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l. m grists sons. Pubii?hen.; % Jletrspaper: gor the promotion of the political, ??ial, Sgrieultnral and (Commercial Interests of the feoplj. J ESTABLISHED 18.15 YOm^rsi^T. FHIDAYTJXJXE 14? 1918] NO. 48 RAMBLES IN EUROPE I Yorkvllle Nan Discusses Trip to Otter Side. FUKMhK CONDITIONS IN PRtSENT LIGHT Some Interesting Personal Reminiscences that Make Instructive and Entertaining Reading for the Public at Large. i <liy I'rof. It. .1. Il?-i inlon.) In .1 it-1 nitniii in 1'jIm. I visit?-?l I Kurnpt-, staying two :ni<l :i half '<? ' tlin*?- iiiontIim on i-iii'li trip. Sim < tin Kii-Mt war i? 011 its ami t-n tIn* Iiji.h ami mimi.h ?tf almost t-vt-ry I Iiersoii. I cousidei that what I tua> I > writ< <?ii general conditions will he of. 1x at hast, soon* interest. II Iii July. iSMi, 1 saih-ii on the An-1 i hoi liiK- steamship "Kthiopia." from I \* w York to Hlasgow, Scotland. All' that time sik h immense leviathans of 11 the hriiix deep as are common toilay I I did not exist. There was nothing likeli the (il> iii pie, ta.ooo tons, or the great 11 th'iiuaii Yaterlainl, .'ai.ooo tons, that 11 has Ih-cii Impressed l>y our govern-11 in* nt, the name changed to "l^eviath- la an." and now carrying our soldiers l?i overseas. 11 I was lather discouraged in taking Is an Anchor line steamer at the time, I" hut having a desire to see something 11 ol the north Irish coast and Scotland I" llrst, I concluded that it offered nie 11 the hest chalice. I e This great (ierinan l?oat, the Vater-I" land, had. lately, its machinery heat-1' en, hanged ami kms-keil to pieces l>y 11 the <>eiman sailors at the command of It her captain as soon as he learned that |e America had declared war on Her-I' many, lie said that America could I v never use his vessel alter his crew had I * haltered the machinery litcrallx tolv pieces. American ingenuity and giitl' turned the triek in six months mid I" toda\ she is crossing and reciossuigl the Atlantic. |l I rum New York to Hlasgnw is somel' 3.100 miles. The vessels of the Anchor|e line sail in a coutiniiuiis northeast di-M' ivdion to reach the noilh <d Ireland. I ' ami the Scottish coast. < >u our out-1*' waul voyage, we |>assed close to N< w I v Koumllaml ami without misliap or de- I ' lay, sIkiii*'*i in** nun ni'.n ... ... land. continniiiK aloiiK this coast. I thence r:islu;inl until we ?-nl**i*?*tl tin I innulli ? (" tli*' Koyle river on which " Sniidonderry is situated. A smaller liver or channel hoal no t our steam- 1 **r lor tin- American mail and passeii- *' K**rs. most of whom \v?-r?* Irish. Th**s?* *' were transferred to this smaller steam- s er and tuken to Sandotuk-rry, there to :l take train fur their former homes over ' north Ireland. There is no loneliness on a trans- *v Atlantic steamer and. generally, intro- 1 duel ions are not necessary. On my v way over I met a conKenial. big h?*nrt- I1 1 "e,1 ^,'IHtilllHH'H.LlllI'll M'A (V MlDQIftM. ? and w** soon became chummy, lie liked r checkers; so did 1. and we put in i?arts '' of many days playinKI he beat me ' badly. When our steamer reached the J mouth of the Koyle, it flashed on me :l as to why Ireland is called the Kmcrald ' Isle. I never saw a greener, more 1 beautiful siKht than the far, level ' stretch of land on both sides of the ' river iis far as the eye could see. Mr. :i McDonald bade me Koodbye after an *' Invitation to k<> home with him. which ' invitation I could not accept, as I had my itinerary about mapped out. lie pointed out to me about where his I home was, with the Iio|m' that I visit n him should I ever reach the neigh- ' borhood. v In 11****1. while teaehiiiK the l.ockhait 'I band. I mentioned the fact to Dr. .1. ?'. ?' ItrawIcy, who very t|iiickly and rapid- ' ly said: "Who. John McDonald.' Why. I lie cam** through our yard evety ' mornltiK and led me l>\ the liaiul to seliool." The |trawle> family came tli - " re?*t from Ireland and lot several yen is lived at l.owryville. After wavitiK parting's to our fellow " passengers of Ireland, our steamer I started on her way to the mouth ot ' tin* Clyde river. Scotland, and to lilas- v K?>w. on which riv?*r It is located. W** ' soon came to wlicri' wv passed tfa- v molts (Hants' Causeway. so-called ! ? - " cans*' of tli*' I*'!!**!!*! that it was con- * stmeted l*y giants who desired to con- * struct a road across tclianm-l to Scotlantl. The sight from tin- steam- l" er is iiciiiitiful and bewildering. This ' mighty mass is of tsisatt columns of f liexaKonal shape and covers a great 1 part of the county Antrim. Ireland. The v pillars are hexagonus and seem to vary * in diameter from 15 to -0 inches. Alter looking and straining our eyes as long * as we could s?v. we retired inside, ate ' siip|M'i' and soon went to our beds. ' Next morning's gong awoke us for ' breakfast and looking through the port 1 hole of my stateroom. I could see s tlreenock. Scotland, (Ireenock. which 1 Is th?' fifth or sixth city ?>f Scotland, is on the southern shore ot the firth of t 1*1 yd*'. 23 miles from Clasgow l>\ rail: t probably a little further by steam. a The Clyde river is not a great i stream but by dredging, it has ln*n ? nrtilicinlly deo|*eiied so as to admit < large vessels up to Clasgow : it is '.h* f most valuable river of Scotland con - | inercially. l,?-aving tlreenock we soon | came to and imssed Paisley on the I same si renin, a city of some vo.u'.o f IH'Ople and a great manufacturing con- y tor. It is here that the celebrated \ t'*iats and t'lark brothers ((>. X. T.) I sewing thread is made, which, they > claim, "encircles the world." 1 We reached t'.lasgow about 11 a. m.. ? and were met l?y a very large number : of people on the pier, many of whom no doubt. earne to greet their ScottishAmerlean Kin who were returning to the ohl home for a visit. Among the passengers 1 distinctly remember a gentleman and his wife who were from Hrisltane. Australia. They were Scotch and had moved to Australia In their early years. The\ came up the Pacific, crossed the American continent, the Atlantic and reached their own ' Honny Scotland" as they spoke it. Our baggage examined, we were soon In a good hotel and after dinner I started in to see Glasgow, which *1 found to be a very large and solidly built city with some 750.000 inhabitants. What struck me most with Glasgow was its seeming granite solidity that would take mighty cannon or mighty earthquake to flatten. It is s claimed that Watt improved his steam 1 engine here, and on the Clyde river 1 -ailnl i h<- "t'otliet," th<- f i - J successful Kutoj'-uii I<?.;<t J111<J<<U1J (<> steam. It vv; ? laum he.l .11 lsl.'