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l. k. orist'S sons, Publishers, j % ^atnilg |jeirs|)Bjer: cfor the promotion off the fotitical, Social, ggrirullural, and (Eomtntyial jjntereats of the ftoplt. j tebms^-smo^a TE^ia^macg. ESTABLISHEDT855. ~~ YORKVILLE, S. P., FRIDAY, JTJLY 22, 19Q4. 3STO. 59. Henry Gas Henry gassaway davis, the Democratic vice presidential nominee, is a man with more than nn ordinary business and political career. In West Virginia and nearby states he long has been regarded as a financial giant, and his political life has been characterized by conservatism and sagacity. His nomination at St. Louis confers upon him the peculiar distinction of being the oldest candidate ever selected for the office, Mr. Davis having been born in Woodstock, Md., on Nov. 16. 1S23. His father was Caleb Davis, a successful Baltimore merchant, who died a few years after the son's birth, and his mother was a Miss Louise Brown, whose "sister was the mother of Senator Gorman of Maryland. Like Judge Parker, Mr. Davis spent his early days on a farm. He received his education in a village school and at the age of twenty entered the employ of the Baltimore and Ohio rallron.. as a brakeman. This was the first railroad built In America, and Mr. Davis has the distinction of having bee a the first brakeman on any rail " p#' HENRY .GASS road in the United States. He was soon advanced to the position of conductor and was then the only railroad conductor in the country. An amusing story illustrative of the grip of early associations on a retentive nature used to be told of him in Washington. It is said that well toward morning of a wearisome all night session of the senate Senator Davis was asleep, his head resting upon his desk. Senator Edmunds had. provoked Judge Thurman to a speech, and by introduction the judge unfurled his red bandanna and blew a blast of more than usual power. Mr. Davis may have been dreaming of his old railroad days. At any rate, he sprang to his feet in a half dazed condition and. catching sight of the red flag?the old signal of danger?and seeming to Imagine that he had heard a shriek of alarm from the open throttle of a locomotive calling for '^Down brakes!" seized his desk and with the brukemnn's quick twist wrenched it from the floor. It was while serving as a conductor that Mr. Davis met and formed the acquaintance of Henry Clay, who was a passenger upon Mr. Davis' train while going from his Kentucky home to the capital and returning. Clay would board the train in Baltimore and leave it at its western terminus and make the journey over the mountains into Kentucky In the old fashioned stagecoach. Mr. Davis got his first O G THE CANDIDATE IN BRIEF. Henry G. Davis Is eighty years old. . Left an orphan at an early age. began his career as superintendent of a plantation. Rpname brakeman on the Balti more and Ohio at twenty and later was promoted to conductor. At thirty he was supervisor of trains. Invested In coal lands and laid foundation of immense fortune. Founded the West Virginia towns of Davis and Elklns. Was a Unionist during the war. Elected to lower branch of West Virginia legislature as Union-Conservative 1865 and to the senate-two years later. Elected United States senator in 1871 and served until 18SS. Has been delegate to six national conventions. O O taste for politics from Henry Clay in his conversations with that great statesman during these trips over the Baltimore and Ohio, and lie cast his first ballot for Clay for president. Later he Became station agent at Piedmont. Having served with the railroad company for fourteen years, he turned his attention to commercial pursuits and established the firm of Davis & Bros, at Piedmont. Socially he always was diffident, even backward at times, but when called upon he never failed to declare his convictions. In his railroad life, how isaway Davi ever, his practical skill, courage andenergy overcame all difficulties. Piedmont was the center of the Cumberland bituminous coal region. The present great coal fields of that part of the country were then undeveloped, and Davis perceived that that section was one of immense industrial promise. The firm of Davis & Bros, en gaged in the shipping or coai ana lumber for the producers, and its business grew rapidly. In 1860 Henry G. Davis organized the Piedmont Savings bank and became its president. This bank was supplanted by the National Bank of Piedmont, of which Mr. Davis is also the guiding spirit. He and his brothers, whose possessions were originally Insignificant, have since been able to count their capital by millions, while their landed estate at one time approximated 100,000 acres. Before the war Mr. Davis was a Whig, while after its close he allied himself with the conservative wing of the Democratic party. He