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Afraid of the Ram.?A local man who enjoys an occasional Joke on his wife Is still chuckling over this one: After preparing a hamper of luncheon and gathering in a couple of friends In order that they might also enjoy the fresh air of the country she Instructed the chauffeur to go to the o'llce, where her husband joined the party, which proceeded to Four Mile Run. A stop was made at the corner while one of the party disappeared into the shrubbery of a side nlll to secure water, for It was the plan to have lemonade with the luncheon under the trees. The water carrier was gone an unusually long time, and on his return 1-< 1 K,, iflni.. "Ttiorn rA|;idiiiru uis una) uj wj^. >..v>v was only a trickling stream coming from the spring, so I had to wait. There was a ram down there in the bushes, and it seemed to be taking up all the water." "A what?" queried the hostess. "A ram?hydraulic ram." ' My!" she said, with some surprise. Weren't you afraia of the little beast?"?Youngstown Telegram. Wasn't Interested.?Gov. Taylor, of Pennsylvania, says the Cosmopolitan, is an inveterate smoker and choice as to his selection of cigars. Lighting a Havana recently he said: "The Londoners are indifferent about their tobacco?indifferent and blase, like an omnibus conductor I saw in Oxford street. "You know the London omnibus? It ? is a double-decker. If you sit on top you must go up and down by a very steep stairway. "Well, this blase conductor pulled up his 'bus at Regent circus and the ladies bound for Peter Robinson's got out. But one fat lady, who had been sitting on top, came down the steep and winding stairs very slowly. Her skirt flapped around her ankles and at every step she stopped for the fifth or sixth time to thrust down her billowing skirt, and he burst out angrily: " 'Now, then, lydy, 'urry up. can't yer? Figgers ain't nc treat to me!' " Bryan's Joke About Titles.?William Jennings Bryan once joked about the American fondness for titles, says an exchange. "You all know of the colonel." he said "who got his title by Inheritance, having married Col. Brown's widow. But I once met a genera! who got his I title neither by Inheritance nor by ser- l vice, nor "by anything you could mention. i " 'General,' I said to him, 'how do \ you come by this title of yours, any- i way ?" " 'Why, sir,' said he, 'I passed my ' youth in the flour trade, and for twen- ] ty-seven years was a general miller.' j "I know another titled man?Judge i Greene. " 'Are you sir,' I asked him, 'a Unit- ( ed States judge or a circuit court i judge?' "'I ain't neither,' he replied: 'I'm ( a Jedge of hoss-racln.' " Wrong Kind of a Letter.?"Good morning," said the young woman as , she stepped to the window at the 1 Stowe post office. "Is there a letter ' for me today?" "I'll look," answered the clerk. i The your.g woman blushed a little 1 and- she added, "It's a business let- ! ter." , The man inside the window took up I a handful of letters and looked them over hastily. Then he Informed the , lady that there was nothing for her; I nnH with otmI dIsnnnnlr.tment deniet ed on her lovely features she went j away from there. In five minutes she | was back again?this time blushing i more furiously than before. "I?I deceived you." she stammered. "It?it wasn't a business letter I was expecting. Will you please see If there Is something for me among the love letters?"?Boston Traveller. Speaker and Interpreter.?Charlie Shukers the new member of the state board of control, addressed the students of the deaf and dumb school at Olathe the other day. The interpreter didn't treat Shukers as he did Henry' J. Allen, a former member of the board, when he made a speech. Henry rambled alcng in his usual entertaining fashion and frequently received applause. "Well, I seemed to please the students all right," said he to the Interpreter afterward. "Yes. they enjoyed it very much," replied the interpreter. "But I wish you would explain why they frequently applauded at inopportune times" said Henry. "That's easy," replied the interpreter "You made one speech and I delivered them another." Double Action Prescription.?On a wet and bitter night in winter old Dr. B. was summoned from his snug home to attend a farmer threatened with pneumonia. The farmer's wife, a little woman resembling a scared bird, reported that the patient called for hot punch, but that she awaited the doctor's permission before givng it. "Uolra it ' rit K it ' soon as you can, strong and hot. and i let me see It." The little woman soon fluttered In J with the smoking punch. The doctor . took it from her hands, examined it, i smelled It, then drank It off and ' smacked his lips in critical satisfac- ] tlon. ( "Exactly," he said ' Give your hus- i band one Just like It. only half as | much."?Lippincott's. , i A Significant Notice.?Richard Cro- I ker, the day of his departure for his j Irish home, said to a New York re- , porter, according to the Washington i Star: "It is the desire for freedom that sends so many Americans and so many j millions of dollars abroad every June. The Puritanical laws of America en- < slave us. These laws, with their total ] misconception of freedom and of enjoyment. are well exemplified in a no- j tice board I once saw in a New Eng- 1 land park. This boatd said: " 'Pleasure Grounds. Notice?These grounds are for pleasure only. No games or play allowed.' " _ i His Peculiarity Gifted Son.?"I don't : know what I'm ever going to make of i that son of mine." complained a i prominent Cleveland business man the other day. says the Plain Dealer, i The old (hap is self-made, agraduate j of the university of hard knocks i and all that; and it naturally grieves him to have a son who is not aggres- i si ye. < "Maybe your son hasn't found him- < self yet," we consoled. "Isn't he gifted in anyway?" I "Gifted? I should say he is. He i ain't got a darned thing that wasn't i given to him." Jam and Jirrsidr. Humus. A very large proportion of our soils need to be put back In the humus condition they were in originally. These soils, no doubt, lack phosphate and lime, but these are not the only elements they have been robbed of. One is the humus. It Is in the humus the nitrogen is mostly found. Of course, the less humus there is, the less nitrogen. Then, besides, it is in the humus element that useful bacteria work. The less of humus, the less bacteria action we will get. The question then arises, how to put