Newspaper Page Text
_____ ? ? .
lewis m. grist, proprietor, j Jnbeprnbent Jamiln Betospper: jfor Ijje ^motion of % |)(r literal, Social, ^gricnltaral anb Commercial Interests of % Sonf|. TERMS?$2.50 A TEAK, IN ADVANCE, "VOL. 27. YORKYILLE, S. O., THURSDAY, MAY 5, 1881. NO. 18. iclcrtrd fflfttg. LET'S SIT DOWN AND TALK TOGETHER BY THOMAS MACKKLLAR. Let's sit down and talk together Of the things of olden dav. When we, like lambkins loosed from tether, Gaily tripped along the way. Time has touched us both with lightness, Leaving furrows here and there, And tinging with peculiar brightness Silver threads among our hair. ? Let's sit down and talk together; Many years away have past, And fair and foul has been the weather Since we saw each other last. Many whom we loved are living In a better world than this; And some among us still are giving Toil and thought for present bliss. Let's sit down and talk together; Though the flowers of youth are cieau, The ferns still grow among the heather, And for us their fragrance shed. Life has a thousand blessings in it, Even for the aged man; And God has hid in every minute Something we may wisely scan. Let's sit down and talk together; Boys we were?we now are men ; We rheet awhile, but know not whether We shall meet to talk again. Parting time has come; how fleetly Speed the moments, when their wings Are fanned by breathings issuing sweetly From a tongue that never stings! She Seller. THE WIFE'S WAGES. "Well, Nettie, what do you want?" said Mr. Jarvis to his wife, who stood looking rather anxiously at him, after he had paid the factory hands their week's wages. "Why, Donald," said she, "I thought as I had worked for you all the week, I would come for my wages, too! You pay Jane S2 a week, surely 1 earn that, and I would like very much to have it as my own." "Pshaw, Nettie, how ridiculous you talk. You know that all I have belongs to you and the children?and don't I furnish the house and everything ? What under the sun would you do with the money if you had it ?" "I know, Donald, that you buy the necessaries for us all, and I am willing that you should do so still, but I should like a little money of my very own. We have been mar ried fifteen years, and in all that time I do not seem to have earned a dollar. As far as money is concerned I might as well be a slave. I cannot buy a quart of berries, nor a book, without asking you for the money, and 1 should like to be a little more independent." Mr. Jarvis, proprietor of Jarvis' mills, worth thousands and thousands of dollars, laughed derisively. "You're a tine one to talk of independence," he said. "If you would start out to make - - ?" 1::- """''1 fut/.b iin in thp nonr jTWUV UWU living JUu \t ivuvM ... ...? r house soon enough, for what could you do to earn a living ? The girls in the factory know how to do their work, and they earn their wages. Wheu I have paid them my duty is done, but I have to board and clothe you, and take care of you when you are sick. If I had to do that for the girls I would have precious little money left, I can tell you." "Donald, I gave up my good trade when I married you. For 6ve years I had supported myself by it, and many a time since have I envied myself the purse of those days. As for my not earning anything now, I leave it for you to say whether it would be possible to hire another to take my place ; and how much do you suppose it would cost to do without me a year ? I know the girls have little after paying their expenses, but they enjoy that little so much. Allie Watson sup ports herself and her mother with her wages, and they both dress better than I do. Jennie Hart is helping her father pay off the mortgage on his farm, and she is so happy that she can do so. Even Jane, the kitchen girl, has more freedom than I, for out of her own - money she i3 laying by presents for her relatives, and will send them, as much to her own pleasure as theirs. Yesterday an Indian wo-1 man was at the house with such handsome I bead work to sell, and, although I wanted | some money so much, I had rfot a dollar ! I | e.. 1. IN ...i T ko, I leit line urjrmg wueii uauc uiuuguc iu u?i i week's wages and bought half a dozen arti cles that I wanted so much. You often say that all you have is mine, but five dollars would have given me more pleasure yesterday than your huudreds of thousands of dollars worth of property did." "No doubt of that, Mrs. Jarvis. You have no idea of the value of money, and would have enjoyed buying a lot of bead trash that would not be worth a cent to anybody. Jane needs a guardian if she fools away her money like that. She will be in the county poor house yet if she dod't look out. It's very lucky, indeed, that men do hold the money, for there's not one woman in a huudred who knows how to use it!" "For shame, Donald Jarvis ! You know better. Look at Jerry and Milly Greg, will you, and say that he makes the best use of his money. She is at home with her parents every uight, making her wages go as far as possible toward making them comfortable, I while he is carousing in the village, wasting his time and money, and making a brute of himself besides. And why does Mrs. Sartau come to receive her husbaud's wages herself? Simply because he cannot get by the saloon ; with money in his pocket, and if she did not; get the money they would all go hungry to r bed after his wages were j>aid. And I believe that every woman that earns money : here spends it as wisely as the average man, i aud I have yet to hear of one of them being in debt." Mr. Jarvis knew that he could not gainsay 1 a word his wife had said, for they were all i true. Luckily he thought of Jane. "Well, how mucj) do you suppose Jane will have left at the end of the year ? If she ; would get sick how long could she pay for such care as you have?" "It is not likely she will lay up many dol-1 lurs out of a hundred a year ; but she is lay- i ing up something better, I think. Last win-; tar she seut her mother a warm shawl and a p lir of shoes, and to her brother and sister, .new school books, aud the warm, loving let-! ters they send her do her more good than twice the amount of money in the bank would. This year she is laying by a number ot useful and pretty things for them, and if any misfortune should happeu to Jane they would only be too glad to help her." "Well, who do you suppose would help you if you needed help ?" said Mr. Jarvis, for want of a better question. Mrs. Jarvis' eyes