made his entry into politics in 1865, when he was elected to the West SAW AY DAVIS. Virginia house of delegates. He was a delegate from West Virginia to the Democratic national conventions of 1SUS and ISTli. while in 1S<?7 he was elected to the legislature of his state as a Union Democrat, being re-elected two years later. In 1871 he was made United States senator to succeed W. T. Wiley, Republican, he being the first Democratic member of that body from the theu young state of West Virginia. At the expiration of his term he was re-elected. After serving twelve years in tl'.e senate he declined further political honors, preferring to devote his entire time to his rapidly increasing business affairs. Early in his public career he assumed an unequivocal position on financial questions, from which be has never departed. Almost at the beginning of his legislative service he was confronted with the issue of the responsibility of West Virginia for a portion of the debt of the Old Dominion. Despite the advice of friends who considered mo1 mentary popularity rather than justice, he tool; a bold stand in favor of his state's meeting her just proportiou of ' the debt of the mother state, when that equitable proportion could be ascertained. By reason of his determination he made a profound impression upon all his associates. Until recently Mr. Davis was president of the West Virginia. Central and Pittsburg railroad, which he projected, and also of the Piedmont and Cumber1 land railroad. He was one of the delegates to the pan-American congress and was a member of the United States intercontinental railway commission Today he is known as one of West Virginia's "Pig Four." and had the boom of Senator Gorman materialized he was : to have managed it. In 1S53 he married Miss Kate A. Pautz, a daughter of Judge Gideon Uantz of Frederick, Md. lie has two suns, John T. Davis and Ilenry G. Davis. Jr.. and three daughters, Mrs. Stephen B. Elkins. Mrs. It. M. G. Brown, wife of Lieutenant Commander Brown. U. S. N., and Mrs. Arthur Lee. Mr. Davis' wife died two years ago. He has a beautiful villa at Deer Park. Md.. where he passes the summer months, but Ills home as a voter is at Elkins, W. Va., where his residence adjoins that of United States Senator Stephen B. Elkins. his son-in-law. The people of Elkins are very fond of ex-Senator Davis, who has done very much for that town. He built the Davis Memorial hospital at a cost of nearly $100,000 in memory of his son, who was drowned while cruising on the African coast. With Senator Elkins he has founded the Davis and Elkins college, a Presbyterian institution at Elkins that soon will be dedicated. He was also Instrumental in the erection of the Davis Memorial Presbyterian church at Elkins. Ex-Senator Davis, though In his Career of the Democratic Vice Presidential Cindidate?He Was Born on I a Farm and Was the First li/ Railroad Brakeman In America ? A Man of - Millions J* eighty-first year, is as spry as a man of sixty, and a good deal sprier than many. He was a delegate to the recent national convention and a member of the committee on resolutions. He was chosen as a member of the subcommittee that had charge of the platform, and be stayed up all night during the deliberations of that committee at the ooumern uoiei. n ueu ue weui 10 me Jefferson hotel at noon the next day he did not appear fatigued, and he told his friends he could stand another twenty-four hours of it as well as not. He favored the insertion of a gold plank in the platform. When bis name was being considered by the national convention there was some question as to whether he supported Bryan in 1890 and 1900. Chairman Jones of the Democratic national committee put it at rest by saying that in 1896 Senator Davis presided at a Bryan meeting in West Virginia and voted for Bryan. At that time Senator Davis was engaged in building a railroad and had a large obligation at a bank which he desired to renew. When he went to the bank the president said: "I understand you presided at a Bryan meeting last night." "Yes," said Davis. "What of it?" "Well," said the bank president, "don't you know that the theories of Bryan are opposed to all the financial Institutions in this country? I do not see how you can come to this bank or any other for favors, holding the views that you do." "Do you mean to say," asked Davis, "that the fact that I remain loyal to the Democratic party makes any difference with my credit?" "Not at all," said the bank president. "But we are not inclined to do any favors tor such people." "This is no favor to me," said Davis. <?T ?... Ml??nl?. AnMHnlne* nhltfyoHnn 1 21 ill 9IIIi|7lkY tUUJUig luio vuuguwvia as n business transaction, and If you don't want to renew it I'll pay It now and withdraw my patronage from the bank." The bank president