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Scraps and .fact?.
? With the purpose of forcing the war with Japan to a speedy termination, the emperor of Russia has taken steps to reorganize and reinforce the fighting force in the far east. A second army is to be created, under command of Gen. Grippenberg, a veteran of many wars, and it is expected that within a comparatively short time there will be armies aggregating 600,000 to 700,000 men ready to take the aggressive against the Japanese. It is believed that Grand Duke Nicholas Miehaelovitch will be made command- < er in chief of the Russian armies in ^ the far east, with a soldier of more s varied experience as his chief of staff. ' At Mukden it is believed that the Ja- ^ panese will not make a frontal attack upon that city, but will seek to engage the Russians north or northeast of there, a purpose dictated by strategic reasons as well as by a desire not to : offend the Chinese by making the sacred tombs of the emperors the scene of bloodshed. Severe fighting at Port Arthur is reported to have taken place j Sept. 19-21, and several important strongholds are said to have been cap- j tured by the Japanese. Heavy firing j was heard also on Sept. 24, but details of the- fi Thtlng at that time are lacking. ; ? There was "a terrible collision on the Knoxville division of the Southern railroad, a short distance from Hodges, ? Tenn., last Saturday. Two trains, one bound east and the other west and each running at the rate of 35 miles an hour, came together with a frightful ' crash. Fifty-eight people were killed r outright and one hundred and sixty- a two were injured some of them fatally. s Both engines and the major portion of both trains were demolished. The engines were almost welded into one by c the impact of their coming together, a The eastbound train was a heavy one, r including two Pullmans, two day 1 coaches, a mail and a baggage car. a It suffered most, only the engine crew being killed on the other train, which was a light local. The responsibility t for the accident is unknown. It is li claimed that both trains had orders to t pass at Newmarket, and that the en- J gineer of the west bound train must r have either gone to sleep or died sud- J denly at his throttle before that place was reached. The signals were set, it is said, and as it was broad day- S light there was no excuse for not see- . ing them. John W. Brown of Rogers- j ville, Tenn., a newspaper editor, was in c the rear coach of the west bound 0 g train. When the fearful jolt came, he g said, all the seats in the car were torn I loose and people and seats were hurled a to the front end of the car. When he * recovered from the shock he heard the t screams and groans of the injured and J dying in every direction. "I left the 1 car," said Mr. Brown, "as soon as I could, and walked to the main part * of the wreck. It was the most horrible c sight I ever witnessed. I saw a worn- * an pinioned by a piece of split timber, r which had gone completely through her body. A little child, quivering in 1 death's agony, lay ueneatn me woman. I saw the child die. and within a few feet of her lay a woman's head, while the decapitated body was several feet away. Another little girl, whose body was fearfully mangled, was calling for her mother. I have since learned that she was Lucille Conner, of Knoxville, and that both her parents were killed. I heard one woman, terribly mangled, praying earnestly to be spared for her children, but death relieved her sufferings in a few minutes. Both engines and all of the coaches of No. 15 were literally demolished, the smoker and baggage car completely so. The sleepers remained on the track undamaged. Both engines lay to the north of the track, jammed together into one mass of indescribable ruins. The cars which were demolished were piled on the wrecked engines." ? Judge Parker's letter of acceptance was made public in the daily papers of last Monday. It is quite a lengthy document and deals with the various questions that have been brought before the people in the platforms of the Democratic and Republican parties. With regard to imperialism, Judge Parker says the people of this country i are at the parting of the ways. Re- 1 publican succeess means the virtual t abandonment of the constitution and l Democratic success means the contin- ' ued preservation of the constitution in j all its purity. The tariff is de- t scribed as the father of the trusts. < The trusts have grown up as the ] result of a protective system that 1 has long since served its day of 1 usefulness, and a revision of the tariff 1 is an absolute necessity. Tne juage is of opinion that the courts have full power with which to deal with the trusts. He favors reciprocity as a means to secure many advantages to American commerce. He considers the present attitude of the United States to the Philippines as tyrannous and favors the idea of giving the Filipinos self-government as fust as they are fitted for it. He stands for civil service reform, and is very conservative on the subject of reclaiming arid lands. He deplores the manner in which the administration acquired the right of way across Panama, and thinks that the same end could have been accomplished in a more just and equitable manner. He cites comparative figures to show that American shipping was developed enormously under Democratic administration and that it declined under Republican administration. He claims that the Democrats may reasonably be expected to do more for the development of the country's shipping interests than the Republicans would do. A Democratic congress and executive, he says, would clean out the corruption that exists in the postoffice department, and would change things considerably in the army and navy. The pension question l.