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Yorkville enquirer. [volume] (Yorkville, S.C.) 1855-2006, April 22, 1899, Image 2

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? Ex-United States Senator Roger
Q. Mills is rapidly acquriug a large fortune
from his oil wells in tbeCorsicaua
district. He has recently struck another
well, which is the biggest pro
ducer in that district. He is now receiving
a daily net income of several
hundred dollars from his well. He
says he will not re-enter politics.
? It is reported that at a cabinet
conference last Wednesday, it was
decided not to organize the volunteer
army of 35,000 men, authorized by
congress for use in the Philippines. In
the opinion of General Otis he has as
m?onMiorq as are needed for the
J ? ? ?
carrying out of present plaus, and if
another volunteer army is organized
at all it will not be until later on.
? General Lawton is responsible for
the statement that the island of Luzon
cannot be conquered with less tbau
100,000 troops. He says that be can
push his way from one end of the island
to the other with a single brigade;
but unless the different towns captured
are garrisoned, the Filipinos will take
possession of them agaiu. Leaving a
garrison from a brigade in each town
would soon swallow up the entire
force.
? Representative Livingston, of Georgia,
recently received a cane which
has a most interesting history. The
cane is made of oak, and was cut from
the tomb of ex-President Thomas Jefferson
more than 40 years ago. It has
engraved upon it the name of Jefferson,
the statement that he wrote the
declaration of independence and founded
the University of Virginia. Upon
it is also recorded the dates of the
birth and death of Jefferson. It is the J
intention of Representative Livingston
to have the cane mounted iu silver aud ,
have the words "16 to 1" engraved
upon the head. He will then present
it to Hon. William J. Bryan.
? In a biographical notice of an 1
eminent citizen of Washington, D. C., I
it is stated that he came from "one of i
the oldest families in America, bis ancestors
having come over in the Mary
and John," the second ship which
reached New Eugland from Old Eng- '
land. This will be a surprise to a great 1
mauy people who had firmly believed i
that all the old families of this country i
had come over in the Mayflower,
bringing with them that large assort- ,
ment of clocks, spinning-wheels and ,
furniture which is the admiration and
envy of the present age. Some kind 1
of memorial is obviously due to a man J
whose ancestors (and furniture) did j
not come over in the Mayflower. ,
? Last year an eminent judge in New ,
Jersey distinguished himself by a decision
that under the laws of the state '
no parent could recover more than $1 1
as actual damages for the loss of a
child by the criminal carelessness of a
trolley company. This year another I
judge has arisen to declare that the j
new Federal Bankruptcy law, as con- ,
strued in New Jersey, provides for the .
imprisonment of a debtor in jail ; but (
makes no provision for his release, and
that consequently a petition in bank- '
ruptcy in New Jersey is practically a i
petition for imprisonment for life. <
The decision declares that an amend- ,
ment to the law by congress is needed
to permit the debtor to get out of jail,
but what is really ueeded is a surgical 1
operation to permit of the admission '
of common sense into the judicial i
cranium. ]
? Never in its history has Texas j
been so stirred up as it is at present
over the introduction of the Arkansas
anti-trust law in the legislature, says
an Austin dispatch. Many hundreds 1
of business mfcn of the state are here !
personally lobbying against the measure,
and telegrams poured in all day
long. This afternoou wires were work- ,
o/t fmm thp Arkansas side and tele
grams flooded both houses. Many
busiuess men protested thai the bill
had doue Arkansas an unspeakable injury,
while the attorney general and
others wired that the law was a perfect
success and the people approved
it. Upou receipt of telegrams from
both houses of the Arkausas legislature
congratulating Texas upon theiutroductiou
of the measure and wishing
for it a speedy aud favorable actiou,
the Texas legislature seut a vote of
thanks to Arkansas for this moral support.
Action on the bill has been deferred
until Monday of next week to
allow a full hearing.
? An interesting story reached the
war department from Santiago last
Tuesday about a hand-to-hand encounter
between Major Duncan B. Harrison
of the Ninth Inmuues and Prudencio
Breal, a notorious guerrilla
chief, commonly known as Trocon or
Big Stump. Breal's gang of bandits
had killed Andrew Gattshalk, a teamster,
and Major Harrison, with seven
men, was sent to capture the gang.
