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Yorkville enquirer. [volume] (Yorkville, S.C.) 1855-2006, May 21, 1907, Image 1

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i. m. grist's sons, plusher!. { % Ifamilg JJetcspager: 4or flromofion of the political, Social. Agricultural anil Commercial Interests of the feople. { tek9*volecop\,V"ve ceni?vanck'
established 1855. YO RK VILLE, 8. C? TUE81) A'y7m AY ill,1907.' " ISTO. 41.
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SYNOPSIS.
r Chapter I?Bob Brownley creates a
panic in Wall street. He Is a friend of
Jim Randolph of Randolph & Randolph.
bankers and brokers. Brownley
and Randolph had gone to college together
and entered the employ of Ran- 1
dolph's father at the close of college
days. Brownley Is a Virginian by
birth. Beulah Sands, daughter of an
old Virginia house, calls on Brownley
and tells him her father has been
practically ruined by the stock oper- (
ations of Relnhart. She hopes to utilize
her own money in Wall street In
retrieving her father's fortunes before
his condition becomes known, and j
asks for employment in the office that '
she may have an opportunity to better
understand how her money is invested.
She does not want it used in a <
purely Wall street gamble, but in the
buying and selling of legitimate securities.
Brownley agrees to help her, 1
and falls in love with her.
Chapter II?Brownley plunges in
sugar stock. He uses the money of 1
Miss Sands, his own and in addition (
is backed heavily by the Randolph
millions. His coup seems successful,
and he tells Miss Sands that she has ]
cleared $1,800,000. But the market <
had not closed. ,
Chapter III?Barry Conant, head ,
broker for Standard Oil and sugar in- ,
terests, suddenly begins to sell "sugar."
In the midst of a panic he oreaas me
market and with Its fall carries away
the earnings and much of the capital
of both Miss Sands and himself. A
pretty love scene occurs between the
two at the office when Bob attempts
to tell her the terrible truth of their (
fall. Brownley takes a trip to Vlr- ,
gin la.
Chapter IV?Beulah Sands and Bob 1
become engaged. Randolph wants to
loan her father the money to meet his i
obligations. She refuses. Bob figures i
on how to beat Wall street at its own j
game. Sugar takes another sensational
spurt upward, but Brownley keeps
out. I
Chapter V.?The "bulls" toss sugar i
to record breaking point, and the ,
"street" goes wild. Barry Conant, for '
the "system," pushes prices up and up, '
and a wonderful clean-up Is promised >
when the exchange closes, Thursday, >
November 12. Sugar opens higher ,
Friday morning, November 13. When
the price had passed all bounds 1
Brownley steps Into the pit and be- 1
gins to sell. He sells every share "the
system's" brokers will take, and .
pounds the price down and down until 1
failures are of momentary occurence, i
and "the system' has lost millions. He 1
has made millions for Beulah Sands .
and her father.
Chapter VI?Beulah Sands Insists 1
upon being assured that there Is no 1
dishonor connected with the money he <
i has made for her, and he cannot hon- ,
estly answer "no." He leaves her to
think It out. When he returns he 1
finds her staring at the glaring head- J
lines of a newspaper extra announcing
that her father, while temporarily insane.
had killed his wife, his daughter
and himself, and Beulah Sands had '
gone crazy. i
Chapter VII?Bob Brownley marries <
beautiful, insane Beulah Sands, and ,
takes her to Virginia. The sight of
the old home does not restore her reason.
and he returns with her to New j
KniMa q Iqpp frkr his bride. i
one floor of which is desigmed espe- !
, daily for her.
"In Ten Minutes You Will Get Word "
Thr<
CHAPTER VII?Continued.
Shortly after the first anniversary
of his wedding Bob gave up his office
with Randolph & Randolph and opened
one for himself. He explained that
he was giving up his commission, business
to devote all his time to personal
trading. With the opening of his new
office he again became the most active
man on.the floor. His trading was intermittent.
For weeks he would not
be seen at the Exchange or on "the
Street." Then he would return and.
after executing a series of brilliant
trades, which were, invariably successful.
he would again disappear. He
soon became known as the luckiest
operator in Wall street, and the begin- i
?1 Wo ovon' ni-vi- ripfll was the I
signal for his fast-growing following
to tag on.
From time to time I learned that
Beulah Sands was making no real improvement.
though in some details
'she had learned as a child learns.
But there was no indication that she
would ever regain her lost mind.
Strange stories of Bob's doings began
to seep into my office. For long
periods he would disappear. Neither r
the nurses in charge of his wife, nor v
his brother, mother, and sisters, for t
whom he had purchased a mansion a
few blocks above his own, would hear *
a word from him. Then he would 8
return as suddenly as he had dlsap- e
peared. and his wild eyes and haggard 11
face would tell of a prolonged and ^
desperate soul struggle. He drank ^
often now, a habit he had never before 1
Indulged In. 11
For ten days before the second anniversary
of his marriage he had been
missing. On the morning of the anniversary
he appeared at the Exchange,
wtld-eyed and dare-devil reckless. The
market had been advancing for weeks
and was at a high level. Tom Reinhart
and his branch of "the "System" 8
were working out a new fleecing of
the public In Union and Northern Pacific.
