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Yorkville enquirer. [volume] (Yorkville, S.C.) 1855-2006, May 12, 1881, Image 1

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lewis m. grist, Proprietor, j ^n Jnirpmbent Jfamiln Betosppr: Jfor % $romotron of % political, Social, fgricnltnral anil Commercial Interests of % Soat|. {TERMS--$2.50 A YEAR, IN ADYANCE.
VOL. 27. ' YOEKYILLE, S. C., THUESDAY, MAY 1881: NO. 19.
- - - _
lite j?tant Idler.
AS MM MS & BUFFALO III.
I was traveling with Beut's train from Independence
to Santa Fe. One evening after
the wagons had corralled, and my animal had
got some rest and a bite of corn, I leaped
into the saddle, and set out to see if I could
, find something fresh for my own supper. It
was a rolling prairie, and the camp was soon
hidden from my sight?as it lay in a hollow
between two swells. Trusting to the sky
for my direction, therefore, I continued on.
After riding about a mile, I should think,
I came upon buffalo sigus. It was not the
first time for me, and I saw at a glance that
the signs were fresh. There were several state
wallows; aud I could tell by the tracks, in
the dusk there had been nothing but bulls in
that quarter. A cow track would have
pleased me better ; but, after all, thought I,
a fresh bull's tongue for a change is better
than salt bacon ; so I followed the trail in
hopes of getting one. Shortly after I came
to a place where the grouud was ploughed
up, as if a drove of hogs had been rooting it.
Here there had been a terrible fight among
the bulls?it was the rutting season, when
such conflicts occur. This augured well.
Perhaps there are cows in the neighborhood,
reasoned I, as I gave the spur to my horse,
and followed the trail with morespirit.
I had ridden full five miles from camp,
when my attention was attracted by an odd
noise ahead of me. There was a ridge in
front that prevented me from seeing what
produced the noise ; but I knew not what it
was?it was the bellowing of a buffalo-bull.
At intervals, there were quick shocks, as of
two hard substances coming in violent contact
with each other. I mounted the ridge
with caution, and looked over its crest. There
was a valley beyond, a cloud of dust was ri
sing out of its bottom, and in the midst of
this I could distinguish two huge forms?
dark and hirsute. I saw at once that they were
a pair of buffalo bulls engaged in a fierce
fight. They were alone ; there were no others
in sight, either in the valley or on the
' prairie beyond.
I did not halt longer than to see that the
cap was on my rifle, and to cock the piece.
Occupied as the animals were, I did not imagine
they would heed me ; or if they should
attempt flight, I knew I could easily overtake
one or the other; so, without further
hesitation or precaution, I rode towards them.
Contrary to my expectation, they both winded
me, and started off. The wind was blowing
freshly towards them, and the sun had
thrown my shadow between them, so as to
draw their attention. They did not run,
however, as if badly scared ; on the contract?
ttiov ?ont nfT nnnnrpntlv inrlicrnant. at
?j, ~rr; ^ o ?
being disturbed in their fight; and every
now and then both came round with short
turnings, snorted, and struck the prairie with
their hoofs iu a violent and angry manner.
Once or twice, I fancied they were going to
charge back upon me; and had I been otherwise
than well mounted, I should have been
very chary of risking such an encounter.
A more formidable pair of antagonists, as far
as appearance went could Dot have been well
conceived. Their huge size, their shaggy
, fronts, and fierce glaring eyeballs, gave them
a wild and malicious seeming, which was
heightened by their bellowing, and the threatening
attitudes iu which they continually
placed themselves.
Feeling quite safe in my saddle, I galloped
up to the nearest, and sent my bullet into
his ribs. It did the work. He fell on his
knees?rose again?spread out his legs, as
if to prevent a second fall?rocked from side
to side like a cradle?again came to his knees;
and, after, remaining in this position for some
minutes, with the blood running from his
nostrils, rolled quietly over on his shoulder,
and lay dead.
I watched these manoeuvres with interest,
and permitted the second bull to make his
escape ; a side glance had shown me the latter
disappearing over the crest of the swell.
I did not care to follow him, as my horse
was somewhat jaded, and I knew it would
cost me a sharp gallop to come up with him
again ; so I thought no more of hint at the
time but alighted and nrenared to deal with
O 4 1
the one already slain. There stood a solitary
tree near the spot?it was a stunted elm.
There were others upon the prairie, but they
were distant; this one was not twenty yards
from the carcass. I led my horse up to it,
and taking the trail rope from the horn of
the saddle, made one end fast to the bit ring,
r and the other to the tree. I then went back,
dr?w my knife, and proceeded to cut the buffalo.
I had hardly wetted my blade, when a
noise from behind caused me to leap to au upright
attitude, and look arouud ; at the first
glance, I comprehended all. A huge dark I
object was passing the crest of the ridge, j
and rushing down the hill towards the spot!
where I stood. It was the buffalo-bull, the !
same that had just left me. The sight, at |
first though rather pleased me than otherwise. j
Although I did not waut any more meat, I !
should have the triumph of carrying two |
tongues instead of one to the camp. I there-1
fore hurriedly sheathed my knife, and laid j
hold of my rifle, which according to custom, i
I had taken the precaution to reload. I
hesitated a moment whether to run to my
horse and mount him, or to fire from where
I stood ; that question, however, was settled
by the buffalo. The tree and the horse were j
to one side of the direction in which he was j
running, but being attracted by the loud '
snorting of the latter, which had begun to \
pitch and plunge violently, and deeming it
perhaps a challenge, he suddenly swerved his
course, and ran full tilt upon the horse. The I
latter shot out instautly to the full length of
the trail-rope?a heavy "pluck" sounded in
my ears, and the next instant I saw my horse
part from the tree, and scour off over the
prairie, as if there had been a thistle under
his tail. I had knotted the rope negligently
upon the hit-ring, and the knot had come undone.
