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Yorkville enquirer. [volume] (Yorkville, S.C.) 1855-2006, October 24, 1900, Image 1

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i. m. OEIST & SONS, Fnbiisheri. I % 4amitg jfenmjagtr: 4or <ht fromotion of the golitical, facial, ^ricullural, and (Kotnmencial gntgrqata o)f )ht ftoplt. {TER* wo^0coiTY c4DT8ANCg'
J . .
Copyrlgat, 1900, by R. F. Fenno & Co.
Sir Charles Collingham lived out
Kensington way In a new red house on
Campden hill. 1 got there in less than
half an hour, for my carriage was at
the door. and. although I knew something
of his ways from Willie Wood. 1
hoped to catch him before he left home.
It was not vet 10 a. m. He was out
already on bis bicycle when I arrived,
hut be came up. fortunately. Just as I
was asking for bim.
"Come for news or brought some,
hey. Miss Falrbolme? If It's the first, 1
can't help you?worse luck; If the other?and.
egad, by the look on your bonnle
face 1 believe you've something to
tell! Is that It? Ha!" He hopped off
his "bike" with all the alacrity of a
young man and led the way Into the
"Surprising chap, that American!"
he cried In his brisk, abrupt tones. "I
suppose we're bound to believe him.
Actually did break In and all that, bey?
Anyhow, he's forwarder than we are,
for I've been dowu to Clv;es street to
inquire If Master Wood bad turned up
and drew blank, of course."
"Oh. but. Sir Charles, how could he?"
1 said quickly "And ought we to be
talking, wasting time here? He has
been kidnaped, as you see. Surely It
Is our business to follow up this clew
without a moment's loss of time. He
must be rescued, recovered."
"And the papers-they will have carried
off the pupers with them, you may
depend upon that. By the Lord Harry,
you are right! But how. bow In heaven's
name?how are we to overhaul
f that yacht? 1 do not see my way."
"By following 1n another, to be sure.
1 will pay anything. Only do, please,
let us lose no more time. Could not
we get a man-of-war?"
"By Jove, you're right! If we could
have a fast cruiser now. Upon my
soul. 1 believe it might be done! If I
could only persuade them at the admiralty.
Ifs an affair of uatlonal Importance
to recover those papers."
We drove straight to the admiralty
In Whitehall, where the general was
admitted without question or delay.
We were soon introduced to-a Captain
Pulteney, who proved to be uaval secretary
to the first lord aud a very
charming man, I dare say, but I took
a great dislike to him, for he began at
once to make difficulties, speaking, I
thought, In a sneery, put you down
sort of way which was very irritating.
"What could we send? There isn't
a ship," he said, addressing the others,
and seeming to imply that the whole
British navy had ceased to exist. "Besides,
if I could lay hands on a gunboat
or dispatch vessel, what course
would she steer? What is she to look
for? The whole thing Is a wild goose
chase. I'm dead against it."
"I think we'll see Sir George," remarked
my dear general stiffly. "We
can discuss these points better with
him," and we again moved on, Captain
Pulteney following, grumbling
and growling all the way.
But Sir George Fltz Hugh (he was
the first sea lord) sided with Captain
Pulteney. The information was too
vague; nothing was positively known,
neither about the papers nor about
Captain Wood.
"You see, Sir Charles, you have nothing
to go on about those papers, were
they stolen, seized, whatever we
may call it. Who can be certain of
that, or of anything, except that they
have disappeared, as Wood has? And
you infer that the same people have
taken them both. How do we know
that? You take too much for granted.
Or, let us admit they were taken, how
Tra knnw thnt thev were nut on
board' the yacht? It is all pure conjecture.
I should be very sorry to
act?to take upon myself to act; we
must wait for the first lord."
* "When do you expect him?" I asked
Impatiently. I was getting cross at all
these difficulties and delays, and I
could see that Sir Charles Colllngham
was dangerously near losing his temper.
He only controlled himself by remaining
stolidly silent.
"He Is always here in the afternoon;
takes the office on bis way to the
house. You might see him, then. Sir
Charles, If so minded." said the naval
t secretary.
"Tbe^afternoon! Trobably four good
hours hence. Absurd!" I cried hotly,
"when every moment Is precious.
Why. this pirate yacht has already
had 24 hours' start. Oh. come. Sir
Charles! Let us go somewhere else.
There are other ships besides warships
?steamers, yachts In dozens, for hire.
Why do you hesitate? Will no one
help me?"
I asked this possibly with some
warmth, for I heard some one say as
we went off. Sir Charles and I:
"My word, what a little fury!"
From Whitehall the general took me
to Lloyds. He knew the secretary, he
said, and something of the ways of the
place?its wonderful organization and
the vast machinery at Its command for
knowing all about ships, almost from
hour to hour. But the secretary, a
grave gentleman, with a sly twinkle In
his eye, shook his head very doubtfully
when he heard the whole story.
