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? Marinette, Wis., dispatch of July 10: A Negro named Deb Flynn was nearly killed at the street carnival here. Several men resented his walking with a white girl; he talked back, and a large crowd started after him. The Negro was rescued by company I, of the Second regiment, Wisconsin National guard, the members of which are at the carnival in a body. Flynn was In hld'ng all night and was spirited out of town this morning. The incident created great excitement among the crowd of visitors. ? Pope Leo XIII is still alive. During several days last week it seemed as if his death was only a matter of a few hours. Following the operation of withdrawing a discharge of pus from the vicinity of the patient's lung, there began a steady improvement which continued until Sunday when it was so pronounced that the physicians felt warranted in leaving the pope alone for the first time since the Sunday preceding. Dr. Lapponi said on Sunday that if the pope should hold his own until July 21, there would be reason to hope that the crisis was past. He, of course, could not say whether the pope would likely be restored to his normal health. ? John Terrell, a wealthy farmer of Bluffton, Ind., killed his son-in-law, Melvin Wolfe, last Sunday by firing two loads of buckshot into his head. Wolfe had refused to support his wife and baby, and had a way of driving by Terrell's house in an insulting and taunting manner. Terrell lay for him rtisrhareed a load of buckshot in his leg. Wolfe was carried to the office of a surgeon, and preparations were making for the amputation of the leg. Presently Terrell came up, burst open the door, threatened the surgeon and his assistants, and shot Wolfe as he lay on the operating table. He then reloaded his gun, stood off the mob that assembled, and gave himself up to the sheriff of the county. ? New York dispatch of July 12: A riot which required the reserves of three police precincts to suppress, broke out tonight in the Negro quarter in West Sixty-second street. The trouble was precipitated by the attempt of a policeman to arrest Wm. Johnston, the leader of a gang of Negroes who was making a disturbance in the street. The policeman secured his prisoner after a sharp fight and was dragging him away to the station house when he was assailed by a mob and volleys of bricks and stones were hurled at him from the roofs of the adjacent tenements. On the arrival of twenty other police men, Connor opened fire on a Negro roof and the shots were returned from windows of the house. The reserves cleared the streets and chased the rioters over the roofs, making several arrests and finally restoring order. ? America on last Saturday recaptured from the British the Palma trophy for marksmanship, at the annual shoot at Bisley, England. Her team scored an aggregate of 1,570 out of a possible 1,800 and beat all the best shots of Europe. South Africa, Australia and Canada, congregated for the first time on English soil to compete for the world's premier shooting trophy. Great Britain was second with 1,555. With the exception of the 800 yards range, at wnicn tne unuea n-mgdom beat them by three points, the American team demonstrated superiority over all comers. The other grand aggregates are: Australia 1,501: Natal 1,399: Norway 1,241; France 1,230. The weather conditions were favorable, although the heat was terrific. The shooting at 800 yards resulted as follows: United Kingdom 554: America 551; Canada 536; Natal 513; Norway 447; France 441; Australia 518. The above scores were out of a possible 600. ? Washington dispatch of July 10: Preliminary returns of the chief of the bureau of statistics of the department of agriculture show the acreage of corn nlantpd to he about 89.800.000 acres, a decrease of above 4,200,000 acres or 4.5 per cent from the area planted last year, as revised in December. The average condition of the growing crop on July 1 was 79.4, as compared with 87.5 on July 1, 1902. The average condition on July 1, of spring and winter wheat combined was 80, as compared with 82.9 on July 1, 1902, and 91.1 on July 1, 1901. The amount of wheat remaining in the hands of farmers on July 1, is estimated at about 42,500,000 bushels, equivalent to about 6.3 per cent of the crop of last year. The acreage of tobacco is about 7,000 acres, or 0.7 per cent greater than that of last year, and the condition is 85.1. The acreage of potatoes, excluding sweet potatoes, is about 49,000 acres, or 1.6 per cent less than that of last year. The average condition of potatoes on 1 woo fifi 1 QQ nnmnQroH with 92 Q on July 1, 1902. ? If the bill introduced by Representative Overstreet In the Georgia house last Friday morning becomes a law, it will be legal to carry pistols, brass knuckles and bowie knives in that state. The bill provides that any person shall be permitted to carry any of the above mentioned weapons provided he first gives a bond In the sum of $50 to the ordinary of the county In which he resides. He Is to be taxed a fee of $1 for the issuance of the permit by the ordinary. . The bond must be sifc,r^d by good citizens of wealth and rep '.te in the community. In the event '.?r bondsmen should desire to be relieved they must give at least ten days notice. The measure further provides that any person caught with a weapon of the kind mentioned without having a necessary permit shall be punished as ror a misdemeanor, air. uversireet does not like the present law, which forbids the carrying of these weapons, and he says he wants to allow persons to go armed and at the same time add to the revenue of the state. It is estimated that a $1 tax per capita for carrying such weapons