. Not loi jpttuif? that i was a rmi*iian, I .-? <(ilit sorm of the Scottish mu-e hall.- an J "jjai'Ui-iw." i huv<< <-v< 1 lai n j-altial to the sweet ami Jilaitllivc S< otcli melodies atiJ tie- soul that is m<t tisov< <1 hy "A 11 no* l-iuric." "Within a Mil* ol IM111I<<<10 Town," or the Hliie I5> lis i>! Scotland," can l?st l>< h -i ril? <1 ?> Shah<-ja'ai< : 'Tin- inaa aIio hath in1 music in his soul nor is no\h\ th< c011<<<1<I ot sv\<<t soumi. s lit 101 treason, stratumni ami sjioil.s." must ;i<l<l that this swo-t music mist ho will 1011<I<T<<I otherwise it <Iocs 101 appeal to inc. I In a til some fairly :i??l 1111111;< 1 > hamls ami orchestras. <iit none to com|<ar<* with the hami ol he (iieat iiiae.strii, 1*. S. 'iilinore, vhielt I ha\< often hiatal at Coney Isaml. I w<iit to Kilinhwi'Kh, th?- metropolis >f Scotland. ami om- ot tin- finest cities <f the liritish eiii|?ire. Here I saw iiany womteis, atrium,' them Ikiiik lolyroad I'alace,. Il< re are the apartmiits that wen- orcliplcd l<> tin miortiinati tpiccii Mary, ami still 1:1 al Most tlx' sumiv condition as she kit In-ill. It so happened that u "I'oloniil" exhibition was on and I took it in: lie shilling (25 cents) and alioiit as ;ood a "show" ol its kind as I < \< r aw. deputing products. wares, no litids, etc., oi niaii'. oversea colonies ol' vnglaud. And la-re I r< ad the sign. The sun nc\<-r sits on the lintish ctn Irc." l-'roin Kdiuhurgh I went to l.iv 11 tool and took a Kood look, among tlier things, at the unat docks ol that it v. When we consider that Liverh>ol is a terminal oi so iniich overhe-world trade, it is not to In- wonderd that her threat docks are- a marvel, was told that in building them, a wall j vas hist built in tin: Mersey river chile ill dging was done inside. This kail is some 12 le. t thick and 55 I high from foundation, and there re some 35 enclosed docks with over 5 miles oi i|iia>s. Across from m.v ioti-1 was St. tieorRe's Hall, a great nilding of the Corinthian order, covring over two acres. I found iiuii-h ol iiterest in Liverpool, but soon saw noiigh ol I he sights to desire the ontinuaiK - to might) London, ol illicit I had lead and la-aril so milch, .ivi rjKiol is about 200 miles from .ondoii, and the fast Knglish train nil lis III the big I'll) on good tilllf, assing through the old historic eili.s f Chester, Is-tK-esti-r. Hiillonl. etc. It s said that an Kuglishniaii is alraid o die without seeing London. Well. I on't know about that. While Lotion is the greatest eit\ on earth? evi-n and :i half millions- still then re all over Kngland gn-at cities tliat re worth while. Liverpool. Manehis it. liiniiiiigliaiii. Slieilield. Itrislol. icumington ami others, all furnish un >lil sights ami inrorination for the ioi'IiI at large. Ami there is no dismting that Knglaml is u wonderful o'lnt'T. its . history . is entertaining rorn the withdrawal ot' lowit to the present. It has a coastine of something like 2,7tiU miles, ami list think of such a coast to he meniced by all manm r ol war vessels' leltce the need ol Kllglillld's liligiltv lavy, which is twice as large as tie I n \t mightiest sea power ol the world.] I*lien remember that Kugland is a eoal lid inaiiiitaeturing country?not an igriciiltoral one- having to buy her hod from all pails of the world, (gain. hence the na\y. Knglaml is Sti.j miles long from Vl'W'ick directly south, by ahoiit I'iio niles wide. The area ol the country s something like aii.tlJ.'i square miles, rhile that of South Carolina is 3ti.l7uJ This gives an idea ol our own state in] omparison as lo sijje. our state has hout one ami a half million people; England has thirty-six million. IScng a small island ami overcrowded, housamls and thousands of people un111 a 11 \ go to lor colonics ol Australia, v'cvv Zealand. South Africa, etc. Knglaml is not a warlike nation, hut lime of a colonial one. I.ord Huberts old her eighteen years ago that she iad hotter get ready lor Germany lot rar was sure to come. Kitchener told ier the same ami lie said that this rar could not he for less than three ir four years and probably much lottgr. August. lyljt, is the fourth untilersary of the great war. Knglaml is and has heen the greatest oloni/.er ot any country. What she ouches huds and blossoms into the til. I doom (lower. Take any country. Take our own. the great commonvcalths of Australia. New Zealand. South Africa, Ashanti. Knglish Kost Uriea or Ziitulaml. and we llml that very one of these countries were inliihited hy savages when the Knglish ante. Today every one is Chrisiianzed. ami while Knglaml has used force o compel the natives to see the better ide. she also sent the missionary who landed them the I tilde. Well, we arrived in London and I ook a skyscraiHT buss--two decker0 Smith's Temperance Hotel. Sottth1 tup ton row. You find many "tcniH-rance" hotels all over Kugland and Scotland. This means that no strong Irlnk is sold or used at the hold. I oultd it fairly good hotel in this "tentsTitnoe" stronghold: one that comtared favoraldy with our $2 iht d:iy totels of ten years ago. hut which are or i'i per day now. After it reneral cleanup and :i light meal. I vent to the Itritlsh museum. This, if remember correctly, is on (treat llns:ell street, and in 1S57 at a cost of U 1 r.O.UOH, a now unnir> milium* >...ompletod and opened. Admission free mil open daily. It was raining just a ittlo bit when I wont in and loworinj; tty umbrella I asked thr uniformed ruard the price of admission. "Not a rent. sir. Ho where you please, sir: >nly you must leave your umbrella lore, sir," and handing tne a brass hock, "it will be returned to you on ?resent infr this cheek, sir." I