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l. m. grist s sons, PubUshers. } % ^antilj Jlctrsjaper: jfor (he promotion of the political, Social, Agricultural, and Commercial Interests of the jpeople. ) tkrss^^ii^^e^arjn advancb. established 1855. YORKVILLE, S. C., FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 12, 1904. FTP. 13. * | WHEN KN | WAS IN Or, The Love Story of Charles Erandoi $ Happening In the Reign of His An He written e.nd Rendered Into ^ C?Lskoder SBy EDWIN CASKODf Copyright, 1808 and 1901, by CHAPTER XX?Continued. Mary would utton pout for days together and protend illness. Upon one ucvesioii she kept the king waiting at her dour all the morning, while she, it*villi? slitmpd through the window, \v?ih riding with some of the young people In the forest. When she returned ?through the window ? she went to the door and scolded the poor old king: for keeping her waiting penned up iD her room all the morning. And he apologized! She changed the dinner hour to noon in accordance with the English custom, and had a heavy supper at night wheu she would make the king gorge himself with unhealthful foot! and coax him "to drink as much as Iirother Henry," which invariably resulted tu Louis de Valois iiudiug lodgment under the table. This amused the whole court except a few old cronies and physicians, who, of course, were scandalized beyond measure. She took the king on long rides with her on cold days, and would jolt him almost to death and freeze him until the cold tears streamed down his poor pinched nose, making him feel like a half animated icicle and wish that he were one, in fact. At night she would have her bails and keep him up till morning, drinking and dancing, or trying to dance, with her until his poor old heels, and his head, too, for that matter, were like to fall off; then she would slip away from him and lock herself in her room. December, say I. let May alone; she certainly will kill you. Despite which sound advice. I doubt not December will go on coveting May up to the end of the chapter, each old fellow?being such a fine man for his age, you understand?fondly believing himself an exception. Age in a fool is damnable. Mary was killing Louis as certainly and deliberately as if she were feeding him slow poison. He was very weak and decrepit at best, being compelled frequently upon public occasions, such, for example, as the coronation tournament of which I hr.ve spoken, to lie upon a couch. Mary's conduct was really cruel, but then, remember the provocation, and that she was acting in self defense. All this was easier for her than you might suppose, for the king's grasp of power, never very strong, was beginning to relax even what little grip It had. All faces were turned toward the rising sun, young Francis, duke of Angouleme. the king's distant cousin, who would soon be king in Louis' place. As this young rising sun, himself vastly smitten with Mary, openly encouraged her in what she did. the courtiers of course followed suit, and the old king found himself surrounded by a court only too ready to be amused by his lively young queen at his expense. This condition of affairs Mary welcomed with her whole soul, and to accent it and nail assurance, I fear, played ever so lightly and coyly upon the heartstrings of the young duke, which responded all too loudly to her velvet touch and almost frightened her to death with their volume of sound later on. This Francis d'Augouleine, the daupmn. una ianeii uespermeiy m iuve witli Mary at first sight. something against which the fact that he was married to Claude, daughter of Louis, in no way militated. He was a very distant relative of Louis, going away back to St. Louis for his heirship to the French crown. The king had daughters in plenty, but. as you know, the gallant Frenchmen say. according to their law salie. "The realm of France is so great and glorious a heritage that it may not be taken by a woman." Too great and glorious to be taken by a woman, forsooth! France would have been vastly better off had she been governed by a woman now and then, for a country always prospers under a queen. Francis had for many years lived at court as the recognized heir, and, as the custom was, called his distant cousin Louis "Uncle." "Uncle" Louis in turn called Francis "Ce Gros Garcon," and Queen Mary called him "Monsieur, mon beau fils," in a mock motherly manner that was very laughable. A mother of eighteen to a "good boy" of twenty-two! Dangerous relationship! And dangerous indeed it would have been for Mary had she not been as pure and true as she was willful and impetuous. "Mon beau fils" allowed