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Yorkville enquirer. [volume] (Yorkville, S.C.) 1855-2006, March 13, 1889, Image 1

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lewis m. obisTi Proprietor.| Jin Jndcpciulcnf Jamitt! $tepapfr: cJfor the promotion of flit folitol, Social, ^jritultural and fl-ommtrtial Jntcrtsts of the $outft. ]TERMS?$2.00 A YEAR IN ADVANCE. I
? elected f flctrg.
It isn't the thing yon do, dear,
It's the thing you leave undone
Which gives you a t>it of heartache
At the setting of the sun;
The tender word forgotten.
The letter you did not write.
The flower you might have 6ent. dear.
Are your haunting ghosts to night.
The stone you might nave lifted
Out of the brother's way.
The bit of hearthstone counsel
You were hurried too much to say.
The loving touch of the hand, dear,
The gentle and winsome tone
That you had no time nor thought for,
With troubles enough of your own.
These little acts of kindness,
80 easily out of mind.
These chances to be angels
WhifK Avon mort.nla flnH
They come in night and silenoe
Each child reproachful wraith,
When hope is feint and flagging,
And a blight has dropped on faith.
Tor life is all too short, dear.
And sorrow is all too great,
To suffer oar slow oompassion
That tvrfctuctll too lute.
i, v - AadAfa not the thing you do, dewiwtr- It's
the thing you leave undone,
Which gtyee yon the bitter heartache
At the setting of the sun.
?Margaret E. Songster.
jgfotg IfUcr.
'And so fields had a wife and six
children I" Mr. Scott smiled gently to
himself as he thought of it "And not
only a wife and six children, but he had
baen married twice?he had had two
wives." There was nothing absurd nor
remarkable about these facts, except as
Mr. Scott chose to make them so. He
had known Thomas Fields for ten or fifteen
years on Wall street, and he had always
fancied him an old bachelor, while
in truth he was mourning one wife and
courting another.
"I wonder if he made love I" said Mr.
Soott to himself, and again he smiled.
Then be wondered if the six boys looked
like their father. And there was no rea1
son why they should not have been willing
to look like him, for be was by no
means ill favored, although he was tall
and spare, and had. the anxious, worried <
look of a man whose anxieties and responsibilities
outrun his resources. Bat
as far as money goes this was not true of
Mr. Fields, who was a very rich man in
Perhaps it pleased Mr. Scott to be
facetious, and to take a lively and con- i
trarv view of life. It was late afternoon ;
and near train time, and all the young'
people and the wives whose husbands
went to the city every day had gone to
the station, so that the two men were ;
almost alone under the tree on the lawn
where they had placed their chairs. They
were smoking, and Mr. Scott wss toying
with a tennis racquet left in his care.
? After a while Mr. Scott spoke, not the
substance but the shadow of his thoughts:
"Your boys ought to be a great comfort
to you. Fields. Six sons! They ought to
carry on your business and perpetuate j
your name."
"They will not carry on my business
?not one of them. When Dick made
up his mind that he wanted to go to
West Point, and Bob determined to study
medicine, I didn't care, because there
were the four left; but Logan has taken
to farming, Fred has gone into law, and
Harry has a perfect craze .about becoming
a minister; so you see tbe business
will go into other hands. It is not right
?not at all right."
"But there are six of them? How
about the sixth?"
"Phil? He is the greatest disappointment
of all. The brightest boy I have,
Mr. Scott."
'Phil has very reprehensible ideas.
He writes verses, and will not go into
business nor into a profession. He says
he can live on his allowanoe. And he
does, I'll say that for him?and on his
4'His salary? Why, then, he is in
Just now he is. In a brewery. He
is a clerk in a brewery, and gets $050 a
year. That is like Phil. Obstinate?a
perfect pig headed fellow for obstinacy."
But I don't understand," said Mr.
Scott. "Don't you want him to be in a
brewery, or does he do it to spite you?"
Not to spite me, but he is very aggravating.
I have talked to him a good
deal, and I have said some plain truths to
him. One day he told me that he would
prove that he was not lazy, and that he
could earn his living at a tread miil if he
chose, and so he found this situation and
took it. He says he means to stay a
Why, I like that," cried Mr. Scott.
"The boy has grit."
"I don't like grit," replied Mr. Fields,
< "when it gets between my teeth."
"Well," said Mr. Scott, "I've often
wished we had a son, but six of them can
make life lively. My daughter is as good
a girl as any one need desire, but she has
her vagaries."
"Your daughter is a very nice girl,"
Mr. Fields warmly responded, "and a
very pretty one too. I have noticed her
a good deal. If 1 had a daughter I
should be perfectly satisfied to have her
e> actly like your Regina."
She is a very good girl," repeated the
father, with modest pride: "but it is a
great responsibility to have a marriageable
Mr. Fields grimly smiled. "She seems
to have her choice. All the young men
here have eyes for her only."
"It is the poor quality of the young
men, Mr. Fields?the men of today.
Why, there is not a man at Oak Hill to
whom I would give Regina No, nor in
New York, us far as I know. It is a
serious matter, and one to be looked at
from every point of view, this choosing
\ oi a husband for a girl. She gives up
everything when she marries?name,
home everything into which she has
gro vn. To choose for a girl means to
t blindly take for her either misery or hap
. _ piness."
"You are fortunate if you are allowed
to choose," Mr. Fields dryly answered.
"Logan married well, and Bob is engaged
to a very nice girl, one of the
Hookers?Hooker, Hood & Co.; but here
comes another of Phil's perversities. He
wants to marry a professional."
"A professional? Is the lady on the
"Worse than that?she?Bhe is an athlete,
a sort of female prize fighter."
Why, that is horrible I I'd send him
away. I never heard of such a thing! I
' suppose she is pretty?"
"I do not know. I have never spoken
to him on the subject He told Mrs.
Fields, his stepmother. I told her to say
to him from me that I would never hear
a word about her. In such matters it is
wise to be decided, and he had best understand
that we?that I?will never
countenance nor condone such a match.
If be marries her he will have to keep to
the brewery."
"You are quite right," firmly replied
Mr. Scott. "A prize fighter 1 I never
heard of such a thing."
"Our sons marry with too much freedom;"
and here Mr. Fields took breath
and lighted his cigar. "It is a matter of
wide importance who it is a man mar*
ries, because his whole family is involved.
When a man brings a woman into a
I family, gives her his name?the family
pnmfl?and she becomes the mother of
the new generation, the family should
have a voice in the matter. Not every"
woman, not every, other family should
be admitted. Marriage is more than a
merely personal matter."
"It does not matter so much to the
man, but the woman?there's the puzzle 1
But Regina and I agree about everything,
except that she wants to marry a business
man, and I am sick of business men.
I should like her to marry such a man as
an English country gentleman, if we had
such a class?a man with landed property
and human responsibilities; a man of
affairs. But Regina says that her
father's trade is the one for his daughter,
and so I am to go to "Wall street ancl loot
for a husband for her."
"I wish you would find one of my boys
there, then; but you won't Oh, what a
fool a young man can be 1 And Phil isa
fastidious fellow, quiet and well behaved
?not at all the kind of boy you would
expect to lite loud, unfeminine women."
"She must be pretty," replied his
friend, summing up the matter.
That night PhiJip Fields was the subject
of two midnight conversations. His
father and his stepmother talked him
over, and they decided to ask him to
come and spend a few days at Oak Hill.
"A counter irritant," said Mrs. Fields,
who consorted much with doctors, "is
sometimes the best, the only remedy in
cases of this character."
Mr. Scott told his wife and daughter
the story of Mr. Fields and his six sons,
and he made it so absurd that Mrs. Scott
rptta animator! hv ft mrwt Hvp.lv CUliOsitV I
to see them all. Bat Regina didn't think
the story funny. She said the Fields
boys were all stupid. She had met two
of them, the divinity student and Phil.
Still she lingered in her mother's room,
and talked about them until it was after
1 o'clock, and the next morning, when
Mr. Fields managed to secure her
tew-minutes, she listened wtth much
politeness to all he said of his son, assuring
him of her sympathy with him in the
trials he confided to her.