must lore say that 1 have never experienced noro politeness than that of the av rasfe Englishman. Ask him where a ertain street or place is. he usually lakes time and pains to give you ninute directions or oftentimes he ivtll take your arm and escort you to ibout when* you can see the spot and [hen say, "Why, I know that If 1 were in New York von would do the same 'or me." Many Europeans seem to hink that every American Is from New Vork, and you will hear some of them ?ay. "Rich American from New York." I did not think of any reason why I tvns not allowed to take the umbrella v.i?h me through the mn.wum. Imt 1 afterwards I learned that artichs were I sometimes taken in shut umbrellas. I aw manv histoiic sights that carried | tin ha< k to my Kntrlish history study du\s. One of t hem was the receptacle that contained the Magna C'hurtn. or 'li- at Charter. I could not see the char- Jj lei, hilt 1 was thlllled. overawed. Little did I toink win n a boy studying Knglish history under that Christian gentle- ^ tnan. William Cum-ll at K. M. M. S.. that I would ever see Magna t'liarta. tin- stort of which I recited to him. I whs Hint the chartn is so ohl that It woul'l f;ill to pieces. Kvi-n whether it was in that hox. I do not know; I was simply told so hy tin attendant " and la- did not ask lor a "tip" fit her. Just a lew miles up the Thames is ^ Kunnynu de; it was here, on June 19. I.'LI. that Magna Charta was signed and scaled hy King John at the demand " of his hiirons. Magna Charta does not xiet in fac t today as it did when signed, as the Kngllsh parliament has passed laws from time to time that modified some ih-mands and strengthened others. The Itritish museum contains so much of interest that it takes months oi close research to see and know them, and all parts of the globe have rent i united some-thing; books, maps. ^ charts, manuscripts. Oriental anti- ^ unities. eoins. medals, prints, firearms of all nations, etc. Another day 1 went to beautiful Keiisington^ardc-ns, taking the London a underground railway?subway. The "underground" criss-crosses all under n London and :i pocket map winch is furnished, shows in colors all routes ' and stations. It is very easy to follow ami at one linn- I submerged at liakci ' street staiion. wln-rc Sherloek Holmes is supposed to stay and accomplish ^ his "deductions." London is so big? and big is the best word?that it simple takes months to get through it :nni uniit rst.'iiui iniicii :ii>oiii u. .Max n'lti'll said that "hell is a city very ' much like London." I htivc no desire to '' see tie latter |>laii-. luit I have been in tin- t'lniin i place tlin-e times. in mv | iai 11ili s I rati into Trafalgar Sipiaif one iltiy. tiraeious! What congestion! It is here that we lieholil that gli-at ami niiivnilleent monument that tin- ' Itrilish government has erected to Lord Ailmiral Xelson. the Ih-io of the naval hat tie of Trafalgar, i think it was '' a I mot "i o'clock in the afternoon anil I i- It sure that I tn-ver saw so many lieopli ami such a jainh of vehicles at ^' an* one place lu-forc. I hail often to take the gutter ami street to move on: then there was danger of being run P sl over, one night about 10 o'clock, I stood talking with a policeman. When a I unit ready to leave, he said: "If you" . i - not hurried, sir, I will show you something. That large restaurant ( across the way hauls a wheelbarrow load of scrap food and empties it on the cement pavement there for the m very poor." We talked on when he Intenmpt'-jl i.y ftylng" "M'n thA1fT* and sure enough, a hoy pushing ^ a wheell.arrow with dozens of little (j liovs and girls springing from. I could |V nut tell v.hi-re, dirty, ragged, liedraggl. . 1 - nil tielilillir. Iilisllitlg. scrambling fur 'In- scrap food of thiit restaurant. " 11 From I . ii-It>ii I took train to Harwich on tin1 oast Ktiulish coast, tJit-n l>\ steamer to Antwerp, Belgium, across the North sea and lip the SclioMt riv? r. The Scheldt flows out of Belgium ihroinrh I hitch (Holland) territory, thence into the North sea. I 0 caught a glimpse of the Hutch, whore (l country I visited later. Antwerp (Antwerp-it. Flemish: An vers, French), now in Herman hands, is an old city of sonic MUi.imo people, and it is the chief '' port of Belgium. It is on the Scheldt ".o miles from the North sea. It was (supposedly) strongly fortitied, hut the heavy Cerman units soon (Tumbled its " walls. I slopped at Hotel Kurop?a common hotel nnmi?on Cathedral ^ s<|iiare. As it was Sunday, a military hand was playing in the public sipiare while services were going on in the , cathedral across the way. I went into the cathedral. I went to see and learn. I there saw some of the masterpieces of Kuhcns. the famous Belgian painter. j' His "Klevation of the Cross" and "IVscent fiont the Cross" arc masterpieces. I also saw a "compound perspective" ? looks the same from three angles? that was a wonder. And. oh! what wonderful overhead work and fresco- , ing! Surely those painters must have J lain on their hacks for months in painting those beautiful works of art. I went next to Brussels?"Bijou j^ I'aris." they call it and it is a Parisian jewel for truth; beautiful is hardly the word. Now the Hermans occupy it and I don't believe that they will leave anySi thins beautiful in it. S! It was in Brussels that 1 attended another exposition, a world's exposition. but only in name compared to many we have had in America. One thing I was particularly interested in ^ was the musical exhibit. Almost evcry musical instrument from occnrinu to grand piano was shown and played. ( I.uckily I was in on the day many ex- ^ pert Belgian. French. Knglish and fler- ^ man judges were testing the pianos. ^ 1 stood entranced at the short trial ' pieces .many of them played. Such ^ (echnh|ue and execution I had never ^ before heard. You know Europe is a country of | languages, then some more languages and dialects. On tlrst going to my ^ room in the hotel I asked the porter . in French. (the best I could) if ho # s(h>Ki' Knglish. Hi- answortil me in oxccllcnt Knclish: "Oh. yes. sir: we have jj to speak se\ en or eight different ^ languages I wean so we entertain guests n from every Kuio|wan country." Anil to j think that our good olil I*. S. A. uses ^ only one language for her 105.00U.000 |( people! r (To l>e Concluded Next Tuesday) I ? America is short 24.000,000 pounds ji of sugar as the result of the sinking of the Carolina and the Vinland last a week, lloth ships were from Porto f Itico and were loaded with sugar, the t Vinland carrying nothing else. There h wore varying smaller amounts on oth- a or vessels. The loss, while a comparatively heavy one. is not serious enough 0 to cause the food administration any li great worry over keeping up the sup- t ply to the Allies. By further conser- 1' vation and the cutting down on the e manufacture of luxuries using sugar, S particularly the 9oda and soft drinks' industry, it is believed the amount may " be made up without any hardship to t1 the public generally. 