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jfoaps and ^acts.
? There are now, says David Dudley Field, six political problems before the American people. They are honest government, woman suffrage, the negro race, the rights of labor, the government of cities, and the government of corporations. ? At the recent election in Stanley county, Dak., forty Indians marched up to the polls with tickets in their hands ready to vote. They were all challenged, but their tickets were received and laid aside until a decision can be reached as to their qualifications as voters. ? The Georgia Baptist home mission board has just completed its annual report. Thero are employed in the State 371 missionaries. The addition to mission churches is 8,000. Money expended, $170,000. It is said that the year just closed is the best year's work ever done by the board.' ? The Democrats of Berk's county, Pa., are preparing to carry on the tariff reform camDaisrn during the coming summer and fall 6y a series of picnics to be called tariff reform picnics. They will be held in various parts of the county, and at each one of them a part of the time will be devoted to listening to addresses on the tariff by prominent advocates of tariff reform. ? The directors of the world's fair held a meeting at Chicago to elect officers. Their action was unanimous, Lyman J. Gage being chosen president, and Thomas Bry-* an and Potter Palmer first and second vicepresidents. Gage is vice-president of the first national bank. Bryan and Palmer are well known capitalists. The selection of other officers was deferred and the time devoted to adopting a set of by-laws. ?The St. Paul Pioneer Press, the leading Republican paper in Minnesota, declares that the McKinley tariff bill does not give the farmers the relief they desire and so much need, and warns the Republican party that if the bill becomes a law the Democrats will carry the State of Minnesota at the next presidential election. It says that it cannot support the bill because the West demands that the tariff shall be reduced on the necessaries of life. ? A Kansas City, Mo., dispatch of last Thursday says: Two colored men, Jackson and Davis, arrived this morning in an exhausted condition from the negro settlement in Oklahoma, where they say a deplorable state of affairs exists. These men came up for help, their appearance indicating that they needed it. They say that their brethren in Oklahoma have nothing left to tide them over till crop time, neither clothes nor food; that there is much sickness, and that semi-starvation has been their condition for two weeks past. ? A telegraphic message from Omsk, in Siberia, announces the arrival at that Elace of the Cossack officer Peschkof, who as undertaken to ride alone, with one horse, from Blagovestchensk, the chief Russian station on the upper Amoor, to St. Petersburg, a distance of 5,437 miles. In a letter to his commanding officer, written from Irktusk, the enterprising Cossack says: "Traversed 2,451 versts (1,634 miles) in forty-nine days; in the saddle 323 hours. The road in general is -4. i if ttiruouua. ? From a report recently published in Connecticut concerning the oyster business in that State it appears, that it is much more renumerative than any of the other large and established industries. There is a capital of $3,322,311 invested in the oyster trade. The receipts are $1,232,146, and when the wages of 1,024 employees and other Expenses are deducted, there appears to be an actual profit of about 25 per cent, for the year 1888. The largest receipts ($432,070) were from opened oysters. Shell oysters for the domestic market brought in $241,227, but shell oysters for export brought Connecticut oystermen $264,474. ? Referring to the new rules adopted by the house of representatives, and the ar bitrary decisions 01 speaKer neeu, me Washington Star says: "The Democrats have a case which they may get into the supremo court to test the constitutionality of the act of the speaker in counting members who do not vote to make a quorum. They refrained from voting on the Dingley worsted bill, and it was passed by 138 affirmative votes, the speaker counting a quorum. It is the purpose of the importers to resist the operation of the bill if it Is passed by the senate and receives the president's signature. By taking a test case to the courts when an attempt is made to collect the duty imposed on the worsteds by the bill, they can get the question before the supreme court." ? The United States supreme court, through Chief Justice Miller, has rendered an opinion adverse to the constitutionality , of State laws providing for the seizure of liquor brought into a State in original packages. Such laws, the court holds, are an interference with inter-State commerce. After liquor becomes the property of the importer, the State may, under its police ftowers, regulate or prohibit its sale, but t has no power in the absence of express congressional authority to prohibit the transportation of an article from another State and its delivery to the importer. The case in which the decision was made was an appeal from the supreme court of Iowa, and the U. S. supreme court reverses the decision of the State court. Justices Gray, Harlan and Brewer dissented. The case is one of great importance to prohibitionist and liquor dealers. ? One of the greatest religious bodies in th&world will meet in St. Louis next Saturday. The General conference of the Methodist Episcopal church, South, meets quadrennially. Such has been the growth of the church during the past decade that it now stands second among the great Prot estant religious assemblies of the world. The general conference of the Methodist church alone excels it in the number of communicants represented and the value of property owned by Protestant church authorities. The Methodists in this country, white and black and of all kinds, number more than live millions (actual communicants). The Methodist Episcopal church has nearly three millions and the Methodist Episcopal church, South, has about one million eight hundred thousand. Prior to 1844 there was do division among the American Methodists. One general conference represented the whole church. ? The National Grange does not admit that it has been superseded by the National Farmers' Alliance. The former maintains an active representative at Washington as well a3 the latter. Just now the master of the National Grange, J. H. Brigham, is at Washington watching congress and also watching his rival President Polk, of the alliance, in the interest of, he says, over a million members of the grange. Brigham speaks out very clearly in opposition to the only measure the alliance has as yet presented to congress. He says in an authorized interview: "We are opposed to the so-called sub-treasurv bill, which ' ? .. ? v.. AMftLUVtO VMU UVJ v their products, and borrow from the government 80 per cent. of their value. The scheme is impracticable. It is one that could not give the farmers any relief. It is not possible for this bill to pass congress. It would discriminate in favor of one class of people. To add one billion dollars to the amount of the circulation of the currency at one season of the year and withdraw it at another, would simply play havoc with the finances of the country." ? William Kemmler, who is in prison at Auburn, N. Y., was convicted of murder on the 11th of May last, and was sentenced to be executed by electricity. His case has been the rounds of all the courts, and the governor has refused to pardon him. He was to have been executed early last week, but on Monday morning Mr. Itoger M. Sherman, a lawyer of New York, arrived in Auburn with a writ of habeas corpus. This put a stay upon the interesting proceedings, of which Kemmler was in total ignorance until the writ was served upon the warden of the prison. It is surmised by some that Sherman is employed by some of the electrical companies whose instruments were rejected. Speaking of this rather remarkable case, Judge Martine, of the New York general sessions court, said the other day that "if the law providing for the execution of criminals by electricity is declared unconstitutional by the United States courts, every murderer now under sentence of death in New York State and all those who may be convicted of murder in the first degree between this time and the date of the decision of the courts, will go free. There is no escape from the conclusion," continued the judge. "If the law is unconstitutional it has not been a law at all, consequently there has been no provision in the penal code from January 1,1889, for the punishment of murder in the first degree. The old law providing for hanging was repealed, as everybody knows, with the passage of the new law." ? Texas is expending about $3,000,000 annually on her public schools and half a million more on the State University, Agricultural college, and schools for the deaf and dumb and blind. The school fuud is growing from the sale of public lands and other sources at the rate of more than $1,000,000 yearly. To the income from the school is added the proceeds of local taxes levied for this purpose. The State has a school population of some half a million, about one-fourth colored. Normal schools for both white and colored pupils are supported by the State, and there are some 3,000 colored teachers employed in the public schools. Texas does very much better so far as length of term and salaries of teachers go, than the other Southern States. Teachers there earn forty-five dollars per month on an average, which is above the average for the whole country?they teach about six months in the year. The number of teachers employed is annually increasing and the expenditures on account of schools will be $500,000 larger this year than last. fjai'lmltc (fruqmm'. YORKVILLE, S. C.