"She is a flirt," said Mrs. Fields; but
Mr. Fields did not agree with his wife.
He pronounced Regina quick and kind
hearted. That Bhe was so pretty was a
factor apart from her mental and spiritual
And so it came to pass that Mr. Philip
Fields came to Oak Hill, and met the 1
household delegation at the station, and
found his own committee, in the shape
of his father and stepmother, waiting
for him. And he was not stupid in his
appearance. He was a very good looking
young man, tall, like his father, but
better built and muscular. He was also
a very easy person to become acquainted
with, and ho at once proved a most desirable
acquisition to the young ladies, because
he proved to be so good a tennis
player that he was able to enter against(
Miss Scott, and thus the games became
more equal and spirited. Before he came
Bhe had had it all her own way, and consequently
the games were growing dull i
for her as for the others.
"You play better than you did last 1
Rummer." Rhe said to him one mornine. '
as they sat alone down by the creek.
"I meant to," he replied; 4 'and when I .
have not been brewing or keeping brew- .
ere' books I have studied tennis. It has ,
kept up my nerve."
"And how about your poetry?" eaid
the young woman.
"Who told you I wrote poetry?" asked
be. j
"Oh, I know. I know a good deal
about you, Mr. Philip Fields, and if you \
please, I should like to have my racquet
when you go back to town; the one you
took last year, sir." {
"It is broken," ho said. "You knew 4
you could never use it again. 1
"I want to have it mended. It was '
the best I ever had. I played the Rich- 1
haven game with that one."
"I know that," said Phil.
4 Then you will send it to me ?"
4 4No, I will not You gave it to me."
"But I want it I really do."
"Young ladies should not be Indian
"Young ladies may bo what they
"No, they may not."
44You think they may."
"Indeed I don't"
"Now come," said she; "I do not
know any one who allows women the
latitude you do." <
At this Phil flushed up. "I do not see 1
how you can say such a thing. You <
know I dislike women who step out of < J
what I consider is womanly." ]
4 'That is the very point," urged Regina, 1
who seemed more in earnest than was 1
necessary. 4,Your definition of4womanly' '
is so wide, it takes in so much!" j
T horr vnnr iwrrinn '* .
"Oh, but it does I" 1
"I do not see why you say so, Miss i
Fields." j
Regina bit her lip. She meant to say '
no more. 1
"Have I ever given you reason to be i
so unjust to me?" he persisted. |
"Oh, no."
"Then why do you say such things to
"Oh, because," said Regina.
"You are unkind;" and Phil lookedas J
though he really thought she was; "you
make cruel, unauthorized charges against
me and refuse to explain them."
"Indeed I do not," retorted she. "I ,
have very good authority for my opinions 1
and your taste in young ladies is very pe- <
culiar. It may be excellent but it is peculiar."
"It is very modest in you to say so." ]
"You like professional women."
"I would, I am sure; but I don't know ;
one, not even a woman doctor." 1
"Oh, a woman doctor! Some of them
are lovely. Nobody would wonder if you 1
liked them.
"Pray tell me at what any one may
"Well," said Regina boldly, "a young
man who likes women prize fighters must
be considered as having odd tastes." I
"Women prize fighters?" i
"What on earth are you talking '
about?" 1
So then Regina was committed, and
she told him all his father had said, and
gave him a sharp little lecture, in which
justice was very little tempered with
mercy, on his duty to his parent. She
professed a good deal of regard and sympathy
for Mr. Fields, and indeed it was '
pleasant to see this pretty girl taking the
side of the father, and preaching the
Fourth Commandment. To all this the
young man listened in silence. He was
hard to impress, it seemed, for he made
no reply, and then suddenly he asked:
"Who said all this?"
"Your father."
"But who told him?"
"Your mother?Mrs. Fields."
"And who told her?"
"You told her yourself, and you told 1
her more than I have spoken of."
"But you did. You told her you were
engaged to marry this person. I insist
on having my racquet, Mrs. Fields."
"And this person is?is?a?prize
"So you said."
"Oh Lord!" cried Phil, and he lay
back on the grass and laughed until Begins
was so offended she arose and
walked back to the house.
After that she saw no more of Phil
until after supper, when he came to her
as she finished a most stupid game of
tennis, there being 110 one engaged in it
who could contest it with her.
"Miss Scott," 6aid he, "Mrs. Fields
would be glad if you eould come to her
for one moment."
Regina hesitated, and then said that
she would come presently with pleasure.
Would he be kind enough to say 60 ?
"I think she wished me to bring you,"
replied Phil, boldly ; and 60, not wishing
to expose their quarrel to the public, she
was constrained to go with him, but
she did not speak to him, and indeed
he did not ask her to do 60. He
was perfectly silent, and seemed humbled
and quieted enough.
Mrs. Fields was not in the house, but
over by the well?a forlorn and weedgrown
place, where only the servants
went. She was sitting on the stump of
a tree. She turned when she heard footsteps.
"I have waited ages ioc you,
Phil," she said.
"Miss Scott was engaged," replied
Phil, "and I waited for her. You must
pardon me." said he, turning to Regina,
"for my mother did not send me for
you, but I wanted to ask her a question
before you, and I had no alte.-native.
You would not have come had I ask: -J it."
"Certainly not;" and Regina turned to
go. Phil laid his hand gently on her
"Surely," he said, "you will not be
unfair to me?" And then, all in a
breath, he turned to his stepmother.
"Do you remember," ho said, "when
you onco asked mo about a glove you
found in my room? You teased me."
Mrs. Fields laughed. "Certainly. Do
you.waft me to tell you what you said?"
"I do."
"It wouldn't bo polite, Phil."
"Indeed you are mistaken. It would
be very polite?and true."
"You 6aid it belonged to the prettiest
girl in America."
"I cannot see," said Regina, "how
this interests me."
Phil made no answer to her.
"Then you asked mo who she was."
"Yes, and you said she was some sort
of a professional character."
"A prize fighter?" said Phil.
"Mercy 1 no. Your father calls her
that, because he is so indignant with you;
but you never said so. I understood you
perfectly. Some kind of athlete; not a
teacher of calisthenics, but something
like it."
Again did this young man burst into
laughter, hut he controlled himself, and
it would not have been wise to have irritated
Regina much farther.
"Oh, mother," he said, "now that
Mrs. Partington is dead, why do you
-> ? i-? i? rn:.i?o t
want 10 piay uer jdjaimi jl/xvx x ooj
tiienics and professional?"
"I do not care what you said," cried
Regina; and again she turned, and this
time ran away, leaving poor Phil looking
like the stupid she had called him. .
'Now ifir. Fields always sard when he
was congratulated on his daughter-in-law
that he had made the match. He certainly
never made the explanation, and
convinced Regina that Phil had said the
glove belonged to "a champion," and he
never Bhowed the glove to Regina and
made her confess it was hers, and she had
missed it. It was very true that the old
gentleman knew that Regina had played
match games of tennis, and had carried
off the title nnd honors of a "champion,"
but ho never confounded her with a
"prize fighter." He always held to a
vague belief in the existence of a reprehensible
young woman from whom Regina
had won Phil, and that he had induced
her to do so, and when Phil called
her, by way of a pet name, a Synonym,
he asked for no explanation of the joke,
if joke he considered it. It was
Phil only who could have told what an
uphill task he had in convincing Regina
that if he loved her now, so had he loved
her always. How many times before
the summer was over did he hold his
breath thinking of his stepmother's imagination
and his father's credulity. To
have said he was engaged to her was
aver Regina's grievance, and it was difficult
to persuade her that what was once
a fiction of others should be a fact of
headway until he found out that she
liked men in business after she found
he was in a brewery, and that Wall street
was not enticing to her.
But of course it all came right at last,
md every one was satisfied. And when
Phil went into politics and made a short,
brilliant campaign, both the fathers were
ielighted, and Regina in Washington
was more charming than ever to them.
And so Mr. Fields' pride and complacency
over his feat always remind me of
Tack Horner. It is all very well to be
proud of your plum, but where should
cne look for plums if not in a Christmas
pie??Louise Stockton in Harper's Bazar.
A Queer Bridegroom.