humus into our land the cheapest and best way. If we have much lands we can haul It out on the land needing It, but muck should lie a year first, and be shoveled over once or twice to get rid of the pyroligeneous acid. Another way Is to plow under in the fall the second crop of clover or the last crop of alfalfa. This works splendidly, and we have seen some very poor, barren soils brought up quickly. Another good way is to sow corn ground or stubble land in the fall with a bushel of winter rye to the acre, after first working up the land well with a disc or spring tooth cultivator. Then plow this rye under In the spring sowing on before plowing, say, five hundred pounds of raw rock phosphate. Work the ground down well In the spring to get the two layers of soil well united and plant to corn. Most farmers hate to plow under a good crop of clover or alfalfa. But It must be remembered that we can rarely buy humus It must be manufactured on the land Itself In most cases. Hence the crop of clover or alfalfa becomes of great and lasting value to such lands. If our farmers would pay more attention to this matter of storing away the elements of fertility, of which humus Is chief, their farms would soon demonstrate their ability to produce large and profitable crops.?Hoard's Dairyman. Too Much String Is Waste. The United States department of agriculture recently completed an Investigation of the cost and profit of producing grain throughout the United States. It shows that to grow and harvest an acre of wheat In Vermont costs twenty dollars, which Is three times the average cost In Wisconsin, Minnesota. Iowa, the Dakotas, Nebraska and Kansas. But Vermont gets forty-two dollars' worth of wheat on her acre, leaving a profit of twentytwo dollars an acre, and this Is more than double the average profit for an acre In the western states named. In growing wheat Vermont spends over six dolars an acre for fertilizer, and the average expenditure for fertilizer In the other states named Is about ten cents an acre. Hence Vermont's high cost for an acre; hence also her high profit. To grow and harvest an acre of oats In Vermont costs sixteen dollars, and this is over two and one-half times the average cost In the other states; but the net profit j on the acre of oats is decidedly higher than In the other states. In some of which the average expenditure for fertilizing oats land Is only five cents or less an acre. English land that has been under , r-ultivatlon for centuries yields thirty bushels or over of wheat to the acre ?about double the average yield In the United States?as a result of proper fertilization. What will some of our best farm lands be yielding a hundred years from now under the present system? One English experiment upon two plots of similar ground covered fifty-one years. At the end of that period the fertilized plot was yielding thirty-three bushels of wheat to the acre; the unfertilized plot was yielding twelve and one-half bushels , to the acre. Fertilizers are somewhat expensive. A man can save something by not using any. Also he can save something by not feeding his livestock; but he < doesn't gain In the end. Nitrogenous Man e. Nitrogen is the most expensive of the plant food elements that farmers have to buy, and the demand for this element is so great that manufacturers jf commercial fertilizers are stimulated to use nitrogenous materials which in some cases are now of great manurial value. The Rhode Island station has experimented with a num- , ber of these materials, among which were "nitrogenous manure," "hide and skin meal azotin," "tartar manure," beet refuse compound, patented nitrogenous manure or sulphocyanide manure." Nitrate of soda and dried blood were used in the tests for comparison. It will be interesting to farmers everywhere to note the results obtained with these substances. Five crops, barley, millet, oats, millet and oats, were grown successfully on the same soil In pots to determine the availability of the nitrogen in these fertilizers. The "nitrogenous manure" was the most valuable of the first four sources of nitrogen mentioned above and yet it was only about half as valuable as blood. The "hide and skin meal," "tartar manure" and "beet refuse compound" were of little value as sources of nitrogen, at least when applied immediately before planting as would be done in ordinary practice. I'he "beet refuse compound" was said ;o contain cyanides, on which account It is advised by the promoters that it be applied sometimes previous to planting. Under the conditions of the experiment slight toxic effects were rioted in some cases with this materi- ; al. The station concludes that the exrrnvflicnnt nlnimft mjwl** for mih stances as sources of nitrogen seem to be wholly contrary to the facts. While nitrogen is one of the most expensive of the plant food elements the farmer has an abundant supply always at hand. The air contains an jnlimited amount of free nitrogen that ran be captured and made over into plant food simply by growing clovers ind other legumes. This is the cheapest and best way to get nitrogen Into the soil, and every farmer can get it that way. Sometimes it is necessary to apply commercial nitrogen, in which case it is advisable to buy it in the form of nitrate of soda, dried blood, or some form that has proven to be quickly available, and worth the money. The usual forms of nitrogenous manures may not be worth the money. 99" Sensational charges have been made by James Wickersham, delegate in congress from the territory of Alaska. against George W. Wickersham, attorney general of the United Stales. Delegate Wickersham stated before the judiciary committee of congress that the attorney general has deliberately held important affidavits and other evidence regarding an alleged fraudulent coal contract in Alaska, involving a loss of $50,00(1 to the government. until the statute of limitations prevented the prosecution of the culprits. Delegate Wickersham told ihe committee that he forwarded the evidence to Attorney General Wickersham on May 24. UGO, and that he received a letter from the attorney general June 13 last, saying that the statute of limitations had expired. The expiration of the time limitation came about, according to the Alaskan delegate. because the matter was held up for more than a year by the attorney general. Following the receipt of the evidence presented by the Alaskan delegate, the judiciary committee reported favorably to congress a resolution calling upon the attorney general for a full explanation of the matter and what documents he has in his possession that relate to it. 1 ittiscctlaucous heading. ! WITH NEIGHBORING EXCHANGES. ! I Notes and Comments About Matters ' of Local Interest. 