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Scraps and |acts.
? Five hundred Negroes frotn the surroundiog country gathered at Athens, Ga., last Suuday, for the purpose of emigrating to the Mississippi Valvey. They thought they were to'get free transportation, and the police had great difficulty to keep them off the train. The authorities are at a loss what to do with the Negroes. ? President Kruger intends to fight to the last. In a dispatch from Pretoria he says : "The burghers will only cease fighting with death. Our forces are returning iu good order to our line of defense on our own soil. The Natal campaign was longer in our favor than we expected. The British will never reach Pretoria. The burghers, Steyn, Joubert and myself, as well as all the others, are united. Tharo ?r? nn differences. God help U8." ? President McKinley, a few days ago addressed a note to the British government tendering the good offices of the United States in trying to bring about an adjustment of peace terms with the Trausvaal. The British government answered the note very politely ; but the effect of the answer was that Great Britian would settle the whole affaii without outside interference or assistance. The French minister of foreign affairs, says the correspondence refered to, show that friendly foreign interveution is out of the question. ? A dispatch from Frankfort, Ky., says: A letter received by State's Attorney Robert B. Franklin, says that Bransfield Bertram, sheriff of Breckinridge county, who recently died of pneunonia, revealed on bis deathbed a plot of which be had knowledge to murder William Goebel. According to the story, 25 men drew lots to determine who should do the killing. Twenty-five beans, 24 white aud 1 black, were placed iu a box and each of tbe 25 men drew a bean. The man getting tbe black bean agreed beforehand to kill the Democratic aspirant lor governor. ? The British forces under Lord Roberts took Bloerafontein, the capital of the Orange Free State, a few days ago without a struggle. A delegation of leading citizens met the British outside the city and delivered up the keys. The British soldiers are said to be very much pleased at the determination of their government to deprive the South African republics of tbeir independence. According to the present outlook, although the British may again be opposed before they reach there, the probability is that the last desperate stand of the Boers will be made at Pretoria. ? President McKinley has granted a full and unconditional pardon to Captain Bowmau H. McCalla, of the navy, now serving in the Philippines. In 1890 Captain McCalla, theu commander, was convicted by courtmartial of striking a mutinous sailor with the back of his sword and was sentenced to be suspended from rank and duty for three years. Iu 1891 the unexpired portion of the sentence was remitted by the secretary of the uavy, aud later on Captain McCalla was presented to the senate as a caplaiu, which would have restored him to his position. Iu view of the fact of Captain McCall's conspicuous service in the war with Spaiu aud later in the Philippines, the president has granted him a full pardon, which will operate to restore him to his old rank and position. ? It is about settled that Great Britain meaus to deprive the Transvaal republic of their political independence. A few days ago Presidents Kruger and Steyu addressed a letter to Lord Salisbury from Bloemfoutein. The burden of tbe letter was to the ef feet that the republicans were desirous of peace and that the only coudition they asked for was a guarantee of their independence. Lord Salisbury replied that the republics had already, by proclamation, undertaken to anuex and enforce sovereignty over British territory in South Africa, aud this act showed what the British could expect were the Boers successful. He declined to promise the preservation of Boer independence ; but gave it to be understood that for one tbing the Boers would certainly be deprived of the right to arm themselves against Great Britain. ? Says a Washington dispatch of Wednesday : At 14 minutes to 1 o'clock this afternoon the president affixed his signature to the financial bill, thus making it a law of the land. Mr. Overstreet, of Indiana, who had the bill iu charge, arrived at the White House about five minutes before that time and was shown iuto the cabinet room, where he was joined by the president, who, after inquiring if the bill had been compared with care, affixed bis signature to it. At the same time he recalled the attention of those who stood by to the fact that many of the important financial bills which had been passed by congress had been approved on the 14th of the month. He spoke of tbe Sherman act, the resumption act, aud now the bill which was before him. In signing the bill the president used a new gold pen and holder which Mr. Overstreet had brought with for the purpose. ? The annual reports of Indian ageut9, which have been received by the commissioner of Indian affairs, will be printed in