neither his wife nor the respect he owed the king to stand in the way of Ills very marked attention to the queen. His position as heir and his long resinf r-mirf- almost as sou to Louis, gave liitu ample opportunities for pressing his unseemly suit. He was the first to see Mary at the meeting place this side of Abbeville, and was tho king's representative on all occasions. "Beau tils" was rather a handsome fellow, but thought himself vastly handsomer than he was. ami had some talents, which he was likewise careful to estimate at their full value, to say the least. He was very well liked by women, and in turn considered himself irresistible. He was very impressionable to feminine charms, was at heart a libertine, and. as he grew older, became a debauchee whose memory will taint France for centuries to come. Mary saw his weakness more clearly than his wickedness, being blinded to the latter by the veil of her own innocence. She laughed at and with him, and permitted herself a great deal of his company?so much, in, fact, that I ICHTHOOD| FLOWER I Jkf4. a and Mary Tudor, the King's Sister, and .gust Majesty King Henry the Eighth 52? Modem Enfliah From Sir Edwin jT i'i Memoir Tjf :N [CHARLES MAJOR] # the Bowen-McrrtU Company grew a" little jealous" for- Brandon's sake, and. if the truth must be told, for the first time began to have doubts of her. 1 seriously feared that when Louis should die Brandon might find a much more dangerous rival In the new king, who, although married, would probably try to keep Mary at his court even should he be driven to the extreme of divorcing Claude as Claude's father had divorced Joan. I believed, in case Mary should v??i ontarily prove false and remain 1i Prance either as the wife or the mi> tress of Francis, that Brandon won. quietly but surely contrive some nte:U take her life, and 1 hoped he would. 1 spoke to my wife. Jane, about the queen's conduct, and she finally admitted that she did not like it. so 1, unable ti? remain silent any longer, determined in put -Mary on her guard, and for that purpose spoke very freely to her on the subject. "Oh. you goose!" she said laughingly, "lie is almost us great a fool as Henry." Then the tears came to her eyes, and half angrily, half hyiterieally, shaking me by the arm, she continued: "Do you not know? Can you not see tliut I would give this hand or my eyes, almost my life, just to fall upon my face in front of Charles Brandon at this moment? Do you not know that a woman with a love in her heart such as 1 have for him is safe from every one and everylhihg; that it is her sheet anchor, sure and fast? Have you not wit enough t > know that?" "Yes. I have." 1 responded, for the time completely silenced. With her favorite tactics she had. as usual, put me in the wrong, though I soon came again to the attack. "But he is so base that 1 grieve to see you with him." "I suppose he is not very good." she responded, "but it seems to be the way of these people among whom I have fallen, and he cannot harm me." "Oh. but he can! Oue does not go near smallpox, and there is a moral contagion quite as dangerous, if not so perceptible, and equally to be avoided. It must be a wonderfully benlthy moral nature, pure and chaste to the core, that will be entirely coutagiou proof and safe from it." She hung her head in thought aDd then lifted her eyes appealingly to me. "Ann I not that. Kdwin? Tell me! Tell me frankly: am I not? It is the one thing of good I have always striven for. I am ko full of other faults that If I have not that there Is no good in me." Her eyes and voice were full of tears, and I knew in my heart that I stood before as pure a soul as ever came from the hand of God. "You are. your majesty: never doubt." 1 answered. "It is pre-eminently the one tiling in womanhood to which ail mankind kneels." And I fell upon my knee and kissed her hand with a sense of reverence, faith and trust that lias never left me from that day to tliis. As to my estimate of how Francis would act when Louis should die. you will see that I was right. Not long after this Lady Caskoden and I were given permission to return to England, and immediately prepared for our homeward journey. As we left. Mary placed in my hands a letter for Itrandon, whose bulk was so reassuring that I knew he had never been out of her thoughts. I looked at the letter a moment and said, in all seriousness. "Your majesty, had I not better provide an extra box for it?" She gave a nervous little laugh, and the tears tilled her eyes as she whispered huskily: "I fancy there is one who will not think It too large. Goodby, good by!" So we left