Newspaper Page Text
Straps: and darts.
? Houston, Texas, April 28: Armed men, with bloodhounds, are making a search of the country between the House plantation, at Areola and Houston for 28 negro convicts, who made their escape on Saturday night So far only three of them have been caught. Every road leading Into Houston Is being guarded very closely. None of the convicts captured have shown a disposition to fight, nor has there been any such disposition on the part of others who have been seen, but there has been considerable alarm among the people living In the country through which the fugitives would have to pass to reach Houston or to get away, and the citizens have remained In their homes with their guns * ntnmon and ana aogs u* piuicvi u? children. ? Grant was only forty-two when he became lieutenant general of the Union armies, says' the Chicago Tribune. But Lee was nine years older when he fought his first great battle? at Malvern Hill?than Napoleon was when he fled from Waterloo. Moltke was sixty-six years old when he overthrew the Austrlans at Sadowa and seventy when his genius triumphed in the Franco-Prussian war. Nogi is fifty-four, Kuroki is sixty-two, Oyama is sixty-four. It seems probable that changes in methods of warfare have been a factor in putting middle-aged and old men in command of modern armies. Things had changed when old Moltke, a soldier of books and maps, could sit impassable at the end of a telegraph wire and direct the conquering movements of more than a half million men acording to a plan he had drawn up months before. Oyama is a cool, long-headed old fellow, who ha? mastered the science and the art of modern war by long years of study and experience. Future great commanders - -- ? - J -J? 1 Mlm Him probably win De a gwu ue? n?v ....... ? William B. Masterson, known as "Bat" Masterson, was sworn In In New York last Tuesday as a deputy United States marshal. He was recommended for the appointment by President Roosevelt. Masterson said he hoped to make a good record In his new place. Incidentally, he expressed the opinion that there Is more carrying of concealed weapons In New York than In the west. "Out where I come from," he said, "a man doesn't carry a gun unless he wants to use It. Out there the game is to leave your gun at home. Then when a fellow draws a bead on you. you can throw up your hands and show him you are unarmed. He won't shoot If You do that. But here In New York every little sneaking son* of-a-gun who's got the price of a pistol buys one and carries It You can't go into a restaurant or cafe in this town without seeing a dozen cheap sports with guns twisted up in their hip pockets. Why, they couldn't get 'em out in an hour. And if by hard work they did manage to yank one of these toy pistols out they couldn't hit their mark. Where there's one murder In the country I come from there's a dozen here." ? The trouble between the United States and Venezuela over the asphalt question is still pending. The United States proposed to arbitrate the matter; but President Castro refused to ' do anything of the kind. He took the position that the whole question was pending in the courts, and he had no right to go behind the courts. It is very well understood that Castro can make the Venezuelan court do whatever he will. Castro's refusal to arbitrate Is both exasperating and amusing at Washington. The president understands that while he could send a fleet to Venezuela, he has no right to make war without the Instructions of congress. Castro also knows the same thing. Of course, the president could land marines If he saw fit, and these marines could be depended upon to make enough trouble to call for re-In forcement. After all it would amount to the same thing as war; but the president is not ready for anything like that. He is not certain whether or not, the American asphalt company is right or wrong. He fears that the asphalt company may really be trying to buldoze and browbeat the Venezuelans and he Is inclined to go slow about the matter. ? The census bureau on Tuesday Issued a bulletin showing the total crop of cotton ginned for the season of 1904 to be 13,597,782 bales. These figures Include linters and count round bales as half bales and the total is equivalent to 13,584,457 bales of 500 pounds. The square bales number 13,103,447, the round bales 296.151, the sea island bales 104,317, the linters 241,942, total running bales including linters 13,745,857. Included In these totals are 192,275 running bales estimated by glnners as remaining to be ginned. The total crop of running bales for 1903 was 10,399,558. The distribution of the crop of 1904 acco-ding to the charter of bales and of cotton was as follows: Square bales (upland crop) reported from ginneries, 13,103,447; round bales (upland crop) reported from ginneries, 296.151; bales of sea Island cotton reported from ginneries, 104,317; bales of linters reported from cotton seed oil mills, 241,942. The figures for the different states on running bales are. Alabama. 1,458.966; Arkansas, 883.967; Florida, 86,642; Georgia, 1,960,151; Indian Territory, 476,984; Kansas, 14; Kentucky, 1,922; Louisiana. 1,105; Mississippi. 1,738.638; Missouri, 48,447; North Carolina, 743,404; Oklahoma. 