A funny story comes from the village
cf Crumpton. where the gossips aro discussing
the marriage of Miss Mattio
^landing, the principal of the school,
md Dr. C. T. Cahoon, the vjjlage physician
and druggist. When the ministerial
olessing had ocen given and the beneiiction
pronounced, the happy pair stepped
into the finest rig the town could
ifford and drove to Ralph's wharf,
twelve miles away, to take the steamer
Emma A. Ford for a wedding trip to this
city and Washington. When the steamer
was reached, however, the bridegroom
concluded tliat he could not desert his
practice and his drug store, even for the*,
pleasure of a bridal tour, so placing his
cride on the steamer, with many emphatic
injunctions to the officers to look
ifter her comfort, he slowly and sorrowfully
wended his way home, while the
lonely bride came on to Baltimore. Mrs.
Daho'on visited friends here and in
Washington, and enjoyed her lonely
redding tour as best sho could. After
three days' absence she returned, and
yesterday morning was met by her husband
at the wharf. The little house was
ready for her, and the happy pair have
rone to housekeeping.?Baltimore Cor.
North American.
A Notable Tree.
A remarkable and notable tree in
Chicopee has lately fallen beneath the
blows of the woodman's ax. It stood on
the old Parson McKinstry place, at the
upper end of the street, the present
owner of the place being Mrs. Tait, of
this city. The tradition has always been
that either Mr. or Mrs. McKinstry set
out this tree when they built their house,
which was about the time of Mr. McKinstry's
settlement there as the first
pastor of Springfield, in 1753. But since
the tree was cut down it is believed that
it must have been very much older than
the house, and it is thought that it was
fully 200 years old. It was a remarkably
beautiful tree of the buttonwood
variety, and the residents of Chicopee
Btreet are all cherishing as valuable
keepsakes pieces of the wood of this
famous tree. It had changed very little
for the last seventy-five years, having
been "hollow" as long as present octogenarians
played under it, and hid themBelves
in its protecting hollow. The circumference
of the tree where it was cut
down was thirty feet, and sons and'
daughters of Chicopee will miss the
familiar landmark.?Boston Herald.
Women In the Dentist's Clialr.
Said an Albany dentist recently:
"Women are my best customers. I
think that two-thirds of the persons I
operate on are ladies, and they stand the
work fully as well as, if not better than,
T rvt'AP?tv?A if io onf a fl^Arr frtrtl fl*nf
ui^u. jl wuiuo ii xo uuvuuoc wit; LIXCXU
they must have it done, because nothing
makes a woman look homelier than decayed
or unclean teeth. You know a
gentleman's mustacho will cover his
teeth so that nobody will notice their appearance,
but a lady has not this advantage,
so she feels in duty bound to take
care of her teeth in order to preserve her
beauty. When sho gets into the chair
Bhe has determination and will power
that no p.*in can overcome."?Albany
Novel Defense ami Verdict.
An Alabama man, charged with stealing
a calf, made the following statement:
"i was always teached to bo honest, an'
most always have been, but when I seed
kiat calf I caved. I never wjinted a calf
8t bad in all y life, an' you all know
that when a man wants a calf lie wanes
him." The jury returned the following
verCict: "We, this jury, air satisfied
that Steve stole that calf. but. as the
feller that owned the animal is considerable
of a slouch, we agree to clear Steve
an' make the owner pay the costs."?San
Francisco Argonaut.
To Paris by Itall.
The Russian government proposes to
build the longest railroad in the world.
It will extend from St. Petersburg to the
Pacific ocean, a distance of 7,000 miles.
About one-fourth of the line has already
been constructed. It has been suggested
that a road be built up the Alaska coast
to meet it, and that Behring straits be
bridged by means of tho many islands it
contains. Stranger things have hap?;ned,
and wo may yet go from New
ork to Paris by rail.?Leadvillo Democrat.
A Horse Problem.
Readers of The Chicago Journal are
puzzling: their head over this problem:
A sells B a horso for $80, and afterward
buys it back for $70, and then sells it to
C for $100. How much does A make by
tho two sales? Tlio original cost of the
horse does not enter into tho proposition.
A community in Nebraska opposed to
lynching recently, to teach a lesson, gave
a desperado what might be termed an
introduction to Judge Lynch. They put
a rope around his neck and nulled him
into the air a few times. Then he was
told to go and never return. He went.
Warnings havo been issued that
Raphael's "Entombment of Christ" in
tho church of St. Peter's, in Perugia, has
been stolen.
The grave of William Penn is reported
to bo in a sadly neglected condition, only
a flimsy slab of stone stuck in the ground
marking it.
jpswUanttmsi grading.
Dciipcratc Men Who Refuse to Give thi
ArtUt a Oulot Sitting?The Method
Adopted to Prevent a Good Likcnes
from Keltic Secured.
Next to being Bent to prison, tho pro
fessional criminal dreads being photo
graphed for the rogues' gallery. He wil
resist sitting before tho camera witl
every means in his power, and nothinj
short of a terrific beating will bring hin
to terms. Even this fails when tin
criminal lias made up his mind not to b<
"mugged," as it is quaintly termed ii
the argot of this country.
Instances have been known where five
/vffinnvo Knvift nn/lfto **Ai?nr
clUU CVUiJ iliUlU, viuvcio nave vuueawiu
to hold a refractory thief 60 that th<
photographer could secure a successfu
'likeness, and their efforts have failec
through the copstant struggling of th<
determined criminal. T6 meet'this dif
ficulty and surmount it some depart
ments have arranged concealed cameras
so that a photograph can be obtained o:
any one desired without tho knowledg<
of tho latter. In this city this develop
ment has not been uttained, and the oil
process of taking the criminal througl
the streets to a public gallery and photo
graphing him in the ordinary way is ir
every day use.
Three clever thieves successfully re
sisted all attempts to securo photographi
of themselves by distorting their features
when placed in the posing chair at Krug's
The first was Norris, the jewelry ant
dry goods thief who was captured ir
Miller Bros', store in tho act of stealing
a number of silk mufflers. He wore i
cunningly designed coat with huge pock
ets concealed in the skirts, in which h<
stored his plunder. After being arrestee
it was discovered that he was tho sam<
man who robbed Henry Teems, a Coving
ton jeweler, of ajptof diamonds. Dining
the week ho was sent to the gallerj
to be photographed. Seating himseb
quietlv, he waited until the operatoi
placed the plate in the camera.
Then a sudden revolution took place ir
his features. With a ripid motion h<
drew his mustache insiue of his mouth
and, closing his eyes, screwed up hi:
The detectives tried every possibk
means to make him assume a natura
expression, but he doggedly resisted al
efforts in tliat direction. His ruustacht
was forcibly pulled from between hi:
ieeth, and a few vigorous slaps adminis
lered upon his cheeks. These had nc
effect, however. t
Two days-later the safe blowers, James
.? nr?/l TTVnnlr TVitrrl trliA tPOW
JDUIIUl* J1 auu I Xttiia A/VJ V4) ?* *iv *T V*?
captured at Gerdes' hotel with a fine out
fit of tools, were taken out of their celh
it police headquarters, placed in a patro
wagon and driven to tne gallery. They
had no intimation of where they wen
being taken, nor did they ask. The pri
vate entrance to the operating room lie:
through a labyrinth of back yards and
hallways known only to the police.
This was traversed, and the two criminals
were suddenly ushered into th(
glass roofed room. Like lightning i
look of disgust crept over their faces,
and the tallest, Boyd, broke out profanely:
"What in h?1 does this mean?'
"Can t you see what it means?" answered
the detective, as ho pointed to the camera.
Drawing himself up the safe worker
rejoined: ' Well, if you think you arc
going to get my face and send it all ovei
the country you're d?d badly mistaken.
I won't stand it."
"You sit-down there," came the stern
order as he was forced backward intc
the chair.
"I'll sit down, but you don't get thy
picture. I'll stand a beating and you
can start when you please," he muttered
between his teeth.
"You'll get it if you don't sit still." replied
the detective.
"Blaze away!" was the response, af
the subject closed his eyes and steadily
refused to open them.
