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?mps and Jarts.
? There was a wreck on the Southern railroad four miles west of Toccoa, Ga., last Monday morning. Passenger train No. 36 ran into a landslide and came to a stop with a sudden jerk. The engineer. Edward Miller, the fireman, Ed. Thompson, were killed in the cab? boiled to death by escaping steam and ' a Negro named Quincy Wright, who was riding the blind baggage was smashed to shreds. There was a large number of passengers on the train; but , all escaped without Injury. ? There Is but little change In the flood situation in the Mississippi valley since the last report, except that the river is falling at Memphis and rising at New Orleans. At Memphis on Monday the official reading showed a stage of 39.5 feet, a fall of one-tenth of a foot in the previous twenty-four hours. The railroads running out of Memphis to the westward have not yet been able to repair their trestles and will not be able to do anything until the water has subsided. The people of Arkansas towns who are surrounded by water are not suffering from hunger. The authorities from Memphis down to New Orleans think the levees in their respective jurisdictions are strong enough to hold the floods. New Orleans professes absolute security. So far as reports indicate, there is no uneasiness there whatever. ? The report of the commission appointed by the president last October to investigate the .anthracite coal strike, was made public last Saturday. The report is dated March 18, and is signed by all the members of the commission. In brief the commission recommends an increase of wages amounting in most instances to 10 per cent.; some decrease of time; the settlement of all disputes by arbitration, fixes a minimum wage and a sliding scale, provides against discrimination of persons by either the mine owners, or the miners on account of membership or non-membership ^in 'a labor union, and provides that the awards * * ...ill 1QA? made shall continue in iorce umu To some extent the matter of recognition or non-recognltlon of the miners' union is touched on, but the commission declined to make any award on this matter. ? Mrs. Willard Catt, of Pike county, Indiana, was shot last Friday night through the window of her home, and on Saturday morning searching parties started out to find some trace of the assassin. Suspicion rested upon Willard Catt, the divorced husband, but he # and his relatives joined also in the search. Marshal Sumter had a bloodhound with the party he was leading, and the dog, when taken to the scene of the tragedy, started at once on a trail that led to the house of Catt. When it was reached the dog turned away and soon came upon the searching party led by Willard Catt. The dog refused to go further, but sat down in front of Catt and then tried to spring upon him. The dog followed no other trail, and a second time tried to spring Imftn Oatt The former husband was arrested as the murderer of his wife and was. placed in jail. He refused to make any statement ? Mrs. Florence Maybrick, the American woman who was convicted at Liverpool in 1889 on the charge of poisoning her husband, James Maybrick, by arsenic and whose sentence of death was commuted to penal servitude for life, will be released in 1904. The announcement comes from the home office, which now authorizes her Washington lawyers to use the fact of her release next year as a reason for securing the postponement of the trial 1 ?*u" kno+Via nrlann. oi ine lu.w auiis ucaiiug mi his k* ?? er's interest in land in Kentucky, Virginia and West Virginia until she is able to personally testify. Those who are In a position to know, say that the home secretary, Akers-Douglass, has shown great courtesy in connection with the suits now pending in America, that the decision to release Mrs. Maybrick was entirely due to efforts on this side of the Atlantic and that Ambassador Herbert has never been called upon to act in this matter. - Col. Wm. J. Bryan finished a week of jury service at Lincoln, Neb., last Friday, and received a certificate entitling him to $10.30 for his labors. Mr. Bryan served on three cases, was elected foreman of each jury and altogether had such a good time that he told the court he guessed he would write a book about it. He said he served although entitled to exemption as a lawyer, because he thought his example might induJce other citizens to sacrifice personal interest for duty's sake. The last cgse was one involving the ownership of $12 worth of hay, upon which two days were spent, and Col. Bryan's verdict for the plaintiff was supplemented by what local lawyers call a remarkable series of recommendations, altogether Irregular and in fact an attempt at the Impossibility of an equitable accounting in a straight law case. It read that while the verdict was unconditional, the jury thought the plaintiff ought to take $6, pay half of the costs and stop further litigation. ? Supt. Machin, of the rural free delivery service, on Saturday, made public a wholesale allotment of routes which have been under consideration by the postoffice department for some time, aggregating 719 in number and covering nearly all of the states in the Union. Nebraska heads the list with an