Newspaper Page Text
Scraps anil facts. ;
s ? There have been rumors that Gen. v Leonard Wood would be retired from t active service because of physical in- r ability and sent to some department f work. This rumor h.'ia been set at rest, t however, k> Gi n. Woou's sue < csstully (missiuk a strenuous physical exainina- r tiori last week, and now the under- ? standing is that he will be sent to ., France, probably in command of the , satb division, now stationed at Camp f r'uiislon, Kansas. * i ?ie iirsi otliciui reference to Gen. i rocn as oong in supreme columaJiU ol tne .whoa ioiccn on ihi- Western trout is eoutaineu in a cablegram ' iTcsicient Wilson sent tiie neutral con- ( KiaiuJaiiug tnin on his new authority.' 'lite president's message said. '.May 1 not convey to you my f sincere congratulations on your new uuiiioiiiy : ?v e are lohovwug wilit pro louud uileicst ine boiu ami uniuain action ol your forces." *llicame a i>|iurl last wi-ck that I In.- ilusslaiis. ulna i Ilit- lead ol TiolSK>, bUU aiiscll M?itlll?l tilt- IjilinullS aiiu |i uipiunn Outasa, tin ^II.'UI giullt poit oil tin- liliirh ma. llieic lias ainct- , i>(.i ii nothing to iiiuuati tut- contrary; lull latin i all information oblainabl-is hi counriiiaiion ol the news. TJie eity ol aitiolua-t, in Mini. Ii in locaU-u a ki at niiliiiiauui- builoing plant, lias ai.no In i-il (.aptUICd. i in- cause* ol tuc Itusman upnsing in that tin- Germans uisi 1'iiiiiuiiJ t nc 11 no-caili'U peace lnal> ami coiiiiiiciici ii going utter Hie itussiali main in a way mat promised to Iuim noining lor tin- itussuins I mills'i % * n. tiolshy i.s sai<i to be- noun; ali be ian to re-organize the mat- I tcied i; unman ailii>, ami innu> ex - ; pi nt need commuhUcis are volunteerum then nei v lees. ? " J tie enemy will not conquer our , n uintance.' naui i-reinier t.lernc-iicau when surrounded by deputies at the hourbou i'aiace upon Ins return to i I'ans, lroin tiie tront Friday utternoon. "I uo not wish to |io.se an u prophet. Tti.it in not my habit, hut, come wiial may. lliey will not break I through." Alneuol'.s showing Hie wiiiulertul morale of the French troops were related by the- premier. A battalion of territorial troops, arriving at iIn- trout line Thursday, were tound ! awaiting the order for a c-ounter-at- i tai k niitiug unconcernedly m a mud lield within range ol the German tihclln, whicii were breaking in the unmeuiute vicinity. "What are you doing he-re." said M. Cleinenceau. " "Wo ar?- at rest,' " renpoiided a soldier i|Utetly. , Women drivers of the American fund lor French wounded, have bci u doing splendid service tor refugees 11urn tin- I'lcurdy ballh-fu-lds arriving < in Furls. It should lie understood that - the territory over which I he Germans advanced last week is the same over which the Germans iiaU heea ilrivcn hack a year before. When the tier* mans retreated hetore the Itritish ami < French they left the country hehimi them little better than a desert, l-'rench families who have previously been hehimi the German lines, anil who were set free by the German retreat, at , once set to work to re-establish their homes ami they were making line pro- 1 Kress. They fled before this last tier- I man advance, however, and came to Paris in lurgc numbers. Ilere the wo- , men drivers ol American automobiles gave the refugees splendid service in taking them to the homes of relatives or aei|iiaintanc<-s and to other places to which they desired to go. | ? The Morning Post's correspondent in France draws a gruesome picture of battlefield conditions, according to a dispatch of Saturday. "Prisoners i state that the countryside is tilled , witli bodies and that the air, is hor- , riblc with the odor ol death." he writes. "Wells cunnot be used. The ruined villages are impossible us bil- i lets because they are strewn with Ger- < man dead. There are great piles of bodies ulong the roads and between them. The enemy has only recently i found time to bury any of his dead. The spectacle of the battlefield car? peted wUh^the bodies of their com- , In this way discovered to their surprise that the British are not too weak to light. Prisoners say that the British endurance and skill in fighting is delaying the progress of the German army. Among the feats of this British endurance may be mentioned that of u detachment which marched IS hours, fought throughout one night and hulf ot the next day, repelled three attacks, twice recaptured a certain village and dug trenches." ? Great preparations, writes an Associated Press correspondent from i the French front are being mado in Germany for fighting in the air. Many pilots are under instruction in tile German aviation centers and airplanes are being built faster than ever before. Many student aviators have been passed from the Infantry and artillery into the air service. Until a few months ago German aviators 1 wore recruited utmost exclusively from i the ranks of oftlcers. N'ow they are . accepted from the lower rar.ks also. Jstill the proportion of officers is almost overwhelming, many having been transferred from cavalry regiments to j be in a branch of service in which the , activity is constant, instead of remaining with mounted troops whose sphere ' " ' u->" nviuvK et.gf rli't. I OI UM-lUimW imo MVVil ?u%rv?l . v-?. ... ed. The increased pay unci allowance . of Hying men have also attracted many , infantry ofticers from the ordinary line regiments. Others see greater chances of being decorated. Most of the instruction camps are In the interior. some of them being government institutions and others run by airplane manufacturing concerns. After pre- ? Itniinury training pupil pilots must i pass a series of examinations which , become more difticult as training pro- , grosses. The instruction period is ' about six months for a pilot. 1 ? The Allied army continues to ' make steady progress 111 Mesopotamia, t according to 9 statement of the London war otllce. A statement Issued . Friday, says: "On March 26 a highly successful operation was carried out by our troops oporuting on the Eu- I: phratos northwest of Hit. which re- t suited in the capture or destruction of , virtually the entire Turkish force in * that area. Early in the morning our columns advanced to attack the Turkish positions about Khnn-Haghdudi. |. 