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Straps and Jacts.
? Dennis Kearney, the agitator, has returned to his dray in San Francisco. He says that he is out of pocket through politics, and is glad to go to work again in his old line. ? The commissioners of Oglethorpe county, Ga., refuse to grant license to sell spirituous liquors in that county, notwithstanding the opiuion of the solicitor general that it is their duty to do so. The matter will be referred to Judge Pottle for his decision. ? The Baldwin locomotive works at Philadelphia, which have eight acres under roof, are now employing 2,500 hands and turning out two locomotives daily. There are about twenty engines constantly under way in the erecting shop. ? A Candalara, Nevada, dispatch says that John C. Calhoun, a nephew of the former South Carolina Senator, has become insane and imagines himself the Saviour. A wound received in the war is the cause of his insanity. ? Lucretia Mott, who died at Philadelphia on Thursday, was the real organizer of the woman's rights movement in this country in 1847. In that year she made a stirring address at the first woman's rights convention ever held in the United States, at Rochester, N. Y. ? At no previous time in the past, has gold been paid out so freely over the counters of the banks in New York and other great financial centres as now. A glut of gold is reported and a scarcity of paper money. The cause of this is the immense amount of paper money sent West to move crops, while gold remains at the large money centres. ? Our people are the greatest coffee drinkers in the world. The total imports of coffee into the United States for the last year from Brazil alone, amounted to two thousaud two hundred and thirty-four millions of pounds, valued at 8313,638,987, and we send but little to Brazil in return. Our Southern ports ought to monopolize this trade and supply our interior cities direct. Why not? ? The Department of Agriculture reports that the corn crop of the United States shows no increase over last year, but a decline for the whole country. The Atlantic States show an increase. The Gulf States suffered from drought in the spring and too much rain in the summer, except Texas, which almost doubles her product. In other sections some States show an increase, others a decrease. ? The citizens of Rhode Island have formed what they call "The National Union Association," the object of which is to assist in building up at the South a liberal progressive party that will strengthen fraternal feeling and love of the Union, favor the establishment and maintenance of free public schools, and labor for the protection of the lives and rights of all classes of citizens. ? Tne cases of Judge Coles, late County Judge of Pittsylvauia county, Judge Bouldin of Charlotte county, and other Virginia County Judges, indicted for not putting negroes on their juries, came up in the United States District Court, at Danville, Va., on Wednesday of last week, Judge Alexander Rives presiding, and the Court directed a nolle prosequi to be made in each case. The court-room was crowded, and the announcement of the Court's order was received with surprise and applause. ? The New York Times, Republican, publishes a statement indicating the next apportionment of the tenth census. It shows that the New England States will lose four Congressmen, the Middle States six, on account of decrease of population, and that the South will gain three and the West seven. The great increase in population has been in the South and West, therefore. The Republican organs all declared last spring that the South would be shown by the census to have gone out of sightin population and everything else. ? The fact that $75,000 of stock in the proposed World's Fair in New York was taken within three days after the opening of the books, is accepted by the movers of the scheme as gratifying evidence that capitalists are willing to invest in it on trust, particularly as the site has not yet been selected. The pressure iu favor of the Prospect Park (Brooklyn) site seems to be gaining strength the more it is examined ; so much so that the up-town real estate interest have about yielded their position that it must be on Mauhatinn T~1 n ^ .J ai? farttff bau uittuu vi uunncig. ? The New England States, except Massachusetts, show a very slow rate of growth. Maine, in fact, is receding on the average of twenty years, and Vermont has only increased about one-half of one per cent, in a decade. But Massachusetts grows both by accretion from immigration and by increase of nativeborn inhabitants. The population of this State in 1860 was 1,231,066; in 1870, 1,457,351 ;au increase of 18 percent. In 1880 it was 1,783,086, an increase of 22 per cent., showing that the rate of growth of the population averages about 2 per cent, a year whether times be prosperous or depressed. ? Mr. R. A. Osraer, Supreme Treasurer of the Knights of Honor, died in the city of Atlanta, Ga., on the 16th instant, whither he had gone with the hope of improving his health. He has been Supreme Treasurer of the order for four years, and by his strict integrity and faithful performance of his duties, as well as his gentlemanly and honorable course in all his official relations, he has greatly endeared himself to the members of the order throughout the country. Mr. Osmer was an active and useful citizen at his home in Jamestown, N. Y., and was a Presidential elector in his district in the recent election. ? A New York letter says : Gov. Cornell, in his next annual message, will earnestly second the proposition that ex-Presidents should have seats as senators at large in the United States Senate. Senator Conkling is understood to be unqualifiedly committed to it, and the Governor's views on the subject will doubtless emphasize those of the Kivorite public opinion is formed, but there is a very marked division of sentiment on the point whether we should take care of our ex Presidents by making them senators, or by placing at their disposal an annual income. ? A question of interest to physicians is before a Baltimore court. Dr. Thos. Shearer, a practitioner in good standing, attended a woman who had been hurt