church at Due West. ? Hamilton Witherspoon, Esq., died suddenly at his residence in Sumter county, on Saturday morning last. ? The city council of Charleston has passed an ordinance levying a tax of eighteeu mills on the dollar upon all property in that city. ? Judge George Lee, of the Inferior Court of Charleston, died in that city on Wednesday of last week. ? About tweoty-ninethousand of thcseventy thousand dollars of taxes assessed in Barn well county, remain uncollected. ? Judge Thomas H. Cooke has purchased a residence at Anderson Court House, and will make his home there. ? General Kershaw, is speaking upon the subject of temperance to large audiences in Kershaw. ? The question of extending the Spartanburg and Union Railroad to Asheville, is being agitated. ?An act to enforce the payment of the poll j tax has become a law without the approval of! the Governor. The Union Times mentions that Rev. A. A. James is so far recovered from his late illness as to be out. He was at the Court House last week, but is yet quite feeble. ? Judge Graham has sentenced ex-trial, justice L. I. Wolfe, of Charleston, to five ' years hard labor in the penitentiary, for the killing of Perrin, of that city, some time ago. ? The corporators of the Laurens and . Asheville Railroad propose holding a meet-1 ing in Greenville at an early day, to confer , with the authorities there in relation to the , proposed extension of their road to Asheville. ? Major J. A. Leland, long and favorably known in this State as a Professor in the Military Academy during its existence, and lat terly as President of theLaurensville Female College, has removed to Mississippi. ? The Governor has issued a proclamation i ordering an election to be held in Barnwell 1 county to determine whether the Court House ' of that county shall be at Barnwell or Black-; j ville. The election is to be held on the 22nd j day of March. | ? The Anderson Intelligencer of last week . i says: "During the past four or five years a ' great many people have left the couuty and ; gone West?the greater number to Texas. A j j goodly number are returning, completely dis- : j gusted. They report that riches are just as , j deep down in the ground out there as in South j , Carolina, and that a dollar to double itself re- j quires just as much nursing. Here is the evil with many of our young men. They seek something easy, a way of making money without labor. It can't be done. 'By the sweat of thy brow,' was the Deity's fiat. It cannot be reversed." NORTH CAROLINA NEWS. ? Col. William Bingham, of the Bingham School at Mebaneville, died of consumption a few days ago in Gainesville, Florida. ? A colony of Canadians have purchased a j large tract of land in Guilford county, on which thnv will locate. ? The United States troops stationed at different points in the State have received orders to move to Fort Randall, Dakota. ? All the proposed constitutional amendments, except that relatiug to public charities, have passed their third and final readings in the Legislature. ? Sergeant Clemmons, of the garrison stationed at Charlotte, committed suicide by drinking a vial of laudauum, on Tuesday night of last week. ? The Charlotte Observer learns that a bridge in course of construction across Yadkin river, between Jonesville and Elkin, was washed away by the recent frshet. ? A youthful impostor representing himself as a son of Gen. Wade Hampton, of South Carolina, was arrested in Weldou last week. He had previously been operating in Norfolk and Portsmouth. ? H. E. Stilley, senator from Beaufort county, has been arraiuged before the county commissioners on a charge of embezzeling the sum of nine hundred dollars of the Peabody fund, which he had drawn for the purpose of paying to teachers. ? The Hickory Tavern Press says the Catawba River Baptist Association have projected the enterprise of building a Female College in the town of Hickory. Elder S. Head has been appointed agent to solicit subscriptions, and is meeting with much success. ? The Rutherford Record tells us of a man in that county who went to the election and voted on the same day that his wife died ; and of another man who had three wives in one year, and is now living with the fourth one. The Record asks deprecatiugly, or exultantly?we don't know which?if any county in the State can furnish a parallel. ? At a meeting of the North Carolina bondholders, held in New York the other day, a committee was appointed to institute legal proceedings to secure the payment of the interest on the bonds. It is claimed by the North Carolina papers that the meeting was composed of the Swepson ring of bond-holders, who having obtained their bonds by fraud, as is alleged, are growing restive under the fear that they will never be paid. ? In the Superior Court of New Hanover couuty, last week, the first mortgage bondholders of the Wilmington, Charlotte & Rutherford R. R. Company, obtained a decree of foreclosure