allotment of 117 routes, and New York it, second with all aggregate of 104, comprising nearly every county in the state, with from two to twenty routes each. These routes will all be put in operation on July 1. The allotment to the different states is as follows: Alabama, 2; Arkansas, 5; California, 11; Colorado, 6; Connecticut, 3; Georgia, 5; Idaho, 5; Illinois, 44; In diana, 20; Iowa, 24; Kansas, 39; Maine, 13; Massachusetts, 15; Minnesota, 3; Michigan, 27; Missouri, 11; Nebraska, 117; New Hampshire, 1; New Jersey, 13; New York, 104; North Carolina, 21; Texas, 22; Vermont, 19; Washington, 7; Wisconsin, 38; West Virginia, 8; New Mexico, 1. This is the greatest number of rural free delivery routes that has ever been granted by the postottice department at any one time. ? Washington Star: The congressional directory prepared for the special session of the senate, shows that the Jaw is the prevailing profession of the members of the upper house of congress. For the first time in several years all of the states In the Union are represented In the senate, and three-fourths of the members are lawyers. Out of the balance, one Is a civil engineer, two are doctors, three are newspaper men and the others are bankers, miners, business men and politicians. The average age is found to be 50, with Senator Pettus, of Alabama the oldest, 82. and Bailey, of Texas, the youngest, 40. Senator Pettus Is a survivor of the Mexican war, while twenty-five members fought In the civil war. Of college graduates there are fifty-five, and seven of the members are foreign born. Kearns, of Utah; Minara, 01 iNeorusKa, ana umumbci, w New Hampshire were born in Canada, and Nelson, of Minnesota, was born in Norway. Senator Patterson, of Colorado, is Irish; Jones, of Nevada, English," and Wetmore, of Rhode Island, was born in England of American parents, residing there at the time. Twenty-eight senators were born within the borders of the states they represent. $he forki'illf (frnquircr. YORKVILLE, S. C.t WEDNESDAY, MARCH 25, 1903. Governor Heyward attended the Hibernian banquet in Charleston last week, and somebody suggested him as a candidate for the United States senate in 1906. The suggestion has been commented on in the newspapers and the governor has been somewhat embarrassed on account of it. He declares that he has no senatorial aspirations. Equality of the Races. The announcement was made in Washington last Thursday that the president had appointed Colonel Asbury Coward to membership on the board of visitors to West Point Military acad emy, and on Friday came the news that W. D. Crum, the Negro doctor, had been re-appolnted as collector of the port at Charleston. As to whether there is any real connection between these two appointments we are not prepared to say. We are certain there is not so far as Col. Asbury Coward is personally concerned; but the more we study the situation in the light of fixed southern sentiment and the avowed attitude of Mr. Roosevelt as an individual, together with our carefully formed conceptions of the character of the man, the more we lean to the suspicion that the president is attempting to play a game of contempt with southern professions and ' convictions. As to whether the president is honest in his professions, we are extremely doubtful; but nevertheless it is a fact he has assumed the position that in so far as he is concerned, there shall be no real distinction social, politicial or otherwise, between the southern white man and the southern Negro. He has talked this, he has written it, he has acted Jt, and these two appointments now under consideration are in line with his well-understood policy. Dr. W. D. Crum is an alleged representative of the social and political ambitions of the Negro race. He professes to disregard the paltry salary connected with the office for which he has been striving; but claims to have sought the office only to the end that his elevation would to that extent be an acknowledgement of the political equality of the Negro race. There has been no particular stress on social equality; but neither Crum nor the nnoal^anf hoc lrwjf- alcrht nf thin element I of the situation. In character, manhood, patriotism, personal worth; in all that is representative of the highest aspirations of the white people of South Carolina, Col. Coward is probably second to no other citizen of the state, and as a military man, he is the peer of the best citizen or soldier who has held the position to which he has been named. Now the question arises, what does it all mean? The point has been made that the Republican party is not responsible for the Crum appointment because the Republican senate has twice refused to confirm it. Mr. Roosevelt and Mr. Roosevelt alone is responsible, .and if Mr. Roosevelt is responsible for the Negro Crum, and all he represents, is it not reasonable to assume that he is also responsible for the appointment of Col. Coward, and that he is either trying to secure the good will, or to stop the tongues of all that Col. Coward represents? We may be mistaken; but it looks that way to us. Except in connection with the appointment of the Negro Crum as collec tor of the port of Charleston, we would glory In the appointment of Col. Coward as a