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lewis m. grist, proprietor, j |U Jitiqplrtnt ^amilg Uttospjjtr: Jfor ljjt ^nmatiuit of fjje political, Social, ^gritaltaral an& Commercial Interests of f|t Sonl^. TERMS?82.50 A YEAR, IN ADYANCE.
VOL. 26. YOEKYILLE, S. C., THTJESDAY, NOVEMBER 25, 1880. NO. 48. 1 I i. ....... . ,i rr "WILLIE'S EARNINGS. A STORY OF WOMAN'S DEVOTION. "Wine, grapes, oranges!" The delicate looking girl repeated the words slowly and sadly, as she quietly ascended the stairs that led to the sick room. On the landing she halted a moment to brush off two great tears that trembled upon her eyelids, and then choking down a sob, she softly opened the door and advanced to the bedside. The sufferer had fallen into a light slumber, and the tears that she would have driven back, had *he been awake to see them, now raining down her cheeks, as she noticed how ghastly white was the face, how sunken his eyes, how thiu and pinched were his lips. "He will, he must die!" she breathed to herself, as, turning away, she went with a noiseless step into the next room ; "for how, how can I get the money to buy anything for him that he really needs ? Wine, grapes and oranges! Oh, how easy it is for physicians to tell what their patients need?but how terribly, how fearfully hard, for their nurses to get it! What can I do, what shall I do ?" "Is Alfred worse ?" "No, darling; at least I think not. The doctor was here a little while ago and said he was doing as well as we could expect. All he needs now is nourishing food. Oh ! Wil- i lie, if there was some way that we could get wine, and grapes and oranges!" Aod the tears started again. "Yes, Willie; and they cost so much. And then I must pay the rent, and?" But her voice failed her, and in the convulsive sobs that shook her whole frame, there was a bitter, bitter story of wants that her slender fingers could never hope to supply. "Don't, Lillie?don't cry so. Only say that you will let me stop away from school this afternoon, and I'll earn money enough to buy him some orauges, at least. I know I can. Won't you let me, Lillie?" 1 "What could such a little fellow as you i do ?" And a tender pity settled in her eyes as she glanced at his slight figure and slender ' fingers. "I could run an errand, carry a bundle and a carpet bag?oh, I could do something; I know I could ! Do, sis, say yes?just this once!" And he coaxed until he had won a reluc* ! tant consent. Then, eating his slice of bread and butter, and making very sure that his face and hands were clean, and his hair neatly 1 brushed, he kissed his sister, said good-bye in a cheerful tone, and went out.. ******* i "Have a fly, sir??fly, sir??fly, sir??carry you to any part." Ralph Belmont found his exit from the * station prevented by three burly hack-drivers, each the owner of a stentorian voice and a heavy whip, which was brandished to the imminent peril of many a poor traveler's head 1 and shoulders. ' "No," said he impatiently motioning at the ' same time to make way, and adding, under breath to himself; "and if I did I could ask no one. No !" lifting his voice as the third . and most persistent fellow of the three laid a hand on his arm as if to lead him toward his ' chaise; "I choose to walk." And he brushed hastily through the portal, and sefrhisdfeet firmly* on the pavement: ] As he did so a magazine dropped from the pocket of his overcoat. It was picked up i and respectfully offered to him by a brighteyed little fellow, who at the same moment 1 1 1 _*J1 ' assea umiaiy : "Don't you wan't your bag carried, sir?" "And if I do," the traveler replied, good* humoredly, "do you think I'd trust such a little monkey as you ?" The boy's cheeks reddened, and there was a suspicious moisture in the blue eyes. But mastering his coufusion, he said, quietly : "And why not, sir ? Do you fear I'd ruu away with it?" "I think I could catch you if you made the attempt, my little one ; and what do you sup pose I'd do with you when caught?" "Oh, I'd promise never to do so again, and you'd let me go!" replied the boy, fearlessly this time, for, with the quick intuition of childhood, he read the heart of Ralph Belmont. "But you don't look as if you were used to carrying bags." "Nor am I?but?oh sir, I do want to earn some money very much indeed this afternoon !" And his voice was choked. "Well, take it up, then, and come on." And the traveler strode away toward a hotel which, fortunately for the young porter, was only a short distance. The bag was large and heavily packed, and Ralph Belmont watched the boy with much amusement, as he noted how the little fellow tried to act as if it were as light as a feather? how he shifted it from one hand to the other in seeming carelessness, and then with a merry whistle* would hold it before him, clasping the handles with all his fingers. The perspiration stood in great beads upon his face, and his face grew crimson ; hut still ' he bent his shoulders to the task, and bravely ' kept up with the owner. ' "Quite a lift, wasn't it, little one?" asked ' the traveler, kindly, as at last they stood 1 together in the hotel. "And how much do j you charge me ?" taking out a plethoric port- ' monnaie. \ "I?1 don't know what it is worth ; but I wish you thought I had earned tl^e price of a ' few oranges." j "And, if I did, and should pay you a shilling, what would you do with the fruit?" "Carry it home to A1?to my sick brother, < sir?" "And was it to buy oranges for your sick ' brother that you worked so hard, my little 1 man?" And Ralph Belmont's hand was ! placed softly, tenderly, on the strained shoulders. ! That gentle touch dissolved the boy's highwrought ambition, and he burst into tears. "Come up stairs with me;" and taking the small, delicate hand, the palm of which was 1 nearly blistered, the traveler led him into the spacious and richly furnished parlor, which, having telegraphed for two days before, was awaiting his orders. "Tell me all about it," as sinking into an i easy chair, he drew the boy between his j knees. "Has your brother been ill long?"