At the strike of the gong Bob
took possession of the Union Pacific
pole and In 30 minutes had precipitat- 8
ed a panic by his merciless selling.
Our house was heavily interested In
v
the Pacific, although not In connection
with Relnhart and his crowd. As ,
soon as I got word that Bob was the
cause of the slaughter, I rushed over
to the Exchange and working my
way Into the crowd, I begged a word
with him. He had broken both stocks
Q
over 50 points a share and. the panic
was raging through the room. He
glared at me, but finally followed me
out Into the lobby. At first he would ?
not heed my appeal, but finally he ^
said, "Jim, It Is too bad to let up. I
had determined to rush this devilish
institution off the map, but If It really 8
Is a case. of Injury to the house, It's r
my opportunity to do something for
you who have done so much for me, ^
so here goes." He threw himself into
the Union Pacific crowd first giving
in . order to a group of his brokers,
who jumped for a number of other
poles. Almost Instantly the panic
was* stayed and stocks were bounding a
upward two to five points at a leap.
Bob continued buying Union Pacific
ind his brokers other stocks In un- ?
limited Quantities. Nothing like such ,
a quick turn of the market had been 11
seen before. His power to absorb
stocks seemed to be boundless. It
Q
was estimated that personally and ^
through his brokers be bought over a
million shares before he Joined me a
ind left the Exchange. '
I looked at him in wonderment.
"Bob. I cannot understand you," I
said at last as we turned out of Broad
street into Wall. "It seems as if you p
work with magic. Everything you s
touch turns to gold."
He wheeled on me. "Yes. Jim you n
ire right. Gold, heartless, soulless n
?old. But what is the dross good for? 8
What is it good for to me? Today I
P
ii
rtiat Jim RanHnlnh Hai Cut His ?
>at." r
f
suppose I have made the biggest one- a
man killing in the history of 'the li
Street.' I must he an easy twenty- t
five millions richer in gold than I was v
this morning, and I had enough then t
to dam the East river and a good r
section of the north. But telLme. Jim, e
tell me. what can it buy in this world *
that I have not got? I had health and a
happiness, perfect health, pure happi- I
ness. when I did not have a thousand t
all told. Now I have fifty millions, s
and I know how to get fifty or five 1
hundred and fifty more any time I care c
to take them, and I have only physical I
and mental hell. No beggar in all the a
world is so poor in happiness as I. c
Tell me. tell me. Jim. in the name of i
God. if there is one?for already the I
game of gold is robbing me of my r
faith in God?where can 1 buy a little. ^
just a little happiness with all this i
cursed yellow dirt? What will It get r
me in the next world, Jim Randolph. \
what will it get me? If I had died s
when I was poor. I think you will 1
agree with me that, if there is a heav- s
en, I should have stood an even s
cnancp 01 gpiiing i^uw ?mi | *
lay like today, when you see the remits
of my work, the results of my
mndllng of unlimited gold, you must
igree that if I were taken off I should
itand more than an even show of l&ndng
in hell whe>re the sulphur Is thick;st
and the flames are hottest."
We were at the entrance of Ranlolph
& Randolph's office as he pour;d
out this terrible torrent of bltterless.
He glared at me as a dungeon
>risoner might glare at his keeper for
>is answer to "Where can I find libery?"
I had no words to answer him.
^.s I noted the awful changes In every
ine of his face, the rigid hardness,
he haunted, nervous loo)i of desperaion,
which seemed a forerunner of
nadness, I could not see, either,
vhere his millions brought any hapilness.
His hair, which once was
mooth and orderly, hung over his
orehead In an unparted mass of tanfled
curls, and here and there showd
of white. Bob Brownley was still
landsome, even more fascinating: man
efore the mercury entered his soul,
tut It was that wild, awful beauty of
he caged lion, lashing himself Into
nadness with memories of his lost
reedom.
"Jim," he went on. when he saw I
ould not answer, "I guess you don't
:now where I can swap the yellow
nud for balm of Gilead. I won't bothr
you with my troubles any longer.
will go up-town and see the little
Irl whose happiness Tom Relnhart
leeded in his business. I will go up
.nd show her the pictures in this
reek's Collier's of the fine hospital
or incurables that Relnhart has so
enerously and nobly built at a cost
f two and a half millions! The litle
girl may think better of Relnhart
rhen she knows that her father's
ooney was put to such good use. Who
tnows but the great finance king may
iedlcate It as the 'Judge Lee Sands
lome' and carve over the entrance
bas-relief of her father, mother, and
Ister with Hope, Faith and Charity
oming from the mouths of their
tanging severed heads?"
Bob Brownley laughed a horrible
lnging laugh as he uttered these awul
words. Then he beat his hand
lown on my shoulders as he said In a
toarse voice, "Jim, but for you I
hould have had crimps In that Jackal
ihllanthroplst's soul by now and In
he souls of his kind. But never,
nind. He will keep; he will surely
:eep until I get to him. Every day
te lives he will be fitter for the crlmpng.