the form of an appendix to the report of the commissioner. They show that the entire Indian population is 297,905, of which number 95,079 wear citizens' dress, while 31,927 wear a mixture of Indian and civilized clothing. Those who can read number 42,597, and 53,314 can carry on an ordinary conversation in English. There are 25,236 dwelling houses built for the Indians, 1,153 of which were built within the last year. The number of births was 4,237 and the deaths 5,253. Twenty-six Indians were killed by whites, and seven whites hy Indians. One Indian was killed by other Indiaus. The number of Iudian criminals punished was 1,469. There were 31,655 Indian church members and 348 church buildings upon the various reservations. The amount of money contributed during the last year by religious and other societies was : For education, $261; for general church work, $110,407. $hc \lorlmllc inquirer. YOKKVILLE, S. C.: SATURDAY, MARCH 17, 1900. ? We wish to say to all who intend to be candidates for any office that we will run their cards from now till the day of election for just the same that we will charge for one week, aud it will cost just the same to announce and withdraw as to run on through. The payment of $3 cash with the announcement will be required. It frequently happens that the dues of defeated candidates are very hard to collect, and we don't want to be annoyed with such collections.?Chester Lantern. For the purpose of securing information, we would like to ask our contemporary a question. Why does it discriminate between the advertising of candidates and other transient ad- , vertising? The Lantern's charge for an inch space, one insertion, we presume, is $1, and 50 cents for each subsequent insertion. From its character and make up we say unhesitatingly that in our opinion it is entitled to charge and received that much. Then if a candidate uses an inch space ouly one time, why charge him three times as much as anybody else. At the regular trausient rates, $3 would pay for five insertions ol a cara occupying oue inch. Suppose the candidate uses the card ten insertions. Why should he be charged only half price? We don't see the business in the proposition. We think the candidate should be charged for what he gets, no more , and no less. We give other people one inch space weekly three months for $5, or one time for $1, and so on. We give candidates exactly the same rates. We think this is business and we are unable to see business in the discrimination. Possibly The Lantern may be able to show us some fine distinction of which we have no knowledge. We will be obliged to it if it will. ? Just think of 16-candle power incandescent lights for private residen ces at 15 cents a month and for business houses at 20 cents! And what about waterworks for $1.00 per annum to each consumer, and 86.00 per annum for complete telephone service! This was what the town of Edinhurg, Ind., by ownership of its own utilities, furnishes its citizens. The question of municipal control is no longer an experiment, but a success.?Roof; Hill Herald. Muuicipal control of public utilities is a great thing in many cases, and in many other cases it is right smart of a failure. The price of public commodities depends not so much on the system of ownership as upon the efficiency of operation, and it is a fact that private management in a given case may be so much more efficient than public management as to leave to private management a profit where public management would barely be able to pay expenses. By way of illustration, while we are not prepared to dispute the figures quoted by The Herald, still we are not prepared to accept them. It is possible th?t the different commodities mentioned are furnished at the prices given and that these prices cover all cost of operation. It is quite probable, however, that the figures merely represent the tariffs collected from the consumer, and that heavy deficiencies iu operating expenses are made up from ordinary taxation. It is possible that some water customers who pay little taxes get their supplies at much less than cost, while other consumers, paying heavy taxes, pay three times as much for their water as would be demanded by a private compauy. To bring the illustration home. The telephone franchise in Yorkville is owned by a private company. It does not give us a $G per annum rate ; but it gives us a rate as low as we know of elsewhere in all this sectiou. Accordiug to the figures, its rate is ouly twice that uuder the alleged Indiana municipal ownership. Our water plant is under municipal ownership, yet the rate is eight times the lowest that is quoted from Iudiaua. Our electric light management iu private hauds furuishes a rate that is only four times as great as the municipal ownership of Indiana, practically the same as the municipal ownership of Chester, and 33? per cent, less than the private ownership of Rock Hill aud other towns in this vicinity. As we have already suggested, ull this ' is a matter of management and other conditions, rather