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Scraps and ifacts.
? The Mississippi river is on its annual spring: rampage, being swollen by melting snows along its northern tributaries. The river was reported to be forty miles wide at Cairo, 111., a few days ago. The Cairo levee is constructed to stand flfty-six feet of water and the city is regarded as reasonably safe; but the lowlands of Illinois. Missouri and Kentucky are under several feet of water. People living In the Hooded sections have moved to other parts and livestock has been driven to the hills. The snows of the winter have been unusually heavy and as they have not begun to melt as rapidly as might have been the case with more moderate spring weather, it is expected that the floods are going to give serious trouble all down the river. ? Washington, March 27: The Democrats of the house tonight in caucus refused to rescind their action In a former caucus opposing aj>proprlations for battleships at this session of congress. After a long discussion on a motion of Representative Padgett, of Tennessee, chairman of the naval affairs committee, to rescind the former action, the motion was laid on the table by a vote of 117 to Zb. following this action, Mr. Underwood, majority leader, moved that the action of the former caucus eliminating battleship and public appropriations be made a party measure, and this was carried by more than two-thirds majority. Mr. Underwood made a speech against any battleship appropriation on the ground of party economy. Mr. Padgett, in his resolution to rescind the former action, recommended an appropriation for one battleship. Representative Burnett, acting chairman of the public building and grounds committee, threatened to force a public buildings bill upon the caucus If a battleship appropriation was authorized. ? President Taft on Tuesday sent to congress a ?iessage urging the immediate enactment of a law to protect from private entry and exploitation fields of potash such as recently were discovered in southern California. The president declared there was no lawful way at present for him to protect these mines from entry and suggested that congress would find the necessary protection in a bill introduced by Senator Smoot on March 8, 1911, which was an amendment to the withdrawal act that governs entries on public 1 lands. The president said that one of the most acute problems of this country is that of the maintenance of soil fertility. Potash is an element of the greatest value in maintaining the fertility. The adequate protection of the beds already discovered and of those that may be discovered hereafter, the president said, will Inure to the great benefit of the agricultural industry of the United States, and may reduce the necessity of continuing the present extensive importation. ? In the Republican primary election held in New York last Tuesday for the purpose of instructing delegates as nf the rank and file for the presidency, Mr. Taft defeated Mr. Roosevelt about two to one. Colonel Roosevelt made a speech in Chicago Wednesday, and allowed himself to indulge in some pretty hot talk. He said that election was cut and dried from the outset. To begin with the law had been framed so as to leave the full control of the elections in the hands of the party machines, and those in control of the machines so managed that only their side could have a showing. As a matter of fact hardly a third of the registered voters of the state voted in the primary. Colonel Roosevelt denounced the whole thing as a farce and as a criminal farce. In short, he said, the election machinery was used as unscrupulous!' as in the days of Tweed: names of Roosevelt delegates were left off the ballots, ballots were misprinted, were folded in such a way as to feaze voters and in numerous cases were not delivered to polling places until four or five hours after the polls had opened and in some Instances not before twenty minutes or a quarter of an hour before closing. The election lnr spectors were removed whenever it was thought they were not with the "machine.'" ? New York, March 27: The Woodrow Wilson headquarters issued today a statement declaring that press dis paicnes lam infill irum iBiuuai <-? , carried "conclusive proof of the existence of a presidential candidate combine, having for its object the prevention of Governor Wilson's nomination." The dispatches which are thus interpreted by the Wilson headquarters, stated that the Clark and Harmon headquarters have announced that the names of those two candidates would not be on the primary tickets in Florida, and that the contest there would probably be between Wilson and Underwood. "In Oklahoma and Kansas a free field was left to Speaker Clark without interference by either Governor Harmon or Mr. Underwood." the statement reads. "The same is true in Iowa, Arkansas and Wisconsin; in Harmon territory Speaker Clark and Mr. Underwood are apparently working in perfect adjustment with the Harmon forces. The following line-up Is significant: "Clark vs. Wilson: Iowa, Wisconsin, Arkansas. Kentucky. Oklahoma, Kansas, California, etc. Underwood vs. Wilson: Georgia. Florida, North Carolina, South Carolina, Mississippi and Louisiana. Harmon vs. Wilson: New York, Delaware, Maine, and other New England states. Ohio and states contiguous thereto." ? Lincoln. Neb., March 27: William J. Bryan has given out an open letter in reply to the letter given out by E. H. Moore, Governor Harmon's campaign manager. In this Mr. Bryan announces the basis of his distrust of the Ohio chief executive. He denies that he has accused Harmon of being a "tool of Wall street," but says he has labelled Harmon as the Wall street choice and as a reactionary. Bryan recites that the Ohio man was a "deserter from the Democratic cause in 1896. came back into the party in 1900, "but the next year was a leader in the movement organized in Ohio and throughout the country to turn the party back to Wall street." Harmon is accused of having sought the nomination in 1908 through influences from Wall street. That his political strength has been thrown to the reactionary side since 1908. says Mr. Bryan, is shown by his opposition to the placing of the referendum and initiative in the constitution adopted by the Ohio convention. Mr. Bryan then adds that men are convicted of murder on circumstantial evidence and that it should be ample proof in ' the present instance. He asserts that Harmon has been for years attorney for corporations in which Mr. Morgan is interested. He demands publication of the sources of contributions I to the campaign funds of the various Democratic candidates and states that Mr. Moore will find Httle Harmon sentiment on his visit to Nebraska. ? London, March 26: A fateful day in the history of the trade struggles I came to a close early this morning > with the passage through parliament by a large majority of the bill establishing in legislation the principle of a minimum wage in the country's most Important industry. The minimum wage bill passed its third read ins* in the house of commons by a ' vote of 213 to 48 amid a scene of great excitement. The house of Lords reassembled at 2.50 o'clock to receive the bill and on motion of Lord Herschell it passed its first reading. Premier Asquith on leaving the house of com5 mons was loudly cheered by all the members. After a strike lasting nearly a month and involving the whole coal country in untold distress, the miners have thus obtained recognition of the principle