sparkled angrily as she answered : "Nobody. If you should lose your property to-day I should be a beggar, without a claim on anv one for help. You have always held your purse strings so tightly that it has been hard enough to ask for my own necessities, leaving others out altogether. Many a time a dollar or two would have enabled me to do some poor man or woman untold goo 1, hut although you have always said that all your property was mine, I never could and cannot now command a dollar of it." "Lucky you couldn't, if you wanted to spend it on beggars." "Donald, you know that I would spend money as wisely as you do. Who was it that, only last week gave a poor, lame beggar five dollars to pay his fare to Burton, and then saw him throw his crutches aside and make for the nearest saloon ? Your wife could not do worse if trusted with a few dol lars. You say that the money is all mine, yet you spend it as you please, while I cannot spend a dollar without asking you for it | and telling what I want it for. Any beggar can get it in the same way. Christmas you bought presents for us and expected us to be grateful for them ; a shawl for me of the very color that I cannot wear, a set of furs for j Lucy that she did not need, a drum for Robj in that has been a nuisance ever since, and a j lot of worthless toys that were broken up in a week. There were forty or fifty dollais of my money just the same as thrown away, yet when I ask you to trust me with two dollars a week you cannot imagine what use I have for it, and fear it will be wasted. I am sure I could not speud fifty dollars more foolishly if I tried to." "Well," snapped the proprietor, "I guess it is my own money, and I can spend it as I please. I guess you'll know it, too, when you get another present." "Oh, it is your money, then. I understood you to say that it was all mine, and pretended to protest against your spending it so foolishly. If it is vour own. of course you have j a right.to spend it as you please, but it seems to me that a woman who left parents, and brothers and sisters, and her friends, to make a home for you among strangers, a woman who has given her whole life to you for fifteen years, might be looked upon with as much favor as you give beggars, who are very likely to be imposter3. I know that you seldom turn them off without help. Perhaps I would be more successful if I appealed to you as a beggar; I might say: Kind sir, please allow me out of your abundant means a small pittance for my comfort. It is true I have enough to eat, and do not suffer for clothing, but, although I work for my master from morning to night, and if his children happen to be sick, from night until morning again, yet he does not pay me as much as he does his cook, and I am often greatly distressed for want of a trifling sum which he would not mind giving to a perfect stranger. The other day while he was from home, I had to go to the next station to see a dear friend who was ill, and not having a dollar of my own, I was obliged to borrow the money from his cook. I was so mortified 1' And not long since the berry-woman came with such nice berries to sell, and my little girl who was not well wanted some very badly, but I had not even five cents to pay for a handful for her. Yesterday a friend came to ask me to assist in a work of charity. It was a worthy object, and I longed so much to give her a little money for so good a purpose, but though the wife of a rich man, I had no money. Of course I might ask my husband for money, and if I told him about what I wanted with it, and he approved of my purpose and was in a good humor, he would give it to me; but, sir, it is terribly slavish to have to do so, even if I could run to him every time I wanted anything. People say I am a fortunate woman because I am rich, hut I often envy 11 ^ * ^ ~ oo?<n onrl Uie IUCLU.'-y gHJS men auunj IU earn uuu spend their own money. And sometimes I get so wild thinking of my helplessness that if it were not for my children I would just drop into the river and end it all." "Nettie! Nettie Jarvis! What are you saying?" cried the startled husband, at last, for the far away look in her eyes, as if she did not see him, hut was looking to some higher power to help her, touched bis pride, if it did not his heart, for he had a good deal of pride in a selfish sort of way. He was proud to be able to support his family as well as he did. He was proud that when his children needed new shoes he could tell his wife to take them to Crispin's aud get what they needed. He did it with a flourish. He was uot one of those stiugy kind?he liked to spend money ; and when Nettie who was once the most spirited young lady of his acquaintance, came meekly to him for a dress or cloak, he was sometimes tempted to refuse her money just to show her how helpless she was without him. Ves, he was proud of his family, and wauted them to feel how much they depended upon him. He would have felt aggravated if any one had left his wife a legacy, thus allowing her to be independent in her purse. The idea of her earning money, as his other work-folks did, never entered his mind. He "supported herthat was his idea of their relations! He never had happened to think that it was very good of her to take his money and spend it for the good of himself and children. He never had thought that any other woman would have wanted big pay for doing it. He had even thought himself very generous for allowing her money to get things to make the family comfortable. Things began to look differently to him just now. Could it be that he was not generous, not even just-to his wife ? Had he paid her so poorly for her fifteen years of faithful labor for him, that ifshe had been obliged to begin the world for herself that day, it would have been as a penniless woman, notwithstanding the houses, the lands and mills that he had so often told her were all hers ; for he knew, as every one else did, that not one dollar of all he had would the law allow her to call her own. How fast he thought, standing there at the office window, looking down at the little houses where the mill hands lived. Could it be possible that his wife envied them anything ? He had felt deeply the wrongs of the j slaves, whose labors had been appropriated by their masters, and when a negro who had worked twenty years for his master before the emancipation freed him, came to Jams' mills, friendless and penniless, the heart of the