! "Yes, sir," wiping away the last tear. "Very long. We have many times thought ( he would die ; but the doctor thinks now he > mill moll Qfroin if Ko />?n rttllv fiftt SOItie- . ? , ~?j . thing nourishing. This morning he said we i must get grapes, and oranges, and wine for ' him, and sister cried because we couldn't; and I coaxed her to let me go out and earn something, and at last she said I might. She never would before?she has always kept uie at school. She can't bear that I should run about the streets. But I am not going to live on her earnings any more. I'm going to work. It's a shame for her to have to support us all." "Aud how many are there of you?" "Three?brother, and sister, aud me. But, oh, sir, it costs a good deal to live now a- 1 days; everything is so dear ! Shall you want auy errands done while you stay here?" "Perhaps so?perhaps! Can you tell a ; sweet from a sour orange?" "I don't hardly know, its so long since I have bought one ; and yet?" And the tears started again. "Yet what, my little man ? Speak out." "And yet once we used to have them for dessert every day." "Then you haven't always been poor!" "Oh, no, no, sir! Before papa failed we were very rich, Sister says it's all right, our losing everything as we did; but?but it seems to me it's all wrong. Oh! it's awful hard, sir, to be poor, and have to eat bread and potatoes. Awful hard ! Yes, I should say so ! See here, my?what's your name?" "William, sir." "Well, Willie, if you're in no hurry, and will stay and dine with me, I will treat you | to something better than bread and potatoes." "Thank you, sir; but I must take the oranges to my brother 6rst, and then, if sister is willing, I will come back. I think she will be, too, for she cries almost every day because she can't give me something better to eat." And he reached for his cap. "I will go with you and select the fruit;" on/1 +V.O tiiin r?ecppnr?prl the fitftirH. and DSSSed out on the thronged pavement. A few paces brought them to a shop, and Willie's eyes rested longiugly on the boxes of grapes, and baskets of pears and peaches, and the pyramidal piles of golden, crimson, and russet brown apples. Taking a brown paper bag, Ralph Belmont placed in it a dozen of the finest oranges, and on the top laid carefully a heavy cluster of grapes; then, turning to a flower girl, who stood near, he bought a fragrant and beautiful nosegay, and handed the whole to Willie, who had watched his proceedings with dilated eyes. "This for me?for me to take home?and I didn't earn but a shilling?" "Yes, ray little man. And run home quickly, for I have just thought of another errand for you to do after we have bad our dinner." And he turned away abruptly. Had Willie's feet been winged, he could scarcely have reached home soouer than he did. For once he had forgotten his usual caution, aud bounded up stairs, and into his si8tei's room, after the fashion of boys in general. "See, see !" he exclaimed ; see what I have earned for Alfred and you! The fruit is for him, and the flowers for you. And Lillie, mayn't I go and dine with the gentleman who paid met" "Dine with the gentleman ! Are you crazy, Willie ? And his sister dropped her work in amazement. "What do you mean? Take time to breathe, and tell me how you came by this fruit. You haven't been telling any one of our troubles ?" And her cheeks flamed, for she was not yet hardened to her poverty, and the pride of other days still stung her sorely at times. "Told! Do you mean I've begged ?" And the boy's eyes disclaimed the idea more eloquently than his tones. "No!" And he managed between his gasps for a long breath to tell the truth. "And you'll let ine go, Lillie, won't you ? Think how long it is since I've had a real dinner; then it'll be such a saving, because I shall not want any 3upper or breakfast. Do say I may go !" She hesitated awhile, and then consented, thinking it was but some eccentric rich man's whim, and hardly wondering that her little brother's fair, bright countenance should so soon have won him a generous friend. His face and hands were again washed and bis hair brushed, his clothes dusted (he had but oue suii).-andA-fre&b collar pinned on. They, with a kiss, he danced away, and was' soon again in the traveler's sitting-room. Dinner was served in a few moments, and is Ralph Belmont watched the zest with which the boy discussed the luxurious viands, be said to himself: "I shall never forget this good deed, whether it be he or not, for the youngster was balf starved on his dry fare." And again he heaped the plate of his little visitor. "Are you sure you've had enough, now !" be asked kindly, as they rose from their seats. "Oh ! yes, sir?yes, sir! I shan't want to ;at again before the day after to-morrow; and ust think what a saving that'll be to sister ! 3h ! I should like to run on errands all the ;ime if every body were like you ! What shall I do now ?" "Nothing just now. I am going out byjnd-by to hunt up some old friends ; and, as [ am almost an entire stranger here, I should like to have you to show me about the street i little. Sit down by me while I tell you a little of my story." And he motioned the boy to the sofa, and :hen sank into an arm chair. But he did 3ot speak at once. He seemed buried in ieep thought?thought that carried him far aack into the past. Finally he began, abruptly : "I was engaged to be married once to a rery beautiful girl, whom I loved with my vhole soul. Our bridal day was appointed, ind everything in readiness, when suddenly there came news of her father's failure. He fell from affluence to poverty in the twinkling >f an eye. I would have had the wedding aroceed, as agreed upon, but?and he ground ais teeth for an instant?"I was forbidden ay my father to take a portionless bride unler penalty of his curse, and?and my darling would not marry me under my father's malediction hanging over my head. So we parted?I to travel with my parents in other lands, and she to begin the hard, hard life af toil. About two years after we left England my mother died, blessing me with tier last breath for my filial care. A year ago my father passed away, and?and he, too, blessed me, and in that dying hour revoked hip fill rsftj flnH mAjwvAli IwttjurwJ anly love, and marry her." He stopped here as abruptly as he had aomraenced, and leaving his seat, strode to the window, and seemed to be looking upon the crowded street and listening to its sounds ; but could the bov have seen the traveler's