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SBKX-WBSSl.^ i. m. grist s sons. PnbUshers. } %. Jfamilg Stirs pa per: Jor (he promotion of the gjolitital, facial, Agricultural and Commercial Interests of the $eople. ; IE8MoLKpVriv*c*in!A!ICE' ESTABLISHED 1855. YORKTILLE, S. C., FRIDAY, MARCH 8, 1907. NO. UP. tr A Romance of the A t ly W. G1L,M< CHAPTER XXXIV. i "The hour at hand, the foeman near ? The biting brand, the steely spear. * The spirit vex'd and warm,? And these are all the free man wants. Who, for the struggle, pines and pants. And never knew alarm. Then let the foeman come and feel How dread the blow his hand can deal. When freedom nerves his arm." I An hour after these movements, and no one would suspect, from the dead silence that prevailed throughout the region, that it ever had been occupied by such wild and roysterlng fellows as those with whom we have Just had dinner. ' Proctor's scouts might And everywhere the proof of their occupation. In the Deaten ground, the broken utensils, and thu embers of recent fires. But of the occupants themselves there were no signs. Singleton, meanwh le. sent his scouts forward at a scouring pace. He led his little command more slowly, but ^ still at a gait which would render pursuit difficult by a force larger than his own, or less admirably mounted. One secret of the success of Marion's men, j was in the excellence or tneir norses, - which were always well chosen from 1 f the best stables in the country. Our partisan made them show their legs. Aiming to make the Nelson's Ferry road as soon as possible, he struck directly across the country, under the guidance of Humphries and Davis, who knew every turn and twist, short cut and blind path, leading through the forests of this neighborhood. % Speaking comparatively, however, they sped along but slowly, leaving the scouts considerably in advance. They had made no great progress when night began to settle down upon the party. With the approach of darkness, Singleton cast about for a se^ eluded spot in which to form a temporary encampment. This was finally found in a thick wood to which they inclined out of sight and hearing from the road. The scouts had received their instructions to fall back with the setting in of dusk, and report their discoveries; all of which was done. Here, without building fires, they took a brief and supperless rest, until the-moon rose, when the troop was again set in motion, and posting forward along the prescribed route. ** With the dawn of day, they found themselves, according to the calculations of the guides, within a few miles only of the Ferry road. A little more caution was now necessary to their progress. They were in a traveled re. gion, and the scouts were doubled. 0 The troup entered the road an hour or so arier sunrise, wunoui nmun? with any interruption or object worthy their attention. In this manner they proceeded for some hours, seeing no human being. The whole route, however, was marked by the devastating proofs of war, which were thick on every side of them. The broken fences, the shattered or half-consumed dwellings, the unplanted and unploughed fields, all in desertion, spoke fearfully for its attributes and presence. But suddenly, towards noon, r the scouts were met by a countryman, his wife and two children, flying from the foe. It was difficult to convince them that they had not fallen in with another: and they told their story, accordingly, in fear and trembling. They told of a Tory named Amos t Gaskens, a notorious wretch before the war, who had raised a party and had been devastating the neighboring country throughout St. Stephens and St. Johns, Berkeley. His numbers were increasing, and he stopped at no excesses. On most of the plantations through which he had gone, every house was burned to the ground, the stock wantonly shot, the people plundered, and either murdered, forced to follow their captors, or compelled to f fly to places of refuge the most wild and deplorable. The little family they ' had encountered had been thus dispossessed. They had only saved their lives by a timely notice, which a friend among the Tories had given them of their approach. They insisted t that Gaskens could not be many miles off. and would certainly meet them before noon, as he was on his way to Charleston with his prisoners and seeking his reward. Singleton determined to prepare for him a warm reception, and having ascertained that the force under Gas- 1 kens fully doubled his own, he laid his i plans to neutralize this superiority by i the employment of the usual cunning < of the partisan. According to the ac- i V count of the flying countryman, there ; was a beautiful little spring some three miles higher, not more than a i stone's throw from the roadside: this i was the only good drinking water for i some distance, and. as it was well known to wayfarers, it was concluded f that Gaskens would make use of it as ] a place of rest and refreshment. Here, Singleton determined to place his am- i buscade; and as it was necessary to reach it some in advance of his enemy, he pushed his troop forward at a quicker pace. They reached the spot In time, and gliding out of the road, were soon In possession of the desired station. The spring was one of those quiet waters that trickle along the hollow which they have formed, and with so gentle a murmur, that, though, but a brief distance from the road, no passing ear. however, acute, could possibly detect its prattling invitation. The "'Or, /?aa! on/1 rofrP?hine: thf overhanging trees gave it a pleasant and fitting shelter, which scarcely rendered necessary the small wooden shed which had been built above it by some one of the considerate dwellers r in the neighborhood. War. in its violence. however destructive else, had spared, with a becoming reverence, the fountain and the little roof above it. The whole spot was exceedingly pretty: wild vines and florid grapes clustered over it; a little clump of wild flowers grew just at its porch; while a fine large oak. standing on the brow of the little hill at the bottom of which the fountain had its source, took the entire area Into a sheltering embrace. The wild jessamine, and the thousand flaunting blossoms of the southern forests, grew profusely about the place: and in that hour of general repose In Carolina during the summer months?the hour of noon?when all nature is languid: when the bird hushes his fitful note, or only "Starts into voice a moment, and Is still:" when man and beast, reptile and insect. alike seek