22 miles northwest of Hit. Our cavalry c made a wide movement around the Turkish position to Aleppo, in the 1 rear of the enemy. Hy nightfall the i enemy's main positions north of Khan- s Hughdadi had been carried hy assault. . The main body of the enemy, attempting to break to the northwest, s was intercepted hy our cavalry ami f repulsed with heavy losses. So far it has been reported that about 3.000 prisoners have been taken, including s a divisional commander, two regiment- n al commanders, about 200 other Turk- r ish officers, one German officer and a few German non-commissioned of- 0 ticerp. In addition ten guns. 2.000 t: rifles, many machine guns. 600 ani- 9 mals and a quantity of other booty have been taken, lhirsuit of the remaining fugitives has already been carried beyond Hndlth 45 miles si northwest of Hit. Our casualties were p very slight." ? "I am delighted at General Pershing's prompt and effective action in s placing all the American troops and e facilities at the disposal of the Allies e in the present situation," said Sec- A rotary Baker tn a statement given out "J at headquarters in France last Sat- 11 urda.v. "It will meet with hearty ap- n proval in the United States where the ? people desire their expeditionary forces to be of the utmost service In the common cause." the secretary " continued. "I have visited all the o American troops In France, some of [ them recently, and had an opportunity . to observe the enthusiasm with which the men received the announcement 15 that they would be used in the present q conflict. One regiment to which the c announcement was made spontaneous- _ ly broke into cheers." Secretary Baker, for obvious reasons, declined to discuss just what part of the American expeditionary forces may play or a are playing. This will become known in due time. The news that the force was to participate at all was met with w cheers and shouts of delight from one t! end of the American zone to the other, v even at the front. The officers and men had about come to the conclusion that they were to be forced to sit back P and watch the progress of events and 1< h?-y were glum. Today they are \ railing and demonstratively congratu- | ating each ether. There was much ' lapping of each other on the back, irtllle some of the troops tossed up 1 heir hats and danced when the news ' cached them There Is still no news . roin the fighting engineers. Secreary Maker, having conferred with the till* d < ommanding officers and statesnen, desires to return to the United dates as soon ;ts possible and make lAailablc the information he has se:ur*-d from his observation and conrrcnt'l'S. He has completed the Insertion of men and material, which i?- found a very inspiring task. fhc Hlorkvillf inquirer. entered at the Postofflce at York as Mail Matter of the Second Class. YORK. S. C.: TUESDAY. APRIL 2. 1918. The Cnlti'il Slates government has > < ? too lenient about this spy busit< ss. Spies should be hanged. (ii'tiiiitn newspapers began last rhnrsday to warn their readers not to xpeot the eontinuation of the adliince of the German armies til the ate they have heen making, because, is the papers put it. of increasing dlfie III ties. The German high command is being I noted as saying that it is determined !o waste a million men in its effort lo smash the ihitish and French, and ms' now it looks as if the million men ivill lie duly wasted and perhaps a treat many more. The people of York county are not feeding themselves from their own liroflurlioii of foodstuffs now: but they will be doing it by this time next year u they will not be feeding at all. There is op|Kuiunit.v now to raise foodstuffs and even a surplus; but within a few weeks that opportunity ..in i.....i>. t,. i ii.ii I..MH and less every lay. There is talk of the invi ntioii of airplanes with folding wings that nm hr rallied in submarines. ami it is suggested th.it siK'li machines could bombard New York and other American cities. Wc aro not going to say such ii thing is impossible; hut we arc wondering whether such a product is siiilificnt to make certain of our tightwads give up their money for Liberty bonds and war savings stamps. In their otlicial reports, tlnr tiermans frequently refer to their troops its having driven the enemy from "hravely defended positions." That phrase "hravely defended" lias u magnanimous flavor to it on the surface. There is no doubt about its truth; but wc do not take it so much us intended us a compliment to the Allies as an apology to the German people for the manner in which German leaders are 'jA-au.-m so'dturn. The British war otflcc is indignant over charges in Ixmdon and Now York that Gen. lluig has been purposely holding hack information as to his losses. These charges are based in a measure on the fuller and more complete reports of the German war ofliee. The British war ottlco explains that an offensive army is always in a IK-HIT pOHII lot) m ll-ll ill i in iwnvn iiium ii defensive army is of its losses. The war ullii'i* insists that (Son. Ilnig lias I>0011 giving inform.1 tion as last as jm>ssihle. Military exports in Washington and in London and l'aris have expressed themselves as being at a loss to 1111lerstand the jfreat German drive. They ;ire nnahle to see the direct object of it?just what tactical end the (Sermons were striving for. We do not profess any military knowledge of the situation, but as we see tilings at this J (stance, we have an idea that the Serntans sought to completely smash til the Allied forces in front of them. >0 that afterward they would bo at iberty to do as they please. According to dispatches from the ront and according to the host expert pinion, there is little reason to hope T0111 the results of the present Gerlinn drive anything else thun a proongation of the war. If it had been ossible to check the drive close to its eginning, it is believed that the Geruans would have been sufficiently dis011 raged to be placed In a humor for H-ace. As the situation stands now, lie German people feel that they have icon successful, notwithstanding their reuiendous losses, and the task of the lilies lias been prolonged. The selection of General Koch, the 'rcneh chief of staff, as generalissimo t' all the Allied and American forces 11 France, is said to have been at the nsttgation of Gen. Pershing. The | tatoment is that Gen. Pershing having lecome convinced of the superior 1 bility of Gen. Koch as a soldier, inarmed Col. House and Col. House Inarmed President Wilson, with the reult that Gen. Pershing was given peruiwion to place his forces and all the esources of America at the disposal f Uen. Koch, with the result that ireat Britain has promptly followed uit. Itcports front German high political ources ?|tiote junker lenders as saying hat the price of pence has advanced s the result of the recent German ucresses. That kind of talk is to be xpected. but It can have very little ffect on American common sense, .mericnns very well understand 'that he price of German success will mean othing hut German domination of the orld. Americans know that if the iermans are successful, America will ave to pay the price of peace in loss f self-respect, liberty and money, 'he money cost does not matter much: < lit the other things do. and America 1 ? not going to submit to German con- j uest. Americans are not at all con- ] emed as to German peace terms, s 'hat is all. With total sales of $190,869.20. J mounting to only 15 cents per capita. < louth Carolina has less holdings of 1 ar savings stamps than any state in . he Union. Nebraska has bought S4.S9 j forth of stamps per capita, an aggro- t ate of $6,659,711.02. Surely the peo- 1 le of South Carolina are not going to ( ;t it be said of them that they are 1 the least patriotic people In the United States. Surely If South Carolina as ? whole is content to occupy such a position, the people of York county ivill not be content to sink to the average of the other counties. The money derived from these stamps is being used to furnish our sons at the front with supplies of arms, atntnunit'on and food. It is now definitely known that the American trooj>s. or more than one