Mary. fair, sweet girl queen, all alone among those terrible strangers. Alone with one little English maiden, seveu years of age, Amie Boleyu. CHAPTER XXI. letters from a queen. U'r~ TON our return to England 1 left Jane down in Suffolk SS-Sjr with her uncle. Lord BoliuglazBal broke, having determined never to permit her to come within Bight of King Ilenry again if I could prevent it. I then went up to London with the twofold purpose of seeing Brandon and resigning my place as master of the dance. When I presented myself to the king and told him of my marriage. He new luto a great passion because we bad not asked bis consent. One of his whims was that every one must ask his permission to do anything?to eat or sleep or say one's prayers, especially to marry, if the lady was of a degree entitled to be a king's ward. Jane, fortunately, bad 110 estate, tbe king's father having stolen It from her when she was an infant; so all the king could tlo about our marriage was to grumble, which I let him do to his heart's con tent. "I wish also to thank your majesty for the thousand kindnesses you have diown me." I said. "and. although It grieves me to the heart to separate from you. circumstances compel me to lender my resignation as your master of dance." Upon this he was kind euougb to express regret and ask me to reconsider, but I stood my ground firmly, and then and there ended my official relations with Ilenry Tudor forever. Upon taking my leave of tbe king I sought Brandon, whom 1 found comfortably ensconced in our old quarters, be preferring, them to much more pre 1 . & V C ^ z .S M Lj /if u ~ jUl H. Peking y-\ ?* f'/i y<f> ]) %ss^| ?Ov? MAP OF K03 The strong strategic point shown cn the way between Japan and Korea. The strait west, is through it. Vladivostok Is Icebounc made them evacuate. Port Arthur is one of which Russia's troops have been passing fot ernment for wartime use, and a Japanese ri munlcation practically the entire length of t tentious apartments offered him in an? other part of the palace. The king had given hlro some new furnishings for thorn, and. as I was to remain a few days to attend to some matters of business. he invited me to share his comfort with him. and I gladly did so. V Those few days with Brandon were my farewell to Individuality. There after I was to be so mysteriously In- j ternilnglcd with Jane that 1 was only t a part ?and a small part at that, I fear -of two. I did not, of course, regret ?he change, since It was the one thing in life I most longed for, yet the period ^ was tinged with a faint sentiment of c pathos at parting from the old life that had been so kind to me and which I was leaving forever. 1 say I did not regret It and. though 1 was leaving my old haunts and companions and friends so dear to me, 1 was finding ? them all again In Jane, who was friend m well as wife. Mary's letter was in one of my boxes 0 which bad been delayed, and Jane was 1 to forward It to me when It shonld 1 :-ouie. When I told Brandon of It I 1 dwelt with emphasis upon Its bulk, a uiu he. of course, was delighted and 1 ipatient to have u. a bud pat the '' letter In the box, but there was some- J thing else which Mary had sent to him n that I had carried with me. It was a snm of money sufficient to pay the debt " against his father's estate and, in addition, to buy some large tracts of land adjoining. Brandon did not hesitate 1 to accept the money and seemed glad that it had come from Mary, she, doubtless, being the only person from whom he would have taken it. One of Brandon's sisters had married a rich merchant at Ipswich, and another was soon to marry a Scotch gentleman. The brother would probably never uiarry. so Brandon would eventually have to take charge of the ocfotoc In fii/,t lio nftunviirrl llveil I there many years, and, as Jane and I had purchased a little estate near by. which had been generously added to by Jane's uncle, we saw a great deal of him. But I am getting ahead of my story again. The D'Angouleme complication troubled ine greatly, notwithstanding my faith in Mary, and although I had resolved to say nothing \o Brandon about It. i soon told him plainly what 1 thought and fen roil. replied wiUi a low. concerned lu tie laugh. "bo not fear for Mary. I do uot That young fellow Is of-different stuff. 1 know, from the old king, but 1 have all faith in her purity and ability to take care of herself. Before she left she promised to be true to me, whatever befell, and I trust her entirely. 