for the shade and pant drowsily beneath its shelter?this little hollow of the woods, and the clear stream welling over the little basin around which its dwelling-place had been formed, and trickling away in a prattling murmur that discoursed twin harmonies to the sluggish breeze that k shook at intervals the tree above it. ' seemed eminently a scene chosen for gentle spirits, and a purpose grateful to the softest delicacies of humanity. Yet was its sacred and sweet repose about to be invaded. War had prepared his weapon and lay waiting in ^ the shade. Having chosen his ground. Singleton proceeded to his preparation* for the due reception of Gaskens and his Tories. The troopers and the prisoners were at once dismounted; the lat merican Revolution JItEHIMMN ter, with the horses, were escorted to a sufficient distance in the wood, beyond the reach of strife, and where they could convey no intimation by their voices to the approaching enemy. Here a guard was put over them, with Instructions to cut down the first individual who should show the slightest disposition to cry out or to fly. A command, otherwise so sanguinary, was necessary, however, in the circumstances. This done. Singleton dispatched his scouts, headed by Humphries, whose adroitness he well knew, on the road leading to the enemy; they were to# bring him intelligence without suffering themselves to be seen. He next proceeded to his own mmediate dispostion of forces for the hot controversy, and approved him a ?ood disciple of the Swamp Fox in the irrangement. The ambush was formed on two sides of the spring, the men being so placed as to possess the advantages of the cross-fire without being themselves exposed to the slightest ganger from their mutual weapens. All approach to the waters was thus commanded, and Singleton, trusting to the advantage obtained from the surprise and the first fire, instructed his men to follow him In the charge tvfilch he coniempiaieu manuig, immediately after the discharge of their pieces. In the way of exhortation he had but few words; he resembled Marion In that respect, also; but those words were highly stimulating. "Men, I have the utmost confidence In you; you are no cowards, and I am sure will do your duty. I do not call upon you to destroy men, but monsters; not countrymen, but those who have no country?who have only lenown their country to rend her bowsis and prey upon her vitals. You will only spare them when they are down?when they cry. enough. There must be no 'Tarleton's quarters,' mind pou; the soldier that strikes the man who has once submitted, shall be hung up immediately after; for though they tie brutes and monsters now, yet even i brute has a claim upon man's mer:y when he has once submitted to be tamed. Go now, men, each to his place, and wait the signal. I will give it at the proper moment myself. It ihall be but one word, and when you hear me say, 'Now!' let each rifle make its mark upon an armed Tory. Shoot none that have not weapons in their hands?remember that; and when you sally out, as you will immediately after the discharge and while they are in confusion, let the same rule be observed. Strike none that throw down their arms?none that do not otter us resistance. Enough, now; the brave soldier needs no long exhortation The soldier who fights his country's battles has her voice at his heart, pleading for her rescue and reief. Remember the burnt dwellings if your country?her murdered and naltreated Inhabitants?her desolate lelds ? her starving children ? and then strike home! Your country is worth fighting for, and he who dies n the cause of his country, dies in the cause of man; he will not be forgotten. Go, and remember the word." There was no shout, no hurrah; but ?yes were bent upon the ground, lips fcni* closely in solemn determination; md Singleton saw at a glance that tils men were to be relied on. "They will do," he muttered to himjelf, as, seeing them all properly sheltered, threw himself at the foot of a tree, a little removed from the rest, ind only accompanied by the boy, i^ance Frampton. We have seen the ncreasing intimacy between the lad ind his commander; an intimacy encouraged by the latter, and earnestly ought for by the boy. He studiously iept near the person of the partisan, istened to every word he uttered, watched every movement, and carefully analyzed, so far as his immature capacities would admit, every feeling ind thought of his superior. Fr?m :hls earnest and close contemplation if the one object, the boy grew to be exclusive in his regards and slightid every other. Singleton became one md the same with his mind's ideal, md a lively Imagination, and warm sensibilities, identified his captain, in bis thought, with his only notion of i genuine hero. The more he studied tiim, the more complete was the re jemDiance. ine ?un, sjiuuiciuviu, strong person?the high but easy carriage?the grace of movement and ittltude?the studious delicacy of speech, mingled, at the same time, with that simple adherence to propriety. which illustrates genuine manliness. were all attributes of Singleton and all obvious enough to his admirer. "How I wish I was like him!" said the boy to himself, as he looked where Singleton's form lay before him under the tree. "If I was only sure that I could fight like him, and not feel afraid, when the time comes! Oh! how I wish it was over!" . Had the words been uttered loud enough to be heard by the partisan, the mood of the boy would have been better understood by his commander than it was, when the latter heard the deep sigh which followed them. Singleton turned to look upon him as he heard it, and could not avoid being struck with the manifest dejection in every feature of his countenance. He thought it might arise from the loneliness of his situation, his recent loss of a tender mother, and the distressing condition of his father, of whom they had seen nothing since their departure from the swamp. True, the brother of Lance was along with them, but there was little sympathy between the two. The elder youth was dull and unobservant, while the other was thoughtful and acute. They had little intercourse beyond an occasional word of question and reply: and even then, the intimacy and relationship seemed impert^Waoa fhlncro wJcrht nnv miict LCUl. 1 IICOC uuiifin ... necessarily produce in the boy's mind a sufficient feeling of desolation, and hence, in Singleton's thought, his depression seemed natural enough. But when the sigh was repeated, and the face, even under the partisan's