Newspaper Page Text
j ' ? * ?*? ? ?? ? ? . - ' l. m. orist'8 sohs, Pubiuhen. J % Jtamils Jlwspaper: ,Jfor the promotion of the political, Social, Agricultural and ?ontmei;rial Interests of the fpeaple. ESTABLISHED 1855. YORKVILLg, S. C., FRIDA.Y, SEPTEMBER 28, 1906. ISTO. 78. THE PUMPK1 TUR] BY ROBE i Written for The Yorkville Enquirer. Never were there more inseparable companions than Ladson Halle and I, Where one went the other was almost sure to follow. And when Ladson resigned his position as clerk in a grocery to accept a higher salaried one at "Magnolia Fkrm," I was not slow in taking advantage of the same opportunity. On March first, 1892, we left our respective homes to begin a new life at "Magnolia," which was a magnificent plantation owned by Mr. Benjamin Bright, or "Wealthy Ben Pegleg," as he was sometimes called. Mr. Bright was a very erect, dapper little man with classic face, dark, keen eyes, a-gleam with kindly affection, and high forehead fringed with silvery, silken hair. His constant companion was a quaintly-carved, gold-headed walking cane presented to him by the "Daughters of the Confederacy." This companion he never failed to take with htm. because, he said. "Because I couldn't do without It." It partly supplied the place of the flesh and bone leg which he had left at Gettysburg where he followed the gallant Pickett in his Immortal charge. During our # stay at "Magnolia," we found in him a loving and lovable friend. One yea.* at "Magnolia" pumpkins fi turned to real gold; and It was the year Lad son and I stayed there. But never before or since have they been known to do likewise, and Mr. Bright was partly responsible for such an unheard of thing. Ladson and I longed, as many other poor boys have done, for a college education. And It was with hopes of earning and saving enough money to defray ?nens?s at the Port Mill Hitth school. which we hoped to attend the ensuing: year, that we began what seemed to us arduous work at "Magnolia." But we were hardy lads, used to toll, and under the wise supervision of Mr. Massey, the overseer, we soon acquired a sufficient knowledge of farm tvork and methods to make us suitable. If -.not skilful workers. We at first made some very grave blunders. But farm hands were scarce, and as we seemed so anxious to hold our positions, and tried so earnestly to perform our work properly, our mistakes were rectified and overlooked. a The afternoon of our arrival at "Magnolia," we had a conversation with Mr. Massey, the overseer, in regard to the nature of the work we were to do. At the conclusion of our rather lengthy conversation. Mr. Massey said: ' "The work will go hard with you at ^ first, boys. You'll have your 'ups and down," but be patient. The cross , - comes always before the crown. I'll do all In my power for you. arid if you do your best, and 'don't give up the ship,' I'll remember you to Mr. Bright who has never forgotten any one he knew who showed a determination to succeed. He's a little man, but he has a heart as big as a mountain. His name's Bright; he's a bright fellow, and It's best for folks to be bright around where he's at." "Why Mr. Massey," Ladson replied, determinedly, "we did not come here to shirk our work, or do It slovenly, and thereby make a failure, but we came here to succeed because we cannot afford to fall." A""' n-o hull thonlrod Mr M?R?PV for his wholesome advice and kind words, he left us, fully convinced, we believed, that if we did not make suitable workers it world be no fault of our own. Ladson and I considered ourselves exceedingly fortunate and Indeed we were, in being able to secure positions at widely known and picturesque "Magnolia." Mr. Bright's plantation was very alluvial?more so than his neighbor's?and farming there was done scientifically. Therefore he could afford to pay larger and more satisfactory wages to farm hands. As Mr. Massey said, the work, which we began March fourth, did go hard with us. We were wearied sometimes almost to exhaustion; but we were determined, like the young athletes that we were, to make our well-trained muscles aid our brains in securing an education. "This doesn't look much like the crown Mr. Massey spoke of," Ladson declared one night as we were rubbing vaseline on the blistered palms of our hands, caused by a day's work husking corn. "It's the cross, perhaps," I answer ed, with a smile. But despite the long hours of incessant work, we were delighted with "Magnolia," and for more reasons than one. We saw things there which we had never seen before, and acquired a knowledge of things, such as birds, animals, plants, flowers, etc., we had never even heard of. Besides we found some great friends there. It would have been worth months of toil to hav< found such a friend as "Stuttering Joe," the hostler, who often delighted us with stories of birds and animals which he had known. Magnolia grew magnificently enchanting. Spring came early that year. "Lanes were all a-trill wit! song, and hedges gleamed with scented snow." The broad, flower-bedecket lawn, with its tinkling fountain, th< sweet, solemn magnolias, the well tended orchards and Ideally tlllet fields; the broad stretches of green through which ran the silvery Cataw ba river, and the long, glass Apian amid the blossoming orchards an< fields of pink clover blossoms made i rare picture of beauty. Magnolia wa: one wide, wonderful panorama of love liness. But we had no time to gaze enrap tured, on the wonderful beauty for, 01 Magnolia, things were, as "Stutter: Joe" said, "lively as a school-boy in i yellow-Jacket nest." The bees revel ing 'mid the sweets of myriads of bios soms were not busier than we. W were at work while the morning star sang together and quit when the even ing lamps were lit. By the first of Ma: all crops such as cotton, corn, oats sorghum, potatoes and watermelon were planted. Then Mr. Massey gav N THAT MED TO GOLD. RT G. LEE. , the farm hands, much to