Within the short two years since
e finished grilling Judge Sands' soul,
ie has put himself In better form to
ppreclate his reward. I see by the
iress tnai at last nis anstocrauu who
ias gold-cured Newport of Its habit
f dating back the name Relnhart to
er scullionhood, and it has taken her
nto the high-instep circle. I read the
ther day of his daughter's marriage
o some English nob, and of the dlsovery
of the ancient Relnhart family
ree and crest with the mailed hand
nd two-edged dirk and the vulture,
ampant, and the motto, 'Who strikes
a the \>ack strikes often.'"
He left me with his laugh still ringrig
in my ears. I shuddered as I
assed under the old black-and-gold
ign my uncle and my father had nalld
over the office entrance in an age
ow dead, an age when Wall street
len talked of honor and gold, not
old and more gold.
In telling my wife of the day's hapenings
I could not refrain from givag
vent to the feelings that consumd
me. "Kate, Bob will surely do
omething awful one of these days.
can see no hope for him. He grows
tore and more the madman as he
roods over his horrible situation,
'he whole thing seems incredible to
le. Never was a human being in
uch perpetual living purgatory?unmited,
absolute power on the one
and, unfathomable, never-cool-down
ell on the other."
"Jim. how does he do what he does?
cannot make out anything I have
ead or you have told me, how he
reates those panics and makes all
hat money."
"No one has ever been able to figre
it out," I answered. "I undertand
the stock business, but I canot
for the life of me see how he does
t. He has none of the money powrs
in league with him. that's sure,
or in the mood he has been in during
he past two years it would be imossible
for him to work with them,
ven if his salvation depended on it.
'he mention of any of the big 'Sysem'
men drives him to a fury. He
as today made more money than
ny one man ever made in a day since
he world began, and he had only com-.
nenceci nis worn nnen uc muh. i?
lease me. As I stand in the Exchange
nd watch him do it, It seems comnonplace
and simple. Afterward It Is
eyond my comprehension. At the
;ait he is going, the Rockefeller, Vanierbilt,
and Gould fortunes combined
fill look tiny in comparison with the
ne he will have In a few 'ears. It
s beyond my power of figuring out.
nd it gives me a headache every time
try to see through it."
CHAPTER VIII.
A number of times during the folowing
year, and finally on the anniversary
of the Sands tragedy, Bob
arried the Exchange to the verge of
lanic, only to turn the market and
ave "the Street" in the end. His
rofits were fabulous. Already his
ortune was estimated to between two
nd three hundred millions, one of the
argest In the world. His name had
ecome one of terror wherever stocks
vere dealt in. Wall street had come
o regard his every deal, from the monent
that he began operations, as invitably
successful. Now and again he
vould jump into the market when
lome of the plunging cliques had a
ear raid under way, and would put
hem to rout by buying everything in
;ight and bidding up prices until it
ooked as though he intended to do as
*?rnnrillnarv work on the up-side as
ie was wont to <lo on the down. At
uch times he was the idol of the Exhange,
which worships the man who
?uts prices up as it hates him who
)ulls them down. Once when war
lews Hashed over the wires from
rVashington and rumor had the cabnet
members, senators, and congressnen
selling the market short on adance
information, when the "Standird
Oil" banks had put up money
ates to 150 per cent and a crash
eemed inevitable. Bob suddenly
mashed the loan market by offering
o lend one hundred millions at four
per cent; and by buying and bidding
up prices at the same time, he put.
the whole Washington crowd and its ;
New York accomplices to disastrous
rout and caused them to lose millions.
He continued his operations with in- j
creasing violence and increasing profits
up to the fourth anniversary of the
tragedy. On the intervening anniver- |
sary I had been compelled by self- i
interest and fear that he would really i
pull down the entire Wall street ]
structure, to rush in and fairly drag \
him off. But with nia growing maaj i
ness my influence was waning. Each
raid it was with greater difficulty that
I got his ear.
Finally, on the fourth anniversary,
in a panic that seemed to be running
into something more terrible- than any
previous, he savagely refused to accede
to my appeal, telling me that he
would not stop, even If Randolph &
Randolph were doomed to go down in
the crash. It had become known on
the floor that I was the only one who
could do anything with him in his
frenzies, and my pleading with him in
the lobby was watched by the members
of the Exchange with triple eyed
suspense. When it was clear from his
emphatic gestures and raised voice?
for he was in a reckless mood from
drink and madness and took no pains
to disguise his intentions?that I
could not prevail upon him, there was
a frantic rush for the poles to throw
over stocks In advance of him. Suddenly,
after I had turned from him
in despair, there flashed into my mind
an Idea The situation was desperate.
I was dealing' wun a madman, ana i \
decided that I was justifled in making j
this last try. I rushed back to him. ]
"Bob, good-bye," I whispered in his <
ear. "good-bye. In ten minutes you ]
will get word that Jim Randolph has i
cut his throat!" He stopped as though f
I had plunged a knife into him, struck <
his forehead a resounding blow, and <
into his wild brown eyes came a sick- ]
ening look of fear. <
"Stop, Jim, fcr God's sake, don't i
say that to me. My cup is full now. i
Don't tell me I am to have that crime i
on my soul." He thought a moment, i
"I don't know, whether you mean it, t
Jim, but I can take no chances, not )
for all the money in the world, not i
even for revenge. Wait here, Jim." 3
He yelled for his brokers, and several
rushed to him from different parts of {
the room. He sent them back Into ]
the crowd while he dashed for the j
Amalgamated-pole. The day was |
saved. ' ]
To Be Continued. 1
CONFESSION OF RUEF. '
1
San Francisco Boodlsr Yields at Last J
to Complete Exposure.