in the Superior Court. The county holders compromised with a number of the creditors of the road, who were resisting the foreclosure. Three commissioners were appointed to sell the road, after giving forty day's notice. The bondholders assert that they will complete the road to Charlotte by January 1, 1874. ? At Greensboro, on the 20th instant, the case of Sibly and others against the Western North Carolina railroad came up before Judge Dick iu the United States District Court, in | chambers, on motion of Governor Caldwell for I an appeal. The motion was granted, and bond given in the sura of 8200,000?injunction having been served on the State treasurer restraining him from signing the bond. Private parties signed the bond, and S. McD. Tate was appointed temporary receiver of the road. This action will at least delay the sale of the road. WASHINGTON ITEMS. ? The Judiciary Committee report against the impeachment of Vice-President Colfax for his transactions in the Credit Mobilier. ? It is stated that the President declares it his purpose to make no changes in the postmasters throughout the country. ? In a Cabinet meeting on the 21st, it was determined to call an extra session of the Senate at noon, on March 4th. A proclamation to that effect has been issued. ? The President announces that after a due consideration of the requirements of public business, he has determined to postpone his contemplated southern tour. ? A general order has just been issued from the headquarters of the army, transferring the Seventh United States Cavalry from the Department of the South to the Department of Dakota. ? Information has been received at the Executive Department that the troubles in Pope county have been renewed. A militia captain is reported to have been shot. Martial law is probable. ? Preparations for the forthcoming inauguration at Washington are being conducted on the most extravagant scale, and the pageant is expected to be the largest and most brilliant ever seen at the Capital. ? The President sent a message to Congress 011 Monday, urging legislation on the fishery matter. He also urges immediate action on the Louisiana troubles, in order that he may be relieved of any responsibility. ? From the report of the Attorney-General, it appears that the judicial expenses in the South during the past year were as follows: Mississippi, $143,025.12; North .Carolina, $184,368.31 ; South Carolina, $170,387.83; and Tennessee, $165,517.73. ? John F. Qnarles, a colored lawyer, of Augusta, Georgia, has been appointed Consul of the United States at the port of Mahorn, on the island of Minorca. The pay and emoluments of the office amount to $1500 per j annum. ? It has been officially decided by the Post Office Department that C. M. Wilder, Post-! master at Columbia, S. C., cannot, during his \ incumbency of that office, hold his seat as a ; member of the Board of Aldermen of that j city, under the recent Executive order forbid- j ding the joint holding of Federal and State; offices, which takes effect on the 4th of March.1 ?The Attorney-General, in reply to an en- j quiry from the post-office department, in re- j gard to the right to charge double postage on | all mail matter not prepaid at the mailing! office, gives an opinion adverse to such right,1 and says there is no law to justify the depart-! mcut in making any such charges. Instructions hare already been sent out to all post-' masters in accordance with this opinion. LOCAL AFFAIRS. NEW ADVERTISEMENTS. Armstrong, Cator A Co., Baltimore?Ribbons, 1 Millinery and Straw Goods, 187:1. M, Strauss A Son?Counterpanes? Singer's Ma* j chines?Men's Socks?Spool Thread?Nap- : kins, Ac.?A Few Loft?Boots and Shoes? ; Hats and Caps?Great Bargains?Reduction ! in Prices?New Goods! New Goods!?Im- j portant Addition. James Mason?Phoenix and Wilcox, Gibbs A Co's Manipulated Guanos. W. II. H. Houston A Co., Charlotte, N. C.? j Wholesale Grocers and Conimision Mer- , chants. Dr. M. R. O'Connell, Woodlawn, Gaston county, | N. C.?O'Connell's Cure for Consumption, j T. W.Clawson, Deputy Messenger?In Bankrupt- I cy?First Meeting of Creditors?In the Matter of Obadiah Suratt, Farr II. Bates, Bank- j rupts. . THE ROCK HILL POST OFFICE. Miss Buena Vista Wood lias been appoint-; ed post-mistress at Rock Hill, vice William Kerr, deceased. AT HOME. On Friday evening last, Eli Ross Stewart, j \YTilli,im T.ou?ro nnd Robert Uiivpq \Iitnlipll recently pardoned by the President out of the Albany penitentiary, arrived at their homes in this county. PARDONED. The Columbia papers chronicle that John ; Adams, convicted of larceny at the February term of the Circuit Court for this county, has been pardoned by Governor Moses. The pardon was granted on the recommendation of the Solicitor and prosecuting witness. THE WEATHER?RAIN. The present winter in this latitude has been marked by more continuous cold weather than any winter for many years past. But little snow has