they set out to obtain. But they are still dissatisfied because the bill does not specify the amount of the minimum wage. There is no prospect, therefore, of any immediate settlement of the strike. The miners' leaders declare their dei termination to keep the strike until the guarantees of a minimum wage of five shillings ($1.25) for men. or until the district boards, as provided by the ? bill, arrange acceptable terms. The I government's persistent efforts for an outside settlement collapsed in a most dramatic manner. Premier Asquith had the greatest difficulty in getting the owners and miners to meet yesterday and it was only finally brought about on the earnest plea of Sir Kdward Grey to the owners. The meeting lasted but for a minute. Kepre sentatlves of Scotch miners put forward a demand for a minimum of five shillings, nine pence for men, #and three shillings for boys, whereupon, th> owners protesting that'they were always being faced by fresh demands, angrily broke up the conference and quitted the room, leaving Premier Asquith. Secretary Grey and Chancellor Lloyd-George thunderstruck and crestfallen at the unexpected turn of events. $hr ^orht'illr (gnquirrr. Entered at the Postoffice in Yorkville as Mail Matter of the Second Class. YORKVILLE, 8. C.i "nT FRIDAY. MARCH 29. 1912. It is of noteworthy interest that the News and Courier is again having first chance at the official news from the governor's office. It does look like the south and the west are about to get together on J Woodrow Wilson and if they do they can sweep the earth. The Yorkville Enquirer declares that "they gotta quit klckin' the Prohibition dawg aroun'." Where is the-beast and who is kicking it??Charleston Post. Quite a natural question from the source quoted, and also in evident good faith. The "Prohibition dog" is utterly unknown to Charleston. George R. Koester is the only newsper man we know of who has time to deliver lectures throughout South Carolina.?Greenwood Journal. And considering the nature and quality of his work?carefully considered religious and moral instruction? it should be explained that he is spending his time well. The Atlanta Journal of Wednesday, has a cartoon of the national Democratic political situation which comes pretty near to expressing our notion. The cartoon shows a professional faker, standing before his table, on which there are three shells, marked "Clark," "Underwood" and "Wilson," respectively. In the background is the "pea," marked "Democratic success." On the other side of the table is a typical Georgia cracker, labeled "Georgia." The thimblerlgger is asking, "Now you saw me put it under .the middle one, didn't you?" and with a knowing wink of his off eye the forrrier is saying, "Not a thing under any of them." The Journal is for Woodrow Wilson and it is working on the theory that the opponents of Wilson are trying to sidetrack the Georgia vote to Underwood, because he is from the adjoining state of Alabama. The Warehouse Law. As to what the supreme court is going to do with the state warehouse law, of course there is no telling; but we very much fear that the law will be declared unconstitutional, and the whole thing will go by the board at least for the present. Our fear that the law will be declared unconstitutional is not based so much on a belief that such is really the case, as upon a conviction that the whole thing promises such radical changes in the existing economic system in this section that the court will not be willing to stand for it. Now we hope that when we express ourselves in this way, we will not be charged with reflecting on the supreme court, for we intend nothing of the Lrins? Ma? nnlr iu I# niir intention to reflect; but we are not reflecting. A supreme court decision is generally only a majority opinion. A court may stand three to two. and although the two may be as clearly 'right as the three, the resulting decision is just as sound and just as binding as if it were unanimous. Just as it was a majority of the legislature that passed the bill, it is a majority of the court that confirms the law. We do not think there Is any reasonable doubt of the fact that if this law should be confirmed by the court, the benefits that will accrue to cotton producers will be something tremendous. Especially will this be true, provided the business is managed in good faith and with proper intelligence. The cotton owner should be able to get storage and insurance much cheaper than now, and he should be able to borrow money at a less rate of interest than he now has to pay. Of course there are those who do not see either one of these propositions; but that is because thev have not been informed and they do not understand. The reduction would come principally in the storage charges, because the larger the number of bales for which a house is built, the smaller the proportionate cost of storage room for a single bale, and the larger the number of bales stored in a single warehouse, the smaller the proportionate per bale cost of grading, draying, compressing, shipping, etc. The collateral value of a warehouse certificate depends in a large measure on the financial and moral responsibility of the warehouseman and the extensiveness of his financial connections. x For instance, a warehouseman, be he ever so responsible morally and financially, if he is not known beyond his neighborhood, his warehouse certificates can have no standing elsewhere ? certainly not without the guarantee of a local bank. A certificate guaranteed by the state of South Carolina should be good anywhere in the world?certainly anywhere in America; for loan purposes It would Inevitably find its way to the market where money is cheapest. All these things would necessarily operate to help the holding of cotton cheaper than now. As to what will be the result if the supreme court declares the warehouse law unconstitutional, is doubtful. If the real significance of the law were generally appreciated among cotton producers we would have no doubt as to what would follow an unfavorable court decision. There would be an instant and irresistible demand for a constitutional amendment, and there would be no let up in that demand until the amendment was granted. But as to whether the whole subject is well enough understood to make anything like this probable, we cannot say. It is our hope that the supreme court will declare the law constitutional to begin with and that the benefits of the proposed new system may be had without the turmoil and strife that are generally necessary for the attainment of innovations that are really worth having. Otherwise the Idea may be a longer time in prevailing; but prevail at last we surely believe it will. Lexington Bank Affair. The closing of the Savings Bank of Lexington nearly two years after its alleged insolvency had been made the subject of a very serious official report to the governor, and the disclosures that have developed in connection therewith, afford material for comment. According to a lengthy detailed story that was published in the News and Courier from its Columbia correspondent Wednesday, Bank Examiner Wilson reported the condition of this bank two years ago, and so much concerned was he, that going beyond what the law actually requires he called the especial attention of Governor Ansel to the matter. Governor Ansel, as was right and proper, referred Mr. Wilson's report to the attorney general, and what that official did, if anything, is not disclosed in the News and Courier's story