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^ ??K1-WEEHL^ L . grists sons. PnbUihen. j % cjfamUj Ueurapajeit: ^for the promotion of thq flulitiqal, Social, ^griqnUural and Commeqcia! Interests of the geoplq. j u"Viiout?i<?'?!"?*"era "'1' est abmshedlssa. YQRKVILLE, 8."c7TgEBDAY, OCTOBER -21, 1913. NO. 84~ /*VA ST\ fT\ A/T\ AAA /AJ twT VTIS7V TS'v VTSTV Ww VTw wTw WITHIN r BY MAR1 FROM THE PLAY OF Copyright, 1912, by the H. K. P < & ? ? $ ? ? ? *? ? $ CHAPTER IV. Inferno. The Inexorable voice went on In Ite monotone, as If he had not spoken. "And when you are really sick ana have to stop work what are you going to do then? Do you know. Mr. Glider, that the first time a straight girl steals It's often because she had to have a doctor?or some luxury like that? And some of them do worse than steal. Tea, they do?girls that started straight and wanted to stay that way. But, of course, some of them get so tired of the whole grind that?that"? Tm not their guardian. I can't watch over them after they leave the store. They are paid the current rate of wages?as much as any other store pays." As he spoke the anger pro voked by this unexpected assault on him out of the mouth of a convict flamed high in virtuous repudiation. "Why," he went on vehemently, "no man living does more for his employees than I do. Who gave the girls their fine rest rooms upstairs? I did! Who gave them the cheap lunchrooms? I did!" "But you won't pay them enough to live on!" "I pay them the same as the other stores do." he repeated sullen.'y. "But you won't pay them enough to live on!" "And so you claim that you were forced to steal, mat s tne ptea you make for yourself and your friends." "I wasn't forced to steal." came the answer, spoken In the monotone that had marked her utterance throughout most of the interview. "I wasn't forced to steal, and I didn't steal. But, all the same, that's the plea, as you call it, that I'm making for the other girls. "Won't you do something about it?" There are hundreds of them who steal because they don't get enough to eat. I said I would tell you how to stop the stealing. Well. I have done it. Give the girls a fair chance to be honest. You asked me for the names, Mr. Glider. There's only one name on which to put the blame for the whole business, and that name is Edward Gilder! Now, won't you do something about itr At that naked question the owner of the store Jumped up from his chair and stood glowering at the girl who risked a request so full of vituperation against himself. "How dare you speak to me like this?" he thundered. "Why, I dared," Mary Turner exolained, "because you have done all the harm you can to me. And now I'm trying to give you the chance to do better by the others. You ask me why I dare. I have a right to dare. I have kaati airaio-Vit all mv lifa T hovo u-ont. ed decent food and warm clothes and ?a little happiness all the time 1 have worked for you, and I have gone without those things just to stay straight. The end of it all is, you are sending me to prison for something I didn't do. That's why Ijdare!" Gilder could not trust himself Just then to an audible command. He was seriously disturbed by the gently spoken truths that had issued from the girl's lips. He was not prepared with any answer, though he hotly resented every word of her accusation. Cassldy faced about, and in his movement there was a tug at the wrist of the girl that set her moving toward the door. Her realization of what this meant was shown in htr final speech. "Three years isn't forever," she said in a level voice. "When I come out you are going to pay for every minutt of them, Mr. Gilder. There won't be a day or an hour that I won't rememher that at the last it was your word sent me to prison. And you are going to pay me for that. You are going to pay me for the five years I have starved making money for you?that too! X OU are going 10 pay me iur an ine things I am losing today, and"? The gir! thrust forth her left hand, r on that side where stood the officer. So vigorous was her movement that Cassidy's clasp was thrown off the wrist. But the bond between the two was not broken, for from wrist to wrist showed taut the steel chain of the manacles. The girl shook the links of the handcuffs in a gesture stronger than words. "You are going to pay me for this!" she said. Her voice was little more than a whisper, but it was loud in the listener's heart. "Yes, you are going to pay?for this!" ? ?+8 *?+ ? ?+? +tf+ rHE LAW IN DANA ' BAYARD YEILLER ly company. >| ^ (f>J|Tl ffkJ in ^ ^ ^ A^ a A<f>l TV t^Vxy wTCC? oTTtP ^S^FTS* tfc^Txy wV vwV I They were grim years, those three years during which Mary Turner served her sentence in Burnsing. There was no time off for good behavior. The girt learned soon that the favor of those set in authority over her could only be won at a cost against which her every maidenly Instinct revolted. So she went through the inferno of days and nights in a dreariness of suffering that was deadly. Naturally the life there was altogether an evil thing. There was the material ill ever present in the round of wearisome physical toil?the coarse, distasteful food; the hard narrow couch; the constant, gnawing irksomeness of imprisonment, ? M ? 