glance, wore the same expression, he could not help addressing him on the subject. "Why. how now, Lance?what's! the matter? Cheer up. cheer up. and get ready to do something like a man. Know you not we're on the eve of battle!" "Oh. sir. I can't cheer up." was the half-inarticulate reply, as the emotion of the boy visibly increased, and a tear was seen to gather in his eyes. So much emotion was unusual in one whose mood was that of elastic enthusiasm: and the pallid cheek and downcast look stimulated anew the anxiety of the partisan. He repeated his question curiously, and, at the same time, rising from his place of rest, he came round to where the boy was standing, leaning against his tree. "What's the matter with you boy? what troubles you?are you sick?" "Oh. no, sir?no. sir?I'm not sick ?I'm very well?but sir?" "But what?" "Only, sir. I've never been in a battle before?never to fight with men. sir." "Well! What of that Lance? What mean you? Speak!" The brow of Singleton darkened slightly, as he witnessed the seeming trepidation of the youth. The frown, when Prampton beheld it. had the natural effect of adding to his confusion. "Oh sir, only that I'm so afraid?" "Afraid boy!" exclaimed Singleton, sternly. Interrupting the speaker? "afraid! Then get back to the horses ?get away at once from sight, and let not the men look upon you. Begone?away!" The cheek of the boy glowed like crimson, his eye flashed out a flre-like indignation, his head was erect on the | instant, and his whole figure rose with an expression of pride and flrmnes? 1 I which showed the partisan that he had done him an injustice. The change w-as quite as unexpected as it was unpleasant to Singleton; and he looked 1 accordingly, as he listened to the reply i of the boy, whose speech was now un- , broken. "No, sir?you wrong me?I'm not afraid of the enemy?that's not it sir. ' I'm not afraid to fight sir; but " "But what, Lance?of what then are ( you afraid?" "Oh, sir, I'm afraid I shan't fight as I want to fight. I'm afraid, sir, I i won't have the heart to shoot a man, , though I know he will shoot me if he can. It's so strange sir, to shoot at 1 a true-and-true man?so very strange, ' sir, that I'm afraid I'll tremble when the time comes, and not shoot till it's , too late." , "And what then?how would you * ?* w^-.o Vau muot molro lin 1 neip mat uuy ; u<?n> your mind to do It, or keep out of the way." "Why, sir, if I could-only see you all the time?if I could only hear you speak to me In particular, and tell me by name when to shoot, I think, sir, I could then do it well enough; but to shoot at a man for the first time? I'm so afraid I'll tremble, and wait too long, unless you'd be so good as to tell me when." Singleton smiled thoughtfully as he listened to the confused workings of a good mind, finding Itself in a novel position, ignorant of the true standard for its guidance, and referring to another on which it was most accustomed. or at least most willing, to depend. The bby labored under one of those doubts which so commonly be-, set and annoy the ambitious nature, solicitous of doing greatly, with an Ideal of achievement drawn before the sight by the imagination, and making a picture too Imposing for its own quiet contemplation. He was troubled, as even the highest courage and the boldest genius will sometimes become, with enfeebling doubts of his own capacity even to do tolerably, what he desires to do well. He trembled to believe that he should fall short of the measure of achievement which his mind had made his standard, and at which he aimed. Fortunately for him, Singleton was sufficiently aware of the distinction between doubts and misgivings so honorable and so natural, and those which spring from imbecile purpose and a deficient and shrinking spirit. He spoke to the boy kindly, assured him of his confidence, encouraged him to a better reliance upon his own powers; and knowing well that noth- I I ? ? o/vnn K?*l n ara nut the nnttlrftllv I 1115 aKJ OVUII WllliQw V? sturdy spirit as the quantity of pressure and provocation upon it, he rather strove to impress upon him a higher notion than ever of the severity and trial of the conflict now before him. In proportion to the quantity of labor required at his hands, did his spirit rise to overcome it; and Singleton, after a few moments' conversation with him, had the satisfaction to see his countenance brighten up, while his eye flashed enthusiasm, 'and his soul grew earnest for the strife. "You shall have the place under my own eye: and mark me, Lance, that eye will be upon you. I will give you a distinct duty to perform, and trust that it shall be done well." "I'll try sir," was the modest answer, though his doubts of his own capacity were sensibly decreasing. The time was at hand, however, which was to bring his courage into exercise and trial, and to put to the test that strength of mind which he had been himself disposed to underrate. One of the scouts charged with the < Intelligence by Humphries now came In, bringing tidings of the Tories. Tfcey were computed to amount to eighty, men; but of this the scouts could not be certain, as, in obedience to the orders of his commander. Humphries had not ventured so nigh as to expose himself to discovery. He computed the prisoners in their charge, men, men, women, and children, to be quite as numerous. Singleton, on the receipt of this intelligence, looked closely to the preparations which he had made for their reception, saw that his men were all in their places, and went the rounds, addressing them individually in encouragement and exhortation. This done, he took the young beginner, Lance Frampton, aside, and leading him to the shelter of a thick bush at the head of the little hillock, he bade him keep that position In which he placed him, throughout all the events of the contest. This position commanded a view of the whole scene likely to be the theatre of conflict. The partisan bade him survey it closely. "There is a spring, Lance?there? in short rifle distance. How far do you call it?" "Thirty yards, sir." "Are you a sure shot at that distance?" "Dead sure sir;" and he raised the rifle to his eye, which Singleton handed him. "Your hand trembles, boy." "Yes, sir; but I'm not afraid; I'm only anxious to begin." "Keep cool; there's no hurry, but time enough. Throw off your jacket ?give me your rifle. There?now roll up your sleeves and go down to the spring?plunge your arms up to their pits into the cool water a dozen times, until I call you. Go." The boy went; and before