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Scraps and .facts.
? New York, March 6: A plea of guilty to the charge of sending obscene matter through the malls in the so-called "red light" personal column was entered In the United States circuit court by counsel for the New York Herald company. The plea was on behalf of James Gordon Bennett, owner of the Herald, and Manley M. Gilliam, advertising manager. The sentence will be Imposed on April 2. The maximum fine under the court's Indictments is $40,000. ? New York, March 4: A remark which John D. Rockefeller made to several reporters before starting for Augusta, Ga., today led to the publication of a report that he contemplates another large gift to the cause of education or philanthropy. In excusing himself to the reporters Mr. Rockefeller said: "I have matters of great importance to discuss with mv son. matters of more importance to the public in the future than any chance remarks I might make Just now." "Do you mean that you contemplate the announcement of another bequest to the cause of education?" was asked. "All I can say," Mr. Rockefeller replied, "is that I have something in mind which I believe will be of great benefit to the public." ? Negro parishioners of St. Andrew's Episcopal church. Fifth avenue, New York, are very much exercised over an article entitled, "The Colored People," written by the Rev. George R. Van De Water, rector of the church, which appeared in the February issue of the St. Andrew's Chronicle, the parish monthly. In that artic'o Doctor Van De Water said: "Aside altogether from their right in any place of public worship, it is best that they should have their own churches, their own ministers and, in time, maybe their own blsh ops. It 18 not Desi inai wnne anu black people should be In Sunday school or In church on a plane of equality of privilege." In an Interview after the article appeared Dr. Van De Water said: "I certainly wrote that article and I stand by every word of It. I repeat that the sooner the colored people get out of St. Andrew's the better it will be for both whites and blacks. If President Roosevelt wants to eat with avcolored man he can do so. I won't, and I'm just as much entitled" to my opinion on the subject as he Is. I do not want the colored people In my church, neither do my parishioners." ? San Francisco, March 6: Attorney Abraham Reuf, jointly indicted with Mayor Eugene Schmltz, on charges of extorting money from keepers of French restaurants, is tonight technically a fugitive from justice, according to Judge Dunne, who late this afternoon decided that Sheriff O'Neill had not shown due diligence In producing Reuf for trial and appointed Coroner Walsh as elisor to serve a bench warrant for Reufs appearance In court. The coroner was oraerea xo make a return of service .tomorrow afternoon. AJter two adjournments had been taken today, Assistant District Attorney Francis Heney presented tc Judge Dunne a lengthy affidavit signed by himself, In which he recited the alleged facts: That Sheriff O'Neill is a close personal friend of Reufs; that Reuf "recognized as the political boss of San Francisco" had procured O'Neill's nomination and assured his election, and that consequently O'Neill was under obligations to Reuf, unfitting O'Neill to serve as the arresting officer. Similar assertions were made regarding the sheriffs deputies, who, it was alleged, has been named by request. Assistant District Attorney Heney also stated that he had been Informed that during the day one of Reufs attorneys had applied to the district court of appeals for a writ of prohibition, declaring at the same time that If this writ were granted the missing attorney would be produced. For these and other similar reasons, Heney asked that Sheriff O'Neill be replaced by Coroner Walsh, as the officer delegated to produce Reuf In court, and Judge Dunne so ordered. ? The trial of James and Philip F. Strother, for the murder of William F. Bywater, which has been In progress at Culpepper, Va.. for the past fifteen or twenty days, came to an end last Thursday with a verdict of not guilty. It was an unwritten law case and one which excited very great Interest throughout Virginia and throughout the whole country. Bywater seduced a si3ter of the Strothers under promise of marriage, and when In the course of time the matter came to the knowledge of the brothers, they gave Bywater to understand that he must at once go through the marriage cere~oioiAr Pxrn-a tfir Q t first intimated a refusal; but when the brothers gave him to understand that they would surely kill him otherwise, he consented. He let tt be known, however, that he did not propose to live with the young woman who thus became his wife, and the brothers took precautions to see that he did so. Immediately after the marriage, Bywater tore loose from the arms of his bride and jumped out of a window. The brothers each rushed to a window and commenced shooting. Bywater was killed. At the trial the Strothers relied upon the unwritten law; but the attorneys also brought in the temporary Insanity humbug. The public took a great deal of interest, sentiment generally being in favor of the defendants. After remaining out several hours the Jury brought in a verdict of not guilty. After the verdict, Judge Harrison, presiding, addressed the jury as follows: "Gentlemen of the Jury. I thank you for a verdict which I think will be approved by the public. It is an established precedent in the state of Virginia that no man tried for defending the sanctity of his home should be found guilty." ? The new, Russian douma was formallv at St Petarshnrer last Tuesday. M. GoulbofT. vice president of the council, read the czar's decree convoking the douma. The reading was received with the wildest enthusiasm by about 100 deputies, the cheering and shouts of "Long live the Czar," blocking the proceedings of the session for ten minutes or more. Meantime the balance of the deputies, about 300, sat silent and sullen. M. Golovln. cadet member of the Liberal party, was chosen president. As a result of the internal discord of Russia the flame of the world's greatest revolution may be ignited at any moment. A hundred million of the nation's people stand ready to offer their lifeblood on the altar of liberty. The situation at St. Petersburg has excited the leading diplomats of the whole of Europe and the conditions are being watched with the closest interest. If the czar disbands the douma or checks it in any manner from establishing a constitutional government, that action will be the match which will flame the whole empire Into revolution. It Is not Impossible, arid many diplomatists profess to believe that the czar's bureaucratic and grand duke advisers will compel the "little father" to order the Imprisonment of the whole douma. That will mean, according to the best advices, that the fall of the czar and his government will be the quicker, i more certain and more tragic. The peasants are ready for revolution. Among the embassies It has been no secret that the "revolutionary parties have been smuggling large quantities of arms Into the empire. More dangerous than this Is the disaffection in the army and navy. Certain high diplomatists In the world's centers have *? ?mnntVio that a Inrtre KJIUWU LKJl iiio.il > i^iuuvito vmw? w ?