of Wednesday, for the reason that the information was probably not available. According to the records furnished the governor at the governor's request, by the state treasurer, Bank Examiner Rhame has subsequently to the report of Bank Examiner Wilson, found a continuance of the conditions that Examiner Wilson had previously reported, and that seems to be most of the story so far as the bank examiners are concerned. From the first reports of the situation, appearing in the Columbia State of Sunday, It is to be inferred that the public disclosure of the bank's condition has developed not out of the reports of the bank examiners; but rather out of the proceedings brought by creditors to force W. P. Roof, the owner of the bank, and a large holder in other kindred interests, into voluntary bankruptcy. The main significance of the records of the bank examiners seems to be that the information of the bank's alleged Insolvency was developed as far back as two years ago and nothing has been done either to wind up the bank's affairs or warn the public. While we are inclined to think that the governor is entirely right in Jumping on somebody, as to whether Examiner Rhame is the right man we are not prepared to say. The law does not provide that the bank examiner must report to the governor; but still it is a fact that Examiner Wilson took it upon himself- to put this matter up to Governor Ansel, and as Governor Ansel's successor, Governor Blease may be presumed to have been notified also, unless Governor Ansel merely referred all the papers to the office of the attorney general, in which case it would seem that it is from the attorney general's office that such explanations as may be due, must come. But whatever the procedure, and whoever may be responsible fop remissness, if any, If this case is to be taken as a criterion, the bank examination system as it stands under existing laws, or at least as it is being administered, is somewhat of a farce; arid If la tn hp hnneri that rs a result of this affair the system may either be made efficient or abolished. DISTRIBUTION AND SUPPLY. Census Bureau Statistics On Cotton Crop of 1911. The preliminary report of the bureau of the census on the supply and distribution of cotton for the six months period, September 1 to February 29, of the cotton year of 1911, with comparative statistics, for the same period of the cotton year of 1910, as announced at 10 a. m., last Monday, was as follows: Supply. 1911 1910. Total 16,723,221 12,788,572 Stocks held at beginning of period 1,375,031 1,040,040 Ginnings 15,279,522 11,612,951 Net imports 68,668 135,581 Distribution. Exports 8,007,814 6.337,968 Consumption (a).. 2,623,379 2,402,032 In cotton states.. 1,350,662 1,186,347 In all other states. 1,272,757 1,215,685 Stocks held at end of period 6,092,028 4.048,572 By manufacturers. 1,542,639 1,524,952 In cotton states .. 733,406 583,512 In all other states 809,233 941,440 In independent warehouses . .. 2,280,866 1,787,006 In cotton states .. 2,089,805 1,471,116 In all other states. 191,061 315,890 Elsewhere 2,268,822 736,614 (a) Includes 56,177 bales destroyed Ity tire at Houston, Texas. The statistics are in running bales, including linters, except foreign cotton and exports have been reduced to 500-pound bales. Returns of cotton consumed and of stocks held at mills and in independent warehouses and public storage places were collected through canvasses by agents and by mail. The stocks shown under the classification "elsewhere" were not secured through actual canvass, but by deduction: this quantity being the difference between the total supply and the sum of the exports and that consumed during the period and held by manufacturers and warehousemen at the close of the period. McLaurin Was Urged, But Declined. ?"We are inclined to agree with the suggestion of the Bamberg Herald that it is a pity that the Hon. John L McLaurin was not asked to head the warehouse commission. While it is true that from a salary standpoint the place is nowhere in the neighborhood of Mr. McLaurin's size, still it is probable that he would have accepted the position if it hud been tendered him. There would have been no good way for him to get out of it. Of course there are others capable of wrestling with the big problems involved, but we do not know of anybody in whom we would have had as much confidence as Mr. McLaurin."? Yorkville Enquirer. We know of our personal knowledge that Hon. John L. McLaurin was urged to accept a place on the warehouse board, but he would not consider It, and took the position that he was willing to aid those the general assembly might select in any way that he could, even if necessary, he would go to Europe at his own expense to confer with the money centers to procure from abroad, cheap money and to blaze the way for a more extended market for the cotton product. The feeling among a large majority of the members of the general assembly was very kind towards Mr. McLaurin, at the same time, he realized, although he did not so express himself, that if he had permitted his name used it might have stirred up an opposition against the scheme from an element which is afraid he might come back into polltics, and they knew if he did, the cake of some politicians will be all dough.? Manning Times. ? Columbia State, Thursday: The first case in juvenile court in Richland county has been heard by G. Duncan Bellinger, judge of probate. Jesse Franklin Cooper was charged with being mischievous, truant from school and associating with vicious persons. Judge Bellinger put young Franklin on probation?that is, he is to report once a month, is to attend night school and return to work. The juvenile act was passed at the last session of the legislature of South Carolina. It covers much ground, dealing with many phases of child behavior. A case is tried before the probate judge, who has authority to put the defendant under such regulations as are deemed advisable and see that they are enforced. Juvenile court has been unite a success in other states. The act refers to children | under eighteen years of age. LOCAL AFFAIRS, NEW ADVERTISEMENTS. Williamson Bros., Guthriesvllle?After April 6th will grind only on alternate Saturdays. Committee?Invites the public to a bread and cake sale at York Supply Co.'s store tomorrow, benefit of Ladies' society of A. R. P. church. W. L. Whlte8ldes and W. H. Harrison, Committee?Invite the public to a fiddlers' convention at Smyrna on next Friday evening. Sharon Lyceum?Announces the coming of the Toronto Male Quartet to Sharon next Monday night. A. M. McGill, Yorkville No. 1?Prints a list of the goods he carries in stock for his trade. J. C. Wilborn?Offers 33$ acres, near Bethany High school for sale. A part of the Douglas tract. Carroll Furniture Co.?Has the newest music for phonographs and invites you to hear it. W. R. Carroll?Has bought a lot of buggies and wagons from the Yorkville Buggy Co., and will sell them " I'onraln nrlnPR ffir fllllck SflJeS. Star Theatre?Says it Is putting on better and better moving pictures as its patronage increases. Shieder Drug Store?Reminds you that next Monday is the final recording day for March votes in the piano contest. York Supply Co.?Has John Deere middle breakers and other farm tools. A full line of building supplies on hand. Herndon & Gordon?Say for you to let the Allen gang play hide and seek in the mountains, and for you to come to them for your groceries, etc. Kirkpatrick-Belk Co.?Is highly pleased with the success of its