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VOL. 39. YORKVILLE, S. C., WEDNESDAY, APRIL ri(>, 1893. NO. 17. THE RAJA BY T. G. B [Copyright, 18JH, l?y American Press CHAPTER XVII. HE MADE A STARTLING DISCOVERY. It so happened that the afternoon train for New York was a half hour late I in drawing up at the Warhampton station. More than a dozen passengers were waiting, including Folsoni Simpson and young Arthur Fairc'iild. Since the latter ..eld no suspicion of the for- > mer, Simpson was able to study him at his leisure. It was an easy matter to nlnro Himself dirprtlv behind the lover. whose manner showed that he felt no , more interest in the detective than in j any other occupant of the car. Simpson had done a good deal of tramping during the day and was glad of a clianco for such a rest as this promised. ^ "It will take us a number of hours ta . reach New York, and I can enjoy a nap." Firmly persuaded in his own mind | that no risk was involved in doing so, j the officer gave himself up to slumber, j which continued for an hour. "When he awakened, he lit one of his excellent j weeds and began smoking it with the manner of a connoisseur who knows a good thing when he sees it, and especially when he gets hold of it. "I know it is extravagant for me to indulge in these things," he mused. "Max can get along very well with the common kind, and he lectures me once j in awhile on my foolishness in spending so much money in smoke; but, confound it, what's the odds? Ho smokes the cigars he likes best, and that is all I do. ' If I have to draw upon the Vuelta Abajo, and mine cost more than his, it's unfortunate for me. All that a man can get out of this life is his board, clothing, lodging and a little enjoyment. Some find it in one thing and some in another. I find it in a good imported cigar. I don't drink, gamble or throw away my earnings in other directions, j and if I know my own heart, which I I think I do, I shall continue to indulge in [ perfectos as long as the mill turns out j enough grist to permit me." Mr. Arthur Fairchild. who was read-; ing a newspaper, now interested the de- j tective by his conduct. When he caught the aroma of Simpson's cigar, he seemed ' to l>ecome nervous and impatient. He 1 fidgeted about, passed his hands through j his coat and vest pockets, like one who is searching for something which he fails to find. He had probably done the ' samo thing while Simpson was asleep. The officer interpreted the meaning at once. "I beg your pardon," said he, leaning j forward. ''Iam sure I know what the-j trouble is. I have been caught that way myself. "Will you allow me?" And he extended one of his perfectos. j Fairchild's face beamed. He looked hesitatingly at the roll of brown silken tobacco and then accepted it with a laugh and smile. "You do not know how much you have blessed me, or rather, being a smoker yourself, you do know the favor you have done me." "I beg you not to mention it." "I am generally provided, but I did not discover until after the train started that I hadn't a cigar about me. As any one i will do, I hunted through my pockets 20 times. hoping that I had overlooked one of them. I ran out at the first stop and bought several, but they were so atrocious that I flung them out of the window. I sat down to make a martyr of ! myself until we reached New York, when you upset mo by lighting one >f these?ah, me, this is a cigar!" and the young man spent several minutes in ex- ! tracting the pleasure from the nicotine, ; while Simpson looked smilingly at him. j Wo are always attracted to those for whom we have done a kindness. The detective was inclined to push his j acquaintance with Fairchild after the j amusing opening, but decided that it was more prudent to refrain. He did not j wish to attract too much attention to ; himself. It was evident that Miss Gil- j der's lover held no suspicion regarding him, and he did not wish him to do so, since it was liable to interfere with the surveillance he intended to keep over him. But the detective was studying liis man closely. Although he became once more interested in his newspaper, he oc- j casionally made an involuntary mo\ ment with his right hand. This consisted of placing the fingers under the left lapel of his coat and pressing them against his vest, as if feeling for some object. Simpson smiled, for he knew what this meant. "That isn't the tisual place for the in- i side vest pocket, but he has one there, j and it is nestling within the receptacle. What can Mr. Arthur Fairchild intend to do with the rajah's ruby?" The action of the young man was in- j voluntary, but so clearly indicative of the important truth that almost any suspicious person would have guessed" that he was guarding some great treasure. There was no possibility that it could be lost while the custodian 6at in the car, yet if any of our readers have been similarlv nlacod thev will understand the irresistible inclination which leads them to assure themselves every fewminutes that the valuable is in place. In accordance with his rule, Detective Simpson devoted some time to u study of his fellow passengers, and he had not been thus engaged more than 10 minutes when he made a startling discovery. ' On the other side of the car, and some tliree seats in advance, sat an exceedingly well dressed gentleman, apparently between 30 and 40 years of age. He wore a glossy silk hat of the latest fashion, a dark diagonal suit, spotless linen, a collar with the corners turned in the well known triangular shape, a silk cravat with a diamond horseshoe, while the edge of a silk handkerchief protruded from the side pocket of his coat. When he turned in his seat, a fine gold watch chain was visible in front. This individual was smoking a choice Havana, which most of the time he held daintily between his fingers. He seemed absorbed in his paper, but probably no one besides the detective discovered that. this was only pretense on his part. He sat for an hour without once shifting the position of the journal, an impossibility If he was reading tho contents ^ unless he adopted the improbable course of perusing the same thing repeatedly. Certainly he was not doing that. On first entering the car, as he did at Warhampton, he glanced behind him several times and then crossed bis legs and assumed a posture which showed his profile to the persons sitting behind, and practically to those on the other side. The man was undeniably handsome, v with his Roman nose, his glossy mustache curling gracefully at the ends, though the chin may have been a trifle too prominent. Had lie chosen to display his teeth they would havo shown white and regular. Altogether he formed a striking personality. The startling discovery that Detective k Simpson made was that this individual was one of the two East Indians who had come all the way from Calcutta with the resolve to secure possession of the rajah's ruby. CHAPTER XVIII. outwitted as sure as fate." The complexion of the well dressed v man was like a mulatto's, and his hair was as black and coarse as an American Indian's. A glance at him showed that while he may not have been exceptionally strong lie was as lithe and active as a panther. 