1 am not so unhappy by any means as one would expect. Am I? And I was compelled to admit that he certainly was not. t TO BE CONTINUED. b Became Wood. The following story is given us by a 0 gentleman whose veracity we would ? I not doubt. About six years ago in the fall a hunter shot a squirrel, which e lodged between two small twigs, the t size of a lead pencil. This being near 0 the man's house he watched the squirrel each week. The first spring the s twigs grew, and the squirrel remained v in the position it lodged. The second year tiie twigs, which had grown to be 0 the size of a man's fingers, died, so did the limb die. The third year no change r but during the fourth year the tail of t the squirrel dropped off. and the man t noted no change the fifth, but the sixth year he secured the limb and squirrel " and found, to his surprise, that the F squirrel had become a white oak bump, s Under the microscope could be seen the hairs in the wood. The places for the eyes and ears were perfect, and s where the chin and forelegs had touch- h e.l the twig it grew to them. The legs r were intact, but the feet had disappear- , ed. The body of the squirrel had grown to be about four inches in di- t ameter. p What puzzled the gentleman who f gave us this is. through what process could the dead animal become wood? 1 As proof of the story, we can furnish ii the name of the man who has the t "freak of nature" in his possession, , and who watched it from the time it first lodged.?Smith's Grove (Ky.) c Times. r f YELLOW 4 $ C1-. mm ?*SEAm m|J|| /%$" EA, MANCHURIA AND JAPAN. map Is the Korean strait, which Is dominate at this point Is only 100 miles wide, and cot 1 In winter, but Russia's Chinese senport. P the southern termini of the Chinese JSasterr weeks en route to Manchuria. The Japam Dad runs between Seoul and Chemulpo. Th heir principal islands. IJUstfUanaraji heading. I" r< HISTORY OF THE QUARREL. , is cLl Vhat Japan and Russia Wanted and gi Why They Could Not Agree. T It will be remembered that little _ apan startled the whole world with he quickness and strength of her ilows against the moribund Chinese mpire, says the Eagle. She swept all iefore her and fully expected to reap ler reward by annexing certain of the hoice territory of China. Her "regard" consisted of holding a few secnd rate war vessels and the island of Formosa, for R'Ussia stepped in and ullified the victory by compelling Jaan to give up all her hard earned lurels. Since that war Russia perpetrated ne of the most collossal grabs in hisory. It 1895 Russia compelled Japan o give up Port Arthur, which controls f he gateway to Peking, Manchuria nd Mongolia. In 1897 Russia seized 'ort Arthur for her own. Three years c iter the Great Bear got a foothold in lanehuria, which covers 363,000 square niles, and has a population of 8,500,000. n "he Boxer uprising, which Japan de- ^ . ti "CZAR OF THE EAST." tf Alexeieff, vice admiral of Russia's 0i lavy, is the czar's right hand man in ^ VICEROY ALEXEIEFF. he far east. In Manchuria and Sieria he is in command of the army and avy and at the head of civil affaire. lares was fomented by Russia for the urpose of making this hold more eerain. followed in the next year. Of ourse, Russia poured into the disrict "protective" troops to the number f nearly 100.000. This, the Great Bear aid, was to protect her Siberian railray and her interests along its route. At the end of that same year, Russia btained from China exclusive trading ights in Manchuria, and in 1902 furher rights were ceded on the promise hat Russia would evacuate the provace within eighteen months. This lussia reluctantly agreed to do, but he is there yet. Last year Russia announced that he would not evacuate Manchuria un?ss more exclusive rights were given? iractically amounting to sovereignty, although Russia had gone on record hat she would keep her promise, esleciaJly to Secretary Hay. she still reused and China was told that Russian roops would continue to hold all the mportant points in Manchuria until j he demands were acceded to. The ^ Jnited States, Great Britain and Japan _ ombined to hold China firm in her efusal, and succeeded. Russia poured ~ - dp" i JAPAN < 4 n THE FAR EAST'S ZONE OF d by Japan because of her strong fleet and nmunication by water between Vladlvostol ort Arthur, is not. The Japanese wreste i railroad, which, running north, connecti est railroad from Fusan, Korea, to Seoul I e railroad from Seoul to Wiju is not readj tore troops in. until her railway was jmpletely defended along its entire >ute. Russia, balked at last, made a promie to the world that she would evacuha Manchuria on October 8 last If she ?t some special privileges from China, hese were not so stringent as her for>0RT ARTHUR, RUSSIA'S GRI The Japanese bitterly resent the