millinery opening, and everything is ready for the spring trade. D. E. Boney, Agent?Publishes a card . from Mr. Jeff D. Whitesldes, which explains itself. First National Bank, Yorkville?Tells how one man got rich, and suggests that you try the same plan. Yorkville Hardware Co.?Pays it respects to the great national game, and tells about baseball goods. Cloud Cash Store?Is showing a complete line of ladles' ready-to-wear underwear at close prices. J. M. Stroup?Is showing new spring lines of oxfords for men and women, C-B. corsets for ladles; shirts and collars for men, garden seeds. Thomson Co.?Calls attention to gloves, hosiery, hair braids, petticoats, silks, men's furnishings, clothing, and also to millinery. As the result of a typographical error on Tuesday of last week, the name of Miss Sara Russell, one of our clubmakers, was printed so that it could not be identified. Miss Russell returned 29 names; but got credit for only 274 names for the reason that two of her names had also been returned by another clubmaker who paid for them. The executive board of South Carolina Daughters of the American Revolution, of which Miss Lessie Witherspoon of Yorkville, and Mrs. .T. A. Shannon of Yorkville R. F. D. No. 4, are members, will present the name of Mrs. R. Moultrie Bratton, honorary state regent, for vice president general of the national society, at its Annual congress In Washington in April. THE DICTIONARY C0NTE8T. The voting in the dictionary contest stood this morning as follows: Sutton's Spring 1270 Bethany High School 3200 Dixie I860 Cotton Belt 6180 Conrad 1630 Centre 2620 Hickory Grove 4330 Forest Hill 4570 Hopewell 810 Smyrna 7510 Allison Creek 610 McElwee 1600 Miller 3140 Guthrlesville 1680 Tirzah *4350 Clover 7.*6520 Free Silver 70 Yorkville Graded 13040 McConnellsville ..: 3850 Newport 660 iBAiiT ncnoi c Af rtOUU rbwrkk. ? c-MIsh Willie Williams of Yorkville, spent several days in Spartanburg this week. 'Miss Estelle Mclver of Gulf, N. C., is visiting her sister, Mrs. E. E. Gillespie, in Yorkville. Miss Kate Ratchford, who has been teaching school in King's Mountain, N. C., has returned to her home on Yorkville R. F. D. No. 3. 2Miss Helen Thomasson of Linwood college, is spending several days with her parents on Yorkville R. F. D. No. 6. ? The family of Mr. W. B. DuPre, superintendent of the water, light and power department, arrived in Yorkville last Tuesday and is occupying a cottage recently erected by Mr. Joseph | G. Dickson near the Church Home orphanage, on King's Mountain street. Gaffney Ledger: Mrs. W. B. DuPre and children have moved to Yorkville, where they will make their home. Dr. DuPre is superintendent of the water and light plant of Yorkville and has been in his new home for some weeks. Gaffney regrets giving up this excellent family and the best wishes of the city will go with them to their new home. THE MILLINERY SHOW. Following the millinery opening of the Thomson company, described in The Enquirer of last Friday, the mil- I llnery department of the KirkpatrlckBelk company has been the centre of especial attraction this week, commencing Tuesday night and continuing through Wednesday and yesterday. As usual on such occasions, the store was prettily decorated, beginning with the show windows and continuing back in the main salesroom and upstairs to the millinery department. The color scheme was a checkboard effect in white and green serving as a background for both of the big show windows, and in further evidence along with flowers, natural and artificial, and potted plants in the interior of the store. There was quite a crowd of visitors, mostly town people, at the opening on Tuesday night, and they spent several hours looking at the hats and other pretty and interesting things, enjoying the music of Thomasson's string band, and exchanging ideas and impressions as to the offerings of the season. During Wednesday many visitors came in from the country, and although the weather was not so promising yesterday there were still a number of late comers taking it all in with as much satisfaction as if they had been the first to arrive. Street hats are being shown in all shapes, and the millinery artists as well as prospective customers insist that they are prettier than usual this season. "int wo u uerv m 11 f > h 11 fl - mired was of ecru lace with black velvet facing, trimmed in pink edelweis, and further ornamented with a black velvet wing. A yellow straw with a black rolled edge, trimmed in macrame lace and pink lilacs, was very pretty, as was also a small hat of yellow macrame lace with loops of yellow and white ribbon. A hat of mixed straw with velvet facing, trimmed with two rosettes of maline, with rosebuds in the centre, at the back, attracted favorable attention, as did another white poke of rolled white braid with pink rosebuds around the face, and a large pink bow across the front. A small hat made of primrose shaded roses with loops of primrose maline was very pretty; but hardly prettier than another of shaded brown hemp, trimmed in the back with two large brown loops, and with shaded leaves around the crown. This hat was -?uite large and flat, with a slight roll in the back. Still another pretty hat was of black hemp with a high crown, wound with macrame lace, and set off with an ostrich fancy on the side. But of course it is impossible to*describe all the different . shapes, patterns and trimmings, for the ladies understand that there is no end of variety along this line and therefore there would be no end to the description. Following: the openings at the Thomson company's and at the KlrkpatrlckBelk company's the millinery departments at both establishments have taken numerous orders, and from the present outlook it Is going to be weeks before the rush simmers down to the steady routine that will continue on into the summer. GOV. BLEA3E AT FORT MILL. The Fort Mill Times of yesterday, has the following report of the speech that Governor Blease delivered In the town hall at Fort Mill last Friday night: "Mr. Blease began his remarks with a discussion of the state's finances, saying that the people's money had In nnmaPAIlH UTflVS And urrn n anicvi m nuiuvi >?? ?? ?^ .? ?-? upon many things that were unnecded and absolutely worthless. He had striven since assuming the governorship to conduct his administration in a wise, conservative and economical manner, and working to this end he had turned back into the state treasury something like $6,300 of the appropriation allowed for the expenses of his office. He had revoked the commissions of all the notaries public to rid the state of a number of negro notaries who had been put in office by former governors. In Issuing commissions to the new notaries (all white men) he had turned into the state treasury fees amounting te several thousand dollars. It was his purpose to continue this economy and save the taxpayers of the state every cent possible. "He Invited particular attention to his veto of many items of the appropriation bill, saying that he said "No" when It came to spending $8,000 for putting in a heating plant in the negro college, declaring that he was against doing this for the "beautiful black-faced doll babies" when many white teachers and pupils in this state had to do without such things and the taxpayers are paying for them. Another item of the appropriation bill which he had vetoed and the legislature had passed over his veto was that providing for the loan to the state of a large sum of money by the sinking fund