'Ho is one of the two that were skulking through the grounds of the Livermore homestead the other niirht." mut H'S RUBY. -< ? ETHIJNE. Association.] * f*. The young man set out to ualh to the place of amusement. tered Simpson. "I havo never met The couple by daylight, but that fellow's profile shows him to be the one that climbed the tree and peered through the window at the interior, it was his companion who attacked and would have given me my quietus but for those cigars." Whenever the train drew up at the station, Wicliman?for it was he?quietly shifted his position so as to observe any one that might leave tho car. This was done so naturally that no one noticed it except Simpson. "He is shadowing Fairchild, but does he suspect me?" The detective could not feel altogether certain on this matter, but he was almost positive that the sepoy had no thought of him. The dense gloom which reigned during their first and only meeting prevented any view of either's features, though the silhouette thrown against the yellow background of the window gave the American an immense advantage. But for the exceeding swartliiness of the fellow's complexion, stamping his nationality too plainly to bo mistaken, it is unlikely that Simpson would havo penetrated his identity. "He is after Fairchild. Ho knows or at least suspects that he has the gem with him, and he is prepared to take desperate chances to gain it, for he has already run great risk. The final struggle must take place very soon in the city of New York." The detective considered the question of frankly making known to the young man the situation. Thus warned, and with the companionship of himself to help guard the treasure, there surely ought to be no personal risk at all. But the officer was forced to consider the eventualities. He would have to avow his own character and was sure to awaken suspicion regarding himself. Fairchild would bo put on his guard against him and more than likely would repel his offer of friendly aid. "I havo the advantago over both in knowing the precise situation, while neither of them suspects me?that is," he added, "I don't think he does." Since it was important that this question should be decided before reaching the metropolis, Simpson had recourse to a simple strategem. When the train made its last halt, he rose from his 6eat, valise and cane in hand, and left the car by the rear door. As ho did so he managed to keep Fairchild and the Asiatic in his field of vision. Neither bestowed a glanco upon him. That settled the question as the officer wished it settled. Since there was no possibility of either of his men leaving the train before the arrival at the Grand Central station, Simpson did not return to the smoker, but seated himself in the car immediately behind it, whero ho had the best position for seeing all that was to be seen. It was growing dusk when tho heavily loaded train caino to a stop in the immense depot and the passengers left and began moving along the long platform. The detect ivo easily caught sight of Fairchild and was not surprised to observe the East Indian walking directly behind him. The former carried a small traveling bag, but the American's, which was considerably larger, had evidently been given in charge of an expressman. It is a long dirtance from Forty-second 6treet to the Astor House, but Fairchild seemed to feel the need of exercise. He disregarded the solicitations of the cabmen, and paying no heed to the surface or elevated cars walked toward Broadway, striking into a brisk pace and turning southward on reaching that great thoroughfare. "I can walk it as well as he," reflected Simpson, "but I would' prefer to ride. Hello!" In some way unaccountable to him tho East Indian had vanished. He was visible only a moment before, but had whisked out of sight as if the ground had opened and swallowed him. "I don't understand tho meaning of that, but it isn't he that is of so much interest to me as this other fellow. He has the rajah's ruby, and it is that which is the maenet that just now is drawing me into this confounded leg exercise." Quite certain, however, that the sepoy would turn up again, probably when least expected, the detective continued at the heels of Fairehild, keeping so well to the rear, however, that he was not likely to notice him if he happened tolook behind him. But the young man conducted himself like one accustomed to the city. He occasionally bestowed a glance at the show windows, stopped to learn the causo of a crowd that had collected at Union square and then strode straight down Broadway until ho reached the well known Astor House, which has been tho temporary home of so many thousands of distinguished and of unknown people since its erection many years ago. Fairehild made his way up stairs to the office,where he registered. So many other guests were in the room that Simpson did not hesitate to step inside for the same purpose. He stood at tho elbow of tho young man as he transcribed his name in a large, round hand, and the detective wrote Ids directly beneath. "I have a packago which 1 would like to leave in the safe until tomorrow," sai3 the former to the clerk. "All right," responded the latter, awaiting the handing of the article to him. Fairehild reached his right hand inside his vest and drew out a small object wrapped in bjown paper. lie seemed to wish to add some extra instructions, but probably reflected that that was unnecessary, since anything intrusted to the safe of the hotel was us secure as if in the vaults of the Bank of England. "That is tho rajah's ruby," was the thought of Simpson, who quietly watched the proceeding. "It is near its end?that is, so far as any interest I have in it is concerned. I wonder what has become of my dusky friend from Calcutta." Ho was nowhere in sight, and Fairchild took himself down stairs to the rotunda for his dinner after having given orders that his baggage should he sent to his room immediately on its arrival?u somewhat unnecessary instruction on his part. It might bo thought that now, since tho all important jewel was lodged in the safo of tho Astor House, it was altogether a work of superfluity on tho part of tho detective to shadow the gentleman who had placed it there. Of what further interest was Arthur Fairehild to him? Ho could not enter tho orbit of his anxiety until the gem should once moro come into his immediate custody. Was it not safe, therefore. to dismiss him from further I thought until that contingency should ! J arrive? Possibly Simpson might have done j ; this but for the well grounded fear, as i ho conceived it, that the young man was in personal danger from the subtle East Indian fiat had followed him from Warhampton That miscreant was prepared to commit any crime, and if convinced that the other still had the ruby with him he was likely to assail him in somo unsuspected corner of the city. "We will dismiss the rajah's ruby I from consideration for the present," was tho officer's decision, "and I will take upon myself to act as a bodyguard to the betrothed lover of Miss Evelyn Gilder." Still another question perplexed the detective, Where was the second East Indian and what was he up to? Simpson had made the mistake of acting as though there was but one upon a fornief memorable occasion, and he did not intend to repeat that well nigh fatal blunder "Those two fellows are plotting mis chief soniewhero in this great city, and Arthur