would yield a large sum. ? Uncle Sam, says a Washington dispatch. has an annual house-cleaning in each one of his mint buildings at the end of each fiscal year. In these annual clean-ups the dirt and dust are not thrown away, but are carefully preserved and put into melting pots, where everything that will burn is consumed and the residue is left in the form of a conglomerate ingot in the bottom of the pot. This is refined and enough gold and silver is obtained from it to pay the housecleaning expenses many times over. Even the dirt that is scraped out of cracks in the floor contains gold dust and is carefully preserved. The report of the annual house-cleaning at the San Francisco mint has Just been received in Washington. One item of interest concerns an old carpet that originally cost $250, and that had been in use on the floor of the adjusting room for six years. Instead of selling the carpet, as the government usually does with its partly worn furnishings, it was burned and the ashes carefully preserved and refined, with the result that gold worth more than 59,600 was obtained from it. She \lorhi'iUr (Enquirer. YORKVILLE, S. C.t WEDNESDAY, JULY 15,1903. Except for the intervention of Mr. R. S. Stewart there would have been a lynching in Lancaster county last Thursday. Mr. Stewart intervened for I the regular process of law in the case of a Negro fiend who had sought to carry out designs against his own sister. The incident reflects the highest credit on Lancaster county, and especially upon this noble young man who stood for the law under such terrible provocation. A Russian newspaper, published at Port Arthuf, is responsible for the statement that Russia has advised China that she cannot open the ports of Manchuria at this time for the reason that the English and Americans are giving so much trouble with their espionage; but will open these ports after five years. If this statement be true as it probably is, it means that Russia will not open the ports now for the reason that the English and Americans will have an even start with her; but if the English and Americans will wait quietly for five years, Russia will be strongly enough entrenched to defy the world. Judge Buchanan has entered suit aeainst the state for difference in what he was paid for his services as judge and what he thinks himself entitled to. It is the opinion of many people in South Carolina and elsewhere that he has already been well paid for his services to the state.?Spartanburg Journal. We do not think that is a just statement. When Mr. Buchanan became a judge, the salary of the office was 33,000. This salary was subsequently reduced by the legislature to 32,500. There is a constitutional provision to the effect that the salary of an officer may not be increased or diminished during his term. Although other judges who were elected subsequently were entitled to only 32,500, Mr. Buchanan should have had 33,000 to the end of his term, and the legislative committee has done wrong to deny the claim. We agree with the Journal that Mr. Buchanan has been well paid for his alleged services. We have never considered film at an quaimeu iur we position which he held, but that does not relieve the state from its obligation to carry out its contract. The Catholic Herald, of London, has been making itself officious by seeking to present to the czar of Russia a petition relative to the treatment of Negroes in the United States. The idea of the petition is to offset the American petition in behalf of the Jews of Klchineff. The Russian ambassador at London refused to receive the petition and the Catholic Herald says It will be forwarded to St. Petersburg. It is quite probable that the incident has originated with Russian diplomats, who seek to emphasize the contention that the ~ ? wAtfornmonf" people ui uui Dutcicigu &v. ...... have no business with the purely domestic affairs of another. There are, of course, however, some marked defects in the suggested analogy. For instance there are no Negroes in Russia, while in America the Jews constitute a large and influential portion of the population. Again, America has never treated the Negroes so outrageously as Russia is treating her Jews. The worst that can be said of America's treatment of her Negroes is that in some cases she has punished them for crime, without a trial, while Russia has virtually approved wholesale massacres of Jews, even when such mas sacres were wiuiuui i eaauiiauie juouflcation. But all the same It must be admitted that this policy of interference by one nation into the domestic affairs of another is dangerous. We did it successfully in the case of Spain because we had the necessary force. The principle Involved Is the same as applied to Russia, differing only In the magnitude of the contract. MERE-MENTION. William Hobbe, the giant of Southern Illinois, died last Saturday at Belleville, that state. He was seven feet five ; inches tall and weighed 345 pounds. He was only 23 years old Paddy Smith, a young New Yorker, who is said to have at different times rescued 100 people from drowning, was himself drowned in New York harbor last Fri- i day It was reported a few days ago that a Negro had been skinned < alive by a mob as a punishment for < criminal assault; but investigation develops that there is no truth in the story There were sixteen deaths from sunstroke in New York and Brooklyn last Friday. According to ' the records this is the hottest July New York has ever experienced Four i white men were killed at Birmingham, Ala., last Saturday as the result of a ' powder explosion The town of Winchester, Va., was almost submerged by a cloudburst last Sunday. Water 1 was from three to six