Newspaper Page Text
f traps and Jacts.
The X. Y. Herald editorially suggest! that Wall street is gloomy?that the conditioi of thestock market is threatening, and advise; people to look out for another panic. California imports bricks from Japan, as better and cheaper than those made in the State, nothwithstanding twenty per cent, acj valorem duty. The "wheat belt" is enlarging its area Arkansas, for instance, will export small grains this year for the first time in its histo ry. The same general tendency to raise more and buy less is observed throughout the South Gov. Allen, of Ohio, was asked aboul his prospective majority. "Well," replied he, there is a division of opinion about thai among our own people. The lowest estimate gives us 20,000, and from that all the way up to 60,000." Since the year 1800, England has waged forty-nine wars ; France, thirty-eight; Russia twenty-two ; Austria, twelve ; Prussia, eight; and in spite of all the peace societies aud international conventions, they all appeal anxious for another. The Republicans of Spartanburg Court House have resolved to tnake no nomination for municipal offices, but will support any ticket, by whomsoever nominated, the members of which pledge themselves not to license any bar-room within the corporate limits ol Spartanburg, during their terra of office. Assurauces have been received that Hons. Fernado Wood of New York, M. P. Poland, of Vermont, Geo. H. Pendleton ol Ohio, S. P. Christiancy aud Geo. H Willard from Michigan, and Hon. Wm. D. Kelly of Pennsylvania, have accepted invitations to attend the Great Georgia State Fair in October. A boy eight years of age has recently been sentenced by an English clergyman and magistrate to one month in prison and five years in a reformatory school for the offence ol placing a few pebbles on the track of a railway, with the purpose?to quote his own language?of hearing them go "smudge" when the train passed over them. James Webster Smith, of South Carolina, better known as colored Cadet Smith, havine been a cadet at West Point for sever al years, was married at Highlaud Falls, New York, on Thursday, to a young woman of his own race, whose acquaintance he made whilst at West Point. The military band of West Point was secured for the occasion, and discoursed the best of music to the delight of the white and colored guests, who were about equally divided as to numbers. Prominent colored men from distant parts of the country were present to witness the ceremony. Chicago is just the place for an interesting divorce case. The last thing of this sort occurring in that city is a delightfully complicated affair. Not long since a Mr, Briggs obtained a divorce from his wife ou the strength of the testimony of a Dr. Savage, that his relations with Mrs. Briggs had re peatedly been of a criminal character. Bui now Savage turns arouud and retracts, swearing that his "confession" was obtained while he was "intoxicated and temporarily insane,' and was entirely false, and on the strength ol his retraction Mrs. Briggs has applied foi a reversal of the decree of divorce. This if interesting, but it is made more so by the action of Mrs. Dr. Savage, who is using her husband's confession respecting Mrs. Briggs to get a divorce from her husband. This complicated case beats the Beecher-Tilton affair and puts Chicago ahead of Brooklyn. An English journal says that goods made entirely of cotton are called merino, owing to the woolly surface imparted to them, Such goods are sold both in the United Statef ? SnonicK SnntKi American market in large quantities, especially in the form ol men's undershirts and drawers. To cause the cotton to resemble wool it is scratched, and the surface raised by a particular process. A threader two may be drawn out and burned in the name of a taper. If the material be cotton it will consume to a light, impalpable white ash, cotton being a vegetable fibre; but if, 011 the contrary, it is wool, and therefore an animal fibre, it will twist and curl in the iiame, and show a black ash, accompanied with a smell which will speak as to its origin, Cotton is now so cleverly treated that it is frequently taken for silk, also an animal fibre, and this simple test is always resorted to when there is any doubt upon this point. Col. McArdle, the editor of the Vicks burg Herald, appeals to the master of the Mississippi State grange, in an open letter, tc inaugurate a measure in this year of large crops that will give the gray haired chief of the lute Confederacy a comfortable home. He wants each one of the six hundred and seventy-five granges in Mississippi to give six bales of cotton, or two huudred thousand dollars, This would furnish a comfortable home for Mr. Davis, who is still a toiler for bread, and also leave for investment a sum large enough to support himself and family, and provide for theeducation of his children. Col. McArdle thinks Mr. Davis' home should be in the State which has been his dwelling place for more than fifty years. "Once relieved," says the Colonel, "from the carking care of a daily struggle for bread, Mr. Davie will have leisure to devote himself to the preparation of a history of our late gigantic and disastrous civil war, and thus build for himself and the South a monument as imperishable as time itself." The New York Herald deplores the fact that Ohio Republicans have changed their base, and made the school question and not the currency the main question in the canvass. This, says the Herald, "is an indication that their own party is so infected with the inflation heresy that they dare not risK a canvass on the issue. It is true, in point of fact, that the Republican party of Ohio is divided on this question, and that a considerable proportion of its voters are inflationists. In the last Congress, nine of the twelve Republican members of the House from Ohio voted for inflation, and they, no doubt, supposed at the time that they were in accord with their constituents. Those Republican constituencies in Ohio may have waived their views, but not changed them, and this is probably the reason why the party dare not make a square fight on the inflation issue. Their change of base to the school question, in the midst of the canvass, is likely to be interpreted as a confession that, on the inflation issue, the Democrats would carry the State." The new New York postoffice is finished and opened for public use. The business of this office is immense. Three hundred thousand domestic letters are received