by falling down stairs. He said that she was suffering solely from- heart disease, and treated her accordingly, but without helping her. Then she was placed in other doctors' hands, and they found that she had a spinal injury, of which she was speedily cured. Dr. Shearer sent in a bill for $100 and she refused to pay. There seems to be no doubt that bis services had , no good result; yet he claims that the mistake, if he made auy, was not due to incompetency or carelessness, and that he should be recompensed just the same. He takes the ground that no physician can guarantee cures or guard against an occasional incorrect diagnosis. ? The surviving soldiers of the Mexican war and their friends will make one more effort to get their pension bill passed before the expiration of the present Congress. The Senate bill now stands on the calendar of the Senate as a special order, and the House bill stands at the head of the calendar in committee of the whole. All through the j last session the Republicans in both houses i threw obstacles in the way of the passage of site bill whenever it was taken up for action. Tta principle objection made to it was that Jefferson Davis, would be included in its provisions. Now that the election is over they may not care so much about this, but as Mr. Davis has said that he did not care to be a ben-, eficjary of the bill, the Democratg may suffer him to be excluded, if the point should be again made by the Republicans. ? The spirit of brotherhood had a remarkable illustration at Newark, N. J., on Tues day evening, cf last week. The Republican clubs of the city extended an invitation to the Democratic clubs to parade with them, to show the whole public that no animosities existed over the result of the election. The invitation was accepted in the spirit in which it was extended, and the result was the finest parade of a nolitical character ever seen in New Jersey. The leading Republican club insisted on the leading Democratic club taking the "right of line," and finally escorted them to their quarters. There has been much bitterness in the campaign in New Jersey, and on one occasion a riot and considerable bloodshed, and the joint parade furnishes a striking example of how quickly the hot words of a political canvass are forgotten and peace and harmony restored. MWMWM????????? YORKVILLE, S. C.s THURSDAY MORNING, NOV. 25. 1880. How to Order the Enquirer.?Write the name of the subscriber very plainly, give post-office, county and State, in full, and send the amount of the subscription by draft or post office money order, or enclose the money in a registered letter. Postage.?The Enquirer is delivered free of postage to all subscribers residing in York county, who receive the paper at post-offices within the county; and to all other subscribers the postage is paid by the publisher. Our subscribers, no matter where they receive the paper, are not liable for postage, it being prepaid at the post-office here, without additional charge to the subscriber. Watch the Figures.?The date on the "addresslabel" shows the time to which the subscription is paid. If subscr ibers do not wish their papers discontinued, the date must be kept in advance. Cash.?It must bo distinctly understood that our terms for subscription, advertising and jobwork, are cash in advance. SOUTH CAROLINA NEWS. ? Throughout the State there is a general complaint of depression in business. ? The South Carolina Baptist Convention will meet in Camden to day. ? East Tennessee pork bogs are being sold in Anderson, at six cents per pound gross. ? There are but six Republicans in the South Carolina Legislature. The Senate stands 32 Democrats to 2 Republicans. The House 120 Democrats to 4 Republicans. ? Only two of the Senators ebcted at the * * 1 -C recent eieciion, were meinuers ui me iaot Senate. I. D. Witherspoon, Esq., of York, and Bruce H. Williams, of Georgetown. ? The survey of the railroad from. Greenville to Laurens has been completed. The line is said to be very practicable and the road capable of construction at a small cost. ? It is proposed to hold a reunion of all the living alumni and undergraduates of the South Carolina College and of the South Carolina University, in Columbia, at some early day. ? Margaret, Mary, William and Sanford Smith and Mrs. Littie Reese, all children of Zophar Smith, who it is claimed fought in the battle of the Cowpens, are still living in Spartanburg county. ? Mrs. Emma Jones, daughter of the late Dr. C. E. Johnson, of Raleigh N. C., and wife of Mr. Cad. Jones, Jr., of Rock Hill, died on Wednesday of last week, at the residence of Col. Cad. Jones, Sen., near Rock Hill. ? On Wednesday night of last week, a man by the name of Wra. Maddocks, who resided on the Columbia and Greenville Railroad, between Donald's and Honea Path, was called to his door by three masked men and shot to dea$. The murderers ransacked the house and carried off seven hundred dollars ia money and some valuable papers. Maddocks was a married man and his wife gave the alarm to the neighbors, not in time, however, to effect the capture of the murderers and robbers. ? The board appointed by the last Legisla- j ture, for assessing the amounts due to maimed and wounded soldiers of South Carolina, who lost their limbs in the service of the State in the late war, met in Columbia on j Saturday last and decided upon the followiug sums as due to soldiers who have not heretofore received a :mb from the State: For amputations above the knee, 8100; below the knee, 875; amputations above the elbow, 860; below the elbow, 840. Comptroller General Hagood is prepared to issue his warrant to all parties who file proper evidence that they are entitled to these limbs, or money to the amount that will purchase them. -? - NORTH CAROLINA NEWS. ? Heavy snow storms prevailed at Wilmington, Fayetteville and Goldsboro on the 15th instant. ? Five northern gold mining companies are operating as many mines iu McDowell county, and another is expected to go to work in a few vreeks. ? In CaldweJ.1 county, Pinckney Benfield, while laboring under a fit of insanity, assaulti ed his wife with an axe, and inflicted three ' j dangerous wounds before she was rescued. | ^?