their delight, a week's vacation. "Rest up till the crops are up," he said. "Then we will have to work more earnestly and skilfully to prevent the crops being taken by grass." ! After writing letters home, which were merely a reiteration of ones we had written before, telling of how delighted we were with Magnolia, how well we were progressing with our work, what a cozy room we had, how kind Mr. and Mrs. Bright were to us, and of what we were studying during annrp hnnrs wp hp can to decide hOW we would spend our vacation. Some of the other hands left Immediately to spend the week at distant homes. But Ladson and I chose a less expensive and what seemed to us a more delightful way of spending the forth-coming week by deciding to remain at Magnolia. "Here and there, Is the place we will spend our vacation," I said, pointing across the dusky breadth of cotton fields to the distant Catawba." "We could better spend the time In study rather than In idle sport . and worthless play," Ladson replied. "Pshaw!" I exclaimed, "we can study at night." Ladson agreed with me and matters were arranged accordingly. The lovely days that followed we spent down by the sweet-murmuring river. The greater part of the nights we spent with our precious books, making preparation for life's work. It was Saturday morning, the last day of our delightful vacation week. Larks were caroling sweetly in Mrs. 1 Bright's flower garden, and far across the meadows we could hear the dreamy tinkle of the cow bells. While we were eating breakfast and chatting with Mrs. Bright, Mr. Bright looked at us over his morning paper and said, with a smile: i "Well, boys, it seems to me you have passed a very busy week, working i your bodies in the daytime and your i brains at night." "We have enjoyed It Immensely, sir," Ladson replied. "As the poet says, we have 'reveled 'mid the beauties of nature' and have, I think, spent valuable time studying the habits of our friends of the fields and woods." "A very pleasant and profitable j pastime," rejoined Mr. Bright. After a few minutes of thoughtful silence he added: ! "I learn from Mr. Massey that you i boys are working here this year in order that you may lay aside enough money to defray expenses at school, i which you Intend attending next year." t "Yes, sir," I replied, "that's the reason we quit our easier but small-salaried positions at the grocery store." i "I've been thinking," continued Mr. Bright, "of helping you without It being said that help was given free of charge. Mr. Massey tells me you have been good workers, and it gives me pleasure to help those who prove themselves worthy of commendation. There are several ways I have thought of that you can earn the needed help, but the best plan, to my mind Is one I'll now disclose. The state fair is to be held at Charlotte the latter part of October. A twenty-five dollar prize is to be awarded the person or persons who exhibit the largest pumpkin. So if you boys care to compete, I'll make a better offer. I'll give a hundred dollars to the one of you who raises the largest pumpkin this year, provided It weighs not less than forty pounds." "Oh, Mr. Bright," we exclaimed, after an interval of sDeechless surprise and joy, "of course, we'll try." "Remember this contest Is independent of all others," Mr. Bright resumed. "It's just between you two. If you raise a pumpkin weighing over forty pounds it will be pulled and taken to the fair, October twentieth." Ladson and I were jubilant. And it was not long till we had convinced Mr. Bright of the genuine joy we felt. When breakfast was over, Mr. Bright said: "Boys, there's a piece of bottom land down by the meadow pasture which I will give you as your field of operations. It's a very small plot, but the soil is exceedingly fertile and will, I think, suit your purpose exactly. You will be allowed to have only two vines each, four in all. So you see it will be necessary for you to take many precautions in order that the birds and insects, or some fence-jumping cow, perhaps. will not molest or destroy your i vines ere the pumpkins are matured." i After profusely thanking Mr. Bright i for his great kindness, we immediately , began the preparation for the planting , of the seed which we hoped would I bring to one or the other of us an aid [ to the realization of a long-cherished I dream. > The plot of ground designated by : Mr. Bright was a perfect rectangle in i snape, Deing ioriy reel long ana iwen5 ty feet wide. A peaceful spot It was and exceedingly fertile. Some distance from it was the meadow pasture, while . close by ran a narrow, but deep brook, t 'it's just the place to practice irrii gation if a drought comes," Ladson de clared, as we were clearing off the 1 briars which had grown up on the i abandoned spot of ground. All Saturday we worked making prep1 aration for the planting. We broke , the land deeply with a two-horse turn - plow, followed by a two-horse sub/ soil. After scattering on the surface 1 what we considered the necessary feri tilizer, we harrowed the ground several s times with a drag harrow. This done - to our satisfaction we planted the precious seed, using the well-known Mam moth variety. There was only one i row, containing just four hills, through y the center of the rectangular spot. i Ladson chose the two hills on the west - end. next the brook, leaving me the - two on the east and next to the meade ow pasture. s The following Monday work was re sumed on the farm, and for some time y Ladson and I had to curb our anxious i, desire to visit our pumpkin patch. But s just about the time we thought the e seed should be sprouting we made, one night, three scare-crows which we deemed unsurpassed for ugliness. Then, one night, moonlight night, we, accompanied by our friend, "Stuttering Joe," and his huge dog, took them to the much-talked of and much dreamed of plot of ground and sat them up, one on each end and one in the middle of