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Scraps and |arts.
? Vladivostok. June 5: It Is expected here that a Japanese attack on the fortress will not be long: delayed. There Is, however, & calm and determined spirit manifested by the population In the face of the forthcoming crisis. The defences of Vladivostok, on which steady work has been In progress since the beginning of the wir, are now considered as having been completed. ? In the opinion of many naval officers In Washington the Japanese navy is stronger today than any other In the world, says the New York Sun. While it Is not equal to some navies In battery power the lack of strength on this score Is more than balanced by the experience of the pe rsonnel and its courage and ability to handle the and vessels. The game condition exists with Japan today which existed for a few months after the Spanish war, when the United States had a strong navy, in excellent fighting condition, alert and in a state of complete preparedness. ? A dispatch from Sasebo, where Rojestvensky was taken after his capture says that one of the Russian commanders has ofTered an explanation of his action In taking the course through the Korean straits which it had not been expected he would attempt Rojestvensky, he said, had hoped to clear the Straits of Tsu Hlma under cover of a heavy fog which prevailed and a southwest gale suddenly cleared the fog away and revealed the movements of his fleet and laid the vessels open to Tcgo's attack. The sinking of the Zemtchung which had been unofficially reported since the battle has been confirmed. One story which was told by the survivors of the battle is that in the extremity of the fight a hundred and forty of the helplessly wounded Russian sailors on the Orel were thrown overboard because of their cries of pain as the visible agony seriously affected' the men who were working the guns. ? National banks to the number of forty-nine, with an aggregate capital of $2,730,000, were chartered during the month of May. Of these, 29, with with a capital of $475,000, were organized under the authority of the act ' of March 14, 1500, and 20, with a total capital of $1,986,000, under the act of 18C4. There were 25 of primary organization, 22 reorganizations of state or private banks, and two conversions of state banks. The last month's work Increased the number and capital of 1-^ o(n/.o M?w>h 14. 1900. Utt.ilfw.rt vi saiuavvi o???w ... . to 2.502 and 1147,045,300, respectively. The number of banks organized last month was larger than In the same month of last year and 1903, but smaller than In 1900, 1901 and 1902, when the number of new banks was respectively 60, 54 and 50. The number of new organisations In May was larger than in any month since June, 1903, with the exception of last March, when 50 new banks began business. ? Washington, June 3: The Army and Navy Journal, which is generally regarded as the mouthpiece of the officers In the two services. In Its Issue today discusses the battle of Tsushima. It speaks of the battle as the greatest since Trafalgar. According to the Journal, what the American naval officers are unable to explain. Is the capture of the two battleships. ?- Continuing, it says, "The capture of a battleship was supposed to be lmoosslble in modern naval engagements. That a ship like the Orel could be captured, la so Inexplicable an incident as to support the statement that the Russians were thrown into a most desperate confusion?lost their nerve ?opened the valves and abandoned their ship without fighting to the limit.'* In concluding It says, "The naval officers are wondering what the future holds In store for these new people, the keynote to which Is made by Admiral Dewey, when he declared that the vlstory should spur us to the . prompt and unremitting upbuilding of our navy." ? St. Petersburg, June 5: The interview between president Roosevelt and Ambassador Classini at Washington regarding peace in the far east, has not borne fruit here. Foreign Minister Lamsdorff has not yet visited TsarkoeSelo but will lay Count Casslni's dispatch before the emperor tomorrow, the regular audience day. The Associated Press was Informed at the foreign office that Count Casslni's report places the whole conversation In a purely Informal light and it is expected that Russia's answer will be returned In an equally Informal manner. The officials did not hesitate to express the opinion that the determination to continue the war was fixed and definite. They seemed pleased with President Roosevelt's friendly spirit which was manifested in such a form as not to require a formal reply. Ambassador Meyer did not receive any dispatches on the subject during the day and after the flutter of excitement in diplomatic circles caused by the press dispatches regarding the Washington interview the representatives of the powers here are disposed to look upon the attempt to end the war as fruitless until another land battle at least. ? The following bulletin on the cotton crop was Issued from the agricultural department last Friday: Returns to the chief of the bureau of statistics of the department of agriculture show the total area planted in cotton in the United States up to May 25th to be about 28,120,000 acres, a decrease of about 3,610,000 acres, or 11.4 per cent, from the total acreage planted last year. The average condition of the growing crop on May 25th was 77.2. as compared with 83 on May 26th, 1904; 74.1 at the corresponding date in 1903, and a 10-year average of 85.3. The percentage of decrease in acreage in the different states (the comparison being with the total area planted last season) is as rouows: Virginia id, North Carolina 10, South Carolina 11. Georgia 11. Florida 10, Alabama 8. Mississippi 12, Louisiana 14. Texas 12, Arkansas 15, Tennessee 10, Missouri 14. Oklahoma 11, Indian Territory, 10. The condition of the crop by states on May 25th was as follows: Virginia 87, North Carolina 83, South Carolina 78, Georgia 84, Florida 88. Alabama 87, Mississippi 73. Louisiana 73, Texas 69, Arkansas 73, Tennessee 86, Missouri 84. Oklahoma 88, Indian Territory 81. ? Washington, June 4: Sixteen warships will attack the defences of Washington and Baltimore at midnight, June 11. and continue their offensive operations for six days and nights. Meanwhile the fortresses along Chesapeake bay and the Potomac river constituting the artillery divisions of the Chesapeake, Washington and Baltimore, will put forth every defence of which they are capable. With it all, the struggle is to be bloodless, practically noiseless, devoid of the spectacular and intensely in terestlng only to the army and navy experts, who are playing: the game and know the constructive effect of the unloaded mines and the empty shells. These exercises are to constitute the only Joint operations of