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l. * grists sons, Pubii.h.r., ( S 4ami,5 JBews?ap?t: ^or the fromoiion o( th<folitifll,?*i[iat, g-flrieaUnitat and (Commnjcial Jntfresls of th< $e?jl^ 1 '""moLK^ tv,'"".'"?T" ESTABLISHED 1888. YORKVILLE. STC., FRIDAY, JULY 5, 19tg. NO. 54. PRINCIPLES 01 r Platform Adopte< At Bal - IT MEANS EQUAi Tariff Must be Revised Downwa Something?All Delegates 1 Primaries Hereafter?The I The full text of the platform adopted by the Democratic convention was as follows: Baltimore, July, 2.?The full text of the platform submitted to the Democratic national convention for adoption Is as follows: We, the representatives of the Democratic party of the United States, in the national convention assembled, reaffirm our devotion to the principles of Democratic government formulated by Thomas 'Jefferson and enforced by a long and illustrious line _ of Democratic presidents. 9 Tariff Raform. i We declare it to be a fundamental principle of the Democratic party that the Federal government under the constitution has no right or power to impostor collect tariff duties, except for the purposes of revenue, and we demand that the collection of such taxes shall be limited to the necessities of government honestly and I economically administered. The high Republican tariff Is the principle cause the unequal distribution of wealth; it is a system of taxa^ tlon which makes the rich richer and the poor poorer; under its operations the American farmer and laboring man are the chief sufferers;' it raises the cost of the necessaries of life to them, but does not protect their product or wages. The farmer sells largely in free markets and buys almost entirely in the protected markets. In the most highly protected industries such as cotton and wool, steel and Iron, the wages of the laborers are ^ the lowest paid in any of our industries. We denounce the Republican pretense on that subject and assert that American wages are established by competitive conditions and not by the tariff. We favor the immediate downward revision of the existing high and, in many cases, prohibitive tariff duties, insisting that material reductions be speedily made upon the necessaries of life. Articles entering into competition with trust controlled products and articles of American manufacture * which are sold abroad more cheaply than at home, should be put upon the free list. We recognize that our system of tariff taxation is intimately connected with the business of the country and we favor the ultimate attainment of the principles we advocate by legislation that will not injure or destroy legitimate industry. We denounce the action of President Taft in vetoeing the bills to reduce the tariff in the cotton, woolen, ft metals and chemical schedules and the farmers free list bill, all of which were designed to give Immediate "relief to the masses from the exactions of the trusts. The Republican party, while prom* ising tariff revision as shown by its tariff legislation that such revision is | not to be in the people's Interests and having been faithless to its pledges of 1908 It should no longer enjoy the confidence of the nation. We appeal to the American people to support us in our demand for a tariff for revenue only. tHigh Cost of Living. The high cost of living is a serious problem in every American home. The Republican party, in its platform, attempts to escape from responsibility for present conditions by denying that they are due to a protective tariff. We take issue with them on this subject and charge that excessive prices result In a large measure from the high tariff laws enacted and maintained by the Republican party and from trusts and commercial conspira. cies fostered and encouraged by such ^ laws, and we assert that no substantial ' relief <*- n be secured for the people until import duties on the necessaries of life are materially reduced and these chiminal conspiraces broken up. Anti-Trust Law. W A private monopoly is indefensible and intolerable. We therefore favor the vigorous enforcement of the criminal as well as the civil law against trusts and trust officials and demand the enactment of such additional legislation as may be necessary to " make it Impossible for a private monopoly to exist In the United States. We favor the declaration by laws of the conditions upon which corpora0 tions shall be permitted to engage in Interstate trade, including, among others, the prevention of holding com panies. or interiocKing directors, ui stock catering, of discrimination in price, and the control by any one corporation of so large a proportion of any industry as to make it a menace to competitive conditions. We condemn the action of the Republican arministeration in compromising with the Standard Oil Company (and the Tobacco Trust and its failure to invoke the criminal provisions of the anti-trust law against the officers of those corporations after the court had declared that from the undisputed facts in the record they had violated the criminal provisions of the law. We regret that the Sherman antitrust law has received a judicial construction depriving it of much of its efficacy and we favor the enactment of legislation which will restore to the statute the strength of which it has been deprived by such Interpretation. Rights of the States. We believe in tfoe preservation and maintenance in their full strength and integrity of the three co-ordinate branches of the Federal government? the executive, the legislative and the ^ judicial?each keeping within its own bounds and not encroaching upon the just powers of either of the others. Believing that the most efficient