Newspaper Page Text
l. m. grists sons, Publisher..) 3- ^amitg Jlcuspnpcr: j:or the promotion of the political, Social, Agricultural and (Tommcrrinl Interests of the jOeopte. |
ESTABLISHED 1855. YORKVILLE, S. C., FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 10, 1911. ISTO. 12.
. | r uiciiiiftc
The weeks dragged slowly on for
Jimmy Valentine after the momentous
day when Rose Lane and Lieutenant
Governor Fay visited the prison?
weeks of wonder, weeks of hope, weeks
He concluded that the girl had forgotten
him; that her interest in him
had been but the evanescent manifestation
of a fleeting impulse. Probably
"Izzy" Snedden was right after all.
Izzy, doing a bit of four for burglary,
seemed to know a great deal
about women, and he had assured Valentine
that "a girl don't know what it
means to keep her word, not tnat sne
don't mean to, but she just nat'erally
talks so much that she can't remember
half what she says."
The lieutenant governor, too, had
apparently forgotten about the existence
of No. 1289, and Valentine began
deeply to wish that his hopes had
never been aroused. Far better never
to have risen to the heights of expectancy
at all than on attaining them
to be thus rudely cast from them.
But Valentine had not realized how
slowly move the executive wheels of
^ the government of a great and bv?y
state. A governor is held to a strict
accountability for his official actions,
and in the important matter of the
pardon of a man convicted to state
prison for a felony haste is entirely
out of the question. And it was one
day when Jimmy Valentine had lost
every vestige of confidence in Rose
Lane and her uncle and in the lawyer
whom he had retained that hurried
footseps resounded down the cell corridor.
A paper, a glorious paper bearing
the seal of the Empire State, was"
hashed before his eyes.
"You are pardoned!" came the wel
come announcement. "The governor
has released you!"
In one of the parlors of the Ten
Eyck hotel, in Albany, within two
short blocks of the capitol, Mrs. Webster
and Mrs. Moore sat patiently
"You don't suppose Mr. Valentine
would feel uncomfortable in coming to
meet our party in a nice respectable
place like this, do you?" asked prim
little Mrs. Moore of her coworker in
the Gate of Hope society.
"No," was the positive response.
"That young man woludn't feel uncomfortable
or embarrassed anywhere
in the world. This is the first
victory for the Gate of Hope. Mrs.
Moore, and I trust your report will be
such as to encourage others to join
"It will be exact, Mrs. Webster, of
that you may rest assured. By the
way, do you not think we should have
had a few reporters here to give public
notice of our first triumph?"
"Your report, my dear?we will send
that to all papers," and Mrs. Webster
smiled proudly as she spoke.
A messenger boy came in with a
note from Valentine, who had come to
Albany to thank the governor for his
release and to meet the people who
had worked to secure him his pardon.
The note, written from the governor's
executive chamber, notified the ladies
that he would be with them in fifteen
Rose Lane and her father, William
I>ane, an Illinois banker, came into the
parlor and greeted the two ladies, who
"THIB 18 THE FIRST VICTORY FOR THE
GATE OF HOt'K."
Informed the newcomers that Mr.
Valentine would shortly arrive. Declining
the invitation of Mrs. Moore
and Mrs. Webster to join in light refreshments
in the tea room on the
mezzanine tloor. Rose and her father
remained in the parlor, while the two
Rose had not seen her father for
months, and on his arrival in the east
she persuaded him to accompany her
to Albany to assure the governor that
if he pardoned Valentine he would
guarantee him a good business position.
it is more than probable that
this attitude on the part of a man of
Mr. I^ane's standing in the financial
world bad something to do with the
final determination of the executive to
sign the release papers. It tended to
confirm in the governor his belief in
the prisoner's innocence. Mr. l,ane
and his daughter had waited overnight
in Albany after the granting of the
pardon to meet the released prisoner,
who was coming to the capital for the
purpose already mentioned.
Rose, absolutely positive of her onetime
rescuer's innocence, had made a
FREDERIC R. TOOMBS
From the Great
Copyright, 1910, by Arrtftrican
proposal to her father regarding the
future of Jimmy Valentine. Her father,
tall, well built, with beard and
brown hair streaked with outcroppings
of gray, smiled "Indulgently upon her.
He had agreed on her account to place
Valentine in a good salaried position,
but as yet he had doubts as to whether
he dared to secure for the ex-convict
exactly the employment the girl demanded
"Now, #it down and listen, dad," the
girl said, crossing to a sofa.
"But, Rose, this is a most desperate
thing to do?pick up an ex-convict and
put him in a bank." Mr. Bane protested.
"Is he an ex-convict if he was convicted
unjustly?" argued the girl.
"Didn't Uncle George say he was innocent?"
"Not exactly. He said there was a
chance that he might be."
"But the governor pardoned him."
"Quilty men have been pardoned."
The girl would not be gainsaid.