the army and navy during the year. They have been designated "Joint exercises" to dist' guish them from the more elaborate >rogramme of "combined army and navy manoeuvres" which was first planned, but which failed of approval for lack of an adequate appropriation from congress. The operations are to be conducted under rules which have been agreed upon by a Joint board of army and navy officers. Considerable importance is attached to tne distinction between manoeuvres and Joint exercises. Manoeuvres are held to apply to operations where actual war conditions are simulated, while exercises mean only that certain prescribed problems are to be attempted. <Thr ^(orlmUf tfitquiter. YORKVILLE, S. C.i TUESDAY. JUNE 6, 1905. prb9ident Rcosevelt has arranged to take a Southern trip of about two weeks, beginning October 17, and has promised a delegation from Charlotte that he will stop several hours in that city and deliver a short speech. The Charlotte people have already begun to look forward to the promised visit with pleasant anticipation. The Russian press and people insist that there \a no other explanation of it than that Admiral Nebogatoff played the coward and they emphatically dema'd that he be shot. It is a fact that the evidence against Nebogatoflf is quite strong. There is very little reason to believe that he would have been able to accomplish a great deal even had he shown more courage; but still this cannot betaken as mitigation of his conduct. What is known as the Frick committee, recently appointed by certain interests in the Equitable to investigate the affairs of that concern has among other things, recommended that Mr. Hyde "divest" himself of his majority of the stock within three months. That strikes us as a great Joke. It is true that most of this whole trouble has come from the fact that anybody could have a controlling voice through holding a majority of the stock; but having secured the controlling voice in this manner, we hardly think that Mr. Hyde is likely to give it up. He may sell all right; but the price he will demand will be a plenty. Some of the naval experts attribute the Japanese victory to superiority of the Japanese ships, some to the superiority of the sailors, and some to | the work of the torpedo boats. Admiral Togo has issued a statement in ?l?-t- *- - wvln*apv arfla i wnicn ne liuius mai me IV W, ..? due to the all powerful influence of the emperor of Japan, who Inspired the men with superhuman prowess. It does seem as If Togo ought to know; but If he would have the people outside of Japan to believe his theory. It might be well for him to Institute a renewed demonstration of the stunt attempted by Canute, of old. Let the emperor take a seat, far down on the beach at low tide and order the returning waves to keep back. The work of the Southern Cotton association has but fairly commenced. It is a fact that except for the almost certainty of low priced cotton this year the association would have never been organized. Everybody realized that the south had raised more cotton than the mills could spin and it was not difficult for the people to convince themselves that In the absence of heroic measures, prices would fall far below what they ought to be. The people were forced Into the organization. The orga: zation has done much good; but not i ;arly as much good as It would have done had the people stuck to It better. If, as the outlook now Is that It will, the present crop sells for from 6 to 10 cents, the people will be so well satisfied that they will be Inclined to forget the benefits of the cotton association, and the situation of last winter will develop again. As a matter of fact there Is more need for the cotton association now than there has ever been, and it is sincerely hoped that every effort will be put forth to put it on a stronger and more substantlai fooling than ever. It has developed that the three Russian vessels reported as having escaped to Manila are subject to the quite serious charge of having attempted to pass themselves off under false colors. It appears that the vessels first put into the Philippine harbor of Sual, about 150 miles from Manila. An officer went Into the town and represented that the ships were French. The native authorities, however, failing to note the well-known tri-colored flag of France investigated further and telegraphed to Manila. That Is how the Russian vessels nappened to meet the American tleet. If it is proven that the Russians actually did try to deceive the authorities of the port of Sual, there will be more trouble. As belonging to a neutral nation the distressed ships would have been entitled to whatever the people of Sual could do for them; but as belligerents, these "hips were entitled to remain in port ..ot more than twentyfour hours, or to take on such supplies and make such repairs only as would enable them to get to the nearest home port. In view of the bad feeling that France has caused by showing too much partiality for the Russians it is understood that the United States will see to it that she does not give Japan any just cause for offense. Debt. If there is one thing that southern business men need to realize more than another, it is the danger of unI necessarily going Into debt. [ We have had plenty of experience along this line in the south; but un| fortunately only a comparatively small | percentage of the people most concerned seem to have drawn from that experience the lessons it has been best I calculated to teach. Some half a dozen years ago when the cotton mill business was enjoying a season of unprecedented prosperity, the management was seized with a desire for more?more, and as the result extensive Improvements were made on credit. It is true that this policy may have brought benefit to the country as a whole: but It Is also true that stockholders have suffered. In many cases the bright prospects under which the debts referred to were Incurred failed to hold out, and there came a time when profits on entire plants were not sufficient to pay Interest on the money borrowed for additions. Among the numerous mills that ha've sprung up In all parts of the south during the past fifteen or twenty years, there are quite a number that have not yielded to the frequent temptations to enlarge their operations on credit. While the more ambitious mills were making a temporary show of prosperity the more modest little fellows were content to plod along In a smaller way: but on more conser vative ground. It cannot be claimed that none of :he heavy borrowers have been able to work out their problems; but It Is a fact that most of them have had no end of trouble, while the more conservative enterprises have had comparatively easy sailing. Credit Is a good thing to have and to a certain extent absolutely necessary In the proper conduct of