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? Greenville, March 23: An unusual denouement of an attempted assault was reported from the county Jail this morning. A man attacked a woman in the suburbs near one of the mill villages. The woman escaped, and hurrying home, told her husband of the experience. The husband quickly grabbed his shot gun, and went in search of the culprit. Locating him at his boarding place, the husband forced the would-be assailant at the point of his gun to march two miles to the county Jail, where he turned him over to the warden. The officers congratulated the husband on this unusual procedure. ? Confirmation of cablegrams announcing that Christians are to enJoy liberty and freedom in China under the republic was received in Boston last Friday by the American board of commissioners of foreign missions from the Rev. Harry S. Martin, me board's agent at Peking. Shortly after the edict of abdication was announced, Mr. Martin wrote the native pastors of the Protestant churches in Peking and planned a union thanksgiving service and four native preachers, representing Presbyterian, Methodist and Congregational missions, called on President Yuan and invited him to be present. The president told them that under the new regime they might expect perfect freedom of worship and he intimated that so far as he understood the principles of Christianity, they were what he was striving for in the new government He was unable to accept their Invitation in person, but promised to send a representative to carry his message to the Christian church. The constitution of the new Chinese republic, President Yuan assured the Christians in his message, will remove all obstacles to the liberty of conscience and that the distinction between Christians and non-Christians will disappear forever. ? Washington, March 23: Replying to the declaration of Wm. Jennings Bryan that if Governor Harmon were endorsed by the Nebraska primaries he would not go to the Baltimore convention as a deleegate, Senator Hitchcock, of Nebraska, characterized the Bryan statement as an attempt at dictatorship "which Nebraska voters would not tolerate. The assertion made by Mr. Bryan that Harmon has the support of Wall street," said Senator Hitchcock, "is utterly without proof or foundation so far as I know. Whenever Mr. Bryan is opposed to a man he first assumes and then asserts that Wall street is for that man. Certainly Wall street has no reason to be for Harmon. As governor of Ohio, Harmon has shifted three million dollars of taxes a year off of the people on to the railroads which are largely owned by Wall street interesta" Lincoln, Neb., March 23: When questioned tonight as to whether Mr. Bryan wished to make a reply to United States Senator Hitchcock's statement regarding the position taken by Mr. Bryan on Governor Harmon's presidential candidacy the following was given out at Fairview: "No man ought to speak for the Democracy of Nebraska unless he can carry out the spirit as well as the letter of the instructions. If the Democracy of Nebraska favors Mr. Harmon it ought to be represented by delegates who can support him not only conscientiously but with enthusiasm. Mr. Bryan cannot support him In the convention on any conditions. Mr. Hitchcock is endeavoring to prevent any co-oneration between two progressive candidates?Mr. Wilson and Mr. Clark ?with a view to securing, not a majority but plurality for Mr. Harmon and if he can do thir he will go to Baltimore and ally himself with the plutocratic influences that are attempting to force Mr. Harmon upon the party." ? Boston, March 24: The great Lawrence strike, which brought in its train Increased wages for 275,000 textile workers in New England, was officially declared off at all the mills in Lawrence today, having accomplished its purpose, in the opinion of the leaders. In this connection it is generally believed, too, that advances in wages or reduction in hours to paper mill employes, bagging and burlap workers, machinists and operatives in other industries are all traceable, directly or indirectly, to the movement, which had its origin in Lawrence. The total number of persons thus to be benefited is considerably upward of 300,000. Advances in the price of woolen and cotton goods which have been made or which are in prospect, will probably place upon the ultimate consumer much of the burden of additional cost to the textile manufacturers. This will aggregate between $10,000,000 and $12,000,000 during the next year, it is estimated. Mill agents in announcing advances in prices have frankly said that the upward trend is the result of wage advances. The rise in the price of cotton goods, announced up to the present time, is comparatively small?a fraction of a cent a yard in most cases ?but selling agents predict the net advance to the retailer may ultimately reach two cents a yard. Some increased prices also have been quoted on woolen goods, and dealers freely predict higher prices for next season. New Bedford, where the manufacturCTworlAB AAttAn trnn/1 u CIS U1 IIIC unci glauco <71 ivvtvii have refused to accede to the demands of their employes for an advance of live per cent has displaced Lawrence as the centree of interest in the textile situation. Unless the mill owners give the increased demands within a few days, it is feared a strike of from 25,000 to 30,000 operatives will follow. While an increase of five per cent has been offered, the New Bedford operatives are insistent that they receive ten i>er cent. Secretary Devoll of the manufacturers' association has promised them that the mill owners will decide early in the week whether this will be granted. ? Jeminze, Mexico, March 24: The rebels, after three days of tighting. claim victory today, there are many ,, dead on both sides. General Gonzales Salas, the federal leader and Mexican minister of war, is among the wounded. He resigned his portfolio to take the field. Sixty federal dead were accounted for when the insurrectos loaded a light engine with forty boxes of dynamite and sent it headlong into an oncoming armored train loaded with federal soldiers. During the fighting around Escalon Friday and Saturday the rebels captured two rapid firing guns. Last night General Cam pa fell back to the town of Cerralitos, which is a few miles south of this city. The former is built on an eminence and more easily defended than Escalon. The federals entered EiSCUlUIl SHUUBi luauru wit tiiivvi freight trains and preceded by an ar- i mored train of three cars, began to | follow the retreating rebels. Campa secured a light engine and an engineer. who agreed to accept the hazardous task of. starting it after it had been loaded with the explosive. He ran it until a down grade was reached, and then opening the throttle, he jumped. The wild locomotive tore down the track at terrific speed. The engineer of the armored train saw his danger and stopped, but could not escape the oncoming menace. The latter telescoped the engine and first car of the federal train and derailed the last two cars. At the same time the dynamite exploded. General Campa justifies this method by declaring that in yesterday's fighting the federals set fire to sage brush, burning to death both their own and rebel wounded. General