^" WEDNESDAY," MAY 7, 1890. MERE-MENTION. Richard Lambert, a colored man in Michigan, owning property to the amount of $100,000, committed suicide the other day while temporarily insane. ExState Treasurer Archer, of Maryland, has been indicted for embezzling $118,000 of the State funds. "A writer in the New York Herald says:,"They are using so much electricity in the Mississippi Valley that thealmost incessant rains caused by it have destroyed millions of property by the greatest flood of which there is any record. The Egyptian growning cotton crop has been delayed by the cold weather, though the plants are healthy. The question of allowing chickens to run at large is the issue in the municipal election at Norwich, Kansas, and there t^re already two tickets in the field.'""'X'On last Thursday Grover Cleveland was admitted to practice in the United States supreme court. VOn Friday a convict sentenced for forgery was discharged from the Illinois penitentiary at Joilet, having served his full term. He is a native of Switzerland, and started immediately to that country to take possession of $500,000, of which he is the heir. Two men?one from Memphis and the other from St. Louis?arrived in Atlanta a few days ago, traveling together and apparently on friendly terms. On Saturday they entered a room of a hotel and soon after the St. Louis man shot his companion and made his escape. The affair is involved in mystery. A hurricane struck Wills Point, Texas, last Saturday, killing two persons and injuring nearly every house in the town. Business failures occurring throughout the country last week number for the United States 185, Canada 2G, a total of 211 against 218 the preceding week. James Palmer was hanged in the State prison at Concord, N. H., last Thursday. He murdered Henry T. Whitehouse in Portsmouth in March, 1888. He had been dismissed for stealipe and Whitehouse was put injhis place/'v^' The equestrian statue of Gen. Robert E. Lee which is to be set up in Richmond on the 20th instant, was received in New York last week. It is consigned to the governor of Virginia. Not less than fifteen parishes, or one-fourth of the State of Louisiana is effected by the present flood, and the damage is almost incalculable. In 1882 it is estimated the loss was $15,000,000. l>. will nrnhahlv exceed half that amount this year."* V-The Rev. William Barnes, who preached the furneral sermon of Daniel Webster, died in Jacksonville, Illinois, on Friday last. He was a Presbyterian divine. Indiana now has a State organization of the Farmers' alliance, which, after absorbing various minor agricultural societies, will have about one hundred thousand members. In Nebraska a division threatens the Republican party over the railroad and anti-monopoly issue, ExSenator Van Wyck heading a bolt which is expected to draw the Farmers' alliance and Democrats in its train. The Republican Anti-Prohibitionists or Resubmissionists of Kansas are making overtures to the Democrats for a united State ticket this fall, the former to name the candidate for governor. Lynching in Lexington.?William Leaphart, the negro convicted of criminally assaulting Miss Rosa Cannon, of Lexington, was lynched in the jail at that plan last Monday morning at about 2 oVlock. The lynching party numbered about one hundred. Some were from the A- j r 4. country anu sumt) irum iuwu. ?13 members make no effort to conceal their identity and openly acknowledge and discuss the matter on the streets. A white prisoner named Foster, was in the cell with Leaphart when the mob entered. He was shot in the arm and had a narrow escape from death. By desperate fighting he freed himself from Leaphart's grasp and got in another cell. The mob forced themselves in the cell corridor and poured volley after volley in the cell with little effect, Leaphart keeping in a corner at the entrance. Three lamps were brought and he shivered them to pieces with a stick. Five men successively attempted to enter the cell and were cracked over their heads. After several hundred shots had been fired a bullet struck Leaphart in the head, hurling him to the floor. He w: then dragged out and sixteen balls from a Winchester were fired into him. The intention was to hang him in the yard of G. T. Graham, the attorney who defended him, but the mob had to kill him to get him out of the cell. The lynching was caused by a rumor to the effect that Graham and Deputy United States Marshal Miller had obtained a further respite and had given the papers to Sheriff Drafts on Sunday and that Leaphart was to be transferred to Columbia. Graham and Miller left Lexington for Columbia Monday afternoon on foot to ask the protection of the governor. The matter is very coolly discussed at Lexington. The situatiou is marked by a total absence of excitement. The lynchers seem perfectly willing to take the consequences of their act. It will be remembered that Leaphart was respited by the governor on the recommendation of Judge Wallace, before whom the case was tried. Judge Wallace's recommendation was made on the strength of an affidavit which promised newly-discovered evidence in the prisoner's favor. On the granting of tho respite Leaphart woo cocrptlv transferred from the Lexingple of Lexington pretended to be greatly incensed as a reflection on their honor, promising the governor and Judge Wallace that if they would return the prisoner to Lexington jail he should not be harmed. They yielded, the prisoner was returned, and the plighted word of Lexington's representative men has been violated. Sudden Death of Senator Beck.? Senator John Burnie Beck, of Kentucky, dropped dead at the Baltimore and Potomac railroad station in Washington, a few minutes after 4 o'clock last Saturday afternoon. Mr. Beck spent Friday in New York city, and had just arrived on the 4 o'clock train from that city. He alighted from the train and while passing into the station fell, and immediately expired. The news of his death was telephoned to the Senate. Upon its announcement, the Senate at once adjourned. Senator Beck had been to New York, where he had been consulting physicians in regard to his health. He said a few moments before he dropped dead, to a friend who stopped him as he was getting his baggage checked, that he felt very well, and that his New York doctor told him there was nothing seriously the matter with him. Hardly had he uttered the last word before he dropped dead. His daughter, Mrs. Goodloe, who had been to New York with him, called for assistance, and the senator was laid upon a stretcher. Senators Hansom, Paddock, Walthall and Butler arrived at the depot in a few minutes, and accompanied the remains to the residence of Congressman Breckenridge. Senator Beck was a native of Scotland, and was aged sixty years. He settled in Lexington, Ky., in 1810, and practiced law for many years, and held no office (although he took an active interest in politics) until he was elected to congress in 18G9. He remained a member of the house of representatives for eight years, when he was elected to the senate. He took his seat in the senate March 5, 1877, and he was twice re-elected. TILLMAN ON THE STUMP. THE CAMPAIGN OPENED AT ItlDOEWAY WITH A DO IS TEH O US MEETING. On Saturday last, Capt. 13. R. Tillman addressed a public meeting at Ridgeway, in Fairfield county, and was replied to by Col. L. W. Youmans, of Barnwell. From the Columbia Register we copy the following account of the proceedings : A crowd of between two and three hundred had gathered, and Captain Tillman's appearance was the signal for vociferous cheering and repetition of the cry "Hurrah for Tillman." Shortly after Captain Tillman had taken his seat on the stand, Colonel L. W. Youmans was ushered thereI on by Senator Tom Woodward, and was courteously greeted by the gentleman from Edgefield. Captain Tillman was introduced by Mr. R. A. Meares, the chairman of the committee of arrangements, and he opened his address as follows: Mr. Chairman and Fellow Citizens of Fair- | field County : Before I begin to say wnat i nave to say, I must specially request the men behind me to come around to the front and be where they can look me in the eye. (Applause.) I will make a further reauest, and that is that you give me your undivided attention. (Voice: "We'll do it.") If there is any one here who loses his interest, if he wants to talk, he should walk one side where he won't disturb those who want to listen. I am pleased to meet my fellow citizens of Fairfield county. It always affords me pleasure to meet my fellow citizens of auy county, that they may look me in the eye and judge whether I am the man I have been painted. From what you have seen in the newspapers, you have reason to believe that