eyes he would have noted that introverted j look which passes by the present scenes, and : is lost in the fur off past, while his ear beard not the medley of the hour, but the rich Btrains of his darling's voice as it sang to him in the days gone by. Turning, at length, he said softly : "I came back to my native land, Willie, to find her?came back as fast as the winds and waves could bear me. But she is gone from the place where she used to live?she and the two whom death has spared her?for her father and mother soon passed away?gone, and I carmot find her!" "But I can?I can, sir !" cried the boy ; and he sprang from his seat, and seized his cap. "It's our Lillie! I know it is Lillie, for she . Oh ! isn't your name Ralph Belmont?" And he grasped the knees of the traveler, and looked at him searchingly. "Ay, Willie, and this"?and he drew the boy to his heart?"is the little brother whom I used to dance on my knee and carry on my shoulder! I thought I could not be deceived in those bright blue eyes, and those soft brown curls?they are Lillie's over again." And he smoothed the little rings that clustered about the boy's forehead and gazed wistfully into his eyes. "And have you really come back to?marry sister ?*' "If she love3 me yet." "Oh, she does! she does! She had to sell the locket you gave her to buy medicine for poor Alfred; but she kept your picture, and wears it all th time." "Do you know where she sold it ?" he asked. The man's voice was husky. "Yes, sir, but don't be augry ; for indeed she cried very, very hard about it; but you see we are so poor!" "Let us go and see if we can buy it back again. Come." And he took the boy's hand and hurried down stairs into the street, his heart throbbing convulsively, and every nerve in a quiver. He had not before realized the straits to which his darling had been driven. How fast he walked ! So fast that Willie bad to run beside him, and yet every moment seemed an hour, every street a mile. The locket was still in the jeweler's hands, and Ralph Belmont re-purchased it in the : twinkling of an eye, and again took the boy's hand and went on, pausing only once more long enough to buy a bottle of wine, ere they stood breathless before the humble house which held the apple of his eye. A few whispered words of caution to his little guide, and the two went noiselessly up the stairs. Pushing open one door and not 6nding his sister there, Willie passed quietly into the further room. mi - ? 1 j _1 1 ine lauie was urawu up uiuao ucaiuc mv bed, and upon it were the earnings of the little errand-boy, or, more properly, the gifts of the rich traveler. The flowers had been carefully placed in a glass of water, and one of the oranges, peeled and divided, lay on the plate. The others were neatly arranged in a circle, the grapes seeming to grow out of its centre. Lillie sat upon the side of the pallet, carefully supporting the emaciated form of her brother, and feeding him as a mother might her sick child. "Do they taste good ?" she asked tenderly, as she broke off another of the luscious grapes. "Good ! Oh, Lillie, I've dreamed ot them eversince the fever left me?dreamed of just such clusters. But they were always just without my reach, and so were the oranges, too. But there, I will lie down now. Leave the table just so. I want the fragrance to float over me all night," and as she softly placed his head upon the pillow, his eyes closed, and soon the soft aud measured breath of slumber stole from his lips. Drawing a single rosebud from the glass, she fastened it among the rich curls that were tossed back with such careless grace, and then hurried to the next room. Willie caught her by the hand as she en tered nnd drawincr her to the window. Said quietly: "I've got the wine, too, Lillie." "You have??the wine!" and her eyes brightened. Only for a moment, though. A spasm of pain shot through her heart, and with it they grew humid, and she said hurriedly : "I hope you haven't deceived me, Willie; I hope you haven't taken advantage of the gentleman's kindness and begged this ?" and her fingers convulsively clutched the precious bottle; precious to her, for, imprisoned in those ruby drops, was the last chance of a human life?precious, indeed, for strong pulses seemed beating underneath that dusky glass. "No, I didn't, Lillie ; he bought it without my saying a word. If you don't believe me, just ask him yourself!" exclaimed the boy, in his eager desire to acquit himself the reproach, forgetting everything he had been instructed to remember. "Ask him, Willie? You haven't brought a stranger here ?" "He would come, Lillie. Oh ! I can't hold in any longer?I must tell?it's Ralph, Lillie?our own Ralph ! Oh ! she's dead?I've killed her, telling it so quick ! Come and catch her." ' ri Ere the words had passed the lips of the frightened boy, the bronzed traveler, who had stood in statuesque silence on the threshold, was beside the fainting girl, clasping her to his heart, and calling her by the sweetest of sweet names. mt c u:? ??.,i JL liUoC 11U t iilDSCa, UKJl JIUUi 1113 V CI J OUU1, and passionate with the repressed ardor of years of waiting, how quickly they brought back the color to her cheeks; bo quickly, that she was quite recovered before Willie had managed, in his awkward haste, to fetch a glass of water. "No more toil for these little hands," murmured Ralph Belmont, as he folded them in his own ; "no more midnight stitching," as he pressed his lips to the drooping eyelids ; "no more pale cheeks," and he held his own to hers till they flushed with borrowed warmth ; "no more sighs for these, but smiles, and songs, and caressing words," and he kissed her lips, coral-red now with the new life that bounded in her veins. ***** "Wasn't it lucky, Ralph ?" exclaimed Willie, a month later, as in that same parlor, where he had first dined with Ralph Belmont, he sat again at the luxurious board, daintily selecting the largest almonds, and the fairest raisins, and the sweetest grapes. "Wasn't it lucky that I met you just as I did that day. If I hadn't?" And he looked over to a sofa, where, ensconced in soft velvet cushions, lay the convalescent brother. "It was lucky, Willie, nevertheless," and the bronzed traveler rose from the chair and passed to where Lillie stood waiting so tenderly upon Alfred. He encircled her with his protecting arms, watching her blushes? "nevertheless, I should have found you soon, for I had resolved to be a married man ere another month closed in. I thought I had waited already quite too long." And he bent and kissed his fair young wife, his wife who, for love of him, had suffered, and toiled, and waited so many weary, dreary years, but whose sorrows were all merged ? ? * i . i?ui_ nun iii jyjy auu wust unapt:ah.auit;. j ?ttv:ua:i?7tt3?anr tiv v BxrnjK.?