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Yorkville enquirer. [volume] (Yorkville, S.C.) 1855-2006, October 05, 1906, Image 1

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ISSUED SEHZ-WEEKL^
l. x. obists sohs, Pibiiiiwn. j S ^Jfantilg gtaapaytr: Jfor jftrowgw of lh< ^oliticat. ?<>tial, Sgricnltniial and <Cotnmn;rial gntmsts ofth^ feoglt.
established 1855^ "T" YORKVILLE, 8. C., FRIDAY, OCTOBER 5, 1906. NO. 80.
SOVTHM0UI
r
9 ??
How the Spirit of Libert;
Unconquera
By REV. ROBER'
From the Yorkville Enquirer of 1878.
INSTALLMENT XXXVII.
Ineidente of General Greene's Retreat.
No sooner had Cornwallis learned
with certainty that General Greene
with his wnoie rorce ana an nu u??gage
was over the Dan, than with a
heavy heart, he directed his course to
Hlllsboro, the capital at that time of
North Carolina. All that mortals are
capable of doing had been done by
Cornwallls to thwart the purposes of
the American general and yet he had
failed, signally failed. That Greene's
army might be destroyed, he had deliberately
destroyed his baggage,
marched his men night and day for
near a month through mud, over
swollen creeks and rivers and in all
sorts of weather. Bravely the British
soldiers pursued the Americans amid
teeming rains, drifting snows and
pelting sleet. But all accomplished
nothing. On the morning of the fifteenth
of February, the British earl
looked upon the Dan and saw the
American army quietly encamped in
Halifax county, Virginia. Coruwallis
knew that Greene for the present was
safe. Without giving his army but a
single day to rest, he wheeled about
and marched to Hlllsboro.
Here on the twentieth of February,
he erected the royal standard, published
a flamin#Pproclamatlon and Invited
the loyalists of the surrounding
country to Join him in his efforts to
subdue the Whigs. This proclamation
of Cornwallls Is In some respects a
most remarkable document. It scarcely
contains a syllable of truth. The
first sentence Is a lie In that It was intended
to deceive the unsuspecting
loyalists. "Whereas" he starts, "It '
hath pleased the Divine Providence
to prosper his Majesty's arms in drlv- ,
lng the rebel army out of this ,
(North Carolina) province, and
whereas it Is his Majesty's most gra- (
(ft ronpiie his faithful and
loyal subjects from the cruel tyranny
under which they have groaned for
many years." Neither of these statements
contained In this proclamation (
was true and Cornwallls knew it. He
knew that the British had suffered
more,<by the escape of Oreene across
the Dan, than the Americans had; ,
he also knew that his majesty was :
not desiring to rescue his subjects
from cruel tyranny. I
The truth is, Cornwallls never did l
approve of the course which the Brit- <
lsh government took toward her j
American colonies. In 1770, Lord ,
Camden protested against taxing the <
American colonies. He was joined in
that protest by four young peers, one (
of whom was Cornwallls. Chief Justice
Mansfield said with a sneer, "Poor
Camden could get only four boys to
Join him." As a statesman, Cornwallls
was opposed to the American war, but
as a soldier he did everything in his
? A# tVlO
power 10 SUVSIIVC llir ai mo vt u>v
King of England to squash the rebellion.
In his proclamation, he invited the
loyal North Carolinians to repair to
his standard, "without loss of time,
with their arms and ten days' provisions."
Straws show which way the
wind blows. In this proclamation,
which begins with a boast that North
Carolina is subjected, it is at the same
time Intimated that he who had conquered
the province could neither arm
nor feed his recruits. In the next
sentence of this proclamation, It is
admitted that there Is still in North
Carolina "the remains of rebellion"
and the loyal people of the country
are requested to combine with his
majesty's army In attempting to suppress
It.
* *? a .,.111 ?
"LJKe muraer, me iruwi win uui.
So far from being able to provide for
recruits. Cornwallis was unable to
feed the soldiers then under his command.
The supplies in the country
around Hillsboro were soon exhausted.
and although the British army
remained there only ten days, so
great was the scarcity of food that
Stedman, one of the officers of the
British army, was obliged to take a
file of men and gather up supplies from
the citizens of the place. This he did
by going from house to house and
taking whatever he could find in
every family. This was no plundering
party acting without, or contrary to
orders of the commanding officers; but
a regularly constituted party of men
acting in obedience to the directions
of Cornwallis. Stedman gives as an
excuse for such remarkable conduct,
the pressing necessities of the British
army. In other words the army of
Cornwallis was whilst at Hillsboro, reduced
to such a strait that it was
either, take by force the bread out of
the mouths of helpless women and
children or starve.
The friends of the British from the
adjacent country came into the camp
of Cornwallis and with him and his
officers talked over the condition of
things in the country. Recent events
had very materially cooled the ardor
of the Tories and loyalists. The Bri
tish had made great promises, but
performed nothing- For this they
were not censurable. Taking it for
granted that all the promises that
Cornwallls had been making to the
loyalists of North Carolina since he
arrived at Camden. South Carolina. In
August of the preceding year, were
made In good faith and that It was
his honest purpose to fulfill them all.
he was excusable for havlr.g up to this
time done nothing, because the American
army under Greene, Morgan. Lee,
Williams and other leaders, would
not permit him to assist his friends.
His own preservation and that of the
army under his command, required
all his time and attention.
The loyalists who visited Cornwallls
all expressed themselves as desirous
that peace be restored to the
country and that the English government
be established; but few If any at
all of them were willing to Join the
standard of the king and assist In restoring
the so much desired peace and
In establishing the English government.