Abraham Ruef, the San Francisco '
boodler, who a few days ago plead '
guilty of extortion, will, it is said, go
before the grand Jury next week and ^
tell all he knows about the bribery
cases that brought about his downfall,
saya a dispatch of May 16: J
Judge Dunne has consented to con- ''
tinue Ruef's case two weeks for sen- '
tence. What punishment will be
meted out to Ruef is not known, nor 1
is it known just how much immunity
he will gain by his sensational con- 1
fession of yesterday.
San Francisco hasn't had such a 1
sensation for a good while. When it (
got rumored about that Abe Ruef had
broken down and pleaded guilty to the
charge of extortion, excited groups of '
citizens gathered in the streets and in 1
the hotels to discuss the affair. Need- 1
less to say, there were many persons '
who were in great fear lest Ruef in- '
volve them in the growing scandal. 1
Ruef stood before Judge Dunne and 1
made an exceedingly impressive '
speech. He declared that he had J
started in politics with high ideals, but J
that conditions had caused him to 1
fall. His only ambition now was to
make some reparation, he said, and
help root out the scandalous system of 1
corruption that had fastened on the 1
government of the city.
As he talked he showed great emo- 1
tion and upon finishing could scarcely s
restrain himself from weeping. His 5
eyes were filled with tears and his '
hands trembled. He opened his ad- (
dress by referring to the serious effect
?the present state of affairs was i
having on his family. He said: 1
"This trial has become a threatening !
* u?- V..?u (
langer xo my neann, oum iiirniau;
and physically. I am unable to bear
the strain any longer. The strain on
those nearest and dearest to me is undermining
them. They are on the
verge of collapse. Their lives hang in
the balance and I must take some action.
"I have occupied a prominent position
in this city. I hope to remain
here and this will be my eternal sleeping
place. Heretofore I have borne an
honored name In my professional life.
There has been no stain upon my honor.
and until the present board of supervisors
was elected there was no act
of mine that could Justly be censured. ?
Nevertheless, owing to the assaults of
the press I have been placed in a
wrong light, and have been burdened .
with a bad name. ,
"It is true that in order to hold to- j
gether the political machine which I ,
had built up with great difficulty I did ,
lower the high political Ideal that I ]
had hitherto upheld. Last night I t
reached the conclusion that there |
might still be an opportunity to make (
an effort to restore myself in the public |
favor and be a power for good. I will .
do all that still lies in my power to (
help overthrow the system which has (
made possible the terrible corruption ,
of public officials. To do this I will ,
work even as the humblest citizen. My .
future career will be one of Integrity. ,
I hope that I can still achieve some ,
good. ,
"I am making the greatest sacrifice ,
that could befall a human being of |
my disposition?namely, to acknowl- ,
edge faults and mistakes to restore
myself in public favor. Duty calls me
wherever the path may lead, but I
want the whole world to know that I
am not guilty of the charge made
against me .n this instance. Nevertheless,
on account of the reasons
stated. I withdrew my plea of not
guilty and entered a plea of guilty."
ypr France has one university student
to every 865 of her population; Great
Britain has only one in 2,150.
?6" When a girl refuses to marry a
man he tells her he can't live without
her, but he does, and much more
lavishly than he could afford to If she
took him.?X. Y. Press.
JUisccltanmis Starting.
REMARKABLE EXCUSES.
3om? of the Difficulties of Obtaining
a Jury for Heywood Trial.
Most of the excuses of the talesmen
In the Heywood case were of a character
that never would receive attention
from a New York Judge. They
had nothing to do with the business of
the talesmen. Many of them were
ranchmen who had nn one to take
their places and their stock or crops
would suffer by their absence. Almost
every such excuse was accepted.
Three or four men got away because
they were road overseers and under
iond to the county to keep the roads
In repair. Some were let off because
they were managers or drivers on irrigation
ditches. It was a curious
icene that this crowd of gray-headed,
vhite-bearded men made, standing at
the end of the bench. They were profoundly
respectful to the Judge. It
was like a country schoolmaster with
ill his scholars before him, called up
for inquisition into some mischief regarded
as unusually serious.
They stood awkwardly on one foot,
:wl8ting their broad-brimmed hats
lervously in their hands and speaking
joftly and pleadingly when the time
:ame to make excuses.
I have seen very much such a meeting
aboard warships when a group of
:he men had come to the mast to tell
:he captain of their troubles and seek
edress. The wide acquaintance of
:he judge with his people and his keen
ippreciatlon of their situation, his
Knowledge of their circumstances,
rame out frequently when he told the
awyers ' that he himself knew about
:he case under examination and
ItAiio-ht iKot man qHauM hp PY
:used. His ready humor cropped out
>n not a few occasions also. One
Boise business man glibly began to
jffer a series of excuses. The first was
ilckness In his family, and the second
was the fact that he already made ar"angements
to leave the city the af:ernoon
when he was subpoenaed. The
:winkle came Into the Judge's eyes a3
ie looked up quickly and said: "Then
:he sickness Is not such as to require
r'our presence at home?"