iiundred thousand of them at least are on their way to take ihtir places with | the French and British against the! German lines. Just where the Americans are or how long it will take them to reach the lighting, lias not been definitely stated: but it is quite possible that they are already becoming engaged. The Americans arc described as being wildly enthusiastic over the opportunity to get into active work. They want to fight, and they I want to fight now. The next few days will no douht bring news of what they are doing and although tiiis news will include news of casualties, it will also tell of heroic courage and devotion of which all America will have a right to he proud. GREAT STRUGGLE STILL ON Allies Holding Their Own and Pushing Offensive. The conditions 011 the western front are now much better than they were last Friday, in that the big German drive is definitely slackened and the Allies have gotten their resources in shape to prevent further advance, and hurrahs the Germans in their new positions. The German drive, ii now appears, was along a line ot approximately 5u itiUs, 110111 a short distance soutli ot U'iib dow 11 to La Fere on the river oise. From La Fere to the west it extended to and slightly beyond jdontuidier, about forty miles and to 1, it inn 55 miles of fans to the southwest. included in the territory captured hi the German drive are the French villages 01 Courcelles, Fuisieux, liapaiiinc, i'errone, C'huulr.cs, Hum, Tcrginer, Nesle, Itoje, Caix, Cnevisey, iiuincl, and the cities ot St. yuentin, .\o>on, Albert ami Moiildidier. The Lritish front line holds at Lens to the north, in spile 01 tremendous assaults, and the junction of the rnmil and British lias withstood all churls ot llie Germans at 1-t Fere. Heavy German ullucks on theism ish south of the Sommc river has lorced the ISritish line buck to within twelve miles 01 Amiens, a great railroad center at which there are immense supplies oi war munitions and which cit) is described as the key to funs. 'lite lighting now is along aline from l-i Fare twenty-live miles to the west oi .Monldldier, and from Alontdidicr iiurth, about thirty miles to Lens. The French are deleading and attacking on the l*u Farc-Montilidicr line ana the British on tlie Monldidicr-Lens line. There have been rejKirts of Aiaerlcan partici(Kition in tlie fight; but so far as known no Americans have been engaged except jiossibly portions of two regiments of engineers who happened to be caught in the early forward movement of the Germans. The Associated fress is not permitted to - i...- *l... nt.t.tluiH /??' 4 niafifinnu tn hf> engaged; tiut it is allowed to say that there are more tlian luo.uuo Americans marching to the front to take their plucis in tlie French and British lines and that they are lighting under Old Glory. The Associated l'ress summary of the situation continues: l-'rom the region of the Somnie southward to where the battle line turns eastward, furious fighting has ? WW* ?o.riov* gfiCVQf,?but everywhere the enemy has been held, and even bushed back ut some points. .\'owhere has he been able, although lie continued, to throw great masses of men into the fray, to gain ground, except an infinitesimal tract from the French north of .Morcuil. British and French machine guns and riflemen, us in days past, again tore great holes in the ranks of the field of gray as they endeavored to press on. ' So great have been the losses of the Germans in front of the British north of the Somme that Sunday saw them unwilling again to take up the gage ot battle. Along the Scarpe, the British themselves went on the offensive and to the east of Arras captured the village of Fouchy. On the southern end of the line, where Von Hindcnliurg is endeavoring to pierce through to the old German positions as they stood before his retreat In U'ltl. the British and French troops, lighting together, have met the enemy in furious combats, but everywhere defeai< d him with sanguinary losses. Changes Hands Four Times. The town of Morcuil changed hands four times, but finally rested in the hands of the British and French, while the woods to the north of the illage were captured by the French. In the bend of the line between Morcuil and Lasslngny the Germans made frantic efforts to break through, but the French held them in their tracks and in addition recaptured several villages. Not alone has von Hindenburg lost large numbers of men killed or wounded, but both the British and French armies have taken a considerable number of new prisoners and also cnpturcd- machine guns. At last accounts the Germans had launched a fresh attack In the region between the rivers Luce and Avre and fierce lighting was in progress. The reports from both the British anu French war otllces seemingly indicate that the Allied troops have reached the limits of their retrograde movement. In any event they have cancelled the engagement Field Marshal von Hindenburg made with himself to take dinner in Paris on All Fool's day. Instead of the truffles and other viands with which the German commander-in-chief had predicted he would regale himself in the ' French capital on April 1. his fare wtll be that of the Germnn army; and instead of passing triumphantly through the boulevards of the city a victor over the French and British troops, he will bo busily engaged in dodging the shot and shell hurled at him by them and endeavoring to withstand the heavy thrusts of their infantry against his battle line. That the Germans on Sunday not only failed to make gains against the British troops in Frante, but lost grounds four miles east of Arras Is announced In a statement Issued by the British war office, Sunday night. The statement says: "North of the Somme the day has been quiet. Immediately south of the Scarpe our llpe lias been advanced to the east of Feuchy (east of Arras) . It has been confirmed that the enemy's losses in his fruitless attacks were heavy. South of the Somme yesterday, by successful counter-attacks, we regained possession of the village of Demiun. In brilliant operations yesterday by the Canadian cavalry ar^d British infantry, In conjunction with the French, we recaptured Moreull md the wood to the north of that place. This afternoon a heavy German ittack developed In the angle between the rivers Luce and Avre, and the fighting continues." ? Gen. Pershing called on Gen. Foch it headquarters last Thursday, according to LTnformatton. and placed at lis disposal the whole resources of the Vmerican army for employment In the >attle now in progress. "I come," [/Information quotes Gen. Pershing is saying, "to say to you that the \meriean people would hold It a great lonor for our troops were they engagn the present battle. I ask it of you n my name and in that of the Ameri I ~ 1. A * thlo mnmnNt an jnvjnr. i IICIC to ai mio tuvuivu% 10 other question than that of fightng. Infantry, artillery, aviation?all hat we have?are yours to dispose of is you wlIL Others are coming which ire as nuraerous_as will be necessary. [ have come to say to ysu that the American people would be proud to >e engaged In the greatest battle In listory." . LOCAL AFFAIRS. NEW ADVERTISEMENTS Loan and Saving* Bank?