The fact Is manifest that the
Mil
Hfi REMUTHHt
y Was Kept Alive By an
ble People.
r LATHAN, D. D.
more sensible of the loyalists feared
the Whigs and had lost all confidence
in the British army. They say that <
Greene over the Dan was in a better
condition than Cornwallis in Hills- '
boro. The Tories proper cared noth- i
ing for either party. All they had in '
view was plunder. To them war was '
better than peace, and anarchy better I
than any government. They hated i
law and order because they delighted
in thieving. In addition to this notwithstanding
the declarations of tha.
British general about driving the
American army out of the province
of North Carolina, he had scarcely arrived
at Hillsboro until the American
cavalry were in sight of his camp,
cutting ofT his foraging parties, interrupting
his communications and in a
variety of ways, keeping him in a
state of continual solicitude.
This seems to be the proper place
to mention the fact that before Cornwallls
left Wlnnsboro, he ordered Colonel
Balfour to send from Charleston
South Carolina, a detachment under
convoy of a naval force to take possession
of Wilmington, North Carolina.
To this point it was contemplated
to ship army stores. These
supplies it was thought could be conveyed
on the Cape Pear river to the
army of Cornwall is. In obedience to
his instructions, Balfour sent Major
Craig with four companies of the
eighty second regiment and two
hundred men. These with a supply
of army stores came up the Cape Fear
river as far as Wilmington. Craig
fortified the place making it a military
post, from which Cornwallls
might obtain supplies for his army, e
The distance between Wilmington and e
Hlllsboro, together with the presence r
of the American cavalry, rendered the fi
supply from that quarter precarious, c
The moment General Greene's army I
crossed the Dan, things began to pre- d
sent a different aspect. Every man t
was conscious of having done and J
Buffered what the circumstances of g
his bleeding and down trodden country
required. The troubles of the past (
were narrated with real delight The r
American soldiers never for a mo- t
ment thought that they had been s
driven out of North Carolina. Re- 1
Inforcements began to pour in from a
various sections of the country. Not a
In large numbers, but composed of a
good men and true. This was what \
General Greene desired. General f
Stevens, as we have seen was sent with, .r
some militia, whose time of service t
was nearly expired to conduct the s
prisoners captured by Morgan to t
Charlottesville, Virginia. This done he p
led the militia to Pittsylvania court r
house. Then their arms were depos- a
Ited and the men disbanded. d
Prom Pittsylvania court house Gen- a
eral Stevens repaired to the Scotch- v
Irish settlements of Augusta and t
Rockbridge counties, where he collect- 1
ed a considerable number of men. o
\ir< + K tVinan Hawiv anna nf tha mnnn
tains, he joined Oreene In Halifax \
county. North Carolina. Greene was j
also at this time reinforced by two s
companies of Marylanders under Cap- r
tain Oldham and by a body of militia r
under Andrew Pickens. Afterwards v
and before the battle of Guilford court 1
house, reinforcements from Virginia 1
under General Lawson; from North t
Carolina, under Colonel Cleveland? a
one of the heroes of King's Mountain C
?and from Montgomery county, West a
Virginia, undar Colonel Preston, came (
In. I
Two things conspired together to c
prevent Gen. Greene from lying In- t
active for any considerable length of 1
time. The restless nature of the (
troops which composed the body of <
his army made It necessary that they (
be constantly employed. The existence t
of his army depended on Its being 1
kept constantly in motion. Again, t
notwithstanding the fact that the loy- <
J'-' 1 .
ausis were uisneui iciicu ucvauoc vi .
the neglect with which they had been (
treated by the British, still as Cornwallis
with his army was in their 1
midst offering them protection they i
could soon be induced to espouse 1
heartily the cause of the enemy. I
With a perfect knowledge of these '
facts. General Greene ordered Colonel I
Lee of the cavalry, together with i
BMgadler General Pickens who had I
recently Joined the army with a corps t
of South Carolina militia and Captain I
Oldham with two companies of Mary- <
landers, to recross the Dan and gain <
the front of Cornwallls and keep as |
close to him as was compatible with i
their own safety.
On the morning of the eighteenth i
of February, Lee. Pickens and Old- I
ham with the several commands, i
crossed the Dan and set out in the dl- l
rection of the enemies' camp. On the I
same evening they encamped on the I
road leading from the Haw river to <
Hlllsboro. Two exploring detachments i
were sent out?one toward Haw rlv- !
er and the other in the direction of ]
Hlllsboro. General Greene that he 1
might more fully communicate his i
plans to Lee, Pickens and Oldham, i
left his camp on the Dan and under <
an escort of Colonel Washington's i
cavalry, reached the camp of these i
officers late In the evening and spent 1
the night with them. 1
Early on the morning of the nine- .
teenth the scouts sent out In the dl- |
rection of the Haw returned to camp.
TKnav haH IsarnaH that on the day be- 1
fore their arrival. Colonel Tarleton i
with a body of cavalry, Infantry and
artillery had passed through the coun- i
try. How many were In the body It
was not learned, but the object of the i
British officer. It was ascertained was
to cross the Haw, collect a corps of
loyalists and act as an escort to them
whilst on their way to Hlllsboro. General
Greene set oul for his camp on
the Dan, on the morning of the nineteenth
and Lee, Pickens and Oldham
set out In search of Tarleton. The
nlnetenth and twentieth were spent In
various marchings and countermarchings
for the purpose of gaining
correct Information respecting the
number and movements of the enemy.