grew alarmed at this, because Senator Davis is heavily interested in financial operations in West Virginia, and he begged Davis to reconsider. Davis would not reconsider. He paid the obligation In cash that afternoon and cut that bank off his list of business connections. Senator Davis is many times a millionaire. He has been an enthusiastic Gorman man ever since the canvass for the Democratic nominee in 1904 began. At one time he said he would spend a million dollars to secure the nomination of Gorman, and it was no mere idle boast, because he had the money and would spend it. Personally. Senator Davis is an affable, genial man, democratic and modest. He does not look his years, and to the casual observer he would appear to be not more than sixty-five. He is more than six feet tall, erect and straight as in the days of his youth. His shoulders are square. He is well muscled. He has a springy heel and toe walk. There is not the slightest evidence of any loss of mental or bodily vigor. His face features are regular and bold. His nose is aquiline. His eyes are gray and sharply penetrating, but withal kindly in expression and set wide apart. Ilis face is not deeply furrowed, though fine wrinkles nppear ubout the eyes. His beard of snowy MRS. STEPHEN B. ELKINS. whiteness is a feature that does more to denote advanced age than any other. The whole bearing of the man denotes an alert, vigorous interest in life and the matters that appeal to him for action. Ilis daughter, Mrs. Stephen B. Elkins, is one of Washington's noted entertainers, and her crrneious woman liness has won her many friends. Ex-Senator Davis is but one of many vigorous old men who are still activo In public life. Here is a list of some of the prominent old men who are still active and hale like Mr. Davis: Ex-Speaker Galuslia Grow of Pennsylvania, 80; ex-Vice President Levi P. Morton, 80; Senator John T. Morgan of Alabama. 80; Senator George F. Hoar of Massachusetts, 77; ex-Secretary Houtwell. SO; Senator Edmund W. Pettus of Alabama, 88: Senator William T. Frye of Maine, 72. Itussell Sage, capitalist, at the age of eighty-seven is still active in Wall street, and Charles IIa3'ues Hnswell works every day as civil, marine and mechanical engineer in New York, although he Is in his ninety-sixth year. I JUiscftlanfous Reading. " FACTS ABOUT PRESIDENTS. tl nr r< Their Names, Nicknames and Rela* di tions With the Alphabet. A party at the Republican club were t? talking about the presidents. One said it was rather curious that r no presidential candidate and no pres- w ident had ever split his name In the hi Ana vlr?a nrpai/lonHal PRnHi- ^ date did so. And he was named B. Gratz Brown.- 1,1 This reminded another that in the o1 long list of presidents there were only <Jl two Instances In which names had ^ been duplicated?John Adams and John Qulncy Adams, and William Henry Harrison and Benjamin Harrison. "But there were two presidents," s< chimed in a veteran, "who had the ai same Christian name, and whose fam- a ily names began with the same letter, ^ Andrew Jackson and Andrew Johnson." The man who started the talk re- 0 called that there had been three Johns in the White House. He mentioned 8 the two Adamses and Tyler. ? "But James was the favorite Christian name for presidents," was the reply. "You may recall that we have had five?Madison, Monroe, Polk, Buchanan and Garfield. "But there was only one George. Let us drink to his memory. He was the first and last. "As there was but one George, there t has been but one Thomas, and as I am ln a sort of Democrat at times I propose 's a cup to Jefferson," said the ex-Judge fa in the group. "Wnvo vnn overlooked the fact that Is we had two Williams for presidents?" asked the man who had recalled the five Jameses. "There were William ? Henry Harrison and William McKin- f* , hi ley. ell "That reminds me," quoth another, "that we had but two presidents who w signed both Christian names, John Quincy Adams and William Henry T Harrison." "Eighteen of our presidents had no middle Christian names, or if they 111 had they never signed them. Mr. Cleveland has a middle name, but he eliminated it early in life," said the starter of the gabfest. "And as we look at them," said another, "all of our presidents, save McKinley and Roosevelt, had English names." ly "You have forgotten that there was ^ one with a Holland name?Van Buren. I suppose some of you Dutchmen would ^ claim him," remarked a member of the Holland society. "How does the entire list stand, al- ^ phabetically?" asked the curious man. "I looked that up the other day," re. _____ ,1^ cc plied me reaay man. i weive icucio of the alphabet have not figured In ^ the presidency. They are D, E, I, K, N. O. Q, S. U. X. T and Z." "Maybe you can tell us right away ^ which letter has figured, as you term v< it, oftenest?" asked the man who had . is started this branch of the talk. "Sure." was the prompt reply. ^ "There have been three A's, two G's, ^ three H's, three J's, three M's, two P's and two T's, B, C, F, L, R. V and T W have been represented once." "How many of our presidents have ^ had nicknames?" asked a man who ^ had come in at that moment. This required a little exercise of the w gray matter, but the man who' had ^ made the alphabet a study was to the T fore after a brief lull. ^ "I count ten," he said. "We had Old ^ Abe, Andy Jackson. Andy Johnson, Ben Harrison, Zack Taylor, Old Buck, ai Chet Arthur and Teddy Roosevelt. Q Some of these had other nicknames. 