you would see a man with horns, hoofs and a tail, who would belch forth fire and brimstone. But you will see only a simple farmer, who up to four years ago never had made a speech. I want to return my thanks to the newspapers of South Carolina for so liberally advertising me. I think the newspapers should furnish me a purse for giving them so much material to put in their papers gratis. We are here as the children of one family, sons of old South Carolina, and I feel that I can appeal to all of you to do nothing to cause heart-burnings or cause any to regret this meeting. We have a family quarrel in this State. When it is over we must come together as one man and see to it that the ascendancy of the Demo cratic party in this State is maintained. I have no bad feelings against the newspaper men. I cannot feel otherwise than grateful to them for drawing to me friends, such friends as always come from just men to anyone unjustly treated. It is sweeping through the State, from county to county. This intolerance, this abuse of an honest white man and a Democrat, is having the natural cffoat of making me friends. And in some places they are taking a most effective way of bringing the newspapers to taw by refusing to subscribe to them. I don't want to be understood as saying anything against the freedom of the press. A free press is the palladium of our liberties. A licentious, a onesided press?every paper of that kind should be made to see that you can maiutain your own right to think for yourself and keep your money in your breeches pocket at the same time. But they'll get right. They'll get in step in time. You neod more papers; you need good newspapers. You read too little. We are too ignorant. That is one reason of the trouble in the Democratic party of this State to-dav. This has driven us to a canvass to meet the people face to face, and explain what the newspapers suppress and garble, and tell them the truth. While the newspapers have thundered to the right and to the left of me, it has been all smoke and powder. They have shot no bullets. A gentleman is here (turning to coionei Youmans) with a carpet-bag full of them (referring to the Colonel's valise on the platform) and I hope and beg you will give him a respectful hearing. (From the crowd : "We'll listen at him ; but they didn't listen to you.") Captain Tillman: "I had a good deal of cheering the last time I was in Barnwell." Resuming the direct line of his remarks, the Captain continued : What is the charge against me? Sifted down it is that I have dared to allow the Farmers' convention to put me before the people as a suitable man for governor. Alluding to what he was pleased to term the suppression of hin speech before the March convention : I am here as the exponent of a principle, an advocate of a policy. I am the champion of a principle I believe to be for the best interest of this people, and that is selfgovernment. The policy I refer to is fair play among Democrats and such reforms as will give us an economical and good government. This is Tillmanism. If you have self-government, and have bad government, you are to blame, and you can remedy it when the shoe pinches. Now you don't have self-government, and when the shoe pinches you can't remedy it. Captain Tillman then went on to explain how and why the Farmers' convention was called. He said* he had something to do with having the convention called, and had been charged with having it done to get himself nominated for governor. Continuing, he said : Lot me tell you why it1 was necessary to have a convention called and some one noninated for governor, or else we ?.--1-1 La 1 ~ Cl 1,4 A net vtAwt AM fn/ltlClQ Qn/1 Oil WUUIU Ut) ltHl> uy L.UD aupcuui nnjin-o uuu oupurior organization opposed to us in ]886 and 1888. I went round with Governor Richardson to the seven meetings held in 1888. In four out of the seven counties where meetings were held, they had forestalled us and had elected delegates to the State convention before they heard me. They had the credentials of the delegates in their pockets, so the old plow farmer had to go home and swallow Richardson, when every one knows lie wasn't the choice of the people. What did that State convention do? Tney made two important changes in the party constitution. They did away with the State canvass. They don't liko canvasses. They don't like this canvass. They prefer working in the dark. Then they did away with the clause so that a convention held in May may nominate for September. They proposed to take a breeches hold on us, if you will excuse the colloquial phrase. We are now just a little too smart for them, and we propose to take a breeches hold. We have held our convention and put forth a candidate. The other side is in the bushes and don't know where to find a candidate. No one yet has screwed his courage up to the sticking point?unless my friend here is one. Turning to Colonel Youmans, Captain Tillman asked: "Are you a candidate for governor?" "No, sir," replied Colonel Youmans. Captain Tillman then continued : For the last ten years the control of the State has been in the hands of a few men. These gentlemen would call their meeting and a few?shall I say ringstors?well, ringsters, then ; those were in tho boat, in the line of succession, those who would get a slice of the pie after a while,?these would meet while the farmers were attending to their own business, would control the county conventions and go down to Columbia. We were right to hold a convention. Fvon the editors allow we had the right to meet and formulate a platform. Is there a man here who will dispute that if the platform was left without a candidate it would have been broken down by seekers for office ? Wouldn't tho whole ring get on the platform ? In past years we tried to get from their ranks some sort of a half-way man to represent us. You know how we slipped up at it. I felt we had been burned at it too often. They say I bossed and controlled that convention. If any delegate from Fairfield, or South Caroliua, can say I approached him in relation to my candidacy, I'll like to see him. (A voice: "He ain't here'.') What would they have said, if I had refused, but that I was a moral coward and didn't have tho courage of my own convictions? Let me show you I'm not on a bed of roses. In tho first place, my plantation has to be left to take care of itself, except what the old woman and the children can do. I have to neglect my own affairs. In the second place, it is by no means certain I'm to be your next governor. You know the other side is going to move heaven and earth wnviit m amiso and calumny to which I am oxposed is another thing; but "thrice is he armed who has his quarrel just." The mayor of Columbia lias said he would leave the State if I was elected. (From the crowd: "Let him leave.") I have heard of some who hate mo so that they would not vote for mo if nominated by tho Democratic partv. (Another voice: "Let'om go.") Hutyou haven't heard a single Tillman man say he wouldn't vote tho Democratic ticket whoever is nominated. We liavo but one party. We dare not have but one, simply because a division among the whites would let in the Hood tide of the black vote; and thore would be bidding between the two factions for it. The side that could bid the most and bo nearest to being a nigger, would got the black votes, and there would come again the days of good stealing. At this point, on account of rain, the mooting adjourned to a gin house near by. Mounted on a sill of the structure, Captain Tillman resumed his remarks. lie opened by saying that though the rain had stopped the meeting, he was glad to see it as it would help the oats. Taking up the thread of his remarks where interrupted by the rain, ho said he wanted to show the evils growing out of the condition arising from having, and daring to have, but one party which he had referred to. lie said : For years after we got out of negro domination, anything looking to the discussion of any issue that would create friction in the party, was frowned down by common consent. It was thought better to suffer something than to risk a return to the rottenness of Radical domination. It was thought better that we should pull together, as we are now, and had better do for the next thousand years. The candidates found that it was not required that they should discuss issues, and they appealed 011 the ground of personal popularity only. You voted for the slickost-tongued fellow, who could flatter you or your wife best. (From the crowd : "We did.") We raised up a race of moral cowards. They are proving it now on tho Farmers' Movement. Just see how easy they'll fly down when they see which side is best to light on. It is nocessary that we have a full and fair discussion of all issues to educate tho people in what is fair and right, and then let them decide at the ballot box who shall govern in South Carolina. It is strange when we look about to see in what a flutter, and in what a distressed condition tho politicians have been put by the March convention. Comparo it with tho conditions of 1880, when we bad as candidates for governor, Johnson Hagood and Martin Witherspoon Gary. The crowd who have dominatea the State since 1870?who do now and intend to continue if they can?they called