-l UI.HUMCU ,? aunic length, especial attention being given to President Roosevelt's order declaring that veterans who have reached < the age of sixty-two and seventy-two i shall receive partial and total disabil- I ity pensions. Roosevelt challenged 1 Parker to say whether he would re- 1 voke that order. The judge accepts the 1 challenge and declares that if he be- ] comes president the order will be re- i voked. However, he goes on further i md says that he will favor an effort s o accomplish the same thing by con- c jressional enactment in order that the ? ,-eterans may. receive as a right what i hey have been granted as an unau- i horized and unwarranted presidential ? 'avor. After discussing at length he extravagance of the last two Re- i >ublican administrations. Judge Par- \ cer epitomizes the issues as follows: c Shall economy of administration be 1 lemanded or shall extravagance be en- 1 ouraged? Shall the wrongdoer be i jrought to bay by the people or must c ustice wait upon poiuicai ougurciiy Shall our government stand for equal >pportunity or for special privilege? Shall it remain a government of law, >r become one of individual caprice? Shall we cling to the rule of the peo>Ie. or shall we embrace beneficent lespotism? She |(orkmllc Ghiquircr. t YCRKVIELE, S. C.i 1 PUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 27, 1904. ' While there has been but little stir , n national politics up to this time, it ? nust be remembered that surprises are ( ilways in order, and there may be a s urpnse ior someouuy m nuvcmuci, If the voters fail to turn out and ast their ballots on election day, they re in danger of having their congressnan turned out in favor of some Re>ublican contestant, and that contestnt is as apt as not to be a negro. There is only one more day before he general election when people who iave not yet secured registration cerificates may do so, and that is on rlonday, salesday for October. The egistration books will not be open on Monday, salesday for November. Congressman Joe Johnson said to a Spartanburg reporter the other day: Please put in your paper that I said here is just as much difference beween the Democratic and Republian parties as there is between a thoriughbred horse and a jackass." It eems to us that Joe Johnson, who has . head full of hard sense and can talk )emocratlc doctrine straight, would be i better man to put on the stump in i doubtful state'than a South Carolina enator who sees no difference beween the principles of Hamilton and efferson, Roosevelt and Parker.?Coumbia State. What Congressman Johnson says is rue: but then it would be unfair to laim that it is any truer than what senator Latimer said. Senator Latiner referred to the difference between platforms." In making his comparson it will be observed that Congressnan Johnson used the word "parties." rhe two gentlemen are talking about wo entirely different things. The new and enlarged edition of iVebster's International dictionary is low being offered to the public. It < ontains 2.380 pages, 5,000 illustrations < md 25,000 additional words. Since the ( irst edition of Webster there have < >een dictionaries and dictionaries ] ind even within the past dozen j ears millions have been spent on ( lew publications intended to compete 1 vith this long established authority, j >ut today Webster's International < lolds its prestige and continues a ( ;ontrolling authority even over those 1 vho are most active in their efforts to j istablish its competitors, and the most , lerious hinderance to the unrestricted 1 >ale of the perfected book of the pres- f ?nt are the cheap reprints of anti- j juated editions that are foisted on i msuspecting purchasers who have no ; idequate appreciation of the superior- . ty of the revised work now being of- s 'ered. J While the interview with Mr. Hen- J y Conner in another column, may j eave a great deal to be inferred, still i :here is in it no little food for ' :hought for the people of this section. ' rhe situation in the west, as is to be j rathered from the interview, is about < :o this effect. Here are natural pos- j sibilities that only need development. , Development calls for brains and la- i sor. Men with capital and foresight 1 lave used means necessary to bring j abor into the country, and with the , ielp of that labor they have been able i to create tremendous values?values 1 "nore than sufficient to compensate ] them for their efforts. We have in j this section as many natural advan- . tages as are to be found in this par- J ticular section of the west. Develop- ] ment here has proceeded rather farther than there. Here, as there, the < principal need is efficient labor, prop- | ;rly applied. We have the intelligence ] lown this way all right, and what we 1 most need now is an abundance of ; well-directed labor. Our farm lands j and other interests are capable of fully as much development as are the carious interests of Idaho and Oregon ( for instance, and by using the same ' means we can do fully as much or J more here than has been done there. \ One or two papers in the state en- ' :lorse Senator Latimer's statement ! that there is no difference between the : platforms of the Republican and Dem- j ocratic parties. If that is so. what is , the use in making any change at all? 1 Logically these contemporaries ought ] to "stand pat" and support Roosevelt. : Why do they advocate Parker's elec- : tion if they believe the two men will follow the same policy? We don't understand their way of reasoning, and would be glad to see some explanation t>f it?Columbia Record. Tub Exyrinim is probably one of I he papers referred to us agreeing with Mr. Latimer in his contention that there is very little difference in the declared principles of the two parties: but Tun Enqi irkr is not to be understood as favoring the election of Mr. Roosevelt over Judge Parker. While we took no stock in the issue of imperialism as