The Americaus, mounted on mules,
overtook the gaug near Santa Ana after
two days' trailing. In the fight
which occurred two baudits were killed,
and three wounded. The rest fled,
but Harrison and his men caugh Breal
and some others. He is a Negro, 6
feet 7 inches tall. He clinched with
Harrison, who is something of a giant
himself. Harrisou bore the bandit to
the ground and bouud him, with the
assistance of others. It was found that
Harrison had been shot in the leg aud
lie sunerea severely nuring me ruie uu
a mule's back to Santiago, 70 miles
distant. On the return trip two of the
captured bandits were identified as
the men who had killed Gattshalk.
They attempted to escaped and were
killed. Breal is known in Santiago
province as the executioner. He boasts
of having killed 103 Spauiards and
several Americans.
? Major General Shafter passed
through Chicago last Tuesday euroute
to his brother's home in Sycamore, 111.
He was much improved in health.
Discussing the Philippine war, he said :
"If General Lawton states that 100,000
men are needed in the Philippines iu
order to effectually end hostilities aud
bring the natives to terms, I should say
that undoubtedly au army of such
proportions is required. We of the
army have supreme confidence in General
Lawton's judgment, and it is his
practice to underestimate rather than
to exaggerate when passing upon existing
conditions. "I don't know Otis;
uever saw him," the general added.
"I think Lawton had a right to criticise
the tactics of the commanding
general if he believed them to be unwise.
The Filipino is a suspicious fellow,
just like the Cubau. He can't
see the good intentions of this government
and he never will until we subjugate
him with powder and ball. I
oot/1 KafAPA fhot. if. mav hp. npp.A.Q
UAVV OU1U UViV* V VUMV a v vw
sary to kill half the population of the
islands in order that the remaining
half may be lifted from their semibarbarity
to the civilization we are
ready to give them. And let me tell
you," General Shafter concluded impressively,
"that I don't believe our
troubles in Cuba are over by any
means."
She UorhviUe ?nquircr.
YOIiKVILLE, S. C.:
SATURDAY, APRIL 22,1899.
? The California legislature recently
passed a law requiring newspapers to
publish the signatures of the writers of
all articles containing criticisms calcu
lated to bring into discredit dead or
living men. The law is said to be very
absurd in many of its provisions. It
became operative last Wednesday. As
the result of a previous understanding,
however, all tb6 newspapers of San
Francisco ignored it. They propose to
continue to do as they have been doing,
and in case of prosecution to
stand together. The law is a development
of the recent senatorial contest.
Bribery money was used freely and the
newspapers freely discussed details.
There was wrongdoing on all sides,
and the resentment against the newspapers
was unanimous. Such a law,
if it should become operative, would
muzzle the press completely, and leave
the men who practice bribery and corruption
in politics a free band to pursue
their schemes with impunity.
? Pursuant to authority conferred
by the New York legislature, a rigid
investigation into the municipal affairs
of New York city is in progress. The
investigation is directed principally at
Tammany Hall. Richard Croker has
been undergoing a searching examination.
Among other things it has developed
that Tammany leaders mainLain
complete control of the city government
and levy blackmail right and
left on account of any and every valuable
franchise that is granted. The
responsible officials are only figureheads
for the real powers in the back
ground. Croker answered a great
many questions willingly enough ; but
when asked about the ownership of
certain stocks, how he came into possession
of them, what he paid for
them, and matters of that kind, refused
to answer on the ground of perp"vma1
tck Knoinooc rPhp invpsti*
SUUai pll VUbO uuaiuvg^
gating committee has not yet taken
decided action ; but is considering the
advisability of ruling him, and also
others who have taken the same position,
for contempt.