member of the board of visitors to West Point Military academy. Under ordinary circumstances, we would say that the hibnor could not be more fittingly bestowed; that there is no man in South Carolina who can fill this place with more grace or ability. But under the circumstances, we hope that Col. Coward will not accept. It Is an embarrassing position he is in, we freely admit. We can see how, by leaving the president and his probable schemes, out of consideration, a broad, pure minded man like Col. ^Coward, can take the place, without sacrifice of self-respect; but if he does accept, in our opinion the president will gain a valuable point, and the people who have been making such a strenuous fight for principle will lose much that can never be regained. On the other hand, we beg to suggest that if the president will appoint Crum to membership on the board of visitors to West Point, while we will not approve the act, we will give him credit for real honesty of purpose, something [Of which we are now very doubtful. | As the thing looks now, Mr. Roose velt is seeking to force social and political equality of Negroes only upon the white people of the south. This is manifestly unfair and unjust. The appointment of Crum to the position for which Col. Coward has been named, would give us an opportunity to see how it would work with the entire country, and also as to whether the president would be able to stand the pressure that would follow such an act, Or if he wants to carry out his alleged principles and convictions in a still more emphatic way, we would suggest that there would be. no objection from this quarter if he would put a Negro on the supreme court bench or take one " " * * ' * 4 nrnK. into ms camnei. men ue ?uu>u ably And before a gTeat while whether such a thing as social and political equality of the races is really practicable, and we almost feel ready to guarantee him that if the people of the north will submit to the innovation to the extent they seem to want the people of the south to submit, there will be but few further complaints from this quarter. We will just shoulder our burden of humiliation and have nothing further to say. ROCK HILL HAPPENINGS. Bad Negro at the Dam?Work of the Woodmen?Personal Mention. Correspondence of the Yorkville Enquirer. Rock Hill, March 23.?John Childs, a Negro, who has been working for the Catawba Power company at the dam, was brought to the city yesterday afternoon. He was tied securely and hauled in a wagon. He had been a big bad Negro, and had given a great deal of trouble. It seems that Childs had been playing "skin" with some of the other darkies. He accused Gilliam Watkins of doing something wrong, and the Negro fight followed. Childs shot Watkins through the arm, and while others were trying to subdue him, his pistol, which was in his right trousers pocket, was discharged. The ball entered his left leg about three inches above the knee and was taken out about five inches below the knee on the outside of the leg. Childs had a 35 bill in his pocket, and the discharge set it on fire and it was almost com picicijr UVOitvjrww* Walnut Camp Woodmen of the World did a very beautiful thing tonight. Mrs. Townsend Lee, the widow of a member of Walnut Camp, has entered the hospital where an operation will be performed in a few days. The camp passed 'Unanimously a resolution asking that this camp be permitted to meet the hospital expenses. Mrs. Lee has a family of children, and the Woodmen desired to put into practice the teachings of the order. Mr. J. J. Hull was appointed to represent the camp, and to see that the members are kept posted as to Mrs. Lee's condition and needs. Rock Hill has several wide-a-wake women's clubs, and the members are always interested in club questions and meetings. The several clubs here have elected delegates to the South Carolina Federation of Women's clubs which will meet in Columbia on the 4th of April. The following are the representatives: Amelia Pride Book club? Mrs. A. C. Izard, Mrs. J. S. White, Mrs. J. W. O'Neal, Mrs. E. E. Poag. Over the Tea Cups?Mrs. C. M. Kuykendal, Mrs. Ed Fewell. Perehelion? Mrs. H. B. Buist, Mrs. A. R. Smith. i-" T U|as Qiialah i^aaimiuii i^nciai y <_iuu?wioo wu<.i?u> Barron, Miss Addie Rawlinson. Representative P. D. Barron came home last Saturday, and will doubtless begin the practice of law here at once. His friends here think his work in the house was very creditable, and are glad to have him at home again. Miss Nell Evans, of the Chester Graded schools spent Saturday and Sunday here with friends. Drs. W. Gill and R. H. Wylie were here Saturday to attend a meeting of the stockholders of the Catawba Power company. The coroner's jury in the case of Luke Pittman, declared that the deceased came to his death at the hands of some person or persons unknown to the Jury. It was impossible to untangle the mystery that gathered about the-old man's death. ? SHAW ON COTTON. Secretary of the Treasury Offers Southern People Food For Thought. Hon. Lesslie M. Shaw, secretary of the treasury, was the principal speaker, at the first annual banquet of the New Orleans board of trade last Saturday night, and in part he spoke as follows: morlrofa we Illuai 1IUW BCCIV lien uiain\.w Let