3( Jackson was known as Old Hickory, the first Harrison as TiDDecanoe. Lin coin was Rail Splitter, Taylor was . Old Rough and Ready and Roosevelt was frequently called the Cowboy and the Rough Rider." "How many members of the cabinet b) ever became presidents?" asked the sg man who ordered the last round. "Six," was the prompt answer of b the man who had worked the alphabet. "Jefferson, Madison, Monroe, J. Q. Adams. Van Buren and Buchanan. as Each had been secretary of state. |e Monroe was secretary of state and ^ afterward secretary of war, both in the administration of Madison." "There was another cabinet officer |s who became president," said the veteran. "You forgot Jeff Davis. He was secretary of war in Pierce's admlnis- iz tration. We all know of what he was ro president." Byt nobody said anything. After o( they had shaken up the bag once more jt an old Hunker said that Tyler's ad- m ministration took the cake for shake ta ups in the cabinet. He ran oft the cc names of four secretaries of state, four js of the treasury, five of war, five of the navy and three attorney generals. se The symposium might have been ex- 3t tended had not a fire engine dashed a( by the club house Just then, and the o round table went out to see where the b, fire was?New York Sun. M Water as a Medicine. Drink a glass of water when you get 3f out of bed in the morning. Never or mind the size of the glass. Let the b? the water be cold if you will. Some T" people prescribe hot water, but that isn't necessary. You may have washed your face already and relished the ex- w perience. You may have taken a cold b< plunge into the tub and delighted in '"j the shock and its reaction. The brisk cc use of the tooth brush has left your at mouth clean and the breath sweet, ui But you are dirty still. Drink a glass of cold water and enjoy the sensation ar of being clean inside. All that is lux- E| urious in the cold bath cleansing the outside is artificial. That which should ar prompt the glass of water after sleep- sc ing is natural. As a test, tell the nine- of year-old protestant against his morning scrub of cold water that he may us escape it by drinking half a pint of 30 le fluid. He will Jump at the opporjnity. Sleep has drawn upon the water In ie blood and the instinct of the anllal, under natural conditions, Is to iplenlsh the circulatory system and Istend the blood vessels anew. The >od in the stomach which had so much > do toward Inducing sleep has dlsppeared, leaving a mucous substance i the alimentary canals. Yet man ould wash his face and leave these alf-clogged canals to the duties of nother day. Drink a glass of cold water in the ime of cleanliness. It becomes one f the shortest and easiest of 'toilet titles. It is swallowed in a second nd in five minutes it has passed from le stomach taking with it the clogging cretions of the alimentary tracts. has left behind the stimulus that >es with cold water, and by filling the rterial system to the normal, it puts spur to the circulation that has rown sluggish in the night. It is one ' the greatest of awakeners and one ' nature's own stimulants. Drink a glass of water before breakist, another before luncheon and an:her before dinner. Water is the best, leapest and pleasantest medicine.? hlcago Tribune. RARE ANIMAL3 nd Strange Creatures Found By th^ Hunter In Tibet. Tibet offers no attractions to the iurist who requires luxurious travelg:, to the sportsman and the naturalt it is a veritable paradise, though ir from Edenic in some respects. One of the largrest of the mammalia the yak, or grunting ox. Standing 'tween 5 and 6 feet high at the loulders, the bulk of this strange oklng creature is not a little exagjrated by the enormous growth of lir upon the lower part of the body id tail. Beneath the outer coat, oreover, there Is a layer of fine ool known as "pushim," which is ghly prized for the making of cloth, he extraordinary tall is one of the ost consDlcuous features of Tibetan onasterles or lamaseries, being susrnded on poles, as streamers, hroughout the east these tails are sed as fly whisks, and in China they e dyed red and fixed to the