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Scraps and |arts.
, ?A war of extermination of Christians has been declared by the Mohammedan priests of Morocco. Thousands of fanatics are gathering against the Spanish. The belief is expressed that Mulal Hafld is backed by Oermany to extend her dominion in Morocco. Moroccan women and children are being removed inland away from the lm-? pending battle at Melllla. C!/v??*KAm Annolonhlun Oond " A IIO QVUWllcan Road's convention, embracing Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Qeorgla and Tennessee, was called to order at Ashevllle, N. C., at 11 o'clock last Tuesday morning by Mr. Joseph Hyde Pratt, president of the North Carolina Good Roads' association. Among those present at the first meeting were: Governor W. W. Kitchin, Mayor John A. Campbell, Commissioner of Agriculture W. A. Graham, Commissioner of Labor and Printing M. L. Shipman, Mr. Bennehan Cameron, president of the National Agricultural society, Prof. W. C. Rlddick, highway commissioner, W. L. Spoon, Col. Sol Gallert, Mr. P. H. Hanes and Dr. A. Cheatham of North Carolina; E. J. Watson, commissioner of agriculture of South Carolina, and Mr. F. H. Hyatt, president of the South Carolina Good Roads' association, Mr. Henry A. n">?n nrAHident of the Tennessee I Good Roads' association. The object of the meeting Mr. Pratt said, was to provide ways and means for the construction of 500 miles of improved roads In the Appalachian mountains with connecting roads leading to the Piedmont region of the states Interested. The convention met In the Ashevllle auditorium. ? Galveston, Tex., Oct. 7: A deal has just been closed whereby 250,000 acres of land have been sold to a syndicate representing British and German spinners who propose growing cotton for direct shipment to Liverpool and Berlin spinner* Agents for the syndicate hold options on more than 50,000 acres more. While the price is not announced, the consideration Is said to be about $4,000,000. The land is situated In Webb, La Salle, Frisco and Medina counties In southwest Texas, convenient to the railroads and close to several German settlements. The cultivation of the land will be mainly by German farmers. The plan Is to colonize the cotton growers In small settlements In the center of sections containing about 5,000 to 8,000 acres and the cotton crops will be pledged to the spinners and shipped direct to them. This project has been considered for several years, but it is the first time the spinners actually have bought land in the United States. The Farmers' union has fought the movement for three years. The spinners declared it a stroke of economy on their part and argue that the growers who sell cotton direct to them will make bigger profits than under the present system. ? Washington, October 5: The coming congress must meet a situation born of the panic of 1907, when the issue of clearing house certificates by the government to supply sufficient currency to meet the demands of the business interests of the country was necessary, although America's coffers were overflowing with gold. Foremost among the various projects that have been advanced as a proper solution of the government's problem stands the proposed national central bank. As it is the common belief that it will form the basis of the curative legislation to be recommended by the monetary commission and because President Taft, in his recent Boston speech, signified his own favorable disposition towards the project, it is timely to disclose to the public what is believed to be in the minds of the president and the eighteen members of the monetary commission when they refer to the central bank. "A bank of the people and for the people," is the definition of this institution made by George H. Reynolds, president of the American Bankers' association in his Chicago speech. He pointed out that the people were to be the stockholders, for any one would be privileged to buy the bank stock just as he might a government bond. A small interest on such an investment would be guaranteed by the governmert; any earnings more than sufficient to pay the guaranteed Interest would be shared by the government and by the stockholders. Political control of the great bank would be made extremely difficult by the life appointment of the officers. Integrity of operation would be assured by a board of supervisors, appointed by tiie president, the secretary of the treasury and the comptroller of the currency (subject to the approval of the senate) for alternate terms of at least eight years to bridge over political mutations. It is not intended that the central bank should support the credit of the nation. If the national government needs funds, it must continue to borrow money by sale of bonds. ? In a speech in which he declared the hope of this country lay in compulsory military service with a permanent system of drafting young men Into the army, Lieut. Gen. Adna R. Chaffee, retired, addressed the closing session of the National Guard convention at Sacramento, Cal., recently. He declared that fifty or sixty thousand young men should be drawn by lot every year for compulsory military service and the same number retired into a reserve until the reserve had 500,000 trained men ready at any moment to be called to the colors. Lieut. Gen. Chaffee also spoke with cutting sarcasm against the modern idea of going to war with aeroplanes and automobiles. "I guess," he said, "that when war comes you will have to take a pack on your back and hoom it through the mud as we did." Coming from the former head of the army, this radical stand for conscription made a profound sensation. His speech followed a scarcely less interesting incident. The resentment that many national guardsmen feel toward the new government policy of holding immense annual maneuvers burst out in a hot and exciting debate. The protest has been smouldering throughout the entire session. Lieut. Gen. Chaffee In the course of his address said: "I believe very little in this aeroplane business. I don't believe aeroplanes are ever going to win a war. And I hold the same opinion of automobiles. If ever we are to have an adequate army to defend this country it must be by compulsory military service, I will venture to say that an army of 200,000 could be maintained at what It now costs to maintain our army of 70,000. Every citizen owes it as a duty to contribute his military service. Compulsory service would bring the army straight home to the hearts of the people. Your son would be with the colors and mine would be. It would raise our appreciation of the army. We would get men of good quality. The result of compulsory service would be to wipe out this awful disgrace of from seven to ten per cent of desertions every year." ?hc llorkiillc (Enquirer. -> -a V/M.b??lllo Uiiiicrcu ai mc ruaiuuicc in iuhitiu? as Mall Matter of the Second Class. YORKVILLE. 