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VOL. 39. YORKVILLE, S. C, WEDNESDAY, MAY 3, 1893. NO. 18.
I ? ? > 1 T ?l,o "\fnnn#l.
BY J". G. 1
[Copyright, 1893, by American Pre
NONE OF THAT LITTLE PARTY EVER SAW
HIS FACE AGAIN.
"That man there is a scoundrel"
"Mr. Fairchild left orders that the
package was to be given to him only,"
said the clerk, glancing hesitatingly at
the letter in his hand and into the face of
the East Indian .
The latter replied courteously and in
"Very true, as he explained to me, but
he is with a party up town to whom he
is anxious to show the article; two of his
.friends leave by the steamer tomorrow
and wish to have a look ut the diamond
before they go. Mr. Fairchild was about
to call a cab to drive down here to get
it, and they offered to accompany him,
but that was inconvenient since they are
so pleasantly placed. Besides they have
a number of lady friends with them, and
it would be hardly proper for them to
/ come here."
"Did Mr. Fairchild say nothing about
any difficulty you were likely to have in
securing this diamond?"
Inasmuch as the discussion was concerning
the rajah's ruby, it struck Simpson
as singular that Wichman should refer
to it as a diamond, but the officer
held his peace.
"Yes, it was that fact that caused him
to hesitate, but several gentlemen ussured
him that a written order was all
that was needed, and two or three of us
volunteered to come and get it. I respect
your scruples, but there is his request.
You may not be familiar with
his handwriting, but you can compare
his signature with the one in your register
and decide as you think best."
The clerk had already compared the
two, but he did so again. He was embarrassed
as to what he ought to do. An
expert in writing would have sworn that
the same hand had written both, and yet
Folsom Simpson knew that the signature
to the letter held by the clerk was a
forgery, though a wonderfully skillful
"Well, 1 suppose it is all right," remarked
the official after a little more parleying.
"If you have any misgivings," continued
the East Indian in his broken language,
"I will return to Mr. Fairchild
and his friends, but it will be a great
disappointment to them, and I am sure
Mr. Fairchild will be offended."
Wichman was marvelously clever in
his diplomacy. He saw that he had carried
his point, and it was wise to assume
the position he did.
The clerk turned to the safe with the
intention of handing out -the valuable
package. Of course he had noticed the
man standing a few paces back, but
Wichman was so engaged that he did
not observe that a person was behind
This same individual now decided that
it would not do for him to defer action
"I beg your pardon, but before doing
anything will you please read this?"
As Simpson spoke he handed a twist
of paper from his notebook to the clerk.
The latter glanced inquiringly at him
and then read the slip, on which was
hastily traced the following:
"This man is a scoundrel. The order
which you hold in your hand is a forgery.
Don't deliver him the package."
This certainly was enough to make the
recipient open his eyes. He stood for a
minute looking at the penciled words
and then stared at the man who had
The appearance of the latter was not
prepossessing. His clothing was disarranged,
and his hat especially looked as
if it had been "through the mill and
ground." Despite the detective's usual
coolness, too, his face was flushed from
his recent excitement.
"Who are you?" abruptly asked the hotel
"One who knows what he tells you.
Disregard what I have said, and you will
pay heavily for the consequences."
Wichman must have recognized the
officer the moment he stepped forward,
and he must have understood, too, that
he was trying to prevent the delivery of
the package into his hands.
"Will you allow an intoxicated person
to interfere with a gentleman?"
Simpson, even in his anger, could not
help admiring the cleverness of the fellow.
He did not show the least agitation,
except perhaps to the extent of
loolriyg surprised that such a well informed
clerk should give heed to a man
under the influence of liquor. He cast a
supercilious glance at the officer and
then showed himself triflingly impatient
at the mistaken courtesy of the employee.
It was plain that Simpson had not
made a good impression, and the clerk
was more disquieted than ever. While,
on the one hand, he did not wish to offend
a guest, he was disposed to refer
the question to his superiors before complying
There was still danger, and the detective
"I repeat what I wrote on that paper
?that man there is a scoundrel. I will
add more?he has come all the way from
Calcutta, accompanied by as thorough a
villain as himself, to steal a gem known
as the rajah's ruby, and which is worth
a good many thousand dollars. That
ruby is in the package which Mr. Fairchild
left with you for safe keeping.
These two rogues, baffled in all their attempts
heretofore, have now resorted to
forgery to obtain the gem, and it looks,
too, as if they would have succeeded had
I been a few minutes later in reaching
While the clerk was impressed by the
pointed words of Simpson, ho was not
yet fully satisfied regarding him. The
battered hat was a big obstacle in the
wav of confidence.
"How comes it that you know so much
about this business? You have not yet
told us who you are."
"Nor do I admit my obligation to do
so. He knows who I am."
The detective jerked the top of his
cane toward Wichman and added:
"I am responsible for what I say."
The matchless Asiatic remained as cool
as an iceberg. With inimitable contempt
"This is the first time I have had the
misfortune to look upon your face. Had
I been aware that this hotel permits intoxicated
persons to insult guests I would
go elsewhere. The knowledge certainly
is worth acquiring."
Could this be the native of Hindostan,
dressed so like an exquisite and talking
after the manner of an educated, high
bred gentleman? Folsom Simpson was
almost tempted to doubt his senses, but
his bedrock common sense told him
there was no mistake. Observing the
hesitation of the clerk, he added:
"I see you are in doubt. Under the
circumstances there is but one safe
course for you to take?give yourself the
benefit of the doubt and hold the package
until the return of Mr. Fairchild.
Suppose that by doing so you offend him?
The offense is not serious, and 1 will
guarantee that he will hold no ill will
ss Association.] I (
'"Youwill guarantee it," repeated the j (
clerk, with a fine touch of sarcasm, "and
yet you do not condescend to tell me ! ,
| who you are."
"Well, do as you please," replied ; ,
J Simpson, beginning to lose patience, i ]
"but if you choose to assist this forger (
! I will see that you receive your deserts. ]
j If you wish it, I will convince you that '
ho has been falsifying while standing '
here talking to you." j ,
"Instead of boasting so much," inter- ; ,
posed Wichman, who realized that the ;
crisis had come, "do what you proclaim ! ,
yourself able to do." ! \
"Very well. You have referred to the : ,
package as containing a diamond. I us- ! ]
sert that there is no diamond in it. On j \
the contrary, it holds a ruby of rare ; j
size and fabulous value."