On the twenty-first the Americans
crossed the Haw and learned as they
had suspected that the loyalists between
the Haw and Deep rivers were
making rapid preparation to Join
Cornwallis at Hillsboro at an early
day. From Ephralm Cooke a sort of
half way Tory, they ascertained that
Tarleton's forces consisted of four
hundred foot soldiers, two small brass
field pieces and the larger number of
his own legion. Prom the same individual
they learned 'that Tarleton
was encamped only about three miles
ahead. Cooke said, Tarleton thinking
himself in no danger had ordered all
the horses to be unsaddled. The
American officers at once determined
although their numbers were less than
those of the British, to make an attack
at once. They calculated from
the reports which they had just heard
that they would be able to surprise
rarleton. They formed themselves
for the attack and dashed forward as
stealthily as possible. On arriving in
sight of the camp they discovered that
the British were gone. A few cavalrymen
dashed up to the farm house
it which the British detachment had
been recently camped. Two officers
who had remained behind to settle
their bill with the owner of the farm
were captured. Prom these prisoners
t was learned that Tarleton had gone
to the plantation of Colonel William
3'Nell.
This Colonel William CNell was
brofessedly a Whig, but in reality an
gnomlnous swindler. At the outbreaking
of the war he was poor but
mure tut? war vuucu u?u |ivnu nwu.
Dne of the ways by which he increased
his wealth, was to cause the rich
n the community and all the sons of
arge and dependent families to be
irafted for the army and then for pay,
'urnish them with a substitute or pernit
them to remain at home to be in
i short time drafted again. Prom
hose who were unable to pay him
noney to get oft from going to the
irmy, he would take horses and when
le had collected a drove would send
hem oft tp be sold. He always man- .
iged to keep at a respectable distance
rom the enemy, and consequently was
lever in a battle. The unrighteous
icts of this colonel, pretending to be
icting in accordance with the comnands
of the American government,
rreatly incensed many of the citizens
?f the country between the Haw and
V#n rivers Sn vrpst was their in
lignatlon towards the infamous O'Neil
hat they lost all affection for the
American cause and determined to
rive their assistance to the British.
On learning that Tarleton was at
J'Nell's, Lee, who was evidently the
naster spirit of the American deachment,
determined to resort to
tratagem in order to capture him.
between the cavalry of Lee's legion
rnd that of Tarleton there was a
trlklng resemblance. Persons not
accustomed to scrutinise men closely,
trould be likely to mistake the one
or the other. The South Carolina
""'*11 iMMla??iB>hfcaiT wins in r'rr*
hat they would be sua much out of
lgni as possmie ana uco amiuuuLxu
o his men that his Intention was to
lass off for Colonel Tarleton and his
nen were ordered to favor the stratigem.
In front of the whole, at the
listance of a few hundred yards was
. small scouting party. The legion
i'ith Colonel Lee, accompanied by the
wo prisoners at Its head, followed,
rhe prisoners were ordered on pain
if death, to favor the deception.
In this order, they had not gone far
vhen the van was met by a couple of
roung men mounted on splendid
leeds. Joy beamed in their countelances.
They were evidently young
ecrults and knew nothing of the
vlles of war. The van of the Amercans,
feigning: to be Tarleton's men,
lalted them and asked to whom they
>elonged. These unsuspecting young
loldiers replied that they belonged to
Colonel Pyle's command and had been
lent out by their commander to And
Colonel Tarleton's camp. In the slm)liclty
of their hearts, the two young
:avalrymen stated frankly all about
he intentions of their commanding ofIcers.
They were at once sent back to
Colonel Lee, with an American solller,
who was to give a correct ac;ount
of all that had transpired. The
wo young loyalists saluted Colonel
L,ee as Colonel Tarleton and Lee reurned
the salutation. The adjutant
>f Lee's legion was sent to Pickens,
-equesting him to keep his riflemen
ioncealed.
Just at this time Captain Graham
had joined Lee and his forces were
vlth Pickens. All was intense exclte nent.
A body of unsuspecting loyalsts
were about to be caught in a trap.
'Everything is fair in war" Is a motto
:hat will not bear to be closely examined.
Lee, however, designed nothng
more than to disarm Colonel Pyle
ind his men and send them back to
their own firesides or give them a
:hance to come out and flght for their
country against the British. The
thing turned out far differently; but
itlll Lee was not to be blamed.
One of the loyal young soldiers was
jent forward to bear Colonel Tarleton's
compliments to Col. Pyle and to
ask him to so dispose his troops on
the slnde of the road that his weary
forces could pass without inconvenience.
Pyle promptly replied that he
would be happy to comply with the
request. Lee, the pretended Tarleton,
accompanied by the other unwary
horseman of Pyle, now advanced. Pyle
had drawn up his men as requested,
md was himself at the end of the column
most distant from the approach
af Lee and his men. As Lee rode
along the road past Pyle's men he
11 . ~ .1 11 * V. ^.1 ?
L-uiupiiiiit-iiieu mem iui men
looks and praised their horses. The
poor dupes smiled most graciously.
At last he reached the position occupied
by Colonel Pyle and advanced towards
him. Then all along their line
the loyalists and Tories shouted "God
save the King."
The understanding was, that so
soon as Lee would grasp the hand of
Pyle. that the cavalry of Lee would
close in upon the loyalists and demand
an unconditional surrender. It
so happened that at this moment the
militia under Pickens and Graham
were discovered by the loyalists on
the left. They saw that they had been
led into a trap, and commenced firing
on the rear guard of the American
cavalry, commanded by Capt. Eggleston.