re f DEMOCRACY. i by Convention timore. I RIGHTS TO ALL ird?Anti-Trust Laws that Mean Vfust be Elected by Preferential People Must Rule. suits under our system of government are to be attained by the full exercise by the state of their reserved sovereign powers, we denounce as usurpation the efforts of our opponents to deprive the states of any of the rights reserved to them, and to enlarge and magnify by indirection the powers of the Federal government. We insist upon the full exercise of all the powers of the government, both state and national to protect the people from injustices at the hands of those who seek to make the governments a private asset in business. There is no twilight zone between the nation and the state in which exploiting interests can take refuge from both. It is necessary that the Federal government shall exercise the powers reserved to them, but we insist that Federal remedies for the regulation of interstate commerce and for the prevention of private monopoly shall be added to and not substituted for state remedies. Income Tax and Popular Election of Senator*. We congratulate the country upon the triumph of two important reforms demanded in the last national platform, namely, the amendment of the Federal constitution authorizing an income tax and the amendment providing for the popular election of senators, and we call upon the people of all the states to rally to the support of the pending propositions and secure their ratification. We note with gratification the unanimous sentiment in favor of publicity before the election, of campaign contributions?a measure demanded in our national platform of 1908 and at that time opposed by the Republican party?and we commend the Democratic house of representatives for extending the doctrine of publicity to recommendations. verbal and written upon which presidential appointments are made, to the ownership and control of newspapers and to the expenditures made by and in behalf of those who aspire to presidential nominatians, and we point for additional justification for this legislation to the enormous expenditures of money in behalf of the president and his predecessor in the recent contest for the Republican nomination for president. Presidential Primaries. The movement towards more popular government should be promoted through legislation in each state which will permit the expression of the preference of the electors for national candidates at presidential primaries. We direct that the national committee incorporate in the call for the next nominating convention a requirement that all expressions of preference for presidential candidates shall be given and the selection of delegates and alternates made through a primary election conducted by the party organization in each state where such expression and election are not provided for by state law. Committeemen who are hereafter to constitute the membership of the Democratic national committee and whose election is not provided for by law shall be chosen in each state at such primary elections and the service and authority of committeemen, however chosen, shall begin immediately upon the receipt of their credentials, respectively. Campaign Contributions. We pledge the Democratic party to the enactment of a law prohibiting any corporation from contributing to a campaign fund and any individual from contributing any amount above a reasonable maximum. Term of President. We favor a single presidential term, and to that end urge the adoption of an amendment to the constitution making the president of the United States Ineligible for re-election and we pledge the candidate of this convention to this principle. Democratic Congress. At this time when the Republican party after a generation of unlimited power in Its control of the Federal government, is rent into factions, it is opportune to point to the record of accomplishment of. the Democratic house of representatives in the Sixty-second Congress. We endorse its action and we challenge comparison of its record with that of any congress which has been controlled by our opponents. We call the attention of the patriotic citizens of our countdy to its record of efflciensy economy and constructive legislation. It has, among other achievements, revised the rules of the house of representatives so as to give to the representatives of the American people freedom of speech and of action in advocating, proposing and perfecting remedial legislation. It has passed bills for the relief of the people and the development of our country; it has endeavored to revise the tariff taxes downward in the interest of the consuming masses and thus to reduce the high cost of living. It has proposed an amendment to the Federal constitution providing for the election of United States senators by the direct vote of the people. It has secured the admission of Arizona and New Mexico as two sovereign states. It has required the publicity of campaign expenses both before and after election and fixed a limit upon the election expenses of United States senators and representatives. It has also passed a bill to prevent the abuse of the writ of injunction. It has passed a law establishing an eight-hour day for workmen on all national public work. It has passed a resolution which forced the president to take immediate steps to abrogate the Russian treaty. And it has passed the great supply bills which lessen waste and extravagance and which reduce the annual expenses of the government by many millions of dollars. We approve the measure reported by the Democratic leaders in the house of representatives for the creation of a council of national