and distributed daily, and about thirty thousand foreign letters are received and about thirty-five thousand dispatched. Six hundred clerks are continually employed, exclusive of those delegated to the different stations. Three hundred and ninety carriers are employed. The new office, in the lower part of the City Hall Park, covers 340 feet on Broadway, 320 on Park Row?200 on the north and 130 on the south side. It is built of grauite, with chateau roof, and at the height of 105 feet is surmounted by a lantern. Congress has appropriated $8,000,000 toward the erection of this office building. The third and fourth Hoors are occupied by the United States Courts and offices. "It may not be generally known that so important is this New York office to the country at large, that it stands upon a separate and distinct basis from any other office in the country. In importance the position of postmastei of this office ranks next to that of the officials at Washington, and separate regulations an enacted for its government. The salary of iU post master is nearly equal to that of a cabi net minister. The Keely Motor has been heard from We take the following from the New Yorli Sun: '"There is now on exhibition in a shov window on Chestnut street, Philadelphia, th< giant gauge constructed for the purpose o registering Mr. Keely's 'power.' It standi about four feel and a half high, and register; 54,000 pounds to the square inch, being the largest gauge in existence. It is beauti: fully ornamented and plated with Bilver. It 3 cost9 $1,000, $500 of which was required to , i be paid before work was commenced on it. 3 j It is stated that the government has just ordered a similar oue to 'be constructed for its use. The largest government gauge now is | 20,000 pounds to the square inch. Mr. Keely | is more elevated in spirits than ever. He goes to his shop almost every night, besides his work during the day, and there runs atad ' and watches bis machine, i. e., the old apparatus. Sometimes he has one or two of the company with him. The machine is kept running ' until 10 or 11 o'clock, when it is stopped and ' all retire. All this time it ha9 been running ' with the same water, the vapor being constant ; ly dissipated and reproduced. All connect' ed with the compauy of the motor have been 1 more or less disappointed by the delay. But } their hopes have brightened greatly the last week or two, as they believe the time i9 not ' far distant wheu the wonder of the nineteenth century will be put into sucessful operation. : ihe 3j0rhviUe <?ttquim. YORKVIIjLE, S. C.: * THURSDAY MORNING, SEPT. 9, 1875. How to Order the Enquirer.?Write the name of the subscriber very plainly, give post-ofHce, county and State in full, and send the amount of the subscription by draft or post-ollice money order, or enclose the money in a registered letter. , Postage.?The Enquirer is delivered free of ? postage to all subscribers residing in York county who receive the paper at post-offices within the county; and to all other subscribers the postage is paid by the publisher. Our subscribers, no matter where they receive the paper, are not liable for postage, it being prepaid at the post-olliee here, without additional charge to the subscriber. Watch the Figures.?The (late on the "addresslabel" shows the time to which the subscription is i paid. If subscribers do not wish their papers discontinued, the date must be kept in advance. Cash.?It must be distinctly understood that our terms for subscription, advertising and job1 work, are cash in advance THE GEORGIA INSURRECTION. The only clear and apparently correct narrative of the receut scare in Georgia that we have seen, is contained in the letters of a staff correspondent of the New York Tribune, written from Sandersville, where the writer has every opportunity to make a thorough and i complete investigation. In conversation with several of the accused negroes, who are not ' confined in jail, but are under guard outside, the correspondent obtained something like . confessions of a vague and undefined purpose ; on the part of the negroes to rise and demand n nrnmisp Ku fhpir nlll bug ivug viwivi * v?? ^/AwiMtw ??? -w- ? J? . ; bag leaders of "forty acres and a mule," and p if the whites resisted such appropriation of . their property, it might become necessary to , kill them, in obedience to orders. Another > idea, prominent among the more ignorant, was, that Grant was to be "elected King," and im? mediately after the consummation of this act ' the land in the South would "revert to the crown," after which it would be divided among the colored people who had been loyal to "the King." The correspondent alluded to does not think, , after carefully sifting all the evidence to which , he has had access, that there was much real " cause for alarm among the whites, yet under ! all the circumstances surrounding the situa' tion, it was natural that their worst fears | should have been aroused. The fact that the , negroes were giving public notice that a "Na. tioual Convention of the Republican party" ; was to be held at Sandersville on the 24th of July, "for the purpose of nominating some fit ! and proper person for Military General," and thateach of nineteen counties was expected to ' send 35 delegates for this purpose, all to be commanded by Gen. P. R. Rivers, of South i Carolina; and the further fact that Corday Harris had sent a written notice to the Sheriff of Washington county, commanding him to 1 have the court-house swept out and prepared > I v.? al e p p p;?at.0 ? 