fac aptured It from the Chinese, but Russ he wanted it herself. It Is well fortifle ler demands, but were too much for hina to grant, backed as she was by iree great powers. The incoming oops and the fortifications going up lused China to protest against this ?erpaalon. hut more trooDS and more notifications was the answer. The situation was then acute, but le climax came when Russia moved cer to the Yalu river, dividing Manfiuria and Korea, and built fortificaons and established armed camps, his clearly was a move to gain Ko?a and shut Japan from the contient. Japan always has considered orea as under her especial protection, tid rightly so. Japanese interests in :orea are far greater than those of any ther country, and the Japs practically jn the commercial interests there, altough the biggest enterprises are uner American control. Why should Japan want Korea? Japan is composed of many islands ltting out from the Korean coast the earest point between the two counties being some sixty odd miles and I nly 150 miles between Korea and the lain island of Japan. The area of upan (including Formosa) is 162,000 luare miles, and its population is 47.)0,000. Here is a country the size of alifornia, the state having a populaon of only 1,300,000. The density of span's population is nearly 300 per VICEROY ALEXEIEFF AN In the upper picture are shown Vicei Lis officers, while the lower picture is Llexeleff Is the white bearded officer talrway. ?^ tha stej S?A^| \ ? | and P and Por the the rivt Th< I^Pl RAILROADS. is I ^ t*' i nov TROUBLE. J her fortifications on the Tsu islands, mid- vos It. on the north, and Port Arthur, on the wot d Port Arthur from China, but Russia s with the Transsiberlan railroad, over Is being completed by the Japanese gov- abs t for U3e. The Japanese have rail com- and 1 e(j I square mile, or, in other words, Japan lis like a huee and continuous village in our rural districts, spreading over all its land. Am Every inch of Japanese soil is utilized, and were the people like Ameri- T cans, requiring a diversity and im- the mensity of food products, they could na\ pro and EAT STRONGHOLD IN CHINA, of the t that Russia holds Port Arthur. They nee la compelled them to evacuate because gQe ^ an<^ tioi not live. As it is, Japan is a big im- trj porter of food products. Its busy artlsans export $115,000,000 worth of ma- for terial each year, while its imports are gja] about $2,000,000 in excess of the fore- cj,j going figures. cau The fecundity of the Japs is well- jca] known, and it is imperative that more tj,e land be obtained. Already more than san 1,000,000 of them live in Korea, China the and the United States. Korea is large un enough and sparsely settled enough to provide for 25,000,000 souls, living as Lliey uu 111 uapau. OV Japan never really made any serious gay move to add Korea to the empire. The caf two peoples lived together In peace and ear concord and their habits and Interests jaj being similar, there was never any of wjr that jealousy common to two different Ru races abiding together. Korea is so am necessary to Japan as a haven for its cor overflow population that it cannot CQlJ permit Russia to annex it, aside from Th the menace politically. Russia always hr0 has and always will pursue a dog-in- tQ the-inanger policy. Wherever the unl Great Bear goes there is no room for tre other nationalities; the Jap, on the ( other hand, welcomes the white for- tQ eigners. The prospect of Manchuria ? becoming annexed to Russia was bad enough for Japan, for it menaced the out future of the island empire, but the ion prospect of Korea being made Russian. ^ _ wit Pel tall the me ^^=1 gal / I lin< D PORT ARTHUR FORT. Zi lar oy Alexeieff, the "czar of the east," and an of a new Russian fort at Tort Arthur. ?vi in a dark uniform at the head of the hei wh ' ' wh whole or In part, was something: t could not be thought of for a ment. Then Korea Is an Important jping stone to China, so Russia iks. fhat does Russia want of Korea? he master minds?and for ages the hest Russian ministers have been h?who planned that gigantic unlaklng, the Trans-Siberian railway, bably mapped out, step by step the rements that have followed. They bably even Included Just such a war is now in sight. Several pages :ht be covered with interesting nar ves of this great project, for it eerily is one of the greatest things r attempted in the world's history, udlng as it does the various ramitions into diplomacy, conquest and* imercial activity, both on land and he great railway is a fact; it exIs from St. Petersburg across the Ins of Russia over the mountains, cugh the dense forests and