8. C.i FRIDAY, OCTOBER 8, 1909. The action of Judge Aldrlch in reversing his own decision in the matter of the jurisdiction of mayors in dispensary cases, shows that his honor is made of the right kind of stuff. It is the rule of most men who make mistakes to stick to them; but when really able and honest men find they are mistaken, they say so at once, without waiting to be made to do so. The claims of the North Carolinians as to the overshadowing importance of the part their ancestors played in the battle of King's Mountain Is simply ridiculous. There is no doubt of the fact that a large army of patriots came out of what was then western North Carolina to fight the battle of King's Mountain, but most of them were South Carolinians who had fled that aootlnr ruthar than surrender or take British protection. There were lots of North Carolinians In the battle, perhaps as many North Carolinians as there were South Carolinians; but there is no reasonable question of the fact that the South Carolinians contributed as much to the victory as did the North Carolinians. Wilbub Wright gave the New Yorkers something to think about last waaIt nrhon ha nnletlv refused to flv on Sunday. He had been engaged under contract to help furnish sensations for the Hudson-Fulton celebration; but he took care to stipulate In advance that there was to be no flying on Sunday. The wind had been contrary during a good part of the time, and when on Saturday there was a prospect for a better wind on Sunday, they asked Wright about it; but they could not induce him to humor them. He went up on Monday and sailed from Governor's Island to Grant's tomb and back, a distance of about twenty miles in forty minutes. And one of the greatest lessons to be learned from King's Mountain, is that it yet remains for the people of this country to establish the liberty that W8.S won on that historic battlefield. Previous and up to King's Mountain, the daily walks of the people of this country were Influenced more by physical force than by any other consideration, and the real Issue of the battle was whether men Bhould have the right to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. These rights were being withheld not only from the people of America, but the people of the world, and King's Mountain helped to establish them as they had not been established before. But as has been said with truth and more than once, eternal vigilance Is the price of theBe things, and the responsibility of the people of this county is as great as it has ever been. Right, justice and truth are concrete quantities today, as they have ever been, and they are In just as much need of defense. Men who shirk their sacred duty as citizens In the home, at the ballot box and In the legislative halls, are no better than the sneaking Tories of old, who sided with the British In their efforts to enslave themselves and their fellow citizens. CORN EXPERIMENTS MADE. Some Recent Teste at the Sub-Station at Summerville. Down at Summerville, in Dorchester county, at the substation of the South Carolina experiment station, says the Columbia correspondent of the News and Courier, a lot of work is being done of a practical nature under the direction of Prof. J. N. Harper. Some time ago the Southern Railway company gave three hundred acres of land at Summerville to be used for experiment purposes. The land was cleared and drained. The iraci was woooea, anu wunin tne pasi year experiments have been made for the purpose of determining the best methods of fertilization for the coastal plains of the state, and the best fertilizer for the different kinds of crops grown in that section. Experiments have already been made in the Piedmont section with some excellent results. Recently Prof. A. G. Smith of the United states bureau of plant industry, and Prof. Harper went down to Summervllle for the purpose of harvesting the corn grown on the farm. The following is the data gathered from the corn experiment: Plot 1, yield 13.2 bushels. Plot 2, acid phosphate, nitrogen fertilizer, yield 32.3 bushels. Plot 3, potash fertilizer, yield 15.4 bushels. Pint A nnttnn ooorl moo 1 nitrnaon fertilizer, yield 13.9 bushels. Plot 5, yield 12.1 bushels. Plot 6, acid phosphate, potash fertilizer, yield 24.5 bushels. Plot 7, nitrogen, cotton seed meal, phosphate fertilizers, yield 29.8 bushels. Plot 8, cotton seed meal, nitrogen, potash fertilizers, yield 18.7. Plot 9. phosphate, nitrogen, cotton seed meal, potash fertilizers, yield 33.1 bushels. Plot 10, yield 14.8 bushels. Acid phosphate was applied at the rate of 384 pounds per acre. Nitrate of soda 72 pounds per acre. Cotton seed meal 96 pounds per acre. Muriate of potash 48 pounds per acre. A study of this table will show that potash, when used in connection with the other fertilizers, produce but very littlp inpppasp AMfl nhosnhate swms to be the deficient element in the soil. In plot 8, where no acid phosphate was used, a yield of 18.7 bushels was secured. Plot 9, treated in the same way, with the addition of acid phosphate, yielded 33.1 bushels, or an increase of 14.4 bushels was due to the application of acid phosphate. The acid phosphate applied costs 52.69, and at 75 cents a bushel. Ammonia It produced 519.80 worth of corn. Nitrate of soda was more Important than potash, but not a important as acid phosphate. A further study of the experlme will show that acid phosphate Is nee ed first of all. ammonia second, a potash but very little in the coasl plain region. Further experiment in fertilizi upon different crops may show diffe ent results, but this experiment sho^ rather conclusively that too mu potash is not profitable and that ve little if any is needed in the coast plain soil. From the experiments ca ried on in the Piedmont section and Summervllle, it is believed that met ods of fertilizing can be worked o so that much of the expenditure f fertilizers now being made by t farmers can be eliminated. MERE-MENTION. Calvin Ballard, white, unmarri; shot his brother William, to death Dixie, La., Tuesday, becayse the la ter slapped a mulatto who lived < Calvin's place....A serious revolutli is in progress in the republic of Par quay Imports into the Unit States for the first month under t new tariff law, totaled $117,000,0( against $91,000,000 for the same mon of last year President Taft w recommend to the next session of coi gress the establishment of a nation bureau of health to be under the si pervislon of the United States goveri ment The United States circv court of appeals at Chicago on Tue day, handed down a decision conflrr ing the decree of the lower court sei fencing John R. Walsh, a banker, five years in the Federal prison at Fo Leavenworth, Kan., for mlsapplyir the funds of his banks.... Chang Ch Tung, grand councilor of China, di< Tuesday of cancer....It is estimate by railroad officials at Pittsburg, Pi that there are not now as many i 25,000 idle freight cars in the Uniti States, as compared with 413,000 < April 29, 1908 A great prairie fl has been raging in western Canada f the past ten days. Several lives ha1 been lost and property valued at mo than $2,000,000 has been destroyed.. Former Judge Henry Dewey of Bo ton, an independent candidate for gm ernor of Massachusetts, made an a< dress of twelve hours length on Bo: ton Common last Sunday. His sul Ject was, "The Established Religion i the States." Lee Oliver, 15 yea old, who killed Dr. Allen S. King i Morgan City, La, last May, has be< acquitted of the charge at FranKii The doctor had wronged Oliver's at: ter and refused to marry her. T1 boy's defense was the "unwritten law ....Governor Hughes' crusade again race track gamblers of the tracks the vicinity of New York city, has n suited in the indictment of thlrt: three persons, including a number < policemen... .Solomon and John Co Her, father and son, are under arre at Blrchy Cove, N. Y., for the murdi of Mrs. Collier, wife and mother, who they threw over a high cliff A< mlral Seymour, commander of tl British squadron which has been tal Ing part in the Hudson-Fulton cell bratlon, will leave New York on Fr day on board his flagship, Inflexibl and will endeavor to break the recoi of the Mauretania across the Atlantl Corleton Baker, a Phlladelph butcher, died Sunday afternoon fro anthrax, a mouth and foot disea which affects cattle John Mai gels, a high diver, broke his neck In 97-foot dive into a shallow tank i San Francisco, Cal., Monday night.. The new United States battleship Arkansas and Wyoming:, 26,000 ton are to be equipped with Parsons' tu bine engines. ? Charleston News and Courie Mr. P. W. Dawson has come back i his old home in Charleston on a ss mission and will be here for a day < so. He bears some striking: resen blances to his father, Capt. F. W. Dav son, who made The News and Cou: ier. Mr. Dawson has recently ri turned from Africa, whither he wai with Mr. Roosevelt as the represei tatlve of the United Press, with whit great news-gathering association 1 has been connected as its Europea correspondent in Paris for a numbi of very interesting and progress^ years. He will probably rejoin M Roosevelt in Uganda and comple the hunting trip with him. It is tl wish of the former president thi he shall do so. Mr. Dawson speal In enthusiastic terms of the grei hunter with whom he has been 1 Intimate touch since he went ' Africa, his charming manners, h good fellowship, his unaffected bea lng and his fine marksmanship. ? has been with Mr. Roosevelt sever times in the field and had been in pressed with his perfect coolness I time of danger. Never flurried ar never worried, he had always aim? with the utmost deliberation even i charging a lion coming with tl speed of an express train and hs never missed his mark. He hf talked with Mr. Roosevelt with tl greatest freedom about all sorts < questions, and had ever found hi entirely sincere in his statements ar an all-round bully good fellow. M Dawson has formed a very clo friendship for Kermlt Roosevelt, ar regards him with sincere affectio Of course, he does not give awt any of the things that ought not be spoken of, such as Mr. Roosevell plans for the future and Mr. Roos velt's views on public and politic questions. He enjoyed his stay wil the Roosevelt party in Africa in mensely, the splendid life out in tl open, the sights and scenes of a ne country, and was impressed by tl wonderful material resources ar industrial opportunities of the lar that has not yet been touched by tl genius of our civilization. He w return, If possible, to Mr. Rooseve and will finish his work in Afric Mr. Dawson, as noted, is the Par manager of the United Press and hi made some notable "scoops" aa th< are called in the newspaper worl and his reports of the African hui have been admittedly the best ar most consistent that have been se: out of the Jungles. Besides his new paper work, Mr. Dawson has ma< his mark in literature, having a ready published two novels, "T1 Scar" and "The Scourage," and hi just finished the manuscript of anotl er book, which will shortly be plac< in the hands of his publishers. I also has other work in view, a boc on Africa, possibly, which will pla< him in the front rank of the litera workers and win for him the distin tion which he covets and to whl< his brilliant talents entitle him. ? Columbia Record: The Ber helm Distilling company's $30,000 1 way of restitution to the state f overcharges to the state dispensa: as a result of the attorney genera! and the dispensary commission's a tlvlty. has gotten here In cold ca: and has been placed In the hands the state treasurer by Chairman Mu ray, to be held until the commissU gets In position to distribute all tl moneys coming to it. Dr. Murray anxious to put the finishing touch on the winding-up business as so< as possible, but It will be sever weeks yet before the money can 1 paid out. nt LOCAL AFFAIRS, d- , gjj NEW ADVERTI8EMENT8. First National Bank, Yorkvllle?Saye ng that with all the protection you can ir- Klve your money, it Is never safe tvd about the home. Put In the bank, ch It solicits your business, ry First National Bank, Sharon?Telle tal you that its deposits have grown to ,r- over $32,000 in less than thirty days at and cites this fact as an evidence h- of its customers' confidence, ut Star Drug Store?Remarks that fat! or painting is winter protection, espehe daily if you use Acme Quality paint See sixth page for particulars. I KOyai rJtUUHK ruwuer, <^u., lieu iuii ?On the sixth page grive some pertinent facts about Royal baking ?d, powder. at Thomson Co.?Talks about "October, t bargain month," and gives a lot ol Interesting