? Wm, J. Bryan has written a letter
to the Fresno Democrat giving his
views on Imperialism. He says in
part: "I think it can be shown from
a pecuniary standpoint that it will cost
us more to conquer the Filipinos and
keep them in subjection than we shall
be able to make out of the enterprise,
and that money which does return
from the Philippines will not find its
way to the pockets of those who supply
sons for the army and whose taxation
furnishes the sinews of war. But
there is a higher view to take of it
than the money view. The principle
of conquest is wrong. Our nation has
steadily contended against it, and it is
impossible to calculate the far-reaching
effect upon our people of a doc
trine that would substitute force for
reasou in the declaration of the nation's
policy. Those who oppose Imperialism
plead not for the Filipinos ; but
for the American people. Our nation
is strong enough to do bar n ; but it
ought to be too great to do wrong. I
feel confident that the sober second
thought of the American people will
sustain those who believe that the
Filipiuos should be treated like the
Cubans, namely, given their independence
and Drotected from outside inter
ference."
? The question of board and lodging
during the Charlestou re-union is beiug
agitated by The News and Courier.
The matter came up legitimately.
People from neighboring states who
have tried to secure aeoommodations
in advauce have been quoted extortionate
prices. The News and Courier
has takeu hold of the problem without
gloves, and for several days the matter
(hat has been printed in its columns on
the subject has been quite interesting.
But already the good effect of the vigorous
campaign is becoming apparent.
In Thursday's issue is a long list of
names of boarding house proprietors
and private families who agree to furnish
first-class board at fixed reasonaable
prices. The movement, too, is ex
tending. We are glad to see this. Of
course the good people of Chareston
cannot be expected to entertaiu such
vast crowds as are to be expected without
reasonable compensation ; but there
should be no extortion. The city has
at ataao a mu^uiiitcut ic^uianuu iui
hospitality extending fur buck into colloniul
days, and to have that reputation
tarnished by a few too greedy people,
on an occasion like this, would be
too bad. We do not believe that any
such thing is to be allowed.
FILIPINOS CAPTURE AMERICANS.
First Serious Disaster Yet Sustained by the
Navy.
A piece of very bad news came
from Mauila under date of last Tuesday.
It was to the effect that the
Filipinos have probably captured the
crew of a boat from the Yorktown, .
in all 15 men.
The first news of tlje disaster was
sent by Admiral Dewey to the secretary
of the navy. It appears that at
the town of Baler, on the east coast
of the island of Luzon, there was u
Spanish garrison of about 50 men, who
had been defending themselves for
more than a month against the attacks
of some 200 Filipinos.
The gunboat Yorktown went to
Baler for the purpose of relieving the
Spaniards. Anchoring off Baler, the
commander of the Yorktown sent a
boat's crew of 15 men up the river toward
the town, which is some distance
inland. The expedition was in commaud
of Lieutenant J. C. Gilmore;
and under him was Ensign W. H.
Standley, who, for some purpose, was
landed at the mouth of the river.
Ensign Standley reports that shortly
after the departure of the boat, he
heard up the river a bugle call followed
by firing and cheers. The Ameriican
sailors bacl with them an automatic
gun ; but this Ensign Standley did
uot hear. He paddled back to the
Yorktown in a canoe, and afterward a
search was tnade for the missing boat
crew without success. The Yorktown
then sailed for Iloido from which place
her commander cabled Admiral Dewey
bis theory that the Filipinos had captured
or sunk the boat, or that the
Americans had been rescued by the
Spaniards.
At the navy department the news
just related created considerable excitement
; but it is said that there is
not a great deal of uneasiness about
the 15 Americans. It is now claimed
that the Filipinos are kind to their
prisoners, and although they are not
disposed to make any exchanges, still
the men will not be put to any discomfort.
All this, however, is a question
of very doubtful speculation.
LAKE CITY CASES.
Argument Was Commenced on Last Wednesday.
Tha argument to the jury for the
government in the case against the
alleged Lake City lynchers was commenced
last Wednesday by J. P. K.