he returned, Humphries rode in with accounts of the near approach of Gaskens and his Tories. Singleton called up his pupil from the spring, and continued his directions. "Take your place here, by the end of the log; don't mind your Jacket? better off than on. Our men, you see, | are ranged on either side of you. They can see you as easily as you can see 1 them." 1 This sentence was emphatically ul- : tered, while the piercing glance of Singleton was riveted upon the now unfaltering countenance of the boy. "Below you is the spring, and in that shade the Tories will most prob- j abi/ come to a halt. They will scarcely put their prisoners under cover, for fear they should escape; and they will be likely to remain at the opening there to your left?there, just by those ( tallow bushes. Now, observe: I am about to trust you to commence the affair. Upon you, and your rifle shot, I depend greatly. Don't raise it yet: i let it rest in the hollow of your arm ] until you are ready to pull the trigger, which you will do the moment you hear me say 'Now!' I will not be far from you. and will say it sufficiently loud tor you to hear. The moment you hear me. lift your piece, and be sure to shoot the man, whoever he 1 may be, that may happen to stand up- i on the rise of the hill, just above the , spring, and under the great oak that hangs over it. It is most probable that it will be Oaskens himself, the captain of the Tories. But no matter who he is, shoot him: aim for the man that stands on the hillock, and vnn must hit thp enemv. You will have 1 but a single fire, as our men will follow your lead, and In the next moment we shall charge. When you see us do so, slip around by the tallow bushes, and cut loose the ropes that tie the prisoners. These are your duties; and remember boy, I shall see all your movements. I shall look to you, and you only, until the affair commences. Be in no hurry, but keep cool: wait for the word, and don't even lift your rifle until you hear me give the signal. Remember, you have a duty to perform to yourself and country, and in whose cause your life today begins." The boy put his hand upon his heart, bowed his head, and made no other reply: but his eye glistened with pride and as the partisan moved away, he g'-asped his rifle, threw his right foot back a pace, as if to feel his position, then, sinking quietly behind the bush, prepared himself as firmly for the contest as if he had been a veteran of sixty. (To be Continued). |Hiscfltanmts grading \ PURE FOOD LAW PUZZLES. \ Questions of Labels That Bother the Dealers. The pure food law has been in operation since January 1. What has been accomplished? The public is not so much concerned with the machinery of the law and the details of its operation as with the results. The question that is being put to wholesale grocers , and dealers in meats and liquors is: "Are the food products and thet meats and drink that are made by the | manufacturers and sold in wholesale ind retail shops any purer than they were before?" With this question comes another as to whether any of the manufacturer who put up impure or adulterated food ind drinks have been driven out of business or made to change their methods. To such questions the wholesale men have only one answer, and that Is one which at first causes some surprise. It is that there has been very little change, in fact, almost none, as to the :haracter of the goods sold. The wholesalers are concerned almost entirely with the details as to the enforcement of the law. A surprising amount of activity in this respect is going in all over the ?ountry. This activity at present confines Itself almost exclusively to the proper labelling of the products. The average person might suppose that the wholesalers would be most :oncerned about getting absolutely pure products. That is not the case, for the very simple reason, they say, that the mere passage of the law has brought that about. The pure food law requires that no deleterious matter shall be put into roods, and also that the foods shall not be misbranded. It is with the misbranding feature of the law that the dealers are now mostly concerned. Labels must be put on packages that shall declare truthfully what is In them. This upsets a whole lot of trade traditions. The law is not entirely ilear and the agricultural department Itself is not specific as to how articles in detail shall be labelled. Every product has to be considered on Its own merits and the dealers are now puzsling over the meanings of words, and phrases and there is a mighty lot of editing going on so that the requirements of the law shall be fulfilled. A simple illustration of the upsetting of trade traditions will reveal what that means. For fifty years or more, for example, one of the highest grades of coffee has been sold to the public is Java coffee. A certain grade of ooffee was classified in the trade in that way. Most folks have thought the coffee tvas grown In Java and that it was called Java because of that fact. The truth is that very little Java coffee sver came from Java. A large part of It, Indeed most of it, Mime from Sumatra, an adjoining 1sand. Java is not particularly suited tor coffee growing. It does produce some high grade coffee, and In tha early years the best coffee did come from that Island. But Sumatra soon produced a better article and kept on producing It in mmense quantities. The fine quality, however. had always been called Java coffee by the trade and the Sumatra product was put out as Java coffee, and the trade came to regard this little 3eception not only as trifling, but as absolutely necessary to the successful conduct of the coffee business. ' Under the new law all this must be changed. No coffee must be labelled lava coffee unless It comes actually from Java. That means an upheaval jf traditions. There are many products of food that have grown up to be labelled as something different from what they really ire, not because of any Intent to deceive, but because the public, in response to these trade traditions, has practically demanded that the labels should ii.dicate that the goods were of the best kind rather than that they should be literally accurate. With a demand that the goods shall be labelled so that there can be no deception of any kind as to the contents of packages many delicate questions as to wondering have arisen. There Is not a manufacturer of food products who has not been struggling for weeks and months with this problem. Every house has pasted its old labels In books and