"I fear we shall not be able to lay
our hands upon that yacht?at least
for some time to come?If she wishes
to keep out of the way. We can track
her down the river, of course, as far
as Southend on one side, the North
Foreland on the other. But If after
that she steers a straight course eastward
till out of sight, she will be lost
In the German ocean."
Hp touched a bell on his table and <
gave instructions to a clerk.
"Communicate with signal stations I
down the Thames, and then with those i
on the east and southeast coasts, and l
inquire for a yacht answering this '
description?it is the Fleur-de-LIs, in I
fact. She is registered here; you can 1
verify her from the books. Ask if she t
has been seen or spoken with, and if
bo. what course she Is on. 'mat won t
take half an hour. In the meantime, !
you might be inquiring for a steamer i
to send In chase. That Is your idea. Is
It not?" and again he signaled In a i
desk tube, summoning another subordinate.
"Can anything come of It?" asked ;
BIr Charles doubtfully.
"Why not? You will, of course, have
to send a posse of police In her. It I
will not be enough to overhaul her; I
you will have also to overawe the abductors?always
supposing you come i
up with and can positively identify the
Fleur-de-Lls. neither of which is very I
probable." <
"It Is Just what I tell this young
lady. We've got first to catch the boat
and then to be sure It is the Fleur-de- i
Lis. before we go a step farther." <
"Exactly. Ah. Trevor"?this was to 1
another clerk who now came In?"let I
me know with all dispatch what <
steamers could be hired for a special 1
mission. Class of no consequence, but
she must have a speed of 15 to 10 I
knots, and be ready for sea this after- 1
noon. Price of charter by week or 1
month, all found?crew, captain, coals 1
on board. Sharp's the word, you understand?
Who Is going in her? You 1
should have some police officers. In
case there is any arrest to be made.
Perhaps you will see to that Sir ]
"I should like to go In her." I now
said. 1
"My dear child," protested Sir
Charles, "that is pure nonsense. In <
the first place, I think It is highly Improbable
that she will catch up the
yacht. But If she does there vi'.l be
Borne rough aud tumble work- righting
perhaps. Those villains, after going
such lengths, will not be very willing
to give up their prize. It would never
do for you. Miss Falrlioliue."
"1 cannot bear to remain Inactive. I
want to be doing something," I contended.
"I expect you would be Inactive
enough on board the steamer." said the
secretary. "Ranging up and down the
waters probably, a wretched sort of
cruise and always In ignorance as to
what was going on at home. I
you would be wiser to find some other
outlet for your energies."
At this moment the first clerk c.;me
In with a slip of paper in his hand
" 'A small steam yacht, flying no colors,'
he read aloud, 'was reported passing
the North Foreland about 8 p. m.
last night, and a steamer, the same no
doubt, was seen from Beochy Head
this morning at 5 a. m. Her course apparently
W. S. W. westerly. Nothing
seen of her since. Start Point and
Lizard have been warned specially to
look for her and report.' "
"She is making for the Atlantic, 1
expect," was the secretary's commentary.
"At least that would be a fair
Inference. But once Id the wide ocean,
who shall say what will become of
"Could she not be Intercepted from
Plymojth or Falmouth?" I suggested.
"What would you calculate her rate
of steaming at the progress she has
"It's a good suggestion, Miss Fairholme.
I should imagine the yacht
would be off the Start soon after mid
night and Plymouth by early tomorrow 1
morning. I could wire Instructions to
Lloyds' agent to send out a tug. and
no doubt Sir Charles could arrange for j
police constables with search warrants
nnd authority to detain the Fleur-de- '
"That will I, by the Lord, and send
an officer of my own besides. I have
other reasons ? official reasons ? for
Mr. Snuyzer was pleased to express his ap
1 I. - 1. I I. ...i 9
p/UUUL vu/hzil fit/ fiuna u//iui i uuu uuno.
wishing to come up with that yacht
and detain her for search. On the
whole. I think that this Is the most
prompt aud sensible course. You
would hardly get a steamer off from
this or any other port under 24 hours,
aud that would be a fatal loss of
"Can I go In the tug?" 1 still stuck
to my point.
"Quite impossible." replied the secretary.
"They have no proper accommodation.
aud you would have to pas*
the night in utter discomfort on the
open deck."
"I should not be afraid of that But
some one who knows Mr. Wood and 1
everything else must accompany the
tug," I argued.
"My officer, Swete Thornhill, knows
him. doesn't be?"
"Yes, but not the others, or the
meaning of the whole thing."
"Send the Yankee then. He will be
quite equal to the emergency. Can
pou get hold of him?"
"Easily. He is on the telephone. Besides,
I know bis address."
Then we left Lloyds, having given
carte blanche as regards expenditure,
and with full assurance that all proper
arrangements would be made.