than of private or public ownership, and in our opinion it is not well to accept as correct indiscriminate public ownership figures without a thorough investigation of the facts and conditions lying beneath the surface. COPYRIGHTING SERMUMS. From time to time we Dote efforts to make points against preachers for copyrighting their sermons, and from the peculiar nature of the case we are able to see how some people would be inclined, at first blusb, to condemn the practice as selfish and unchristianlike. The preacher is supposed to be in the world for what good he can do. He is supposed to be obeying the command of the Master to proceed without script and without staff, repeating the message that is given to him in that same hour from above, and that any effort on his part to claim proprietorship of that message is wrong, unjust, and unchristian. We bad a personal experience some years ago. Rev. R. G. Pearson was preaching in Yorkville. His sermons were interesting and powerful, and attracted such widespread attention, that we thought it would be a good idea to print them. We requested that we he allowed to send a stenographer to take them down as he delivered them from the pulpit. He replied that his sermons wore copyrighted, they represented bisstock in trade, and although he would be willing to sell them to us, he could not afford to give them away without price. Although we did not complain through The Enquirer, we felt that the great preacher was very selfish, and not much of a Christian. But since that time we have thought of the matter very differently. The basis upon which we made our request of Mr. Pearson was this : Here you are preaching to do good. Your sermons, which are powerful, reach a great many people, and they do good in proportion. If we reproduce them in The Enquirer, they will do that much more good, and hence you should be glad to have them published. There was no thought on our part of any selfishness. Our intentions were perfectly good. Upon a more careful examination we find that we were selfish. For instance, it was because those sermons were interesting and readable that we wanted them. If they had been dull, we would uot have cared to have used them. Had we used them, just to the extent of the interest they created, there would have been a demand for The Enquirer, and to the extent of the pleasure they gave, The Enquirer would have come iq for commendation from its patrons, and to that extent would have been benefitted financially. In the purchase of the sermons according to Mr. Pearson's suggestion, the only thing we had to consider was whether the probable returns would yield a profit to us over and above the purchase price. So Mr. Pearson was right. It is true that the more his sermons are read the more good they will do; but the multiplication of copies of his sermon by publication costs money. No printer is going to undertake to publish those or any other sermons, unless he sees a profit. Au exceptional one might spend his meaus in this way ; but his menus will be exhausted before he accomplishes great'good. He will find that the public is suspicious of gifts, aud that people do not accord the same respect to gift publications as to those they buy. If the publication of the sermons were profitable to one publisher, unless there was copyright protection, there would soon be competition from other publishers who would take all the profit out of the business, thus putting a stop to further distribution. Copyright protects the publisher uud author, and insures continued distribution so long as there is any demand. When the demand ceases, further distribution is useless. In years past we have had a great deal of experience along this line. All of the important newspaper work of the county has been done by The Enquirer. Much of it has required labor, experience and intelligence. Work by us is, or ought to be, our property. It is regularly stolen, however, as deliberately as if there were no property rights in such productions, without even a line of acknowledgement on the part of those who do the stealiug. We have had our representative at scores of public meetings where there was no other newspaper representative, and where he secured all the copies of the proceedings that were in existence. After these proceedings were published, they would be stolen bodaciously, line for line, word for word, and even error for error. We would gladly avail ourselves of the copyright law; but it is too high up for us?too expensive. Our only protection is in printing tbe news first and the education of the people to the fact that stale news is of not so much value as fresh news. We certainly sympathize with the preachers in the contention that literary productions of all kind represent property. Such property is as much entitled to protection from ordinary thieves as is gold and silver. Unless literary workers are protected they cannot realize the rewards to which they are entitled ; and denied their just rewards, they have but little encouragement