1U1 IUC ictcpuuu \Jl VJI^LI. X. XV. AVIVVIO, VI ' South Carolina, and his staff", on the 24th of , July, and directing him also to keep the road . clear to station No. 13 on the Central Kaili road, seemed to the whites sufficient evidence that all was not right. The further fact that many of the letters aud missives passing be[ tween the blacks made constant reference to "minnies," also led to the belief that the negroes were actually arming with the rifles of i that name, when in truth the word is an Afri; can corruption of minutes, and only referred ' to notices, circulars or letters of instruction ' passing from one meeting to another. Thus the greatest bugbear is exploded, and what[ ever may have been the intention of a few ' leaders, it is not supposed that the majority of i the blacks?even of those who were to compose the ''National Convention of the RepubI lican party"?entertained a hostile feeling toward the whites. Corday Harris, who was prominent in distributing the "minnies," has had his trial at j Saudersville, and was acquitted of the charge of inciting insurrection, and as his was regardi ed as the test case, it is not probable that any of the accused will be convicted, should they j be brought to trial. It is reported that all ill feeling between the races is allayed, and , | the hope expressed that peace and quiet will II soon be restored in the disturbed district. [ In connection with this affair we are pleased 11 to notice the following just remarks in the editorial columns of the New York Tribune : I The "great insurrection," however, has done L| good by the strong light it has thrown upon [ \ the condition of the two races in this part of ! the South. If there was a disposition any' where to harass and oppress the negro, we ; I ?:- ^ i i?f? i?? IJJlgllk uavc IUU&CU iUI lb liGlti. J. 11V puntvui i power is all in the haBds of the whites, but the colored people are so numerous as to be a : perpetual menace to the white supremacy ; ' J just the situation of things to stimulate ku klux violence and make it tolerably safe and easy. Yet we find the ex-master and the exl slave living together in peace. The ruling : race is just; the subject race is generally happy and contented. Even when a crack: brained conspiracy has been discovered, the 11 white man, born in the fear of negro insurrec1 tious, does not rush for his gun and revolver, 1 but merely calls out the coustable, and insists that the accused shall have a perfectly fair trial. There is not even an attempt to make I political capital out of an affair which docs '! really illustrate sotneof the worst mischiefs into which the carpet-bag system of managing the negroes by extravagant promises and seII cret organizations has led these ignorant and > excitable people. If this had occurred during - the memorable "outrage campaign," we doubt '' whether the Department of Justice would have allowed the occasion to pass without the ' intervention of the troops. But it ought to be ? plain now that the Southern people have a ! respect for law and order, and are capable of 5 behaving admirably under the strongest prov' ocation, and the lesson will not be lost upon the country. Since the trial and discharge of Harris, the " j Sandersville Herald contains a call for a ' ' - n ? n \\t t ' meeting 01 tne negroes 01 waemngion county, p on the 18th instant, at the court-house door, to 3 choose two men to send to some other State to * I select a suitable place to which to emigrate. SOUTH CAROLINA NEWS. | ? Union Coart House is to have a steam laundry. i ? By the State census just completed, the j population of Charleston is fifty-six thou-1 i sand five hundred and forty. ? The total value of the real estate of the , city of Charleston is estimated at 818,122,810;1 j value of personal property,'88,538,824. j ?The new hotel at Union has been leased to Messrs. E. R. Wallace and W. T. Thorn-1 | sou, who have gone North to purchase the i necessary furniture and fixtures. ? Col. John G. Pressley, a native of this State, but now residing in California, has received the Democratic nomination for the j j judgship iu his section. j ? The Supreme Court was to have met in i ! Columbia on Tuesday of last week, but Jus- j j tices Willard and Wright being absent from j i the city, Chief Justice Moses adjourned tne 1 Court until the last Tuesday of this month, j ? The Edgefield Advertiser is informed that : the guns belonging to the State, which were i gathered from the colored militia in that I county several months ago by Col. Parmele, j and deposited in the jail, are being gradually taken away. ? The Union Times mentions, as a remarkable fact, that the colored boys from thirteeu | to eighteen years of age, in Union township, j are dying out very fast. Within the knowl-1 edge of the editor, six have died within two weeks. ? The office of the board of sustentation and foreign missions of the Presbyterian Church, South, of which Rev. Richard Mcllvain is Secretary, and which has been located in Columbia for several years past, has beeu removed to Baltimore. ? Mr. B. H. Byrd, the census-taker of Chester county, has submitted the following report to the Secretary of State: Total number of whites, 7,228?males, 3,415; females, 3,813. Kahin OHQ?mtiipo R 371 JL ULAi ilUUJU^I V/i U'Ul/QC| i UjVW ?UMIVW) wjv i females, 8,628. Total population of the county, 24,227. ? There is a movement on foot to establish a shoe factory at Hodge's, Abbeville county. Twenty-three hundred dollars have been subscribed in the neighborhood, and sixteen hundred dollars in another community near by. Four thousand dollars in machinery and equipments have been promised by parties from Lynn, Massachusetts. ? Governor Chamberlain has instructed Col. Parmele, superintendent of the penitentiary, that under the act of 1866 relating to the penitentiary, and under rules adopted by Gov. Orr, in pursuance of said act, he may discharge convicts upon expiratiou of eleventwelfths of their sentence, for good conduct during their imprisonment. ? Governor Chamberlain has appointed Messrs. Reuben Tomlinson, Samuel Lord, jr., and John A Mushingtcn the commissioners to conduct the election for mayor and aldermen of Charleston, which will take place on the 6th of October next. These appointments give entire satisfaction to the tax-payers of Charleston, and iudicate that the approaching election will be fairly conducted. ? Mattison, Richardson and Andy Johnson, who were under bail on the charge of aiding in the escape of Niles G. Parker, were brought before Judge Mackey in Columbia, on Thursday last, on writs of habeas corpxis. Elliott, Youraans and Wilkes, Parker's counsel, appeared in their behalf, and acting Solicitor Northrop for the State. They were discharged without delay by Judge Mackey. ? Micah J. Jenkins, who received the appointment as Cadet at West Poiut from the Charleston District, has successfully passed the preliminary examination and been admitted to the ranks of the students of the Military Academy. Samuel J. Sampson, of Aiken, who was appointed from the Fifth District, also passed and was admitted at the same time. Of forty-seven applicants from various States of the Union, only tweuty succeeded in passing the examination, three of whom were appointed from South Carolina. ? In Lexington county last week, Trial Justice Harman heard an action, brought by D. L. George vs. Jesse K. Dooley, "for recovery of damages for ten sheep killed by Mr. Dooley's