no one suppose that simply opening our ports to the free importation of foreign merchandise will insure corresponding increase in the foreign demand for our surplus. Our experience in the West Indies and in South American countries is a complete demonstration of the fallacy of such a theory. In 30 years tte have bought of South America two thousand five hundred millions, more than 85 per cent, of which has been admitted free of duty, and in return have sold the same countries less than nine hundred millions. The balance against us in this period has been more than a billion and a half. "We grow in the United States threefourths of the cotton of the world. We convert one-fourth of the cotton of the world upon American spindles. We export of manufactured cotton in round numbers, thirty millions of dollars worth per annum and import of manufactured cotton forty millions of dollars worth per annum. "Assuming as much fibre in the forty millions imported as in thirty millions exported, the American pe.ople consume, actually wear out, one-fourth of the cotton fibre of the world. I doubt that we appreciate the astonishing fact that 5 per cent, of the people of the world consume 25 per cent, of the cot ton fibre of the world. The reason tor it is the marvelous prosperity of the American people. We have ceased to darn or mend, and often burn to save laundry bills. "Nor Is this the only astonishing feature of the cotton industry. The world exports of manufactured cotton six hundred and twenty-five million dollars per annum, of which the United States get only 5 per cent. In other words, the American market for manufactured cotton is worth fully 20 per cent, of the market of the world for the same class of goods. This we retain. Other countries buy our raw cotton, manufacture it and because of their cheaper lnhnr arp ahle to secure 95 ner cent, of the export trade on manufactured cotton. Cotton mills have Increased in this country in the past 14 years marvelously, but they have only kept pace with the'tonsumptive capacity of our own people. "If we shall ever increase our trade with the countries lying to the south of us, or with those washed by the Pacific ocean, the Gulf states will be benefited thereby, certainly as much aS any por tlon of our common country. If steamship communication with those countries shall ever be established, shipyards are as likely to be built on the gulf as on the Atlantic coast, and their supply and coaling stations are more likely to be here than elsewhere. "If additional cotton factories are built, they are likely to be erected where fuel, lumber, iron and labor are abundant and whfere the raw material Is produced at their very doors." SOUTH CAROLINA NEWS. CounNel For J. H. Tillman. Col. George Johnstone, who was last summer a candidate for United States senator, has been retained to assist In the defense of Col. James H. Tillman, charged with the murder of N. G. Gonzales. The State Militia. Adjutant General Frost has been advised by the war department, that the government now stands ready to give to South Carolina her share of the arms and equipments allowed under section 13 df the new militia act; but before the distribution Is made, the militia must re-enlist under the provisions of this law and submit to inspection. Gen. Frost If busy trying to get his troops In readiness for an army Inspecting officer. Staff of the Colombia State. Charleston Post, Friday: The reorganized staff of the Columbia State has been announced and It differs in respect to the city editor from the personnel we remarked a few days ago as likely to conduct the paper. Mr. W. E. Gonzales Is the editor-in-chief and will be assisted by Mr. James A. Hoyt, Jr., who held the same confldental relation ..ruv> tvio into. M n. f?onzales and has been a potent factor in the accomplishments of the State for the past two or three years. Mr. E. J. Watson, formerly city editor, becomes the news editor and his desk is taken by Mr. Randolph W. Smith, formerly of the Richmond Dispatch, who has a high reputation as a newspaper worker. The Lout Bond Cane. Columbia Record: The lost bond case is up again, and probably will continue to bob up until the legislature pays them or until everybody directly interested is dead. An injunction has been issued against the state treasurer preventing him from cancelling these bonds as a debt of the state. Argument on the motion to make the injunction perpetual will come up on April 21. The attorney general will have to resist that motion and he will be placed in a somewhat embarrassing and inconsistent position. The attorney general's office, in which Mr. Gunter was at that time assistant, rendernnininn that thp honds are a le CU au - gal obligation and ought to be paid. He will now have to do some tall back tracking. After the B. and L. Association*. Comptroller General Jones is after the Building and Loan associations, and has just sent out the following circular of instructions to county auditors: "Numerous inquiries have been received at this office asking for a ruling as to whether building and loan associations and other corporations, mutual in their nature, should pay taxes. These questions were submitted to the attorney general, the legal adviser of