"But I want you to give this man a
chance, dad?a good chance. He risked
I us? UfA onoo o oqi'a mo frnm inanlt "
III3 11IC uuvc oa? V HIV IIU.I. > ??.?. I
She patted her father's shoulder pleadingly
"I know; I know," declared Mr.
"And you must see him." Rose was
becoming; fearful of the end.
"Oh, I'll see him, of course, but to
put him to work in the bank?why,
Rose, it seems like flying in the face of
"Dad, doesn't it mean anything to
you that I want it done?" Tears began
to gather in the girl's eyes.
"Why, of course," relented the father.
"Your mother left you 40 per
cent of the'bank stock, and that alone
would make me listen did you see fit
to even ask it, but who knows about
him, and suppose it became known
who he was and what he had done?"
"I've thought of all that, and I want
you to risk it, and my 40 per cent
wants you to risk it."
"And your heart, Rose?" The father's
keen eyes searched the young
girl's beautiful face.
Rose returned his glance calmly.
"Yes," she cried, rising and meeting
her father's eyes unflinchingly with
her own; "I've known men who
thought they were heroes all my life,
who talked of themselves and bored
me to death. And one day from a
clear sky, when I was struggling in
the arms of a blear eyed brute who
beat me if I dare move a hand, this
"There was no blare of bugles or
anything but utter courage. He made
(ho ruffian leave me. His voice was
low. I could scarcely hear what he
said, but there was a note of command
and a threat of death in it, and
the brute disregarded it, and he mastered
him, a boast twice his size. He
fought silently and killed him. And
all my life that man owns me."
Mr. I^ane was only half startled at
the open declaration of his daughter
of her admiration and gratitude for
and sentimental interest in the exconvict
Jimmy Valentine. His trained
intuition had already told him that
she was more than casually concerned
in the fate of this mystifying young
man, whose record was apparently so
bad and whose personality and ambitions
were certainly .impressive in
their good qualities. Truth to tell, Mr.
Lane was considerably disturbed at the
situation, but he determined to accept
it philosophically for the present and
to watch carefully the future development.
"Rose!" the father exclaimed as the
girl concluded her statement. While
he had realized her attraction toward
the released prisoner, ne naci noi
guessed of the depth of her feeling for
"It's no good to he shocked, dad,"
answered the girl. "It's true. And
then he went to prison on the death
rattle of a beast like that, and I'm
going to make it good to him if he's a
man. And he is; every drop of my
blood tells me so."
"And you don't even know his
"Yes, I do."
"He gave you one. I know, but even
"Well, what of it? Does a name
mean anything to real men and women?
No. The one conn s?that one in
all the world?and, well?that's all
there is to love."
A pause ensued. The father was
first to speak.
"Do you think he knows how you
feel?" he asked sympathetically.
"No, nor he never will?unless you
some day?believe hiiW*? worthy of
"You promise that?" relievedly.
"I promise, dad."
"Will you wait until I see the governor,
Rose? L.et us go to see him
and ask his opinion of the matter."
"Gladly, and he will believe in him.
I know," said the girl enthusiastically.
She heard a step behind her, and
mere, witn nis nai in ms nunu, ?rn
groomed and wearing a well rut suit
of brown clothes?light brown, the
fashionable color?there stood Jimmy
"Mr. Valentine!" exclaimed the girl.
"Miss I^ine, how do you do?" stepping
quickly forward, extending his
"This is my father." She presented
Valentine to Mr. I.ane. who welcomed
Further conversation by the three
was interrupted by tin- entrance of
Mrs. Moore and Mrs. Webster, returning
from the tea room. Mr. Italic and
Rose departed to go to the governor's
chamber, and the two members of the
Gate of Hope society and Jimmy Valentine
"And now, Mr. Valentine, concerning
your future," began Mrs. Webster,
"what do you contemplate doing?"
"Get a position."
"We have already arranged that for
you, Mr. Valentine," announced Mrs.
"That is very thoughtful, ladies,
"Mrs. Moore did not exactly convey
the entire facts," interjected Mrs.
"We have a choice of three positions
for you, Mr. Valentine," went on Mrs.
Webster. "One is in a grain elevator."
"Yes," smiled Valentine "I can imagine
that would be a safe place for
one under suspicion of robbing a
I The ladies failed to detect the veiled
note of sarcasm.
"The second," informed Mrs. Mo^re,
"is as a bookkeeper or checker In a
scrap iron yard."
"Still under suspicion, I see," commented
"And the third as the first male officer
in the Gate of . Hope society," Mrs.
Webster proudly declaimed.
"Yes," agreed the other charity
"Treasurer?" the ex-convict queried
"No; secretary!" both the ladies
"I hold that honored position now,"
t m HB
HRK^^b' . IT^n m
Si 1 S I B
Mil.' ****; .
-' '^y^''.Vt. I1: ' '':?
THERE STOOD JIMMY VALENTINE.
resumed Mrs. Moore, "hut were you
willing to accept it we would pay a
salary. We agree that your knowledge
"The inside," suggested Valentine.
"Exactly?would he a great help to
"Then you accept, Mr. Valentine?"
