Newspaper Page Text
Scraps and Jarts.
? Charlotte, July 1: Fireman W. B. tilenn was instantly killed and Chief J. H. Wallace, of the Charlotte tire uepartment, fatally injured by an explosion of dynamite while fighting a tire on Cedar street this morning at i* o'clock. Responding to an alarm a barn was found to be burning briskly and it was while fighting the llames that dynamite stored in a house nearby exploded, with the above results. Three other members of the department, Randolph Erwin, Clyde ToUd and Robert Barnes, were also more or less painfully hurt. The dynamite was being used by a contractor who was doing some street grauing for the city. The origin of the lire is unknown, but there is strong suspicion that it was of incendiary origin. Chief. J. H. Wallace died at 12.20 in a local hospital, where he was rushed just after the ut'uurui. ? Washington, July 1: Treasury figures completed tonight, show the federal government went through its lirst fiscal year under the Wilson administration with its income exceeding ordinary expenses by $33,784,452.07. Nearly thirty-three and a half million dollars pouring into the treasury yesterday, the last day, brought the total receipts for the year up to $734,343,700.20, a million and a half above Secretary McAdoo's original estimate and turned into a surplus what had promised the day before to be a substantial deficit. Corporation and income tax payments furnished the stream of gold at the finish. From this source came $26,161,782.82, between the opening and closing of the treasury yesterday, and tonight, Secretary McAdoo and other administration officials were pointing to the total figures as proof of their promise as to what would be accomplished under the new tariff. Secretary McAdoo sent telegrams of congratulation to President Wilson, Representative Underwood, chairman of the house ??vs and means committee, and to Senator Simmons, chairman of the finance committee of the senate, upon the result under the new tariff law. Later he issued a statement saying: "The department is exceedingly grateful with the results for the first fiscal year of the new tariff and income tax law. Unquestionably very much better results will be obtained during the present fiscal year." ? Seasickness in the heart of Kansas in the geological centre of the United States, has arrived. The malady is caused by the wheat fields. Travelers on railway trains in central and western Kansas tell some weird tales about the sickness. On nearly every line in the state, long, unbroken fields of wheat, five and six foot stalks, can be seen as far as the eyes can reach. And it is known far and wide that a wind more or less gentle blows most of the time in the Sunflower state. The wind, blowing against the thousands of acres of wheat, produces a billowy wave. A gentle svay is all there is to it, but persons have become violently ill because of the wheat. A tale is told of one man who has been to Europe several times. Sitting in his Pullman on a through train, the traveller looked out to admire the luxurious wheat lands. As usual the wheat was waving. It caught the eye of the traveller. It worried him. He ceased looking at the wheat and decided to soothe his feelings with t cigar. He arose to enter the smoking compartment and made tils way inert* wiui sumc uimvunj. a short time he was seasick. Doctors tried to diagnose the trouble but failed. Finally one of them reached the conclusion that it was a new illness, wheatsickness. And later circumstances point out that it is true. Trainmen report daily that passengers have slight or serious attacks of wheatsickness. ? Dr. Howard A. Knox, assistant surgeon in the United States public health service, in New York, has announced that the "missing link" was recently found at Ellis Island and deported. He told of the strange individual he believes to have been a "throw back" to the cave man the man Darwin wrote about but never saw. According to rules, the man's name may not be made public, but he was called John, and came from Finland just three weeks ago and was deported on account of constitutional inferiority. He was of average height, but his strength was prodigious. The set of his body, his pendulous abdomen and his long arms forcibly suggested the ape. In describing John, Dr. Knox says: His forehead was startling receding, his ears much low er on tne neaa man is nvrauu nuu man. and the top of his head was bullet round and covered with coarse wiry hair. The under jaw stuck out much too far. and in place of canine teeth he had long fangs that made his lips protrude. During his examination the Finn was docile and good natured. He had had four years' schooling and showed the mentality of a ten-yearold child. The most remarkable feature of the case was the hands which were ape like in nearly every particular." Dr. Knox and others who examined the emigrant claim he was a genuine man-ape. ? Within five years the management of the Southern railway expects to have a double track line the entire distance, 649 miles, from Washington to Atlanta. President Harrison has made arrangements for financing this undertaking and it is planned that the work shall go forward as rapidly as it is possible to carry it on without inierterring with freight aud passenger traffic. The funds will be provided by the sale of $20,000,000 of bonds of the Atlanta and Charlotte Air Line Railway company, the issue of which has been authorized and approved by the Georgia railroad commission. Of these bonds, $5,500,000 have already been sold and the proceeds will be used to refund an equal amount of Atlanta and Charlotte Air Line bands now owned by the Southern Railway. This sum will be used bv the Southern railway in double tracking those portions of its line between Washington and Charlotte, which are still single track. When this has been completed, attention will be turned to double tracking that portion of the line between Charlotte and Atlanta, which is still single track. This will involve a great deal of heavy work, especially in the mountains of north Georgia, and will call for the expenditure of between $13,000,000 and $14,000,000. The single track lines north of Charlotte to be double tracked are as fo'lows: Orange. \*a? to Amherst, Va.. 73.99 miles: Whittle. Va.. to Danville, Va., 22.00 miles: Pelham. X. to Greensboro. X. C., 37.14 miles: Concord, X. C.. to Harrisburg. X. C.. 6.4 miles, a total of 130.62 miles, t >f the line from Charlotte to Atlanta. 267.5 miles, double truck has been constructed between Atlanta and Duluth. 24.52 miles, and between Spartanburg and r*p<iriii timu K duiu u"n, !.*- ? in n\ ?