applied to McKinley, we do consider Mr. Roosevelt is an imperialist of the most pronounced type. He has more than once thown that he regards the constitution >f the United States as a back number, md the whole tendency of his admlnstratlon has been in the direction of mitating the policies of foreign monirchs, Emperor William and his government being an especially favorite jattern. The Panama incident was a ,-ery good illustration of the presllent's idea of procedure, and if Mr. itoosevelt is re-elected we are apprelensive of the troubles into which le may drag the country. The action >f the Democratic party in getting to rether on more conservative lines than lad been pursued for some years and n nominating Judge Parker is to be aken more as a protest against Roose,-eltism than ^anything else, and if the Democrats win it will be becausfe of he country's superior faith in the :onservative, law abiding, constitution everencing character of Judge Parcer. As we see it, the issue at this ime is more a matter of men and vhat they will probably do, than it las ever before been in the history of he country. It is being figured out that the design of Gen. Corbln's recent recomnendation to the effect that army oficers shall not- be allowed to marry vithout permission from the secretary >f war, and that the decision of that >fflcial will be based on the financial sondition of the candidate for matrinony especially with reference to his ibility to support a family, Is somevhat sinister. Under conditions as hey have grown up, West Point is a -'ery Democratic institution at least in so far as the matter of admission Is soncerned. As a rule, especially in the south, entrance is secured on the basis >f competitive examinations, the prize >eing generally awarded to the most 'fflclent contestant. As a matter of act, congressmen everywhere have he right to appoint the representaIves from their respective districts irbitrarily. When they hold competlive examinations, it is for the purpose >f securing the best available material vithout leaving grounds for charges of jartiallty. But all this is neither here lor there. If it is to be assumed that he pay of an army officer is not sufficient for the support of a family, then he privilege of having a family can >e accorded only to those who have inlependent means. The suggestion hat young men who desire to marry ihall not do so is not to be considered or obvious reasons. It will follow hen that the army will eventually be fficered only by people who belong to he class known as the moneyed arisocracy, and others who become ex:eptions through the favor of the se:retary of war. That this Is wrong is >bvious on its face; but the whole hing is in keeping with a very common dea that the enormously wealthy peo>le will eventually need the protection >f military force, and this seems to be i very good way to get the army oficers with the element that fears it vlll eventually stand in need of them. 3ut the next question is whether or lot congress will accept Corbin's recommendations. If the pay of the irmy officers Is really too small, it vould be better, maybe to let the roung fellows have more money. MERE-MENTION. The shops of the Bethlehem, Pa., steel works were destroyed by fire Saturday night. The property loss is estimated at a half million dollars Cholera is said to have appeared in Port Arthur Professor Niels Finsen, he discoverer of the violet ray light :ure for skin diseases, died at Copenlagen Saturday The czar has issued a ukase dismissing Generals Oroff and Stakelberg from the army for lisobedience to Gen. Kuropatkin's orlers during the fighting around LiaoPang and Telissu The cranberry :rop around Cape Cod, Mass., has suffered considerable damage from frost. The floor of a school house at Pleasant Ridge, Ohio, gave way durng the noon recess Friday precipitatng twenty children into a cellar. Vine were killed and eleven seriously njured A northbound passenger rain on the Missouri, Kansas and Texas railroad was wrecked by a misplaced switch at Lewis Station, Texts, Friday, killing the engineer and inluring three passengers Chief Joseph, former leader of the Nez Per;es Indians, who massacred the setters of Willowa Valley, Montana, in 1877, died at his home in the Bear Paw mountains, Montana, Friday.... .A fast freight on the Baltimore and Ohio railroad struck a wagon loaded with iynamite, six miles from Cumberland, Maryland, Friday. The engine and freight cars were completely demolished, and several persons were killed tnd several injured The Burlington railroad company has substituted telephone for telegraph stations to be jsed in dispatching and operating freight and passenger trains over its ?ntire system through Illinois and Indiana A northbound passenger collided with a southbound freight train on the Chesapeake and Norfolk railroad Friday night at Bloxom, Va., tilling the passenger engineer and fireman and severely wounding the freight engineer Rev. William Aiken Kelly, pastor of an Augusta, 3a., Methodist church, has been missng from his home since September 16. He is thought to have wandered off in i temporary fit of insanity, and every effort is being made by his friends ind the district to find him Russian agents are securing coal in Liverpool for Vladivostok, and several shiploads have been dispatched Dr. Samuel I. Curtiss. a leading Presbyterian minister of the west, died at his dome in Chicago, Friday. ? Tom Watson, the Populist candiiate for president, is making some hot speeches in Texas against the Democratic party. At Houston a few days igo, he claimed that the Populists are only advocating the principles that were maintained by the Democrats during eight years. The Democratic party, he claims, now has too much Hill, too much Cleveland, too much Belmont and too much McCarren. "Why delude yourselves" he asked, "by doping to get reforms