I was chagrined, but not alarmed as yet.
My horse would no doubt follow back his own
trail, and at the worst I should only have to
walk to the camp. I should have the satisfaction
of puuishing the buffalo for the trick
he had served me ; and with this design, I
?- turned towards him. I saw that he had not
followed the horse, hut was again heading
himself in my direction. Now, for the first
i 4 . 4I-..4 r
lime, id occurreu do iiiu umt x ?us m ouuictiling
of a scrape. The bull was coming furiously
on. Should my shot miss, or even
should it only wound him, how was I to escape?
I knew that lie could overtake me
? in three minutes' stretch ; I knew that well.
I had not much time for reflection?not a
moment in fact; the infuriated animal was
within ten paces of me ; I raised my rifle,
aimed at his fore shoulder, and fired. I saw
that I had hit him ; "but, to my dismay, he
neither fell nor stumbled, but continued to
charge forward more furiously than ever.
To reload was impossible. My pistols had
gone off with my horse and holsters. Even
to reach the tree was impossible ; the bull
was between it and me. Right in the opposite
direction was the only thing that held
out the prospect of five minutes' safety ; I
turned and ran. I can run as fast as most
men ; and upon that occasion I did my best.
It would have put "Gildersleve" into a white
sweat to have distanced me ; but I had not
been two minutes at it, when I felt conscious
that the buffalo gained upon me, and was almost
treading upon my heels. I knew it only
by my ears?I dared not spare time to
look back.
At this moment, an object appeared before
: me, that promised, one way or other, to inter!
cept the chase ; it was a ditch or gully, that
| intersected my path at right angles. It was
j several feet in depth, dry at the bottom, and
i with perpendicular sides. I was almost upon
! its edge before I noticed it, but the moment it
i came under my eye, I saw that it offered the
means of a temporary safety, at least. If I
I could only leap this gully, I felt satisffed that
j the buffalo could not. It was a sharp leap?
j at least seventeen feet from cheek to cheek ;
[ but I had done more than that in my time ;
j and, without halting in my gait, I ran forj
ward to the edge, and sprang over. I alight;
ed cleverly upocr the opposite bank, where I
j stopped, and turned around to watch my pur
* r.nwinin or! nDOf m V Pflfl
] SUCl. i. UU TV (isuuajui.il uv y uvu. "-J ? ?
had been; tho bull was already up to the gully.
Had I not made my leap at the instant
I did, I should have been, by that time, daucing
upon his horus. He himself had balked
at the leap; the deep chasm-like cleft had
j cowed him. 'He saw that he could not clear'
it; and now stood upon the opposite bank
with head lowered, and spread nostrils, his
tail lashing his smooth flanks, while his glaring
black eyes expressed the full measure of
his baffled rage. I remarked that my shot
had taken effect in his shoulder, as the blood
trickled from his long hair. I had almost
begun to congratulate myself on having escaped,
when a hurried glance to the right, and
another to the left, cut short my happiness.
I saw that on both sides at a distance of less
than fifty paces, the gully shallowed out into
the pli^n, where it ended at either end, it was,
of course, passable. The bull observed this
almost at the same time as myself; and suddenly
turning away from the brink he ran
along the edge of the chasm, evidently with
the intention of turning it. In less than a
minute's time we were once more on the sarnie
side, and my situation appeared as terrible as
ever; but stepping back for a short run, I
leaped the chasm, and again we stood on opposite
sides. *
During all these manoeuvres I had held on
to ray rifle; and seeing now that I might
have time to load it, I commenced feeling for
ray powder horn. To my astonishment^ I
could not lay my hands upon it; I looked
v i r- .. 4
uown to my ureast ior me snug?jl was uui
there; belt and bullet pouch too?all were
gone! I remembered lifting them over my
head, when I set about cutting the dead bull.
They were lying by the carcass. This discovery
was a new source of chagrin ; but for my
negligence, I could now have mastered my
antagonist. To reach the ammunition would
be impossible ; I should be overtaken before
I had got half way to it. I was not allowed
very much time to indulge in my regrets;
the bull had again turned the ditch, and was
once more upon the same side with me, and I
was compelled to take another leap. I really
do not remember how often I sprang forward
and backward across that chasm; I should
think a score of times at least; I became
wearied with the exercise. The leap was just
as much as I could do at my best; and as I
was growing weaker at each fresh spring, I
became satisfied that I should soon fall short,
and crush myself against the 6teep rocky sides
of the chasm. Should I fall to the bottom,
my pursuer could easily reach me by entering
at either end, and I began to dread such a
finale. The vengeful brute showed no symptoms
of retiring ; on the contrary, numerous
disappointments seemed only to render him
more determined in his resentment.
Au idea now suggested itself to my mind.
I had looked round to see if there might not
be something that offered a better security.
There were trees, but they were too distant;
the only one near was that to which my horse
had been tied. It was a small one, and like
all of its species (it was a cotton-wood,) there
were no branches near the root. I knew that
I could clamber up it by embracing the
trunk, which was not over ten inches in diameter.
Could I only succeed in reaching it,
it would at least shelter me better than the
ditch, of which I was getting heartily tired, j
But the question was, could I^reach it before |
the bull? It was about three hundred yards
off. By proper manceuvering, I should have
a start of fifty. Even with that, it would be
a "close shaveand it proved so. I arrived
at the tree, and sprang up like a mountebank ;
but the hot breath of the buffalo steamed
after me as I ascended, and the concussion
of his heavy skull against the trunk almost
shook me back upon his horns. After a severe
effort, I succeeded in lodging myself
among the branches.
I was now safe from all immediate danger,
but how was the affair to end ? I kuew from
the experience of ethers, that ray enemy might
stay for hours by the tree?perhaps for days.