- # ?? total of IH.3 miles, leaving 318.2 miles of single track. ? Former President Roosevelt, at Pittsburgh. Pa., last Tuesday night, made his first speech of the 1914 campaign. Me spent five hours in Pittsburg and was welcomed enthusiastically. In his address before the Pennsylvania Progressive league, he criticised the policies of the NVilson administration. attacked Senator Raise Penrose and appealed for support of the Progressive ticket. Col. Roosevelt spoke with comparative ease, after the first few sentences, but there was a huskiness in his voice which showed his throat still troubled him. Persons in the rear of the building at times found it difficult to hear him. His gestures were less rapid and vigorous than of old. Col. Roosevelt coined a new phrase Tuesday. It was what he railed "government by convulsion." Ily this he said he meant the passing back and forth of power between the Republican and Democratic parties, which he said would continue unless the people intrusted the power to the Progressive party. The former president's speech was regarded by Progressive lea<lers here as an indication of the line of attack the party will follow in this year's campaign. There was no holding out the olive branch to the Republican party. The colonel appealed to individual Republicans to support the Progressive ticket, but suggested no dealing with the party as an organization. lie denounced IP publican leaders, who. he said, had misrepresented the people, and attacked Senator Penrose unsparingly. "Ret him go in sackcloth and ashes." he said, "because it was owing to him and his associates that the Democratic party now has power to do wronpr. No more scandalous appeal could he made than to return him to power to riprht the wronps for which he primarily is responsible." The Wilson administration's policies. Col. Roosevelt said, were responsible for backward business and unemployment. No progress had been made, he said, towards solution of the trust question and on this point he went into what he later said was the most comprehensive statement of his position he ever had made. (The \|orkviUr inquirer. Entered at the Postofflce in Yorkville as Mail Matter of the Second Class. YOR KVILLE, S. C.s tfttlDAY, JULY 3, 1914. Uncle Sam wiped his slate clean Wednesday, and began a new fiscal year. The Fourth of July means more now than it did a hundred years ago; but the old, old question as to who shall rule, still remains unsettled. They are agitating a proposition in Colorado to pay regular wages to convicts, their earnings to go to the support of their families. The mediation business appears to have fizzled and the work that confronted the United States from the beginning is still there, except it looks as if it is going to be easier. As to whether the president is going to be able to make congress carry out his anti-trust programme is not yet iUlUKeiner vifiir, i?Ul it in 1|UI1C tn mill that he is giving the venerable senators quite a siege of it this hot weather. If Congressman Lever is correct in his estimate that his bill if it becomes a law, will save $100,000,000 to cotton producers, that would mean something like $S on each bale, which will be quite an item in the pocket of the farmer. But that is probably why the bill will not become a law. i In caucus Wednesday, the Demo- J eratic senators adopted a resolution that binds them to remain in session until the trust legislation that has J passed the house is put through the , senate. The senators, however, are not bound to vote for this legislation without change. ( All lpcislative reforms oricinate with the people; but the great difficulty in such matters is the trouble , the people have in finding representa- i tives who will stand to the rack. A | man goes before the people on the promise of securing certain reforms ! that are known to be practicable and just, and gets elected; but after he has been elected the men who have been standing in the way of such re forms get hold of him and succeed in making him come over on their side. , The name of the men who will prom- i ise to stand for the people is legion; but the number who will actually go ' through the trial and tribulation neces- \ sary to accomplish anvthing worth i while is very small. Most people who | start out working for the people wind up working the people themselves. , ? i i We are not much interested in the prohibition talk on the part of any of the gubernatorial candidates. It is all right for a candidate to say he is a Prohibitionist if he wants to, in order to get the votes of the Prohibitionists; but Prohibitionists ought to know pretty well by this time that they need not expect such legislation on this subject as they want, until they are able to make th<mselves felt in the general assembly as well as in the governor's office. When the Prohibitionists lined up behind Keatherstone four years ago. it meant that if Keatherstone had been elected and along with him a prohibition majority or a strong prohibition minority in the ge: eral assembly, something could have been done. Hut as matters now stand Prohibitionists have little or no encouragement to vote as Prohibitionists. They will do well not to line up behind candidates who stand more for local option than anything else, and who will not feel bound to emphasize their principles even in case of election. Messrs. Irby and Clinkscales have up another very important matter in that proposition looking to legislation that will protect minority stockholders in a corporation from being overrun by the majority. It is a fact that the abuse to which they refer is very common all over the I'nited States as well as in South Carolina. The late Jay Gould first laid down the proposition that the shares of stock in any corporation that are valuable are "over half." Hy that he meant if he could secure control of "tl per cent of the stock, the other 4!< per cent was as good as his. (if course there are thousands of corporations in which the small stockholders fare just as well as the large ones?where the executive officials draw reasonable salaries only, and where all the legitimate profits are conserved and paid out in dividends. But there are many other corporations in South Carolina where this is not the rule. <>n the contrary, the majority interests get together and take most of the earnings in salaries. If the earnings are too great to he absorbed in salaries without causing immediate and violent dissatisfaction, then they are held back one way and another on various pretenses against such time of depression as may be propitious for buying up the minority stock at much less than its value. There are thousands of business men as well as many legislators who thoroughly understand the evil complained of, and there are very few right thinking men who are unwilling to admit tlie desirability of legislation; but unfortunately the number of people who are directly interested is too small to make the matter a prominent state-wide issue. Messrs. Irby and Clinkseales will do <1 ??.;?!? tlx, I it' I.PiOI/thlttll ? IUI IHV IM1IVI "I J r l \ IIV lhey arc doing: hut that they will he ahli- to make the public take effective notice is not altogether probable. MERE-MENTION. The French trans-Atlantic liner l.a (fuscogue, cnroiitc from Bordeaux to Buenos Aires, went ashore on the Portuguese coast, Tuesday Both houses of congress have agreed to appropriate for automobiles for Speaker Clark and Vice President .Marshall.... Bubonic plague has been discovi red in New < trleans. Fearing that the disease will invade Florida, tlie city of Petisncolu has decided to pay cents for each dead rat deliver> d to the state laboratory. (Jalveston. Texas lias offered ten cents each for the dead rodents Five hundred members of the tjeneral Federation of Women's clubs called on President Wilson, Tuesday. He refused to give his support to the suffrage movement. Gen. Francisco Villa has bought a bath tub from a Chicago firm. The tub cost him 5525, delivered Bombardier W ells has retained the heavy weight championship of England by knocking out Colin Bell, an Australian in the second round of a scheduled twenty round prize tight The funeral of or. Fedro Ezequiel Kojas, Venezuelan minister, who died at Atlantic f ity last week, was held from St. Mattnews' church, Washington, Tuesday. The funeral was attended by