-Gives a tabulated statement of om year's growth of its business. ending April lot. Its resources yesterday totaled 1714.906.12. York Supply Co.?Set# forth the advantages to farmers of osing John Deer corn planters. Makes better crops. Seed potatoes. W. B. Moore? Urges York county people to buy thrift stamps and keep York county and South Carolina toward the bead of this list of stamp buyers. McConnell Dry Goods Co.--Offers a variety of seasonable specials, as well as a special in heavy laprobes. I). M. I'arrott, Clover?Now has almost a complete stock of spring goods. Silks, voiles', rep. etc. Clover Drug Store?Don't want you to forget to plant a watermelon and canteloupe patch for your summer enjoyment. It has seed. First National Bank. Sharon?Puu forth the claims of Liberty bonds as an investment. and points out the need of the government for additional funds. Sherer A Quinn?Tell you to plant Irish potatoes now. You'll need them later on. Also urge you to plant a war garden. W. K. Ferguson?Asks you to remember him for all kinds of cereals. He has what you want and you'll like them after a trial. Foster-Milburn Co.. Buffalo?Sets forth the benefits that come to kidney sufferers who UbC uoan ? muju-/ yiIIK M J. Welker, Chairman Board of Health Publish notice to property owners to put their property in sanitary condition before April 12th. Yorkville Cotton Oil Co.?Gives notice that it is ready to furnish ice and givee a list of quantity prices. Notice as to ginning. Star Theatre?Will have a five reel special feature today. Two good comedies tomorrow. ! Seven reels on Thursday. Kirkpatrick-Belk Co.?Invite you to see tm spring line of shoes in all leathers and good styles for men and women. They will he glad to show you. J. M. Stroup?Has received and is now di>playing a big line of men's furnishings. It includes everything needful for correct ami comfortable dressing. Wrigley- -On page four gives six reasons why you ought to chew Wrigley's chewing gum> Stop talking about "old time" and "new time." There Ib but one legal time. War savings stamps ar enow $4.15 The price has not gone up. Last month it took $4.14 to earn n cent a month at compounded interest before the date of maturity and now It takes $4.15. that is all. But the point is?buy the stamps?buy thrift stamps at 25 cents each and add to them until they become war savings stamps. There has been a tremendous lot of plowing all along the road from Yorkville to Chester. There are a few fields that have not been plowed, but not many. Already a considerable amount of fertilizer has been put In for eotton. The cloddy condition of the plowed up soil in many cases indicates that the fanners have been too impatient to wait for a properly drying out ol' the ground. Rev. D. G. I'hllllps, D. D? pastor of the Associate Reformed church of Chester, devoted all of his last Sunday morning sermon to tIn- duty or tne citizen in connection with the great war. He said that it was the duty of every American who could not go to the- f-on' to buy Liberty bonds or wa* savings stamps, and that people who will neither light or help the people who do tight, are slackers of the worst description, unworthy of American citizenship. TAX COLLECTIONS The total tax collections in Yotd; county up to March 15, was $275,388.11. The figures showing the collections from each of the nine town.hips are as follows: Bethel ?$ 9,396 90 Bethesda 18.882 06 Broad River .... 14.414 51 Bullock's Creek 10,15S( 91 Catawba . . Ki-P.eze:- ? .. Fort Mill JlJ.HWP King's Mountain 26,147 18 York 42,414 87 Total - $275,388 11 ABOUT PEOPLE Dunne Thomas of Yorkville, has arrived in France. Mr. (.?. C. Dcese of Hock Hill, was a visitor in Yorkville yesterday. Miss Rita Witherspoon of Yorkville, visited relatives in Chester this week. Miss Cora Clark of Dandrldge, Tenn. was a visitor in Yorkville last week. Miss Bobie Brown of Rock Hill, spent Sunday with relatives at Filbert Ardrey Inman and R. T. Allison, Jr., of Davidson colege, spent Sunday In Yorkville. Misses Esther Ashe and Mary Speck of Chlcora college, Columbia, spent Sunday at their homes in Yorkville. Mr. \V. L. Hogue of Clover, spent Sunday with the family of Mr. W. L. Baber In Yorkville. Miss Rosa May Muhaffey of Columbia, is spending sereral days at her home in Yorkville. - ' " i- ..... nr.f. jonn r. Yviutuvc if w?vi uum tivit'ord college on account of the critical illness of his brother on Yorkvllle No. 2. Mr. It. J. Morrow of No. 7 Yorkvllle. has received a card from his son. Bob announcing that the latter has safely arrived overseas. Misses Cora Clark of Yorkvllle No. 1, and Mattle Smith and Lena Wllkerson of Hickory Grove, spent Sunday with Mrs. L. G. Baber In Yorkvllle. Misses Sarah Starr, Rachel Wylie and Sarah VVllklns "of Converse college, Spartanburg, spent several days this week at their homes In Yorkvllle. Mr. James R. Wallace has been 111 with pneumonia at the home of his father, Mr. Geo. R. Wallace, on Yorkvllle No. 2. His condition yesterday was critical. McLENDON AND PLEDGER The McLendon-Pledger meeting in Chester, as elsewhere, Is proving a great success In that the people are attending In large numbers and interest Is Increasing Steadily. At first there was some opposition to the meeting. That Is always the case. The opposition comes usual!Jf from people who have Incorrect conceptions of Mr. McLendon and his methods. Generally they consider that he Is a sensationalist, dependent upon the stirring up of strife as a means of awakening interest. They are honest about the matter; but wrong, and when they see that they were wrong, their opposition subsides. Such opposition as there was in Chester has &lj ready disappeared and all of the churches are working in harmony with the evangelist. Thorp In one serious firawhsclr to the meeting. The big tent was destroyed In a cyclone some time back, and although another has been purchased and shipped, it has not yet arrived. The meeting is being held in the opera house, which will hold only about 1,200 people. The building is filled to capacity at every sen-ice, and many people are turned away. It is necessary to go early In order to secure standing room. That operates against the growth of such interest as facilitated by th * big tent where people can get close enough to hear even if they cannot get a seat There was a tremendous crowd at last Sunday afternoon's sen-ice. It was the for "men only" service. Chester people came out in large numbers and the people came from all the conntry surrounding In automobile* and other means of conveyance:. but not half the crowd could find seats. Mr. McLer.don has not yet decided how long the meeting will continue, and it will go on for another week at least and maybe two or three weeks. ? i HERE AND THERE i The small grain crops of Bethel township, both wheat and oats, are looking fine and unless something an- : foreseen happens, the township will probably produce the largest crop of . small grain in Its history. Farmers throughout the county have made every mlhnte count in plowing 1 when the land has been In condition to plow. This la especially true in King's Mountain and Bethel townships, where there are many acres already In shape for fertilizers and for seed. Hundreds of automobile parties were