11 nls onrov fttAVn away nuui ii|ui auu all that makes life worth while. The best evidence of the fact that Mary Turner's soul was not fatally oiled must be found in the fact that still at the expiration of her sentence she was fully resolved to live straight, as the saying is which she had quoted to Glider. This, too, in the face of sure knowledge as to the difficulties that would beset the effort and in the face of the temptations offered to follow an easier path. There was, for example, Aggie Lynch a fellow convict, with whom she had a slight degree of acquaintance, nothing more. This young woman, a criminal by training, offered allurements of illegitimate employment in the outer world when they should be free. Mary endured the companionship with this prisoner because a sixth sense proclaimed the fact that here was one unmoral rather than Immoral, and the difference is mighty. For that reason Aggie Lynch was not actively offensive, as were most of the others. She was a dainty little blond, with a baby face. In which were set two light blue eyes of a sort to widen often In demure wonder over most things in a surprising and naughty world. She has been convicted of blackmail, and she had made no prepense even of innocence. Instead, she was inclined to boast over her ability to bamboozle men at her will. She was a natural actress of the ingenue role, and in that pose she could unfailingly beguile the heart of the wisest of worldly men. She had been reared in a criminal family which must excuse much. Long ago she had lost track of her father. Her mother she had never known. Her one relation was a brother of high standing as a pickpocket. One principal reason of her success In leading on men to make fools of themselves over her, to their everlasting regret afterward, lay in the fact that in spite of all the gross irregularities of her life she remained chaste. The girl saw in Mary Turner the possibilities of a ladylike personality that might mean much financial profit in the devious ways of which she was a mistress. With the frankness characteristic of her, she proceedd to paint glowing pictures of a future shared to the undoing of ardent and fatuous swains. Mary Turner listened with curiosity, but she was in no wise moved to follow such a life, even though It did not necessitate anything worse than a fraudulent playing at love. So, she steadfastly continued her refusals. She would live straight. "You will find that you are up against an awrui rrost, Aggie would declare brutally. Mary found the prophecy true. Back In New York she experienced a poverty more ravaging than any she had known In those five lean years of her working In the store. She had been absolutely penniless for two days, and without food through the gnawing hours, when she found employment in a milliner's shop. Followed a blessed interval in which she worked contentedly. hannv over the meaeer Rtinend. since it served to give her shelter and food honestly earned. The police informed Mary's employer concerning her record as a convict and she was at once discharged. The unfortunate victim of the law came perilously close to despair then. Yet, her spirit triumphed, and again she persevered in that resolve to live straight. She found a cheap position in a cheap shop, only to be again persecuted bv the nollce. so that she speedily lost the place. A third time she obtained work and there, after a little, she told her employer, a candy manufacturer in a small way, the truth as to her having been in prison. The man had a kindly heart and he ran little risk, so he allowed her to remain. When the police called his attention to the girl's criminal record he paid no heed to their advice against retaining her services. The police brought pressure to bear on the man. They even called in the assistance of Edward Gilder himself, who obligingly wrote a very severe letter to the girl's employer. In the end, though unwillingly enough, he dismissed Mary from his service. It was then that despair did come upon the girl. She had tried with all the strength of her to live straight. Yet. despite her innocence, the world would not let her live according to her own conscience. It demanded that she be the criminal it had branded her?if she were to live at all. She still walked the streets falteringly, seeking some place, but her heart was gone from the quest. Came an hour when she thought of the river and was glad. So she went through the long stretch of 111 lighted streets, crossed some railroad tracks to a pier, over which she hurried to the far end, where it projected out to the fiercer currents of the Hudson. There, without giving herself a moment's pause for reflection or hesitation, she leaped out as far as her strength permitted into the coil of waters. But in that final second natural terror in the face of death overcame the lethargy of despair?a shriek burst from her lips. On the side of the pier a man had just tied up a motorboat. He stood up In alarm at the cry and waa Just In time to grain a glimpse of a white face under the dim moonlight as it swept down with the tide, two rods beyond him. He threw off his coat and sprang far out after the drifting body. He came to It in a few furious strokes and caught it. < Then began the savage struggle to save her and himself. The currents tore at him wrathfully, but he fought against them with all the fierceness of his nature. What saved the two of them was the violent temper of the man. Always It had been the demon to set him aflame.