defense, which will determine a definite naval program with a view to increased efficiency and economy. The party that proclaimed and has always enforced the Monroe Doctrine, and was sponsor for the new navy, will continue faithfully to observe the constitutional requirements to provide and maintain an adequate and well proportioned navy sufficient to defend American policies, protect our citizens and uphold the honor and dignity of the nation. RftnuMiean Extravaaine*. We denounce the profligate waste of the money wrung from the people by oppressive taxation through the lavish appropriations of recent Republican congresses, which have kept taxes high, and reduced the purchasing power of the people's toil. We demand a return to that simplicity and economy which beflts a Democratic government and a reduction in the number of useless offices, the salaries of which drain the substance of the people. Railroads, Express Companies, Telegraph and Telephone Lines. We favor the efficient supervision and rate regulation of railroads, express companies, telegraph and telephone lines engaged in interstate commerce. To this end we recommend the valuation of railroads, express companies, telegraph and telephone lines by the Interstate commerce commission, such valuation to take into consideration the physical value of the property, the original cost, the cost of reproduction, and any element of value that will render the valuation fair and just. We favor such legislation as will effectually prohibit the railroads, express, telegraph and telephone conpanies from engaging in business which brings them into competition with their shippers or patrons; also legislation preventing the over-issue of stocks and bonds by interstate railroads, express companies, telegraph - ?J II*-, /vn on/I loo'lolo t inn til iu inc^uuiac lllico, oku |vqiu<mv>w*i which will assure such reductions in transportation rates as conditions will permit, care being: taken to avoid reduction that would compel a reduction of wages, prevent adequate service, or do injustice to legitimate investments. Banking Legislation. We oppose the so-called Aldrich bill or the establishment of a central bank and we believe the people of the country will be largely freed from panics and consequent unemployment and business depression by such a sympathetic revision of our banking laws as will render temporary relief in localities where such relief Is needed, with protection from control or dominion by what is known as the money trust. Banks exist for the accommodation of the public and not for the control of business. All legislation on the subject of banking and currency should have for its purpose the securing of these accommodations on terms of absolute security to the public and of complete protection from the misuse of the power that wealth gives to those who possess it. We condemn the present methods of depositing government funds in a few favored banks, largely situated in or controlled by Wall street, in return for political favors, and we pledge our party to provide by law for their deposit by competitive bidding in the banking institutions of the country, national and state, without discrimination as to locality upon approved securities and subject to call by the government. Rural Credits. Of equal importance with the question of currency reform is the question of rural credits or agricultural finance. Therefore we recommend that an investigation of agricultural credit societies in foreign countries be made, so that it may be ascertained whether a system of rural credits may be devised suitable to conditions in the United States; and we also favor legislation permitting national banks to loan a reasonable proportion of their funds on real estate security. We recognize the value of vocational education and urge Federal appropriations for such training and extensive teaching in agriculture in co-operation with the several states. Waterways. We renew the declaration In our last platform relating to the conservation of our natural resources and the development of our waterways. The present devastation of the lower Mississippi Valley accentuates the movement for the regulation of river flow by additional bank and levee protection below and the diversion, storage and control of the flood waters above and the utilization for the beneficial Dumoses in the reclamation of arid and swamp lands and the development of waterpower instead of permitting the floods to continue, as heretofore, agents of destruction. We hold that the control of the Mississippi river is a national problem. The preservation of the depth of its water for the purpose of navigation, the building of levees to maintain the Integrity of Its channel, and the prevention of the overflow of the land and its consequent devastation, resulting in the interruption of interstate commerce, the disorganization of the mail service and the enormous loss of life and property impose an obligation, which alone can be discharged by the general government. To maintain an adequate depth of water the entire year and 1 encourage water transportation is a consummation worthy of legislative attention and presents an issue national in its character. It calls for prompt action on the part of congress, and the Democratic party pledges itself to the enactment of legislation leading to that end. We favor the co-operation of the United States and the respective states in plans for the comprehensive treatment of all waterways with cooperative plans for channel improvement with plans for drainage of swamp and overflowed lands and to this end we favor the appropriation by the Federal government of sufficient ' to develop plana for draining the same funds to make surveys of such lands and to supervise the work of construction. We favor the adoption of a liberal and comprehensive plan for the development and Improvement of our inland waterways with economy and efficiency, so as to permit their navigation by vessels of standard draft. Pott Roads. We favor national aid to state and local authorities in the construction and maintenance of post roads. Rights of Labor. We repeat our declarations of the platform of 1908 as follows: | "The courts of justice are the bulwark* of our liberties, and we yield to none in our purpose to maintain their dignity. Our party has given to the bench a long line of distinguished Justices who have added to the respect and confidence in which the department must be jealously maintained. We resent the attempt of the Republican party to raise a false issue respecting the judiciary. It is an unimnn fha (TTAOt h/lHv fit JUOl I DllCVil HI upvil V??W q- vvv wv?.# -our citizens to assume that they lack respect for the courts. "It is the function of tne courts to interpret the laws which the people enact, and if the laws appear to work economic, social, or political injustice, it is our duty to change them. The only basis upon which the integrity of our courts can stand is that of unswerving justice and protection of life, personal liberty and property. As judicial processes may be abused we should guard them against abuse. "Experience has proved the necessity of. a modification of the law relating to injunction and we reiterate the pledges of our platform of 1896 and 1904 in favor of a measure which passed the United States senate in 1896, relating to contempt in Federal courts and providing for trial by Jury in cases of indirect contempt. Questions of judicial practice have arisen, especially in connection with industrial disputes. We believe that the parties to all judicial proceedings should be treated with rigid impartiality, and that injunctions should not be issued in any case in which an injunction would not issue if no industrial dispute were involved. The expanding organization of industry makes it essential that there should be no abridgement of the right of the wage earners and producers to organize for the protection of wages and the improvement of labor conditions, to the end that such labor organizations and their members should not be regarded as illegal combinations in restraint of trade. "We pledge the Democratic party to the enactment of a law creating a department of labor represented separately In the president's cabinet, in which department shall be Included the subject of mines and mining." We pledge the Democratic party, so far as the Federal jurisdiction extends, to an employes' compensation law providing adequate indemnity for injury to body or loss of life. Conservation. We believe in the conservation and the development for the use of all the people, of the natural resources of nit? uuuuiry, uui iui coio, uui own* of water supply, our arable and our mineral lands, our navigable streams and all the other material resources with which our country has been so lavishly endowed, constitute the foundation of our national wealth. Such additional legislation as may be necessary to prevent their being wasted or absorbed by special or privileged interests, should be enacted and the policy of their conservation should be rigidly adhered to. The public domain should be administered and disposed of with due regard to the general welfare. Reservations should be limited to the purpose which they purport to serve and not extended to Include land wholly unsuited therefor. The unnecessary withdrawal from sale and settlement of enormous tracts of public land, upon which tree growth never existed and canot be prompted, tends to retard development, create discontent and bring reproach upon the policy of conservation. The public land laws should be administered in a spirit of the broadest liberality towards the settler, exhibiting a bone-fide purpose to comply therewith, to the end that the Invitation of this government to the landless should be as attractive as possible; and the plain provisions of the forest reserve act permitting homesi ead entries to be made within the national forest should not be nullified by administrative regulations which amount to? a withdrawal of great areas of the same from settlement. Immediate action should be taken by congress to make available the vast and valuable coal deposits of Alaska under conditions that "will be a perfect guaranty against their falling into the hand of monopolizing corporations, associations or interests. We rejoice In the inheritance of mineral reserves unequalled In extent, variety or value and in the developi ment of a mining industry unequalled In its magnitude and Importance. We honor the men who, in their hazardous toil underground, dally risk their lives in extracting and preparing for our use the products of the mine, so es sential to the Industries, the commerce and the comfort of the people of this country. And we pledge ourselves to the extension of the work of the bureau of mines In every way appropriate for national legislation with a view of safeguarding the lives of the miners, lessening the waste of essential resources, and promoting the economic development of mining, which, along with agriculture, must in the future, even more than In the past, serve as the very foundation of our national prosperity and welfare and our international commerce. Agriculture. We believe in encouraging the development of a modern system of agriculture and a systematic effort to improve the conditions of