"Does the gentleman consent that that |
shall be the test?" coolly asked Wichinan (
of the clerk. ! \
"I won't promise, but that strikes mo !
as a fair proposal," replied the latter. I
I "1 will agree to it," said Simpson, j \
| "Open the package in our presence and ^
j The clerk turned to the immense siifo, i
and after some careful fumbling brought i
forth the small package wrapped in J <
brown paper. i <
"Can it be I have made another blun- i
der?" the detective asked himself. "Why t
is .this fellow so confident? Is he only t
bluffing, or is there something back of t
this which as yet I have not fathomed?" j
The young man behind the desk began |
; gently unwrapping the paper, while the | ?
j couple watched him intently, as did two j i
! other gentlemen ? new arrivals ? with > s
I less curiosity. ?
Simpson's heart almost stopped beat- : t
I ing when he caught the unmistakable i t
i sparkle of a pure white diamond,
j The clerk hastily wrapped the paper j
around the inclosing cotton and returned 1
the package to' its place in the safe. '
"I have accepted the test of this per- | 3
son," said Wichman, with the same im- 1 (
j perturbable coolness, "and will leave it to j
[ the gentleman to decide who has won." '
Simpson remained dumb. This was j
! another instance in which he felt unable ; '
1 to do justice to the occasion. (
" ' ? 1- : .1 .l. i i
em a lourcn party anivcu uu uiv , -
scene. He was one much higher in au- i 1
thority than the clerk. .As he stepped ;
forward he glanced keenly at the dis- , 1
putants in front of the desk and 6nyled >
and nodded at Simpson. !
"Hello!" he called, with a laugh, "was
that hat wdh on the last election?"
"There was nothing the matter with
I it until it fell under a horse's heels and
J was trampled on." !
"I understand?1 understand," said !
the gentleman, with a significant shrug j
of the shoulders. "I'm not saying any- i
thing; but," he added more gravely, "it !
looks to me as if there had been some '
: argument here." |
There could be no doubt that Folsom i
! Simpson and this person were old ac- ;
quaintances. The fact was the detective
i had done work for him more than once. j
The clerk was vastly relieved to have
| the embarrassing load lifted from his
1 shoulders. He quickly explained the
j situation. His superior listened gravely
| and then nodded to Simpson to approach.
I "How is this, Fol?"
The detective made everything clear
in as few words as ]>ossible. I
"This is an extraordinary story in- !
i deed! John," he added, turning to his
| clerk, "you came near cominitting^an
unpardonable error. You must never
take any such chances, for it would
j prove a costly piece of stupidity on your
; part. I am astonished that you should
have considered if for a moment. I don't
blame you for looking upon him with 1
suspicion, for that hat ought to rule hin !
out of civilized society. As for this i
other individual?bless me! where is he?" j
Wichman, the East Indian, had fled, j
and none of that little party ever saw 1 '
his face again.
'LISTEN, THEREFORE!" 1
Detective Simpson and his old friend | 1
conversed for 6ome time, speaking in j
such low tones that not even the clerk, '
whose curiosity was aroused, could over- j 1
hear what was said. Then some arrivals <
diverted the attention of the hotel man.
and Simpson strolled out.
Making his way to the cigar stand he ; ;
purchased a couple of perfectos and was (
suuntering away again when ho found ;
himself face to faco with Arthur Fair- i
child, just returned from witnessing the
"The very gentleman 1 want to seel"
exclaimed the officer.
The young man had walked down 1
from Fourteenth street, and his face was
aglow with health. He looked inquir- ;
ingly at the detective, who added:
"I am the gentleman who sat behind i
you in the smoking car from Warhamp- [
ton this afternoon, and if you can spare 1
a few minutes 1 will be obliged for a
short conversation with you."
"With pleasure," said Fairchild, lead- ;
ing the way to a corner, where they '
were beyond the reach of eavesdroppers.
rTV?r?n \x? on VinfVi nirora in fill!
I ? I
blast, the officer told his story. 1
"I am Folsora Simpson, a detective in ; 1
the employ of the well known j 1
agency of this city. Something less
than a fortnight ago Dr. Maidhoff of '
Ellenville, Conn., wrote to us asking | 1
that we send a man to that town to
I investigate the robbery of Miss Liverinore,
who was the owner of a valuable
gem known as the rajah's ruby. Chief
Varick dispatched an officer who picked | 1
i up a few points, but tho doctor, instead | '
of giving the aid that we had a right to 1
} ezpect, interiK)sed every obstacle he
"What reason have you for that as- <
sertion?" asked Fuirchild severely.
"You will not question it when you 1
; learn all that 1 know. Be that as it may, '
: our man withdrew, and I took charge of ;
j the case."
"And pushed it to success, I presume?" I
was the inquiring comment of his lis- !
"Fairly so. Let me enumerate some
of the facts which came to my knowledge.
In the first place, Dr. Maidhoff
received from Miss Livermore a letter
sent her from Calcutta, warning her that
two sepoys or Thugs would soon leave
that country for Ellenville for the purpose
of securing the rajah's ruby, a gem
of great value, and which had been in !
the possession of her family for a couple |
of centuries or more."
"That is quite correct," observed the
young man, who doubtless knew that I
the physician had imparted that much j
to the detective.
"Now, these East Indians happened to ;
arrive in Ellenville on the same day that :
the letter reached there. Dr. Maidhoff
was indignant when he was justly questioned
as to why, on learning that a bur- !
L'larv of tho Livermore homestead was !
0?^ . ?
impending, he did not place guards in '
the house instead of submitting Miss J
Livermore to a shock which some j>eo- ;
pie believe was the cause of her death."
; "I do not understand the meaning of j
"I say some people believe that the
shock caused her death, when the fact is ;
that Miss Livermore is alive at this hour." [
"I hope you understand the language j
| you are using, sir."
j "Most certainly 1 do. 1 do not think i
that even you will deny that Miss Liver- ;
more is now at her home in Warhampton,
with her niece, Miss Evelyn Gilder, I
! to whom you are engaged for marriage." I
Arthur Fairchild did not deny it. Ou
; the contrary, he compressed his lips and !
held his peace until, observing the hesi- j
tation of the officer, he quietly said:
"I am listening."