"No, ladies," decisively.
"You refuse the position?"
"Yes, ladles. In fact, I decline all
The Gate of Hope representatives
rose and assumed expressions of extreme
indignation at the unexpected
repulse and refusal of their well
meant but ill advised offers.
"Ingratitude!" they exclaimed.
Valentine, who had deprecated their
advances because of their evident mistrust
of him in spite of his pardon, as
shown by the nature of the positions
they had offered him, resolved on a
course of action that would, he
thought, dispose of them and at the
same time afford him a long craved
XT-. . r.lA?>OA Ar\ rwit a a V that " hp
1\ U , piCUOC UW liwv BU.T
protested elaborately. "No, no. I refuse
the positions you offer me hecause
I fear the world would misunderstand."
"What do you mean?" asked one of
"Oh, you see," went on Valentine
whimsically, "if I accepted help from
you ladies the world might say that
you?er?you were in love with me!"
"Oh-h-h!" ejaculated the astonished
"Let the world say what it dare!"
proclaimed the pedantic little Mrs.
Moore, lifting her chin defiantly.
"And so good by, my dear ladies,"
said Valentine, bowing almost to the
With anger in their glance and their
walk, chins and noses pointing almost
toward the ceiling, the two members
of the Clate of Hope society stalked
out of the hotel parlor.
Jimmy Valentine, chuckling in his
amusement, sank into a chair to await
the return of Miss Lane and her father,
Miss Lane?Rose Lane the girl who
had saved him from the horrors of
that "bit of ten" at Sing Sing. How
beautiful she was, he murmured. She
had a heart. And she cared something
for No. 12X9; that was apparent. Just
how much did she care? Just what did
she care? If a man lived straight he
might in time win such a girl for his
own. Yes; that was life. And immy
?r_l it 1 1 u:?
\ aieiiune now nan ion niainx i<? f,?>
straight." he reasoned. Stranger things
had happened. The girl had revealed
already, had she not, that she knew a
prison sentenee could not kill the good
in a man if a single germ of it yet
lingered in him? The old life was behind
him now. The future gleamed
bright and beckoned him on. Never
again would he?
"Jimmy! Jimmy!" A harsh whisper
hissed its way into his ears.
Jimmy Valentine started up in
amaze. That voice, that whisper! He
had not heard it since the night the
Hartford "bulls" had broken up that
midnight surprise party in the vaults
of the Fifth National bank.
Hardly believing his ears, hardly
daring to turn, yet he did turn, and he
saw, crouching half behind one of the
red velvet portieres of one of the hotel
parlor entrances, the figure of Red?the
face and the brick red hair of Red
Flanagan, bis old time coworker.
(To be Continued.)
THE STATE GOVERNMENT.
Governor Blease Transmits Message
Governor Bloase on Tuesday transmitted
to the general assembly the
following, which is Message No. 11:
To the Honorable the General Assembly
of the State of South Carolina.
Gentlemen: The constitution of our
state creates three separate and distincts
heads of this government, the
judicial department, the legislative de
partment and the executive department.
In my opinion, the executive department
has no legal right or authority
to dictate to the judicial department,
or to the legislative department; the
judicial department has no right or
authority to command or dictate to
the executive department or to the
legislative department; the legislative
department has the right to pass laws,
which all of the citizens, from the
highest to the lowest, should obey; but
in my opinion it has no right to dictate
to or command the executive department
or the judicial department.
The chief executive is elected by a majority
of all the people of the state;
the legislative, by majority of a county
only, and the judicial by the legislative
department; consequently, each is
independent of the other; each, under
the institution, is separate and distinct,
and should forever remain so.
At the same time, each department
should do its duty and endeavor to uphold
and support the other; and I feel
that when either department attempts
to encroach upon the other, and the
same comes within my knowledge as
your chief executive, it is my duty, if
you are in session, to call your attention
to it, in order that, if there has
been an error, you may be given the
opportunity to correct it and keep
down any conflict between the different
Section 6, article 5, of the constitution
of 1895, reads as follows:
"No judge shall preside at the trial
of any cause in the event of which he
may be interested, or when either of
the parties shall be connected with
mm r>y amnity or consanguinity, wunin
such degrees as may be prescribed
by law, or in which he may have been
counsel or have presided in any inferior
court. In case all or any of the justices
of the supreme court shall be
thus disqualified, or be otherwise prevented
from presiding in any cause or
causes, the court or the justices thereof
shall certify the same to the govnor
of the state, and he shall immediately
commission, especially, the requisite
number of men learned in the
law for the trial and determination
thereof. The same course shall be
pursued in the circuit and inferior
courts as is prescribed in this section
for cases oJL the supreme court. The
general assembly shall provide by law
for the temporary appointment of men
learned in the law to hold either special
or regular terms of the circuit
courts whenever there may be necessity
for such appointments."