Hours would be "enough. I could not stand
it long. I hungered, but a worse appetite
tortured n>e: thirst. The hot sun, the dust,
the violent exercise of the past hour, all contributed
to make me thirsty. Even then I
would have risked my life for a draught of
water. What would it come to should I not
be relieved ? I had but oue hope?that my
companions would come to my relief; but I
kuew that would not be before morning.
They would miss me of course. Perhaps my
horse would return to camp?that would send
them out in search of me?but not before
night had fallen. Iu the darkness, they could
not follow my trail. Could they do so in the
light? This last question which I put to
myself, startled me. I was just in a condition
to look upon the dark side of everything,
and it now occurred that they might not be
able to find me! There were many possibilities
that they might not. There were numerous
horse t-ails on the prairie, where
Indians had passed. I saw this when tracking
the buffalo. Besides, it might rain in
the night, and obliterate them all?my own
with the rest. A circle of ten miles in diameter
is a large tract. It was a rolling prairie,
full of inequalities, ridges with valleys between.
The tree upon which I was perched
stood in the bottom of one of the valleys?
it could not be seen from any point over 300
yards distant. Those searching for me might
pass within hail, without perceiving either
the tree or the valley.
I remained for a long time busied with
i such gloomy thoughts and forebodings. Night
j was coming on, hut the fierce and obstinate
i brute showed no disposition to raise the siege.
He remained as watchful as ever, walking
j round and round at intervals, lashing his
tail, and uttering that snorting sound so well
known to the prairie-hunter, and which so
much resembles the snuffing of hogs when
: suddenly alarmed.
While watching his" various manoeuvres, an
object on the ground drew my attention?it
was the trail rope left by ray horse. One end
was fastened around the trunk by a firm
knot?the other was far out upon the prairie,
where it had been dragged. My attention,
had been drawn to it by the bull himself,
which in crossing it had noticed, and now and
then pawed it with his hoofs.
All at once a bright idea Hashed upon me?
a sudden hope arose within me?a plan of
escape presented itself, so feasible and possible,
that I leaped in my perch as the thought
struck me.
The first step was to get possession of the
j rope. This was not such an easy matter.
The rope was fastened around the tree, but
the knot had slipped down the trunk and
lay upon the ground. I dared not descend
for it.
Necessity soon suggested a plan. My
"picker"?a piece of straight wire with a
ring-end?hung from one of my vest buttons.
This I took hold of, and bent into the shape
a of grappling-hook. I had no cord, but my
knife was still safe in its sheath ; and drawing
this, I cut several thongs from the skirts
| of my buckskin shirt, and knotted them together
until they formed a string long enough
to reach the ground. To one end I attached
the picker, and then letting it down I commenced
angling for the rope. After a few
traverse drags, the hook caught the latter,
and I pulled it up into the tree, taking the
whole of it until I held the loose end iu my
hands. The other I permitted to remain as
it was. I saw it was securely knotted around
j the trunk, and that it was just what I wanted.
It was my intention to lasso the bull;
and for that purpose I proceeded to make a
running noose on the end of the trail- j
rope. This I executed with great care and i
with all ray skill. I could depend upon the
rope?it was raw hide, and a better was never j
twisted ; but I knew that if auything should j
chance to slip at a critical moment, it might j
cost me my life. With this knowledge, there ]
fore, I spliced the eye, and made the knot as j
firm as possible, and then the loop was reeved I
.1 1 J
turuu?ll auu WIO tiling naa icavij.
I could throw a lasso tolerably well, but
the branches prevented me from wiudfog it.
It was necessary, therefore, to get the animal
in a certain position under the tree, which,
by shouts and other demonstrations, I at
length succeeded in effecting. The moment
of success had arrived. He stood - almost directly
below me. The noose was shutdown?
I had the gratification to see it settle around
his neck; and with a quick jerk I tightened
it. The rope ran beautifully through the
eye, until both the eye and loop were buried
beneath the shaggy hair of the animal's
neck. It embraced his throat at the right
place; I felt coufidentthat it woujd hold.
The moment the bull felt the jerk upon
his throat, he dashed madly out from the
tree, and then commenced running in circles
around it. Contrary to my intention, the j
rope had slipped from my hands at the first
drag upon it. My position was rather an unsteady
one, for the branches were slender,
and I could not manage matters as well as I
could have wished. But I now felt confident
enough. The bull was tethered, and it
only remained for me to get out beyond the !
length of the tether, and take to my heels. |
My gun lay on one side, near the tree, where
I had dropped it in my race ; this, of course,
I meant to carry off with me. I waited, therefore
until the animal, in one of his circles,
had got round to the opposite side, and then
slipping down the trunk, I sprang out, picked
up ray rifle, and ran. I knew the trail-rope
to be about 20 yards" in length, but ran
100 at least before making a halt. I had
even thoughts of continuing on, as I still
could not help some misgivings about the
rope. The bull was one of the largest and
strongest I had ever seen. The rope might
break, the knot upon the tree might give way,
? . i* i i i n
or tne noose raignt slip over nis neaa. curiosity,
however, or rather a desire to be assured
of ray safety, prompted me to look
arouud, when, to ray joy, I beheld the huge
monster stretched upon the plain. I could
see the rope, as taut a bow string; and
the tongue protruding from the animal's jaws,
showed me that he was strangling himself as
fast as I could desire.
At the sight, the idea of buffalo-tongue for
supper returned in all its vigor; and it now
occurred to me that I should eat that very
tongue, and no other. I immediately turned
in my tracks, ran towards my powder and
balls?which, in my eagerness to escape I
bad forgotten all about?seized the horn and
pouch, poured in a charge, rammed down a
bullet, aud then stealing nimbly up behind
the struggling bull, I placed the muzzle within
three feet of his brisket, and fired. He
gave a death-kick or two, and then lay quiet;
it was all over with him.