341,497; South Carolina, 1,189,134; Tennessee, 316,790; Texas, 3,134,677; Virginia, 17,216. ? In a recent edition of "Cotton Facts," edited by Col. A. B. Shepperson, who is an authority on cotton statistics, the ability of the planters to carry out the program of acreage reduction is commented on from a rather original angle. The whole world is asking whether the farmers will be able to hold their surplus from the market, whether they intend to be otnoHfoul onr? "Pnltnn TTanta" nnswprs that the southern farmers spring from the most resolute race in the world, and can do anything they really want to do. "In reaching an opinion," says the writer, "in regard to the action of the southern farmers it is well to remember that the white people of the south who control the production and the marketing of the cotton crops are of the purest and best type of the Anglo-Saxon race to be found beyond the borders of England. The southern states were settled mainly by the English and Scotch-Irish. The tide of foreign Immigration which has flooded other sections of our country, has not yet penetrated to the southland (except to a very limited extent in Texas), and, therefore, her people have In the highest degree the sterling at tributes or tneir Angio-sa*uu ancestry. Predominant traits of the AngloSaxon race, as all the world knows, are steadfastness and tenacity of purpose." ?he \lorhrillc inquirer. YORKVILLE, S. C.? FRIDAY, MARCH 31, 1905. ALTHoroH the air Is still full of peace talk, it Is quite possible that It means little. Russia may be only talking to gain time?to disarm the energy of the Japanese by deception. The determination to continue the war In spite of her reverses need not be the occasion of surprise. ? A Boston dispatch says while a storm of indignant protests Is going on all over the country as to the acceptance of the $100,000 that John D. Rockefeller recently ofTered the American board of foreign missions, one half of the amount has, as a matter of fact, already been paid Into the board's treasury. There is little reason to doubt that the other half will be duly accepted. The Fertilizer Question. The reported sales of privilege tax tags and many other circumstances of dally development are very well calculated to confuse the farmers as to what balance of the cotton planting world may be doing, and to get at the exact truin or rne maner is well-nigh impossible; but nevertheless we honestly believe that there will be a material reduction in the use of commercial fertilizers this year as compared with last year. The question as to why the fertilizer companies should try to deceive 'the farmers 88 to the quantity of fertilizers being used is a very natural one, and we are unable to answer it in full; but it is not difficult to give at least a few reasons that seem to be more or less plausible. In the first place, there is little reason to doubt that while there is more or less rivalry between different fertilizer companies, there is but little real competition. For instance while there is contention between the Armour people on the one hand and the Virginia-Carolina Chemical company on the other hand as to whether blood, bone and tankage Is a better source of ammonia than cotton seed meal, both people ask exactly the same price for goods of equal commercial value. They quarrel and quarrel over the /.../.oll/vn nf rocnootl ve merit* hilt let vjurnnvu v/t * voyvwo v one or the other even suggest the cutting of prices and the war clouds begin to lower immediately. It would be foolish to lose sight of the fact that the fertilizer companies are not in business for their health. They make fertilizers for the same reason that the farmers make cotton?for profit. Both the big concerns are backed by tremendous aggregations of capital, and both are seeking dividends. The Armour people are comparatively new in the southern field, and the Vlrginla-Caholina Chemical people have been here longer. That is the principal difference between them; but for the purposes of this article we will refer more particularly to the affairs of the I Virginia-Carolina Chemical company, with which we are more familiar. While the V.-C. concern is generally considered as a southern trust, it is not well to waste a great deal of sentiment along that line, for its management is entirely controlled by the fl| nancial magnates of Wall street, and its interest in stock manipulation is so closely identified with its sales of J fertilizers it is impossible for the wayfaring man to say which interest is the greater. It is very well understood that the stock goes down and up in price, and fortunes are won and lost at each turn. For instance it will be remembered that about two years ago there was a story to the effect that the V.-C. people, requiring some five or six million dollars, had to pay about 16 per cent interest on a loan. J. P. Morgan nego tlated the loan. V.-C. stock was then worth from 70 to 80. On the strength of the hard luck story, the stock went down to 16. There is reason to believe now that the whole affair was merely a stock manipulation trick, that Morgan and others on the inside sold stock short, arranged the hard luck affair, and as the panic stricken southern public unloaded, the manipulators took their holdings, and made back millions. The V.-C. common stock is now selling at about 40. In January last the V.