roofs ' summer residences as pendants. Iving near the region of perpetual low, and of fierce disposition, the anting of the yak is not to be lightundertaken. In spite of temper, awever, it is easily domesticated, id forms an invaluable beast of bursn, being wonderfully sure footed id capable of carrying great weights, is, however, unable to eat corn; and reed marches, exhausting alike to an and beast, are often on this ac unt necessary. Barren and inhospitable, the high .ble-lands of Tibet harbor yet other lofed animals as remarkable as the ik?the chlru antelope, for example, hich like the strange saiga, has desloped an enormous swollen nose. It supposed that this enlarged size of te nasal chamber Is directly due to te need of some special adaptation r breathing the highly rarifled air ' these regions. The little goa, or Ibetan gazelle, and a magnificent lia sneep, ine argtui, riicuiage imc le chiru, to thrive where in summer ie sun scorches by day and Icy asts prevail at night, and herds of lid dogs are ever on the prowl, ore difficult to stalk than any other ibetan game, the argali still further lures the sportsman by the fact lat It carries superb horns, which ay attain a length of 48 inches, id a girth of 20 inches at the base. Id rams will leap from a height of i feet with confidence. The ibex and a very remarkable anial known as the bharal, or blue sheep ' Tibet, but which appears to be ore goat than sheep, also deserve entlon here. The snow deer, a beast nearly as g as the great wapiti, has very ldom fallen to the gun of the Euro;an. No complete specimen has yet ?en sent to Europe. In this country is represented only by five skulls id horns In the British museum, and i many more In different private colctions. The horns are of great size, ie record in the number of points? i?is in the British museum. The >read between the tips of the horns over ground. Little Is known about e creature, but it is conjectured that lis coloration Is protective, harmoning with patches of snow and black icks among which it lives. One of the most brilliantly colored all monkeys is to be found in Tibet, is known as the orange snub-nosed onkey. It lives in troops among the ,ller trees. After its color the next >nspicuous reaiure aoout mis ammai Its tlp-tllted nose. The great cats are worthily repre nted by the rare snow leopard, a leclmen of which Is now to be seen the zoological gardens In London, nly twice previously has it been ought to this country alive.?London ail. Facts About Glass.?The oldest tecimens of glass, says an authority 1 curious information, are traced ick from 1,500 to 2,000 years before hrlst. These are of Egyptian origin, ransparent glass is believed to have >en first used about 750 years before ie Christian era. The Phoenicians ere supposed by the ancients to have :en responsible for the invention and ie story will be recalled of the Phoectan merchants who, resting their K)king-pots on blocks of natron, or ibcarbonate of soda, found that the lion, under heat, of the alkali and the ind on the shore produced glass, here is little doubt, however, that the t of glass-making originated with the fyptlans. It was introduced into ome in the time of Cicero and reachI a remarkable degree of perfection nong the Romans, who produced >me of the most admirable specimens glass ever manufactured; an inance is the famous Portland vase in e British Museum. Glass was not ?ed for windows until about A. D. 0.?Harper's Weekly. MOM EDINBURGH TO LIVERPOOL. Dr. Neville Tells of the Wonders by the Way. SOME VERY OLD SCOTCH RUINS. Melrose Abbey?The Growing Crops, Oat* and Potatoes Principally?-The British Railroad System?Appearance of the People as Compared to Americans?Prevalence of the Drink Evil ?Business Customs. Corretpondence of the YorkrilU Enquirer. London, July 8.?On June 27th, we left Edinburgh at 6.50 a. m., for Liverpool, distant about 175 miles. It Is difficult over here to find out how far one place Is from another. The people measure distances by time. If you ask how far It 1s from one place to another, the answer will be so many hours. If you ask how far It Is from one point In a city to another, the answer will be, it is so many minutes walk, or so many minutes on the car. We were very sorry to leave dear old Edinburgh. The train carries us over a beautiful country from Edinburgh to Liverpool. Beautiful fields of grass and small grain and Irish pota toes are to be seen on every hand. Potatoes and oats are about the only things to be seen in the fields, which man can eat. This shows how much these people have to get from other countries for sustenance. The oats over here are just beginning to head and the Irish potatoes are just in bloom. I have never seen such strawberries as they have in Scotland and England. They are magnificent?large and