The fire was promptly returned
hy Eggleston, and soon became general.
Pyle commanded 400 men,
ninety of whom were In a few moments
lying dead, and a large number
of the remainder badly wounded.
Pyle himself was severely wounded.
In the confusion he fled to a pond of
water .near by and lay concealed beneath
the water all except hlB nose
and mouth until dark and then crawled
out. Those of the loyalists not
wounded, fled In every direction. The
Americans did not pursue them.
Such is war and such It ever will
be. It is said that Colonel Pyle and
his men had been carousing about in
the community for several days, en
joying a kind of drunken holiday, be-1
fore setting out to join Cornwallis.
Lee taught both the loyalists and
British a very salutary lesson. Pyle's
defeat was a terrible episode on the
proclamation of Cornwallis. It was
now discovered that the rebels- were
not conquered. This event took place
only Ave days after Cornwallis had
proclaimed that it had pleased Divine
Providence to drive the rebel
army out of the province of North
Carolina. Most probably the earl
now thought that It had pleased Divine
Providence to bring the rebel
army back into the province of North
Carolina.
TO BE OONTIhfTJED.
MUMMIE8 MADE TO ORDER.
A Man Has Been In the Business 29 I
Years?How the Fakes Are Made.
Making mummies is the peculiar occupation
of a man In Los Angeles, Cal.
Mr. Fisher?this Is the able craftsman's
name?exposes his whole process, from
the beginning to the end, without making
the least secrecy about it.
He works In a shop on a main street
of the city. In the show window are
sample mummies; also a sign which
reads: "Come In and see a mummy
made."
He charges 10 cents admission and |
does a good business. A writer for the I
Pacific Monthly Inspected the mummy
plant and has described the Industry.
explains that Mr. Fisher's present
frankness Is due to the fact that he Is
going to retire from the mummy trade.
- "After having hidden his art for more
than a quarter of a century," says the
visitor, "he has chosen to give a practical
lesson In It to whoever cares to
learn It." 1
The whole factory outfit consists of
a great rough table and one or two
smaller ones upon which several mum- j
mles are lying In different stages of
development.
The first step taken in the manufacture
Is the preparation of a simple
plank, the vertebral column, which '
gives a stay to head, body, legs and all,
and to the end of which he nailed one
or two short boards representing the
feet.
Then a bag of sacking, corresponding
in form to the shape of the body, Is 1
placed around the plank and stuffed 1
- - ? ??- I
with excelsior, xne nos are rvpiuuuved
by means of bamboo straps. The
arms and fingers consist of several big
and some small sticks.
All these things are attached to the
ohtfliae* 0? trie bag. The rough body '
thus produced is covered with a thin
coat of plaster to the extent of Ate
chest and abdomen, or wherever else
any part of the body is Intended to
show.
On top of this plaster a coating of
glue is put and a fluffy tissue pasted
on, which is again covered with glue.
The body at this stage is of a yellowish
color and in touch and appearance
resembles almost exactly a fresh human
carcass.
The head Ib next placed In position
and covered with glue and tissue in the
same way as the body. The eye holes
are painted dark brown Inside and covered
with a piece or two of the same
material, with a small slit In the middle,
which gives a marvelously good
representation of the sunken, dried out
eyes of the real mummy.
A few hairs are pasted on top of the
head, the teeth are made out of small
bits of horn, ana tne neaa ana nee*
with the exception of the face, are
wrapped with several layers of thin,
ragged cotton, held together by bands.
The whole body Is treated likewise,
leaving such Bpota as It Is desirable to
show the skin and bones underneath.
Then the form, which has been partly
painted before the outer covering
was put on, Is dyed once more, together
with all the rags and bandages, and
when perfectly dry presents the exact
appearance of the real old Egyptian
mummy.
Finally, the body is strewn all over
with gray dust, or powder, which partly
fills all the holes. If there was the
slightest ground for scepticism left before
this removes It entirely.
The writer has seen hundreds, of
mummies, but even on closest Inspection
he was rtot able to discover anything
in the artificial product that was
not exactly In accordance with all he
ever observed In the original mummies.
The very shape of the head, the ex
pression of the hollow eyes, the shrivelled
lips, the bits of skin and bone exposed;
the wrappings and all, are such
as exactly to resemble the genuine article.
Standing in the very workshop,
seeing them made, and hearing the
maker's explanations, it is hard to
realize that those weird figures should
be imitations.
If the artist tells you that he has
been working In his line of business for (
twenty-nine years, that he learned his
trade in a regular factory long ago,
and that he Is able to turn out several
mummies a day, you will perhaps agree
that even your keen eye may have been
deceived, especially If you will calculate
what this one man alone has
done In his line.
Many more "genuine" articles Issue
from the same deft hands, but they are
of comparatively minor Interest; mermaids,
"Alligator Boys" and similar remarkable
and fabulous creatures are
manufactured here, as well as Indian
war relics and curios that will astound
thousands hereafter. But, as the clever
sculptor remarks, the world will be
deceived, and a man would rather pay
50 cents to see one of these products
In a show or museum than pay 10
cents to see It made.
A Cautious Scot.?A Scotsman
went to an English race meeting and
boldly staked a sovereign. Strangely
enough, the horse he backed proved
a winner, and he went to the "bookie"
to claim his winnings. The sporting
man begrudgingly handed him five
sovereigns. He looked at each one
very carefully before placing It In
his pocketbook. "Well," snarled the
"bookie" with a snarl, "are you afraid
they're bad?"