the patch. "O! spectre guardian of the pumpkin patch be not derelict to thy duty," Ladson said with mock pomposity, as we took a careful survey of our work. And "Stuttering Joe" declared: "N-no c-crow will c-c-come In a mile of them u-u-gly c-c-c-critters." We earnestly hoped they would not. But we feared that the birds might, after awhile, get accustomed to the scarecrows and pull up the tender sprouts Just as they peeped out of the ground. But the seeds were, much to our gratification. unmolested. By the busy harvest time our vines were healthy and growing splendidly. Mr. Massey seeing how absorbed we were with the problem of raising pumpkins gave us an . hour each Saturday afternoon in which to work the vines. We never failed to make use of the allotted time. One afternoon in August, Joe went with us "Just to take a look at things," he said. We were glad to have Joe go along for we were anxious to have him decide which vine gave promise of the most early fruitage. Several days previous to this, we had decided that Ladson's vine on the west end, next to the brook, was the most thriving. Imagine our consternation when, on arriving at the patch, we saw that the vine on which Ladson had already begun to dote, wilted and turning a sickly yellow color. "Wonder what's been tampering with my vine, i^uusun exemuueu wiin using indignation. "I t-think I k-know w-w-what's t-tthe m-m-m-matter," Joe said, scratching in the ground around the root of the vine, where he found, and held up for our inspection, a greasy worm. "B-b-behoid the c-c-c-ulprlt," he said, as he held the squirming worm between his fingers and squeezed it to death. "Plague on them! What are they anyway and what can we do to prevent them destroying the remaining vines?" Ladson asked. "T-t-they're c-c-c-cut w-w-w-orms, and we can e-easily s-s-stop t-t-them f-f-from d-d-doing f-f-further d-ddamage by wrapping p-p-p-paper around the s-s-stem of the vines," 1 Joe answered. We followed Joe's instructions and were not troubled further by worms. But we had a strenuous time of it to keep our vines from being killed. After the cut worms were destroyed a pair of star-nosed moles took up their abode in our zealously guarded pump- i kin patch. Ere the quickly devised 1 traps we set had caught them, they permanently disabled one of ray vines, thus leaving Ladson and I on an equal Footing again. ' In September a hog belonging to a near, and quite thriftless neighbor, es- 1 caped through a gap in the dilapidated fence and must needs cease his rooting for artichokes in a nearby field and enter the forbidden borders of our pumpkin patch. Fortunately Joe, who was working in a nearby field spied the culprit and set his dog on it. This l new danger presented to us, Ladson and I built a fence of closely woven barbed wire around our "pumpkh. kingdom," as Joe had begun to call the plot of ground where the prize pumpkin was to be raised. This urgently necessary precaution cost us five dollars. But we were determined to not let any gap in a neighbors fence deprive either of us of the longed-for prize. When fail came Ladson and I were not so busy picking cotton, by which we earned two dollars per day, but what we took time occasionally to go down by the way of the meadow pasture to see if our pumpkins, which were growing larger everyday, were still unmolested. We even made what Joe termed "moonlight visitations," to that dreamed of spot and examined long and anxiously the two largest pumpkins. I feared Ladson's was gradually leaving mine behind in the race, and I think Ladson was confident of the same. As often as we went, however, we never failed to securely fasten the little gate which we had arranged when we built the enclosure. Great was our surprise one day when we found the gate unfastened, slightly ajar, and tracks?human tracks?inside. We felt sure some one unknown to us was plotting to do us evil. As to whom it was, however, we had not the slightest suspicion. We told Joe of our discovery and he said we had better keep a sharp lookout till the pumpkins were pulled. "But we can't watch it all the time," I said, "and who ever it is may injure or steal our pumpkin some night." "Let's t-t-tle m-m-my dog in there every night and if any one c-c-comes he will b-bark and either s-s-care them off or w-wake us up," Joe suggested. "Capital," we chorused, and for some time we did as Joe suggested. Zack, the dog did not seem to relish Joe's scheme, but he did the service imposed faithfully. The autumn days were passing away. Beautiful days they were in Carolina. The woods, "all aglow with autumn flre" were fairly alive with noisy jay birds, chattering squirrels, and at least once each week a crowd of merry boys and girls went nutting. Ladson and I frequently went with them and as we passed through fields where "frost was on the pumpkin and fodder in the shock," we grew more anxious for the twentieth to come, this being the day previously set apart for the pumpkins to be pulled, weighed and the prize awarded to the successful contestant. After what seemed an interminable time the night of the nineteenth arrived. The next day we would know who had won the prize! Near midnight we went to bed; but not to sleep. For a longtime we lay talking and listening to the gentle patter of the rain on the roof. About 2 o'clock we were startled by a gentle tapping on the window pane. We were silently wondering who or what it could be when Joe stuttered excitedly: "Let m-m-me in q-q-quick!" After lighting the lamp I, wondering. opened the window. Joe stumbled in so quickly and so loudly we would not have been surprised if a wild beast of immense proportions had followed him. We stared at him in unfeigned astonishment as he tried to tell us not by words alone to dress. We obeyed very hurriedly, for we knew something was wrong. "How did you get up to the window, Joe?" I asked, jerking on my shoes. "Ladder," was the laconic reply. "What's