the state, for his opinion. In confdrmity with the opinion he has filed, which Is made a part of this circular, you will require all building aqd loan associations and othei4 corporations of a similar or mutual character, to make a return ton taxation of all moneys, credits and evidence of cijedits, such as bonds, mortgages, notes, etc., on hand and in the possession of said corpora tion on the 1st day 6f January, 1903. You will submit said returns to the local boards of assessors and the county board of equalization, provided they have not already met and adjourned; otherwise you will submit the same to the state board of equalization through this office." Heyvvard on Cram. On being asked by the News and Courier for his opinion of the Crum appointment, Governor Heyward replied as follows: Your telegram, asking my opinion on the reappointment of Dr. Crum as collector of the port of Charleston, has just been received. As an appointment made by the chief magistrate of our nation, I consider this an indignity, not only upon the city of Charleston, but upon the entire state, and one which should receive the condemnation of every right-think lng citizen of South Carolina and of the south. Dr. Crum is in no sense a representative of the community in which he lives nor of this state, as a supposed representative of the business interests of Charleston he cuts a ridiculous figure in the office to which President Roosevelt has labored so hard to appoint him. This is added to by the fact that a Republican senate, a body of President Roosevelt's own party, has twice refused to confirm his appointment. As to any supposed influence Dr. Crum may possess, it belongs to that very dear to President Roosevelt?a political oportunity, which is now the president's only door of hope to succeed himself. This appointment should be considered as an indignity to South Carolina. By It President Roosevelt has clearly shown that this action on his part is politics; nothing but politics, and in making it he has descended to a level of petty politics, which is degrading to the chief magistrate of a great nation. In this connection it is disappointing to reflect that nothing else could be legitimately expected, ni.oc.Mont v?aa demonstrated 51111't II1C |/1C>91UVIU 11UU more than once his very peculiar views upon this question. With Booker T. Washington in the dual role of a Social Equal and a Political Prophet, Indignity to a sovereign state should not be greatly wondered at, but should rather be expected. MERC-MENTION. Tra D. Sankey, the noted evangelist, is entirely blind Andrew Carnegie has the distinction of being the largest taxpayer in the United States. He pays on^ his personally alone at the rate of $72,400 a year President Castro has resigned from the chief magistracy of Venezuela. It is suggested that his resignation is a political trick, and that he will keep his power by securing the selection of his brother to the place he has vacated.... It has developed that centain amendments that the senate made to the Cuban reciprocity treaty has brought about more or less confusion. LOCAL AFFAIRS. NEW ADVERTISEMENTS. J. Q. Wray?Says that all who have seen his line of spring clothing say that his stock is up to the minute In quality, style, fit, etc., and calls especial attention to his line of straw hats. Heath-Elliott Mule Co.?Has received its carload of mules that they told you about last week, and say that they are the best they have ever handled on this market. Hickory Supply Co.?Is offering some attractive prices in Dotn ciry ^uuus and groceries for cash, Jtiaving been enabled to do so by purchasing the entire stock of J. W. Castles & Co., for cash. Jas. M. Starr & Co., Druggists?Tell owners of cows that cows fed on Mrs. Lea's milk and butter purifldr may eat onions and garlic without tainting the milk. They also have garden and field seeds. Jas. M. Starr & Co.?Are handling the high grade fertilizers of the W. C. Macmurphy Co., and ask that you see them before buying other goods. T. W. Speck, -The Jeweler?Wants you to know that carbo-magnetlc razors are always ready for use?don't require grinding or honing and are sold under an iron-clad guarantee that guarantees. W. B. Moore & Co.?Are offering their entire stock of crockery and glassware, including everything of this nature, at cost to make room for other goods. They say that they are headquarters for furniture, mattings, etc. J. H. Saye, Administrator?Announces I the sale of the personal property of W. McCaw Dowdle, deceased, to take place at the late residence of the deceased, on April 4th. C. P. Lowrance & Co.?Call your attention to stuffed and queen olives, and say for you to feed the babies on Ralston's barley food?healthful and nutritious. Mrs. H. H. Beard, President?Gives notice of a sofa pillow a^le to be held at the court house on Friday evening, for the benefit of the W. F. M. S. of Trinity church. York Drug Store?Wants you to take its compound extract of sarsaparilla to purify your blood. Large bottle for 75 cents?same size that others sell at (1. It is fiuill strength. TTrtunc A nnnnnpoq thp nnnPar wycia liVUO? ance of Wm. Irvine Fayssoux, hypnotist and mind reader at the opera house this (Tuesday) evening and Wednesday evening. Tickets now on sale. Foushee Cash Store?Asks you to excuse it for a few days and it will be ready to open up its 5 and 10 cent bargain department as well as a large stock of millinery. GENTLEMEN OF THE JURY. The board of jury commissioners on yesterday drew grand jurors to serve during the year and petit Jurors to serve during the first week of the approaching term of the court of common pleas as follows: GRAND JURORS. W. L. Black Catawba. W. J. Neil York. P. B. McAfee York. J. T. Qulnn King's Mountain. J. N. Campbell Bethel. S. S. Smith.