"The sepoys or Thugs committed the |
burglary as they planned, and believed
fcr a time that they had secured the real
rajah's ruby, whereas that which they
obtained was nothing but a pieco of colored
glass, intended to serve the very
purpose that it did serve. They started
on their way home with the supposed
prize, but had not gone far when they i
discovered tne trick that had been played I
on them. They returned to renew their '
attempt to secure it, or to be revenged ;
on Dr. Maidhoff."
"Revenged for what?" 6harply inter- i
"For outwitting them?one of the
strongest motives that such persons can
have. They lurked in the neighborhood
of the Livermore homestead and doubt- 1
less discovered the truth."
"What do you mean by the 'truth?'"
"Tiiat too rajan s ruDy was in uiu pus- ;
session of the doctor, or rather of him
*nd yourself, for on a certain night not
[ong ago you sat with him in the upper
room of the house with the lamp burn- |
ing on the table, while you discussed j
what should be done with the gem, I
meanwhile passing it back and forth be- ;
kween you. I do not think you will deny !
"I have not done so."
"If you wish to know why 1 am so j
certain about it, I reply that I saw you j
Arthur Fairchild turned and stared at |
;he detective as if he would look him '
through. The only response he made !
"I am listening; go on."
"The warning which I gave Martha,
:he servant girl, put you and the doctor i
>n your guard, so that the two scoun- I
Irels, prowling on the outside, dared not j
ittack you. You and the doctor agreed i
hat the best course was for you tc bring
he ruby to New York, and you did so
"How can you know that?"
"You earned it wrapped in raw cotton i
md brown paper, and placed it on the j
nside of your vest on the left side. As
oon as you reached the Astor House you ;
;ave it to the clerk, who deposited it in i
he safe, and you imagine that it is still !
Fairchild bounded to his feet.
"Has it been stolen?" he gasped.
"Keep cool; it is still there, thougn
but for me it would have been gone be- |
pond all possibility of recovery by you i
)r any one else."
"You take away my breath. I don't I
mow what to think."
"In the same car with you from War- j
lampton rode u dark skinned person ;
Iressed in the height of faslron. He sat
>n the opposite side and a few seats from
"1 recall him, though I gave him no J
"Nevertheless he bestowed particular \
ittention on you, for he, too, knew that ;
you carried the rajah's ruby, and he .was !
ready to take desperate chances to get it. J
dad yon gone out this evening carrying :
t with yon, you would have been as- 1
laulted somewhere in the city and robbed, j
But yon left it in the safe at the hotel j
md spent the evening enjoying the "Old I
domestead." While you were there this j
same East Indian or sepoy or Thug pre- j
sen ted himself at the Astor House with ;
in order for the package purporting to
je signed by you. Your signature was
isecuted with such skill that the clerk
lad scarcely a doubt that it was genune."
"Then why did he not deliver the packige?
Do y<5u tell me he did not?"
"He was about to do 60 when fortulately
I arrived and managed to prevent
"This sounds incredible, but I do not
lonbt you. How extraordinarily things
lave coihe about!"
"The clerk went so far as to open the
parcel?that is, partially, so as to show a
liamond instead of a rubv."
"Had he fully opened it he would
aave found two large diamonds and the j
rajah's ruby. My dear sir, I appreciate |
the inestimable service you have done to i
me and to others dear to me. I do not
know that I shall ever be able to repay I
"1 can tell you how," said Simpson,
svith a smile.
"Let me know, and 1 will be only too ;
?lad to do so."
"Tell me the true story of the rajah's '
Arthur Fairchild was silent for a min- i
ate or two. He was debating some ques- !
tion with himself.
"If you knew less," he finally said, "1 I
would tell you no more, but you have j
proved that you know so much that I
:annot refuse you, for doubtless the
whole truth would bo unearthed by you. I
Besides," he added heartily, "the service j
you have rendered me entitles you to j
what you nsk. Listen, therefore, and |
you shall hear the story of the rajah's |
THE STORY OF THE RAJAH S RUUY.
As has already been stated, the won- j
derful gem known as the rajah's ruby
Srst came into prominence more than j
200 years ago. Like all minerals, its ago
is beyond computation, but it is enough
for present purposes to say that when it j
was carried to England by the doughty !
soldier whose title to it3 ownership it is
not best to inquire into too particularly
he took with it a series of superstitions
that would have been incredible in theso '
But the period named was that in
which the belief in witoN-raft was gen- 1
a?-o1 on,I 41,n n'prrrv ns v.. ,1 ns tllf> blitv
cherished fancies and beliefs at which j
our children would laugh.
With the ruby was inclosed a writing
on parchment, first engrossed in Sanscrit
and afterward translated into Eng- j
lish, to the effect that the owner of the j
rajah's ruby could retain possession of
it only by obeying certain requirements. 1
First of all, he must always keep it in
his possession?that is, ho must never
deposit it in the custody of another nor
anywhere except beneath his own roof.
He could take it with him if ho chose
while journeying, but ho must retain his |
guardianship over it. Thus tho best
course at his command was to place it in
a strong safe in his own dwelling. That
was precisely what was dono by Miss
Livermore, its last owner.
The invention of the false gem was an
idea of old Captain Ashleigh, who serve 1
Great Britain during our Revolution.
Tho real jewel was kept in a secret
drawer in tho safe, while the counterfeit
was left where a burglar, after once obtaining
entrance, was sure to find it.
Tho early British owners of tho ruby 1
were in constant dread of a visit of emissaries
from India. Overtures were made
several times from different rajahs of '
that country for its purchase, but they |
were rejected, since another legend con- |
nected with the gem was that whosoever ,
parted with it for money would speedily 1
meet with violent death.
Two attempts wero made to steal it,
but the vigilance of its possessors pre- !
vented success, and shortly after tho
close of our war for independence tho
ruby was brought to this country by tho i
grandfather of Miss Livermore. When
it was left to her, she inherited with it
the strange myths and fancies as well as
the false gem. whoso purpose sho fully
While she shared to some extent this
singular belief attaching to this jewel,
she was a lady of education and deep
religious convictions. Sho wished to
cast off the chain, though not wholly
able to do so. There can bo no doubt
that her mental worriment over its possession
induced a stato of nervousness
which eventually reduced her to the condition
of an invalid.
Thus matters stood when Dr. Maid- |
hoflf, her family physician, learned tho
whole truth. lie was a man of strong j
mind and had no patience with bigotry
and superstition. This led him to uso
L A ^ Aft *>ftMnn n<1n 4-rv I
CIS UllllO.St IIIIIUUUI'U IU |/CA?u?vxc xa^x cv
disregard all the absurd injunctions she
had received with the heirloom.