I had the tongue from between his teeth
iu a twinkling ; and proceeding to the other
bull, I finished the operations I had commenced
upon him. I was too tired to thiuk
of carrying a very heavy load; so I contented
myself with the tongues, and slinging
these over the barrel of my rifle, I shouldered
it, aud commenced groping my way back
to camp. The moon had risen, and I had no
difficulty in following my own trail; but
before I bad got half-way, I met several of
my companions. My horse had got back a
little before sunset. His appearance had of
course produced alarm, aud half the camp
had turned out in search of me. Several
who had a relish for fresh meat, galloped
back to strip the two bulls of the remaining
titbits; but before midnight all had retured ;
and to the accompaniment of the hump ribs
spurting in the cheerful blaze, I recounted to
my companions the details of my adventure.
A PHEN'OMINAL INFIRMITY.
A singular deafness and infirmity of speech
afflicts Edwin Cowles, editor of the Cleveland
Leader. He gives this account of his trouble
to an interviewer: "My deafness is somewhat
of the nature of color blindness. There
are certain sounds I never hear. I have
never heard the sound of the bird since I came,
into this world, and until I grew up to manhood
I had always supposed the music of the
bird was poetical fiction. You may fill this
room with canary birds, and they may all
sing at once, and I never would hear a note,
but I would hear the flutteriugs of their
wings. 1 never hear the hissing sound in the
human voice, consequently not knowing of
the existence of that sound, I grew up to
manhood without ever making it in my
speech. A portion of the consonants I never
hear, yet I can hear all the vowels. I uever
could distinguish the difference between the
j hard sound of the letter "s" and the soft
j sound, consequently I frequently mix these
| sounds in a sad manner. It is the same
with the soft and hard sound of the letter
"g." It was only by accident, after my marriage,
that I discovered the existence of the
hissing sound of the human voice. I was
i then taught arbitrarily how to make it, but;
I never hear it in my own voice, consequently
I frequently miss making that sound in my
! speech without knowing it. Owing to its |
j having become second nature with me to'
| omit the sound of the letter "s," when I do
make it I labor in doing so, which in a great
measure gives my pronunciation the peculiarity
it has. About a quarter of the sounds
in the human voice I never hear, and I have 1
to watch the motion of the lips and be governed
by the sense of the remarks in order to
understand what is said to me. I have walked
by the side of a policeman going home at
night and seen hira blow his whistle, and I
never could hear it, although it could be
heard by others half a mile away. I never 1
hear the upper notes of the piano, violin or
| other musical instruments, although I would
hear all the lower notes. I can hear low
conversation, but cannot, as a general rule,
understand a public speaker in a hall. I
have consulted the most eminent surgeons,
physicians aud artists in the country in regard
to my heariug, and they all tell me that
there is not another case like it iD the books."
A Quaker had his broad brimmed hat
blown off, and he chased it for a long time
with fruitless and very ridiculous, zeal. At
last, seeing a rougish looking boy laughing at
his disaster, he said to him?"Art thou a profane
lad ?" The younster replied that he
sometimes did a little in that way. "Then,"
said he, taking a half dollar from his pocket,
"thee may damn yonder fleeing tile fifty cents
worth."
[ IpsceHiweims Reading.
THE KEELY MOTOR WAKES UP.
Correspondence of the Charleston News and Courier.
New York, April 26.?It will*probably
amaze moat of my readers to know that the
Keely motor matter is just now booming.
J Some exhibitions recently given before prominent
New Yorkers have been described in one
or two newspapers, and the old story to the
effect that Keely will soon send an ocean
steamer to England at the expense of a bucket
of water, has been revamped with additions.
I went to-day to see Frank G. Green,
a well-known businessman, who was foryears
at the head of an important iron business in
this city; four years ago Green failed in business,
the failure being attributed by many
persons to the time and attention he had given
to the lveely motor, beside which, he ottered
?20,000 worth of the stock among his assets.
Strange to say, although the creditors plainly
attributed his misfortune to the Keely motor,
Green so argued the matter and so impressed
them with the value of the motor that they
allowed him 63,000 out of the available assets
with which to continue his motor experiments
with Keely, Since then he has done nothing
but work for the motor. He is the president
of the company, and has an office in which
hang large drawings and photographs of the
different contrivances out of which Keely
produces his power. He is an intelligent man,
in the prime of life, not over-enthusiastic, and
inclined to discourage anything like an interview.
He received us courteously, however,
and I plunged at once into the heart of the
matter by saying:
"Of what practical use is Mr. Keely's
motor ?"
"Until two months ago," answered Green,
"we never have been able to get a steady, reliable
motion out of our force. That is the
reason why we objected to taking out patents
and telling the secrets of the matter. Once
our secrets are known, a dozen inventors will
go to work devising machines with which to
put our force under control ; this would take
it out of our hands to a cousiderable^xtent,
and before publishing our discovery of vapor
generating, we wanted to fin'd an economical
and practical means ot applying it to an machinery.
We made five costly and complicated
machines, each one requiring a year's hard
labor, and only succeeded with the fifth.
Was not Elias Howe ten years at the sewing
machine before it would work, and was not
Morse looked upon as a lunatic even loDg after
his first line was up? Now we have got a
motor, the Hy-wheel of which makes one hundred
revolutions a minute, with a power equal
to a twenty-two horsepower engine. We
have rigged up a saw, aud, with our little apparatus,
all of which, generator and all, I
could get into a room twelve feet square, we
are running a saw requiring a fifteen-horsepower
engine. The struggle has. been a hard
one, but it is over. In July we shall apply
for patents, and then begin to sell rights to
manufacture engines. Within a year steam
will be doomed, and, of course, power, and
light aud heat will be as cheap as fresh air.