the matter anyway," I asked. "I w-w-went up to the g-g-gin house about m-midnight to put t-t-them two bales of c-c-cotton under the s-s-shed out of t-t-the rain. J-j-Just as I sot my lantern d-d-down under the s-sshed I s-s-saw f-f-four m-m-men all h-h-huddled up in a c-c-corner. Wwhen they s-s-saw t-t-that I s-s-saw them one of t-t-them p-p-p-ointed t-ttwo p-p-plstols at m-m-me and told m-m-me to h-h-h-hold u-u-up m-mmy hands. W-while I was standing there like a f-f-fool with my hands above m-m-my head the other three left. The other f-f-fellow w-who wore a m-m-mask told me if I wanted to keep m-m-my brains in my head to Just b-b-b-be q-q-quiet till he left. T-they w-w-went down b-b-by the pumpkin p-p-p-patch and old Z-z-zzack klckln* up a t-t-terrlble r-r-row down there. L-let's g-g-go!" As we were dressed by this time, Joe crawled out the window and tumbled down the ladder, we followed closely. We could hear old Zack's loud, deep barking, but by the time we had descended the ladder he ceased. "Guess they're gone," Ladson gasped, as we set off at a run for the pumpkin patch. In an incredibly short time, Ladson, who was a swil't runner, had left us far behind. "Is h-he r-r-runnln' or flyln'?" panted Joe at my side. "Seems like he's doing a little of both," I answered. , Not till the pumpkin patch was reached did we catch up with Ladson. There we found him. Inside the enclosure, sitting on one of the smaller pumpkins, his face burled in his hands. By his side, lying in a limp huddle, was the faithful dog. It took only a glance to see what was wrong. Ladson's big pumpkin was gone! For a full minute we stood staring at the seemingly lifeless dog and at the tracks beside the indentation In the ground where Ladson's big pumpkin had been. Ladson was the most lugubrious specimen of human disappointment that I have ever seen. But, sorry as I was for him and as keenly as I felt the disappointment I could scarcely Fepress a laugh as he sat there on the small pumpkin, rain dripping frnm Vila ImialoH Via It* "Cheer up lad, old boy," I said, consolingly. "Those thieves will be caught, for If I'm not badly mistaken, they intend taking it to the fair and winning the prize." "I think you are all wrong. Bob," Ladson answered. "Any one with any common sense would not run the risk of serving a sentence in Jail for a cash prize of twenty-flye dollars." "I-I w-would like to g-g-get hold of t-t-them r-r-rascals who held m-mme up at t-t-the g-g-gin house," chimed Joe vehemently. "I-I'd shake h-hhalf t-t-their lives out for t-t-taking the pumpkin, and b-b-beat a p-p-part of the r-r-remalnder out for hurting my d-d-dog." Here Joe made a gesture of such intense rage and shook himself so vigorously that we smiled grimly in spite of ourselves. "We might have tracked them in the morning, but this" rain will, by then, have entirely effaced their tracks," Ladson said, as we stood looking down at my pumpkin. "Better not run the risk of leaving your pumpkin here till morning," he added, kneeling by tne side or ine prostrate aog. "Poor fellow! me and you have received the cross without the crown, I suppose," he said, taking the dog up in his arms and starting towards the house at a brisk walk. In a few minutes Joe and I followed. Joe carried my pumpkin which he declared weighed a hundred pounds, and I carried Joe's lantern which made unl> a bright blur in the dense darkness. We reached the house safely and put the pumpkin in the cellar. Joe's dog, which had been rendered unconscious by a blow on the head, had, by this time, partly recovered and was able to walk about in a crazed and ludicrous fashion. When morning came we related the occurrence of the night to Mr. Bright. 'Well boys," he said when we had finished," it is needless for me to say x cx111 aui i j iiiio ncxo uapi'ciicu. uuk j were not the only ones robbed last night. A friend has Just 'phoned me that the Charlotte bank was robbed of three thousand dollars and the cashier seriously shot. The burglars were captured this morning about sun up, just across the river, but they had none of the money with them and refuse to tell where they hid it. So the city authorities have offered three hundred dollars reward to the person or persons who find it and return it to the mayor." "Whew! wish we could find that money and get the reward," Ladson exclaimed, as we went down to the cellar where the beautiful pumpkin was weighed and the prize awarded. The pumpkin weighed ninety-eight and one-half pounds. "Pumpkin at a dollar per pound," said Mr. Bright, smiling kindly, as he handed me a hundred dollar bank-note. Ladson bore his disappointment like a hero, and though he obstinately refused to accept half the prize which I persisted was his by right, he heartily congratulated me on having won. Next day we. in company with the big-hearted "Stuttering Joe," left for Charlotte where we spent three days at the fair. My pumpkin being the largest exhibited won the prize, which I gave to Ladson. But we saw nothing of Ladson's pumpkin; nor did we find the slightest trace of same. "Guess them r-r-rascals m-m-made a p-p-pie out of it," Joe declared. So we returned to Magnolia. On November first, Ladson and I bade good-bye to our friends at Magnolia after promising Mr. and Mrs. Bright, along with noble-hearted "Stuttering Joe," that we would spend Thanksgiving day with them. This promise we were not only delighted but anxious to fulfill. * *!