Campa says that his force num bers 4,000 men and that the federal column is but 2.000. When the urmored train /as destroyed the main body of government troops in the three trains detrained and prepared to defend themselves. Meanwhile General Campa had sent a strong detachment in detour to get in the rear and destroy the railroad behind them. It was reported tonight this manoeuver was successful and that tomorrow the federals will find themselves hemmed in by a superior force. In the fighting of the last three days the rebels have captured thirty prisoners, six of them wounded and an officer captured two rapid firing guns, and claim to have killed about 100 of the enemy. <Thc Itorluiltr inquirer. Entered at the Postoffice in Torkville as Mall Matter of the Second Class. TORKVILLE, S. C.t TUESDAY, MARCH 26, 1912 They gotta quit kickin' the Prohibition dawg aroun'. It is up to the people to learn their rights and maintain them through the law and the constitution. It is beginning to look like Federal officialdom is going to prove too many for Roosevelt and that Taft will win the nomination. The Press association did not go to Charleston on account of the mosquitoes. Otherwise Charleston is fine? until about the first of June. It is stated in a dispatch that Mayor Butler of Galfney, is thinking of setting aside a "day or days" to clean up the city. Surely no one thinks the work can be done in a day. Mr. A. B. Williams of the Roanoke Times, has made an exhaustive study of the causes leading up to the assassination at Hillsville, and he attributes it to grudges, that have deve'oped during more than a generation. According to his sizing up of the situation, the Aliens had been at outs with the people of Hillsville for quite a long time and were unwilling to obey the law as administered by Carroll county officials. Mr. Williams does not think that the Aliens realized that they were defying the state of Virginia, the United States and the world. Most citizens of the kind we admire, are opposed to government sanction of the liquor traflc. They are called "Prohibitionists," and generally they are characterized as people of only one idea. This characterization, however, is only for political purposes. The people who are opposed to government sanction of the liquor traffic, are also opposed to government sanction of gambling, and they are opposed to crime of all kinds. They stand for constitutional government. and for equality before the law. They are the people who support the government financially and who give it such moral stability as it has; but they know very little about politics and generally they are kicked around like a political football. Woodrow Wilson declares that If a man would have a comprehensive understanding of the political and economic problems of today he must not depend upon the books of fifteen years ago to get the information. Although worshippers of precedent will find it difficult to appreciate this proposition, we believe that Mr. Wilson is correct. The people of these United States are moving forward at a tremendous rate, and there are no books that can begin to comprehend the true nature of the forces by which they are governed. It is safe, however, to guess that the great underlying principle is the same spirit which actuated the fathers at the beginning?the desire for genuine liberty?the right to be free?the abolition of privilege. When the Madero revolution broke out, Orozco, who is at the head of the present movement against Madero, was the driver of a mule team hauling ores. As to the real cause of Mexico's troubles there is no telling. Various reasons are assigned; but the situation is not fully comprehended in this country. The most plausible explanation, probably is that the masses of the Mexican people, so long in a condition of virtual slavery, are dissatisfied. One of the things that Madero promised was a division of the large estates of Mexco among the people on an equitable basis. His soldiers continued loyal until he came into power, and then because Madero either forgot or was unable to fulfill his promise ag quickly as the people thought it should be fulfilled, they rebelled. Orozco is now claiming to stand for the very things that Madero claimed to stand for. As to whether, if successful, he will also be seduced to the other side remains to be seen. The probability, however, is that such will be the case. The Columbia State has found a copy of a circular letter that is being' sent out to the political leaders of Laurens county, evidently In the interest of Mr. Blease% urging a full attendance at the precinct club organizations so as to ensure the election of delegates to the county convention opposed to a change in the party rules requiring a registration certificate to vote in the primary. We are decidedly In favor of making the possession of a registration certificate a prerequisite to the right to vote in the primary; but one thing is quite certain and that one thing is that the change is not going to be made unless a majority of the delegates to the state convention favor the same. And delegates to the state convention are elected by the county convention, and delegates to the county convention are elected by the precinct clubs. The whole matter therefore depends upon what may be done at the precinct club meetings. The Prohibitionists. The best element in South Carolina's political life and at the same time an element that is worst abused than any other, having been kicked around for more than a generation, like the famous "houn' dawg." is what Is known as the Prohibition element. The term Prohibitionist as applied to the element under consideration, is really a misnomer, because as a matter of fact, antagonism to the liquor traffic is only a single one of several equally important lines of endeavor that characterize their efforts and aspirations. Unquestionably the main desire of the "Prohibitionist" is a pure, clean, uplifting government, conducted strict ly in accordance with the laws of the state so far as they square with the I letter and spirit of the constitution and the commonly accepted understanding [of the real meaning of the constitution. Prohibitionists consider the liquor traffic as criminal and as the prolific source of many other social and civic disorders, and they are opposed to it for that reason. They do not hope to eradicate the liquor traffic all at once any more than they hope to eradicate any other crime all at once; but they insist that the government should have no more partnership in the traffic than in any other crime. That is about all. But while the Prohibition element is an element of conviction, still there is lacking in it the qualities that are essential to political domination. The ideal Prohibitionist has no personal political aspirations. As a rule he gives his thoughts and energies to useful pursuits that make for the upbuilding of the state along solid and substantial lines. He is not looking for personal gain except such as comes to him through his own honest efforts, and has no training in or taste for the methods that are necessary to give him the political position to which he [is entitled or even to protect himself against the designs of those who would use him for their own purposes. Shrewd