1 Lancaster News, July 22: Mr. Se- , i.orn Self, a young man, had a mlrac- j ulous escape from death or great bod- < ily Injury, on Monday, when he fell | into a well fifty-two feet deep. He suffered some bruises but, strange to relate, no bones were broken. The accident occurred on Mr. Van D. Sn.all's ( premises In the Primus section. Mi Sell had been down in the well, which was being made deeper, and being | ov< rcom. by foul air, was drawn to | the top in an unconscious condition. On reaching the surface he fell backward into the bottom of the well. In- , stead of being crushed to death or at \ least horribly mangled, as might naturally be expected, he was actually j revived by the terrible ran. un recovering consciousness he tied the rope himself around his body and was drawn In safety to the surface by his ] companions Mr. R. E. Wylie has , been appointed as Lancaster '-ounty's | representative on the recaption committee for the Red Shirt's reunion in Columbia, August 9 and 10. Gastonia Gazette, July 21: Mrs. Lizzie Ferguson Jackson, wife of Mr. Lucius Jackson died Wednesday night at 8.30 at her home In the Crowders Creek section south of Gastonia. The news of the death of this lady will come as a shock to her many friends in Gaston county. It will be remembered that about a year ago she was married to Mr. Jackson, eldest son of Mr. John Frank Jackson. Mrs. Jackson was about 22 years old at the time of her death and in addition to her husband and an infant child, is survived by her parents, Mr. and Mrs. Alfred Ferguson, and by six brothers, Messrs. Boyce, Thcmas, Robert, Samuel, Edward and Laban Ferguson, and one sister, Mrs. Leslie Crawford. The funeral services and interment took place yesterday afternoon at 2 o'clock at Crowders Creek A. R. P. church, of which the deceased was a devoted member, conducted by Dr. R. M. Stevenson, of Clover Those who chanced to pass by the Arlington mill bunday afternoon were given the opportunity of gazing upon a scene that was horrifying and disgusting in the extreme. One that was enough to make the blood cf the good people boll with indignation to know that risrht huro In Rnslnn r-OlintV with her numerous schools, and where the peopie are progressing rapidly in every respect, there are people In the sub- ' urbs of the town who actually have- ' n't got good, hard common mule sense ' enough to get out of a shower of rain . and who will crowd up around an Ignorant negro woman and listen with , mouths wide open while she pretends i to expound the word of God, Never- , the-less such is the case and a white man who makes his living at the expense of the poor Igjrorant mill people and who has been before a justice of the peace in Gastonia on a serious charge had the audacity to bring those trifling,' no account negroes out * to preach to what Is known as "The : Unknown Tongue Sect," and that in j broad open day light. While they ; were yelling at the top of their voices ,J and going up and down like Jumping jacks, this man was standing side by side with Perry Gunning scotching , for them by holleiing "Amen! Preach it to 'em brother!" An official of the Arlington mill came out and put them 1 out of the grove in front of the mill and a Mr. Martin took them over Into 1 his yard where they wound up the J performance. To give the reader some . Idea of the fanaticism and craziness I that is existing around us I will attempt to put into print a very small , portion of the negro woman's discourse. Mind you there were white . women with little children by their ' side and babes In their arms that went wild with enthusiasm over the great v religious truths that It contained: * "And God tole ole Nora that there wuz ' a-gona be a flood an for him ter bull a grate big ark-ah, said he's a-gona destroy the whole wurl with water 'cause the people wus a gittin loo mean to live, an they wouldn't pay no 'tention to what he said to 'em-ah. An ole Nora went an took an cut down a whole lot o'Gofer trees and commenced a hammerln an a sawln, and the folks made all kins 'o fun of him, an called him a fool-ah, but ole Nora kept on a buildln an' a bulldln 'till he got hit done, an it wuz three stories high-ah, the fust story represns conversion, an the secon story represens sanctification-ah, an the top story repsesens the Holy Ghost-ah, an when ole Nora got de ark done he goes out an begins to gather up the animals an beases and fowls, an all kins o* creepin things and begun to drive 'em in tie ark-ah. Yes there wuz the elephants an de giraffs and de leopards and de zebrases all a marchln in two by two an a little turkle dove come in an coooo-ood an ole Nora knewed they wuz all in-Glory-ah, then he goes up to the top story an sot down in a rockin cheer an crossed his legs, an God sen a angel to lock up de door, and throw away the key, an r'n down de little windah-ah, an all dis time de people kep a etin an a drinkin. an a marryln, an a givln in marriage an a calltn ole Nora a fool." This was accompanied by the socalled holy dance. The most disgusting part of the whole affair was the white women shaking hands with these negroes and dropping their hard earned dollars into the collection box to keep them up in their laziness. Is it not time for the law-abiding people of Gaston county to ri.se up as one man and make it so hot for this low down white man and his gang that they will be afra'd to show their sorry skins in a thousand miles of Gastonia? And should the law not protect the simple, unlearned people from being deceived by the heinous wolf in sheep's clothing and from his defrauding them out of their hardearned money? "SEEING THINGS." Famous Men Had Remarkable Experiences With Apparitions. There was a certain Pisander whose name has been preserved in one of the proverbial sayings of the Greeks, because he lived in continual fear of | seeing his own ghost. Just that thing happened to the German poet Goethe, c One day, when he was out riding in a spot somewhat removed from the usual haunts of men, he saw a horseman approaching him, and as he drew , near he saw that the rider was no less a person than himself?his other self ?though dressed differently. Twenty years after