It made even the talesman laugh to
?ee how he had trapped himself, but
ie made good on the business excuse
ind the judge let him go. No doubt
:he knowledge that the man would
lave been challenged for cause anyway
had something to do with It.
There came up a fine old, white-beardid
man, clear-eyed and frank, as neary
all these people are, who told the
udge that he was "kind o' under the
weather," but for the last year his
health had been better than it used
o be.
"How old are yod?" asked the
ludge.
"Seventy-six," was the reply.
That brought from the lawyers on
:Ath sides a ready consent to letting
me oFd man go, but another -of sev;nty-three
was held, although he said
:hat his health was not quite so good
is it used to be. Another who was
'troubled with kidneys" at sixty-five
was let off, but a merry youth of fiftyseven,
who complained that his "hearng
was poor," was held for further
ixamlnatlon.
So It went through the long list.
5Vhen the Inquisition was ended twen:y-four
of 100 summoned by special
panel had been excused, and eight or
:en who had tried to be released fallid.
The eleven men already in the
3ox had been locked up since adjournnen
on Thursday afternoon, and now
:hey were sent for. Sheriff Shad Hod?ins
went out to the back door of the
ludge's room, and shouted across the
lailyard to the house where the jurors
had been locked.
"Hey, come on there."
The eleven men filed in presently,
ind the work of trying them out was
esumed.
? 3 wnro InforoQtAd in
neywoou occmcu uaut v
:he proceedings than before. He
seemed to be more conscious of the
seriousness of his situation as the ur3eal
of the actual trial of the case
Iraws near.
There Is about his expression as he
sits there with drooping lips and
iverted face watching the talesmen
ind the lawyers and listening to the
:areless badinage that goes on somelimes.
something of the Indian-like
expression that comes over the face of
senator Tillman when some matter In
ivhlch he Is much Interested comes up
n the senate and his opponents go af:er
him full shod. It was an expression
full of bitterness and cynicism
juite unlike the frankness and good
lumor the mobile mouth often shows
Ahen less serious matters attract Heyvood's
attention.?Boise Cor. New
Fork Times.
THE AMERICAN TOAD.
Subserves Useful Purpose and Should
Be Protected.
The toad, or as the children call It,
'the toad frog," being one of the most
nallgned of all animals, Is ably de'ended
by the United States departnent
of agriculture. In fact the natural
history experts at the department
lave seen fit to Issue a special bullein
on "The Usefulness of the Amercan
Toad." Mr. Kirkland, who Is one
>f the entomologists or some other
<lnd of gists, at the agriculture department,
is the special "champion"
>f the toad frog. Mr. Kirkland says
hat the toad frog has always "borne
the burden of false and even ludicrous
nisrepresentation." He would indeed
put him In a class with another much
nallgned gentleman, the billy goat,
ivho in spite of all of his good qualities
is like what Editor Stead says of
tvoman?the people will not take
lilm seriously. So it Is, Mr. Kirkland
mys, with the toad and this Is why he
has prepared a 16-page bulletin to set
the toad frog right In the world.
Mr. Kirkland admits In the outset
ihat "to some the toad can never be
in attractive animal. Nature has deprived
It of the gay colors of bird life
ind even the sinuous beauty of some
if its reptilian relatives. Yet," he
'ontinues, "judged by the standard of
jood works, the toad does not suffer
by comparison with any of the lower
tnlmals."
This is the time of year when the
:oads hop in the roads and little boys
ind girls prod them with sticks to see
:hem hop; feed them on shot; pen
:hem up in corners of the fence to see
iy what peculiar antics they will get
out; and otherwise disport themselves
in the fascinating company of the toad
frog. The toad is a mysterious anlla
tn ho nnwpmipfl nf
such peculiar properties that he Is
both a fascination and a terror to the
little children. Nobody knows where
he came from or where he Is going, or
how long he has lived here. And his
home while in this world Is enshrouded
like many of his personal attributes,
In mystery. It has been said that
toads have been found in the midst of
solid rocks alive, ready to hop out full
grown, armed and equipped, even as
Minerva sprang from the head of Jove,
having been there perhaps thousands
of years, or having had no birth or
beginning at all, just came down all
through the centuries, "ugly and venomous,
wears yet a precious Jewel
in his head." Now Mr. Klrkland
points out that it Is no such thing.
There Is no such jewel In the toad's
head In the first place, and no toad
within the range of his experience and
investigations has ever "been found
shut up In a rock for a thousand years.
On the contrary he points out that
once a French entomologist Imbedded
three toads in plaster and placed them
in the archives of the French Academy
of Science. He also tells of other
toads shut up in sand-stone and limestone.
The-toads died in a short time,
though they lived perhaps longer than
any other animal known would have
lived under similar circumstances.
Mr. Kirklam evidently poked sticks
at the tails of toads when he was a
little boy, and he tells us with some
evidently memory of his early happy
day3 or now "in suuuiem mmuuca
March finds them wakened from their
winter sleep and beginning their annual
migration toward the breeding
points, where a little later is heard the
soft drowsy musical trilling of the
males so well described by Gibson as
'the sweetest song In nature.' "
Another thing Mr. Klrkland wants
understood, and that is that the toad
is not venomous. At least, It Is not
venomous to the human skin and the
exudations from Its skin of a certain
milky acrid fluid, does not harm the
human hands, though It does very
much discomfort a dog who tries to
bite the toad. Therefore, a dog does
not bother a toad.
