Newspaper Page Text
f traps and ^arts.
? novelty in the export line at Boston, was the sending out last week of 600 kegs of horse shoes for the use of certain Loudon, Liverpool and Cork omnibus lines. ? Gen. Rosser, chief engineer of the Northern Pacific Railway, says that if Senator Windom will send on two thousand colored men, he will put them at work during the summer, and thus help to carry out the Senator's colonization sham. ? The Augusta Chronicle and Sentinel says: "Mayor Meyer has received an offer to take the whole of the 880,000 City of Augusta 7 per cent, bonds, issued last year, remaining in the hands of the mayor and finance committee, at par. This offer the mayor declined, as he holds the bonds at a higher figure. a r\ T i fY* 1 A II 3 ? A. u. .uangsian, presuieni 01 me nowuru Association, telis the Louisville Courier-Journal correspondent that as far as he can learn, every vestige of the yellow fever disappeared from Memphis, Holly Springs, Grenada and all of the towns afflicted during the summer, as early as December. He has gone over the ground and made careful inquiries. ? The Illinois Senate has passed a bill prohibiting insurance companies from publishing anything as assets not available to pay debts. A great many things that look well on paper have no substantial basis, and no one knows better how to obtain money under such false pretenses than the class at whom the bill is aimed. ? The Chicago Times says there are now seventy thousand pending applications for invalid pensions, all of which if granted, will date back to the close of the war. New applications are pouring in at the rate of a thousand a day. Everybody who served in the war is beginning to feel a variety of aches and pains, the origin of which, upon recollection, he can trace back to his service for his country. ? Right Rev. F. M. Whittle, D. D., bishop of the diocese of Virginia, has written a letter to the clergy and vestries of the several churches in his diocese, forbidding the use of flowers on Easter or upon any other occasion in the churches. The use of fruits and veget ? * T"x -P- _L! J abies upon inanKsgiving j->ay is aiso ioruiudeu. In the same letter, the bishop prohibits the use of altar-cloths except of one color?in other words, he inhibits the practice of changing the altar-cloths at the different ecclesiastical seasons. ? When the issue of fractional currency was stopped, it was estimated that the amount outstanding was 845,000,000. A commission appointed by Secretary Sherman, estimated that of this amount about 88,000,000 would never be presented for redemption, having been destroyed or lost. It now appears that this estimate was too small. There is still outstanding about 816,000,000 fractional paper currency, of which amount about 82,000, 000 is in 3-cent and 5 cent notes. It is now estimated that there will ultimately be redeemed only 84,000,000, leaving 812,000,000 as profit to the government. ? The demand for United States 4 per cents at New York has fallen off somewhat, but the subscriptions in other parts of the country continue large, and the total last week was 826,643,900. The subscriptions in the three weeks before footed up over 8109,000,000, or more than 836,000,000 a week. This fall below the weekly average may be but temporary, as the amounts vary very much from week to week. The subscriptions during one of the three weeks mentioued, for instance, ran up to over 854,000,000. The delivery of 4. npr ppnts is somewhat emharrassed bv the inability of the bureau of engraving and printing to keep up with the demand. ? Hon. Horatio C. Burchard, who was recently appointed Director of the United States Mint, has been a member of Congress from Illinois for ten years past, and for six years of this time he has been a member of the Committee on Ways and Means. He was born in Marshall, Oneida county, N. Y., in 1S25; was graduated at Hamilton College in 1850; has practiced law and been engaged in mercantile business. He lives in Freeport, 111. His appointment meets the approval of the friends of a bi metallic standard, as Mr. Burchard's views are in opposition of the late Director of the Mint, Mr. Linderman, who was a supporter of the single gold standard. ? A correspondent of the Savannah Nem relates a horrible story about Senator Blaine. He says that some thirty years ago Blaine was teaching school in Kentucky and was "a fiery Bourbon Democrat." On one occasion Cassius M. Clay made himself a candidate for office on an abolition platform and was billed for a speech at Frankfort. Young Blaine declared he would reply to him, and a gentleman now living loaned him ten dollars to pay his expenses. History doesn't say whethhe answerd Clay or not, but the party who loaned the money, says he still has the plum ed knight's promissory note. As it is a Southern claim, there is no use in carrying the case to Congress. ? The national association of the veterans of the Mexican war met at Baltimore last Saturday, Gen. Denver, of Ohio, presiding. Among the delegates present were Gen. H. Gates Gibson, United States army; Hon. Jos. Shields, of Missouri; Hon. J. J. Martin, of Alabama; Hon. Robt. Klatz and Gen. Biles, of Pennsylvania; Gen. John S. Williams, of Kentucky; Gen. J. T. Bartolow, of Maryland ; Col. Edward Cantwell and Maj. Jas. Reilley, of North Carolina ; Maj. Milligan of Virginia, and Col. Wm. L. Tidball and Col. Geo. W. Leonard, of New York. The only business transacted was the appointment of a committee to visit Washington and press upon Congress the equity of their claims to be placed upon the pension list. There were about one hundred veterans present. ? The New York Herald publishes a lengthy letter from Brazil, giving a frightful picture of drought, famine and pestilence raging in the northern portion of that country for more than a year past. It is said to be the greatest calamity in 200 years. Half a million people have been swept away by starvation and disease. Small pox and black plague have carried off their victims in appalling numbers, and thousands of bodies are rotting in open trenches. At Lagoa Funda, thousands of other corpses have been torn and devoured by wild animals. The starving peasants ate their own offspring. In some places, including the city of Cerca, the country has been depopulated. There have been terrible struggles for life by children abandoned and young souls sold for bread. Thousands of living skeletons were to be seen. Government aid has