trade In farm products so as to benefit both the consumers and producers. And as an efficient means to this end, we favor the enactment by congress of legislation that will suppress the pernicious practice of gambling in agricultural products by organized exchanges or others. Merchant Marine. We believe in fostering, by constitutional regulation of commerce,. the growth of a merchant marine, which shall develop and strengthen the commercial ties which bind us to our sister republics of the south, but without imposing additional burdens upon the people and without bounties or subsidies from the public treasury. We urge upon congress the speedy enactment of laws for the greater security of life and property at sea; and we favor the repeal of all laws and the abrogation of so much of our treaties with other nations, as provide for the arrest and imprisonment of seamen charged with desertion or violation of their contract of 'service. Such laws and treaties are ; un-American and violate the spirit, if not the letter, of the constitution of the United States. We favor the exemption from tolls of American ships engaged in coastwise trade passing through the canal. . We also favor legislation forbidding the use of the Panama canal by ships owned or controlled by railroad carriers engaged in transportation competitive with the canal. Purs Food and Public Haulth. We reaffirm our previous declarations advocating the union and strengthening of the various governmental agencies relating to pure foods, quarantine, vital statistics and human health. Thus united and administered without partiality to or to discrimination against any school of medicine or system of healing, they would constitute a single health service, not sub VlUlliaiCU IV ailj vvMiiu^ivia? VI ...MM, cial Interest, but devoted exclusively to the conservation of human life and efficiency. Moreover, this health service should co-operate with the health agencies of our various states and cities, without interference with their prerogatives or with the freedom of individuals to employ such medical or hygienic aid as they may see fit. Civil 8srvic? Law. The law pertaining to the civil service shpuld be honestly and rigidly enforced, to the end that merit and ability shall be the standard of appointment and promotion rather than service rendered to a political party; and we favor a reorganization of the civil service with adequate compensation commensurate with the class of work performed for all officers and employes. We also recommend the extension to all clases of civil service employers of the benefits of the provisions of the employers liability law; we also recognize the right of direct petition to congress by employes for the redress of grievance. Law Reform. We recognize the urgent need of reform In the administration of civil and criminal law in the United States and we recommend the enactment of such legislation and the promotion of such measures as will rid the present legal system of the delays, expense and uncertainties incident to the system as now administered. ^ The Philippines. We reaffirm the position thrice announced by the Democracy in national convention assembled against a policy of imperialism and colonial exploitation In the Philippines or elsewhere. We condemn the experiment in imperialism as an inexcusable blunder which has Involved us in enormous, expenses, brought us weakness instead of strength, and laid our nation open to the charge of abandonment of the fundamental doctrine of self-government. We favor an immediate declaration of the nation's purpose to recognize the independence of the Philippine Islands as soon as a stable government can be established, such independence to be guaranteed by us until <he neutralization of the islands can be secured by treaty with other powers. In recognizing the independence of the Philippines our government should retain such land as may be necessary for coaling stations and naval bases. Arizona and New Mexico. We welcome Arizona and New Mexico to the sisterhood of states and heartily congratulate them upon their auspicious beginning of great ana glorious careers. Alaska. We demand for the people of Alaska the full enjoyment of the rights and privileges of a territorial form of government, and we believe that the officials appointed to administer the government of all our territories and the district of Columbia should be qualified by previous bone fide residence. The Ruaaian Treaty. We commend the patriotism of the Democratic members of the senate and house of representatives which compelled the termination of the Russian treaty of 1832, and we pledge ourselves anew to preserve the sacred rights of American citizenship at home and abroad. No treaty should receive the sanction of our government which does not recognize that equality of all of our citizens, irrespective of race or creed, and which does not expressly guarantee the fundmental right of expatiation. The" constitutional rights of American citizens should protect them on our borders and go with them throughout the world, and every American citizen residing or having property in any foreign country is entitled to and must be given the full protection of the United States government, both for himself and his property. Parcel Post and Rural Delivery. We favor the establishment of a parcel post or postal express, and also the extension of the rural delivery system as rapidly as practicable. Panama Canal ExDOSition. We hereby express our deep interposition to be held in San Francisco in 1915 and favor such encouragement as can be properly given. Protection of National Uniform. We commend to the several