commission. He said this was unjust; that the money in the hands of the commission was paid In by the people and It was wrong for the state to tax the people for Interest on money that already belonged to them. "The governor paid his respects to certain newspapers of the state which he claimed had been very unfair to him. In this connection he cited the Belton incident, when it was alleged by certain newspapers that he had insulted a lady ticket-agent; that he had proven this false by affidavit from the lady, but the papers would not print the denial. He spoke of falsity of the Cincinnati Incident; the "lie" had been told in certain quarters that he had once held his child by the hair out of a second story window and threatened his wife If she did not give him a certain amount of money he would drop the child. This was a "lie" of the whole cloth, for he had never had e. child. "Governor Blease dwelt at length upon the subject of issuing pardons. He criticised the newspapers for publishing the names of the prisoners pardoned and paroled and the number of pardons and paroles to date without giving his reasons for granting clemency. He has liberated something over 300 prisoners since he had been governor and "was not through vet." If the people didn't want him to turn 'em out, to 'quit sending petitions down there with their names signed to them.' These petitions, many of them, often contained the names of the trial Judge, the Jurv and hundreds of citizens of the community from which the prisoner was sent up. What was he to do in such cases but grant what was asked? "He had never sold a pardon as had been charged. If he were so disposed he could get rich enough in one week to resign the governorship and sit back in ease the balance of his days. "In the audience were a number of boys and to these the governor gave some sound advice. They should ever strive to attain the highest rank in their vocations, no matter what they be. He had begun work as a helper around a livery stable, his duties being that of currying horses, greasing harness, etc. s "In conclusion the governor stated that It was a pleasure for him to go out to the small towns and rural districts and talk to the people. However, these visits were not made for the purpose of begging the people for their votes. He had no apologies to make for any official act since he had been governor. "Governor Blease was given hearty applause during his remarks by shouts of "Hurrah for Blease," together with prolonged hand-clapping and stamping. The governor lias many friends In Fort Mill, and the township and these formed a majority of his audience." SOUTHERN'8 DAIRY CAR. The Southern railway's dairy car, in charge of Capt. C. M. Morgan, of the land and industrial department of the Southern system, came to Yorkville last Wednesday, according to appointment and was crowded all day with interested visitors from the town and country, who went to see, hear and get everything that was to be learned about dairying. The cut of the car printed in the last Issue of The Enquirer, probably I gives a more satisfactory Idea of It than could be had from any written description; but an examination of the appliances and fixtures will add to the impression made bv the cut. There was a cream separator, a barrel churn, a Babcock tester, a butter washer, a cooler and aerator combined, a cream vat, a wash sink, milk scales, improv eo miiK pan mienaea 10 Keep oui as much dirt as possible, butter carrier, Ice box, one and a half horse power boiler, bottle filler, butter print, a number of charts and pictures. The stafT of experts along: with Captain Morgan included, R. H. Mason of the department of agriculture, cooperating with Clemson college; Prof. Edward R. Lloyd of the dairy department of Clemson college; Mr. J. P. Quinnerly, of the land and Industrial department of the Southern railway. The visitors, including ladies and gentlemen, from town and country, many of them coming from quite a distance, began to gather early in the morning as soon as the car was open and with the people going and coming the lectures continued practically all day with a recess of only about an hour shortly after noon, for dinner. Prof. Lloyd of Clemson, devoted himself mainly to the importance of building up the dairy herd. The main requirement to this end, he impressed upon his audiences, is a thoroughbred bull of a recognized dairy breed. He considers that the bull amounts to half the herd, and he advised the people that until they give attention to this subject they were wasting a good deal of valuable time. He especially wanted the people around Yorkville to realize what a fine opportunity they had for the development of a paying renutatlon for keenine fine dairv cat tie. He said that If the people here would get fine bulls and give the right kind of attention to the breeding of their cows, the time would come when this would be a noted market, the animals in which would always command fancy prices. Prof. Mason talked along practical lines also. He discussed the best feed ration, holding that corn ground up with the cobs, is better than cotton seed meal. He urged the advantage of silos and stressed the necessity of sanitary handling of milk, etc. He also earnestly advised the adoption of a system of weighing milk instead of measuring. In fact he discussed almost everything connected with dairying and all that he said was sound and sensible. Mr. B. Harris, the well known dairyman of Pendleton, happened to be in town, and made a talk that was full of good common sense that had developed out of long experience. It was the verdict of his very appreciative audience that the experts did not have It in him much if any at all. During the day dairymen brought in twenty-five or more samples of milk to he tested, and these tests were made by Mr. Qulnnerly, the Southern's demonstrator. At night Mr. Mason lectured in the court house to a fairly good sized and very much Interested audience, Illustrating his lectures with stereopticon views. The lecture covered sanitation | about bams and in the care of milk, the different breeds of dairy and beef cattle, especially dairy cattle, and the characteristics of each, diseases of cat- 1 tie, particularly Texas fever and tuber- | culosfs and other matters of this char- ' acter. In a talk with The Enquirer, Captain Morgan expressed himself as delighted i with the reception of his car at Yorkville. He explained the presence of the car like this: "Of course I'll not compare this country to a desert, for i It Is anything else; but you can understand that while a railroad may make mnnw hnulinsr srtods throueh a desert. It could get very little profit out of the desert Itself. As great as Is the development of this country, It Is nothing to what It should be. The Southern railway is trying to build for the future. It believes that the development of dairying will make more for the prosperity of the people and consequently for the future profit of the railroad and for that reason it is doing all it enn to develop the dairy Industry." Asked as to how his crowd in Yorkville compared in size and interest with the crowds that had met his car at other points, he said that his car had been on the road since February 12, and that the attendance here was twice as great as at any other point visited. There was quite a large crowd at South Boston, Va., but not nearly so large as at Yorkville, and he was very much impressed here with the general information that was evidenced by the questions asked the different lecturers. The people here, he said, know a good deal; but what is better than that maybe, they have an Idea of the fact that thev still lack a great deal and they want to learn. People who still want to learn are always better Informed than the people who think they know It all to begin with." LOCAL LACONIC8. . Lynching At Blacksburg. ( Information comes from Blacksburg that two negroes, Joe Brlson and Frank Fowler, alias Whisonant, were lynched there last night. The crime for which the negroes were lynched is unmentionable. The victim was a white man. Hickory Grove Baseball Team. "V The Hickory Grove baseball team has been chosen as follows: Charlton Good, catcher; Stark Slaughter, 1st base; W. T. Slaughter, Jr., 2d base; Jack Leech, shortstop; Moffatt McKnight. 