been tardy. ? The New York District Telegraph sys it a r\e\c\ i j nr\r\ \ tern now memoes -*,ooz ooxes, aim ouu uuys are kept to answer the various summons. The uses to which these hundreds of boys are put appear to reveal many curious phases of character. There are many young men, too, who are employed by the company for various purposes. Of late, there has arisen a demand for escorts to places of amusement, and from one house to another. In the former case the address of the person applying for the attendant is taken, and word is telegraphed to the central office for an escort. The one who answers the summons is given the address and a letter of introduction, and accompanies the applicant to whatever theatre she desires. The escort pays for the car fares and tickets from money that his newly-made friend has given him. He attends her back to the hotel and receives two dollars for his services. This custom of employing escorts has becobae a regular practice, and appears to be growing in favor. One evening recently there were eight ladies at six different theatres, including Booth's, during the Kellogg opera season, whose escorts were furnished "to order." The men employed for escort duty are carefully selected, and in a majority of cases they are in the service of the telegraph company during the day. As a rule, the demand for these disguised messengers comes from married women, widows and maiden ladies of mature ,years. Not infrequently, two women apply f for one escort. It is said that the daughters i of a prominent professional man and of a wellknown clergyman are among those who take advantage of this curious custom. Many of the women who apply for these attendants are strangers to the city, ignorant of the situation ^ of the theatres. jltoe IJwMle (Shqwim. YORKVILLE, S. C.: THURSDAY MORNING, FEB. 27,1879. How to Order the Enquirer.?Write the name of the subscriber very plainly, give post-office, county and State, in full, aud send the amount of the subscription by draft or post office money order, or enclose the money in a registered letter. Postage.?The Enquirer is delivered free of postage to all subscribers residing in York county, who receive the paper at post-offices within the countv; and to all other subscribers the postage is paid by the publisher. Our subscribers, no matter where they receive the paper, are not liable for postage, it being prepaid at the post-office here, without additional charge to the subscriber. Watch the Figures.?The date on the "addresslabel" shows the time to which the subscription is paid. If subscribers do not wish their papers discontinued, the date must be kept in advance. Cash.?It must be distinctly understood that our terms for subscription, advertising and jobwork, are cash in advance. PROCEEDINGS OF CONGRESS. In the Senate on the 17th, Mr. Windorn, of Minnesota, presented a petition of the negro cooperative association, of Shreveport, La., favoring the passage of the resolution in regard to the migration of colored people. It was signed by a large number of ministers representing the colored congregations of that place. Laid on the table, the resolution now being before the Senate. The Senate resumed the consideration of unfinished busi ness, being the bill to amend the internal revenue laws, which contains an amendment to reduce the tax on tobacco. After a long discussion, the amendment taxing snuff' 24 instead of 15 cents per pound was rejected by 30 to 14. In the House duriug the morning hour, Mr. Hale, of Maine, offered a resolution directing the committee of the judiciary to report a joint resolution proposing a constitu tional amendment prohibiting the payment of war claims, except those of persons loyal to the Union. A motion to adjourn, made on the Democratic side, and roll call, consumed the remainder of the hour. The reso lution went over without action. A motion to suspend the rules was made by Mr. Sparks, of Illinois, for the purpose of passing the bill appropriating $26,852,200 for the payment ot arrears of pensions. On motion of Mr. Rice, of Ohio, the bill was so amended as to include special pensions and pensions granted on account of soldiers who enlisted in the war, but who died from disabilities incurred after the cessation of hostilities. Agreed to. Mr. Acklen presented resolutions of the Louisiana legislature protesting against the proceedings of the United States Circuit Court of New Orleans in prosecutions against citizens in various parts of Louisiana. W. B. Fleming was sworn in to fill the vacancy occasioned by the death of Julian Hartridge, of Georgia. After a suspension of the rules, the harbor and appropriation bill was passed The evening session was devoted to memorial services in honor of Representative Schleicher, of Texas. In the Senate on the 18th, Mr. Windora presented a resolution of the Western Emigration Society, of Charleston, S. C., favoring the passage of his resolution in regard to the migration of colored people. Laid on the table. Mr. Hoar called up a resolution to pay Jos. Segar ?5,000, in full compensation for his expenses in prosecuting his claim to a seat in the Senate, as Senator from the State of Virginia in 1863. Agreed to; yeas 34, nays 26. The Senate resumed the discussion of the bill to amend the revenue laws. The pending question being on the amendment to tax tea 10 cents per pound and coffee 21 cents per pound, a division of the question j___j ?i? a?* rtr. was uruereu, wueu iuc vute ?us mat. w&cu uu taxing tea ten cents per pound. It was rejected?yeas, 14; nays, 57. The amendment to tax coffee 2* cents per pound was rejected without a division. The amendment reduciug the tax on tobacco to 16 cents per pound was adopted by a vote of 21 to 42. An amendment to exempt from certain provisions of the existing law small distilleries whose daily capacity does not exceed 30 gallons, was agreed to. An amendment allowing a drawback on all manufactured tobacco upon which the tax of 24 cents per pound has been paid by suitable revenue stamps equal in amount to the difference between the value of such stamps at 24 cents per pound, and the value of any such stamps at any reduced rate fixed by an act of Congress, was rejected. The Senate agreed to an amendment that the act take effect the 1st of May instead of the 1st of April, as proposed by the committee. After some other minor amendments, the bill passed. Resolutions of respect to the memory of the late Representatives Schleicher and