'i .'HUMAN SCORES MB oterestiog Chapter In South Ca ollna Politics. IGLY CHARGE OF DOUBLE DEALIN ienator Says that Manning Appeal to Him to Defeat Blease and Nc Seeks to Use Lever to Defeat Til man?Charge that Lever Play Concealed Hand in Behalf of Ma ning. Washington. June 9.?Senator Til lan gave out the following statenie i reply to Governor Manning's op -Iter addressed to him under date une 1: I have no desire to question Gove or Manning's personal patriotism h liere are some features of his attitui i regard to the selection of a sum or to the office I now hold that I fe (impelled to deal with. To quote his own words: "This is Ime, however, if I may remark hich demands self-abnegation ai tie subordination of selfish or ambit us aims." This patent truth stati it h such clearness causes me to woi or how Governor Manning can just r the urging of Mr. Lever to give t tie chairmanship of one of the grei ornmittees in the house to offer fortl nate. Mr. Lever had in this cris n opportunity such as comes to fe len to serve the fanners of Soul arolina. This he has thrown away un for the senate and also attempt opnrdize the chairmanship of tl ommittee on naval affairs of the sei to. If I am not re-elected the sta tscs the chairmanship of the conimi on naval affairs. If Mr. Levi liould win he will go to the foot i 11 the committees on which he wi rw. and so will lllease. Did Governor Manning consider 11 :ate's host Interests when be ndvis< nd persuaded Mr. Lever to thro way the chairmanship of the conimi *e on agriculture of the house to- n do a race for the senate? The state had successfully passv trough the floating of more than ii hare or tin* Liberty loan. This is ev i'nco enough that the state of Sout a tot ina was lovnl and true and earr stly behind the president and tt nr. This over-subscription to the Llbei . bond issue and the generous contr lit ions to the Red Cross on the poi f the people of South Carolina con letely tefutes Governor Manning atenient to the president and Mr. I?< [>r's assertion in his announcemei lat the causes of the war and the ot i ts for wiiieh our country are flghl ig will have to he explained in pre; itail on the stump this summer I L-erv county or Rlcase,wlll be'^ldfctc id the people ^f.South (^rrplina^tv! ouVt about the patriotism and loya , of the people of South Carolina ar icy are just as well informed as son eople who set themselves up to I neir leaders. I have no hesitation scnting such misrepresentations i iclr loyalty and patriotism. 1 fully share the opinion of Pros ent Wilson, who in his last addrei > congress said: "Politics is adjourned. The elei ons will go to those who think lea: i it: to those who go to the constiti neios without explanations or excuse it It a plain record of duty faithful! nd disinterestedly iierformod. I, f< ue. am always confident that the pei le of this country will give a ju: i-rdict upon the service of the m< ho act for them when the facts ni iich that no man can disguise or coi al tlieni. There is no danger of d< i-it now." How does this statement of l'ros ent Wilson's compare with Governi tanning's open letter to me? Governor Manning says: "My opii in was and is ttint it is imperative f< im (Rlcase) to be met in debate i very meeting so as to keep the tri nd vital issues of the war and loyal! > oiii country aniPgovernment befo ue people," also, "That we in Soul arolina could not take a chance c lis issue; that it was a state and n: mini duty to see to It that Soul arolina was represented in the L'niti fates senate by one who was. and i Mi! to the I'niteil States and a stror i'l porter of President Wilson and h ((ministration. Rlease does not f lie requirements." Here is the cri f the situation: Governor Mannii as not willing to trust the peop itli making their own nomlnaton f enator and he, with the aid of a vei mall coterie of politicians, set to woi i make a senator satisfactory to Go" rnor Manning. Naturally Governi tanning is concerned in the defeat tlease. This Is no new sensation im: he has called on me In times pa :i bring about tills much desired evei ml 1 contributed something to th nd. notably when he himself was he race two years ago for governc ut now he thinks it advisable to g omeone else to "bell the cat." What lansfomied and ubiquitous stntosm: e is when it comes to making it po itde to elect a senator, from that ivo years ago when the Issue was < he election of a governor! 