~a?-Mr. H. H. Caudle, a worthy citizen of , by fire last, Saturday morning. There was no insurance, and with the contents of house the loss is about 81,000. ? The Gastonia Gazette says that the stills of that county, about two thirds of which J were discontinued during the summer, are being fired up for the winter, and about forty will soon be in operation. ? At the recent terra of the U. S. Circuitl Court at Asheville, B. M. Curry, of Yancey j county, was tried for forging affidavits to pension claims, und sentenced for three years i in the penitentiary at Albany. ? Major Dowd, Democratic candidate for Congress in the Charlotte district, carried his district by about 4,000, though the district | went Republican on the State and national ticket. ? At the last, term of Cleveland Superior i Court, John Morris, colored, was convicted j of the murder of Joe Roark, also colored.! The murder v.as committed in Lincolnton.; The murderer was sentenced to be hanged,; but an appeal was granted. ? The Baptists of North Carolina have given during the Convention year, for For-1 eign Missions, 595.43 ; for State Missions $55,155.15; for Sunday Schools a little over j 88,00o; for Education $1,771.83; and for Domestic Missions $1,000. ? The Wilmington Star, deprecating the change of gauge of the Western N. C. Rail- i road, the State's interest in which was recent-! ly bought by a private corporation, Governor Jarvis sanctioning the sale, says: If the ' proposed change had been known a week be- j fore the election, the.vote in twenty counties | in North Carolina would have been changed enough to have elected Buxton, Barringer and the entire State Republican ticket. ? Col. Gilmore says in his report of Fort j Macon, that a project for adapting the fort j to the requirements of modern defence is under consideration, and that $6,000 is needed for the protection of its site. The work done to restore the beach siuce the great storm of 1879 has produced very satisfactory results. The engineer .department has also under advisement a proposed modification of Fort Caswell, which was blown up by the Confederates in 1865 on the evacuation of Fort Fisher. No appropriation for this point is asked. * .. .. POLITICAL NOTES. t>L- ? i TO;n ? J lit; eieuiuini vmc wi vuinmiim ..... stand five for Hancock and one for Garfield. ? A Democrat was elected Governor of Oregon, though Garfield has the electoral vote of that State by a majority of 763. ? The Louisville Courier-Journal wants the South, among other things, to cut loose from Hampton. Would it not be better to cut loose from the Courier- Journal t ? Senator Bruce was feted and feasted by his admirers of Memphis a few days ago. In his speech he urged the colored people to do three things?to practice economy, to buy land and to educate their children. ? Eight years ago the Republicans had eighteen members of the Senate from the Southern States. Twelve of these were carpet-baggers. In the present Senate there are only two Republicans from the South. One is Bruce, of Mississippi, a colored citizen, a native of Virginia; the other is William Pitt Kellogg, a Vermonter by birth, who pretends to belong in Louisiana, but has never lived in the State except when holding lucrative offices. In the next Congress he will be the sole Republican Senator from the South. He got his seat in the present Senate by the Republicans voting solidly for him, and the Democrats voting solidly against him on the last day of the session two years ago. No body believes that he is entitled to the seat. MERE-MENTION. It is asserted that Col. Sam Carter, Jr., of Murray county, Georgia, will, this season, gather two hundred bales of cotton from two hundred acres of land. The new mayor of New Orleans is named Shakspeare. It is now reported that Justice Clifford, of the United States Supreme Court, has so far lost his powers that he cannot write his name, and does not recognize his friends. Thursday last, two Mormon elders left Chattanooga, Tenn., for Almaso, Colorado, with fifty converts. During three years past four hundred converts from North Georgia have emigrated to that locality. It is said that the fast mail train on the Atlanta Air-Line Road, will make the trip between Atlanta and Charlotte in nine hours. It appears that 478,000 persons born in foreigu countries are residents of New York City, while 727,000 of the inhabitants are natives. On October 20, the date on which the superintendent prepared his report, there were 1,186 convicts in the Georgia Penitentiary The election for U. S. Senator by the Legislature of Georgia, resulted in the choice of Joseph E. Brown, by a majority of 82 over A. R. Lawton"'" The Minnesota Insane Asylum was burned a few days ago, and about twenty lives were lost by the burning. Governor Williams, of Indiana, familiarly known as "Blue Jeans" Williams, died at Indianapolis last Saturday, after a protracted illness. The death of Col. E. L. Drake, the man who discovered the immense deposits of petroleum in Pennsylvania, has just been announced. Like most pioneers, and especially like Col. Sutter, the California gold discoverer, he did not profit much by it himself. Fifteen States elected Governors | on the 2nd instant. Of these six are Democratic and nine Radical. Mrs. Lacey, a widow lady in Savannah, over ninety years of age, is cutting a new set of teeth ..A Kentucky woman, 99 years old, walked three miles to attend a circus, and saved fifty cents by crawling under the canvas. About nine hundred maimed Confederate soldiers in Georgia have been supplied with legs and arms, sometimes both, or their equivalent in cash, at a cost of $69,870. St. Louis, after much agitation of the subject, secures a new census. This is now completed, and the population is shown to be 338,850. The first census, which was declared by the citizens defective, showed 333,000 population Professor Grimmer predicts that during the next seven years there will be universal mortality. Asia is to be depopulated, Europe become almost a desert, and America lose 15,000,000 inhabitants. Great tempests and inundations are promised. General Grant has rented the residence of ex-U. S. Senator Chaffee, New York, and will hereafter make