Quinn, were adopted, and the Senate adjourned. The House refused to consider reports from the committee on ways and means, or to proceed with the legislative appropriation bill, and went into committee of the whole for the consideration of the census bill. An amendment transferring the power of appointing supervisors from the Secretary of the Interior to the Governors of the several States, with an amendment so as to provide that if any Governor shall fail to make the nominations of supervisors before the first of April, 1880, the Secretary of the Interior shall make such appointments, was agreed to. Without further j action the House took a recess. The evening j session was devoted to a discussion of the I legislative, executive and judicial appropriation bill. # In the Senate on the 19th, the House bill to fix the pay of letter carriers employed in ; the city delivery, was passed. Also a bill to ! incorporate the United States Railway Mail ! Service Mutual Benefit Association. The Senate then resumed the consideration of the post-office appropriation bill. I The entire session of the House was devoted to a consideration of the legislative apj propriation bill. In the Senate on the 20th, Mr. Blaine, from the comraitttee on appropriations, reported back the army appropriation bill with amendments, which was placed on the calendar. Mr. Blaine gave notice that he would j call it up for consideration at the earliest opj portunity. The Senate then passed the following House bills: To give U. S. circuit courts supervising jurisdiction in certain criminal cases. Bill regulating fees of U. S. District attorneys. The Senate laid aside temporarily the postoffice appropriation bill, in or! der that Mr. Shields, of Missouri, might speak in favor of the bill granting pensions to survii ving soldiers of the Mexican war. The session of the House was devoted to I the consideration of the contested election case of Finley vs. Bisbee, from the first district of Florida, which resulted in the seating ; of Finley, who took the modified oath. In the Senate, on the 21st, Mr. Voorhees introduced a bill authorizing and requiring the Secretary of the Treasury to re-issue the United States legal tender notes now held for the redemption of fractional currency, and such notes heretofore retired from circulation under the act of January 14th, 1875, to the aggregate amount of 826,852,200, and to expend the same in payment of such claims for arrears of pensions, as may be allowed under the act of January 25, 1879. Referred to committee on finance. The army appropria tion bill was then takeu up, and the sections relating to the re-organization of the army were debated at considerable length. The House was engaged during the day, in committee of the whole on private bills. Several bills in the nature of war claims were discussed, and their enacting clauses were stricken out. The only bill agreed to by the committee was one for the relief of Gibbes & Co., of Charleston, S. C. In the Senate on the 22ud, Mr. Ferry presented the credentials of Hon. Zack Chandler, elected U. S. Senator from Michigan. The credentials were read, and Chandler took the oath of office. The Vice-President laid be fore the Senate a communication from the Postmaster-General in regard to the appropriation for pay of city letter carriers, stating that the amount appropriated is inadequate. By a vote of yeas 4~, nays 15, the Senate struck out of the army appropriation bill all the sections relating to army reorganization, upon the ground that there was not time to consider that subject at this session. Upon reaching the amendment to strike out of the House bill the clause forbidding the use of troops at polls, the Senate struck it out without discussion, by a vote of 34 to 30. The House, after passing several bills of no general importance, reached the bill restrict ing Chinese immigration, and the Senate amendments were concurred in. The bill now goes to the President. The Senate amendments to the bill reducing the tax on tobacco were then taken up. Tucker, of Virginia, by instruction from the committee on ways and means, moved non-concurrence and the appointment of a committee of conference. Foster, of Ohio, although opposed to the bill and amendments, moved concurrence as a test question. Dwight moved to lay on the table. Negatived. There was a scene of great confusion and uproar in respect to the manner in which the amendments should be voted on. The first amendment on the subject of the bonds of collectors was read and concurred in. The second amendment, being merely, verbal, was also concurred in. The third amendment, for the appointment of thirty-five internal revenue agents was then read aud concurred in. Burchard, of Illinois, suggested that as the amendments were not printed, the House should adjourn and let the amendments come up on Monday. Tucker, of Virginia, appealed to the friends of the bill to vote against adjournment and dispose of the bill to-night. The House refused to adjourn. On the next vote there wus no quorum voting, and the proposition to adjourn was renewed, several members declaring that as they could not see the amendments in print, they could not vote intelligently. The House again refused to adjourn. After another scene of confusion, the speaker extricated the House from the difficulty, aud at his sugges tion all the amendments were concurred in in gross, with the exception of those referring to tax on rectifiers, the tax on matches, the tax on banks, and as to the time when the bill should take effect. These amendments will come up on Monday, and meantime the amendments are to be printed. The sundry civil appropriation bill was reported and ordered to be printed. The House then took recess till Monday. In the Senate, on the 24th, the House bill authorizing the secretary of the navy to accept, for the purposes of a voyage of exploration by way of Behring's Strait, the ship Jeannette, tendered by James Gordon Bennett for that purpose, was passed. Allison, from the committee on appropriations, reported with sundry amendments, the deficiency appropriation bill, and gave notice that he would call it up as soon as the army bill should be disposed of. Cameron, of Wisconsin, gave notice that as soon as the army bill should be disposed of, he would call up the resolution reported by the committee on privileges and elections, declaring D. T. Corbin entitled to a seat as Senator from South Carolina, in place of