Bryan, in a speech which lasted four
hours and which was characterized by (
boldness of expression and by directness
of the charges against the prisoners
and the witnesses who testified for
them. 1
Mr. Bryan declared that not only
had the conspiracy alleged been
brought home to the defendants, but
in the attempt to escape from the consequences,
the public records had been '
mutilated in a barefaced and reckless ,
manner. Two defendants went before
the jury without the semblance of testimony
in their favor. An accomplice
swears that he was with them at the
lynching. Three uuimpeached witnesses
swore they saw them there and
yet they did not go on the stand to ex- ,
plain their whereabouts nor were wit- 1
nesses offered to show where tbey were
when Baker was killed. For the other
six men alibis of the most flimsy char
acter were set. up?siaiemeui,s iu wuiuu
the individuals contradicted each other ,
at every turn, and in which the false '
and marvelous were so blended that 1
they faded away to nothing in the
light of reason and fact. He declared
that things had come to pass in South
Carolina at which human life was
cheaper than 4 cents cotton, and the
majesty of the law could never be re
established uuless jurors could be found
who would see that such diabolical
crimes as the lynchiug of Frazier ,
Baker are punished.
In reply G. S. Legare argued for the '
defense. He declared that the testi- '
mony of the government witnesses had
been impeached aud contradicted in es- 1
sential details and he argued that the i
alibis for the defense had been well j
and conclusively established. In the
midst of Mr. Legare's defense of him
the defendant Stokes created a sensation
by breaking down aud crying
bitterly. 1
Mr. Legare concluded his argument 1
for the defense on Thursday morning
aud was followed by \V. J. Bass, a (
Lake City attorney, who was followed (
by Hon. VV. A. Barber in a strong argument
for the prosecution. There '
were two more speeches. Oue by Mr. 1
Jervey for the defense and the other 1
by District Attorney Lathrop. It was i
expected that the case would go to the ,
jury about noon yesterday.
The Penslou List.
Columbia Record: There are about
eight counties whose pension boards i
have not yet sent in their reports ; but
eveu without them it is evident that
the pension list will be materially increased.
It is hardly probable that
pensioners will reoeive their checks before
the re-uniou, as they cannot be
made out until all of the counties report.
Al?"i?"Jr5.S.
INDEX TO NEW ADVERTISEMENTS.
J. A. Watson, Executor?Gives notice to
the debtors and creditors of Miss Sue N.
Watson, deceased.
W. H. McCorkle, Probate Judge?Gives
notice that D. G. Thompson has applied
to him for letters of administration on
the estate of E. D. Thompson, deceased.
W. A. Burns?Having made a final return
to the judge of probate as administrator
of the estate of Mrs. Erixena
Bui'ns, deceased, on the 24th of May,
1899, will apply for a final discharge
froni further liability as administrator.
The Ganson Dry Goods Company?Announce
their spring opening on clothing
for next Tuesday. On that day 10
Eer cent, discount on regular prices win
e allowed on all cash purchases.
ABOUT PEOPLE.
T. Y. Williams, E-q., of Lancaster,
was id Yorkville last Wednesday.
Mrs. Dr. M. W. White left yesterday
on a visit to her mother, Mrs. Drafiin,
at Riverside, Lancaster county.
Mr. and Mrs. J. B. Mendenhall came
up from Columbia last Tuesday, and
for the present will make their home
in this county, probably in Yorkville.
Mr. Mendenhall is to take charge of
Mr. W. N. Ashe's brick making plant.
It was Rev. B. H. Grier, imtead of
Rev. W. G. Neville, who wa^Hlected
president of the York County Bible
society at the annual meeting last Sunday
night. The reporter was misinformed
about the matter.
Mr. J. H. Riddle, who is now in the
Johns Hopkins hospital in Baltimore,
has written several letters to his
friends in Yorkville. All these letters
show that Mr. Riddle feels very much
encouraged?iu fact confident that be
will soon be home again, sound And
well. He is under the immediate care
of Dr. George Walker, who is no less
confident. This news is very pleasant,
for with what they considered good
cause Mr. Riddle's many friends have
been very uucasy about him.
ATTORNEYS' COSTS.
J. S. Brice, Esq., holds firmly to his
rtriorinnl nnn viction a9 to attorneys'
costs, and although for persoual reasons
would prefer to be turned dowu,
has no idea of giving up until the supreme
court says be is wrong. In conversation
with the reporter, he put it
this way:
"The act of 1892 repealed all costs
with certain exceptions, did it not?