- 0 pari of the Russian army and most of , the Russian navy, are ready to desert the czar and fight for the cause of the people. It is said the government has ] been blind to these common facts. So I bold have the Intending revolutionists , been, it is now learned that large bodies have been openly drilling in the southwest provinces. The Black Sea fleet is wholly in sympathy with the revolutionists, and It is believed ma- l rlnes in the Cronstadt and other Bal- ; tic naval yards are not only ready, but \ have been secretly drilled to overthrow their high officers and take posses- < sion of those important military j strongholds. ?hr ^orkviUe (Inquirer, j YORKVILLE, S. C.t I*i>tn?%r vi a rw'LI O inn? rniuA i, siAnvn o, iavi. Whilj:, of course, we make no pretense as to authoritative Information on the subject, we are Inclined to the opinion that the North Carolina general assembly has been rather unfair In lis rate legislation. That the railroads should be regulated there Is no question. It is important that legislatures give the subject their constant care and attention. But it will have to be admitted that this supervision business can be overdone, and It looks to us like the action of the North Carolina legislature will eventually work as much hardship on the public as on the railroads. As we see it, the thing is not so much to try to . make the railroads cheapen service. Presumably clie&p things are often the most expensive tnings to De naa. i?. occurs to us that rather than try to make the railroads perform the impossible, it would be better to allow them to demand and receive reasonable compensation for their services, and then see to it that they do their duty in a way that will be satisfactory to the public. The ability to stop rapidly running trains in very short distances with absolute safety has been a problem long sought for by the railroads of the United States. Hundreds of inventors nave tackled the problem with but small success. However, it now begins to appear that the difficulty is to be solved by the application of electric brakes to fast passenger trains. For sometime past the Pennsylvania railroad has been experimenting with an electric apparatus made by the Westinghouse plant In Pittsburg. Collisions on lines equipped with the new device will be impossible, so railroad and electrical engineers declare. The Pennsylvania people have equipped forty miles of track of the West Jersey division with the contrivance and are using one of their largest engines with eight cars in the experiments. Circuit breakers are placed along the track at intervals of thirty-four yards, and it is claimed that the new electric brake will enable engineers to bring their trains to a complete stop with entire safety between any two of the circuit points. It Is claimed that last Tuesday the train while running at a speed of sixty-five miles an hour was stopped by the new brake and the test met every expectation of the makers. THEIR PAY INCREASED. Rural Mail Carriers to Receive Nine . Hundred Dollars. In connection with the increase in 1 the pay of rural mail carriers as agreed upon by the conferees of the house and senate at Washington the ' Atlanta Journal has an editorial on the subject which will bear repetition. The rural free delivery system has been the greatest blessing to the greater number of people of any- ' thing that has been done by the gov- ' ernment since it was founded. It has made country life more desirable and pleasant. What we need now In this section of the country is to do something that will improve the condition of our public highways. We need roads. Only by getting good roads can we enhance the value of rural property and induce our people to remain on the farm. With telephone and free delivery of mail if all had improved public highways no one ! would want to give up life in the rural districts for the crowded cities and towns. Then would your high schools be practicable for the coun- ! try. then you could have your church- 1 es and Sunday schools well attended. 1 then could the ladies go oftener to ! visit their neighbors and you would 1 have social intercourse. It is well the pay of the rural carrier is to be increased. It should be sufficient to secure the best class of men. In fact the pay should be at least ' $1200 per year. Each one should ' have a good turnout and two horses. The following is the editorial of the Journal: "The conferees of the house and ' sena*e have agreed to the amend- ; ment to the postal appropriation bill Increasing the salary of rural mail carriers to $900 a year. "An effort was made in the house j to place it at $840. but it was opposed in that body by Congressman Griggs. Q in Vin nnnn i< Vtniioo Conn t r\r+ I'lotf who was a member of the conference committee, succeeded in restoring the | larger amount and as such it has practically been adopted. "Senator Clay has been the persist ent and consistent friend of the rural 1 mail carriers and has done a great ] deal to perfect and encourage the system. He states that within the next five years this rural free delivery system will have been completed, ' which is to say it will have been extended to every part of the country 1 where it can be established and sus- 1 tained with advantage. He adds that ' the United States now has the best postal service in the work'.. "The growth of the rural free de- , livery system within the past few , years has been little short of marvel- . ous. It has made country life a hun- ' dred fold more convenient and attractive and thereby has increased the value of property to an inestimable degree. There can be no doubt ' when all is said and done, that the t free, wholesome life of the country 1 gentleman, when It is supplemented 1 with all the little conveniences which 1 mean so much in the aggregate, is the Ideal life, and there is no reason why it should not be enjoyed to the highest degree here In the south where we have so many natural advantages. "The personnel of the rural mail carriers counts for a great deal in the building up of the system and It is in reality excellent economy to make the salary of the position such as to attract good and efficient men. "They have many hardships to undergo. The highway for them Is not always a turnpike, much less a primrose path, and they have to brave the elements whether the wind be north or west. As a class they are among the most faithful and intelligent in the government service, and it is only right and proper that they should receive the increase in salary which has been accorded them." WHEN IT GOT ENOUGH. A Frank Contemporary Telle of Ita UDMrvailoni or ugasmcin. The Norfolk Landmark, which represents the best of southern sentiment In all matters of public concern, *ays: "The Richmond Times-Dispatch has been even more reluctant