"It has been a curse to every one that
had anything to do with it," he said.
Sell it for the comfortable fortune it will
bring and get rid of the pest."
"But, doctor, you know tlie penalty,'
she said, with a smilo in which there
was no mirth.
"Faugh! You do not believe nny such !
"No?that is, I try not to believe it !
and do not. Yet when 1 contemplate :
the step I shrink with a dread that I ;
Buppose is mostly due to my poor health." ,
"Undoubtedly, and why, therefore,
pay any heed to it?"
"I wish it had never been left to me. |
If I could will it to you or any one else, I.
would do so."
"I don't want it, but I want you to get !
well, which you will never do its long as ;
you remain morbid over that. I shall I
give you no rest until the thing is sold j
and off your mind."
A third injunction, coming down from
former generations, was that the owner
of the rajah's ruby must never give it
away or will it to another until such an
act was among the last of His or her life
?that is to say, while Miss Livermore
was at liberty to designate by will the
next owner of the gem, that owner could I
not receive it until the former's death, j
Thus, as long as the injunction was |
heeded, Miss Livermore must remain |
tied to it, for such virtually was her situ- J
While the good lady was in this state
of incertitude and distress, Dr. Maid- j
hoff received two valuablo allies in the
persons of the niece, Miss Gilder, and j
her betrothed, Arthur Fairchild. They i
ridiculed her weakness with such sue- !
cess that she was forced to the deciding i
"I will sell it and take the chances. .
Heaven will not permit any harm to ,
come to me for such an innocent deed."
It was at this juncture, while Miss
Gilder was absent among hor friends
and Fairchild was in another section on
business, that the alarming letter arrived
from India,written by a person unknown
to them, but who Miss Livermore instinctively
felt was a friend. She sent
for Dr. Maidhoff and gave him the let- :
ter. He read it through and was so an- j
gered that he tore the missive in two and |
flung one portion in the grate. Then,
feeling that ho had been too hasty, he >
picked up the larger part, replaced it in |
the envelope and shoved it into his
His first impression was that this was j
an attempt to terrify his patient into i
parting with the ruby, and he was in- j
dignant to observe that its reception had [
thrown her into a deplorable state. But, \
reasoning more clearly, he decided be- i
fore the close of the day that it would be ;
criminal on his part to disregard the \
warning. Ho did not expect the coming |
of the East Indians, if they came at all, j
for some days or weeks, and, despite the j
fact that they did reach Ellenville by a |
strange coincidence almost at the same
hour as the letter, he was unaware of it. I
He had allowed Detectives Manson
and Simpson to believe that ho knew :
this, and therefore was guilty of a care- I
lessness which laid him open to sus- j
picion, but ho was called out in the coun- j
try that evening and had no knowledge j
of what occurred until the following i
morning, when Martha, the servant, !
came in great haste for him.
He found Miss Livermore in a sad con- i
dition and in danger of death. The j
burglar had appeared at her bedside ;
just as was stated and compelled her to
give the combination which opened the
safe. The criminal departed with the
false instead of the true gem.
The effect of this midnight visit upon
the doctor was more unaccountablo
than upon the woman. It convinced
him of the utter unscrupulousness of
the men that had come across the sea to
secure the rajah's ruby. He was sure
that, although they had been deceived
by the colored glass, they would soon return
to recover it and probably revenge
themselves upon the woman that had deceived
Cases are not lacking where the bravest
men have broken down, become "rat- I
tied," as the expression goes, and figuratively
gone to pieces under a long continued
nervousand mental strain. ..ajor
Chorpenning, who made the wonderful
ride alone from Salt Lake City to Sacra- j
mento with the United States mail, more |
than 30 years ago, has related to us a |
similar experience. He passed the dead j
bodies of the five men of the previous (
train, all of whom had been massacred j
by Indians, and coolly gathering the
mutilated remains gave them the best
burial possible. He did this without a
tremor of the nerves, though he knew he
nau reaciieu uiu must, uuii^ciuus [iwuuu i
of tho route and saw at that time the !
smoke from the signal fires of tho red
men who were waiting a short distance
ahead to ambush and kill him.
The brave fellow rode straight on
with his two mules, on the alert for danger.
He passed safely through, but late
that night, when alono in the desolate
solitude, broke down and wept like a
child. His nerve left him, and for two I
hours he was in a state of absolute col- j
lapse. Then his courage revived, and he
" pushed on.
When Dr. Maidhoff learned tho truth
about the Sepoys, ho was affected in '
much tho same way, though he repressed
all evidence of it. He became panic
6tricken and did that which none would
have been quicker than himself to condemn
at another time. The ccma into
which Miss Livermoro sank suggested
tho pretense of giving out thai; she had
"Those dusky fiends will learn of it,"
was his thought, "and they will be so
terrified that they will hasten out of the
country and never annoy us again, even !
though there be 100 rajahs's rubies to !
6teal. Miss Livermore's condition is so
much like death that no eye besides the
professional one can know that it is a
case of suspended animation. When we |
reach Warhampton, she will revive?that
is, probably she will, for she is in a sad
state and is by no means certain of re- \
covery. We will keep her in seclusion
and then let her be seen at the end of a
couple of weeks or so. No one will ques- j
tion my course, as they might do if I j
persisted in declaring her dead after she |
had come to herself again."
It will be admitted that there was con- i
siderable ingenuity in the scheme, and
but for the mistake the physician made
in calling in the aid of the detectives the
truth would probably have remained a
secret within a very narrow circle. But
we repeat, except that he lost his head j
completely for the time, and for the op- !
portune coma of tho lady, Dr. Maidhoff I
would never have conceived the plan, !
which he condemned as soon us he had j
gone just too far to recede, without j
placing himself in a most peculiar position.
Ho summoned Arthur Fairchild and I
Evelyn Gilder to his assistance. They j
were dumfounded at his blunder, but
since he himself admitted it they agreed,
out of consideration for him, to keep tho
matter a profound secret until the jewel j
was disposed of. Then it could be stated '
that Miss Livermoro, on being taken to j
Warhampton, showed signs of returning
vitality and eventually regained her j
health. Tho story would bo a sensa- i
tional one, but tho physician's well es- |
tablished reputation would avert all sus- i
picion from him.