Fairchild will he fortunate if he sees the morrow's sun without an encounter with them." Meanwhile the young man, having finished his meal, had withdrawn from the lunch counter and was looking over the morning paper. A glance at the page as he passed convinced Simpson that he I was trying to fix upon some desirable place of amusement to visit that evening. "Miss Gilder needn't distress herself about him." was Simpson's conclusion. ; "He won't forget her amid the excitements and temptations of the great city." It was yet comparatively early in the i evening, and instead of taking a cab or the cars the young man set out to walk to the place of amusement which he had decided to visit. Simpson felt like protesting. "How long is he going to keep this thing up? I'm not as fond of walkiugas he, and he ought to have some consideration for me." Nevertheless there was no help for it. and the officer bravely set himself to the t task. Could he have known whither the other was wending his footsteps he would have ridden to the place and there awaited him. but the only means of learning was by sticking to him, and he did that unflinchingly until Fairchild > bought a ticket at the Academy of i Music and passed in to enjoy the presentation of the "Old Homestead." As usual, there was a large audience, but the officer succeeded in securing a seat a short way behind the young man, who, if he noticed the persistency with which the other turned up. gave no evidence of such knowledge. Settling himself down to witness the quaint and homelike presentation. Detective Simpson did not forget tho two dusky fellows with whom he had had such a stirring experience some nights before. With seeming carelessness he glanced around the large building and could not avoid a start when he observed the East Indian seated directly abreast of Fairchild. but on the opposite side of the aisle. He was on tho end seat, fumbling the programme with his delicately gloved I Lauds, as though he were a regular at- i tendant of such places and somewhat i bored with the treat about to be offered ! j him. "He is a keen one," reflected the offi- i cer, "for, though I lost sight of him for a good while, ho has kept track of Faiichild and will not lose him until he makes j one effort at least to recover the ruby." The house rapidly filled up, and soon , Undo Josh made his appearance, to the | delight of the spectators. Detective Simpson had witnessed the play before, but ho would have found en- ; j lertainmeut in it again could he have been | able to forget tho two individuals in the | ! house whom he had accompanied from that little town in Connecticut to the me- . fropolis of the country. They were never absent from his thoughts, and from his j coign of vantage his eyes continually j passed from one to the other. There could bo no mistaking the interI est of Faireliild. He laughed, became serious almost to tears and applauded continually. Ho was all unconscious of tho presence of any one else in the house besides himself. Doubtless he would have been delighted could he have had a certain fair ono then in Warhampton at his side to share his pleasure, but that was out of tho question. From his seat opposite, the East Indian occasionally glanced across at the young man. He showed 110 special in- ' terest in him that would have attracted the notice of any one besides the observant officer. There was 110 call for him to turn often toward his intended victim, for tho latter was sure to stay where he was until tho performance was over. The evening was half finished when tho Asiatic suddenly turned his head and looked at the peoplo behind him. Doing 60, I10 showed his countenance for the ! first time to the full view of Folsom Simpson. Tho latter almost fell to the floor. "Outwitted as sure as fate!" he gasped. Catching up his hat, he bounded from his seat and rushed headlong out of the door, like one whose life was in deadly peril. The people stared at him, doubtless believing lie was a madman, but I10 cared nothing for that. He was aflame with excitement. Dashing through tho door, he shouted the instant he reached the sidewalk: "A cab! A cab! Heavens! to think that such a trick should have been played on me, fool that I am!" Then he added in the bitterness of his chagrin and despair: "Too late! Too late! The rajah's ruby is lost!" CHAPTER XIX. HIS SUSPICION OF HIS IDENTITY WAS CONITK.MED. ,;7-?. "IT/i}/ don't you get Itt" roared Simpson. Tlio man who is in a furious hurry is j i 6uro to find the most exasperating obi 6tacles in his path. i It has been said that when the East Indian seated in tho New York Acad,emy of Music turned his head so that .Detectivo Simpson for the first tnuo gained a fair view of his faco tho officer nearly fell from his seat in his excitement. That view of the sepoy's countenance was a revelation to him. The man was one of the couple that had come around the world from Calcutta to recover the rajah's ruby, and that had made such a deadly assault on the detective in tho grounds of the Liverinore homestead. But ho was not tho 0110 that had accompanied Simpson and Arthur Fairchild from Warhampton that day. Ho was Wichman?this was Lugro. While the two resembled each other in appearance, no one could have a fair view of the respective countenances and mistake their identity. This resemblance and the fact that they were both dressed in the same fashionable costume led Detectivo Simpson 1 to make a natural error when he observed one of them seated a short way in j front of him; but, as we have shown, when this same subtle miscreant turned Ids face into full view lie committed a , fatal blunder himself, for he instantly i apprised tho officer of tho truth, whereas 1 had lie but refrained from this facial exposure Simpson wouid never have ! 1 dreamed who ho was until the dismissal ! ho of the audience from the building, and ro then all hope would have been gone. dii Thus it was that the whole astounding bo plot flashed upon the officer. Despite his certainty that his own identity was tic unsuspected, Wiclunan know him and | dr his business, and had played a mortally th clever trick upon him. Ho had substi- Sii tuted Lugro for himself, doing it with an such skill that Simpson's suspicion was as lulled until the moment named. or Where was Wiclunan? j Where else but at the Astor House, sii engaged in carrying out his astounding in, scheme to gain possession of the rajah's hi: ruby? wi Aye, by means of the device named he had thrown the detective off the track co and gained two, three or more hours in fa< which to work out his plot without fear ri< of interference from detectives or police fr< officers. While Simpson was sitting in the place it of amusement, looking at the scenes on all the stage and "between the acts" be- j at stowing some attention to two of the cn personages in the assembly, the arch wl mover in the villainy was getting in the finest kind of work. [ wi The precise nature of that work re- 1 wi mained to be learned, but Detective Simpson was convinced that he knew _ ft'hat it was. At any rate he could not reach the As- ( tor House a moment too soon. He believed that if ho could bo shot thither from a columbiad he would not arrive m in time. In other words, the irreparable Jmischicf had already been done. But there remained the possibility that