than the Landmark to believe the Ogden movemeht dangerous to the south, though our own reluctance has been great; but the Times-Dispatch cannot stand the pronouncements in connection with the Rockefeller gift? the offensive talk about "civilizing the south," "directing education" and so forth. Says our contemporary, like the Independent American and southerner It is: "We. shall never consent that southern education be directed by northern millionaires. Better let our boys and girls grow up in ignorance than have them trained in the Harrlman scnooi UI nunur uuu cuuvo. Amen! The Times-Dispatch was never afraid of the Ogden movement per se. We attended some of the conferences, we met representative educators from the north, and we have never doubted that the in ivement was Inspired by an earnest desire to do good. We are fully convinced, moreover, that it has been of great service to the south. It has stimulated our own educators and friends of education and it has given the northern contingent much valuable instruction touching conditions in the south. The Times-Dispatch has no regret that it gave its sanction to the movement, and its aid. But a year or so back we were informed that one of the most prominent of the northern leaders was in the habit of entertaining a southern negro in his home. We wrote him a personal letter to know If the report was true, and he frankly replied in the affirmative, at the same time declaring, however, that he had no disposition to force his views upon the south, and that he had profound respect for southern views and traditions In that connecflnn But that was enough for the TimesDlspatch. . It did not propose to put itself In the position of explaining the northern view and apologizing for It; and so the Times-Dispatch withdrew without further ado. There was no occasion to throw fits, however, and we did nothing more than to state the fact But when it was recently announced that the general education board proposed to use the Rockefeller donations to "civilize the south" and to direct the character of education in the south, the situation became acute, and the TimesDispatch lost no time in putting itself on record and its readers on notice. We have always protested against having the negroes of the south educated according to the northern view. Much more are we opposed to having the education of *the white children directed by northern sentiment We can imagine no greater calamity to the south than that its colleges should be subsidized by northern money. We welcome the friendly cooperation of the north, as manifested in the conferences for southern education; but if it should assume the spirit and form of dictation we Would turn away as from an infection. We are frank to say, however, that from our knowledge of the men of the north who direct the afTalrs of the general education board, we do not believe that they would insult any college in the south by offering it a gift with any compromising conditions attached. There are southern men on the board, and It is certain that they would not be a party to 3uch a transaction. But even if a tainted gift should be offered, we have no fear that any decent southern colege would receive it, and so the TimesDispatch is giving Itself no serious concern. Its only purpose is to put the colleges on guard?out of abundant caution.?From the Richmond Times-Dispatch. THE IMMIGRATION QUESTION. Attorney General Disagrees With Secretary of Commerce and Labor. An opinion has been rendered by the attorney general to the president bearing on the legality of the action of the South Carolina authorities in bringing to the United States a ship load of immigrants for work in various branches of industry in that state. The attorney general holds in effect that it is unlawful for a state government to pay the passage of Intending Immigrants or to assist immigration otherwise than by advertisements. In the South Carolina case $30,000 was raised by an association of private persons, by which a general fund was constituted for the encouragement of immigration and out of which the expenses of the immigrants were paid. The immigrants were brought to the United States through the efforts of state immigration commissioner E. J. Watson. The secretary of commerce and labor, in approving an opinion of the solicitor of the department held that the plan as carried out did not constitute a violation of the contract labor laws. The decision came up for considerable discussion 'n Congress, during the debate on the immigration bill. There was some dissatisfaction with the ruling of the department of commerce and labor on the subject and the department of justice was asked to render an opinion, with the view, it is understood, of determining the soundness of the contentions of the former department, with the remit above stated. Cock Fighting In Cuba.?One of the questions that will probably be left on his arrival in Cuba in the course of a few weeks will be the propriety and policy of abrogating Governor General Wood's decree forbidding cock fighting In Cuba. An overwhelming majority of the Cubans, themselves demand the right to fight their chickens as they have done for many years even since the application of the decree, this sport has been nec essarnv conuuvieu uaiiuesiuici}. n was the arrest of a number of prominent Cubans, including' at lea3t one presidential candidate for attending a cock fight that brought on the crisis, and acused Governor Magoon to promise that he would consider the petitions that were presented urging the abrogation of the degree. Nearly all of the planters favor cock fighting for a novel occasion, according to those who had recently been in Cuba. When the sport flourished, the Cuban laborer worked four days a week to support his family. Another day's wage he set apart for the lottery and the last of the secular days he worked in order that he might secure funds to back his favorite cock in the pit. Now that the lottery and cock fighting have been stopped, the laborers and farm hands simply stop work for the last two days of the week, having no incentive to continue. This is said to have had a really injurious effect on the development of the island Industry ind to have considerably curtailed production. ? The Salkahatchle Lumber company. located at Moselle, Hampton county. was destroyed by fire last Tuesday ifternoon. entailing a loss of $150,000, ivith no insurance. ? Nathan Harvey, a young white nan of Gaffney, was shot to death in he tenderloin quarter of Spartanburg Monday night by Jessie Wooten. Harvey leaves a bride of only a few ,veeks. The Wooten woman Is in Jail. LOOAL AFFAIRS. NEW ADVERTISEMENTS. I. W. Johnson?Has a new supply of Hulle d'Ollve extra superfine, Sadeau Freres. Geo. W. Williams, Sec. and Treas.? Gives rtotice of annual meeting of stockholders of the Yorkville B. & L. association on Friday, March 12. P. A. Pressly, Clover?Publishes his professional card. York Supply Co.?Has a 52-inch circular saw for sale; also seed potatoes, garden seeds, onion sets, farm supplies, etc. Louis