on the roads Sunday afternoon. The * orkville-Clover road was especially popular with the automobilists. But that road is in anything but good iondition for pleasure driving. It is full of ruts and bumps and the automobile driver fiuds the driving anything else than pleasant. Just a few .iraggings of the road would put it in tairly good condition, provided the <i ragging was done soon after rains had soiteued the roadway. A few days ago Here und There got hold of a story that is being circulated I by word of mouth to this effect: jlr. has it straight from high authority that if the Germans win over the Allies, they are going to completely suppress the Roman Catholic church." It is easy to see the motive of such a story in a countrylike this where there are no Catholics and where there is strong feeling against that sect. But sensible men should think. In countries where the Catholics are strong, "prominent men" are no doubt telling that when Germany wins, Roman Catholicism is to be made the state religion of the world. People are indeed foolish to listen to stuff like this in times like these. When the Germans win, if they do win, they are going to make slaves of all the people who are not Germans. CORN CLUB WINNERS Bryan Willingham of Wlnnsboro, has been declared the winner of the first prize in the boys' Corn club contest in South Carolina. The Fairfield county boy produced last year 167.8 bushels of corn on one acre of ground. James W. Draffln of Lesslie, York county, won second place, his yield being 119.6 bushels. Third place was taken by Hallum Smith of Smoak, Colleton county, who produced 106.2 bushels. Announcement of the winners In the contest which was made last Saturday, has been somewhat delayed by the loss of certain records, which necessitated the collection of duplicates. Prize winners in the Pig club contest will be decided next week and a dinner for the prize winners in the two organizations will be given by L. L. Baker, director of the club work in South Carolina, within the immediate future Young Wllllnghum produced hie corn at an actual coat of 17.6 cents per bushel. His prizes will be a gold medal by Congressman A. F. Lever, and an International Harvester Company No. 4, six shovel, pivot axle, ridlng cultivator, valued at )70. Kstimatcd cost of Drathn's corn was 25.5 cents per bushel. He will receive u beautiful gold watch, the gift of the Mixson Seed Company of Charleston. Smith's corn cost 35.6 cents per bushel. A check for $25 will be the reward, this being the gift of the H. G. Hastings Seed Company of Atlanta, Ga. During the year more than 1,000 boys were enrolled in the Corn clubs of the different counties of the state. Fewer than one-half of the boys complied with the rules and regulations of the club. The 501 reporting raised 26,813 bushels of corn, valued at $10,036. The average yield was 53 bushels per acre and the average cost 40.7 cents per bushel. The report of L. L. Baker, director of the clubs, to W. W. Long, director of extension work at Clemson college, follows: "I beg leave to submit herewith my annual report on boys' Corn club work in South Carolina, for Thu jar hit. ft rtww nut ulum were organized in 36 of the 46 counties of the state. VYe failed to secure organizations In Abbeville, Berkeley, Beaufort, Edgefield, Georgetown, Greenville, Calhoun, Kershaw and Laurens, for the reason that the first six counties were without county agents, and in the latter three we failed to secure the co-operation of the county agents. "In the 36 counties organized, we secured an enrollment of 1,066 boys. Reports were received from 32 of the 36. counties organized. Counties falling to report were: Bamberg, Hampton, Lancaster and Oconee. Five hundred and one boys completed reports In these 32 counties, these being 47 per cent of the total enrollment The 601 boys reporting produced 26,813.20 bushels of corn at a total cost of $10,<i9? <iK fViua nvprarine S3 bushels D6r acre, at ?n average cost of 40.7 cents per bushel. "Putting corn at 12 per bushel, which is a conservative price, the net wealth added to the state as a result of the boys' Corn club work is $42,698.47." WITHIN THE TOWN ? Put the loafers to work. ? We do not need any conscientious objectors. ? The American flag now floats over the pulpit of the Associate Reformed church. ? People who are not working now? people who are able to work, and who are not working?are no better than traitors. ? Messrs. James Bros., who are now the largest mule dealers in York county, or in this immediate section, have handled thirty carloads of mules since last September. ? S. L. Courtney has quite an interesting little show at his garage. It is the product of a large Incubator that Mr. Courtney has been experimenting with. He started the machine with about 350 eggs and hatched out about 225 chickens. ? There was but one auction sale before the courthouse door yesterday. It was by the clerk. The property Involved was 39 acres, more or less, two miles west of Yorkvillc. It was sold for partition at the suit of R. I* Wllkerson, individually- and as executor against Susan A. Hoke and others. Quinn Wallace was the purchaser at $63.30 an acre. ? Special Easter services were held at the Episcopal and Methodist churches in YorkviUe Sunday. Both churches, as usual were beautifully decorated. There were two communion services at the Episcopal church one at 7.30 a. m., and the other In connection with the regular morning service, also a special carol service was held in the afternoon. Regular services were held at the Methodist There also was special Easter music at the* Presbyterian church. ? Sheriff Quinn has picked up four more A W O L men within the past few days?one white and three negroes. The white man is from Gaston la and the negroes are York county men. George White of Clorer, and Austin Orr and Wm. Burris, from McConneilsvllle. The negroes say they heard they were going to be taken to France soon and being unable to get home to see their folks in any other way, they walked off. It was understood that an officer would be here after the white man yesterday and also an officer will be up from Camp Jackson today or tomorrow after the negroes. ? There was but a small turnout at the meeting that was called by Mayor Wllborn last .Friday night to consider the matter of securMg uniform action ~ j : _ . ' >. . : t as to the question of time. The reason was that the business people had already anticipated the meeting In the announcement that they published Friday morning. At the meeting, however, complaint was made of the crazy habits of the town clock which is seldom accurate even for an hour or two and one gentleman told in all seriousness a story to the effect that part of the trouble is due to the habit that English sparrows have of perching on the minute hand. He explained that the hand is loose and the weight [of the sparrow holds it back during [the quarter hour before twelve and pushes it forward from ten or flftear I aftoe 1 < I WO o uiiovimttwi tlinf something should be done to give the people time upon which they can rely ? Practically all of the business people of Yorkville, especially those engaged in selling goods, have signed at agreement to close