Hj it had not. Hence the furious haste of the officer , may be understood. It was rare that ho j became wild with excitement, but this i,i was one of those rare occasions. Ho was fairly dancing when he shot j out of the front of the building and fran- i tically called for a cab. A number were within hearing, and i instantly a furious strife took placo be- Ui tween a couple as to which should reach co him first. i co In their haste their wheels became in- I ve terlocked at the moment Simpson yanked na open the door and plunged inside. j in Finding that the vehicle did not start, ri?' the single passenger jerked open the door j of again and demanded in vigorous lan- ch guage the reason why. 1 be The cabmen paid no attention to him, na but shook their whips at each other, in called out bad names, seemed 011 the by point of coming to blows and tried to bn proceed in opposite directions without ac unlocking the wheels of their hacks. as Seeing the state of things, Folsom Simpson, despite the fact that I10 was a ! "I strictly moral and conscientious man, bu uttered a swear word, but let us hope in that the recording angel dropped a tear T1 on it and blotted it out forever. | th The officer came within a hair of Hi breaking his neck, owing to the abrupt- of ness with which he took a header out of Hi the cab: His derby rolled off. He made j th several desperate efforts to catch it, dur- he ing which it bounded back and forth j tic and up and down between his hands as j th a ball does when a juggler is giving an ad exhibition, and then rolled under the j im heels of one of the horses. j VV He was in the act of stooping over to j ga recover it when an urchin standing near j F. called out: i re: "Look out, mister! That boss is an 1 orful kicker and will knock the top of j ca your head off. Give me a quarter and pi' I'll git your hat fur you." "Get it quick, then! I don't under- is' stand why he won't kick you as readily th as me, but I don't care if lie does if you ! th will only get the infernal tiling for me. I pc Why don't yon get it?" roared Simpson, th purple with rage. I w "Yes, sir, I'm gettin of it," meekly re- j th plied the lad, stooping down by the heels i pi of tho animal, who would not have | co e+iitWI lm,l n ti-wlf nf (irnrrsickors boeu TC UW11VU """ " i'"v" "" ** I exploded under him. I re But 110 created being ever equaled a j T1 New York boy for pure, unadulterated in mischief. While wearing the appear- I l)r anco of a lamb being led to the slaughter, j nc he is only awaiting a chance to show his j N innate deviltry. sli It is inconceivable liow it was done, | but it cannot be doubted that this young- St pter had the art of manipulating things i hi a way so that at tho right moment the horse lifted one foot and placed it down on the top of Mr. Simpson's excellent hat. The hoof would have gone through had not the headgear mashed out flat. Some minutes were required before the hat could be freed of the horseshoe, j and during tho stepping about tho animal trampled it again with both hoofs, j When at last U?e urchin handed the bat- I tered wreck to the lierco owner, he said: "Please, mister, can't you give 1110 an extra quarter for that?" Simpson deliberately handed him a half dollar. i ?,: "It's because you did it on purpose, i v.' You deserve it. You're bound to sue- i f* cced in life if you have half a chance." ' *? By this time, it may be said, Detective Simpson was in a state of resigned desperation. During the little side perform- , ance, which really occupied but a few ^ moments, other hackmen had become . acquainted with his need and were on N1 hand, while the original couple were 1,1 quarreling more vigorously than ever. f1 "How soon can you get me to the As- 111 tor House?" lie inquired of an intelligent looking Irishman. Sfl "And how soon, sor. do yees wish to ai arroivc at tho same?" "If it is possible, I would like to make , s'! it some time within a week." j Jv "I kin do that with half a day to spare. ' In wid ye!" j a' But the detective paused with his foot on the step. (" "It's a pretty good drive, but I'll give (p)J you ?10 if you do it inside of 1.1 minutes i ^ "Whoop! Your money is as good as ^ aimed!" said the jubilant driver, slam- ' J niing the door and instantly rattling off ~ at the highest speed in which he dared J indulge. ' ! ^ We repeat the remark we made a few minutes ago?the man who is in a furi- i oils hurry is sure to lind the most exasperating obstacles in his path. , y; The cab was bowling along at a lively ' rate when the driver was obliged to 111 turn into a side street because of a fire. ' which, breaking out a short time before, j had blocked all traffic on a portion of j Broadway. This so gorged the bystreets " that despite the Irishman's eagerness to s' earn the big fee he was obliged to bring c< his horse down to a walk and pick his a: way with extreme care. Once he was c" brought to a standstill. He resorted to the usual remedy at such times?vocifer- j ous profanity and abuse of everybody within sound of his voice, but it did not operate with its usual success. Meanwhile Detective Simpson was sitting back in a cab and grimly gnaw- i ing his lips. Like the peppery man in somewhat similar circumstances, ho felt lie could not do justice to the occasion and therefore did not make the attempt. He had done the best to straighten out his ruined derby, but it cannot bo said that the effort was much of a success. Within the bosom of the officer, however. a tempest was raging which was held in subjection only by the most determined effort of his will. "What is the use of my going to the Aster House?" he asked himself repeatedly. "There is no possiouuy ui reaming mere in time tu prevent the success of this i plot. Why didn't I have eunuch sense when I learned that these two barbarians were pitted against me to withdraw from the ease and tell Variek that it was only left for us to throw up tlie sponge and retire? I imagined I was playing it fine ^ 011 them, while they were grinning in , their sleeves all the time." As the cab, however, rapidly neared the hotel Simpson's impatient anxiety u increased, He began to think that pos- r( 6ibly he nii^lit arrive in time. The East Indian, confident that he had an hour or two at command, would proceed with j the utmost caution for the purpose of J ' disarming all possible suspicion. r Die driver had not earned Ins 910, fur 1 was more than 20 minutes on the lite, but the officer could not afford to spute with him when seconds might worth a fortune. Ho drew a bill of the right deuoniinam from his wallet and handed it to tho iver while the cab was drawing up at 0 curb. The door was shoved open, mpson leaped out and went through d among the interposing crowd as fast he could without overturning people being overturned himself. As I10 entered the office he saw but a lglc man ahead of him. He was talkg with the clerk, who held a paper in s hand, the back of the other being toird the detective. 