proprietor swelled with indignation at such in-o justice. He was eloquent on the subject, at j home and abroad, and wondered how any one could be so cruel and selfish as to commit ! such au outrage against justice. He had called him a robber many a time, but now Donald Jarvis looked to himself very much like the old slaveholders ! Massa Brown had taken the proceeds of CufTee's labor for his own without even a "thank you" for it. True, when Cuffee ate he had given him food, when he was sick he had given him medicine, and he had clothed him, too, just as he had thought best. Mr. Jarvis had married a lovely, con scientious woman, and for fifteen years had appropriated her labors. Her recompense had been food and clothes, such as he thought best for her. A little better than CufTee's, perhaps, but the similarity of the case did not please him. He had expected his wife to be very grateful for what he had done for her, but now he wondered that she had not rebell ed long ago. Had his life been a mistake? Had his wife no more money or liberty than Cuffee had in bondage ? Was Donald Jarvis no better than Massa Brown ? His brain seemed to be in a muddle, and he looked so strangely that his wife, anxious to break the spell, took his arm saying, "Let us go home, dear, tea must be waiting for us." He put on his hat in a dreamy way and they walked home in silence. The children ran joyously to meet them. The yard was so | fresh and green, and the flowers so many and bright that he wondered he had never thanked Nettie for them all. Hitherto he ! had looked upon them as his, but now he felt his interest in them was only a few dollars, that would not have amounted to anything but for his wife's care. His children were tidy and sweet, and everything around and in the house had that cheery look that rested him so after the hard, dull day at the mill. They sat again at the table, which had been a source of pleasure and comfort to him for so many years, and he wondered how he could have enjoyed it so long without ever thanking the woman who had provided it. True,she had used his money in bringing it all about, but how else could his money be of use to him ? Who else could have turned it into just what he needed day after day for years ? And he began to have an undefined feeling that it took more than money to make a home. He glanced at his wife's face as he buttered his last slice of bread. It was not that of the fair, rosy bride whom he had brought to the mill years before, but at that moment he realized it was far ^raore dear to him, for he knew that she %ad given the bloom and freshness of her j youth to make his home what it was. His daughter had her rose leaf cheeks, his sons her youthful vivacity, all had her cheerful, winsome ways, and comforted him now as she had in those days when, hardly knowing what care meant, she had lived for him alone. And a new thought came to him, "Who "AmfArfinrt Tier nnw when she had so II UO UUUJiWl wiug UW? MW .. much care? Was not that what he promised to do when he brought her from her old home ?" He sighed as he thought how far he had drifted from her while in bondage equal to Cuffee's. Nay, he felt that her chains were far more binding than any which had ever held the negro, and that his obligations to her were so much greater. Something called the children out of doors, and Mr. Jarvis took his easy chair. His wife came and stood beside him. "I fear you are not well, Donald ; are you displeased with me?" He drew her into his arms and told her how her words had showed him what manner of man he was, and there were words spoken that need not be written, but from that day forth a different man was proprietor of the Jarvis mill, and there was a brighter light in Mrs. Jarvis' eyes, for, at least she had [ something of her own, nor has she regretted that she "applied for wages." fjpSttUanftrosi THE STORY OF A POST ROUTE. fLetter to the New York Times.J Washington, April 21.?A case that illustrates the boldness of the fraud systematically practiced during the last four years in the management of the star postal routes is furnished by the route known as No. 10,104, and running from Mineral Park, Arizdna, to Pioche, Nevada, a distance of 232 miles. This route was let on July 1, 1878, to Minter, .Feck <? U()., at $Z,yUO per annum mr a weeaijservice. In August or September, 1878, the route was sub let by the contractors to Isaac Jennings, of St. Thomas, Lincoln county, Nevada, at $4,700 per annum, or $1,800 more than the contract price. Soon after receiving the sub-contract Jennings was requested to get up a petition for tri weekly service, but refused to do so on the ground that the proposed increase was wholly unnecessary. Notwithstanding his refusal, however, to make a movement to secure increased service, he was surprised to receive from Washington a sub-contract calliug for tri-weekly trips, and raising the pay to $12,600 per annum. This is explained by the fact that in April 1879, the original contractors, through their influence with the postoflice department, secured j an increase to tri weekly service, and had the pay raised to $22,300 per annum. Thus it will be noticed that Jennings, who was performing this service, received of this increase only $12,600, leaviug $9,700 to be divided among the principals. In July, 1879, or about three months after the first increase was made, the service was still further increased without any solicita- | tion from Jennings, and without his knowledge, to seven trips per week, and the yearly pay was raised at the same time to $52,000. When this last increase was made, Jennings was ordered to put ou daily service, at the rate of $28,000 per annum, thus leaving $24,000 per annum to be divided among the principals. -Before the route was increased to daily service the contract was transferred from Minter, Peck & Co., to J. W. Dorsey. When the change was made Jennings was not informed of the fact that the department, in addition to directing increased trips, had also expedited the service. *. .1 L ADOUL tnree muuuis unci uic uausici iu Dorsey, Jennings was informed by M. C. Riedell that the schedule time had been shortened to sixty hours. Riedell was the clerk and agent of Dorsey, and in order the more effectually to carry out the fraudulent purposes of the Ring, Dorsey made a contract with Riedell at the full contract price named above and filed this agreement at the department. After making the nominal