every healthy enterprise of almost whatever nature: but then It is very necessary to be careful of the limit. Where a man undertakes to double his capital by borrowing an amount equal to what he already has he takes more than even chances of ultimate failure, and the odds agralnst a corporation which attempts the same policy is still greater. While It Is a fact that the man who takes chances often wins .big success, It Is well to remember that he just as often fails, and the experience of all time has proved that judicious conservatism Is the best policy In business as well as In other things. ESCAPED TO MANILA. Three Russian Survivors of the Big Naval Battle. Three of the ships of Rojestvensky's fleet, which escaped destruction or capture in the sea of Japan, reached Manila last Saturday. They are the protected cruisers Aurora, Jemtchug and Oleg. They are so battered that they are virtually wrecks. Their decks are literally packed with wounded and dying. For a week they have sought a refuge as floating hospitals, their hundreds of wounded and mangled men suffering horribly and many dying, the surgeons being unequal to the herculean task of caring for them. The Aurora Is the flagship of Rear Admiral Enqulst, in command of the battered squadron. They were beaten In the battle with Togo's ships on Saturday last. More than half their comniompnt of men was killed or wound ed. Most of their guns were put out of commission. They were battered hulks today when they sailed slowly past Corregio island just at sunset and escorted by the squadron of Rear Admiral Train. When the Aurora anchored, Admiral Train went aboard and offered the services of the squadron in caring for the wounded Russians. Preparations were made to remove these to the naval and other hospitals in Manila. Each ship had on more than a hundred wounded. Many of these had been frightfully torn and mangled by bursting shells. The scene on the Russian ships between decks was indescribable. Admiral Train's squadron, consisting of the battleship Ohio, his flagship, the battleships Wisconsin and Oregon, and the cruisers Cincinnati and Raleigh, were maneuvering in the gulf of LJngaye-n when the Russian warships were sighted. Admiral Enqulst fired the salute of thirteen guns, which was answered. Admiral Train then formed an escort with his squadron and accompanied the Russians into the harbor. It was not known until today that these ships had escaped. The Oleg had previously been reported captured and it was thought that the Aurora and Jemtchug were sunk with their officers and crews. All three ships were badly disabled and have been barely able to make steerage headway, owing to their injuries and foul bottoms. Admiral Enquist is given great praise for his seamanship and skill in bringing the three disabled ships safely to port. MERE-MENTION. Jefferson Davis' birthday was observed throughout several of the southern states Saturday by closing of banks and public offices and memorial addresses Henry V. Boynton, president of the Chickamauga park commission and well known as the author of "Sherman's Historical Raid." a criticism on William T. Sherman's "Memoirs," died at Atlantic City, N. J.. Saturday, aged seventy years Five negro convicts were killed by the explosion of a box of dynamite which they were using for blasting in road building near Biscayne, Fla., Saturday Twentythree sailors were drowned by the sinking of the British bark Afghanistan, after a collision with the British battleship Caesar, off the Scottish coast, Saturday Rev. Thos. Rlchey, professor of ecclesiastical history at the General Theological seminary in New York city, died Saturday, aged seventy-four years In a shooting affray between two brothers who were on an excursion train on the Louisville and Nashville railroad Friday, and a member of the train crew, both brothers were killed and the trainman fatally injured June 23 has been fixed as the date of the execution of Johann Hoch, the "Bluebeard," who was convicted in Chicago last week of the murder of his wife. Fire destroyed $100 000 worth of property in C'ooperstown, N. Y.. Saturday Cornelius P. Shea, president of the International Brotherhood of Teamsters, was arrested in Chlca go Saturday, on a charge of criminal Mbel. The charges were based on Interviews given out to newspapers by Shea that he had been offered 510,000 by the general manager of the mall order firm of Montgomery, Ward & Co., to declare a strike against Sears, Roebuck & Co.. another mall order firm. Shea gave 55,000 bail and was released The St. Petersburg Gazette estimates that the Russian financial 'oss as the result of the recent sea battle will be 5733 500.000 Twelve prisoners in the county fall at Wilmington, N. C.. choked and overpowered the jailer Sunday night and made their escape. Two have been recaptured Fire destroyed the business quarter of St. Etienne, France. Sunday, with a property loss of 5300.000. ....A dispatch from Nagasaki states that all the Russian prisoners captured during the recent naval battle will be paroled and sent back to Russia,... D. B. Bean, president of the Tennessee Coal company, died at his home In Knoxvllle yesterday. Will Let Up On Good Roads.?Senator Latimer Is preparing to ease up on his crusade in favor of good roads. He still believes that the doctrine of good roads, which he has so earnestly preached in all parts of the country Is sound, but he proposes to leave the question of government aid to be decided by the people. He contends that if the people in the rural districts, who are to be directly benefitted by good roads, will Insist upon congressional action, it will surely come.?Washington special to News and Courier. LOCAL AFFAIRS. NEW ADVERTISEMENTS. J. Q. Wray?Offer* some hot weather bargains in clothing. He will (fell 30 pounds of rice for a dollar next Saturday and Monday. T. W. Speck?Tells what a gentleman recently said to him about his stock of glassware. He invites you to visIt his store. Chrroll Bros.?Offer you a complete, convenient, safe and reliable wellfixture for $12.60. J. M. Heath & Co.?Will take stock on July 1st and offer some attraative bargains In shoes, clothing, etc., to clean up odds and ends before the stock-taking work begins. Foushee Cash Store?Makes a special offering of boys' llght-welght pants at different prices. Also offers special prices on embroideries. Next Monday's special will be soaps and talcum powders. Loan and Savings Bank?Says there's a satisfaction enjoyed by its depositors and patrons in knowing that their funds are safe and carefully looked after. A. B. Gaines?Wants you to ask mm to show you samples ot lln-o-wall, sanitas and w&U-papers. First National Bank?Will endeavor to make your business dealings with it both pleasant and profitable. You are Invited to call. Dobson Bros.' Cash Store?Says that