inside the Democratic party? The Bryans, Tillmans, md Baileys have less power in the Democratic party than ever before. Eastern democracy controls in all but the name. The national Democratic party can do nothing for the people. It is ruled by corporations. And it has no common purpose, no unity, no co hesion. It does not come up to tne definition of a real political party. There are too many kinds of Democrats pulling against one another in all sorts of ways. It is like a balky team?It raises lots of dust in the big road, but iloes not go anywhere. If you are a true Democrat, and have the courage af your convictions, you must come with us. You have nowhere else to uo. In my opinion Parker is going to be one of the worst beaten men in political history for the reason that he stands for nothing. He does not even pretend to have any principles. That such a man can be elected is an impossibility." LOCAL AFFAIRS. NEW ADVERTISEMENTS. Loan and Savings Bank?Tells you Itcan give you absolute protection for small and valuable articles against loss by fire, burglars, etc., In Its safe deposit department. Miss Daisy Williams?Has opened a photographic studio and for the nrospnt Is loonier! n.t the corner Of Main and Jefferson streets. First National Bank?Wants your business, be you man or woman or whether your account is large or small. J. Edgar Poag?Has some property for rent and asks you for your real estate business. Riddle & Carroll?Have red rustproof oats, tomatoes, magnolia hams and breakfast bacon, Zenith flour, etc. J. Q. Wray?Gives you some information about his stock of dress goods which he is now getting in. He invites your inspection of his qualities, styles and prices, and wants you to watch for his next ad. J. M. Heath & Co.?Are now showing large quantities of new goods of almost every description. They call especial attention to their millinery opening which will be held tomorrow, Wednesday, Sept. 28th. Foushee Cash Store?Is now showing a large line of shawls and fascinators, pure wool, also a line of baby caps, toques, etc. NOTE AND COMMENT. There is complaint among the farmers that it is difficult to get cotton ginned as rapidly as they desire. The local gins are all running to their fullest capacity without being able to handle promptly all the cotton that is coming to them and the same condition exists all over the county. While there are many farmers who are not in a special hurry to put their cotton crops on the market there are quue a number who are very well satisfied to sell at 10 and 10J cents rather than take chances on selling for less. Gold Dollars is the name of a valuable and instructive little magazine that has just been issued by the Loan and Savings Bank of Yorkville. The magazine is devoted principally to information concerning the Loan and Savings bank especially; but contains a lot of valuable information about the banking business generally. There is no information In it, probably, that will be new to any well informed business man; but to those who have as yet had but little to do with banks it will prove a valuable text book. It is well worth a careful reading by all classes of people, and every individual who may be so fortunate as to be favored with a copy may congratulate himself on having received something that is not only worth having; but worth reading and keeping. REGISTER AND VOTE. Chairman Brice of the York County Democratic Executive committee, has received the following from General Wilie Jones, chairman of the State Executive committee, urging all Democrats who are not registered to do so at once, and be prepared to vote in the general election: The Democrats of this state have shown so much indifference in the past few years about registering and voting in the legal election, that I feel that it is very important that every effort should be made to get them to register on the first Monday in October, and be prepared to vote in the general election on the 8th day of November. I, therefore, address this communication to you, and would ask that you use every means in your power to get the Democrats of your county to register on the first Monday in October, the last day for registering. The indications now are that the Republicans of this state will put out an electoral ticket and also candidates against all of our congressional nominees. Of course we all know that the general indifference on the part of the voters is produced by the prevailing feeling tfiat the primary elections settle the fate of our candidates, and that our party in this state is Invincible. We are invincible if our people will register and vote, but not otherwise. In the first primary election there were over 106,000 votes cast, and over 90,000 in the second primary. I therefore, trust that you will do all in your power to get the Democrats of your county to register and vote, and also get your county papers to urge it. AFTER A MAIL CLERK. It looked for a little while last Sunday morning as if S. J. McDonald, a colored postal clerk on the Southern was about to be killed in his car by Riley Whisonant, also colored, who was after him with a gun, and who acted as if he meant business. Just as the train stopped, and as the clerk had completed his task of throwing off and taking on mail, another negro was seen to jump from the secjond class car and start toward him with a drawn pistol. McDonald saw the man coming and evidently realized what was about to happen for he hastily got out of view inside his car and closed the doors. Policeman Sanders happened to be on the scene at the time, and accosting the negro with the pistol, asked: "Hello, partner, what are you after?" "I am after that mail clerk," replied Whisonant, in a tone of quiet determination. "What has he been doing?" the policeman asked. "He's trying to ruin my family," Whisonant asserted. Upon taking in the