many prominent government oillciais. ....impeachment proceedings against J. \V. Bane, sheriff of Chambers county, Ala., have been begun. Tne sneriu is charged with corruption in office... The Orange Mountain Trolley Co., of New Jersey, has been purchased by the town of West Orange. The trolley line was bought at auct'ion, the condition being brought about because the company failed to pay $1,500 taxes.... The trial of Theo Bilbo, lieutenant governor of Mississippi, who is charged with bribery, is now being held at Jackson, Miss The town of \Vrest Dundee, 111., was visited by a half million dollar lire this week The twenty-tilth annual conference of American Jewish Rabbis, is in session in De 1. Ur. .milliihl .TOWS frillll all iron, idivii. > 1UU....V... parts of the country are in attendance The prohibitory amendment against the sale or manufacture of liquor in West Virginia, went into effect July G. Niblo died as the result of heat prostration in Atlanta, Ga., Tuesday. He is the iirst victim of heat in that city this year...The public schools of New York city, closed June 30, for a period of ten weeks. There were 21,961 graduates of the various elementary schools the past year R. P. Sommerkamp, editor of the Phoenix-Girard Journal, of Girard, Ala., committed suicide in his office Tuesday Henry W. Denison, legal adviser to the Japanese department of foreign affairs, is critically ill in Tokyo, Japan, as the result of a stroke of paralysis Louis Coulon, an eighty-year-old Frenchman, has a beard nine feet, ten inches long. He carries the end of it wrapped around his hand Gen. Villa has ordered a ton of candy for the Constitutionalist army "Little Joe" Brown, former governor of Georgia, has formally announced his candidacy for the United States senate to succeed Hoke Smith. Mrs. Marie Finck, of Baltimore, choked two of her children to death this week. She said she was "commanded by God to kill her children." Sir Francis J. Campbell, England's foremost teacher of the blind, died in London, this week. The great was nn American by birth, icavuvt born near Winchester, Tenn., Oct. 9, 1S32 Finley J. Shepherd, who married Miss Helen Gould, has been elected a director of the Virginia Railway and Power Co., which is a Gould property According to F. D. Coburn, secretary of the Kansas board of agriculture, the wheat crop of that state will total 154,000,000 bushels.... Volunteer forces of Ulsterites and Nationalists fought in the streets of Omagh, Ireland, Tuesday night. Several civilians and policemen received more or less injury Charles A. Lyons of Sumerock, N. J. went to sleep on a river boat this week. He rolled into the stream and was drowned Miss Laura Stallo, a Cincinnati, Ohio, girl married Prince Franvesco Ropegliosi of France, in Paris, this week Andrew Alko. of Pittsburgh, Pa., was astonished the other day when told by a justice of the peace that he could not spank his wife. He was released from custody on his promise to abandon spanking Goreyno Prinzip, the eighteen-year-old boy who assassi nated Archduke Ferdinand anu mo wife. Sunday, says he murdered the prince to avenge "Servian wrongs." President Wilson has nominated Geo. T. Marye of San Francisco, !ts United States ambassador to Russia Not understanding the smell of opium fumes in the Tombs prison. New York, Wednesday. officers searched the cells and found two prisoners smoking the stuff. How they got it has not been learned Men bathers at Island Park Beach, Ohio, must wear a bathing suit with shirts, according to a recent decision of Welfare Director Garland of Dayton. .... Thus Morris of Westerville, Neb., will be one hundred and twenty years and six months old this month. He was two years old when Washington's term as president closed Alexander Stewart, general superintendent of motion power and equipment of the Southern railway, died in Paris, this week Dr. H. W. Davis, who was prominent in the Confederate hospital service during the Civil war, died in Richmond, Va., this week. SENATORIAL CAMPAIGN Meetings at Chester, Tuesday and at I 'ncittsr nn Wednesday. At Chester, Tuesday, both Messrs. Jennings and Pollock attacked Governor Please in connection with the asylum investigation, and especially with regard to the alleged star chamber proceedings of the board of regents with reference to complaints against Dr. Eleanor B. Saunders. Governor Blouse made no direct reference to the asylum matter, but in the course of his speech, took occasion to say that he did not feel called upon to make any explanations of or apologize for his official conduct since he had been governor. The governor's speech was mainly along the line of denunciation of the enrollment rules. He said that this present light is not a light against him. but a fight of classes against the masses. He said that he is a representative of the masses, and that if he and others who stand for what he stands for, should die tonight, the r.wht will en on iust the same until victory comes in the end. Senator Smith made his usual speech about the lawyers chasing him about the state, reviewed his efforts in behalf of cotton and expressed confidence in the certainty of his re-election. The meeting was quiet and orderly, and the predominating sentiment was for Senator Smith and Governor Blease. At Lancaster. There were more than seven hundred people at the Lancaster meeting, and the usual good order prevailed. Governor Blease was the first speaker. He was greeted with cheers, and there was much applause especially when he denounced the primary rules, and discussed Senator Smith's failure to take the negroes out of the government service. Mr. Jennings repeated his bitter attacks on the governor in connection with the asylum investigation and also for his appointment of James Sotille, the alleged blind tiger king, as a member of his staff. He also rapped Senator Smith for his failure to fight Bleaseism. Mr. Pollock defended the new primary rules as insuring a vote to every man entitled to vote, and preventing those who are not entitled to vote from doing so. He read his list of "farmers" applying for enrollment in Charleston, and spoke of them as being voted like sheep by Satille and Chiceo. While Mr. Jennings was discussing the "undesirables" who were being ruled out of the primary, a man in the audience said: "They were all oil your side and we did not need them." j .Mr. Jennings replied: "Then if they were on our side, why do you suppose we changed the rules?" "Because you thought they were on our side." replied the interrupter. Sen;.tor Smith was the last speaker. He had been twitted earlier in the day by each speaker saying that the Lever cotton exchange bill had been substituted for the Smith bill. The senator made a good point by reading the Associated Press dispatch stating the senate had refused to accept the Lever bill as a substitute. The senator also swept the audience when he "came hack" at Mr. Pollock, who gleefully reminds each audience that it has cost the government almost $ l.nou a pound to fatten Senator Smith. "The reason why they could fatten me was because 1 was a thoroughbred." the senator answered. "Now my opponent is only a 'razor-back' and they could never fatten him." Mr. Pollock was also likened to Lincoln's boat on the Mississippi, which had such a big whistle and such a little boiler that it had to stop to blow." LOCAL AFFAIRS, NEW ADVERTISEMENTS Palmetto Monument Co.?