feet deep In the i streets A New York doctor relieved I a case of lockjaw a few days ago by opening the skull of the patient and injectlng anti-toxin serum There have been clashes during the past few days between Turkish and Bulgarian troops on the frontier of the two countries. .. .Gen. Clement A. Evans, president of the Confederate Memorial association, says that the association now has on hands funds to the amount of $204,470, and that the work of building the battle abbey at Richmond will be commenced without further delay.... Fifty houses in the northeastern part of Baltimore were unroofed by a storm last Sunday. About twenty persons were injured and property was damaged to the amount of $100,000. LOCKHART LINKLETS. An Aged Bicyclist?Pound of Tomato ?Pacolet Cotton Still on the Shoals. Correspondence of the Yorkrille Enaulrer. Lockhart, July 13.?Sometimes we find men whose vitality is considerably above the average. Men who retain their strength, even when time has worn great gullies in their cheeks. Mr. W. F. McCulloch is a man of this type. He can ride his wheel as gracefully as many of younger years. He has nearly reached three score and ten, yet he sometimes rides his wheel to visit relatives and friends who live at Hoodtown and Hickory Grove. When he has business at Yorkville he does not hire a turnout, but rides his wheel. He is an industrious man and works at a job that calls for considerable strength. He served during the civil war in Co. G. 18th S. C. V.; was blown up at Petersburg; was captured, and remained in prison at Elmira, N. Y., until the close of the war. Mr. P. B. McAbee has presented your scribe a tomato of huge proportions. It measured in circumference twelve *m * 1 Ano and one-nair incnes <um nngutv. pound. The seed from which it grew came from the U. S. agricultural department. It was planted and cultivated in his garden with the above results. It will not be amiss to state that Mr. McAbee is not only successful in raising tomatoes, but other products of. a vegetable garden as well. Some bales of cotton that were washed from the mills above here during the recent freshet are still in the shoals. No effort is being made to take them out. Possibly after being in the water over a month they are not worth the trouble to get them out. This place was visited by a refreshing shower of rain yesterday evening. vcqt-hqH <->n thp 12th instant, by Rev. W, H. White, Mr. William Crick of Greenwood, and Miss Beulah Howell, daughter of Mr. T. T. Howell, a former resident of the Bullock's Creek section. Mr. and Mrs. Crick boarded the 9 p. m., train yesterday evening for Greenwood. BULLOCK'S CREEK NOTES. Correspondence of tbe Yorkrille Enquirer. Bullock's Creek, July 13.?Crops in this section are late; but if the seasons continue they will be fair. Mrs. J. B. Swann has returned from a week's visit to friends in North Carolina. * Miss Mamie Rlggins of Lockhart, has been visiting relatives here. Misses Maggie and Mary Blankenship are spending awhile with their uncle, Rev. J. B. Swann. Miss Minnie Palmer is in Greenville, at the bedside of her sister, Mrs. H. R. Chapman, who is quite ill with typhoid fever. There will be a choir meeting at Bullock's Creek church next Saturday afternoon. Rev. Dr. J. H. Thornwell of Fort Mill, will begin a proctracted meeting at Bullock's Creek on Friday night before the second Sunday in August, and it Is expected that the meeting will continue through a part of the next week. SOUTH CAROLINA NEWS. Moved to Lexington. Col. J. H. Tillman was transierreu on last Monday from the Richland jail to the Lexington jail. Peabody Scholarships. Columbia State: The Peabody examination for scholarships will be held July 16th, at 9 o'clock, at Anderson, Rock Hill, Columbia, Florence and Charleston. The state superintendent of education has requested the county superintendents of Anderson, Florence and Charleston to conduct the examinations in their offices. At Rock Hill will hp h#?ld if! COn - LUC c.\aiiiiiiovivii ? ^ _ _ nection with the summer school, and in Columbia it will be held in the office of the state superintendent of education. Came South For a Lawsuit. Spartanburg special to Greenville News: About three weeks ago a big black Negro man was a conspicuous figure on the street one afternoon. On the left lapel of his coat was a large Elk's badge. A number of people who saw the Negro did not know what to make of it. Subsequently several members of the local order of Elks called the Negro to one side and talked with him. He stated that he had a perfect ?? that ha WHS an Elk. llgllL iu cite uaugv, viimv 11%. ? ? and that none of the white men could ask him questions regarding the order which he could not intelligently answer. He also produced a ritual. A glance at this was indicative that the Negro was not in possession of the secrets of the Elk's organization; and he was allowed to depart, and admonished to stay away from here, where he intended to organize a lodge. Since his departure several leading Elks have been notified that the colored "Elk" has instituted legal proceedings against the Cincinnati and Spartanburg lodges. Nothing is expected to come of the matter. Judge Buchanan's Salary. Columbia dispatch of July 10: The claim of former Judge O. W. Buchanan, for arrears of salary which has now been changed to a suit against the state treasurer, came up yesterday afternoon before Judge Townsend. The claim was based upon the allegation that he had been paid $500 for a year less than the salary to which he was entitled, as fixed by law at the time of his qualification as judge under the constitutional prohibition that the salary of a circuit judge should not be diminished during