to put forth their hest etlbrts. Instead of criticising brain workers for their apparent selfishness, we think the general public will do much better by itself and by brain workers if it will bring to bear upon literary and news thieves the same odium and condemnation it brings to bear upon thieves of money and other property. ??OC*jflLXj? jMP3F^flk$lR.Se INDEX TO NEW ADVERTISEMENTS. J. M. Heath <fe Co.?Announce that tbey have purchased the stock of the late Ganson Dry Goods company, and that, commencing today and continuing for 30 days, they will slaughter the entire stock. They also announce that Mr. J. M. Heath is now in the northern markets buying car loads of new goods. York Drug Store, Registered Pharmacist?Says they have Lowney's chocolates fresh today, and that somebody will be waiting tonight for a box. W. J. Jones, Yorkville, S. C.?Has a full Jersey milch cow for sale. Louis Roth?Will have Winyah bay shad this (Saturday) evening, and asks you IU let LI IIII unvu JUUI UIUCIOI THROUGH TO COLUMBIA. There is talk among the railroad men to the effect that the South Carolina and Georgia Extension company .is arranging to run through passenger trains between Marion, N. C., and Columbia, S. C., on a schedule to be put into effect at an early day. The arrangement contemplates the use of the line just being completed between Columbia and Camden, by the Seaboard Air Line. As to whether there will be two trains or only one, the reporter has not heard. If there is only one train, John Boxtell, of course, will have charge of it, and if there are two, he will have charge of one of them. ^ STILL AT LARGE. Ered Stewart, the Negro who so brutally murdered his wife uear Yorkville recently, is still at large, and the authorities are without definite information as to his whereabouts. The reporter understands that immpHiafplu nfrpr th? innuest. Coroner 1 I f Brian lodged a warrunt with the sheriff, and later od sent to the governor a copy of the testimony in the case, and asked that a reward be offered for the Negro's arrest. As yet the governor has not made public his intended action. Althougn it is not legally incumbent upon him to do so, Sheriff Logan has offered, upon his own responsibility, a reward of $5 for information that will lead to Stewart's arrest. He has also written to the authorities in towns surrounding, advising them of the murder and giving a description of the murderer. It is quite probable that if the gov-1 ernor will offer a reward, Stewart will be arrested; but in the absence of such a reward, it is not likely that any individual citizen is going to incur the labor and expeuse that will be necessary for the proper prosecution of the case. | ^ BURGLARY AT CLOVER. I A gang of burglars made a raid on the business bouses of Clover during the small hours of last Monday night, wrecking and stealing whatever laid I in their paths. The sufferers from the raid were Messrs. W. B. Stroup, J. P. Sifford, J. J. Smith, Sam V. Wallace and J. D. Gwinn, the postmaster. From the best information obtainable, it appears that the burglars broke opeu Mr. Kuox's blacksmith shop with a sawdog, obtained from Captuin W. B. Smith's saw mill, and then proceeded to the store of Mr. VV. B. Stroup and entered with the help of tools obtained from the blacksmith rwit 1 1 * I c? StlOp. 1 ney auacaeu me .-me, tuiuug off the combination dial, the handle and the binges; but were uuable to get inside. From there they went to the other stores, winding up with the postoffice from which they stole stamps to the value of $277.95, including a few cents in money. If they stole anything of value from any of the other stores it has not been missed. So far as is known, no one heard the robbers while they were at work, and there has not since developed defiuite information to show even how many | of them there were. Some of the tools that they had stolen from the blacksmith shop, however, have since been discovered under a bridge near Clover. Tracks in the vicinity indicated that there were three of the burglars. A postoffice inspector is at work on the case; but as yet he has not discovered anything definite. SALE OP GANSON STOCK. The slock of the (Sanson Dry Goods company was put on the block at public auction, last Tuesday night, by B. N. Moore, receiver, and sold for 79 cents on the dollar. The successful bidder was Mr. Thos. F. McDow, attorney for J. M. Heath & Co., of Lancaster. Immediately after getting instructions from the court, Receiver Moore went to work putting thiugs in shape for a final wind up. He communicated With diffident probable buyers, and about the "Mme he was about to take the final Step?auction sale?certain New York creditors, through their attorneys, Mordecai & Gadsden, sought to restrain him from further proceedings by an injunction from the Federal court, accompanied by a notice of a petition to force tbeGanson Dry Goods company into involuntary bankruptcy. These proceedings developed last Saturday. Receiver Moore, through his attorneys?Thos. F. McDow, Esq., and