-Tells you why It can furnish the right kind of memorials. D. E. Boney, Agent?Gives a list of damage and destruction by lightning during June. Insure in the farmers' Mutual. H. J. Zinker?Is announced as a candidate for the oittce of county supervisor of York county. Mrs. M. A. Dorsett, Clover?Has a iresh Jersey cow with calf, for sale. Yorkville Hardware Co.?Calls special attention to all kinds of enameled ware and wants to supply you. Kandy Kitchen?Will supply you with tne best and purest ot ice creams at 80 cents a gallon, delivered. Pratt Food Co.?On page four tells you about the good qualities of its poultry regulator. For sale by Carroll Bros., in Y'orkville. Cloud Cash Store?Today begins its third mid-summer clearance sale, ottering reduced prices on all goods. Rev. S. C. Byrd, D. D., Greenville? Tells why Chicora college is a good school for girls. See page four for details. Oscar W. Schleeter, Registrar, Charleston?On page four gives informa tion as to the next session or tne Medical College of the State of south Carolina. Thomson Co.?Reminds you of its 20 per cent reduction sale that is on today and tomorrow. First National Bank, Yorkville?Emphasizes the importance of saving against the time of need. It will help you to save. John J. McCarter, Chairman?Announces motorcycle races at Filbert on July 31, immediately after the speaking. Reports from the watermelon crop are encouraging. Farmers who have good patches are inviting their town friends to come out. Farmers' institutes under the direction of Clemson college, are to be held at Yorkville, August 12, Gold Hill August 13. and Oak Ridge, August 14. Special attention is to be given to clover and vetch at these meetings. A DAY AHEAD The usual publication hour of The iT'n,.nircr tioon n n t iei nil t ed for this issue, for the reason that there will be no mails over the rural routes tomorrow on account of the Fourth of July holiday, and except for this anticipation, today's paper would not be generally distributed over the county before next Monday. WITHIN THE TOWN ? Yorkville should have a public cotton platform and a public weigher. Both the town and the country surrounding have suffered wonderfully for lack of these things. ? Yorkville played its first baseball game with the fast semi-professional Chester team, yesterday afternoon on the Graded school grounds. The game resulted 6 to 5 in favor of Yorkville. The teams play again today. ? If the Graded school and the town do not get what is coming to them in the way of bank taxes then of course, the people are going to have to make up the difference. That is all there is to it. ? Mr. Henry B. James and Miss Mary Brooks Inman were married at the Associate Reformed parsonage last Wednesday night, by Rev. J. L. Gates. Mr. James if a member of the firm of James Bros. The bride is the second daughter of Mr. and Mrs Brooks Tnman, of Yorkville. Both have numerous friends in Yorkville and throughout this section, who wish them happiness and prosperity. ABOUT PEOPLE Miss Eunice Plaxco of Bethany, is visiting relatives in Yorkville. Miss Mabel Ashe of Yorkville, is visiting friends in Sumter. Mr. J. S. James and Master Frank James left this week for Galax, Va. Mrs. W. W. Jenkins of Yorkville, is spending some time in Radford, Va. Mrs. C. Gregory of Galveston, Tex., is visiting Mrs. J. M. Brian, in Yorkville. Miss Louise Guy of Lowryville, is visiting Miss Bessie Pegram, in Yorkville. Miss Helen Miller of Shelby, N. C.. is visiting Miss Frances Adickes, in Yorkville. Mr. J. H. Witherspoon of Yorkville, left this week to take a special course of study in New York. Misses Annie and Esther Ashe of Yorkville, are spending some time in Rrevard, X. C. Mr. J. It. Irwin of Pampano, Fla.. is visiting his sister, Mrs. J. B. Pegram. in Yorkville. Mrs. W. C. Erwin of Florence, is visiting her parents. Mr. and Mrs. J. E. Lowry, in Yorkville. Messrs. It. T. Allison, Jr., and William Darby Glenn have returned to their homes in Yorkville, after a visit to Hendersonville, X. C. SENATORIAL CAMPAIGNERS. The senatu-ial campaigners have come and gone and a large number of York county people have heard for themselves why Senator Smith, Governor Blease, Mr. W. P. Pollock or Mr. L. D. Jennings should or should not he the candidate of the Democratic party for the United States senate in the next general election. The campaign meeting was held on the grounds of the Yorkville Graded school, a temporary stand having been erected under some tall oak trees immediately to the rear of the building. The crowd was made up of representatives from all parts of the county and numbered altogether 1,000 or 1,200 people. There were a few ladies present; but altogether not more than a dozen. Seats had been provided for a part of the audience; but a great many sat in buggies and automobiles, while others stood on their feet or squatted on the ground. The speaking lasted for something over three hours, and during that time the speakers received close and patient attention. There was no disorder, and no harsh or ugly language from the stand?nothing more untoward in fact than good natured heckling by the partisans of the different candidates as the speakers went into matters on which there was not entire agreement. | As to the size of the crowd there was difference of opinion. Some put the audience at less than 500: but ( these were entirely too low. Governor Blease thought that there were at least 1.200 people present, and Senator Smith thought a conservative estimate could not put the figures at less than i 1.000. The senator and the governor were pretty close to the correct figures. Along partisan or party lines the crowd was pretty well divided, or at least it so appeared. Friends of the governor were present in large numbers and so were his opponents. Some were demonstrative and others were not. and it was the same way with ! both sides. When Messrs. Pollock and Jennings began to attack the govern- i or, the governor's friends began to heckle, and his opponents also made , themselves known. There was enough , demonstration on both sides to give | the speakers a good idea of the temper of the crowd, and the speakers gov- | erned themselves accordingly. While there was more or less ap- i plause for all of the candidates, the cheering: for Governor Blease and Senator Smith was rather more marked than was that for Messrs. Jennings and Pollock, and judging by the volume and length of the demonstrations at the close of the speeches, the advantage seemed rather in favor of Governor Blease; but as to this there was difference of opinion. The meeting was begun at 10.30 o'clock. W. W. Lewis. Esq., county chairman, presiding. Rev. J. L. Oates, pastor of the Yorkville A. R. P. church, offered the opening prayer. The county chairman asked for a peaceful hearing and courteous treatment of all the candidates. He introduced as the first speaker, Mayor L. D. Jennings of Sumter. Mr. Jennings. Mr. Jennings made reference to! the tact that this was his tlrst visit to Yorkville. It was being told over) t' ?" state that he was in the race not to win, but to aid senator Smith. He denied the story and said that if reports which were coming to him from over the state were true, he would be in the second race. He did not intend going into state politics until a tew weeks ago when he was approached by men who thought both smith and Blease incompetent. Mr. Jennings went into an extended discussion of the record of Governor Blease, whom he said, had been in office four years and had done nothing. I submit, said the speaker, the governor is a man of such temperament that with him it is rule or ruin. Why did he ignore the chief justice in the appointment of special judges? The governor has almost demoralized the state militia, he ? ?.??!