- His rage mounted and gave him a new power in the battle. Under the urge of It he conquered and at last brought himself and his charge to the shore. Mary revived to clear consciousness, which was at first inclined toward hysteria, but this phase yielded soon under the sympathetic ministrations of the man. His rather low voice was soothing to her tired soul, and his whole air was at once masterful and gently tender. When finally she was able to stand and to walk with the support of his arm she went forward slowly at his side without so much even as a question of whither. Joe Oarson had performed, perhaps, his first action with no thought of self at the back of it. He had risked his life to save that of a stranger. The sensation was at once novel and thrllling. Since it was so agreeable he meant to prolong the glow of self satisfaction by continuing to care for this * waif of the river. Joe Qarson, the notorious forger, j led the dripping girl eastward through the squalid streets until at last they t came to an adequately lighted avenue, * and there a taxicab was found. It car- [ ried them farther north, and to the east to an apartment house that was ^ rather imposing, set in a street ot * humbler dwelings. j Here Garson paid the fare and then helped the girl to alight and on into J the hallway. Mary went with him t quite unafraid, though now with a fi growing curiosity. The two entered and went slowly J up three flights of stairs. On the land- * lng beyond the third flight the door of a roar flnt atnnri onen. and in the door- ' way appeared the figure of a woman. | "Well, Joe, who's the skirt?" this t person demanded as the man and his t charge halted before her. Then abrupt- ? ly, the round, baby-like face of her j woman puckered In amazement. Her j voice rose shrill. "Well, If it ain't Mary ( Turner!" ^ "Aggie!" was the reply. In the time that followed Mary lived in the flat which Aggie Lynch occu- 1 pied with her brother, Jim, a pick- ^ pocket much esteemed among his fellow craftsmen. The period wrought transformations of a radical and be- 1 wildering sort in both the appearance j and the charcter of the girl. Joe Oarson, the forger, had long been acquainted with Aggie and her ^ brother, though he considered them far j beneath him in the social scale, since their criminal work was not of that Kt?Vt Lln/1 a? nrhlnh ho nr aH hlmflp] f But as he cast about for some woman <] to whom he might take the hapless girl he had rescued his thoughts fell on Aggie. He was relieved rather than j otherwise to learn that there was already an acquaintance between the 1 two women, and the fact that his charge had served time In prison did ? not influence him one jot against her. Mary let herself drift. It seemed to * her that she had abandoned herself to fate in that hour, when she threw herself into the river. Afterward, with- I out any volition on her part, she had . been restored to life and set within an environment new and strange to her, ? .? I in wnicn soon, 10 tier surprise, sue um- covered a vivid pleasure. So she ^ fought no more, but left destiny to work its will, unhampered by her futile strivings. For the first time In her life, thanks to the hospitality of Aggie Lynch, secretly re-enforced from the funds of Joe Garson, Mary found herself living tn luxurious idleness, while her every wish could be gratified bp the merest mention of It. She was fed on the daintiest of fare, she was clothed with the most delicate richness for the first time as to those more mysterious garments which women love. In addition, 41 ? mntr mere were as many or uwno anu iu?bazlnes as she could wish. Her mind, long: starved like her body seized avidly on the nourishment thus afforded. In this Interest Aggie had no share, was perhaps a little envious over Mary's absorption in printed pages. Aggie took a vast pride in her gruest, L Mary Wore Fine Clothes. with the unmistakable air of elegance, and she dared to dream of great trl umphs to come, though as yet she carefully avoided any suggestion to Mary of wrongdoing. In the end the suggestion came from Mary Turner herself, to the great surprise of Aggie, and, truth to tell, of herself. There were two factors that chiefly Influenced her decision. The first was due to the feeling that, since the world had rejected her, she need no longer concern herself with the world's opinIon or retain any scruples over It. Back of this lay her bitter sentiment toward the man who had been the direct cause of her imprisonment, Edward Gilder. The factor that was the immediate cause of her decision on an irregular mode of life was an editorial in one Df the daily newspapers. This was a scathing arraignment of a master in high finance. The point of the writer's attack was the grim sarcasm for such methods of thievery as are kept within the law. That phrase held the girl's fancy, and she read the article again with a quickened interest. Then she began to meditate. It was the law that had worked the ruin of her life, which she had striven to make wholesome. In consequence she felt for the law no genuine respect, inly detestation as for the epitome of Injustice. Tet, she gave it a superficial respect, born of those three years it suffering which had been the result >f the penalty Inflicted on her. Now, n the paragraph she had just read she found a clew to suggestive thought, a lint as to a means by which she might latisfy her rancor against the law that lad outraged her, and this in safety ilnce she would attempt nought save hat within the law. (To Be Continued). MARY'S LITTLE LAMB Jtory of tho Qirl Who Would Wrap Poor in Tax. ^ews and Courier. Senator Tillman haa sent the News ind Courier the full text of the dogferel which he had read Into the Concessional Record on Monday. His renarks, introducing it, were as follows: In the tariff debate of 1889 Zeb fance, of North Carolina, read In the lenate a piece of doggerel entitled, "A Sir! with One Stocking?A Protective Pastoral." ("Composed and arranged for the old ipinning wheel; and, respectfully dedcated to that devoted friend of proected machinery and high taxes; the lenator from Rhode Island.") It is so appropriate to reproduce it ust at this time, when we have enact;d another tariff law, that I ask for its 'epublication. With free wool, "Mary" will have to orego the 56 per cent and let her wonen friends wear stockings on both egs instead of only one?something hey have not been able to do in more han twenty years. I read it years ago, tnd cllDped it for my scrapbook. 