fallen, though we have had an abundance of rain, followed by high waters and the consequent damages to fences and other property. The public roads are almost impassable. The same reports reach us from all other sections of the State, and the destruction of bridges, dams, fences and other property by the recent rains is greater than for many years before. GEN. E. M. LAW. General E. M. Law, who was distinguished as a gallant officer in the Confederate army, left this place?which has been his home for many years?on Monday last, and will make his future home atTuskegee, Alabama, where he intends to engage in the business of planting. Previous to the war, General Law filled a Professor's chair iu the King's Mountain Military School, which position he resigned, removing to Alabama, and at the commencement of hostilities entered the service of that State as Lieutenant-Colonel of the Fourth Alabama Regiment, and by promotion attained the rank of Brigadier-General. Returning to a people with whom he has been L* ?ini'tvtnlAlir oouArtlolflrl fiannffll Ilex tau-iui e au lULiiuxibcijr msuviaHu, uviibiui Law requires no word of commendation, while for his future prosperity he has the well wishes of his many friends in South Carolina. PRECAUTION AGAINST FIRE. The Town Council having had under consideration the best means of guarding against the danger of fires, have decided to sink a number of tanks on the streets for the purpose of supplying the fire-engines with water. Heretofore, the engines have been almost useless in case of fire, on account of the limited supply of water and the difficulty in obtaining it. Workmen are now enguged in sinking a tank of 2200 gallons capacity, in front of Rawlinson's Hotel, and when completed, the efficiency of the engines will be thoroughly tested, and the number and location of the others determined by the result. It is, however, deemed safer, and at the same time is more economical, to have a plentiful supply of water in cisterns conveniently located, than to rely upon long hose and a small number of tanks. This is a wise movement on the part of the Council, which all our citizens will approve. TRANSFERS OF HEAL ESTATE. The following transfers of real estate in York county, have been reported to the County Auditor since the 12th instant: J. M. Ivy to J. M. Williford. Lot in Rock Hill. Consideration, 8700. R. H. Glenn, S. Y. C., to J. C. Russell. A tract of 130 acres of land in Fort Mill township, formerly belonging to the estate of W. D. Russell, deceased. Consideration, $197. Samuel Wylie to W. W. White. A tract of 77 acres of land in Catawba township. Consideration, $173. D. H. Hill to Robert Davidson. A tract 480 acres of land in King's Mountain township. Consideration, $480. James A. Withers and A. M. Kee to Robert Burns. A tract of 46 acres of land in Fort Mill township, formerly belonging to the estate of John T. Withers, deceased. Con sideration, 8147. Thomas Spencer to Mrs. I. J. Roddy. Reversionary interest in 217 acres of land in Catawba township. Consideration, 81279. Michael Duffy to E. M. Shannon. A tract of 240 acres of land in Bethesda township. Consideration, 81100. J. B. Partlow to G. E. McSteele. A tract of 30 acres of land in Bethel township. A deed of gift. Dempsey Cook to J. R. Cook. A tract of 124 acres of land in Bethel township. A deed of gift. Samuel E. White and wife to N. G. Bradford. Lot in Rock Hill. Consideration, 875. EDITORIAL INKLINGS. Adjournment of the Legislature. On Wednesday of last week the Legislature adopted a resolution to adjourn, sine die, on yesterday, the 26th instant. In the House, where the resolution originated, a motion to reconsider was laid on the table, which places it beyond the power of either House to rescind. The Poll Tax. The bill introduced in the Legislature several weeks ago "to provide for the more effectual collection of the poll tax" has become a law. The following is a sjnopsis of the bill as it was originally introduced : "The penalty provided for non-payment, is to double the tax, making it 82 instead of $1. Ifpaymentis still refused, the delinquents are to be imprisoned in the county jail for thirty days, the refusal to pay being made, by the bill, a misdemeanor. County treasurers are required to make out lists of delinquent polls, i and proceed against them through the -trial justice's court. The bill also provides for the punishment of such trial justices as shall neglect or refuse to do their duty as required by the law." U. S. Grand and Petit Jurors. In Charleston, on Friday last, the fol- j lowing persons were drawn as grand and petit jurors for the April term of the United States Circuit Court: Grand Jurors.?Thomas Stuart, Joseph B. i Boston, Newberry; M. C. Long, Edmond : Carlisle, Union ; Benj. Goodwin, colored, C. i P. Remsen, James Miles, Columbia; Elias Irby, colored, Laurens ; Dr. John B. Irving, j St. Thomas' and St. Dennis; H. Hannaberg, j Charleston; John Martin, Hickory