luscious. This whole country is beautiful. It is like a crazy quilt? with the rock fences dividing the land into small tracts, and with the different hues of green and other colors adorning the scene. Small mountains are also to be seen along the way which give variety to the landscape. We stop at Melrose to view the old Abbey there, and it is certainly worth stopping to see, the most collossal ruin in Scotland. It is said that Ruskln never desired to visit America because there were no ruins to be seen there. A few like Melrose Abbey would certainly have furnished an Inducement sufficient to draw him to the new country. But, of course, America can have no ruins like this for centuries. Melrose Abbey was built in the 12th century by David I, and was almost wholly destroyed by Edward II. It was rebuilt by Robert Bruce In the 14th century, and once more destroyed and rebuilt again in the 15th century. The massive walls with the large openings for windows tell their silent but expressive story. Within the limits of these walls, the heart of Bruce Is buried and here Michael Scott Is burled. The ruins give us some conception of what the building was In Its true glory and beauty. From Melrose, we went out in a coach about two miles to Abbotsford, the home of Sir Walter Scott, a beautiful drive. This beautiful and picturesque home of Sir Walter Is located on the river Tweed. It is a charming place, with beautiful flower gardens shrubbery and trees, surrounded by high walls, an Ideal place for study and meditation. About a half a dozen rooms In the large house are open to the public. We were In the study where Scott wrote many of his noted books. There Is a large collection of books In this, with steps lead?>ri tn a little nlatform extending around the room from which books near the overhead celling can be gotten easily. From this platform there is a little door entering Scott's bed-room. But we did not go Into the latter. The chair and desk of the great author are in the study, and everything In this room Is Just about as he left it. The library Is a large room and contains about 20,000 volumes, and it is just a3 Scott left It. From one of the windows of this room, you get a beautiful view of the river as It flows quietly by. There are many objects of interest In this room, presents given to Scott by prominent men from many parts of the world, and relics of an historical character collected by Scott himself. There is a handsome writing desk and fifteen chairs made of ebony given to Sir Walter by George IV. This desk Is said to be the finest In the world. We went Into three or four more rooms fitted with objects of interest, among them a large collection of pictures of various kinds. I saw a picture here of the head of Mary, Queen of Scots after it had been severed from her body. There Is also in one of the rooms a picture of Mrs. Lockhart, the daughter of Scott, and also a picture of Mrs. Scott who now owns this beautiful and magnificent property. This Mrs. Scott is a granddaughter of Mrs. Lockhart, and hence the great-granddaughter of Scott. She .has taken the name of Scott as there are no male descendants by the name. I also saw the last suit of clothes worn by Scott. Time will not permit me to mention other things of interest which were seen in this historic place?hundreds of them. w? hnstpnpd back to Melrose in the coach to catqh a train for Liverpool. A few words about the railway service on this side. This comes a little awkward to an American at first. The passenger coaches here are constructed differently from ours. There are five compartments in each coach here and n most of the cars they are completely cut off from one another. Each of these compartments will hold ten people. The doors to these compartments enter from the sides of the coach, a door on each side. There are no steps leading to the ground; but there are platforms at each station which extend to the car when It is at the station. Some of the coaches have aisles on one side, through which one can go from one compartment to another. But the compartments where these aisles prevail will hold only eight people. The Americans do not like the cars over here as well as their own. They don't check your baggage here; but they are very particular with It, and the public officials over here seem to be honest. They are very accommodating. The cars are light compared with ours. In America we spend more money on our cars and less on our road beds, but over here It is Just the opposite. All the roads here are fenced In and they have double tracks. In some places there are three or four tracks. They have taken every precaution to avoid accidents and hence very few people are killed on the railroads as compared with America. At the station people are not allowed to cross on the track. There