The doctor had sent to Chief Varick i
while flustered over the burglary and !
uncertain what he ought to do. He re- ;
grettcd his course, but it was too late to '
recall it. It was believed that it would
be easy to mislead the detectives, and
many ingenious attempts were made to j
do so; but. as has been shown, the friends ;
in this instance reckoned without their j
t iiut Miss Liivermore gave way unut-r
the combined persuasion of the doctor, '
1 and her niece, and the latter's betrothed, j
Miss Gilder was anxious to have the busi- ,
j n ess adjusted and the suspense ended. She ,
dreaded more than any one else the work
1 of tho detectives. She was convinced
that the act of Dr. Maidliofif, if brought j
' to light, was likely to result seriously to i
j him and would gravely compromise all. j
I It was this conviction, shared by her I
aunt, that led the hitter to surrender I
the ruby to the physician and Fairchild
with full permission to sell it.
The doctor received so many callers i
at his house and office that ho was
afraid of holding the various councils
of war there. As the place most likely
to bo free from interruption, ho went to
the Livcrmore homestead, where certainly
there was no cause to look for
Meanwhile Miss Gilder became con- j
vinced that one or both of the East Indians
were in the neighborhood and that
mischief was brewing. She became more
nervous than her aunt had been. Tho
story brought thither by Martha almost
prostrated her, anil even when sue remained
at the doctor's office she r>
quired him to signal to her that all was
In truth, as the reader has learned, tho !
young lady had a truer conception of the ;
situation than any of her friends, who j
were in actual danger from the Thugs j
During all this time Dr. Maidhoff car- ,
ried the rajah's ruby with him while !
making his professional rounds. He had j
recovered his usual pluck and insisted j
that this was the safest course, since no I
one would Buspect him of lugging any j
surplus wealth about with him.
Ah, if Wicliman and Lugro had but \
known that the gig of the physician, as j
it bobbed around the country, carried j
the matchless gem which had brought i
them thousands of miles across land and I
sea, they would have assailed him with
the stealthy ferocity cf their own jungle j
tigers and despoiled him of its possession, i
Arthur Fairchild wished to go to New j
York at once with the ruby, but his be- j
trothed was in that timid, apprehensive j
state that she would not permit it for j
several days. Finally she gavo her con
sent, believing the coast was clear. Lit- |
tie would she have slept during his ab- i
sence had she known that one of the '
dreaded sepoy5 rode in.the samo car with
him all the way to the metropolis, and
that both were shadowing the unsuspecting
Regarding Wichman and Lugro, they
doubtless gave up the attempt to recover
the rajah's ruby after the defeat of their
last effort. Their fitness for the extraordinary
part they played was.proved
by the consummate skill with which
they prepared the letter, when the only
specimen of Fairchild's writing obtainable
was his signature on the register of
the Astor House. They probably returned
to India with little delay, for
their deeds laid them open to prosecution,
and they had nothing to gain and
much to risk by remaining in this country.
Tho rajah's ruby was sold for a round
sum to one of the leading jewelers in
New York city, while the largo dia
U1UIIU3 luruiuu pail; U1 UIU uniauituio
worn by Miss Gilder ut her wedding,
which took nlace a few months later.
The remarkable gem from India, we
believe, found its way back to England,
where it was finally settled in the possession
of one of the titled families, from
whom it could not bo purchased for the
price of a kingdom.
Miss Antoinette Livermore was rid of
the gem and pest at last. Despite the
horrible evils that were threatened to
any owner who parted with it as she had
done, nothing of the kind has as yet befallen
her. On the contrary, her health
has steadily improved until today she is
certain that she is better physically than
she has been for many years.
The moral of which is that wo who
are not the owners of wonderful diamonds,
rubies, pearls and. precious stones
should congratulate ourselves rather
than envy those who are burdened with
AN INTERESTING RELIC.
The ITylam Dilly Engine to Ho Shown
at the World's Fair.
Among the relics of great historic interest
to be shown at the Chicago World's
fair will be the Wylam Dilly, one of the
first three engines to be operated on railways.
The station engine house and en- I
gine built on the Leicester and Swan- |
nington railway in 1832 by Robert Ste- I
phenson are still in use, but the first en- j
gines to be operated on rails were the i
Trevethick. the Wylam Dilly-and the ;
THE WYLAM DILLY ENGINE.
Puffing Billy. On Christmas eve. 1801," i
the first named drew a car with the first !
load of passengers ever moved by steam I
on a railway. The fate of that engine j
has never been traced.
Seeing the success of Mr. Trevethick, !
who constructed it, Mr. Hedly, of the '
Wylam colliery, went to work to im- ;
prove the method and in 1831 turned
out the two locomotives above named. I
The Puffing Billy, so called from tho J
noise made by its two blast pipes, long I
since went the way of old iron, but the j
Wylam Dilly is so far preserved that it
needed but a few repairs to make it
workable at Chicago. The first loco
muuvu eugiuu iiacu in
since turned into scrap iron.
How tho World's Fair Is Advertised.
No enterprise in tho history of the
world has ever been so thoroughly advertised
as the World's fair. Tho department
of publicity and promotion is responsible
for this. Interesting matter is
collected and collated by competent
writers and put into typo in several languages.
Tho progress of tho work is recorded
every week. The regular supply
of news is sent to 15,000 newspapers,
10,000 journals nnd periodicals and 5,000
class or trade papers. From the mailing
room of the department of publicity and
promotion have gono forth tho lithographs
and other papers which have become
so familiar to the public. For several
months there was an average distribution
of over 20,000 pictures per month.
Tho average number of electrotypes now
supplied to newspapers is over 500 *i
month. Competent writers are employed,
who supply to magazines nnd
newspapers any special articles which
they may desire in connection with tho
A Wur Relic.
Of tho many relics of tho civil war to
be seen at tho Columbian exposition
none will have a more pathetic interest
than tho famous old engine. General,
with which James J. Andrews and his
squad of Federal 6couts made their f>
mous run or. tho Western Atlantic road.
in Georgia. April 12, 18G2. The engine
was turned out of the Rogers works in
1854 and continued in service till 1890,
and with the exception of a few restored
parts will appear at Chicago exactly as
it did when the famous run was made.
Of the twenty-two raiders eight?including
Andrews?were hanged, eight escaped,
and the other six were exchanged
The Slw.o mid Leather Kxliihlt.
One of the most interesting exhibits at
the fair will he the shoe and leather dis?luy.