states the adoption of a law making it an offence for the proprietors of places of publl': amusement and entertainment to discriminate against the uniform of the United States similar to the law passed by the congress applicable to the District of Columbia and tho territories in 1911. Pensions. We renew the declaration of our last platform the declaration of our last platform relating to a generous pension policy. Rule of the People. We call attention to the fact that the Democratic party's demand for a return to t'..e rule of the people expressed in the national platform four years ago has now become the accepted doctrine of a large majority of the electors. We again remind the country that only by a larger exercise of the reserved power of the people can they protect themselves from the misuse of delegated power and the usurpation of governmental Instrumentality by special interests. For this reason, the national convention insisted on the overthrow of Cannonism and the inauguration of a system by which United States senator's could be elected by direct vote. The Democratic party offers itself to the country as an agency through which the complete overthrow and extirpation of corruption, fraud and machine rule in American politics can be effected. Conclusion. Our platform Is one of principles which we believe to be essential to our national welfare. Our pledges are made to be kept when in office as well as relied upon during the campaign, and we Invite the co-operation of all citizens, regardless of party, who believe in maintaining unimpaired the institutions and traditions of our country. LINCOLN'S GREAT MEMORY. Told of Trivial Incident After Twenty-fivo years. Judge Landls, of the northern district court of Illinois, is fond of telling this ancedote of Lincoln: In 1834, when Lincoln was a candidate for the legislature, he called on a certain farmer to ask for his support. He found him in the hay held, and was urging his cause when the dinner bell sounded. The farmer Invited him to dinner, but he declined politely, and added: "If you will let me have the scythe while you are gone I will mow round the field a couple of time?." When the farmer returned he found three rows neatly mowed. The scythe lay against the gate post, but Lincoln had disappeared. Nearly thirty years afterward, the farmer and his wife, now grown old, were at a White House reception, and stood waiting in line to shake hands with the president "When they got near him in the line," says Judge Landls, "Lincoln saw them, and, calling an aide, told him to take them to one of the small parlors, where he would see them as soon as he got through the handshaking. Much surprised, the old couple were led away. Presently Mr. Lincoln came in, and, greeting them with an outstretched hand and a warm smile, called them by name. "Do you mean to say," exclaimed the farmer, "that you remember me after an tneae yearsr " 'I certainly do,' said the president, and he went on to recall the day he had mowed round the farmer's timothy field. " 'Yes, that's so,' said the old man, still in astonishment. 'I found the field mowed and the scythe leaning: up against the gate post. But I have always wanted to ask you one thing.' " 'What is that,' asked Mr. Lincoln. " 'I always wanted to ask you, Mr. President, what you did with the whetstone?' "Lincoln smoothed his hair back from his- brows a moment, in deep thought; then his face lighted up. " 'Yes, I remember now,' he said. 'I put the whetstone on top of the high gate post.' "And when he got back to Illnols again the farmer found the whetstone on top of the grate post, where it had lain for more than twenty-five years. ?Youth's Companion. NOT HIS SYSTEM. Grace Says Rhett Started Blind Tiger Policy. "The policy of taxing blind tigers the sum of $50 every three months through summoning violators of the dispensary law to the police court and accepting and then enforcing the bond for this amount, turning it into the city treasury, was not of my creation," said Mayor Grace yesterday when asked if he had any statement to make regarding the report from Columbia thflt the Investigating committee of the legislature might look into this phase of the dispensary situation in following up its investigation of the graft charges against the state constables and rural police. "The system, as a system, was evolved by ex-Mayor Rhett," said Mayor Grace, "and the committee probably has access to the reports of the dispensary, in which Mr. Rhett explained the system and justified its operation. When I took office, I expressed my disapproval of the system, but there was no alternative for me to do but to continue the system of taxing the blind tigers, unless I should have consented to the loss to the city of Charleston of this revenue. With the treasury depleted, I did not see my way clear to do anything but accept the existing condition. "In the matter of collecting the tax, I will say this which the records show: That the collections are now several thousand dollars in excess of the money which was collected by Mr. Rhett's administration, and there are no more blind tigers. The collections are larger because all the violators of the law have to pay the tax and this is In line with the policy of this administration that everybody shall share alike under the law." Mayor Grace said that he has heard nothing from the legislative commit tee regarding tne matter, out tnat tne committee may rest assured that he will extend all facilities to them for information in the matter of this tax on the blind tigers, if they desire it, but as he stated above, the explanation of the system was made by Mr. Rhett and appears