politician that he was, Tillman in the early days of his movement recognized that the Prohibition element was one that had to be dealt with, and the trick he played is one that is pretty generally remembered. In order to keep the Prohibitionists out of the way as a dangerous factor, he arranged that the prohibition question be voted on in a separate box at the primaries, with the understanding that the Reform party's policy would be governed bv the will of the majority. A majority of the votes cast on the whisky question were for prohibition; but the desire of the people thus expressed was ignored and the state dispensary was established. The excuse given for ignoring the prohibition vote was that although a majority of the votes cast on the whisky question was prohibition, still the prohibition vote was not a malority of the total vote cast. The absurdity of the excuse, of course is apparent, for in effect it meant more deference to those who did not express themselves than to those who did. But this incident gave a practical illustration of the political innocenceof the Prohibitionists. Although the vote at the ballot box showed their power, there was not enough" leadership, not enough aggression, not enough cohesion to step in and take charge of a situation that was clearly theirs. The leadership of Mr. Featherstone was the ablest, probably, that the Prohibitionists ever had, and the Prohibitionists would have won two years ago if they had not been euchred by the McLeodltes. The situation two years ago was this: The old dispensary crowd and the liquor element generally was split into two parties, representing: praciicauy the same principles, the only difference being that of degree. Opposed to both of them, as usual, was the Prohibitionists, and both were opposed to the Prohibitionists. The logic of the situation was like this: The party led by McLeod believed fhtft if it could get into the second race with the party led by Blease, it could win, because it assumed that it having been a little more compromising on the whisky question, the Prohibitionsts, with their candidate out, would go to McLeod rather than Blease. Some of the Prohibitionists hoped that in the event of a second race between Featherstone and Blease, the McLeod party would go to Featherstone for the same reasons that the Featherstone party was expected to come to McLeod; but Blease himself, the acknowledged real leader of his party, looked upon the matter differently. He understood, better even than the Prohibitionists, that his real enemies were the politicians who were behind McLeod, and that undoubtedly accounts for the declaration he made in Columbia early in the campaign to this effect: "If I am not governor of South Carolina, a Prohibitionist will be." The meaning of Mr. Blease's declaration as it could have been reasoned out then and as it can be seen very clearly now was this: The fight is between McLeod and me. The enemies who are after me and the enemies I have it in for are behind McLeod. If the second race is between Featherstone and McLeod, I am going to throw the weight of my Influence to Featherstone." When the race came between Blease and Featherstone, Blease's personal enemies in the McLeod column would have naturally preferred Featherstone, and they threw what little influence they had left to Featherstone. Because they had already knifed Featherstone to their utmost, however, they were unable to divert many votes to him at this late day. The great body of the political element saw, or at least they should have credit for seeing, that 'the success of Featherstone would have meant the domination of the Prohibition element through a long period. This would be because the Prohibition element would give the state the best and cleanest government that has yet been seen. Selfishness, therefore, dictated that the practical thing was to elect Blease, with the Idea that he would not last so long and the politicians of the McLeod party would get back into control that much quicker. As matters now stand the fight is just where it would have been two years ago as between McLeod and Blease; Jones standing In the shoes of McLeod and the Prohibition element holding the balance of power. There is no reason to doubt that under such circumstances two years ago, the Prohibition element would have voted for McLeod. The probability is that it will vote for Jones now; but if so it will be because of the same weakness from which it has suffered all along?lack of leadership. If it had leadership, without a candidate, and there was no other candidate from whom it could expect due consideration, it would be advised that it had no interest in the situation. A wise leader would advise the Prohibitionists not to be stampeded to either side: but for each man to vote according to his own Judgment, and leave the two parties that are now contending for the mastery, to decide the issue according to whichever shall prove the stronger. Otherwise the Prohibitionists are in danger of losing their individuality as such and such political cohe8iveness as they now have. Excellent Work.?An article in Tuesday's Yorkville Enquirer, entitled "Friday's Flood," which is reprinted in this Issue of the Lantern, will give the reader an accurate summary of the damage done. It is an excellent piece of newspaper work, for which The Enquirer should receive much credit.?Chester Lantern. LOCAL AFFAIRS, NEW ADVERTISEMENTS. J. S. Brlce, Plaintiff's Attorney?Publishes summons and complaint in the suit of W. B. Stroup, Plff. against John Wilson and others, Defts. P. N. Moore, Capt. Commanding?Issues order No. 1, to Co. L. members to attend company drills. Mrs. S. J. McClure, Admrx.?Requests all parties indebted to estate of Wt C. McClure, deceased, to make settlement. Those having claims will please present them. Mesdames J. W. & S. W. Leech, Hickory Grove?Invite the ladies to attend the millinery opening on next Thursday. City Market?Will buy all chickens, calves and milch cows offered this week at top prices. John D. McConnell, Capt. Commanding ?Gives notice of meeting of Micah Jenkins Camp, U. C. V., next Monday. Cloud Cash Store?Is showing new lines of ladles' skirts, spring coat suits, children's and missee' dresses. National Union Bank, Rock Hill?Just suggests that you stop and do a little thinking as to the future. Kirkpatrick-Belk Co.?Wants you to remember its millinery opening and dress goods display this evening, tomnrrnw find Thursday. Thomson Co.?Talks about Easter millinery and invites you to see what it has to offer in millinery as well as in dress goods, clothing, etc. Sam M. Grist, Special Agent?Says there is a reason why Mutual Benefit policy holders come back for more. Herndon & Gordon?Offer full cream cheese at 20 cents a pound. They have choice seed Irish potatoes. J. Q. Wray?Is showing an especially fine line of goods and invites attention to ladies' shirt waists and shoes. T. W. Speck?Sells Big Ben alarm clocks and they are the best. I. W. Johrson?Asks you to buy your coffees at his store, where other people buy the best. Yorkvllle Hardware Co.?Wants the man who expects to buy fence wire to see It for Ellwood fence wire. The automobiles are running about town pretty well, but they are not getting out Into the country to do much