^ooiiie nine since Dr. Clark, of Troy, published a series of political articles, or pamphlets, in which he demonstrated the unfitness of women for exercising the right of voting, by urging, among other things, their lack of invention, insisting that to the better sex has not been given, apparently, the power to invent any of the numberless household appliances which have found their way into American homes. The subject has recently been discussed, and it is mentioned that women obtain from the United States Government an average of about sixty patents yearly; seventy is the number for the year ending July, 1880. As might be expected, most of them relate to lightening women's work. Among them are a jar-lifter, a bag holder, a pillow sham holder, a dress protector, two dustpans, a washing machine, a fluting iron, a dress cart, a fish boner, a sleeve adjuster, a lap table, a sewing machine treadle, a wash basin, an iron heater, sad irons, a garment stiffener, a folding chair, a wardrobe bed, a window cleanser, a napkin, a clothes-pin, a weather strip, a churn, an invalid's bed, a strainer, a milk cooler, a sofa bed, a dipper, a paper dish and a plaiting device. In a recent patent lawsuit, a woman (Helen M. McDonald) conducted her own case and won it, establishing her right to her skirt protector, planting an injunction on a bold infringement, and utterly routing one of the most distinguished of the patent law barristers. teg- Ex-Surgeou-General Hammond reports the case of a young man from whose lips he took a huge cancer, which had been caused by the foreign ingredients used in scented cigars he had been smoking almost constantly for a year. teaT It is safer to affront some people than to oblige them, for the better a man deserves the worse they will speak of him. lifter eltattMttS fteaditw From the News and Courier. THE POLITICAL SITUATION. an interesting talk with senator m. c. butler. Columbia, Friday, November 12.?Not the least beuefit of a Fair to the newspaper fraternity is the aggregation of prominent men thereat, whose views can there be more readily obtained than amid the heat of a political contest. Meeting Senator Butler on thestreet yesterday, I drifted into along talk, which I have been able to write out formally to day. It was as follows : Q." Well, General, what do you think of the result of the late elections? A. Very badly of the result of the Federal elections. With the result in South Carolina I am quite well satisfied. Q. What, in your judgment, will be the attitude of the Solid South towards Garfield's administration ? A. That depends upon the attitude of Garfield's administration' towards the Solid South. If Garfield wHl treat the South with fairness, as he does other sections of the Union, the South will give him no trouble. He cau't do us any great harm if he had a mind to. He is much more dependent upon the South for success in the measures of his administration than the South is upon him for anything, and, as I have said, if he will treat the South fairly, her representatives will scarcely throw obstacles in his way. All this stuff about conciliating the South is nonsense. The South asks no "conciliation." Her people are not spoiled children. All that they ask is common fairness and common justice at the hands of the Radicals or anybody else. She is as able to take care of herself as any other section of the Union, and if this eternal prating about the "Southern policy" of this man or that had been done away with long ago, the whole country would have been better off. Q. You do not apprehend, then, that the Radical majority in Congress will attempt to reconstruct the South ? A. Not a bit of it. In the first place I am not sure the Radicals have a majority in Congress. I think we shall retain control of the Senate by a small majority, aud Radical clerks of the lower house have set us some valuable lessons in the preparation of the lists of members preparatory to an organization of the House, and it is by no means certain we shall lose the House. But, suppose thnt. hovo a mninritu rehsit crrpntpr rf>ftRnn is W.VJ .....v. .. b. -- ? there for reconstructing the Government of South Carolina than of New York? We are either in the Union, upon the same terms as New York, or we are not in it at all. If we are, then any "reconstruction" of South Carolina which did not apply equally to New York would be revolutionary, and the money-changers of the country are hardly prepared for that. No, I do not apprehend any attempt at reconstruction, and, if there should be, it will fail ignominously. Q. Do you think the present attitude of the two sections towards each other is desirable and advantageous to either ? A. What do you mean by present attitude ? Q. I mean is it desirable that there should be a solid South against a solid North, or vice versa. A. I do not think such an attitude desirable or advantageous to either section. But are you ifot mistaken* in assuming such an attitude ? The two parties at the North are very nearly evenly matched iu point of numbers, and so they are in the South. So there can be no "solidity" whilst this is the case. The white people of the South are solid because the Radical majority made them so. They are so not entirely because they are Democrats, but in self-defence, to protect themselves against the negro domination which the Radicals set up over them. That is the only immediate issue in the South, and just so long as there is a menace or possibility of negro governments being restored in the South just so long will her white population remain solid. And on the other hand, just so soon as we have guarantees from any authoritative source, Northern Radical or Northern Democrat, against a restoration of Carpet-bag negro