M. C. Butler, the present incumbent. After the conclusion of the morning business, the Senate resumed the consideration of the unfinished business, being the army appropriation bill, and the discussion upon the clause in regard to allowing railroads to use their telegraph lines for commercial purposes, was continued. Mr. Jones, of Florida, spoke in favor thereof. The unfinished business being the arniv bill, the Senate refused to strike out the clause inserted by the House, allowing railroad companies to use their telegraph lines for commercial purposes. The House concurred in the Senate amendment to the tobacco bill, providing that the reduced tax on tobacco shall go into effect May 1st, 1879, and non-concurred in that amendment which strikes out the clause abolishing the tax on matches. It uon concurred, also, in the Senate amendment which strikes out the provision that rectifiers rectifying less than five hundred barrels of spirits a year, shall pay a license of $100, and has also nonconcurred in the amendment relating to the tax on national and savings banks. A committee of conference was then ordered upon the disagreeing votes of the two houses on the j tobacco bill. The committee was appointed. It consists of Tucker, of Virginia, Robbins, of North Carolina, and Burchard, of Illinois. The civil sundry appropriation bill, appropriating about seventeen millions, was passed. | Bills were passed removing the political disa-' I bilities of a number of persons in Virginia,! | Florida and California. A suggestion for a | I night session for the South Carolina election cases was opposed by the Republicans, and at j I - i TT .1 ,!ii m _?_1 i_ , 0.20 the tiouse iook a recess uu 10 o ciuck. Tuesday morning. In the Senate on the 25th, pending the execution of an order to compel the attendance ! of Senators, a quorum was disclosed by a ; vote on amendments, and the Senate proceedI ed with the consideration of the bill to prej vent the introduction of contagious or infec' tious diseases into the United States and to > establish a bureau of public health. The bill was read the third time and passed. The Senate then took up the deficiency appropriation bill at 4.30 in the morning, adjourning to meet at one the same afternoon. The Senate by a vote of yeas 25, nays 36, refused to take up the resolution declaring David T. Corbin entitled to a seat as Senator from South Carolina in the place of M. C. Butler, : the present incumbent. Messrs. Cameron, of Pennsylvania, Conover, Matthews and Pat-' terson voted with the Democrats in the negative. The dehcicncy appropriation bill was then taken under consideration. The vicepresident laid before the Senate, by request, a telegram from the California constitutional convention, transmitting the resolutions of that body thanking Congress for the triumph-! ant passage of the bill restricting the immigration of Chinese to the United States, and i declaring that the Senators and members who j supported the bill will receive the lasting | gratitude of the people of California. Mr. : Hoar, of Massachusetts, objected to the re-! caption of the paper under the fourteenth j rulu it not hointr nrnnprlv authenticated, and ? fc> 1?I J under that rule the telegram could not be received. The vice-president decided the point of order well taken. Sargeant said the rejection of this telegram simply punctuated its contents. A lively debate ensued by unanimous consent, until, finally, Mr. Kirkwood, of Iowa, objected, and the Senate proceeded with the regular morning business. | In the House a motion made by Monroe, j of Ohio, to suspend the rules and pass the bill applying 820,000.000, of the proceeds of tie sale of certificates of deposit, authorized to he issued in aid of refunding the public debt, to the payment of the arrears of pensions, was defeated?yeas, 116; nays 123. Banning, of Ohio, took to task his colleague, Garfield, for a statement made by Garfield last week that enough men had been sent to the penitentiary from Cincinnati for election frauds, to take away the majority of one of the members from that city (meaning Ban Ding.) .Banning denounced tne statement as an infamous falsehood, and accused his colleague of a violation of the ninth commandment against bearing false witness. Garfield said he had not referred to his colleague by name, and that all he knew of the matter was from current history. The House went into committee of the whole on the legislative appropriation bill, aud discussed for an hour the amendment offered, by Southard, of Ohio, to repeal the election laws. Speeches were made by Hale, of Maine, against, and by Southard for the amendment, each taking the position that his side of the House would never yield on the point. It turned out, however, that Hale could not get the undivided support of his own side of the House in his tactics to defeat the amendment by refraining from voting, and thus preventing the appearance of a quorum. Three of the Republicans did vote, and these votes, with that of the Speaker, constituted a quorum, and so the amendment was carried amid great demonstrations of triumph on the Democratic side. The bill was reported to the House and there, too, the amendment was carried almost under similar circumstances. The amendment repealing the U. S. District Cojirt jurors' test oath and fixing the pay of jurors at 82 a day, was also adopted and the bill was passed. Adjourned. SOUTH CAROLINA NEWS. ? The Town Council of Spartanburg has decided to build a town hall and opera house. ? Last week eleven car loads of Northern : 1 n..i 1.:.. ?A ... A ICtJ nxriveu iU cuiuimmi uuu wcicoluicu avraj for use next summer. ? The Intelligencer says that many of the farmers of Anderson county are buying corn of the Oconee and Pickens farmers. ? The Express reports that the fertilizer war has ceased in Spartanburg, and that the farmers of that county .are buying in as large quantities as ever. " ? Notice is given that the acts and joint resolutions passed at the late session of the Legislature have been printed and are now ready for delivery. ? The Greenville and Columbia Railroad is running trains night and day to accommodate the demands for freight, consisting largely of fertilzers. ? The Herald says that notwithstanding nearly twenty thousand bales of cotton have been sold in Spartanburg this season, there is more cotton yet unsold in that county than has been for several years past. ? There are about a dozen candidates for the