good. Many of the fruit trees are loaded with blooms and whether there will be a fruit crop will depend upon the weather from now on. The roads are generally in pretty bad condition, but it is fair to say that their condition is nothing like as bad as it would have been with the same amouift of rain a few years ago. Many farmers had commenced plowing on Friday; but most of them found the ground too wet, except In spots. The rain of Friday night and Saturday extended the delay. > Mesdame* S. W. and J. W. Leech have taken charge of the millinery situation at Hickory Grove, as successors to Miss Nellie Whitesldee. These ladles have taken a regular course in millinery and are prepared to give their customers satisfactory service in every respect. ABOUT PEOPLE. Prof. Riddle of the Yorkvllle Graded school, has measles. Miss Ethel Hlnkle of Lenoir, visited Mrs. George Sherer in Yorkvllle, 'ast week. Miss Jane Atkinson of Lowryvllle, is visiting her aunt, Mrs. J. M. Ferguson, In Yorkvllle. Miss Mattie May Neville of Chester, spent a few days this week with friends in Yorkvllle. Miss Hattle Lilly of Filbert, is visiting her sister, Mrs. W. D. McCarter, on Yorkvllle R. F. D. No. 7. Miss Ola Jackson of Guthriesville, is visiting her brother, Mr. W. L. Jackson, on Yorkvllle R. F. D. 3. Miss Eunice Grist returned tq.her home In Yorkville yesterday, after spending several weeks with relatives in Dennettsville. Information from Dr. Miles Walker is to the effect that he is getting along nicely and that he will probably be home within two or three weeks if not sooner. ? CONTRACT LET. . The contract for the erection of the handsome new church building that the Associate Reformed congregation of Yorkville proposes to build on the corner of Congress and Madison streets, was let yesterday to Messrs. J. J. Keller & Co., of Yorkville and Rock Hill for the sum of $13,308. There were several bids for the contract from Atlanta, Spartanburg and Charlotte, and the bids ranged within a few hundred dollars of each other; but that of Messrs. Keller & Co., was slightly lower and the committee having full knowledge of and confidence In the responsibility of this firm, was glad to accept its bid. The understanding is that the work is to be commenced within the next few weeks and is to be pushed forward as rapidly as possible. With no unforeseen hindrances the church building should be completed by the early fall, and the architect assures the committee that when it is completed it will be a credit not only to the congregation; but to the town of Yorkville and the entire county. WITHIN THE TOWN. ? The bridge at the water works branch was gotten in shape last Saturday afternoon. ? The rain interfered with the Wild West show on Smith's lot last Saturday. There was no performance. ? The patronage of the Star theatre is increasing steadily and with the' increased patronage, Mr. Dorsett is improving the quality of the pictures. ? The Yorkville High School military company appeared on the streets last Friday afternoon, and made a showing highly creditable to the splendid instruction that it has been receiving from Prof. Riddle. ? The heaviest trade of the week is naturally on Saturday, and last Saturday would have been a real good trading day, except for the weather. On accouni 01 me rain uusiness was run up to expectations. ? Instead of tearing the Crawfotil house down, the building committee of the Associate Reformed church has decided to roll it back about 150 or 200 feet, with a view to eventually using it as a parsonage. Unless something turns up to prevent the plan will be carried out within the next few weeks. DICTIONARY CONTE8T. The voting contest under which The Enquirer is to give away two copies of Webster's New International dictionary to the two schools returning the highest and next highest number of coupons, comes to a close on Saturday, April 20. There have been a few changes in the standing of the contestants since last Friday, but not many, as will be shown by the following: Sutton's Spring 1190 Bethany High School 3200 Dixie I960 Cotton Belt 6180 Conrad School 860 Center 2170 Hickory Grove 4330 Forest Hill 4570 Hopewell 810 Smyrna 5940 Allison Creek 610 McElwee 1600 Miller 2900 Guthriesville 1680 Tlrzah 4200 Clover 5300 Free Silver 70 Yorkville Graded 7680 McConnellsvlile 3850 Newport 660 BY COLLECTION ONLY. The very considerable Interest that has been aroused in the dictionary contest has naturally caused people to canvass the whole situation with a view to hitting upon a plan whereby one of the dictionaries might be won by means other than the collection of coupons, and It has come to The Enquirer that there have been suggestions that the coupons could be purchased at this office. For the benefit of those who have sufficient confidence In The Enquirer to believe what it says, we desire to make the statement that there is no danger of the purchase of a sufficient number ' of coupons at this office for the simple reason that we do not propose to have on hand enough papers to affect the result. Ordinarily there not more than twenty-five extra copies of each issue printed, and while sometimes on special occasions and on account of some special article all of these papers are sold, generally there is demand for only ten or fifteen. There has been no extraordinary demand for the papers during this contest, no more than two or three having been sold to any individual purchaser at any one time, and there will not be any considerable number sold on account of coupons, for the simple reason that we will not encouraae the practice. Assume that all the extras we print snouia oe soia on account or tne coupons, and that will not happen, there would be only 50 coupons or 500 votes a week available from this source. This would not be sufficient to take care of even the present difference? between some of the leading contestants and some that are 2,500 votes behind. Attention is called to the fact too, that all results announced today necessarily Include all coupons that became null and void on March 22?all of such coupons that can possibly figure In the contest. The object in offering these dictionaries in this manner was to stimulate interest In the collection of the coupons and for the generous rivalry that would be created, and not to make money by the sale of papers that might be bought solely on account of the coupons. Of course If the managers of the contest for the various schools, believing their own chances to be small, desire to concentrate in the interest of some other school, the success of which they would prefer next to the success of their own school, that Is not our lookout; but if our preferences would be consulted we would rather see each school keej) up the fight until the very last vote is counted. In any event the contestants may depend upon it, that we will not "sell them out." GENTLEMEN OF THE JURY. The jury commissioners this morning drew a venire of twelve grand Jurors to serve during the next year, and thirty-six petit jurors to serve during the first week of the approaching term of the circuit court. The venires are as follows: Grand Jurors: R. M. Wallace, Jr Broad River Mason Bratton Bethesda J. M. Starr York J. D. B. Currence Bethel A. J. Berry Bullock's Creek W. D. Chambers Bethel