contract with Riedell, Dorsey made an actual contract with Jennings for both tri weekly and daily service, specifying that he should be paid $12,600 for the tri-weekly and $28,000 for the daily service, tfhich was $9,700 per annum below the sura fixed by the department for the tri weekly service, and $24,000 below that fixed for the daily service. Jenuings acted in perfect good faith, and was ignorant of the transactions between Dorsey aud his clerk. The agreement made between Dorsey and Jennings was forwarded by the latter to Rep resentative Daggett, of Nevada, with the request that it be filed with the postoffice department. Mr. Daggett, immediately upon receipt of the agreement, left it with J. L. French, chief clerk of the contract office, requesting him to place it on file. For the service of the first quarter under the tri-weekly contract Jennings received his full pay according to the terms of the contract. At the 'expiration of the next quarter, however, he not only failed to receive the pay due, but he received notice irom the department that fines had been imposed for failure to perform service, and that instead of the government owing him $7,000 he was debtor to the Government by reason of the fines imposed, iu the sum of $700. These fines, it seems, were imposed because of Jenuings' failure to perform the service on the expedited schedule, of which he had no notice until informed by Riedell, as above explained. Not comprehending this method of doing business, and by the 1 ?iitlunli fKirnntonorl liim large jjctjuinui j ium huivu ?i>v>.i.v..vv. , ( Jennings at once proceeded to Washington. Before leaving the West he obtained a number of signatures to a protest against the j frequency of the expedition of the service ! ordered by the department. There was no j necessity, whatever for the increase, as the ! j route was through the wilderness, and the j I number of letters carried over it at any time . i did not average three per week. Arriving at Washington, Rif dell ascer- j tained that Jennings intended to file this j protest with the department, and, in order to j prevent such damaging testimony being made j 'part of the public records, he gave Jennings ! ?3,500 not to place the protest on file. In the meantime, however, Riedell received | from the Government full pay, less the penal- j I ties, all of which were charged to Jennings, j For the two following quarters Jennings was j paid only ?330, his principal claiming that \ i the balance was consumed by fines. Jenj nings having been thus exhausted, the route i was sold by the owners toSaulsbury, Gilmore ! &, Co. Jennings remained in Washington j with the expectation that he would obtain , justice from the postal authorities, not supposing, of course, that the very persons from , whom he expected protection and redress were parties to the practices by which he had been defrauded. He had no rights whatever which the postoffice officials were bound to respect, for the reason that he was unknown to them, his agreement never having been placed on the files of the department. The contract between Jenningsand Riedell, which Mr. Daggett left with Chief Clerk French, was not placed on the files of the department until March, 1881, and then only upon the per emptory demand of Mr. Daggett and the twc senators from Nevada, whom he made acquainted with the injustice done him. A TEMPERANCE COUNTY. No county in Georgia had more still houses and barrooms to the number of inhabitants than Carroll twenty years ago. Drinking [ places were not only to be found in the little town, but also at the cross roads and country places throughout the county. No more unfavorable place could have been selected than this county. It was settled by a class of citizens who regarded plenty of corn whisky and peach brandy as essential to good living. Liquor was sold without scruple and drank without stint. Many of the people spent all their means beyond a bare living, for strong drink. Education and churches were neglected. Ignorance and vice prevailed to such an alarming extent that the very name of the county became a by-word and reproach in the State ; it was called the "free State of Carroll." The better citizens, going from the coufity, were ashamed to acknowledge where they were from. The county of Carroll was once synonymous with still houses, chicken fighting, horse swapping, pony-clubs, one-ox-carts, poverty, piney woods nrwt irrnnronnp The first move toward prohibition in this county was made at Bowden. In the very act by which the town was incorporated was a clause prohibiting the sale of whisky in so many miles of the place. In 1863, Dr. \V. W. Pitts moved to Carrollton, the county seat, and begau at once the abolishing of the whisky traffic by law. He stood well nigh alone for several years. With an energy that never tired, and a deter mination that never faltered, he worked on. He was foiled frequently by the liquor men, but he never gave up the struggle. Other men moved into the town, and united their intelligence with his. They managed the prohibition movement with great prudence and tact. They did not organize for one yeur. After an election at which they were defeated by the liquor men, they did not abandon their hopes ; but began to work for another election. By keeping organized all the time, they conserved their forces, and though they did not succeed for several years, they were all the time educating public opinion. Thus they prepared to hold the field when they won it. In Carrollton the temperance men worked twelve years without success. In 1875, a bill was passed by the Legislature prohibiting the sale of liquor in the town. In spite of opposition and abuse, the temperance men succeeded, and with results that are marvellous. 1. The trade of the town has been more than doubled. Before the liquor traffic was abolished the trade of the place was about $'200,000 a year, now it is $500,000 a year. There are thirty stores in town, and I do not know of a single merchant among them who would not vote against the liquor traffic on purely business grounds. Mr. John W. Stewart, who has made a fortune here, says, as a business man, that he would not have liquor back for any consideration. Some of our leading merchants were opposed to prohibition at. first because thev feared that it would injure their trade. They are unanimously in favor of it now. The $30,000 that was spent here for whisky prior to 1875 is now spent in building houses, improving stock, draining lands, and paying taxes. The farmers are nearly all out of debt. Many of the men who were spending all of their money for whisky have quit drinking and are making a support for their families. 