- Bethel. R. S. Hanna Catawba. J. O. Walker York. N. S. Black York. W. H. McCorkle York. R. E. L. Ferguson Bethel. J. R. Williams York. PETIT JURORS?FIRST WEEK. R. A. Clinton King's Mountain. . t t whifa Catawba. U . JLI. TV Jas. Tiddy, Jr Catawba. E. A.. Dickson York. E. C. Jackson King's Mountain. J. F. A. Smith York. J. M. Parks Fort Mill. C. J. Kee Catawba. R. F. Grier Fort Mill. , T. G. McGlll/ Broad River. W. A. Gwin Broad River. C. W. Carroll York. J. P. Crowder Catawba. J. R. Kee Catawba. J. S. Mackorell .....York. C. W. Frew Catawba. J. L. Carroll King's Mountain. W. B. Moore King's Mountain. W. J. Caveny Catawba. W. L. Sturgls Catawba. T. N. Brandon Bethel. J. T. Miskelly Ebenezer. J. Mack Brice York. Isaac Wright, p. c York. C. C. Beamguard..King's Mountain. W. J. Garrison Catawba, W. M. Stowe King's Mountain. J. A. Shlllinglaw Catawba. W. T. Davidson..King's Mountain. T. M. Martin Bethel. E. J. Wylle Bullock's Creek. John W. Jones Broad River. H. C. Culp Fort Mill. J. P. Adams King's Mountain. J. J. Plexico Bullock's Creek. T. A. Brown King's Mountain. Court convenes on Monday, April 13, his honor, Charles G. Dantzler, presiding. . I The grand Jurymen who hold over from last year are as follows: Messrs. J. W. Brown, s. G. Feemster, a. m. Roach, O. J. Gwln, J. J. Wallace, W. S. Percival. FACTS AND FANCIES. X3T Although there has been more or less plowing done In different parts of York county during the past few weeks, the "blackjack" section Is still comparatively untouched. The low lying flat lands here are still too wet for the plow and the people down that way are worried. They have more to fret about than is the case with other sections. The grass has been growing luxuriously, and the whole country Is covered with a thick coat of green. Elsewhere this would not be especially objectionable; but grass turned under in the blackjacks sours the land and increases the difficulty of getting a crop started. Of course everybody is wanting a spell of dry weather now; but this weather will be just a little more acceptable to the blackjack people than to most others. tii' Horses are horses these days. Only a few years ago fine looking, servicejable horses, were sold on this market at from $40 to, $60 per head. Of course, there were higher priced horses, but $125 would buy an extra good animal. There are horses to be bought at from $40 to $60 now; but they are not much horses. They are fit only for the soapmaker. A horse that would bring $125 three years ago is now worth all the way from $175 to $250, an extra good horse is worth $300. Horses are not only high here; but they are high in Atlanta, St. Louis and other markets. It was stated to the reporter a day or two ago as a fact, that identical horses that were bought on the markets mentioned three years ago for $150, and used since at livery and other work, may be sold today on those same markets, provided they are in good condition?sound and fat?at as much as $200 or more. ter "There is not nearly so much money in selling fertilizers now-a-days as there used to be," said an old dealer to the reporter a few days ago. "I remember along in the seventies when the dealer used to get $65 and $70 a ton for fertilizers. But, of course, that was none of your manufactured goods of to day. It was genuine Peruvian guano, and it was worth the money. I do not remember the analysis; but I believe it ran as high as 15 per cent, in ammonia, and it would make cotton grow ? so fast that you could almost see the stalks expanding. But manufactured goods were also high in those days. I have known some of these to sell at $60 and $65. In those days, however, the dealers made long profits. They frequently had margins of $10 and $15 a ton. Now it is all different. It is a rare thing that a dealer of these times ever geis more man a ! a iuu iui handling giuano. He does not necessarily have to buy the stuff; but so far as he is concerned the transaction is equilavent to a purchase. Unless he is financially responsible, he can not do business at all, and before he can handle fertilizers he must give his note to cover every ton he buys. The note is wlthput interest until maturity, it is true; but when the time comes to settle, ho must settle whether he has collected from the people to whom he has sold or not On paper it looks like a pretty fat thing to sell 700 or 1,000 tons of fertilizer during a season at $1 per ton profit without having to put up any actual cash; but when some two or three customers fail to come to time with their purchases, you will see where you are at. As to whether the man who uses commercial fertilizers make &.ny big things, is for him to tell; but there is certainly not a great deal in the transaction for the middle-man dealer." 