among the dispensary records and is ready available.? Charleston Post. Uncle Sam's Finances.?The Federal government closed the llscal year last Saturday with a surplus of $32,000,000, according to estimates based on Incomplete returns from the various sources of revenue the country over. This amount far exceeded the most sanguine expectations of Secretary MacVeagh, who months ago, estimated that the surplus would be $10,250,000. The surplus at the close of the iiscal year 1011 was $15,682,00. The failure of congress to pass the general deficiency and other appropriation bills, which would have called for large disbursements during the closing days of the fiscal year, helped the government to pile up Its surplus. Another big element in the figures was the corporation tax, which, it is calculated, brought in $27,000,000 against $33,000,000 last year. Customs receipts yielded about $310,000,000 this fiscal year against $314,000,000 last year, while internal revenue taxes amounted to $292,000,000, against $289,^)00,000. The taxation on beer Indicated that the American people consumed 63,000,000 barrels during the year. The government realized $149,000,000 on distilled spfrits, $63,000,000 on beer and $70,000,000 on tobacco. Jftisccllancous grading. THE ROBIN HOOD OF TURKEY. Tchakirdjali Made Warfare on Gov ernment That Slew Hie Father. News has lately reached this country that In Anatolia, not very far from Smyrna, the Turkish government has succeeded in capturing and putting to death a notorious brigand named Tchakirdjali. The story of the man's life Is one of those dramatic episodes which brings to mind the legendary lore of the famous Robin Hood. It runs about as follows: Years ago, in the reign of Abdul Hamid II., a brigand who had made the government much trouble in the Smyrna district was offered complete amnesty If he would come to the government office and surrender. He accepted the offer and came with his son, then a mere lad, to surrender himself. On entering the door of the government building he was shot without warning. The boy turned and fled, vowing eternal vengeance on the Turkish government. In due time the lad grew to manhood and gathered around him a band of lawless men like minded with himself. This band ntvi af irorl Alia tlmaa frAm rtr a iiuiuvcicu a i Touvua uuica vi? knv to three dozen men. All of . them, like Tchaklrdjali, were crack shots and all were armed with the newest modern repeating rifles. For many years this man and his band held sway in the mountains and valleys of Western Anatolia, not far from Smyrna. The object of their bitter animosity was mainly the Turkish government itself, and in all conflicts with soldiers sent to capture them they showed no mercy. It Is not denied that during the last 10 years at least 300 victims, most of them soldiers, have fallen to Tchaklrdjali's rifle. To capture a man of this type who knew every ravine and valley, every crag and crevice in the mountain district, was no small task, and for many years the Turkish government failed in accomplishing its object In spite of his bloodthirsty attitude toward the governmental powers, Tchaklrdjali had a most remarkable side to his character. He was profoundly religious from the Mohammedan standpoint as were also his followers, and they never omitted to observe the regulation prayer hour, wherever they might be. Nor was this man devoid of sympathy with the poor, much as he hated the predatory rich. At one time, riding along the Meander valley, he met a peasant driving in front of him a yoke of oxen. "Where are you going, my friend?" said Tchaklrdjali. "My master," was the reply. "I am going to town to sell my oxen." "What makes you sell your oxen? Are they not your means of plowing your farm?" "That is true," replied the man; "but you see, my daughter Is to be married, and I have no means to provide a dowry. This is a great shame, and I shall sell the oxen to provide a dowry." "How much do you expect to get for your oxen r asxea me Danuu. "I expect to get about 21 llras" ($80). "It is too bad," said Tchaklrdjall, "thus to sacrifice your means of living. Here are 21 liras as a dowry for your daughter; go home, my son, and keep your oxen; but remember this, when the wedding procession is formed It mu9t pass by this bridge where we now are." "God be praised!" replied the fellow; "It shall be as you say." When In due time the wedding procession was formed it came to the bridge in question, and there was Tchaklrdjall on horsebacK, alone.] Seeing the procession coming, he rode up to the bride, who was on horseback, and, taking a silver filigree necklace, he fastened It around her neck, saying: "God be with you and give you peace!" At another time this same bandit, who feared neither man nor devil, rode into a town in the Meander valley where lived three Turks who notoriously ground the faces of the poor. It was high noon, and the three men were In the mosque at prayers. Tchaklrdjall went boldly Into the mosque, and, tapping each of the three men on.the shoulder, said: "I want to see you outside." All three came out, knowing perfectly well who this man was. He then spoke to Number 1, saying, "1 want of you six hundred llras, and I want them now." To Number 2 he said, "Of you I want seven hundred 11 ? ? j T n.ont thorn now." To I Ulcus, ailU A no..? ? Number 3 he said, "I want twelve hundred llras, and I want them now." Number 3 at once began to make aome excuses, when the bandit drew his revolver and shot him. The other two, seeing that there was no effective argument under such conditions, went with Tchaklrdjali and counted out the gold. This very considerable sum he then