Now, there are all sorts of other
things told us about toads by Mr.
Klrkland?all sorts of interesting
things. But where he comes to the
defense of the tcad?where he comes
to the defense of himself for spending
so jnuch time on this toad business
and putting the government to the expense
of printing and circulating a bulletin
on the subject?is when he tells
what the toad eats. The toad frog Is
quite much of an eater. He eats bugs
and beetles, worms, ants, caterpillars,
grasshoppers, spiders and a good
many other things, especially destructive
things. In other words, the toad
earns his right to live In this world,
and to hop and to exude this mysterious
acrid fluid from his skin, by eathTg
op other animals which are-dangerous
to human life and health or
destructive to property. The toad
frog particularly likes thousand-legged
cove that finP
worms. iVl I. I\I1 niauu ou, ? .....
toad frog has been known to eat seventy-seven
thousand-legged worms at
one meal, thirty-seven caterpillars at
another meal, sixty-seven gipsy moths
at another, and fifty-five army worms
at another. The toad frog has a good
appetite. But of all the things he eats
he is particularly fond of these dangerous
and destructive worms, bugs,
etc. Mr. Klrkland has figured out
that of the food the toad eats, slxty-i
two per cent consists of these injurious
insects.
Toads should not be killed by a man
or little boys or girls. Everybody
knows that; knew It before Mr. Klrkland
said so. In fact, it is dangerous
to kill toad frogs. There Is no telling
what might happen to a little boy or
girl who kills a toad frog. Hawks,
owls, crows, snakes and skunks kill
toad frogs. Little boys and little girls
ought not to want to be classed with
hawks, owls, crows, snakes and
skunks. "
The toad frog, all In all, Is a very
desirable citizen.?Zach McGee In Co
lutnbla State.
STIJART, THE PAINTER.
Curious Hits Born of His Faculty For
Reading Faces.
"I dont want people to look at my
pictures and say how beautiful the
drapery Is. The face Is what I care
about," said Stuart, the great American
painter. He was once asked
what he considered the most characteristic
feature of the face. He replied
by pressing the end of the pencil
against the end of his nose, distorting
It oddly.
His faculty at reading physiognomy
sometimes made curious hits.
There was a person in Newport celebrated
for his power of calculation,
but In other respects almost an idiot.
One day Stuart, being in the British
musev.n, came upon a bust whose
likeness was apparently unmistakable.
Calling to the curator, he said,
"I see you have a head of "calculating
Jemmy."'
"Calculating Jemmy!" repeated the
curator in amazement. "That is the
head of Sir Isaac Newton."
Or. another occasion while dining
with the Duke of Northumberland,
his host privately called his attention
to a gentleman and asked the painter
if he knew him. Stuart had never
seen him before.
"Teil me what sort of. a man he is."
"I may speak frankly?"
"By all means."
"Well, if the Almighty ever wrote
a legible hand he is the greatest rascal
that ever disgraced society."
It appeared that the man was an
attorney who had been detected in
sundry dishonorable acts,
Stuart's daughter tells a pretty
story of htr father's garret, where
many of his unfinished pictures were
stored:
"The garret was my playground,
and a beautiful sketch of Mme. Bonaparte
was the Idol that I worshipped.
At last I got possession of colors
and an old panel and fell to work
copying the picture. Suddenly I
heard a frightful roaring sound. The
kitchen chimney was on fire. Presently
my father appeared, to see If
the fire was likely to do any damage.
He saw that I looked very foolish at
being caught at such presumptuous
employment and pretended not to see
me. Put presently he could not resist
looking over my shoulder.
M Why boy,' said he?so he used to
address me?'you must not mix your
colors with turpentine. You must
have some oil.' "
It is pleasant to add that the little
girl who thus found her inspiration
eventually became a portrait painter
of merit.
OLD SOLDIER'S COMPROMISE. g
L
He Wanted" to Go and Ha Managed to si
Get Permission. t<
A captain and ald-de-camp sat with Ir
mo over a bottle of Burgundy and a C
d< zen dry rice birds In the club In Maui
la. Our talk had turned to the men v<
of the service?the bronzed, blue- h
sh rted fellows who bear hardship so 8I
ch ^erfully and prosperity so sadly. tl
"You remember the Taraca hike In p
Mindanao?" he asked. "I ran across u
a funny old cock of a sergeant the day b
wc started out?In the Twenty-third, ti
I I CS CU1 milll was iu uiuvc at i \j viWA | p
| tn the evening. I dropped in at Tom ^
Blank's for tiffin that day. Tom was n
in my class, you know. ^
"He and I were swapping lies after a
chow, when there came a knock at 0
the door. The boy announced that a w
sol Her wanted to see the captain, so h
out goes Tom. ii
' I got busy on a pile of old New l
York papers and didn't think any fur- a
thtr of the thing until in a few mo- 8,
ments I heard Tom and somebody in
the Joy of a furious discussion?you a
know you can hear all through a nipa
shack? Tom was roaring and ramp- p
ing?and the other chap was roaring a
and ramping right back. For a time w
Tom seemed winning, through sheer
for. e, but at last he weakened a bit, c,
and then shook and succumbed. The 8(
oth?r voice conquered. There was a g
period of peace. Then the whole n
works began again?rose, swelled and
died?Tom died?as before, and back v
he comes, looking very upset and c
grouchy. e
"'What's the matter, Tom?' I said, |,
'your tailor called?'