/ In V-?n rmnnv with nth pr L'cAIJllUL wuin 11* UMi Wiv.ij ...... ?... state officials when it is necessary to borrow money to run the government. With the governor, every matter is a case of Big I and little You, said the speaker. He could not get along in the senate, because there, men have to work together for the common good. If a few men sign a petition for pardons, Blease thinks it his duty to grant them, said Mr. Jennings. "He's a good hearted fellow," said a man in the crowd. "Very," said Mr. Jennings. The speaker referred to the pardon ol Portland Ned, the safe-cracker. It you stand for those kind of pardons, vote for Governor Blease for the senate. "He's going back," came from the crowd. "Yes, he's going back," quickly retorted Mr. Jennings, "back to Newberry and the livery stables!" (laughter.) The speaker then took up the asylum investigation matter. He pictured the struggles of the parents of Dr. Saunders to educate her and related how she became an angel of mercy in the state hospital. But Blease, not being satisfied with being governor, u|ipunucu >^e,c>>vo, etc., had special friends of his put on the hospital staff. These friends became jealous of Dr. Saunders. There were cries of "hurrah for Blease," while others shouted, "that's right, Jennings." The speaker then told of the "star chamber" meeting in Columbia on January 15. At this meeting, this lady, her aged father, her attorney and others were run out because they said it was an executive session. Yet the governor and his stenographer were there, and they had no more right to be than did Dr. Saunders, and if the records of that meeting were read it would make even the hair on a Bleasite stand on his head. "We know all about it, tell us something we don't know," came from the crowd." "Preach that," cried others. If there are enough men who approve that record to send Blease to the senate, then may God have mercy on our citizenship, said Mayor Jennings. You may holler for Blease; you may vote for him; but what would you think of a judge who, not having heard the testimony, carried his verdict in his pocket? "He's going to the senate," came from the crowd again. "Is he going to take (Jus Richie with him?" "I don't know," replied Mr. Jennings, "maybe he will make him doorkeeper," said Mr. Jennings. (Richie is from Laurens county. He is a paralytic and is under $5,000 bond to return to the penitentiary to complete his sentence as soon as his physical condition permits.) The speaker then read a part of the report of the legislative committee of the asylum investigation. He referred to Dr. T. J. Strait of Lancaster, a member of that committee, as an appointee of Governor Blease, "Mighty weak," said the speaker in answer to a shout for the governor. "If you don't vote for him any stronger than you shout for him, he'll never get to the senate. You think Blease is a little lord. What has he done for you?" "Whtat have you done?" asked a man. "I am trying to open your eyes." retorted Mr. Jennings. "Oh, yes. he has helped the criminals. So far as petitions are concerned, why. I could get up a pe tition in this crowd to nang tne uesi man here." The speaker then devoted his remarks to Senator Smith, who, he said, had not done anything. If I am elected to the senate. I cannot promise you what I will do. "You'll never go," came from the audience. "It is impossible to turn every negro mail clerk out of the service, and I will not promise that." South Carolina should get her part of the money devoted to navigation and drainage. Smith has gotten none of this money. Neither did he raise the price of cotton. He was in the senate when cotton rose, but he did not raise the price. "<>h, well, we are going to send him back to regulate rainfall," said a man in the crowd. "Yes, he claims to be responsible for the price of soda going down, but not for mules going up," said Mr. Jennings. - * " - ?- t Why, .senator smiin cuu?u u...j make people in the asylum believe that he is responsible for the increase in cotton. In 1909, he told the farmers to hold their cotton for lii cents; yet they got only S and 9 cents. "Well, Jennings, you can promise to draw your salary," said Mr. Joe Sims, of Sharon. The speaker' said he had fought more corporations than all the other Sumter lawyers combined, i nthe last ten years. He said his income was twice as much as a senatorial toga pays, and that he would be losing money by going to the senate, yet he had considered it his duty to make the race. In reply to a question, the speaker said he hail never asked the governor for a pardon; neither had he signed one, but had been successful in not letting any of his clients get in the penitentiary. The campaign had thus far been placed on a high plane. The speaker was personally friendly with all the candidates. He asked the audience to vote for the best representative. Before introducing Mr. Pollock, the nevt speaker, the county chairman asked those who had been making remarks to kindly refrain, saying that .V-? . . I.Irillir U-JIS for the I Lilt" |M l> lirfir wi n|?vui?.M0 ...... candidates and nut for the audience, but little heed was paid to the request. W. P. Pollock. Mr. Pollock was glad to he again unions the people of York, at whose hands he had always received courteous treatment and few votes. He had been defeated for congress and felt no heart burns; neither would he have any if defeated in his present race. At first, he said, it looked like there would be only two candidates in the race, Governor Please and Senator Smith. He had received numerous letters from people , throughout the state who thought the senatorial field should be broader, nnd when it looked as if there was to be no third candidate, at the soliei- , tation of numerous friends, he had , decided to enter the race. i Mr. Pollock said he was in closer touch with the people of the state than was Senator Smith, who hail done nothing except increase fifty pounds in weight and draw $T>0,000. < "Good beer," exclaimed a man in t the crowd, and the remark was followed hy much laughter. 1 "Hurrah for Please." was heard again. "Yes, partner, come up here; I I I want people to see you," said Mr. Pollock. However, the enthusiastic admirer of the governor did not mount the platform. He attacked the governor in regard to the Dr. Saunders matter; told of Dr. Saunders' education at Wir throp college, and of her good woik at the asylum. Yes, he said, a committee of Blease men and antiBlease men had indicted her. Yet the governor said at Chester, he would not explain nor apologize for what he had done. If you people can stand for that, when he refuses to explain, may God have mercy on your souls. Air. Pollock said he was not in the race to beat Blease, but wanted to be elected himself. He did not want the position for the money alone: and said that the man who looked on life as a continual fight to benefit himself had a poor conception of it. "That's the way most of them look at it," said some one. Your governor boasts of his pardon record, and there are some pardons which are justifiable. His pardon record covers every crime. He says his friends like it and you can't help it. Has it come to the time when our free people will stand for this? asked the speaker. He told of Portland Ned who, he said, had