his home there. There is a marked increase in the Louisiana sugar crop as compared with the crop of last year. It is estimated that President Hayes has saved $100,000 of j his salary. It is said that the coramisI sioner of internal revenue, in his forthcoming annualTeport. will recommend the abolition ; of the stamp duty on matches, banic cnecao, j and proprietary medicines. It is understood that the recommendation will be concurred in by the Secretary of the Treasury. Gen. Lee said to a lady, who, on taking her sons to Washington-Lee University, spoke very bitterly of the Northern people: "Madam, do not train up your children iu hostility to the government of the United States. Remember we are one country now. Pray dismiss from your mind all sectional feeling, and bring them up to be, above all, Americans." A marriage license was returned ' ' ' ^ T ?!aL ~ to the county cierx at uuawn, iowh, wuu a request that the fee paid for it be sent back. The writer explained that the girl had eloped with another fellow. The Lynchburg, Va., Advance says that Northern drummers report that it is very difficult to sell goods South since the election, in consequence of Southern merchants being indisposed at present to deal with Northern manufacturers. On Wednesday of last week, a heavy snow storm commenced at Little Rock, Arkansas, at 8 o'clock in the morning, and continued without intermission until five in the afternoon. This is something unusual in that latitude. The colored immigration fever is encroaching upon Southwest Georgia. The Albany News and Advertiser says : "An emigration meeting was recently held by the j colored people of Georgia and Alabama, on the Montgomery Fair" Grounds, at which the attendance was estimated at between four and j five thousand. A determination to move [ somewhere seemed to actuate all, while Kansas, Colorado and Libiria -were the favorite places. The majority favored settlement in the young African Republic," I Zi OCAL AFFAIRS. NEW ADVERTISEMENTS. R. Lathan, School Commissioner?Free School Notice. J. A. McLean, Judge of Probate?Citation?W. W. Galfney, Applicant?W. V. Wilson, deceased. K. L. Roche, Secretary?Visit Charleston. W. H. McCorkle, Executor?Application for Discharge. A. B. Crosby?Administrator's Sale?Notice. Try The New York Observer this Year. J. A. McLean, Judge of Probute?Citation?B. C. Prcssley and F. H. Brown, ApplicantsStephen M. Johnston, deceased. Withers Adickes?You Are Requested. Latta Brothers?Family Groceries and Plantation Supplies. Kennedy Bros. <fc Barron?The Object in View. M. Strauss?New Styles. J. J. Smith & Co.?Our Stock. T. M. Dobson?'The New York House. Mrs. Fannie L. Dobson?Emporium of Fashion. tlerndon Bros.?Stone Ware?ConfectioneryMeal and Bran?Bacon and Lard. W. A. Barron and D. W. Barron?Executors' Sale?Application for Discharge. Latimer A Hemphill?Millinery, Millinery. PERSONAL MENTION. We were pleased to receive a call last week from Mr. E. E. Calvo, general traveling ageut of the Columbia Register. THANKSGIVING SERMON. Services will be conducted in the church of the Good Shepherd to day, by the Rector, Rev. R. P. Johnson. COTTON GIN ACCIDENT. On Thursday morning, a colored operative named McDauiel, connected with Mr. J. W. Neil's portable steam gin, while ginning at Mr. W. J. Stephenson's, had his right hand caught by the saws'and badly lacerated. THE WEATHER. Monday was the first cold day of the season, and it was probably colder than any day we had last winter. Since Monday the weather has been decidedly wintery. The weather prophets foretell a severe winter. Already several severe snow storms have occurred in the West. NEW YORK OBSERVER. We can recommend the New York Observer to our readers as a family paper that is full of good and useful reading. It has both religious and secular news, and a foreign correspondence which is entertaining and valuable. Any oue can get a sample copy by sending to the New York Observer, 37 Park Row, New York. OMISSION. At the recent State Fair in Columbia, in addition to the premiums mentioned last week, it should have been stated also that a premium of $20 was awarded Mr. T. M. Whitaker, of Yorkville, for the best thoroughbred stallion over three years old ; and to Miss Anua May, of Yorkville, was awarded "silver" for log cabin quilt. SENT TO THE ASYLUM. Mr. Alcmeth B. McLean, an old citizen of Yorkville, was sent to the lunatic asylum on Monday last, on a warrant of lunacy, after a medical examination conducted by Doctors Lindsay and Jackson. Mr. McLean received a severe wound in the head in one of the battles of the late war, and to this cause is attributed the derangement of his mind. ? COMMITTED FOR MURDER. On Monday last, June Massey, colored, was committed to jail by Trial Justice Fewell, of Rock Hill, on the charge of killing Allen Hall, also colored, near that town, on Saturday. The accused claims that he and Allen were scuffling with each other in play, and he accidentally struck the deceased on the throat with the coupling bolt of a wagon, which he happened to have in his hand. Death was almost instantaneous. SUPREME COURT DECISIONS. The Columbia Register of Tuesday, reports the following decisions by the Supreme Court in cases appealed from York county: J. R. Witherspoon, respondent, vs. H. F. Adickf8, appellant. Decree affirmed and appeal dismissed. Opinion by McGowan, A. J. John G. Steele, appellant, vs. the Charlotte, Columbia and Augusta Railroad Company, respondent; the same respondent, vs. the same appellant. Appeals dismissed. Opinion by McGowan, A. J. AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY OF S. C. Attention is directed to the advertisement, in another column, of the Industrial Exhibition of the Agricultural Society of South Carolina, to be held in Charleston from the 6th to the 17th of December inclusive. There will be splendid exhibits in the large new building of the Society, and the city will offer many other attractions to visitors at the same time. Low excursion rates will be given by all the railroads to those visiting Charleston during the exhibition. CHURCHES NEXT SUNDAY. Services will be held in the churches next Sunday as follows: Presbyterian?Rev. T. R. English, Pastor. Services