1 lave recently had it looked up in the Record, and find it appeared January !1, 1889. )ur Mary had a little lamb, And her heart was most intent ro make its wool beyond its worth Bring 56 per cent Jut a pauper girl across the sea Had one small lamb also, Vhose wool for less than half that sum She'd willingly let go. Another girl who had no sheep, No stocking?wool nor flax? Jut money enough Just to buy A pair without the tax, Vent to the pauper girl to get Some wool to shield her feet. Vnd make her stockings, not of flax But of wool complete. iVhen Mary saw the girl's design She straight began to swear rhat she'd make her buy both wool uiiu lux i Or let one leg go bare. So she cried out: "Protect Reform! Let pauper sheep wool free! . < f It will keep both her legs warm What wljl encourage me? So It was done, and people said Where'er that poor girl went, )ne leg was warmed with wool and one With 56 per cent. *Jow praise to Mary and her lamb, Who did the scheme invent, ro clothe one-half a girl in wool And one-half in per cent. U1 honor, too, to Mary's friend, And all her protective acts, rhat clothe the rich in wool And wrap the poor in tax. The correspondent of the Chicago lerald of that date, in sending the ac- 1 ;ount of It to his paper, commented as b!lows: "The reading of this piece of doggerel was received with shouts of aughter, even Republican senators i eaning back in their seats and giving inrestrained way to their mirth. As or the people in the galleries, they icreamea ana yeuea rranucaiiy, ana vhen Senator Vance sat down they cept up their uproarious applause un11 the North Carolina orator gravely nclined his head in acknowledgment." ? Former Senator Nelson W. Aldrich >f Rhode Island, on last Wednejday light atacked the Wilson admlnistralon currency bill now before congress, vhich he declared embodied the theoies of William J. Bryan. He denounced the bill as unsound, Socialistic and evolutionary, characterizing it as "an endeavor to secure by partisan legisation the triumph of the doctrines end principles which had received the epeated condemnation of the Ameri:an people at the polls." He quoted rom Woodrow Wilson's writings to naicuie mai me presmeni in nis earler days, had entertained beliefs conrary to the provisions of the bill. "If he house bill should be enacted into a aw," Mr. Aldrlch asserted, "Mr. Bryan vill have achieved the purpose for vhich he has been contending: for a lecade." Mr. Aldrich's speech was lelivered at the closing session of the lational conference on currency reorm in New York. He made no refrence to the so-called Aldrich plan or curency reform. He opposed many eatures of the Glass-Owen currency >111, but directed his strongest criticism at the provision dealing with the ssue of government notes and provldng for a central board with suoervlilon over the system as a whole. Mr. Aldrich said "extreme pressure" was >eing brought to bear on congress to enact the administration bill and the eason given was that the adoption ot he bill was necessary to fulfill promses made by the Democratic party. He raced the history of the Democratic >arty's attitude on the subject in earier years and quoted President Cleveand as saying that "the people of the Jnited States are entitled to a sound ind stable currency." "The theory hat the United States should issue currency in the form of its promises to ? X* r A Urlnk "In a Dnr?, tny, uctiaicu iv&t. n?ui iv.ii, to a x i llistic doctrine. It had no standing as i Democratic party principle until the idvent of Mr. Bryan into the party platform, In spite of the protests and igainst the votes of the men who had )een most prominent in the party :ouncils, men who advocated loyalty o the policies and principles to which he party had adhered throughout Its ;xistence. There has been no suggesion that an attempt was to be made o revive the greenback or to adopt in egislation rejected theories of the 3opulist party. The Democratic canlidate for the presidency was silent ipon the subject during the last campaign and he has not, so far as I am iware, up to this time publicly expressed his approval of Mr. Bryan's deas with reference to note issue. The arge majority of the American people vlso favor sound money believed that he question of further greenback islues was settled permanently by the Sections of 1896 and the following ^ears." ' SULZEH STEPS DM Commission Returned Untarnished Be Says SUBIITS IN DIGNIFIED SILENCE The Trial the Consummation, of a De*p Laid Conspiracy According to the Declaration of New York's Impeached Executive?Will Tall the People Face to Face the Real Facts In the Matter. Albany. N. Y., Oct. 17.?William Sulzer ceased to be governor of the state of New York at noon today. He was removed from office by the high court 1 of impeachment by a vote of 43 to 12, 1 two members not voting. 1 ?