T. T. Sandlfer York W. H. Matthews King's Mountain J. S. Kennedy Broad River J. A. Black Catawba Charles Stoll Catawba W. B. Moore York Petit Jurors: Jno. C. Kirkpatrick .. Bullock's Creek J. Ci. JViecR Duuuun a cciv J. J. Robinson Bethel James E. Gettys York A. C. Erwln King's Mountain N. B. Williams Catawba W. P. Smith King's Mountain J. J. Bryant York M. L. Hovls i Catawba W. M. Campbell Ebenezer A. H. Barnett Bethel J. T. Poag Catawba T. M. Anderson Catawoa E. B. Chambers York E. L. Ritch Catawba E. M. Robblns Catawba J. T. Brandon Bethel Bert Nivens Fort Mill R. M. Wyatt King's Mountain James A. Sherer York C. H. Dickson York R. E. Love King's Mountain R. M. P. Robinson York J. J. Henry King's Mountain J. Frank Moore Bethesda N. C. McCorkle York W. R. Currence Bethel W. P. Whisonant Broad River C. F. Sherer York F. H. Moore Catawba W. P. Locke Catawba J. C. Pursley York J. A. N. Glenn Bethel J. M. Seagle Catawba J. F. Adams King's Mountain J. F. Adkins York THE 1908 FLOOD. A case in which the Southern railway was sued for damages, the case being an outgrowth of the floods of August, 1908, has been decided by the supreme court. The opinion was handed down by Associate Justice D. E. Hydrlck, last Friday. The case, says the Columbia Record, wps one in which a small Judgment was, recovered and sustained on appeal, but the case and the opinion are of Interest from the fact that after the recent freshets the circumstances of the case are recalled vividly and the opinion recites many interesting facts concerning the 1908 and previous floods. The opinion of the lower court was affirmed. W. E. Ferguson of Yorkville, recovered Judgment against the Southern for $34, the value of a lost shipment of sugar and rice, consigned to him at Yorkville by the Tiedeman company of Charleston, on August 24, 1908, and also the penalty of $50 for the failure of the road to pay, within the time required by statute, the claim presented by Ferguson. The goods had been destroyed by the waters. The railway company admitted the loss of the goods, but claimed that the loss was due to the act of God, and motion was made for a verdict in its favor. This the court refused to grant and Ferguson was allowed Judgment. The railway appealed and the decision of the lower court was affirmed, the ground oeing mm witr iauway uuni|>au.i m.tn from past experiences that high water was coming. The goods shipped to Mr. Ferguson were lost at Kingville, on the road from Charleston to Columbia, Camden and Yorkville. The waters from the Congaree and the Wateree flow together at Klngville and in time of heavy rains the water rises ahove the railroad tracks. Two freight engines were stationed at Klngville on the morning of the 1908 high waters and" the plalntifr claimed that these should have been used in removing the freight cars to a place of safety. The defendant held that It did not expect the waters of the two rivers to rise as rapidly as they did and so did not take precautionary steps. The question before the court, as quoted by Associate Justice Hydrick, was one of "foresight or hindsight." On which should the defendant have depended? In reviewing the conditions of the flood of 1908, the opinion in the case says: "Beginning ahout the 19th of August, rains had heen continuously falling over the watersheds of these streams (the Wateree and the Congaree), and, beginning ahout the 23rd, they became unusual, both in quantity and in the extent of territory covered: so that by the 24th nearly all the streams in the upper part of the state began to rise, and on the 25th and 26th thev had reached the flood stage The four greatest of the previous floods were those of 1852, 1865, 1888 and 1908. Those of 1852 and 1865 were about the same, about 34 feet in height at Columbia; that of 1888, 33.3 feet, and that of 1908, 35.8 feet. In 1888 the highest reading of the gauge at Camden, on the Wateree, was 33 feet; in 1908 it was 39.7 feet. Just here it should be noted that the channel to which the Congaree is confined at Columbia, even In times of flood, is much narrower than it is at Kingville. At Columbia it is about 1,300 feet wide, while at | Klngville it is between three and four miles wide. Hence, ordinarily, after the flood stage is reached, the river rises only about one-fourth as high at Kingville as it does at Columbia. In < 1888 the water rose from 8 to 12 inches < above the railroad track at Kingville. I After the flood the tracks were raised, 1 according to the different witnesses, I from two to three feet, to put them 1 safely above high water. In 1908, notwithstanding the?river at t Columbia was only about two and one- i half feet higher than in 1888, the water i rose ahout six feet higher at Kingville t than it did in 1888. The only reasona- < ble explanation of this unusual phenomenon was attempted by Mr. J. W. Bauer, the section director of the weather bureau at Columbia, who thought It was caused by the fact that the crests of the floods In the Wateree and Congaree reached their confluence simultaneously, and the channel below, being to narrow to carry off the combined floods, the waters were thrown back Into the swamps above and upon Kingvllle. His theory was verified, at least to some extent, by the fact that the river gauge at Rimini, on the Santee, showed only one flood crest, whereas, If the crests in the two rivers had not reached the Santee a^ the same time, it would have shown two flood crests, as it had heretofore always done, when there were floods In both rivers. He thought It a mere coincidence which had probably never happened before and might never happen again." During the highest water at Kingvllle In 1908, the waters reached the fire boxes In the Southern's engines and extinguished the fires. LOCAL LACONIC8. Death of Mrs. W. L. Jackson. Vra Walter T. .T?r?U?rm rllpH mirlHpn. ly at her home, about two miles south of Yorkvllle, last Saturday morning at about 2 o'clock. The deceased was Miss Louise Ratchford, and was a ward of the late J. A. Ratchford. She was In the 34th year of her age. She was married to her husband in February, 1903. She is survived by her husband and four children, Mell, Marion, Nancy and W. L. Jackson, Jr. The funeral took place on Sunday, the services being conducted at the home and the interment being in Rose Hill cenfcgtery. Death of Wm. E. Harrison. Mr. William E. Harrison died at his home six miles northeast of Yorkvllle on Sunday night, and was buried at Beth-Shlloh on yesterday. Mr. Harrison was born on August 15, 1824, on the same plantation on which he spent his long life. He was married to Miss Rebecca Hogue, who died many years ago, leaving no children. Mr. Harrison was in the Confederate service during the latter half of the civil war. Since the death of his wife he has been living with a sister, who has been keeping house for him and helping him with his affairs. Both have been good managers, frugal and industrious Those who knew Mr. Harrison considered him to be a man of fine Integrity of character and withal a good citizen. The Governor at Fort Mill. Columbia^teclal March 23 to the News and Courier: Governor Blease returned this morning from a visit to York county, having spent Thursday 1 night. In the city of Rock Hill and yesterday in and around Fort Mill. Yesterday