his continuance in office. The claim was also based upon a judgment rendered by Judge Dantzler in this case. The petitioner's contentions were sustained by Judge Townsend. Messrs. R. W. Shand and Li. Duncan wenmger represenieu juuge Buchanan and Assistant Attorney General Townsend represented the comptroller general and state treasurer. This matter was before the legislature at the last session and Judge Dantzler's decision was produced as proof of the legality of the claim, but the committee reported against it and it was not paid. LOCAL AFFAIRS. NEW ADVERTISEMENTS. Supervisor Boyd?Gives notice that on July 23, he will let contracts for the building of certain bridges. Strauss-Smith Co.?Says that more of those rich bargains they have been offering their customers, are coming to light every day, and enumerate a number of things that are of interest to buyers of dry goods. Loan & Savings Banks?Says saving money is a habit and then goes on to tell you how to get in the habit of saving. Jas. M. Starr & Co.?Have more fruit jars on hands than they want and will make you special prices on them for cash. They have rubbers and fruit powders. When passing they invite you to try their soda waters. W. M. Kennedy, Agent?Has new crop turnip seed of the best quality and in choice varieties and Invites you to buy your seed from him. York Drug Store?Says that any lady can buy good cigars if she will insist on having nothing but the Cinco ?the cigar of quality. J. Q. Wray?Is making special prices on clothing for men to close out his stock. He also offers to the gentlemen choice selections in fine shirts at $1 each. He also talks about a good hair brush he is selling at 50 cents each. The machine contest. Foushee Cash Store?Says it courts a comparison of quality and prices on its goods, and quotes a few prices of interest to housekeepers. WITHIN THE TOWN. ? The dry goods trade was very good in Yorkville during Monday and yes terday. ? The cooling effect of the street sprinkler on the atmosphere of the streets that are being sprinkled is quite noticeable. ? Yorkville which has the reputation of being one of the best livery towns in the state, keeps about sixty horses employed constantly. The liverymen have a good local patronage. ? It is quite probable that there will be a great deal of opposition to the new dog ordinance just passed by the town council; but as a matter of fact this seems to be the only satisfactory way of dealing with this rather perplexing subject. ? Elvira Camp, colored, was arrested yesterday by Constable Rose and Policeman Whitener for selling blackberry wine. She had quite a quantity on hand. She plead guilty to the cnarge and the mayor Imposed a sentence of $10 fine or thirty days in Jail. NOTE AND COMMENT. There were some refreshing showers In Bethel township Sunday and Sunday night. The township has not been having its share of rain, and the showers that have just fallen have raised the spirits of the farmers very materially. Mr. John T. Latham, who lives five miles southwest of Yorkvllle exhibited in Tub Enqrirer office last Saturday an object of somewhat curious inter-: est, that we were unable to positively identify. The object in question was of burned red clay, not quite two inches long and slightly less than an inch square at the base. It. tapers gently from the base to the top, in which there is a round hole. It is rudely suggestive of a bottle, of'rather of a vial. Mr. Latham plowed.-ft up in tne neia one day recently antf thinks It m6st have been an Indian medicine bottle; but cannot say certainly for he has never seen anything like It before. A gentleman whose judgment about such matters is good, says that although a coat or two of paint will be beneficial to the Catawba river bridge, the structure is not really suffering for want of such attention. There Is but little rust on the Iron work and the bridge could stand a year or more without material damage. The county commissioners have an idea of having the bridge painted under their own supervision. They do not see any reason why they cannot do the work as cheaply as can anybody else, and then they will have the advantage of learning the exact cost of labor and materials, etc. Nothing has been definitely decided on the subject. The state board of equalization meets in Columbia today for the purpose of assessing the property of cotton mills, cotton seed oil mills and fertilizer factories. W. W. Boyee, of Rock Hill is the representative of York county on the board. The York county mills were assessed last year as follows: Bowling Green Knitting mill, $15,000; Clover Cotton Manufacturing company, $220,500; Fort Mill Manufacturing company, $95,000; Millfort Mill company, $61,720; Arcade Cotton mills, $115,830; Highland Park Manufacturing company, $123,437; Manchester Cotton mills, $247,300; Victoria Cotton mills, $66,000; Tavora Cotton mills, $21,700; York Cotton mills, $172,500; Chicora Cotton mills, $50,000. Total $1,188,987. ABOUT PEOPLE. Mr. Geo. H. O'Leary went to Lenoir yesterday. Prof. W. E. Dendy spent Sunday In town with relatives. Mr. L. J. Lumpkin of Newport, was In Yorkville yesterday. Miss Janle Ratterree, of Rock Hill, Is visiting Miss Sadie Dunlap. Miss Olive Walker Is visiting relatives and friends in Gaffney. Misses Sudle Allison and Ella Neely have gone to Chautauqua, N. Y. Dr A. Y. Cartwrlght and Mr. J. M. Ferguson spent last Sunday In Chester. * ,Al- ?u A?I^~ *U? V?