Roth?Has seed potatoes, garden seeds, onion sets, garden plows, molasses. Will have roe shad tomorrow?Saturday. D. E. Boney, Agent?Wants yQU to see him for Insurance on houses, barns and live stock In Mutual companies. York Furniture Co.?Sells the Painter & Ewing piano and guarantees it to be strictly high grade In every particular. Terms to suit the purchaser. J. L. Williams & Co.?Are showing nice line of white vest3 for gentlemen at prices from $1 to $2.50 each. York Drug Store?Reminds you that It sells Waterman's Idep.1 fountain pens, which are standard In quality. Pens from $2.50 to $15.00. W. Adickes Co.?Has five varieties of seed potatoes. Wants butter, eggs, beeswax, etc. Mackerel at reduced prices. Dobson Bros.' Cash Store?Says Mrs. Dobson Is waiting to take orders for Easter Hats. New goods are arriving each week. Thomson Co.?Says that "Black Cat" stockings are the most satisfactory hosiery obtainable for ladles and misses. J. Q. Wray, the Leader?Offers all men's and boys' clothing at New York cost. He wants you to call on him for groceries. Strauss-Smith Co.?Wants you to know that the Walk-Over shoe is the best shoe on this market at the Rrlces. TT./-U n ntimo nn. nugll Vjr. di unit, ouci lu uiico in/ tJce of sale of Yorkvllle real estate levied on as the property of J. W. P. Hope deceased, containing three and one-t;uarter acras. W. I. Wltherspoon Co.?Quotes prices ' on poultry wire and advises you to make your purchase at once as the scarcity of material makes higher prices possible. Miss Rosa Lindsay?Suggests that you begin having the baby's picture taken when it is quite small and have new photos made from time to time. M. W. White?Analyzes the causes of success of the man of millions. He also makes bids on various stocks. Sam M. Grist, Special Agent?Tells you that the man who investigates will find the Mutual Benefit to be "the best company and Issues the best policy." Star Drug Store?Is ready to sell you the old reliable Landreth seeds, half and full quantity papers, onion sets, etc. One of the most serious problems that is now confronting the Southern railroad is the lack of necessary side trackage. Trains are often delayed becan?o of this trouble. A case in point came under the observation 01 the reporter while passing Tlrzah In a buggy last Wednesday night. The sidetrack was fall of empty .cars, leaving room at the public road crossing only sufficient for vehicles to get through. Just after the reporter passed, coml.ig In the direction of Yorkvllle, two freight trains came up In opposite directions. There was no little curiosity as to how the trains would get by but the reporter did not remain to see It out. He drove on to Yorkvllle, ,and when he crossed the railroad at the Southern station, the westbound freight train had not yet arrived. The presumption Is that it was still wrestling with the problem at Tlrzah. WITHIN THE TOWN. ? Charlotte Chronicle, Wednesday: Yorkvllle, S. C., has a Civic League which Is evidently doing much toward keeping the streets of that town clean. The Enquirer says; "People are coihIng to make very satisfactory use of the scrap and waste baskets put up by the Civic League ladies along Main street. Quite a number of people who formerly threw newspapers, banana peels and other stuff of that kind Into the streets now throw them into the waste baskets." This custom prevails In some other towns of the south. It is a good one and should be more generally adopted. THE COUNTY COMMIS8IONER8. The county board of commissioners met In regular monthly session In the office of the supervisor last Wednesriflv and considered such business as was pending. Mr. J. C. Klrkpatrick was present; but because his commission has not yet arrived did not participate officially. Mr. J. L. Ralney was on hand. Several petitions for the opening of public roads were considered and granted as follows: New road from Adnah church to Newport. Change In the Plnckney road from Mr. Goforth's to the Chester road on condition the petitioners would raise >50 toward the expense of making the change. New road from a point near Mr. W. M. Faulkner's to Enon church. During the day the board approved the bonds of Treasurer Neely, Auditor Hunter and J. D. Lesslle, agent of the Catawba Indians. ABOUT PEOPLE. Mr. Arthur Wlnget. of Gastonla, spent Tuesday night In Yorkvllle. Miss Mayme Devlnney has returned home from a three weeks' visit In Gastonla. Mrs. Geo. W. Sherer went to Gastonla yesterday on a visit to relatives and friends. Mr. Chas. W. Smith of the Strauss Smith company, left Tuesday afternoon for the northern markets to buy spring goods for his firm. Mr. W. Walden of AshevlUe, N. C., one of the Southern railway's traveling auditors, has been in Yorkville since Wednesday, and has been engaged in straightening out the Yorkville office. In giving an account of the 44th annual celebration of the Amellan society at Due West Female college, the correspondent of the Charlotte Chronicle refers to the participation of a York county lady as follows: "The last thing on the programme was the senior essayist, Miss Elizabeth Faulkner of Clover, S. C. Miss Faulkner's effort was an excellent one and was listened to with undivided Interest. AFTER BACK TAXES. The town of Yorkville is after back taxes from the Insurance companies. Since 1901 the insurance companies have been liable for municipal taxes on the gross premiums taken out of a town each year, and no such taxes have been paid to the town of Yorkville. looking to the bottom of the matter. Mr. W. W. Lewis, town attorney, has sent out the following circular letter addressed to each of the companies having business in Yorkville: The books of the county auditor of York county, state of South Carolina, show that your company collected in jross premiums out of said county for the year 1905, the sum of $ and on which sum your company was liable for state, county and town taxes for the year 1906. An inspection of the books of the town treasurer discloses the fact that your company has never paid any taxes to the town of Yorkville, S. C., for any year on Its gross premium Income collected at or through the postofflce at Yorkville, S. C? as required by law to do. Your company Ih, therefore, liable for the taxes for the years 1901. 1902, 1903, 1904, 1905, 1906 on such gross premium income as was collected out of said town or through the postofflce of said town for the years 1900. 1901, 1902, 1903, 1904, and 1906, respectively. The levies for those years, were respectively 5 mills for all of the years except 1906, when it was 10 mills. I am enclosing you seven blank returns to be filled out by you and to be returned to me with check covering the taxes for the last six years, said checks to be made payable to Geo. T. Schorb, town treasurer. I am authorized to settle these claims against you without the penalty -M *? an no aH itaqp nfA. ul memjr pci ccik uu vlded the request herein contained is complied with by you promptly. If your company Is not liable for taxes for one or more years, please have the returns made out and verified, writing across the returns for those particular years the words "no property." This will be understood to mean that no premiums were collected by your company at Yorkvllle or out of Yorkvllle for that particular year. C. & N.