" 'Oh, hell, no!" he growled, 'it's B
that blank fool, Sergeant Flynn.' b
" 'WWat'o Jha mottor with him?' I
asked. t<
" 'The ass!' said Tom, 'he's an old p
man?twenty years' service?had dys- e
entery and fever. He's not flt for the a
field. This hike's going to be a stinker.
So I gave orders for him to stay c,
behind in charge of quarters. And
the blame fool just found out and p
came to see me about it.' j{
"'H'm! What did he want?' a
" 'Want? He wanted to go. Said
he'd never been left behind from his ,j
company on a hike in his life. Said t(
he had fought Apaches and Spaniards c
and Filipinos for thirty years, and he c
wasn't going to be called coldfooted
at this time of his life. Delicately re- j,
minded me that he was hiking when I r
was chewing rubber rings in a coach. a
And he simply said he was going anyhow?that
I couldn't disgrace him by ^
keeping him back.' e
"'What did you say?' j,
" 'Oh, I stuck out at first. I told n
him he was sick and damaged, and p
besides, I wanted a good man in quar- 0
ters?specially since the niggers have j,
taken to stealing rifles. But It was no v
go. So at last I offered to compro- a
mlse. I said that he could go and try, (,
and carry his rifle and belt, but that
he must let the pack train tote his ?
pack with the kitchen stuff.' n
- w?
" "Didn't mat sausiy mm : j,
" 'Not a bit. The fool said he had
never let anybody carry any of his t(
pack before?and he wasn't going to tl
begin now. How would he look being p
carted around in a baby carriage, he 9l
asked politely, in front of a lot of y
hump-backed rookies? He was going t]
?and he was going to carry his own S(
sturr.' a
" 'How did you settle it?' 0
" 'Settle it? I ordered and threat- e,
ened and promised?and heaven t|
knows what! But it was no go. I tj
couldn't Judge him. So we compromised.'
" 'Compromised?' ' u
" 'Yes, compromised. The dashed ^
old fool's going?and he's going to
cary his own stuff.?Lloyd Buch- p
anan in Outing Magazine. 8
?! q
LIFE OF THE BOLL WEEVIL. f
c
Exhaustive Description of its Habits t
Given by Experts.
A valuable and instructive manuscript
account of the boll worm by F.
C. Bishop and C. R. Jones of the de- fi
partment of agriculture, on the Investigations
of the weevij' from the egg
stage to the end of its cycle of life, ^
sets forth in a comprehensive manner
an exhaustive description of the life |t
and habits of the pest, thereby enab- ^
ling cotton growers to select the best j,
means for Its control of the many
methods suggested. q
The cotton boll worm, says the trea- a
tise, is one of the oldest, most widely 0
distributed and Injurious of all insect
pests, and It has been before the pub- f
lie for fifty years in a greater or less v
degree. t
The crisis of cotton culture in Tex- t
as brought about by the introduction
and spread of the weevil has awaken- n
ed the planters to the importance of a
reducing the chances for injury. b
Eggs are laid by the female in quantities
varying from 300 to 3,000 and e
the period of incubation lasts from n
two and one-half to eight days, after
which the weevil makes its appear- f,
ance In the larvae stage, which lasts
fifteen days, and during which the {,
worm grows from one-fifth of an inch
in length to about one and one-half tl
inches, has a color ranging from pale n
green to a dark brown. ti
When the larvae stage is passed the r
insect then drops from the plant upon
which It has been feeding and bur- r
rows Into the ground for a distance of v
fifteen inches, and remains there for M
about two weeks and then emerges in s
the shape of a moth, called the bollweevil
moth. |(
The length of the cycle of life Is p
about thirty days during the summer j,
months and the cycle Is repeated four t|
times each year, the damage done being
by the larvae, which feed upon ^
the tender leaves of the corn, cotton, u
potatoes and other plants. v
The last generation pass the winter n
in the pupal stage under ground, and t
it is recommended that late fall plow- ^
Ing will turn up these worms to the j,
frosty air, as well as to the mercy of
chickens and birds, and thereby de- j,
crease the number of insects. ^
During the past few years Texas n
has suffered more than any other t
atnto frnm the ravaees of the boll t,
worm, and Central and Northern Texas
have afforded a vast and practically t
unbroken area for cotton and corn and u
have suffered accordingly/
While severe Injury to cotton and k
corn occurred over a considerable area s
In Texas, as well as the Indian Terri- n
tory, during the season of 1906, the ^
loss was not as great as in 1905, the p
reatest damage being throughout the
ivo northern tiers of counties in the
tate of Texas, from Lamar and Delta
> Clay and Jack counties, and includlg
the southwest portion of the
hickasaw nation in Indian Territory.