> Thanksgiving was a beautiful and happy day. and more joyous than beautiful. After partaking of a dinner such as only a hungry boy dreams of, we in company with some of Mr. Bright's friends, went out to the fields and woods for a rabbit hunt About 4 o'clock that afternoon Ladson, Joe and myself stopped at a spring to get a drink of water. As I stooped to fill a gourd which hung on a nearby sapling, a rabbit sprang from beneath a boulder, darted up the hill and ran into an Immense hollow log. We followed quickly and Joe sent his dog up the log to either catch or run the rabbit out. But the dog did neither. So Joe called the dog out and crawled up the log himself. Presently we heard a muffled shout and Joe called evcitedly: "I-I?Ig-g-got s-s-somethln' b-b-better and b-b-blgger than a r-r-rabbit! Just you wait t-t-till I g-g-get out and s-s-see if you don't think s-s-so t-ttoo!" Lloe had aroused our curiosity and we w^re impatient and anxious to see what he had captured; We got down on our knees and peered up the log; but we could see nothing save Joe, crawling out backward and dragging something in his arms. He made slow progress, but after what seemed a long time he crawled out. To say we were merely surprised at what, we saw would be# a mild expression. It was not an o'possum as we at first surmised it might be, or any other kind of animal for that matter. Neither was it any kind of a bird, for the beautiful thing at our feet had neither wings, eyes, ears or feet. What was it then? It was Ladson's big pumpkin! "Well!" Ladson exclaimed after an interval of speechless amazement, as he stooped to examine the partly decayed pumpkin. "I wonder who could have been so mean as to play such a costly trick on me. "Here's a hole In it boys," he added turning the huge pumpkin over for our inspection, and it's been plugged up too. Sure enough n Wsvl** #A.1M |n /llumntar a IHIIC auuui iuui iiiciico iii Uiaiireioi had been cut and plugged up with an old wool hat. I pulled the hat out and stuck my hand down in the hole. To my surprise I felt something within, aa to what It was I had not the least idea. I caught hold of it to pull it out but had to take both hands ere I succeeded in bringing It to light It was an oil-cloth bag full of something very hard. We opened it, and to our consternation, saw that it was full of gold money. We emptied It out in Joe's hat and counted It. There was two thousand nine hundred and forty dollars and forty cents. We put the money back in the bag and for a moment stood In thoughtful silence. Then we threw our hats In the air and for fully five minutes the woods reverberated with our prolonged shouts. The bank robbery was still fresh in our minds and we knew we had found the stolen money which the captured and incarcerated burglars had refused to tell the hiding place of. "The mystery is now solved," Ladson Bald. Those fellows who ran up againsi J06 ai me gin nouae luai ingiii vwe the bank robbers. It seems that they were hunting a place to hide their booty. So when they ran acroes our pumpkin patch some one of the burglars with a very ingenious brain, thought a pumpkin with the seed taken out a capital place. They took mire, cut a hole in it, took out the seed, put the money in, and carried the pumpkin off to this out of the way place and hid it, intending, no doubt, to return at a later day and get it." "Did y-y-you a g-g-good t-t-urn," said Joe. "Yours is the prize pumpkin after all, Ladson," I exclaimed, on our return to Magnolia where we were given an ovation because of our good fortune. We took the money with us to Charlotte that night, found the mayor's house, delivered it to him after telling him how it was found. He promptly and gladly gave us the promised reward. "Our pumpkin's turned to gold," Ladson declared, after we had sent our friend Joe a check for $125.00. "Yes," I replied, "and may no harm e*/er come to the little rabbit that led us to that old hollow log." THE FALL ARMY WORM. Information About a Pest That Now Commands Attention. The following from Franklin Sherman, Jr., entomologist of the North Carolina department of agriculture, is published in the current Issue of the Progressive Farmer: If the reader receives and keeps the monthly "Bulletin" of the North Carolina department of agriculture, he can find a discussion of this pest on pages 38 and 39 of the issue of May, 1905, where it is discussed as a corn pest, though It also attacks many other plants. These caterpillars are striped In appearance, a black stripe extending along each side of the body. When full grown they are from an Inch to an inch and a half long. They are not usually serious pests, but In seasons when weather and the other conditions are Just right, they suddenly appear in great numbers, devouring various grains, grasses, cow-peas, clover, alfalfa, sweet potatoes and garden crops. Almost every complaint this season mentions them as attacking crab-grass. Mr. Benbow of Guilford county, says they are swarming on his alfalfa, and they have been likewise destructive to alfalfa on the Edgecombe Test Farm and the Experiment Station Farm here at Raleigh. Alfalfa Is too valuable a plant to lose in this way. After the worms have become noticeable, it takes them only a week or so to get full grown when they burrow in the earth, change to brown clirysallds or pupae, and from these come out plain, innocent looking grayish moths in another week or ten days. The last brood Is thought to pass the winter in the pupae state underground. When they thus suddenly disappear, the farmer often thinks that they have died out, when in reality they are only transforming to the adult moth which will lay eggs for another brood. If you have a sprayer. It Is a simple matter to protect most of the garden vegetables by the use of Paris green in water, but this remedy Is not to be thought of for fields of alfalfa or crab-grass. But, did you ever think how it would be to run a heavy roller right over the field? Seems to me that it would literally crush the life out of them, and it won't hurt the crop either, provided it is not too rank and tall. It Is not likely that we will have another destructive brood of this pest this fall, but if we do, use the roller. If you want more detailed information, write to me for it. I want to hear from every person who was troubled by this pest this season. SOUTH CftROUft fl How the Spirit of Liberty Unconqueral By REV. ROBERT From the Yorlfvllle Enquirer of 1871. INSTALLMENT XXXV. |r The Retreat of General Greene?ton- r tinued. 