morning he drove out to the Gold Hill school house, near Port Mill, and addressed an audience of about 100 voters and the rest women and children. The talk of the governor was i confined strictly to educational lines. Last night Governor Blease addressed the voters of Fort Mill In a hall in the town. Politics were discussed at the Fort Mill meeting and the governor presented his claims for re-election to I the Fort Mill voters. He stated this morning that he was much pleased with the cordial reception with which he met on his visit to Port Mill. "You know Fort Mill is close to Lancaster, but I am pleased with the support which was 1 assured me in that neighborhood," stated the governor today in discussing his visit. In reply to a question the governor said that he was receiving good reports from all sections of the ( state, and that he had no fears of the result. He is confident of beating Judge Jones by a good majority. Blease Prospects In York. Mr. W. F. Caldwell, the Columbia ( correspondent of the News and Cou- j Tier, senus mill paper me iviiuniiit, giving his view of the prospective chances of Jones and Blease in York county: "York county gave a small majority against Governor Blease in 1910, and both the Blease and antlBlease factions are working hard to get the majority of York this time. The governor made a speech at Blacksburg a few weeks ago, and Blacksburg is in Cherokee county, bordering York, and he received a great reception there. His strength before in York county came from the area of which Fort Mill is the centre. The Filbert neighborhood, Just above the court house, is also a stronghold for Blease. and thus he was in the midst of his friends there. However, York polls some 4,000 votes and the county is generally placed in the Jones column, for it is the home of former Senator J. Steele Brice, who said Blease was the worst governor since Franklin J. Moses, and of Thomas F. McDow, who is a strong politician and unfriendly to the governor. These and other influences are expected to result In York going for Ira B. Jones for governor by a good-sized majority." County Politics. Rock Hill Herald: The news that Representative Thomas F. McDow of Yorkville, would be a candidate for state senator did not create any surprise in Rock Hill. In fact a large number of people who were acquainted with the political situation had been expecting the announcement for some time. However, the announcement that Mr. McDow will be in the race will doubtless cause the politicians of the county to get busy. The friends of Mayor John T. Roddey have been urging him to enter the race a^d while he has declared that he did not want the Job it Is understood that strong pressure will be brought to bear with the hope of getting him to alter his decision and become a candidate, in case Mayor Roddey can be persuaded to enter the campaign and oppose Mr. McDow a merry race will result. Mr. McDow is well known over the county and is well up in the art of politics. Mr. Roddey states that he knows nothing of politics. However, he Is one of the most popular men In the county and the fact that he was a candidate would go a long way toward offsetting Mr. McDow's abilities as a campaigner. As yet no one has announced for the offices of Representatives, but It Is expected that several who have their eyes on the job will soon make the fact known to their friends and public announcement Is expected at any time. ONE OUTLAW CAPTURED. Three Other* of Allan Gang Closely Pressed. The hunt for the Hillsvllle outlaws who went to the mountains after shooting up the court house, was rewarded last Friday by the capture of Sidna Edwards, a nephew of the elder Aliens. Edwards was found alone in a deserted cabin, tired and hungry and he gave up without resistance. He was taken to Hillsvllle and from there to Roanoke. An Associated Press dispatch, dated Galax, Va., summarizes the sit- . nation up to Sunday night as follows: , Claude Swanson Allen, the 22-year old son of Floyd Allen and one of those indicted for the Hillsvllle court i house murders, has cleanly eluded all j pursuers, but his uncle, Sidna Allen, , and cousins, Wesley Edwards and , Frlel Allen, are so closely pressed on , the south side of the Blue Ridge that they will possibly be captured within three days. This Information came today from leaders of the hunt for the gang, who on March 14 swooped down on the Carroll county court, killed Judge Massie, Prosecutor Foster, Sheriff Webb, Juror Fowler and Miss Nancy Ayers and wounded two bystanders. Claude Allen, who once attended a millltary school at Raleigh, X. C.. and knows more of the outside world than the average mountaineer, it was learned today, took a pocket full of gold from the family cash drawer on the night of the tragedy, put on his best clothes and vanished on horse-back beyond the North Carolina line. Hope of finding him In the mountains has now been abandoned. Not so, however, with the three other outlaws who are dodging about the crevices of the Blue Ridge between here and Mt. Airy, N. C. They have been seen at a distance, detectives having been within thirty minutes of them. "I hope they will all give themselves up, they had better do It, for they have no chance at all," was the frank com- p ment of Sldna Edwards, likewise In- s llcted for murder, who was taken to- a lay to Roanoke Jail, where he Joined g his uncle, Floyd Allen, his cousin, Victor Allen, and his chum, Byrd Marlon, all indicted for complicity In the court house shooting. Edwards swung his tall, robust figure into the train at Qalax about noon. He was brought here from Hillsville under a heavy guard. With him was Sergeant White of the state militia. He arrived in Roanoke tonight, seemingly as carefree as a school boy on a lark. People from fifty miles around the countryside gathered at the railroad stations to catch a glimpse of the prisoner. They had no difficulty, for Edwards projected his broad shoulders through the train window and waived to each group, not a few of whom were friends or relatives, for Carroll county's population is composed largely of Aliens or their kinsfolk. There was a plaintive note in the boy's voice, however wnen nenry Alien, a cousin, aiurea in the blue uniform of an officer of the peace, stepped aboard the train at Byllsby. They shook hands and eyed each other In silence for a, moment "I'm sorry to see you In a bad scrape like this," sighed Allen. "Well, sir, I'm sorry to be In It, but I just could not help it," was the meek reply. Edwards reiterated his protest of Innocence. - "I had a hard time of It" he said, "for two weeks I had been In bed with pneumonia and they all dragged me out to come to court to be a witness In Uncle Floyd's trial. I wish now I had not gone. The shooting began all of a sudden and the room was filled with smoke in a second, bullets were flying from one side to the other like lightning. I got out as fast as I could; I ran away because I heard they would all shoot us on sight. I slept In barns and hid in the fodder, but I knew I was caught some days ago. They could have arrested me much easier." Detective Thomas L. Felts and Albert H. Baldwin, whom the county has placed In charge of the search for the Aliens, rode with Edwards to Roanoke. They confirmed his statement