"Oh, no," said the Scotsman, "but
I was Just lookln' to make sure the
bad yln I gle'd ye wlsna among them!"
THE SOUTH SJ
A Traders' Observations of Sav
A Cannibal King Who Was
Mr. Rudyard Kipling has spoken
of what he terms the "Great American
Pie Belt," which runs through
certain states, the people of which
live largely on pumpkin pie. In the
South Pacific there ia what may be
termed the "Great Long Pork Belt,"
running through many groups of Islands,
the savage Inhabitants of which
are cannibals.
This belt extends from the New
Hebrides northwesterly to the Solomon
Archipelago, thence more westerly
to New Ireland and New Britain,
tie coasts of Dutch, German and British
New Guinea; and then, turning
sputh. embraces a considerable portion
of the coast line of northern
Australia. Forty years ago FIJI could
have been included, but cannibalism
in that group has long since ceased;
as also in New Caledonia and the
Loyalty Islands.
The British, French and German
governments are doing their best to
stamp out the practice. Ships of war
pstrol the group, and wherever possible,
head hunting and man eating excursions
are suppressed, but some of
the islands are of such vast extent
that only the coastal tribes are affected.
In the Interior, practically unknown
to any white man, there is a very numerous
population of mountaineer
tribes who are all cannibals, and will
so remain for perhaps another fifty
years, unless, as was done in Fiji by
Sir Arthur Gordon, now Lord Stanmore,
a large armed force Is sent to
Bubdue these people, destroy their
towns and bring them to settle on the
coast, where they may be subjected
to missionary (and police) Influence.
During my trading and blackbirdIng
voyages I made the acquaintance
ind Indeed in some cases the friendship
of many cannibals, and at one time,
when I was doing shore duty, I lived
for six months In a large cannibal village
on the north coast of the great
Island of New Britain, or Tombara, as
the natives call It.
I had not the slightest fear of being
converted Into "Long Pig" (puaka
kumi), for the chief, a hideous but not
bad natured savage named Bobaran,
In consideration of certain gifts of
muskets, powder, bullets etc., and tobacco,
became responsible for my
safety with his own people during my
stay. He could not, of course, guarantee
to protect me from the people
of other districts, even though he
might not be at enmity with them, if
T ventured into their territory,
g Vhis was the usual agreement made
to*, white traders., who established
themselves on shore under the aegis
o? a native ruler. Very rarely was
thlB confidence abused. Generally the
white men, sailors or traders, who
have been and are now killed and
eaten, have been cut off by savages j
other than those among whom theyj
lived, very often by mountaineers.
Bobaran and all his people were
noted cannibals. He was continually
at war with his neighbors on the opposite
side of the bay, where there
were populous towns, and there
wos much fighting with losses cn
both sides. During my stay there
were more than thirty people eaten
at or in the immediate vicinity of my
village.
Some of these were taken alive and
then slaughtered on being brought in;
others had been killed in battle. About
eighteen months before I came to
live at this place Bobaran had had a
party of twenty of his people cut off
by the enemy and every one of these
was eaten.
I parted from Bobaran on very
friendly terms. I should have stayed
longer, but was suffering from malarial
fever.
After recruiting my health in New
Zealand, I Joined a labor vessel, sailing
out of Samoa, and during the ten
months I served on her as recruiter I
had some exceedingly exciting adventures
with cannibals in the islands off
the coast of German New Guinea, and
on the mainland.
On our way to the blackblrding
grounds we sighted the lofty Rossel
Island, the scene of one of the most
awful cannibal tragedies ever known.
It Is one of the Louislade Archipelago,
and Is at the extreme south end of
British New Guinea.
It presents a most enchanting appearance,
owing to its verdured
mountains (9,000 feet, countless cataracts,
and beautiful bays fringed
with cocoa, palms and other tropical
trees; amid which stand the thatch
roofed houses of the natives. I will
tell the story in as few words as possible.
In 1852, a Peruvian bark carrying
325 Chinese coolies for Tahiti,
was wrecked on the island. The captain
and crew took to the four boats,
and left the Chinamen to shift for
themselves.
Thousands of savage natives rushed
to the vessel, killed a few of the coolies,
and drove the rest on shore, where
for some days they were not molested,
the natives being too busy in plundering
the ship. But after this was completed
they turned their attention to
their captives, marshalled them together.
made them enter canoes and
carried them off to a small but fertile
Island.
Here they were told to occupy a
-.111 ? nw/1 A A o a thpv Til PA .9
ucBcrieu viuagc, unu uv, u... - ,
ed, but not to attempt to leave the Island.
The poor Chinamen were overJoyed,
little dreaming of what was to
befall them. The Island abounded
with vegetables and fruit, and the men
found no lack of food.
But they discovered that they were
prisoners?every canoe had been removed.
This at first caused them no
alarm, but when at the end of the
week their Jailers appeared and carried
off ten of their number, they became
restless. And then almost eery
day, two. three or more were taken
away and never returned.
Theti the poor wretches discovered
that their comrades were being killed
and eaten day by day.
To escape from the Island was Impossible,
for It was four miles from
the mainland, and they had no canoes,
and the water was literally alive
with sharks. Some of them, wild
IA CANNIBALS. I
f
t
ages Who Ate Human Flesh? ?
f
> Pronounced a Gentleman.
0
ummmrnmmm c
a
with terror, built a raft out of dead 1
timber, and tried to put to sea.