13Ut Ills suspicion 01 ins lueuiuy was nfirmed when lie caught sight of his , co. It was the East Indian that had Idon in the smoking car IhiJFnftcmoon jin Warhanipton to New York. With a prayer of thankfulness that, as looked, ho had arrived in time after | i to prevent the consummation of the rocions plot, Detective Simpson deled to hold back long enough to learn bother it was too late to interfere. "At any rate." he muttered, "there ill be a row before he gc\s out of hero j itli that package in the safe." [to hk contimtko nkxt wkkk.] iltisfdlaiifous Reading. | HE AMERICAN NAVY.! DW IT COMPARES WITH OTHERS j IN THE GREAT REVIEW. IKfli) the 1'nlletl States Stood Nineteenth Among; Nuval Powers?Now tlio Fifth. 1'he Neiv Ships Contrasted With llrltltfh I touts. Our reproach is taken away. The lited States now has a navy to proudly mpare with that of England in the | tiling review at New York. The latest i ssels are from American designs by | ,tive American designers, built entirely j American yards of American mate- 1 lis. The Newark was the first result all these combined, and her sponsors | lim that she is in many respects the st of the unarmored cruisers in the ,vy. And the extraordinary advance the science of naval warfare is shown the fact that, though the Chicago is it three years the older, the Newark is counted 2o per cent tho more efficient a warship. For a dozen years after the war the )ecline of the American Navy" was the [ trden of continued plaint and a stand- | g headline in the great city dailies. ! ic funny paragraphias assumeil that e climax wis reached when President ryes appointed the "Ancient Mariner the Wabash," newspaper Homeric for chard W. Thompson, as secretary of e navy. It was taken for granted that was to let the concern die of inani>n, but he did not. He at least stopped e decline where it was, and in the next ministration some signs of improve- j ent were visible. Under Secretary j illiam C. Whitney the rebuilding be.11 in earnest, and Secretary Benjamin Tracy carried it forward to glorious suits. The so called Roach boats are the Cliigo, Atlanta, Boston and Dolphin, the oncers of the new navy. They were gun by Secretary Chandler and foiled by Secretary Whitney. They were o subject of much controversy because ey failed to reach the required liorseiwer. All were accepted finally, and ! ey have shown abundantly that they : ere serviceable and far more efficient i an was originally hoped for. The Dol- i tin, over which there was the sharpest ntroversy, has made a most enviablo j cord in a trip around the world, a cord which no vessel has yet surpassed, le Chicago has proved herself worthy ' seamanship, and Admiral Walker cferred her as a flagship to some of tho ;wer vessels. Tho coming parade in ew York harbor will show all the war- : ips at their prettiest. There will be two squadrons of United ates vessels in the review, each com;'s' FLAGSHIP PHII.AUKLPIIIA. anded by an admiral and each headed ,* a flagship. The commanding officer in large of the first squadron will be Rear dmiral Benham, and his flagship will ; the Newark, protected cruiser with a linage of 4,083 and carrying 12 heavy ins. She was built by the Cramps at a ist of $1,GO!),Sol.?)} and was known as | miser No. 1 for a long time, but the ramps did not .finish her until after ey had turned the Yorktown. Vesuns, Baltimore and Philadelphia over to ! ic government. By that time thiscouny could stand alone in naval shipbuildg The commanding officer of the second j [uadron will be Rear Admiral Walker, id his flagship will be the Chicago, hicli for three years has been the flagdp of the squadron of evolution, and in hicli Admiral Walker has journeyed otn Bar Harbor to the Mediterranean id thence to South America. She i> so a protected cruiser, of -l.oOO tons, trrving 14 guns, and was built at a cost : $1.5y7,82i>.42. Though she lias almost 111 tons more displacement than the ewark, she is four knots slower. They raw the same amount of water, but the hicago is 15 feet longer. In horsepower ie Newark is 40 per cent better than the hicago. By far the best known vessel in the reiew, because of her experience in the i hilian waters, is the Baltimore, promoted cruiser of 10 guns and 4,WO tons isplaeement. ITer hull and machinery re of English design, and she is far from mdsomc, being very bare and crowded ith ventilators. American builders critise these as affording good targets for ie enemy. But she is a wonderfully out and reliable vessel and went into immission under Captain Schley, who <ked to bo reduced from the rank of imtnodore *o that of captain to take largo of t.iis vessel. She took EricsTIIK CHICAGO. >n's body to Sweden and then particiatcd in tlio row with Chili. The Baltiloro lias been very fast, and on one urst of speed the patent logs, which ivo been used as data for speed, but hich arc not trustworthy, showed a >cord of more than 20 knots Iler real wed is about 19 knots. Another v ry interesting vessel is the orktown, cruiser, of only six guns and ,700 tons displacement, and built at a >st of $09-1 j l 10..79. Two other vessels of THE WARS the same displacement aiul number of J ] guns and nearly the same cost are the so i called sisters, Bennington and Concord. < These vessels are gunboats. They are stocky and sturdy little craft, especially 1 serviceable for river use. The Yorktown was launched on the same day with the Vesuvius, and it was a proud day indeed ' for Secretary Whitney. Commander Chadwick #rst took charge of the vessel. She was on one of the evolution squadron's junkets to Europe, and then Commander "Fighting Bob" Evans took her. Under him she participated in the Chilian row, and once "Fighting Bob" cleared her decks for action. Since then she has done duty in the Behring sea in connec- 4 tion with the seal troubles. In command of the whole parade will bo Rear Admiral Bancroft Gherardi, who has been in the naval service of tho | United Stares 47 years and attained the first rank not only by seniority, but by brilliant services. He was born in Lou- ! isiana Nov. 10, 180*2, and entered tho navy as midshipman from Massachusetts just before reaching the age of 14 and at the beginning of tho Mexican war. After 12 years of active service he en- | ; tered the naval academy at Annapolis, reversing the usual process. In 1855 he was commissioned a lieutenant and in 180*2 a lieutenant commander. Ho bore a conspicuous part in the capture of Mobile as well as in other actions, was made commander in 1800. captain in 1874 and commandant of the Brooklyn navy yard in 1884 as commodore. In 1887 he received his present rank. His flagship is the cruiser Phihulel- | i phia. She is a twin screw steel vessel of 4,300 tons displacement. Tho contract was let to the Cramps in October, 1887, and her contract time of construction was two years, the contract price j being $1,330,000 and her contract speed , 19 knots ar hour, with a premium of, $50,000 for each quarter knot in excess of j that rate of speed. j The logs used on tho Baltimore had recorded a speed of 20 knots, but cal- j culations for a "slip" reduced this somewhat. In July, 1890, tried by tho | 6amo logs, tho Philadelphia recorded a fraction over 21 knots. Allowing the same "slip" as on tho Baltimore, the new cruiser certainly going at the ^ " ^ i THE YORKTOWN. j rato of 20J knots. As it is, taking tho j present figures into consideration, Uncle ( Sam will have paid $248,606 on premiums for the construction of tho Yorktown, Baltimore and Philadelphia, all three of which swift cruisers greatly exceeded the contract rate of speed. The Philadelphia's winnings, so to speak, were at the rate of $30 per foot and nearly $80 a second for tho excess. Even tho cold figures of such a statement produce a thrill of excitement, and it is 1 little wonder that Edwin Cramp was reported as "wild with excitement at the result" and exclaimed exultingly: "Naval warfare is again revolutionized! The United States now has the nucleus of the fastest navy afloat." On July 2J of that year the Philadelphia went into | commission as a warship, with Captain 1 Robert L. Bradford as commander. The summary of America's rapid prog- 1 ress may be given in a few words. When the vessels authorized and now hastening to completion are once afloat, the reconstructed navy will contain 43 war- 1 ships. They are in the following classes: Armored cruisers, protected cruisers, monitors, battleships, gunboats, and one, i i tho Vesuvius, which is a typo of itself, combining the functions of harbor defender, ram and torpedo cruiser. When the 42 are completed, tho United States will rank as tho fifth naval power in the world. In 1886 we were but the nineteenth. The nations that still surpass us are England, France. Italy and Russia, in tho order named. It is not easy to present in a few figures the comparative size and flectness of the foreign vessels which will bo in tho review, but as Great Britain confessedly leads and has presumably sent over her representative ships, let them bo taken as samples. Her best and tho flagship of Sir John O. Hopkins, Iv. C. B.t the adTHE I5AI.TI.MOUE. miral commanding, is the Blake. She is also tho largest, fastest and heaviest of tho heavily armored cruisers now afloat, except her sister ship recently launched. I Her dimensions are: Length, 375 feet; breadth, 65 feet; draft of water, 25 feet 9 inches; horsepower, 20,000; coal capacity, 1,000 tons; speed, 22 knots: 9.000 tons displacement. She is briefly described as a 12 (big) gun, twin screw cruiser, and is a veritable floating battery. She has two magazines for every gun, and every magazine cased in the finest tempered steel. Observo tho supreme importance of this : ^.,..1vnccolc in. Casing over .in; ULuiamj mu ... nsmucli as if a bomb stmck the vessel near any such department the men in that particular inelosuro only would be killed, whereas if the ship were open, like an ordinary man-of-war, hundreds might bo killed and immense damage done to the vessel. The superiority in fighting end on is a very important feature in a cruiser which may be expected to do a great deal of her fighting in pursuit or retreat. In either position the Blake can discharge G01 1 pounds of metal. From cither broadside j she can send 1,28-1 pounds, and some of the guns being equally for side and bow or side and stern her total all around five at the best is 1.808 pounds. Now for contrast (though it is, as aforesaid, not easy to make a contrast of differently classed vessels) take tho Columbia, one ot America's latest, launched from Cramps' shipyard 011 tho Delaware ! July 20, 1892. She is briefly described as a protected sea going cruiser and has attained an ocean speed of 21 knots. 1 She is run by three sets of triple ex- < HIPS ENTERING NORTH RIVER, NF pansion engines, driving three sets of 1 screws,-all the machinery in different i compartments, so she can be run slowly c with the center screw, faster with the j outer two and fastest with all three. } But the pride of tho new navy is, or is to t be, tho new speedy cruiser New York. . She is a monster indeed, with displace- ( ment of 8,150 tons and good for 20 knots l an hour of sustained speed. 1 Her cost i3 $3,500,000. Her length on s tho water line is 8SQ feet 0 inches, her t the newark. ' molded "hi :adth 04 feet, lier main "draft 23i feet arid her coal capacity enough * to run her 13,000 miles without a fresh ( supply. Contrast this with the Kear- J sarge, whir.1: sank the Alabama, the little "cheesebox on a raft" (pet name for the ( Monitor), which won the most noted \ naval victory of the war?contrast all ' these vessels, in fact, with those of any t former war?and there is no chance for * other emotion than amazement. S. P. Rosselle. i ( (MYKKN.MKNT PLACES. 1 \ FEW WORDS AUDIT APPLICATIONS < AND RECOMMENDATIONS. j [iooil "Harking" is Esseneial to Success- ( Tin* Parts Played by the Presi- i 1 dents and the Seeretaries? ! The Senate's Power. During the past month you have J read in the daily papers the lists of ' nominations sent to the senate by the | president, and it may prove interesting ; to read something concerning the pre- ( paration of these nominations alter | they have been decided upon ; the pre-' j liminary consideration given to the ap- ( [ilicalions and recommendations of the , rurious candidates, and the manner in , which tliese nominations are delivered . Lo the senate. ! , Of course you know that applica- ( lions for oflice may be made by letter, j with or without indorsements. If you , want an ollice and write to the presi- ) lent or any member of the cabinet, | making your application, your letter , becomes a part of the case, is tiled and s briefed with the other papers, and re- . mains 011 the tiles of the department | for lifty years or more, until it becomes | accessary to destroy papers in order to > make room for others. If your appli- | nation is not properly recommended ( you cannot get an ollice, but you have a , light to apply, and a great many peo- . [ile do so. There are plenty of appli- , cants for every good oflice, but only ( those who are properly recommended , arc appointed. , If you want to be a postmaster in a , city which lias a first, second or third ( class postotlicc, your application will ultimately reach the president; for all j postofiiecs of those classes are called , "presidential," because they are tilled , by direct appointment of the presi- ' dent. The clerks in the postodice de- j partment prepare such cases, brief all ( papers, and finally make a legal brief of the entire case; and the j papers of all the candidates are laid be- , fore the president. If you apply for a foreign mission or consulate, the clerks | j in the department of state handle all of the papers. If you want to be col- j i lector of internal revenue, or collector of customs, your papers are prepared in the treasury department. If you want to be district attorney or marshal, your papers become a part of the records of the department of justice. I'ltiuiately, the member of the cabinet at the head of the department calls upon ( the president and explains the case to him, and lie orders the appoint-j J incut. The power of the president to make important appointments is limited by j the constitution ; for lie must secure , the consent of the senate before com- , missions can be issued, except when the senate is not in session. I11 such , times, the president has absolute power to appoint: but when the senate again convenes the president must secure the consent of tlie senate or the appointments become void. So the president lias only power, after all, to nominate and not to appoint to the best positions. Consequently, you read in the daily papers the list of "nominations sent to the senate'' by the president. When the president has carefully considered each case lie informs his cabinet minister that he wishes "a nomination paper"' prepared for the man whose appointment he has decided upon. This order is carried to the department