For one thing, the leather of all naif^
will be shown there. Not a nation of
Europe and few of the Asiatic and island
countries declined to respond to the invitation
A DAY AT JACKSON PARK.!
Trip by the Water Route to the
AN ITINERARY FOR VISITORS.
How to Get a Fleeting Glimpse of the j
Great Show anil I.ay the Foundation For I
a More Thorough Inspection of Its Mar- j
vels?An Kvenlng Visit.
Can one see the World's fair in one day?
Well, he can see a great deal of it, much !
more than one would think. In truth, a 1
very good general view win be taken in a
day, including the evening, though of j
course there are many buildings the details j
of each of which would occupy many days.
Here is the itinerary for one day:
First, it is to be a bright and pleasantly j
warm May day, and so the first visit should
by all means be made by water. We will j
start at the Van Huren street dock. The j
World's Fair Steamship company, which j
owns the dock, has four big boats running i
between Van Buren street and the World's j
fair grounds?vessels amply able to carry
15,000 passengers every hour, and if a crush '
comes the company operates enough smaller [
craft to double this capacity, not to mention j
the number of people the independent lines
We ure taking the best possible method 1
of seeing the buildings of the" White City." j
Not only can the very best view of the fair '
in its entirety be had from the water?that
is, from out here on the lake?but every j
one of the most important buildings is to i
be seen to best advantage either from the
lake or from the canals und ponds inside
the grounds. From the water, too, every
one of the lar^ more important build- j
ings is immediately accessible. The whole
fair was built with these ends In view, nnd
the plans have been magnificently carried j
out. That's why we are going by water to
get our first view of the exposition.
Many will debark at the North pier, but
let us go down to the farther pier and be- j
gin at Alpha?that is, the great peristyle i
representing Alpha. Pleasure boats and
yachts can laud as well as steamers. On j
the south side of the pier as we land you
can see the government's model battleship.
Once ashore, we'll take a round on the
movable sidewalk. It's nearly half a mile '
long, and we can get a magnificent view of
the fair buildings and Lake Michigan as
well from it. Now, if only this plan could
be worked in cities, what a lot of shoe
leather we might save!
Out there is the anchorage for big vessels.
Closer in the pleasure yachts and smaller [
craft will anchor?that is, they will tackle
themselves up to those anchored buoys you
see out there. At night the buoys, will be
illumined by electric lights. There is an
anchorage also for visiting yachts and the
like up at Van Buren street pier.
First to be glanced through are the
Casino nnd Music hall. The next thing is
to trv rt boat?a gondola, of course, for the
novelty of the thing. This is the main
landing for the pleasure craft in the
grounds on the south side of the basin, just
north of the Agricultural building. The j
electric and steam launches have to make !
regular round trips, once every hour, cov
ering the 3-mile course. There are so
many of them?40 electric aud 24 steam
launches?that they have to bo kept moving
with some regularity, excepting, of
course, the steam launches in their after- j
noon and evening trips out into the lake, j
Maybe we'll go out in one before we get j
through. They start from this landing.
We first float by the Agricultural building.
Our gondolier (he's genuine?a real i
Italian) must keep close into shore while we I
take a good look at the buildings as we
pass them. Here we turn into the South |
canal and view the west end of the Agricultural
building. You will see the annex ;
presently. The Agricultural building is J
800 feet long and 500 feet in width, and the I
annex is 300 by 550 feet?a matter of 13 acres '
covered by these two buildings.
These are the electric fountains at the
lower end of South canal. They are among
the great attractions at night. Over there, j
past the colonnade, is the stock pavilion, j
and beyond that are the exhibit yards.
| Here on the west side of the canal is Machinery
hall, next to the Manufactures j
I building the largest structure on the I
i grounds. It runs with its annex nearly j
1,400 feet east and west. We will get a '
| good look at it in a few moments, when
! we make a halt in the west end of the basin.
| Here wo are at the Mac.uonmes iouii- t
I tain. That is the Administration build|
ing beyond. In the square to the north of
I it are the Electricity and the Mines and j
I Mining buildings. You can see two sides
of tlio Electricity building, but only the ,
! south end of the Mines and Mining. These
i two structures are about of a size, the i
1 former covering 5.5 acres and the latter 5.6. j
You saw the south end of the Munufac- j
tures building. We'll go up through North j
! canal now and take a good look at it broad- :
side. Yes, it is a pretty good sized build- j
ing?something very close to a third of a ;
j mile long. It is 787 by 1,087 feet and covers
, Up here, past the Manufactures, is the
j Government building, which occupies 3.3
! acres. We are passing up the lagoon now,
] between the wooded island and the east
shore. We must take a walk about that
island before we are through?now through
this inlet at the right, leading out to the
lake. Hereon our left is the Fisheries building.
It, with its two annexes spreading
| out on each side of it like a pair of wings,
occupies nearly 100,000 feet of ground space.
I Beyond this, on the left, right, and before
j us, are the fire and guard station, the life
i saving station, the clambake, the lighthouse
exhibit, weather bureau station, and
so on. On the left nre some of the foreign
buildings, among them those of Gi eat Brit|
ain, Russia, France, Germany and Sweden.
Now we will turn round and paddle up
i into North pond. We repass the Fisheries
! building and find ourselves in the lagoon
| again, and out of this into the inlet leading
to the pond. Skirting along the shore, we
I pass the buildings of some of the South
[ American republics and find ourselves before
the great Art galleries. West of the
' noud are a number of state buildings, those
TER VIEW OF GOVERNMENT BUI
of Ohio, Indiana, and Wisconsin in the foreground.
Ample provision has been made
for the fine arts exhibit, nearly six acres being
devoted to the gallery anil annexes.
Here we are before the Illinois building,
the large it state building of them all. It
is a splendid structure, with a ground area
of over three acres and a height of 234 feet.
After a good look at Illinois' great building
we find our way back into the lagoon,
hugging the north and west shores. To the
west, fronting the lagoon, is the Women's
building, an affair which covers over "7,L0C
square feet. The ladies ought to feel proud
of this building, particularly as it was designed
by a woman?Miss Hayden of Boston.
The Women's building is at the east
end of Midway plaisance, which you will
see later. Here are two or three unique
small buildings?notably the offices of Puck
and the White Star steamship line?and at
the north end of the island are the Japanese
buildings and gardens.