situation, Policeman Sanders decided that he should arrest Whisonant: but the railroad people insisted that the man, an employe of the road had a right to carry a pistol on the right of way, and they urged that he had committed no actual breech of the peace. Mr. Sanders let the matter go for the time being: but afterward secured legal advice and arrested Whisonant on his return in the afternoon. One of the railroad men stood for Whisonant's appearance at the police court yesterday morning, and when the mayor was acquainted with the circumstances, he decided not to impose punishment. Whisonant has been in the employ of the railroad since it was built and stands well with all the other employes from conductors and engineers down. As to what was the exact nature of his grievance against the postal clerk or as to the extent of the postal clerk's offense, the reporter has been unable to get any definite information. ABOUT PEOPLE. Dr. DeK. Wylie of Richburg, spent several hours in Yorkvllle yesterday. Mrs. W. C. Ewart and Master Jas. Knox Ewart are visiting relatives in Anaerson. Misses Minnie and Frances Fortune of Forest City, N. C., are the guests of Miss Elizabeth Hunter. Cadet Robert J. Herndon has returned to the Catawba Military academy after spending Hs vacation with his parents. The Enquirer received a pleasant call today from Mr. and Mrs. R. R. Smarr and Master Louis Smarr of Hickory Grove. Mr. John W. Kellette left for his home at Northborough, Mass., on last Saturday after spending several weeks with friends in Yorkville. Cadet Frank C. Riddle of the Catawba Military academy, Rock Hill, spent Saturday and Sunday with the family of Dr. A. Y. Cartwright. Mrs. William Caldwell of King's Creek. Mrs. I. A. Campbell of Gastonia and Mrs. J. W. Campbell of Clover. spent yesterday with Mrs. A. Y. Cartwright. Mrs.W B. Williams and Mr. W. B. Williams, Jr., left Saturday for a vis It in Union. Mr. Williams has returned, but Mrs. Williams will be gone several weeks. Mr. D. W. Robinson of Columbia, who was injured in the wreck at New Market, Tenn., will be remembered as the attorney associated with Mr. Geo. W. S. Hart in the case of Moore vs. the Catawba Power company. Mr. Isaac Norris, of Princeton, 111., who arrived last week to look over the Sherrer property, recently purchased by him, has been ill with measles since his arrival. He and his family are at the residence of Mr. Brooks Inman. Rev. Dr. T. M. Lowry, formerly of Ycrkville, now of Knoxville, Tenn.. was among those who ministered to the injure-* and dying wreck victims at New Market, Tenn. He was not on one of the wrecked trains, but went to the scene with a relief party from Knoxville. Dr. R. T. Shumate has returned to Yorkville after an absence of three weeks in Georgia, where he was summoned on account of illness. During his absence he received notice of his promotion to the management of the Caii^K PornHna torHtnrv nf his mm pany, the Penn Mutual. CO-OPERATIVE UNION. Cotton growers of Catawba township have taken the initiative toward joining the movement looking to the organization of associations for protection against combinations of the mill men, oil men, buyers, etc. The meeting was held pursuant to a published call, and was attended by a comparatively small, but representative body of farmers and business men. It was called to order by Mr. W. H. Stewart, and Mr. P. H. Barber explained Its object, which is fully set forth in the following, which was subsequently adopted. Whereas, Other trades, classes, professions, manufacturers, etc., are organized for the better protection of their interests. And, whereas, the manufacturers of cotton and cotton seed products are united in this section of our country and by mutual agreement fix the price for the buyers, day by day and during the season, so we, the cotton producers, claim the same right to organize and agree upon a minimum price, at which we will sell our cotton and cotton seed during certain seasons of the year. Therefore, be it resolved: First, That the farmers of Catawba and surrounding townships do forthwith proceed to organize an association to be known as the Farmers' Cooperative Union of Rock Hill, S. C. Resolved second, That the prime object of this Co-operative union will be to protect ourselves against all combinations which we believe to be inimical to our interest and to sell our products for a fair and legitimate price in a business-like manner. Resolved third, That the officers of this Union shall be a president, three vice presidents, a secretary, a treasurer, and an executive committee. Resolved fourth, That we request our city and county papers to publish in every issue the price paid in their respective markets and also the price of spot cotton in New York. For the purpose of preliminary organization, officers were chosen as follows: F. C. Whitner, president; F. H. Barber, W. J. Rawlinson and J. L. | Moore, vice presidents; W. H. Stew-1 art, secretary; and J. H. Miller, treasurer. Pursuant to a resolution the president appointed an executive committee of six members as follows: D. P. Lesslle, W. J. Miller, W. B. Wilson, Sr., John H. Steele, W. B. Byers, W. H. Williams. The next meeting of the proposed organization is to be held at a date hereafter to be announced, and at that meeting an effort will be made to secure the presence of Mr. J. J. Fretwell of Anderson, who is prominent in this movement. It is also expected that there will be a report from Messrs. W. J. Roddey, W. J. Miller, Robert Witherspoon and Wm. Barber, who were recently appointed as delegates to the Cotton Growers' convention at St. Louis. NORTHWEST VS. THE SOUTH. Mr. Henry Conner, who has recently returned from a stay of something more than nineteen months in Idaho and Oregon, is in a position to give some interesting pointers to people of this section who have led themselves to believe that