dog, in company with a strange dog." The case was one of interest, and created much excitement among our citizens, it being the 6rst of the kind brought under the late laws of this State. Messrs. Kice aud JUeetze were engaged in the suit, and expounded the law fully pro and con. The case was fiually submitted to a jury, who found 820 for the plaiutiff, whereupon both parties appealed to the circuit court. ? The case of Albert Johnson and Abraham Dial, charged with being accomplices in the murder of Dr. E. C. Shell, of Laurens couuty, on the night of November 2, 1868, was brought before Judge Mackey, in Columbia, last Friday. The affidavits of the accused set forth that their former statements were made under duress, and that unlawful expedients had been adopted to extract from them statements connecting Joe Crews and others with the killing of Dr. Shell. It also appeared that Dial was arrested in Washington city and brought here without due requisition by law, which Judge Mackey characterized as kidnapping, and he ordered the discharge of both prisoners from custody. NORTH CAROLINA NEWS. ? A young man named Bolick committed suicide a few days ago near Hickory. ? llichard P. Pendleton, an old printer, died suddenly in Salisbury on Saturday, of spasms of the heart. ? During the year ending on the 1st instant, the amount of cotton received at Charlotte was 40,135 bales against 37,549 for the preceding year. ? The State Superintendent of Public Iu struction says that Cleveland county is educating 250 per cent, more children, on an average, than any other county in the State. ? The Raleigh News is advised that Messrs. j j Whitaker & Barry, of Yorkville, will attend ' the approaching State Fair with their turf horses. ? There will not be a Fair of the Carolina? at Charlotte this fall. The directors of the j Association are devising means to have a horse race during the season. ? The celebrated gold mine known as Gold \ Ilill, iu Rowan county, was sold on the 28th ! j ultimo, under foreclosure of mortgage, and I ; bought in by the mortgagee for 825,000. j ?The iron rails necessary for completing! the last link on the Carolina Central Railway, connecting Wilmington with Shelby, are now j iu port at Wilmington, and will be forwarded | immediately. ? The State Constitutional Convention met last Monday. One hundred and nineteen j members were present, there being one vacan- j cy occasioned by the death of Wm. A. Gra-! j ham, of Orange, which vacancy, in accord- j ance with the Governor's proclamation ordering a new election, cannot be filled until after ' the loth instant. Two ballots were had for Presideut, resulting in Ransom, Independent Democrat, receiving 59 votes ; Dockery, Ret publican, 58, the two candidates voting seat-! tering, leaving the result undecided. The Convention then adjourned until 10 o'clock Tuesday. ? A negro man named Murphy Harshaw, who lived iu Cherokee county, was brutally murdered several days ago, by persons of his own color, who suspected him of being a witch, and were laboring under the painful delusion that they had been "bewitched" by him. In their confession, the murderers, who have been arrested, say that they were advised by a negro doctor that in order to be relieved from the witchery of Murphy, they must cut i his throat and bury him in mud, which they accordingly did. emtoriaiTinklings. The California Election. On Wednesday of last week, there was __ -i- r._ n an election in i^auioruia iui uuvoiuui, bers of Congress aud of the Legislature,- aud also upon the question of calling a convention to amend the Constitution of the State. There were three candidates for Governor, viz: T. G. Phelps, Republican ; William Irwin, Democrat ; and John Bidwell, Independent. The vote of the State, as far as heard from, gives Irwin 43,000, Phelps 25,000, and Bidwell 18,000. The Democrats elect three Congressmen, and the fourth one is in doubt, while they also have a plurality in the Legislature, and probably a majority over both the Independents aud the Republicans. An Important Capture. On the 24th of tjuly last, the passenger train of the Air-Line Railroad, when about three miles from Senaca City, was thrown off the track by means of a rail placed thereon, fatally injuring the engiueer and wrecking the engine and several cars. The railroad company at once secured the services of Captain Alley, the Spartanburg detective, to ferret out the perpetrators of the deed. This he an/.nt>dafiillv nppnmnlished in the following OUvvwwiwtfj Mvvv...| ? O I manner, as narrated by the Greenville News: The first move of Capt. Alley was to send a "French gentleman" down on the train, and at SeDaca he involved himself in a row with the conductor, and was severely beaten and put off the train. The beating was no sham ; it was genuiue, as the "French gentleman's" appearance to-day will testify. He muttered vengeance, but went to work at Senaca, keeping in almost daily communication with Capt. Alley. By Wednesday, sufficient evidence was obtained to convict J. N. Smith, a discharged section master at Senaca, and a man named Ranther, a former sectiou hand, of the horrid crime. They were both arrested before they had any suspicion that they were shadowed. After the arrest, Ranther made a confession, giving all the details of the transaction. Revenge was the motive actuating Smith, who planned the plot. Outside the confession, Capt. Alley was in possession of ample testimony to convict. The Bank of Mecklenborg. The assignee's statement of the condition of the Bank of Mecklenburg at the time the assignment was made, shows the liabilities of that institution to be 8209,179.19, with assets amounting to 829,421.29. This showing renders it probable that creditors will receive nearly fourteen per cent, of their claims. Speaking of the management of this kn?