Later Mr. Suuyzer answered my summons,
and was pleased to express bis
approval when he beard what I had
"I don't admire another night out of
bed," he said grumblingly, "but it is in
a good cause. There's sense In the
plan and It may succeed. The chase
was mere Idiocy. You could never
have caught up the yacht. Besides,
r Kaa|. |n r An/1/%n Cntnrdor
I Call UC uaccv IU uuuuvu vu maiuiuu^
it latest, wbicb Is most important."
"Yes?" I asked, rather indifferently.
"Yes truly. Sunday I sail from
Southampton by the Great River line's
steamer Chattahoochee for New York."
"What! Why is this? What reason?have
you found out anything?"
"Here is a preliminary list of passengers
by the Chattahoochee. Run your
eye over the names. See? Duke and
Duchess of Tierra Sagrada.'
"You are indeed wonderful, Mr.
Snuyzer," and in sheer admiration I
gave him my band.
"But that isn't all. Have you gone
right down the list? Well?"
My eyes swam, my bead turned
round. 1 felt giddy and faint, for there
at the end of all, was the name of?
"Captain William Wood!"
"I was pretty right, you see, miss. I
Bee all their cards as though they were
on the table. The right man held up,
the wrong paraded with full papers of
Identification to make a clean sweep
Df all they can acquire. It's time some
one should go over. Perhaps it will
be Mr. Wood himself. If I can pick
him out of that booker and bring him
on shore, I shall put it to him that he
had better cross the pond right away
to protect his own interests. That
would be far the best. But some one
must go."
"Mr. Snuyzer," I said, with a sudden,
Irresistible Impulse, "If you do not
return on Friday night, 1 will go over
to New York."
Directly we sat down to lunch I
broke it to mother.
"I am going to New York on Sunday,"
I said very quietly. #
The words had no meaning for her
at first I had to repeat the statement
more than once, when at last it dawned
upon her.
"Of course I cannot go alone." I
continued. In the same matter of fact
voice, "at least, I'd rather not; so you
will have to come with me. Now.
darling," 1 went on, "don't be disagree
able. It Is a matter or tne utmost importance.
I must go. I cannot help
"It Is something to do with that
tvret?hed Captain Wood, of course?
Dear, dear, how I wish you had never
settled it that way. I don't know what
:o think of him; whether we ought to
:rust him. Suppose he is deceiving
pou; suppose he has run away?"
"Mother, you must not hint at such a
thing. I have unbounded faith in him,
is I am sure he has in me. It is for
lis sake I am going, and, mother?forjlve
me?whatever you say or do, I
shall go."
She could say nothing, and to close
:he matter I struck while the iron was
jot and secured our passage that very
ifternoon, paying the deposit. Mr.
Snuyxer's name was also down on the
1st of passengers, which was a com.'ort
to me, for I saw that he was conIdent
of success in his present mission,
[f he intercepted the yacht and rescued
Willie, we need not start, mother and
I, and I would gladly forfeit the deposit
What Willie would do there was
10 saying.
But the days passed. Friday, then
Saturday, without one word of news.
How I got through the time I can liardy
say. Mother saw that I was wretched
and, thinking I was fussing and
fretting over our rash expedition, tried
timidly?sweet mother!?to get me to
give it up.
But 1 was only the more determined
to go. The day wore on. I was hoping
against hope, and in my own secret
heart I was becoming terribly frightfined.
almost out of my wits, but I
fought hard against that. 1 knew that
IP I rrn ,./> It'll V rm41 llttlp Jilt I RllOUld
II 1 b"' V. ?. ?
break down utterly.
1 Hurglttr Story.
They were telling "burglary stories"
on the veranda In front of the grocery
Btore In a down east town.
"The man's hand was thrust through
the bole be had cut in the door," said
the star talker, "when the woman seized
the wrist and held on In spite of the
struggles of the man outside. In the
morning the burglar was found dead,
having cut bis own throat when he
found escape impossible; but the brave
woman bad not known he was dead,
and so had not released her grasp on
his wrist all night long."
"Huh!" growled the skeptic In the
corner. "Why didn't she feel of bis
pulse?"?Buffalo Commercial.
rhe Cossacks.
Cossacks form the volunteer cavalry
troops of southern Russia. They
provide themselves with horses, uniforms
and weapons and serve as
guards to toe nignways auu penuiui
certain other military duties on demand
of the governor of the district In
which they live. In return for which
service they are relieved from taxation
to a certain extent Their costumes
are picturesque, and they have
a worldwide reputation for the excellence
and daring of their horsemanship.
Found at Last.
Proprietor?I'm looking for a man I
can trust.
Applicant?We'll get along then. For
ten years I've done nothing but look
for a man that would trust me.?Detroit
Free Prese.
gRijittttotwww fading.
j ,
Observations of a Sonth Caroliniai
In the Philippines.
Natives Are Cruet' and Treacherous, ant
Believe In Assassination as the Bes
Means of Redressing Their GrievancesSoldiers
Are Tired of Fighting Then
and Want to Go to China?Interestlni
Observations From a Man Who Is Wei
Known In the 8tate.