store news about shoes, on clothing, coat suits, etc. on J. R. Porter, Enquirer Office?Wants to a_ rent a four or five room cottage by . November 1st. ed W. Q. Brown, Filbert No. 1?Has a he quantity of pure Rust Proof seed )0, oats for sale at 75 cents a bushel. th Hemdon & Gordon?Make a few incidental remarks about the King's 111 Mountain celebration and pertinent n- remarks about groceries, hardware, al etc. Yorkvllle Hardware Co.?Can supply you with all kinds of farm tools, n~ Including shovels, picks, mattocks, lit etc., as well aB handles for these tools. n ii- On* of the horse traders complained to last Monday that it was the dullest rt October salesday he had ever known, ig He thought the people who usually lh came to Yorkvllle to trade had surely id remained at home picking cotton, so id they could go to the celebration at the a., battleground on Thursday, as It is said that more than a hundred id people had to walk from Grover to the >n battleground yesterday for lack of re transportation facilities, while at ur King's Mountain there stood empty tre at least forty vehicles that did not re have passengers. Hundreds and hun .. dreds of people, of course, went from s. both places; but the transportation ir- facilities at Grover were more limited. ]. Of course the subscribers of The g. Enquirer did not expect anything else j. than a full report of the celebration of at King's Mountain yesterday, and rs equally, of course, the publishers canat not claim unusual credit for having ;n met requirements, a thing they are n. naturally expected to do; but we beg 3- leave to remark that there is not a ie weekly or semi-weekly newspaper In North Carolina that would have hanrit died such an event in its own county on in the scale that this celebration has e- been handled by The Enquirer. /. * of WITHIN THE TOWN. 1- ?People have been paying their at debts right along during the past two er weeks and trade has been fine. m ?Mr. T. W. Speck's show windows are attracting considerable attention on ie account of their unusual beauty. c" ? The macadam work on North Con s" gresa street is nearly completed, and as has been remarked before, It is le- something to be proud of. r<* ? The renewal of the telephone syslC tern is progressing nicely, and there la is no question of the fact that Superm lntendent Babington is making good se his promise to give the town a system second to none. a ?Yorkville was almost deserted yesat terday, and there was but little bus iness. There was no general closing 8- of the business houses; but most of IS- the business people and clerks went tc r" the battleground. And it was just as well, because nearly all the people upqn whom they were dependent for busir: ness were at the mountain, to , * ABOUT PEOPLE. or Mrs. J. B. Bowen of Spartanburg, v_ is visiting relatives in Yorkville. p. Miss Violet Dobson of Yorkville. is e_ spending a few days with relatives at ? T,rzahDr. E. S. Abney of Blythewood, is >h visiting Riev. and Mrs. O. M. Abney in je Yorkville. n Miss Mary Dobson of Yorkville, left last week for a visit to friends at *e St. George Mrs. L. W. Perrin of Abbeville, is te visiting Mrs. J. K. Alston and other relatives In Yorkville. at Mrs. S. M. McPie of Brevard, N. C., is visiting her mother, Mrs. S. C. t Ashe, in Yorkville. Miss Jessie E. Courtney of Lenoir, N. C., is visiting her aunt, Mrs. J. C. . Wilborrt, in Yorkviile. 8 Mrs. H. H. Beard of Columbia, is rvisiting her daughter, Mrs. Paul N. al Moore in Yorkviile. ^ Mr. Joe Rose of Leesville, is vlslt, lng his parents, Mr. and Mrs. A. . Rose in Yorkviile. id )d Miss Mamie Smith of Hickory at Grove, is visiting relatives and friends in Gaffney. d Miss Bertha Rhinehart of Forest . City, N. C., is visiting her sister, Mrs. 1 J. W. McFarland on Yorkviile No. 3. le ^ Messrs. William Banks of the Columbia State and L. M. Green of the Charleston News and Courier, covered T'r*I?-? AAromnnlaa fnr lilt* n.1115 a iuuuuiaiii vciviiiuiii&o *.v?* their respective papers. Rev. and Mrs. J. M. White, who have been vlsltlngr relatives and friends In n' the Sharon, Hickory Grove and Smyrna iy * neighborhoods, passed through York,? vllle Wednesday on their return to -S their home near Statesvllle, N. C. B" Because of the serious Illness of al Miss Pearl Wallace, his efficient clerk, ^ Auditor Hunter has been very much ie delayed in the matter of getting his w duplicate ready for Treasurer Neil; but as the result of a lot of night work In both offices, the tax books will ie be in shape for all who may desire to 111 get their receipts on October 15. lit , a. is FEDERAL LIQUOR LAW. as ay The following extract from an act d, passed March 1909 on the shipment of liquor may not only be of interim est but It may prove helpful to the s- officers whose duty It Is to enforce ie the law, and who are trying to enl'" force It: 16 ^ "Section 238. Any officer, agent or employee of any railroad company, J(j express company or other common je carrier, who shall knowingly deliver )k or cause to be delivered to any perce son other than the person to whom ? It has been consigned, unless upon c* the written order In each Instance of the bona fide consignee, or to any fictitious person or to any person under a fictitious name, any splrltu ous, vinous, mauea, iermeniea, or other Intoxicating liquor of any kind, which has been shipped from jy one state, territory or district of the or United States, or place non-contigury ous to but subject to the Jurisdiction thereof Into any other state, terri's tory or district of the United States c- or place non-contiguous to but subsh Ject to the Jurisdiction thereof, or f from any foreign country into any state, territory or district of the r- United States, or place non-contigu>n ous to but subject to the Jurisdiction thereof, shall be fined not more than five thousand dollars, or imprisoned 13 not more than two years, or both, es "Section 239. Any railroad com)n pany, express company, or other _i common carrier, or any person who in connection with the transportd^ tion of any spirituous, vinous, malted, fermented or other Intoxicating , liquor of any kind from one state, territory or district of the United States or place non-contiguous to but subject to the jurisdiction thereof, i into any other state, territory or i district of the United States, or place ! non-contiguous to, but subject to the . Jurisdiction thereof, or from any foreign country into any state, terrii tory or district of the United States, i or place