at once proceeded to distribute among the poor of the vicinity, thus drawing down on his head a thousand heartfelt blessings. So popular was this modern Robin Hood among the peasantry that not one of them would willingly have betrayed him to the government powers. IV . ikA Yorkville?Scene near Municipal I % Some years ago the government sent word to our missionaries In Smyrna, waiting them not to go to their usual summer resort In the hills, because Tchakirdjall was in the vicinity and It could not safeguard them. On this account the missionaries remained In Smyrna that season, though, under government escort, they organized one picnic up in the hills. The following year Tchakirdjall himself called on one of the missionaries and said: "Why did you not come up to your summer resort last year?" The reply was that the government had warned missionaries against possible danger. To this he answered: "You need have no fear; you are good people, and I shall never harm a hair of your heada Oo up and take your rest this summer and feel perfectly safe." Relying on his word, those concerned went up as usual for their summer rest to their bungalows. Soon after their arrival this man himself appeared with some of his followers. He associated with the missionaries in the most gracious manner, and nlaved lawn tennis with them. keeDlna hla guards, however, always on the alert against any possible surprise by the army forces of the government. One day he said: "Perhaps you think I did not know where you went on your picnio last summer. I knew It very well, however, for while you were enjoying yourselves I and my men were behind the crags on the hills above you, and we could have shot every soldier acting as your guard had we desired to do so." This Tchaklrdjall was only about 36 years of age, and Is described by an eyewitness as short and stocky, with hla head held high In the air. His features wpre rugged and pleasing and he had remarkably expressive eyes. They were brown In color, ordinarily gentle and mild, but when the owner became excited or startled the pupils dilated and Are seemed to flash from them. At one time, yrhen one of the missionaries was with the brigand at a picnic, he seemed really annoyed when he saw the camera pointed at him. He at once lifted his revolver and remonstrated. Of course the camera was Immediately put away. The brigand then proposed target practice with revolvers. An egg was placed against a bank about SO yards away, and, with his revolver, the chief of the band broke It at the second shot At last, however, as is always the case with men of his type, the government got the better of him, although the peasantry believed that Tchaklrdjall was bullet proof. The present governor, Naxlm Pasha, de'termined to round him up and employed a large band of Circassians for this purpose. The robber band was surrounded and, after a terrific fight leaving some of their number dead, they escaped. The headless body of Tchakirdjali was found by the Circassians (he probably having killed him&elf), the robbers having removed his head and arms, as they had marks on them that would identify them. The body was, however, Identified by his wife, as also by the fact that, a little later on, his head was found buried In his father's grave.?The Outlook. The Parable of the Oxen.?A rather sporty young fellow got & position with & man who believes in exacting a full day's work from his jmployes. The new clerk, who prided himself on his cleverness, decided he would like a little time off, so he asked his employer for a vacation of three or four days, in order that he might be treated for a nervous complaint The employer gave his consent rather sourly. That afternoon, while the young fellow was present; the proprietor casually told the following story: "Once upon a time there was two oxen, one a hard-working ox, the other "a shiftless animal, who preferred resting to working. "One morning the shiftless ox confided to the other that he was going to slip away for a day or two to sample some new pasture ground. " 'Don't tell the master 1 have gone, for I shall return before my absence has been -discovered,' he said. "The other ox assented, and the lazy one departed. Two days later he returned. v_ " 'Does the master know that I have been away?' he asked. "'I believe so,' was the reply. 1/1U lit? OCVUi CH1QI / '"N-n-no, I can't say that he did,' the dutiful ox answered. " 'But you are quite sure that he did not make any comment?' the other persisted. " 'Quite sure," was the positive rejoinder. " 'If that's the case,' the other said, 'I may as well go again next week.' " 'Yes, I suppose you may,' the stayat-home said quietly. 'By the way, I forgot to mention that I noticed the master in very earnest conversation with the butcher this morning.' Before he left that evening the employe who had asked for a vacation told his employer that he was feeling much better and had decided not to leave.?Lippincott** Famous Kentucky 8quirrel Hunter,?John Bryant, who lives in the Ozark country, was in town a few days ago, looking a little feeble, but still able to stefc briskly. He is now 79 years old, says the Columbia News. Twenty years ago he was the best rifle shot in Adair county, and had the reputation of killing more squirrels during the hunting season than any other one man. He never shot a squirrel in the body. If he could not get sight at the head he waited for the opportunity and never missed a shot. It would be a difficult matter for him to estimate the number of squirrels he has killed and sold on the market in this place, but he has certainly brought down several thousand. Electric Pumping 8tation.