-C. people put out a sto'*y to the effect that their | sales this year were already 30 per cent in cdvance of last year. The probable reason of the story was twofold. In the first place, they sought to depress the price of cotton and in the second place they sought to advance the price of stocks. But the story proved a boomerang. It depressed the price of cotton all right and from that speculators reasoned that fertilizer notes would be more difficult to collect next fall, and they hammered the V.-C. common stock down five points. As a matter of fact, while the story of the 30 per cent increase in sales was nominally true, it was really misleading. The trade very well understands the significance of a fertilizer contract. It is like this: A merchant contracts with the V.-C. or Armohr people for say 600 tons deliverable on order at a fixed guaranteed price, with the understanding, however, that the merchant has only to order out what he needs. The fertilizer company obligates itself to furnish the entire amount contracted for if It be required; but the merchant does not have to take a ton more than he can sell. The V.-C. company had contracts of thl^ kind calling for many thousands of tons; but It very well knew at the time It was claiming to have made such increased sales, that It would never be able to deliver half the goods its contracts called for. The daily papers are constantly printing: reports to the effect that the sales of privilege tax tags indicate the largely increased use of fertilizers this year as compared with last year. Thetfe papers also take pains to explain In connection with these reports that the surplus fertilizers being sold are not to go under cotton, but undfci corn and other crops. We do not take much stock in these explanations, and we do not pretend to be able to give an absolutely accurate explanation; but remembering as we do that unused tags are redeemed by the state at face value, we prefer to believe that the object of these excess purchases is to affect the market of V.-C. stock. We certainly do not believe that the fertilizer shipments are anything like what they were last year. So far as the individual farmer is concerned, he cannot afford to be governed by stock Jobbing reports of any kind. If he believes the stories of increased use of fertilizers as compared with last year, he will do well to use none at all. The only safe thing for him to do, if he has so promised, is to go ahead and reduce his acreage and fertilizers 25 per cent and let it go at that. If he has not so promised, he will lose nothing by doing this anyway. FAITH IN THE FARMER8. No Reason to Doubt That They Will Measure Up to All Teets. Editor Yorkvllle Enquirer: TJlp-ht in nnr midst I occasionally hear the same prophecy?made more in the way of fear than hope?that we see expressed (is it not with a flavor of hope?) now and then in the daily press, to wit: That the farmers are not going to reduce the 1905 cotton acreage at all, to say nothing about a 25% reduction. But if that prophecy is no more correct applied elsewhere than here, the friends of the movement need not be greatly worried. Of the nine townships in York county, all have been heard from on the subject except one, and I am sure that the failure here is a mere oversight. Judging- the whole county by the eight townships that have spoken, the pledges are being made with remarkable unanimity. For one I have an abiding faith that those who have made the pledge will stand to it; and further that the most of those who have not tyill reduce anyway. To doubt concerning . the first would be to doubt the honesty of a people whose reputation along that line has always been of the highest: and to doubt concerning the second would be not only to rate the nonpledging class as enemies of the movement, but as having faith in its final success nevertheless. For if nobody reduces we may expect another thirteen million bale crop, and five cents cotton (less than the cost of production); and the result will be very little better If the reduction is not general. Let the friends of the movement at least continue both to work and to hope?work, especially along the re-1 duction line, and hope for its accomplishment. Yours truly, C. E. Spbkcer, President York County S. C. Asso. Yorkville, S. C.. March 31. 1905. SOUTH CAROLINA NEWS. ? Greenville special of Monday to the News and Courier: Six negroes confined in the county jail made a desperate effort to escape this evening at 6 o'clock. Innes Wood, charged with wife murder, Is at large, but Jim Jones, the other prisoner, who succeeded in passing the jailer,' was captured a few minutes later. The other four did not pass the bulky form of Jailer Noe, who is six feet seven inches in height and weighs over 200 pounds. For several min" ao Ko fAitorKf tho r\oonnro n nrimi. I nals, who vainly endeavored to secure his pistol. Not until he had dragged them to the door of the corridor did the Jailer succeed In wrenching his arm free. With a blow he felled one of his assailants and then drawing his pistol, he sent the others back to their cells like frightened rabbits. The escape of Wood is the third that has taken place In the history of the jail. The negroes discovered a defective lock on one of ; the . cells. They all congregated within, and when the corridor