2. The argument that men would drink anyhow does not hold good but with very few. Perhaps there are in every town some few men who have drank so long that they are slaves to the hnbit. Such men would send off' and get whisky, and drink anyhow. But we have learned that, with nearly all the people, whisky is like watermelons?the supply creates the demand. Do away with the supply and there will be no demand, as a general thing. By prohibiting the sale of liquor in the towns of Georgia we will soon have a generation of young men who will have no desire for it whatever. 3. We have two drug stores here; but not a particle of liquor is sold in either of them. The leading druggist here told me that he kept alcohol in the store; but he used it only for tinctures. * An attempt was made by one of the druggists to sell bitters; but the grand jury soou found so many true bills against bim that he promised the people of the town if they would ask the judge to be as merciful in bis lines as possible, he would never sell another bottle of bitters or a drop P ? 1- ! _ 1 oi wnisay. 4. In ft mornl point of view, the results of this movement in our town have been pefectly remarkable. The solicitor of this judicial circuit says there is less crime in this county than any other county in this circuit. Most of the people have joined the church. Profanity is nlraost unknown. On the train that comes daily into G'arrollton, not an officer or trainband on it ever swears an oath. The soberness and quiet which prevail here, even on election days and court weeks, strike visitors as being wonderful. At a barbacue here last year, though there were together about four thousand people, Col. Thomas Hardeman, who spoke on the occasion, said that he never saw a drunken man. He regarded it as something almost new under the sun. A committee of good men revised the jury-box, leaving out the names of those who habitually drank whisky. The county has been elecling, for the past twelve years, Dr. D. B. Julian, ordinary, who will not grant license to sell liquor anywhere in the county, for love, or threats, or money. He has done a grand work for the county, and so could every ordiuary if he would. The prohibition movement in this county is a grand success. Three fourths of the white people in Carrollton are opposed to the sale of whisky and nearly the same proportion in the county.? Christian Statesman. Sleep.?There is no fact more clearly established in the physiology of man than this, that the brain expends its energies and itself during the hours of wakefulness, and that these are recuperated duriug sleep. If the recuperation does not equal the expenditure, the brain withers. This is insanity. Thus it is that in early English history persons who were condemned to death by being prevented from sleeping always died raving maniacs. Thus it is that those who are starved to death become insane. The brain is not nourished and they cannot sleep. The practical infer encos are tuese: Those who thiuk most, who do most brain work, require most sleep. That time "saved" from necessary sleep is infallibly destructive to mind, body and estate. Give yourself, your children, your servants; give all who are under you, the fullest amount of sleep they will take, by compelling them to go to bed at some regular, early hour, and to rise in the morning the moment they awake of themselves, and within a fortnight nature, with almost the regularity of the rising sun, will unloose the bonds of sleep the moment enough repose has been secured for the wants of the system. This is the only safe and sufficient rule, and as to the question how much sleep any one requires, each must be a rule for himself; great nature will never fail to write it out to the observer, under the regulaI tions just given. m [ TKE USE AND ABUSE OF FUN. What should we be without the gift to 1 brighten our existence on our earthly pil griraage ? A love of fun is most often found accompanied by a cheerful and lively disposition. We can imagine no drearier state than that of an individual who, during the ' whole of his lifetime, can obtain no fun or pleasure, in the slightest degree, in his daily intercourse with his fellow-creatures. But it is a well-known fact that even of the best of things one can have too much. Even fun has its limits, and a more wearisome thing can scarcely be imagined than an individual who, at the most inappropriate times, cannot re frain from turning the most commonplace of conversation into fun and ridicule. This is certainly a great tailing; out or course there is a graver aspect under which it can be regarded, viz., the love of ill-natured fun. A laugh raised at the expense of a well-meaning person is highly injudicious, and in many cases rarely forgotten. The turning into ridicule of another person's words and ideas is a most uncharitable and hurtful habit, which, when long forgotten by the speaker, rankles in the mind of the victim. There is nothing more disagreeable to a very sensitive nature than the fear of being made fun of and turned into ridicule, and the very slightest inclination towards this unchristian-like habit will cause the victim of it such pain and shrinking that a less sensitive mind would scarcely deem possible. We should be especially careful of these sensitive ones, especially as one can never tell the harm a careless word leveled in mere jest may do. It rankles in the miud of the sensitive one, and gives a pernicious precedent to the hearers of it. After all, this is a failing which happily is not general, and brings its own punishment; for those few who find real pleasure in giving pain to others by ill natural and personal fun are rarely well spoken of, even by those who profess to see no harm in it. A sarcastic person may have many admirers, but nu real friends, as directly personal intercourse with them ceases, and when one's back is turned, then one trembles for one's own character. But this is a spiteful and uncharitable fun, only resorted to by those who, disgusted with and weary of the world, can find consolation in the endeavor to convert others to their opinion. . There is one more abuse of fun which is necessary just to touch upon, and which, while