Major James F. Hart?applied at Charleston to Judge Brawley, and secured an order modifying the original order, and permitting the receiver to go on with his auction sales and de posit the money in bank, pending the decision of the bankruptcy case upon its merits. This having been arranged, there was no further complications in the way of the sale, which proceeded as indicated. There were several bidders at the sale, and several prominent business men who were quite anxious to buy the stock; but Mr. McDow showed such determination and positiveness as to give the idea that he would go on to a hundred cents if necessary, and the others reluctautly dropped out as fast as each reached the limit ot Dis nerve. The invoice value of the stock, on the basis of original cost, was some* thing over $17,000, and the check with which the settlement was made, called for something over $13,000. One of the conditions contributing to the unusual value of the stock is the fact that there was scarcely an article in the store that bad not advanced in value from 10 to 30 per cent, since its original purchase from the manufacturers, and all the bidders took this fact into consideration. WITHIN THE TOWN. Cotton is worth 9 cents ou the Yorkville market tod ay. An unnamed andTrobably imaginary church member of the "old style," has been quoted as objecting to lighting of churches by electricity on account of the violation of the Sabbath entailed. The millennium is booked to dawn on the day when people who find their chief happiness in trying to fly-blow their neighbors run out of material. There are two ways of having Sunday night preaching without violating the Sabbath in the matter of lights. One is to hold the service in the dark and the other is to provide lamps with reservoirs sufficient to bold enough oil to admit of their burning from Saturday night over Sunday. But when light becomes the only problem standing in the way of complete technical Sabbath observance, the millennium will certainly come along with a satisfactory solution.^.-?Anent the reference io Wednesday's paper to illegal license taxes levied by the town council, it develops that the livery stable tax is no more. We were not aware of the fact at the time the article was written. So far as the public is concerned .the matter was an entire secret. That there used to be such a tax we are certain. The ordinance was duly published and licenses | were from time to time collected. If | the ordiuance was ever repealed, we are not aware of it. We do not remember to have seen any publication of the fact, and if it was not repealed, lit is an ordinance yet. Only it is not being enforced. It stands on the books as a dead letter. We get our information from a reliable liveryman. He informs us that after paying the license under protest for a year or two, he finally refused to pay any more. The council sought to have him pay and sue lor its recovery. He wisely said nit. Then he was threatened that if he did not pay his 'bus would be stopped in the street. "Then stop it," he dared. So here the matter dropped. The tax was not paid and the 'bus was not stopped. The position of the liveryman was ironclad. He knew his rights and intended to stand upon them. The beef license and the bill posting license have no better foundation in law. The only difference is that most people prefer to submit rather than fight. Of course, if they are willing to allow themselves to be "held up," by the council, it is their fault. But when the council collects licenses illegally through threat of the law, it is in the same position of the man who levies tax of another man at the point of a revolver?that is morally, of course. But let it be understood that nothing that is here said is to be taken as denying the right of the council to levy a license tax upon every business and profession in the town. The only condition is, such license tax must be as equitable as possible. So long as one business is discriminated against, the whole license tax system is unconstitutional. \ NEW BUSINESS CONCERN. As a dry goods market, Yorkville is again abreast of the procession. During the past few weeks, especially since the closing of the Ganson Dry Goods company, the tovvu has been the recipient of much sympathy at having been reduced to one fairly good sized dry goods store. It was an awkward position. There was no discount on the substantial character of the one store that remained. There was no discount as to the wide range iu variety and quality of stock that was carried, and still less was there any cause for complaint on account of the close margin of profit at which it contiuued to sell goods. But customers always want competition, a number of stores at which they can compare goods and prices, and the absence of this element brought about a condition that was awkward and hurtful. But now the situation has changed. The buying public has, for years, been familiar with the mammoth dry goods concerns of Chester, Rock Hill and Lancaster, at least by reputation. Yorkville