he found himself, quite r without forethought of the matter, in i the same place on horseback and i dressed just as was the apparition of himself which he had met there two s decades before. a Lord Brougham (pronounced t Broom,) the English statesman, ora- t tor and author, after whom the wellknown species of vehicles was named, r hod a remarkable experience with a i "spook." He tells the story in his | autobiography published in 1871. "A most remarkable thing happen- \ to me." he says, "so remarkable that : 1 must tell the story from the begin- t ning. After 1 left the high school (in i Edinburgh) I went with G?. my ( most intimate friend, to attend the r classes in the university. We fre- e quently in our walks discussed and .? speculated upon many grave subjects, e among others, on the immortality of t the soul and a future state. This 1 question and the possibility, I will not j say of ghosts walking, but of the dead t appearing to the living, were subjects t of much speculation, and we actually committed the folly of drawing up an t agreement, written with our blood, to t the effect that whichever of us died first should appear to the other, and e thus solve any doubts we had enter- e tained of the 'Life and Death.' "After we had finished classes at < college G? went to India, having got \ an appointment there In the civil service. He seldom wrote me and r after a lapse of a few years I had al- t most forgotten him: moreover, his | family having little connection with r Edinburgh, I seldom saw or heard s anything of them, so that all the old t schoolboy intimacy had died out and I had nearly forgotten his existence. e I had taken, as I have said, a warm t bath, and while in it and enjoying the n comfort of the beat after the late d freezing I had undergone, I turned my head round toward the chair on wnich 1 had deposited my clothes, as 1 was about to get out of the bath. On the chair sat G? calmly looking at me. How 1 got out of the bath 1 know not, but on recovering my senses I found myself sprawling on the floor. The apparition, or whatever It was that had taken the likeness of G?, bad disappeared." It was afterward ascertained that G? had died in India t>n the very day his apparition was seen by Lord brougham. Very similar is an incident related by Sir Walter Scott, under date of IS 18. A certain Mr. Bullock had been employed by Sir Walter to make improvements at Abbotsford. Mr. Bullock was called to London and during his absence the incident narrated in the following letter took place, Scott, writing to a Mr. Terry, says: "The night before last we were ou'ol/onar) hv o violent nnluo I i lr o I ho drawing of new boards along the new part of the house. I fancied something had fallen and thought no more of it. This was about 2 o'clock in the morning. Last night at the same witching hour, the same noise occurred. Mrs. S. as you know is rather timersome, I got up with Beardy's broadsword under my arm. Sat bolt upright And ready to fight. "But nothing was out of order; neither could I discover what occasioned the disturbance." The strange thing about this is that Bullock died In London on the very day and as near as could be ascertained at the very hour that Sir Walter heard the "spooks" at Abbotsford. In writing later, to the same correspondent he said: "Were you not struck with the fantastical coincidence of our nocturnal disturbance at Abbotsford with the melancholy event that followed? r nrntpat to von thflt th*? nnlap r?. sembled half a dozen men hard at ivork pulling up boards and furniture, and nothing could be more certain than that nobody was on the premises at the time." Newstead Abbey, the home of Lord Byron, has the reputation of being haunted by more than one spectre, and many curious noises and strange sights have been heard and seen by -esidents and visitors there. But the Pest known and most noted spectre tonnected with the place and immortalized In Byron's verse, in the "Goblin Friar." The particular chamber ivhich this spectre is supposed especially to frequent, and which Is known par excellence, as the "Haunted Chamber." adjoins Byron's bedroom. Lord Byron, and many -others not pnly believed in the existence of the Black Friar, but asserted that they had really seen it. It did not confine its visitations, however to the "hauntid chamber," but at night walked the cloisters and other portions of the abbey. A monk arrayed In cowl, and beads, and dusky garb, appeared S'ow in the moonlight, and now lapsed in shade. With steps that trod as heavy, yet unheard. This apparition is the evil genius af the Byrons, and its appearance portends misfortune of some kind to :he members of the family to whom it appears. Lord Byron fully believed hat he beheld this apparition a short ime before the greatest misfortune of lis life, his ill-starred union with Vliss Millbanke. Alluding to his beief in these things he said: I merely mean to say what Johnson said, rhat In the course of some six thousand years, \U nations have believed that from the dead \ visitant at intervals appears; \nd what is strangest upon this strange head, Is that whatever bars the reason rears Gainst such beliefs, there's something stronger still 'n Ita huho If lot thnoo rlortu ti'Hn \i?111 Epworth Parsonage, the home of Ftev. Samuel Wesley, father of John Wesley, the founder of Methoaism, vas "hanted" by a spook whom they -ailed "Old Jeffrey." John Wesley ilmself gives a long and clrcumstanial account of the remarkable disturjances at Epworth, which continued or a series of years. This spook never ippeared In visible form and never inswered back when spoken to, ex:ept by "rapping^-." One night, when he children were frightened by the listurbances, the elder Wesley said to t: "Thou deaf and dumb devil, why lost thou frighten these children, vho cannot answer for themselves? }ome to me in my study, that am a nan!" Instantly it knocked as if It vould shiver the board to pieces, and lothing more was heard that night. Uut the next evening, when Samuel Wesley attempted to enter his study he door was thrust back with such :iolence as to almost throw him down, however, he thrust the door open and vent in. Presently there was a knockng, first on one side and then on the >ther, and after a time in the next oom. "My father and mother had just jone to bed," says John Wesley, citing mother instance of these mysterious listurbances, and the candle was not a ken away, when they heard three )lows, and