\lr inrlnlorpq thp fnl. uau rv j ciio viiunvvuv wuvi wi imvcvk^vw vmv .v> , lowing remarks: Creditors have waited with patience for three weeks to know what would be the probable worth of their claims, and they had a right to expect a full exhibit of the workings of the Bank, which has been the means of ruining hundreds of innocent creditors. The money of many women and children, who are now almost if not quite penniless, has been ruthlessly squandered by the officers of the bank, who have lived sumptuously and in style; and to say that the bank has lost 878,173.31 as one item only of the losses as per profit and loss account, is not at all satisfactory. The exhibit shows that the Bank has received, aud ought to have had on hand, at the time of its suspension, 8347,499.46. This has all been squandered except the sum of 829,421.29, making a deficit of 8318,078.17. This is the exhibit, taking Mr. Brenizer's statement as correct, and shows gross, pulpab'e, inexcusable negligence or guilt, on the part of the officers of the Bank. It will not do for the President to say that he was ignoraut of the condition of the Bank, for, as President, if he did not know, he ought to have known. The same reasoning will apply to the Assistant Cashier, and the public is left to the conclusion, drawn from Judge Shipp's exhibit, that the Bank has been a wild cat concern, unworthy of confidence for several years, at least, and that fact must have been known to the officers of the Bank. To a very large extent, the prominent business men of Charlotte are responsible for bolstering up this festering and cankerous sore on the commercial interests of this community, by giving it credit and character, as an institution worthy of the confidence of the people, where none was deserved. Ii is true that very few of them lose anything, but by giving their countenance, they have deliberately stood by and seen innocent persons suffer, when by a word they could have prevented it. The Riot iu Mississippi. There was a serious riot at Clinton, Miss., last Saturday, between whites and negroes, who had assembled at a public speaking. The Vicksburg Herald gives the following as the true origin of the difficulty : There is a law prohibiting the sale of liquor in Clinton. Some young men from Raymond brought a bottle with them, and while the speaking was going on, Martin Siveley and s< .us of his friends went off a short distance to take a drink. The colored marshal for the j occasion approached them and forbade their I drinking. This order was not regarded, and when the marshal attempted to take the bottle out of Siveley's hand, Siveley struck him over the head with it. Senator Caldwell, colored, started to settle the difficulty, and was followed by some twenty negroes, whom he ordered back, but about one hundred more came rushing on. Some one then fired a shot, which was followed by a general firing and a stampede. Siveley fired all the barrels of his pistol, and the negroes then demanded his surreuder. He surrendered and gave up his pistol, after which he was shot and his brains knocked out. He was then robbed of his nfl.!. Annora was nut nff in i UIVJLlll Ug j C411VA V'UC Ui 1UO uugvs**, .. ? order to get his ring. The infuriated mob found Charles Cliutou in his yard, and shot and killed him in the presence of his family. Frank Thomasou, a promising young lawyer, was shot from his horse a mile and a half from the scene of the conflict, and after falling the savages drove their knives into his body in many places. John Neal was fatally shot in the left lung in the town, and Waddy Rice seriously in the hand. Four negroes were found in the field and two mortally wounded. 8ix additional negroes have been ! found dead about Clinton since. The white J meu of Clinton were organized at once for self protection under Col. Harling, and tele-1 i grarussent here lor assistance, rmeeii ujiuutes after the receipt of the first dispatch, one hundred and fifty men were ready to march, and took a special train which reached Cliuton at 7 o'clock. About 10 o'clock more re- j inforcements came from Jackson. The roads were picketed duriug the night, but ail dan-! ger being apparently over, most of the citizens returned to their homes at Vicksburg, leaving thirty men ou guard under Capt. W. H. An-1 drews. Capt. Andrews returned with the1 men this morning and leports all now quiet i at Clinton and Edwards. | Two letters, one addressed to Charley ; Griffin, Burke county, N. C., aud the other j to W. H. Tyler, Baltimore, Md., remain in the post-office at Yorkville as "uumailable." I LOCAL AFFAIRS. NEW ADVERTISEMENTS. Rev. H. R. Dickson?At Private Sale. ! J. E. Jefferys?For Sale. Wet Nurso'Wanted. | J. H. Clawson?Assignee's Sale?In the Matter of J. D. Smarr, Bankrupt. | Jos. A. McLean, Judge of Probate?Notice to the heirs Peter W. Galloway, deceased?Notice to the heirs of Sarah Merritt, deceased. : R. H. Glenn, S. Y. C.?Sheriff's Sales?Judge of Probate's Sales. L. Cass Carpenter?Int. Revenue Sale. J. H. Trump, General Agent?Wanted. T. M. Dobson A Co.?Boots?Shoes?ShirtingGinghams?Flannel?Calicoes?Neck Ties. J. H. Clawson, Assignee?A general meeting of Creditors?In the matter of J. R. Castles, Bankrupt. John O. Kuvkendal?Arriving Constantly?One Ton?Chemical Paints?For Farmers. Joseph A. McLean, Judge ot Probate?Citation? T. W. Campbell, Applicant?Ed. T. Brandon, deceased?B. R. Miller, ApplicantrJoel S. Barnett, deceased. : I. L. Gunhouse & Co.?Wholesale Liquor House. A. Williford, Rock Hill?Mules and Horses. THE FIRST'NEW BALE. On Wednesday morning, the first bale of the new crop of cotton sold in this market, was brought in by Air. \v. a.. ivodidbod, oi Turkey Creek. It classed as middling, and I was bought by T. S. Jefferys, at 12.80. ? COLUMBIA SCIIUETZEN VEREIN. We acknowledge an invitation from the committee of arrangements to join theSchuetzen Verein in a fest, to be held at their platz, in Columbia, on the 12th, 13th and 14th of October next. FINE VEGETABLES. Mr. J. H. Crawford, who lives near Philadelphia Church, has been quite successful this season in the production of fine cabbage. He favored us with a sample of his crop one day last week, which, stripped of outside leaves, weighed lli pounds. In the production of his mammoth cabbages, Mr. Crawford enriched the land with a free application of stable manure, but otherwise his mode of culture was the same as that generally adopted. Master Willie Ferguson favored us, on Thursday morning last, with a basket of h:?ge sweet potatoes, of which he has an acre growing, cultivated mainly by his own labor. REVENUE CAPTURE. On Tuesday last, William R. Love was arrested in the upper part of this county, by officers of the internal revenue department, on the charge of illicit distilling, and was lodged in the jail at this place on the same day. The still and fixtures used by Love were also captured. Love was convicted in the summer of 1873 of violation of the revenue laws, and sentenced to imprisonment in York county jail for the terra of three months, but while being brought from Charleston to this place, he jumped from the train aud made his escape, since which time, until Tuesday last, he has evaded arrest. 