I call your particular attention to the
sentence, "The same course shall be
pursued in the circuit and inferior
courts as is prescribed in this section
for cases of the supreme court." Why
was this sentence incorporated into
thin ?pptlr>n*> What rloea that sentencp
mean? This section clearly gives the
governor, and him alone, the power to
appoint, and the power to commission,
and holds him, and him alone, responsible
for the acts and doings of the
one whom he commissions; and, so
holding him, it certainly would not be
right and was not intended that some
one else should dictate as to whom he
should commission. Then, should such
a construction be placed upon this section
as to require him to appoint or to
commission one whom he does not, for
very good and sufficient reasons, desire
to commission, or one whom, In his
opinion, is not competent to fill the position
for which he is recommended?
True, the section goes further and
says, "The general assembly shall
provide by law for the temporary appointment
of men learned in the law to
hold either special or regular terms of
the circuit court whenever there may
be necessity for such appointments."
Just above that is specifically prescribed
that the "same course shall be
pursued in the circuit and inferior
courts as is prescribed in this section
for cases of the supreme court." Now,
which is to govern? In my opinion, the
first sentence. The second related to
and means when they shall be appointed;
but, as to why they shall be apappointed,
and under what circumstances
they shall be appointed; but,
as to who shall be appointed the first
sentence clearly and distinctly states
and makes it plain.
If the constitution had intended that
any other than the governor should
name the party, why was it provided
that the same course should be pur
suea ana wny was 11 noi proviaea lor
the supreme court to recommend all
for the supreme court as well as for
the circuit court, and why was the
first sentence inserted? If the general
assembly upon the construction of the
last sentence can prescribe as to how
the circuit and inferior court vacancies
are to be filled, why can it not
go further back and prescribe that the
governor shall appoint to the supreme
bench in case of vacancy, upon the
recommendation of some other person
In calling this to your attention, I
beg leave to say that in my opinion,
after a careful study into this matter,
and investigation of authority, section
2743, volume 1, Code of Laws of South
Carolina, is unconstitutional insofar as
it prescribes, "and in the event that
there be no other circuit judge disengaged,
then the governor upon the
recommendation of the supreme court,
or the chief justice thereof if the supremo
court be not in session, shall
immediately commission as special
judge such person learned in the law
us shall ho recommended to hold
courts of such district or to hold such
special court for that time only." Hecause.
as I have already shown to you.
the constitution distinctly sets out how
the vacancy shall he filled in the supreme
court, and says that the same
course shall he followed in the circuit
court and inferior courts.
It is plain that if a circuit judge is
disengaged neither the supreme court
nor the chief justice has the right to
do otherwise than to assign a disen
gaffed judge to hold any of the courts,
and when another is recommended,
while there is a circuit Judge so disengaged,
it is clearly contrary to the
I hope that you will refer this matter
to the judiciary committee of your
respective bodies, and that they will
take the matter under consideration
and decide it not upon what their
poAtical views are toward the chief
executive of the state, or what their
personal feelings are toward the supreme
court of the state, hut uj^n the
law and give such a decision as the
courts will sustain; and, If they feel
tbat my position is correct, that they
?illl n a ? bill
\v**i tti "lite i ctuuiiiiciiu a. uin ticai ing
up the situation, by repealing section
2743 of the code or so much thereof
as is In conflict with the constitution;
for^ I assure you, that I have absolutely
no desire to have any conflict
v^ith the judicial, legislative or other
departments of our government. I am
endeavoring to do my duty as chief executive
and from the many letters received
and personal remarks which
afe made to me, I am satisfied that I
am pleasing those who placed me in
tikis high and honorable position, and
l|am not making any particular effort
trt please the other crowd; for, i?hen
the time comes, I am ready and willing
t$ go hack on the forum and meet all
< omers, as I have done In the past, in
rtgard to my course, and I.feel satisfied
that the majority will sustain my
positions; if not, I shall have no tears
In this connection, I would also beg
leave to call to your attention that In
my opinion when a disengaged circuit
judge is assigned to hold court for
another circuit Judge in case of a vacancy,
or in the event of a special
term of court, that there should be
some provision made by which the
actual expenses incurred by such judge
wlitle holding such court shall be paid
by the county in which such court is
h^ld, or by the state, as It is a hardship,
upon the small salary received, to
c^ll upon a judge to go and hold other
courts than those regularly assigned
him and force him to pay his hotel
bills, railroad fare and other necessary
expenses, while performing this extra
service. He, of course, can receive no
additional salary, but it seems to me
that he should receive his pay for expenses.
I beg your pardon for trespassing
upon your time with a message of this
length, but circumstances may arise
which would cause an unpleasant controversy
which can he very easily
avoided by following the constitution
of the state.
Cole L. Blease, Governor.
ONLY WIRELESS PAPER.
Up-to-Date American Enterprise in
Dense Amazon Jungle.
Newcomers to this astonishing
Amazon country are constantly amazed
by the manner in which the white
man, who has set himself to tame this
wilderness and wring fortunes out of
It, has applied the very latest devices
of civilization to uses which In an older
country are still served by machinery
not quite so up-to-date. When you
come to think of it. It Is only natural.