a hand in a robbery in Fort Mill, and who was taken to the governor's office and in some mysterious way escaped. "Three weeks after Portland Ned was pardoned, a safe was cracked within one hundred miles of Co iumbia. Is it not better to have such men cracking rocks, than to have them blowing safes and killing the men who try to catch them? Fourteen thousand jurors have heard the testimony in these cases and given a conscientious verdict. Yet the governor had set them all aside. The governor had said a great deal about the rules adopted at the state convention. The speaker said the report that he, Mr. Pollock, was a member of that convention, was a mistake. He favored only one vote for every native South Carolinian. The speaker charged that mobs of foreigners had been brought over from Augusta, Ga., to vote in Aiken and Edgefield counties. He said that maybe some foreigners had been brought from Charlotte to vote in York county. He wished to open the eyes of mill operatives and said he knew no class so long as the men were honest. As has been the custom since the campaign began, Mr. Pollock read a list of names of foreigners who had voted in Charleston. His pronunciation and facial expression during the reading of the list caused much amusement to the good naturcd audience. He charged that Governor Blease was standing with the foreign element in Charleston, and referred to the appointment of James Sotille, whom he ciuonca a sawea-ori nine aago, us a member of the governor's staff. He called the especial attention of the military companies of the county, to this appointment. The governor is always talking, "Nigger, nigger, nigger," said Mr. Pollock, "and yet he does not tell you that a few years ago he was a trustee of a negro college." He also touched on the fining of the governor's negro chauffeur in Columbia, and said that it made a lot of difference "whose negro was fined." The speaker said that in case he was elected he would do faithful work towards better roads and education. He paid high tribute to President Wilson, and said the people should send a man to the senate who would work in harmony with the president. Blease and Tillman could not work together; neither would Blease work with Wilson. He said people should vote for Blease's return to Newberry and the livery stables. He said the governor's coat tails had been trimmed so short there were none left, and that he was hollering calf rope. The speaker said he was raising his voice to stop the wave of lawlessness that was sweeuinir the state. "When I go jt of the state, I am ashamed, because people know Blease is governor. I blush with shame." "You ought not to do it," came from the crowd. "I can't help it," said Mr. Pollock. "Humph!" retorted his tormentor. The speaker said he would have no regrets or heartburns if defeated; but would feel he had done his duty. Senator Smith. Senator Ellison D. Smith was next introduced to the audience and was given applause as he began his speech. The senator said that each of the candidates usually took up about forty minutes of their time in trying to prove that he had done nothing since he had been in the senate. He created some fun at the expense of Messrs. Jennings and Pollock, who had commented on his increased weight, referring to himself as a thoroughbred and to them as "razorbacks." He said that he hoped to have only a piece of a lawyer opposing him; but had come to find out there were three Dieces in the race and two of them had suddenly become farmers also. He said that 78 of the 96 members of the United States senate were lawyers. Messrs. Pollock and Jennings said they were born on the farm, but as soon as they attained their majority, they came to town, became lawyers and began "farming the farmers." The senator llayed the lawyers in the senate, saying they got up long bills which mentioned "parties of the first part," and of the "second part;" and yet these same lawyers were parties to the whole plot The senator said he would never light President Wilson as long as he is "with my crowd." Senator Smith spoke at some length on foreign immigration and said that if he had the power he would prevent immigration from Europe. He said the surplus lands of America should be reserved for future American citizenship and said that so long as he remained chairman of the committee on immigration he would strive to attain that end. Until the last few years the farmers never believed they had sense enough 11) illieilU IU l lll'i r u?n uuaiiKsa, uut always got a lawyer to attend to it for them; and then the earnings of a year 1 were taken up in settling with the lawyer. However, the farmers are holding their own now. The senator discussed the new banking and currency act, pointing out its benefits to the farmer. It is a wonder 1 the farmers have anything, he said, 1 because heretofore the farmer had to 1 have United States bonds, gold and silver as security. These things had no relation to farming, but were con- I trolled by a half dozen Wall Street financial assassins who caused the I panic of 1907 in order to get control 1 of Tennessee Coal and Coke. Under the new law, farmers can give any kind of property as security. The ' speaker said that he had demanded in ' caucus that the farmer be allowed the 1 same lentgh of time to borrow money 1 as it takes to make a crop, and that ' the Smith bill gives that right. They say I am a man of one ideal. ' Some one has talked cotton from 8 to < 12J cents a pound. Maybe I didn't do I it all, but thank God I was there when I it was done. The speaker drew a touching picture ] of the farmer's family who was de- 1 pendent on the price of the product, in I which he referred to the New York ! gamblers who had the south in their grasp, and declared that he would I never let up in his fight against them until the "South comes into her own." < Liberal applause followed his declara- ' tion. The senator mentioned his bill reg- i ulating cotton grades, and said it would come out of conference as he 1 passed it. He declared it would pre- ' vent the passing of "dog-tail" cotton 1 for good middling. I 1 am tired of hearing men say, ' "Work on, farmer, you are doing ' well." Of course they are doing well, and are going to do better. The < speaker again asserted that he did not ' .1.. .,11 was dune 111 en is i n tr the i price of cotton; but was in the thick of the tight. The price has been in- 1 creased $20 more per bale since 1904. In conclusion. Senator Smith flayed 3 the cotton buyers who tried to grade I cotton too low. If one rain knocks $lf> off the value of a bale of cotton, a half 1 dozen rains would send it to the ma- t nure heap. There is no difference be- 1 tween good ordinary and middling ' fair, said the speaker. t Senator Smith told of his standing ! >n various committees in the senate, < find said that if a new man were sent < there, he would have to start at the bottom and work up. The speaker i wound up his address by stating that i in spite of the world, the rtesh, the v Jevil and the lawyers, he was going back to the United States senate. Governor Blease. The meeting was concluded with the address of Governor Blease, who, upon his appearance, was received with enthusiastic applause. Referring to the address of Senator Smith, the governor said he had paid a glowing tribute to his mother during his address, which he commended. He did not think the senator's family was as poor after the war as tne seiiutor had stated, since one of the sons had been