Mrs. Dobson is again tempting you with beauties in flowers, up-to-date hats, frames, etc. It solicits your | laundry work. W. B. Moore, Captain Commanding? Gives notice that on next Saturday at the office of the York Furniture Co., officers for Co. L will be elected. Star Drug Store?Says that it undoubtedly has the largest and most elegant line of taJcum powers and toilet waters ever offered on this market. It makes a special price offering .good for four days. W. M. Kennedy, Agent?Has school supplies, golden dent seed corn, fly traps, fruit Jars, and wants your order for Damm & Co.'s clothing. The cotton mills are doing fairly well Just now. They are at'least holding their own and that Is more than most of them have been able to do during several years past. Reports from the petitions asking for an election on the dispensary question are to the effect that they are being signed very generally. In the country, especially, the people are practically unanimous. Mr. R. W. Whitesides of the Smyrna neighborhood, was In Yorkvllle yesterday to attemd the meeting of Camp Mlcah Jenkins. He came through the country and he Insists that not In fifty years has he ever seen so much grass In the cotton along the road during the month of June. In spits of the heavy rains of the past few weeks there are now complaints of the ground being too hard to plow. Many people plowed their ground wet. They had to, It seemed. Ground so plowed is now very hard Ground that was not plowed at all Is hard also. The general concensus of opinion is that a good season would now be quite acceptable. The anti-cocains ordinance which went Into effect last week was the cause of no little distress to users of the drug among the negroes. The first Intimation that most of the cocaine fiends had of the new law was when they sought to buy more "koke" after the law had gone Into effect and were refused. Most of the disappointed negroes begged the druggists most earnestly to continue to sell, and some of fered bonuses of 200 and 300 per cent over the regular prices; but, of course, all to no purpose. The local druggists, It Is understood, have no objection to the new law, as they would really pre-* fer not to be bothered with the business of dealing out cocaine to the miserable creatures who have become addicted to Its use. CAMP MICAH JENKINS. The annual meeting of Camp Mlcah Jenkins. U. C. V.. was held In the court house yesterday pursuant to the recent call of Capt. W. B. Smith, commander. There were about fourteen veterans In attendance. Capt. Smith was unable to be present on account of the condition of his health, which has been rather poor for some weeks past, and sent word by his brother, Mr. J. J. Smith, that he did not feel warranted In standing for re-election as commander of the camp. The annual election resulted In the choice of Mr. J. E. Lowry as commander of the camp; Mr. John J. Smith, secretary and treasurer, and Mr. R. W. Whltesldes as quartermaster. Messrs. N. B. Bratton and J. J. Smith were elected as delegates to the general re-unlon to be held In Louisville, Ky., on June 14, 15, and 16, and Messrs. R. W. Whltesldes and J. F. Wallace were elected alternates. Messrs. J. E. Lowry, Joseph F. Wallace and W. H. McConnell were appointed a committee to draw up suitable resolutions to the memory of W. B. Williams. James A. Watson and James F. Hart, members of the camp, who have passed away during the past year. ABOUT PEOPLE. Miss Alice Hurt spent Sunday in Rock Hill. Miss Carrie Beard Is visiting friends In Rock Hill. Miss Lizzie Lowry spent Sunday with friends at Lowrysville. Mr. H. T. Williams of Lancaster, Is In Yorkvllle for a day or two. Miss Elizabeth Hunter Is visiting friends and relatives In Rock Hill. Mr. Fred Delvaux of Roanoke, Va., is visiting Mr. G. W. Sherrer's family. Mrs. R. B. Hanahan and children of Winnsboro, are visiting Mrs. Rebecca Bratton. Misses Frances and Elizabeth Finley are visiting Mrs. Joseph Miller In Rock Hill. Miss Maggie McFadden Is attending Wlnthrop commencement exercises In Rock Hill. Mr. W. F. Bray's family is expected to arrive In Yorkvllle this afternoon from Camden. Master Henry Herndon Is visiting his grandfather, Mr. S. L. Davidson, at Bullock's Creek. Mr. Brice MeCaw is attending the commencement exercises of Ersklne college at Due West. Miss Delle Peoples of Plnevllle, N. C., spent several days with Mrs. W. Brown Wylle last week. Mr. Clarence Hobbs will leave this week for a visit to his brother, Mr. S. L. Hobbs at Cowpens. Miss Jenny LInd Moffatt is attending the Ersklne college commencement at Due West this week. Mr. C. H. Dixon of Atlanta, Is spending a few days in Yorkvllle with friends and relatives, the guest of Mrs. B. N. Moore. Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Draffln returned to their home at Riverside yesterday, after a visit of several days to Mrs. M. W. White. Mr. John E. Carroll has been out of his office considerably during the past week because of the Illness of his haby, which has been very alck. Major T. C. Beckham, commander of the York regiment U. C. V's has ap- ( pointed Mist Edith Stewart, daughter of Mr; W. H. Stewart, sponsor for the York regiment at the Louisville re* union. Mrs. H. H. Beard left yesterday for | Llncolnton, N. C., to attend the marriage of her cousin. Miss Mary Knox Johnson to Mr. R. L. Abernethy, which takes place In Llncolnton tomorrow evening. "The Yorkvu,le Enquirer says: 'Mr. J. P. White has a cotton patch of several acres that he has managed to keep clean of grass.' We'll bet a pig to a plnder that The Enquirer won't say that John worked It himself."? Etta Jane correspondence Gaffney Ledger.' The correspondent la at liberty to make a draft for the plnder. THE 80IL 8URVEY. Messrs. Drake and Belden of the agricultural department, who have for some weeks past been engaged In making a soil survey of York county, Viovo th*ir hendauarters at York vllle and are working up the country Immediately surrounding. The work Includes a careful survey of all the different kinds of soils In the , vicinity and the collection of specimens tp be 9ent to Washington for analysis. When the survey Is com- , pleted and duly mapped, It will be practicable for an Interested person to , sit In his office and read the character , and quality of the soil on any given square m'le of land In the county. In co <ectlon with this survey the government prepares a complete and comprehensive map, showing all the roads, streams and hills In the coun- , ty, and In this particular case Congressman Flnley has secured assurance to the effect that all of the hills, churches and school houses will also be shown. Aside from the benefit to come from an exACt scientific knowledge of the soils of the county, the people will have no less cause for congratulation In the possession of the most perfect map