then has made corrections on the margins, twisting the wording this way.and that until the right description has been secured. No manufacturer wants to tell any more than Is necessary about his goods and yet every one has been anxious to comply with both the letter and the spirit of the law so as to avoid trouble with the government. It would be a serious matter, for example, to make up half a million dollars worth of goods and then find that they could not be sold because they were not labelled properly. The cost of labels is enormous. One of the wholesale houses in the town has riparlv S100.000 worth of labels which are useless of themselves under the new law and a great problem has been how to save the money which has been spent for them. The law allows the old labels to be used until October 1 next. This house puts out millions of dollars worth of goods and a nice calculation is going on as to the extent use may be made of the labels on hand. The problem is being solved mathematically, along the lines of average sales, and the firm Is confident of winning out. Scores of other firms are In a similar position and all are at work getting rid of old labels. There are hundreds of kinds of goods that are not of the quick sale variety, and this has brought about another problem as to labels. It has required the use of what are known as supplementary labels. These are new labels which must be nnsted on eoods alreadv on shelves and which are not likely to be sold out entirely before October 1. The new labels comply with the law and they can be pasted on goods already put up because the food products themselves are already pure, according to the definition of the law. Getting rid of old labels and sending around supplementary labels to wholesale and retail dealers is a small problem compared to some that must be met where there has, as yet, been no definite interpretation of the mean Ing of the law In specific cases byithe s agricultural department. Take the t man who puts up about $500,000 worth t of catsup every summer and fall. r That product contains a preserva- r tive called benzoate of soda. It is not known yet whether the use of that 1 product will be permitted. [ The catsup maker must prepare at t once for his campaign. He must or- t der bottles, boxes and lp.bels. After he t gets all his preparations made and his packing goods purchased there may t - _ ... still be some doubt as to wnetner ne g 'can sell his goods. Benzolt of soda Is regarded as harmless. Must the catsup maker arrange to put up his goods without It? And, If he does, must he have two sets of labels, one saying that benzolt of soda Is In the composition, and the other making no reference to It? Suppose the manufacturer goes wrong, what shall he do with his goods? Many inquiries have been made of the agricultural department as to its probable course if the manufacturer should go wrong. Replies have been received saying that a tolerant spirit will be manifested, and It Is altogether probable that where the manufacturer has had to go ahead and has acted is good faith the government will not be harsh and some amicable working rule will be adopted. At present the department cannot (toalf onnnlflo maHnra arnl V it Is for this reason that the manufac- s turers .are worried. The indications that reason will govern the action of the department have given them more confidence. At present the national law on pure food ia purely self-working. The Federal government put the law on the statute books and that of itself was sufficleht to bring about many of the desired reforms. The dread of incurring the wrath of the general government Is Just as strong among commercial men as it is among those who fear to violate its established criminal statutes. Many men will take chances on violating local and state laws, but when it comes to "bucking up against the government" that is another story. The power of the Federal government is felt more by commercial interests than apy other. No inspectors have been appointed yet to see that the national law is enforced, and it is probable that none will be until it is seen that they are necessary. The minute the law was passed the wholesalers got busy. One of the largest houses in New York at once prepared a set of questions which it mailed to something like 2,000 manufacturers from whom at various times it purchased goods. Here are the questions that were asked: 1. Do the goods of your manufacture or production conform in every respect to the requirements of the law? 2. Does the reading on your present n?*(nnino1 1 a Kola fnllv thA flppl - fl slons of the department in regard to j the application of the law to your pro- e r 3. If not. do you intend to correct the nysleading statements by the use t of a supplementary label, and are you c "ferared to send us a quantity of these e at-once to bq_ attached to the ? ^aokasres now in our stock? g 4. How soon do you expect to issue r vour productions with the principal la- t hel reading in proper form? e 5. Have you filled a guarantee with ? the department of agriculture that 1 vour manufactures or products will f henceforth conform in all respects to t the requirements of the law, and what "1 serial number has been allotted to the same? The questions asked by this house have been copied generally by the " trade and there is not a manufacturer who has not been catechised by wholesale and jobbers. The latter are liable t to heavy penalties for sending impure \ ?oods and It is up to them to Jack up l the manufacturers. f They have already done it and the result has been that if there was any <] Inclination to try to beat the new law stiff warnings have come from the trade and to such an extent that few, f any, manufacturers .have decided to adopt a shifty course. The house which first sent out the questions already quoted says that less than five per cent of the manufacturers sent back unsatisfactory replies about the supplementary labels. Further correspondence was entered into with them and practically all of them have agreed to print exactly the kind of labels that the wholesalers demand. There Is still much confusion In regard to some goods. The manager of one of the largest wholesale grocery houses said the other day, in speaking about the use of coloring matter In goods: "This law wWl damage the sale of certain kinds of goods that have been using coloring matter that Is harmless. Take the maraschino cherries that from time Immemorial have been used In the making of cocktails. "All those cherries have