Now we come to the vast building devoted
to horticulture, the eastt-n frontage
of which is toward the lagoon. Horticulture
is well provided for in tke matter ol
1 PIutfinnnrrjTiinmi" u"u iku U TVn i n ' 'i w
quarters. That buildiug is 1,000 feet in
length and covers nearly six acres. Just
beyond is Choral hall, which lies between
the Horticultural and the Transportation
buildings, half of which latter has a watei
frontage. The Transportation building covers
about the same area as the Ilorticul
Here we are at the south end of the la
goon, alongside that funny little island
with the hunter's camp on it, and in front
of the Mines and Electricity buildings. Another
trip down North canal and Into the
basin, and our first trip is completed so fai
as a superficial inspection of the buildings
is concerned. Now we will walk over tc
the Casino, get some luncheon and then inspect
that splendid peristyle I have talked
so much about.
But night is the time to see city front and
the "White City" at the fair grounds in al!
their beauty. As we glide along the citj
front we note in turn the Auditorium, th<
great clock tower, the immense and bril
liantly lighted hotels and then the grounds
There are thousands of electric lights it
and around the buildings and about the
grounds. Every light has been ploqed so il
will shed its light to the best advantage
despite the prodigality of distribution,
Hear the hands. There are ji number ol
them, not to mention Mr. Thomas' greai
orchestra. Now the singers take a hand
Several parties of them are sent out in gon
dolas every night to furnish music. AT
first class talent too. Take a glance 01
two at the scene on the water. Isn't il
cheerful? How many boats? I haven't nr
idea?hundreds of 'em anyway.
All right. We'll go in and paddle rounc
awhile in a gondola, hear the hands plaj
and so on. Then we'll come out into thi
lake in a launch and study this sc9m
again. You could look at it for hours? ]
should think so. Tomorrow we'll go dowi
by rail and take a jaunt around tin
grounds and through the buildings afoot.
Guides at tlio World's Fair.
Some one has estimated that fi.OOO
guides will l>e required at the World's
fair Other persons equally well in
formed contend that 1.000 will he
enough. Whether official guides are appointed
or not, it is certain that hun
dredsof bright Chicagoans of good ad
dress will go into the business of show
ing foreign visitors around on their own
Figures of American Animals.
Occupying prominent positions npor
pedestals on the various bridges witlm:
tlio World's fair grounds will be large
figures of native American animals, sucl:
as tho bison, or buffalo, now nearly exterminated.
It is believed that this will
prove one of the most attractive features
of the exposition. The modeling of these
animals has been intrusted to Edward
Kemeys and A. Phimister Proctor, botii
of whom have made careful studies ol
Kiuleavurera ut tlio Fair.
The Hotel Endeavor is to bo a feature
of the Columbian exposition, and a verj
praiseworthy ono indeed. It is to b(
built by tho societies of Christian Endeavor,
on a largo square eight blocks
south of tho fair ground and on the short
of Lake Michigan. Tho style may bt
likened to that of a large Mexican liaci
enda?that is, the hotel is built in the
fonn of a hollow square, with a court in
the center, and every 0110 of its 70t
rooms will be both an inside and an out'
side room. The outer dimensions are 30?
feet square, and the inclosed park is SI'S
I by 242 feet, i~ closing forest trees as higli
| as the building itself.
HO AY TO SEE CHICAGO.
! INTERESTING INFORMATION FOR THE j
WORLD'S FAIR TOURIST.
rolnttt of IntereHt That Are Worth Visiting?
IIow to Reach tlio Fair Grounds, i
! Hotel Accommodations and Kxpente*. i
1 Places of Aniuscnient.
What to do and which way to turn first !
; on landing in Chicago will be the puzzler j
to the majority of visitors.
, j There are four ways of reaching the ex- !
| position grounds in Jackson park from j
. I down town Chicago. The distance is seven 1
miles from city hall, which is within a few 1
Bquares of the depots of the leading rail- [
ways. The elevated road gives the quick
est transit, and its lines circumvent the 1
park. The fare is 5 cents. The down town
s! terminus is at Congress street, 12 to 15min-1 j
utes' walk from city hall. Running time |# '
' I from Congress street to Jackson park, | ]
i minutes. j ,
The Illinois Central railroad will carry ;
passengers to the grounds for 25 cents the ]
round trip. The depot is on Michigan ave- j
nue. I (
The Lake Michigan boats will carry pas- j
sengers to the exposition pier for 25 cents
the round trip. Their landing in Chicago
I is 10 minutes' walk from city hall, just ad- J
joining the Illinois Central depot.
The Cottage Grove avenue cable cars run ]
to the southern entrance to the pari:. Fare. 5
cents. They leave the heart of the city j
i j via Wabash avenue and turn on a loop (
; through Lake and State streets,
i : Chicago is divided into three geograph- J
, icnl divisions known in local parlance as
| the "West Side," "North Side" and "South
i Side." The South Side, with its Michigan, | '
j Calumet and Prairie avenues given up to i
the homes of the millionaire element, harbors
Chicago's aristocracy of wealth. The
[ I exposition is in the South Side district; so
. j are the Auditorium, the courthouse, postof-;
j i flee, the principal clubs and the Art insti,
tute. The great thoroughfares of the South
. | Side in the central section of the city are
. I Wabash and Michigan avenues.
, ; The West Side comprises many fine parks i
. 1 and avenues, and originally contained one-1
I half of Chicago's population. Madison j
street is the central thoroughfare of the ,
I West Side. The North Side includes Lin- ,
coin park, the homes of many millionaires,
a long stretch of the Lake Shore drive, the !
archiepiscopal palace, the Faunell obelisk,
the monolith of Long John Wentwortb
and the Northwestern university, the highest
seat of learning in the state of Illinois.
The central thoroughfare is Clark street,
i A system of parks and gardens engirdles
'; rhft citv. The narks cover 1.879 acres; the
boulevards extend 30 miles. Each of the !
j | city divisions above_jioted has its own sys- J
FROINT OF HORTICULTURAL BUILDINl
rp '. I
| teiA of street cars. The City Railway com- |
[ 1 pany operates the South Side system, conI
sistingof cable and horse roads. The North
r | Side is controlled by the North Chicago
II company, which runs both cable and horse
, I cars. The West Chicago company monopi
olizes the West Side with horse and cable j
r The hotel accommodations of Chicago
, and those suburbs easy of access include
, about 2,000 houses of all grades. Nearly
I 300 of these have been built specially for
, World's fair patrons and are in the vicinity
, I of the grounds. They have cost nearly
I ?4,000,000 for construction, and with few
i exceptions ure of brick, stone and iron. j
Heretofore the regular prices in the Chicago
hotels have ranged from ?0 down to ?2 a
i j day. Thousands of private houses in all
i I parts of the city are advertising lodgings
and meals for exposition patronage.