During this episode the other subject
sat in a corner of the room under guard
of a policeman, quitly smiling at the
efforts of the officers to make his partner
tractable. Once in a wliilo a low
chuckle indicated that he rather enjoyed
the scene. After Scribner was done
with he was marched away and Bovd
placed in his recently vacated seat. He
made no remarks, but quietly awaited
the preparing or the camera, even budmitting
to the fixing of the focus upon
his face. But at the moment that the
plate holder clicked into his place his
wrinkled, yellow faco changed like
"Smack!" came the detective's hand
on his cheek, with tho order, "Open
your eyes!"
Without a moving of a muscle the
fellow hissed back a request to go tc
eternal perdition. The photographer
waited silently with his finger on the
camera cap, expecting tho thief to become
tired and then to catch him oif hif
guard. But it was of no use, and the
developed plate showed a hideous picture.?Cincinnati
Tlio Letters A, 11 and O Survive A1
Changes?Interesting Historical Items.
When a child cries, the lips are apart
and form, at each sido of the mouth, i
sharp angle, with sides of about equa
length. The sounds of the crying an
those assigned to the first letter of alinos
every alphabet. The arrow headed oi
wedge shaped characters in use among tin
old Babylonians and Persians till the Lime
of the great Alexander's Asiatic conquest!
were copied from the human mouth. B\
means of different combinations thes<
wedges or A's were made to represeni
consonant as well as vowel sounds. Bui
the entire alphabet is made up of these
wedges. It required many generations
probably to advance from A and B. Now,
look at achild's face, sideways, when tin
lips are shut, and you see a natural B
Put theso two letters together and we
have ah, which by being doubled gives
abba, tho old eastern word for father. A
slight modification gives am, then amma,
the old eastern form of mama or mamtn;
in tho west, just as abba was cliangec
into papa and pope or holy father. The
arrow heads had served to record the
history, the literature, tho religion oi
^1,1 A
vuij?uco, tiiu uiu noay i mil
Median, and Persian. They were tracec
mostly on bricks. Paper had not yet beer
so much lis dreamed of.
From A and B (Alpha and Beta) !
comprehensive scheme of phonetic char
actors must be worked out before tin
leaf or rind of papyrus can be used foi
writing on. The lip letters M and P
softened into F and V. which last wai
vocalized as U, are modifications mereh
of B. We may safely say tho same oj
the dental D, softened intoT. which gav<
rise to S. A series of characters wai
gradually worked out, and the time canit
when Cadmus, the man from the East
brought an alphabet of sixteen letteri
from Phoenicia into Greece. Cadmus
looked at as an individual man. dwindles
to a myth?a shadow. He expresses ir
legendary form the outcome of a Ion/:
train of almost forgotten facts. Thesi
sixteen letters were expanded by tin
Greeks to twenty-four. Light woodei
tablets covered with wax for writing or
were adopted. But tho pen was still o:
solid iron, like a pencil, sharp at one end
with a flat circular head at the other foi
blotting out, when desired, what hac
been written with the point. Thesi
tablets were fastened together at tin
back by wires, so that they opened anc
shut like our books. For importan
uocumems uju euges in uie lauies wen
pierced with holes through which a triph
thread was passed and then sealed. I
is to this custom that allusion Is made ir
the Apocalypse? close scaled with sever
seals." This Apocalyptic lxxilc was "writ
ten within and on the hack." The an
cients used to wr'te on the front sid<
only?even after they had given uj
wooden tablets in favor of papyrus am
parchment. The. back was generally
stained saffron or yellow.
The old Italians, too, of pre-historic
age got an alphabet from the eiist. Th<
letters were extended and modified unti
they became very different in form Iron
those of Greece. But it is remarkabli
that A, B, and O survive all changes
They are copies of the mouth when emit
ting the sounds assigned them. Modern
typography has no doubt greatly im
proved the rude, early scrawl, such as
may still be seen on old gravestones. The
, old Phoenician and old Hebrew Aleph has
not the same position as our modem A.
They are almost horizontal, with a nearly
perpendicular line drawn across the angle
formed by the sides of the letter. The
later Roman alphabet was spread by Roman
conquest. Our Anglo-Saxon foreB
fathers at length adopted it. They nians
aged to get up a 6ort of literature. But
the ago of pocket dictionaries, handy
volumes, the daily otfeven weekly newspapers
was still a long way off. Art and
discovery have still a long apprenticeship
7 before we can inundate our postoffices
j with valentines or photograph instantaT
neously on paper the tail of sorno mighty
j comet.?London Stationery Review.
3 T
The Cordiality with Which Guests Are
' Received?Making Themselves at Home.
a On arriving, the host and hostess greet
j us at the door very cordially, and lead
j the way to a spacious reception room,
3 where refreshment*';.^ served in true
- English* style, *Wewere then told that
- the dinner hour was 8 o'clock. There
, are fully fifty rooms on the second and
f third floors, and the very courtly house*
keeper escorted us in turn to those as*
signed us. Promptly at 8 o'clock all
1 meet in the drawing rooms, and without
1 special introductions treat each other as
j acquaintances. Such is the freemasonry
of English society, although I much prefer
our American custom of general introductions,
which commits one to noth3
ing in future meetings and yet for the
3 time being puts one on velvet with one's
3 neighbors. When the butler opens the
doors, the host assigns the gentlemen to
I the ladies, who walk arm in arm into
1 the banquet hall. Behind each guest
? stands a serving man, silent as a mum1
my, in fine livery of gold and purple
[ (sometimes scarlet); pumps with largo
[ 6ilver buckles, silk stockings and garters,
3 and powdered hair. The dinner is often
. of twelve courses, and appropriate wines.
There is no fixed hour for the mornr
ing's repast?from 8 to 10?and no servF
ants stop about the breakfast room, the
* gentlemen serving themselves and ladies,
in most part, from the sideboards. Tho
i aristocracy and middle classes do not eat
; much at their first meal?eggs, toast,
- muffins, cold meats, pasties and tea,
5 rarely coffee. That over, every one is
s free. Each spends tho time as inclined.
\ The host and hostess let their guests do
1 .1? v?? .???
| JUbt Ub uiejr picubc. iuu uiav uo oluu
3 that your host will not put himself out
3 for you in the least, unless you expressly
. desire it. Everything in the house goes
> on as usual, just as if you were not there.
But, per. contra, the house and all that is
3 in it are practically yours while you stay
3 within its walls. Your host puts his ser"
vante, his wine cellar, his larder, often
j his horses and his game preserves, abso|
lutely at your disposal. You are at lib,
erty to act, and are expected to act, pre_
cisely as if you were in your own house.
, You can order a sandwich, a bowl of
I broth, a glass of wine or spirits whenever
you please; you can announce your intention
of going off shooting the very
morning after your arrival, and guns and
> dogs are waiting for you. It is the comi
monest occurrence for men, arriving in
the afternoon at a friend's house, to send
; their dress suit down to the laundress to
be pressed before dinner. In England
| guests are not only told to "make them|
selves at home," but are actually allowed
j to do so.
Each, then, does as he or she pleases.
In the first place, there is reading and
answering letters, of which letter the
i English woman is especially fond. She
> writes well and she writes often?whether
6he has anything qf moment to say^pr
not,'and oftentimes axroZen letters are
1 exchanged over an invitation to an informal
dinner, and these letters are
usually so long and always so bright and
chatty that they not unfrequently tax
( heavily the traveler's time and mental
powers that she may bo equally courteous
and brilliant I
; rne dailies ana various magazines ana
[ reviews of the day are liberally distribi
uted in the sitting room, while visits to
che library, picture galleries, hot houses,
conservatories, gardens, park and stables
1 form part of the daily occupations. The
* gentlemen generally go shooting in the
preserves, where the peasants beat up
| the game?partridges, pheasants, hares,
rabbits, etc., and they stand in the opening
showing their skill in marksmanship.