Columbia Record, October 16 and 17.
Lipa, Province of Batangas,
Luzon, P. I., Aug. 23, 1900.
Hon. John L. McLaurin :
My Dear Sir: I have seen In a Filipino
paper, printed In Spanish and published
in Manila, containing the Democratic
platform, and some cablegram!
from London, giving some utterance!
of Mr. Bryan in a speech In Indiana
and a reply by "Jefes" (chiefs) of tht
Republican party, which Indicate t<
me that the American people are goin*
crazy. I notice in the Democratic platform
that they make three pledges ir
reference to the Philippines: First, t<
give them "a stable government"; second,
to give them "Independence"; anc
third, to "protect.them against all foreign
powers." |
Can this be correct? Can it be possible?
Then I see In the cablegrams thai
Bryan announced.that as his platform
and it created a great sensation in Indiana,
and the "Jefes" (chiefs) of th<
Republican party said McKinley woulc
do the same.
If this be true, what are we flghtinf
for? What -have all these good mer
from Lawton down, died for? Whai
have we suffered for? What have al
these millions of dollars been spent for!
Did we give Spain 320,000,000 for thes?
islands to turn round and present then
to the treacherous Aguinaldo, who sole
out his people and then refused t<
stand by his bargain?
There Is one thing sure and certain
it will be a flat admission that th?
United States are defeated; that th(
Filipinos have whipped us; that oui
statesmen are but children; that wher
we do a thing and it meets with strenuous
opposition, we have not the stamina
to stand up for our acts. It wil
ruin us in the eyes of the great nations
of the world. It will be sulcida
to take one back Step now. We shoulc
rather push forward and claim mor<
than we did at first, because these peo
pie refused to accept what we offeree
them, and then, after their armies wen
defeated and scattered, refused to follow
any semblance of civilized warfare
but resorted to the practices of savages,
disregarding white flags, hospital
sick and medical attendance; bul
counting It smart to succeed In an ambuscade
of sick and wounded or to deceive
us by the use of a white flag.
The people of America have no idee
of the nature and character of these
people. The whole American people are
acting toward these people like the
Northern people did toward the Negroes
of the South. The North was ignorant
of the Negro, and our people an
ignorant of these people.
We cannot give to these people a stable
government unless we govern them
because they are not capable of selfgovernment,
and never can be. Thej
are an inferior race, incaple, utterly incapable
of self-government. Theii
highest idea of office is to steal bj
means of It. Taxation to them is s
means of enriching the officials and noi
of improving the condition of the country
or the people.
I hope you will take the trouble tc
understand these people thoroughly
No newspaper reports, nor commissioners,
It matters not however learnec
they may be, can ever know these people
by coming over here and visiting
the officials. A man must go out intc
the country; go through the mountain!
and the rice fields, and the banana anc
cocoanut plantations, and out In the
boinas, and mingle with the people anc
study them, before he can know anything
about them. At first he may be
favorably impresed and think h<
knows them, then he will begin tc
doubt, and after awhile he will admit
that he does not understand them.
You must bear in mind that then
are many tribes, the Tagalos not being
the only tribe; but I believe they ar<
about as intelligent as any. The Tagalos
are very numerous. There are mestizos,
and then grades on down to ful
bloods, just as our Negroes, mulattoei
and the various shades of colored people
in America. No full-blooded Tagalo
has any ability. All the leaden
are the property owners of any extern
and all the business men of any capacity
are mixed, some with Chinese
some with Japanese, and some wit!
white races. The millions of Tagalo!
are nothing but slaves. They speal
no language but Tagalo, and we car
only reach them through their master!
and the priests, who speak a little vile
Spanish. They have but about a dozer
letters in their alphabet, and therefore
cannot learn the Spanish language unless
they are mixed. The mixed peoph
own the land, and the common people
living in the Nipa shocks till the soi
and give everything to their masters
They can sell their children. This wil
be denied; but it is so, and is a species
of hiring or binding out till the debt is
paid; but, mark you, the debt is nevei
paid. Now, these property owners are
living easy, "rolling in wealth," so te
speak, and their poor slaves are fighting
us because their masters tell then
to do it, and their masters, the ricl
property owners, do not want American
rule, because they know that the
Americans will free their slaves, anc
the rich will suffer, while the poor laboring
slave will benefit by the change
There is one church to a Rueblo
Take Llpa for instance. It is next te
Manila in size. It has 47 barrios ane:
only one church. These people are the
most fanatical Roman Catholics of the
class existing in Spain 300 years ago
Some of these barrios are 10 miles
away; but they must come into theii
church for everything or go to hell, anc
they must pay everytime they come
Thp nriests tell them to fight the Amer
leans, because they know that th<
Americans will bring with them religious
freedom, and that little churches
and school houses will spring up al
over these little barios and the priests
occupation will be gone. Did you evei
read "The Wandering Jew," by Eugem
Sue? Any means justify the ends.