a second and a third three, is It were with a large oaken staff, struck upon a chest which stood by he bedside. My father immediately irose, put In his nightgown, and hearng great noises below, took the canlie and went down; my mother walk?d by his side. As they went down he broad stairs, they heard as If a vessel full of silver was poured upon ny mother's breast and ran jingling lown to her feet. Quickly after there vas a sound as if a large iron bell ,vere thrown among many bottles unler the stairs; but nothing was hurt. Soon after our large mastiff dog came tnd ran to shelter himself between hem." This sort of thing went on 'or years, but the Wesleys stuck to Spworth Parsonage, the elder Wesley saying, "Let the devil flee from me, [ will never flee from the devil." These are instances of what may be ermed successful ghosts. The ghosts hat have failed are perhaps entitled o a brief notice. A "ghost" once unlertook to frighten the great naturalst. Cuvier. This ghost appeared with in ox's head. Cuvier awoke and ound the fearful thing glaring and jrinning at his bedside. "What do you want?" "To devour you," growled the ghost. "Devour me?" cjuoth the great frenchman?"hoofs, horns, graminivorous? You can't do it. Clear out!" And clear out the discomfited ghost lid.?Kansas City Star. GOING TO SCHOOL. rar Different In the Old Days From What It Is Now. This is the mid-vacation season. Al eady pupils and teachers are begindng to think about the opening of the text season. It is a little amusing, both in town ind country, to hear parents grumble it the distance children have to walk o school. A mile is a long walk and wo miles is not to be thought of. In old days when school "took In" it six to seven o'clock in summer an.l lot later than eight in the winter, even firls would walk two to three miles, mil i h?. evarnliui did not hurt them Tt vas not unusual for young men, 20 to iX years old, to ride four to six miles 0 school. They would make a stall 11 the shade for their horse. Col. I. i. McKissick, when a young man. ode from his home 011 Pea Ridge, uross Pacolet, at Skull Shoals, to a school at Pleasant Grove. They had 1 good teacher at Pleasant Grove, and here was none or a poor one near his tome. The distance was about seven niles. Several young men walked hree to live miles to attend the school if I). 1). Rosa, at Limestone Springs. It was the same way in all this up ountry where there was a superior eacher. It was usual for young men to make 1 crop and after laying by they would it tend school. It was a most laudable imbition in them. They wished to get ducation enough to transact business vith ease. When a young man lived several niles from a school he would someimes secure hoard near the school louse from Monday night till Friday 10011. He would walk or ride In to chool early Monday morning and reurn to his home Friday afternoon. These faets are given to show the use-loving teachers and students of his day that it was a difficult thing to cqulre a little learning ill the olden lays.?Spartanburg Journal. ' DREAMS THAT CAME TRUE. Instances Where Romance Anticipated Fact. A proverb which by constant reiteration has become somewhat rusty, tells us that "Truth is stranger than fiction," and we have constant evidence of this outstripping of romance by reality. It is not so generally known that romance has often anticipated sober fact, says the Scientific American; but such is the case. In the present article it is proposed to enumerate a few instances which appear to be of unusual Interest. In the year 1869 the Suez canal, one of the most Important engineering enterprises ever undertaken, was open ed to the world's traffic. It was foreshadowed as long ago as the sixteenth century by Christopher Marlowe, one of the early English poets ,ln the following lines: "Thence marched I into Egypt and Arabia, And here, not far from Alexandria, Whereat the Terene and the Red sea meet, Being distant less than full a hundred leagues, I meant to cut a channel to them both That men might quickly sail to India." It may be urged with reference to this quotation that so soon as it became possible to make an approximately correct chart of the world the advantage of cutting through the Isthmus must have been apparent to many, and that Marlowe merely reflected the thought of others. This, of course, Is likely to be the case; but no such plea can be urged against the very curious anticipation of wireless telegraphy by Strada, the Italian historian, who was born at Rome in the year 1572. Addison quotes Strada in one of his noted essays; but we need hardly say that in doing so he had no notion of any anticipation of the electric telegraph. for Addison died just a century before communication by that means became possible. Addison writes thus: "Strada, In one of his profusions, gives an account of a chimerical correspondence between two friends by the help of a certain lodestone which had such virtue in it that if It touched two several needles when one of the needles so touched began to move, the other, though at never so great a distance, moved at the same time and in the same manner. He tells us that two friends, being each of them possessed of one of these needles, made a kind of dial-plate Inscribing it with the four-and-twenty letters, and in the same manner as the hours of the day are marked on the ordinary dialplate. They then fixed one of the needles on each of these plates In such a manner that it could move round without impediment so as to touch any of the four and twenty letters. Upon their separating from one another Into distant countries, they agreed to withdraw themselves punctually into their closets at a certain hour of the day, and to converse with one another by means of this, their invention Ey this means they talked together across a whole continent, and conveyed their thoughts to one another In an instant over cities and mountains, seas or deserts." It will be seen how close is the description of this dial instrument to the ARC telearraDh of Wheatstone which until it was superseded by the telegraph, was in common use In many offices. But as there is no mention of any conducting wires between the two friends In communication, we are justified in regarding this as being prophetical of the more recent Invention of Marconi. Roger Bacon (1214-94) may have foreseen the possibility of making dynamite and other powerful explosives when he wrote the following words: "A small