was opened to place coal in the furnace, they made a dash for liberty. Noe's feat Is considered remarkable and there Is scarcely another man in the country who would have escaped with his life. ? Columbia correspondence News and Courier: The people of Cherokee county appear to be very much disturbed about the proposed reopening of the Jenkins distillery in Cherokee county. They think that the county has Indicated plainly that it does not want liquor. They have voted the dispensaries out and do not want distilleries. The Brlce law makes no provision for the removal of distilleries, and It Is for the state board of control to say whether a distillery Is left in a county that voted out the dispensaries. Mr. Ed DeCamp is waging war against any distillery being operated In Cherokee county, as the county has plainly shown that It wants to have nothing to do with liquor. It appears, from what can be ascertained here, that Jenkins's permit to run a distillery was revoked some time ago, upon the report of Chief Hammett, and that his appliances were ? confiscated by the Federal government. If his license has been renewed Mr. Hammett has not been so advised, and at all events he could not re-establish his distillery at the old place, as that seems to have come within the statutory prohibition, being too close to a church. The state KnorH hoH q noHtlnn from Tpnkins to allow him to reopen his distillery, and Jenkins employed counsel to urge his right to re-establish his place, but as far as Is known such a renewal has not heen granted by the state board of control. If We Only Knew.?The statement of The Yorkville Enquirer that shares of stock In the Equitable Life Assurance society of New York, which are now worth (80,000?yes sir; this is not a typographical error; eighty thousand dollars prt* share?were hawked about the streets of that town after the civil war at (75 per share? yes, seventy-five dollars?with no takers, would be incredible except that other stocks have had somewhat similar experiences, though none that we are aware of so phenomenal as this. A comparatively late instance is that of Bell Telephone stock which was for I years a drug on the market and now can with difficulty be bought at any price. But it is not worth while to grieve over the failure to make fortunes through the lack of fore-knowledge. Any day any of us could get rich by betting on the stock or the cotton market?If we Knew?Charlotte Observer. LOCAL AFFAIRS. NEW ADVERTISEMENTS. Victor Oil Mill?Announces the closing of its ginnery after Wednesday and Thursday of next week. Mrs. M. H. Metts?Will close out the remainder of her household furniture at auction next Monday. Strauss-Smith Co.?Call your attention to spring and summer clothing and odd pants, which they say are good values at low prices. See fourth page. J. Q. Wray?Calls your attention to the three remaining days of his special sale, during which time he Is offering some very attractive special prices. Ferguson & Clinton?Have a fresh lot of Armour's star brand guaranteed hams. J. L. Guy, Blaney, S. C.?Wants to sell a million Nos. 1 and 2 pine shingles. First National Bank?Tells you that the man who takes advantage of his opportunities is best able to help himself. Tour business is solicited. Foushee Cash Store?Will have a special sale of ladies' hand bags and glassware next Monday. v ?- Ci/vf*A fiotra * Via t thP 1^ i urn. x/i us otw?w-?t^ck/o ??* ? - ? ? duction of the cotton acreage will enable you to plant more corn. It has the seed, and also has watermelon seed in several varieties. Carroll Bros.?For three days, beginning tomorrow, offer 32 pounds of a good quality of rice for $1. This is not the best rice, but it is several grades better than the poorest. Star Drug Store?Has received a full line of Colgate's toilet soaps and toilet powders, and wants you to see what it has. J. M. Heath & Co.?Announce their spring millinery opening for Wednesday, April 5th," and Invite the ladles to come and 'bee the newest of styles in millinery and dress goods. Winnie Davis Chapter?Announces a moving picture exhibition at the Graded school auditorium this evening. Dobson Bros. Cash Store?Is showing the newest styles in hats and bonnets, is turning out a great many hats and solicits your orders before the spring rush. J. D. Smith, Sec.?Publishes an addi-tlonal list of farmers who have signed the cotton acreage and fertilizer reduction pledges. Adickes' Emporium?Offers special prices on garden seeds, has several varieties of bean seeds. Is still selling tobacco at special prices, and is ready to supply you with wire netting. Also wanra good butter?with* out onion flavor. * T. W. Speck?Reminds you of the fact that he has a complete line of sterling silver and cut glass ware, and wants you to remember that his prices are always very low. Sam M. Grist, Special Agent?Reminds you that a Mutual Benefit insurance policy assures the most protection at the least cost. NOTE AND COMMENT. York county's share of the general dispensary fund this year is $3,643.35. or 34? cents per pupil. Farmers are reporting that the ground is getting too hard for easy plowing; but they are still working hard. There it quite a strong demand for sorghum seed. Several local dealers have found It necessary to replenish their stocks more than once. This seems