* Martin H. Glynn, lieutenant governor, was sworn in as his successor, the first in the history of the state to step ' into its highest office In this manner. The verdict of the court was that 1 Sulzer was guilty of falsification, perjury and an attempt to suppress evidence against him. Of all other charges 1 hie was acquitted, the court today unan- : lmously voting him not guilty of the 1 four remaining articles of the Impeachment Not Disqualified. _ I By a virtually unanimous vote also, the impeachment tribunal decided that ( Sul*er should not be punished by die- ( qualification to hold office of honor and . trust In this state in the future. This would have been the extreme penalty < under the law. , The ousted executive was served | witli a copy of the court's verdict at the executive mansion?christened by himself, "The People's House"?a few ( minutes before < q'clock tonight. Mr. Sulzer, private citizen, will leave , the capital probably on Sunday? , where he will go he has not disclosed. ( The incoming governor Issued a ( statement in which he said his en- j deavor would be "to give the people of , the state an honest, peaceful, progres- , slve and wise conduct of public af- , fairs." The outgoing executive issued a , statement in which he denounced tne , tribunal which had removed him as , "Murphy's high court of infamy." Countrolled by Murphy. "Murphy controlled the assembly and ordered the impeachment," he 1 said. "He controlled most of the mem- < bcrs of the court and dictated proce- I dure and wrote the judgment. He was < the Judge and the Jury; the prosecutor < and the hallifT." < "A horse thief In frontier days," he ' s&ld, "would have received a squarer < deal." 1 He characterized the secret sessions of the court as "star chamber proceed- ' ings, where the enemies of the state I coujg work for my conviction undls- < covered." I He asserted he had not taken the ' stand in his own defense because he realized that his story attacking the 1 Tammany leader would be ruled out. < He entered a general denial of all the ( charges in the impeachment articles. At today's session of the court, which ' lasted a little more than an hour, most 1 of the members recorded their votes without explanation. Presiding Judge 1 ir/>*A/l "nnt ontllfv" nn OUII^U, miu VVtCU IIVIp QUO*/ v.. V. ery article of impeachment, stuck to 1 his convictions to the last. He asked 1 to be excused from voting on the re- 1 moval or disqualification of the gov- ' ernor, on the vote for disqualification. 1 Dramatic Feature of Day. Probably the most dramatic feature , of the day was the serving of the copy ( of the court's order of removal on the | ousted governor. It was a few minutes before 6 o'clock tonight when Thomas C. Nolan, ser- ] geant-at-arms of the senate, and Geo. A. Mustard, process server, arrived at the executive mansion. They were ad- 1 mltted immediately and escorted to the ( study. Sulzer and Chester C. Piatt, his sec- ( retary, were seated at a table. Nolan ( handed the document to Sulzer. He tnnk the miner, erumnled It In J his hands, paled slightly, threw the document on the table without reading It and said: "Good, I thank you, sergeant." In the meantime a score of newspaper men waited on the veranda outBlde. Nolan passed out and the newspaper men were admitted. A moment later Piatt appeared with copies of Sulzer's statement "The governor will see you in a minute," he said. Not Nervous Wreck. Suddenly, from out of a -darkened room to the right, Sulzer stepped into the circle. If he is the nervous wreck that some have reported him to be, he c did not show It. He was pale dui smiling-. "I have nothing more to say than my statement contains," he said. "When are you going away?" ha was asked. "I cannot tell that nor where I am going," he replied. "But I am going 8 to get out of Albany as quickly as I 4 can." r From authoritative sources It was c learned that Sulzer Intends to leave * Albany Sunday, but his destination is a secret. 8 Says Trial Was a Farce. Sulzer remained silent regarding the 1 action of the court until late today when he issued a statement character- r Izlng his trial as a "farce" and relter- ' atlng his former.denials of the charges c against him. He said: "In response to requests from friends c throughout the state for some expres- 8 slon from me, I can only say at. this ' time that I am glad my trial Is over. ' "By virtue of a power, beyond the 1 present control of our electorate, I now * hand back to the people the commis- 1 slon they gave me, and I hand It back * lo them?untarnished and unsullied. v "My lips have been sealed for weeks. * during which time I have patiently c submitted In silence to abuse and vll- * liflcatlon. However, after stating my case to my counsel and by their ad- ' vice." on August 11, I made the follow- 1 Ing statement: " 'I deny that I used contributions 8 for personal use. 1 " 'I deny that I speculated in Wa'l v street or used money contributed for * campaign purposes to buy stocks elth- ' er in my own name or otherwise. " 'I never had an account with Fuller & Gray or Boyer & Grlswold. I never t heard of these firms; do not know the members. Not 8psculativ* Account. " 'The stock matter with Harris & Fuller was not a speculative account but a loan account made upon stocks as collateral, which stocks had been acquired and paid for years before my nomination for the office of governor and from other sources than Harris & Fuller. " 'Certain checks riven me during the campaign were deposited to my personal account, and therefore I paid the ' amount of said checks to the campaign committees. " In filing my statement of receipts and disbursements I relied upon in* formation furnished me by the persons In immediate charge of my campaign; and I believed the statement furnished by them to me at the time, to be accurate and true.' "No legal evidence was adduced on the trial which disproved that statement "On September 14, I gave out fcnother statement as follows: "Stories are False." " The stories that I am going to resign are false and malicous. The purpose in circulating them must be evident to anyone. "I have said some harsh things about some of the senators and