a convention in June to choose delegates to St. Louis to nominate a candidate for president. They controlled the county conventions, and when they got to Columbia they found they could noipinate Hagood. And they did it. It was a smart trick then. It was politics. Now, wo farmers have called a convention in March, and not nominated, but suggested a candidate, and what a howl goes up ! Captain Tillman, continuing said, among other things, that he had heard something of their forming a Tillman ciub in that county. Ho didn't want any Tillman clubs, but wanted them to send delegates to the regular Democratic State convention to vote for Tillman if they would. He also said that the alliance was not a political machine and ought not to bo used in politics at all. The alliance had its duty, and they had their duty as Democrats. In alluding to thealliance matters, he said his remarks were general and had no reference to Mr. Meares, who had explained satisfactorily in that connectinn nr tn Colonel Yonmans. The reapportionment question was next touched on by the speaker, who had a number of tables in reference to this matter. One table showed the population of the various counties by the census of 1880, the unit of representation in the general assembly, and also the number of representatives the counties would be entitled to under what he called a just apportionment. Ho had also a considerable portion of his remarks on this subject committed to writing, havingdoneso, he said, to preventthe possibility of error on the part of the newspaper men in reporting him. Below is presented a portion of the matter thus prepared : I will now give you some comparisons as to how fair, just and honorable are the methods of the party as at present constituted for nominating State officers according to Messrs. Jones, Woodward <ft Co.'s claim. Compare Hampton, with 18,741 and 8 delegates, to Georgetown with 19,013 and 6 delegates; Lexington, 18,504 andG; Clarendon 19,190 and 0; Marlboro, 20,598 and 0. Charleston with 60,000, has twenty-five.dele^ gates; and Edgefield with 45,840 has twelve delegates. Compare the following: Richlatad,28,573, with 12; Greenville, 37,496, with 10; Spartanburg, 40,407, with 10; Sumter37,037, with 10; Laurens, 29,444, with 8 : Marlboro, 20,598, with 6; Beaufort, 30,176, with 8. It takes more than 10,000 people in three of these counties, and oyer 9,000 in another, for one representative; while in Richland, 5714 people, mostly negroes, send a representative to the legislature to yote away the farmers' money and to oppose a school for farmers' sons. In Edgefield we have one representative for 9,000 people, Charleston one for 5,000, and an extra senator to boot. In reference to the question of reapportionment in the Democratic covention, I aesire to be clearly understood. It does not matter who wrote the platform adopted by the March convention. It was adopted by that body without any material opposition. It therefore represents the wishes and opinions of that convention, and, we believe, a large majority of the people of South Carolina. When adopted, not twenty-five men in the convention knew who wrote it. I am the exponent of that platform and the leader chosen to give it life and force. I haye shown how unequal and unjust the apportionment at present obtaining is to certain counties. I have pointed out the crime committed against the just distribution of political power among white men bound together by every tie which should make them honorable and just to each other. I ask you now whether this "wrong committed by the legislature, under the iniluencoof Charleston and Columbia, shall be righted by the Democratic party as far as it can be done, or shall we take the risk of a division among the white people which a failure to do so may entail. The constitution of the Democratic party provides as follows: "The State convention shall bo composed of delegates from each county in the numerical proportion to which that, conntv is entitled in both branches of the general assembly." No one disputes that according to the last United States census (which the constitution now recognizes as the legal basis of representation) seven counties are each "entitled" to one more member of the house of representatives, and consequenty to two more delegates to the State convention, than they now have. Mark the words: it says "to which that county is entitled," not which that county has, and we demand apportionment as it is nominated in the bond. Now, will the Democratic executive committee right this, or have it righted; or will they bow to Columbia and Charleston ? Suppose in this campaign I should carry the counties of Greenville, Spartanburg, Laurens, Sumter, Marlboro and Edgefield, which is not at all improbable, and that Richland and Charleston should oppose mo. Suppose that the contest shall be decided against me under the existing apportionment, by twelve votes, what a spectacle will be presented to the people of unfairness among those who should be as brothers! What heartburnings ! Is this the compact we made in '70 ? I could only submit, and I would do so cheerfully, for under no circumstances would I do anything to jeopardize Anglo-Saxon unity. Accursed, thrice accursed, be the "man who would build hkr-grwrtnesx on tits-errantry's ruin." Accursed, thrice accursed be those who in South Carolina, confronted as we are by dangers engendered by those feelings of discontent, would risk negro domination. While accusing me of "Mahoneism," and thus trying to poision the people against me, signs are not wanting in plenty to show that the "ring" will hesitate at nothing?will take any and all risks to compass my defeat. And I believe tiiat notning dui my eiecnuu u? nu overwhelming vote will prevent them bolting the ticket if lam nominated. "The chip will split from the log" rather than surrender the government. The "Twenty-one conference," next received attention from Capt. Tillman, and his remarks in relation to the same were very sarcastic. He styled the members tho apostles of existing institutions, and termed the signers of the call "the three blind mice." At the conclusion of his remarks Captain Tillman introduced COL. L. W. YOUMANS as a distinguished gentleman from Brauwell, its senator until two years ago, and who, Capt. Tillman said, unfortunately for him, had never been able to see anything good in Tillmanism or Tillman. At this point the rain having stopped, an adjournment was made from the ginhouse to the grove, and upon the speakers' stand there, Col. Youmans opened his address. Previous thereto, however, his friend, Senator Woodward, stated that he had just heard a rumor that Col. Youmans had been paid 850,000 to canvass the State against Tillman. If it was so they wanted to know it. COLONEL YOUMANS SAID If you will patiently listen to me I will not only convince you in whose interest I am, but I will also convince you what is the matter with the farmers of South Carolina. I belong to the regular Democracy of South Carolina, and that means the white people of South Carolina. I belong there. It is pleasant to meet the people of Fairfield, and it adds to the pleasure that am not here to plead in my own interest. I am not here in the interest of any man or set of men. I am here to represent those people of South Carolina who love her, and who stand above her altar, as ever son should, to defend her fair fame from foul aspersions, and slanders so foul that they haye not even been heard from the mouths of our self-respecting foes. I will tell you what is the matter with the farmers. Onpago 50 of W. G. Sumner's book on American currency, he says no desperately indebted people can long endure a regular, sober government. That is the reason?our people are desperately indebted. Wo are all in debt, we are mortgaged up to our eyebrows. At this point the noisy adherents of Captain Tillman in the crowd, who had from the opening of Colonel Youmans's address persisted in cheering for their candidate, and interrupting the speaker by side remarks, became so obstreperous that Capt. Tillman, himself, rose and plead that fair-play bo given his opponent. On resuming his remarks, Colonel Youmans said the cause of tlie.uat??i,t 'l* tiyLvjlite any0110 with a bad case of colic?they were in pain ; along comes a quack and promises relief if you put on a plaster here, or take this or that remedy, and the people are naturally taken in. Ho didn't blamo thoso who followed Tillman for doing so. Ho would do the same himself if he didn't know better. There was always a cause, he said, when one class were fount! poor and another class rich and growing richer. This point the speaker elaborated in a beautiful way, but evidently was far abovo the heads of his hearers in his historical illustrations, which, beginning in Holy Writ, came down through the times of the Greeks and Romans to the present day, showing the present condition of all'airs in South Carolina to be nothing new, but tho same experience as that of people in the most ancient and in all times. Col. Youmans said that this country was formerly controlled by tho farmers, flo quoted from Adam Smith to show how, while the control ofthe government by the laud-holdingclass was safe, the control oftno mercantile and manufacturing classes