to Indicate that the farmers Intend to have a supply of green feed early. Realizing the necessity of such a record, Sheriff Brown has determined to keep a book In which he proposes to keep the essential facts In connection with such crimes as may hereafter be committed in the county. He will pay especial attention to escaped criminals, setting down where he can get the Information, their complete descriptions and other Information that may facilitate Identification hereafter. THE GOLD WATCH CONTE8T. There have been 722 votes received In the gold watch' contest since the last Issue of The Enquirer, and these were divided among seven teachers. The voting as reported this morning, stands as follows: Bessie Adams 14 Sudie Allison 9 Isabel Arrowood 17 BenJ. Black 510 Margaret Blaine 2 Ella Carroll 25,550 E. P. Castles 517 Florence Cody 55 Emma Creasman 177 Bessie Farls 26 Mattle Ford 193 T. R. Gettys 2 Ava Greene 15 Nettie Green 312 J. F. Gorrell 801 Nannie Grist 1,340 J. Hamilton 22 Posy C. Hardin 25 F. M. Howell 4 Wllmoth Jackson 1130 L. W. Jenkins 12 Mrs. J. T. Jones 21 T T Tnnui 11 W A. Kennedy H Pearle Langford 43 Blanche Love 304 Lillian Mllholen 2 Clara Mitchell 67 Ella Neely 63 Ida Ormand It Minnie Palmer 34,310 J. K. Roach 5 J. G. Shannon 7 Bessie Shurley 2 Belle Smith 4600 Lida Smith 572 W. H. Stevenson 553 Susie White 4 J. H. WItherspoon 17 Edna Wright 17 The coupon printed In today's paper Is the last of the series, and the voting will continue on up to April 10 at 6 o'clock p. m? after which time no more votes will be received. The final result of the contest Is to be announced In our Issue of Tuesday, April 11. ABOUT PEOPLE. Dr. W. D. Hope of Lockhart Is 111 with fever. Dr. T. R. Carothers of Rock Hill, was In Yorkville yesterday. Thos. F. McDow, Esq., went to Charleston yesterday on business. Miss Macie Caldwell of Smyrna, Is visiting Rev. W. C. Ewart's family. Miss Jante Ford of Gastonla, Is the guest of Misses Willie and Lee Williams. Mrs. D. E. Flnley went over to Charlotte this morning, accompanied by her son Edward. Mrs. J. A. Robbins and children of Rock Hill, are visiting: relatives at Sharon and Blairsville. Mr. C. E. Spencer, president of the York County Southern Cotton association is wearing an acreage reduction button that is as large as a half dollar. Charlotte Chronicle, March 30: Mr. Plummer Stewart will go to Flint Hill academy, in York county, S. C., tomorrow night to deliver the address at the commencement exercises of the school. Mrs. W. E. Hurt received a cablegram Tuesday from Canton, China, ? - - " announcing the death of her sister, Mrs. R. E. Chambers, who went to Canton with her husband In 1895 to do missionary work. News from Major James F. Hart, who Is In the Presbyterian hospital at Charlotte, Is not especially encouraging. The Information this morning was that he was comparatively comfortable last night; but as to what the outcome of his trouble may be cannot be stated with assurance. SEABOARD WRECK CA8E8. There will be several large damage suit cases at the approaching term of the court of common pleas on account of the wreck at Whlsonant trestle on the Seaboard Air Line on September 9 last. It will be remembered that a passenger train broke through the trestle and before the surviving passengers and crew were able to get out of the way a freight train . came crasmng down on the wreck of the passenger. Waverly Fairman, a postal clerk on the passenger train is suing for (20,000 damages. Robert T. Allison, as administrator of the estate of E. F. Roberts, fireman on the passenger train, is suing for 115,000. Henly Chapman, conductor on the passenger train, is suing for $50,000. The plaintiffs in each of these cases are represented by Messrs. Atkinson A Born of Atlanta and O. W. S. Hart of Yorkvllle, and the defendant by J. L. Glenn of Chester, and W. B. McCaw of Yorkvllle. The case of J. J. Hull, administrator of the estate of Annie 8. McManus, who was killed in the wreck, will be transferred to the United States circuit court The plaintiff is asking for damages In the sum of $60,000. Messrs. Wilson A Wilson represent the plaintiff and Messrs. J. L. Glenn and W. B. McCaw the defendant. WITHIN THE TOWN. ? Next Monday is salesday for April. ? Yorkvllle needs more streets? more building lots. ? Two or three more glass and Iron fronts and the modernization of Main street will be complete. ? The county board of commissioners will hold their regular monthly meeting next Wednesday. ? Work on the mill building of the Neely Manufacturing company continues to progress steadily, ? But little Is heard of the Yorkvllle Graded school now-a-days. This is an evidence of the efficiency with which the school is being conducted. ? The moving picture entertainment at the graded school tonight under the auspices of the U. D. C. promises to be well worth the price of admission. ? The announcement of the Victor Oil Mill in another column seems to indicate that the grinning season la at last at an end. If the remaining odds and ends of the last crop are not disposed of by next Wednesday or Thursday, they will wait until next season, at least so far as the VIotor people are concerned. ? Lewis Crawford, oolored, was severely stabbed In the neck last Wednesday night by Hill Robinson. The negroes were gambling In a house on