, If they stay after 2 o'clock the servants
| bring luncheon, or they return to the
i mansion and join the ladies who have
gone driving or horseback riding, at a
I very generous lunch,
t The guests, I repeat, conduct themselves
as if at home, without restraint oc
> ceremony; the host and hostess never in1
trude, or worry,.leaving you in perfect
freedom to pursue your humor. Every'
body is supposed to know best how to
' enjoy himself. Acquaintances formed
j thus are like those of the ballroom, and
do not warrant their renewal; of course,
friendships and intimacies often come of
them. During the day all are in plain
dress, to be laid aside at the sacramental
dinner hour, for although you are left
, undisturbed to follow the bent of your
own will and pleasure during the day,
and breakfast at any hour you please, it
j is de rigueur to be at hand in regulation
I toilet as soon as dinner is announced?an
, hour after the dressing bell is sounded.
^ Charades, impromptu tableaux, readings,
t. music, etc., help to pass the evening.?
3 Mrs. Frank Leslie in Kansas City
. Journal.
3 Eatlnc by the Alphabet.
7 "Have you got anything here begin1
ning with 'k' that's good to eat?" in1
quired a new customer in a well known
t local delicacy market, last Tuesday.
- "How will pickled kidneys answer?"
3 replied the clerk, after a moment's
, thought.
3 "Krst rate. Give me a dozen cans.
, Hie kitten's life is saved," exclaimed the
* strango natron, with enthusiasm,
j "I tola my wife," he continued, "that
if I failed to send home a kangaroo, dead
or alive, before 2 o'clock, I should expect
' to find the kitten served up for supper in
| the latest Chinese style. But your happy
1 thought'saved her.
3 "You see we all got tired eating the
5 same things day after day, and so last
f month we agreed that cluring December
, we would begin and eat up (or rather
1 down) the alphabet, taking one letter a
i day, with bread, potatoes, tea and coffee
tin own in as staples.
t "So Dec. 1 we inaugurated the dietary
. system with a bill of faro consisting of
j apples in many forms, apricots pickled,
' asparagus, almonds and tlie staples. The
next day's menu was beef, beets, beans,
' biscuits, buttermilk, bacon and bon bons.
5 "The following day we feasted on
7 chicken, codfish halls, clams, celery, cuf
cumbers (fifty cents each), crabs, cheese,
3 cake, crackers, crullers, carrots, canned
s currants, canned cherries, citrons, cider,
3 catsup and candy. And so it has gone
, on.
i "The fifth day would have been a fast
day had it not been for eggs, but wo
I made an Easter of it. Yesterday we
j dined, breakfasted and supped chiefly on
r jellies. Today your kidney suggestion
saves us from starvation, while to-mor3
row we will grow fat on liver, lamb,
3 lobster, lettuce, etc.
1 "A queer thing about our new food
1 departuro is the number of things it
f has led us to put in our mouths which
, we never thought of before."?Buffalo
r Express.
Thread Spools.
^ j Among the peculiar industries which
\ flourish in western Maine is the making
. I of thread spools. They aro cut from
! smooth, white birch timber?a wood
3 which works easily?by various kinds
3 i of improved machines. There aro nu
I - ?MI_ .i 4-1... i.
* j merous II11I1S liuuu^nuut mu lumuuiii^
i I region, where the birch is sawed into
1 i strips about four feet long and from one
- ; to two inches in width and thickness.
- I These strips then go to the spool facto2
S ries, to bo converted into spools. The
, i processes they are put through are nuj
j merous, and one of them, tho method of
7 j polishing them, is Quito interesting. A
oarrel is filled nearly full of them and
, then revolved by means of machinery
' and belting until the spools are worn
i smooth by rubbing one against another.
1 Spool manufacturing is tho most im1
j portant industry in several of tho vilJ
| lages of Oxford county, and will doubt.
less continuo so until tho supply of
- I whito birch timber is exhausted. Jho
manufacture of shoe pegs is another
peculiar Maino industry, though shared
in to some extent by other New England
states. These are cut from maple and
white birch by machinery, and are worth '
at the factory from thirty-five to ninetyfive
cents a bushel. The compressing of
sawdust is also a flourishing business in
Bangor in that stdle. There is a firm
there styling itself a "compress company,"
who convert sawdust and shavings
into solid bales by compression,
which finds ready 6ale in the large eastern
Horsemanship of Mexican Boys.
One of tlio finest and most inspiriting ,
sierhts of small town life in Mexico is
the horsemanship of the boys from 8 to ,
17?perfect young Centaurs, as mucli at
home in the saddle as Arabs. How they ,
go thundering through the Btreets, what
marvelously short turns they make, and
how instantaneously they come to a ,
short, sharp stop in a headlong gallop!
These country towns of Mexico are tno
nurseries, so to speak, of the national
cavalry, an arm or the service in which
Mexico excels. The finest sight in the
world, one on which the gods must look
down approvingly, is a high spirited lad
astride a good horse. A Mexican boy
takes to tlio back of a horse as a Cape
Cod boy does to a boat. At no age is a
rider bolder than in that enchanted
period of existence lying between childhood
and manhood.
A Mexican lad, in default of a saddle,
will enjoy himself hugely bareback. He
early learns to use the rope or riata, and,
beginning with lassoing dogs and pigs,
he advances to mules ana cows, and
finally essays the roping of a lively bull.
So expert do they become that in war
they frequently drag their enemies from
their saddles by a skillful cast of the
rope. Some of my younger friends here
seem to me to live on horseback. They
come home at noontime to snatch a bite,
as most boys will, but off they are again
,on their tireless horses. They have the
good fortune to live in a country which
enjoys a climate which makes out-ofdoor
life possible all the year round, and
the country lad, continually on horseback,
grows up straight, robust and
daring.?Boston Herald Mexican Letter.
And Ho Still Has Hope.
"I have been shipwrecked, been baked
in a railroad accident and fired out of a
foundry window by a boiler explosion.
I was shot in the neck at Gettysburg,
suffered starvation in Libby prison, fell
overboard from a transport off Charleston,
and left four of my fingers in the
mouth of a shark. I had my right arm
broken in two places in a New York riot,
r?/-I ofartrl ar? o norrnl vrrifVv a y*ahtm1
my neck in a southern town at the outbreak
of the great rebellion from sunrise
to sunset. I was buried under the ruins
of a building in San Francisco during an
earthquake and dug out after fifty hours
of imprisonment. I have been shot at
three times, twice by lunatics and once
by a highwayman. I was buried two
days by a gas explosion in a mine, and
narrowly escaped lynching last year in
Arizona, through mistaken identity.
And though I am over CO, and have
nearly lost the use of my right leg, have
just had, as I understand, all my property,
on which there was no insurance,
destroyed by fire in a western town; and
the doctor in New York to whom I went
last week for an examination assures me
that I will soon be ridden from rheumatism;
nevertheless," he added cheerfully,
"while I undoubtedly have met
somo obstacles in the past, I still refuse
to believe that luck is against me."?
Daylight Land.
( Htnre of tlio Engine.
The present efficiency of the best noncondensing
engines "is probably not
greater than at the rate of two and a
naif pounds of coal an hour a horse
power, and of a good condensing engine
about two pounds of coal an hour a
horse power, or not materially different
from James Watt's engines of fifty years
It is my opinion that with our present
knowledge of machinery a steam engine
can bo built that will produce a horse
power with three-quarters of a pound of
coal an hour, if of sufficient size to reduce
the percentage of loss by radiation
to a minimum. Under those circum-^
stances your fuel expenses would be less
i.i aui-.I ...h?A ;a
man oim-iauu ui ?imi n/ i?u?v 10.
Tho future before men of your profession
is brilliant indeed. The uses of
electricity are now only beginning, and
in a short time it will be the docile com5anion
of man's labors, where now it Is
readed as the treacherous slave. Study
tho laws of nature, which are the
thoughts of God, and do not attempt to
rebel against them. We cannot create
new laws nor produce force.?E. N.
Dickerson to New York Electric Club.
Professional Detectives.
Detectives arc oftener over than underrated.