1 want to say In this connection th 'lien the second race was on betwei fanning and Rlease I issued over n u*n uiirnnturn n in uihii?h I I ti Iloase and Mcl.turin together; I ou ned the iniquities connected with tl iroposed denl, etc., and had this stat tent ready for the printer when M .ever came to Trenton in the h ,rather in early September in an aj mnobile with the curtains down ai ettirning to Columbia after dark ot this antl-Hlease document to t' irinters, keeping it a secret as to t ort he was taking in the election. Governor Manning's opinion as wi s Mr. Lever's as to my ability to d eat Hlease by newspaper communic Ions and my own plan of campali inve evidently undergone a conside ble change in their minds. The blunt truth about the matter i '.ovcrnor Manning has recently be n the business of making a senator f he people of South Carolina to sws ow. To carry his plans through ven went to Washington and tried vt the president and Postmaster Ge ral Burleson to help him, making t pecious statement that Tillman cou lot defeat Blense. He was asked w n his judgment could defeat Blease [fl ^?u'^ Carolina and Governor Manning IU nano-d Mr. Lever as his candidate. Governor Manning has been instruIP. in taking from a place of use- J fulness a young man whose career was full of promise and possibilities and offeivil him flu n ofufriHiu In nnlhini? I less than vanity and bullheadedness. If "J there are any two persons in s?outh ^ Carolina who have more cause to be j grateful to me for services than Gov. Manning and Mr. Lever, I do not remember who they are. Neither will deny what I have done for them nor n* attempt to belittle its value. If they U want me to specify 1 will do so. ^ There is one striking feature about Governor Manning's open letter to me. e ^ In his egotism and vanity he makes t " no effort to conceal the fact that he has t; tried to use President Wilson and Mr. e ' Burleson and create the impression t that Ukase is a menace. Just how |; far the good people of the state will ii ^ resent this I am unable to say, but t there is a big difference in re-electing n Tillman to the senat?*and re-electing o Manning governor. This statement c ' will Hnd its vindication later on. a 11 Mr. Lever has stated to me und also h to others that he would under no clr- ti I cumstances run against me but would ? n" aid me in every way he could in my is re-election. After my announcement I p knew that General Burleson advised tj 11 Mr. Lever to declare for my re-elec- g 1' tlon. But In spite of his protestutions p s of personal and political friendship. Mr. n VN Lever has endeavored to create the c 1 impression in the state that he is the e t0 candidate of the administration when is he in fact is Governor Manning's canII djdate brought ubout by u deal that li 1* Governor Manning thought he hu 1 e '* made hut the terms of which could not c 1,1 complied with. I r; r 41 am amused at one sentence in n Governor Manning's letter. It is this: ti 1 "My views would have been offered to n you with equal frankness liud you o " sought them, but I did not feel Justi' lied in volunteering advice to you." tl w Vet the governor did feel justified in v ' advising Mr. Lever to run ugainsi ine. it Twill remind the governor that it had u begn his habit when visiting Washing- e I ton or merely passing through to al- n ,s vyiys call at the senate committee on f< ' naval affairs to pay his respects and a 1 exchange views with me, but when he a came on the errand of hunting a o ' champion of the government to defend si . *hd explain our entering into the war I a and tin- necessity for its vigorous pros- ei ecution, he never deigned to eall at my t< II office at all. In this he erred. When he g came to Washington senator-making. N s ^would have listened to all he had to t< say with respectful attention and he tl roight have saved his face in this con>_ troversy of his own making, as his ines- a sage to me through General Burleson r 11 referred to in his letter was never de- ei j Jjkcred. How exalted he considered his o .< an to be! Instead, he went al>out li StiAlly to pcrsuude President Wilson it ^cobkurt members that Blease h president and meet Blease n ,d on the stump. I desire to say here 10 that neither the president nor any h ,c member of his cabinet have suggested a ln to me that 1 should retire from the u senatorial race. Thus the people of South Carolina can see for themselves r how Governor Manning has with a few u s's men in Columbia and scattered here s and there over the state endeavored to p nemo the officeholders and frame-up a o slate for the senatorship. r I am offering for the senate through o 8' a sense of duty to retain for South t * Carolina the influence and prestige she v Jr enjoys today. I have a contempt for v that kind of judgment and polities 81 which has taken Mr. Lever from the (J n |iost where duty should have held him. 0 Itlease is not a menace to me and s ^ there is not the slightest danger of his 0 election. The recent Democratic state . convention consisting of delegates front 44 counties contained Blease delega,r lions from only three counties. Seven- , ty-tlve per cent of the delegates to that s convention were and are for my re- , " election to the senate and the corilial ^ at greeting and the interest manifested ? " when I appeared before that convenlion is a sufficient and complete attsri* wer to those who have studiously cir- > culated the report that I was physical- H >n ly and mentally until to discharge the ( l" duties of senator. ? th a There are many other South Caro- u i/j B linians just as capable as Mr. Level j 's' to fill the position of senator, as ac- j ? ceptaWy as Mr. Lever could fill it, and who have been urged to run, hut they have declined taking the position that they did not want to jeopardize the le cha'rmans'''P of l'u* committee on naval affairs so valuable to the state, or and they did not think 1 should retire j_ at this time In the nation's crisis. Whether it was selfish ambition or patriotism that dictated Gov. Manor . nings action in urging Mr. Lever to run for the senatorshlp, when Mr. Lever had promised to support me. and endeavoring to secure the support of ^ President Wilson and his admiuistration in liehalf of Mr. Lever by uuestioning the loyalty and patriotism of ' the jx-ople of the state. I will leave to the voters of the state to decide. B. R. Tillman. in s- 1 1 0f ?The Americans sang and whistled "Yankee Doodle," and cheered as they 5 went over the top, wrote a correspondent from the Picardy front last at Thursday. They made their way swiftly over the German dead that lay in No Man's Land. In addition to 1> prisoners the Americans captun-d ten ikI machine guns. German prisoners sa> t_ they had not been fed for four days , owing to the deadly Are from the French and American guns which prec vented the bringing up of supplies, [r. These Germans were without helmets. ot They were tired of the war. They had l>een told