State governments, just so soou will that solidity dissolve, and not before. It appears to me that this is one fact about which the Northern nennle onrrhtto have been convinced before this. Let Mr. Garfield and his advisers show by his treatment of the South, that he does not intend to render possible such disgraceful State Governments as we have had under Radical rule, and the paramount cause of our solidity is removed. We want no more such governments in South Carolina, or anything like them, and we do not intend to have them. Q. Did not Mr. Hayes make some such showing? A. Yes, at first he did, but either by reason of his own weakness, or because he was coerced by the Stalwart wing of his party, he faltered, then turned back, then outstripped the Stalwarts in his extreme hostility to the South. Why, it was only necessary for a fugitive from justice in a Southern State to go to Washington branded all over with infamy to secure a lucrative appointment. Everybody lost confidence in his sincerity. His veto messages were the extremest of the extreme. And if we had not protected ourselves, his administration would have left us as completely at the mercy of the reconstruction robbers as in the worst days of the Radical regime. Q. Dol_underatand ..toiUo express the^ opinion tfiatthe Solid Sou Lh^lL^-a-^-vrTTng for the South ? A. I have expressed no opinion about it. Q. I should like to have your opinion upon that question ? A. Well, I say to you frankly that I think sectionalism in any form is bad for the whole country, and I have never used an expression or cast a vote since I have been in the Senate that can be tortured into- sectionalism. But a much greater calamity may befall the South than its Bolidity. I am not so sure but that her solidity will be a great advantage to her in many ways. It will not interfere with the discharge of every duty she owes to the General Government. It may make her selfreliant and self-dependent, very desirable elements in her future career. It will protect her against the sudden influx of a very undeoifnklo 1 a inn with flip IlPirrOPH. would constitute one of the most dangerous [ communes the world has ever known. It would bring about a thorough introspection of herself, and gradually draw her into the line of progress with the rest of the civilized world. There are many elements of South-i ern civilization that are better than the | Northern, and ought to be preserved. And then, again, there are many of our habits that might well be replaced by Northern ideas and methods. Besides, the Solid South keeps the revolutionary Radicals at bay, and thwarts their machinations and plans to change the form of this Governmeut from a Constitutional Republic to a centralized despotism. There is no more doubt that such a purpose is contemplated, seriously contemplated, than that we are here. I say, therefore, that the Solid South is not an unmixed evil. So long as we have honest State Governments we will advance and develop in a marvelous degree, and will do this without aid from anybody, Jtnd we can stand the solidity as well or better than the North. If the North wills it, so be it. Q. Would Gen. Hancock's election havt broken up the solid South ? A. Unquestionably. Because with Hancock's election all apprehension of carpet bag negro governments would have vanished and we should have dissolved beyond perad venture, and the last symptom of sectionalism would have disappeared from our politics We should have divided upon the great economic questions of the day as other people do. Absolute confidence and fraternal feeling would have been restored between all parts of the Union, and this country for a quarter of a century would have bounded lorward as no country under the sun ever did, Q. Will Garfield's election keep up this solidity in the two sections ? A. That depends upon Garfield himself Southern representatives, the leaders of Southern opinion, will no doubt wait and watch. If Garfield is the statesman that his friends claim him to be, if he has a broad-gauged mind, if he is not controlled by the revolutionary element of his party, if he has liberal and positive convictions and the courage to act up to them, (you see there are a great manv "ifs."") he has it in his power to confer a great blessing upon his country. Not only will he be able to dissolve the solid South, but the solid North as well. One thing he and his advisers will have to understand, that the South cannot be bullied or cajoled. The Southern judgment and the Southern conscience must be appealed to and satisfied, rather than their fears or cupidity. Q. It has been suggested or intimated in certain quarters that the South ought to sever her connection with the Northern Democracy. Do you concur in this ? A. By no means. I think such a course on the part of the South at this juncture, or at any other that I can now contemplate, would be the most unpardonable ingratitude to that great army of Constitution-loving Democrats at the North who have stood by us through evil and good report. Nothing would justify it. But taking the question out of the domain of sentiment, it would be suicidal as a matter of principle and policy. The Northern Democrats have had great odds to contend with, many embarrassments, aud everything considered they have made a splendid fight. Q. Well, Genera], what was the cause of Hancock's defeat? He appeared to carry everything before him at first and it looked as if he would be elected. How do you account for it? A. Oh ! there are a multitude of reasons. I thought at one time that he certainly would be elected, but I was anxious from the beginning about the immense amount of money that the Radicals could command. You see, there is a large purchasable vote at the North, that can be carried for anybody or anything for money. Our people know nothing about it. I saw enough in New England summer before last to satisfy me as to how elections could be carried at the North. In political contests of high excitement this element is always afloat, and the party that has the most money as a corruption fund, and will use it, can get them, and they turn the tide. Why, every large corporation at the North sypathized with and actively aided the Radical party, because the Radical party believe