Senatorial vacancy in Sumter county. The county convention meets on the first Monday in March to determine the best means of nominating a candidate. ? Mr. Julius Mills, county treasurer of Chester county, settled with the comptrollergeneral on Friday last. His accounts were perfectly correct, and his success in collecting the tax is spoken of as something remarkable. ? The United States Circuit Court will not meet in Charleston until the first Monday of March. This postponement results from the fact that Judge Bond is engaged in holding fVmrr in Went Virginia and will not crp.t through with the business there until the time stated. ? Accounts received from Governor Hampton since he went to the lower part of the State, are not as favorable as the people had been led to hope for. He was unable to attend the celebration of Washington's birthday in Charleston, last Saturday, as had been his intention to do. He continues weak and is subject to frequent attacks of severe pain, although his indomitable fortitude keeps him cheerful, hopeful and in general good spirits. The bad weather which has prevailed of late has necessitated his confinement to the house, although he spends his time upon the piazza whenever there is a season of sunshiue. ? Col. A. P. Butler, State Fish Commissioner, is on a tour of inspection of the streams of the State, to see whether the dams and obstructions have been removed in accordance with the law. Colonel Butler is very zealous in the performance of this duty, and he is making preparations to pros- | ecute dilligently any parties violating the j laws providing for the free passage of fish. He has already stocked several streams with salmon and shad ; and as soon as all the obstructions are removed, he will "plant" a larger supply. He is receiving the co-operation of the citizens of every locality he visits, and hopes to make a complete success of his labor of love. The Legislature gives him j no salary, but allows him eight hundred dollars for necessary expenses. ? In Charleston last week, Ben. Pope, alias Rabbit, colored, who rode Mary Walton in j ? i -- i - J? I tne roue aasn on tne iaoL un.j< ui mc iav,w ; there, confessed that he pulled the roare all i the way around the track and allowed Ben ! Hill to win, having been paid 825 cash and a pool ticket of 839 on Hill by the latter's own-1 er, S. Atchison, to do so. Atchison and the 1 jockey have both been ruled off the track by the South Carolina Jockey Club, and were arrested and charged with conspiracy to defraud, the prosecutors being persons who purchased pools on Mary Walton. The accused waived an examination and were bound over in the sum of 850 each to appear for i trial at the June terra of the Sessions Court, j A warrant was iasued against Crea, the, owner i of the mare, but he has left the State. Poole and bets have all been paid, and much indig- j nation exists in sporting circles against the parties. ? The fire which occurred in Newberry on Monday night of last week, caused the des- j truction, in the business part of town, of twelve buildings, ten of which were burned and two torn down. The loss is put at $65,000, with insurance to the amount of $40,000. The fire started either in Mr. Keene's tin shop, on Main street, or in the old building between it and Mr. Cash's store, known as the old tin shop, and lately occupied in the basement by Woolsey as a restaurant?the latter most probably?and spread in both directions. The following houses were burned : Four belonging to C. & G. S. Mower, viz.: the old "Stewart corner," with two stores, one occupied by John P. Kiuard, as an auction house, and the other by D. P. d*? Jir Cyt\ tiritVi rrnnarol mnrokon/llQO I II 14 ttin Vv VV.J IT lull g^lJV/tUI U4^.IUimUU10V f Dawkin's barber shop; Gourdeline's tailor shop, and the old "Tin Shop." Three houses belonging to the estate of Julius B. Smith, deceased, viz.: A. M. Bowers' grocery and bar, Harriet Kennedys restaurant, aud the three story brick store occupied by J. D. Cash, as a grocery store. The store occupied by R. B. Keene, as a tin aud stove store, belonging to Mrs. Bartlett; Mr. J. D. Cash's iron front store. The old wooden buildings below Mr. Cash's grocery, with two stores, one occupied by Rodelsperger & Hornsby as a shoe store, the other by G. A. Langford as a bar, caught fire and were town down to stop the progress of the flames. Mr. P. Scott's clothing store opposite Mr. Bowers', was chopped down to stop the flames in that direction. On the opposite side of Caldwell nf Ajkm\*viAit#iini? Wifk k n Ofvi?nnH O# ni*0 Art. iSblCCbj UWilllUCllLlUg Uilli bIJC V;U1 li^l ObVlVi WV cupied by Mr. Scholtz, jeweler, and Mrs. Red us, milliuery, the danger was imminent, and but for the heroic exertion and that piece of brick wall on the Chick corner, which should be preserved as a monument (for this and other good done) the fire would have swept the post office, Ratley's barber-shop, Boozer's bar-room, Parker's saddlery, Scott's clothing house and the Herald office, and no doubt further down. As it was, the contents of the buildings named, with the exception of the printing office, were all taken out and considerably damaged. The Courthouse caught several times just under the edge of the roof, and would have gone but for the heroic and daring efforts of a few men. NORTH CAROLINA NEWS. ? Mrs. Williams, widow of the late President of the State National Bank at Raleigh, has been elected President of that institution. ? A forger, confined in the jail of Nash county, made his escape last week, by donning his wife's apparel after she had been permitted to visit him in his cell. ? Tim Rnndlenian Manufacturing ComDa ? O I ny, in Randolph county, now have 240 plaid looms in operatiou, with a capacity of 10,000 yards per day. ? Governor Jarvis has appointed Col. VV. L. Saunders, late of the Raleigh Observer, Secretary of State, to fill the vacancy occasioned by-the death of Maj. Jos. Engelhard. ? Mr. Jesse Heathcock, of Mt. Pleasant, Cabarrus county, after suffering for nearly fifteen years, from a wound received during the war, will be compelled to have his leg amputated on account of it. ? A requisition for a fugitive from justice was received, at Raleigh, last Friday by Gov. Jarvis from Gov. W. D. Simpson, of South Carolina. A warrant was issued for the arrest of the offender. No drinks. ? The Western Railroad, extending from Fayetteville towards Greensboro, has been completed to Deep river. The trains crossed the river for the first time on Monday of last week. Several miles more of the road will be finished at an early day. ? The State Senate has passed a bill reducing the salaries of the State officials to the following figures : Governor 83,000, Secreta ry of State 82,000, auditor 81,750, treasurer 83,000, attorney-general 82,000, Superior Court judges 82,500, and no additional pay for extra courts. editoiuaiTinklings. The 22nd in Charleston. 