were not apt to bo, as their interests were opposed to thoso of the public at large. Up to l.SUI tho farmers controlled this country, for the slave-holding aristocracy of the South woro the ruling spirits in our government. Since that time tho mercantile and manufacturing classes, especially ofthe Northeast, had practically controlled it, and lie went oil to snow uiu wily in wniun tnuy imu ? urnuu harm to tho country and the farmers while enriching themsolves. They had put on tho protective tariil", which was a particularly burdensome tax on the farmers of the South and Northwest. They had secured tirst fiat money, and then the contraction of the currency, and in all they had accumulated riches while the farmers had lost their own. He knew one-third of what he had was taken away by these iniquitious systems. Tho State could not control such things and the remedy must be sought through congress and tho control of tho national government, and not by any attempt to change a State government. The interruptions previously referred to had continued to a greater or less extent all through Colonel Youmans's remark, and now made it afmost impossible for him to proceed, though he remained as calm as a summer night throughout. Captain Tillman begged for fair play in Fairfield county. Major Woodward rose .and said he hoped no man from Edgefield or anywhere else was needed to come and instruct Fairfield people how to behave. Colonel Youmans resumed and roferred to Captain Tillman's published remarks at tho March convention, that if he was the only man with the brain, etc., to lead against the aristocracy, then lot them take him if they would, lie asked Captain Tillman if he had said so. Captain Tillman replied that ho did say so and meant it. Thereupon Colonel Youmans arraigned the man who would thus assist or encourage the arraying of class against class. Here again rain rendered it necessary to seek shelter and the meeting moved to the warehouse attaehod to the freight depot at the railroad. Resuming, Colonel Youmans read many extracts from speeches and addresses of Captain Tillman of some years ago, and called upon him to state his position upon the issues therein treated, or at least to affirm or deny that he held such views. A joint debate, which soon assumed more the aspect of a heated colloquy, ensued. The friends of Tillman, who here, as olsewhere rbirinc the dav. had outnumbered those who believed as Colonel Youmans, two to one, acted outrageously, and at every point made, or sought to be made, by Colonel Youmans, would shout and yell, as if to drown his voice. He proceeded undismayed, however. On the question of reapportionment, Captain Tillman declared that by failing to have an enumeration taken in 1880, as provided under the constitution, the members of the legislature had been false'to their oaths and committed perjury. Col. Youinans said that an Act had been passed for the enumeration, and when asked by Capt. Tillman what it was, replied that it was not for him to prove Captain Tillman's charges. He Baid as the Captain had made the charge, the onus was on him. He challenged him to deny there was such an Act, and in the course of his remarks said that in saying the legislators had committed perjury, Capt. Tillman had said that which was not true. Captain Tillman took exceptions to this and said that on the Colonel's own ground he must prove that assertion or be proven as having told what was not true himself. He insisted that the legislature did not provide an appropriation for the census, and he repeated that they had perjured themselves. Colonel Youmans sought to proceed, but Captain Tillman said he would not listen to anything more from him until he proved his assertion that he, Captain Tillman, had told what was not true, or withdrew it. A warm war of words followed which could not be distinguished by reason of the uproar of the crowd. Captain Tillman rose from his seat, and, shouting for all friends of his to leave the place and not listen longer to such statements, he walked out of the depot door. About two-thirds of the crowd followed him, and a meeting of this faction was soon in progress on the depot platform. Those who relhained, surrounded Col. Youmans, and he proceeded as follows: Captain Tillman can't face free discussion, but I'll meet him anywhere. I charged him with officeseeking at the start and he can't disprove it. I am responsible to Captain Tillman for every word I say. I am no office seeker. I consider that he has pulled off and divided from us. Let us make him show his hand at the start. If Captain Tillman takes any exception to what I say I am ready to give him satisfaction. Senator Woodward then made a brief but stirring speech, alluding feelingly to the events in that precinct in '76, and in conclusion moved that the thanks of the meeting be extended to Col. Youmans for his eloquent address. The motion was carried unanimously and the meeting of this faction of the former gathering then broke up. THE OTHER SIDE. At the meeting of the Tillman seceders, Mr. Metres made a statement to the effect that the meeting was a Tillman meeting, called to give the people an opportunity of hearing him, and that Colonel Youmans had not been invited, but had come without an invitation. captain unman hskuu n uu nuu ^ivcu nuj excuse for "this man," as he termed Colonel Youmans, to treat him so. Senator Woodward had asked him, Tillman, if he would allow Youmans to speak, and he had been told he would. Captain Tillman said : Colonel Youmans has tried to insult me, but he can't insult me. Pie has put himself outside the pale, where I can treat liim as a gentleman. He said that I told that which was not so in regard to censuring the legislature. They quibbled and dodged to get out of doing their duty. They appropriated no money. I stand up to all Col. Youmans read of mine that I wrote four or five years ago. This meeting then also adjourned. STATE POLITICAL NOTES. ? Tillman has been endorsed by three sub-alliances in Edgefield county. ? Says the Wateree Messenger: There is no use in trying to disguise the fact, for Tillmanism is strong in Kershaw county, and "Tillmania" is continuing to spread. ? The Cheraw Reporter thinks that Col. E. T. Stackhouse, of Marion, would be a man acceptable to all classes of the people for governor, and therefore places him in the field of candidates. ? The Anderson county Farmers' association met in Anderson last Friday, and in a series of resolutions endorsed Tillman and the platform of the March convention. ^hp meeting was well attended and the man will speak at Anderson next Saturday. ? At a recent meeting of the Due West Democratic club, the following among ? ' 1 ? ? a ? j . otner resolutions wereauupieu: rteouived, That we will not east our votes for any candidate, Federal or State, who will not pledge himself to support the platform of the March convention. Resolved, That we, Democratic farmers of '7G, insist upon the farmers of our State to see that B. R. Tillman is made the Democratic nominee for governor. ? If reports are true, Union county will have more candidates in the field auring the next campaign than ever before. It seems that the alliance is taking a great interest in politics, although it is denied being a political body. Quite a number of names have already been mentioned as probable candidates, among them Miss Eliza A. Gardner for school commissioner. It will be remembered that she was a candidate for the same office two years ago. ? E. M. Brayton is reported to have recently said that the Republican State convention will not be culled until after the meeting of the executive committee. He does not know yet what nominations will be made. Said he: 4,The Republicans are keeping their weather optics on the present dissatisfaction in the Democratic ranks, and if that amounts to nothing in the way of a split, the only nominations to be made would be for congressmen in the First, Third and Seventh districts." ? A dispatch to the Greenville News says: The Spartanburg County Democratic Executive committee met in the court house last Saturday. The attendance was not large. Nothing was done beyond issuing a circular to the precinct clubs to meet and perfect their enrollment of members on the fourth Saturday in May, so as to complete the organization of the county Democracy. The friends of Captain Tillman were out in comparative force, showing more activity than his opponents. ? TheCherawcorrespondentof the News and Courier says: "Developments have not as yet been sufficient to form much of an idea of the political sentiment in this county. One of Mount Croghan's prominent men said the other day that it was not so much Tillman that the farmers wanted, but it was the movement they were in favor of. Could Stackhouse, or a man of his character, be brought out, I ' think those opposed to Tillinan, but who are at the same time in favor of the movement, would rally around him andTillman "*>?