West Madison street, and when Crawford won Robinson's money, Robinson drew his knife and slashed Crawford, The knife entered close to one ear and inflicted a wound across the neck, severing the principal muscle and allowing the head to fall to one side. For a time it was thought that Crawford was killed; but it is understood that he is able to smoke cigarettes again. Robinson ran away after the difficulty and has not been raptured. A880CIATE REFORMED SYNOD. The Centennial History of the Associate Reformed Synod has Just been issued from the press of Walker, Evans & Cogswell, Charleston, and is a book of unusual interest especially to Associate Reformed Presbyterians everywhere. This volume had its orlgrin at the celebration of the one hundredth anniversary of the organization of the Associate Reformed synod, which celebration took place at Ebenezer or Birch church, in Fairfield county, in April 1903. The synod had been organized at this same church just one hundred years before. The centennial volume is a book of 750 pages, printed in* large type, on good paper and handsomely bound in cloth, and filled with matter that is most Interesting. The first part Is devoted to a general history of the Associate Reformed church, followed by sketches of the foreign and home mission boards, and sketches of the various presbyteries, to wit: Arkansas, First, Georgia, Kentucky, Memphis, Second, Tennessee, Alabama, Texas, Tamplco, Virginia. Part two Includes sketches of all the ministers who have ever been connected with the synod. Part three Includes sketches of the congregations. Part four Includes sketches of the congregations and of all the addresses and papers that went to make up the centennial celebration proceedings. A feature of the book that Is of striking Interest Is the important part that York county has played and still plays In the affairs of the synod from Its original organization to its remotest confines. Among the native York county ministers are included the fol lowing: W. S. Castles, J. R. Edwards, J. Galloway, R. M. Galloway, I. L. Grier, T. W. Hayes, Joseph Lowry, W. Y. Love, W. M. McElwee, Sr., D. D.; W. M. McElwee, Jr., D. D.; John Miller. D. D.; W. A. M. Plaxico, W. B. Pressly, J. M. White. It is to be noted also that several of the western churches owe their origin to emigrants from York county. There are cases where a dozen or more families have moved to the west together, and one of the first steps after settling down in their new homes was to proceed to the organization of churches. The dates of the organization of the various York county churches are as follows: Sharon, 1796; Smyrna, 1832; Bethany, 1797; Clover, 1893; Hickory Grove, 1888; Neely's Creek, 1790; Rock Hill, 1895; Tlrzah, 1803; York- i vllle, 1853. ( The price of the Centennial History ; Is SI.BO a volume, and carriage. It can be had from any of the Associate Reformed ministers, at the present time; but as the total edition is only 1,600 copies, it will probably be exhausted within a short time. THE COTTON 8ITUATION. "I shan't pretend to tell you how this cotton holding movement is going to come out," said a well known traveling man to the reporter a day or two ago "but if you care to listen, I will give you the benefit of such information as I have on the subject." The reporter indicated his eagerness to get whatever was going and the traveling man continued: "Well, you are aware that there was quite a stiffening in prices a week or ten days ago, during several days previous to the 20th. "I know of one mill that had 600 *? * Ktivnru Ifl uuies UL WllUIl VUUBII1 uviu wu/v?? ... the vicinity, and this cotton was to be delivered on the 20th. There were no doubt scores of other mills in the same fix. This particular mill did not need the cotton at the time, having enough probably to last until the 20th of April or beyond, and the buyer begged for time. The mill, of course, did not want to disturb the market unnecessarily and the time was granted. "The general stiffening of prices about that time, along a few days, previous to the 20th was like this. Many of the mills that had bought for March delivery had to have the cotton and insisted on it. Buyers who had sold short had to stiffen up in their offerings, and by the time they got to 8 cents, the farmers began to turn loose. They let go about 250,000 bales and that relieved the situation at least until April delivery. "It was very much like two people playing poker, except the farmer's hand was exposed. The cotton dealer knew what the farmer would take; but the farmer did not know what the cotton dealer would pay. The cotton dealer offered 8 cents and the farmer laid down. It is quite probable that If the farmer had held for 9 cents he would have gotten It." "But It has been suggested," the reporter observed, "that there is a limit to all this?that knowing of the big surplus on hand and fearing that the bottom might drop out, the mill people might shut down ipther than stand much more of a raise." "They didn't shut down when cotton went to sixteen cents," replied the traveling man. "No," argued the reporter, "but then everybody understood that there was a shortage and there was no sense In shutting down." "Well, now. Just let me remark." said the traveling man, "that this sur* plus, which exist*. Is nothing like