1 WT nnVi!nof/-v?l'o ki V* _ X IIC UClCUiatiUil VI ii aoutugivu o viaur day was observed with rauch eclat in Charleston. The military parade was 6ne, including, besides the local companies, the Greenville Guards. Major Hugh S. Thompson was the orator of the occasion, choosing as his theme, "The Restoration of the Citadel Academy." Among the letters read from those who could not accept invitations to be present, was one from Major Hart, of Yorkville. Col. Coward, of King's Mountain Military School, was present, and in response to the toast, "The South Carolina Military Academy"?'Its early restoration will satisfy a felt public want and gratify the people of the State,' responded in eloquent terms, touching upon the brilliant past history of the institution, and presaged its early restoration. "No Place Like Home I" The News and Courier of Monday, in an editorial paragraph under the above caption, says : Governor Simpson is in constant receipt of 1 -11 ^??- O.... * I, mtKA Kairo leiiers 1IU1I1 OUUWi \jaiunuinug, miu uutw emigrated to the West and Southwest, since the war, the burden of all of which is that the writers have been sadly disappointed in their plans and expectations, and are anxious to return, with their impoverished and suffering families, to this State. Some of the appeals made to the Governor for help to enable the petitioners to return, or for a promise of remunerative work upon their arrival, are touching in the extreme. The Governor, is, of course powerless to extend the aid to make the provisions asked for, and" the question arises whether the next Legislature would not be justified in taking steps with a view to encouraging and providing for the return of these sutfering, if self exiled citizens of the State? The return of any considerable number of the luckless wanderers, together with the dissemination of the practical lessons they have acquired by sad experience, would undoubtedly go far towards deterring their restive neighbors from following the rash example they once set in abandoning South Carolina. The present disposition to emigrate, which is too prevalent in some counties, would be most effectually checked; the State would be benefitted in two ways by the general result, and the people at large would moreover have ' ' J xl iL. 1?,1 I strongly unpresseu upou ujciu ujc uccucu and wholesome lesson that contented industry with economy here at home, will pay, in the long run, far better than rambling, or even working in new and strange lands. Decision on the Foil Tax. An important decision in regard to the payment of the poll tax, has recently been made by Judge J. B. Kershaw, while holding Court in Aiken. Under a recent act of the Legislature, a failure to pay this tax is pun- i ishable with fine or imprisonment. The Ai-' ken Review gives the following summary of j the decision: The poll tax question is, we hope, forever j set at rest by the decision of his Honor Judge J. B. Kershaw, which was rendered on Monday, the 10th instant, in the case of Dr. J. D. j Durham, who was arrested and carried before Trial Justice Jas. E. Crosland, a few weeks , since, and tried for failure to pay poll tax, and convicted and sentenced for same, whereupon he appealed to the Circuit Court, which Court affirmed the decision of the Justice be- j low. Dr. Durham took the ground that the poll tax is unconstitutional, and also said it I was against his religious principles to pay the | same, saying he had the money, but positively ; refused to pay it. Judge Kershaw differed with the Doctor, and gave an elaborate opinion, a few extracts of which we give below: He said whatever is necessary to carry on the government must be contributed by the community. The Legislature which enacted this law was elected by a majority of the votes of the people, and since the adoption of the Constitution, the law is binding on every citizen. The government is authorized to levy a tax on all persons within certain ages, which tax is given to the cause of public education. As to the scriptural grounds, the Judge said he had never seen anything in the Bible which would warrant the Doctor in refusing to pay his poll tax. Appeal dismissed with cost. Cause of the Zulu War. The Zulu war, in which Great Britain is eneaeed. has sDrune up from a dispute HIV iUQbltUtlVU, Hi jyiuvu </i U1IV VMifiUV V* (V*? now exist, and have made large preparations for the manufacture of the necessary brick. It has now beeu decided to build upon such a scale as will allow the Penitentiary to use a portion of the shops for its own needs, and rent the remaining space to Mr. Terry. This gentleman will hire and employ about one hundred convicts, and set them to work at once, under skilled instructors, to manufacture both cotton and woolen hose, <fec., suitable to the demauds of this market The machines used in this special branch of manufacture are "run" principally by hand power, and the enterprise is, therefore, to a large extent, independent of the delays likely to attend upon the development of the water of the canal, which, however, can be readily utilized to any needed extent, when it shall have been made available. The Chinese Question. We are not a little surprised that the Democratic members of Congress should be I entrapped into voting for the bill, just passed by both houses, restricting Chinese immigration. While it is probable that the President will veto the bill, yet if he does not, and it should become a law, it will recoil upon the Democratic party in the next National campaign. Negro suffrage and social equality are very good for the South, but when a few thousand Mongolians?who are represented as a thrifty, industrious people?settle on the Pacific slope, the cry comes from the North, "Go away, Chinaman, don't you come nigh me!" It does really make some difference as to whose ox is gored, and the Chinaman in the meal-tub is a more dreaded evil than the negro on the wood pile. A Washington dispatch of the 14th, to the Baltimore Sun, speaking of the discussion of the