Electric light and heat will cost next to nothing,
as ground out by our machines."
From the talks that I had with Green and
with other gentlemen not directly connected
with the company I am pretty certain that
the following experiments took place in circumstances
which rendered the possibility of
fraud extremely slight. At the beginning
of the evening's show last Friday all the
valves and cocks were taken off the machine
and every one was allowed to see that it was
empty; then everything was screwed on
again and a pint of water was poured into
the apparatus. Keely's theory is that cold
water can be vaporized without the use of
heat, and that the cold vapor is far more
powerful than hot steam. In half a minute
uftor nrni ri n rr the* ivoter in if ivne finnminPPfl
"1"v" > ~
that sufficient pressure had heen obtained to
experiment with. In order to test the power
with which a jet of the vapor issues from the
generator, a six foot lever was arranged over
an aperture of the machine not bigger in
diameter than the lead of a pencil and
weighted so that a lifting power of 15,000
pounds would be needed to raise it. No
sooner was the word given than the lever
was lifted without trouble. According to
engineers present at the time, no steam or
compressed air could be made to do the same
work. Another demonstration of the immense
strength of the machine was shown in the
power with which the fly-wheel is turned even
when going at a slow rate. It is well known
that a strong man can stop the fly-wheel of a
ten-horse power engine when it is not going
at more than one revolution a minute. Keely's
motor was Btarted at one revolution in
five minutes ; the wheel just turned and that
was all. A strong man took hold of it, but
had no more effect upon it than an infant
would have upon a steam engine; then a
rope was selected in the workshop and tested
by a weight of 1,600 pounds; it was tied to
a beam of the roof and to the fly wheel and
snapped like a piece of string. The engine
was then started up to one hundred revolutions
a minute, aud at a given signal was
reversed instantaneously and started off in
the other direction at the same speed without
the slightest jar being perceptible. Next
came some experiments with the Keely cannon,
a small bronze gun fourteen inches long
with an inch bore. Iron balls were thrown
against a target made of four thicknesses of
three inch plank, making a foot in all. Each
bullet went through the whole mass of wood
and struck the wall behind. The explosive
force was given to the ball by a current of
the vapor conducted to the cannon by a pipe
from the generator. When the cock was
opened the hall sprang from the gun with
terrific force and with a sound about half
as loud as the explosion of a powder charge.
Strange to say, there was absolutely no recoil
of the gun, and after twenty shots in rapid
succession it was found to be perfectly cool.
In order to prevent a possibility of fraud by
* 1 *?*-. ~ M/tinnM f liwAHfvU thfj lono /\ 4*
llltJ ill UOU UULIUil Ul JJUYTCl IU1UU?U Li it*?0 \JA
the table the generator was then lifted from
the ground by chains ; while thus suspended
Keely produced his power. It must be borne
in mind that, although Keely has only just
got a motor that will work, he has been ready
at all times to show the power of his generator.
According to a prominent engineer
present 011 Friday nijght, Keely would have
needed a fifty-horse power engine constantly
at work compressing air in order to have always
ready the power he shows.
The list of names of the directors and
stockholders in the Keely Company is perfectly
amazing. To mention only one or two
widely kuown men, Charles G. Frauklyn,
who has just retired from the management
of the Cuimrd Steamship Line with a big
fortune; Blanchard, vice-president of the
Erie Railroad, and Tappan, city chamberlain
of New York, are all stockholders and firm
believers in the motor. It is perhaps still
more surprising to find engineers of reputation
infatuated with it. On Friday night a
dozen engineers were present who were completely
dumbfounded. Gorringe, the govJ
eminent engineer who brought the obelisk
over, was present and said to a Herald reporter
: "I am amazed at what I have seen.
It is certainly one of the most remarkable
I curiosities I have ever looked upon and apj
pears bona fide" He said that Keely had
j thoroughly removed the strong prejudices
I which he had had against both inventor and
discovery, and that the exhibition was a wonderful
one.
The company, according to Green, is not
in need of money and has no debts. No
stock is for sale. Going out of the office today
I met Baker, the largest manufacturer
of steam-heating apparatus in the city or
country, and asked him if he had the Keely
craze. "I have had it for five years," he
answered. "I think that it is the grandest
invention of the age or the world. It will
make physical labor unnecessary. The poorest
man can have his own carriage and his
own yacht ; flying machiues will become
common ; machinery will plough the fields,
reap the grain, make our clothing, all at almost
no cost ; we shall have heat and light
for nothing. I only wish that I had some
more stock."
Notwithstanding all the foregoing remarks
I would not advise any one to invest in Keely
motor stock. The story is too good to be
true, and at least one well-known expert, E.
N. Dickerson, of New York, has denounced
it as the humbug of the century. But the infatuation
of seusible men of means for the
concern is interesting, and the history of the
fraud, if fraud it is, will be u strange one,
should it ever be written. About 8150,000
have now been spent 011 experiments. Should
the Keely motor prove to be a genuine discovery,
then no one will dispute the possibility
of a railroad to the moon or the discovery
of the elixir of life.
MARVELS OF RAPID PRINTING.
Among the devices for quick printing
which it is said will be used in bringing out
the American edition of the revised New Testament
are the type setting machines now in
several priuting offices. Inventors have been
workiug for forty years at a typesetter, and
eighty patents have been issued upon such machines
since 1841, when the first patent was
obtained. It is only within the last few
years that they have become of practical val
ue. The operator sits in front of a keyboard,
similar to that of a type writer and touches a
key for every letter wanted. The types are
contained in metal cases divided into long
channels, each kind of a letter having its sep
arate channel. When a key is touched the
lower letter in the channel, the opening of
which is controlled by that key, is allowed to
drop and is conducted by converging chan
nels into a ''race" where all the types meet.