that the British opposed u* them as their commanders were afraid ad to let them know that It was the to Americans. The Germans were cleared out of Veullly wood also by the Americana, whose guns were tnunaerh? ing against the enemy Friday evening. The fiercest fighting was In progress i Pll at last reports near Torcy. The French , attack Thursday morning was to . e" straighten out the American line, and a- it was a brilliant performance. In this I jn they were assisted by the American r_ forces. American infantry cleaned out ] one group of 35 mounted Uhlans. "Don't let one escape," shouted a big 4 s: American. All but one was killed and < en he was captured. The Americans ad- s vanced in a solid phalanx, their strong . determined faces and great physique d- an inspiration to their gallant French he comrades, who now regard them with I t0 brotherly affection. On Tuesday the Americans faced a Saxon division; on n" Wednesday a Guard division; Thurs- ' he day a crack Prussian division and also < ,PI a battalion of famous Jaeger sharp- i . shooters. The Americans caught one scouting party of eight sharpshooters In and killed them alL THE "M. P.T i ioldier Vbose Duty It Is to Halo talo Order. , "HEY ABE STRICTLY ON THE JOB. < 4 i lob of Being a Soldier-Policeman Like ' that of Civilian Officere, Not so Easy as it Might Look?Military Po- ' lice Fine Men who Make Good Offi- ' cers?A Chapter on MK. P.'s. (By James D. Grist.) There are two kinds of "I'V at ev- , ry military training camp throughout t he country?kitchen police and mill- , wan., fi.iv if any soldiers , [>r> |a;iivv. .... ? . ver aspire to the former position, here are many who do aspire to the j liter, and who, after their enlistment uto the army, never rest satisfied unit they secure a place on the force. Al- v tost every soldier must at some time r other during his military career beome a "K. 1'." since it doesn't take s ny special qualifications or training to old thut place; but those who aspire | a be "M. P's." must have more or less pecial qualifications for the place, that c i, experience as policemen in civil life, ,, assessed of extra good judgment and ^ ict or have other qualities that a t ood policeman must have. Kitchen j, olice are assistants to those exalted t lembcrs of every military outfit, the ooks, the highest esteemed, must court L. d, und most honored of all soldiers. It i the duty of the "K. IVs" to peel spuds" and onions, scrub the tables i the mess hulls, bathe the dishes, ut the wood, burn their lingers at the t ommand of the cook in opening the y :mge ovens to ascertain whether or ot the "Brown Betty" is done to a | urn, and in short, to be flunky and t lajor-domo to the imperial potentiates f the mess halls and chow lines. ;) Naturally, few u any, soiuicra m\< lie job of "K. 1'." though It is the un- j, rritten Jaw of the army that no .soldier i out of the green or "rookie" stage v ntil he has served "K. IV some sevral times. About the first duty that ew soldiers are called upon to per?rm is thut of "K. I'." The detail Is F I way* arranged in rotation. Say there re fifty new men In an outfit. Five r more, as the case may be, are asigncd to kitchen police duty today, | not her Jive tomorrow and so on. It lll't be helped and every soldier comes ^ j take it as u part of the military ' ame so long as he is a private soldier. Ion-commissioned ollicers never have ) assist in the culinery department of lie army in such a menial capacity. " They tell a story at Camp Sevier of '' young rookie who was placed on "K. v duty the day after his arrival at ump. Knowing nothing of the duties > f the kitchen police ami being abso- 1 itely new to the military game In all " s phases, he conceived the idea that c e had been appointed an officer since ame on the assignment bulletin. e Forthwith he sat down and wrote j is mother, saying: "My rise in the \ rtny Is assured. Already I have been ppointed a K. IV ,, In due time he received a letter | rom his mother full of good advice ^ a which, among other things, she j aid: "My boy, 1 am overjoyed at the irogress you are making, lie not ( ver-exalted on account of your rapid ( ise in the army and be not too hard n the private soldiers. Remember ( hat it was only a few days ago you >ere a private yourself." It is the duty of the military |>olicp, (| r "M. I'.'h" as they are called, to onservc order anions the soldiers, to . ee to it that in their dress and gen- ( ral behavior they always conduct hetnselves as soldiers should, to supervise traffic and transportation in nd about camp, to clean out <jues- 1 ionable places if such there be, and in ' hort, to perfoi*m all those duties that ivilian |)olicemen are called upon to ' terform and to do their work in the nost thorough manner possible. They do it, too. There are live cars of Piedmont & Northern electric line awaiting at the ' tation at l'aris on Saturday afternoon ' o carry soldiers over to Greenville for 1 in afternoon and evening of recreation ' md amusement. There are probably 1 ,000 or more soldiers at the station 1 mpatient with desire to get on those ! ars and go Into the city. It is im- ' possible to haul them all. Still every- 1 me of those men, determined that he 1 s going to be one of the first to get nto town, begins pushing and crowd- I ng and jamming his way toward the I ars. In a very few minutes there is a I vrithing, shuffling, scuffling mass of ' ellow riot there, and it would seem < hat scores of soldiers would be crush- I d to death. A khaki clad soldier, I arge of build, a blue band bearing the 1 etters "M. I*." in white on his left 1 irm and a stout hickory stick in his I ight hand, makes his appearance on ! he platform of the car. < He brandishes his club toward the 4 :rowd. < "Cut out the rough stuff," he says to ' In <1 vnire that means blisi- 1 less. "All of you can't get on this I ram. Xo more of that pushing now." I The mass lets up in its fevcrlBh haste ' or a moment perhaps, because of the I itick and the look of determination in he face of the blond giant behind the < itick. Then perhaps some fellow out ( n the crowd starts pushing toward th<- i ront again