8ALEM-UAI. On Monday last?sales-day for September? there was an unusually large gatheriug of people in town from the country, it being a leisure time with the farmers, who, during the summer months, have been attentive to their crops. From all with whom we conversed, we learn that the present crop prospect in all sections of the county is good. Cotton is opening satisfactorily, and several bales of the new crop will doubtless be ready for market I in a few days. Of the property advertised by the Sheriff, the following was sold under writs of Ji.fa.: Two tracts of land belonging to the estate of George Barber, deceased. Tract No. 1, ^nntaininor 237 aures. was bought bv Robert Barber for $400. Tract No. 2, containing 124 acres, was bought by S. L. McCarter for $300. A vacant lot, levied on as property of Dr. J. R. Bratton, was bought by H. F. Adickes for $40. J. H. Clawson, as assignee in bankruptcy, sold a tract of 404 acres, in Chester county, homestead of Chelsea Robbins, bankrupt, which was bought by E. T. Atkinson, at 25 cents per acre. Thomson & Jefferys, assignees, sold a tract of 1261 acres, the homestead of James McElwee, deceased, bankrupt, which was bought by S. A. McElwee for $214. Correspondence of the Yorkville Enquirer. LETTER FROM CHESTER. Chester, September 6,1875. The orders of the postoffice authorities at Washington, in reference to the carrying of the Carmel Hill and Baton Rouge mail, have not been very pleasing to the people living along the line of that route. The officials at nnnltol nnn.'ornpH in the matter. LUC uauuuai vupiv(?iy wmw. ... f seem to have acted upon the idea that the route was established for the benefit of the contractor or mail carrier, and not for the benefit of the people. This is not generally the reason for the establishment of mail routes, though it may be so in this particular case. I take it that the wishes and interest of the good people of Carmel Hill and Baton Rouge, of this county, are as worthy of consultation by the government as those of the "Hub," around which the rest of the country so loyally and lovingly revolves. To begin at the beginning, the mail route from Chester to Carmel Hill, and from that point to Baton Rouge, was established some time ago through the efforts of the Congressman from this District?Hon. A. S. Wallace. As the mail facilities of a large portion of the county were 'confined to this route, it was very essential that the mail rider should take his departure from this point on Friday, so that he could carry along the Yorkville Enquirer, the Charleston News and Cnurier. and the Chester Reporter, of the same week. This he did for a time. Theo came an order from Washington appointing Wednesday as the day of departure of the mail carrier from this point. This excited the just indignation of the people and of the postmasters of Carmel Hill and Baton Rouge, who informed the department of their intention of resigning their positions if the order j was not countermanded. The proprietor of, the Beporter and the representatives of the I Enquirer also joined in the warfare against the unjust and absurd order. The consequence of the opposition was the re-designation of Friday as the day for the carrying of the mail. This arrangement was continued for a good while, to the great satisfaction of the Carmel Hill and Baton Rouge people. But about two weeks ago another order came from Washington fixing again upon Wednesday as the mail day. The Postmaster at this place announced his willingness to please the people, and also his unwillingness to disobey the new order; so the mail left here, carrying ' j i aoour nan a dozen letiers ana no papers, j.ue necessary steps were on the eve of being taken to secure a countermanding of the order, when the Washington authorities did the work of, their own accord, and have again appointed Friday as the day for the carrying of the Car-, mel Hill aud Baton Rouge mail. So this is the way the matter stands at present, and it is to be hoped that it will stand "just so" for a considerable time to come; at least until a semi-weekly mail is given unto the people' living along the line of the route, when | Wednesday can be selected as one of the days ! for carrying the mail, if there is any particular charm about that day. Friday is a good day for ridding the world of rascals, and it is also a good day for riding mails ; so let it con-! I tinue to be used for both purposes for an in- J dehnite time to come. A few days ago, a disturbance occurred during the hours of religious worship at a j Methodist colored church in the western portion of this county. On Tuesday last, Crimaria Epps and William Debtor, both colored, were brought before the Trial Justice at this place, charged with having created the disturI bance. After an examination into the facts - . i ? L .L or tbe case, their discharge was oraereu oy ine officer of the law, upon their giving bond, < with approved security, to keep the peace, i This disposition of the defendants met with 1 the satisfaction of the prosecuting witnesses, j j The colored people of this county are doing admirably, and, as far as my knowledge extends, entertain kind and friendly feelings toward the whites. Certainly the preposterous idea of getting up an insurrection, as their < brethren in Georgia desired to do, does not I enter their minds; for they well know they 1 might as well endeavor to pluck the sun from the heavens as to rise and murder the whites. f There was a time after the war when they i might have done some harm ; but the whites i are now too well provided with fire-arms to * have any fears of a negro insurrection. How- ( ever, it gives me pleasure to state that the j colored people of this county are kindly dis- * posed toward the whites and have no inten- | tion of doing them any injury. All reports < to the contrary, therefore, may be regarded as utterly untrustworthy. ( On WoH n ?arl a v \fr William Wesfchronk. of 1 J*'- ? ' ? I this county, brought to town two bales of new cotton. It was the first new cotton of this , season that has appeared in this market, and ] was bought by Maj. T. S. Mills at 12} cents t per pound. A white elephant could hardly > have excited more interest, or a bride arrayed ' in beautiful apparel, more cordially welcomed. J Chester promises to become celebrated, in , due course of time, for its mineral waters. < Some time ago water was found on Mr. Withers' place containing sulphur to a con- i siderable extent. This statement is