portion of matter, about the size of the thumb, properly disposed, will make a tremendous sound and coruscation, by which cities and armies might be destroyed." But he does not go so far as to hint that it would ever become possible to throw small parcels of explosive matter upon a doomed place from a distance of seven miles or more, a terrible example of the power of propellants which was witnessed in the war in the east. The torpedo was very well described by Ben Johnson three hundred years ago, as the following bit of dialogue, taken from his "Staple of News," produced in 1625, will show: "Barber?They write here of one Cornelius-son hath made the Hollanders an invisible eel to swim the haven at Dunkirk and sink all the shipping there. "Pennyboy?But how is it done? "Cymbal?I'll show you, sir. It Is an automon, runs under water, with a smug nose, and has a nimble tail made like an aujcer. with which tail she wriggles betwixt the costs (ribs) of a ship and sinks It straight. "Pennyboy?A most brave device to murder their flat bottoms." No doubt, however, can be entertained regarding the reality of the various devices described and illustrated in the work by Hero of Alexandria, who flourished about 100 B. C. In this book may be found the prototype of the steam turbine, the form of engine that has come to the front within the last few years: Turning over the pages of Hero's work, we are reminded that the slot machines which seem to us moderns such a new way of dispensing small articles are by no means new in principle. Here a machine is described and figured which is provided with a slot the dropping of a coin within which will cause a measured quantity of the liquid to flow out. It has been contended that a strange foreshadowing of the X-rays is to be found In a book by Dr. Andrew Blair entitled "Annals of the Twenty-ninth Century." The date of the work Is not given, but the prediction, if it may be called such, runs as follows: "I perceived the Secundlnes could not only make glass and stones and all inorganic substances malleable, but possessed a power undreamed of by man of making them transparent. I was shown animals upon which the youths were taught zoology and comparative anatomy, in some of which the skin was like a glass case showing beneath the working of the muscles. In others the skin and muscles were pellucid, showing the circulatory system. In others all was perspicuous save the bones, with the view of their 4* a * * ..ERSKINE i 4* DUE WEST, SOU SEVENTV-FII 4* Offers thorough instrui a* matics, Languages, His , cal, Mental and Moral ! j,t Good Chemical Labor* , Literary Societies, an Christian Association. Mt Apply for illustrated J. J. S. MOPF being subservient to the study of osteology." When the X-rays were first detected by Prof. Rontgen by their action upon a fluorescent screen and upon a photographic dry plate the newspaper scribes gave the discovery the erroneous title "the new photography," quite ignorant of the fact that the dry plate was no more than a recorder of the phenomenon. Strangely enough, what we may call the "old photography," by which is meant the usual process with camera and lens, was the subject of prophecy many years ago. This is perhaps not so remarkable as the Instances of prediction already given; for although the Invention of the camera obseura is commonly attributed to Baptista Porta In the sixteenth century, its principle was well understood many hundred years before his time. And we may feel confident that many must have dreamed of the possibility of making the Images formed by the sun take a more permanent form. Especially would this be the case after Scheele, the Swedish chemist, had shown in the eighteenth century that silver chloride would darken under the action of light. LaFontaine, who died long before neneeie was uorn, (fives in une 01 nis fables a method of picture making which may be regarded as foreshadowing the beautiful art that is now of service to mankind In so many different ways. It occurs under the title "Voyage Suppose," and a description runs as follows: "There was no painter In that country, but if anybody wished to have the portrait of a friend, of a picture, a beautiful landscape, or of any other object, water was placed In great basins of gold or silver, and then the object desired to be painted was placed In front of that water. After a while the water froze and became a glass mirror, on which an Ineffaceable Image remained." The World's Egg Supply.?One staple food which the world seems never to have In quite sufficient supply Is the egg of the "unsyndicated, unmonopollzed" hen. In the large view of the egg market there Is never an oversupply. The extent and character of the International trade in eggs Is evidence enough that It Is necessary to go great distances to obtain eggs to meet the requirements of countries which Import many more than they ship to other nations. England imports eggs from several countries. Russia alone supplies the British markets with more than a billion eggs every year, and many of the eggs shipped from Russia are really from Siberia. They cross Europe, after leaving Asia, to supply consumers In the United Kingdom. Canada has lately Imported eggs In great quantities from China, especially, to meet the needs of mining camps and lumber districts near the Pacific coast. In fact, there Is scarcely another food staple which Is handled so freely, in so many directions, in International trade as eggs. Great Britain imports them from many countries, obtaining about 2,200,000,000 in all. The United States Imports a comparatively small numU ?f /v/v/vn #?