they have said some harsh things about me but this is a trial, not a political fight. " 1 believe most of them are large enough and honest enough to rise above any personal feeling and do me justice.' "Those are the only statements or Interviews I have made or given out since the assembly, by order of "the boss," passed the resolution of impeachment "Of course when I Issued the last statement I did not think Senators Wagner, Frawley, Ramsperger, Banner, Brown, Blauvett and Thompson would act as my judges, as they were either interested personally in the outcome of my trial or had acted as my prosecutors and condemned me before trial. The impropriety of these senators voting for my conviction must be apparent and vitiates the judgment because had they refused to vote?as ei sense of decency should have induced them to do?I would not have been convicted on any one of the articles of Impeachment Political Conspiracy. "My trial from beginning to end?so far as the Tammanylzed part of the court is concerned?is a farce, a political lynching, the consummation of a deep-laid political conspiracy to oust me from office. I am glad it Is all over. I am tired of King calumniated, tired of being hunted and hounded; tired of trying to do my duty and being traduced. "The court ruled in everything against me and ruled out everything In my favor. The well settled rules of evidence were thrown to the winds. A horse thief in frontier days would have received a squarer deal. "Mr. Murphy controlled the assembly and 'ordered* the Impeachment He controlled most of the members of the court and dictated its procedure, and wrote the Judgment He w^s the ludge and the Jury, the prosecutor and the bailiff. "They called it the high court of impeachment, but history will call it Murphy's high court of infamy.' The trial was a human shambles; a libel in law; a flagrant abuse of constitutional rights; a disgrace to our clvils&tion; and the verdict overturned the in fpe-iinrris nf Ithnrtv nnrt thp nrcce ients of three centuries. The judgment will not stand the test of time, rhe future historian will do me justice and posterity will reverse the findings of the court. Court of Public Opinion. "There is a higher court than Murphy's?the court of public opinon. "Wuen I declined to obey the 'oriers' of the 'boss' about patronage; svhen I refused to call off Hennessey ind prevent further investigations of graft; and finally, when I set in motion the wheels of the machinery of the courts to bring the criminals to lustice and to stop the looting of the itate, then and not until then did Mr. Murphy threaten me with degradatloa Prom that day to this, all that money, ill that power, all that influence can io to destroy me has been done. "Mr. Murphy and the special interests which I antagonized have won a temporary victory but the flgh^ for eform and honest government will go jn. The force of trial will have a good effect in the end. It has opened the eyes of the people to graft of millions )f dollars annually, and it will hasten :he adoption of the initiative and the eferendum; bring about the recall of jublic officials. Including judges and udlcial decisions, and write upon the itatute books other reforms, especiall> i direct primary law so that the voters nstead or the bosses will nominate as well as elect all officials to public ofIce. Honest and Faithful. "As the governor I have been honest ind faithful to my trust. No Influence ould control me in the performance of ny duty but the dictates of my conicience. I have lost my office but I lave kept my self-respect. "I would rather lose the governorihip than lose my soul; and no gov;rnor can serve God and mammon, the jeople and the boss. "If my undoing shall be the humble neans of forever destroying 'bosslsm' n the state of New York, I shall be :ontent. "When the court determined to ex'lude the evidence of Mr. Hennessey ind thus prevented my discrediting he testimony of Mr. Peck and showng his motive for telling an untruth, vhich would a!so disclose what has >een discovered In the way of corruplon in the departments of the state fovernment, I became satisfied that it vas useless to present myself as a l'llnouQ hopanqp t h o riofonflo thfit :ould make, would not be permitted to ?e told by me in court. "I wanted to take the witness stand , n my own behalf?especially to tell he story of my troubles with the 'boss' ind to deny the Peck falsification, the ( ibsurd story of Allan Ryan and to ex>laln the Morgenthau controversy. 1 vas finally persuaded not to do so by hose who have In view the real welare of the state. \ To Save Peck's Job. l "Those familiar with the facts can I estlfy that Peck lied about me to save i hla job; that Morgenthau was fooled by the clever ruse of an unscrupulous [ enemy and that Allan Ryan was In Al- ' bany several days under the tutelage of astute counsel to aid the prosecution at the psychological moment ' "Suffice it to say that Allan Ryan 1 came to see me; I did not go to see * him and I never asked him or anyoth-. 1 er man to request any one to do ( aught for me regarding the trial. 