borne out ' by the testimony of one of our physicians, ^ who, after a careful analysis of the water, , pronounces one of its component parts to be j sulphur. This is the sulphur well which is so ; frequently visited of late. But our mineral 1 water is not contmed to suipnur. i>ast wees a spring, strongly impregnated with iron, was found on Dr. A. P. Wylie's place. The iron element is established by an analysis to which the water has been subjected by Dr. Wylie. It is pleasing, under the inspiration of hope, to look forward to the time in the shadowy future when Chester will become the Saratoga of the South. Judge T. J. Mackey, iu reply to a communication of several gentlemen from Landsford township asking him to favor them with his views upon the nefarious practice of cotton stealing, which has been carried on so extensively to their injury in times past, has complied with their request by giving bis views and promising; to do all in his power to stop it. It is to be hoped that he will staud by this promise, when the cotton thieves have been tried, convicted, and stand before the bar of their country to receive the sentence of punishment attaching to their misdoings. Let the penalty be commensurate with their crimes. And when they have been safely lodged in the penitentiary, let no party influence be exerted to obtain their pardon. The prominent part that Judge Mackey recently played in the Parker case has shaken the faith of Conservatives in the sincerity of his pro fessions. While they are willing to give him ( due credit for some good that he ha8 been in- c strumental in accomplishing in the county, t they vehemently condemn that act of his, J which opened the jail door and gave liberty to one of the arch-thieves of the State. He ? seems inclined to act upon the principle that j if he takes care of the small rascals the big t ones will take care of themselves. Well, this \ principle, which suits the rascals, does not t please the people; and it is time for Judge Mackey to be acquainted with this fact and act accordingly, if he has any regard lor his reputation. j Mr. Charles Hemphill, son of our highly esteemed fellow-citizen, Jas. Hemphill, Esq., a was recently united in the bonds of raatriino- v ny to Miss Emma Muller, of Columbia, and ? has for several days been visiting his friends ^ at this place, in company with bis fair bride. t The happy couple received the hearty con- J; gratulations of their many friends upon their ? arrival, and have been the recipients of con- t siderable attention during their stay. They J will return to Columbia this week. ^ v Mr. Allen Jordan, of this place, having satisfactorily passed the examination, is now a t student of the West Point Academy. He r has entered the institution with the determi- ? nation to finish the course, and I believe he ? will so act and study as to carry out that de- b termination. jf The very hot weather of the past week has d caused cotton to open with great rapidity, u Farmers are now engaged in picking, and be- rl fore long ourstreets will be lined with wagons ^ loaded with cotton. Then the good times will begin, and all will rejoice and be glad. ^ Qui. g b MERE-MENTION. C1 Six men, including a Quaker and a full A blooded Cherokee Indian, were hanged at n Fort Smith, Arkansas, last Friday. In si St. Louis, last Friday, four men?Hubbard, " of that city; Malone, of North Carolina ; Duff, of Virginia; and Flint,of Tennessee? ^ were arrested on the charge of dealing in n counterfeit money. The lock-boxes of the new post-office in New York rent for $16 each, per year, besides a deposit of $1 for the key. Gen. James Longstreet is now a resident of Gainesville, Georgia, and is mak- ^ r.._ u...-u.-__ ?? ing arraugemeum iur uunumg nu cicgtvuu a dwelling at that place. Wheat is selling ii at one dollar and fifteen cents to one dollar tl and twenty-five cents per bushel, at Houston, Texas. The people of Texas are about 81 to erect a monument to the memory of Gen. Sara. Houston. The only Jew at the e, University of Virginia, Leo N. Levi, of Vic- fi toria, Texas, received a gold medal for elo- a quence in a contest of eight students selected li to represent the whole body. A revenii- ^ ble bonnet will be among the new autumn ! ?. styles, they say. This is to accommodate | 0 those who have sustained reverses of fortune, i 0 During the past six months the fire insu- is ranee companies in the United States have tl sustained losses amounting in the aggregate j I to $26,000,000. "I'll talk it over with P Susan," is the last slang expression coined in ! j( New York. An Illinois paper tells the somewhat incredible story of a man in that t< State getting lost in his own cornfield, in which o he wandered two days and nights, aud finally , e came out in front of his own house, much to P ... tl the relief of his anxious family. Of the , ^ original cedars of Lebanon, only seven uow n remain. They are more than a thousand fj years old, aud it is believed some of them j vere planted by Solomon. TwoSt. Louis id i to rs had a hostile meeting last Saturday, vhich originated in a controversy between hem on the action of the citizens of Winne)ago county, Illinois, in refusing to allow Mr. Davis to speak at their fair.. After one harm- d ess shot the difficulty was adjusted. In- 1 restigation goes to show that Ralston, late n President of the Bauk of California, was a ^ I Jefaulter to the amount of betweeu three aud J bur millions of dollars. The Mercantile ^ Bank of Norfolk, Va., suspended on fiaturlay afternoon last. As is usual iu such cases, t is claimed that the assets will cover the lia i 1...1 ~c ri-i 1 juiLirc i ue uuutieu ucut ui VAJiuiiJUua, Georgia, is 9802,800, or a debt of $75.35 igainst every man, woman ami child, white ind black, in the city. It is announced ;bat Hon. A. H. Stephens is outspoken in favor of the greenback policy. From the Charleston News aud Courier, 1st Ins taut. CHARLESTON. The elaborate report upon the trade and commerce of Charleston for the commercial I'ear 1874-75, presented to the public to-day, will give substantial encouragement to every citizen who has had faith in the capabilities )f the port. All such will be possessed with i new zeal; while they who can only be convinced by facts and figures that Charleston is noviug forward will find iu the commercial statistics published to-day ample reason for confidence and hope. Charleston shows unexampled progress for a south Atlantic seaport, ind it is doubtful that any other commercial city, at