The detective business is like
any other calling, It requires application
and constant push and energy. It
is not so much keenness as bull dog tenacity
that goes far toward making the
successful detective. Tho day has long
since passed when a detective is regarded
as a sort of supernatural being, with an
all-seeing eye, from whom it is impossible
for tho culprit to escape. The fact ,
of the matter is, that the commission of
crime, nowadays, rarely goes unpunished
owing in a great measure to the 1
system employed in tracing criminals
and the joint action of the authorities 1
all over tho country, or, one might say, 1
the world. Crime generally leaves its
stain somewhere, and give any faithful i
officer a clew and he will, in the majority 1
of cases, get his man. Where there is j
nothing to start on it is different. But
the chief requisite is industry and untir- ,
ing effort to succeed. Genius can be t
utilized, but hard work accomplishes
most.?St. Louis Globe-Democrat. j
Let the Water Circulate.
Many devices are suggested by plumbers
for guarding against tho danger of
house traps being emptied by evaporation
or siphonagc whilo tho houses are '
closed for the summer, and thus allow- 1
ing the escape of noxious gases into the 1
dwelling. Somo go as far as to say that
there is no safety short of disconnecting I
the fixtures and securely closing the
ends of the pipes. Others recommend i
shutting the water off and filling the
closets and traps with oil or glycerine, i
whilrt still others favor an adjustment of i
the valves so that there will be a con- J
tinual dripping of water. One of the |
most sensible suggestions wo have seen
is made by Tho American Artisan, which
is that whero a house is to remain closed
for some time tho best plan is to arrange 1
for some one to go into tho houso once a '
week or so. let tho water circulate 1
throughout the houso, and take a look
around to see that all is right.?Boston i
Budget. 1
Wo Arc tlie Saints.
Among a multitude of 6ago utterances
of tho Bible, tliis ono deserves constant
attention: "I say to every man that is
among you, not to think more highlv of 1
himself than he ought to think." It is '
wonderful what a mighty agent self is, ^
estimated by its own standard. It is the <
hero of every exploit, the center of every 1
evept, the oraclo of all opinions. It in- J
terprets tho purposo of tho universe. <
We aro reminded of the two resolutions (
the settlers in New England aro said to <
havo passed when they landed: "Re- i
solved, first, that God gavo tho earth to |
tho saints. Resolved, secondly, that we |
aro the saints;" and they kicked out the
Indians. .
Tho chances aro as a hundred to one
that you are not half as great nor nearly J
as important as you think you are. 1
Then reduco yourself to your proper 1
dimensions. Don't leave that for others '
to co.?Clergyman in St. Louis Republic. 1
Hunting Lobsters. 1
For a seaside sport tho visitors to a i
Cuban watering placo havo devised tho t
safe pursuit of lobsters. Tho author of I i
"The Pearl of tlio Antilles" describes the I j
chase: i
For this sport a big barge is secured, i (
and after having been furnished with ?
carpets and rugs for the ladies' accom- I
moaation wo proceed to navigate tho j
shores and creeps of tho harbor. Threo | J
or four black fishermen accompany us x
and bear long torches of wood, bv tho j light
of which tho ground beneath tho I 1
shallow water is visible. I 1
Our prey is secured by throwing a net, j t
in tho meshes of which the lobster be- ' i
comes entangled; but should this provo t
ineffectual a long polo forked at ono end
is thrust over tho creature's back, and as
ho struggles to freo himself from tho
pronged embrace a nimble negro dives
into tho water and captures him alive. c
Great excitement prevails when a lob- s
ster comes on board and bounds among c
our crew and passengers.?Youth's Com- i
panion. t
rhoHO Who Know What They Want and
Those Who Don't?Inquiries Which Belong:
Properly to the Depot?Bother Over
the Special Delivery Stamp.
There is a broad and fertile field in
the postoffice for those who are given to
making character studies. A man has
only to stand near one of the stamp
windows for a few minutes to see more ,
odd specimens of man perhaps than are ! ;
to be found in any other one place in the j
city, and that means in the country. One
has only to watch the hurrying, nervous, ! j
pushing line of people rushing in one ! ,
door and out another to realize what a \
peculiar world this is. There is the ;
dapper young lawyer s clerk. He knows | .
what ho wants and how to get it with the
least trouble. Ho falls into line, impatiently
tapping his foot until his turn
comes. Thenlie puts down a dollar, says
shortly "Fifty twos," snatches up His
stamps and darts through the crowd.
Behind him, perhaps, is an old, bent,
gray, haired man, dressed in a jumper
and a pair of overalls. He asks for one
stamp, and when this is laid down before !
him on the thick pane of glass, he goes
down into his pocket and pulls forth a
greasy, dilapidated looking leather wallet.
He hunts around in this for a couple
of pennies, and finally, when he nas
found them, takes his stamp and goes off
to the side carefully to paste it on the
The office boy comes in like a flash,
buys a great roll of the little green, hideous
things, tears it rapidly into 6trips,
and, skillfully running nis tongue along
the under side of them, slaps them on to
a pile of letters, tearing each one from
the strip with a quick, ripping sound.
Some girl hovers on the outskirts of
the crowd for a while, and then, watching
for a clear field, goes up to the window.
"When does the next train leave
for Farmington?" she asks.
"Don't know; this is a stamp window."
She blushes and begins to 6tummer.
"Couldn't you lind out for me?"
"Time table over on the wall," gruffly;
and'she goes over to look at tho schedule,
which no living man could figure
out. Meanwhile the short man, in a silk
hat, with large glasses across his nose,
has been snorting and fussing about
"women." He makes his purchase, follows
her over to tho wall, and, casting a
withering look at her, grunts out,
"Hum!" He slams the door in a disgusted
manner behind him, still muttering
about "women."
In ten minutes the girl comes back to
the window and Bays timidly: "I can't
find Farmington."
"Well, that ain't my fault, is it?" says
the man sharply, peering over the glass
at her. She llees in dismay.
And so they come and go, men, women
and children^ not more than half of them
knowing how to buy stamps, and one
slow one delaying a dozen more business
like and energetic people. The reporter
asked the stamp clerk to tell him some
of the more amusing experiences he went
through in tho course of a week.
"A week," he said grimly; "I couldn't
tell you all that happened in a day. Did
you notice that little shuffling man,
whoso head scarcely comes up to the
window? He never comes here less than
six times a day and he never buys more
than one stamp at a time. I asked him
once why he did not get twenty or tmrty
in a lot. 'Oh,' he said, with a shrewd
air, 'people like to borrow them too
much.' Ho is the queerest one of all the
queer ones .who come here. His office
is several blocks away from the postoffice,
and yet ho will hobble down liere
again and again in a day rather than
take more than one stamp. I have tried
to get him to buy more, but he won't
think of bucIi a thing. He always comes
to my window. I have seen him go to
the end of a line of ten or twenty before
my window when there wero not five at
the next one. If I happen to be away at
dinner or off duty when he wants a
stamp, he goes out and comes in again
every minute or two until I return. He
is a queer one, he is.
"Tnen," he went on, "there is the
special delivery stamp. That makes a
good deal of trouble. Only one man in
fen can remember the name of it. I
have had it called the 'hurry up' stamp,
the 'get there' stamp, the 'quick,' 'rush,'
'special,' 'extTa' stamp, and a dozen other
names, but seldom tne right one, while
about twenty times a day some funny
man comes in and asks with a big grin
for a 'P. D. Q.' stamp. I have got so
tired of that stale old joke that I always
pretend not to know what he means. I
can stand anything but that. Oh, yes,
this is a good place to see strango people,
but it isn t worth your while to listen to
me. Just stand here and watch them
for yourself."?New York Tribune.
Cheap Food in London.
For a penny the London bfjggar may
buy a bowl of beef or pea soup and a
large piece of bread, enough to keep off
starvation for a day. The spoon he eats
it with and the bowl he eats out of are
chained to the table. Nothing is left lying
around loose in that style or restaurant.
Two kinds of soup constitute the
pntii-A bill of fare for the uennv SOUD
house. For a ha'penny there is always
a fcot roast potato ready on the sidewalk.
These potato roasting ovens are trundled
about on wheels, and are built to resemble
a small locomotive. They are known
as "Murphy busters." Another style of
street ^kitchen deals in kidney and eel i
pies, smoking hot, and two pence each.