been colored a bright red and no harm has been done. . Hereafter, under the new law, those cherries will have to be brown, some of them spotted, and the result " will be that they will not be sold as extensively as formerly. "There are other goods which have been colored and whose sale will be affected seriously. Unless the agricultural department gives specific permission for the continued use of the coloring matter the trade will be Injured seriously." Curiously enough the reporter who was looking into this matter mentioned the maraschino cherries to one of the leading officials of the health department and the latter simply laughed about It. "That Is amusing." he said. "The new law permits those cherries to be colored just as they were before. All the new law prohibits Is the use of deleterious coloring matter. It will not affect the cocktail cherry In the slightest." So there you are. One set of men trying to comply with the law literally say the cherries cannot be used as at present. Another man who has much to do with the enforcement or me iaw says they can be used. This illustrates what the dealers are up against, and is simply one instance of hundreds where there is likely to be confusion. The enforcement of the law, therefore, is largely a technical matter. Every one agrees that the public need not worry about getting pure food products, the great puzzle Is how to comply with technical requirements. One may wonder why the agricultur- c l1 department does not set some of he questions at rest. The trouble Is hat practically each case, must be oiled upon separately and the departnent Is not yet sure of Its ground. Take the matter of blended whlsiys. One dealer has two brands of >ure whl&ky. Neither of them conalns any neutral spirits and neither of hem Is blended In the general accepatlon of the term. He has been In the habit of mixing hese two brands to produce another rrade. According to the law the label nust set this forth and It Is held that he label of the mixed brand must de:lare that It Is a blended product when eally It Is not. The department will lave to make a ruling on that sepa ate case and until it does the maker >f the whiskys is in a quandary as to what to do about his labels. Then there is another question that s presented about the size of the la>els, the height and breadth of the >rinted letters and the exact position >n the goods sold in which the labels ihall be pasted. Every package put ip presents its own little problem in his respect. "We are working almost exclusively in the labels." said a representative of ine of the, largest wholesalers the ither day. "I have sat up nights for nonths studying its intricacies. "It's a printer's Job as weH as a wholesaler's. Typographical questions u*e as Important as getting out sup>lementary labels and figuring out tow far we may safely go to use up he old labels on hand. "The matter of getting pure products tas become of secondary Importance n the enforcement of the law. The >ure foods have already arrived. Those who were putting out poor goods with leieieriuun manci in iiicm imvc Ically given it up. The food of the :ountry, it may be said safely, has already been purified, and the mere paslage of a Federal law has done it." Of course, the national pure food aw has to do with only such goods as ire concerned with inter-state comnerce. The old style of goods maybe told safely In states where they are nade in some cases, but it is a mlsake to suppose that that will be alowed generally. ' Already several of the states have heir own pure food laws, conforming o the Federal requirements, and many if the cities have health ordinances td he same effect. One of these cities is S'ew York. In September of last year he health department of this city idopted new ordinances defining adulerated and mlsbranded foods and proilbltlng their sale. The ordinance was dear and extremely explicit. It had to do not only with foods, but vlth drugs as well. Since that time he health department has been quietly it work securing an immense amount if data and warning manufacturers as o the use of certain goods. Samples ire constantly being sent to the de)artment's chemical analysis bureau ind hundreds of analyses have been nade. Not much noise has been made about he discoveries, but It is said that pro:eedlngs have been Bet on foot for several prosecutions. Inspectors are going iround town all the time purchasing roods and requtrlng the strict enforcenent of the new provision of the sanlary code, and the health department luthoritles say that when the Immense imount of work that has been done las been disclosed and when the reorms that have been made are known he public will be astonished.?New fork special to News and Cburier. A PLOT THAT FAILED. The Scheme to Blow Up Napoleon III With Gunpowder. An Interesting story Is that of a 'rustrated plot against Napoleon III. vhlch has never got into the history )ook, but which is one of the favorite itorles of M. Vlctorlen Sardou. In 1900, when the frontage of the rheatre Francis was rebuilt after he disastrous fire In which one of he actresses of the Maison de Molere lost her life, several shops disippeared, among them being that )f the famous Restaurant Chevet. It vas not properly speaking a restaurant. Chevet used to sell liqueurs, jroceries, smoked meats, etc., and n a couple of low celled rooms >n the first floor he would serve a neal or two to connoisseurs. One lay In 1865 or 1866 two young men fashion. Russians both of them, :ame In and called for dinner In one >f the little rooms which were above he shop. They asked for caviare, jut when they got It they protested oudly that the caviare was of lnfe lor quality and called for the owner >f the shop. He came, apologized ind was met with the remark, tendered laughingly by one of the diners, hat next time they came they would >ring their own caviare. They came igaln and brought It in a little white vooden barrel, and when they left hey had it put on one side for them. Trom time to time the two young Russians came and dined chez Chevet, lined Invariably in the same room ind always began their dinner with heir own caviare. One day they Unshed the barrel, and a few days later, n the afternoon, one of them brought mother one, "Put It in the little ;upboard In the room we always dine n," he said to the waiter, "and do lot let anybody touch it until we :ome to dine." The waiter took It, )ut on his way upstairs something jecullar struck him. "Look at this barrel," he said to he restaurant keeper. ."There