Chiuese question in the Senate says: The Senate was engaged all day on the House bill to prevent Chinese immigration. A number of Democratic Senators who were opposed to the bill concluded not to vote against it in consequence of a telegram sent from San Francisco to day by ex-Senator Casserly, in which he appealed most earnestly to his Democratic friends in the Senate to favor the measure. The discussion in the Senate was protracted to a late hour, but an ajournmeut was effected before a vote was reached. If it was not for the fifteenth amendment to the constitution, it would be in the power of the State of California to enact such legislation as would remedy the Chinese evil, if it is realty such. It is not generally known that the action of Congress on this matter is being watched with intense interest by the Chinese embassy here, which is in constant communication on the subject with the home government. The Chiuese minister and all the members of his suite decline positively to say one word in regard to the matter. A Senator in speaking ou the subject to-day, said tnat ne views it witn some apprehension, and that the bill would doubtless be considered a violation of treaty obligations, and that China would not, perhaps, be liable to censure, if she adopted retaliatory measures. There are quite a large number of citizens of the United States residing in China, many of whom have important property interests there, all of which may be put in jeopardy. Passage of the Anti-Chinese Bill. ? The bill to restrict the immigration of the Chinese has passed both Houses of Congress, and now only awaits the Presideut's signature to become a law. Before the Senate came to a final vote upon the measure, Senator Edmunds said, with great emphasis, that he wished to nvnroao Viio nfter nhhnrrennp of thfi nrinoinle it, i 1^' vl~ I 1 was founded upon, "which is that, without negotiation , without notice, without any step that the fair and honest comity which should exist among nations would require to be taken, we take a step of this kind, to abrogate, by legislation, a provision of a treaty with a friendly ! power. So saying, Mr. President, I have said all I wish to say, except to add that I hope i the constitution of the United States has yet provided some means by which this measure,; that is so odious to me, will fail to become a law." This would indicate that the Senator | has hopes of a veto. The following is an out- i line of the bill: It provides that no vessel, whether of na- i over the boundary between the Transvaal and Zululand and various depredations on the border of G'etywayo, king of the Zulus. The boundary was settled by arbitration last year, and in the award Sir Bartle Frere, after recapitulating all that had previously occurred in connection therewith, decided that in future the boundary is to be the Pongolo. on the north to its source, and the Blood river from its source to its junction with the Tulega at Rorke's Dritt on the east. The small line of country between the sources of these two rivers is to be surveyed and marked off in a straight line from one to the other. The award ends with a declaration?very distinct and peremptory?that any intrusion over these bounds on the part of any of the Zulu tribes, will be deemed an act hostile to the British government, and one for which Cety wayo will be held responsible. Hostile demonstrations having continued on the frontier, an ultimatum was fient to Cetywayo through Sir Henry Bulwar, Lieutenant Governor of Natal, in December last. The population of England's South African colonies is 2,000,000 blacks and 500,000 whites. The Zulus, have an army of 50,000 trained soldiers. Their military system is as rigid as that of Germany, and develops splendid fighting qualities. The Zulu king's power is absolute; the males of the nation form the army, and as none of them can marry without the royal permission, which is ex tended to a regiment at a time, aud only to one whose members have distinguished themselves, the Zulu army may be said to be in a chronic state of spoiling for a fight. Manufactures in Columbia. The correspondent of the Newt and Courier has this to say in relation to the recent visit to Columbia of Mr. A. C. Terry, a Chirrgo manufacturer: It is very gratifying to be able to state that his visit has resulted most satisfactorily to himself and to the friends of South Carolina manufacturing enterprise. The pleasure of the latter may be inferred when it is said that Mr. Terry has finally decided to establish a large manufactory of woolen and cotton goods upon the banks of the Congaree, and that it is iutend<d that the enterprise shall he in full operation by the first day of May in this year. The necessary papers have been or are being prepared, and the undertaking now awaits only the construction of the proper buildings, which will be erected within the Penitentiary enclosure. The superintendent and directors of the Penitentiary had already determined to erect new and commodious workshops for the purpose of inofitnfmn in nlono nf tKo naliino tuhiph tive or foreign ownership, shall take on board, at any port, more than fifteen Chinese passengers, male or female, with intent to bring such passengers to the United States, or to bring any number of such passengers, exceeding fifteen, withiu the jurisdiction of the United States, the penalty being $100 fine for each pa-senger in excess, with imprisonment also, not to exceed six months, at the discretion of the court. The master of each vessel entering is required to enter lUts of Chinese passengers on his manifest, under penalty of fine for neglect, and all these penalties are to be liens on the vessels, which may be libeled for them. Consuls and consular agents of the United States at foreign porta are forbidden to give the certificates provided in section 21H2 of the revised statutes (a certificate required under the treaty with China, to the eff-ct that the passengers have embarked voluntarily, and have not been shipped for immoral purposes) to any vessels having on board more than fifteen Chinese passengers. Officials and ambassadors of the Chinese government and persons rescued from shipwreck, are exempted from the operations of the measure, and the bill, which goes into effect July 1st, 1879, requires the President immediately to notify the government of China of the abrogation of articles 5 and 6 of the Burlingame treaty, which reciprocally permit free emigration, and extend to citizens of the United States in China and citizens of China in the United States "the same privileges, immunities or exemptions in respect to travel or residence as may there be enjoyed by the citizens or subjects of the most favored nation." Correspondence of the Yorkville Enquirer. LETTER FROM CHESTER. Chester, S. C., February 25. From what I am able to learn, the farmers of the county are making vigorous preparations for big crops next fall. Among those with whom I have conversed on the subject recently, is Mr. Graudison Williams, a planter four miles north of town, who informs me that during the ensuing planting season he intends increasing his plows to double the number he employed last year. The spirit of building and improving is still rife in our midst. 