the love of pure and holy things exists, can never become a habit?I mean the dan ger that one has to guard against of speaking in fun of sacred and holy things, or in any way bringing them into ridicule. It may be that, to a really witty person, the inclination to this irreverent practice has to be more /lAKAl'illtr onrainaf fKan tTlftflA wlinQP oai v^iunj 5uuiuuu vu...i ...v^w .. . sense of wit is less keen. If a witty speech or joke is on our lips which would turn into the slightest fuu or ridicule things only to be spoken or thought of with reverence, let the words remain unspoken, let the witty sen| tence be wasted, rather than be uttered to fall perhaps on some untutored aud wavering . mind, and prove a stumbling block in that mind for years and years after the words were uttered and forgotten. So much for the abuse of this gift. When rightly used it is an undeniable blessing to those who, with a constant and ever-ready source of cheerfulness and fun, cun make lighter daily trials and difficulties, and even afford to help a less hopeful brother or sister on their earthly journey.?Harper's Bazar. ' A FABLE?HOW THE COON PRESIDED, Once upon a time there was a general assemblage of fowls and animals, called together to discuss the question of reform. The tiger shed tears over the wickedness of the rabbits, the hyena wept at the rapacity of the vultures and the wild cat pressed his paws to his aching heart and sighed over the villainies perpetrated by the rats and mice. A venerable old coon was made chairman of the meeting, and after clearing his voice he began : "My friends, there is a great need of re" 1 /r 1 , .i lorm. w e are arming aown 10 perumou ai race-horse speed. Speak, brothers, and let us have a full aud frank expression." "I am for-reform," said the tiger as he rose up. "I see the coons out every night, stealing corn and raising old Ned generally, and I hope they may be brought to see the error of their ways." "Reform is my watch-word," began the buffalo as he secured the floor, and I hope the tigers will commence the good work in their midst. The tiger who just addressed you has the blood of my slain calf still on his lips." "It is my opinion," began a veteran old hyena, "that reform is most needed among the vultures. They have become so bold that I hardly stand a show nowadays to find a car cass for myself." "And since men have ta':en to carrying guns and swords I hesitate to attack them," said a wolf. "I move you, Mr. Chairman, that it is the sense of this meeting that men no longer go armed." "Hear what I have to say," pleaded the wild cat. "I move that the panther be censured for eating flesh." "And my friend the cow should be forced to let grass alone," observed an elephant." "In order to get the sense of the meeting I move that we no longer eat flesh," observed a deer. "I move to amend by substituting the word 'grass,'" promptly responded a wolf. Amendments and resolutions were coming in like the Pacific Express, when the old coon in the chair called for order and said : "My friends, let us begin our reform by routing out the serpents." "No! no!" now protested a fox," I lease my cave to a family of serpents at excellent cash figures. Let's drive the worms out of the country." "But we feed on worms," chirped a hundred birds. "Drive them out and we'd starve !" Thus they continued, eacli one anxious to preserve whatever was good for himself and sacrifice whatever was good for his neighbor, until the coon cut the discussion short by saying : "Order! order! Now then any bird or " 1 1 ?11 * A 1 V .1 ' _ towi wno is willing 10 Degin inis reionn campaign by sacrificing personal gains please stand up." Everything continued to sit. "Well, then, any one willing to begin the reform at home and under his own hat please stand up." No one stood up. "I think we have bitten off more than we can chew," said the coon as he laid down his gavel. "This is a very wicked world, and there is a great need of reform, but when tigers set out to reform hyenas and wild cats find fault with the doings of wolves it's time to dismiss the meeting." moral. Charity may begin next door, but reform should commence at home. ? A Historic Sword.?The sword General Johnstone JoDes will wear at Yorktown is a valuable relic and has an interesting history. It was worn by his great grandfather, Major Cadwallader Jones, during the war of the revolution. He wore it as Major in Baylor's regiment and as aid to General LaFayette at the battle of Brandywine, and at the surrender at Yorktown', and in other battles in which he participated. The blade in the sword was presented General LaFayette. It is a genuine Toledo, and can be bent point to hilt. A tradition exists that this blade is one of a lot of Toledoes presented by Charles III King of Spain, to George Washington, hac by him distributed as presents among hit general officers. The sword was also worr by General Jones' father, Cadwallader Jones the third of that name in the direct line o: descent, as Colonel of the Twelfth South Caro lina Regiment in the late war. The Majoi Cadwallader Jones who served on LaFayette's staff, was the grandson of the Peter Jones who founded the city of Petersburg, Va Another Cadwallader Jones, it is also said, carried the sword in the war of 1812, and yel another in the war with Mexico, 1847-48, sc the good blade has a history.?Raleigh Ob server, April 24th. THE NIAGARA SUSPENSION BRIDGE. In 1848, Charles Ellet, a brilliant rather than a profound, engineer, built the first suspension bridge over the Niagara, on the site of the present railroad bridge. The bridge was for carriages and foot passengers. The towers were of wood, and the roadway was only about six feet in width. Just wide enough for one team. Mr. Ellet in the beginning had offered a reward of $5 to the first oKamIi! ornt ii oti'inrr / v v ? r fltA rionp I^CIOUU TVIIU OllVSUiU a auiiig U?v? uiv iivvn The next windy day a large number of boys assembled on the bank with kites, and before night one of them, Homan J. Walsh, then a boy .13 years of age, landed his kite on the Canada side and received the promised reward. By means of this string larger cords, theu ropes and then iron cables, small at first, but increasing in size, were drawn across, until the large cables were thus stretched. This structure served as a most excellent auxiliary in the construction of the present bridge. This was built by America's great engineer, John