that has ever been made of this county. It will be such a work as could not be secured by private enterprise at a less cost than about $10,000, and Congressman Flnley hopes to be in a position to furnish copies to such of his friends as may desire them without any charge whatever. It will be a year or more, however, before the maps are ready for distribution. YORK COURT HOU8E. Editor Yorkvllle Enquirer: Can you give any Information as to the first court house that was used In this county? I am curious to know something of the court building that antedated the present brick structure. Something about the* present building will also be interesting. Curiosity. Fort Mill, May 27, 1905. It Is with much regret that The Enquirer Informs the correspondent that It cannot give a great deal of satlstar lory Information along the line desired. This writer has given the subject more or less investigation at different times. Some fifteen years ago he talked with a negro woman, who had come to Yorkvllle as a child and who was then about eighty years of age. She said that she remembered the erection of the present building very well, and she had a rather vague Impression that before that time court was held In a frame structure; but she was not at all certain about the mat ter. The earliest authentic Information the writer Is able to find about the court house Is contained In a paragraph that was published In the Yorkvllle Pioneer of June 5. 1824. which paragraph reads as follows: "The new court house at this place being nearly completed, it Is but justice to say that It reflects considerable credit on the architect and contractor, Robert Leckle, Esq., who has fulfilled his engagement to the satisfaction of the public. Every part of the building Is convenient and considerable taste is displayed in Its construction. We are sorry that we cannot give a technical description of the building. We regret that there is not in this section of the country sufficient patronage to Induce Mr. Leckle to remain among us. Ere this he has probably made contracts with the government, for some Important public works. Wherever he goes he has our best wishes for his prosperity, for there are few men more deserving the unqualified approbation of his fellow citizens. The woodwork progresses in a workmanlike manner, under the superintendence of J. B. Hoover. Esq." It is quite possible that some citizen of the county may have, some old record or may know of some such old record that will throw additional light on the subject of the above quoted correspondent's inquiry, and if so, the publication of this information will no doubt be of interest. FORT MILL MARRIAGES. Two marriages of more than ordinary interest occurred in Fort Mill last week, one on Thursday night and the other on Friday night. The first was that of Miss Jessie Anita Harris to Dr. Arthur M. Buchanan and the second was that of Miss Sarah Sophia Hugglns to Mr. John Kolb Breedln. The Columbia State of yesterday prints the following accounts Oi the two events: Miss Sarah Sophia Hugglns of Fort Mill and Mr. John Kolb Breedln were married Friday night at the residence of the Rev. J. D. Hugglns, father of the bride, who is the pastor of the Baptist church here. The ceremony was performed by the Rev. W. Edwin Thayer of Rock Hill. The wedding was quiet, there being but a few friends present, but it was a most pleasant occasion and the young couple received a number of handsome presents from their friends, among them being a lovely case of silver from the class at South Carolina college of Mr. Breedln. Mr. Breedln is a young man of culture and fine gifts, who is Just completing a law course of study at the South Carolina college. Miss Hugglns is a very lovable and attractive young lady, who has a host of friends and well wishers. The happy young couple will reside in Yorkvllle, where Mr. Breedln will immediately enter upon the practice of law. In the Presbyterian church Thurs day night Miss Jessie Anna narns and Dr. Arthur M. Buchanan were married. The church was decorated with palms, ferns and daisies. The bridal party entered to the strains of Mendelssohn's Wedding March, played by Miss Nan Thornwell. First entered the ushers, Messrs. T. B. Spratt and D. C. Barber, followed by the bride with the maid of honor, Miss Wren Harris. The bride was met at the altar by the groom and his best man. Mr. Burtls Buchanan. While "Answer" was softly played Dr. James H. Thornwell. the bride's pastor. In a solemn and impressive manner made . these two hearts one, using the beautiful ring ceremony. The bride was a picture of youthfulness and beauty In her dainty gown of white silk, and carried an exquisite bouquet of bride's roses. The maid of honor was attired In white silk and carried sweet peas. Immediately after the ceremony the invited guests went to the home , of the bride, where an Informal recep- i tion was held. The bride and groom were then driven to the station, where ' they took the train for Washington * and other points of Interest. While j in Washington they will be the guests of the groom's parents. The many beautiful presents attest the popular- 1 Ity of this young couple, and It Is a ' pleasure to their many friends to know that they expect to make this place their future home. Among the out of ; town euests were: Mrs. O. P. Heath, Miss Helen Heath, Mrs. McOlll and ] Mr. J. E. Boyd of Charlotte. N. C., and Mr. and Miss Buchanan of Washington. 1 YORKVILLE TO ROCK HILL. While there has been wonderful Improvement during the past few years Ln the road between Yorkvllle and Rock Hill, It must be admitted that this road could be made a great deal better to the decided advantage of all concerned. Mr. W. H. Wylie of Rock Hill, thinks that the two towns could not do a better thing than to Join hands and construct from one to the other the best macadam road that has ever been seen ln the south. "There 1b no use in talking about a trolley line Just yet," said Mr. Wylle, "for that is altogether Impracticable. It is impracticable first for the reason that there Is not enough traffic between the two towns to make It pay, and again. It would soon be swamped up in damage suits. ' "What I believe we want is a firscclass road. Let us throw away the roads we have and survey . a dead straight bee line, regardless. By regardless, I mean a road as straight as the Instruments can make It. If there are trees in the way, cut 'em down; If there are houses In the way set 'em aside?go straight between Yorl^ville and Rock Hill. After you have completed the survey, grade the road to a level. Don't leave any bumps anywhere. Let the road be 40 feet wide, macadamize about fourteen feet in the middle and leave a good summer road on cither side. "With a road like this, we can institute an automobile service that will make up for all present