is lomething queer about it:" "That is no business of ours." said he master of the establishment, "and ! am not going to look at it, anyhow. iVhat will our customers say if they Ind we have opened it?" "Oh," said the waiter, "we can opm it and close it again, and they will lever know. It is certainly different rom the last barrel. It is heavier, ;o begin with." His insistence prevailed, and the jarrei was opened. The restaurant ceeper and the waiter started back in 'right. There was no caviare, but gunpowder in that little barrel, vhich was an infernal machine. The ittle dining room -was exactly unlerneath the Imperial box, and there s little doubt that the emperor's next rlsit to the Comedie Francaise would lave been his last had the carefully aid plot not been discovered. The jlotters never were caught, although ;he secret of the plot was carefully tuarded and traps were laid for them n Chevet's restaurant for several lays.?St. James' Gazette. COLLEGE BRED, BUT WRECK8. o f Scholar* Among the Derelicts of the \ Bowery. t Recent Investigations show that g more than one-fourth of the unem- fi ployed, the unfortunate, or whatever one may chocse to call them, who ap- t ply to the Bowery branch of the Young I Men's Christian association are men fc who have had a college education, t This fact was emphasized recently in k a statement made by the secretary, H. W. Hoot. In an appeal for funds with o which to erect a building adequate to ii the needs of the institution. li In the year just closed the total a number of men aided was 3,006. Ac- v rnrrilnn- to the annual reoort of the s branch, the proportion of men aided who had had a university, college, r academic or high school education was b more than 26 per cent. This condition \ has prevailed since the institution be- s gan Its existence nineteen years ago. I As to the ages of these men, 84 per c cent are under thlrty-flve. It is not an unusual thing at the a Bowery branch of the association to u find men who translate Greek as a t pastime during the weary wait for li work, and others who are familiar with t the higher mathematics and the clas- t sics. At a religious meeting a few c Sundays ago a clergyman in the course of his address had occasion, lncon- t gruously enough, to quote from an an- t cient poet. Slowly In the midst of the 1 derelicts who had drifted In for warmth and shelter a young man arose, nec- t essarlly shabby and unkempt or he c would not have been there, and with r beautifully phrased apologies pointed t out to the speaker a mistake in the \ quotation and proceeded to translate c the quotation from ancient Greek. e The speaker, surprised to And a man with such an education among these \ unfortunates, made inquiry and learn- \ ed that the young man was college t bred and had once had a good social \ position. Financial misfortune had 1 come, then he yielded to liquor and lost c one place after another; until he found 1 himself a rover, penniless and friend- 1 less. The institution has made a new ? man of him and he is beginning life a over again. \ Almost any afternoon or evening one a may single out these seedy scholars in the assembly room of the branch, t They come and go. Few remain long, a Some hold themselves aloof from r the rabble that floats in from the Bow- r ery. others will hobnob with the verl- a est hcboes, who will listen without a comprehending to talks on the clas- sics. Among these have been former c preachers and professors, men of all <! classes and conditions and belonging t to families of distinction. ( It is a constant source of wonder to t the speakers who address the evan- f gelical meetings to And men here who snouia naiuruny De nuiuing putcco ui i distinction. e "What strange, ill starred fate brings about such a calamity, such a humiliating finale to once bright prospects?" was asked of a man who has studied the question. "Sometimes genuine misfortune," was the reply, "but usually an utter lack of sense of responsibility for himself or his future. Also a born spirit of discontent with his lot, no matter how good it may be, is to blame. "A man wants a nice Job without working up to it. He leaves his home, perhaps a good job at from |2 to 15 a day, and cpmes to New York without money or prospects. He is soon in the bread line. "We can't stop it. We have tried. We don't know how. "Boys as well as men want to be bank presidents at once. It is not ambition, but an aimless, shiftless disposition that inspires them. They do not concentrate, but drift from one thing to another and from place to place. "Drink is not the only thing that shipwrecks a man's life. The spirit of discontent will do it "Sometimes these wanderers land in New York and walk the streets for days without food or shelter. When they come here we get them a Job outside of New York if they are willing to work. "Most men are glad enough to go back home as soon as they discover existing conditions in this great city. They want to go where they know some people. With money all gone and no friends this isn't the easiest town to get along in." Not long ago a young man who had Just been released from Blackwell's Island where he had been committed 1 as a vagrant, joined the wayfarers of the Bowery and eventually appeared at the association branch asking for 1 aid. He had fallen through gambling g and dissipation, running through the 8 property of his widowed mother. Af- a ter much persuasion he agreed to re- i form, and after getting employment was restored to his mother, who had c mourned him as dead. He had re- t cently been graduated from a uni- c versity. t But not all are so fortunate as to I see their wayward sons again alive, f A few weeks ago a gaunt young man t stumbled into the secretary's office with the pallor of death upon his face, d Months of drink had wrecked him. s At college he had contracted diss!