their stores at ( o'clock. A few have flatly declined tc sign, or to close and others who did not sign say they will close. Here it the whole question: Congress has seen proper to pass a law starting things an hour earlier each day ir order that more work can be dont during daylight. This means mucli throughout the country, provided th< extra time is utilized. Local merchants or a majority of them, know that al their trading business can be dons before 6 o'clock, provided people wil attend to business as they should and make purchases before that hour. Th< extra time after 6 o'clock can be used for garden and other necessary work where otherwise this time would b? wasted. People who refuse to clost their stores, may be very easily actuated by a desire to pick up the trad< ol people who do close their stores The thing is right down to this. People who, under existing conditions, refuse to join in this movement, are no' patriotic. People who will after sb o'clock patronize people who are seek ing to take advantage of the patriotisn of their fellow business people, are no patriotic. This closing Business snouu be unanimous and n '? up to loyal patriotic people to make it unanimous ? Quite u number of people gathere< at the courthouse last Thursday nigh to hear Mr. \V. R. Elliot, furm demon strator for Fairfield county, tall about gardening. Mr. Elliott made i talk that was both practical and in terestlng and he gave satlsfactor; answers to all questions that wen asked. Among the most importan suggestions he made were these: 1 It is best, where practicable, to plan each vegetable In one or two lonj rows so as to facilitate easy cultiva tlon. 2. Small vegetables, such a radishes, bush beans, carrots, shouh be planted on one side of the gardei and large vegetables like corn, okn and tomatoes should be on the othe side, the Idea being to avoid the mor delicate feeders being robbed by tin grosser feeders. 3. Since quick grow ing vegetables are always the tender est and best flavored, all vegetable should be hurried to maturity as rap Idly as possible. He gave some spec! fic information as to the growing o celery, tomatoes and the like, both a to fertilization and cultivation. At th conclusion of his talk, Mr. Elliott, b; request, entertained his audience wit! what he calls his "Barnyard stunts. He is quite a ventriloquist and als Oju. in ta am id imiifttf wu?. mimim precision the language of the chlckem the music of the cats and dogs, th singing of the birds and the call o the crow. LOCAL LACONICS Off For Camp Jackson. Four more men were sent to Cam] Jackson by local board No. 2, York ville, yesterday morning. They wer David Augustus Matthews and Johi Franklin Wooten of Clover, and Co lumbus Nlvens and Edward Lero: Phillips of Yorkville. Messrs. J. fl Iirice and H. E. Neil and Rev. J. L Oates of the local board saw the mei off on the train, and Mr. Oates offeret prayer. An army oillcer met them a Hock Hill. Yorkville Boy Fired Second 8hot. Mr. John J. Wallace of Yorkville has received a letter from his son Sergeant George L. Wallace, who 1 with the American expeditlonar; forces in France. Sergeant Wallaa says that his battery had the hono of firing the first shot at the Germans and that he himself fired the secon< shot. He complains that he is no getting his Yorkville Enquirer, and re quests his father to see if he canno arrange to have the paper dellvere< with more certainty. Paroled by the Governor. Governor Manning has issued a pa role during good behavior to Andreu Myers, a negro, who was convicted li the York county court at the sprint term of 1913, and sentenced to servt 20 years. Judge Gary, who sentence< Myers, joined in the petition. Sollcltoi Henry directed attention to the physi cal condition of the negro, who wai almost blind, according to a certiflcati from a Rock Hill physician. Cltlzem of Fairfield county also joined In i supplementary petition In behalf of th< negro. Automobile Accident in Rock Hill. Will McNeel, colored, was killed anc Belle Hardin, also colored, was seriously Injured as the result of an automobile accident in Rock Hill laa Friday at about 8.S0 o'clock. The accident occurred opposite Winthrop college. When McNeel tried to turn lnt< Oakland avenue from a side street at a very rapid rate, the car skidded ant turned a summersault. McNeel's heat was crushed and he died almost instantly. The woman was taken to th< Fennell infirmary, where it was fount that no bones were broken and Bh< will recover. Dr. Johnson and othei white men nearby gave all the assistance in their power in looking after the unfortunate negroes. Will S?ll Fertilizer* Direct to Farmore.?Fertilizer manufacturers representing three-fourths of the American industry have agreed to sell fertilizer in carload lots direct to Individual farmers or farmers' associations at the same price made to dealers and jobbers, Secretary Houston has advised Senator Martin of Virginia. Farmers finding difficulty in securing fertilizers and members of congress desiring to increase agricultural production have been strongly urging this concession. Senator Martin sent the following telegram, repeating Secretary Houston's letter, to A. B. Thornhlll, Lynchburg, Vs.: "'Referring to your call at the office in company with Representative Flood, we took up with the committee on fertilizers of the chemical alliance. which represents approximately 75 per cent of the fertiliser Industry, the matter of selling fertilisers direct to farmers or to associations of farmers, at the same rate as to dealers. I take pleasure In advising you that the committee on fertilisers has advised this department that, in the future, they will charge the same price In wholesale lots of fertilisers of not leas than 10-ton carloads or such carload unit as may be fired hy the car service section of the Halted States railroad administration, of the same grade and quality, to Individuals or associations, for cash or bankable security, as they do to merchants or dealers in the woe locality or t o. b. factory.'" v'v"/."..; . Uk LEASE AT MANNING Met rat< Formar Governor Opens His Campaign H'r for the Sanato. ^ Former Governor Cole L. Blease WIU opened hia campaign for the United States senate at Manning last ) Saturday before an audience of 1,200 or 1,500 people. He was introduced by Representative J. H. Leaesne and spoke from the porch of the courthouse. , The former governor's speech was ( read for the most part from carefully prepared manuscript, and it was de- am voted mainly to the extravagance of dis| the general assembly, the ineompe- ^ tence and extravagancy of the Manning . administration and defense of his i>olttical record and reviews against the gen misrepresentations of his opponents. car He scored the legislature for making . heavy appropriations for a law build- ?. tng at the South Carolina college for the convenience of a few boys who six could read law to better advantage in |ah the law offices, and referring to the appropriation for a home for the feeble ful minded, he said that the first occu- mo I -? tk.l .kn.,1.1 lk? IMima UI tnai Iivire >?? "B- sen I lslators who voted for the appropria, tion. 1U11 By way of reply to the mlsrepresen- '1 1 tationa of his attitude to the war, he as ' read from various speeches in which i he had stated already that he was op- ma , posed to going: into the war: but since pai we were in it, he was with his country 1 right or wrong, and everything he has tv" s is ut the service of his country to wage * the war to a successful conclusion. J He had offered Provost Marshal Crow- 1''? 