They were seen by the Rossel Islanders,
pursued and captured and
slaughtered for the cannibal ovens, v
which were now never Idle. Some 8
poor creatures who could swim tried s
to cross to another little island, two ^
mlleB away, but were devoured by
sharks. '
And so, without arms to defend
their lives, they saw themselves dec- ^
imated week by week, for whenever r
the natives came to seize some of their n
number for their ovens they came In a
force. 11
Six or seven months passed, and
then one day the French corvette 11
Phoque appeared off the Island. She p
had been sent by the governor of New n
Caledonia to ascertain If any of the ^
Chinamen were still on the island, or 8
if all had escaped. a
Two only, survived. They were seen
running along the beach to meet the e
boats from the corvette, and were a
taken on board half demented?all the *
rest had gone into the stomachs of F
cannibals or sharks.
At the present time the natives of 0
Rossel Island are subjects of King c
Edward VII and are Included In the p
government of the possession of Brit- *
Ish New Guinea, have a resident mis- 1
slonary and several traders and are e
well behaved. They would cast up "
their eyes in pious horror If any visitor
now suggested that they had once been '(
addicted to "long pig."
Ten days after passing Rossel Island ^
we were among the islands of Dampier 0
and Vltiza Straits, which separated the (l
western end of New Britain from the w
east coast of New Guinea. It was an n
absolutely new ground for recruiting
blackbirds, and our voyage was in ?
reality but an experiment. a
We (the officers and I) knew that n
the natives were a dangerous lot of ?
savage cannibals, speaking many dialects,
and' had hitherto only been in a
communication with an occasional 1
trading, pearling or sandalwood seek- v
ing vessel. We had no fear of being r
cut off, however. a
We had a fine vessel, with a high v
freeboard, so that if we were rushed 1
by canoes the boarders would And some
trouble in clambering on deck; on the 11
main deck we carried four six pounders,
which were always kept in good a
order. Then our double crew were all p
well armed with Sharp carbines and b
the latest pattern pf Colt revolvers, 8
and, above all, the captain had confl- b
dence in his crew and officers and they ll
in him. 1
I, the recruiter, had with me as Interpreter
a very smart native of Ysa- 8
bel Island, Solomon Group, who, five 11
years before, had been wrecked on 1
Rock Island, In Vitiza Straits, had llv- 1
-J ? AU" ??o tlirno #nr o t
etl UmUIIK HID tauuiuai uavivvo *V? ?
year and then been rescued by an Aus- a
trian pnan-ol'-war on an exploration 3
voyage. He said that he could make *
himself well understood by the natives,
and this I found to be correct. "
We anchored In a charming little bay v
on Rook Island (Baga), and at once 1
some hundreds of natives came off and
boarded us In the most fearless man- *
ner. They at once recognized my In- "
terpreter and danced about him and v
yelled their delight at seeing him again. r
Every one of these, savages was f
armed with half a dozen spears, a jade '
headed club or powerful bow and ar- 1
rows and a wooden shield. They were
a much finer type of savage than the 1
natives of New Britain, lighter in color,
and had not so many repulsive c
characteristics. Neither were they ab- 4
solutely nude, each man wearing a
glfdle of dracaena leaves, and although r
they were betel nut chewers and car- ?
tied their baskets of areca nuts and
leaves and powdered lime around their
necks they did not expectorate the disgusting
scarlet Juice all over our decks, i
as the New Britain natives would have
done. We noticed that many of them
had recently Inflicted wounds, and j
learned from them that a few days g
previously they had had a great fight ^
with the natives of Tuplnier Island, e
twenty miles to the east, and had been ^
badly beaten, losing sixty men. But ^
they proudly added, they had been able g
to carry off eleven of the enemy's dead, ^
and had only Just finished eating them. ^
The chiefs brother, they said, had
been badly wounded by a bullet In the ^
thigh?the Tuplnier natives had a few ^
muskets?and was suffering great pain,
as the doctors could not get It out.
Now, here was a chance for me,
something which would perhaps lead ^
to our getting a number of these cannlbals
to recruit for Samoa. I considered
myself a good amateur surgeon? 0
I had had plenty of practice?and at r
once volunteered to go on shore, look e
at the Injured gentleman and see what
I could do.
My friend Bobaran In New Britain I F
had cured of an eczemlc disorder by a
very simple remedy, and he had been c
a grateful putlent. Here was another b
chance, and possibly another grateful 8
patient: and being a gunshot wound
I was rather keen on attending to It, 8
for the Polynesians and Melaneslans 11
? . A li
will stand any amount or cutting auuui
and never flinch. And there are no
coroners In the South Seas to ask silly
questions If the patient dies from a
mistake of the operator.
Morel, the captain, the Interpreter
and myself went on shore. The beach
was crowded with women and chll- 0
dren, as well as men?a sure sign that a
no treachery was Intended?and nearly d
all of them tried to embrace my Inter- 1
preter. 8
The clamor these cannibals made was *
terrific, the children being especially a
vociferous. Several of them seized my v
T
hands and literally dragged me along
to the house of the wounded man; 11
others possessed themselves of Morel f
and the interpreter, and In a few mln- ?
utes the whole lot of us tumbled, or a
rather fell, Into the house. c
Then, In an Instant, there was si- J
lence. The excited women and chll- *
dren withdrew and left the captain, the ^
Interpreter, some male cannibals and I
myself, with my patient, who was sit- 1
ting up, placidly chewing betel nut
In ten minutes Morel and I got out
the bullet, then dressed and bandaged a
he wound and rave the man a powerul
opiate. Leaving him with his
riends, the captain and I went for a
valk through the village. Everywhere
he natives were very civil, offering us
ocoanuts and food, and even the wo- |
nen and children did not show much
ear at our presence.