is now to bave a big concern that will compare favorably with any of them. With what the town now has to offer it is already a peerlees dry goods market, and with what is in sight it promises to soon become one of the best in the upper part of the state. Things looked gloomy a few weeks ago, and now they bave begun to brighten. The sun is coming out. ' Mr. J. M. Heath, senior member of the firm of J. M. Heath & Co., which recently purchased the stock, stand, good will and fixtures of the Ganson Dry Goods company, is the president of the Heath Banking and Mercantile compauy, of Lancaster. As president of this company Mr. Heath is the manager of seven big dry goods and supply stores in Lancaster and Kershaw counties, and the business be has begun to establish in Yorkville will make the eighth under bis management. He and bis concern have unlimited cash and credit. They have done much to develop every territory in which they have operated both commercially and industrially, and they may he expected to make things bpm in Yorkville and vicinity as things have not hummed before. As we understand it, it is the pur- < pose of Messrs. Heath & Co., to put in the next 30 days selling bargains, the like of which are not frequently offered. They propose to sacrifice not only goods that they purchased at the recent sale ; but also new goods. It is their purpose to draw custom not only from the immediate vicinity.; but from long distances, in order that they may get the acquaintance of the buying public. After that they propose to continue to offer every inducement in the way of goods and prices that is consistent with sound business and necessary to lead in the competition with merchants generally. This, we understand, is their purpose, and how far they will succeed will no doubt be shown by the near future. The store of J. M. Heath & Co., is to be under the direct management of Mr. J. M. Williams, an experienced dry goods merchant of Kershaw. Mr. Williams has the reputation of being one of the best judges of dry goods * values in this section of the state. He is a close buyer and believes in the policy of keeping goods on the move. He will be assisted by the efficient corps of lady clerks formerly in the employ of the Ganson Dry Goods company, along with such other necessary help as he will bring over from Lancaster. Some of the male salesmen, formerly with the Ganson company, will also be with him. ABOUT PEOPLE. Mrs. Mattie Matthews, of Old Point, is visiting her sister, Mrs. N. A. Simril, at her home two miles east of Yorkville. r Mr. J. C. Lazenby, of Lancaster, came over to Yorkville on Tuesday to bid on the stock of the Ganson Dry Goods company. . Mr. J. E. Nurment, traveling repre- ^ sentative of The News and Courier, was in Yorkville on Tuesday and Wednesday in the interest of his paper. Mr. Norment makes new friends every time he comes. Mr. J. M. Heath, of Lancaster, came over to Yorkville on Tuesday afternoon with reference to the sale of the stock ot toe tjanson ury uoous compaDy, and he left for New York Wednesday to buy goods. Mi9S Rerifield, of Nashville, Tennessee, assistant agent of the Home Missionary society of the Methodist church, arrived in Yorkvilleon Thursday morning in the interest of her ? work. She was the guest of Mrs. M. F. Jones during her stay here. Mr. W. D. Grist, of The Enquirer, was confined to his bed with grip from Tuesday of last week uutil last Tuesday. Since the last mentioned date he has been at his post as usual, and for such editorial shortcomings as may exist in today's paper he assumes responsibility. Superintendent P. M. Grimes, of the York Cotton Mill, went down to Kershaw on Tuesday to consult with some enterprisiug people there on the subject of building a cotton mill. Mr. Gtimes, it goes without saying, is the man to give the desired information. Dr. M. J. Walker was quite ill for several days this week. He considered it advisable the other day to vaccinate his daughter, Miss Alma, before her return to Converse, aud while engaged in the operation be decided to vaccinate himself also. He was soon after seized with a severe indisposition f,,him to take his bed. He was able to be up ou Thursday; but bas not yet regained bis usual condition. Washington correspondent Greenville News: Mr. Finley, of South Carolina, the new member from the Fifth district, is becoming one of the popular members of the house of representatives, and is a hard worker. M He is a member of the committee on territories, which is considered during this congress an importaut committee. He is also a member of the committee on railroads. The committee on territories has had under consideration the bill providing for the government of Hawaii, which has just passed the senate. The bill came up on Saturday, ' and an order was made to take the measure up for consideration on April 3d, 4th and 5th, the vote to bo taken on its passage on the last date. The unanimous consent necessary for this order being made was obtained largely through the influence of Mr. Finley,