These people are treacherous, liars
and thieves. They will tell a lie wher
the truth would actually suit theii
purposes better. It is said that th<
devil is the father of liars. Here an
his children; his beloved children. Bui
I think a better version is that wher
the Almighty came to create the devi
he looked around for a model and toot
a Filipino for his model; but made ?
signal failure. They are utterly devolc
of sentiment. They seldom smile anc
more seldom weep. We never know
who are the bereft at a funeral. Nobody
looks any sadder at a funera
than at a wedding or a christening
They are as devoid of gratitude as ?
snake. They will cringe and croucl
at your feet like a whipped cur, anc
Just as soon as ou treat them kindlj
and assure them that you do not intend
to hurt, them, they grow insolent, and
. think you are afraid of them, and nev
er thank you for any kindness. If one
does anything for you as an act of servitude
and you give him a nickle, the
next time he will want a dime and insult
you if you do not give it to him.
They will ask all sorts of prices for
their commodities and labor, and lnva1
riably have two prices?one for the natives
and one for the Americanos. A
laundress will oharge a dollar for what
she will charge a native 25 cents, and
then continue to charge you a dollar,
> althaugh you may not have half the
number of clothes you had the first
time. They will drive up a cow to sell
1 for $25 and wind up by selling to a nat
tive for 48. Ask them why they do this
and they will answer that the Americanos
have plenty of money; that the
1 Americans are rich, and that nothing
l has any intrinsic value, but that they
I must get all they can from the rich or
let the rich starve. They take every
advantage of our misfortunes, accidents
or troubles. If anything is urgent
and we want to hire a conveyance,
they will charge a hundred times
the regular price If they can rorce it
. out of us. They are the personification
. of vengeance. They will waylay you
. and stab you in the back years after
, an imaginary wrong notwithstanding
, the fact that they have made friends,
and have been living friendly with you
[ all this time. They will resort to poi\
son, treachery and every vile means
. known to all savage races. They will
. take the oath of allegiance and walk
, straight to their commands and take
, up their arms and go to fighting us.
Rudyard Kipling says they are half
! child and half devil. That is as true
. as anything that was ever written.
The mind of a matured man is that of
a boy. The Westigos, like Aguinaldo,
k are like precocious boys. They learn
rapidly, but have no Judgment. They
[ change daily, according to the whims
[ of the day. Aguinaldo has not one[
half Tagalo blood in him; neither has
any of the bodies known to the world.
, Many of them are of full blooded par!
entage on one side and probably onet
forth Tagalo on the other. Everything
I is the rudest here. They olow with
t stocks with no handles like the Egypt>
ians of 5,000 years ago. They bush
' their hoes, pull their plows and turn
. to the left. aII tools and implements
are rude and flimsy. They cut down
trees, cut all their rice, hoe and clear
all their land with batos, none use
; axes. They will saw all day on one
; tree, with a saw blade an inch wide
' set in a frame like a woodsaw; but up
. an angle of about 45 degrees. Their
bellows are made by cutting off a piece
of hollow log, putting a head in each
j end a piston rod with a valve and pulling
that thing in and out. They carry
j water in boxes or anything they can
. get by means of a stick with a box on
I each end, and in the country they hol'
low out a bamboo and carry the water
on their shoulders. They have no idea
| of modesty or decency.
* Many houses have but one little room
and a dozen people will live in it like
[ rats?worse than our Negroes. Women,
men, boys and girls are both together
t in the river stark naked. They squat
. like monkeys and can squat all day.
. They all get round a dish s.nd eat with
their fingers, the vilest stuff ever was
t cooked?rotten flsh and garlic that
? would turn the stomach of an Araerik
can buzzard.
I Go to a house where there is a table
I and everybody gets on top of the table
. with their feet and squat down to eat.
k People, hogs, dogs, chickens and goats
all live in the same house.
. I They are cruel Deyona description. ?
I cannot descrioe their cruelty. They
. I lay a beef down to kill it, and before
t I killing it they split the skin from the
. Jaw to the chest and skin it down on
leach side the whole length of the neck
r and thus make a bag to catch the
i blood. Then they stick it and let the
t blood run into this skin sack, and take
.la cocoanut shell and dip out the blood
as it runs out so as to save every drop
> of it. Was such torture ever heard of
. before? Everybody fights chickens.