- p rated habits. After his graduation his p parents refused to encourage his vices n by supplying him with money and se- r cured him employment. But he refus- f ed to work, lost his Job, drifted to New t York sank so low that he found It impossible to let his family know his con- t dltlon. The secretary of the assocla- a tlon sent him to the hospital, when, he e died before his people could be notified, t Not long ago a graduate of a western university came to New York with c small means, intending to take a post ii graduate course of study. The enticements of the city caught him, his mon- ii ey vanished, and he finally turned to the branch for help. With five dlplo- a mas he took a job that paid him )9 a r week. r A rollicking Irish law student who, c to use his own words, had taken a five years "whiil at the booze," drifted in f one night at the end of his resources, s and with a bottle of poison In his v pocket. He was persuaded to stop c drinking and work about the building, r He pulled himself together and now d is doing well. It was discovered later that he was the son of an Irish clergy- t man. but he never said a word about e his antecedents. a Frequently pride Is stronger than v physical suffering. A few weeks ago 1 a young man applied at the Bowery p branch who was In dire need and was a willing to do anything to lift himself g ut of the depths into which he had alien through, weakness of character. Vhen it came to signing the appllcalon blank, in which he was required to 'lve full information concerning his amily, he said: "No, I can't do that. I won't have he names of my family recorded here, f I did I could And no rest in that >ed of yours," and he went out Into he night. Where? Heaven only nows. a #o?/ n(?kta acrn o anAQ IfAP a t V/IIIJ a icn MIQIIVO UQV CM wyvww WW ne of the meetings was a man holdng a responsible post in one of the irgest corporations in this'country at , good salary. Nineteen years ago be .as drinking and gambling in Bowery aloons. Another interested attendant at the neeting had gone to the branch years tefore, a poverty stricken German. He ras straightened out, gave up a dlsipated career and has since served as Jnited States minister to a foreign ountry. "About one-fourth of the men who .re strapped and stranded and show ip here are college men," said Secreary Hoot. "This is a kind of clearng house for families around about he country. We send wayward boys tack to their homes, to their colleges r to their business. "Frequently a father won't forgive, >ut after we convince him that his >oy has reformed we always succeed n bringing about a reconciliation. "When Cleveland H. Dodge, soon afer his graduation from Princeton, was :halrman of the committee of managenent here, he could be seen many venlngs In the week at the service vlth his hand on the shoulder of isome :ollege man who was down on his luck ind in desperate straits. "We get them from all over the vorld. Only lately one of our Inmates vas a coHege graduate from Copenlagen, Denmark, and at the same time ve had others who held degrees from 'rlnceton and the University of Chicago. Men with diplomas from theoogical seminaries, graduates from fale, Pennsylvania, Rochester and Kyracuse universities, all blow In here, .nd about a month ago a Harvard man without a shirt to his back asked for dd. "We have had men who the second Ime they came to New York stopped A the Waldorf, which shows that they lot only reformed permanently, but roved themselves men of great trength of character and business Will*.. tunny. ' "Our statistics show that S7 per :ent of our men last year were not Irlnklftg men. Drink is not the only hing that brings a man to want Gambling, discontent, lack of concen- . ration, will aU do It. Sometimes it is orce of circumstances. "We once had a graduate from a amous medical college who studied Lbroad, but got down on his luck hrough adverse conditions.* Until we :ould And him a suitable Job he was rilling to do anything, and trumped ;he city in search of employment as vaiter, but in vain. Curiously enough, lis superior breeding worked against lim. "Eliminating the question of dissllation, I think the chief reason why to many college men reach these itraits is that the colleges are turning >ut more educated men than there is i demand for. Of course, men. of apItude and special training are always ranted, but those who have no parIcular line cannot catch hold. "Many of them are not capable of indertaklng ordinary business affairs, ind there is nothing else for them to lo. Those finding themselves without ^sources come here and get a job for, lay, $6 a week, as they have done. We five them good board for $2.50 a week. tnd they have a chance to get out and ret a position In keeping with their ittainments and original position in ife. "When It comes to dissipation, the nan who has not passed through a lnlverslty or a college has a better :hance to pull together, in my oplnon. The educated mai? knows too nany ways of getting Into mischief, ind once on the downward grade he tells further than the common man, ind Is therefore harder to raise. So hat the money spent In equipping him 'or the best position In life also .'quips him for the lowest In the way >f evil."?New York Sun. DIRECTORY OF "EA8Y MARKS." rwo Editions Have Been Published By -the Beggars of Paris. It has recently been discovered that 3aristan beggars have edited a sort of rulde book which gives Information ind addresses as to the proper places tnd persons from which to ask for lelp, says the New York Herald. There are two editions of the book; me entitled "The Little Joke," and he other, which Is more complete and ontalns even short biographies of the "Thfl ICIDUIIO IllCUllt/uvu, so vuvtvivM *lg Joke." The little book la on sale 01 60 cents, while the large one coats wlce as much. Both contain the names and adIresses of people of charitable dlspoition, tell the time of the day when eople can be received, the religion, olite and habits of the persons nentloned, and give every other lnforriatlon which may be useful to a proessional beggar. Here are some of he entries in the novel manuals: The widow C. does not take any inerest excepting in children. Ask for , layette or linen for the mother or ven for milk tickets on the plea of he baby's Illness. M. is a rich property owner, and ocaslonally gives a five franc piece. He s very soft on eviction cases. M. B. never gives any money, and t is better to ask for clothes. M. D. is very religious and will do .nything to regularize marriages and iromote the baptism and first com nunion of children. One can easily ibtaln a new suit of clothes from him. R. Is a Protestant, and his special ad Is to provide clothes for children o that they may go to school. He always wants the address of the appllant, and It would be advisable to arange with a friend so that he may be llrected to a respectable place. It Is said that these guide books of he Paris beggars are the work of an xperlenced vagabond, now retired, nd that thousands of copies of the ^orks have been printed and circulated. I'he police will now Inform all the tersons whose names and addresses re printed In the books to be on their ;uard from professional beggars.