3d base; Ralph Castles, rightfield; Fulton Whisonant, center-field; Harry Allison, left-field; Gower Slaughter, pitcher. The Dispensary Fund. Superintendent of Education Swearingen, Comptroller General Jones and Treasurer Jennings have apportioned the dispensary fund according to law. There are 354,270 children In the state, the $99,195.60 on hand gives them 28 cents each. York county has 12,550 children enrolled, and will receive $3,514. The York county board of education will distribute this fund on an equitable basis, considering the weaker schools first. May Go to Anniston, Ala. Fort Mill Times: Members of the local military company will be interested to know there is a probability that the encampment this year of the three regiments of South Carolina militia may be held at Annlston, Ala. A message was received at Anniston a few days ago from Congressman Blackmon in which it was stated that the war department had signed orders for 25,000 to 30,000 soldiers from Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Georgia, r lunua, ivciuuuxv)', a cnntoocc, iiu* n? and South Carolina to encamp at Anniston for the summer manoeuvres. As is customary at encampments a detachment of regular army officers and men will be detailed to Anniston to act as instructors. Negro Boy Kills Another. Senior Jackson, a negro boy, aged 15, was shot and killed last Monday afternoon by Frank Ross, aged about 9. The killing occurred in a pasture on the J. W. Lowry place, near McConnell8vllle. There were three boys in the party, and also a shotgun. Fletcher Robblns and Senior Jackson were having a friendly scuffle. Jackson was underneath. Ross picked up the gun, cocked it, pointed it at Robbins and said he was going to shoot. Robbins Jumped up In alarm and as Jackson was also trying to rise the gun was discharged. The charge struck Jackson in the neck, and he died a short time afterward. Coroner Louthian went down to McConnellsvllle on Tuesday, accompanied by Sheriff Brown and Deputy Sheriff Quinn, and held an inquest. The information developed was as above. The Ross boy was taken into the custody of the sheriff. Rock Hill's Street Railway. Rock Hill special of March 27 to the News and Courier: The Carolina Traction company, which six or eight weeks ago began the operation of Edison storage battery cars on the streets of Rock Hill, has ordered built another car for their service. The cars have been well patronized from the start and they have proven perfectly satisfactory in all respects. It was feared at the first that with a heavy load the IJ 1 1.1 ~ I ? I'ttra wuuiu nave iivuuic in iicsuiianue the heavy grade and sharp curve where the line crosses the bridge over the Southern's main line, but such fears have proven groundless. They have made this run without any trouble whatever after the first day, and on one occasion, when the car was packed to its utmost capacity with about 125 persons aboard, It took the bridge without the slightest trouble. The new car which has to be built, will come into service about commencement time. Smallpox In Bullock's Creek. The Enquirer's Bullock's Creek correspondent writes under date of March 25: "There has been an epidemic of smallpox among the colored population of this neighborhood for several weeks. There were eleven cases on Mr. J. E. McAliley's place; three on Mr. R. F. Bankhead's place; two on Mr. H. D. Cranford's and four on Mr. T. M. Whisonant's place. It is also reported that there is a case on Mr. John E. Plexico's place at Hoodtown. There has not been a single white victim of the disease thus far. It was a hard matter for Dr. W. S. McMurray to convince a good many people, and even the negroes themselves, who had the disease, that It was really smallpox, as It was of such a mild form that those who had it suffered very little. They insisted that it was chlckenpox. However, there was only one bad case out of the twenty who had it. That was a negro woman on Mr. J. E. McAliley's place. Dr. James Hayne, of the state board of health, of Columbia, was here Friday. It seems that the situation is under pretty good control now, as all the houses where the disease has been, are under quarantine, and nearly every person, ootn wnue ana black, in the community, has been vaccinated. No new cases have developed in the last few days." The Race for the Senate. Rock Hill Record: There has been considerable said and written as to who will run for the senate for this county. It has been stated that Dr. J. H. Save of Sharon, would be a candidate. Thos. F. McDow, Esq., of Yorkville and also Mayor Roddey of this city, have also been mentioned. A representative of the Record asked Mayor Roddey yesterday the pointed question if he had an idea of offering for the senate and he stated "none whatever." A 'phone message from Dr. Save this morning stated that he would not be in the race. Mr. McDow, on being asked about the matter, stated that he would be a candidate for the [senate. So, as the matter stands now, he is the only candidate for this office, as Senator Stewart is going to leave the state. Mr. McDow, if elected to this position, will no doubt make a fine official, as he is very competent and popular throughout the county. It has also been stated that Dr. Saye would not offer for the house again on account of its taking up so much of < bis time, as. in addition to looking after a considerable medical practice, he i is president of the First National bank of Sharon and also has considerable farming Interests. It Is hoped, i if he has expressed himself In this < way, that he will reconsider, for It is i business men of this kind who handle 1 and know how to handle business i propositions, that we need in positions i of this kind. i AFTER THE BANK EXAMINER. Governor BIosm Call* for the Reeignation of Mr. Rhame. Governor Blease has written a warm letter to Mr. B. J. Rhame, state bank examiner, because of a presumed dereliction of duty. The Lexington Savings bank, a private Institution owned by W. P. Roof, and with a large line of deposits, was forced into voluntary bankruptcy last week by uneasv creditors, and it has developed that the bank has been in a shaky condition for several years. Records in the office of the state treasurer show that two years ago, Giles L. Wilson, the then bank examiner, made a report showing that although the bank had a large line of deposits its resources were loaned up to the handle on securities that were more or less doubtful, and Mr. Wilson reported to Governor Ansel that the situation was "scary." The records show that Governor Ansel referred the matter to Attorney General Lyon; but there is nothing on file to show that Attorney General Lyon took any official action. Additional similar