Grove;! Fred. Copes, Winnsboro'; Simon Ellerbee, Paul Iludlcy, Chesterfield; F. A. Clinton, Lancaster; Win. E. Towne, Richmond Wil- j son, colored, Beaufort; John J. Hoffman, i Beaver Dam ; Lewis Bulloch, Horry. i Petit and Pleas Jurors.?P. M. Whitman, Beaufort; Rev. Robert M. Andrews, Jacob) D. Singleton, T. J. Tuomey, Sumter; Robert Houston, J. B. Purcell, Joseph Dereef, D. B. : Vincent, Jr., Theodore Wagoner, Charleston ; j Louis Filly, Holland's Store ; Thos. A. Sulli- j van, Abbeville; Calvin Dixson, Lancaster;1 George W. Brewer, Oro; G. H. Lowndesber- ; rv, Clement Salterwait, Aiken ; Andrew Dib-: ble, Frank Carter, Coraden ; 13. Williamson, | Orangeburg; Benjamin Marshall, Darlington; Nelson Hammond, Yorkville; Warren Minton, C. D. Lowndes, colored, Columbia;; George H. Coleman, Kingtree ; Giles West, ! D. D. Goin, Union ; John Dudley, Augustus J McCulluin, Bennettsvillc; Benjamin Lowry, ; Oro; Courad Erhardt, Barnwell; Robert F. I Scott, Kingstree ; J. N. Giradeau, Newberry, j Correspondence of the Yorkville Enquirer, i LETTER FROM CHICAGO. Chicago, February 20,1873. I iiiu ^ruatiuiu nuuuvituj uvj. The proud and magnificent city, The Queen of the North und the West." I came up from Cincinnati lost night in a i little less than twelve hours, distance two | hundred and ninety-five miles. Upon awaking this morning, and looking out of the window, I saw snow. In some places the drifts were five and six feet deep. There were not many of them, for the country is as level as a pancake, and a drift has to have an object to "lean against" before it will amount to anything. Fences, railroad cuts and hillockscause them to form, and sometimes they become of huge size. Thirty or forty miles out from the city, timber began to get scarce, and at some points there was absolutely none at all visible. The country is perfectly level, and dotted over with towns, villages, farm houses, barns and hay-stacks. The soil appears to be very rich; and I noticed that all the stock looked sleek and well fed. A great many horses, cattle and hogs were.frozen to death, however, in the late storm. At one point some twenty miles below the city, I saw over two thousand dead hogs piled up by the side of the road. They had frozen to death in the stock cars during the recent terrible storm. They were very large, fine ones; some of them I should think would weigh over four hundred, and the average would be fully three hundred. A great many stock trains were caught in the drifts and compelled to lake the storm in all its violence, and the loss has consequently been very great. As we approached the city, railroads began to multiply in all directions. Look which way you would, you could see trains darting .1 - i JI_ 1_:_ 1:1._ ~r i:r? over me Douuuiess pimu n&c unuyo ui mc. It was a pretty picture in the early morning sunlight, to see the dark wreaths of smoke ascending from a dozen, or more, iron horses, as they coursed over the plain. The air was crisp and cold, but everybody seemed to be out and at work. That is the great secret of the marvelous growth of this country?everybody works. Winter, spring and summer, they are always working, and rapidly accumulated wealth is the consequence. Cold, bleak wind that would drive a southerner into his hole in fifteen minutes, is not considered anything here, and all sorts of people take it from morning till night. I have just returned from a two hours' walk in the "burnt district." The wind blows a steady gale, and to me, fresh from a southern clime, it was decidedly uncomfortable; but the people here call the day "pleasant." "I'm glad to see this nice weather," said my laudlady, "but I fear it won't last long." For my own part I hope it will not. I was well wrapped up, and kept on the sunny side of the streets, but suffered considerably, notwithstanding. The growth and rebuilding of the city since the great fire, is without an equal in the history of the world. Not less than sixty miles?ifsetiu a row?of splendid new buildings have gone up in fifteen months, and the cry is more, more 1 In every part of the city the sound of the hammer and trowel is heard, and the work progresses in all sorts of weather. In growth, energy, "get up," pluck, and^oaheaditiveness, Chicago stands without a rival in the world. In traveling the busy streets 1' ' nn^nnialiA/j Ktr fllfl tntJ oustTver ia I'uiiuuuaujr aotuuioa^u *jj mv grand buildings that loom up in every direction. How so many miles and miles of these grand structures could have been built in so short a time, is, to the stranger, a perpetual wonder. It is the great North-west that has made Chicago. The wealth of half a continent is poured in here. Cities, towns and villages are strung all along all the dozen or more railroads leading to the city. Thrift, enterprise, rapid developement, wealth and prosperity are written in unmistakable characters everywhere. It is the sudden building up of this vast section that