1 n General Greene was not long: in discovering the intentions of the British ^ earl. He determined to disconcert all 1 his plans and frustrate all his strategy. c When Morgan left the Cowpens, the 1 forces of Greene were so sltuned that they could not act with any concert. v The main force was on Hicks' creek, ' in Chesterfield county, and Colonel Lee c with the main body of cavalry, was 1 sixty miles below Cheraw, acting in p concert with Marlon. The object which ^ Cornwallis at first had In view, was a to rescue the prisoners captured by 1 Morgan at the Cowpens. Falling In '' this, his next object was to overtake 1 Morgan and destroy his division be- e fore it could be joined by Huger and c Lee. 0 So soon as Greene discovered the * condition of things, he ordered Huger, c Williams and Lee to join Morgan, ' either at Charlotte or Salisbury. It 3 was not long before it became evident that this could not be done. Guilford * court house was then appointed as the n place at which the several detach- c ments should unite. Apparently the v existence of Greene's army depended h upon this union. On the other hand, " the success of the British depended 8 upon keeping the several detachments senarate. To form this junction, re quired everything that la requisite to t constitute a military chieftain of the * highest rank. t: Looking at the thing coolly and dls- ' passionately, the chances were all n against Greene and In favor of Corn- v wallls. Nothing but dire necessity r could Induce any officer, to undertake d what Greene undertook. He knew that n he was dealing with a general of no ' ordinary skill and courage. He was fully persuaded that every wrong * move on his part would be promptly < Improved by his enemy. As we have ? seen, Comwallis that he might succeed In his undertaking, had destroyed on a the 26 of January, all his superfluous h baggage. ti Having completed the arrangements, I for the advance of Morgan's troops, w General Greene set out from the Ca- t; tawba for Salisbury. A few miles f' from Torrence's Tavern, he and Smith t halted that General Davidson and the t militia might come up. Here exposecT T to the rain and cold, Greene remained r until midnight, when he was inform- 8 ed of Davidson's death and the rout of s the militia at Torrence's Tavern. Had t Tarleton only known where Greene was, h with a few men he could have cap- r tared him and thus blasted all the t plans of the southern army. So soon h as Greene learned the actual condl- 1 tlon of things with the North Carolina P militia, he set out at once for Sails- c bury. 1 Here he arrived some time between v midnight and day break. Cold and n wet, hungry and benumbed, disap- b pointed and distressed in spirit he F went to a tavern kept by Elizabeth o Steele. Dr. William Read, a surgeon 1 In the American army, was at this n time quartered in Salisbury. General a Greene immediately sent for him. a Read arose from his bed, and havfng 1 hastily dressed, went at once to meet Ii Greene. When the men met. Read with a Intense anxiety inquired what was the t matter. "Sir," said Greene, "I am here d alone. I am worn out with fatigue. I v ~ onH T am U'lthnilf R Cftllt f J.III il Ullg I J auu A Mill ?? of money." r These words were heard by Mrs. e Steele and It was not long until break- b fast was brought Into his room. While General Greene was eating his break- I fast, his patriotic hostess entered the C room with a small bag of specie In t each hand. This money, the earnings s of several years, was delivered to her f Tuest. At first he refused to receive s it, but Mrs. Steele forced It upon him, 1 saying, "take It; you need It and I can r get along without It." f In the room In which General Greene 1 was breakfasting, there hung a por- b trait of the king of Kngiana. ureene i took it down and wrote upon the back t these words: "O, George hide thy face c and mourn;" and then hung the por- v trait up again with the face turned to v the wall. c General Greene having learned im- r mediately before his arrival at Sails- * bury that the British were pursuing e Morgan, with all possible speed sent t his aids and other attendants to bear .1 dispatches to the different detach- n ments of the southern army. Some v were sent to assist Huger, Williams r and Lee in joining Morgan, and others r were sent to Morgan to inform him t of the movements of the British. 1 The news of Davidson's death and the e dispersion of the militia and the ad- v vance of the British was known in r Salisbury by a certain class of citizens before Greene arrived. A plundering t party, probably part British and part r Tories, had that night, but a short n time before General Greene's arrival, e entered the town and plundered the t houses of several of the citizens. Evl- dently it was not prudent for Greene t to remain long in a place where he f might be captured at any moment, r Morgan's corps?at least a portion of r it?soon passed through the town and e Greene followed It. Many of the Whigs c in the surrounding country abandon- t ed their homes and with their wives I and children, followed Morgan. Dur- I ing the day and night of the second of a February, Morgan crossed the Yadkin c at Trading or Island ford. The horses forded; the army baggage was trans- a ported in flats. Some of the wagons t belonging to the country people, to- c gether witn a nuniDer 01 ciuscho, wc.c i still on the west side of the Yadkin, t For more than ten days It had been al- 1 most constantly raining. The streams 5 were all flush and in a condition to \ be rendered impassable by even a 1 moderate rain. When Morgan's forces t left Salisbury, it was raining hard, | Greene knew that the Yadkin would t soon be brim full. Hence his push to ( cross. On the night of the second of < February, Earl Cornwallls with the | II HI IB RSVOLUTHHI b Was Kept Alive By an * )le