"If those exceptions had been repealed
afterward, then the result would
have been the wiping out of all costs,
would it not ?
"Well, the act of 1897 repealed
everything that had been enacted in
1892, and that included the exceptions.
In other words, the act of 1892 left a
part of the act of 1882, and the act of
1897 wiped out that part, leaving nothing
of the original act or any other
relatiqg to costs."
And so the vexed question stands
unsettled. Most of the members of
the local bar are on the side of Messrs.
Spencer and Hart. Any of them can
easily convince a layman of the correctness
of their position. The opinion
of the supreme court, therefore,
will be of especial interest.
PROGRESS OF THE VOTING.
Up to yesterday at noon, the voting
for Confederate veterans to go to the
Charleston re-union from the respective
townships on the complimentary
tickets offered by The Enquirer,
stood as follows:
bethel.
A. A. Barnett, 7
John S. Meek 120
broad river.
John H. Jones, 57
John Mc. Gilfillen, 3
J. Meek Whitesides, 37
bethesda.
W. Green Parker, 41
L. H. Dun lap,....- 19
Philander E. Moore, 27
Sain Poag, 41
bullock's creek.
M. F. S. McCollough, 44
J. P. Duncan, 46
0. J. Gwinn, 20
catawba.
J. 0. Sparks, 20
- - ? in
John smiuugiaw, i?
EIIENKZEB.
W. S. Garrison, 19
J. J. Edwards, 31
T. J. Roach, 10
Sam Dunlap, 4
FORT MILL.
Robt. B. Burns, 3
kino's mountain.
W. E. (Bud) Jackson, 28
D. B. MeCarter, 40
Frank Robisou, 37
J. A. Bell, 50
Perry Manning, 77
YORK.
Herod Neel, 110
Simpson W. Robinson, 24
L. B. Sherrer 115
Thomas D. Harris, 10
Jos. W. Templeton, 4
Tbe last coupon will be printed in
the issue of The Enquirer of May 3,
and all votes must be in by 9 o'clock
p. m. on May 4.
WITHIN' THE TOWN.
The teachers of the graded school
are contemplating a picnic excursiou
to Cliffs, N. C., about the middle of
May. The success of their plans, of
sourse, will depend upon the couperation
of the patrons of the
? T4 in Kalioiro/1 Mi o t QITOntTO.
5ULIUUI Jl 19 UCiigfVU I'UUV wi IMU^V
ments can he made whereby the children
may be furnished ticket at 50
cents, or less, for the round trip, and
outsiders who may desire to go along
will not have to pay more than a dollar.
Cliffs, which is on the Carolina
and North-Western railroad, is an
ideal spot for picnic purposes, and it is
hoped that the children will not be deprived
of their promised outing.
The fund that is being raised by
Superintendent Dendy and the teachers
of the Yorkville graded school,
now amounts to about $75. For good
reasons, providential and otherwise,
the work of soliciting subscriptions
has not been pushed during the past
three weeks. The library, however,
ought to have at least $150 as a starter,
aud additions may be continued indefinitely.
Colonel McCorkle has replanted his
banana tree in his court house flower
garden. The plant lived through the
winter very nicely, and this summer,
with favorable seasous, will probably
attain considerable development.
QUAoi^T T /\/vnn tKfl nnm mittoo
OUCl 1U juw^au j vi kuv w?* uji vwvj
has been engaged for a day or two id
making repairs on the bicycle track.
As yet there have been no definite
arrangements for a bicycle meet this
spring or summer ; but the wheelmen
have the matter well in mind, and that
they will have a big meet is reasonably
certain.
The early closing matter bas been
under discussion by the local dry goods
clerks for a week or more. From May
1, until further notice, the dry goods
stores will be closed at 6.30 p. m.
Saturdays, of course, are excepted.
THE WATERWORKS.
The Yorkville fire department turned
out last Wednesday afternoon at
the call of Chief Cartwright for the purpose
of making a test of the efficiency
of the "old" pump.