and issued by the cabinet minister. The "appointment clerk" tills out :i blank sheet of paper with tlu- naiiii' of tlio lucky raiuliilati', so that it rrads: ' ! nominate ? to he postmaster at in place of . resigned," or removed, as the case may he. To this paper, which is tilled with the names pertaining to the ease, the president attaches his signature and the paper is returned to the department. When the senate is in session again the nomination paper is taken from the i department in which it is tiled to the Wliite House, given to the executive clerk and transmitted to the satiate. ; The executive clerk is<). I.. I'ruden. ? His full name is euphonious and altisonant: it is Oetavious Leonidas I'm- : den. When he was a hoy at school i the young people called him "Tave." He was private secretary to President1 Hayes, and has heen in the public service at the White House for many years. During the administration of of President Arthur he was made executive clerk and retained in that oflice hy Presidents Cleveland and Harrison. Jle will prohahly continue in the service for an indefinite period of time. At the hour of noon, when the senate is in session, Mr. I'ruden takes a large square leather portfolio, places all nominations in it. enters the White House coupe, ami is driven to the Capitol, lie also carries with him a list of the nominations, duplicated upon half a dozen sheets of very thin yellow ' tissue paper. He enters the main door of the senate chamber, and, immediately upon his appearance there, Captain Hassctt, the venerable chief page, I I r-% ;w YORK. caves his seat, which is near that of the . ice president, walks around to the scat >f the senators, welcomes Mr. Prudcn is the representative of the president >y grasping his hand, and then facing he vice president, he bows low and mnounces : "A message from the presilent of the I'nited States." Mr. Pruden then steps forward, and, towing to the occupant of the chair, ays: "Mr. President, 1 have the hon>r to submit for the consideration of he senate sundry messages in writing, rom the president of the United States." He then hands the nominaions to Captain Uasseit, who walks lown the main aisle to the desk of the iccretary of the senate, which is in rout of the raised platform upon ivhieh the vice-president sits, and de- j ivers the documents to that oflicial. Within a very few minutes, during a special session in the senate, a member j >f the majority moves that the senate esolvc itself into executive session, rhe motion prevails and the doors are losed. All of the occupants of the galleries depart, and the senate is alone n executive session. What is done here in detail no man outside the sen- ite is entitled to know. In executive session, the viee-presilent announces the various nomiua ,ioils, aim mey arc rciuircn iu ujij<iuiriate committees, where they are con- j sidercd and ultimately reported to the senate in executive session. Nomina* ions of postmasters are referred to the .'ommittec on post offices and post oads. Nominations for foreign missions and consulates arc referred to lie committee on foreign relations. Nominations for positions upon the su- j prome court or the circuit and district courts of the United States, or for United States attorneys or United States marshals, are referred to the committee on the judiciary. Nomina- i ions to positions in the treasury department are referred to the committee on finance. The members of the senite outside of the committees to which Dominations are referred give no con- j sideration whatever to the cases. One iveek after the nominations are received from the White House and re- 1 'erred to appropriate committees, the . chairman of those committees report :o the senate in executive sessiou that hey have examined the papers in each case and investigated the character and standing of the gentlemen nominated, 1 uul that they report that the nomin:ions, in the judgment of the commit:ee, should be confirmed, or rejected, j fhe senate usually acts without question, in accordance with the reports of the committees. Of course, where [committees report adversely, the seultors who are interested in the persons ' nominated will make an effort to se- j cure confirmations in spite of the adverse reports of committees; but they rarely succeed. The senate, as a body, uniformly sustains the reports of its committees. The idea of writing concerning these matters was suggested to me while sitting at the press gallery today, by a singular little incident. One of the pages, as soon as the nominations were delivered by Mr. Furdon, took one of the yellow tissue paper lists and hastened, as usual, to the press gullery with it, while another handed a copy to senator Gorman. Immediately thereafter, Senators Vest, of Missouri, Butler, of South Carolina, and ltansom, of North Carolina, left their seats and went to Senator Gorman's desk to look over the list. Other Democratic senators, by twos and threes, did the same thing, until an executive session was ordered. Heretofore the pages have handed these lists to Senator Allison, anil the Republicans crowded about his desk, to read who were the lucky drawers of office. But the Republicans are in the minority, and are not interested in the nominations, as they formerly were. The senators whose ; oartv is in power are all of them interested in securing appointments for their friends; and they are not so much interested in seeing who is nominated, as a general thing, as they arc to see whether any of their individual favorites have drawn prizes. The Republican senators have had a commanding influence in the matter of appointments for the past four years, ; and (hiring the next four years their Democratic brethren will have that influence and consequently are most interested. The reason that the senate goes into executive session to consider presidential nominations, is this : The nominations are from the chief executive of the nation ; his communications to the senate are confidential in their nature, and it would not do for the senate to consider those nominations in open session. * Consequently the senate closes its doors for the time being. You will therefore see that the senate is a dual body. It does legislative business with open doors, and everybody is entitled to know what is said and done: but the consideration of executive nominations is another matter. and takes place secretly. ? I1KFUKR YUl' CALL A DOCTOR. Small particles of dust, cinders and minute chips of metal frequently get in the eye, with much resultant irritation and even inllammation, if not removed in a reasonable time. What is at first a very loose attachment of such a body soon becomes a firm entanglement by the vigorous rubbing so often employed. The sense of itching and irritation makes it very hard to refrain from such rubbing. The child, however, should be told to simply keep the affected eye closed, when the free flow of tears called forth by the irritant will safely wash out the offending matter. If this is not effectual, grasp the upper lid by the lashes ami pull it well down over the lower lid, allowing it to sweep back over this part, thus cleaning it out. Must foreign bodies get entangled in the upper lid. so that this proceeding is usually effectual, if such body is not deeply and firmly