that capture could have been accomplished sooner, explaining that their purpose was to follow Edwards about in case he attempted to join the other outlaws. Edwards, whose manner is guileless and open, hardly seemed to realize the seriousness of his plight He laughingly read one of their circulars giving description of himself and companions. Last night in a moment of thoughtlessness he referred, the detectives say, to his revolver, declaring that he had fired some shots. Hither a h/v KoH nlaimo/1 nnt tn Ha armed. Witnesses before the grand Jury said that as he came out of the courthouse he gave his pistol to Floyd Allen, so that the latter might continue his pistol duel with Clerk Dexter Goad in the court house green. To Hlllsvllle today came reports that the various posses are still on the watch In the mountains. Most of the Allen family, though not Involved In the tragedy, including Jasper (Jack) Allen, were today placed under close surveillance. Offers of surrender, It was said, emanated f-om some Allen non-combatants. The detectives are positive that the outlaws have authorized no one to make offers In their behalf, because communication with the bandits In the mountains has been blocked. The formal arraignment of the prisoners was definitely set today for April 15th at Hlllsvllle. A change of venue to Wythevllle, Wythe county, Is likely. FACTORY INSPECTION MATTER. Col. L. M. Qroon Sots Himself Clear Before the Public. Editor The Yorkville Enquirer: The editorial appearing in The Yorkville Enquirer of March 22 with reference to my work as factory Inspector last year and with regard to my recent appointment, affords me the first real opportunity of making public any statement as to these matters. The Enquirer has always been regarded a paper that seeks the truth and, notwithstanding my previous Intention to Ignore the unjust newspaper attacks that have been made upon me, the following language used In The Enquirer's editorial bas caused me to make this statement: "It is a fact that Mr. Green used in his report quite a lot of matter that had been prepared by Mr. Watson, and to this extent Mr. Green was being paid for work that had already been done. \s to what original work Mr. Green may have done we do not know; but somehow we have never been very much impressed with all this talk that has been going on about Green. He used to be regarded as a bright, able, high-principled young man, and we are not inclined to think that he has undergone any change of character." It is not The Enquirer's kind reference to me that leads me to have something to say at this time, but it is pour evident desire to know the whole truth about the matter and your offering of this opportunity of making reply to your editorial that presented upon reading, an opening to me of which I am glad to take advantage. At the outset I wish to impress that [ have never been asked for a statement by the morning paper in Columbia that printed the first story of the factory inspection matter. I have been In the newspaper work for a number of pears and not once have I ever written an article about a man without offering him the opportunity of making reply to anything that he desired. Even prisoners taken to the penitentiary unJer life sentence, have been asked whether they wished to say anything for publication. This is a rule among newspapers of the right kind. Throughout the range of criti;ism that I have received from the press of this state?biased as it is In a. large majority of cases?I have been isked only once for a statement of any kind and that request?rather offer of the columns of his paper?came from Oil. William Banks of the Dally Mail if Anderson, with reference to the published statement in an up-state newspaper that I was the campaign manager for Governor Blease. Of ?oiirse, when I say that the offer is made to men about whom articles are written for them to make replies, I mean in cases where some reflection is ;ast. However, it is usually the custom in all cases to permit a public statement to be made in the paper pubIshlng the original article. The people if South Carolina may get just a little rlimpse from this of what Governor Blease has been up against. So far is the general public is concerned only me side of the picture has been held up to the light. Except for those who nave seen the official record of pardons that has been printed, in accordance with law, I wonder how many people lave been permitted to know the reasons for the governor's pardons In a large majority of the cases, particuarly since last summer. But, this is lust "by the way." Those Statistics. Now with reference to the factory injpectlon: I was appointed factory injpector last summer, my commission learing the date: "First day of August," 1911. nlU- ? UhI/nm r?n "A mn tVlO fnlloW. I lie UOIIUIIISDIUII gave 111V iUV *vi*v?. ng powers: "A special agent and heresy empower you to make arrests; to mter buildings; to interview persons; :o call upon any officer or officers in :his state to give you aid and assistince, and, if necessary, to summon a sosse comitatus to assist you in the lischarge of your duties," etc. I shall idd the following section" of the comnission: "You are to receive a salary >f two hundred (J200) dollars per nonth, payable monthly, from the ipecial appropriation for the enforcenent of the laws". The commission vas in force during the pleasure of the rovernor, and, as already stated by 5overnor Blease, I retired from the lervice December 31, 1911. I have no reason other than the de- i tire to set my friends, including The i Cnqulrer, exactly right in the matter, i 0 explain the situation as to the Wat- ' ion statistics, for Governor Blease, rom whom I received my commission, , tas officially stamped my work with j 1 "well done." I It will be seen that I served only five ; nonths in the work of factory inspec- > ion. In that time I did the best I ould. I merely wish to call attention o the fact that I did not serve for an ntlre year. Beginning on page 27 of the senate ' ournal of Wednesday, January 17, < 912, will be found copies of my re- ' Kirts to Governor Blease and his mes- l age conveying the same to the sen- i ,te. These reports were sent in to the 1 ;ovcrnor monthly. The reports run < from page 27 of the senate journal of the date mentioned above, to page 61 % (Including part of page 61). That Is to " say, practically 22 pages of printed matter make up the reports. In the permanent senate journal theee reports will also appear. There has not yet been done the justice of printing my reports by any paper that commented upon the biased report in the Columbia morning paper! What did that paper print? It printed some statistics that it alleged were obtained from Commissioner Watson's annual report. Those papers, for the most part, that commented (and many of them in this state, and one or two in Georgia did ^ comment) upon the matter, based their conclusions upon the story in the Columbia sheet. Now let's see what I actually did do with regard to those statistics: In the first place statistics as to child labor, number of persons em- w ployed, capital of the mills, etc., were * furnished to the department of agriculture, commerce and industries by the mill managers. Last year, it should be CA^ilUIICU, U1C1C