non-contiguous to, but sub, ject to the Jurisdiction thereof, shall i collect the purchase price or any part thereof, before, on, or after deI livery from the consignee, or from ' any other person, or shall in any . manner act as the agent of the buyer or seller of any such liquor for the : purpose of buying or selling or completing the sale thereof, saving only t in the actual transportation and delivery of the same, shall be fined not , more than five thousand dollars. ! "Section 240. Whoever shall know> ingly ship or cause to be shipped, from one state, territory or district of the United States, or place non' contiguous to but subject to the jurisdiction thereof, into any other i state, territory or district of the I United States, or place non-contiguous to but subject to the jurisdiction thereof, or from any roreign country < i Into any state, territory, or district : of the United States or place noncontiguous to, but subject to the jurisdiction thereof, any package or ' packages containing any spirituous, vinous, malted, fermented or other Intoxicating liquor of any kind, unless such package be so labelled on the outside cover as to plainly show the name of the consignee, the nature of its contents, and the quantity contained therein, shall be fined not mord than five thousand dollars; and such liquor shall be forfeited to the United States and may be seized and condemned by like proceedings as those provided by law for the selzurn and forfeiture of property imported into the United States contrary to law." GOING TO THE MONUMENT. One of the most striking of the many striking features in connection with yesterday's celebration, was the manner in which the roads to the mountain were crowded, and the existence -1 of conditions of highway travel that are seldom seen in this section twice in the same generation. There are no less than five different highways that lead to and across King's Mountain battleground from various directions. Ordinarily, they are but little traveled, and going over any one of them on any day a week ago, the chances were that the driven ( of a buggy would have observed that his vehicle was the first to pass along that way. But the man who made the lirst track along any of the roads yesterday, must have started early. The representative of The Enquirer had accepted a kind invitation from Mr. Louis Roth of Torkvllle, to make the trip with him behind his handsome thoroughbred race horse. The opportunity was a peculiarly happy one, for the circumstances of the occasion necessitated fast traveling both going and coming, and the ambitious fiery racer, Impatient of restraint could not stand the idea of a horse or buggy in front People had been leaving Torkvllle all during the night and Mr. Roth and the newspaper man started at about 6 o'clock yesterday morning. Before he got well out of the corporate limits, Mr. Roth began to pass vehicle after vehicle, and by the time he reached the battleground, he had passed eighty-one buggies and wagons by actual count The distance of fifteen miles was made in less than two ' and a half hours, including stops for , jams in the road that could not be i avoided for lack of room on either side, i At half a dozen or more places, it was necessary to pass long strings nf h litre) oh follnvlnr Aa/*h other In close order, and at no place in the whole distance was there a point from which buggies and wagons could not be seen in both front and rear. A half hour later the caravans were longer 1 and less broken, there being numerous strings of buggies, each a quarter of a mile in length. This stream of ve1 hides continued for hours. 1 On the way back from the mountain, the first watering place is at Clark's Fork in the Oates' bottoms. The approach to the creek is down a long, steep hill. Hundreds and hundreds of horses had been without water during the day and all had to stop at the creek. Each horse requiring from a quarter to a half a minute to drink, the result was another tremendous blockade of buggies and wagons, that extended back for more than a mile. There had been a light sprinkle of rain Wednesday night and as the result there was but little dust during Thursday morning; but the sun having come out hot later on, the afternoon trip was accompanied by clouds of finely powdered dust that coated the grass, bushes and trees for twenty or thirty feet on either side of the road. Inquiry at the battleground, developed that all five roads leading to the mountain were crowded in the same manner as the Yorkville road, and the average speed of the different processions of vehicles was hardly more than three or four miles an hour. Considering the nature of the country, the road from Yorkville to the battleground was In good condition, and reports are to the effect that the same can be said of all the other roads. MONUMENT CELEBKATIUN. It was a tremendous crowd that gathered at King's Mountain battleground yesterday to celebrate the completion of the splendid monument erected by the Feberal government In recognition of the decisive character of the great victory won there one hundred and twenty-nine years ago, and there is no question of the fact that the occasion is well worthy to take rank with the previous celebrations of 1815, 1865 and 1880. The people came principally from the surrounding country?from Yorkville, Rock Hill, Shelby, Charlotte, Gastonia, Dallas, Lincolnton, Blacksburg, Gaffney, Clover, Hickory Grove, Sharon, Smyrna, King's Mountain and all the intervening territory throughout York, Chester, Union, Cherokee, Spartanburg, Gaston, Cleveland, Lincoln, Mecklenburg and other surrounding counties; but along with them there was a creditable representation from all the surrounding states as a whole, and a number of visitors from longer distances. Among the prominent public men, were two governors. Martin F. Ansel of South Carolina, and W. W. Kltchin of North Carolina: two United States senators, Lee S. Overman of North Carolina and E. D. Smith of South Carolina: two college presidents, Henry N. Snyder of Woftord and S. C. Mitchell of the South Carolina university; two congressmen, Hon. D. E. Finley of the Fifth South Carolina district and Hon. R. N. Page of the Seventh North Carolina district, and many prominent members of the D. A. R., including a delegation of twenty *" representing different chapters in i North Carolina, and numerous dis :lngulshed men and women from both 1 itates. ? No attempt to estimate the number }f people on the grounds during