1 der to raise a brigade of South Caro- lo > linn soldiers for service in the war I provided the boys were allowed to elect their own officers, and he was willing to serve anywhere his services might ! be desired, even as a private In the lev I ranks. tiv< As to President Wilson, he said he had not been in favor of his nomina- in tion: that he had preferred anoth- gia er; but when the president was nomi- res nated he had voted for him and had ed. advised his friends to vote for him. He quoted figures to show that he had wo been more loyal to the Democratic unl party than his opponents had been: act that the Reform party had been more loyal to the party than the anti-Re- the 1 formers: that in the election of 1912, COe i the Blease vote was only 44,122, where- j0j . as the vote for Democratic electors du< n-oa 40 COT ?Ko( i)n formers voted for Democratic electors 1 many of the antl-Reformers who voted 8ju 1 for Democratic electors had refused to 8n) vote for Dlease. hoi He said that If he was elected to the t.m ' senate he would support the president, i because he thought it to the best in- UJJ t terest of the country to do so. and because the Democratic oath would re- . quire him to do so. He pointed out ,, < that he was the first man to undertake ' l to require of Democratic candidates for . Federal office on oath to require the * support of the Democratic platform, . V and he recalled how Tillman, though i elected as a Democrat, was a bitter ' t opponent of Grover Cleveland, the rel Democratic president. Patriotism, he said, was ratlur a t matter of deeds rather than words, and e? . he charged that some people bellowed J'el patriotism in order that they might lov " continue to fill fat offices for which ,,,u s they were not qualified and others ,io j were patriotic because of dollars, j while real patriots undertook to do ?8n their duty without seeking reward. He w'> 1 told how there had been a wonderfully otl r patriotic move to secure tl\p location ial. e of an encampment at Columbia and to how different people who expected to we 0 profit most made the most noise. He th? - charged that Kd Robinson, the virtual . owner of the Columbia street railway wa 8 had agreed to charge only 5 cents fare an to the encampment; how he had never on * charged less than 10 cents, and al- wli - though the legislature had passed a du f bill to make him stand up to his arl promise, Governor Manning has not sh< yet signed that bill. e I am not a rich man, said Mr. Mease, (at y My income is nothing like in keeping an h with the demands upon it. but 1 al- |j# ? ways try to help in any worthy pur- wo pose to the best of my ability. When 0f o the government offered the first Liber- <je i.ty ',?mj m mtrnftr iiwr l miiin ? spare; but I went to the bank and tt0 ' borrowed $1,000 with which I purchas- b e ed two $500 bonds. I am paying in- _0f f terest on the money to carry those jn bonds. If you will make Investigation you will find that lots of people who got credit for having bought bonds, . did not really buy them and that the , banks of Columbia are carrying many hnnHn that HI aoron t IJotnnt natfiAtu P" P had promised to take and didn't take. inf On the 27th of last month, he said, a" e Lieutenant Fuller of the United States a", army came to see me about a tract of 11 forty-one acres of land I owned out at *u! - Camp Jackson. It appeared that he f0' y was trying to get the land, necessary for a rifle range, and that my forty- ,nf ' one acres, lying contiguous was neccs- ro1 < sary. Different people had secured er> n options on land required by the gov- du j ernment and had played hold-up c<? games. I had paid nine hundred dol1 lars for this land at public auction, coi When Lieutenant Fuller told me that tio the government required the land I in told him to go ahead and take It; that su< ' if the government wanted that or anyi, thing else of mine it was welcome to rec 8 take It without charge. iec The former governor said he was in Y sorry that It was necessary to have to coi e defend his loyalty, etc., because of mis- me r representations of his enemies, and he ati hoped that he would not have to refer ' to the matter again In the campaign; tro J but If attacked he would certainly th? t give back as good as was handed to to - him. tio t Also he took occasion to say in con1 ncction with his promise to stand by for his party in case of his election, that t,rj even his worst enemies had never an, charged that Blcase would foil to do un. - what he said he would do. / Throughout the speech the former ? , ? governor was applauded as of old. and w i It was evident that most of the people "tro s In the big crowd were his friends. 1 r. MERE-MENTION ch' vot ' Parisians were forbidden to as" semble in the churches of the city Wa ' Sunday, owing to one of the long dls!; tance German shells having crashed inv ' through a church spire, killing some wit 76 persons, mostly women and chil- tar aren, ana injuring omers con Thirty-six ships were launched during rc-s the month of March, according to a ma report of the shipping board, and 18 hen others were completed and delivered ohn to operators for service .....Director General McAdoo Is having an Investigation of railroad expenses with a , view to eliminating highly paid offlclals, retired officials, lawyers, etc., whose services are not of particular ? * value to the railroads and the service. Certain church organizations of c?r England are vigorously fighting a pro- or posal that divorce proceedings be made easier In the empire. They take the *JM ground that to amend the divorce laws ^,ra will tend to being "destructive of Christian home life and subversive of aat Christian morality." The Amerlcan tanker O. B. Jenkins was beached J*"1 on the English coast last Friday after J* having been rammed by another ves- 8"? ! sel at sea. The Jenkins belonged to cal the Standard Oil company Robt. Crc j D. Garwood, a cadet of the Royal fly- Th< lng corps at Ben Brook, an aviation troi 1 camp near Fort Worth, Texas, was bat | killed by a "tall spin" Thursday. This abl< 1 was the 45th accident since the camp Ken was established In October An can official French dispatch tells of the bro execution in Antwerp recently of a ed priest and two nuns and also of Dr. Am de Mets, a noted Belgian oculist effe ' John H. Frantz, a farmer of Tanners- the vllle. Pa, has been placed under ar- of rest on charges of making unpatriotic not and seditious remarks about Presl- thli dent Wilson and the part that America wh< 1 Is taking In the war The senate the has passed a bill which provides that evei women of German birth be Included In qull the terms of the alien enemy law and link iiicj uc iiiiciucu an u4uii|ia nic same as men. Many complaints have 000 been reaching the department of Jus- """ tice relative Uo seditious talk and acts by German-born women Henry S. , Harkness. a