2 ABOUT PEOPLE. Mr. F. G. Dobson went down to Kershaw yesterday on business. -/Dr. C. M. Kuykendal, of Rock Hill, came over yesterday on business, v Mr. A. C. Izard, of-Rock Hill, was In Yorkvllle yesterday on business. ^ Mr. Paul N. Moore, spent Sunday In Chester with relatives and friends. Mr. George Sherer, of Gastonia, came down Monday night on a short visit. Miss Kittle Blair visited her parents, Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Blair, at Blairsvllle, this week. Mr. R. Ward, assistant to Agent Clark at the Southern depot, has gone to his home at Hickory Grove on sick leave. / Mrs. Jas. L. Moss returned to her home near Yorkvllle last Saturday, after spending several days with relatives at Gastonia. Mr. and Mrs. Arch D. Dorsett, of Clover, were in Yorkvllle Sunday to attend the funeral of Mr. R. F. Robinson, Mrs. Dorsett's brother. Mr. John R. Moore, who has been assistant depot agent, at Clover, during the past year, left last Monday, to take a similar position In the depot at Lincolnton. -jMr. J. Darby Smith, of the Zadok neighborhood has been commissioned as notary public, and now stands ready to probate papers or to perform the marriage ceremony for all who may apply. Mr. Robert A. Clinton, of Clover, has be*n quite unwell for several weeks past. His malady is something like jaundice. The latest lmformation from him, Monday morning, was to the effect that he is somewhat better. ^Mr. and Mrs. J; B. Pegram left for Asheville, N. C., yesterday morning In the hope that a change to a higher and dryer climate would be beneficial to Mrs. Pegram's health. Mrs. S. W. Guy, Mrs. Pegram's sister, cfF Lowrysville, will keep house and take care of the children in the home here for the present. Rev. W. G. Neville, left on Monday morning for Orangeburg, where he goes *aa1t anmo hiiolnoaa mfttfppfl. The McAdenville correspondent of the Gastonla Gazette reports that Mr. E. P. Wilkerson, who was partially paralyzed last fall, Is getting along very nicely, and is able to go out of doors with assistance. Mr. Robert W. Whltesldes, of Smyrna, was In Yorkville last Friday, on business, and the reporter who met him was surprised that he had traveled the entire distance on foot. "It is juRt this way," Mr. Whltesldes explained. "I felt that I ha<^ to come to Yorkville, and I did not like to stop a plow. We are busy out on my side. Why, my young friend, you can have no Idea of the situation when J tell you that in the whole twelve miles between here and Smyrna, I did not meet a single man, woman or child on the road. I saw lots of people in the fields plowing; but nobody traveling? the road. I'll go back tonight on the train." . Mr. Weldon Neil, who left with a party of young men for. Portland, Oregon, a few weeks ago, returned home last Saturday. Mr. Neil said before he left that if he did not like the country, he was coming right back, and was thus hedged against the good natured guying of his friends. He says there is no trouble about finding plenty of work out in Oregon; but he did not like the weather, the country, the people, the customs, or anything else he saw out that way, and is now thoroughly satisfied that this country is good enough for him. Mr. H. E. Neil, brother of Mr. Weldon Neil, went on, from Portland to Spokane, Washington, while the other members of the party, Messrs. Conner, Jackson and Hall, went to work at a saw mill near Portland at $2.50 per day. Mr. Neil found the entire country covered with. snow. This was especially the case in Idaho and Montana, and there was little to be seen of the bare surface of the earth until he reached Utah, on the return trip. He also spoke of a tremendous uue or emigration to ana rrom fortland. It seemed that there were as many as 2,000 emigrants in the crowd that reached the city at the same time his party got there, and when he came away last Sunday a week ago, it seemed that fully as many were leaving. There was not a great deal doing in the city at the time and not much to look forward to beyond the coming salmon canning season. Mr. Neil's return ticket read by way of Memphis; but on account of the high water, it was changed at Denver to read by way , of St. Louis. As a matter of fact the water in the Mississippi at Memphis was within a foot or two of the danger point when the party crossed on its ; way to the west. Mr. Neil is evidently not very much impressed with the ad- ; vantages of the country from which he has just returned. When asked as to ! whether he would recommend It to home-seekers, he replied, "I wouldn't say anything; I'd just let them go see." Although he did not say so, he is evidently of tne opinion that he will see some of his friends again soon, and he does not think he will have to go back to Portland to see them. WITHIN THE TOWN. ? The recent rains have left many Yorkville cellars full of water. ? There was a meeting of the directors of the Farmers Mutual ?