/sm Pnnn/In n n /I nvnorto UCr Ul eggs li win waiiaua anu CApu? wo many times that quantity to the dominion. In the interior of China eggs are probably cheaper than in any other country where they are produced in large quantities. There they sometimes sell at the rate of eight or nine for a cent and good eggs at that. In the United States the latest statistics show that about 1,500,000,000 dozen eggs are produced in a year. These 18,000,000,000 eggs, If laid end to end, would go around the earth at the equator about sixteen times. The line would be 400,000 miles long. That quantity of eggs would weigh not less than 1,000,000 tons. It would load 100 of the biggest steamers on the great lakes, averaging 10,000 tons to the cargo. No less than 30,000 average railroad cars would be required to move that immense weight of eggs, even if they could be shoveled into the cars like so much coal. If these American figures are multiplied by five or six, the total egg crop of the world may be roughly Indicated, If not measured. It is probable that the eggs produced In one year, In all countries, weigh not less than 5,000,000 or 6,000,000 tons, and number nearly or quite 100,000,000,000. That means about 65 or 70 eggs In a year for every man, woman and child on the earth. UNCEASING MISERY Yorkville Kidney Sufferers Get Little Rest or Comfort. There Is little sleep, little rest, little peace for the sufferer from kidney trouble. Life is one continual round of pain. You can't rest at night with a bad back, with twinges and "stabs" of pain, with annoying urinary disorders, backaches, lameness and nervousness. You can't be comfortable at work with darting pains and blinding dizzy spells. Neglect these ailments and serious troubles follow. Begin using Doan's Kidney Pills at the first sign of disorder. You will work better as the kidneys get better, rest better as your back grows stronger. Proof In Yorkville testimony: A. D. Dorsett, Charlotte St., Yorkville, S. C., says: "For fifteen years I suffered from weak back and kidneys. There were pains In my loins and the secretions from my kidneys did not pass regularly. Some time ago I got a supply of Doan's Kidney Pills from the York Drug Store and they gave me prompt relief. I consider this remedy an excellent one for all kidney disorders." For sale by all dealers. Price 50 cents. Foster-Mllburn Co., Buffalo, New York, sole agents for the United States. Remember the name?DOAN'S?and take no other. * ?<p? COLLEGE.. t & fTH CAROLINA ?f, TTH YEAR 4? :tion in Bible, Mathetory; Physical, Politi- ^ , Science. itory, well appointed ^ active Young Men's v catalogue at once to fATT, Pres. 44 J. C. WILB0R1S MST YOUR PROPERTY WITH ME IF YOU WANT TO SELL? ? FOR SALE ? John Hartnsss Place?125J acres, joins Newton Whitesides; a beautiful new 6-room cottage, running water in house and barn; 3 new tenant houses, ; 4 rooms each; new Barn, 40x30, 10foot drive; 80 acres in cultivation; all new ground except 10 acres. The best crop in the county. Wish to sell at once. 301 Acres?The Moss place, 2J miles of Hickory Grove; 5 horse farm. Three or four horse farm can be opened in addition. Three good houses, B-rooms each; also one 2-room house?160 acres In woods; 30 acres in original pine and oak timber. Rents for 5,200 pounds of lint cotton. Pries $25 an ; ere. I have some small farms within the Incorporate limits of Yorkvllle; for instance 49 acres near the overhead bridge. The C. EX Spencer's Moore place adjoining the Jail lot. If you want good high school, buy this land, don't wait. ' I have five different tracts close In to ' town. 66 Acres?More or less; Mrs. Laura R Parish tract of land; mostly within the incorporate limits of Yorkville. This land will be sold cheap. I will divide it into three tracts. Beautiful home of D. E. Durant at Guthriesvllle, S. C.; 140 acres fronting on the C. &. N.-W. railroad, and also the beautiful sand and clay road from Yorkville to Chester. One dwelling, 1 2-stories high, 8-rooms; 100 acres In | cultivation, 40 acres in timber, fine or- i chard; one of the best barns in York county, 3 stories high 40x90. Barn is worth $2,500. Has four tenant houses | in fine repair. Land lies level and ad- , Joins Guthriesvllle academy. Will cut , this place to suit purchaser if he should not want it all. Price $9,300. 33 3-4 Acres?One and one-half mile of Yorkville, near Plnckney road, good 3-room house; all necessary outbuildings; will rent for 1,200 lbs. cotton. Property of R. E. Steele. Price $1,060. The 8pencer Lots are now for sale, and I have plat of same in my office. We are prepared to give liberal terms. Also to build residences for you. Buy quick before they are all sold. 91 Acres?More or less; the J. J. Thomas place near Dave Clark; 1 good residence, 7-rooms; 1 tenant house, 3rooms; 60 acres in cultivation; a splendid home near school, church, etc. $3,200. 3i miles of Yorkville. Two lots of the Herndon property on West Madison St., joining Herndon lots. $100 Each. 125 Acres?Two miles of Bethany; joining W. B. Stroup and others; 80 acres in cultivation, 96 acres in timber. Price $2^350. 1191-2 Acres?A 4-room house, 1| miles of Bethany High school at $30 per acre. 203 Aorea?Three miles of Clover, near St. Paul's church, a 2-story, 9room house; 100 acres in cultivation; ( 3 good tenant housea A very fine ! farm. Joins J. C. Lilly. 419 Acres?Three miles Hickory Grove; the J. Yancy Whites ides place; good strong land; large dwelling, etc. Price $12.50 per acre. For sale the Rose Hotel; large brick building, half block from public square, almost opposite the court house. To i build this hotel would cost much money. It is now on the market. We de- I sire to sell for division among the i legatees. t 325 Acres?Wylle Hafner home . place, a nine-room dwelling, four ten ant houses, 3-rooms each. Will also ] put in 3 good mules. Price $4,000. Easily rent for ten bales of cotton; J 6 miles of Sharon. 111 Acres?On King's Mountain pub- | 1 !<-> hIe-hwav cood sand road: 8 miles.' from Yorkville; land Ilea level; nice 6-room dwelling, 2 stories; 1 mile from Bethany High school; a nice 4-room tenant house; good barn. Place is level and In a high state of cultivation Price $50 per acre. Price and location cannot be beat in York county. Property of J. A. Ratteree. One Roller Mill, Olns and Corn Mill, 2 Engines and boilers, 5 acres of land on Clark's Pork, 3| miles of King's Creek station. Price $3,500. 202 1 -2 Acres?Of land in Ebenexer township, about 3 miles from Ebenezer; a 6-room dwelling and 3 tenant houses; 7 miles of Rock Hill; a part of the Dlnsmore Farris land. One lot?Woodland Park, city of Rock Hill, 50x196. Price $400. 150 Acres?Two miles from Yorkville on the Sharen road; property of J. Q. Wray; rents for 9 bales of cotton easily; one dwelling, 2 good tenant J houses. Land is strong and productive. DONT BE "US?