The man who plays upon the keyboard pays
no attention to dividing the types into lines,
that being done by another man who sits at
the other end of the machine and cuts up and
justifies the line of type into the right lengths
for the page. Such a machine attended by
two men will set up seventy thousand ems a
day, a day's work for a good hand compositor
not being more than teu thousand ems. The
distributing machines are far more wonderful
than the type-setters. These machines
are entirely automatic, and distribute seventy
thousand ems a day with absolute accuracy
and require nothing but the feeding of "dead
matter" by a bay, who from time to time,
places a block of type on the machine. It
takes line after line from its table and puts
each letter into an endless chain of traveling
carriers, which move along step by step,
resting at quick intervals. While at rest the
whole row of the eighty-four types then on
carriers is subjected to a series of automatic
.feelers. Each letter is nicked or notched in a
different manner, and if the feeler corresponds
to the nicks the type drops into a channel
which conducts it to its place ready for the
machine. When a type is brought in front
of a feeler whose projections do not match
the nicks cut in it, it passes on. A good
workman cau distribute by hand from thirty
to forty thousand ems in a day of ten hours,
I or about half the work a machine will do.
Most printers speak highly of the ingenuity
of these machines, and admit that when in
perfect order'they do rapid work. When
they get out of order, however, it is not an easy
matter to discover the trouble.
Another iuvention which will be used for
i. <* .I XT m
getting stereotype piates or me r^ew jesiument
within a day, which will be absolutely
similar to the copies, will be the phototype
process, by which many English books have
recently been duplicated in this country at
astonishingly low prices, A dozen pages of
the book to be reproduced are put in a frame
and photographed. The negative is placed
face down upon a bed of gelatine and potash
and exposed to the sunr Where the rays of
the sun penetrate chemical action lakes place
which makes such parts soluble in water. A
gelatine mould is thus obtained with each
letter raised above the surface. Plaster is
next run iuto this and from the plaster cast
an ordinary stereotype plate is made. This
process is, by no means, new, however, but
since 1868 great improvements have been
made in the process, and some of the works
recently duplicated in this way can scarcely
he distinguished from the English edition.
When it was first announced that "Young's
Concordance," a work in fine type, and containing
about as much matter as an una
bridged dictionary, had been reproduced in this
country, the English agents for the book,
thinking of course, that the book had been
printed from type, issued a card saying that
from the size and nature of the book, full of
Greek and Hebrew references as it was, the
American reprint must be full of errors.
The Messrs. Scribners had several confer*,
ences with the English publishers of the re '
vised Testament with a view to reprinting in '
this country from duplicate plates. It was |
found, however, that no protection could be
had agaiust cheap reprints, and the scheme j
was abandoned. It has been suggested that '
some publishers would put the Testament into
type in advance and have only the alterations
to make, but this will be scarcely possible
in the opinion of most printers, on account
of the vast number of changes, one in
iilmnst pyp.rv verse, and the altered para
graphs, the division into verses being done
away with. Jt is not a very great work to
"set? up" the New Testament in a day, a quintuple
sheet of the Herald containing nearly
as many words, or about two hundred and
fifty thousand.?New York Evening Post.
The Magnetic Poles.?The reason why
the needle points in the northerly direction is
that the earth in itself is a magnet, attracting
the magnetic needle as ordinary magnets do,
and the earth is a magnet as the result of certain
cosmical facts, much affected by the action
of the sun. The laws have periodicities,
all of which have not as yet been determined.
The inferent and ultimate reason of the existi
eDce of any fact in nature, as gravity, light,
I heat. etc.. is not known further than that it is
in harmony with, and the direct resultant of,
the action of forces existing under general
laws. A condensed explanation in regard to
the needle pointing to the northward and
southward is as follows: The magnetic poles
j of the earth do not coincide with the gel
ographical poles. The axis of rotation makes
| an angle of about twenty-three degrees with
a line joint to the former. The northern
magnetic pole is at present near the Arctic
circle on the meridian of Omaha. Hence the
needle does not everywhere point to the astronomical
north, and is constantly variable
within certain limits. At San Francisco it
points about seventeen degrees to the east of
north, and at Calais, Maine, as much to the
west. At the northern magnetic pole a balanced
needlepoints with its north end downward
in a plump line; at San Francisco it
dips about sixty-three degrees, and at the
southern magnetic pole to the south, and points
directly down. The action of the earth upon
a magnetic needle at its surface is of about
the same force as that of a hard steel magnet
forty inches long, strongly magnetized, at a
distance o one foot. The foregoing is the
accepted explanation of the fact that the
needle points to the northward and southward.
Of course, no ultimate reason can be
given for this natural effect, any more than
for any other observed fact in nature.?San
Francisco Era.
LIFE OF THE CZAR OF RUSSIA.
The following brief sketch of the Czar's
life is taken from Chambers' Encyclopedia:
Alexander II., Emperor of Russia, was
born April 29, 1818. He was carefully educated
by his father, Nicholas, who professed
himself delighted with the manifestations of
true Rnmau spirit in his son. At sixteen he
was declared of age, and made Commandant
of the Lancers of the Guard Hetraan of the
Cossacks, First Aid-de-Camp of the Emperor,
and subject daily to life of manoeuvering, reviewing
and military parade, which at last seriously
injured his health. He then traveled
through Germany to recruit hia energies, and
while there concluded a marriage with the
Princess Maria, daughter of the Grand Duke
of Darmstadt, in 1841. He now vigorously
applied himself to his studies as Chancellor
of the University of Finland. By his dexterous
and subtle mauners ho insinuated himself
into the affections of the Finns, and weakened
their love of independence. He founded a
chair of the Finnish language and literature,
patronized the Academy for the culture
of Finnish literature, and defrayed the expenses
of numerous remote expeditions undertaken
by the savants, such asCygnoeus, Walliu
and Castern. In 1850 he visited Southern
Russia, Nickolaieff, Sebastopol, Tifiis,
Erivon, &c. It is said he witnessed with
regret the attitude which his father assumed
toward Europe, and that he altogether disapproved
of the Crimean War. On his accession
to the throne, March 2, 1855, he found
himself in a critical positiou. He had two
parties to conciliate at home?the old Muscovite
party, blindly zealous for war, and the
more peaceable and intelligent portion of the
Nation, who possessed his personal sympathies.