/s non wHVi AUIIUUgll UUlllg IIIC UCOl HE VUH ...v.. his work, Solicitor Henry la quite unwell. Mrs. J. W. Dobaon and children are visiting Mrs. Dobson's brothers at Tirzah. Misses Anna Belle and Sarah Gladney of Kershaw, are visiting Mrs. T. M. Dobson. Dr. W. M. Kennedy and Mr. Carl Latimer of Chester, spent Sunday with relatives in town. Miss Elise Stokes left on Saturday for Spartanburg, from which place she will go to Detroit. Mich., to attend the Epworth League convention. Magistrate Anderson of Ebenezer tow nshlp describes the crops in his section as looking fairly well. Miss Mnyme Lou McClaln left last Friday for a visit to her brother, Mr. Felix McClaln, at Lincolnton, N. C. Mr. Andrew Louthlun of Thk Enqiurhr staff, is confined to his home on West Liberty street, with fever. Miss Marion Jackson, of Ashevilie, N. C.. is visiting her sister. Mrs. J. Oscar Allison, on Cleveland avenue. Mrs. Hiram Smith, who has been visiting the family of Major Jas. F. Hart, has returned to her home in Gaffney. Messrs. Toney Kimball and Walter B. Kerr are visiting in Yorkvllle. They came over from Rock Hill yesterday. Maydr M. C. Willis went down to Barnwell on Monday evening to look after his farming interest in that county. Captain W. B. Smith, says the Clover neighborhood has been having plenty of rain and crops are looking well. Mr. A. Frank Woods left yesterday for Marion, N. C., where he will spend sometime with the family of Mr. Geo. E. Woods. Mr. John A. Neely and family are over from Rock Hill, spending a few days with his parents, Mr. and Mrs. H. A. D. Neely. Mr. T. Gib Culp of Fort Mill township, was In Yorkville Monday, havingcome over for the purpose of meeting his old friends. Mr. David Wray of High Point, N. C., Is In Yorkville on a visit to his cousin, Mr. J. Q. Wray and other relatives and friends. Mr. Clark Wardlaw Adlcks entertained a number of his friends on last Friday evening. Various games were ' played for entertainment. Mesdames Sam. M. McNeel and W. B. Moore, and Misses Hulda McNeel, Bessie Young and Marie Moore, left on Monday evening for Wrightsville Beach, N. C. Misses Florence Thomasson of Belmont, N. C., and Catherine Mobley McCrorey of Lancaster, are the guests of Miss Mag C. Thomasson, near Yorkville. Mrs. W. F. Marshall entertained on , Saturday night in honor of her guests, ; Misses Wicker and Brown. Anagrams t was the game for the evening. Light refreshments were served. Mr. E. B. Beard continues to improve and his friends are beginning to feel every assurance that he is out of danger. He himself has been cheerful and confident throughout the whole trying ordeal and this fact has contributed much to the success of the operation. Mr. Thomas L. Smith, formerly of Newport, but now of Washington, is on a visit to his father, Mr. R. A. Smith. He is accompanied by Mrs. Smith and the children. Mr. Smith has been a citizen of Washington for the past nine years and holds a responsible position with the Great Atlant-ic and Pacific Tea company. This is his first trip south within the past five years, and he is having quite a pleasant time with his boyhood friends. His visit will cover about two weeks. GENERAL SESSIONS. The court of general sessions for York county convened last Monday, his Honor J. C. Klugh, presiding, Solicitor J. K. Henry representing the state and Stenographer Harry McCaw taking the testimony. The following grand Jurors answered to their names upon the call of the clerk: W. L. Black, W. J. Neil, P. B. McAfee, S. S. Smith, R. S. Hanna, J. O. Walker, N. S. Black, W. H. McCorkle, R. E. L. Ferguson, J. R. Williams, J. F. Quinn, J. W. Brown, S. G. Feemster, O. J. Gwinn, J. J. Wallace, W. S. Perclval. Petit jurors answered to their names as follows: R. H. Carder, T. B. Belk, R. L. Gordon, T, G. Dowdle, J. A. Harshaw, R. J. Herndon, T. E. Patton, P. T. McNeel, W. L. Hill, N. A. Simrll, A. L. Black, J. W. Boyd, D. L. Black, S. C. Davidson, John F. Gordon. D. m. rora, Jr., W. L. Hartness, J. W. Ardrey, W. B. Riddle, C. A. Starnes, J. Wylle Roddey, E. L. McElhaney, H. H. Hood, J. T. Plaxlco, H. B. McDanlel, S. W. Thomas, J. J. Matthews, R. M. Sherrer, W. L. Pursley, A. K. Sherrer. A. W. Smith and T. L. Boyd, drawn to serve as petit jurors, could not be found by the sheriff, the present address of Mr. Smith being Spartanburg, and that of Mr. Boyd being Pineville, N. C. John A. Black of Catawba, and J. Fitchett Pursley of King's Mountain township, were excused by the court. There was no business ready for the "* J oqoqInn nf thp jury uuniig me mui uing ?? >? ? . court, and no cases were taken up. Because of certain grounds of confusion In the Indictment against E. P. H. Nivens, R. G. Johnson and A. B. Parks, charged with assault and battery of a high and aggravated nature, the solicitor nol prossed the o'd bill and gave out a new one. In the first bill the state alleged that the assault complained of was committed with a stick, while the testimony adduced at the trial seemed to indicate that it was rather a matter of teeth and pistols. The new bill sought to make the allegations along this line more specific. The first case taken up was that of the State vs. Jake Whit Wright, Vess Wright, George Floyd, Charles Floyd and Manuel Hall, indicted for riot. The jury returned a verdict of guilty In the case of J. Whit Wright and Chas. Floyd, the only two defendants present. There have been true bills returned In the cases of the State vs. Thomas Bailey, Wm. A. Harper and James Mc I.ester, charged with murder. There was a true bill In the case of J. Meek McGlll, charged with assault and battery with Intent to kill and carrying concealed weapons. McGlll Is being held responsible for the shooting of Miss Lesslie at the Wllkerson school entertainment some weeks ago. Tne case was continued until the next term of the court. There was a true bill in the case of Jake Knox, charged with violation of the dispensary law. The case of E. P. H. Nevlns and others was called