* 01 Now While You Have the ( a Point to Save a Part of Y< "THAT RAINY DAY" that y. will as certainly arrive as the s to most people, and in order to Place Some Money In Our Ba There is no place so safe i the Strong, Burglar-Proof Vau Our Bank has the great ad tection and Direction. "L'nch close watch on the affairs of < estimated that the loss to depo: of National Banks, has not exc You Should Begin With Ui The FIRST NAT ! YORKVIL PAYS 4 PER CENT COMPOUND! ; O. E. WILKINS, President. to Tit Titm TVI m Tit TH TVI TOTI | PIEDMON1 I /.HOI ? Is Now Open and We Are Be take care of you. ? For Information as to Rai jt dress, t W. O. JOHNS j KING'S CREEK YORKVILLE BUGGY CO ) E FARMING u IMPLEMENTS I it li Because Steel Points wear so much a longer than cast points, it is much E cheaper for farmers to use the cele- p brated Blue Bird Steel Plows. We tl have them. Also Cutaway and si Smoothing Harrows, Wagons, very ii low Buggies and everything in the ti line. E Y Sawed Wood delivered any time. ^ Small Cottage to Rent. Vorkville Buggy Co. * J?REAL ESTATE. The beautiful home of W. J. P. Wylie, 2 miles from McConnellsvllle. A nice 1-story cottage, 6 rooms; a good 2-story barn, 3 good tenant houses. 108 acres, land red subsoil, strong land. 99 1-2 Acres?Six miles of Yorkvllle, 1 dwelling, 7-rooms; i mile of school, i mile from Beersheba church. Price *1,875. 75 Acres?Of the John U. Thomasson homestead; a nice location; good, strong land. Pries $50 an aore. 951 -2 Acres?The horns of J Barnes, Delphos; 1 nice 4-room dwelling and 2 good tenant houses; close to school and church; a good neighborhood. Joins J. B. Scott and J. F. Carson. 240 Aoree?Property of F. N. Lynn; joining noDi. moore, j. j. anerrer; it, is rolling, but is good, strong land; bas a 6-horse farm open on it; 1 dwell* ing house, 8-rooms; big barn, cribs, etc. Prioe $13 per sore. The beautiful residence and cottage, home of Sam'l McCall in Clover, on King's Mountain street; 6-rooaaa, house is nicely painted, nice hedge and shade; barn and stable; everything complete; good well water. Prioe $1,400. 91 Aores?Parks Parish place, property of J. F. Smith, a nice new cottage, a splendid location for country store. Nice land at New Zlon cross road. 128 Acres?At New Zion. Property of J. F. Smith; new house, good barn, out buildings, etc. Cheap. Write for prices. 100 Acres?One mile from Filbert, 3 miles Clover on Tork and Clover roiul. Joining lands of J. M. Stroup and others. Property of J. A. Tate. Price |22 per sore. Rents for 2,200 lbs. cotton; 3-horse farm open. 61 Aores?lj miles Tlrsah, on Rock Hill road; land lies level; 60 acres in cultivation; joins J. L. Moss, Bob Ward and Southern R. R.. Prioe $40 per acre. J. C. Wallace. 310 Acres?Near state line, land lies rolling, about 4Q acres in cultivation, balance in wood; a nice 6-room cottage; newly painted and rodded; a fine bargain; $15 per sore. John Wells place. Mrs Metttfs beautiful resldenoe in Yorkvllle; everything is in first-class condition, with twelve good rooms; sewerage and water in the dwelling. Lot 198 feet front, 843 feet deep, witn a lane entering the premises from Madison street. 40 Acre*?At Outhrlesville depot, facing C. ft N.-W. R. R. Price $60 an acre. 206 Aores?Two and one-half miles Lockhart mills; 1 3-room house; 29 acres in cultivation, 176 acres in wood ?most pine. Jno. Ned Thomson place. 201 Acres Jn Ebenexer township; 1 dwelling 1| atory high, 6 rooma; also tenant houae 6 rooma 11 atory high. Price $11 per aore. Property of M. B. Maaaey. One 4-room houae and SI acrea of land at Filbert, facing King's Mountain highway and joining Klnfa Mountain Chapel. 69 Acrea?Bounded by the landa of D. M. Parrott, J. J. McCarter, J. B. Wood and J. C. Lilly; the property of J. C. Wood. Will put a alx-rooro tenant houae on the place. Will aell for (SS7) thirty-seven dollara an acre. The residence and atore room combined In the town of Yorkville of Geo. Sherer. It la three lota from the court houae. It haa a large atore room, easily rents for S20, another room rents for $6. About two acrea of land; 8 nice rooms In the residence. Prioe $4,000. ISO Acre#?Near Clay Hill; 1 dwelling; all necessary outbuildings?pari of the A. A. Barron place?$1(X00 an sore. 136 Aorea?Including the Balrd Jk Hudson place near Concord church; S rood houaea; 60 acres In cultivation? $15.00 an aore. Property of M. B. Maaaey. 115 Acrea?1 dwelling, and two tenint houses; 90 acres under cultivation, 30 acres In timber; 3| miles of Smyrna. Price, $16.00 per acre. T. B. Nichols. 96 Acres?Mrs. J. Frank Wallace place, 2 dwelling! on It; 8 mllea of Forkvllle on public highway, near New Zlon church. Price $1,426. 285 Acrea?Jolna Wm. Blggera, Meek Faulkner, Jim McGIll; 5-horse farm; I houae, 8-rooma, 76 acrea under cultivation ; 186 acrea In timber. Seme law timber; near to Bnon church; nllea Smyrna; 4 tenant houaea, 86 icrea of bottom land. Prioe $16X0 per icre. A. J. Boheler property. Mlaa Dolly Miller residenca?a bar* gain. 50 Acrea?Jolna A. J. Boheler, Weetnoreland and Ed Whltealdea corners it London siding; 1 houae, 1 story, t ooms, 20 acrea under cultivation, >!enty of firewood; orchard, good iprlng, I mile of Canaan church, 1 mile >f Smyrna station, good bam. Price 116.00 per acre. J. C. WILBORN. A SLAVE -D ACE Capacity to Earn, Make It >ur Earnings ou have heard about so often, un shines today. They come ' be ready for it, You Should ink. } or hard-earned dollars as in U. - e ^ M-a* 1 D 1 lis ox a nauonai oaiiK. vantage of Government Pro; Sam" at all times keeps a ill National Banks, and it is sitors since the establishment ! eeded 5 Cents for each $100. 3 Now. Why Not? IONAL BANK, LE, S. C. 2D FOUR TIMES A YEAR. : R. C. ALLEIN, Cashier. i i y* to rj? nT to to to to to y* ? springs i r e l itter Prepared Than Ever to ^ t tes at Hotel or Cottages, ad- gr ION, Manager ? - - - - s. c. I *A*A*A?URA*A*A*AltA?A Romans' College of Due West DUE WE8T, 8. C. istablished 1859.?Next Session Opens SEPTEMBER 13, 1911. Healthful located In a delightful wiege, noieu ior mree-quariers ui a entury as an educational center. Offers standard courses of study >adlng to the degrees of A. B. and A. 1. Very fine advantages in Music, .rt and Expression. Fourteen experlnced Christian Instructors?two genlemen, twelve ladies. Dormitories are models of conven?nce and elegance, steam heat, electric ght, running water, perfect sanitary, ppliances. Residents in the Carnegie (uildlng will be under the care of tbo resident and his wife. Residents in tie Main Building will be under theuuervision of Dr. and Mrs. Stevenson, idividual attention, wholesome Chrisan influences, homelike surroundings. Ileven states represented last session, our daughter will be safe mentally, lorally and physically in this Instituon. For Catalogue and further Inirmation, address. Rev. R. L. ROBINSON, Pres. W High Grade Carbon Paper, 8J 14 inches. SI.50 box, 100 sheets, at he Enquirer Office.