shortcomings in schedules, and we will at the same time develop the intervening country to an extent that will fully Justify the expenditure that will be necessary." WITHIN THE TOWN. ? The salesday crowd yesterday was quite small. ? The past few days have been quiet so far as business has been concerned. ? Contractor Haas has commenced work putting down cement sidewalks on Main street. The work will be pushed without delay. ? Dr. J. D. McDowell stepped into Thjb Enquires office this morning to say that he had found the lost keys he advertised for last Friday. ? The county board of registration was in session yesterday and issued several certificates. Business with the board, however, was rather dull than otherwise. ? Messrs. J. M. Heath & Co., are putting in a small plant for the bottling of soft drinks. Mr. Ernest Heath is giving his personal attention to the Installation of the plant. ? The fire alarm was sounded last A " ?I?Us. WAsniiBA n# tko AVAr aaiuruay n????v "' " turning of a lamp In Mr. R. D. Alexander's bicycle repair shop. The fire department answered promptly, but the fire was extinguished before Its arrival. The loss was trifling. There Is a common complaint to the effect that It is too difficult for people out of the town to get In and out again and people In the town to get out and In again. Th s complaint Is well founded and It Is absolutely essential that something be done to remedy the trouble. ? Pursuant to due previous notice, an election was held last Saturday on the question of Issuing bonds of the town of Yorkvllle to the amount of $7,000. There was but little Interest In the election, most of the voters favoring the proposed Issue and believing that It would be carded without opposition anyway. Only fourteen votes were cast and all of them were In favor of the bonds. Rev. E. E. Gillespie, the new pastor of the First Presbyterian church, preached two excellent sermons last Sunday. Rev. W. C. Ewart suspended the evening service at the Associate Reformed church in order that his congregation might have the opportunity to hear Mr. Gillespie. Everybody seems to be delighted with the new pastor, and there Is a general feeling of satisfaction at the fact that the Presbyterian congregation has secured such an excellent man. Mr. Gillespie will board at Mrs. M. E. Wltherspoon s. There was quite a bunch of offenders before Mayor Lowry yesterday morning, five for gambling and two for being drunk and disorderly an what he did for them was a plenty. He charged the gamblers $26 each and one drunk and disorderly $10, and the other $2.60. . Most of the fines were paid on the spot. The police are doing their best to keep the town as clean and orderly as possible, and the mayor Is backing them up to the limit. ? The Yorkvllle Hardware company held its first meeting last Friday and elected directors as follows: W. L Wltherspoon, W. B. Moore, R. M. kins, L. B. Dawson, George W. Brown. The directors elected W. L Wltherspoon, president, W. B. Moore, vice president, George W. Brown sec. ctary and treasurer. The understanding is that the active management of the company will devolve upon Messrs. Wltherspoon and Brown. Mr. Brown, who now lives In Gaffney. will move to Yorkvllle shortly. The company expects to begin operations about July 1. local laconics. We Will Send The Enquirer From now until January 1. 1906. for $1.14. Life Insurance Benefits. According to the Insurance Press of May 31. during the year 1904, the three leading towns In this county received Insurance benefits as follows: Yorkvllle, $15,740; Rock Hill. $8,250; Fort Mill, $2,000. Cannot Visit Winthrop. Washington special to News and Courier: "Rock Hill. S. C.. is anxious to have President Roosevelt visit the Winthrop female college at that P'"ce during his proposed southern trip. The school at Rock Hill is one of the institutions receiving aid from the George Peabody association of which President Roosevelt is one of the trustees. At the present writing it is hardly probable that the president will be able to alter his programme and visit Rock Hill." Jackson-Wix. Mr. J. B. Dixon, of Yorkvllle, slipped off last Saturday without letting it be known where he was gone and yesterday he told his friends that he had been to Carlisle, Chester county, to attend the marriage of his friend, Mr. James F. Jackson to Miss Lldia Wix. The marriage took place at the residence of the bride's uncle, Mr. J. P. Cain, on Sunday, the ceremony being performed by Rev. Mr. Owens of the Methodist church. Dr. R. H. Truesdell of Whitmire, and Miss Maud Cain "stood up" with the young people. Mr. Jackson is a son of Mr. John C. Jackson, and has hosts of friends In yorkvllle and throughout the county. Mrs. Jackson Is a most estimable lady it Carlisle and is very popular. For the present they will make their home at Carlisle where Mr. Jackson la successfully engaged In the book business. Rev. Richard Carroll. Rev. Richard Carroll, the wellknown colored lecturer and preacher, spent yesterday with Mt. Zlon colored church near Guthrlesvllle. He preached In the morning and delivered his lecture In the evening The preaching was attended by a large congregation of colored people and a number of prominent white people went out to hear the lecture, the title of which Is "A Vision of the Sunny South." Carroll advises the negroes against all thought of social equality with the whites, and gives them to understand that If they would successfully work out their destinies they must be honest, faithful and moral. His sermon and lecture were well re cdved by all who heard them. ootn whites and colored giving full approval to all he said. Carroll was In Yorkville yesterday morning, and at the suggestion and request of a number of white citizens promised to deliver his lecture here at an early day. He was assured that he would have a large and appreciative audience. Rural Mail Boxes. The attention of officials of the postoffice department has been called to a practice Indulged in to a considerable extent throughout the country through which agents of some newspapers and periodicals apiieaJ to prospective patrons of rural free delivery routes for subscriptions. The agents, in attempting to secure subscribers, not only make promises to furnish rural mall boxes gratis, but in many cases represent that the boxes can only be obtained through subscriptions to the publications they represent. Officials of the department say that the representations referred to are at least misleading, in view of the fact that there are upward of HO rural mail boxes on the market which have received the official indorsement and approval of the department and that such boxes are manufactured In various part* of the country and can be.secured at prloes ranging from 66 cents to $3.60. The boxes can tie purchased by patrons themselves or ordered