S. Roebling, and has always been considered one of the greatest of his works. It was commenced in 1852, and the first locomotive crossed it in 1854. The iron basket now hanging under the railroad track near the American end of the bridge was first used by Mr.' Ellet, and in it the first person who ever erased the chasm alive, and of his own will, was crossed over. There is an old Indian tradition that a resisting chief was once carried to the opposite side by a large bald-headed eagle, who swooped down on the great warrior, as he lay ambushed on the ground and bore him oveV. Ladies have crossed in this basket. The suspension bridge by Brook's mouument was built in 1856 by T. E. Serret. The ice jam in 1866 tore the guys from the rocks to which they were fastened, and before they were replaced a terriffic gale broke the roadway, severed the suspenders, and left the structure dangling in the air. The new suspension bridge as it is called, was built in 1868, the cables being carried over in the winter on the ice bridge. Its i .L : 1 OAA ? C..l I leiJglll 19 UYCr 1)L\J\J 1SCI) Ul a lull vjuairoi ui a mile, from outside to outside of the towers, and is the longest suspension bridge iu the world. Rich People of the Olden Times.? That we have some very rich people in this country there is no doubt, but where are they, asks the Cincinnati Star, as compared with the Roman aristocrats? Vanderbilt may be able to give his check for $50,000,000, hut when Cyrus returned from the conquest of Asia he was rated at $500,000,000. Mrs. Astor may give an entertainment at the exexpense of $25,000, and Mrs. Mackey may give dinner parties that cost $50,000, but a festival given by Ptolemy Philadelphus cost $2,239,000. Alexander's daily meal, frugal as it was, cost $1,700; and money was of so little account to Claudius that he once swallowed a pearl that was worth $40,000. James Gordon Bennett has been known to give many thousand dollars to peo pie for whom he had acquired a fancy, but according to Tacitus, more than $97,000,000 was given away in a similar manner by Nero. Queen3 of fashion in New York and San Francisco have appeared at balls wearing jewels estimated to have cost $200,000, which pales into insignificance when compared with the alleged fact that Lollia Taulina wore jewels valued at $2,663,500, and that when she wore these it was onlv on the occasion of a plain citizen's supper. Over $5,000 was spent in providing a funeral for an eccentric New Yorker who left directions how the money should be spent, but the obsequies of Hephaestion cost $1,500,000. Americans have died and left millions to their sons who have squandered it all in a score of years, but Antony "got away" with $735,000,000, and Tiberus left the snug little sum of $118,000,000, which Caligula squandered, to the last penny, in less than one year. The late lamented Sothern is said to have spent $100,000 in a year in good living, but it is said that Pegelus, the siDger, spent money at the rate of $40,000 a week. And then there was a Darius and Heliogabalus and Lucullus and Leutalus and?well, this will do for to day. 4 ? Southern Cotton Mills.?The Manufacturer and Industrial Gazette, of Springfield, Massachusetts, gives some substantial reasons why the Southern cotton factories, though small and rather poorly equipped, are able to earn a larger percentage of profit than the immense mills of the North. They, have the advautage of better location, and when they have secured neat and improved machinery will do an unrivaled business. Thay can save freight, buy cheaper, and hire cheaper labor. They save the "buyer's commission, warehouse delivery, and cartage, sampling, classing, pressing, shipping, discount on bills, no loss of weight in sampling for mixed packages, fire insurance before shipping, marine risks, and freight and cartage to interior towns, which amounts in all to $7.00 a bale. The Northern mills also lose from receiving cotton poorly ginned,containing a good deal of leaf and sand, which is computed at 6 percent, of the entire cotton crop. The difference between the cost of a bale sent to Fall River, Massachusetts, and a bale sent to Columbus, Georgia, is $8.06, the former costing $51.71, and the latter $43 65." This makes a tax of 18 per cent, which Fall River pays in competing with Columbus. It is estimated that, if the planters could manufacture their cotton near home, they would save $50,000,000 in transportation. A prominent manufacturer in Mississippi says that that State can manufacture cotton at a cost of from 15 to 20 percent, cheaper than it can be made in New England. In Georgia new mills are exempt from taxation for ten years, and this exemption is extending into other States. The water power of the South is very fine, and the hours of labor are longer in the course of a year, while the saving of heat and light is considerable. Western Agriculturist. How a Rebel Major Got His Pardon. A few days after the war had been declared at an end, Maj. Drewry, went to Washington, and, without the usual ceremony of sending in his name, lest he should be refused an interview, made his way into the presence of Secretary Stanton. "Mr. Secretary," said he, "I want my pardon as soon as possible. I've fought against you as long as I could, and .I've been whipped; and now I want to go home and go to work. I've got hundreds of acres of land that have been lying fallow for the last four years, and I want to get seed into every inch of it this spring, so I'll thank you to give me my pardon and let me go." He talked so fast that Mr. Stanton could not get in a word ; but being amused and rather pleased by Maj. Drewry's bluff manner, he asked at last, "On what ground do you expect to get a pardon ?" "On the ground, sir, that I showed you how to build a navy. , You sent your fleet of old wooden ships up to 1 Drewry's Bluff, and we knocked 'em all to 3 pieces and showed you that wooden ships l wern't worth a d . And then you went , to work and got you up a navy that was f worth something, and it's on the ground that my men proved your needs to you that I want a pardon." The Secretary laughed and told 3 the honest rebel to call next day, as he would , like to talk further with him. Next day . Major Drewry got his pardon and, in return, , gave Mr. Stanton a great deal of valuable I; information concernining the South and > its prospects. He went back to his pleasant home on the James, and has ever since been a