at the usual hours, morning and evening. Episcopal?Church of the Good Shepherd? Rev. R. P. Johnson, Rector. Services at the usual hours, morning and evening. Associate Reformed Presbyterian?Rev. R. Lathan, Pastor. The pastor will preach at Tirzah next Sunday. Methodist Episcopal?Rev. Thos. Gilbert, Pastor. Services at the usual hours, morning and evening. ? ???w FMTUK1AL IN ALIA to. The Polar Wave. Winter has commenced in earnest at the North, and already water transportation is obstructed by ice. Dispatches of Monday give intelligence of the weather at the following points: At Long Branch a snow storm prevailed on Saturday night, followed by extremely cold weather. The thermometer was at 20, and two inches of ice formed. At White Hall, N. Y., the C'hamplain Ca* | nal was frozen over, the ice being about two i inches thick. The thermometer was nine ! decrees below zero. ??""" At Syracuse, the Erie and Oswego Canal is closed by the ice. Snow was teu inches deep. Snow from seven to ten inches in depth j fell in New Hampshire on Saturday. In Ontario the thermometer fell to zero in ! a number of places, aud a severe gale was exj perienced on Lake Ontario. Ice from two to three inches thick formed on the Welland Canal. Not Satisfied with the Count. | According to the following Washington special dispatch of Monday, to the News and ; Courier, the districts in South Carolina where j there baa been the greatest increase in the census, are to be reenuraerated : The South Carolina census is to be overhauled once more. The Stalwarts have never gotten over their disgust at the increase of the South's population, shown by the new census, and cannot bear to give up the cry of fraud, which they raised as soon as the figures were made public. The thorough investigation which was made a few weeks afterward did not stop the howl, and they still protested against the idea of accepting this increased population as a basis for the reapportionment of Congressmen. In order to remove the'last I excuse for questioning the accuracy of the I census, and not at all because he personally sees the slightest necessity for such a perform- J ance, Superintendent Walker, at the suggestion of the Presideut, has dispatched a force of special agents to South Carolina with instructions to make the most thorough investigation. They are to visits number of places where the gain of population over the census of 1870 was largest, and make a sort of recensus, going from house to house and seeing whether the people whom the enumerators reported are to be found. No doubt is entertained that this second investigation will only confirm the first, and after such inquiries as oi*a rtrxtar frv Ka m n/1n if mahiiioa ?-? mnn tin til aic iivsw lu i#c niaur, it win icijuuc a urnu nitu monumental impudeuce to further dispute the South Carolina census. The Troubles iu Ireland. In consequence of the operations of the tenantry laws in Ireland, several disturbances have occurred there recently between tenants aud land-owners, and in one or two instances land-owners have been killed. Many cases of eviction have occurred, the alternative beiog to accept the reduction of wages or quit the premises, and this action on the part of the land-owners has aggravated fhatters, which at best are turbulent. Only the strong arm of the war department prevents an uprising of the Irish peasantry, who for two hundred years, have been the white slaves of the landed aristocracy. Discussing this question at the banquet of the Lord Mayor of London on the 9th instant, Premier Gladstone, after reviewing past events, said that "he was disappointed that the bountiful harvest had not improved the social circumstances of Ireland. The be- j lief that the Irish land laws required further amendment, he said, was by no means confined to the agitators and light-minded persons. If the government found that the act of 1870 was insufficient, it would not hesitate to ask Parliament to deal with the subject in a spirit of equity and justice. The Land League agitation, he said, was almost entirely illegitimate and totally incompatible with the conditions of a well constituted society. The agitation punishes not England, but Ireland, where not only the landlords but the onnnninN of t Vi a coil tuorn Koinnr nhut rn/?f in VVI^U^IVIO VII IIIIV OVII IfVI V living VIU1VI il V1UV4 tl< the rights appertaining to free citizenship by menace, intimidation aud crime. The maintenance of the existing law must precede reforms; the government recognized the duty of enforcing the laws above all other duties, aud would not hesitate to ask for increased powers if their present ones are insufficient." A Northern Settler's Views. B. P. Chatfield, of Aiken, a northern settler in this State, and Presidential elector on the Republican ticket, communicates through the Aiken Journal some advice to both political parties. He says : I hope Governor Hagood will give his special attention to the question of harmonizing the races, and by his acts convince the colored people that he will he their protector and benefactor, and that they will have the same rights before the law as the white race. " ; My policy for and advice to the colored people is to keep out of politics, work, economize, accumulate property, educate their children, and show to the world that they are competent to compete with the white race in business. They will become taxpayers and will have an interest in the government of the State, and will make intelligent legislators. Notwithstanding my advice to the colored people to keep out of politics, I cannot advise them to abstain from voting; thejjt have the right to suffrage aud a strong desire to vote. I would impress upon them that the right to vote is a sacred right, and never to violate that right by voting for a man to fill an office unless they believe he is competent to fulfill the duties of it. To illustrate my meaning?I hope Gover nor Hagood will impress the colored people by his official acts so favorably that he can be re elected by their vote. The colored man is naturally a Republican, but I find by utiirlvine? hi* rharnnteristies that he is willing WV~~J "'to ~ - - o to vote for any man who will give him