The modern developer of raw geographical
material comes here with
all his work to do, and finding a virgin
soil, promptly applies to the task
the very latest labor-saving contrivances?a
thing he could not do at
home, where vast sums are tied up
In earlier types of machinery.
It is for instance, says the Manaos,
Brazil, correspondence New York
Times, perfectly reasonable that what
is perhaps the only newspaper with
an exclusively wireless telegraph service
published elsewhere than on an
ocean liner should flourish in the midst
m "c hoH croH In hV
OI il paiCIl til civ ill??a nun iivunww ?
hundreds of miles of the Amazonas
jungle, through which the expense of
poles and wire would be quite prohibitive,
the patch of civilization being
accessible otherwise only by a
long voyage by river. You are, nevertheless.
hardly prepared for the shock
of seeing a casual copy of the Porto
Velho Mareonigram, actually published
in such a hole in the jungle, as it
were, and relying on wireless entirely
for the part of the news which deals
with the outside world.
The Porto Velho Larconigram is a
four-page weekly, neatly printed on a
single twice-folded sheet. It is the
one newspaper of Porto Velho, a town
some 2,000 miles from the mouth of
the Amazon, qn the Madeira river,
which enters the main stem of the
greatest rivers below this port, and
is reached by not too frequent steamers
It is from Manaos that the news
which comes thus far by cable is sent
by wireless to the Porto Velho newspaper.
the readers of which are found
among the 2.000 inhabitants of that
place. All of these inhabitants are
in the employ of the Madeira-Mamore
Railway company, a concern actively
managed by Americans, which is engaged
in building for the Brazilian
government a line around the fails of
the Madeira river. This line, 300
miles long. Brazil has undertaken to
construct in order to fulfill a treaty
obligation to Bolivia to give the republic
an outlet to the ocean by way
of the Amazon.
The Madeira above the falls is navigable
for 1,000 miles. The railway
when completed, will link this upper
stretch with the greatest channels of
the Amazon, which makes Manaos.
*1 *- *1 *? * aaa ?-v-? 11 ao frnm tho rlv
inougn 11 is 1,1/uu iiuica ... ~ ?
er's mouth, to all intents an ocean
port, sjnee It Is the landing place of
steamships from New York and European
The railway around the falls has
been under construction some four
years, and is now about half completed.
The town of Porto Velho was
founded by the railway company,
which employs some 6,000 men, and
which in this country has to import
not only all of Its engineers and other
responsible employees, but also all of
its manual labor, the Indians who inhabit
the Amazonas jungle, through
which the work is now pushing Its
slow and painful way, being as unwilling
as unfit to perform the tasks
required of a railway builder.
Maine Man Kills Black Fox.?George
L. Worthley of Norridgewock shot a
black fox recently, which is estimated
to he worth from $2.ri0 to $;"ftO. Mr.
Worthley thought he was on the trail
of a red fox.
He had set his Kentucky fox hound
on a scent and in a few minutes after
the dog had made a circuit of several
miles the fox ran up close to where
Mr. Worthley was on the watch. It
took but one shot to kill the animal
This is the sixth black fox that has
been killed or captured in Norridgewock
this season. Three of them have
been captured and are still alive.?Lew-,
AMERICA'S MONTE CARLO.
Only Place In the Country Where Public
Gambling Is In Full Blast.
I have just emerged with blinking
eyes from the one great, wide-open
gambling establishment in the United
States, a place which one is almost
tempted to write down as being under
the direct patronage of the state?a
place where one may buy chances to
win or lose little or all, even as an
urchin buys a penny's worth of peppermint
sticks at the candy store or a
housewife buys calicoes, ribbons and
hosiery in the department bazar. A
place, too, counted as fashionable, as
that word is sometimes used; a place
which excludes neither man nor woman,
youth nor age?a place organized
and capitalized and fitted and conducted
in each and every detail for the one
sole business and profit of gambling.
The place is "Brown's," If you like
It by that name, or the West Baden
club, if that suits better, or Just "the
cluh"?the name has not the slightest
Importance. It's the thing that counts
?the establishment, with its backing
of men and millions, which, without
fear and without doubt, has commercialized
the unlawful in the sovereign
state of Indiana. It is an establishment
which, to my blinking eyes, seems
to bear the relation to the commonwealth
that Monte Carlo bears to the
principality of Monaco. It Is an approved
part of the state.
Beyond this I shall not ask why. Ask
When I arrived in town the little
city twinkled In a cold, drizzly twilight.
Up the broad flight of "cluh" stairs I
passed into the bright parlors and to
an atmosphere of pink-lit fairy lambs
and perfumed frou-frou. I found myself
in the presence of a number ut
young women of the stage, others who
were harder to classify, still others
who looked like young matrons seeing
life, as they call this thing, and, besides,
middle-aged women, with drooping
jowls tinted like cheap pastels, and
men of all sorts, from touts and barkeeps
on vacation to horsemen and
gentlemen with pasts, and here and
there a tourist and a case of gout or
rheumatism or kidneys. The game was
at its height. Two young women in
the center of a group were betting onehundred-dollar-bllls
at the roulette
wheel, taking the money with perfect
freedom from the pockets of a grizzled
and ruddy old sport in happy dotage.