through postmasters of distributing offices of rural routes, who are supplied with a list of the various types. Postmasters, however, are not permitted to act as agents for any particular box or receive compensation for ordering them. FOR KING COTTON. Association Leaders Make 8peoches at Greenville. Some six or seven hundred people, farmers and business men, assembled in the opera house at Greenville yesterday, to hear speeches from President Harvle Jordan of the Southern , Cotton association, Mr. E. D. Smith, president of the South Caroline, division of the organisation, and Hon. John L. McLaurin, former United States senator from this state. The meeting lasted about three hours and was characterized by lots of enthusiasm, each of the speakers being liberally applauded. President Jordan's speech wes baaed - - ? tk.t iMllnn la on me propumuuu nui ? worth 10 cents a pound, and wf.th facts figures and arguments he proved the proposition to the satisfaction of the audience. He called especial attention to the tremendous results that had already been accomplished by the Southern Cotton association, and. reminded his audience of the necessity of completing the association's plans by the erection of the warehouses contemplated by the holding company. Referring to the variance between the estimate of the association on the reduction of acreage and that issued by the government. Mr. Jordan "aid that he had asked Statistician Hyde for a full report, so that the difference could be traced out II: Is now up to the government to prove that the association Is in error or that Its representatives have made a mistake. "You must not let politics creep Into your association." said Mr. Jordan. "Business men will have nothing to do with such a society, and besides it Is forbidden by the constitution. Only vesterday I discovered that a high officer in a state association held a public office, and I immediately requested his resignation." Mr. Smith defended the right of the farmer to organize for his own protection and referred to bankers, manufacturers and others as profiting out of all .Just proportion from the proceeds of his labor. Cotton was. In reality, Mr. Smith said, the basis of weAith in the south. It was the predominant Industry of the world. The south had a monopoly. All the talk about raising the staple elsewhere wgs a He. It had been tried Just after the war, when cotton was $1 a pound, and if they had failed then, what could they do now with less than 10 cents cotton, or even 15 cents cotton. "The banker," said Mr. Smith, "who believer In sitting down and not helping the farmers from losing $100,000,000, as has been done in one crop year, is a tool and false to his own Interests and those of his country. The merchant feels the loss, the banker feels It, the whole country feels It, and the farmer feels it worse than they all." Everybody knew, he said, what 5 cents cotton meant to trade and business. Nothing could make the south nearer hedpless than that. "You have heard It said," said Mr. Smith, "that high-priced cotton would ruin the mills. You remember doubtless the Sully bull campaign of 190$ when cotton went up to around 17 cents. What did the manufacturers do then? Why. they simply fell over each other in their efforts to buy the staple, and have you heard of any failures In the mills? Not one. In a squabble between a mill president and a commission house, the statement was made that nearly a million dollars too much was being paid out annually In this state to commission merchants. If that Is the case, I have been wondering how much the mills have been paying their stock holders. You see their handsome buildings, their splendid villages, their churches and their schools and look at those of the farmer who can't pay interest on a flopeared mule." Mr. McLaurin discussed the tariff question in its relation to southern Interests. agricultural and manufacturing. and explained at some length the embarrassing cloud that is now arising out of the Chinese exclusion question because of a threatened boycott. He Insisted that the real solution of the problems confronting the farmers lay In the development of cotton consumption to the world's fullest requirements. and that he said, would call for a crop of 42.500,000 bales a year. He assured President Jordan that South Carolina had always been a leader In whatever looked to the progress and prosperity of these United States and he could depend upon her to do her full duty to the Southern Cotton association. In conclusion he said: "Mr. President, you can rest easy ahout South Carolina. She will play her part In this movement as she did In building up the great structure of qur national srovernment. 8outh Carolina Is all right, she does get cranky sometimes, and must have her lltttle political revolution every ten years. She Is all right If she does under mallrn Influences try cranky experiments In the liquor business. The Palmetto that swept proudly to victory with Jackson at Bull Run, that lived through the blood and Are of Gettysburg, and beneath whose tattered, shot-torn folds, brave men wept with Lee at Appomatox, was not always the sign of the rum se ler, and th% insignia of a proud state's copartnership with the devil In a traffic that Is sending the souls of men to hell, and with Its corrupting Influences tainting the very fountains of good government. It will not be for long, for if those un-country cour.tles are the test of enlightened sentiment and no awakened public conscience, soon there will be erected a greet tombstone with this beautiful and touching sentiment: 'Here lie the mortal remains of the 'great moral institution.' Killed by a landslide. Born corrupted, lived lamented died dejected. Requlescat In pace.'" ROCK HILL AND VICINITY. Winthrop Commencement?Sons of Confederate Veteran*?Ice Factory Proposition. OorrMtx>Mlei>ce of the YorkrllU knquii?i. Rook Hiuu June 6.?Commencement v exercises at Winthrop college have attracted large numbers of visitors to Rock Hill this week. They began to arrive Friday and by Sunday morning strange faces were to be seen In every direction, people from every section of the state being here. The commencement exercises began Sunday morning at 11 a. m. with a sermon before the Y. W. C. A., by Rev. ? Dr. W. M. McPheeters of Columbia. \ which was quite an Interesting and instructive discourse. At 8.30 o'clock Sunday evening the baccalaureate sermon, another masterly and very appropriate address, was preached by Rev. Egbert W. Smith, D. D., of Greensboro. N. C. His discourse which was based on the words, "Not to be ministered unto but to mln later," was listened to by perhaps the largest audience that ever gathered In the college auditorium. The services opened with music, after vhlch the Invocation was offered by Rev. W. B. Duncan Following this a