. Sunday is the great market day and
1 the great cock fighting day. They use
. gaffs with edges to them like little bar
tos. When a chicken is fatally wound>
ed, they immediately pick it clean, so
3 that it is a common thing to see men
1 going along with a clean picked chlck?
en alive and full of wounds and pantI
ing for breath. Think of it! I have
. seen it often. First they go to church
; and go through all the bowing and
? scraping, crossing and gyrations known
) to the Roman Catholic church, and
II then they are ready for any species of
hellish work from picking chickens
31 alive, vilely cutting off live monkeys'
r I feet, skinning animals alive, to all the
? toatures of more than any devils of
3 hell can devise. Let me tell you, I would
. not sacrifice the meanest, lowest pri1
vate black United States soldier for all
3 the millions of inhabitants of these is.
lands. Our American people are mak.1
Ing themselves fools?and I may say
3 j most damnable fools about the "liberty
t of these people!" People? Are they
. I people? It is a remarkable thing. The
I wild monkeys hate them, they cannot
[ tame them. We can tame them and
3 they will fight the Filipinos so that we
L have to keep them confined. Now why
i is that?
3 These people ought to be subjugated,
?|crushed, or wiped from off the face of
i the earth. What right did we have to
i drive the Indians back and take their
. lands? They were far superior in evil
ery respect to these people, and we do
? have a plain, undisputed title to these
1 islands, acknowledged by every nation
. I of the earth. Are we to give it up be1
cause the politicians have seen fit to
3 use it as a means of getting into pow3|er?
Bryan? I have lost all confidence
r I in him. I am a Democrat; but not the
; kind represented by the platform I
> have read in this paper. Surely Presi.
dent McKinley and the Republican
i party do not intend to give up these isi
lands, after having acquired tl\?m as
. we have.
j Now, suppose we set up a Filipino
I government here, and then pretend to
. defend them against all other nations.
. Why should we? What are they to us?
. I But if we do, we will soon be at war
3 with every nation in the world having
II commerce here. They will cheat,
; wrong, defraud, steal from and impris;
on foreigners, and these waters will be
. full of pirates in a year, and they will
3 sell us out and turn around and fight
rlus. Protect these people; why we had
1 just as well set out to protect an archi.
I pelago of rattlesnakes. Can you not
. I see that it will never do to turn this
? government over to these people and
. then undertake to protect them against
31 other powers ? It would be turning
1 our hands against the world. First,
I these people do not know how to gov
I ern themselves. They have no idea of
? justice, no idea of civilization, no rnea
of government; and, second, they do
i do not want to learn. They are bigotj
ed, bloated, bombasted fools, always
r thinking about "independencia," and
? they have no more idea of liberty than a
> child. They have no internal improvet
ments; no schools; and they would furi
ther enslave the poor class of Tagalos
1 and steal all their taxes and get the
c United States into wars with all the
i other nations by their ignorance and
1 venality.
1 I want to tell you how I know these
r people so well. We landed in Manila
. on December 27, 1899, and went into
1 camp on the Luneta. On the 1st of Jan.
uary we marched to Sampoloe, five or
L six miles distant, and marched back,
i The regiment left, and left me in coml
mand of the camp. I had to round up
r the sick and stragglers, and send all
the baggage of the whole regiment ov
to the government warehouse In Mi
nlla, and at the same time organl:
and send forward these men as th<
came in. This threw me in conta
with hundreds of the class of teamste
driving "bull carts" (caraboa or wat
buffaloes), caramatas (a two-wheel<
top vehicle), and so forth. On the 5>
I joined my command, and took cor
mand of my company, and was at oni
sent out on the firing line and placed
command of the outpost. On the 7
we marched to Imus. My compai
formed the advance guard. That wi
the day of the bloody battle of Inni
The next day we went to Dasmorina
- * * * *1
driving tne enemy oeiure us. ww fcl
night of the 10th we went to Slla
On the 11th we marched over tl
mountains to take Taal, and foug
the battle of Talisoy. I was again
command of the advance guard ai
bore the brunt of this attack. We we
attacked from ambush across a ravii
where we could not reconnoitre,
charged across the ravine and dro'
them out of their rifle pits. The ne:
day we marched to and took Tanana
The 13th we fought the battle of Lu
and took Lipa. The 15th we took Sf
Jose; on the 16th we took Botongi
and Banan, fighting all the way, ai
releasing 3000 Spanish prisoners. V
went back to Lipa, and since that tin
Lipa has been my headquarters, ai
I have marched 2,000 miles. I ha^
scoured the country in all dlrectioi
for 20 to 30 miles. I then command*
expeditions varying in length from oi
to seven days. I have covered almo
every foot of land in this territor;
been to almost every house; slept <
the bare ground, with not as much i
a handkerchief under me; seen ar
talked with thousands of these peop
and been in many fights, captured prl
oners, arms, ammunition, horses ai
rice. Now, I know these people as w<
as any man can learn them in eig]
months' living among them as I ha1
described. Lipa is a large city. He
described. Lipa" is a large city. He
have talked with and mingled wi<
them, and I know them, too, as well i
we can learn them in that time. Ai
what I have written is based on th
The newspapers have exaggerate
the bad climate. I have never sec
Jhe thermometer 90 in the shade. Tl
wet season did not start till the 13th
August, and it is not bad now. Tl
sun is not as hot as it is in Amerlc
No sunstrokes here; nobody uses fan
It is perfectly delightful in the shad
it is cool at night. There are very fe
insects of any kind?flies, fleas, etc
no gnats, few mosquitoes, no snak
to amount to anything, no tarantula
no centipedes. The malaria fevers a
not one-hundredth part as bad as
South Carolina. Fever yields readi
to quinine. The greatest trouble he
Is stomach worms.