A race-track "bunch," Including an
outlaw or two, gambled hard at a table
"Artw tbA onrnor nrnolHorl AV'OP llV fl
tired dealer from Charley Reed's In
New York. Tourists were patrons ai
the other games. At one a handsome
woman in mourning, who, not liking
her run of luck, declared a $1,000 bank
herself, which means that the house
sold her the privilege to conduct the
wheel's operations for a given time
for a fixed sum. They do this in Monte
Carlo, too. Being a novice she turned
the wheel awkwardly. The crowd
murmured for the regular croupier,
and he came suave and smiling. The
ball thereafter fell like clockwork.
Luck changed. The crowd buzzed gayly.
It is well to keep In mind that this Is
not a story of Monte Carlo. It concerns
French Lick, a place on the railroad
map. Frisco, in its top-hoots and
chuck-a-luck days was never less cautious.
Deadwood, when it was redeyed
and irresponsible, played stakes
with no less freedom. Bullnecked John
Morrissey, whose gambling house once
fronted what is now the shopping district
of Twenty-third street, in New
York, never offered his patrons half
the tempting bait that is spread out
here. Canfleld's, in Saratoga, had a
Puritanical atmosphere compared with
the license and limit of the Lick.
Think of it! Fourteen tables running
full time, with a bank roll behind
each one; everything on the list?
roulette, faro, hazard, Klondike, hyronomou8,
French Lick's gambling emporium is
as free and open as the railroad station,
or the little Catholic church,
whose steeple and glided cross lay
warning shadows over the town with
the shifts of the sun from east and
west. There are no lookouts, no cappers.
You cross over from Tom Taggart's
hostelry, following the crowd,
walk right in, produce your roll and
gamble. Business?they call it business,
which it is?begins at 1 p. m.
First, there is the speculation on the
results at the race tracks?playing the
ponies, as they call It. Returns are received
from all the important race
tracks in the country, and the crowds
who visit the rooms in the afternoon
devote all their attention to the poolroom
charts. Occasionally some of the
visitors will play the bookmakers'
wheel?one of the distinctive features
of the gambling at French Lick?but
as a rule the gambling games do not
begin until after 9 o'clock in the evening.
About that time street cars and
buses arrive from West Baden, the watering
resort two miles away, bringing
the guests of the West Baden'hotel and
the other hostelries in that vicinity.
There used to be gambling rooms at
West Baden, but when the state authorities
made a pretense of stopping
the gambling at French Lick two years
ago it was abandoned, and now the
visitors at that resort have to journey
Shortly after 9 o'clock the lobby of
the French Lick Springs hotel becomes
deserted. In groups of fours and sixes
the guests don their wraps and cross
the street to the brick building which
was originally built as a hotel and
which is still used for hotel purposes
when the season is at Its height and
the French Lick hotel is unable to ac
commodate all its guests. At the present
time, however, the downstairs lobby
of the Brown is deserted. There is
no clerk behind the desk, but the way
is open to the broad staircase which
leads to the second lloor.
The rooms on the second floor are
three stories high. The first one which
is entered from the richly carpeted hall
is under the dome and is fitted up with
luxurious leather chairs and divans as
a reception room. Directly off it is the
main gambling room?almost similar
to the lobby of the French Lick Springs
hotel. It is about the same size, has an
encircling balcony and a ceiling studded
with electric lights arranged In
geometric figures. At the further end
is a huge blackboard on which the race
track entries are chalked up. The various
gambling tables line the walls
and each has its own shaded lamps. It
is here that from 300 to 000 men and
women fromFall over America gather
nightly aiy try their luck. Only a
small proportion of the visitors are
real gamblers. Most of them are sight*
seers, guests of the nearby hotels, taking
the cures, and young peopfe out
for a lark.
After I had spent an hour watching
the various games the roulette table
attracted my attention. The rattle of
the marble, the reckless helter-skelter
of the chips charmed me. The money
in my pocket began to burn. I went
to the cashier and bought >10 worth of
chips, and in a burst of reckless resolution
DUt them down on the black. I
won and moved the $20 to the red and
won again, and so on until I was $160
ahead. Then I began to lose. My
evening cost me about $80.
The bookmaker's wheel is perhaps
the most popular gambling game at
French Lick. This wheel is made up of
bills of one, two, five and ten dollar
denominations. On the table, under
glass, are ten, five, two and one dollar
bills, where the bets are placed. You
play ten for one, five for one, two for
one or one for one. On the wheel,
which is tipped at an angle of
45 degrees, is a rubber ball. After the
bets are placed the wheel is spun, and
wherever the rubber ball lies when the
wheel stops settles the winnings or the
amounts lost. I saw one woman win
$100 eight times in succession. The
ball stopped on a ten-dollar bill eight
successive times. However, that was
an extraordinary run of luck. Usually
the game runs much In favor of
rjxucpi iui me muiiuiuuuun 01115'ouiih
cries of the croupiers urging the crowd
with: "Make your bets, gentlemen. In
a minute she spins. Are you all down?