the F Jay could be taken as much better than a wild gueaa. At no time was E ill the crowd together. There were :ertainly from three to five thousand c people around the speakers' stand during the carrying out of the programme * 3f the morning; but these were not half of those present. Even in the T midst of the programme, thousands of _ people lined the cleared portion of a the mountain for a distance up to and iround the monument of 1880, several hundred yards away, and other 1 bunches of hundreds were clustered ^ ibout the refreshment stands and d ;atch penny amusements. The whole E vicinity was alive with people for a distance of from a half to three-quar- a ters of a mile In every direction from the monument, and estimates of the total crowd of men, women and chil- a iren ran all the way to ten thousand. I There are Ave roads leading to the 8 battleground from aa many different t directions, and during several hours, I juggles, wagons and pedestrians filled 1 sach of them In solid strings for 8 miles and miles, and although there t may be room for doubt as to Just r bow many people were In the whols t jreat throng, there Is certainly no t doubt of the fact that such a large t >ne day gathering has never been seen ^ In such an out of the way place in this section before. / In all there were seven companies 1 if the National Guard present?the h :ompanies from Fort Mill, Rock Hill, v yorkvllle, Cornwell, Spartanburg and 1 Columbia, S. C., and Dallas, N. C. All t these companies marched from the c nearest railroad points, Ave of them < from Yorkville, and the others from \ points on the Charlotte and Atlanta t Mr Line railway. They pitched their I: samp on the east side of the battle- a ground about a quarter of a mile )j iway, and during Wednesday did * food service In policing the grounds, especially in keeping space necessary For the crowds, clear of horses and vehicles, etc. Near the camp of the militia there was also pitched quite a little village it tents, which were occupied by people of Torkville and other surrounding towns, who went up on Wednesday and spent two nights in camp. These included members of the D. A. R., who were provided with all the requirements for a comfortable outing, not excepting of course, cooking utensils ind plenty of good things to cook. They kept open house for their guests, i.nd their hospitality, of course, was without limit There were quite a number of re* Freshment stands around the grounds, some within the limits of the Centennial association's property, and others without Along with them were catch penny devices sufficient in numbar and variety to do real good credit to a pretty respectable fair, and most jf them did a thriving business. Although the exercises of the day were not scheduled to commence until 10.30 o'clock, the inpouring of people had amounted to a tremendous crowd long before that hour, and most of the visitors who were really Interested in the purpose of the occasion spent the time inspecting the monuments and nunting out various spots of the greatest historical interest. At the spot where Ferguson is burled, there is a notice requesting every visitor to place i stone on the grave, and thousands entered into the spirit of the request, for during the day there was very c perceptible increase in the proportions c it the rockery little mound. d The speakers' stand erected by the Monument association is quite a sub- a atantial little structure. It is built ( pavilion style, open at the sides, floor r set on a strong foundation of stone e ?" * AAMAAiflf pillars, cumioriauie Detnuus wiwui; a tor a hundred or more people, and a y corrugated Iron hip roof oveitoead. It 0 Is within about thirty yards of the t latlonal monument, and Is calculated j not only to serve as an acceptable p shelter for future visitors; but will ( inswer for recurring celebrations sim- j liar to the one of yesterday and today. $ Although a great multitude had r peen assembled around the speaking t pavilion for quite a while, it was near- j y 11 o'clock before the exercises com- t nenced, the delay being occasioned by j] :he tardy arrival of distinguished par- t ticlpants, who had been able to make a put slow progress over the crowded a road from King's Mountain; but very 0 ihortly after the appearance of Gov- q ;mor Ansel, the meeting was called to ( prder by Col. Asbury Coward, chair- q nan of the executive committee of the a King's Mountain Monument associa- c tlon, in a few brief, but Bingularly ap- t proprlate remarks. Addressing the adies, men and children, he referred c to the unusually beautiful day as a typical of the event which had made g :hat anniversary one of the most glorl- t pus in the annals of history. He re- 0 terred to the battle of one hundred e ind twenty-nine years ago, told how a tor nearly thirty years the place was c shunned by man and left to the c volves on account of the human bones n :hat covered the hill; how in 1815 there p vas a great gathering during which t( toe bones were burled; how in 1855 c toere was another celebration in rec- ^ pgnition of the true meaning of the c mttle; how in 1880, the event was still ti nore fittingly commemorated, and how p low the people are gathering to show j. toeir appreciation of this splendid rec- g ignition of the national government, M ind breath again the inspiration of a patriotism here so fittingly taught. Concluding amid loud applause, he In- a Produced his Excellency Governor Vlartln F. Ansel as presiding officer of u he day. I, Governor Ansel declared that he P :onsidered It one of the greatest hon- ^ >rs of his life to be asked to preside tJ )ver such an assemblage on such an pccaslon, and Introduced Dr. S. C. Mitchell, of the South Carolina Unl/erslty, who offered the invocatory prayer. Dr. Mitchell began by thank- 8) ng the God of nations for the glo- . lous sacrifice by the heroes who shed l( heir blood on this field to perpetlate human liberty throughout the g vorld, and prayed that the two great lr English speaking nations, Gredk " Britain and the United States, 0| ihould continue the work In which c< heir ancestors had been engaged for generations past. Following the Invocation the n' forkville Cornet band led the choir ^ hat had been especially practicing 11 he centennial lyric, and this beautl- tf ul composition written by Mrs. Clara al Dargan Maclean for the 1880 celebra- 01 Ion, was rendered with splendid effect. 