has sent Chicago ahead upon her career of unexampled prosperity. The great North-west belongs to Chicago, "by right of geography," and no fire can ever destroy her that docs not destroy that also. She is the Queen of the North-west, and with such a vast and rich territory pouring its trade, traffic and travel into her lap, she cannot be destroyed. The flames may sweep over her again, but the life principle cannot be destroyed, and she will again rise from her ashes grander than ever. As for money, there appears to be an abundance of it here. Everybody seems to have money to rebuild, or at least to make a start. This is readily accounted for. Men of wealth in Boston, New York, Philadelphia, and in fact all over the country, were largely interested in real estate here before the fire, and, not being seriously injured by tho burning of the tenements thereon, they set about imme diately to rebuild. Men who have made fortunes in Chicago town lota do not propose to withdraw from the field, and they pour in their money to keep things going. Rents are higher than before the fire. Real estate fluctuates a good deal, as centers of trade are formed, and the localities for public buildings fixed, but amid all the fluctuations there is, taking the city over, a steady advance, not very slow, but very sure. For some time after the fire there was a great scarcity of building material. Brick went up to sixteen and eighteen dollars a thousand. A brick is a small thing, reader, but if we were idolatrous, worshiping graven images, Chicago would carve her god out of a brick. The country ha3 been drained of this useful article for a hundred miles around. For some four months after the fire neither money nor love would buy them. Old brick? that is, such as went through the fire without being reduced to ashes?were carefully cleaned and used. It is said that they were nearly as ; useful as new. The population of the city is now four hun-' dred and forty-one thousand, and continues to j increase. Notwithstanding the disadvantages of climate, and the fact that she was the | victim of the biggest fire the world ever saw,! it looks as though Chicago would outstrip all' the western cities and become indeed the "Queen of the North and West." N bmo. i THE SOUTH CAROLINA LEGISLATURE. Tuesday, February 18. In the Senate, the bill to fix the time of holding the circuit eourts in York county was taken up for a third reading, passed and ordered to be enrolled for ratification. The Seuate proceeded to the consideration of the report, favorable, of Committee on Finance on Senate and House bills to make appropriation to pay claims arising under the proclamation of the Governor of this State, dated July 28th, 1871, with substitute. The substitute was laid before the Senate. It provides that the sum of $10,000 be appropriated to pay Colonel Lewis Merrill, of the 7th regiment, for his services in assisting to put down, the ku-klux. The original bill, for which this is a substitute, appropriated $35,000 for claims arising under the Governor's proclamation of July 28th, 1871, which proclamation offered a reward of $200 for every ku-klux arrested, with proof to convict. This substitute cuts off all claimants except Col. Merrill. The substitute was discussed by several Senatore, pending which, at 4 P. M., the Senate adjourned. Mr. Holcombe, from the Committee on Commerce and Manufactures, to whom was referred the bill to aid and encourage manufactures, reported back the same, with the recommendation that the bill do not pass. Mr. Whittemore, from the Committee on Judiciary, reported back, unfavorably, a bill to provide for the compulsory attendance at schools of children between the ages of six and sixteen. In the House, a Senate bill to revise and amend an act entitled "An act to reduce all ? . ? J ? ? A ? J aAamInn nn/1 *\am. auu* unci [juris ui uuuj iu ucici uulic auu pcipetuate the homestead into one act," and to amend the same, was taken up for a second reading, passed and was ordered to be enrolled for ratification. Wednesday, February 19. In the Senate, a bill to abrogate and sink all that portion of the debt of the State of South Carolina incurred in the aid of the late rebellion against the United States was read a third time and ordered to be sent to the House. In the House, J. F. Greene offered a concurrent resolution to adjourn sine die on the 26th of February, which was adopted almost unanimously by both houses. A bill to provide for the purchasers of lands at sales made for non-payment of taxes being put in possession of the same, was ordered to be enrolled for ratification. The followiug received their fiual reading, were passed, and ordered to be sent to the Senate: A bill to regulate the pay of county treasurers; a bill to prevent State and county officers from holding more than one office; a bill to punish persons for the removal or secretion of personal property levied on by the sheriff or other