He pursued a course calculated to encourage
both; spoke of adhering to the pol
icy of his illustrious ancestors, and at the
same time concluded peace. Since then he
has shown a strong desire to purge the internal
administration of its impurities. He has
sharply rebuked the corruption of functionaries,
and severely punished some as a warning
to the rest. An honorable recognition has
been given to public instruction, which he
has freed from military influence where that
absurdity existed, as in the law schools of St.
Petersburg, and has placed it under his own
? - i i j u
direct ana personal supernueuueuce. xn?
moderation has ever stimulated the hopes of
the Poles. By a ukase of May 27, 1856, he
has granted to all Polish exiles who are willing
to express repentance for the past, permission
to return home; but, though desirous
of preserving the nationality of Poland,
he will not separate it from the Great Rus
sia Family. The grand achievement of his
reign, however, as yet is the emancipation of
the Russian serfs in 1861, and of the Polish
serfs in 1867. An attempt was made to assassinate
him at Paris, June 6, 1867, when on
a visit to Napoleon III.
? *
ABANDONING SOUTHERN CROPS.
A Washington correspondent writes that
a prominent lawyer and Republican politician?thongh
a candid man?who gave
his money liberally to elect the Republican
nominees in the late Presidential election,
gives his views as follows on the policy of
building up Republican ascendency in the
South :
I have not much faith in building up Republican
ascendency by dividing the loaves
and fishes. I think that the Republicans in
the North ought by this time to understand
that there cannot be productiveness and development
in the Southern States as long as
the blacks are stirred up by white demagogues
just at crop-gathering tin\e. I have had a
juvenile experience in the Southern States
since the war, and have planted cotton there.
So spontaneous is the soil that weeds grow
faster than the cotton, unless your labor at
that particular period will fight the weeds
out and let the cotton live. And these political
demagogues, without the least interest
in the prosperity of the people, would come
along with a band of music just as you were
fighting your weeds with all your hands,
and would give a political howl and would
stop the work, make everybody drunk, and
probably spoil your investment. To plant
cotton you put, perhaps, ?50,000 into your
plantation, and then borrow $-s0,000 in stuff
to eat from your merchant. Just about the
time you begin to see your money in sight,
they spring politics on the negro. That is
the cause of the indignation in the Southern
States, and the Northern people cannot be
made to see it.
The brain of the white man has made the
South. The negro labor has been necessary,
but so ha3 the labtfr of the mule. That directing
mind and energy residing in the white
man has made cotton one of the great staples
of the earth. The negro is to be protected ;
and since the experiment of the ballot has
been carried out, he should vote; but there
must be in the Southern States the recognition
of some present necessity of safeguards to
capital as well as labor. White men who
inflame negroes to abandon the crops are mere
incendiaries, whether they come in the name
of politics or religion. Mahone thinks he
can start a white element in the South which
will moderate both the whites and the blacks.
It looks to me, however, as if the white people
there had become solidified by his movement.
STUFFING OCT AN AMATEUR.
"I think," said a well-known orchestra leader
to a reporter of the San Francisco Chronicle,
"the best joke ever played in this town
was on an ambitious amateur pianist when
Gottschalk was here. The amateur's father
was the owner of a large hall, and he offered
the use of it to Gottschalk for his benefit.
There was to be a piece for eight pianos, and
the amateur was to play one of the instruments.
I was leader, and I thought Gottschalk
would have a fit when I told him that
the amateur could not play three straight
notes of the peice."
"'He is sure to throw us all out,'said I,
'and ruin the performance.' "
"Gottschalk swore like a major, but it was
no good. The bills were out and he couldn't
go back on his programme, even if the gift of
the hall for the night was no consideration to
him. At last 1 hit upon an idea that fixed
the whole business. The amateur came down
to rehearsal, and we praised hira up till he
thought he was to be the star of the night.
As soon as he left we took the hammers out of
his piano and made it as dumb as an oyster.
I guessed he would never know the difference,
with seven pianos going at once."
The tuneful convention laughed.
"And just as I thought," said the leader,
hammering on the table with his glass, "that
amateur or his friends never discovered the
trick."
"No ?"
"No, sir; he just sailed in and pounded
that piano as if it was the worst enemy he
ever had. He was bound to show off among
so many good pianists, and hammered on his
keyboard till the perspiration nearly blinded
him. Now and then I looked at him approvingly
to give him fresh courage, and every
time that I did he gave the.piano a lick that
nearly made matchwood of it. His friends
all round threw bouquets at him till be looked
like a wedding arch, and when 'twas all over
his fond parent fell on his neck in the green
room and dropped a check for $250 into his
hand. The old man didn't know whether he
was standing on his head or on his heels, he
was so tickled, and the way he set up the wine
for the crowd was a caution."
" 'Didn't he do fine?" said he to me, "and
among so many first-class professionals, too ?"
" 'I never heard an amateur do so well in
public,' said I, and. what's more, I meant it,
eh ? Don't you think I was right?"
THE YOUNG MAN OF PRINCIPLE.
A young man was in a position wnere nis
employers required hira to make a false statement
by whieli several hundred dollars would
come into their hands which did not belong
to them. All depended upon this clerk's
serving their purpose. To their great vexation
he utterly refused to do so. He could
not be induced to sell his conscience for any
one's favor. As the result, he was discharged
from the place.