-W. HARD HIT. Mr. L. T. Nichols, general manager of the Carolina and North-Western railway, passed through Yorkvllle on Wednesday morning on a trip up the line, Jid In a short talk with a reporter expressed himself as very much discouraged on account of the recently passed passenger rate law of North Carolina, which makes a fiat rate of two and a quarter cents a mile. "We are up against a hard proposition," said Mr. Nichols, "and one that we can hardly see light ahead In. You see, It Is this way, on our road we only ave ons passenger train a day, b cause there is not business enougn 10 Justify more, and regardless of Increased expenses we have to run that train. We are not fixed like some of the larger roads of North Carolina, for Instance, where there may be possibly a dozen trains over a single division every day at present. Those roads can meet the new passenger rate by simply cutting trains and thus reducing the expenses of passenger trains and thus reduce operating expenses. The only way heretofore, small roads like this one have been able to make ends meet has been due to the liberality of the larger roads with which they have connections. For instance, the Southern or the Seaboard might handle ten or twenty times as much passenger business as we do on Interchange business. Well, to save inconvenience to the traveling public in making two rates they made a single rate for the Interchangeable bus! ness and give the smaller road the benefit of a larger percentage of the revenue. In this way they seek to equalize the proportion of expense between the larger and smaller roads. Now comes the new North Carolina rate law and says we must reduce passenger fares to two and a quarter cents a mile, and with the amount of business the 'C. & N.-W. can get, which will not be perceptibly Increased by larger travel will not give us returns sufficient to pay the operating expenses of even one passenger train." "Well, in view of the passage of the North Carolina rate law, will you put Nos. 7 and 8 on again this spring?" the reporter asked. "No, the North Carolina rate law kills all our hopes in that line. Tou [ know last summer that train barely paid operating expenses in the height of the mountain travel season, and we cannot see our way clear to put it on again in the face of the new rate law." "Have your operating expenses increased very much in the last two or three years?" "Yes, very largely. For Instance, lumber today costs us Just exactly two for one as compared with what it did when we changed this road from narrow to broad gauge. Labor Is considerably higher; conductors, engineers, firemen, trainmen, agents, office help and so on are all being paid more. Let me give you an idea. Last year our earnings Increased $20,000 over the year before, which is a very handsome Increase when the length of the road Is considered, but on the other hand our operating expenses Increased $32,000. So you see the increased business did hot keep up with the increased expense of handling that business." "Well, Mr. Nichols, what are you going to do about it?" "Well. I don't know, further than that we are going to keep right on giving our pa\rona the very best servico possible under the circumstances, but how long we can keep up the pace under the new conditions only time Will tell." AT THE CAPITAL. A representative of- The Enquirer had occasion to make a flying visit to Columbia this week, and although principally on personal business, gathered a few impressions, that seem to be worth printing. One Impression Is that It Is no light undertaking to go to Columbia from Yorkvllle and get back within twentyfour hours, but still It can be done. There are two ways to start, one by way of Rock Hill and the other by Chester. The trouble with the Rock Hill route Is that the 9 o'clock train may be an hour or so late, and if the Columbia train Is missed there is no starting again until next day. By the latter route, It is necessary to leave Yorkvllle at 6.50 p. m? and remain lr Chester until 12.20 a, m. The Southern train gets to Columbia somewhere in the neighborhood of 2 a. m, and to be right sure of getting back home that night it is necessary to go on up to Rock Hill and drive to Yorkvllle. When you get to Columbia the first thing to do Is to go to the hotel. There are plenty of transfers about, and they will take you anywhere you want to go. This writer has stopped at all the different hotels at various times; but Is now content to go to Wright's. It Is about a good as there Is in the city and there Is no good ground to com.-.1,1 in of the treatment received there. ?"?" " ? The only part of the city this writer saw on this trip was that lying between the hotel and the car station. He has a number of personal friends in Columbia; but had no time to call on them or let them know that he was in town. Such portion of the city as he saw gave evidence of plenty of busy lll'e, and there Is every reason to believe that Columbia is still growing. At the capltol the writer fell In with several newspaper men "doing" the administrative officers for stories of the day's developments. On this occasion they were especially Interested in securing Attorney General Lyon's opinion as to the beer privilege question. | Just what the Issue was, the reporter did not undertake to learn definitely, but from what was said by Colonels Kohn and Banks It appeared that somebody had asked Mr. Lyon to know whether hotel and beer privileges could be granted under the new law. I During the discussion it developed that quite a number of hotel men were 1 very anxious for privileges. One of the i newspaper men mentioned incidentally ' that the building of certain tourist i hotels that had been under consldera- i tlon had been abandoned for no other reason than that the law did not allow the conduct of cafes In connection with < them. These cafes, so the newspaper 1 men had been Informed, were the prld- I cipal source of revenue to such hotels. I "But," oxplalned the newspaper man, 1 "I don't care which way your opinion l Is. All I want Is the opinion In time to print It In tomorrow's paper." "I will give it to you in pienty 01 time, saia Mr. Lyon, "and when you get It I think i you will And that it is the law. It is not my province to make laws. The legislature does that. I see no warrant in the law for these privileges, and if the situation is one that requires a remedy, the remedy will have to be provided by the general assembly. I am very sure that I shall give no opinion that is not plainly warranted under the law." It seems that interest in the Zimmerman and Gibson cases has not yet died out. There is still more or less street talk going on about the matter, and it appears that many Columbia people were surprised that the case ever came to trial. Zimmerman stood high socially and otherwise. Gibson did