officers; a bill to repeal an act authorizing trustees to invest funds in the State bonds ; a bill to amend an act to renew the town of Chester. Thursday, February 20. In the Senate, a resolution offered by Mr. Swails on Wednesday, and which went over under the rules, was taken up, and adopted by the Senate. It provides that hereafter the Senate shall hold two sessions a day until adjournment The Senate is to meet at 12, and adjourn at 3 p. ra., meet again at 7 p. m., and adjourn at pleasure. A bill to incorporate the Chester and Lenoir Narrow Gauge Railroad Company, and to authorize the consolidation of said Company with the Carolina Narrow Gauge Company and the King's Mountain Railroad Company, was ordered to be enrolled for ratification The appropriation bill was taken up and discussed until adjournment The following acts were approved by the Governor: An act concerning school funds; an act to regulate the service of process issuing from the Supreme Court; an act for the better protection of religious worship. Friday, February 21. In the Senate, Mr. Nash reported unfavorably on the claims of the professors of the South Carolina University for salaries before the war as follows :_JProfessors M. LaBorde, 8312b, and J. Li. Keynolds, John JLeuonte, W. J. Rivers and Joseph LeConte each the same amount. The Speaker of the House appeared, and with the President of the Senate, the following acts were ratified: An act to provide for the purchasers of lands being put in possession of the same; an act to lay out and establish a new road in Union county; an act to incorporate the town of Blackstocks. In the House, a Senate bill to regulate the fees of probate judges, clerks of courts, trial justices, magistrates and other officers, was read a third time and ordered to be sent to the Senate with amendments. A Senate bill to provide for the establish raent of a House of Refuge and Industrial School in the cities of Charleston and Columbia. The bill was read, passed, and its title changed to that of an act and ordered to be enrolled. A Senate bill to incorporate the Newberry and Chester Railroad Company; also, a Sen- ate bill to prevent State and county officers from holding more than one office. The bills were read a third time, passed and ordered to be sent to the Senate with amendments. Mr. Holmes moved to reconsider the vote whereby the House voted to postpone a bill requiring trial justices to give bond; which was carried, and after debate the enacting clause of the bill was stricken out. - The enacting clause was stricken out of a bill to amend the jury laws of the State; also, a joint resolution to provide for the submission to a vote of the people the question of the repeal of the fence law. The following bills were read a second time, passed, and ordered to be engrossed, viz: A bill to amend the law relating to the collection of taxes ; a joint resolution authorizing and directing the Comptroller-General to reconvey certain lands forfeited to the State for the non-payment of taxes; a bill to authorize and require the county commissioners of Newberry and Union counties to build a bridge across the Tyger river, at or near Gordon's Ferry; a Senate bill to amend sections 19 and 38 of chapter 18 of title 6 of the act entitled "An act for revising and consolidating the (ienerai Statutes 01 tne state relating to tne boundaries of Lancaster and York counties; a Senate bill to fix the time of holding the Circuit Courts in York county; a bill to pay mileage to school trustees; a bill to make drunkenness in certain public officers an indictable offense. Saturday, February 22. In the Senate, a bill to incorporate the Newberry and Chester Railroad was received from the House with an amendment to strike out ninety-nine years as the limitation of the charter, and insert twenty-one years. The nmfinHment was concurred in and the title changed to an act, and the bill ordered to be enrolled for ratification. The House also sent, with amendments, a Senate bill to regulate the fees of probate judges, clerks of courts, trial justices and magistrates, and other officers therein mentioned. The amendments were concurred in, the title changed to that of an act, and it was ordered to be enrolled. Also, a House bill to prevent State and county officers from holding more than one office, with amendments, which were not concurred in, and a message sent to the House accordingly. On motion of Mr. Dunn, the report of the Committee on Conference on a bill to aid and encourage manufactures, was taken up from the table, and after discussion the report was adopted and the committee discharged. Mr. Dunn moved to accede to the request of the House for a committee of free conference on the bill. The question was discussed at length by Messrs. Dunn, Whitteraore, Nash, Jervey, Swails and others, after which the motion was agreed to. The bill to punish cruelty to animals was jx)stponcd until the next session.