and the whole mass is i rowding and pushing once more. ( The "M. P." gets down off the car ) ilatform and wades Into the crowd. ] fie spies some fellow perhaps who is loing more pushing than anyliody else. fie points the big stick at the fellow ind says: 'Tm telling you for the last ( ime to stop it." The fellow in the crowd Is hot and nad at the idea of the "M. P." i ipeaking to him and maybe he says, 'Go to hell," and renews his efforts to jet into the train. "Crack!" goes the big stick on his lead and that fellow's pushing and | listurhance making is over for the i lay. The rest of the crowd becomes is gentle as a Ford on a level road i with plenty of gasoline. The "M. P." regains his place on the :rain. "All right," he says. "You fellows ; let on here. No crowding and no pushng and those who can't get on this , :raln will have to wait for the next , me." Then they file in with as good order , is they do to mess. and the whole thing has happened in less time than it takes to t< II It. Soldiers have great es|iett for the "M. I'.'s" An "M. IV is stationed on a promilent corner in the city >>i <ireenville on i Saturday afternoon when rtu-re an* housands of soldiers on the stints, ills eyes are tirst here and then there imi in fact everywhere. Several sollier* are standing on the edge of a url> laughing and chatting. An otti er or mayla' two of them come down he street. All hut one of those enisled men salute the officers. The "M. I"." walks over to th?' sollier who failed to bring his right arm o an angle of forty flw degrees, his 'Xtended palm and thumb over his ight eye. "Why didn't you salute that otflcer?" ie inquires of the soldier. ' I did." replies the private. "Didn't." saxs the "M. 1'." laconially. and there is no further nrguuent over that point. "Didn't see him," squirms the private (lifting from one foot to the other. "Oughtcr seen hirn." says the "M. "(Jive me your blue card." The blue card is in effect a certiflate that the soldier has lieen instructd in military courtesies and that he jtows how to salute an otflcer and hat it is his duty to salute officers. Jvery soldier at Sevier carries one of hese cards. The private hates to give up his blue ard. He knows what it means. "Oh. say. Mr. M. 1'.," he says, "havea leart, lemme off this time." "Girume," says tnc "at. I\" terseiy. Tin- soldier who failed to salute urns over his blue eard to the cop and oes down the street. In a day or two that soldier learns roin a perusal of his company's bullein hoard that he is restricted to his oni|tnny street for thirty days or such matter for failure to salute an oillcer. Veritable hawks are the "M. I"s." It s some smooth soldier who can put ny thing over on them and get away cith it for long. GENERAL NEWS NOTES tecord of Current Happenings Collected from Various Sources. A baby. 13 days old. was o|s-rutcd in for appendicitis at a llarrishurg. 'a., last Sunday. Itiehard t'olsom Cleveland, son of the ito I'resident Cleveland, .aged 20 ears, has enlisted in the I'nited States t.orine corps. Seven cotton mills, employing I'o.Otm is-ratives. tit Lowell, Mass., have givn notice of a 10 per cent increase in rages, effective next Monday. According to a riding by I'rovost larshal General Crowdcr, men of the 91S class of draft registrants may iow enlist in the navy or the murine orps. & H Copttuu^ rn railway system by Director General dcAdoo. Mr. Copman was formerly ice president of the Southern system. A large amount of mail was inclttdd in the loss of the steamship Caroina, which was sunk by a German ubmarine off the New Jersey coast Thousands of college boys from nil >vor the country have enrolled in the 'nited States public service reserves ind will be employed on farms until he colleges reopen in the fall of the ear. It is estimated that more than !0.000 students will work on farms. I localise of lack of interest and small ittendance on Rames. the Southern aslocintion will brinK its playinK season o an end on June 2R. General Crowd r's "work or flKht" regulations are isslgnod as an additional reason for pittting. In an address at South Rend. Ind.. Monday, Chairman Hurley said that by 920 the lrnited States woubl have .'5.000,000 tons of merchant ships, vhieh will Kive America the largest ommercc fleet ever assembled by one lation in the history of the world. Twenty-four |?enalties for violation if food reflations were announced Monday by the food administration for the last week. The penalties imposed ranged from one day to six months' revocation of license anil contributions to the Red Cross of from $25 to $1,000. Most of the violations involved excessive profits in sugar and lour or failure to observe the wheat flour substitute regulations. When German "waves" of troops fling themselves against the Allied trenches their fear of slaughter awaiting them is dulled by use of a drug ivhich produces a homicidal frenzy, according to Frederick Wilkes, a soldier in France, who has written to his father, a Pittsburgh newsaper man. Wilkes, serving in a gas-and-flame division. describes how what he believes is a new German device to impel itorm troops to brave death, was discovered. He says: "One of the boys noticed a canteen on the bodies of lead Germans and took one of them ivith the idea of getting water. He find not swallowed It long before he I>egan to act like a maniac, with apparently a crazed desire to kill every [>ne he saw. Then we discovered that I he rum had been drugged." Sixty million tons of bituminous coal will be taken from the non-war industries to keep the war industries running from national disaster. This unqualified statement was made Monday by Dr. H. A. Garfield, fuel administrator. in announcing the complete programme of enforced conservation that will be put into effect immediately. Every industry that is not turning out war supplies will have to cut down its consumpt'cn pro rata: some a-list either convert their facilities to war production or ?.tase operation: every tiublic utility will be affected: every hotel, office building, theatre and household will tie compelled to enter upon a period of rigid economy. The program will reach not only Into the large factories using thousands ortons coal, but into houses and hotels which will be ordered to cut down on such things as the number of electric bulbs in use. ? News has been received by the family of James Hemphill of Chester, who was accidentally killed In France some time ago. that his death was caused by a gun carriage wheel passing over his entire body. No one knew exactly how the accident happened. THE GERMAN AMERICANS Organ of tha Kaiser is Sorely Disappointed. Tin- it-port of th?