During the past three years the inestigatlons
conducted by officials
ave been therefore confined to these
jctlons most affected, with a result
lat it is strongly emphasized that imroved
methods of handling the sltuaon
are more than profitable from the
eglnning. The planting of so-called
ap crops, that is, the sowing of cow
eas and corn in convenient rows beveen
the cotton fields, are a sure
lethod of attracting the rapacious inset
there and away from the cotton,
nd the female will deposit the eggs
n plants along the strip, the larvae,
rnicn causes ine most aesirucuon,
atching there, and the cotton remalnlg
comparatively free from the pest,
ater fall ploughing Is recommended,
s well as the selection of the finest
seds and the thorough fertilization of
tie plants to insure the early growth
nd fruition of the crop.
The idea of the trap crops being
rimarily to bring on the crop of peas
nd corn about the first of August,
rhen the destructive hordes of the
weevils are at work, has proved a sueess
on the experimental farms, and In
ome cases the plan not only saved a
reater percentage of cotton, but also
etted a fair yield of com in addition.
Alternating of crops is deemed adisable,
but the best results were seured
by the experts In charge of the
xperlments by employing the followlg
methods:
Good returns were secured by using
[ing, Rowden and Gin seed, but the
est showing was made by the King
eed, fertilized with 300 pounds of cotsn
seed meal and 100 pounds of add
hosphate per acre, the crop being
arly and maturing before the August
ppearance of the boll weevil larvae.
Fertilizers containing a large perentage
of nitrogen are recommended
> be avoided, as this fertilizer will
roduce much stalk and foliage, which
i favorable to the boll weevil, as well
s to the boll weevil depredAtlons.
The close relations between the
epredatlons of the boll worm in cotan
and the ravages In com have neessltated
a careful study in both
rops. Injury to young corn by the
rst brood of worms is rare, although
i 1905 corn in the locality of Victola.
Tex., suffered severely from the
ttacks of the weevil larvae.
Poison experiments have been conucted
with Paris green and air al&ckd
lime, at a rate of one pound of Pari
green to four pounds of lime, the
lixture being in quantities of fifteen
ounds to the acre, carefully dusted
ver the plants. At Ladonia and Pari
twenty-four acres were poisoned, as
rell as about fifty acres at Quinlan,
nd satisfactory results were obtained
i all cases.
At Quinlan the trap crop method
ras applied and the success of an exeriment
on thirty acres was gratifyng
to the experts. "?w*
There are many influences at work
o keep the boll weevil in the minorl/,
and not the lest of these are the
arasites, many species of which are
o small that they are nearly invisible,
et the amount of eggs destroyed In
his manner is enormous. Birds, inects,
reptiles, etc., all add to the fray,
nd it Is the belief of those in charge
f the investigations that if the farmrs
employed scientific methods that
here would be no ravages worth menlonlng.
The plowing of the land in the late
all and winter is recommended, the
se of early fruiting varieties of coton,
the use of good fertilizers to hasen
and Increase fruit production,
lantlng of the crop as early in the
pring as practicable and early freuent
cultivation are Infallible rules
or a good crop as far as the weevil is
oncerned, according to the belief of
he departmental experts.
THE HONE8T APOLOGY.
lever Be Ashamed to Say That You
Are Sorry.
ho afraid or ashamed to say
hat you are sorry.
It may be hard, but remember that
I takes two to make a quarrel, and
he chances are that you were as much
n the wrong as the other person.
Of course It would be better not to
uarrel In the first place, but after
II we are only human, and sometimes
ur temper gets the best of us.
But the false pride that keeps us
rom acknowledging ourselves In the
rrong Is even more deplorable than
he unruly tongue that gets us into
rouble In the first place.
A quarrel that does not amount to
luch in the first place can grow into
perfect mountain of trouble through
roodlng.
Don't wait for the other person to
xpress regret. Come right out like a
lan or woman and say: "I'm sorry
or my share of the offense. Let us
orgive and forget."
Never part from any one with hard
sellngs between you.
Remember that "many go forth in
he morning who never come back at
lght." Don't run the risk of having*
0 go through life with an agony of
emorse In your heart.
And remember also that every quarel
leaves a scar. If you would preent
those scars from being ugly
rounds, do not hesitate to do your
hare of "making up."
Sweethearts will quarrel over need;ss
trifles as much for the pleasure of
econcillatlon as anything else, but It
1 a foolish pastime and gets them
ito the habit of dispute.
If you are a wife, never let your husand
go away In the morning with an
inforgiven quarrel between you. It
. ill rankle in your heart all day, and
othing will seem right or sweet. It Is
wice as easy to express sorrow imme*
~ M" *Ua ",to?.rol o a If TV ill hA
lately aner mc iiuaun .? ..... ?
f you wait a day.
It Is usually a sulky person who finds
t hardest to express contrition. The
lulck tempered person is as ready to
lake up as he was to take offense, but
he sulky person, even though he may
eel desperately sorry, cannot bring
ilmself to say so, and the result is
hat he goes through a great deal of
nnecessary suffering.
Don't be the kind that won't acnowledge
the blame. Say you are
orry, and say it sincerely. There is
o disgrace in an honest avowal of
aving.been In the wrong.?St. Louis
tepublic.

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