The "ham and beef shops" are ready i
with their cooked wares at noon?corned i
beef at two pence, for the lowest amount
weighed out, and for a ha'penny each a
paper cone filled with freshly boiled potatoes
or turnips. "Winks," a 6pecies of '
salt water snail, are boiled in quantities
and sold 011 the streets. ,
The fried fish kitchens about 10 at (
night are filled with people, plate in hand
waiting for the well browned sole from 1
the great frying vats at 4 pence the plate,
with a generous quantity of fried potatoes
added for a ha' penny. Six pence
buys the supper for a small family and 2
pence more pays for the inevitable pint
of porter. The 10 o'clock supper is the
Englishman's most enjoyable meal, and
twenty odd millions of people over there
oat it and do not suffer so much from iniligestion
as we do. It looks odd at first
though, when you make a call, to see at
10 o'clock the table spread as if for dinner
and the roast beef hot from the oven
brought on.?Prentice Mulford in New
Tork Star.
Chickens Sold by Piecemeal.
That economy which is so great an element
in the French character is very
ovident in the marketing of fowls. In
Paris half birds can be purchased, both ,
cooked and uncooked, but at Bordeaux
ibis division of the fowl is carried out to
1 much greater extent, and in the octagonal
market of the beautiful city on the
Sironde can be seen peculiar looking carcasses
offered there for sale?carcasses 1
whose leading characteristic seems to be
;he absence of meat. Legs, wings, 1
breast, all are gone.
Theso limbs and portions are offered '
:or sale separately, and thus a Bordelaise
1 -L.1- ?1I EV?.,n|, (
juuauiv^upcr ciuiir, as an x icuv,u vuvxxo
ire, to make a fine dish with very little <
neat, can buy a leg, or a wing, or a '
Dreast, without any of the other por- '
dons; or, if the purse is not well lined,
:hen the carcass can be taken, from
(vliicli a splendid dish of soup may be
made. Even the blood is sold, showing
;hat here at least the proverb, "Waste
lot, want not," is understood and observed.
IIow different, says an English
.vriter, to the wastefulness in the kitchen
if a Yankee millionaire, of whom it is
>aid the breasts alone of the fowls are
looked and sent to the table, the carcasses,
including legs and wings, being
lirown on to the dunghill. The secret of
French success in poultry culture comes
rom the attention paid to the little things,
ind from a practical belief in the imporanco
of this branch of live stock as a
irr "itable portion of agricultural operaions.?Boston
Mistakes Concerning Deodorizers,
Attention is being called by Dr. Roose,
>f London, an eminent authority on the
ubject, to some mistakes concerning deKlorizers
and disinfectants. It is simply
iselesB, ho says, to place saucers conaining
chlorido of lime, carbolic acid, v
^ A
etc., in a contaminated atmosphere, with
the expectation that tho germs floating
about will be caught and killed. Tho
chlorine doubtless will remove some offensive
odors and rapidly diffuse itself
through the room, but to act as a truo
disinfectant it must be so much concentrated
that the air in the space containing
it would be quite irrespirablo by human
beings, though it is, when used scientifically.
the best of all disinfectants for
purifying the walls of an empty room.
For deodorizing in sick rooms and passages
Dr. Iiooso thinks euchlorine gas
very efficient?produced when a few crystals
of chlorite of potassium are dropped
into a little hydrochloric acid; bromine
is even more powerful as a disinfectant
than chlorine, and both are far superior
to sulphurous acid; as to carbolic acid, it
is stated that the spores of the micro-organisms
discovered in cases of splenic
fever have been found to be absolutely
unaffected after lying for upward of three
months in a 5 per. cent, solution of carbolic
acid in oil.?Philadelphia Record.
A Detect! vc'h Dilemma.
Cornelius Price, the Tacoma detective,
whose work among the opium emugglers
of Puget sound is well known, can stand
on Market 6treet in the rain longer, and
tell longer, more probable and more interesting
stories than any man in San
"Did you ever hear that I had served
my time in the chain gang?" he inquired
of Detective Handley one day last week.
''No? Well, I'll give it to you so that you
will get it straight. It was when these
men were running in so much of their
opium all around the sound that I finally
located some of the workers at a little
landing about twenty miles from Tacoma,
where there are about a dozen houses.
My wife was there at the time visiting
friends, but I did not have time to apprise
her of my coming. I made myself
up as the seediest kind of a tramp, and
footed it into this little place just at
dusk, and nearly the first person I met
was my wife. I forgot about my disguise
and the effect it might have upon
her; so I braced up, and, taking her by
the arm, said, 'Hello, ray dearl'
"When 6he gave a jump and screamed
I thought I had simply startled her by
speaking suddenly when she wasn't expecting
it, so I Btarted to take her arm
again, and bless me if she didn't go up
the street screaming at every step.
About that time the constable grabbed
me for insulting ladies on the street, but
when my wife declined to appear and
prosecute they put an additional charge
of vagrancy against me and locked me
up in a little 'calaboose.' Next day I
was found tmiltv and sentenced to eicht
days in the chain gang with no alternative,
and I didn't dare let the officials
know who I was, because I had reason
to believe they were concerned in the
smuggling operations. I sweated it out
breaking rock on the road. But I got
even. The justice of the peace and constable
are pegging shoes in the territorial
prison now for smuggling."?San Francisco
"A Man" In Capsule.
The problem of being able to "see a
man" curing the play without being
obliged to walk on the toes of half a
dozen gentlemen, and, perchance, on the
dresses of several ladies, has been solved.
Those to whom the drink in the entr'act
is an essential part of their enjoyment of
a performance can now, without leaving
their seats, indulge in their libations. A
clover Boston chemist has struck on the
idea of having whisky handy and other
strong liquors put up in gelatine capsules
like those used in administering nauseous
medicines, only considerably larger.
The capsules are colored so as to resemble
large hot house grapes. They are
easily broken in the mouth and the contents
swallowed without attracting attention.
The capsules are sold in boxes
containing a dozen each. The box is of
convenient size for the pocket, and the
quantity of liquor contained in the capsules
sufficient to make the ordinary man
feel comfortably happy by the time the
curtain falls on the last act.
The idea is not altogether an original
one. About two years ago similar capsules
were sold in all the leading drug
stores in this city, but instead of being
gelatine the capsule was of very thin
rubber. It was soon found that the rubber
conveyed the reverse of a pleasant
taste to the liquors, and they rapidly
went out of fasnion. The new gelatine
capsule imparts no flavor whatever to
the liquor, and it promises soon to become
a boon to the gentleman seated in
the middle of a row of orchestra chairs,
and to earn for its inventor the gratitude
of the ladies, whose plaints over their
ruined dresses and crushed hats lately
filled so many columns in the papers.?
New York Graphic.
An Old Young Man.
One of the pleasantest old young men
of Washington is Harvey M. Watterson,
the father of Henry Watterson. Imagine
to yourself a tall and slightly built man,
with a large head of gray hair, a white
hoorrl fnllino- nvpr his r>hpst,. and n. nnir
of the brighest and kindest blue eyes you
will find anywhere. Imagine this man
to be 75 years old, but at the same time
to move about with as firm a step as
though he was but 35. Listen to his voice,
and it comes forth in strong chest tones.
Talk to him and ho will tell you that he
feels younger as the years grow older, and
that ue hopes to last for many years yet.
Said Mr. Watterson once m response
to a question:
"The first sign of a man's failing faculties
is seen in his voice. I can go on the
street and speak in such tones as can be
heard 300 yards away. I spend my
winters in Washington and my summers
at Louisville, and while there I look over
the exchanges in the newspaper office
and scan about fifty papers a day. I am
glad that I am alive, and I feel that my
good health at this age is due to temperance
and in not allowing myself to bo
worried about anything. I am very
careful of my eating, ana I have not had
three unhappy hours from worry in my
wholo life. When I have stubbed my
too I have not cursed tho universe because
of my carelessness, but thanked the
Lord that I did not break my neck."?
Chicago Herald.
Animals That Arc Disappearing.
The establishment and maintenance of
a zoological garden is as nm?h a part of
the proper work of government as building
schools or sending out scientific surveys.