what It has been held out to b?. fo> you know that there was ntver before such a scarcity of manufactured goods In the history of the trade as nbw. Tou can easily Imagine what has been going on during all that time Fall River and other New England mills were shut down. Why ft Is estimated that fully one million balee of cotton^lll be required to supply the actual shortage in manufactured goods. And then on top of that the export trade was never better than now, and it is growing every day. Of course, I will admit that the farmers will lose out If they go raising another bumper crop; but as things stand now, everything Is on their side." LOCAL LACONICS. Almost a Fire. Mr. R. N. Plaxico of the Bethany neighborhood, had a narrow escape from a serious cotton fire a few days | ago. He had not yet completed the ginning of his cotton crop and while putting a few bales In marketable shape, a spark fell on a pile of seed cotton. A flame swept over the pile; but very little damage was done. County Board of Equalization. During its meeting last Tuesday, the county board of equalization approved the returns from the various townships as submitted. The bank and cotton mill returns were accepted as made, and the oil mill returns were sent back to the city boards for review. Mr. J. F. Ashe was chosen as the county's representative on the state board of equalization. Probably In Custody. Charles Strait, who killed Buster Mobley In Fort Mill township on November 20, 1903, has been located at Salisbury, N. C., through the efforts of Blaglstrate John W. McElhaney. Magistrate McElhaney, who has been working on the case for quite a while notified the governor last week of the result of his efforts and Sheriff Brown has a letter from the governor Instructing htm to investigate the matter. Sheriff Brown will take such steps as he may deem necessary. The Worth of Cotton. There has been a lot of talk within the past few years about the price of cotton being fixed in Liverpool and New York and In a measure this talk is well founded. But developments of the past two months have worked at least a temporary change. A gentleman who spent a day at Clover last week reports this between a cotton buyer and a farmer, as illustrative of the situation: Farmer?What Is cotton worth today? Cotton Buyer?I'll de* ciare I don't know; you'll have to ask some of these farmers around here. Fort Mill Signers of Pledge. The Fort Mill Times prints the names of the following signers of the acreage and fertilizer reduction pledges in Fort Mill township: J. W. Ardrey, C. P. Blankenship, V. B. Blankenship, S. H. Blankenship, S. P. Blankenship, W. F. Boyd, Theo Boyd, Phlllln Rpnnett. C. T. Crook. W. H. Crook. W. H. Coltharp, W. J. Coltharp, J. L. Coltharp, J. J. Coltharp, Tom Darnell. Tom Davis, S. H. Epps, Sr., S. H. Epps, Jr., J. P. Epps, W. P. Enns, B. M. Farls. S. C. Farls, C. H. Graham, W. E. Grlffln, W. F. Harris, J. R. Halle, D. G. Klmbrell, J. L. Klmbrell, T. S. Klrkpatrlck, J. H. McMurray, J. W. McElhaney, W. S.' McClelland, F. Nlms, W. J. Stewart, J. H. Sutton, J. G. Smith, J. M. Spratt, T. B. Spratt, Zack Spratt, Miss Alice Whit . S. E. White, S. P. Wilson, L. I G. Wilson, W. H. WIndie, J. D. With- I ers, T. B. Belk, B. W. Bradford, J. J, ] Balles, W. R. Carothers, S. A. Epps, J. M. Grier, L. A. Harris, Jackson Hamilton, A. O. Jones, E. W. Kimbrell. J. B. Mills, T. A. Mills, T. B. Meacham, W. B. Meacham, S. L. Meacham, 8. W. Parks, K. Shannon, Ira G. Smythe, D. G-. Thompson, A. A. Young. Lee Armstrong, B. F. Bennett, Robt. H. ( Harris, Edgar Jones, W. E. Kimbrell, J. W. Koonce, D. A. Lee, T. H. Merritt, James Miller, B. F. Massey, J. J. Ormand. ROCK HILL AND VICINITY. 8tabbing Affray Between Two White Men?Catawba Indiana -Engage In Legal Fight. OorrwoonOcnce of tba YorfcvilU knquir*. Rock Hill, March 29.?G. W. Bailey, who runs a bicycle repair shop in this city, was stabbed 1n the right side Jort over the liver Tuesday evening aboet 7.30 o'clock, by a Mr. Kimbrell who Is employed In the bicycle repair department of W. G. Reld & Son's furniture siurc. i ne uuiiuuii/ ueiween me iwu ' men occurred on Main street opposite the meat market .of John A. Neely. Mr. Bailey waa removed to the private hospital and his wound examined' by Drs. W. W. Fennel and A. 8. Lynn. He is still confined in the hospital and while his wound Is a serious one. his physicians do not think it will prove , fatal, although results cannot be forttold at this time with uiy degree of certainty. Kimbrell gave himself up to the police shortly after the difficiTty and waa required by Magistrate T. C. Beckham to give bond In the suin of 1500, for his appearance on Wednesday for a preliminary, hearing. He apptared for trial at the appointed time; but the hearing was postponed until Monday, April 10th, as the physicians were unable to say positively at this time how Bailey's injuries might terminate. . Kimbrell is still under a $500 bond for his appearance on the 10th Instant. Bailey also received a slight cut on the left side. The cutting of Bailey was the result of a difficulty that had just occurred between Kimbrell and Bailey's nephew, H. O. Chronister. Kimbrell and Chronister met Tuesday evening opposite J. A. Neely's market' on Main street, and renewing a difficulty they had had the day before over a bicycle, engaged In a fight.