not have much standing one way or the other. There was a strong feeling that it would be Just as well to suppress the whole matter. Some people reasoned that as Zimmerman is a very old man, and in the natural course of things could not live long, it would be Just as well to let the matter rest until he died, and then whether Glbsqn was convicted or not would not make much difference. The unpleasant thing could be buried in the cemetery and that would be the end of it. Solicitor Timmerman was anxious to do his duty; but was hampered one way and another. At one tenu of the court one of the defendants was sick, and at another term the jail was full of crapshooters, etc., and ought to be cleared before the court should take up the cases of de- fendants out on bond. Mr. Lyon was not pleased with the progress of things and during a conference with the solicitor. the solicitor suggested, that a note from Mr. Lyon to the court requesting the fixing of a day certainly might expedite matters. Mr. Lyon wrote the note, the day was fixed and Zimmerman plead guilty. Gibson was convicted on the testimony of Zimmerman, backed by general reputation. There is no unkind feeling against Zimmerman. Almost everybody has a feeling of pity for him, and It is quite possible that the poor old fellow will be pardoned. But nevertheless, those who feel the deepest sympathy, feel the highest gratification that the law has been vindicated in such a delicate matter. Without reflecting upon others who did their duty, there is a feeling that except for the position taken by Mr. Lyon, the case would have probably been buried in Elmwood. Our representative heard a good deal of talk about the liquor question while he was in the city. A number of more or less prominent citizens asserted that Columbia was remarkably dry for Columbia during the time the dispensary was closed. It was possible to get liquor from blind tigers but not easy for Just anybody. They said they have never known less durnkenness in the city. A chance acau&intance at the railroad station, explained that he had comp down thinking that the dispensary which had formerly been operated there was still open, but finding it closed he had been compelled to send back up town for a quart of whisky. He did not drink much he said; but he always wanted some to take along when on a trip out of town. Then he blessed out the whole situation and said that there was more drunkonnooo nriH llniinr HHnlrlnflr 111 Pollim bla during the time the dispensaries were closed than he had ever known before In his life. Two county dispensaries were doing business Wednesday and the authorities were using every effort to open others at the earliest possible moment. Of course our representative had to call on Governor Ansel. The governor was very busy hearing an argument, and there was no time for more than a formal handshake. It was: "I am glad to see you, have a seat, I am hearing an argument now; but will be glad to talk with you when I am through." Our representative, however, merely shook hands, and not having the necessary time did not see the governor again. But the feeling down in Columbia is that Governor Ansel is measuring up. He was voted for by thousands of people who were under the impression that although he was the best in sight, he was only a fence straddling politician. It is not pleasant to say this; but it is true. But nobody considers htm a fence straddler now. He has won the highest respect of everybody who has come in contact with him, as a man of force and character, fully big enough for the great office of governor of South Carolina. He has all the nerve and backbqne anybody could want, and along with these he has ability that has not been exceeded in the governor's office for years. If there are any who think that the reign of King Log has been instituted in South Carolina they will find themselves badly mistaken. Our representative was to have left Columbia at 2.35 p. m. but did not get away until after 3 and reached Rock Hill a little after 6. He got back to Yorkvllle shorly before 9 p. m. LOCAL LACONICS. The Sugar Creek Bridge. Fort Mill Times: Officers of the Commercial club have received notice from Supervisor T. W. Boyd that, with the supervisor of Lancaster county 1 and members of several concerns, he will be at Balles' bridge, east of town on March 20th for the purpose of awarding the contract for the erection ui an iron unuge over ougai v..ct?x ?.? that point. Committed Fop Murder. Ezekiel Ragsdale, a negro, was committed to jail last Wednesday, on the charge of having murdered John Barron, another negro In Rock Hill on January 5 last. After the killing Ragsdale made his escape; but the Rock Hill officers having reason to believe that he would probably not go entirely out of the country, maintained a lookout for him and finally effected his artest. Death of P. K. Mull. Fort Mill Times: Mr. Porter K. Mull, an aged and well known citizen of Fort Mill, died Monday morning at 7 o'clock of paralysis. The funeral service and burial with Masonic honors took place Tuesday morning at 11 o'clock. Dr. J. H. Thornwell of the Presbyterian church con luctlng the service. Mr. Mull was a native of Morganton, N. C? from which place he moved to Fort Mill about thirty years ago. For a number of years he engaged In the mercantile business here and was very prosperous. About twelve years ago he suffered a stroke of paralysis, rendering him almost helpless, and this was followed during the past week by a second stroke, which resulted In his death Monday morning. Besides a wife he Is survived by a 'daughter, Mrs. T. A. Mills. Escaped From tha Lockup. Fort Mill Times: Jim Izard, a negro 1 boy, effected his escape from the lockup Wednesday night in a manner which for a time was a puzzle to the 1 authorities. Izard had been arrested j the second time for vagrancy, and would doubtless have been carried to i York Jail, but when the officer enter- 1 ed the guard house Thursday morning 1 he found that the negro had succeeded , In getting hold of a 10-pound sledge ] hammer which had been left in the 1 hall and had pounded the hinges loose from his cell door and took his depart- . ure. It was thought that Izard got 1 the hammer by tearing a blanket into ' airings ana wnn mis ana ma suspeaaere made a loop and drew the hammer < through the bars In the transom over the cell door. It Is said that the negro Is again at his former home a few miles south of Fort Mill. ROCK HILL AND VICINITY. Tins Public 8ervics Corporation?Suspected Burglar Arrested?The Sewerage. CnrrMDondenc* of the Yorkvllle Knqunet. Rock Hcll, March 8.? The promotors of the South Carolina Public Service Corporation are expected to be In Rock Hill Saturday, the 9th to discuss their plan with the business men of the city. Just to let the public know that the Rock Hill pavement plan Is not laid upon the shelf It Is stated that the commission which Is steadily at work has obtained the signatures of practically all property owners on Main street and also of Oakland'avenue and It win be a matter of only a