/ >!,I I. - I ~ ~4 11 ? The Cokesbury correspondent of the Greenville News writes: Last Saturday, many of the Democratic local clubs in Abbeville county reorganized and elected their delegates to the county convention, to meet at Abbeville court house, sales-day in May. In the C'okesbury club there was a split in the ticket of delegates, both Tillman and anti-Tillman men attempting to be elected, but the Tillman delegates prevailed by a small majority. Hodges also elected Tillman delegates. The delegation from Greenwood was divided. The Hodges Democratic club adopted a resolution endorsing the March convention and its action in nominating B. It. Tillman as a candidate for governor, subject to the action of the State Democratic convention. The Sam Jones Meetings.?Sam Jones closed his eight day series of meetings in Charlotte on Friday night last, having preached to large congregations at every service. At the closing meeting $8,800 was subscribed towards paying the $11,000 debt of the Y. M. C. A. building in Charlotte ; $2,200 was raised for Sam Jones individually, and $000 for the Jones' orphanage in Georgia. A special meeting was held on Thursday afternoon for the colored people, and at least 8,000 negroes were crowded into the tabernacle. Mr. Jones talked to them about stealing, lying, whisky drinking and immorality. The most striking scene ever witnessed was at the close of the sermon, when Mr. Jones asked all those who were going to quit stealing, lying, whisky drinking and immorality and hereafter lead a Christian ,life to stand up, and the entire throng rose in a solid mass ; probably the quickest wholesale conversion of modern times. Mr. Jones and his assistants, Rev. G. R. Stuart and Prof. Excell, are in Danville, Va., this week. ? At the spring meeting of the State board of agriculture it was decided to hold a State farmers' institute at Ridge Springs on the 23rd and 24th of July next. No efforts will be spared to make the institute the most successful over held in the State. LOCAL AFFAIRS. NEW ADVERTISEMENTS. E. A. Crawford, S. Y. C.?Sheriff's Sales?Tax Sales. W. Brown Wylie, G'. C. C. Pis?Clerk's Sale. Margaret J. Simril?Executrix's Notice to the Debtors and Creditors of the estate of S. D. Simril, deceased. Mrs. T. M. Dobson? Dobson's Racket. Trade better than ever this week. Could not wait on our Customers. Ladies standing for hours to bo waited on rather than leave. Withers Adickes?Some New Specials. M. A H. C. Strauss?Pleased in Prices and Goods. W. C. Latimer?"The Old Reliable." John May, Jr. A Co.?"Come In," "Got Our Prices" and "Save Money." / PERSONAL MENTION, liev. K. S. Nelson and Mr. A. Springs Withers left yesterday for Charleston to attend the Diocesan convention. Rev. J. C. Galloway will assist Rev. C. E. Todd, at Charlotte, with Communion services, next Sunday. CROP PROSPECTS. A splendid and seasonable rain fell here last Sunday, and our information is that it was general throughout the county, and will prove most beneficial to the crops. According to the reports that reach us, the farmers of York county have not for years been up so well with their work as they are now. The indications now are>. propitious for abundant crops, and with no disaster and a continuation of good seasons this year, will put the farmers in better condition than they have been in a long time. Their lands have been well prepared and seeded in good time, which will go far in counteracting untoward conditions of summer drought. SALES-DAY. On last Monday, sales-day for May, the following property was sold at official sales : 'By the sheriff, by virtue of writs of fieri facias, at the suits of S. R. Moore, assignee, and others, vs. W. A. Moore, a tract of 198 acres, situated partly within and partly without the town of Yorkville, on the Adair's ferry and the Howell's ferry roads. Bought by C. E. Spencer for $25. This property was sold merely for the purpose of perfecting title and the aroountbid was only nominal. By the clerk of the court, under a dey cree for foreclosure, at the suit of Mary E. Byers, guardian, vs. Charles M. Greene and others, two tracts of land in Cherokee township. Tract No. 1, containing 51 acres, and tract No. 2, containing 50 acres. Both bid off by Jos. F. Wallace for the Blacksburg Land and Improvement company; tract No. 1 for $1,05.00, and tract No. 2 for $405.00. TEACHERS' ASSOCIATION. The third meeting of the York County Teachers' association will open in the hall of the Yorkville graded school building at 8 o'clock to-morrow evening. Besides the other exercises of the first evening, an n/1/IaiAaa nrlll Ka rlol J ttafflr? K^fnr^ QQQAnL auuicno Will uo UCIl WIVU VVIVIV HIV immwiation by D. A. Townsend, Esq., of Union. The citizens generally are invited to attend. Owing to the fact of the nearness to examinations, the Yorkville graded school cannot give the entertainment asked for by the committee, but in place of the proposed entertainment will tender a concert, which will be complimentary to all teachers and visitors, but a small price of admission will be charged all others, the proceeds to be for the benefit of the base ball club. The concert-, in which some of he best musical talent of the town will participate, will be given on Friday night in the hall of school building. LOCAL LACONICS. Mr. Willie Glenn has sold his fine young horse to Dr. J. T. Darwin, of Blacksburg. The post office at Darwin, in thiscounty, 1ias been ordered by the department discontinued. Matter heretofore-sent to that office will now go to Blacksburg. The telegraph line along the Three C's railroad is now open to the public for the transmission of all kinds of business. ^'Cleve," the well known bird dog, has come to an ignoble end. He was shot yesterday afternoon on the supposition that, he was affected with rabies. . The Rock Hill correspondent of the' Columbia Register nominates F. H. London, Esq., as a representative in the next legislature. Last Saturday night, Babe Joyner, col orea, was me vicura Oi a, iiiurueruua aasault. According to his statement lie was walking on Madison street, and when opposite the gate on the north side of Mr. Davidson's house, and only a short distance east of Main street, a man rushed through the gate and struck him two severe blows on the head with what seemed to be an iron instrument. The assailant made his escape without being identified, and the assaulted darky cannot conjecture who should bear malice against him to such an extent. CASES ARGUED. In the State supreme court, last Wednesday, the following cases appealed from the circuit court of York, were argued: TheC., C. & C. R. R. Co. vs. Mrs. M. E. Leech et al. Mr. G. W.S. Hart was heard for appellant. Mr. Spencer lor respondents. Mr. Hart in reply. This was a complaint to enjoin a proceeding before a special jury by the minor children of Joseph W. Leech to recover damage for right of way over estate lands leased Dy meir momer; the action by the railroad company being to compel the children to seek their compensation, if any, from the mother's interest in the land. Thecircuit court dismissed the complaint and the railroad company appealed. J. H. Neely vs. the C., C. & A. R. R. Co. Mr. G. W. S. Hart read argument of Mr. W. B. Wilson, Jr., for respondent. Mr. G. W. S. Hart was heard for appellant in reply. This suit was brought to recover damage for the killing of cattle belonging to plaintiff by a locomotive of the defendant railroad company. The verdict in the circuit court was in favor of the plaintiff, and the defendant appealed on a question of law. THE COLORED ALLIANCE. A meeting of the York County Colored Farmers' National alliance, was held in the court house ou Monday last. In the absence of the president, T. E. Pratt, the State superintendent, occupied the chair, and C. C. Crawford, of Bandana alliance, acted as secretary. The following sub-alliances were represented : Bandana, China Grove, White Hill, Pleasant Valley, Hanes' Chapel, Mount Zion, Newhope, Neil's Chapel, Wilson's Chapel, Two Fork, Tabernacle, Foundation, McLeas's Chapel, Nazarene, Yorkville, Cross Roads, Mount Hopewell, Fishing Creek, Bethany, Zion and Old Providence. On calling the meeting to order the president delivered a few remarks in which he said that the alliance, as a body of col - - J Itl liuU o t to irano act business for the welfare of their race in York county, and for the benefit of their friends, whether white or colored. To attain the best results, he said that the members of the colored alliance should unite and work in harmony as a band of farm- J ers. iii.s remarKs auuuuueu ju uuuuaeuug generally for the good of the order. J. C. Atkinson, of Lowrysville, the treasurer of the State alliance, was also present, and addressed the meeting in the same strain. No business of importance was transacted, and after holding one session, at 1 p. m., the meeting adjourned. THE CATAWBA FALLS PICNIC. The regular annual first-Saturday-inMay picnic, which for the past fifty years, has been held at Catawba Falls, in the southeastern corner of Chester county, was rather a failure this year. The usual large crowd was in attendance from York, Chester, Lancaster and Fairfield counties, but a heavy shower set in about 12 o'clock in the day, and instead of the gay gathering of light hearted pleasure makers spending the time according to established custom, in climbing over the rocks and exploring the beautiful and romantic scenery at and about that historic spot, spring hats, white dresses, trim Prince Alberts and bran new sack and cut-aways, were subjected to a drenching rain of about two hours' duration. There being no