Cotton will not grow here; therefo
here is a market for our cotton. Cor
wheat, oats, etc., do not grow her
Here is a market for all our grain
Rice is inferior to our rice and can ne'
er compete with it. Sugar is far ii
ferior to and can never oompete wi'
ours. Here is a market for all Soutl
em and Western products, includii
bacon, and nothing to compete wi
*"1 n*o fViincr Than vnn know tl
uo, nut uiiv vutoq. ^
advantages of Manila In commer
and for our navy, and In the event of
foreign war see how quickly we Cou
send troops to China.
T came Into this army on principle,
was solicitor of the second circuit ai
my time was not out until the first
next January, and I resigned for a ca
taincy here, because I believed in tl
cause, and I am more convinced of tl
correctness of the course of the goven
ment than ever. General Otis has i
idea of these people?he stayed In Mi
nila in his office and his policy was t
wrong. He did not understand tl
people. General Lawton would ha1
ended this thing In short order if 1
had been in command and allowed
use his Judgment. If you remembc
when he first came over here he said
would take 100,000 men. He was hoo
ed at. Now, I am not criticising n
superior officers; I am only sa#i
what I think, and I have given y<
the reason for thinking so. I ha'
been among the people. *
There is much more I could say.
have had to write by snatches, beii
often interrupted by my various dutie
You will pardon the long letter. I ha1
as good a company as there is In tl
whole volunteer army, and I had i
bad material as any from which
form It.
I am sorry you did not accept an a:
pointment on the commission and cor
over here; but you may be able to <
more good in the senate; I hope so.
makes me sick at heart to think th;
our people have gone so crazy on tl
question. Can you not arrest the tid<
Can you not do something to put 01
people on the right track? What is tl
matter with them?
I think you were right in voting
ratify the treaty and in standing 1
the administration, and I have hf
eight months' experience here, besid<
the study before I come^
I do not get any Charleston or G
lumbia papers. I know nothing aboi
state politics and cannot know ho
crazy our people are; but I read M
Tillman's speech in the senate. The
people have it here. Do you know tlu
the Democratic platform will cost i
least 1,000 lives of American soldiers?
A leader said yesterday that th<
were fighting to hold out till Bryan
elected and then all will be well wii
them. Every speech he makes and e
ery speech such as Hoar and Tillmt
made is cabled over here and transli
ted and sent broadcast. Then the go'
ernment is upholding them in murdi
and treason. If one of our men ha]
pens to shoot the wrong man who r
fuses to halt, even a captain of tl
navy, he is court martialed and punlsl
ed, while they can murder us, and
we convict them before a court martte
the president or some other authorit
as the case may be, reverses the pr
ceedings and the devil goes scot fre
What is the matter? Why is thii
Why are these people treated so mu<
Viattor tVion Snuthpm rehplq were du
Ing the civil war and Immediately a
ter it? Can you answer? or can y<
get the president to answer? I hoj
you will use your influence to have tl
38th regiment sent to China. Do.
you can. I think every man wants 1
go. Yours sincerely,
Claude E. Sawyer.
This Looks Like an Agreement Against Ru
Germany and England have form*
an alliance to maintain territorial ii
tegrity of China and to keep por
open, says a London cable of Octotx
20. The terms of this agreement, whic
were arrived at October 16, betwee
Lord Salisbury and Count Von Hat:
feldt, German embassador to Englan
are officially given out as follows:
"The German government and h<
British majesty's government, beir
desirous to maintain their interests I
China and their right under existir
treaties, have agreed to observe tl
following principles regarding a mt
tual policy in China:
"Firstly. It is a matter of joint pe:
manent international interest that tl
ports on the rivers and littoral of Ch
na should remain free and open I
trade, and to every other form of legi
er Imate activity for the peoples of all
a- countries without distinction, and the
two governments agree on their part to
uphold the same for all Chinese terrirs
tory as far as they can exercise influer
id "Secondly. Both governments agree
th that they will not on their part make
use of the present complication to obin
tain' for themselves any territorial adth
vantage in Chinese dominion, and will
iy direct their policy towards maintaining
M undiminished the territorial condition
8* of the Chinese empire,
tie "Thirdly. In case of another power
n. making use of the complications in
China In order to obtain under any
j1* form whatever such territorial advanjjj
tages, the two contracting parties rere
serve to themselves the right to come
tie to a preliminary understanding regardI
ing the eventual step to be taken for
the protection of their own interests In
"Fourthly: The two governments will .
in cnmmnnlpat# this n irrppmpnt tn thft
is other powers interested, especially
V3 Austria-Hungary, Prance. Italy, Ja^
pan, Russia and the United States, and v
id invite them to accept the principles reire
corded in it."
is ?
y; Department Estimate of Damage to Agrlcul)n
turat Interests.