hymn was sung and an anthem by a double quartette. Prayer was then offered by Rev. W. E. Thayer, after which a second hymn was sung, followed with a solo by Miss Ryder. Dr. Smith then announced his text, and delivered one of the most interesting sermons his hearers had ever had \ the pleasure of listening to. At the close of the services, the benediction was offered by Rev. W. L. Lingle. Monday morning at 10 o'clock the doors of the buildings were thrown open to the public and the various rooms and departments were inspected , by the great throng of visitors who took advantage of the opportunity to examine the buildings and worklngaof the school. Monday night at 8.30 o'clock, the Joint celebration of the Literary societies was held. The remainder of the ? programme Is as fellows: Alumnae re- ^ union at 10 a. m. Tuesday; at 11 A. m.. address to the Alumnae, by Hon. E. D. Smith of Sumter: daisy chain procession at 6 p. m.; address to graduating class by Hon. M. F. Ansel at 8.80 p. m. After which diplomas and certificates will be awarded. The young ladies who have graduated this year with the degree of A. B., and a life license to teach and will receive diplomas are: Normal Latin courseMisses Lees Brown, Fielding Cottlngham. Clara H. Covington. Dora James Epps, Josephine Fewe' Minnie Lee Carrlngton, Margaret L<bson, Hannah Moblev, Gertrude Reed, Neva Rogers, Omie Saunders, Belva Saunders, Mary Tew and Louise Wilson. Normal course with music?Misses Francenla Bremen, Elisabeth Bronson, Elisabeth Coleman. Lucy Harl. Henrietta Eve, Julia EL Harvey, Sadie Kendrlck, Pearl Koger, Nellie Thompson. Ruth Thompson, Evelyn Tompki s and Claire Wlngo. Normal scientific course?Misses Harriet Godfrey, Sarah Harper, Delia Johnson, Carrie Fegues, Mary Thomas, v Clara Ellen Wilborn. ' v Normal kindergarten course?Misses Eleanor Desporten, Annie Laurie Harral and Lillian McKeown. NormaJ course with expressionMiss Marian Salley. Those who have finished the i hreeyear normal course and will receive diplomas giving them the degree of 11ceutate of Instruction and a life license to teach in South Carolina, are as follows: Three-year normal (L. L) course?Misses Mary E. Herbert, Miriam Jordan, Sadie Oliver, Maude ? Stribling and Grace Wilson. The following have finished the four-year literary course giving them the degree of A. B., but without license to teach: Pour-year general literary course?Misses Madge A. Craig. Minnie Qreen, Mary Hunter and Ellen Morrison. Certificates will be awarded to the 'ollowlng: Stenography and typewriting?Misses Jennie Adams, Virginia Barmore Gambrell, Lula Hayes, Vanburm McFadder, Ida May McLeod, Margaret Lee Poag, Miriam Rhame, Annie Leltner Shurley, Carrie Belle Slmrll and Ada White. Piano? Ml uies Es telle Campbell. Ki'tle Klrpkatrlck, Meta Oates, Irene Whlsonant. Expression?Miss Eleanor Blakeney. Dressmaking?Misses Mamie Suggs and Susie Mills. At a meeting of Chtawba Canu U. C. V. held Monday morning, the following applications from Sons of Veterans for membership in the camp were received and approved: Dr. W. A. Pressley. W. J. Cherry, P. D. Barron, J. W. R&wllnson. T. C. Rawlinson, J. H. Beckham. J. W. Thompson, f. P. Klnard, J. P. Smith, J. Barron Steele. These Sons of Veterans will enjoy the same rights and privileges In the camp as other members, exoept to serve on committees. They wlU also be allowed to hold any office with the exception of that of commander and lieutenant commander. Resolutions were adopted and approved at a recent meeting admitting Sons of Veterans as members of the camp. Dr. W. W. Fennell expects to leave Wednesday on his long contemplated trip to Europe. He expects to stop over In Baltimore and spend until July studying In Johns Hopkins hospital. He will then probably be joined by Mr. C. W. F. Spencer of this city and a Charlotte physician, who will accompanied Dr. Fennell on his European visit. Dr. Fennell expects to be absent from the city several months, Mr. E. M. Bobbins has nearly com- * pleted the work of taking the ceisus of the dogs and polls in this school district. He says he will have In the neighborhood of 1,200 polls on his book. I learn there are only about 700 polls returned from this district. Of course nothing like all the dogs In the district were returned. The Ice factory movement Is not yet dead In Rock Hill. Communications are still being received from northern men relative to the matter. * The Crusaders held the first of their series of services here last Friday v night. They are having good congregations at every service. The banks of the city were closed last Saturday In commemoration of Jefferson Davis's birthday. The Chinese Trade.?"We are Just getting on our feet after a good long spell of adversity," said Mr. D. A. Tompkins, owner of the Charlotte , Observer, and one of the noted manufacturers of the south, to a Post, reporter at the Raleigh. The gentleman was al'udlng to the cotton mill Interests of his section. "Bur," he* continued, "we could do a ?Teat deal better if there was some rein ration or modification of the Chinese exclusion laws. There Is no need of any change so far as keeping out the undesirable coolie class is concerned. On that we are all agreed, but It is directly against the commercial welfare of our people to maintain such rigid exclusion as to forbid the coming In of Chinese merchants, who would wish to inspect the goods they want to.purchase of American producers. This is carrying the thing to an absurd limit, and is as Injurious to the snlnners of Massachusetts as of Carolina. "Here Is a vast trade that we stand In danger of losing absolutely by a continuation of a hurtful policy. How < much would we buy from a nation that would Insult us as we Insult China? So far from becoming patrons we would be more apt to think of sending men-of-war to insist on decent treatment. In this connection It Is not amiss to call attention to the fact that the cotton mills of England are having a great trade and much of It Is with China. England is far too wise to offer Insult to a race of people with whom they expect to trade, and John Bull is laughing in his sleeve *' over the course the Yankees are pursuing."?Washington Post. ? Spartanburg special of June 5 to Greenville News: Mrs. S. T. D. Lancaster died at her home at Pauline In this county today, being suddenly stricken by apoplexy Just before the marriage ceremony of her daughter. Miss Birdie Lancaster, and Mr. W. P. Westbrook of Marlboro county. The wedding was postponed. The death was peculiarly sad, and the atmosphere of Joy. happiness and bliss was transformed to gloom, woe and despair. The bridal party had assembled In the parlor of the home, and friends and relatives were in attendance, rejoicing with the happy young couple, when the final summons came with shocking suddenness to the mother of the bride.