yesterday morning. Maj. James F. Hart and John R. Hart, Esq.. counsel for Nevlns, moved for a continuance on the ground of absence of material witnesses. It was stated that the witnesses had been regularly fubpoenaed; but had failed to appear. Solicitor Henry, assisted by Messrs. McDow and Dunlap representing the State opposed the motion offering to admit that the various witnesses would swear as they had sworn at the former trial. Judge Klugh held that the defendant was not properly within the rule for a continuance and refused to grant their motion. The case was entered into at about 10 o'clock a. m., and is still in progress. It is understood that the next case to be culled after the conclusion of the case of the State against Nivens will Le that of the State against W. A. Har1 er, indicted for the murder of A. A. Dellinger. < The grand jury was discharged on the convening of court yesterday af- j ternoon at 3 o'clock, after submitting | the following as Its final presentment: j To His Honor, Judge J. C. Klugh, Pre- ] sidipg Judge. ] We beg to report that we have passed upon all bills given us by the solic- i itor. We defer the examination of the | tounty offices and other public insti- i tutlons until the fall term, us we be- | lieve they are going on smoothly at j present. s It has been called to our attention ( that a family of six?father, mother ] and four children are confined In the i i ounty home that are verging on in- t sanity and we recommend that the pro- i per authorities look into this matter at once and see if it is not best that the father be placed in the asylum. We find that Henry Griffln should be included among the defendants in the case of the State vs. Columbus Warren and others, for house-breaking and larceny with the same witnesses. We beg to thank your honor for your kind indulgence and also the solicitor for the aid given us during the term. There being 110 other business we beg to be discharged. THE CRIME OF MURDER. Rev. W. O. Neville, pastor of the Presbyterian church of Yorkvllle, preached last Sunday morning on the crime of murder. His sermon was timely and of such obvious strength that It gives us pleasure to reproduce It In full. He took his text from Exodus xx. 13: "Thou shalt do no murder," and discussed the subject as follows: Murder. Let us consider first, the enormity of this crime. God teaches us in his word that murder is one of the most atrocious crimes that can be committed by man; and man's enlightened Judgment corroborates God's estimate of this sin. As far as man is concerned, there is more Involved in this sin, perhaps, than In any other. In order to realize to some extent, at least, the comprehensive sweeps of the Issues involved in this sin, just consider for a moment, how the man who Is piurdered is affected. He is ushered into the awful and untried realities of eternity, and, as a rule, without a moment's warning. His connection with this world is forever severed and his destiny is eternally fixed. The man who commits murder is exercising a prerogative which belongs to God exclusively, and one which is especially sacred to him. Hence the man who assumes the prerogative of taking his fellow's life, and exercises this prerogative without the direct permission of God, is guilty of a very heinous crime in the sight of God. Murder is sacrilege in the sight of God. It is infinitely different from taking the life of a dumb brute. It is not only violating a commandment of God ?this is bad enough; but it is defacing the image of God. It is practically an effort to put an end to a being who J - * ? Vaa fha is maue in me image ui uvu. murderer does all he can to annihilate not only a product of God's creative power, but a person who is made in the image of God and who bears upon his very being the stamp of Dlety. Oh, how deep a man has sunk Into the depths of iniquity, who can commit this crime! Human language is inadeouate to depict the real character of this sin. In the next place, let me call your attention to the fact that this crime has been on the Increase in recent years in this country. Statistics show that murder in the United States in the last fifteen or twenty years has Increased with startling and alarming rapidity. I believe the number of homicides in this country did not exceed the 1,000 mark till 1886; but in one year since that time" it has reached the 10,000 mark. Just think of it?an increase of ten hundred per cent In a little over ten years. We have been sowing the wind and w? are now reaping the whirlwind. Human life is cheap in the United States. Look at England. There is in that country an average of only 377 murders each year. The average in this country from 1896 to 1901 was 7,746. While our population Is only two and, one-half times as large as England, the number of homicides in this country is more than twenty times as many as in England. That is, aomo ofondor/l nn this 11 VY C liau kl(C oaiuc %> subject that England has, we would have only 942 homicides a year, Instead of 7.746. There was in South Carolina 225 homicides last year. If our record had been as good as England's, there would have been only fifteen. When we study these, figures, It Is not surprising that thoughtful people are seriously considering the subject and are trying to devise some plan by which this great evil may be abated. Truly can we say that our land is polluted with the sin of murder. Just think of it?46,478 homicides in this country in six years! Let us now consider some of the causes which are at work In producing so much evil. Sometimes by discussing the causes of a malady, an efficacious remedy can be found and prescribed. What are the causes for so much bloodshed? Of