artificial shelter in the vicinity, "llaiglar's Council Chamber," "Lover's lietreat," "Wahseetah's Cradle," and numerous other caves, recesses, and fissures in the precipitous crags, each having its own particular name and ascribed romantic history, more or less imaginary, were pressed into practical service in furnishing the discomfitted picnicers grateful refuge from the downpour. But there were more people than caves, and hundreds of pretty girls were forced to take the drenching without hope of relief until the rain subsided, when all the picnicers concluded to return home, most of them with hearts unchanged, but with lighter stomachs and heavier garments. In spite of the rain, however, the repre sentative of The Enquirer took occasion to thoroughly explore the whole interesting locality, and at an early day our readers will be given a description of its scenery, its water power, and some of the historical events connected therewith. CHURCH* NOTICES. * Episcopal?Rev. K. S. Nelson, rector. Morning service next Sunday at 11 o'clock. Eveningappointment will be announced at morningservice. Sunday-school at 4 p. m. Associate Reformed Presbyterian?Rev. J. C. Galloway, pastor. The pastor will be absent next Sunday and no services are expected in his churches. Sunday-school at 4 o'clock p. m. Presbyterian?Rev. T. R. English, pastor. Prayer-meeting to-morrow evening at 8 o'clock. Services next Sunday at 10.30 o'clock a. m. and 8 o'clock p. m. Sundayschool at 4 o'clock p. m. Trinity Methodist Episcopal?Rev. G. H. Waddell, pastor. Prayer-meeting this evening at 8 o'clock. Services next Sunday at 10.30 o'clock a. m. and 8 o'clock p. m. Sunday-school at 4 o'clock p. m. Baptist?Rev. R. G. Patrick, pastor. n ~ otrAninry of ft irrayer-uieeiing lu-muuvn ^ ..fe o'clock. Services next Sunday at 11 o'clock a. in. and 8 o'clock p. in. Sunday-school at 10 o'clock a. m. y LETTER FROM ROCK HILL. Correspondence of the Yorkville Enquirer. \ Rock Hill, May G.?The sixth annual meeting of the Rock Hill Library association was held at the library building yesterday morning at 9 o'clock. The following officers, who have served the association most acceptably, were unanimously re-elected: Rev. Jas. S. White, president; Rev. J. Q. Adams, vice-president; N. P. Alexander, secretary and treasurer; Mrs. L. A. Barron, librarian. Mr. D. C. Williams is very ill at his residence in this place, and there seems, from the expressions of friends who have visited him, little hope for his recovery. Eight persons received the rite of baptism at the Baptist church on Sunday night. Rev. J. Q. Adams, the pastor, left yesterday for Fort Worth, Texas, to attend the Southern Baptist convention, which will meet there on the 8th instant. Mr. Adams will be absent for several weeks. He will extend his visit into -Mexico. lyThe Cornet band, the pride of our town, was out in their handsome band wagon, serenading, on Friday afternoon, and treated our citizens to some sweet music. Rev. J. W. McRoy, of the North Rock Hill circuit, is now wearing a new hat, presented him by Mr. A. Friedheim. There was a car load of iron ore shipped from this place to-day, the ore having come from beds that have recently been discovered in a few miles of this place. Mining experts have been visiting here for some time, and from what I can learn intend investing. The "Whatsoever" Circle of the King's Daughters gave a very pleasant and successful entertainment on last Friday night. The programme was as follows: Recitation, "Geneva," by Miss Clarkson. Song, "The Mistletoe Bough," Mrs. Frel Mobley. Pantomime, "The Mistletoe Bough," Messrs. Avery, Bryant, Parker, Milling, Izard and Ward law, and Misses Bryant, Jones, Clarkson, Pride, Roddey and Black. Music, by Messrs. Jones and Hope, and Mrs. B. M. Fewell. Tableau, "Groijp of Statuary," Misses Steele, Love, Sherfesee, Roach, Ratteree and Hall. Music by Trio. Tableau, "Rival Queens, Elizabeth and Mary," Misses McFadden, Ruff and Black, and Messrs. Rock, Gaston, Wardlaw, Avery, Parker and Milling. Music by Trio. Tableau, "Execution of Mary Queen of Scots," Misses Ruff and Black, and Messrs. Stewart, Fairley, Parker, Rock and Gaston. Tableau, "Sacrificeof Iphegenia," Messrs Bryant, Reidand Douglas, and Miss A. l. Roddey. I Mr. Willie Lewis acted as stage manager. | Manulus Owens has accepted a position as assistant clerk in the postoffice at this place. For some time he has been a clerk in Dr. Fewell's drugstore. The recent rains will cause Gen. Green to grow, and give the farmers lots of work. They all report good stands of cotton so far. At the morning service last Sunday in the First Presbyterian church eleven joined the church. There will be between forty and fifty to join the Methodist church next Sunday morning. It all goes to show Mr. Leitch did some good among us. /A large number of our citizens will attend the memorial exercises at Ebenezer on Monday next. The address will be delivered by Thos. F. McDow, Esq., of Yorkville. * Rev. A. M. Creitzberg, presiding elder of this district, has just returned from a visit to Lancaster county. He had an appointment at Pleasant Valley church, but the late storm and tornado destroyed the building. The Baptist congregation kindly offered the Methodist people the use of their church building. The members of the M. E. Church have contracted for a new and larger building, and the money has already been subscribed for the erection of the same. A picnic, one that was largely attended, was held at Pleasant Valley on Saturday last. Addresses were made by Rev. Mr. Creitzberer and others. Considerable excitement was created in our town yesterday by the arrest of T. L. j Wint. It had come to the ears of the United States officials here that Wint and others were engaged in counterfeiting. A strict watch has been kept both at the express and post offices for letters and packages. Saturday a small package arrived for T. L. Wint. He callea at the express office at eight o'clock yesterday, receipted for and received the package. He was immediately arrested by Maj. Beckham, U. S. marshal, and was being taken to U. S. Commissioner Pride's office in the Library buiding. When the officer and prisoner reached the Rattaree corner, on Main street, the latter made a dash for liberty. He ran some two hundred yards and was overtaken by Policeman Stoll, but being unarmed and Wint having cut Stoll, he again ran, followed by fully fifty persons, and as the race increased in interest the numbers also it creased. Wint, with a knife in his hand, would run, and when overtaken or gotten near to, would defy the crowd. After a chase of several hours, Mr. Jno. Harvey Neely being on horse back, secured a gun and getting the drop on him, brought him to terms, although Wint cut at him twice and said he would die before being arrested. Mr. Neely informed him "they would both die together." Mr. Neely only found out on his return to town that his gun was not loaded. The negroes took great interest in arresting him. Wint was given a preliminary hearing before Commissioner Pride at 3 o'clock yesterday and was represented by Mr. W. J. Cherry. Maj. Beckham and Mr. E. B. Rock were examined, the former testifying to the arrest and the latter to the delivery of the package, that was thrown away in the chase by Wint. The package was then opened and was found to contain two sets of dies of 50 cent denomination, dated 1857, and a letter directed to Wint, signed H-v-v., the purport of which was tnat ne naa sent nim me- iriL-iia #uu iu <?; yro one tn TV AT Mnngum, and he would send him another "onedollar mold" next week. Wint was then given an opportunity to make a statement, which in substance was as follows: Am 45 years old. Came to this place in December last. Have a wife and four children. Worked at the carpenter's trade, but now work atStandard mill. A man, D. M. Mangum, some days ago came to me and asked that he be allowed to use my name in ordering an express ! package. I asked him why he did not use his own name and thought he was going to order a jug of whisky. The man (Mangum) came to my house every few days asking if the package had come. I called at the express office almost every day. Saturday Mr. Hainey told me there was a package in the express office for me. Mangum told me to go to the office and get the package as it was in my name, giving me a one dollar bill to pay express charges. He went to the office with me. The express was only twenty-five cents. (Here he produced the dollar given him by Mangum). As soon as I was arrested Mangum ran, and as soon as I got an opportunity I thought the best thing I could do would be to run also. He then made an appeal to the commissioner, saying: "lam as innocent as the angels in heaven." In default of $500 bond he was sent to York county jail. In the afternoon, D. M. Mangum was arrested and made the following statement in substance: I live at Standard mill. Came from Chesterfield county last July. Am a carpenter. Don't know much about Mr. Wint. Loaned him $1.00 to pay express charges on package that I thought was counterfeit money. I did not see him get the package from the office. I was not in the office. [Afterward he acknowledged that he was.] I never have seen any counterfeit money or any molds for making it. [Here the molds were