the northwest or any other part of the country offers so many advantages over this locality as is claimed for that section. Mr. Conner is a native of York county, and was raised about two and one half miles west of Yorkvllle. His father was the late Calvin Conner, a man who measured up to the highest standard of good citizenship, and his mother by wnom ne was retueu, jo a. most creditable representative of the splendid womanhood that has done so much for this section. Discouraged by the unpromising condition into which the farming business in his county had fallen, and tempted by the glowing description of opportunities offered by the northwest, in March, 1903, Mr. Conner left a good comfortable home and a fine farm to try his fortune in the new countries that are held up to present so many untold and undefinable advantages over the long settled, staid and conservative south. In a conversation with the reporter on Saturday he unhesitatingly said that he is glad to get back to South Carolina, and with a little hesitation he asserts that the most satisfactory asset he has acquired during his absence is some very valuable experience. He is not inclined to disparage the country in which he has spent nearly two years. On the contrary, he gives it all the credit to which it is entitled; but after all is said and considered, he thinks that York county offers just as many opportunities for a comfortable living and is just as desirable from arty standpoint as is any distant section he has visited. "If you have money out in Oregon," says Mr. Conner, "you can buy a desirable farm, or ranch as ifc is called, and by hustling get a good income; but you'll earn all you'll make. If you have no money and you are able and willing to work, you can get good pay, from $2.00 to $2.50 a day; but the work is only for nine months of the year and the cost of living is just as high in proportion as it is here. A man can hardly save more than enough during the work season to support himself during the idleness that is enforced on him during the winter. "Labor of all kinds commands good prices, but my own experience was confined principally to logging and harvesting, with odd jobs in between. Logging goes on during most of the winter. Men live in camps in the woods, work in gangs, sleep in bunks on the sides of shacks or on floors, on their own beds, which they must always furnish, and drive like fighting fire for ten hours a day. There is nothing easy about the work, and just anybody cannot get a job. They size a man up as if he were a horse or a mule, and work him accordingly. If he does not come up to physical requirements, he is not wanted at any price, and it is rarely the case that a man of 45 or 50 can even get a trial. The proportion of people out of employment is much larger than it has ever been in this county within my recollection. "I went from Idaho to Oregon as the result of the seductive promises of an irrigation company. It was represented that arrangements were being per fected to run an Irrigation ditch Into a new section just to be thrown open to settlers for the first time, and along with many others I homesteoded a quarter section on what was promised to be one of the lower levels of the proposed new survey. But afterward the plans of the company were changed, whether by circumstances or In accordance with a previously arranged scheme, I cannot certainly say, and my homestead remains without water, and consequently 01 unit' vaiue umu m?s ditch shall be finally completed If that ever comes to pass. "There are irrigated lands in the neighborhood of Irrigon, near where I was located that are held at four and five thousand dollars an acre. They get their value from their capacity to produce almost any kind of crop that can be grown in the United States, and especially fruits of all kinds which grow to enormous size and to a perfection unknown, I suppose, anywhere else in the world. Beet crops on these lands frequently net >500 per acre without their owner having to touch them after they are made; but as you will easily imagine, to get land up to such a producing capacity is a matter of years of effort and large sums of money. Many people necessarily fall by the wayside. "The country is filled up with all kinds of people from all over the world, Americans from what is now denominated the middle west predominating. These people have been attracted to Idaho and Oregon in large numbers principally by means of judicious advertising. Thousands have failed, some have succeeded, and It is a noticeable fact that there hardly appears to be a man among them who Is not willing to sell out at a price and leave. They are all after the dollars, and it is rarely that you find a man who expects to spend his life there. Those who are making the greatest efforts for permanent improvements are among the most active in advertising for new comers to take their holdings, and as soon as a man gets his price he is up and gone. "Up in that country the negro seems to stand on a perfect equality with the whites. There are white people there who would go further out of their way i J- than with ll> snaite IlcUIUO Willi a. IIC6IU mail ...... another white man. It Is a common thing to see negroes eating with whites in the restaurants and their patronage is as acceptable to the proprietors as is that of the whites. The only people who are not on an equality are the Chinese and Japanese. The Chinese are more despised and the Japanese come next. It is largely because of their willingness to work cheaper than the people of other nationalities. "Union labor controls throughout most of the country I visited. Unless a man belongs to the union he cannot depend upon his ability to hold down a job any length of time. The headquarters of the labor unions are usually at the saloons, and the saloon element seems to have the greatest