VVCIC I1U lOCl^l / IU" spectors under the act as to mill Inspections, that is from the department of agriculture, commerce and Industries. The statistics sent in by the mill managers covered certain points in the inspection that I needed in pursuing my own work in the mills, and openly and above board I wrote to Commissioner Watson from time to time for statistics as to mills in certain counties. These statistics, in nearly all cases in which Q I made the request, were furnished me. Duplicates of these statistics were on file with the managers, superintendents or presidents of mills, as the case might be, and in some instances I made comparisons between the ones sent Commissioner Watson and the statistics on file with the several mills. This was for the purpose of keeping tab on some of the mills as to statistics furnished. In some Instances Commissioner Watson's statistics, even if furnished me, were not used, as I examined the statistics on file in the offices of the mills and from these obtained afc the data I wished. I have never denied * asking Commissioner Watson for statistics to aid me in my work, however, and I thanked him for them in my letters which he chose to make public during the legislative session. The sta- m tistlcs that were used were incidental parts of my reports and in the one case where I used a form of the department of agriculture, commerce and industries I Included the statement that the matter was compiled from reports made out and signed by the mill managers. Hence, there was no effort to conceal the fact that I was seeking to co-opei ate with all persons charged with the enforcement of the laws relating to the work that I was doing. The same thing ? is true of the yearly summary which was appended to my last monthly report. I endeavored to have this state mem reau tm 11 wtto given uui nvui mc department The summary of general statistics begins as follows: "According to reports that are on (lie In the department of agriculture, commerce and Industries for the year 1911", etc. Newspaper men who have handled capital correspondence know that often (and. from some offices, practically always) statements are given out ready for appearance in the newspapers. To bring this home to the matter In hand, I was under the impression, which I have verified as far as possible, that the short summary (it took up a half page, or little over. In my report) was given out In that form from the department of agriculture, commerce and Industries, and so appeared in all the papers. This public information should f. not be used as an incidental part of my . report? If I had wished to conceal the source of my Information I should have changed the wording and not given credit to the department at the very opening sentence! It Is extremely difficult, in the confines of a statement such as I am seeking to make, to explain to persons who may not be familiar with the laws In this state for the Inspection of manufacturing plants, just what the situation was as to these statistics. To sum up. with regard to the statistics: These were used merely as an Incidental part of my report. The statistics were duplicates of - J compilations on file in the offices of the mills throughout the state. The statistics were obtained by letter In several Instances from the department of agriculture, commerce and Industries and were not obtained by the scissors, as has been erroneously w stated and, In some instances, designedly misrepresented. In some cases the statistics were not used at all in my report, but data obtained by me were given. Actual Physical Inspections. The greatest misrepresentations that have been made as to the work done, consisted of the impression sought to *9 be created that the statistics constituted my entire reports. Only briefly has it been mentioned in the press that my reports consisted of 22 printed pages. What then constituted the bulk of my reports? Any one familiar with the inspection laws knows that It is required that Inspections of mills be made as to: 1. Hours of labor. 2. Child labor. 2. Sanitary conditions and other important phases of the manufacturing industry in this state. Of course the actual physical inspections of mills are the most important feature of the work. Statistics constitute only a part of the matter, as I understand the laws. In my reports I dwelt particularly on the question of child labor and upon physical conditions, etc., as mentioned above. This statement can be verified by a reading of the reports in the senate journal. As to my authority to visit mms: it will be noted in the quotation from the commission given in the first part of my statement that I was expressly +* given authority to "enter buildings", etc. The commission, of course, was so framed as to give me the authority needed to do the very work that I was to be engaged in. Yet some of the newspapers have stated that I did not have the authority to make Inspections. The insinuations of "long-distance" Inspections hardly deserve to be noticed. My reports in a general way showed what inspections were made. In many cases the authorities in charge of mills probably were not aware that I was making Inspections. It suited M me in some cases not to make my ^ presence known in advance and, some- s M times, not at all. In all of which I was guided by the desire to do what was right by the state in making the inspections worth while. As to the work thgt I am now doing I have nothing to say, except to suggest that your own statement might well be seriously considered by some of the biased newspapers of South Caroolina when you say, "And whether we ^ like Mr. Blease or not we cannot see ^ why he is not entitled to the same rights as other governors." That is the crux of the whole matter. I might add that the people of our state are beginning to awaken to the fact that the press has made an ^ effort to shut out one side of the propositions that face our people. I am speaking of the large majority of the newspapers of this state that have taken such a bitter stand in politics that their news columns are often nothing short of editorials. I am glad to see that The Enquirer is not in this list And some of the tkinera Tkn PnnnirAi* Via* wrlttftn la ly have certainly gone home, judging from the howls that have been set up by some of those upon whom your paper has trodden. _ Leon M. Green. Sumter. S. C., March 24, 1912. SOUTH CAROLINA NEW8. ? The South Carolina Press association will hold its annual meeting in Spartanburg about the middle of June * and will take an outing in the North Carolina mountains. ? Col. Knox Livingston, a prominent attorney of Bennettsville, and president of the South Carolina Bar association, flied suddenly at his home in Bennettsville at 3 o'clock last Friday morning. ? Major Daniel Sinkler of Charleston, and Representative Lowndes J. Browning of Union, are mentioned as probable candidates to succeed Colonel Wille Tones as chairman of the Democratic party organization. Menses of the Buzzard.?For a century or more the turkey buzzard has been held in a sort of reverence in this country. He has been called 'God's scavenger," and laws for his protection adorn the statute books of many states. But the buzzard today Is rightfully regarded as a menace.? [?reenwood Index. %