On account of damage to the "old"
pump at the first of the year, it was
necessary to buy a new one. The old
pump was afterward repaired, aud has
since been doing a great deal of work ;
but had never been tested as to power.
The test last Wednesday was made as
to power, and the pump was found to
be in thoroughly good condition. This
was demonstrated by the throwiug of
three streams of water over the McClain
building, on the corner of Congress
and Liberty streets. The feat
was accomplished easily, with some 15
or 20 feet to spare, and the capacious
gutters were unequal to the task of
carrying off the water as rapidly as it
was poured on to the roof.
After the test of the pump and hose,
etc., there was a meeting of the firemen
in the courthouse. It was the
first meeting since Dr. Cartwright's
re election as chief. The doctor took
occasion to say that although be had
felt that he could not, in justice to
himself, give the matter his attention,
be could not be insensible of the honor
that his fellow firemen had conferred
upon bim, and it will be his greatest
pleasure to at all times give the interests
of the department his best attention.
He suggested, among other
things, that during the summer, at
least, the various reel companies should
turn out as often as once a month, in
order to be assured that everything
was in proper condition.
Intendant Carroll was advised recently
that the inside of the standpipe
should be painted. The information
came in the nature of a surprise. No
paint had ever been been applied to
the interior of the standpipe, and the
inside surface has now been without
protection for something like five years.
It is expected that the painting will be
done within the next two weeks, as
soon as possible after the arrival of the
necessary material. At the time of
the painting the standpipe is to be
thoroughly cleaned from top to bottom,
inside and out.
LOCAL LACONICS.
Until January 1st, 1000.
The Twice-a-Week Enquirer, filled
with the best and most reliable up-to-date
news, will be furnished from the date of
ttn'o loctno iiritil .Tanuarv 1st. 1900. for 81.36.
Teachers' Association.
There is a strong sentiment among
the school teachers of York county
for the organization of a teachers' association.
Many were disappointed
that the organization was not perfected
last Monday; but this summer will
answer just as well.
Promising Nicely.
Although somewhat backward, the
wheat crop is now begiuniug to show
up very nicely. Most report are of
good stands and every promise of a fair
crop. There are, however, of course,
many contingencies that will have to
be taken into account between now
and harvest.
Picnic of the Southern's Employees.
Columbia Record : The employees of
the Southern railway shops in this city
and at Spencer, N. C., will unite iu
having au annual picnic next month.
The outing will be at Rock Hill, and
the usual sports and pastimes will
be indulged in besides a bountiful dinner.
In Case of a Tie.
It is not probable that there will be
any ties in the voting for Confederate
veterans to reueivc wuipuiucuvaij
tickets to the Charleston re-union ; but
still sucjj a thing is possible, and it
should be provided for beforehand.
Under the circumstances, we can think
of no better plan than to place in a
hat an equal number of coupons for
each to the tie, and let one of the coupons
be drawn out. If there is a tie,
this is the way that it will be managed.
The Raleigh at the Re-union.
The navy department has ordered
the cruiser Kaleigh, recently from Manila,
to remain ut Charleston during
the Confederate re-union.
CONQUEST OF THE PHILIPPINES.
Arrangements to Increase the American
Force to 35,000 Men,
A Washington dispatch of Thursday
has the following with regard to proposed
operations in the Philippines :
Fourteen thousand regulars are to
be sent to reinforce General Otis at
Mauila as soon as the necessary marine
transportation can be provided. The
first regiment to be ordered will probably
be the Seventh artillery, of which
the two lieht batteries. C and M, have
been ordered home from Porto Rico
for the purpose. They will be sent at
once to San Francisco to await available
transportation across the Pacific.
The 13 heavy batteries of the regiment
will be equipped as infantry according
to present plans, although one of them
may be used as light artillery.
The headquarters of the regiment
and four batteries are now at Fort Slocum,
N. Y., two are at Fort Adams,
R. I., and one each at Portland Head,
Me., Fort Preble, Me., and Grover's
Cliff, Mass., Fort Schuyler, N. Y., and
Washington Barracks. These garrisons,
like most of the other posts of
the army in the United States, will be
left in charge of the detachments.