- involution of the tiirman-Atmrioan association, writes ii Hague correspondent to the Now York World, lias holpod to luing homo the nalitv of tlu* war with America to i in- Heiman ptiMic. jih*ui*-iuuii>. iihl.oknlan/cigcr lavishes abuse on the Herman-Americans for failure to stand by the Fatherland In-fore Anierieu entered the eontliet. The writer of the Viktor Ottmann says: "Nobody in Hermuny would have expected the Herman-Americans to side with us ufter the break of relations. They're all American citizens, whose duty naturally is to stand by the flag to which they have sworn allegiance. Hut what Henuany could expect was that the Herman-Americana, before the springtime of 1917, should have given stronger expression to their love tor their former fatherland ami endeavored with all earnestness to do mediatory and propaganda work. Were Weak and Slack. "In this respect the Herman-Americans. with negligibly few exceptions, were failures. From the beginning of the war their attitude was weak and slack. While the Kngllsh. French and even the Italian elements in America were most forcefully championing the Entente cause, the overwhelming majority of the HermanAmericans calmly watched the strug gle and contented inemsetves wttn benevolent neutrality. And yet with has indifference the (ierman-Amerlcans inik)11 have done so much at least to support us morally. Something. of course, was done, for there are a number of pro-Herman (iertnajtAmericans, hut how little was the whole compared with what the old home ex|H'Cted. "It would take too long to analyze the phychologx of the (ierman-American, though one might point out that for decades Herman emigration to America mostly consisted of people of very low education. Fond Dream Dispelled. "There was a time, long, long ago, when one could hope that the tlcrmans in America, without detriment to their duties as citizens, might have aecomplishcd something for Uermanism and Kultur. This dream must lie regarded as definitely dreamed out. "1st us he heartily thankful to those (ierman-Americans who did not desert us in a trying time and let us pass over the others in silence. May they continue to be proud of their freedom'?freedom with lynch law, severe jienitentiary sentences for everyone so reckless as to harbor doubt about the gosfiel of the World 1'resident Wilson." SAVING TO THE PEOPLE Food Administration it Doing Splendid food administration has accomplished during the year of its existence, the Federal food lioard has i>ointcd to the decrease effected in the price of flour, sugar and other staples, while at the same time exports of foodstuffs to the Allies ha*"c Itei'ii incr? used. The statement says: "The idea of the food administration from the start has lieen that no one class shail hear a disproportionate burden. For the food administration to conceive such a course in such a crisis was itossiblc. People Helped by Co-operating. "Ilul to realize that conception, to meet tlie entirely dispro[?ortionute food need on the other side of the world, without preparation or time to pre|iare and to do it without upsetting tinwhole machinery c f commerce and business?that might well sivin impossible. Yet it has been done. That it has been accomplished is largely due to tin- voluntary co-operation of the American people. "One cttuld imagine an inhabitant of Franco or lielgium or Knglond expressing a belief that the 1'nited States food ndministrution had been organized for his protection against tiu- world shortage and speculation, and one could imagine an American citizen declaring the same thing. Yet with a world shortage and the disturbance of war. it has actually conic about that we have fed Europe, and the eon sinners of this country have fared better in food than they would have done If we had not undertaken to feed Europe. annulling speculation in order to do it. It is this meeting of one 'situation' without creating another that has been the marvel of the whole programme." $60,000,000 Saved Monthly. On May 17. 1917, the day that Food Administrator Hoover was appointed, the price of a barrel of flour at Minneapolis was $16.75, while on May 4, 191S. it was $9.SO. <>n the former date the difference between what the fanner got for his whent and the wholesale price of flour was equivalent to i.'.GR a barrel, while on the latter date this difference amounted to only 64 cents. The statement asserts that the monthly saving to the American people in this way is about $60,000,000. Kxiiorts to the Allies include *0 0(111. 000 bushels of wheat from July 1. 1017, to March 31, 1918. During March <xports of pork products were more titan 50 per cent higher than for any previous month In the past seven years, while exports of l?eef were more titan 20 per cent higher that month than ever before. ? Chester Keportor, June 6: One of the most disastrous hail storms in the history of the county visited the Great Falls and Itossville sections Monday afternoon. The hall was unusually large, and window glasses in houses at numerous points in the area covered hy the storm were punched out. Cotton was razed to the ground at places, corn and grain were badly battered, and fruit trees were stripped of their crop. ? The casualties among the American expeditionary forces up to last Sunday, including the list of that day, amounted to 7,315, according to figures given out from the war department. The recapitulation Is as follows: Killed in action (including 291 at sea), 1,033: died of wounds, 310; died of disease, 1,192; died of accidents and other causes, 392; wounded in action, 4,046; missing in action (including prisoners), 342.