influence with the labor element. The boycott is also a strong weapon with the unions. Let a store keeper offend the union, or maybe an Influential walking delegate, and as apt as not there will be posted before his place a sentinel bearing a placard 'unfair,' and the storekeeper may as well go out of business. "There is one thing that can be said to the credit of the people of this section and that is their law abiding character. The bad elements are the cattle thieves and bootleggers. Bootleggers are people engaged in selling whisky to the Indians in violation of the Federal laws. Both these classes give lots of trouble. But aside from this the people are quiet and well behaved. I have seen more murders recorded in a single issue of The Enquirer than would appear in the Seattle papers during months, and' I remember seeing once where Chief Love made 12 or 14 arrests in a day, a record that would seldom be equalled by the entire police force of Spokane, a city of more than 40,000 inhabitants. '"The people up that way seem to be afraid of us down here. They are tho * ura oro tnn wild IIIl'lJIICU IV lilllirv bua.1. M V and lawless and are dubious about risking themselves among us. But nevertheless they are beginning to look to the southwest and south and southeast. Advertising matter is being circulated among them and they are being influenced by it. There was quite a party bound for southeast Georgia on the same train I came back on. An Immigration agent had interested them, and they were coming down to see whether he had told it to them straight. I happen to be pretty well acquainted with the section to which they are going and they will find that what the agent told them was pretty nearly true. The tide of Immigration, I think, is turning and it will not be a great while until it begins to flow in our direction." While Mr. Conner was on this particular phase of the subject, the reporter asked this question: "Well, Mr. Conner, you know what we have down here as compared with what you have seen in the northwest. You have observed the difference in the characteristics of these people, especially as to energy, thrift and enterprise, now suppose we had a lot of those people located within a half dozen miles of Yorkville, what would they do for the country?" "What would they do for the country? Why I think they would at once begin to send out agents to advertise it, and as soon as they could get a good price they would sell. That is what they are doing up yonder and that is what they would do down here." "And you do not think they are superior to us in thrift, energy or enterprise?" "Not one bit. I have seen Just as much thrift, energy and enterprise here as I ever saw there. There are as many people there who cannot or will not make a living as there are here, and one thing that was common there that I have never seen here, was strong, able-bodied, well-dressed white men begging for quarters with whfch to buy meals. This practice sometimes grows so common that the police are compelled to put a stop to it." LOCAL LACONICS. Wo Will Send The Enquirer From this date until January 1st, 1905, for 56 cents. Commissioners of Election. The governor on yesterday appointed commissioners of election for York county as follows: (State and county) ?C. P. Biankenship, Fort Mill; R. W. Whitesides, Smyrna; R. M. Barnett, Bethel. Federal?W. B. Wilson, Jr., Rock Hill; P. M. Burris, McConnellsville; R. M. Wallace, Hickory Grove. 80UTH CAROLINA NEWS. ? The Columbia board of health has adopted a resolution looking to the enforcement of the law requiring physicians to repprt vital statistics?births and deaths. * The laws on the subject are explicit; but they are not observed. ? Captain Charles Donald Clay, on the retired list of the United States army, has accepted an appointment as commandant of cadets at Clemson college, and will assume command about November 1. Captain Clay is a native of Kentucky and a grandson of Henry Clay, the distinguished states man. He has seen considerable active service in the west and In the Philippines. ? The governor of Georgia has granted Governor Heyward's requisition for Ben Bennet, the paroled convict who returned to the state after he had promised not to do so. and who killed his wife the first night after his arrival home. He will be taken back to Hampton county, and may be tried for the murder of his wife. If not convicted on that charge, he will prob ably be returned to the pentltentiary. ? Greenwood special of Sept. 24 to the News and Courier: James Calvert Stuart, a young negro about twentytwo years old, was lynched by Laurens county citizens shortly after midnight last night, after being brought Just across the river into Greenwood county. The crime for which Stuart was lynched was the usual one, an attempted criminal assault upon the ? 4 ? J a# M r? iuuneeii-yeai-uiu uauguici vi m>. Doc Hughes, a well-known white farmer, who lives In the "Fork," between Saluda and Reedy rivers. ? Cheraw special of Sept. 24 to the News and Courier: Smith Oliver, supervisor of Chesterfield, and again nominated in the last primary, was dangerously cut by W. N, Ratchliff, at Ruby yesterday afternoon. Oliver had met Ratchliff, it seems, on the road and some remarks were made about Ratchliffs horse. The talk was again taken up at Ruby, resulting in Oliver's receiving a cut from the back of the left ear to beneath the chin. Dr. Cooper of Cheraw, and Dr. Threat of Ruby, are attending Oliver and pronounce him in danger. ? Gaffney special of Sunday to the Columbia State: A telegram was received here yesterday announcing the death of Mr. Lee Hill at Jellico, Tenn., who was killed in an explosion in a powder mill. The corpse was expected here on train No. 40 last night, but instead a telegram was received stating that the corpse, accompanied by Mr. Scott Hill, his father, Lee Hill's wife and