Returning to the house, we found {
>ur friend was awake and sitting up
m his mat. He smiled affably at us (
.nd rubbed noses with me, % practice (
had never before seen among the (
felanesians of this part of the Pacific.
Then he told us that the women ,
oik were preparing us a meal which (
vould soon be ready. I asked him .
rravely through the interpreter not to ,
erve us any human flesh. He replied
lulte calmly that there was none left ,
-the last had been eaten five davs be- .
ore.
Presently the meal was carried in?
iaked pork, an Immense flsh of the
nullet kind, yams, torn, and an enorqous
quantity of sugar cane and pine*
ipples. The women did not eat with
is, but sat apart.
Our friend, whose name was Darro,
ad six wives, four of whom were
resent. He had also a number of fenale
slaves, taken from an island in
ritlza Straits. These were rather light
klnned, and some quite good looking,
nd all wore girdles of dracaena leaves.
Neither Darro nor his people smokd,
though they knew the use of pipe
nd tobacco, and at one time had been
1ven both by a sandalwood ship. I
iromlsed them a present of a ten
ound case of plug tobacco and a gross
if clay pipes?I was thinking of remits.
I sent off to the brig for the
resent and when It arrived and I had
Iven nearly 150 cannibals a pipe and
plug of tobacco each, the interprer
and I got to work with Darro on
he subject of our mission.
Alas.' He would not entertain the
lea of any of his fighting men going
o an unknown land for three years.
Ve could have, perhaps, a score or so
f women?widows or slaves. Would
hat suit us? No, I said. We did not
rant single women or widows. There
lunt be a man to each woman.
Darro was very sorry (so was I),
tut perhaps I and the captain would
ccept two of the youngest of his feiale
slaves as a token of his regard
or us.
Morel and I consulted, and then we
sked Darro if he could not give us
wo slave couples?two men and two
romen who would be willing to mary,
and also willing to go to a country
nd work?a country where they
fould be well treated, and paid for
heir labor. At the end of that time
hey would be brought back to Darro,
1 they so desired.
Darro smiled and gave some orders,
nd two strapping young men and two
leasant faced young women were
rought for my Inspection. All were
miling, and I felt that a bishop and a
rafaa band ought to haVe been present
o have performed the marriage cerenony.
(
k These were the only blackbirds we
ecured on that voyage from Rook la- (
and; but three and a half years la- (
er, when these two couples returned (
o Darro, with a "vast" wealth of (
rade goods, estimated at trade prices
t ?72, Darro never refused to let (
ome of his young men recruit for
fijl or Samoa. j
I never saw him again, but he sent
nessages to me by other blackblrdlng ,
essels, saying that he would like me (
o come and stay with him.
And, although he had told me that
te had. personally, partaken of the (
lesh of over ninety men, I shall always
remember him as a very gentlenanlv
man cniirt?nui. hOSDltable. and
rlendly, and who was horror struck
i-hen my Interpreter told him that in j
England cousins intermarried.
"That Is horrid, an unutterable
hing! It is Inconceivable to us. It 1
s vile, wicked and shameless. How
an you clever white men do such '
hlngs?"
Darro and his people knew the terors
of the abuse of the laws of con- J
anguinlty.?New York Sun.
MICHAEL ANQELO.
!
'he Humble Start In Life of the Fa- j
mous Master.
Two boys were herding swine In )
taly. They were evidently discussing I
ome very Important subject, for they 1
rere earnest at It. A man approach- 1
d, and the boys separated, each for
its own side of the pasture. The man 1
fas angry and was shaking his hand '
it them. The boys said nothing; they 1
Irove their swine In and were quiet as '
, mouse about it. The man had said 1
hey should stay out until dark, and '
he sun was not even set yet. After 1
hey had driven the swine to their re- 1
pectlve places each crept to his room, '
ook his clothes and tied them In a '
iundle. This done, they both crept '
lown and ran to the road which led '
o Rome. One's name was Peter; the
ither Michael Angelo. Both were
ioor boys. They tramped and trampd,
and the first thing they did when '
hey reached Rome was to go to
hurch. After they had rested and
>rayed they looked for employment. 1
'eter received employment as the (
ook's boy in some cardinal's house, '
>ut Michael could find nothing to do, 1
o he almost despaired.
He went to his friend Peter, who 1
;ave him something to eat and at
light secretly let him Into his room 1
n the attic to sleep. This went on 1
or a long time, Peter content to let 1
lis friend do this and Michael conent
also. Michael when in church
* ? ~ *\lnfii roa n n p
lau seen some wio ..?~
ihlch fascinated him was "Christ '
ascending to Heaven." Taking bits '
if charcoal, he went to Peter's room
.nd drew pictures on the walla One J
lay the cardinal had occasion to go (
o the room. Michael had meanwhile
ecured employment in the cardinal's
Litchen. The cardinal, upon seeing
ill the pictures, was dumbfounded '
I'lth their accurateness. He called 1
>eter and Michael upstairs and asked
rho had drawn them. Michael conessed
he had, but said he thought he
ould rub them out again. The carlinal
explained to him that it was
ill right so far as the wall was con- <
erned. He took Michael and sent <
lim to a drawing master and gave i
5eter a better position. And Michael
vorked hard at his drawings, learned i
lillgently and became the renowned i
dichael Angelo, one of the greatest 1
>alnters of his time. I
t-r Most men are qualified to occu>y
apartments in a lunatic asylum
ind they can prove it
gWistfltetuous ^radinj).