course, the fundamental cause of murder is the depravity of the human heart. God says: "The heart is deceitful above all things, and desperately wicked." While the depravity of the human heart is the fountain-head of this deadly stream of murder and iniquity, it is not the cause that demands our attention just now; for this cause has been In existence ever since the first murder was committed, and it will con tinue to exist as long as there Is a human heart that remains In a state of total depravity. Let us notice some of the causes which have been instrumental in increasing the number of homicides In our land. : 1. The sentimentalism of the age Is one cause. Many people think that It is barbarous to punish even the most notorious scoundrel who has committed an atrocious crime?except in the mildest manner. This idea has so taken hold of people in some quarters that they have practically annihilated in their wicked and distorted imaginations the reality of sin and the doctrines of retributive Justice. This new and dangerous meoiogy ntu? guue mw some churches and even into some pulpits. You can hear of men even in the pulpit hooting at the doctrine of future punishment?yes, men who profess to be ministers of that Christ whose preaching had so much of this doctrine |n it. They are too sentimental, falsely so-called, and too cowardly, rightly socalled, to preach what Christ preached. They have so magnified the love of God that they have completely destroyed the justice of God. As long as the tendency continues in this direction, you may expect an increase of crime, not only of murder, but of every species of crime. If the gin of murder is to be arrested in its bloody and hellward march, there must be a return in our believing and in our practicing to the doctrines taught by Christ and Paul and Augustine and Knox and Spurgeon. You teach men that God is all love and only love, that the doctrine of future punishment is a freak of the bewildered imagination, then you open up the flood gates of iniquity, and our country will be swept by a deluge of moral destruction. Men may think that they are, in this way, destroying a hell in the future world; but they are, in reality, laying the foundation for a hell in this world, as well as in the world to come. 2. Lack of home training is another cause of the increase of crime. I think that anv man of serious thought who takes a calm and Intelligent view of the situation along this line will certainly behold a scene which is, in the highest degree, distressing and alarming. Whenever authority in the home is not exercised by the parents and is ignored by the children, and it is today, it takes no man of broad intelligence to explain the prevalence of so much crime in our country. The home is the fountain-head of society; and the stream can't rise above its source. You sow the wind in the home, and you will leap the whirlwind in society. If good, healthy government Is Ignored in the home, it will be ignored in society and In the state. In many cases, the child is permitted lo do as he pleases in the home. Some parents th'nk it is cruel and barbarous lo chastise their children. Here come " that inoM Ill me ueieienuun CUKIO ui men Iiiniuious and sickly sentimentalism of the ige. The parent professes to love the hlld too much to chastise him. while ie ought to know that true love will 'oree him to correct his child. He tries o make himself think that he is workng for the best Interests of the child, while In reality he is working for the child's positive Injury and probable destruction. We see the deleterious effects of this lack of home training manifesting themselves everywhere In the land, In the school room, in the state government, and in society generally. People have very little respect for properly constituted authority; they have very little reverence for law. The teacher who tries to administer discipline in his school today, especially as it was prescribed by one of the wisest men that ever lived, is In great danger of incurring the wrath and displeasure of the parent. People today are a great deal wiser than Solomon ever was?in their own estimation. He believed in the proper use of the rod, but people n^iv innk unon that instrument as a relic of a barbarous age. Yes, and we are reaping the fruits of this so-called superior wisdom; and we are going to reap more of them, if things continue as they are now going. I would rattier have?yes, a thousand times rather have?In our homes, the old, unadulterated Puritanism of the past, than the wreckless government which prevails in so many homes today. 3. Disregard of law is another cause of crime. The spirit of lawlessness seems to have taken hold of our people in every section of the country and in every department of life.. The great question that concerns many is: How can I violate law and escape punishment? They have no respect whatever, for the law, nor for the authorities of the law. The violation of the law troubles them no more than the eating of a palatable and wholesome meal would do when they are hungry. ~-~i^ aK/xnu Ko toncht reverence rcupic OIIUU1U UV bMU0*?v w law and to look upon the officers of the law as the servants of the Almighty. And, until this is done, there will be no change for the better in the present state of affairs. 