Make your bets?then here she goes?
jumping and singing?slower, slower,
slower?28 and black It is!" there is
scarcely any noise In the gambling
rooms. Waiters move about silently
serving drinks. Nobody speaks above
Another favorite game at French
LJck is hyronomous?"Old Hy," as it
is called. The lowest stake is $5. And
few who visit "Brown's can resist the
fascination of "Old Hy."
For a moment there is the rattle of
chips and then again comes the song,
"Are you all down, gentlemen? Are
you all down? Then up?up she comes
with a four and a pair of fives!"
There were three faro games in
progress during the evening I spent in
"Brown's." At those tables the men
(no women were playing there) played
in that silent and tense manner peculiar
to the game. One of them was a
well known Chicago banker. Another
was a New York bookmaker who is
noted chiefly for his beautiful wife.
All of them had big stacks of chips.
The hank limit was $50 to "cases," $100
to "doubles" and $200 on the "last
Faro is played wltlp-?**ull deck of
cards in a metal box' the same size as
the deck, with only the top card visible.
When placed In the box the deck
is pressed upward by a spring, and the
cards may be slid out to the right one
by one through a narrow slot.
When ready for play and all bets are
down, the dealer slides out the top card
and places It a foot or so from the box.
The next card he also slides out and
nlaces near the box.
This is a "turn," and after taking in
or paying the losing and winning bets,
it is repeated until the deal is exhausted.
The cards falling next to the box
are the losers and the cards placed at
a distance are the winners.
A layout or duplicate of each card in
the pack, from ace to king, is glued
to the green baize of the table top.
Upon these layout cards the bets are
Such is the game as it is played at
French Lick, and thousands of dollars
are won and lost at it every night.
Sometimes the winnings run into the
tens of thousands And vice versa.
When I asked for "Ai" Brown no one
seemed to know where he could be
found. A score of attendants and
waiters were in evidence, but "Al"
Brown was nowhere around. One of
the croupiers informed me that the
gambling had been going on for two
years in its present quarters, and that
as the town people were barred from
entering the rooms or playing, the
grand jury could not get any evidence
to indict the proprietor and close the
resort. Before the gambling rooms
were located there they were located in
a two-story building on the grounds
adjoining the French Lick hotel. This
building is now used as a billiard room
and bowling alley.
The ministers in French Lick have
long since accepted the gambling as a
necessary evil, so all is peaceful. The
gambling is as much of an established
feature as the springs.
As a general rule it is not until after
midnight in the morning that the
- ' - - ' (a
crowd is greatest ana me Kaiinuuig ??
at its height. Then all the tables are
clustered with players like flies upon a
One o'clock finds many players still
there, and it is not until nearly two
o'clock that the rooms are closed and
the lights turned out Then the guests
of the hotels go hack to their heds and
rest until It is time to take a train for
home or until they can play the ponies
in the afternoon.
Each night is like the preceding or
the following one at French Lick. Like
the spring, the gambling goes on forever.?French
Lick. (Ind.), Cor. New
Names In Siam.?The late king of
Siam had for a full name Phra Bat
Somdeth Phra Paramlndr Maha Chulllongkorn
Phra Chula Chum Klo Chow
Yu Hua, and this does not include his
titles. A wag In Bombay saw it in the
paper when the ruler was visiting that
city and was being received by the
British officials and passed it over to a
young Irish subaltern with the challenge
that he pronounce it. The young
fellow looked at it a moment and then
handed it hack. He said no was noi
long enough winded, but he was sure
he could play it on the garrison club
piano if the instrument were a couple
of octaves longer.
The king's uncle, however, who was
also a prince high priest, had for one
name alone the following collection of
letters Pawaratsawarl.valongkaun. Any
one who can get through this and not
Hat one of the notes has lived a long
time where he can look out of the window
and see the gilded peak of a wat
or temple shimmering in the equatorial
LIFE ON THE PLANET VENU8.
Scientst Thinks Earth's Nsighbor
May Taam With Monsters.
That the planet Venus, the nearest
of the earth's celestial sisters, may
be populated by millions of huge prehistoric
monsters and lizards, such as
roamed the earth 300,000 years ago.
Is the astounding assertion which has
Just been put forward by Prof. William
H. Pickering, of the Harvard
University astronomical department.
Prof. Pickering's statement comes
as complementary to the startling announcement
made by Prof. Thomas
Jefferson Jackson See, of the United
States navy observatory at Mare Island.