People. * 01 LATIIAN, I>. D. a tl T Cl oyal army, camped In Salisbury. The ipnHnnfirtera nf th? Rritlnh pari wfia in he house of Dr. Anthony Newman. rhls gentleman although a genuine . Yhlg, dispensed a generous hospitality * o the invading foe. Here an incident occurred which will serve to illustrate * he spirit of the times. C4 The two little sons of Dr. Newman rere engaged in "playing war." Their " orces were represented by grains of orn. Part of these corns were red? ?' hese represented the British; another * art was white?these represented the Lmericans. The boys had their men nd their officers. Prominent among he commanders were Colonel Washngton and Colonel Tarleton. The batle in which the boys were at this time 8 ngaged in planning was that of the Jowpens. Having Imbibed the spirit f their native land, they so marshalled n heir forces that the white grains of le orn chased the red. Then the little it ellows with joyful shouts, would cl cream at the top. of their voices: ti Tarleton runs?hurrah for Washing- nr on." Tarleton who was so unfortu- lr tate as to be present, bore this inno- cl ent, but cutting language for a time w rith becoming dignity. It is the truth e< lowever, that hurts. The rash Bng- q Ishman, no longer able to bear the in- 01 ult, turned to Cornwallls and said; Do you see those cursed little rebels?" h Cornwallls ordered General O'Hara r< o take his guards, the regiment of ti lose and the cavalry and pursue has- <y ily after Morgan. He had been in- rt ormed by his scouts that Morgan had rr, iot yet crossed the Yadkin. The night a] /as dark, the roads bad and it was gi aining. The result was that O'Hara Id not reach the Trading ford until cl nldnlght and when he did arrive he e< ound that Morgan's men, except & rr mall detachment left to guard the p< ragons of the citizens who were fol>wlng the army, were all over the rlv- g< r and the flats all on the east bank. n The American army moved on with tl 11 possible speed toward Ouilford court rr ouse. On the seventh of February, he whole American army, Including f( ,ee's cavalry, arrived at the point rr fhlch had been designated for a June- t) Ion. On the J0xt day, the united tl orces were mustered and found to be jr wo thousand and two hundred. Ol hese, Ave hundred were militia and. ei *'fl nqnarea ana'ffiWhty i&t&r ^ y. AH were In sad condition. Mor- t, an's men had been moving constantly c ince the battle of the Cowpens. They rr o avoid Comwallls had marched one undred and fifty miles over bad hi oads, crossed by swollen streams In ai wenty days. The forces under Huger ni ad marched about one hundred miles, n 'he distance traversed gives us no ai roper Idea of the labor these nten en- ei ountered. It was the dead of winter, n 'he army wagons and army teams ai fere wretched In the last degree. The g nen were all nearly naked; there were ut few blankets In either Morgan's or p luger's corps, and no small number b f the men were absolutely barefooted, d 'he wonder is that these hungry and tl aked and barefooted soldiers did not n ink beneath the tolls of the march le nd breathe out their lives by the way. 'he trials and difficulties of the Amer- b ?an soldiers, while In winter quarters tl t Valley Forge, are constantly men- 01 loned as an example of patriotic en- f( luranee. Greene's army was in a far ei forse condition and yet the men were al orced to march night and day. The oad over which they passed was cov- w red with blood which ran from their w are feet. t< Baffled again by an Interposition of tl >lvine Providence, Cornwallis called it VHara from Trading ford to Sails- b tury. r rom aucuinems iuuuu in puoesslon of some of the militia who had ei alien into his hands or been killed ince crossing the Catawba, Cornwal- cl Is had learned, with very great accu- a acy, the plans of General Greene. But p or the rains which made the Yadkin mpassable, all Greene's plans would si lave been blasted. Unable to cross the si fadkln at Trading ford and unwilling n o remain Inactive and let Greene es- a ape quietly beyond his grasp. Corn- a rallis commenced his march on the rest side of the river, determined to n ontinue It until he would reach a P olnt where the river could be forded, tl Sven In this direction the way was not b ntlrely open. The rrillitla of the coun- b ry had rallied and destroyed the bridge tl >ver Grant's creek. This amounted to tl inly a temporary delay; for the bridge n i-as soon repaired and the mllltla dls- if >ersed. The British army without neeting any other Important opposl- d Ion, moved forward and crossed the a Tadkin at the Shallow fords, and pass- tl d Into the Moravian settlement on tlfe t< ery day that the American forces eached Guilford court house. # a The two armies were now within si wenty-five miles of each other. In 1< espect to numbers, the British was it ibout three hundred the larger and in very particular, except cavalry horses, C jetter provided for. Cornwallls was J n Greene's left, and equally as near G he Shallow fords of the Dan. Having ei ailed to prevent the Junction of the E letachments, Cornwallls now deter- u nlned on forcing the American gen- tl ral to fight. This he knew must be lone before Greene crossed the Dan. tl Jreene on the other hand, determined e n view of the circumstances by which a le was surrounded, to make a desper Lie eilUI l IU RCfJJ 1UI LUC lliracui, uut >f the reach of Cornwallls. e Never during the whole war had the g ifTairs of the south been In a more n :ritical condition. In fact the result t< >t the war was placed in a critical a :ondltlon. If Greene was only across e he Dan, he would be safe; but how g vas this to be accomplished? All the a itreams were swollen and Cornwallls p vas nearer than Greene to points vhere It was barely possible to ford n he Dan. Cornwallls was as well pre- j mred to pursue as Greene was to re- a :reat. Under the circumstances, p Greene dared not risk an engagement ii Cornwallls knew this, and hence hav- c ng failed in all his previous plans, he a etermined to bring on a general fight efore Greene could reach the river nd cross over Into Virginia. The country was filled with distress. Ivery one that could leave home, onnected themselves with Greene's rmy. All the able bodied men and oys among the Whigs, entered the rmy as mllltta soldiers. The old men nd old women and little children only rere left at home. This was the case nly when the pecuniary circumstances r the family would not allow them to o otherwise. The country was left to he mercy, of the Tories and Bi.tlsh. 