the close of a year of unparalleled jusiness depression, can make as flattering an exhibit. Beginning with the staple articles of proluce, we find that Charleston, during the past year, received 50.265 casks of soirita of turoen ;ine and 225,957 barrels of rosin, an increase )f 9,265 casks and 45,957 barrels as compared ^ with 1873-74. This business in naval stores las grown up since 1865-66, in which year the total exports were 32,186 barrels. The receipts of rice in the year now past were 1,129 tierces more than in the previous year. 3f this staple, the famous Carolina rice, Charleston has virtually a monopoly, and the receipts are determined by the amount pro* iuced. The phosphate business has continued to *row. For the year the exports of crude phosphate were no less than 51,646 tons, and the exports from Bull river and Port Royal ^virtually Charlestou business) swell the grand Lota) to 102,046 tons. This is against six tons in 1857 and 11,862 in 1868. These phosphates are found in the Charleston basin, are mined by Charleston companies, and when washed free of dirt are ready for shipment. Another branch of this important business is the manipulation of the phosphates and their conversion into commercial fertilisers. This ^ likewise is done in and about Charleston, and it is estimated that at least 20,000 tons of crude phosphates were so manufactured last pear. Some idea of the magnitude of this business may be obtaiued from the fact that 50,000 tons of commercial fertilizers, valued it $2,000,000, were shipped from Charleston last year. The phosphate companies make their own sulphuric acid, and, in point of equipment and skillful management, have no equals in this country. In the lumber trade there bas been a marked decline, due to general and aot local causes. As a cottou port Charleston maintains and raproves her positiou. The receipts for 1874-75 are somewhat less than the receipts )f last year, but the loss is less than Charleson's proportion of the decrease in the entire ;rop. In the following table is given the per:entage of the entire crop received at Charleson in each year since 1-865 : 865-68, 5.00 per cent. 1870-71, 9.00 per cent. 866-67, 8.00 percent. 1871-72, 10.00 percent. 867-68, 10.00 per cent. 1872-73, 9.82 per cent. 868-69, 8.00 per cent. 187:1-74, 10.44 per cent. 869-70, 8.00 per cent. 1874-75, 10.93 per cent. This shows, by an uufailiug test, the steady irogress of Charleston. No other cotton port, ^ oour thinking, can make as satisfactory an ixhibit. It will be noticed that Charleston low ranks as the third cotton port, and is sreeping up on Savannah, which is still sec>nd. The drift of cotton is exhibited in the able of receipts at the Atlantic and gulf porta, rhis indicates a steady set of cotton to the iast, by which New Orleans and Mobile suffer, md Charlestou must be the principal gamer. In other departments of trade, to which larticular reference cannot here be made, the eturns are highly satisfactory ; and we note " vith much satisfaction the vast improvement hat has been made ou the wharves, both in mlarging and rebuilding warehouses and in - - u!.! 1 r?i i?? sreciing auaiuouai cuuuu presses, viiaucr on is in every respect well furnished, and is ? eady for the business of the new commercial rear, whatever may be its volume. It is no uew tale to say that we have, and ilways have had, implicit faith that Charleston vill in the course of years become a great * lomraercial city ; and from the first ours has teen a reasonable faith, founded upon a :nowledge of the position of Charleston as he most available and accessible south At* antic port, and upon a knowledge of the aried character of her actual and prospecive commerce. What seemed dreams ten ears ago are solid realties to-day; and ten ears hence the glowing predictions of to-day fill have been more than accomplished. For one thing Charleston has the benefit of he most enlightened and comprehensive raiload management in the South?that of the iouth Carolina railroad. Its value to Charleston cannot be over-estimated. Beyond this Charleston has, in the varied character of her usiness, an assurance of steady growth that ) possessed by no southern city. The growth epends on no one article of produce or maufacture. Upon the broad basis of cotton, ice, naval stores, lumber, crude and manutctured phosphates, fruits and vegetables, roceries, dry goods, clothing and drugs, not ) speak of snip building and general manuictures, the broad foundation of her future reatness is solidly laid. The failure of no one 4 ranch of business can reduce her to insignifiance. as would be the case with other ports. ind every day there is the promise of some ew business, contributing its part to the ;eadily increasing whole. This is the reason f our belief. Much that we foretold for Charleston has already come to pass; and, our ord for it, the present, however reassuring, i nothing to what the near future can and iust be. * From the New York Graphic. d. t. corbin Interviewed. Mr. Corbin is at present in this city, and in n interview with him to-day at the Fifth i venue hotel, he stated that the condition of ffairs in South Carolina had rapidly improved 5 i every respect during the present year, and lat the future outlook was very encouraging, n regard to the present State government he lid: "Gov. Chamberlain is bound to give the eople an honest administration, even if it ntails the sacrifice of all his personal benets. I am sorry to say that there is considerble opposition to him from prominent repubcans, which throws obstacles in the way of is reform movements. There is a large class f this kind of politicians who, if a conservave journal has anything to say favorable to r endorsing the course of honest republican fficials, at once raise the alarm that the party i being sold out to the conservatives, or that be official is 'going back' on his party. This J consider one of the worst features in the resent situation. The laudation of Gov. Iharaberlaiu by the Charleston News, the ;adiug democratic newspaper in the State, I biuk injures the Governor greatly, and tends 3 retard rather than aid him in his endeavrs to correct the glaring abuses that have xisted It certainly deprives him of the snport of a large class of republicans, who, I irough short-sighteduess and ignorance, have ecorae jealous and suspicious of every moveient he makes ; yet the condition of the State nancially and politically, steadily improves." The conversation theu touched upon the