- Mr. Bailey was in his shop just across the street, and learning of the fight on the .street, * went out to investigate the cause of the trouble. He and Kimbrell soon be- . came engaged In a fight themselves, but only one or two licks had been passed when Bailey wss stabbed by Kimoreii ana sank to the pavement. Kimbrell's plea will be self-defense. He haa employed W. M. Dunlap. Esq., to defend his case, and W. B. Wilton. Jr., will represent the state. There wet* several witnesses . to ,the affair and there will doubtless be no trbubie In getting at the true facia in the case when the preliminary- hearing comes off. There was quite an interesting a tilt brought before Magistrate T. B. CHenn /. -in Magistrate T. C. Beckham's office Tuesday afternooiv.by Mr, J. M, Simp- u son of Roddey, acting an agent for the * Catawba Indlafts. The question at issue was the right of Mrs. R, E. Dunlap and her husband. D. Ell Dunlap, to occupy a house built on the reservation about six years ago and which ? has been occupied by Mr. and Mrs. Dunlap continuously since it was built. The suit brought Tuesday was for the dislodgement of Mr. and Mrs. Dunlap. W. B. Wilson, Jr., represented the defendants, Mr. and Mrs. Dunlap. Mr. Simpson, the Indian agc&t. y was represented by P. D. Barron, Esq. Counsel for the defense demurred to the complalrit on the ground that Mr. Simpson was not the proper person to J bring suit, because he was no lonpr agent for'the Indians, inasmuch as'nis commission expired on the 22nd day of this month and he has not yet been re-appolnted for another year. Furthermore. he had vacated his .office as Indian agent by accepting a position r as rural frge delivery carrier, under the Federal government, the constitution of the state prohibiting any person from holding two offices of honor and trust -at the same time..- After lengthy argument by counsel on both sides, the magistrate granted the demurrer and dismissed the proceedings on the ground that Mr. Simpson was not the proper person to bring suit. Attorney for the plaintiff gave notice ' of an appeal to the circuit court. The trouble leading up to the milt S' dates back a year or more ago when, for some reason either real or imaginary, unfriendly feelings began to exist among* some of the Indians in :he reservation toward Mr. and Mrs. Dunlap. In the year 1898, I believe it was. Bethel presbytery donated 1160 to the reservation for educational purposes. A committee was also appointed to meet with the Catawbas for the purpose of employing a teacher for the school, the Indians having agreed to f use $150 from the state's appropriation for the erection of a. school house. Mrs. Dunlap was selected as teacher, ' and continued to fill that position until a little over a year ago, when, liecause the school had run down until there was only four or five children in attendance, Mr. Simpson, the agent, asked Mrs. Dunlap to resign as he did not feel justified in paying her $S0 per month to teach the small number of children attending the school.' Another teacher was employed to teach the school the past year. The house in which Mr. and Mrs. Dunlap are Mrlng was built in the reservation, withrpihe consent of Jim Harris, the headsnui. and others of the most prominent'Tndians, about the same time the sch x>l building was erected, the agreement being that they were to occupy the house for as long a period as they might desire. I understand that no money was taken out of the state's appropriation for the Indians to build the j* house: but it was built by Mrs. Dunlap with the assistance of some friends. The Indians, through their agent, Mr Simpson, are now asking for-.the.ejectment of the occupants on the ground that Mrs. Dunlap is no longer serving as teacher in the reservation. The Indians in the reservation seem to be largely divided on the question. Some of them are anxious to have Mr. and Mrs. Dunlap remain on the reservation, while others are very unfriendly toward them. ? ? - iL.i iL. rne proDaDiiuy now ib ui iuc wu ^ Chlcora Ctotton mil! of this city, which has been closed for the past year, on account of the tangled up affair* of the owners of the property, the Southern Textile company, will be started up again at an early date. It Is claimed that the affairs of . the Southern Textile company are about to be straightened out and so soon as this Is done steps will be taken at once to start up all the mills that have been V closed down In consequence of the bankruptcy proceedings of the company. The new ordinance recently passedby the city council relative to keeping hogs on premises within the city limits. hecame effective on the 15th day of this month. Pens In order to be lawful, must now contain 1,600 square feet, and be at least 100 feet from any residence In which a family is living. Taking Into consideration the size of most of the city lots and the fact that there are but very few vacant lots In the city. It will be seen that the ordinance Is practically a prohibitory measure. But although, there was some strong kicking done when the ordinance was enacted. Health Officer W. J. Caveny reports that he has met with but very little opposition In its enforcement, so far, and he Is requiring a strict compliance with Its requirements. Section Master Geo. Harril, who has ** i