wealthy New Yorker, has entered suit against the United States ~m government for f600,000, the alleged w value of a private yacht commandeer- Bun ed by the government. In ltlS Hark- no* ness made an affidavit that the vessel "aJd was worth <166.000 Camp Han- Pub cock. Augusta. Ga_ in the weekly ,health summary of the medical service of the war department, was last week P declared the. healthiest camp In the tlon country. The sick rate was 7.4- per hav 1,000. The next closest was Camp whl uie in Maryland, which showed a ? of 18.7 per 1.000 First Lieut. stuls, of the third officers' training: ool. committed suicide in an Anita. Ga.. hotel, last Thursday. He t to have been promoted to a capicy on Friday. LABOR AND CAPITAL eement that Thers Will Be No Strike* or Lockouts, in agreement that there shall be strikes or lockouts during the war I a recommendation that all labor putes be settled by the government illation body are the prtnclpal proons of u national war labor prom projected by representatives of >ital and labor und made public t Saturday night by Secretary Wlli. The program was drawn up by representatives of capital, six of or and two men representing the Jlic after conferences lasting for re than a month. The public repretatives were Former President Taft 1 Frank P. Walsh. The national body would be known the national war labor board to be de up as was the board that pre ed the program. In addition there lid lie local boards in the industrial iters. Principles and policies to govern the vnuiia 01 workers anil their emyers In war industries were agreed as follows: There should be no strikes or lockduring the war. The right ot enfployors to organize trade unions and to bargain coltlvely, throuxh chosen represents?s, is recognized and affirmed. The right of employers to roagntze associations or groups and to barn collectively, through chosen repentatives is recognized and aftlrm'Kinployers should not discharge rkers for membership in trade ons. nor for legitimate trado union ivities. 'The workers, in the exercise of ir right to organize, shall not use reive measures to induce persons to n their organizations, nor to in?e employers to, bargain or deal rewith. 'In establishments where the union >p exists the same shall continue 1 the union standards as to wages, ins of labor and other conditions of ployment shall be maintained. 'In establishments where union I non-union men and women now rk together and the employer meets ly with employees or representacs engaged in said establishments > continuance of sucli conditions it oe iiecniwi a grievance. Kstabltshed safeguards and regulons for the protection of the health J safety of workers shall not he axed. Equal Pay for Women. 'If It shall become necessary to ploy women on work ordinarily ^ rformed by men they must bo alved equal puy for equal work and st not be allottisl tusks dlspropornate to their strength. The basic eight hour day is reenlzed as applying In all cases in ilch existing law requires it. In all ter eases the question of hours of ?or shall be settled with due regard government necessities and the I fare, health and proper comfort of workers. The maximum production of all r industries should be maintained d methods of work and operation the part of employers or workers ilch operate to delay or limit pro. ctlon, or which have a tendency to titlcially increase the costs thereof, ould be discouraged. For the purpose of mobilizing the tor supply with a view to its rapid d effective distribution a permanent t of the number of skilled and other irkers available in different parts the nation shall be kept by the partment of t^ofU^^i^ardshouM throws " paid to the labor standards, wage ties and other conditions, prevailing the localities affected. The right of all workers, including mrnon laborers, to a living wage is pf?hv il<vloro?! In fixing wages, minimum rates of y shall be established which will lure the subsistence of the workers d his family in health and reasonle comfort." The National War Labor Board's fictions and principles will be as lows: "To bring about a settlement, by Elation and conciliation of every ritroversy arising between employi and workers In. the field of proctlon necessary for the effective iduct of the war. 'To do the same thing In similar utrovcrslee in other fields of nana! activity, delays and obstruction which may effect detrimentally :h production. To provide such machinery by dl t appointment or otherwise for setion of committees or board to sit various parts of the country where itroversies arise to secure settlent by local mediation and conclllon. 'To summon the parties to the coniverey for hearing and action by i national board in case of failure Becure settlement by local medlan and conciliation. 'If the sincere and determined eft of the national board shall fall to ng about a voluntary settlement, I the members of the board shall be itble unanimously to agree upon a ision, then and in that case only, as ast resort, an umpire appointed ill hear and finally decide the conversy. Board Chooses Umpire. 'The members of the board shall >ose the umpire by unanimous e. The board shall meet In the city of ishington. 'The action of the board may be oked in respect to controversies ;hin its Jurisdiction by the secrey of labor or by either side in a troversy. or Its duly authorized reprntativc. The board, after sumry consldcratln. may refuse further iring If the case is not of huch .meter or Importance to Justify it." "Entirely new in this war," the lericans worked like the best vetno In Kneel- " no an uic name oi me rsoiume, i&yn ?' vounded French captain who has m n brought back from the front, ac ding to La Llberte, of Paris. Two the Americana officers who were unded. were brought back with the >nch captain, a member of the goons. Each American wore a snch war cross conferred on the tlefleld. The French captain reed to receive attention until the tericans alongside him had first n nursed. "They are the ones who uld be congratulated," he said, ling upon the women of the Red IBs to look after the Americans. ? presence of American auxiliary Dps on the fighting line In the great tie was the subject of much favore comment, and when It became orally known that wounded Ameriofneers and men were being ught back with the Frenoh wound irum Luc region or Ht yuentln crican stock rose high. The morale ct was considerable, even though supposition was that the number the American troops in line was considerable. The comforting , lg to the French is that recently, ?never there has been hot fighting, Americans have had a share of It, n if a small one, and have netted themselves creditably. In transmitting a check for 11,,000 from the American to the tish Red Cross this week, William ileott, American Red Cross commoner to Great Britain, add the erican Red Cross felt It a privilege alleviate as far as possible the ering caused by the great battle r raging in France. "We realise," I Mr. Endlcott's message mads lie in Washington, Friday night, w little It is In our power to loathe horrors of war, bat ws feel It rivUege to aid by this eontrlbui In the cars of the wounded who s so gallantly fought for tto eattas eh is now ours as wed as yssra" -V ;.v. 34 7-.