reports have been made by Examiner Rhame during the administration of Governor Blease, but they have been made to the state treasurer, and not especially to Governor Blease. Governor Blease procured the records from the office of the treasurer by calling for them, as he has a right to under the constitution. The report of Giles L. Wilson on March 10, 1910, called attention to quite a number of loans exceeding the lawful limit, as follows: W. P. Roof ; 50,000 00 W. P. Roof Joint with Allen Jones 46,000 00 W. P. Roof, demand 17,500 00 Allen Jones, endorsed by Wilie Jones, W. A. Clark, et al 48,600 00 D. J. Griffith 12,103 29 and others too numerous to be listed here. A report by Examiner Rhame, on February 6, 1912; but not made to Governor Blease, showed among other loans exceeding the legal limit the following; J. P. Barber 8 6,690 36 J. P. Clark, open 1,000 00 Clark & Clark 11,598 92 Claims, Lexington county approved 21,337 62 D. J. Griffith 16,733 78 Allen Jones, endorsed, Wilie Jones, W. A. Clark, Joint with W. P. Roof 46,000 00 Lexington Supply Co 3,101 91 Palmetto Cotton Mills 25,079 53 W. P. Roof and Allen Jones, Joint, open 114,654 57 Sam P. Roof, open 14,049 27 W. P. Roof and Bar Lumber Company 2,500 00 Sax-Gotha Mills, Allen Jones W. P. Roof 15,622 47 Valley Falls Mfg. Co., Allen Jones, Wilie Jones, W. A. Clark, W. P. Roof .... 15,111 96 The information outlined above was secured by the governor from Treasurer Jennings In response to letters asking for the same, and at the same time the governor wrote Attorney General Lyon with a view to ascertaining what had been done by his department in the matter and what could be done. While waiting for a report from the attorney general the governor also wrote Mr. Rhame as follows: "March 26, 1912?Mr. B. J. Rhame. State Examiner, Columbia, S. C.? Dear Sir: I notice from reports filed February 6, 1912; March 3, 1911; and April 15, 1910. that the Lexington Savings bank has been in very serious trouble for some montha I also notice Mr. Wilson, your predecessor, in 1910, says in one of his reports: 'Full reports submitted to governor for review and advice. Schedules B and C scare me.' "Will you please be so kind as to advise me why you did not call my attention to the condition of this bank, particularly when you and your assistants knew that the superintendent of the state penitentiary had many thousands of dollars deposited therein U.1IU CUZHJ III til iUQ tuuill/ iicoouioi Lexington county had many thousands of dollars of the county's money deposited therein. If you had called my attention to this matter as Mr. Wilson did Governor Ansel's attention, I would have immediately, upon the filing of your report on February 1. 1911, ordered that proper proceedings be instituted to protect the Interests of the county and state. I consider your failure in this matter dereliction of duty, and unless you can give a satisfactory explanation I would advise that you at once tender your resignation as state bank examiner, and save any further unpleasantness. We do not want In this state carelessness or negligence in office; ignorance is no excuse. I would also be glad If you would advise me why you did not act in accordance with Section 2,351, new Code of Laws of South Carolina, when you found the condition of the Lexington Savings bank, one year ago. Very respectfully, Cole L. Blease, Governor." ARE THE LISTS CLOSED? Gubernatorial Situation Unsatisfactory to Many People. There is an element not altogether satisfied to confine the choice of governor to the two gentlemen already announced, and this element would be glad to have one or more In the race in order that they may not be forced to accept either of the two, who, from all indications are going to make a campaign of personal bitterness. Both of the candidates now before the voters, for a number of years have had personal antipathy for one another, and nothing the one would do, or say, would meet with the approval of the other. Therefore, the campaign which they will make cannot be of an educational value to the masses. The time of these two gentlemen, will be taken up In criticising each other, and thus, the material things which are of vital interest to the masses who have the taxation for the support of the government to bear, will be obscured. Because of this condition there is a growing demand for more material to select from, and it would not surprise us In the least did others "throw their hats in the ring" before the time expires for the filing of pledges. We have been asked the question "by what authority do those who insist there should be only two candidates for governor?" The office belongs to the masses, and not to a coterie of newspaper editors aided and abetted by a few politicians. This being true, and the fundamental principle of the primary system being to give to the voters material to select from, it Is contended that to close the door of opportunity against others who aspire to this high position, is not in accordance with the principles of democracy, but on the contrary, it is worse than the caucus system of the convention plan the people repudiated in 1890. A precedent set this year to permit a rew persons 10 dictate me number of candidates there shall be for an office, and, too, who those candidates shall be, in our judgment, will be the beginning of the end of the primary system, and in the course of a short time place the selectior of those who are to serve the state, in the control of the few. The tendency on the part of some is to obtain control through the elimination of the masses by requiring restrictions in the primary which will insure this control, and, once the masses "go to sleep at the switch." their political rights will be wrecked forevermore. The point we make is that no man or set of men have a patent right on the privilege of being a candidate for the office of governor or any other office, therefore, when gentlemen contemplate asking the people of the state to consider claims for their suffrage. It is the height of arrogance for those interested In the candidacy of one who got Into the running before the cus tomary time for announcements, to attempt to create a feeling of resentment against such, and It is our honest opinion, the conditions the voters will confront this summer warrant the entrance of men who are prompted from motives of patriotism. The i question Is. will other aspirants for governor permit themselves to be held i off to gratify a sentiment that Is not < high, nor Is It for the good of the state? What does it behoove the masses if the present governor did offend the former chief Justice, and cause 1 him to give way to passion, and re- i sign an office which he may have lost inyway If the governor was reelected i ivlth a legislature of his way of think- |i Ing? We ask why should this give Judge Jones the sole privilege of op- ? posing Governor Blease, especially when there are thousands who have no admiration for either one? We have Information, the source of which we are not at liberty to disclose, that a gentleman who Is well versed In legislation, thoroughly identified with the commercial and farming Interests of the state, always an active worker In, and for those things which tend to build up and make the masses more prosperous, is now being corresponded with, and that he is seriously considering whether or not he should make the sacrifice by offering ' himself as a candidate for tni? nign ^ office; we will nay should he decide to make the race it will be at a great sacrifice of large business interests, therefore, the only motive which could possibly actuate him would be that of patriotism. He would not be a candidate seeking revenge, nor one who has enemies to punish or friends to reward, but he would be a candidate who would use his utmost ability to bring South Carolina into the procession of progressive states of the union. Then, should such a man offer, who would say that he is an intruder? There are many who think ^ such a ckndidate Is needed, and that his reception by the thinking masses would over-balance the efforts of those who are engendering strife, and dividing the voters into bitter factions.?Manning Times. 