attached. If the body still remains, the lids must be everted over a pencil, and all parts, including the ball in the eye, be carefully examined in a good light. The disagreeable sensation may remaiu several hours or longer after the body has been actually removed, from the irritation already set up. This can be palliated by freely | bathing the li<ls with very hot water, holding a sponge so saturated over the closed eye. Little children not infrequently place small objects, such as peas, shoebuttons or beans, in the nose. At first they may he fairly well tolerated ; but soon running at the nose and other evidences of irritation will ensue which will, ol course, noi suosiue as long as the objectionable body remains in place. If the child is old enough, direct him to take a full breath through the mouth, and then, closing the unalfectcd nostril, breathe forcibly out through the closed up nostril. In case this is not effectual, the end of a hairpin may be bent so as to form a sort of snare, and efforts be made to thus scoop out the body. A good light will be required. It may help to procure sneezing by tickling the nostrils or giving a little snuff. When a substance such as chicken, bone or fi.sli bone, gets stuck in the throat, the results may be serious. If the body remains in the throat or food passage Oesophagus,) there will be difficulty in swallowing, but no interference with breathing. When, on the contrary, such a body is drawn into the windpipe (larynx and trachea), there will be constant coughing and perhaps some difficulty in breathing, but swallowing can be accomplished without obstruction. If the body is in sight upon opening the mouth, efforts may be made to remove it with the fingers or forceps, if such an instrument be at hand, liluntpoint scissors may do good service here. A sudden slap on the back may assist in ejecting the offending substance.?Jenuess-Miller Monthly. Fixin<; if an Oyster Stew.?A well dressed and prosperous looking citizen entered a well known oyster saloon not far from Sixth and Chestnut streets and called for "a stew, ' ? i in 1 - 1 I.J rich and wen clone, ana ne auueu, "don't make the dish too full." When the stew was placed before him, he proceeded to season it. First he shook a salt castor over the milky soup about a dozen limes; then he gave a red pepper bottle an equal number of dashes. This he followed by liberal quantities of vinegar, sherry wine, Worcestershire sauce, catchup and several dipperfuls of horse radish. He next broke up one dozen water crackers into the stew and mixed the whole business upon into a sort of mush. Having thoroughly stirred it together he looked around at the astonished observers and said in a loud voice: "I've often wondered why they put all these things in front of a fellow when he calls for oysters. I've now given the thing a trial. I wanted to see what a stew would look like with all of 'em in it. This will cost me; quarter, and I'll give a dollar to anybody that'll eat the mess." Nobody volunteered to earn the dollar, and the man, after emptying part of a glass of ice water into the conglomeration, walked up to the cashier's desk, paid his bill and marched out. "Well," said the waiter, as he removed the dish, "if there ain't some of the blamedest cranks in this world, I'll be blowed."?Philadelphia Record. Tin-: National Capital.?Why was Washington, the seat of government^ located on (Virginia and Maryland) Southern soil in 1793? Can any of our school-boys tell the reason of its Southern location? Its location is the result of a trade between the party leaders and congressmen. The Northern States, the theatre of most of the Revolutionary battles, were burdened with debt, while the States south of Maryland were free from large debts. Congress first assembled at New York, then at Phila delphia, and it was proposed to make Philadelphia the national metropolis, and this was advocated by the New England and Middle States. As a compromise with the South, a trade or barter was made that the site should be on Southern soil, located by General Washington, provided the United States pay twenty millions ($20,01)0,000) of dollars, due by all the Northern States. So the Northern States were relieved of their State debts and the South gained the seat of government. Washington favored the settlement of the vexed question, located and planned the site on the Potomac, and in November, 1800, the National Capital was transferred from Philadelphia to the forests and Hats laved by the Potomac and in sight of Washington's home. Its thirty avenues 130 to 100 feet wide and named after each State, and its wide streets were all planned by him in whose honor it was named, and to whom the highest monument (05.") feet) in the world is erected. Look Out, You no Men.?When it is said of a young man, "He drinks," and it can be proven, what store wants him for a clerk? What church wants him for a member? Who will trust him ? What dying man will appoint him his executor? He may have been forty years in building his reputationit goes down. Letters of recommendation, the backing of business firms, a brilliant ancestry cannot save. The world shies off. Why? It is whispered all through the community, "He drinks, he drinks!" When a young man loses his reputation for sobriety, lie might as well be at the bottom of the sea. There are young men who have their good name as their only capital. Your fathers have started you out in city life. He could only give you an education. He started you, however, under Christian inlluences. You are now achieving your own fortune, under God, by your own right arm. Now look out, young man, that there is no doubt of your sobriety. Do not create a suspicion by going in and out of liquor establishments, or by any glare of your eyes, or by any un-natural Hush of your checks. You cannot afford to do it, for your good name is your only capital, and when that is blasted with the reputation of taking strong drink, all is gone. Bkn Butler and Father Ryan.? The poet priest of the South frequently told the following anecdote of his stay in New Orleans: "It was during the war when General Butler was in charge of the city. A Catholic soldier in the Union forces there died, and because some one blundered no religious rites were observed at the funeral. It was reported to' Butler that Father Ryan had refused to read the burial service. In a towering rage Butler sent for the priest and in the most peremptory and offensive way demanded why he had not given all the honors of the church to the deceased. Father Ryan quietly explained the matter, showing that he was not to blame: that the fault was due to the comrades of the dead soldier, and added: "It is, therefore, not true that I refused to bury him ft is also not true that I have publicly and repeatedly refused to otlieiate at the funeral of any Federal soldier or ollicer. On the contrary, it is the reverse of the truth, for, general, it would give me great pleasure to bury the whole lot of you !" Butler's stern face relaxed into a grim smile, and from that day he and Father Ryan had no further trouble in common. fir&" Dr. (Iriflin?I must say the world is very ungrateful toward our profession. How seldom one sees a public memorial erected to a doctor! Mrs. Golightly?How seldom ? Oh, doctor, think of our cemeteries!