'r t runs as follows: g] pi iere upon this lonely height, Born in storm and bred in strife, M Cursed by Nature's secret might, ai Freedom won the boon of life. pi long of bird and call of klne, o] Fluttering leaf on every tree, 3very murmur of the wind, u Impulse gave to Liberty! ai 'hen she blew a bugle blast, h Summoned all her yeoman leal; Friends! the despot's hour Is past? c Let him now our vengeance feel!" ~ lose they In heroic might, Bondsmen fated to be free, h )rew the sword of Justice bright, ? Struck for God and Liberty! 'ome, ye sons of patriot sires, v Who the tyrant's power o'erthrew, p lere, where burned their beacon t, fires, Light your torches all anew! a 'Ill this Mountain's glowing crest, h Signaling from sea to sea, c lhall proclaim from East to West Union, Peace, and Liberty! o Next, Governor Ansel introduced )r. Henry N. Snyder, president of i] VofTord college, the orator of the n lay, whose splendid oration Is re- i] iroduced elsewhere in full. Fol- o awing Dr. Snyder's address, the ii udlence stood as the band played t The Star Spangled Banner." t The responses of Hon. E. Y. Webb nd D. E. Flnley to the toast, "The y> Jnlted States," followed next, and c re reproduced in full elsewhere. At f he conclusion of his remarks, Mr. c i*lnley read a letter of greeting from t drs. Matthew T. Scott, president v reneral of the D. A. R., felicitating c he D. A. R,'s on the celebration and ? ecognlzlng the battle of King's Mounain as one of the greatest events In t ilstory. Mrs. Scott's letter was en- s huslastlcally applauded by the D. i R 'a f Following Mr. Flnley, Governor insel made some half humorous, lalf serious remarks, during which te referred to the fact that there rere some great men there that day, ncludlng two United States senaors, two college presidents, Qwo ongressmen, etc., although the aulience had been kept for quite a vhlle, he was sure It desired to make he most of such an occasion. He ntroduced as the next speaker Senior Lee S. Overman, of North CaroIna. Senator Overman was received vlth general applause, the North Carolinians being especially demontratlve. Although uninvited and unpre>ared, he saldr- he felt honored in laving the opportunity to address tuch a gathering on such an occailon. He Bald that If King's Mounaln had been a New England battleleld there would have been a mo,\unent there higher than Bunksr 1111 more than seventy-five years igo. He claimed that the battle of ting's Mountain had been fought irlncipally by North Carolinians, rnd took occasion to accuse Mr. Finey of Ignorance of the history of lis country in falling to class Moore's Treek In 1776 and Guilford Court louse In 1781, as among the decisive tattles of the Revolution. He said .1 aioore a ureeit ine norm ^aroInlans had killed 300 British and aptured 800 and this had had more fleet. In arousing the patriots to the ignlficance of the situation than had he battles of Lexington and Bunker 3111. He explained that the North Carolina troops had only run at lullford Court House in order to tave an opportunity to reload their ong rifles and they came again. He poke at length in praise of North Carolina's part in the revolution of he history of the country, and when lovemor Kitchln, of North Carolina, .rrlved, he sat down, explaining that ie had only been talking against Ime anyway. The arrival of Governor Kitchln, /ho had been delayed on the road, c /as the signal for another outburst of heerlng, the North Carolinians in the * rowd giving him the ovation of the lay. * Senator E. D. Smith, following Sen- f itor Overman, Jumped on the North ^ Carolinians with both feet for their a lotorious tendencies to try to claim c iverything In the way of historical ichlevement, and admitting that he 1 tad never before heard of the battle 1 if Moore's Creek, declared that If * here was such a battle he did not be* ' leve it amounted to much anyway. r le said he knew of a place In South a Carolina called Eutawville, where the 1 Americans had given the British the * [evil; but no great fuss had ever been * nade about It. He said that the coun- 1 ry will not have reaped the fruits of 1 ting's Mountain until the rights of I he common people are fully estabIshed?until the arrogance and Injus- 1 ice of the money barons are curbed 1 nd every man Is guaranteed his fair <3 nd just portion of the proceeds of his <3 wn labor. The senator's Jabs at North a Carolina were applauded by the South fl Carolinians, but many of the North I Carolina D. A. R.'s seemed horrified a ,t the way he treated the sacred Rev- e ilutlonary history and traditions of 1 heir state. a In introducing Governor Kitchin, fc Jovernor Ansel got off the usual old a kit about the governors of North and I louth Carolina and in the presence of ? he assemblage the two pledged each a titer's health in cold water, the gov- t rnor of South Carolina drinKing rrom ? glass and the governor of North d ,'arollna using a tin dipper. The big [ rowd caught the spirit of the good atured humor and yelled lustily. \ roceedlng, Governor Ansel went on a o remark: "As governor of South t Carolina and standing on the soli of fc lorth Carolina?" He paused. The c rowd thought It had caught him a tipping and the North Carolinians c oared with laughter; but when the t\ lughter subsided, the unperturbed v overnor, quietly remarked: "That Is q rhat my friend Overman would say!" i< nd the South Carolinians yelled. o Governor Kltchln, having arrived e t a late hour, had not heard any of t, tie previous speeches and evidently g nprepared for the special occasion, ^ idulged In a lot of fun and humor, rincipally at the expense of the South g Sardinians. He insisted that the b&t- t] le of King's Mountain was fought aljost entirely by the North Carolinians g n the patriot side, and made the part F iken by the South Carolinians seem g ery unimportant. He confessed himelf quite rusty on Revolutionary his- T >ry, and although claiming to have een the first North Carolina con- " ressman who introduced a bill providlg for a monument at King's Mouniln, said that there was no question 11 - ^ H r tne race in&i uie creuit iur uiu buwjssful appropriation belonged equally ,8 ) Congressmen Flnley and Webb, as ' luch to one as to the other. He did b' ot know anything about the battle of ai [oore's Creek and said that at the 01 el me he Introduced his King's Mouniln bill, he did not know there was 01 Iready such a handsome monument tl u the field. He expatiated at length i a semi-humorous manner on the S( reatness of North Carolina as com- tl ired with South Carolina. In felicl- j?' Ltlng