fair play and treat him officially the same as he would a white man, and he does not ask nor wish anything more. Whether it is true or not, the colored man feels to-day that officials and the laws of the State favor the white man more than they do him?that they overlook crimes committed by white men which they would be quickly arrested and convicted for. Something should be done to counteract this impression. The President Elect at his Home. The first newspaper correspondent to call upon Gen. Garfield, was a representative of the Chicago Times, who paid hia respects to the President elect one day last week. Gen. Garfield refused to be interviewed ; but after a conversation with him, the correspondent says that our next President seems to be a broad-minded man, devoid of any petty feelings or dislikes, and he sums up the result of the conversation as follows : Gen. Garfield has no piques to equalize, nor any prejudices to follow. He is ready to listen to suggestions from all parts of the country, and will be glad to get them. No man was ever elected to the Presidency with less of personal effort in his own behalf. He told me when I called upon him in September last that the nomination having fallen to him without his seeking, he troubled himself personally little about the result, farther than that he desired his party to win. His present unworn appearance and buoyant health tell plainly enough bow lightly the campaign has been upon his mind. He had a pleasant career hefnvn Kiro Jr? the Senate Hi* tA?tp9 lay in the direction of legislative work. Had he never been nominated, his position and his duties, though less high and consequential than they ??? ? "TAiiI/1 ho no Koon mnoK mnro fn I Will UC UUTT, WUU1U imivuwvu uwvu >*IV? V vw his personal liking. Feeling under the circumstances of the case less bound to any faction than to the wholecountry, he will be much more free to follow his conscience and his judgment for the good of the whole than though he had, by a thorough course of iutriguing before the convention, been tied to any set of men whose labors might have secured his success. The issues of the campaign impose upon him a subservience to the will of the majority in certain leading questions; but in nothing is he an extremist. It is a#n open secret now that Grant, Cameron, Logan and Conkling will not voluntarily go near him. If he wants their aid or their counsel, he may have it; but unless he signifies his desire in that direction they will pre sent no claims on his gratitude, leaving it to his own sense of honor to recognize the efforts by which they turned the tide his way. From his manner and conversation, however, it appeared that his personal feelings toward the stalwart quartette, and in particular toward General Logan, is one of warm friendship. The Radical Programme. A correspondent, writing from Washington under date of Thursday last, speculates as follows with regard to what the "stalwart" Radicals in Congress are willing to do: One consequence of the Republican victory is already seen in the revival of Stalwartism. This is manifested in the announcement that the seats of the Southern Democratic Congressmen in the next House will be contested by the wholesale, and the managers expect in this way to run their majority at the start up to large proportions before the end of the first session. Nor is this all. A scheme is already advocated by Gorhara and some of the other more Radical leaders, to defer the Congressional reapportionment until the next Congress meets, and then if their party controls both branches, as they hope will be the ? case, to cut dowu the South's representation in the lower House. The idea is that this could r be done under coverof the Fourteenth Amend- v ment, which provides that."when the right to vote at any election for the choice of electors 1 for President and Vice-President of the Uni- 8 ted States or representatives in Cougress is 1 denied to any of the male citizens being twenty-one years of age and citizens of the United * States, or in any way abridged except for fl participation in rebellion or other crime, the c basis of representation shall be reduced in the c proportion which the number of such male ^ citizens shall bear to the whole number of male ^ citizeus twenty one years of age in such State." The practical application woild be something ] like this: The Republican managers would 1 take up all the Congressional districts which 8 they think their party ought to have carried, . but did not, try to figure out how many Ke- 1 publican's didn't vote, and then deduct the j aggregate in all the Congressional districts of ' a State from the total voting population of the State before dividing the latter by the f basis of representation decided upon for the 1 whole country, thereby reducing the number 1 of Representatives from the South under the new apportionment, instead of allowing that 1 section to gain some seats, as it will be enti 1 tied to by the census. Of course this scheme is altogether too revolutionary ever to be 1 carried through, and the more sensible Re- 1 publican . leaders will probably suppress it outside. Of course, they know that the coun- ( try will never stand a return to the old Rad- ( ical abuses, and that any serious attempt in that direction will lose them the House and the Seuatc in 1882. Con. Sherman's Report. s Gen. Sherman has submitted his an- , nual report to the Secretary of War. He agrees with General Sheridan that the army i is too small to fulfill the heavy duties now imposed upon it. It is overworked. For these reasons General Sherman renews his recommendation of last year that Congress be asked to give to the army 25,000 enlisted 1 men, specifically as troops of the line, and make a separate provision for detachments of ordnance men, engineer battalions, hospital stewards, commissary sergeants, West Point detachments, detailed clerks, etc., in the same manner as has already been done for the signal corps. The Revised Statutes limit the strength of the army to not more than thirty thousaud available men, but subsequent provisions have limited the expenditures to 25,000. The end desired can thus he reached by simply omitting