Not long after, he applied for a vacant
situation, and the gentleman, beiug pleased
with his address, asked him for any reference
he might have.
The young man felt that his character was
unsullied, and so fearlessly referred him to
hi8 last employer.
"I have ju3t been dismissed from his employ,
and you can inquire of him about me."
It was a new fashion of getting a youug
man's recommendations, but the gentleman
called on the firm and found that he was
"too conscientious about trifles." The gentleman
had not been greatly troubled by too
conscientious employees, and preferred that
those intrusted with his money should have
a fitfe sense of truth and honesty, so he engaged
the young man, who rose fast in favor,
and became at length a partner in one of
the largest firms in Boston.
"A good name is rather to be chosen than
great riches." Even unscrupulous men know
the worth of good principles that cannot be
moved.
A gentleman turned off* a man in his employ
at the bank, because he refused to write
for him on Sunday. When asked afterward
to name some reliable person he might know
as suitable for a cashier in another bank, he
mentioned the same man.
j j ? l:? .AA.^
X OU CHU uepeuu ULI IlllU, JUI HO iciuo^u w
work for rae on the Sabbath." *
A geutlemau, who employed many persons
in his large establishment, said: "When I
see one of my young men riding out for pleasure
on Sunday, I dismiss him on Monday. I
know such a case cannot be trust \ Nor
will I employ any one who even occasionally
drinks liquor of any kind."
Honor the Sabbath and all the teachings
of the Bible, and you will not fail to find
favor with God, and with man also.
WHISKY DRINKING IN A DRY CLIMATE.
The effect of alcohol on the Indians of the
high, dry plains, even when taken in small
quantities, is to almost instantly drive them
crazy. The craze is evinced by bloodthirsty
savageness and utter recklessness. The frequent
assaults that have been made by mounted
Indians, armed with bows and arrows, on
Western trading posts, defended by American
riflemen, sharply indicate the effect of alcohol
in men of high nervous temperament, natives
of a dry country where the light atmosphere
is highly charged with electricity.
So it is with white men. The murderous
acts of the "cow boys," when under the influence
of liquor, are well known. When sober,
a more hospitable and kinder-hearted class
does not exist. When drunk, they exhibit all
nf fho Indiana. Thev are
LUC UliaiaLbLlMblVO VI VUV J
transformed into howling, blood thirsty fiends.
They shoot and stab each other, as well as
unoffending strangers, with the savageness of
the Cheyennes or Sioux. Most of these men
are residents of Western Texas.
Almost all of them have lived on the plains
for a term of years. The country they inhabit
is arid and of an altitude of from 1,200 to
6,000 feet above the sea. Throughout the
pastoral region the atmosphere is surcharged
with electricity that expends itself in terrific
thunder storms, in tornadoes, and in the
dreaded dry water spouts. Throughout the
pastoral region the fact that a man who has
been acclimated cannot safely stimulate himself
with alcohol is well known, and has long
been admitted by all thinking men.
In Kansas, above all other Western States,
has fhe attempt to settle the Arid Belt with
agriculturists been made. Living in this belt
are thousands of voters, and it was the ballots
of these men that accomplished the adoption
of the constitutional amendment prohibiting
the manufacture and sale of alcoholic liquors
in the State. Unconsciously they, by their
votes, recognized the conditions of the climate
in which they live. The adoption was a measure
of self-defence. Democrats and Republicans,
irrespective of party, voted for the meas?
AT? xu,?
UIC? A1GIV Ji VI n*
Sayings of Poor Richard.?-Pride is as
loud a beggar as Want. When you have
bought one fine thing, you must buy ten more
that your appearance may be all of a piece.
It is easier to suppress the first desire, than to
satisfy all that follow it. And it is as truly
folly for the poor to ape the rich, as for the
frog to swell in order to equal the ox.'
Pride breakfasted with Plenty, dined with
Poverty and supped with Inf/imy, and after
all, what is the use of the pride of appearance,
for which so much is risked, so much is suffered.
It cannot promote health or ease pain.
It makes no increase of merit in the person.
It creates envy ; it hastens misfortune. What
madness it must be to run in debt for superfluities.
Think what you do when you run in
debt. You give another power over your liberty.
If you cannot pay at the time you will
be ashamed to meet your creditor. You will
make poor, pitiful, sneaking excuses, and by
degrees lose your veracity, and sink into base,
downright lying. For the second vice is lying,
the first running in debt. You lose your
manliness and independence. An empty bag
can't sta'ud upright, and those have a short
Lent who owewnoney to be paid at Easter.
Tiie Results of Prohibition.?The following
extract from a letter to the News and
Courier, shows the beneficial results in the
little town of Wedgefield, in Sumter county:
"The few who owned the houses and lands
of the place determined that there should be
no more liquor sold at Wedgefield, and for
this purpose would neither rent or sell their
lands or houses. The barrooms closed up,
and there has been no such curse here, or
whisky sold in any way since. Soon the
talk of building a church and school house
sprang up in their stead. These have been realized
with all their beneficial results, and
other churches still are projected. Tljp place
has grown almost as if by magic. Industry
and thrift prevail. Lands have advanced in
value in a ratio exceeding anything previously
dreamed of in this county. Population has
increased. A healthy moral tone prevails to
such an extent that if a man of any respectability
"gets in whisky," as the common phrase
1 ?J L iv^no.
is, ne is asnaraea 10 ue dccu auuut
field, for here public sentiment connects degradation
with such a condition. And the
course of events in this good way is decid^jly
onward."
SZ&* According to Dr. Maclaren, of Scotland,
the types of sanity have changed with
modern times. Acute delirous mania,for example,
is comparatively rare, but mental enfeeblemeut,
attended with paralysis, is becoming
more and more common, as a result of
the overwork and worry of the struggle for
existence at the present day.

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