>lfe Insurance company yesterday. ? A suitable police headquarters is badly needed In Yorkville. The struc lure unuer cuimiueruuuii aauiuu ue ^ built. ? The rainfall of Sunday night, according to the measurement of Mr. J. R. Schorb, official weather observer at this place, was 3.30 inches. ? The corps of cadets of the K. M. M. A. came down town on dress parade last Friday afternoon, and the guard report Nof the preceedlng day was read at the court house square. ? Mrs. Mary J. Ingold is the possessor of a very pretty avalea which is now in full bloom. It is being admired by her friends as the finest specimen that has been seen in the town. The plant was procured from a florist last October, and the treatment it has received has developed It to beautiful perfection. 7" ? There is talk on the part of members of the town council of condemning, - and purchasing the site of the pumping station. It would be a wise thing if the town would condemn and purchase the whole watershed from which the public supply comes. The sooner the proceedings are instituted also the better ft will be for all con VC1 liCUt ? Mr. Robert Finley Robinson died at V the home of his sister, Miss Janie Robinson, last Si turday afternoon, of pneumonia. The deceased was a son of the late S. W. Robinson, and was 24 years of age. He took his bed about March 3, and continued to grow steads ily worse up to the time of his death. The funeral took place on Sunday afternoon at 5 o'clock at the house, being conducted by Rev. J. L. Stokes, and the interment being in the Torkville cemetery. ? Mr. Wm. Irvine .Fayssoux, the young Gastonlan, who has been astonishing his fellow-citisens recently by his remarkable feats of hypnotism and mind reading, is in Yorkvllle, and will give an entertainment in the opera house tonight (Tuesday) and another tomorrow night. He hypnotized a young man from Gastonia this morning and put him to sle^p In W. B. Moore & Co.'s show window, to remain all day, and during the morning performed other feats to show his power. ? The advertisement in another column of the Women's Foreign Missionary Society of the Methodist Episcopal church, promises interest and pleasure for those who go to the court house next Friday afternoon. For some months past the ladies of the society and many, of their friends have been engaged in making sofa pillows for sale on this occasion. The. collection is large, and includes some interesting productions, some pretty and artistic, some useful, some fantastic, some unique, and all worth a price. It is expected that there will be lots of fun, and if the ladles do not realize a handsome aggregate for their painstaking efforts, they will have a right to be dis-. appointed. ? The organization of the Shakes- -Jpear club marks an event in the literary life of the town. A meeting was held at the residence of Mrs. W. B. Moore last Friday afternoon at 3 o'clock for the purpose of launching the society. The following officers were elected: Dlnector general, Mrs. R. T. Stephenson; secretary, Miss Ida de Loach; treasurer, Mrs. W. B. Moore; and critic, Mrs. W. F. Marshall. The club will hold bi-monthly sessions. Its aim will be to encourage the study pf the matchless poet and the enjoyment to be derived from a careful reading of ' his plays. The club colors are "green and white; the club flower, the rose. "Twelfth Night"' Is the play selected for the first study. The following are the members, with the parts they will represent in the reading of the chosen play: Miss Ward law, the Duke; Mrs, M. L. Carroll, Lebastian; Miss Ida de Loach, Antonio; Miss Ella Neely, a Sea Captain; Miss Annis O'Leary, Val-' en tine; Miss Frankle Clawson, Curio; Mrs. W. B. Moore, Sir Toby Belch; Miss Rose Lindsay, Sir Andrew' Agne Cheek; Mrs. T. F. McDow, Malvollo; Mrs. W. G. Stephenson, Fabian; Mrs. H. A. C. Walker, Clown; Mrs. S. M. McNeel, Olivia; Mrs. W. F. Marshall, Viola; Miss Daniel, Maria; Mrs. R. J. Hern don, 1st Officer; Miss Hulda McNeel, Priest; Mrs. W. H. Herndon, 2nd Officer; Servant, Miss Sudie Allison. Mrs. J. F. Hart, Mrs. B. N. Moore, Mrs. W. B. McCaw, Mrs. J. K. Alston, Mrs. W. S. Neil, Mrs. J. Mackorel, Mrs. k. T. Stephenson, and Misses Louise Lowry, Mary Schorb and Pearl Wallace to act as substitutes. LOCAL LACONICS. Cow Had Hydrophobia. A cow belonging to Mrs. Jas. G. Dickson was shot and . killed yesterday morning, because of its supposed affliction with hydrophobia. The story as the reporter has been able to gather it is to the effect that a few weeks ago the cow was bitten by a dog supposed to have rabbles. A few days ago the cow began to show symptoms of uneasiness, and a disposition to attack any and everything that came In sight. There seemed to be no reasonable doubt that the trouble was hydrophobia, and accordingly Mr. and Mrs. Dickson decided to have the animal shot. Equalization Board. The York county board of equalization met in the office of Auditor Williams yesterday morning, and after organization by the election of W. W. Boyce, of the Rock Hill board, as chairman, and J. F. Wallace, of the Yorkville board as secretary, got down to the work in hand. The board is composed of eleven members, one from each township and one each from Yorkville and Rock Hill, as follows: I. B. Faris, Bethel; J. F. Ashe, Bethesda; J. E. Leeck, Broad River; John L. Rainey, Bullock's Creek; W. S. Leslie, Catawba; R. G. Garrison, Ebenezer; C. P. Blankenship, Fort Mill; W. T. McKnight, King's Mountain; M. S. Carroll, York; J. F. Wallace, Yorkville; W. W. Boyce, Rock Hill.