short time until both of these thoroughfares will be paved on both sides. A bold but unsuccessful attempt at robbery was attempted here Tuesday night, quite late when officer Eubank* came upon two men fooling around In front of C. Heedon's store on Depot street. When the men saw him they slunk into the alley which is next to the store, but the policeman followed and accosted them ordering them to leave town at once. Next morning it was found that they had attempted to enter the store at the rear door by mounting a barrel and breaking in the transom. Iron bars on the inside thwarted them and they evidently then went to the froijt where they were seen by the officer. The officer recognised one of the men Wednesday night at the passenger station and arrested him. The man, who Is unknown here, when charged with the affair admitted it, but claimed that his partner had done the work while he watched. The partner could not be found and had evidently skipped as ordered by the policeman. The one locked up now will have a trial tomorrow. A committee from the Chamber of Commerce appeared before the city council at its regular meeting Monday night and made the request that the city fathers employ an engineer to go over the situation, make an estimate of the approximate cost of a system of sewerage. After a discussion It was decided to place the whole matter in the hands of a committee consisting of Aldermen Cherry, O'Neal and Held. This committee will begin work at once as 11 was me sense ui me wuuctl that the matter should be pushed vigorously. Mr. W. O. Blair of the city's mall carrier corps, was married on Feb. 20th to Miss Laura Feemster at the home of Rev. J. B. Swann of Bullock's Creek Presbyterian church. They came immediately home and Mr. Blair resumed his work without any ado, very few people knowing anything of the affair. Miss Katie Ballard, who lives. In West White street was married Sunday morning to Mr. Sam Blake, the Rev. W. B. Duncan of St. John's M. E. church officiating. Mrs. W. J. Clinton of Edgmoor, died at her home Sunday afternoon and was interred at Neely*s Creek church yard, the Rev. W. H. Arlol of the Methodist church conducting the funeral services. Mrs. Clinton was a consistent Christian and died at a ripe old age. She leaves a daughter, Mrs. E. A. Peay, and two sons Messrs. W. N. and McC. Clinton. Mr. Jack Roberts of Blacksbucg, came down Monday to take a position with the Standard Drug Co., where his brother, Mr. Victor Roberts, a very popular young man, has been employed for some time. Mrs. Watson and Miss Lois Steele and others went to Charlotte, N. C., Thursday afternoon to attend the convention of Sunday school teachers, which meets there Friday and Saturday. Prof. J. W. Thomson of Wlnthrop college, who was taken suddenly ill while attending a meeting of Bethel presbytery In Chester the 8th of February, has so far recovered as to be able to go to the home of his brother, Dr. S. O. Thomson in Abbeville, where he will rest for a few days -before resuming his work In the class room. Mrs. J. C. Timmerman of Georgia, who Is pleasantly remembered here as Miss Rosa May Phillips,, is visiting her brother, Mr. J. Lloyd Phillips. Mrs. I. D. Wltherspoon, who has been a visitor in the city for some days, was entertained at dinner on Thursday by Mesdames Paul Workman and A. R. Smith. Dr. Jos. H. Saye of Sharon, was In the city Tuesday. Rev. J. Lee Oates of Hickory Grove spent Wednesday here. Miss Nellie Sprunt of Charleston, Is visiting her sister, Mrs. James White, who has returned from Baltimore. 80UTH CAROLINA NEW8. ? The county board of control of Richland county will employ four special constables tq assist In enforcing the dispensary law In that county. ? Columbia, March 5: As a result of a little hazing at the University of South Carolina during the last ten days, the faculty today suspended for two weeks, six members .of the sophomore class, suspended two others for the remainder of the session, and also suspended the freshman who was the cause of the trouble. It seems that this freshman made up. his mind not to be blackened when the sophomores came around and he pulled a pistol. It Is against the rules to have a weapon on the campus and he was disciplined for violating this rule, while the others were punished for hazing. ? Saluda correspondence Columbia State: The corps of engineers headed by Maj. Legare in the employ of the South Carolina Public Service corporation, after encamping in this town for a week or more, have moved westward some six miles and are making rapid progress toward Greenwood. The line from here to Greenwood is on a water shed and Is an ideal line for either an electric or steam railway. Capt. Dwight, who made a survey for the Middle Carolina and Western Railway company two years ago, ( stated that It would prove the easiest and cheapest 29 miles in the matter of construction and maintenance of i any line of like distance In the state. | ? Newberry special of Wednesday to j ew n unu ^uunri . aiuu.i ?u>i e?wv? Noah Ruff had a duel with shotguns on Sunday afternoon, and as a result Noah Ruff Is dead and Amos Ruff Is In the county Jail awaiting trial on the oharge of murder. They were engaged In a game of cards and quarreled over 25 cents. In order to settle the dispute each left the woods for his home ind returned with a shotgun. As they met each fired at the other, but neither shot took effect. Noah had a single barrel shotgun and dodged behind a tree to reload. While he was reloading Amos shot him with the other 3arrel of his gun with the result above Uated. ? Washington special of Monday to News and Courier: Representative Legare, who left for Charleston this ifternoon, was feeling In good spirits >ver the successful outcome of his efforts for an immigration station at lome. "It was a great tension," said Mr. Legare. "to be compelled to remain on watch so continuously. From 11 Saturday forenoon until 1.30 o'clock Sunday morning, when I finally ob:alned the much desired recognition 'rom Speaker Cannon, I dared not eave my seat. There was too much it stake, and time for action was too ihort to take any chances, so I sat :lose and held tight to my chair, iwaltlng my coveted opportunity. Af:er the bill had run the gauntlet of the louse it was easy over the senate, where the machinery had been oiled in readiness for favorable and prompt consideration. Senators Tillman and Latimer put their shoulders tq the wheel and the suspense was soon ended. It was quick work after we once started, but that long wait for recognition was a nerve racking experience [ do not care to repeat Now It Is up co the good people of Charleston to determine the best site for the new establishment." ? Spartanburg special of March 6 to the Charlotte Observer: J. T. Wllkins, aged 88 years, a paralytic, was burned to death this morning at the Mary Louise Cotton mill. In a Are which totally destroyed his home. It was one of the most horrible and distressing accidents that has occurred In thin PAiintv In mn*w VP ft rsi Mr. , Wilkins lived with his aged wife at } the Mary Louise mill, four miles from Cowpens. For several years he has been afflicted with paralysis, scarcely able to speak or walk. Early this morning he was assisted from his bed by his wife and was sitting before a warm fire wrapped in a quilt when ^ a spark popped out and fell on the quilt, setting it on fire. At the time Mrs. Wilkins was in the kltchin preparing breakfast Mr. Wilkins being --analyzed was unable to call his wife or to extinguish the Are. When Mrs. Wilkins discovered her husband on Are she ran for aid, but before she could procure assistance the house had caught Are. When help arrived the whole house was enveloped in Aames, and nothing could be done to rescue the unfortunate man. The house was soon burned down and the blackened and charred body of the victim of the Aames was removed from the ruins. Mr. Wilkins was the father of S. B. Wilkins, a prominent merchant of Cowpens, and Ball Wilkins, president of the Mary Louise cotton mills. ? Lamar special of March 6. to News and Courier: Petitions are being circulated in this county praying for the county supervisor to order an election on the dispensary question. An election was held under the Brlce act on this luestion about two years ago and the llspensary was voted out of the county by a large majority. It la to be reretted that we are to have an election on this same question so soon again, but it is almost a.certainty that 'he Prohibitionists, with the aid of the former state dispensaryltes, will out vote those favoring county dispensary. This precinct can be safely placed In the prohibition column. There.is no IftiiKf hut that va will hava a. nrftttv > big dispensary light, as every effort vlll be put forth to carry this county for liquor. It Is reported that the, "dieoensaryltes" have already selected the members of the "board of control" and have them out circulating petitions. 1 For several years a number of. the citizens of this,section have made efforts to have a dispensary located at Lamar, and It Is now rumored that the "powers behind the throne" promise that a dispensary will be established here If these citizens will join hands ind vote for the dispensary. No donbt this promise will catch a few of them, hut some will be somewhat suspicious, 'mowing that "promises are like pie ^rust." No one can deny the fact that Darlington county Is Infested with hllnd tigers, and if there is aay county In the state In which Governor Ansel should have a few special constables It Is this county. ? Columbia special of March 6, to News and Courier: The beer situation as It stands under the Carey-Oothran act received an extended interpretation tonight at the hands of Attorney General Lyon. It covers In the main, and does it very clearly, where the bottling establishments stand under s .a! Tm ?hs Av-at IUC ICI IIIO U1 IUC AM MW place, he decides that only those beer bottling establishments that held licenses directly from the state board of control as beer bottling establishments have any legal status on which they can continue In that business and work on the royalty basis, as provided in section 36. He holds that ordinary beer dispensers or beer bottling plants, operating under elections of county boards at the time of the passage of the Carey-Cothran bill are down and out. The only beer bottling establish- ? ments that can continue to do business under the royalty system or by Mcense are those that get their permits from the state board of control direct, and not through county boards or otherwise. These bottling plants under the statute are continuing, and can be transferred to successors, with the approval of the county boards, but no new licenses can be granted to oonduct bottling plants. Under the decision the bottling plants that are operated under the license system cannot sell directly to the consumer. They can sell to the county boards throughout the state and furnish fresh beer to beer dispensers, but they cannot sell directly to the consumer. Under the decision, beer dispensers, like whisky dispensers, are to be on salary and what- , ever profit they make is to go to the county and city. There is no longer to be such a thing as a beer dispenser, selling to the retail trade and working on a royalty basis. The royalty or license system, under the decision, apnlina an I ral v tn tha KnttKno nlonta unco V.IUII tij w niv uvbu?u? y*?*? w? and they are confined to the wholesale trade through the county dispensaries. MERE-MENTION. General William Booth, the venerable head of the Salvation army says he will accept "tainted money" from any millionaire who wants to give It for the purposes of the army........Advices from Central China are to the effect that the famine conditions are growing worse. Women and children are being sold as slaves at prices ranging from $3 to $16 each The short session of congress which ended last Monday appropriated $919,948,679 R. O. Hoops, son of a wealthy Kokomo, LI., merchant, has been arrested, charged with the burglary of $6,000 from the residence of a Lake Forest, 111., man Nine persons were Injured In a wreck of a fast mall train on the New York Central railroad at Tlvoll, N. Y., last Tuesday morning Two train robbers held up a Missouri Pacific train near Pittsburg, Kan., last Tuesday. They killed one passenger, wounded another and got away with $100 There is but slight hope of saving the Great Northern steamship Dakota, which went on the rocks of Tokyo bay, Japan, a few days ago. Secretary of War Taft will sail for Panama from Charleston on March 24 A magazine for blind people only has recently been launched in New York city. It is to be distributed free... .Governor Swettenham of Jamaica, has resigned his Job and will leave the island as soon as his affairs can be straightened up.... William A. Martin, of the city council of Pittsburg, .Pa., was on Monday, sentenced to i^ay a fine of $500 and go to prison for three years, having been convicted on charges of grafting Former United States Senator Burton will be released from the Kansas penitentiary on March 22....Pedro Alvardo, tne Croesus of Mexico, naa >ftered the Mexican government $20,000,000 to recruit and maintain an irmy sufBclent to exterminate the Yajui Indians, who are costing Mexico millions of dollars... .Mrs. Lottie Wallan of New York, is under a bond of (60,000, on the charge of murdering tier mother Conseulo, Duchess of Marlborough, formerly Miss Vanderbilt, will soon return to New York with her children, to make her home n that city Secret service men >nd Philadelphia police captured a jang of eight counterfeiters, six men ind two women, In that city Tuesday. Howard Gould Is buying large :racts of land near Ashevllle, N. C., with a view to erecting a mansion :here. The lands purchased adjoin the Vanderbllt "Biltmore" .estate Govjrnment agents working on the Chicago sub-treasury loss of $173,000, now jelleve that the disappearance of the noney is the result of a Joke at the ixpense of Teller Fitzgerald, from ivhose. cage the money disappeared, ind that the joker is afraid to own up :o his Joke.