80UTH CAROLINA NEWS. * ? In a speech at Clifton cotton mills last Tuesday, according to the Spartanburg Herald of Wednesday, Judge Jones touched on the liability of employers for injuries sustained by the workers, and it is understood that this matter will play an Important part In his campaign. He will urge, it is said, a change in the law, so that it will not be necessary for an employe who is injured in a mill in the performance of his duty to go into the courts to secure reparation. ? Columbia State, Thursday: A verdict of $1,026.86 was rendered yesterday in Richland county court In the case of Frank Q. Tompkins, chairman, against W. A. Clark. The amount Includes the $1,000 which it was alleged Mr. Clark was due the Seminole Securities company for 1,000 shares of stock which he is alleged to have agreed to buy and Interest on the amount at seven per cent. Mr. Clark was given credit for dividends declared in favor of other stockholders before the company was put into the hands of the recelvera ? Newberry, March 26: Sheriff Buford was called to Slighs yesterday afternoon to arrest a man, who, under % the influence of whisky, was causing a good deal of trouble; among other things, preventing one of the rural mall carriers from going out on his route with the mail. He had a shotgun with which he threatened to shoot. The sheriff went down on the afternoon train, arrested his man and brought him to jail on the evening train. He submitted to arrest without giving any trouble. The warrant for the arrest was sworn out by the postmaster at Slighs. ? Chester special of March 27, to Columbia State: Acting under instructions from J. Fraser Lyon, attornew general, a nol pros was entered here this afternoon in the Chester county court against the Blocks of Macon, and I. W. Bernhelm, of Louisville, Ky., charged with conspiracy to defraud the state of South Carolina in connection wnn me anairn 01 me j old state dispensary. The letter from V. the attorney general contained a check for $2,600. The attorney general also directed that the bond of $6,000 put up by Bernheim to guarantee tyls presence aa a witness be estreated, the entire $7,600 to be given to Ches- + ter county. ? Columbia special of March 27 to News and Courier: The Stackhouse winding-up commission, composed of Messrs. Wade Stackhouse, chairman; J. V, Wallace, T. F. Brantley, F. H. Do mi nick and E. M. Thompson, will file its final report with Governor Ble&ae this week, In accordance with . the Crosson bill and will, go out of office. The report Is now ready. One matter which the report will show Is that the balance of the overcharges due the state by the Richland Distilling company has been settled through Col. B. L. Abney, who was employed by this commission for this work. The Rich- yf land Dlstiling company settled for $26,000 In cash and $96 shares of capital stock in the Richland Distilling company at the par value of $100 each, which gives the state the Richland Distilling company's property here, valued at about $30,000, besides the $26,000 In cash. $12,600 of which has already been paid, and the other mA $12,500 will be paid in when the attorney general enters a nolle prosse against the Blocks at the spring teraa of court In Chester, an indictment being now pending in that court against them. This settlement was made by Col. Abney at the request of the commission, and with the approval of the attorney if general. This winds up the acts of the Stackhouse and Ansel . commissions, under the provisions of the Crosson acts. The above Information was obtained from a copy of the report which Governor Blease has. The Ansel com mission, or the Murray commission, as it is sometimes called, was composed of Dr. W. J. Murray, chairman; John McSween, J. Steele Brice, Avery Patton and A. N. Wood. . ? Columbia, March 27: "The fram- ^ ers of the constitution did not contemplate finesupn distinctions between those depositing .money in the bank subject to a draft,' and those receiving time certificates for their deposits; nor the characteristics of a certificate of deposit, and those of a promissory note. It makes no difference how much simlliarlty there may be between a time certificate of deposit and a promissory note, it does not prevent the person receiving the certificate of deposit from still occupying the relations of a depositor. No authority has been cited and we do not believe any can be found, sustaining the proposition that a party depositIng money in a bank in the usual course of business and accepting time certificates is not to be regarded as a depositors." This conclusion was reach- ^ ed by Chief Justice Gary in affirming * the Union county court in the case a of J. H. Wilkes and company against B. F. Arthur and others. The action was brought in the Union county court by J. H. Wilkes and company. King Hardware company and Lady Schumpert against B. F. Arthur and numerous other parties, named as the stockholders of the People's bank, of Union, an Insolvent corporation. The action was brought by the plaintiffs in " behalf of themselves and all other depositors of the People's bank. There was an order of reference to the matter to take the testimony and report upon all Issues Involved, from which order there was an appeal, but the appeal was dismissed. The master made his report, which was conlirmed by the circuit court except In certain particulars. An appeal waa then taken to the supreme court. The first question raised was whether the claim of any of the depositors had been legally proved under the order of reference. Another Allen In Custody.?Claude Swanson Allen, one of the gang that shot up the Hlllsvllle court house, surrendered yesterday to members of the posse that has been searching for the f outlaws during the past two weeks. While Detective Lucas and four men were working along the Mt. Airy road in the direction of Floyd Allen's house, Claude Swanson Allen came out of the bushes, holding up his hands, with a pistol in each, and said he wanted to * surrender. He was tired and hungry and said that he had not slept in a bed in two weeks. He made no hesitation in admitting his part in the court house tragedy. He said he saw his Uncle Sidna shooting at Clerk Good and he fired four shots at Clerk Good's head. He said his brother, Victor, called to him to stop, but he had already fired all his cartridges. Claude Swanson Allen is to be taken to Roanoke. There are three outlaws still at large?Sidna Allen, his nephew, Friel. and Wesley Edwards. Reports a are to the effect that these will be captured within the next day or two: J but it is not expected that they will be taken without a fight. Women of Virginia have started a movement to present a gold medal to Jezebel Good, daughter of the clerk of the court, who went to her father while the W shooting was on and gave him a fresh revolver.