provisions in the next appropriation bill. He favors the establishing of training schools for artillery practice; favors doing away with small forts, and advocates making impenetrable fortresses of our shipping ports. Of the Whitaker case, and questions aristherefrom, he says: A thorough investigation, in the midst of tumult and abuse, resulted in the perfect vindication of the authorities of the Academy. The corps of cadets is a youthful counterpart of our National House of Representatives. Prejudice is alleged against the colored cadets. Prejudice of race is the most difficult thing to contend against. There is no more such prejudice at West Point than in the community at large, and the practice of equality at West Point is in advance of the rest of the country. To discriminate in favor of the colored cadet by reason of his color, is as much a violation of the Fourteenth Amendment as to discriminate against him. The officers of the military academy have endeavored to be impartial. Gen. 8herman says that in his opinion the requirement that all enlisted men of the 7th and 18th cavalry and of the 24th and 25th infantry shall be colored men, while the officers are white, is not consis tent with the amendment referred to?all men should be enlisted who are qualified, and assigned to the regiments, regardless of color or previous condition. Such has been the law and the usage in the navy for years, and the army would soon grow accustomed to it. The usefulness of the artillery school at Fortress Monroe, is spoken of highly. Gen. Sherman desires to establish a similar school for infantry and cavalry at Fort Leavenworth, as soon as the condition of Indian affairs will permit. The Agricultural Department. In his report to the General Assembly, the State Commissioner of Agriculture makes the following recommendations : ' That an experimental farm be established, under the direction and control of the Bureau of Agriculture. I That the duties of protecting the State's | interest in the phosphate mines be transferred ! to the Agricultural Bureau, instead of as at present being divided between the Bureau and the Comptroller General. < TUo* T.arrtalahirp emnnwer the Board i 1 llat l/HO AJVg>W?MV?.t V v?|r? .. to appoint an Immigration Agent, to be un- i der the control of the Board and the Commissioner. ' < That the Legislature establish a Geologi- < cal Department, to be under the control of i the Board and the Commissioner. i That the Board purchase from our farmers < seeds for free distribution in the State. I That township assessors be appointed to re- i ceive returns for the Department. I The Commissioner makes no recoraraenda- j tion as to any changes in the fence law, as ' he regards the present law sufficient for all I purposes. I He urges upon the farmers of the State a j closer attention to sheep husbandry. I The chemist of the Department reports 1 having made 65 chemical anajyses during the year, of which 54 were of acid phosphates am J okousioal fortilnsox-o. Prom thfl Sale of j phosphate rock, the State has derived $53,- i 054 as royalty on 53,054 tons sold. In regard ' to the royalty required of the phosphate j companies, Mr. Roche, special assistant to the ( department says: * < "These companies, in consideration of the i privilege which they enjoy, should contribute ? their full and fair share to the public burdens, ] but it is not the true policy to encumber them i to such an extent as to injure their usefulness ( and cripple their ability to add, as they have ' done, directly and largely to the income of > the State, and indirectly to the increased pros perity of its citizens." CAr\mmicQi'nnor okAtoo fkot ( ine report ui tuo vuiiihusoiuum >u?, . there has been distributed in our streams for the past season, 30,000 California salmon, 1,500 land-locked salmon, 2,230,000 shad and 3,500 California trout; that the publications of the department during the past year are 5,000 copies of the pamphlet entitled "Cotton Mills of South Carolina," 20,000 copies of the monthly reports, several thousand other circulars giving the fish laws and other matters of general interest. The last Legislature appropriated $5,000 from the phosphate royalty for the support t of the department until the privilege tax of 25 cents per ton can be collected. This ap- f propriation has not been used by the depart merit, winch has neen sen susiaihing. In the above recommendations of the report, no appropriation is asked for from the State. These expeuses are to be paid from the funds belonging to the department, and * there is now in the State treasury, to the credit of the department, $9,178.65, not including i the 85,000 appropriation. . tl Correspondence of tbe Yorkville Enquirer. LETTEK FROM CHESTER. Chester, November 22.?We are having ome cold weather after the recent rains. Jotton, however, is coming in freely. The eceipts last week were about 1,000 bales, for vhich the highest price paid was 10i. The County Treasurer has succeeded better his year in the collection of taxes than for everal years previous. Including poll tax, here will not be more than 8100 uncollected. Mr. Wm. Hamilton, son of Maj. S. P. lamilton, died last Thursday morning, after l lingering illness. Funeral service were londucted by Rev. J. P. Marion, and the debased was buried with military honors by the jee Light Infantry, of which he was a mem>er. Mr. frank tnekien ami Mr. .Lafayette Waters, of East Chester, g.;t into a difficulty ast week, in which the latter received some evere wounds from a knife. On Thursday next, Thanksgiving day, unon services will be held in the Methodist church at this place, conducted by Rev. J. ?. Marion, of the A. R. P. Church. Mr. J. T. Aguew and Miss Theodosia Darjy, of this county, were married on the 18th nstaDt. Rev. L. C. H in ton was the officiating clergyman. Our city father? have ordered an additionil supply of street lamps, which have arrived ind will soon be put up. A man was in town the other day with 100 partridges?all caught in one day?which he readily sold at 7 cents each. The newly-elected county officers of, thiq jounty will assume their duties during the joming week. Chsstbb. rHE PROPOSED NEW BANKRUPTCY LAW. Some months ago