4. Intemperance causes many a murder. How many men have been ushered into eternity without a moment's warning by this deadly foe of mankind? Besides the thousands upon thousands who are murdered by this demon through the slow process, there are thousands upon thousands murdered by this same demon of strong drink through the quick process. And, yet, the great state of South Carolina has not only commissioned this agency of debauchery and destruction, but actually encourages and protects this evil in its hellish work. God's righteous indignation and judgment will certainly be visited upon us. "Be not deceived; God is not mocked: for whatsoever a man soweth, that shall he also reap." 5. Carrying concealed weapons Is a prolific cause of murder. It seems that there are many men today who look upon the pistol?this deadly foe of mankind?as a necessary part of their toilet. The man who carries the pistol is prepared to use it when the opportunity presents itself. He certainly would not carry it, unless he thought he would need it. When a man carries a pistol in his pocket, it is frequently evidence that he carries murder in his heart. Many a man has been killed by the ready pistol who would never have been killed, had the pistol not been there. 6. Failure to execute the law is the last cause that I shall notice. And his cause needs to be emphasized. The fact that so many murderers are acquitted encourages this crime and has been a very important cause of its increase in our land. In 1886, there were in this country 1,440 homicides and only eighty-three legal executions. * ? 1ACM knmlnlltni in 1590, lucre WC1C IV,UW UVUMVtwvw and only about 158 legal executions. More than seven times as many homicides In ten years and not twice as many legal executions! Here is a satisfactory explanation of the rapid and alarming increase of this crime. Our courts fail to do their duty. Instead of being courts of justice, as they are called, they are frequently places where justice is outraged?they are often a travesty on justice and Jaw. We ajl know that it is almost impossible to convict a man. these days, who has money and social standing. His lawyers, as a rule, will resort to every conceivable measure, regardless of the moral character of the measure, to clear the man. They will resort to o foil* trial ThPV ZLIiy yiO.ll tu avuiu a. *?* * try to make the Impression that they want a fair trial, when, in reality, this Is the very thing, above all things that they don't want; and, if they can possibly avoid it? they are not going to have it. They will fabricate theories that are diametrically opposed to the truth and try to establish that which they know to be false as true. In this way they perjure themselves, and they cause their witnesses to perjure themselves. Says some one; "The Influence of money on our courts is not the worst corruption. The greatest evil is in the fact that lawyers generally have adopted the theory that they are bound to do all they can to gain the cause of their clients, irrespective of justice. The most distinguished criminal lawyers have gained their distinction by defeating the law and preventing the execution, of Justice upon men whom they know to be criminals. Of course, every man?the guilty as well as the innocent?has the right to a fair, honest, impartial trial. This is guaranteed by all good law and government, and rightly so. But the laws and courts are not enacted and established for the purpose of clearing the guilty. Tou would think so sometimes by the way certain cases are conducted. Courts ought to be established for the purpose of convicting and punishing the guilty and for the purpose of clearing the innocent. Let me call your attention now to the remedy for this fearful disease. 1. The slayer should be brought to a speedy trial. The longer the murderer can have his case put off, or continual in the rnnrts. the stronger the probability is that he will be cleared of his crime. If he has a bad case, this is the usual course that is pursued. How many guilty men have gone free, because their cases have been postponed from time to time till the people have practically lost all interest in them. T have read of a case in a neighboring state where a man had advantage of five trials. He had murdered a woman and his case was a bad one. It took five years to finally adjudicate the matter. At the first trial,. he was sentenced to death; at the second to life imprisonment; at the thud, to fifty years' imprisonment; at the fourth to ten years' imprisonment, and at the fifth, he was cleared altogether. This may be an extreme case, but it illustrates what is going on every day in our land. When a human being is killed, the matter ought to be settled Just as soon as it can be done consistently with Justice and righteousness. The law ought to be so framed that an extra term of court could be held in such cases, and have the man who is charged with such a crime tried immediately. If the man is innocent, he ought to want this; and, if he is guilty, the community and law ought to demand this. If this could be done, it would exert a tremendous influence in the right direction. But how is it now? Everything seems to be in favor of the murderer. The poor man who is dead has very few rights, even berore tne law, as u is uuninustered now. And, yet God's word says that the murdered man's cause is .so just and righteous as to demand nothing less than the blood of the man who shed his blood and to demand it as early as possible. Suppose that a murder case could be settled, as a rule, in ten days after the crime had been committed and the guilty man hanged in fifteen days after the murder! What un impression this would make on the entire community and what a terror it would be to evildoers! But the way things are conducted now. the time which frequently elapses between the commission of the crime and the final adjudication of the case is so long that practically in the minds of the people there Is very little CUliIltJfLiuu UUIWCCII IIIC mu c?cuio. 2. Again, a large reward ought to be offered for the man who has done