THE YOUNO MAN WHO KNEW.
Information About Skim Milk and Had
Trim mod Chiokona Yards.
"I feel as though I'd been attending
e. summer school or university extension
course," said a New Tork woman
as she sank into the nearest plaxxa
chair of a Catskill hotel and looked
after the retreating carriage from
which she had just alighted. "If ever
there Is a chair of general information
created at any college the young man
who brought me up here just now
should have It
"In the first place, we'd scarcely
started when we passed a huge wagon
piled with burlap bags, each containing
what seemed like a mammoth
cream cheese. It smelled Just tor all
the world like one enormous dellcatesien
shop. I said:
" 'Oh, is that the way you make
cream cheese up here In those Treat
blocks, and then send It down to the
city to be cut up in little squatee and
wrapped in tin foil?*
"'Tlan't cheese, it's casein, skimmed
milk, you know. What they malte piano
keys and buttons out of,' was his
reply.
M'Buttons made of milk?* I ispiled,
n astonishment
"Well, at that he began such a volley
>f information that I can't remember
rnlf he said. He told me how they .
separated the cream for butter at the
sreamerles and then extracted the casen
from the skim milk.
"It seems the curd Is pressed and
caked and dried and powdered until it
cecomes perfectly white and odorless.
It's almost like celluloid, only not tnlammable.
"He said it was used for all sorts of
things, like playing cards, expensive
caper and pen holders. Finally, as a
sort of dismissal of the entire subject,
ie said:
""Why, it's practically on the same
principle as making knife handles,
combs and things out of blood.'
"'Blood?' I repeated.
" 'Oh, yes,' he continued, in the most
nat?er of fact tone. 'Lots of blood at
U1 UIC l/lf DlAUfUMI UUUOCfl, /VU IUIVW.
They'd be sure to And some use for
:hat. It takes a fine polish and is sold
and durable.'
"Just as I was getting over the shock
>f this disclosure, I again noticed the
lellcntoaaan odor. This time there
gas no wagon in sight, but over in the
t)eld was what looked like a pond of
nllk.
""Whatever is that?* I Inquired. m;:
" 'Skim milk?oversupply. Neighbors
lon't like It, but the creamery's got to
Eet rid of it somehow, so they pump
It over Into that hollow In the held.
Doesn't smell very good, and at this he
shipped up his horses and tried to
leave the pond of skimmed milk in the
listance as soon as possible.
"I settled bade for a moment, waitIng
to see what would come next.
"In a few moments we came to several
prosperous looking farms. In evsry
chicken yard and here and there on.
the grounds adjoining the houses were
thrown bright red blankets; In one
place an old scarlet shawl and perhaps
further on an antiquated red portiere.
"'What are all the red things forf
[ Inquired.
" 'Hawks,' he replied sententlously.
A hawk'll never touch a chicken if
there's anything red around. Thought
sverybody knew that'
"I felt rebuked and kept silent for
some time.
"We'd gone quite a distance when f
suddenly looked down on my lap and
was dismayed to find that my fountain
pen. which I always carry in my handbag,
had evidently begun to leak and
the ink was gently oosing through the
ieam In the leather.
" 'What shall I do?* I exclaimed as I
showed him the generous black spot
right on the front of my light skirt
"Ink's easy enough to get out' he
said in the most unconcerned manner.
I'll stop at the next house we come
to and get some salt.'
"'Salt?' I repeated.
" 'Well, any absorbent's good, but
[HUBI U1 lUVUl II ICftTO ? ?i ummu P?A/H
Salt's the best"
"He reined up at the next house and
[ held the horses while he went in.
Soon he reappeared with a handful of
salt done up in a piece of heavy brown
paper.
"Putting a piece of the paper under
the cloth, he covered the ink spot on
both sides -rvlt . the salt and rubbed it
rigorously, blowing away the top layer
svery few moments and putting on
fresh salt. As you see, it hardly shows
it all now and he assured me just now
when he drove away that by putting
lalt under the spot and over It, letting
It remain that way for an hour or so
md then finishing the treatment with
mother thorough rubbing, not a trace
of the ink stain would remain."
THE BLACK BALL.
K Clever 8eheme That Was Spoiled
In the Drawing.
Two young men in a French village
were called on to draw for conscription.
One only was wanted to complete
the number, and of the two who were
to draw one was the son of a rich farTier
and the other the child of a poor
widow.
The farmer ingratiated himself with
the superintendent of the ballot and
promised him a present if he could find
neans to prevent his son from going
n the army. In order to accomplish
this the official put into the urn two
olack balls instead of one white and
W?ll u/Lam wahiip man
ilie uittuiv noil. niivu ?.?**; "'V?
ame, he said: r
"There are two balls, one black and
me white, In the urn. He who draws
the black one must serve. . Tour turn
Is first," pointing to the widow's son.
The latter, suspecting that all was
not fair, approached the urn and drew
nne of the balls, which he immediately
swallowed without looking at It
"Why," said the superintendent,
"have you done that?" How are we to
know whether you have drawn a black
or a white ball?*
"Oh, that's very easy to discover,"
was the reply. "Let the other now
draw. If I have the black, he must
necessarily draw the white one."
There was no help for It and the
fanner's son. putting his hand into the
urn. drew the remaining ball, which, to
the satisfaction of the spectators, was
i. black one.
tar It used to be a popular fallacy
that sense came with age and wisdom
with experience.
t

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