1 he foundation has been commenced on Mr. Coleman's new building, which he purpo-es to erect adjoining his present fine building, known as Coleman's Hall. As another evidence that the building interests of the town are increasing, I may ?_ mention that Mr. John Yongue, agent of the C. C. and A. Railroad at this place, ships large quantities of lumber, shingles, Ac., which hud ready sale. Messrs. C. C. Macoy and E. H. Abell have recently purchased the "old commissary building" near the depot, and expect soon to open a sash and blind factory. Last week, a negro woman on Joseph Slayer's place, about four miles south of town, gave birth to twins, a peculiarity of which is that one is ebon black and the other saffron yellow. This physiological wonder greatly puzzles some of the scientists and members of the medical fraternity hereabout, and with them 1 leave the question, after stating the bare fact. The Chester Light Dragoons, Capt. Thos. Sanders, propose celebrating their anniversary on the 4ih of March, with a-grand tournament on Patterson's Green. Besides the usual sport of contesting for rings, the Sir Knights who enter the lists will also have an opportunity of testing their skill with the sabre by cutting off the heads of fowls, under prescribed rules. Three valuable prizes will be awarded to the successful knights. Much sport, and a pleasant time is anticipated. The Dragoons extend a general invitatiou to the people of the county to be present and witness the exercises. The Associate Reformed Pre?byterian Church edifice, now nearly completed at this place, will be dedicated on the thirl Saturday in March, proximo. Rev. Moffat Grier, D. D., of Due West, will officiate, assisted by Rev. Robert Lathan, of Yorkville. On the following day, the sacrament of the Lord's Supper will be administered. On the morning of the 21st, a vacant negro li/Aiiasa 1 d mi loa frnin fninn nan r OI\Sa I?u ? e'j iii/iiov, a. i iiiiim iiwiu tv mi, u^ui vyuic j. auo>i a residence, was destroyed by fire. The burning is supposed to have been caused by the carelessness of parties who had been gambling in the house on the night preceding the fire. Judge Pressley and his wife spent a few days here last week, visiting friends and relatives. The Judge left on Friday, by the Cheraw and Chester Railroad, for Lancaster, where he presides over the circuit court this week and next. Mr. D. McCauley has recently moved into the residence formerly occupied by the late C. S. Brice, Esq. Business on Depot street keeps apace with the "Hill." The houses on that street seem to be doing a thriving business. Fanners' supplies have been sold here in large quantities this Spring. I learn that several of our merchants are doing business extensively on ""-?' the lien system. Cotton still continues to come in, for which 8i is the highest price obtained. Mr. Samuel McAlily's meat house was broken open last Saturday night, and about 300 pounds of meat stolen therefrom. The thieves, to effect their object, digged through a brick wall two feet thick. Henry Wilson, a negro, has been arrested and committed to jail, suspected as one of the guilty parties. The meut house of Mr. Turner Carter, in the country, was also broken open on Thursday night, and 800 pounds of meat stolen. There is no clew as to the perpetrators of this robbery. For the next term of the circuit court of this county, to be holdeu on the second Monday of March. Judge Pressley to preside, the following jurors have been drawn: W. D. Mobley, John D. Brown, T. E. Gibson, F. M. Nail, James McNinch, R. M. McFadden, David Hemphill, J. Mc. Bradford, W. B. Wylie, John Wilson, J. L. Ford, Valentine Atkinson, Jr., R. D. Alexander, J. Means Sanders, R. C. Stewart, B. E. Kell, David Wylie, James Smith, J. E. Robinson, W. R. Wix, T. N. Bennett, L. T. Grant, L. A. C. .\ Estes, John Dallas, J. H. Stroud, Jr., Hugh S. McKeown, W. J. Robins, Jerome Stokes, Samuel Freidheim, Elihu Wages, Crocket Champion, Cornelius Jeter, Frank Creek, Moses Benson, Jordan Peden, Willis Jeter. Of this list, the six last named are colored. The following persons have been drawn as grand jurors for the ensuing year: J. S. Colvin, T. C.Clifton, I.N. Cross, D. H. Tinckler, ??1 L. R. Wilkes, John A. Graham, W. H. Crain, James Hamilton, Joseph Nunnery, B. E. Bowly, H. W. Fudge, James R. Wilson, J.J. Lewis, Daniel Macon, Peter Weldon, M. H. Hunter, Ed. Kain, Addison Washington. Of the grand jurors, the one last named is colored. Chester. A California Threat of Secession.? The San Francisco Daily Stock Report, the oldest financial newspaper on the Pacific coast, in urging that a monster mass-meeting be held in San Francisco, to demand of President Hayes that he sign the Chinese bill, says : "Already such a dread possibility as secession from the Union, in the event of our failure to obtain the relief we demand from the Chinese evil, is broadly talked of in high circles. The East has utterly failed to understand our situation, and to extend the aid and sympathy we have a right to expect from the sisterhood of States. Leading men say that we have pleaded, have exhausted arguments, have cried aloud for relief, but our most earnest appeals have been treated with indignity, and our sufferings have been a mock. As a last resort we will take advantage of the geographical lines that surround us, the vast extent of soil within our boundaries, the inexhaustless resources of wealth that are ours, and will set up an Occidental Republic, which, if it cannot rival the old Republic in its glory of the past, will at least be a magnificent Empire of white freemen, whose heritage shall be preserved to their children and their children's children forever." 4