1 "Another thing. Every dollar given me which I deposited to my personal 3 account subsequently was turned over 1 by me to the committee in my office or to an agent of Mr. Murphy or to the state committee. "I want to tell the public the truth about my financial condition so that there will be no more falsehoods about It "Before I was a candidate for the governorship I was in debt about $70,000 and had more assets than I have at present Now Own |76?00. "I owe now as follows: Lk M. Josephthai $27,000; Hugh J. Reilly $20,500; E. P. Meany $10,000; A. E. Sprlggs $8,500; Ogilvle & Co., $2,000; smaller creditors about $1,600; making a total of $71,000 besides the cost of my trial. '1 own no real estate; no mortgages; no stocks or bonds and no other assets save an equity in some stock in two small mining companies. c "I had on deposit In the Farmers' * Loan St Trust Co., before my nomination over $11,000; I have on deposit 0 there now not much more; end that is ' all the money I posaeas. Taken all In all, I am poorer today than Iwaa before the fight for the governorship began last fall. Fought Good Fight. "I have fought a good flight against tremendoua odda for honeat government; I have kept the faith; I have dared to defy Boas Murphy and I did It in the face of threats of exposure and personal destruction. "Had I but served the 'boss' with half the zeal I did the state. William Sulzer never would have been Impeached. "Looking back over it all. I am frank to say that I should have been more careful in some matters last fall, but I was so busy in the campaign that I gave no heed to details and trusted nthara o/ima nf whom have nrnven treacherous. "So far as my administration of the governorship Is concerned, I have no regrets. I have done no wrong, but my whole duty fearlessly and honestly. "At some future and more opoprtune time I promise to make a further public statement and I am Inclined to the conclusion that I would rather express my views from the platform, where I can look into the eyes of the people and they can look into mine and judge for themselves whether I am telling the truth." THE ACCOMMODATING 8ALT No End to Uses of Indispensable Commodity. There Isn't a better friend in the r household than common salt, and one i can't begin to remember the half of | the things It will gladly do for us If j but given the opportunity. s Salt sprinkled over a oarpet after It is swept will brighten the colors and j kill the germs. t A pinch of salt in the water will help j to keep cut flowers fresh. , To clean a white knit sweater or shawl put it In a flour bag containing equal parts of flour and salt and shake well. No washing will be required after this process. For cleaning enamel bathtubs, etc., rub with a cloth saturated with kerosene, upon which has been spread a layer of salt Afterward rinse the tub down with warm, soapy water. Before washing soiled handkerchiefs allow them to soak in cold water Into which has been put a handful or so of salt This makes them much easier to wash. Before washing new goods let stand in salt and water to set the color. For killing plantain leaves or weeds keep wetting with a strong solution of salt and water. Rock salt or table salt may be used. If preferred, the salt may be sprinkled on the weeds and then wet with a hose. Rock salt is the better of the two for the latter method. Salt in the bottom of the shoes in winter will help the circulation and prevent the feet from getting cold. This precaution is quite common and effective among Maine woodsmen. A quarter of a teaspoonful in a quarter of a glass of water taken a halfhour before breakfast is a good < laxative and generally beneficial. The hands of fainting persons are often rubbed with salt to help the circulation. 13 Ul U1 llie USVB U1 Ban Uig7?V owiua no end. ? Hundred Years of Railroads.?This ? year marks the centennial of the steam h locomotive. From a curious, crude n mechanism drawing: a few tons of c^a' at a rate of five miles an hour, the j, steam locomotive has pushed its way ? Into every continent, and today trains 8 de luxe are flying over superb tracks. c across wonderful bridges and through j] mountains, in lands which were un- ti known or uncivllzed 100 years ago. The locomotive has made possible our n great cities and seaports; It has creat- a ed states out of vacant terrl'nHo- ? Without it the products of the world would practically remain where they grew, and only a small fraction of what is raised would ever be grown. The h Inatrnmonf nf InHtlQ. n (? I CU. ItJOl WUII\lllfi IllOllUIIICilk V4 IIIUUW mm try In tlm -s of peace, it is equally es- ? sential to modern warfare. It is the e, shuttle which weaves the fabric of the p nation by reason of easy and constant si intercommunication. It has become Jj In these days the pioneer, and people, c pulpit and press now follow in its wake b instead of blazing for it a path. So de- t' pendent upon its service have we be- jj come that to utterly paralyze Its op- g eration for long would mean death r< from cold and famine to millions of P; our people. Let us, then, think kindly of this fj magnificent machine, for it has done f? vastly more good than harm, and, while often used as the instrument of p unscrupulous financiers in the past it nc really deserves better treatment of our lawmakers than has been accorded in these latter days?Popular Magazine jc 8TATE LIBRARIAN Dne Desirable Office that Belongs to the Woman. Columbia. October 20.?.