educated sufficiently to become a high church official and another, by accident, had become a United Mutes senator. Gov. Blease said Senator Smith's talk about raising the price of cotton was a joke and the intelligent people of York would not believe it, although the people of Beaufort might. So far as Senator Smith's bill was concerned, the speaker said it was merely for the protection of one gambler aguinst another. The governor riuicuieu aenaiui Smith's statements regarding committee appointments, saying that when the Republicans again came into power, all the Democrats would be knocked out. He said that when he went to the senate he would receive us good committee places as had Senator Smith and that if he did not make better use of them, he would not stand for re-election. Senator Smith, he said, was a good fellow, and he denied that he had said the senator was a Republican. The speaker read an article from the News and Courier of June 15, in regard to Senator Smith's election and said that while the senator boasted of his big majority, he had little to boast of. There were only two in the race, Smith and John Gary Evans, and the people merely supported the least of the two evils. The governor further declared that had Smith been opposed by half a man he would never have been elected. The governor declared the senator a joke. He asserted the senator's immigration bill was still pending and asked why he did not make his brother senators pass it. The sena tor says he is a friend or the rarmer, and yet he voted against Winthrop college and free scholarships. This farmer boy (I can see the corns in his hands now) voted against these farmer institutions. The speaker declared that all Senator Smith's former enemies were now supporting him, the list including "that half breed sheet, the Columbia State, and the old granny in Broad street, Charleston." The governor referred to the appointment of Heyward, the "cobble-stone farmer," as income tax collector, and of Francis H. Weston as district attorney. He charged Senator Weston with being a corporation attorney as well as a stockholder in corporations. The Democratic party is discussing trust breaking, and yet your senator appointed a corporation attorney as district attorney! The speaker referred to the appointment of Jas. L. Sims, the Orangeburg newspaper editor, as United States marshal. Sims, he said, worked on a Republican newspaper, in which an octoroon negro was interested. in 1876. When the red shirts were fighting negro rule. The governor declared that all the appointments were cut and dried and that it was useless for others to apply. The appointment of marshal should have been given to anybody, other than a man who was with the Republicans in 1876, and before I would have made such an appointment, I would have walked from Washington to Newberry, and the people could have had my office. Rut, continued the governor, my friend, Senator Smith, was in the legislature once. Pity, too! He voted against the separate coach law. He did worse than that, because he voted to pay $2,000 to the family of one who had been lynched. Smith voted to pay $2,000 to the family of a negro who lays his hands upon a white woman. Voted to pay $2,000 to negro families because white men protect their homes. Does that show him to be a frldnd of the farmer? "Pretty rough,'" came from the crowd. "Yes, it's rough, but it is the record," replied the governor. The governor said he did not claim to be a farmer, but only wished he was one. Senator Smith tells how to get money on account of the new currency bill, s:i Id fhf? sn^nltpr Tho haw hill is nn better than the old law, because by the old method, farmers borrowed from the bank direct, whereas now the bank merely endorses the farmer's note. What the senator should do, he said, was to enact a law to put bank people who charRed the farmers ten and twelve per cent interest in jail, and "whom I could pardon before I leave the Bovernor's chair." The statement was followed by applause. The Bovernor read a letter which told of whites and neBroes workinB tosether in WashinBton and spoke of seeinB neBro mail carriers in the lower part of the state. If that happened in this country, when Mr. NiBBer drove around, he would be told not to "round" back aBain; and if he did. his family would have a chance to draw that $2,000 under Senator Smith's bill. The Bovernor showed pictures of whites and neBroes at Benedict colleBe, Columbia, and scathinBly denounced the school. The newspapers were continually doridins him because of his attitude in the matter, he said, but he intended fiBhtinB this kind of "niBBerism" until he died. He paid his respects to the recent state convention, many members of which, he said were "ciBarette suckers and liquor drinkers." The speaker referred to the York county convention, sayinB that the anti-administration forces, when they saw that the Bleasites had elected a temporary chairman, moved for a recess and Bot enouBh of their friends to Bive them a majority of six or sev en. The speaker said that any kind of delegates were taken to Columbia to the state convention so as to make it a hardship for the farmers to i nroll. "You'll have to sign it," came from the audience. "Yes. I am going to sign it." retorted the governor, "and I want every man to register whether he is going to vote for me or not." The speaker declared that while he was willing to work for the Democratic party in any state, the Republican party would some day he hack in power. When it does, the new rules ire likely to cost the state two representatives in congress and the antiBleaseites would thereby hurt themselves. South Carolina representation in congress, ho said, was based on the primary vote and not the general election. If enrollment is cut to 110,000, md Republicans return to power, they will demand that South Carolina's leleiration be cut in proportion to the ?nrollment: the crowd who fixed up the enrollment thievery will therefore rol? themselves. The speaker told his hearers not to pay any attention to the newspapers. He said he did not pay any attention to what they or anybody else said ibout him. "We don't pay any attention to them." said a man near the stand. The governor said the reporters ?ould not write the truth. If they did :lie editors would change it; and if :hey didn't, the tvne is so well trained t will change itself. Prepchers throughout the state rayed that the best man be elected two years ago, said the speaker. The Lord answered the prayer, he said, pointing to himself. The statement wrought hearty applause from his , friends. In concluding his address, the governor said that on every occasion he ind done what he thought best for the nterests of the people. "What did you do for Oils Richie?" le was asked. I "Just what I will do for you when , > 011 steal something?parole you," re- , died the governor quickly. The governor said he had no apolories to make: he had been governor limself: and his enemies could not lelp themselves. He would not admit hat he had made any mistakes, al- : hough he may have done so. His I 'riends he said, did not want him to xplain anything and his enemies < 011 Id not make him do it. He intended marching into the senite 011 the a"rm of a Rleaseite who vould be the next governor, and 1 vould be introduced to the United States sennte by E. D. Smith, the greatest living exponent of cotton. At the conclusion of the governor's address the meeting adjourned, the candidates taking