over the ng steppes of dreary Siberia; over ges. around morasses, crosses rivers I lakes, winding through Manchuria cover the best land, and circling at extreme eastern end in order to er the summer port of Vladivostock 1 the winter port of Port Arthur, I thus reaches the tributaries of the at Pacific. :orea is like the hind leg of a rabwith Vladivostock at its top and t Arthur at the gambrel Joint, and most important part of Japan at toe. The broad and deep Yalu ?r separates Manchuria from Korea. i Russians have found that the Yalu necessary to them. Vladivostock is ir isolated from the main terminus the great railway. The coast line Korea, Intervening between Vladitock and Port Arthur, if Russian, aid make the czar supreme on the item side of the Pacific. It would olutely overawe Japan in the Japan I Yellow-seas. 'hese are the big stakes being playfor. THE JAPS AS S0LDIER8. erican Army Officers Think They Are Superior to Russians. 'here is no doubt as to the sympatic leaning of American army and ry officers towards Japan in the apaching war in the far east. The vailing opinion among these high horitles on matters bellicose is tnlmous it might also be said, on the Ject of Japan's advantage over her at adversary, Russia, in the event of ihort, sharp struggle. Should the r be prolonged the result Is problem:al, our officers think, but in its ly stages Japan is picked as the dead favorite. t I think there is no doubt that Jai's navy is superior in point of efency to that of Russia," said a high ill UIllL'Cl 111 UIObUOOillQ VUW wa??wv i, "although Russia has more ships I is stronger on paper in the matter battleships. But we all know that Jap is a better seaman and englr than the Russian and everything s to prove that he is better trained I disciplined. The ships of both nais were made mostly by other counts, and in point of construction may said to be about equal. All our Inmatlon is to the effect that theRusi men of war, in engines and manery, are in poor shape. This is beise the Russian is not of a mechanI turn of mind, and has permitted machinery to get in very much the tie shape as the Spaniards allowed irs to drift before the war with the ited States. But it is in the men behind the guns t Japan finds her great superiority tr Russia. I do not hesitate to that one Jap is equal in fighting tacity to two Russians. So in the ly part of the fighting I look to see >an victorious. They will probably i the first sea fight and force the sslans to retreat from Port Arthur 1 Vladivostock. The Japs will then itrol the principal ports, which of irse they will be called on to defend. Is will prove a big task for the little avn men and promises eventually wear them out. Russia, with her imited stock of troops, can mass a mendous force of men and gradualcrush the invaders out, driving them the very shores of the sea. The Japs will cripple Russia badly putting the great Siberian railroad of commission quickly, in my oplntmerican army officers who were h the allied troops that marched to tin in 1900 have not yet ceased to It of the wonderful performances of Japs on that trip. The little brown n were the admiration of all the forners. Our own officers do not hesie to say the Mikado's soldiers were best on the ground during that morable march on China's capital. s Japs seemed never to tire. They the pace and the column of allies nd it exceedingly difficult to keep with it. At noon they squatted on "" """'i took out their little Dack of rice, ate them, and in 30 minutes re ready to press on. The terrific it of the sun had apparently no eft upon them. At Pekin they did lant and splendid work. The disclpi was in striking contrast with the kless and uncontrolled work of the ssians, who got beyond the control their officers and indulged in shockcruelties. )n account of the showing of these ) armies in 1900 the Japanese army decidedly the favorite.?Washington respondence Atlanta Journal. noenious Fiction.?In the United Lte - the Mexican dollar has an exinge value of 90 cents. In Mexico American silver dollar has the same ue. On the frontier of the United ites, where Texas Joins Mexico, ire are two saloons, one on each side the frontier. A man buys a ten-cent nk of whisky at the American san and pays for it with an American ,*er dollar in change. With this he i.sses the border, goes into a Mexican oon, hands over the Mexican dolfor a 10-cent drink and receives American dollar in change. It is dent that the limit of his purchas: power is the length of time he can nd. He finally wakes up with a idache and the American dollar with ich he started. Who paid for the isky??London Daily Express.