in centralizing everything, making the strong stronger, the weak weaker, the rich richer and the poor poorer. The mammoth railroad corporations, as tyrannous over their employees as any petty principalities in T<"!nrnno with thpir nrpsidpnt kinan as fond of ?" ------ i? o-t power and wielding as much of it as many of the subordinate potentates of the Old World, prefer radical rule because they can purchase what legislation they want when the Radicals are in power, and they cannot when the Democrats are. I would not be understood as saying that all Republicans are purchasable, but they generally are of easier political virtue than the Democrats. Q. The proposition to investigate the frauds in the New York election appears to have created some anxiety ? A. Yes, and I do not see why. If New York desires to investigate her election, why should she not do so? Why should the country get on its head because New York proposes to purify her election ? If the Radicals have colonized voters or corrupted the suffrages of that State in any way the people of New York ought to know it; and if they want a Congressional committee to make the investigation they ought to have one. I am opposed to any revolutionary measures, or to any measures which, by technical points, would reverse the popular vote; but that New York has a right to investigate I have no doubt. Q. What do you think of this periodical anxiety and excitement in South Carolina about her elections? Do you believe that the people can stand this perpetual conflict ? A. Oh, yes ; the people can stand it. "Thunder storms purify the atmosphere." Q. What had we best do ? A. My remedy for very many of the evils that beset us is by a Constitutional State Convention. We ought to have one at as early a day as possible and clear off many of the barnacles left by the Radicals upon our State government. There are many features of the constitution of 1868-that I prefer to our old constitution, but many changes could be made for the better, and we ought to have a convention. Of course I cannot indicate in this form the changes that in ray judgment should be made, but there are changes in the organic law that I think might be made with great advantage to our whole people, white and black, and at some future day I may suggest them. After this full expression of his views the jf] 1 1' ' 1 1 rlltt I.1HUI' retical depression of the South with her practical prosperity. N. G. G. senator Hampton's views. Columbia Friday, November 12.?Senator Hampton is a known foe to interviewing, but I chanced to catch him for a moment at the Fair to day just before the races began, and obtained the following expression of opinion, although given necessarily very hurriedly and briefly: I said, General, have you time to give the News and Courier your views of the mooted question of Democratic dissolution ? He replied : "I will try to do so very briefly and hastily, as you desire it. I see no reason why there should be any disintegration of the Democratic party, but, on the contrary, every reason why its organization should be preserved intact." Rep.: Do you think that the cause of the recent defeat lies with the Northern wing of our party ? Gen. H.: It has been from no fault on their part that the Northern Democracy have failed to carry their States. It is only their misfortune, as it is ours, that their strength was not greater. I can, therefore, see no propriety nor justice in deserting the Northern wing of our party as long as our alliance is desired by them, or while they are acting in perfect good faith toward us. i Rep.: Do you think, General, that it is j possible to create a single party in this country to dissolve others, as has been advocated in another State ? Gen. H.: New parties cannot be made to order, and I think that the great antagonistic principles which have divided the Democratic and Republican parties will contend for supremacy in the future as they have done in the past. Believing that the success of the Democratic party is the only means by which all the irritating questions of the past can be settled satisf'actQrily to the whole country 5 and forever, I hope to see that party continue the fight for the Constitution, for good government and for fraternity. Rep.: What is your opinion of the rumored , contest of the State by the Democrats in New York? i Gen. H.: I am entirely opposed to that . unless the matter is brought before Congress ; by the StAte it affects. In such a case it would be true Democratic doctrine to inves1 tigate the election, but a contest on mere I technical grounds I consider revolutionary i and not to be defended.* I Rep.: What do you think should be the , policy of the South toward Garfield ? i Gen. H.: I think we should throw no obstacles in the way of his administration, and I for one shall be guided by his attitude towards the South. N. G. G. | DIVORCES. Australians.?Divorces have never been sanctioned in Australia. Jew8.?In olden times the Jews had a disornfiAnorw nnumr nf rl 1 wnroinnr tlioir tcitrpq VIVU UUttlJ |/UIIV1 VTA Uiiuivmg VMW? >r 4 t wvi Javans.?If the wife be dissatisfied she can obtain a divorce by paying a certain sum. Thibetans.?Divorces are seldom allowed, unless with the consent of both parties, neither of whom can afterward remarry. Moors.?If the wife does not become the mother of a boy, she may be divorced with the consent of the tribe, and she can marry again. Aby88INIAN8.?No form of marriage is necessary. The connection may be dissolved and renewed as often as the parties may think proper. Siberians.?If the roan be dissatisfied with the most trifling acts of his wife, he tears her cap or veil from her head, and this constitutes a divorce. Corean.?The husband can divorce his wife or treasure, and leave her the charge of maintaining the children. If she proves unfaithful, he can put her to death. Siamese.?The first wife may be divorced, not sold, as the others may be. She then may claim the first, third and fifth child, and the alternate children are yielded to the husband. Arctic Region.?When a man desires a 1 divorce he leaves the house in anger and does not return for several days. The wife under-, ' stands the hint, packs her clothes and leaves. ' Druse and Turkoman.?Among these people, if a