the D. A. R.'s in the work they b| re undertaking to do, looking to the p, reservation of the history of the Rev- ol utlon, he referred to them as the ^ nlted Daughters of the Confederacy & id made a very nice point In claim- v< ig that after all, both stood for the ame thlnr. He claimed credit for !ol. James Williams on the ground hat he was born In Rowan county, 4s 1. C.f and said that Governor Ansel rould probably never have been, govrnor of South Carolina except for the aluable early training he got while racticlng law In North Carolina. He old a number of good jokes and anec- ^ otee, and altogether made a great It, especially considering that the rowd had been listening for three nd a half hours and was now thorughly worn out At the conclusion of Governor Kltchn's remarks the band led the long aeter doxology, the vaat crowd joining a and the music of that time honored Id hymn swelled over the mountain n a way that made a fitting close to he wonderfully Inspiring exercises of he day. After the crowd had been dismissed pith a benediction, the people rushed iff to their lunch baskets and the diferent refreshment stands, and by S 'clock the roads leading away from he battleground were again alive pith buggies, wagons automobiles, . T itc., filled with people winding their pays to their respective homes. From every reasonable standpoint he celebration was a most tremendous HIAAAta With the exception of the military ind others who were provided with ents, the greater part of the vast hrong of yesterday left during the ifternoon and evening. Quite anum>er, however, remained ail night ileeping about on the ground. This nornlng there was another blgmovenent to the battleground to see the >attle fought over again with blank lartrldgea and the crowd is about lalf as large as it was yesterday. LOCAL LACONICS, rhree Months for BO Cent*. We will send The Enquirer to any 4 tddress for three months for fllfty :ents. told By the 8heriff. At the suit of the Oglesby Dewit :o? Sheriff Brown on last Monday wld the Interest of C. E. and Mary Elosa Thomas In a tract of land In 3road River township. The land was >ld off by the attorneys for the plainIff for $10. Itricksn With Paralysis. Adjutant General J. C. Boyd, in comnand of the troops at King's Mounain, sustained a severe stroke of parilysis at the battleground, Wednesday ifternoon. While sitting down apparently in his usual health and spirits, . he general suddenly fell over on Ms v 'ace, and for several hours. Major ^ Walker, the regimental surgeon, deipaired of his life. General Boyd was nuch better yesterday morning, and vas anxious to resume command of he troops, but was not permitted to lo so. Carried Things With Them. Several companies of the South Carolina National Guard stopped at Itroup's store, seven miles north of forkvllle, Wednesday afternoon, while in their way to the battleground, and * ifter they left, Mr. Geo. S. Williams, vho was in charge of the establishnent. discovered that a number of irticles were missing. He telephoned head to McGlU's store, two miles furher on, and as the result of invest!- & ration by the offloefs, Ave pairs of hoes that were afterward Identified as he property of Mr. Stroup, were reovered. toed News If True. Rock Hill special of October 6, to Columbia State: There Is a well deIned rumor here to the effect that the touthern Power company has bought , lot of ground here and will erect a Ive-story office building thereon. It flfl 9 known that about two weeks ago he People's Trust company sold the Scotia Reid residence here, next to he postofflce for $12,000. Rumor now ays that the Southern Power compaty Is the real purchaser, though the ?? ?*??<Ia OA nnnthoe no?4v Thfl WHO ww mauc tv auwuv* y?%/, * tank people here do not know that he Southern Power company la Inerested In the deal, but the people tere are hoping that the rumor will trove true. )ied of 8trange Disease. Rock Hill Cor. Newa and Courier: dr. M. A. Johnson of the Highland 'ark mill village, Rock Hill, died Frllay afternoon and waa burled Saturlay. Mr. Johnaon waa affected with icromegaly (diaeaae of the giants), an iffectlon that causes an abnormal enargement of everything about a peron. Mr. Johnson's entire body was nlarged, his hands, noae and ears bong two or three sizes larger than the tverage. Very few cases of the kind lave ever come to the attention of phy- ^ lclana at large, although I am reliably nformed that It has been known to nedlcal science since 1886. Mr. Johnon has been afflicted with this disease or a number of years, and has a son ^ rho shows some affection of the same lisease by enlargement of his jaws. >eath of Mrs. William Clarkaon. Charlotte Chronicle, Tuesday: Mrs. Vllllam Clarkson died this afternoon t 12.46 o'clock. She had been ill for he past nine weeks and though there ad been but small hope for her reovery, on account of her advanced ge, the news of her death will be reelved with deep regret by the many rlends of herself and of the many surivlng friends of her family. Mrt. llarkson was representative of the >val women of the south. She was % ( chivalrous Unsafe and she was lovd and revered by all whose food foriine It was to know her. Margaret usan Simons was born In Charleston, lay 25, 1832, and was married No- ? ember 22. 1853, to William Clarkson. he was in her 78th year. She was lie mother of eleven children, eight of rhom survive: Mrs. Brevard D. prings, Mrs. M. A. Bland, Mrs. Thos. '. McDow, Mrs. C. Furber Jones, Mrs. Abert C. Moore, Miss Annie T. Clarkan, William Clarkson of Corsicana, ^ exas, and Solicitor Herlot Clarkson. lock Hill's 8ewerage Bonds. Columbia Record: Of much Interest ) mUniUiptUllACO BCUCIIWi/, OilU cularly to the municipality of Rock ^ [ill, is the decision of the court, which 4 1 unanimous, in the case of E. H. ohnson and other members of the oard of public works of Rock Hill gainst Mayor John T. Roddey and the lembers of the Rock Hill town counI. The petitioners ask that the mayr and aldermen be mandamused to irn over to the board of public works ?rtaln bonds to the amount of $250,)0 recently voted for waterworks and iwerage purposes. The purpose of le proceedings is to validate the onds, but this the court refuses to t, holding that the election was id ecause the voters were not given oportunlty to say at the polls how much f the issue should be devoted to wa,'rworks and how much to sewerage. ^ he election will have to be held over ) as to give the voters a chance to ate separately about the amounts.