Cal.. who recently has given out
word that intelligent creatures, such
as might be called "human," now
Prof. Pickering, keenly alert to all
assertions of this nature, particularly
when coming from one of the most
authoritative of Uncle Sam's star
gazers, is doubly Interested from the
fact that for a number of years he
has been gathering observations which
lead him to a belief in the "life" theory
Already the astronomers of the
world are beginning to ask after centuries.of
baffled investigation whether
the mystery among the planets is
about to be solved.
Has Prof. See finally pierced the
belt of atmosphere that surrounds this
near-by world like a pall? What sort
of "intelligent creatures" has he
found? Is there a chance that communication
can be established with
them, the plan for which was set forth
by Prof. William Pickering, as was
proposed in the case of the planet
Mars a little more than a year ago?
Prof. Pickering offers the opinion
that Venus may be the wcetve today
of the life the earth knew far back in
the Pleistocene and earlier periods,
before the advent of man. In other
words, the cloud banks that have shut
off hitherto the gaze of human astronomers,
may conceal the vision of a
planet of interminable steaming
swamps, in which welter and wallow
great reptilian creatures of the kind
whose fossils are dug up today
thousands of feet below the surface
of the earth.
This theory has been held tentatively
by Prof. Pickering for many years,
and, therefore, he is all the more interested
by the news that Prof. See
has found the higher forms of life on
the mysterious planet. As to tbe possibility
of this Prof. Pickering says:
"Certainly there are many physical
reasons ror tninaing inai 11 any uut?
planet besides the earth is inhabited .
It Is probably Venus.
"It is about the same size as the
earth, and its density is about the
same. The force of gravity upon its
surface is only slightly less than that
of the earth. It has been estimated
that roughly speaking, the
gravity of Venus as compared with
that of the earth Is as 85 to 100. We
feel reasonably sure that at the planet's
surface the atmosphere is many
times that of our own.
"Venus is the nearest to us of the
planets, being about 30,000,000 miles
away, but we have experienced difficulty
in studying it as closely as
"When Venus is nearest the earth
the planet lies between us and the sun.
When Mars is nearest us it is opposite
the sun, and is, therefore, easily
observed. Another and even greater
Impediment to observation of Venus
Is that she Is always cloud-wrapped.
"This has prevented us from making
many observations that we would like,
and as far as we have noted here at
Harvard we have distinguished only
slightly larger markings that were
evidently on the cloud-wrapping of
"Fort this reason I cannot express
any opinion on Prof. See's announcement
of his belief in the existence of
life there' until he gives out the observation
that led him to the conclusion.
"The clouds and dense atmosphere
prevent, or have prevented, anything
like the close observation that has
been made of Mars. Of course, when
everything is taken into consideration,
Venus does seem more capable
of supporting life than any other
planet except the earth. What that
life is, however, is quite another question,
eliminating for the time Prof.
See's theory, which may be based on
observations such as I cannot attempt
"Temperature of Venus is probably
the same as in our own tropics,
and the dense atmosphere may be of
a composition such as enveloped the
earth in the carboniferous period. It
has been said, and with what appears
to be good reason, that the surface
of Venus is today mostly water, perhaps
swamps, or perhaps all water.
That would account for the clouds
and the dense atmosphere, for Venus
receives about twice as much solar
heat and light as does the earth, and
the supposition is that on Venus one
would flrsd steaming swamps.
"In other words, Venus is much
younger than the earth, and is today
passing through one of the many periods
that are recorded in our geologic
strata. If the geological development
or evolution of Venus is thus following
that of the earth it is a most interesting
speculation whether the biological
development is progressing In
the same way.
"It has been said that there is no
proof that any two planets upon
reaching the same stage geologically
would necessarily have the same sort
of atmosphere, and so the atmosphere
of Venus may be of such a composition
that whatever life there is there
resembles nothing that ever was on
"As to the existence of intelligent
life, the question is still open until
we hear more definitely from Prof. ,
See. He may have observed markings
that he is certain are made on the
surface of the planet and not merely
upon the outer wrapping of clouds,
and he may feel convinced that these
markings indicate the presence of intelligent
"Prof. Lowell, at his Flagstaff Observatory,
some time ago noted lines
radiating from the central spot like
the hub and spokes of a wheel, but
he did not think they resembled the
Martian markings, or canals. They
did not indicate artificial origin.
"If It is ever established that the
planet Venus is inhabited It will be
less surprising than if the same were
proved conclusively of any other
planet, owing to the similarity in
many respects of Venus and the
Old Hunter's Ambition.?A unique
character, whose like In many respects
was a parallel to that of Cooper's famous
Leatherstocking, passed away
recently when James Stephenson died
In the house In Summit township,
Washington county, where he was
born seventy-four years ago. He never
left his home without his old rifle
and hunting was a mania with him.
Early in life he formed an ambition to
And 100 bee trees before he died. He
found his ninety-ninth tree several
weeks ago and before he succumbed to
heart failure he was trying to locate
the tree that would crown his record.
Stephenson was a pioneer of Washincrfnn
pnimtv His father was born in
Berkeley county, Va., on a plantation
adjoining that of George Washington.
The elder Stephenson and George
Washington were friends.?Pittsburg