wife asks her husband's permission to go out, and he says "Go," not adding, "but come back again," she is divorced. Though both parties desire it, they cannot live together again without being remarried. Cochin China.?If the parties choose to 1 separate they break a pair of chop sticks or a copper coin in the presence of witnesses, by which action the union is dissolved. Thehus- 1 band must restore to the wife the property be longing to her prior to her marriage. i American Indians.?Among some tribes the pieces of sticks given the witnesses of the < marriage are broken as a sign of divorce. < Usually new connections are formed without the old ones being dissolved. A man never divorces his wife if she has borne him sons. Tartars.?The husband may put away his partner and seek another, when it pleases him, and the wife may do the same. If she is ill-treated, she complains to the magistrate, ; who, attended by the principal people, accompanies her to the house and pronounces a i formal divorce. Chinese.?Divorces are allowed in all cases of criminality, mutual dislike, jealousy, incompatibility of temper, or too much loquacity on the part of the wife. The hus- i band cannot sell his wife until she leaves him and becomes a slave to him by action of the law for desertion. A son is bound to divorce i his wife if she displeases his parents. Circassians.?Two kinds of divorce are i granted in Circassia?one total, the other provisional. When the firsts allowed, the par- I ties can immediately marry again; where the i second exists the couple agree to separate for i a year, and if, at the expiration of that time, the husband does not send for his wife, her relations may command of him a total di- t vorce. ' Grecians.?A settlement was usually giv- ' en to a wife at marriage for support in case i of a divorce. The wife's portion was then re- 1 stored to her, and the husband required to pay ' monthly interest for its use for the time he s detained it from her. Usually the men could > put their wives away on slight occasions. ' Even the fear of having too large a family 1 sufficed. Divorces scarcely ever occur in < modern Greece. < Hindoos.?Either party for a slight cause may leave the other and marry. When both desire it, there is not the least trouble. If a man calls his wife "mother," it is considered indelicate to live with her again. Among 1 one tribe, the "Gores," if the wife be unfaith- < ful, the husband cannot obtain a divorce un- 1 less he gives her all the property and children. < A woman, on the contrary, may leave when 1 she Dleases. and marrv another man. and con- * * 9 * ~ - r vey to him the entire property of the former i husband. Romans.?In olden times a man might divorce his wife if she were unfaithful, if she | counterfeited his private keys, or drank with- 1 out his knowledge. They could divorce their ; wives when they pleased. Notwithstanding 1 this, 521 years elapsed without one divorce, i Afterward a law was passed allowing either I sex to make the application. Divorces then i became frequent on the slightest pretexts. Seneca says that some women no longer reck- i oued the years by the consols, but by the num- ] ber of their husbands. St. Jerome speaks of i a man who had buried twenty wives, and a woman who had buned^pn<jr.^o^ j strain the license by penalties.?Bench and i Bar. BEGINNING TO LEARN. \ Light is gradually breaking into the dark- j ened recesses of the Boston Herald's inner i consciousness. It now says : i "The fact' is?strange as it may seem to some of our readers?that the South is not strongly partisan to-day. That is to say, while determined to govern itself, in domestic 1 matters, in its own way, and willing to adopt 1 questionable, even criminal, methods to se- ! cure the supremacy of the white race in local j government, it really has little or no fault to ' find with a Republican administration of the ' general government, and takes little interest < in the political discussions of National ques- ] tions between the two great parties. The i best Southern statesmen have said for years that the whites of the South were pressed in- | to one compact body by the exigencies of the race question in local government, and by < the apprehension that the general government intended to coerce them in regard to the management of their local affairs, complaining, at the same time, that the north- < em people do not appreciate the situation in States with a large proportion of their citizens only recently raised from the condition of slaves. Every northern man familiar with the social condition of the South must have had a good deal of sympathy for the governing race of the South, frequently in a numerical minority. After making due a]Iowance for old race prejudices, it cannot be denied that the people of the South, who have a stake in the community, have experienced such evils of negro rule as might will make them oppose it by ever^means In their power. We all know what theleSliag was in Massachusetts when there were apprehensions that Gen. Butler, by calling around his standard i the most ignorant voters of the State, using for that purpose the mq^t unscrupulous means, would succeed in getting into ine oiawj uuubc. Such a result was looked upon not only as an evil, but as a disgrace. Ia the Southern States the feeling is much stronger, because of the addition of race prejudices, and actual experiences of the most unsavory character. And it has ever seemed to us to be the worst thing that could happen, that the government in every State should be one that could not sustain itself without assistance from the general government. A great many Republicans take the same ground.' The policy of the present administration in relation to the States was based upon it, and the result of that policy has been the pacification of the South> the almost entire absence of race conflicts and outrages, and the actual growth of toleration." \ Curiosities of the Voice.?Dr. Delaunay, in a paper read recently before the French Academy of Medicine, gives some de tails of the history and limits of the human voice, which^he obtained after much patient research. According to the doctor, the primitive inhabitants of Europe were ad tenors ; their descendants of the present day are baritones, and