People who wish to economize will doubt1
less prefer to save time and money by lodg'
in it in the district around Fair park. The
accommodations there now foot up 5,000
| rooms. The rates will fluctuate with the '
I THE AGRICULTUR
I demand, but the competition will be great.
) j The hotels in the district include the Hotel'
> I Endeavor, with (5'JO rooms for Christian Enj
| deuvor societies; the Woman's Dormitory,
. | with 800 single rooms, and the Hotel Veteran,
with 700 rooms and barrack halls for
' I Grand Army veterans and their families.
The exhibition buildings will also each
' contain one or more restaurants, with tables
and lunch counters, where visitors
may st.:y their appetites while taking in
the fair or sit down to hearty meals. ParI
ties lodging at a distance from the grounds
will therefore be spared anxiety about
reaching home in time for dinner.
Visitors who lodge in the city proper and
have time on their hands, or who make it a
business to do the town, will not feel a lack !
1 of attractions peculiar to the metropolis of1
j the west. The year 1893 opened with 30 the- j
j aters giving daily performances, and to
these will be added many temporary palaces
of amusement. At least a dozen of the celebrated
tall buildings of Chicago will repay
, inspection. The first of these is the Auditorium,
which is reported to have the j
tUnntnr in tlm uvirlH iirul il siizlit
) ?c?lt,WJV n--- ,
seeing tower 20 stories high. The Masonic
temple at State and Randolph streets is a
1 city in itself, covering a quarter of a block.
It is 21 stories high. The Woman's temple, j
i the chamber of commerce, the Rookery, j
the Pullman, the Home, the Germania, the j
uock, the Unity, the Jlialto and several
other tall structures are worthy of note as
specimens of Chicago's commercial architecture.
In memorial art there is the new equestrian
statue of General Grant and the St.
Gauden's monument to Abraham Lincoln,
both in Lincoln park. The old Douglas
monument on the lake shore at Thirtyfifth
street stands on high ground overlooking
the lake and is well worth a visit.
Other memorials of minor value are as follows:
Armstrong bust, Clark and Adams
streets; Columbus siatue, Jackson park;
Drnke fountain and Columbus statue, between
the city hull and courthouse; Electric
fountain, Lincoln park; Fort Dearborn
Massacre, Pullman statue, Calumet avenue
and Eighteenth street; Schiller monument,
Lincoln park; Great Fire Inscription, 137 De
Koven street; La Salle monument, Lincoln
park; Linnteus monument, Lincoln park;
Ottawa Indian group, Lincoln park; Police
monument, Haymarket square.
The question of an expense budget is now
the all important one for fairvisnorr How
much will be required for necessaries, extras
and emergencies depends on the tastes
and habits of the individual. Three New
Vnrlfpp? who are nlannino a trin to Chica
Co recently compared their estimates of expenses.
One of them has had much experience
ns a sightseer and was at the centennial.
His estimate is in the column below
headed "Old Stager." Another has
lived in Chicago, and the third is a stranger
to that city. Their items and totals are as
Old Chica- StrauStager.
Lodgings, three days...$3 00 ft 50 83 to $5
Meals, three days. 0 00 0 50 4 50
Car fare, three days.... 1 00 1 00 1 50
guides, etc., three days 4 50 4 50 3 00
Totals $14 50 $16 50 $12 to $14
The gate fee will be 50 cents, and the admission
to the several departments 10 to 25
cents. Economy of time and cost of living
has been taken into account in limiting the
3ojourn to three days.
UNCLE TOM'S CABIN.
The Original Hut to He Exhibited at the
Uncle Tom's cabin, the real cypress
wood cabin, as the owner alleges, is
to be exhibited at the Chicago World's
fair. Its history is thus traced: The people
about Nachitoches, La., have long
insisted that Robert McAlpin was the
original Simon Legree. His house and
plantation were the only ones on or near
the Red river exactly fitting the description
in the book, and he the only man in
the state who "filled the bill." Ho was
intemperate and merciless and died before
the war, leaving a memory for brutality
to his slaves that is even now mentioned
UNCLE TOM'S CABIN.
On his place lived a faithful negro,
sold from Kentucky, who suffered everything
but actual torture to death, and
Mr. S. Chopin, the present wealthy owner
of the estate, has preserved the cabin
with great care in the confident belief
that in time it would be an object of
The cabin is of cypress logs and
r-nvorpfl with rwnrpss boards and sound
as when built some forty years ago. It
is to bo presumed that Mrs. Stowe used
the novelist's privilege of combining the
experience of several negroes in one, but
simply as a relic of the old slave times
the cabin will possess great interest.
World's Fair Sculptors.
The list of sculptors employed on the
different World's fair buildings includes
Daniel C. French, Lorado Taft, Richard
W. Bock, Edward Kemeys, A. Phimister
Proctor, M. A. Waagen, Carl RohlSmith,
Karl Bitter, Philip Martiny, John
J. Boyle, F. D. Millet, Robert Kraus,
Mrs. E. R. Copp, Mrs. Edward Kemeys
and the Misses Alice L. Rideout, Carrie
Brooks, Bessie 0. Potter, Zulimo Taft
and Julia M. Bracken.
Charities and Correction.
Charities and correction is one of the departments
of the fair to which thinking
men will instinctively turn. There will
not be much in it to attract the popular .
ova v?iif. tk win n mine of information
for the guardians of the jwor and the governors
of the criminal classes in this and
other countries. The student of the social
problems of the day will llnd collected
and easy of access facts and figures invaluable
to him, which he might otherwise
have labored for years to discover. The
department will occupy a space of 15,000
square feet in the southwest corner of the
Iowa's Coal Kxlilblt at the Fair.
Eastern people have not been in the habit
of regarding Iowa as a mineral state, but in
her exhibit the Ilawkeye State will show a
coal mine from both an interior and exterior
point of view. Coal will 1k? placed
inside a shaft in natural positions, with
figures of miners and all mining appliances.
To Entertain Foreign Visitors.
Foreign visitors to the fair will be entertained
by the business men of Chicago at
the International Columbian inn, which has
been built especially for that purpose.
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