Hon. John Lowell, United States Circuit Judge of the Districts embracing Maine, Massachusetts, Rhode Island and New Hampshire, was solicited by the Board of Trade of Boston and other mercantile associations to frame a bill for the establishment of a uniform system of bankruptcy in fhe United States. With commendable diligence the request was complied with, and Judge Lowell presented the draft cf a bill for the consideration of Congress, which bis long experience on the bench had convinced him was a great improvement upon the law of bankruptcy which has recently been repealed. Copies of the proposed law were sent by a committee of merchants to commercial associations, registers in bankruptcy and many others interested in the subject, with a request for their criticisms. The answers received were generally favorable to the plan of the proposed bill, but many valuable suggestions were made as to matters of detail, aud these have been incorporated in the text of a new bill, which will be brought forward at the next session of Congress. In drawing up the present bill, the language of the eld law has been followed as far as practicable, in ordjr that use might be made of the numerous i tJ _ A - aL-. ILJ. poriant decisions construing mai ir.uguage under a former law. .. ? In Section 9 it is provided that all State courts are to have full jurisdiction of all actions between party and party under the law, as distinguished from mere proceedings in bankruptcy. Sections 11 and 12 provide that the circuit courts have supervision oter the district courts, as under the former law, in all proceedings in bankruptcy,, and appellate power on actions at law and equality, if more than $500 is in dispute. .. . ' ii n The registers are made salaried officers instead of receiving payment for their services by fees, and their powers are very much increased. They are to bold meetings and hearings in the various parts of their districts in such a manner as to afford the greatest practicable facility to the suitors. Section 21 reduces the clerk's fees to as low a point as is thought to-be practicable consistently with the general law, and they are to issue notices which were formerly issued by the marshal, and the latter officer-will not be employed without speoial cause. The 25th section provides that the attachments and transmissions made in secret may be availed of within three months after they have become public by record, and so forth. The danger which was apprehended of oppression or persecution, if a single creditor had power to put a debtor iuto baukruptcy, is met by requiring that at least three should join in the petition when there are more than 12 creditors in all. : 1 , Sections 38 and 39 provide that the choice of an assignee shall be made by the creditors, and that every assignee shall give a bond, and that small creditors who are to tie paid in full shall have no vote in such election. If a judgment creditor has seized the property, his lien will be dissolved, and the property or the money in the sheriff's hands shall belong to the assignee; provided, however, all the creditors' cob!; shall be Daid out of it. Section 44, in the case of traders, provides for the exemption of their property from the operation of bankruptcy upon the footing of the State laws to the extent of $500, and the State laws are left in full operation as to persons who are not traders. Under the bill as at present proposed, the powers of assign* ees are the same as under the old law,- and provable debts are substantially the same. Privileged debts are the same as under the old law, except that one per cent, is to be paid the government to meet the expenses in bankruptcy. Composition is put upon an entirely differ* ant footing from tnat which it had under the old act. The purpose qLbotif is the same; namely, to enable a blameless debtor to ar* range to the satisfaction of hif creditors without the expense and delay of proceedings of the most formal character, and thereby to save the good will of hjs business, while he gives his creditors as much as they could possibly obtain under the delays of bankruptcy. To guard the rights of creditors, it is provided that at least one-third of the composition is to be paid in cash, and that the rest should be fully and amply secured to the satisfaction of the creditors and the court; and when this is accomplished, the debtor assumes bis full rights as a grader, without further embarrassment, and receives a regular discharge as if he had goue through bankruptcy.' In deserving cases, he is allowed- to manage his estate, under the direction of the court, until the composition is agreed to or rejected. Under the provisions of this proposed new law there can he no doubt that the honest debtor will Uio rlicnl.o i*o,a mnM VOQ/lllv OnH flf IaOS Jl/vmu 11 iO UKTVURilg'O ?UV?V a VMVI mj mmm expense thao under the old. The risk of creditors to have a debtor made bankrupt is substantially like that under the law of 1867. To meet a kind of fraud and oppression which is but too common, it is made a crime in a jreditor to take payment for any act of forbearance in the course of the proceedings, or nore than bis share of a composition. The Currency Question.?In the report >f Hon. Horatio Burchard, director of the Mint, which has just been prepared with a riew of being submitted to Congress, when it neets in December, an official estimate is nadeof the amount of currency in thecounry on the first day of October last, as folows: Cbin in Circulation and in Banks. Gold, $302,676,709 Silver, 77,344,735 Cbtn in 17. 8. Treasury. Gold, tot ,zv*,zv* 8ilver, .. 72,454,600. Total amount of coin $519,680,338 Of this amount $185,000,000 is estimated o be in the possession of private individuals. The paper currency of the country is as ollows: Legal tender notes $346,742,000 Fractional currency, 7,182,000 National Bank notes, 343,905,000 Total paper currency, $697,829,000 Total currency 1,217,509,338 This gives upwards of $24 per capita to he whole population of the country. The currency in sight or held by the Banks nd United States Treasury was $388,800,000. "his leaves about $824,000,000 to represent be currency of all kinds in the bands of tbo