advantage of the opportunity to shake hands with numerous voters. LOCAL LACONICS Good Oat Yield. Mr. Oliver Walker, who lives two miles above Clover, threshed his oats this week. He secured 107 bushels on one acre. The Meeting at Rock Hill. There was a tremendous crowd of people at Hock Hill, Wednesday night, to hear Governor Blease. The governor was introduced by Mr. G. P. smith, and was received with fenthusiasiic applause, but shortly after he had launched into a scathing denunciation of the enrollment regula tions of the recent state convention, a heavy rain came up and broke up the meeting. Bitten By Mad Dog. Messrs. K. R. and Lesslie McCorkle of Yorkville No. 6, were bitten i on the hand last Wednesday, by a bird pup, which belonged to them, uiule attention was paid to the bite at the time, but a few days afterward, the dog began to act strange, and finally died. Thinking possibly the dog was suffering from rabies, Messrs. McCorkle sent the dog's head to the slate authorities and a message received Wednesday, was to the effect that the canine had hydrophobia. Although neither of the gentlemen who were bitten have felt any evil results, they are taking treatment in order to be on the safe side. Speaking Last Night. After the speaking in Yorkville yesterday, Governor Ulease was taken in charge by a committee of friends, who carried him to Clover, with the understanding that after he had addressed an audience there, he would be taken to Gaffney, where he had still another engagement. He had made < a previous appointment to speak at Clover, and Gaffney people had made nn nrmnlntmpnt and advertised him to speak at Gaffney without having consulted him in advance. The situation was one that required a long, hard ride to fill. Messrs. Smith, Pollock and Jennings were taken in charge by a Rock Hill committee, aftei ihc speaking in Yorkville, and spoke in J Rock Hill, last night. , Would Take No Risks. Upon his arrival from Rock Hill, yesterday morning. Governor Blease came to The Enquirer ortice to give I instructions about the shipping out of ' copies of his St. Matthews speech, which is still in press. A n.an who is with him in the capacity of general assistant, came in and asked for orders. The governor said: "This is the place where they put up that bottle Job on me two years ago. Go down to the hotel, see what room they have assigned me. Look it over good, and if there are any bottles in It, have them taken out. Then have my grips sent up. If anybody comes about there to take a drink, tell them to Iflnillv en pNtiwhprc I don't want uny whisky or beer myself, and I don't want anybody to have any around ' me." Death of Mr. B. F. Scoggins. Mr. B. Frank Scoggins of Hickory Grove, died suddenly at his home on yesterday morning. Mr. Scoggins arose at his accustomed time, but ^ complained of feeling badly. A physician was summoned, but death resulted before the doctor could reach the house. The deceased was born near Hickory Grove, in September, 1863, the son of the late James and Martha Scoggins. He had been engaged in farming all his life. A man of sterling worth, he was widely known throughout York county, ps J| an honest man and a good citizen. y Mr. Scoggins is survived by his wife, who was Miss Ella Leech, and four children, Misses Isabel, Evelyn, James and Mr. Fred, all of Hickory Grove. He also leaves the following brothers and sisters: J. J. Scoggins, Due West, 4 W. B. Scoggins, Yorkville, R. L. Scoggins, Hickory Grove; Mesdames E. A. Crawford, Yorkville, R. L. Castles, Smyrna, and Miss Ida Scoggins, Yorkville. The interment will be at Hickory Grove this morning, funeral services being conducted by Rev. J. L. uaies assisieu oy r;evs. a. u. rressiy and H. G. Hardy. SOUTH CAROLINA NEWS * ? Representative Byrnes has presented President Wilson and Secretary Tumulty with suits of clothes made from South Carolina duck. ? Capt. Z. J. Drake, champion corn grower of the world, died at his home % in Marlboro county, last Wednesday. Capt. Drake has the reputation of having made 255 bushels of corn on one acre. ? At Bennettsville on Tuesday, Mr. A. G. Brice, candidate for attorney general, made a positive declaration in opposition to Governor Blease. The declaration was enthusiastically applauded by the anti-Blease element. ? Prnptit nnrv iiwlfp at tho Plffh circuit, died at his home in Columbia, * last Tuesday, after a long illness. The * deceased was a brother of Chief Justice Gary and Judge Frank B. Gary. He was born in Abbeville county in 1859, and was elected judge in 1897. ? The Rural Letter Carrier's association of South Carolina, is holding r its annual convention in Spartanburg. The meeting opened yesterday, and the entertainment feature will be ccncluded tomorrow with a trip over the C. C. & O., railroad to Erwin, Tenn. Among those who have been invited to speak are Hons. D. E. Finley, E. J. Watson, F. Hi Hyatt, W. F. Stevenson, Sam J. Nicholls, T. C. Duncan, Joseph T. Johnson and Mendel L. Smith. ? Spartanburg. July 1: In a renewed effort to solve the mystery of pellagra, the strange disease which is ^ tilling southern insane asylums, and causing a great many deaths, the public health service of the Federal government has today opened a field hospital here. Dr. R. A. Herring, who is in charge, said it is expected that the hospital will be maintained qp for a period of five or six years, conducting exhaustive research work, seeking the cause of this disease. Prior to twenty years ago this disease was practically unknown in this country; it is undoubtedly an infection. according to medical authorities, but it is not easily transmistwMlilM frurn nnp nprmm to nnotllpr. - Pickens, June 30: Sheriff Koark of this county, assisteil by his deputies and a number of volunteers, scoured the country today for a negro, who last night, killed James J Hendrix, a white man, and who is said to have later criminally assaulted a white woman of that section. The negro is known to the authorities as Lloyd McCuIlum and a vigorous search for him is being made. The murder occurred last night about 0 11 o'clock, but not until today did the authorities make known anything of the affair. An all night search was made for the alleged murderer. Hendrix is well known in this county and the affair of last night created quite a sensation. It is possible that the negro will be lynched if he falls into the hands of the dead man's friends. McCuIlum deliberately planned the murder it is said. Having hid behind the barn near the house, he calmly awaited the coming of his victim, and when he appeared upon the scene, crushed his life out with :i stick. The lssault was then made upon the woman and the negro tied to the swamps. Sheriff Roark described the negro last night as being six feet two inches tall, with a black miiutfl/>hn u'O'trlnff tt whit A hilt. heavy coat, blue shirt, tan colored pants and a broad pair of shoes. The band of his hat has been removed, the rim slit open with a knife and the inside band pulled through. Sheriff Ftoark said the negro would be easily recognized by his hat. * ? The senate on Tuesday refused to agree to the l>?ver bill which had passed the house on Monday, as a substitute for the Smith bill. The Smith bill, which passed the senate several ** weeks ago, proposes to deny the use ? of the mails to exchanges that refuse to submit to certain regulations. The Lever bill, to which the senate has refused to agree, provides a tax on all future sales that fail to comply with ertain regulations.