It is not expected that the bulk of
the large body of reinforcements can
reach Manila uutil the end of the
rainy season, which has just begun ;
but they will closely follow the departure
from the Philippines of the volunteers.
With the regular troops already '
ordered and on the way to Manila,
General Otis will have an effective
force of 21,728 men in addition to the
recruits being sent every few days
from the regiments already in the Philippines.
This force is to be raised to 35,000
men by the time aggressive operations
can be pressed in the early autumn.
The volunteers to be returned to this
country from Manila number barely
^ ? -- ? - ?f A?M ?ATHAotlir /"? Q _
12,UUU, LUUIJjr Ul huuuj aic gicanj ?wbilitated,
so tbe determination to send
14,000 able-bodied regulars to take
their places is calculated to show the
rebel leaders that the United States is
terribly in earnest about meeting its
responsibilities for preserving order
and commanding respect throughout
tbe archipelago. * ^
It is announced that tbe army in
tbe Philippines will be increased to
35,000 men whether the rebels abandon
tbe field or not. If Aguinaldo
gives up his hopeless fight as a result
of the negotiations now in progress
between his followers and the president's
commissioners, 35,000 men are
deemed tbe right number to garrison
tbe forts in the outlaying islands and
establish lawful government in tbem.
If tbe insurrection continues in Luzon
at least 30,000 American troops, it is
estimated by the authorities, will be
required there for tbe campaign that
will be undertaken, tbe remaining few
thousand going to garrison the chief
places which have been opened to foreign
trade.
SITUATION IN CUBA.
General Gomez Is Co-Operating With the
United States.
A Havana dispatch says that General
Gomez has determined to announce
to the people of Cuba bis intention to
co-operate with the United States
pending the establishment of a stable,
independent government. He has not
yet issued a manifesto ; but will do so
soon.
To the correspondent of the Associated
Press, General Gomez made it
known that be intends to take this
step after consulting the views of the
leading men in his following. He is
content to co-operate with the Americans
until the island is pacificed, the
rural police organized, the Cuban soldjers
at work and insular reconstruction
far advanced. No dednite period
for the occupation by the Americans
will be mentioned ; but the manifesto
will fayor a cessation of the agitation
for the immediate withdrawal of the >
United States troops.
The declaration will be so worded as
to retain the support of those who desire
independence, yet will illustrate
the necessity of American assistance.
Governor General Brook is aware of
the purposes of Gomez, and has talked
with him about tbem. The announcement
will include a recital of the personal
views of the commander-in-chief
regarding the $3,000,000. On this
point he will say that he favors buying
plantations and factories in which soldiers
could hold stock, drawing wages
and dividends; but as the soldiers
need them over present necessities the money
should be paid out now. He
thinks the rural police should be one
body, so that detachments living in one
part of the island might be sent, on
emergeucy, into districts where they
would not be affected by local influence.
Five Havana newspapers now advocate
annexation to the United States.
El Reconcentrado prints a caricature
of Gomez driving over the flags of
Santo Domingo, Spain and Cuba, and
flying the American flag. The paper
asks: "What next?"
JIKKK-JltiiYHUA.
Smallpox is reported in Charlotte,
N. C. The Pennsylvania legislature
adjourned on last Thursday without
electing a United States senator to
succeed Quay. The last ballot resulted
: Quay (R.), 93 ; Jeuk's (D.), 85;
Jones (R.); 69. Total, 247. Necessary
to a choice, 124; paired or not voting,
6. The Second South Carolina
regiment was mustered out at Augusta,
Ga., last Wednesday."." A *
New York dispatch says that Thomas
B. Reed has accepted an offer to become
a member of the law firm of
Simpson, Thatcher & Barnes, of New
York city, on a guaranteed income of
not less than $50,000 a year, and that
he will resign his seat in congress. ^
Carter Harrison, the recently elected
mayor of Chicago, is on a visit to Virginia.
Brigadier General Guy V.
Henry has been relieved of the military
governorship of Porto Rico. It is
likely that he will be succeeded by ^

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