shown him and examined carefully by him.] I never told Wint to order them, but I knew there were two molds in the box. I expected to be a detective is the reason I ordered them. I thought they would help mo in my business. T. F. Pearce, of Beaver Dam, N. C., told mo about them and said they would cost $10 each, and I agreed to pay him for them. Mangun is a man of forty years, and recently lost his wife. Having several children they were taken charge of by the King's Daughters and one of them adopted by Mr. J. J. Hagins. Mangun had a preliminary examination this morning, and was represented by \V. B. Wilson, Jr. He was discharged, but required to give bond in the sum of$200as a witness in the case against Wint. The arrest of these men will likely be followed by others, as it is supposed that there is a gang who have been carrying on the business for some time. The clue was secured from Carl Lee alias Frank Crawford, a white man now serving a term of two years in the Columbus, Ohio, peniitentiary for counterfeiting, and who claims to have circulated over $1,000. In transit to that institution he informed Mr. J. T. Thomasson, deputy marshal, of the facts. HAL. LETTER FROJTBLACKSBURG. Correspondence of the Yorkvillc Enquirer. Blacksburg, May 6.?As much rain has fallen for the last several days as we probably had for the same number of months during the winter and early spring. It came in such a way, though, as not to hinder work, and to be of the greatest benefit to everything that grows out of the earth, the most of it falling late in the afternoon and at night, thesun coming out in full splendorduring the rest of the day. The wheat, oats, clover and grasses, have been especially benefitted, and among the animals, none should rejoice more than the poor cows, who, abiding at the end of a chain or rope, get the heft of their living, at this season of the year, from the old fields, and anywhere a blade of grass will grow, to say nothing of a neighbor's oat field or patch of early corn, etc. One of our best farmers, whom I met this morning, furnishes me with the following observations and opinions: He says that there is a splendid stand of early planted corn and cotton in our section, . and that the late wheat and oats are better / than the fields sowed early. Also that he t believes that the damage done to fall-sown oats and wheat was committed by lice and dry weather, and not by the Hessian fly, as was the generally received opinion. Col. P. P. Dickinson, of New York, has been appointed chief engineer and superintendent of construction of the Massachusetts and Southern Construction company. He has control of the building of the line, which includes the Augusta division. He will arrive here to-day and go by private conveyance on a tour of inspection over the line from Blacksburg to Newberry. The position he fills is separate and distinct from that held by Col. Molesworth, who is chief engineer of the Three C's Railroad company. General Manager Johnson has ordered work on the Augusta division pushed as rapidly as possible. The resident engineer, Mr. Noble, has reached Broad river, and is now engaged in sounding the river for bridge piers. The bridge will be five spans of 150 feet, the centre pier resting on Eagle island. The line from Broad river to Blacksburg will be carefully revised and relocated before work is commenced on it. The building of this line will add eight and a half miles more to the mileage of railroad in Cherokee township, that being the distance from the Broad river crossing to Blacksburg. Mr. Joseph Black, who has applied for a patent on a cook stove, a description of which I gave in The Enquirer, has had one made. The patterns were made and the stove constructed by Mr. B. B. BabI KinfftAn oimnnn tondont nf fhft Blanks UlUgtUU, K>upv,>.u^uv.^wv burg1 machine and iron works, and it does all that was expected of it in a heating and culinary point of view. If the readers of The Enquirer remember, the main advantages of this stove are that the grate for the fire is in the centre of the stove, the heat and smoke passing out on each side and around the ovens, into the pipe, (which is also in the centre) and is so regulated by dampers as to be easily thrown from one side of the stove to the other, thereby giving a mild heat on one side, while on the other it is intense enough for rapid boiling, Ac. Again, the stove requires less fuel, and has a wider range of usefulness, as a heater and cook stove, than any yet invented. Quite a number of transfers of real estate have taken place during the past week in our town, of which the following is a correct record: Through the real estate agency of M. R. Reese, Mrs. K. G. Walke,, of Asheville, N. CM bought three lots from M. R. Reese on Claiborne and Pine streets, and one hous9 and lot on Pine street, where Mr. A. Urquhart now resides, from Dr. Black. Carl Haas, one lot on Pine street from Dr. Black, on which Mr. Haas is putting himself up a dwelling. Mr. Reese has also sold a lot on the corner of York and Claiborne streets, to Mr. Jas. W. ^ 1 * * ? Tr_ Tv uuia, oi juyncnuurg, va. ivr. jjihuiv smu to Dr. Richardson, of Piedmont Mills, near Greenville, S. C., four lots on Logan and Cherokee streets; to T. L. Black two lots on John street, and A. H. Pollock, four lots between Logan and John streets. The Blacksburg Land and Improvement company have purchased two lots of land from M. R. Reese, on Jones street, and one tract from Dr. Jno. G. Black in the northern part of town; the Guntharpe place, from J. \V. Rhine, the Greene farm, the Kitchen and the Gibson places; made contracts with the town for electric lights; also arranged for the necessary rights for the establishment of a water supply and for the construction of a street railway. J. J. Whisonant sold a lot in the northern part of town to Mr. Boyden, of Salisbury, who propo s to build a nice residence on it. Mr. M. Rudasill has begun the construction of a new house on Mountain street, and H. M. Angle is progressing rapidly with the boarding house he is erecting on Jones street. The graded school building has been finished and accepted by the building committee. It is a building we are proud of, and I will give a description of it next week. w. a. LETTER FROST FODDER. Correspondence of the Yorkville Enquirer. Fodder, May G?A fish story is usually suggestive of exaggeration. This is not always the case, however. On last Wednesday, April 30th, a party consisting of R. S. Parrott, A. C. Hogue, Richard and James Barnes and others went to Miller's mill, on Allison creek, for the purpose of fishing. They returned with forty or fifty pounds of nice fish, including four German carp, which alone weighed twenty-five pounds. The largest carp weighed nine and a half pounds. The carp had probably escaped from some fish pond above. On the Friday following, the same party, or a part of them, succeeded in catching sixty-seven pounds of fish. Mrs. Betsey Gardner, who lives near this place, has been seriously ill for three weeks with grip and other complications. Several of our young men went over to Charlotte in order to hear Rev. Sara Jones. Their report of the noted evangelist is a little different from that which we usually hear about him. Our young friends are inclined to thiuk that Mr. Jones's stylo of preaching is calculated to rather awaken one's curiosity and excite therisibles, than to arouse the dormant, sluggish energies of the sinner's spiritual nature. Your correspondent has recently interviewed a number of the intelligent, thinking men of the community in order to ascertain, if possible,the drift of opinion with regard to Tillmanism. The views generally expressed are briefly these : That Tillman has been for the past five years an earnest, aggressive, indefatigable worker in the interest of the farmer. Consequently, if his friends have seen proper to nominate him for office, there can be nothing objectionable about it, especialy as the contest will be made inside of the Democratic ranks. There is no reason to doubt that Tillman is a "Simon-pure Democrat," and the same is doubtless true of every man who voted for his nomination. No one doubts Mr. Tillman's courage and ability and honesty. In the words ofoneofoneof Tillman's friends, "his character is unimpeachable, and his public and private record isclean, even his enemies themselves being the judges." His methoda may be a little unusual. So were Hampton's in '76. If Tillman is fairly treated in the A ugustconvention and is defeated, the people will acquiesce and will promptly endorse the nominee of the convention. If, however, Tillman does not get a fair showing, the unity of the party will be imperiled. Those opposed to Tillman are making a serious mistake by misrepresenting and abusing him, as such treatment produces a reactionary influence. Those opposed to Tillman should state their objections clearly and logically. Otherwise, they will only further the cause they wish to hinder. We were favored with abundant rains on last Saturday evening, and continuing to Sunday morning. The rain came just in time to ensure excellent stands of cotton. Spring oats will also be greatly benefitted. Everybody has either made or bought new side harrows or repaired their old ones preparatory to harrowing cotton. CITIZEN.