four children and a single sister were on the ill-fated train which was wrecked yesterday and that all the parties were killed. The corpses f\f oil aovon of fho fa mil v app Mnected to arrive this evening 'or tomorrow morning. ? There were a number of South Carolina people, most of them from Columbia, on one of the trains that was smashed in the collision on the Knoxville division of the Southern last Saturds". They were as follows: Mr. J. E. McDonald and Mrs. Weier of Winnsboro; Mr. David Chllds, Miss Eugenia Chllds, Mrs. S. Phillips Verner, Mr. and Mrs. W. S. Brown, Miss Annie Enser of Columbia and Dr. W. W. Ray of Congaree. Mr. D. W. Robinson was the only member of the party to suffer injury. The others were in Pullmans. He had gone forward into a day coach to speak to a friend. Speaking of his case the Columbia State of ysterday morning says: Dr. C. F. Williams, Mr. Robinson's physician, would not allow him to talk last night, but he hopes for his patient to be out In a few days. Mr. Robinson's clothes were almost torn off of him. He may be internally Injured and he is suffering from several painful bruises about the face, body and legs. Although he was able to get out of the wreck and make his way back to the Pullman immediately after the crash, the collision so stunned him that he remembers but little about the wreck. He and his North Carolina friend, whom he went to speak to in the day coach, were about the only two persons who escaped In the wrecking of this coach. ? Columbia correspondence of the News and Courier: Those who have taken the trouble to make Inquiry Insist that a majority of both the senate and house favor the passage of the original Brice bill. It will be remembered that this measure, which permits the individual counties to ex communicate, so to speak, dispensaries from the county, was an Issue in very many of the counties in the recent primary. Those who have been interested in some such measure have counted the votes, and claim that the senate will favor the original bill by a large majority, and that the house will easily pass the Brice bill as proposed. The chief difference between the bill as proposed and as passed, largely through the dispensary influences, is that under the present act, if a county wants to discard dispensaries, it^wtlt have to pay a tax upon all ' taxable property for the maintenance of a constabulary force. The original Brice bill simply provided that if a majority of the voters of a county did not want dispensaries, they were to be removed. It is stated that there will be a bill introduced at the next session looking to county dispensary systems instead of a great state affair. It' is generally felt that county control is coming. Whether It will become the law within a year or twotor later, is uncertain, but such seems to be the tendency. BETHEL PRESBYTERY. Proceedings of the Meeting In Fort Mill Last Week. The presbytery of Bethel met in Fort Mill, S. C., Sept. 20, 1904, and continued in session until the night of the 22nd. There were twenty-two ministers and thirty-three elders present, which was a good attendance for a fall meeting. The opening sermon was preached by the retiring moderator, Rev. H. J. Mills of Ridgeway. Rev. J. T. Dendy was elected moderator and Rev. W. A. Hafner assistant clerk. Licentiate J. B. Meacham was, at his own request, dismissed to the presbytery of West Lexington, Ky. Licentiate F. E. Wallace was received from the presbytery of South Carolina and ordained to the full work of the gospel ministry by the laying on of the hands of the presbytery. Arrangements were made to install Mr. Wallace pastor of Liberty Hill and Heath Springs churches. Permission was given to Mt. Olivet church to employ Rev. S. C. Byrd of WInnsboro as stated supply for six months. An Interesting conference on home missions was held and some stirring talks made. Rev. Jas. Russell, evangelist, made his report, and the report of the home mission committee told us what was being done in this great department of church work. The committee on foreign missions and the committee on publication and Sabbath school work made interesting and instructive reports. Representatives from Davidson college and the Presbyterian College of South Carolina told us what these institutions were doing and of the bright future before them. Revs. W. B. Arrowood and W. T. Hall, D. D., were elected trustees for Davidson college as their own successors for three years; and Mr. J. M. Cherry was elected trustee of the Presbyterian College of South Carolina, as successor to the lamented Captain E. B. Mobley. The permanent committees on church work were elected. The condition of the presbytery is more satisfactory now probably than it has been for some time. Only two of our fifty-seven churches are now vacant and there seems to be a healthy condition of affairs in most of our churches. Some or them appear 10 be making good progress, and the outlook for satisfactory reports at the next spring meeting seems to be very bright. Fort Mill is a charming place for a meeting of presbytery. How could it be otherwise with Dr. Thornwell and his family and other families like his in the community? The hospitality of the people was unbounded. They made us feel like they were glad to ave us in their midst. Not only did they enjoy the presbytery in a social way. but they were very much interested in the discussions of the body. We had some good preaching during the presbytery by Messrs. Mills, Lingle, Hyde, Wallace and Kirkpatrick, and we left Brother Arrowood to do some good preaching after our departure on Friday. They have fine singing at Fort Mill?they put life into it and sing like they meant it. I had the pleasure of being domiciled at the manse?a good place to be, with a warm and cordial welcome. By the way. Dr. and Mrs. Thornwell had the whole presbytery and some others to