their grandsons will have semi-bass voices. Looking at different races, he calls attention to the fact that inferior races, such an the negroes, etc., have higher voices than white men. The voice has also a tendency to deepen with age?the tenor of sixteen becoming the baritone at twenty-five, and bass at thirty-five. Fair-complexioned people have higher voices than the dark skinned, the former being usually sopranos or tenors, the latter contraltos or basses. "Tenors," says the doctor, "are 3lenderly built and thin; basses are stoutly made and corpulent" This may be the rule, but one is inclined to think there are more exceptions to it than are necessary to prove the rule. The same remark applies to the assertion that thoughtful, intelligent men have always a deep-toned voice; whereas triflers and frivolous persons have soft, weak voices. The tones of the voice are perceptibly higher, he points out, before than after a meal, which is the reason why tenors dine early, in order that their voices may not suffer. Prudent singers eschew strong drinks and spirituous liquors, especially tenors, but the basses can eat and drink generally with impunity. "The South," says the doctor, "furnishes the tenors, * ... n t% i | i _ the JNorth the basses;" id proot 01 wnicn ne adds that the majority of French tenors come from the south of France, whilst the basses belong to the northern department. ? ? Duration of Eternity.?Various illustrations have been suggested to convey to the mind some idea of illimitable duration. It has been said, suppose that one drop of ocean should be dried up every thousand years, how long would it be ere the last drop would disappear and the ocean's bed be left dry and ru3ty ? Far onward as that would be in the coming ages, eternity would but have just commenced. It has been said, suppose this vast globe upon which we tread were composed of particles of the finest sand, and that one particle should disappear at the termination of each million of years, oh how inconceivably immense would be the period which must elapse before the last particle would be gone! And yet, eternity would be in its morning twilight It has been said, suppose some little insect, so small as to be imperceptible to the bare eye, were to carry this world by its tiny mouthfuls to the most distant star in the heavens. Hundreds of millionscf years would be required for the single journey. The Inject commence;! on the leaf of a tree and takes its little load, so small that even the microscope cannot discover that it is gone, and sets out on an almost endless journey. After millions and millions of years have rolled away it arrives back For its second load. Oh, what interminab-e ages would jslapse before tbo tree would t>e removed! When would the forest be gone? And the globe? Even then, eternity wc jld but have commenced. ? Interesting Figures.?Nineveh \ras fourteen miles long, eight miles wide and fortysix miles round, with a wall thick enough for three chariots abreast. Babylon was fifty miles within the walls, which were seventyfive feet thick and 100 feet high, with 100 brazen gates. The temple of Diana, at Ephejus, was 425 feet long, 225 feet wide, 127 colurns sixty feet high, each one the gift of a king?it was 100 years in building. The large pyramid wits 481 feet in height, and 3ight-one feet on the sides. The base covers eleven acres. The stones are sixty feet in length, and the layers are 208. It employed 350,000 men in building. The Labyrinth, in Egypt, contains 300 chambers and twelve bails. Thebes, in Egypt, presents ruins twenty-seven miles round, and contained 350,)00 citizens and 400,000 slaves. The temple of Delyhos was so rich in decorations that it was plundered of $50,000,000, and the Emperor Nero carried away from it 200 jtatues. The walls of Rome were thirteen miles round. A Woman's Wit.?A woman's advice is generally worth having; so if you are in any trouble, tell your mother or your wife, or four sister, all about it. Be assured that light will flash upon your darkness. Women are too commonly adjudged verdant in all but purely womanish affairs. No philosophical students of the sex thus juago them. Their intuitions, or insights, are the most subtle, and if thoy cannot see a cat in the meal, there is no cat there. 1 advise a man to keep none of his affairs a secret from his wife. Many a home has been happily saved, nryjl WQ11? a fniT"*an --' -r*' ' ' i I r*""* * > rail commenceTti Bis wife. Womari is far more a seer and a prophet than man, if she be given a fair chance. As a general rule, the wives confide the minutest of their plans and thoughts to their husbands. Why not reciprocate, if but for the pleasure of meeting confidence with confidence. The men who succeed best in life make confidants of their wives. JKF* The London City Press, remarking upon the amount of labor and ingenuity expended upon the production of Bank of England notes, states that they are still made, as for generations past, from pure white linen cuttings only?never from rags that have been worn?and, so carefully is the paper prepared, that even the number of dips into the pulp made by each workman, is registered on a dial by machinery, and the sheets are carefully counted, and booked to each person through whose hands they pass. The printing is done by a most curious process?secret of course?within the bank building; there is also an elaborate arrangement for providing that no note shall be exactly like any otner m existence, consequently inure never was a duplicate of any of the bank's notes, except by forgery. It has been said that the stock of paid notes for seven years is about 94,000,000 in number, and that, placed in a pile, the mass would be eight miles high, or,, if joined end to end, would form a ribbon 15,000 miles long. te?* From Mayor Harrison's speech at Chicago, on the occasion of the dinner given to visiting Baltimore Masons: "Baltimore was the first large city I ever saw. As a boy I went to it Walking along Baltimore street, seeing its beautifbl women, oh, how I wished I were a man! I did not visit it again for long years. A little while ago I went to it Gray hairs were upon i e. I walked along Baltimore street and saw its beautiful women, and said, 'Oh, how I wish I were a boy!'