are overhead bridges, or underground ways, by which people go from one side to the other. No persons, except railroad men' are seen on the track. A high value Is put on life in Great Britain. What about the people over here? In many respects, they are Just like the people in America. As to the general traits of human nature, this is so. Human nature is the same the world over. The people, as a rule, are smaller than I expected to see. This was so especially in Scotland, for I had an idea that nearly all the people in that country were large. A great many of the people over here have a degenerated look. Of course, many of them are good looking. But I have seen comparatively few beautiful women on this side, and this has been the observation of others in my party. Their complexions have a cold and unnatural look. The climate, no doubt, has much to do with this. By the way, it is still cool here. I am wearing my winter underclothes, sleep under blankets and And an overcoat comfortable at times. There is certainly not much summer in these parts from a South Carolina point of view. But vegetation grows. The flowers are so splendid, that we wonder how they can be so fine. But the people. All the servants nro white, and. as a rule, they are ef flclent. They certainly occupy a subordinate position in society, and they will do things, as a matter of course, which we would almost be afraid to ask of our servants in the south. Servants here recognize the fact that they occupy a subordinate position and they seem to treat their masters (as they call them) with much deference. The people express great devotion to the king. Victoria, of course, is greatly revered. I think this is a splendid government. In some respects it is superior to our government I think though, that there are a great many people on this side, good people, who would make good citizens, that would like to go to Americ^ There is not much room over here for a man to operate and expand, especially a poor man. It is difficult to get land, because there is so little compared with the population and so much of it is entailed property, and so much belongs to the rich who do not want to sell. I have been surprised to see so much drinking in England and Scotland. This awful evil prevails to an alarming extent and no doubt it is undermining to a fearful extent the moral and phy steal foundations of the people. It is bringing poverty and woe Into many homes here, Just as it Is In America and every other country. What a pity this international curse, this enemy of mankind, could not be absolutely destroyed and forever annihilated. The nights over here are very short. Dark comes about half past nine or ten and they say the sun rises between three and four in the morning. They speak of night over here before the sun goes down. In Edinburgh, I went to my hotel from the Mght services at church in broad daylight I notice that the business in the cities over here does not commence till about 10 o'clock in some places and it stops pretty soon in the afternoon. In Edinburgh, a great deal of the business closed on Saturday at 2 o'clock. I wish the business In America could be closed earlier, especially on Saturday. This would give the people time in which to prepare ror sunaay. We arrived In Liverpool on time. The trains over here seem to be always on time. There Is great system and efficiency In the service here, arjd one is amazed at the amount of travel. The trains are made up of ten or fifteen coaches, or carriages as they are called here and they are coming and going all the time. I am a little behind with this letter. I expected to write it in Liverpool, but am now in London. The next will be on my stay in Liverpool. W. G. Neville. Baptism for the Dead.?Under the caption, "The Vitality of Mormonism," Ray Stannard 3aker writes in the June Century: "Another device which holds the people to the church is the curious doctrine of baptism for the dead. It is believed that the living may, by being baptized, save their relatives who have gone before. A man goes to the temple and is solemnly Immersed for his grandfather, who died out of the faith; the grandfather's name Is duly enterr ed in the book of records; the grandson contributes the fee and comes the next dav to be baptized for his grand mother and so on. As the result of this faith the Mormons have delved more deeply into their geneaology, perhaps, than any other class of Americans. I know of several cases in which Mormons have gone to England on purpose to trace out their genealogical tree, bringing back long lists of their ancestors, in some cases going back to the time of William the Conqueror. On their return to Utah they begin the process of baptism, a dip for each ancestor." tar Life is the fruit of the past and the seed of the future.