wise, enterprising, prosperous citizen.? Springfield Republican. How Officials were Once Paid.?It is not a generally known historical fact that from 1777 to 1784 the territory now known as ' trtnn/uioflft a nnnf f\f v? po mlino I JL UCOOtC JV/I 111CU U |/OIU VI AWiVU VW?w?.MM) and that in 1785 the Tennesseans, becoming dissatisfied with their government, organized a State government under the name of "Franklyn," which was maintained for some years. The organization afterwards disbanded and Territorial Tennessee was again annexed to North Carolina. The following is among the laws passed by the legislature of the State of Franklyn. We copy as found in a speech by Daniel Webster on the currency in 1838: "Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the State of Franklyn, and it is hereby enacted by the authority of the same: That from the first day of January, 1779, the salaries of the officers of this Commonwealth be as follows, to wit: "His Excellency the Governor, per annum, 1,000 deer skins; "His Honor the Chief Justice, 500 deer skins; or, 500 raccoon skins; "The Treasurer of the State, 450 raccoon skins; "Each County Clerk, 300 beaver skins; "Clerk of the House of Commons, 200 raccoon skins ; "Members of Assembly, per diem, three raccoon skins ; "Justice's fee for signing a warant, one muskrat skin; "To the Constables for serving a warrant one mink skin; nT7<_. J :_i._ _ 1 1 Q.U ji/ULtireu iiiui ib law tun iuui uvi October, 1779, UDder the great seal of tLo State." Journalism as a Business.?In'commenting upon the failure of a newspaper manager, the St. Louis Globe tells a plain truth in the following words: "The business of journalism will continue to be an inviting field for experiments to those who have a large amount of egolisra. A man who, having edited a newspaper until he was forty, should suddenly announce himself as a lawyer, would be regarded as a fool by the legal profession ; and yet we often hear of lawyers of forty making sudden pretensions to journalism. There is an idea that the business of editing requires no apprenticeship ; that editors come forth from law offices and colleges fully armed for the profession, like Pallas from the brow of Jove. It is a mistake ; there is not in America to day a single journalist of national reputation who has not devoted more time and more hard work to his profession than, with equal fitness and application, would have made him a great lawyer or a good doctor. And yet ninety out of every hundred men you meet on the street will hesitate about carrying a hod or making a pair of shoes, whereas there will probably not be one in the hundred who can't, according to his own judgment, edit any newspaper in the country better than it is edited, no matter in what manner or by whom." A Homely Woman's Charm.?Girls who think that it is necessary to be beautiful in order to be attractive, should get bravely over that notion, A young woman's plainness?which, by the way, saves her from a great many annoyances and dangers?need detract nothing from her loveliness if only her disposition is amiable, her mind cultured, 1 1 ? !_ 1 J ner neari kiuu auu pure. The story is told of a famous lady who once reigned in Paris society, and that she was so very ugly that her mother said one day, ''My poor child, you are too ugly for any one to fall in love with you." From this time, Madame de'Circourt began to be very kind to the pauper children of the village, the servants of the household, even the birds that hopped about the garden walks. She was always distressed if she happened to be unable to fender a service. This good will toward everybody made ber the idol of the city.- Though her complexion was sallow, her gray eyes small and sunken, yet she held in devotion to her the greatest men of her time. Her unselfish interest in others made her, it is said, perfectly irresistible. Her life furnishes a valuable lesson.? Methodist. ^ -? a?" An American at Paris went to a restaurant to get his dinner. Unacquainted with the French language, yet unwilling to show his ignorance, he pointed to the first line on the bill of fare, and the polite waiter brought him a plate of fragrant beef soup. This was very well, and when it was dispatched he pointed to the second line. The waiter understood him perfectly and brought vegetable soup. "Rather more soup than I want," thought he, "but it is Paris fashion." He duly pointed to the third line, and a plate Kurvf K nroo kr/Minrkf Kim flCfftin tO Ul i;i|Jiuv;a ui uiu nao utvuguw m?*?? f ?w the fourth, and wa9 furnished with a bowl of preparation of arrow root. He tried the fifth line, and was supplied with some gruel kept for invalids. The bystanders now supposed that they saw an unfortunate individual who had lost all his teeth, and our friend, determined to get as far from the soup as possible, pointed in despair to the last line on the bill of fare. The intelligent waiter, who saw at once what he wanted, politely handed him? a bunch of tooth picles. This was too much? our countryman paid his bill and incontinently left. ? ? Fruit for Healte.?Hon. George D. Tillman, who is rarely indisposed, and never sick, and the only man in the United States who can brave the worst Northern winter, without an overcoat or undervest, and who sleeps with windows open while a blizzard is blowing a night, relies on fruit for the preservation of health. He always kept a basket of apples in his room at Washington and partook of them lavishly. Now and then he resorted to leraon9. If he felt the first symptoms of catarrh, he washed his head and the back of his neck with whisky, several times a day. If the cold descended to the throat or chest, he took a teaspoonful of kerosene, which acted like a charm. We give these homely details to show that, in all probability, malaria can be avoided by a simple diet ' ? - :J ] I ana ine use 01 aciu iruiia, huu no ua?o understood that Mr. Tillman declares that kerosense oil is just as potent an anti-malarikl as quinine. No doubt there are many remedies cheap and simple, and we.know of one gentleman who avers that kerosene is more nearly a cure of all disorders than any liquid or drug in pharmacopoeia.?Augusta Chronicle. When Boulton, the engineer, partner of Watt, stood in the presence of George III., to open to him the mystery of the steam engine, and the King asked him, as he might a peddler, "What do you sell, sir?" Boulton replied, "What Kings, sire, are all fond of?power"