It is a source of instruction to the
people and an aid to the development of
science, especially in this country, by
preserving many species of wild animals
from extinction. The buffalo is already
regarded as an extinct animal. Not one,
it is said by competent authority, remains
in the British possessions on this continent;
aud in this country there are two
small herds, one in Texas and the other
in tho Yellowstone park, numbering together
not more than 125. The leading
scientists, not only of America, but of
Europe, have been calling upon our government
for years to preserve the bison
from extinction, as the Russian govern
ment ha3 done with the European bison
or auroclis.
It is said that, at the present rate of
progress, the remarkable Rocky mountain
goat will bo extinct within five
years. Among the quadrupeds that are
fast dying off are the elk, moose, antelope,
caribou, black tailed deer, grizzly
bear, wolf, beaver, otter and wolverine,
rhe delay of a few years may mean the
:omplete disappearance of some or most
3f these, and a gap in the history of the
mirual life of this continent that can
never be filled.?New Orleans Picayune.
Concerning Charms and Amulets.
A recent writer in an English magazine
;ells of the superstitions among the
gypsies and other half civilized races concerning
charms or amulets. "A coin or
i pebble carried long in the pocket, or
mound the neck, is supposed to becomo
mbued with the personality of the
vearer." These amulets are believed to
lave a will of their own, to feel affection
or their owner, and to cherish a hatred
;owarct 111s enemies. ->oc oniy mo
jypsies but Indian, Asiatic and African
ribcs wear little tokens "for luck," beioving
in their jjossession of a dumb, half
onscious intellect. In some savage tribes
i man is known by his '-charm," or
Our ancestors were not altogether free
rom this superstition. The pouncets
carried in gold and .silver boxes in tho
lockets of fine ladies were withered ap>les
stuck full of spices, which, after long
ise, were supposed to become imbued
vitii tho vitality or animal strength of tho
vearer, and to ward off disease from her.
Pop the Yorkville Enquirer.
The first field thresher ever operated in
York county, was owned and run by Mr.
Robert Whitesides and his sons. These
machines were what are now called
"ground hogs." .The first of these we re-#
member seeing was in 1853. At that time
they were quite an improvement on the
old fitvle. though verv laborious to work
with. Seven hands and six mules was the
force necessary to operate this machine
J successfully. The forces that were engaged
to run those machines were not like you
find them now-a-days?every man "boss."
j One man did the planning and the others
i executed, and the grass didn't grow under 1
their feet, either. Those white boys laid
hold, arid no negroes in the county could
i or would do more work than they did.
! "Big" Anderson Yearwood used to be
their feeder. The sun was never too hot
for them. From daylight till dark, and
often in the night, they were running.
In the year 18f>2 they threshed upwards of
6,000 bushels. There was hardly a plantation
in Western York, of any size, they
did not visit.
The first accident I ever knew was in
18o4, when James Bryant was killed by a
spike from the drum, which struck him in
the inner angle of the eye and killed him
almost instantly. He was the son of Jincy
Bryant, who afterwards married Mr. Jas.
Cobb. The accident referred to took place
on the plantation of Mr. Thomas M.
Whitesides, on Guion Moore creek.
For several years Mr. Whitesides and
his sons served the public by threshing
thoir VL'hoaf nuta onH rita Tho nnnnlar
v?v?? f? I4VUV) VI*VO MUU X J X 11V y
"separator" of to-day was unknown in
those times; and every bushel of wheat
in the chaff was gathered up and poured
into a fan turned by hand. In the hot
July sun this was a laborious work. Mr.
Whitesides, though one of the wealthy
men of Western York, yet he put his sons
to work and they were not afraid to do it.
*Mr. Robert Whitesides married Miss
Mary Brown, sister of John Brown, deceased.
She died some years before the <
war. She was an excellent woman and
as we have already said was kind to the .
poor, many of whom are living to testify J
to the truth of what we assert. 1
Mr. Whitesides's second marriage was
to Mrs. Elizabeth Whisonant, whose
maiden name was White, a sister of Dr.
Aleck and Moses White, both of whose 1
names have at' times been incidentally
mentioned in these chapters. Mr. Whitesides
was an elder and his family were
members of the Associate Reformed Presbyterian
church, with their membership
at Smyrna, where his dust, with those of
his deceased family, now rests.
Mention has been made that Miss Elizabeth
Sherer, at one time, was the belle of
Blairsville section. So Miss Kate Whitesides
was the belle, or one among the prettiest
young ladies in the Smyrna congregation,
and her familiarity with those
common people gave her the universal esteem
of all classes. Her unostentatious
demeanor toward less fortunate girls of her
day secured a fondness and an attachment
for her that can only end in death. Miss
Katie married Mr. Thomas Castles. They
were both consistent and useful members
of their church. j. l. 8.
*For some weeks events in The small
group of South Pacific Islands called Samoa
have excited much attention, both on
this side of the Atlantic and on the other.
These events have especially given rise to
a serious discussion between Germany and
the United States, in which England has
also had some share.
At first sight it seems strange that the
affairs of a small cluster of islands, lying
five thousand miles from our western
coast, and twice five thousand miles from
Europe, should provoke a keen dispute between
three great powers. Yet each of
these three great powers has interest in the
islands, which they deem it of high importance
to secure and defend.
Gradually nearly all the island groups in
the South Pacific have been seized by England,
Spain, France or Germany. Samoa
is one of the three groups which
remain unannexed.
The islands are very fertile ones, and
are above all provided with some excellent
harbors. They are inhabited by a
sturdy and warlike race who are kindred
to the Malays. The Samonan men are
generally handsome and intelligent, and
the women are comely. They live under
a monarchy, while their goverment is said
to rest partly on popular rights, as well as
upon hereditary power.
The efforts of tne missionaries, who, for
many years, have labored among the Samonans,
have resulted in converting a
large majority of them into professed
Christians, and outside the towns, at least, ^
said to lead honest lives. '
The Samoan Islands have been for twenty
years a seat of German commerce, and
from time to time Bismarck has evidently
entertained the idea of making them a
German Colony.
JtJUtroiniS me UUlieu oitues una aiwojfo
objected, and has insisted that the independence
ofthe Samonans should be maintained,
and that America should have
equal rights on the islands with the Germans
or any other power.
Our national interest in Samoa lies in
the facts that we need the use of the harbors
for our commerce and our navy, and
also that, by a treaty, our goverment has
given theSamonans the assurance that it
would endeavor to prevent their indepenence
being violated.
As long ago as 1878 the United States'
made a treaty with them, by which it received
authority to establish a coaling station,
with wharves at Pago Pago, one of
the best Samonan harbors. In return the
Samonans received a virtual promise of
protection from the aggressions of Europeans.
Later, in 1887, the goverment came to an
understanding with Germany and England,
that Samonan independence should
not be violated, but this was not made in
treaty form.
Of late, however, the Germans have
seemed to be aiming at taking full possession
of the islands. They deposed and
sent away the rightful king, Malietoa, and
sustained Tamasese, a rebel claimant of
the throne, who pledged himself to support
German interests.
They have several times, moreover,
landed German marines from their ships,
who have given battle to the adherents of
Mataafa, the chief chosen king by the opponents
of Tamasese. Accounts of these
conflicts are confused, but at least serve to
show that the Germans were the aggressors.
At last the German authorities at Apia,
the principal Samoan town, declared martial
law, and assumed to take temporary
charge of the goverment. But these acts
were disavowed by Prince Bismarck, just
before a protest against them was forwarded
to him by the United States.
The Samoan question at the time this
is written, is still unsettled. The United
States has sent more war-ships to the Sa
moan waters, ana ine *jrovt>riiieui/ sccujo
resolved to maintain Samoan independence,
and to secure the rights it has acquired
there by treaty.
An approbation of one hundred thousand
dollars is devoted by Congress to the
building of wharves and the establishment
of a coaling station at Pago Pago; aud
five hundred thousand moreare to be used
in maintaining our position with reference
to the islands.
The danger of going to war with Germany
on account of Samoa is a remote one,
for Bismarck has his hands full iu Europe,
and would scarcely involve himself in a
i conflict with the United States for the sake
j of a little group of islands in the far-off
| South Pacific.
I The probability is that the question will
finally be settled by a treaty, and that the
rights of each of the powers interested will
be defined and guaranteed. j

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