^ . The statistician of the department of
,le agriculture at Washington,-on last Fris
day, completed his investigation of the
*d agricultural situation in those coun^
ties in Texas which were visited by the
West India hurricane of September 8.
re Reports have been received from the
re department's correspondents and from
th many other prominent citizens Identifled
with the agricultural and commercial
Interests of Southern Texas. The
special agents have personally visited
jd the storm swept region and carefully in-n
vestlgated the exisltlng situation.
^ Much valuable assistance has been rendered
the department by the census ofa.
flee in determining the acreage of the
is. crops prior to the storm.
e> The area under cotton in the counties
^ in which serious damage resulted from
eg the storm was approximately 1,800,000
a, acres, with a promise on September 1
re of a crop of about 640,000 bales. The
jn reduction ot the crop is estimated at
about 68,000 bales or 10.6 per cent. On
a basis of 850 per bale, the amount dere
stroyed would represent a value of 83,- <
n, 400,000.
>e- The area under corn is estimated at
^ about 925,000 acres with an estimated
n_ production of 1,750,000 bushels. The loss
tij ?o the crop is estimated at about a
tl^phillion bushels, or 6.7 per cent., repre'8
sentlng a value of about 8500,000.
^ The loss of rice is estimated at 73,000
ce barrels, of four bushels each, reprea
seating a value of about 8219,000.
Id Of pecans, there is an estimated loss
of 2,560,000 pounds valued at 8100,000.
1(j Three thousand trees valued at 875,000
of are reported destroyed. The loss of
p- farm animals is estimated at 300 horses,
tie 150 mules, 20,000 cattle, 2,800 sheep and
900 swine, representing a total value of
Jq about 8490,000.
a? The loss of sugarcane, sorghum and
ill otner minor crops nas not been ascerhe
tained with sufficient deflnlteness to
warrant the publication of an estimate.
tQ Exclusive of the damage to farm prosr>
ducts, machinery, etc., the total loss Is
It estimated at $5,000,000. t
t- It should be stated that all the county
ties visited by the storm were Included
in the crop report Issued October 10.
ire *
I* Chairman Jamea K. Jonea Defends the Round
ire * Bale Company.
he Chairman J. K. Jones, of the Demoa?
cratlc national committee, has Issued
a statement replying to the references
p. by Goovernor Roosevelt and others to
tie the American Cotton company, of
3? which Senator Jones Is an officer, and
** which It Is charged Is a trust. In his
statement Senator Jones said:
g? "The American Cotton company with
iir which I am connected, Is no more a
he trust than any commercial house, any
stock farm, any cotton plantation, any
qjher Industrial enterprise In the Unit
td ed States. The company, as I have
es heretofore explained, operates a patent
right. Of course It seeks a market for
Its product and steadily seeks to exw
tend Its business. Roosevelt's allega;r.
tlons that I am "connected with a trust
se is as mendacious as the Republican
at charge that the Democratic party is
at composed of anarchists, and that the
Jy Democrats contemplate an assault upjg
on the supereme court of the United
th States.
"Roosevelt might Just as well deLn
nounce me for growing cotton on my
J" lands as to denounce me for being coner
nected with the American Cotton comp
pany. If Roosevelt Is ready to move
e- for the abolition and prohibition of all
?e patents and copyrights, I will make
jj ready to consider the question. The
l]i customers of the American cotton comy,
pany, operating under a patent, have
0- as many rights, or ought to have, as
the customers of the company operat^
Ing under a copyright that sell 'The
r_ Rough Riders,' and other works pubf
lished by Roosevelt.
>u "Because the Democrats oppose
trusts and monopolies is no reason why
^ Democrats should not engage In legit- ,
to mate business. Because we advocate
equal rignts and oppose special privileges,
Roosevelt seems to think we ought
to abandon industry and business altogether.
This alone shows the degrading
influence of the trusts now con -
trolling the Republican party. They
would spread this spirit of the trust
><j over the intellect and political thought,
1. if they had the power."
ts *
sr For Self Help.?Fight your own
h battles. Hoe your own row. Ask no
,n favors of anyone, and you'll succeed a
z_ thousand times better than one who is
(j( always beseeching someone's influence
and patronage. No one will ever help
?r you as you can help yourself, because
lg no one will be so heartily interested in
[n your own affairs. The first step will
be such a long one, perhaps; but carvie
your way up the mountain you
x_ make each one lead to another, and
stand firm, while you chop still another
r- out. Men who have made fortunes
ie are not those who have had $5,000 given
1- them to start with; but boys who have
to I started fair with a well-earned dollar
t-|or two.?Gadsden (Ala.) Times-News.

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