-lators Have been besieged with letters and jersonal appeals from applicants for Jie position of state librarian for jvhlch an election will be held at the ipproaching session of the general aslembly. It is understood that Mrs. U. R. 3rooks, Jr., who has served as librarl in so efficiently for the laat several rears, will not be an applicant for rejection. Mrs. Brooks Is a favorite w .1 nembers of the general assembly and ihould she determine to offer for the Mwition again would undoubtedly, In he opinion of many, be elected with>ut any trouble. But it is stated on rood authority that she will not be in he race at the next session. South Carolina may never give wonan the ballot, but there is one office n the statehouse that custom has ced d to the gen-Jer sex. There were lome rumors scattered about the state l few weeks ago that a mere man was roing to be elected by the general assembly for the position of librarian. Naturally, this frightened a few of the Lppllcants for the coveted office and he cry of the ladles was, right away: Shame on him, whoever he Is." With>ut question the office of state llbrarlin will fall to a woman, as In the past. To seek to collect the list of names if applicants for the position of libra Ian la a Herculean task and probably lot until the session la under way will his be possible, but a few of those rho are seeking the Job are known. Among those who are making strenious campaigna for the position and rho are regarded formidable applf:ants are: Mrs. V. Q. Moody, of Coumbia; Miss Marie E. Berwick, of this ;ity; Miss Fannie Walsh, of Sumter\ Ulna English cf Winthrop college; and >thers. As already stated there are >thers in the race, but It la hard to Ind out the complete list The records in the office of the secretary of state show that Miss Annie notary of state show that Mias Annie "ThS itate librarian in January, 1899. and I was commissioned March 18, 1889. diss Lucia Barron of Manning, was sleeted January 22, 1991 and was comnlssioned February 1, 1901. Miss Lavlnia H. L&Borde was comnissioned for an unexpired term Jan- 1 lary zz, i?03, according to tne record* n the office of the secretary of state, diss LaBorde, who is now Mrs. U. R. 3rooks, Jr., the present librarian, was e-elected Jamary 31, 1904 and com* nissioned for two years March i, 1304, darch 14, 1900, January 32. 1909, Janlary 26, 1910 and January 21, 1913, she ras respectively and subsequently rejected. The term of office for librarian Is wo years and the salary is $900 the ^ear. GOVERNOR BLEASE ON 8UL2ER Jew York Man Mad* Mistake in K*eping Things Back. , When asked by the Columbia corespondent of the News and Courier ast Saturday for a statement In retard to the verdict In the 8ulser Impeachment trial. Governor Blease aid: "I feel very sorry for Mr. Sulser, n fact, my sympathy goes out to any nan who is in trouble, and partlcuarlv when his trouble is brought on inder such circumstances as his has teen. However, I thought last sumner, when some of the big New York tallies were continually harping upon south Carolina aftalrs and South Carolina's governor, that they had tetter have been keeping their own inen clean at home, and when Mr. iVllson and Mr. Bryan and other big Democratic leaders were making peeches and creating such a great ow over electing this great and dlsinguished congressman as governor tf New York, no one for a moment vould have thought that they were nixed up with such a character as it eems Sulser has been proven to be, ind it would seem that the present tosses at Washington are poor Judges tf human nature, as other instances tave illustrated. "However, I think Mr. Sulser made i mistake and was badly advised. He hould have been frank and honest vith the people, and have gone upon he witness stand and told everything tf his Drivate and public life, from the xadle up to date. No public man ever rains anything by keeping any secrets rom the people. Let them know iverything. If you have made a misake they will sympathise with you, ind if you show a proper Inclination hey will help you to rectify It, and trhen you have done right they will pplaud. No man need hope to please da enemies, but it is his duty to stick o his friends, and to conceal nothing whatever from them, in order that hey may be in a proper position to lefend him when he needs defending C he has made a mistake, and in orler to uphold his hands when he has lone the right "If Mr. Sulzer will yet follow my etter to him, and trust in God and he white people, he may come back, or public opinion is now on his side? ossibly not that he was clean, but in lew of the fact that they feel that he as been most outrageously treated in he house of his friends. I believe that lis removal from office was due largev to political prejudice, and that if he iad had a court composed entirely of on-partisans that the possibilities are ie would have been acquitted. I am oo far, however, from the situation to udge exactly on this, but if that Is he situation, and if Mr. Sulser preents himself before the people of lew Tork and shows that he was not orrupt and that his mistakes were of he head and not of the heart, his raducers will be routed and he will >e re-elected. I consider this enIre matter a hard blow to the Delocratic party of New York. With corrupt leader It Is hard for a party 9 retain power, and it seems that f he is corrupt, they themselves lade him corrupt" An Editorial by Bryan.?One seldom ears of the Commoner these days? ' ot the commoner of Chautauqua ime, but the paper of that name, [owever, Colonel Bryan gives some vldence that he has not forgotten the aper that at one time brought him liver dollars by the cart load. In Lst week's issue he has a signed edorlal urging prompt action on the urrency bill and encouraging lobby y mall. He wants "every reader of tie Commoner to write to his senator t once making known his views and rging Immediate action." Colonel ryan says the passage of the cur?ncy bill "will be enough for the resent session," and after that the emocratlc party will have another nportant measure to consider.. He tils to specify, but we suppose he re>rs to the trusts for one thing. Coinel Bryan says the party is going to irry out the complete program, "for resident Wilson recognises the full teasure of his responsibility." He elleves the currency bill will be assed "much sooner than some pesmlstic Individuals believe."?Charitte Observer.