'hese In small squads, scoured the ountry, devouring and destroying evrythlng within their reach. To avoid lelr treacherous cruelty, old men were 5 reed to conceal themselves In thickUl. The purpose of Cornwallls, when e left Wlnnsboro, was to supply his rmy from the country through which e passed. This purpose he literally irried out. No requisitions were made' pon the British treasury for supplies, he campaign cost the English govrnment nothing in money. It was a irrlble tax upon the Whigs In the reIon through which the army passed. TO BS OONTINUBD. FOR LAW AND ORDER. :?pretentative Citizens of Atlanta Took Action Tuesday Night. Atlanta, Qa., Sept. 26.?Atlanta toIght shows little signs of the turbuint scenes which have been enacted uring the past several days. Good Itizenshlp and cooler heads have obilned the mastery and prominent ten, both white and colored, are bendig every energy toward bringing the Ity back to Its normal condition, hlch tonight is almost an accomplish- ^ 3 task. The city and suburbs are uiet, no reports having been received f violence tonight from any quarter. . A law and order mass meeting was eld late this afternoon, attended by jpresentatlve people of both races, at le court house, which was filled to eerflowing. A fund of f3,<00 was ilsed for the benefit of the victims of 10b violence and a committee of five ppointed to push the relief work to a enerous completion. A committee on resolutions was hosen, of which Hon. Clarke Howell, litor of the Atlanta Constitution, was tade chalrrjnjj. This committee reorted the following resolutions: "Whereas, The city has been the :ene of horrible crimes against woten, causing great excitement among le people and leading to disorder and 10b violence, and "Whereas, The spirit of retaliation >r crime, working under cover of the 10b, makes no discrimination between le innocent and the guilty and causes le murder of innocent and l?.vr-abidig citizens, and "Whereas, The first duty of any govmmeot Is to protect life, liberty and roperty and the first duty of the citl?n Is to obey1 the law and support institutional authority In Its enforceient, and _ "Whereas, Present state of affairs^ as demonstrated the fact that crime nd lawlessness begets more lawlessess and when a question between the ices has arisen the existence of riot, its of violence and the spirit of the mob igenders hatred, fans the flame of tclal passion and spreads the spirit of narchy until the very foundations of overnmeni are snaxen, mereiure, w n "Resolved, That this meeting', comosed of the members of the Chamer of Commerce and other law abiding Itlzens, does solemnly protest against ie spirit of lawlessness that has tarIshed the* fair name of our city and ?d to the commission of crime. "We denounce the cowardly and rutal murder of innocent people and ie wounding of others and we call upn all good men to lift up their voices >r law and order and use their influnee to check the riotous spirit that is broad in the community. "We deplore the crime of both races rhich has been committed by their oret elements and we solemnly proist that mob rule is the worst evil fiat can afflict society, for it carries in s brain all the crimes that human elngs are capable of and if not checka will lead to the destruction of govrnment Itself. "We call upon the authorities of our Ity and state to crush anarchy with n Iron hand and spare neither exense nor force to do so. "We demand that the authorities pare no effort to put a stop to the asAW Aiir wnmon If It talrAA molt* len or more money to do ft. that the uthoritles act accordingly. Our womnhood must and shall be protected. "It Is not right nor just that the inocent, both white and black, shall be unished for the sins of the guilty, and le events of the past few days prove eyond doubt that it Is the Innocent of oth races that are made to suffer as tie result of the unrestrained effort of tie mob to avenge the dastardly outages that should be and must be punihed by law. "We further declare that It is the uty of our city to care for the sick nd wounded of both races and to bury tie dead and we pledge our willingness j assist the authorities if needed. "Where government has not been ble to protect life the common intlncts of humanity demand that it at >ast care for the victims of violence 1 sickness and death." These resolutions were presented by halrman Howell, warmly seconded by ohn Temple Graves, editor of the teorglan; John S. Cohen, managing dltor of the Journal, and Charles S. >aniel. editor of the News, and were nanimously adopted as the sense of tie meeting. While no further trouble is expected, tie city is still strongly guarded and very precaution is being taken against cecurrence of violence. The Marino op a Hero.?One genration does not make a man like Too. And also one generation does not lake the fellows who Vent into the errible gulf of death In Manchuria nd on the eastern seas. The Japanse culture and atmosphere made them * hus. I pray that they will remain so, a they are. Already there Is a whlser of degeneration and sophistication n Japan of today. Togo is the best lodel of the Satsuma province, whence larquls Oyajna, Admiral Kamlmura nd others hilled out. There in that irovlnce plain living and high thinkng; and, above all devotion to the ountry and emperor almost reaches . religion.